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b.
Provision on assigning the highest
budget priority to education
c.
The establishment of the integrated
system of education
d.
The creation of CHED

PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
PRE-TEST APRIL 2010

8.
According to Hurlock, studies of childrens
play revealed that toy play reaches its peak
during the
a.
Middle childhood years
b.
Early childhood years
c.
Babyhood
d.
Late childhood

1.
Which Republic Act provides government
assistance to students and teachers in private
education?
a.
RA 7836
c. RA 6728
b.
RA 7784
d. RA 6675
2.
In the preamble of the CODE of ethics for
Professional Teachers, which of the following
teacher descriptions is included in the Code of
Ethics for Professional Teachers?
a.
A. With satisfactory teaching performance
b.
Passed the licensure exams for teachers
c.
Duly licensed professional
d.
Persons of dignity and reputation
3.
stage
a.
b.

Which stage according to Erickson is the


of trust and mistrust?
Young adulthood
c. Adolescence
Early childhood
d. Infancy

4.
In the history of education system,
including that of the Philippines, which system
was first and last remained a partner of other
systems of education?
a. Formal
b. Non-formal c. Informal d. Preschool
5.
Who among the following subscribe to the
theory that the good, the true and the beautiful
are universally valid in all places at all times?
a.
Realists and idealists
b.
Realist and existentialists
c.
Pragmatists and idealists
d.
Pragmatists and realists
6.
The 1987 Constitution mandates the state
to encourage among others self-learning,
independent and out-of-school study programs
particularly those that respond to community
needs. Which is an off shoot of this mandate?
a.
Institutionalization of early childhood care
and development
b.
Principal empowerment program
c.
Multi-grade teaching
d.
Practices of community-based
learning
7.
Authors claim that education is given
greater in the 1987 Philippine Constitution than in
the past Constitution. Which article provision on
education is found only in the 1987 Constitution?
a.
Support to teacher education

9.
In a DECS memorandum issued last 1998,
the new name for multi-grade class is:
a.
A.Friendly school
c. Paaralan ng bahay
b.
School-of-the-future
d. Escuela
nueva
10.
The student-centered curriculum belongs
to which group of educators?
a.
Reconstructionist-Essentialist
b.
Progressivist, Perennialist
c.
Perennialist, Essentialist
d.
Progressivist, Reconstructionist
11.
Daniel Goleman talks about emotional
intelligence. Which of the following characterize a
student with a high degree of emotional
intelligence?
a.
Sensitive to points of view and
feeling of others
b.
Prodded by others
c.
Obsessed with achieving at any cost
d.
Unable to delay gratification
12.
The history of curriculum development
includes the hidden curriculum approach. Which
is the content emphasis of the hidden curriculum?
a.
Students experiences and activities
b.
Implicit processes and social norms
c.
Student needs and interest
d.
Introspection and choice
13.
Teacher T is concerned with conceptual
matters since reality is mental teacher Ts
thinking is quitea.
Realistic
c. Existential
b.
Pragmatic
d. Idealistic
14.
home
a.
b.
c.
d.

The authoritarian setting in the Filipino


is reinforced by a classroom teacher whoAsks open ended questions
Encourages pupils to ask questions
Prescribes what pupils should do
Is open to suggestions

15.
A number of researches found that the
effects of maternal employment on childrens
achievement are-

a.
b.
c.
d.

Hardly established
Positive and negative
Fully established
Negative

16.
Which one correctly describes the
phenomenon of latchkey children?
a.
They turn to empty homes after
school either to sit by the television or to
roam the streets
b.
They are truant school children
c.
They are engaged in child labor
d.
They are engaged in child labor
17.
Teacher Q regards the student as a
spiritual entity and as part of the larger spiritual
universe. To what philosophy does teacher Q
subscribe?
a.
Idealism
c. Realism
b.
Existentialism
d.
Pragmatism
18.
The 1987 Constitution mandates the state
to assign the highest budgetary priority toa.
Health
c. Social work
b.
Education
d. Defense
19.
Moral development in early childhood is
characterized bya.
Questioning rules
b.
Willful disobedience of rules
c.
Acting out of conviction
d.
Acting without knowing why they do
so
20.
According to Piaget, by adolescence boys
and girls must have reached what stage?
a.
Concrete operations stage
b.
Sensorimotor stage
c.
Formal operations stage
d.
Pre-operational stage
21.
Ruth dances well. She can figure out how
something works or how to fix something that is
broken, without asking for help. Based on
Gardens theory of multiple intelligence under
what intelligence is she strong?
a.
Musical
b.
Logical-mathematical
c.
Spatial intelligence
d.
Kinesthetic intelligence
22.
Who among the following believes that
learning requires disciplined attention regular
homework, and respect for legitimate authority?
a.
Reconstructionist
c. Essetialist
b.
Perennialist
d.
Progressivist
23.
Which developmental task is expected of
the adolescent according to havughurst?

a.
Achieving new and more mature
relations with age-mates of both sexes
b.
Skilled games
c.
Getting started in an occupation
d.
Learning to get along with age-mates
24.
Mr. Roy wants his pupils to be creative.
Which of the following will he REFRAIN from
doing?
a.
Heighten the students sense of unusual
b.
Develops students ability to
recognize and analyze problems and
relationships
c.
Encourage sustained attention in an area
of interest
d.
Develop solely skill mastery
25.
The creation of Students Loan Fund to
give equal opportunity to all persons who desire
to pursue higher education is the essence of:
a.
RA 6014
c. RA 6655
b.
RA 7836
d. RA 7784
26.
In his/her teaching, Teacher D moves from
particular instances to tentative generalizations
that are Subjected to further verification . Teacher
D engages himself/herself in:
a.
Intuition
b.
Inductive logic
c.
Deductive logic
d.
Philosophical analysis
27.
Which of the correct statement of
emotional intelligence is based on Daniel
Golemans theory?
a.
Emotional intelligence is feeling
approximately and effectively
b.
Emotional intelligence id being nice to
people
c.
Emotional intelligence is giving free rein to
feeling
d.
Emotional intelligence changes less
considerably than IQ through life.
28.
Which of the following is not a subjectcentered curriculum?
a.
Perennialist
c. Valuescentered
b.
Back-to-basics
d. Subject
area
29.
Which program is assisted financially by
the World Bank and OECF and is meant for the
improvement of elementary education in the SRA
provinces?
a.
Program for Decentralized Education
b.
First Elementary Education Project
c.
Kinesthetic intelligence
d.
Second Elementary Education Project

