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BRITISH STANDARD

BS 5768:1979
ISO 6011:1978

Specification for

[ISO title: Earth-moving machinery Operating


instrumentation]

UDC 621.878:624.132.3:629.1.05

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Operating
instrumentation for
earth-moving
machinery

BS 5768:1979

Cooperating organizations
The Road Engineering Standards Committee, under whose direction this
British Standard was prepared, consists of representatives from the following
Government departments and scientific and industrial organizations:

The organizations marked with an asterisk in the above list, together with the
following, were directly represented on the committee entrusted with the
preparation of this British Standard:
Agricultural Engineers Association
Associated Offices Technical Committee
Department of Industry
Health and Safety Executive
National Coal Board
Trades Union Congress

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the Road
Engineering Standards
Committee, was published
under the authority of the
Executive Board and comes
into effect on
31 August 1979
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The following BSI references
relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference RDB/21
Draft for comment 77/11693 DC
ISBN 0 580 10922 4

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date of issue

Comments

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Asphalt and Coated Macadam Association


Association of Consulting Engineers
British Quarrying and Slag Federation
British Tar Industry Association
Cement and Concrete Association
Concrete Society Limited
Contractors Plant Association*
Convention of Scottish Local Authorities
County Surveyors Society
Department of the Environment (PSA)
Department of the Environment (Transport and Road Research Laboratory)
Department of Transport
Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors*
Federation of Manufacturers of Construction Equipment and Cranes*
Greater London Council
Institute of Petroleum
Institute of Quarrying
Institution of Civil Engineers*
Institution of Highway Engineers*
Institution of Municipal Engineers*
Institution of Structural Engineers
Ministry of Defence*
Refined Bitumen Association Ltd.
Road Emulsion Association Ltd.
Road Surface Dressing Association
Sand and Gravel Association Limited
Society of Chemical Industry

BS 5768:1979

Contents

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Page
Cooperating organizations
Inside front cover
National foreword
ii
1
Scope
1
2
Field of application
1
3
Instrumentation
1
4
Arrangement of instruments
2
Annex A Space envelope and preferred dimensions of instruments
3
Figure 1 Instrument arrangement
2
Figure 2 Engine tachometer and speedometer
3
Figure 3 Instruments other than tachometer and speedometer
3
Figure 4 Engine tachometer
3
Figure 5 Speedometer
3
Figure 6 Ammeter
3
Figure 7 Voltmeter
4
Figure 8 Thermometer
4
Figure 9 Pressure gauges
4
Table 1 Information obtainable
1
Table 2 Marking on meters
5

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BS 5768:1979

National foreword

NOTE

Textual error. In the note to Figure 5 Km/h should be read as km/h.

A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
pages 1 to 5 and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the
inside front cover.
ii

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This British Standard has been prepared under the direction of the Road
Engineering Standards Committee and is identical with ISO 6011:1978
Earth-moving machinery Operating instrumentation published by the
International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ISO 6011 was produced as
a result of international discussions in which the United Kingdom took an active
part.
Terminology and conventions. The text of the International Standard has
been approved as suitable for publication without deviation, as a British
Standard. Some terminology and certain conventions are not identical with those
used in British Standards; attention is especially drawn to the following.
Wherever the words International Standard appear, referring to this standard,
they should be read as British Standard.

BS 5768:1979

2 Field of application
This International Standard applies to the following
types of operator-controlled machine:
crawler loaders and dozers;
wheel loaders and dozers;
graders;
tractor scrapers;
self-propelled compactors;
excavators;
off-highway trucks.

3 Instrumentation
Instrumentation at the instrument panel shall
provide information according to Table 1.
In the table:
A = mandatory (where applicable);
B = optional.

