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Answers to Selected Problems: Kleppner

r 2 r

1.17 a) Magnitude of velocity =

16 3 2 52m / s
2

b) The magnitude of the acceleration is:

2r r
2

1.18

2 2

2 4 2 2 3 4 2

Jerk is given by

J R 3

aA

20m / s 2

1
1
1

M C 4M A 4M B

2M A
2.14

aA

aB

1
1
1

M C 4M A 4M B

2M B

MC
M
C
4M A 4M B

MC
MC
1 4M 4M
A
B

Note that all the accelerations are less than g and that all terms in the denominator
are positive. This is true, in general, for all pulley problems.

rA 2 rA

2 M Bl
MA MB

2.30

y
2.37 The equation of the cross section of the bowl is
horizontal coordinate and y is the vertical coordinate.

0,

3.2. Co-ordinates of the centre of mass are


3.4

8L/3 from the launching pad

2 3

2x 2
gT 2
Here x is the

M 2 (v02 2 gh)
2 g ( M m) 2

3.5
3.6

1277 ft

3.8

200 Kg-m/sec

3.13

3113 Newtons
Nmu
M Nm

3.14

a)
n

M ( N 1 i )m
i 1

b)

mu

c) Final velocity is more in second case.


3.16

F = D2v2o

3.17

15 m

3.19

5 x 10-3 N
mbvo2
2( k bmg )

4.2

4.10 a)
2

(1) The new period = T =

M m
k

(2) The amplitude remains unaffected..


(3) The mechanical energy is unchanged.

b) Change in mechanical energy =E=

1
1 M 2 v02
Mv 02
2
2 ( M m)

E = Em/M+m
4.12

Pressure = 15 lb/in2. So it is safe to drop him.

12

4.13 b)

ro2 m

4.14

a)

2GMm
x2 a2

v v o2

b)

c.

2GM
a3

Bx

4.15 a. U(x) =

A
x

b. Energy diagram:

4GM
a

10

10
9
8
7

U(x)

mvo2

5
4
3
2
1
0

5
x

c.
The net force on the particle is equal to zero at the
equilibrium position (x0).
Feq B

Therefore

A
0
x2

xo

A
B

d. The force constant k is given by:

U 2
k
x 2
4.16

x xo

2A
xo3

Final Velocity = (5280 ft)/(3600 s) = 1.4667 ft/sec


Average Velocity = 0.733 ft/sec
Average Power = Force x Average velocity = 7.56 ft-pond/second

4.17 v = 45 lies/hour
4.18 Power = 1.425 hp

10

4.19 Peak power = F02/2m


a)Power = v2dm/dt
b) Rate of change of kinetic energy = 0.5*v 2dm/dt
4.21

a) F =yg+v o 2
b) Rate of change of Mechanical energy = 0.5*(vo gy+v o 3)

4.22

T = 1 sec

4.23

Height to which smaller ball rises = 9h

4.24 Kinetic energy of the combined system (car A and B) before it crashes into
car C is mv2/4
Final kinetic energy = mv2/6
Loss of Kinetic energy in the second collision = mv 2/12
4.25

m2/m1 = 5

4.26

M/m = 1/3

4.27

= tan-1 2

Chapter 6

mv
( M 2m) R

6.3
5 3 L4
48

6.7
g
l

6.9

Rod will undergo SHM with angular frequency

6.14

a) Torque about B = Mgl/2


b) Angular acceleration about B = 3g/2l
c) Vertical acceleration of centre of mass = 3g/4
d) Vertical force at B = Mg/4 upwards

6.15

R2 l 2
gl

Period =

2 gl
( R 2l 2

6.16

R
2

Minimum value of Time period occurs when

15 K 3 g

4M
2l

6.17

T 2

MR 2
m
M l2
2
3

M gl
2

6.18
If the disk is free to rotate, the rotational kinetic energy (for rotation about its

m
l
3
T 2
m

M g
2

centre) is a constant and hence

2c
MR 2

6.19

F 2m 2 r
6.22
Power =
6.23

a.

m 3r 2

a+A=R

b.

6.24

2g
5R

4Mg
M 3m R

A = 4g/5

3mg
M 3m

mg
M 3m

6.27

Minimum value of F =

Sin

3MgR
R 2b

Mg
b

F
R

6.28
6.32

Final angular velocity = M0/(M+m)


Note that angular momentum is not conserved in this problem as external
torques are acting on the system. The external torques are due to the
external forces
which are required to keep the wheels in translational
equilibrium.

6.33

I oo
I o mR2

a)

I o R 2o2
v
2 gh
I o mR 2
2

b)

b/ 2
6.40

a) It will stop at a distance of

10 g
10 g

100 g 980 N / m
x2 x1 0.1

10.6 a)

k
980
2
18.07 sec 1
m
12

b)
Answers to problems from A.P.French
2.3 Beat period = 1 sec

Cos(t)

from the wall.

Superposition of SHMs

2
1.5

displacement

1
0.5
0
-0.5
-1
-1.5
-2
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1
t (sec)

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2.5
Lissajous figure for problem 2.5

10
8
6
4

2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
-10
-10

-8

-6

-4

-2

0
x

The equation for the Lissajous figure is:

10

x2
y 5

10

x2

3x 1
100

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