30.
Mr. Z, A fifty-five year old American
citizen, even though very educationally qualified
to be president an educational institution in third
country cannot be appointed as President
because: He_____
a.
Does not belong to a religious group
b.
Is nearing retirement
c.
Is not Filipino Citizen
d.
Is not an official of a corporation
31.
Which of the following is not a hazard to
the mastery of developmental tasks?
a.
Unfavorable social judgment
b.
Bypassing of stage of development as a
result of failure to master the tasks for that stage
of development
c.
Crisis when individuals pass from on
stage to another
d.
Inappropriate or impossible expectations
32.
Teacher U emphasizes to her students the
importance of deep personal reflection on ones
commitments and choices. Teacher U subscribes
to which Philosophy?
a.
Realism
c. Existentialism
b.
Idealism
d. Pragmatism
33.
The constitutional provision on language
has the following aims, Except:
a.
To make Filipino the national language and
medium of instruction and official communication
b.
To make the regional dialect as auxiliary
media of instructions in regional schools
c.
To make Filipino the sole medium of
instruction
d.
To maintain English as a second language
34.
Which periods in the life span of an
individual are characterized by growth spurt?
a.
Early childhood and adolescence
b.
Prenatal period and early childhood
c.
Early childhood
d.
Pre-natal and puberty
35.
The introduction of non-formal education
in line with the Constitutional Provision on:
a.
Protection of teachers
b.
Promoting the rights of all citizens to
make quality education accessible to all
c.
Optional religious instructions
d.
Promoting the rights of all citizens to
quality education at all levels
36.
Teacher X is often times frustrated. The
students in her class hardly volunteer to recite
and to do other learning-related task. This is a
proof of the Filipinos:
a.
Sense of humor
b.
Lack of resourcefulness
c.
Lack of reflection
d.
Passivity and lack of initiative

37.
The tendency to emphasize so much on
school beautification to the detriment of pupils
performance illustrated the:
a.
Filipinos sense of humor
b.
Filipinos lack of reflection
c.
Filipinos love for Porma at the
expense of substance
d.
Filipinos lack of seriousness
38.
A president body to study Philippines
education created by virtue of Executive Order
No. 46 during the incumbency of DECS secretary
Andrew Gonzales with an aim to study Philippine
Education is the:
a.
Presidential Commission on
Educational Reform
b.
Philippine Commission to Survey Philippine
Education
c.
Survey to outcomes of elementary
Education
d.
Commission on Philippine Education
39.
Which is a danger signal of adolescent
mal-adjustment?
a.
Inappropriate body-build
b.
Irresponsibility as shown in neglect
of studies in favor of having a good time
c.
Attraction to the opposite sex
d.
Prolonged treatment as children
40.
To democratize access to secondary
education, public secondary education was made
free. In whose presidency was this implemented?
a.
Ferdinand Marcos
c. Corazon Aquino
b.
Joseph Estrada
d. Fidel
Ramos
41.
Which is not a characteristic of democratic
discipline?
a.
Child obeys blindly
b.
Child understands the meaning of rules
c.
Child is given punishment us related to
the misdeed
d.
Child has opportunity to express his/her
opinion
42.
The three As of happiness according to
Hurlock are:
a.
Adjustments, affection, altruism
b.
Attitude, ability, adjustment
c.
Acceptance, affection, and
achievement
d.
Affection, ability, attitude
43.
Babyhood is often referred to as a
Critical period in the development of personality
because:
a.
At this time the foundations are laid
upon which the adult personality structure
will be built

b.
Changes in the personality pattern take
place
c.
The brain grows and develops at such an
accelerated rate during babyhood
d.
At this time the baby is exposed to many
hazards both physical and psychological
44.
Who among the following stressed the
processes of experiences and problem solving?
a.
Plato
c. Dewey
b.
Hegel
d. Aristotle
45.
Teacher L believes that creation of
knowledge in by way of the learners interaction
with their environment. Teacher L is more of:
a.
An idealist
c. An existentialis
b.
A pragmatist
d. A realist
46.
To reach out clientele who cannot be in the
classroom for one reason or another, which of the
following was established
a.
Non-formal education
b.
Informal education
c.
Pre-school education
d.
formal education
47.
The encouragement of self-learning,
independent, and out-of-school study programs
as stated in the 1987 constitution has given rise
to:
a.
The implementation of open
universities and distance learning programs
b.
Institutionalization of early childhood care
and development
c.
The conduct of NEAT and NSAT
d.
The clamor for a Grade VII
48.
Which of the following statement on
developmental tasks is wrong?
a.
Failure to master developmental tasks at a
certain developmental stage has far reaching
consequences in a persons development
b.
The mastery of development tasks is a
result of physical maturation, societal pressure
and individuals aspiration
c.
There are essential skills expected to be
acquired and mastered in each developmental
stage
d.
Retirees are not expected to work on
mastering certain develop mental tasks
49.
The 1987 Philippines Constitution states
the following, Except:
a.
The official languages of the
Philippines are Filipino and English
b.
The national language of the Philippines is
Filipino
c.
Filipino is the Tagalog of the Tagalog
speaking provinces
d.
The government shall initiate and sustain
the use of Filipino as a medium of official