Engine speed (rotational


frequency)
Machine speed
Amperage and/or voltage
Engine coolant
temperature
Engine oil pressure
Brake air pressure
Torque converter oil
pressure
Torque converter oil
temperature
Transmission oil pressure
Transmission oil
temperature
Engine fuel pressure
Hydraulic oil pressure
Hydraulic oil temperature

Off-highway trucks

Excavators

Self-propelled compactors

Tractor scrapers

Graders

Wheel loaders and dozers

Information obtainable

B B B A B B
B A A B A
A A A A A A A
A A A A A A A
A A A A A A A
A A A A A A
B B B B B B B
A A A A A A A
B B B B B B B
B
B
B
B

B
B
B
B

B
B
B
B

B
B
B
B

B
B
B
B

B
B
B
B

B
B
B
B

NOTE 1 Information concerning fuel level and service time


are not included in the above table, but are required and should
be visible for maintenance purposes on all equipment having an
engine. However, location is not required to be on the
instrument panel. Information concerning service time is very
useful for scheduling preventive maintenance of equipment,
and should be provided for each engine.
NOTE 2 In the event where information normally required, as
given in the table, is not appropriate for a given machine, that
information is not required; for example, engine coolant
temperature for air-cooled engines, or air pressure for machines
having no air-system.

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This International Standard specifies the


information an operator shall be able to obtain from
the instrumentation at the instrument panel and
the arrangement of this instrumentation in order to
make it possible to operate the machine in a safe
and proper way and to maintain it in good operating
condition.
For guidance, an annex sets forth specified space
envelope, preferred dimensions and dial-face layout
of some instruments which are frequently used
today.

Table 1 Information obtainable


Crawler loaders and dozers

1 Scope

BS 5768:1979

4 Arrangement of instruments
The instruments should be divided into groups on
the panel as shown in Figure 1.
Left group: for engines (for example engine water
thermometer, oil pressure gauge, etc.)

Central group: for driving machines (for example


speedometer, engine tachometer, etc.)
Right group: for power transmission (for example
torque converter oil thermometer, torque converter
oil pressure gauge, etc.)
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Figure 1 Instrument arrangement

BSI 12-1999

BS 5768:1979

Annex Space envelope and preferred


dimensions of instruments

A.2 Dial-face layout


A.2.1 Engine tachometer

Figure 4 Engine tachometer


A.2.2 Speedometer

Figure 2 Engine tachometer


and speedometer
A.1.2 Instruments other than tachometer and
speedometer
NOTE

Provisionally mph may be shown in addition to Km/h.

Figure 5 Speedometer
A.2.3 Ammeter

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This annex sets forth the space envelope, preferred


dimensions and dial-face layout of instruments
frequently used today at the instrument panel of
earth-moving machinery.
The specifications are only given for guidance.
Manufacturers are free to use any instrument (for
example control light, warning lamp) which gives
the desired information in a useful way.
A.1 Space envelope and preferred dimensions
A.1.1 Engine tachometer and speedometer

Figure 3 Instruments other than


tachometer and speedometer
Figure 6 Ammeter

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BS 5768:1979

A.2.4 Voltmeter

A.2.6 Pressure gauge


Type of fluid (for example engine oil, air) and
pressure should be marked on the dial face.

A.2.5 Thermometer
Type of fluid (for example coolant, engine oil) and
temperature should be marked on the dial face.

NOTE Provisionally psi may be shown in addition to MPa.


NOTE When symbols are standardized by ISO/TC 127, the
symbols should be used in place of the type of fluid and
temperature or pressure, etc. marked on the dial face.

Figure 9 Pressure gauges


A.3 Marking instrument housing
Marking as shown in Table 2 should be made on the
engine tachometer, speedometer, ammeter,
voltmeter, thermometer and pressure gauge
intended for the instrument panel of earth-moving
machinery.

NOTE

Provisionally F may be shown in addition to C.

Figure 8 Thermometers

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Figure 7 Voltmeter

BS 5768:1979

Table 2 Marking on meters


Meter

Marking

Positioning

Ratio of rotational frequency on the


of the driving shaft to the
housing
specified rotational frequency surface

Speedometer

Rotational frequency of the


driving shaft against the
specified speed

on the
housing
surface

Symbols + and

near the
terminals

Ammeter and
voltmeter

Thermometer
and pressure
gauge

BSI 12-1999

on the
housing
surface
Maximum capacity

on the
housing
surface

Maximum capacity

on the
housing
surface

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Engine
tachometer

BS 5768:1979
ISO 6011:1978

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