communication and as a language of instruction


in the education system
50.
Which among the following has been said
to play an irreplaceable role in the education of
the young?
a.
Community
c. Church
b.
School
d. Home
51.
For the drill method to be effective there
should be:
a.
Much practice on a few skills
b.
Little practices on few skills
c.
Much practice on many skills
d.
Little practice on many skills
52.
Which of the following classroom
management practices runs counter to the reality
therapy approach of William Glasser?
a.
The teacher asks a misbehaving
student what he or she is doing
b.
Teacher requires the students to prepare a
plan in writing and sign it as means of increasing
personal motivation to maintain and fulfill the
plan
c.
The teacher evaluates pupils behavior as
good or bad
d.
Teacher assists the students in making
realistic plans to change behavior
53.
Which of the following does not apply to
mastery learning?
a.
It makes use of varied instructional time
for different groups of students
b.
It makes use of norm-reference tests
c.
It is effective in teaching basic skills
d.
It requires the use of carefully crafted
instructional objective
54.
The teachers role in problem solving
methods is:
a.
To test the conclusions
b.
To set up the problem
c.
To propose ways of obtaining the needed
data
d.
To help the learners what is it that is
being solved
55.
To nurture creativity in student, teacher
should:
a.
Vary the length and difficulty of
question
b.
Allow for one-minute wait-time
c.
Ask convergent questions
d.
Emphasize the necessity of giving right
answers
56.
The content of a good lesson plan is selfsufficient. This means that:
a.
The content should match with students
aptitude

b.
The content should help students
learn how to learn
c.
The content should be broad and treated
thoroughly
d.
The content should be verifiable

F. Magers principle, which does this lesson


objective lack?
a.
Criterion measure
c.
Performance
b.
Condition
d. time element

57.
Which one can NOT help individuals
reduce their own fears about change?
a.
Reflect on the extent of change in ones
life so far and how it has coped with
b.
Identify shortfalls in skills or knowledge
and take action to remedy them
c.
Identify skills which will be useful in a new
situation
d.
Keep feeling of anxiety to themselves

64.
a.
b.
c.
d.

58.
skills,
a.
b.

The following are generating thinking


Except:
Connecting new ideas c. Classifying
Predicting
d. Inferring

59.
Mrs. Valdez wants to generates as many
ideas as she can as the class is about to embark
on a community outreach program. Which of the
following will she employ?
a.
role playing
c. brainwashing
b.
brainstorming
d. simulation

Which is a focusing thinking skill?


Identifying key concepts
Summarizing
Obtaining information
Clarifying through inquiry

65.
In the use of television in the classroom,
which of the following should be avoided?
a.
The TV program lasts the whole class
period.
b.
There is a pre-viewing orientation
c.
Select programs that match the learners
level of interest and maturity
d.
Life should be left on if students are to
take notes

60.
Which teaching practice will most likely
decrease learners attention?
a.
Questioning
b.
Assessing learning as an integral part of
instruction
c.
Assessing learning as an integral part of
instruction
d.
Teaching by telling

66.
Based on Victor Lowenfields classification,
which sequence in the developmental stages of
children in art is followed?
a.
Scribbling stage, pre-schematic
stage, schematic stage, dawning realism
stage, pseudo-realistic stage
b.
Scribbling stage, pre-schematic stage,
schematic stage, pseudorealistic stage, dawning
realism stage
c.
Pre-schematic stage, schematic stage,
scribbling stage, pseudorealistic stage, dawning
realism stage
d.
Pre-schematic, schematic stage, scribbling
dawning realism stage, pseudo-realistic stage

61.
For efficiency, if in the process of teaching
a teacher realizes that too little has been
planned, which of the following may she NOT do?
a.
Discuss possible problems of the new
assignment.
b.
Pose additional questions to explore
various facets of the content
c.
Drill the students on the major points of
the lesson.
d.
Give a quiz

67.
In relation to teachers ratings research
suggests the following, Except one:
a.
Teachers favor self-evaluation over all
other forms of evaluation
b.
Peer and supervisory evaluation are
not reliable
c.
Student raters of teachers are more
reliable and valid than other raters
d.
Student work and test outcomes are
supplementary sources for evaluating teachers

62.
Correct practice makes perfect. This
maxim is based on Thorndikes law of exercise
and the finding that reinforcement of a response
increases the likelihood its occurrence. Whose
research finding is the underlined statement?
a.
Skinner
c. Palo
b.
Bruner
d. Lewin

68.
Suppose defined 3 levels of computerassisted instruction: dialogue, tutoring, practicedrill. Which ones are two higher levels in the
correct order?
a.
Tutoring and dialogue
b.
Practices-drill and tutoring
c.
Dialogue and tutoring
d.
Practice-drill and dialogue

63.
Here is a lesson objective: Given a
microscope and a slide, the students must be
able to focus the prepared slide. Applying Robert

69.
In what condition is the use of the lecture
method appropriate?
a.
Higher cognitive learning is sought
b.
The information is not available

c.
d.

The subject matter is quite easy


Long term learning is desired

70.
Which refers to the time when students
learn at a maximum level?
a.
Wait time
c. Allocated time
b.
Engaged time
d. Academic learning
time
71.
What is a sign of the underachiever in the
classroom?
a.
Resist authority and carry on a power
struggle with a teacher.
b.
Holds back from class participant
unless sure of self
c.
Frustrated about quality of work
d.
Minimum work output.
72.
If after calling on a number of students, a
teacher is unable to obtain the desired response,
what should teacher do
a.
Ask leading questions
b.
Re-teach parts of the lesson that need reteaching
c.
Probe students answers.
d.
Rephrase the questions
73.
For global competitiveness, a school must
embark on a proactive change. Which one is a
characteristic of proactive change?
a.
radical and inventive
c. late in the
game
b.
imitative of others
d. problem-driven
74.
Which guideline on the use of the
chalkboard should a teacher AVOID?
a.
Establish routine uses for the chalkboard
b.
While writing, proceed from right to left
c.
Dont talk to the chalkboard while writing
on it
d.
Limit your board writing to major ideas
75.
To teach the democratic process to the
pupils, Mabuhay Elementary School decided that
the election of class and school officers shall be
patterned after local election of the class and
school officers shall be patterned after local
election process. There are qualifications set for
candidates, limited period for campaign and rules
for posting campaign materials, etc. Which of the
following did the school use?
a.
Simulation
c. Role playing
b.
Philips 66
d. Symposium
76.
Which is NOT a characteristic of
preventive discipline.
a.
Proactive
c. Inventive
b.
Anticipatory
d. Reactive.
77.
One criterion that has been proposed in
the selection and organization of content in the
development section of a lesson plan is balance.
When does lesson content possess balance.

a.
The content should have practical
application for the learners
b.
The content is not cluttered by masses of
more trivial content
c.
The content should enable the
learners to experience the broad sweep of
content and give them the opportunity to
go deeper
d.
The content should help student learns
how to learn
78.
The burnout malady gets worse if a
teacher doesnt intervene to change whatever
areas he or she can control. Which one can renew
a teachers enthusiasm.
a.
Engage in self-pity
b.
Stick to the job
c.
Judge someone else as wrong
d.
Initiate changes in job.
79.
Although learning can take place
anywhere and anytime, the more systematic the
teacher, the greater the probability for success.
This points out the need for teachers to:
a.
Specify their objectives
b.
Plan their lessons
c.
Set their teaching priorities
d.
Select their instructional materials
80.
Below are teachers effective classroom
management
practices, Except One.
a.
Teachers make sure students understand
and follow rules and procedures
b.
Disruptive behavior is handled every
weekend
c.
Teachers clearly establish consequences
for not following rules
d.
Teachers spend more time in the
beginning of the year explaining and reminding
students of rules.
81.
A teachers summary of a lesson serves
the following functions except;
a.
It links the parts of the less
b.
It makes provisions for full
participation of the students
c.
It clinches the basic ideas or concepts of
the lesson
d.
It brings together the information that has
been discussed
82.
a.
b.

Which ones are projected visuals?


Graphs on a book
c. Realias
Models
d. Slides

83.
The lesson is on the pros and cons of
capital punishment. Mr. Milan wants to do high
level thinking and to develop a view of capital
punishment from a different perspective. Which
technique will be most appropriate?
a.
Lecture
c. Role playing

b.

Simulation

d. Panel discussion

84.
Which is used to emphasize individualized
instruction?
a.
Tutorial group
c. Inquiry group
b.
Philips 66
d. Task group
85.
Here a question: FROM THE DATA
PRESENTED FORM GENERALIZATIONS THAT ARE
SUPPORTED BY THE DATA. Under what type of
question does this test item fall?
a.
Evaluate
c. Divergent
b.
Convergent
d. Application
86.
Ms. Estira cannot bring her pupils to the
sea for a lesson on marine community. Which of
the following will be closest to an actual
experience of marine community?
a.
Motion picture on marine community
b.
Description of marine community
c.
Pictures of marine community
d.
Taped lesson of marine community
87.
Which can NoT help organizations reduces
fears about change?
a.
By training people in new skills
b.
By keeping people informed about plans
c.
By cladestine moves
d.
By consultation
88.
After a lesson in air pollution, teacher C
gives each pupil mimeographed sheets, which
contain statements to which each is expected to
react. Examples of these statements are. Do you
in any way contribute to air pollution? What
solutions do you propose to minimize, if not
eliminate, air pollution. Then the students are
grouped for sharing.
In this case what does the teacher make use of
a.
Value sheet
c. Rank ordering
b.
Conflict story
d. Contrived
incident
89.
Which orders consist of the goal-oriented
instructional model?
a.
Pre-assessment, specification of
objectives, pre-assessment, instruction,
evaluation
b.
Specification of objectives, preassessment, instruction evaluation
c.
Pre-assessment, specification of
objectives, instruction, evaluation
d.
Specification of objectives, evaluation,
pre-assessment, instruction
90.
Teacher Bs lesson was on abortion. She
wanted to get her students maximum
participation and reaction. She showed slides on
abortion accompanied by an audiotape that
presented the reasons for and against abortion.
Teacher took a stand in favor of abortion and

came up with all her justifications. At the end,


however, she made clear her stand on abortion.
Which did the teacher use?
a.
She made use of value clarifying
discussion
b.
She made use of contrived incident
c.
She made use of simulation
d.
She played the role of the devils
advocate
91.
In on of the pages of her reference
material, Ms. Estrada finds the life cycle of a frog.
Assuming that the following are available to her,
the quickest way to effectively present the life
cycle of a frog to the class is by way of
a.
An overhead projector
b.
An opaque projector
c.
Describing the life cycle
d.
A drawing on the chalkboard
92.
Below are questions that must be
considered in developing appropriate learning
activities/ experience, Except one
a.
Do the experiences encourage pupils to
inquire further?
b.
Do the experiences save the pupils
from learning difficulties?
c.
Can be experiences profit the pupils?
d.
Are the experiences in accordance with an
increasing amount of learning?
93.
Which order of the senses goes with an
increasing amount of learning?
a.
Sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell
b.
Taste and smell, sight , touch, hearing
c.
Taste and smell, touch, sight, hearing
d.
Taste and smell, touch, hearing,
sight
94.
Which of the following statements on peer
tutoring is true?
a.
Teacher has time with more severe
learning problems
b.
The atmosphere is threatening
c.
The social skills of pear tutors are not
enhanced
d.
the peer tutors achievement goes down
95.
A lesson in Philippines history was
presented by Mrs. Palaroan by making her class
view a videotape on EDSA revolution. The
videotape which Mrs. Palaroan used in class
points to what property of instructional media?
a.
Manipulative
c. Fixative
b.
Multi-sensory
d. Distributive
96.
Read the following teacher-studentsituation. Teacher: Why is the process called
photosynthesis? Student: I dont know. Which
questioning technique should the teacher use?

a.
Concept
Clarification
b.
Prompting

c.
d. Multiple response

97.
Miss Lees objective is to focus students
attention on and quickly create interest in a
problem or concept. She makes use of:
a.
Task group
c. Tutorial group
b.
Panel discussion d. Philips 66
98.
The content of the lesson must be
feasible. This means that:
a.
The lesson should be interesting to the
student
b.
The lesson must be within the
capacity of the students
c.
The teacher must considered the time
needed and resources available
d.
The lesson must be useful
99.
Which questioning behavior is appropriate:
a.
Not allowing a student to complete a long
response
b.
Repeating all students response
c.
Allowing choral responses
d.
Asking varied questions
100. Research on teacher effective practices
has shown the following except:
a.
Planning has title impact on student
learning
b.
Questioning strategies are ineffective
monitoring technique
c.
Teaching procedures on classroom
routines early in the school year are
essential
d.
Directives should be few and best
delivered in a casual manner
101. Teacher Y wants to measure students
ability to organize thoughts and ideas. Which
type of test is most appropriate?
a.
Objectives test
b.
Limited response essay
c.
Extended response essay
d.
Short answer type of test
102. Which of the following refers to organized
services specially designed to improve the
adjustment of students?
a.
Group growth sessions c. Cumulative
records
b.
Test profiles
d. Guidance
program
103. Which tests survey existing problems of
academic progress?
a.
Achievement tests c. Problem
checklist
b.
Interest inventories d. Aptitude tests

104. Which of the following statements about


guidance is NOT true?
a.
Guidance is a continuous process
b.
Guidance is concerned with Whole
student, not only with his or her intellectual and
academic aspect
c.
Guidance is telling a student what is
best for him, and advising him about what
he should do
d.
Guidance is primary concerned with
prevention rather than cure
105. Which of the following is NOT a guidance
service?
a.
Psychological testing
b.
Counseling
c.
Observation
d.
Education placement
106.
end of
a.
b.

Which of the following tests is given at the


instruction?
Summative
c. formative test
Placement test
d. diagnostic test

107. Special or exceptional students are such in


certain aspects, Except for one:
a.
Sensory abilities
b.
Gender orientation
c.
Mental characteristics
d.
Communication abilities
108. Information from achievement tests can
be used in the following, Except in:
a.
Grading a student
b.
Labeling pupils
c.
Establishing proficiency
d.
Giving feedback regarding effectiveness of
learning
109. Which of the following occurs when the
teachers have a general tendency to rate all
individuals performance at
approximately the same position on the rating
scale?
a.
Personal bias error
c. Logical
error
b.
Halo effect
d. Severity error
110. The environment must be interactive to
facilitate learning, which of the following
situations is an example of this?
a.
The class copies a list of facts concerning
the habitat of insects
b.
The teacher lectures on the habitat of
insects
c.
The class goes out and discovers the
habitat of insects
d.
The teacher shows posters of the habitat
of insects

111. When teachers, administrators and


counselors come together to synthesize or
coordinate in interpreting data about a student
for the purpose of a more intensive study, this is
called
a.
Longitudinal study
c. Case
conference
b.
Case study
d. Case analysis
112. Which type of test can help teachers
predict the probability of success of students in
certain areas or endeavors?
a.
Achievement
c. Aptitude
b.
Intelligence
d. Personality
113. Which of the following correctly describes
dyslexia?
a.
A. It is a developmental expressive writing
disorder
b.
It is a developmental arithmetic disorder
c.
It is a developmental reading disorder
d.
It is a developmental articulation disorder
114. Free and compulsory education as
mandated in the 1987 constitution holds true
for_____________
a.
Elementary and secondary education
b.
Education in the primary grades
c.
All children of school age
d.
Grade VI pupils
115. Readiness pretests is give at the
beginning of an instructional unit is a:
a.
Summative tests
c. Placement
test
b.
Formative test
d. Diagnostic test
116. The distribution of the scores is negatively
skewed. This means that:
a.
Most of the score are low
b.
Most of the scores are high
c.
The score are concentrated on the left of
the distribution curve and most of the score are
low
d.
The scores are concentrated on the left of
the distribution curve
117. Aside from professional competence, what
other important qualification must a teacher have
for guidance work?
a.
Similar cultural background with the
students
b.
Personal qualities, such as warmth, openmindedness, interest in people
c.
Affiliation with a professional group
d.
Several year of experience as teacher
118. Which of the following is meant to
determine student performance at the beginning
of instruction?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Diagnostic assessment
Placement assessment
Summative assessment
Summative assessment

119. Mean is to central tendency as standard


deviation is to:
a.
Discrimination
c. Correlation
b.
Level of difficulty
d. Variability
120. The following characterize school
guidance programs, Except one:
a.
A part of every school activity
b.
Separate from the general life of the
school
c.
A function sheared by all
d.
Located in every part of the school
121. Which factor is most likely to make a
schools guidance program succeed?
a.
Administrative support
b.
The availability of the specialist
c.
The favorable attitude of teachers toward
guidance
d.
Located in every part of the school
122. The results if this type of test serve as
basis for remedial instruction. What is the type of
test referred to?
a.
Prognotic test c. Diagnostic test
b.
Speed test
d. Achievement test
123. The difficulty index of a test item is 1. This
implies that:
a.
The test item must be moderate in
difficulty because 50% got the item correctly and
50% got it wrongly
b.
The test item must be very difficult
because nobody got the item correctly
c.
The test item must be neither difficult
because nor easy because this depends on the
ability of the students
d.
The test item must be very easy because
everybody got the item correctly
124. In his conduct of item analysis Mr. Milanes
discovered that a significant greater number from
the lower group of the class that from the upper
group got item number 10 correctly. This implies
that:
a.
The test item is reliable
b.
The test item has a negative
discriminating power
c.
The item has a positive discrimination
power
d.
The tests item is valid
125. Guidance is concerned with
a.
All students, even if some seem not to
have problems

b.
Students who manifests undesirable
behavior only
c.
Underachieving students only
d.
Students with emotional problems only
126. Which statement explains the primary
focus of the non-directive approach in
counseling?
a.
It focuses in the persons responsibility
and capacity to discover more appropriate
behavior
b.
It places confidence in a persons ability to
deal with his or her needs through a realistic
process
c.
it helps confidence to develop a more
rational to deal with his or her needs through a
realistic process
d.
it modifies behavior by providing
appropriate learning conditions and experiences
127. An algebra test was designed to measure
what the students learned at the end of the
course. It was also to predict success in future
mathematics subjects. This algebra test
functioned asa.
Diagnostic and placement test
b.
An aptitude test
c.
An achievement test
d.
An aptitude and an achievement test
128. Giftedness is a form of exceptionality.
Students who fall under this category
demonstrate high performance in special areas,
such as those belowa.
Athletic prowess c. General intellectual
ability
b.
Creative thinking d. Visual and performing
arts
129. Which of the following is the least stable
measure of central tendency?
a.
Median and mode
c. Median
b.
Mode
d. Mean
130. Which assessment is concerned with
identifying learning difficulties during instruction
a.
Summative assessment
b.
Placement assessment
c.
Formative assessment
d.
Visual and performing arts
131. These are significant information about a
student, gathered through the use of various
techniques, assembled, summarized and
organized in such a way that they may be used
effectively:
a.
Cumulative records
b.
Test profile
c.
Personal inventories
d.
Case studies

132. Research findings show that autism is


a.
Either more prevalent among girls or
among boys depending on their nationality
b.
Equally prevalent among boys and girls
c.
More prevalent among boys than among
girls
d.
More prevalent among girls than among
boys
133. In interpreting test results which
statements are true?
I.
A raw score itself is meaningless but
becomes meaningful once it is interpreted
II.
An analysis of test results is useless
without interpretation
III.
Test result interpretation is possible
without analysis
IV.
The use of statistical techniques gives
meaning to students scores
a.
I, II, IV
c. I, III, IV
b.
I, II, III
d. II, III, IV
134. This guidance service to help students
carry out their plans and act on their choices so
that they become adjusted to their chosen field
or career is called:
a.
Counseling
c. placement
b.
information
d. follow-up
135. The tendency for the rather to use only
the lower end of rating scale in rating
performance is referred to as
a.
Personal bias error c. Generosity error
b.
Severity error
d. logical error
136. What must be employed to continuously
strengthen a school guidance program
a.
Assignment of responsibilities
b.
research
c.
Evaluation
d.
Program Planning
137.
a.
b.

Which tests are given before instruction?


Placement
c. Summative
Formative
d. Achievement

138. The operation Return to the basics saw


its embodiment in the _________
a.
National Elementary Achievement Test
b.
New Secondary Education Curriculum
c.
National Secondary Achievement Test
d.
New Elementary School Curriculum
139.
The following are computed
difficulty indices: 1, . 80, .50, .30 which one
indicates the most difficulty item?
a.
30
b. 50
c. 1
d. 80
140.
Which of the following explains why the
plateau phenomenon of ten found in human
being does NOT exist in animal learning
experiments?

a.
Animals are unable to profit from errors
b.
The incentive in animal learning is
constant
c.
Animals have weak incentive in learning
d.
Animals are unable to spurt in learning
141.
in the
a.
b.
c.
d.
plans

All are components of remedial guidance


classroom, Except:
Dealing with discipline problems
Dealing with poor study habits and skills
Dealing with underachievement
Dealing with career choices or vocational

142. Which method provides a more or less


objective assessment of different aspects of an
individual?
a.
Home visits
b.
Counseling interview
c.
Observations
d.
Standardized testing
143. Which of the following behavior indicates
that a child has developed conventional maturity?
The behavior is based on _________
a.
The desire to avoid severe physical
punishment by a superior authority
b.
Personal decisions based on his
satisfaction
c.
The expectations of the group or society in
general to gain approval
d.
Internalized ideals to avoid self
condemnation rather than social censure
144. A school guidance program should arise
mainly out of:
a.
The curriculum and other programs of the
school
b.
The school administrators directives from
his/her perceptions
c.
The students needs and the problems
d.
The availability of guidance resources in
the schools
145. A test in which the options are dependent
upon a foundation of some sort such as graphical
representation, paragraph, and pictures is:
a.
Contained-options test
b.
Setting-and-options test
c.
Structured-response
d.
Stem-and-options test
146. In the scoring of essay tests, experts
advise teachers to score all answer to an easy
question before going to the next question for
which reason?
a.
It reduce the chances that ratings will be
influenced by a halo effect
b.
It is more convenient
c.
It is easier to apply the criteria more
uniformly when considering only a single task at a

time when going from task to task for each


student
d.
Checking is faster this way
147. Whose performance does stanine of 5
represent?
a.
Performance of the upper 40%
b.
Performance of the upper 20%
c.
Performance of the lower 20%
d.
Performance of the middle 20%
148. In making and reporting observations of
students behavior, which ones should be
avoided?
a.
Descriptions of students gestures and
expressions
b.
The names of other students with whom
the one being observed interact
c.
Opinions and judgment about students
d.
Direct quotations of students statements
149. This is the stage when the learner become
confused and starts to experience identity crisis.
This is the ____________
a.
Late childhood stage
b.
Early childhood stage
c.
Early adulthood stage
d.
Adolescent stage
150. All are basic functions of psychological
tests EXCEPT ONE.
a.
For selection or admission
b.
Identification of students who need special
attention
c.
For promotion or acceleration
d.
Integration of life experiences and future
directions of students
151. Upon what shall a teacher base the
evaluation of the learners scholarship
a.
Merit, learners scholarship
b.
Merit, quality of performance
c.
Merit, attendance
d.
Quality of performance, learners
scholarship
152. The following are some of what a
professional teachers may NOT do EXCEPT:
a.
Accept remuneration from tutorials other
than what is authorized for such service
b.
Make deductions from students scholastic
ratings as a punishment
c.
Base the evaluation of the learners work
on merit and quality of academic performance
d.
Inflict corporal punishment an offending
learners
153. The value of education, deference to
authority, and filial piety in the Philippines in an
influenced of
a.
Taoist tradition
c. Buddhist
tradition

b.
Confucianist tradition
tradition

d. Hindu

154. Which statement regarding teachers


ethical behavior is wrong?
a.
A teacher may not fall in love with his/her
students
b.
Teachers shall support one another at all
times when the best interest of the learners, the
school, or the profession at stake
c.
A teachers may submit to the proper
authorities any justifiable criticisms against an
associate
d.
It is every teachers responsibility to seek
correctives for any unprofessional and unethical
conduct of any associate
155. Which is the first and foremost concern of
a teacher? The interest and welfare of:
a.
Learners
b.
Colleagues
c.
Parents
d.
The teaching profession
156. The ideal society in the context of Plato is
one where:
a.
There is hope
c. Justice reigns
b.
Love prevails
d. Faith matters
157. The survivors of a shipwreck are now
packed in a lifeboat which may capsize unless
partly deloaded. Which of the following acts will
be morally justifiable?
a.
Pushing the young and old ones and
leaving them behind to drown
b.
Trying to save everyone as much as
possible
c.
Shooting some passengers and leaving
them behind
d.
Doing nothing and waiting for the boat to
capsize
158.
values
a.
b.

For the advocates of value clarification,


are
Universal
c. Objective
Personal
d. Unchanging

159. With regard to business, which does the


Code of Ethics NOT say about teachers?
a.
A teacher shall maintain a good reputation
with respect to debts loans and other financial
matters
b.
No teachers shall be financially interested
in any commercial venture involving textbooks
and other school commodities where he/she can
exercise official influence
c.
no teacher shall act as agent of textbooks
and other school commodities where he/she can
exercise official influence
d.
a teacher may not engage in any kind of
business

160. The more consumeristics a person is, the


more he/she gets attached to this material world,
the farther he is from the universal self, the more
miserable he/she becomes. This is a teaching
a.
Confucianism
c. Hinduism
b.
Taoism
d. Buddhism
161. Who believed that there should be less
reliance on the school, and the world of work?
a.
Paolo Freire
c. Paul Goodman
b.
Ivan Illich
d. Jean Paul Sartre
162. Human dignity is inherent in every person.
This means that
a.
The inner worth of a person depends on
what he has
b.
The inner worth of a person depends on
how he/she looks
c.
The inner worth of a person depends on
what he can do
d.
The inner worth of a person is in him/her
she looks
163. Which of the following runs counter to the
development of honesty and accountability?
a.
Being vigilant about weights and
measures used in the markets
b.
Equal payment of government employees
productivity pay
c.
Payment of just wages to workers and
employees
d.
Transparent in operations of the barangay
and other organizations through public reporting
164. Which are said to be our wellspring of
excellence?
a.
Third largest English-speaking nation, tiger
economy, inventor of peoples power revolution
b.
Tiger economy, superior human resources
c.
Tiger largest English-speaking nation,
superior human resources, inventor of peoples
power revolution
d.
Tiger economy, the inventor of peoples
power revolution, superior, human resources
165. Which among these goals for change was
proposed by the moral Recovery Program?
a.
A sense of justice and outrage over its
violation, a sense of national pride, a sense of
seriousness
b.
A sense of national guide, a sense of
seriousness, sense of common good
c.
A sense of national guide, a sense of
seriousness, sense of national justice and outrage
over its violation
d.
A sense of national guide, a sense of the
common good, a sense of justice and outrage
over its violation

166. The code of ethics for teachers states that


school officials shall encourage and attend to the
professional growth of all teachers. According to
the Code school officials can do this by:
a.
Giving them due recognition for
meritorious performance by allowing them to
participate in conferences and training programs
ecommending teachers for promotion
b.
Recommending teachers for promotion,
organizing teachers in a professional organization
c.
Allowing them to participate in
conferences and training programs
d.
Organizing teachers into a professional
organization, giving them due recognition for
meritorious performance and recommending
teachers for promotion
167. Which thrust on value formation is
intended to help the students identify and be
aware of their values?
a.
Analysis
c. Value inculcation
b.
Value clarification
development

d. Moral

168. The idea that there should be less reliance


on the school and greater use of education
potential of the community and the world of work
is the essence of:
a.
Community-based education
b.
Formal education
c.
Multi-grade teaching
d.
Mobile teaching
169. It is said that the big drama development
is played out in small scenes. Which one does not
serve as a further explanation of this statement?
a.
Ordinary things done by ordinary people
are the solid building blocks on which a nation
develops
b.
Details can make a significant difference
c.
Much of our personal development and
progress of the nation depends on how
extraordinary well we do the ordinary things
d.
Let us give attention to major things
because they are the ones that matter
170. Which of the following characteristics does
not apply to Platos just society?
a.
The artists are creative
b.
The leaders are wise
c.
The soldiers are courageous
d.
The working class are temperant
171. Martin Bubers dialogic principle
requires as restructuring of society which can be
achieved by:
a.
Communism which cannot tolerate
multiplicity and freedom
b.
Fascism which cannot allow dialogue
c.
Democracy which requires centralistic
political set up

d.
Democratic socialism which advocates a
genuine dialogue life
172. Which of the following statements about
society is TRUE?
a.
Revolution produce the opposite of their
goals
b.
Ethnic cleansing leads to social unanimity
c.
Social education leads to a mature
society
d.
Cooperative education is a means to
Social education?
173. Which of the following statements defines
ethics?
a.
The science of correct thinking
b.
The study of being a general
c.
The study of the nature of human
knowledge
d.
The study of rightness or wrongness of
human knowledge
174. Which of the following dose not
characterize fascism?
a.
A government of laws and not of men
b.
Rigid hierarchy and authority of single
leader
c.
Militarist, nationalist and dictatorial regime
d.
It justifies any of its means by its end
175. Which of the following is not Anarchism?
a.
Freedom and responsibility
b.
Social organization without hierarchy
c.
Extreme view of individual freedom
d.
Destruction of the state and its supporting
institution
176. In which of the following acts would you
attribute responsibility?
a.
A barkeeper sells liquor to a minor not
knowing he is an adult
b.
A barkeeper sells liquor to a minor not
knowing it is illegal to do so
c.
A barkeeper sells liquor to a client not
knowing it is contaminated with poison
d.
A barkeeper sells liquor not knowing it
would cause the death of a diabetic person
177. The values of the people are revealed in
the following approaches, Except One
a.
When they are asked to choose freely
among alternative
b.
When they act out what they choose but
for a short while and not repeatedly
c.
When they act out what they choose
d.
When they are asked to choose among
alternatives
178. To attain harmony in society people must
rule their subjects with benevolence . whose
teaching was this?

a.
b.

Mohammad
Kung-fu-zu

c. Buddha
d. Lao Tzu

179. The concept that school failed to


encourage positive learning and were opposed to
the production of independently-minded adults
was popularized by:
a.
Paolo Freire
c. Paul Goodman
b.
John Dewey
d. Ivan Illich
180. Which type of conscience is possessed by
one who is extremely rigorous and is constantly
afraid of committing evil?
a.
Scrupulous
c. Certain conscience
b.
Lax conscience
d. Certain
conscience
181. The following EXCEPT ONE are the
strength of Filipino character
a.
Pakikipagkapwa-tao c. Frankness
b.
Family orientation
d. Joy of humor
182. Which of the following is the Aristotlelian
definition of happiness?
a.
Ones ultimate achievements in life
b.
A state made perfectly the aggregation of
good things
c.
The satisfaction of all desires and the
absence of pain
d.
The experience of the fulfillment of
possibilities
183. One of the following statements about
passion is NOT TRUE?
a.
Passion does not affect voluntariness
b.
Passion may completely destroy freedom
c.
passion tends to blind the judgment of the
intellect
d.
passion cannot affect freedom
184. Which does not characterize a non-violent
society?
a.
Solves problems in non-adversarial way
b.
Prefers indigenous ways of solving
problems
c.
A passive society
d.
Solves problems in a non-confrontational
way
185. Which statement holds true of values
clarification?
a.
Values are objective; no person has the
right set of values to pass on to others
b.
It is meant to help students get at their
own feelings, ideas, and beliefs; no person has
the right set of values to pass on to others
c.
No person has the right set of values to
pass on to others; values are independent of time
d.
Values are independent of time, place, and
persons; meant to help students get at their own
feelings and ideas

186. Based on the Code of Ethics for teachers,


which of the following may teachers Not do?
a.
Welcomes the opportunity to lead in
barangay
b.
Studies and understands local customs
and traditions
c.
Deducts points from students scholastic
ratings as a form of punishment
d.
Attends church and worship of his choice
joy and humor
187. Which type of justice implies the duty of
one individual to give another what he is due?
a.
International justice
b.
Distributive justice
c.
Social justice
d.
Commutative justice
188. It is said that our level of achievement is
always lower than our level of aspiration. This
suggests that:
a.
We should aim high
b.
We should not be over ambitious
c.
We should think and act local
d.
We should set over aspirations because it
is damaging if we cannot realize them
189. John Dewey advocates which of the
following?
a.
Something is true if it works
b.
Morality is for persons
c.
Everything in this world is tentative, a
series of means and ends
d.
What is right or wrong depends on the
situation
190. Which is NOT the goal of true authority?
a.
To bring out the best in others
b.
To set the examples for others
c.
To coerce others to do what people in
authority desire them to do
d.
To help, from and guide others
191. In moral life, responsibility depends on
ones knowingly and freely doing an act. In which
of the following situations would you attribute
responsibility?
a.
A nurse administers a medicine despite
strong doubts about it
b.
A four year old fires a loaded gun killing
his own father
c.
A person unknowingly passes counterfeit
money
d.
An insane person strikes someones head
with a hammer
192. Life is what you make it. What you
become is up to you. This thought comes from
the:
a.
Existentialist
c. Idealist

b.
Realist
Philosophical analyst

d.

193. According to Plato, the good form of


government is
a.
Oligarchy
c. emocracy
b.
Aristocracy
d. Monarchy
194. Which of the following ways of life refer to
Taoism?
a.
Practice an all-embracing love
b.
Practice the golden rule
c.
Love one another
d.
Be natural
195.
Without a vision, a people perish. Says
the Book of Proverbs. This shows how important a
vision is. What does a vision Not do to a persons
life?
a.
It guides him/her to follow the most
efficient route
b.
It dilutes his/her attention
c.
It keeps him/her focused on one direction
d.
It keeps him/her inspired
196.
a.
b.

Which lie is the worst of all lies?


An officious lie c. A malicious lie
A material lie
d. A jocose lie

197. Which of the following does not refer to


existentialism?
a.
Each man shapes his own life and destiny
b.
Existence means self-choice and selfdetermination
c.
Existence means creativity and
uniqueness

d.
Social existence means anarchy and
violence
198. Which is ethical for a teacher to do in a
situation where she/he falls in love with a student
or when a student falls in love with his/her
teacher?
a.
The teacher avoids that learner
b.
The teacher exercise discretion to avoid
scandal and gossip and preferential treatment of
that learned
c.
The teacher resigns from his/her teaching
job
d.
The teacher advises the student to
discontinue with his/her studies
199. Which of the following statements is NOT
TRUE of an ideal social principle?
a.
Restructure society to crates a union of
communities
b.
Advocate direct life-relations between men
and men
c.
De-emphasize centralization of power
d.
Advocate an ethics of manipulation
200. If a ruler wants to maintain himself in
power he must govern by moral power. Upon
whose teaching is this based?
a.
Kung-fu-tzu
c. Buddha
b.
Lao Tzu
d. Mohammad
Learn from your critics and grow.
Accept criticisms gladly.
Let it in one ear and out at the other.
---Stevie Smith

PROF. EDUCATION EXAM DRILLS


Which Republic Act provides government assistance to students and teachers in private education?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.

C
D
D
A
D
D
B
D
B
C
A
B
D
C
A
A
B
B
D
C
D
B
A
D
A
B
A
C
A
C
C
C
C
A
B
D
C
A
B
C
A
C
A
C
D
A
A
D

49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.

A
D
A
A
B
D
A
B
D
C
B
D
D
A
A
B
B
A
B
B
B
A
B
D
A
C
A
D
C
D
B
B
B
D
D
A
A
A
C
A
C
D
D
B
D
A
B
C

97.
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.
109.
110.
111.
112.
113.
114.
115.
116.
117.
118.
119.
120.
121.
122.
123.
124.
125.
126.
127.
128.
129.
130.
131.
132.
133.
134.
135.
136.
137.
138.
139.
140.
141.
142.
143.
144.

B
B
D
C
C
D
C
C
C
A
B
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
D
C
B
B
D
B
C
A
D
D
A
C
D
C
B
A
C
C
A
C
B
A
A
D
D
B
D
C
C
C

145.
146.
147.
148.
149.
150.
151.
152.
153.
154.
155.
156.
157.
158.
159.
160.
161.
162.
163.
164.
165.
166.
167.
168.
169.
170.
171.
172.
173.
174.
175.
176.
177.
178.
179.
180.
181.
182.
183.
184.
185.
186.
187.
188.
189.
190.
191.
192.

B
A
B
C
D
D
B
C
B
A
A
C
B
B
D
C
C
A
B
A
C
A
B
A
D
D
D
C
D
A
A
C
B
D
A
A
C
C
A
C
B
C
C
A
C
C
A
A

193.
194.

B
D

195.
196.

B
D

197.
198.

D
B

199.
200.

C
C