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Section 4

Pre-construction Preparation
4.1 Review Plans

Review Contract Documents

Record Keeping

13

In The Field

14

Staking

15

Curve Data

20

Check Chord Distance

22

Middle Ordinate Check

24

Reference Points

27

Common Staking Errors

30

ODOT Video, Part 5/12: Preconstruction


Preparation

32

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Review Plans

Preparations Begin in the Office

Bridge Plans

January, 2013

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Early Plan Review


Review preliminary and advance plans and
specifications to minimize discrepancies on
final plans.
Check dimensions, angles, elevations, etc.
Look for inconsistencies
Inform PM & EOR about needed changes.

Plan Review Exercise


Review the following bridge plan, footing
plan and girder schedule.
What items would you be concerned about
when laying out the piling?

January, 2013

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Review Contract Documents

Contract Documents
Include:
Plans
Standard Specifications
Supplemental Specifications
Special Provisions
Change Orders

January, 2013

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Order of Precedence Exercise


Standard Specifications

___

Project Plans

___

Standard Drawings

___

Contract Change Orders

___

Other Contract Documents Not Listed

___

Special Provisions

___

Supplemental Specifications

___

Approved, Unstamped Working Drawings

___

Reviewed, Stamped Working Drawings

___

Order of Precedence Contd:


Notes on a drawing shall take precedence
over drawing details.
Dimensions shown on the drawings, or that
can be computed, shall take precedence over
Scaled dimensions.

January, 2013

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Contract Document Review Includes:


Plan dimensions and angles
Horizontal and vertical control information
Elevations (deck, beam seat, footings, etc)
Soil logs, soil reports and other foundation
information
Reinforcement details

Contract Document Review Includes:


Material quantities
Review and note any special features or
unusual requirements
Field testing requirements
Review ODOT Nonfield-Tested Material
Acceptance Guide

January, 2013

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Field Testing
(00540.16)
Sample &
Test Per
MFTP

January, 2013

FIELD TESTED MATERIALS ACCEPTANCE GUIDE


MATERIAL
AND
OPERATION

DESCRIPTION
OF
TEST

TEST METHOD
ODOT

SECTION
EXCAVATION AND BACKFILL
SECTION 00510
00540 - STRUCTURE
CONCRETE BRIDGES
Aggregate Production
Sampling
(1)
Reducing
QAE may waive
(2)(3)(4)
after 5 sublots/shifts
Sieve Analysis
(4)
Fineness Modulus
(2)
(1)(3)
TM 225
Perform a minimum of 3 tests
Wood Particles
(4)
Sand Equivalent
(3)
Coarse Aggregate
(See Section 02690.20)
Soundness
Abrasion
(4)
Degradation
TM 208
Fine Aggregate
(See Section 02690.30)
Lightweight Pieces
Organics
(3)

Dry Rodded Unit Weight

(3)(4)

Bulk Specific
Gravity & Absorption

Portland Cement
Fly Ash
Admixtures

(C)

Same Frequency for all Tests (Minimums)

(Revised October 2008)

WAQTC

FORM
734-

Contractor
Quality
Control

AASHTO

A Sublot equals 1000 Mg or 1000 Tons


T2
T 248
T 27/T 11
T 27/T 11

1792

T 176

1792

T 104
T 96

4000

1/Sublot
&
Start of Production

See Section 4A
T 113
T 21
T 19
T 84 &
T 85

Compliance
Compliance
Compliance

4000
1825
1825C
1825

Start of production
and when changes
in aggregate occurs

4000

(C)

4000

Not required if
on QPL

See Guide Definitions for Testing


not identified on QPL

Mixing Water

QUALITY ASSURANCE
Independent Assurance/Verification
Project
Region
Materials
Quality
Laboratory
Manager
Assurance

Compliance

See Sec. 02020

Page 17

10 % of
Required QC

Submit To Lab

See Section
4A

FIELD TESTED MATERIALS ACCEPTANCE GUIDE


MATERIAL
AND
OPERATION

DESCRIPTION
OF
TEST

TEST METHOD
ODOT

Same Frequency for all Tests (Minimums)

(Revised October 2008)

WAQTC

FORM
734-

AASHTO

Contractor
Quality
Control

SECTION
EXCAVATION
AND BACKFILL
SECTION 00510
00540 - STRUCTURE
CONCRETE BRIDGES
(CONTINUED)
Portland Cement Concrete
Sampling
Air Content
Slump
Concrete Temperature
Density (Unit Weight)
Yield
Water/Cement Ratio
Strength
(S)

1 Set Represents a minimum of 3


Cylinders

(M)

Per Mix Design & Source

TM 2
T 152
T 119
T 309
T 121
T121
T 121
T22/23

3573WS
or
4000C

(M) (S)

Test at
minimum
frequencies
according to table
00540-1. Review
specs.

4000C

QUALITY ASSURANCE
Independent Assurance/Verification
Project
Region
Materials
Quality
Laboratory
Manager
Assurance
QA Testing Metric
Projects under 100 m all classes
1/Project representing all classes of PCC
Projects over 100 m all classes
1/400 m per class minimum 1/class

QA Testing English
Projects under 100 yd all classes
1/Project representing all classes of PCC
Projects over 100 yd all classes
1/500 yd per class minimum 1/class

TABLE 00540-1 Frequency of Quality Control Testing (Metric)


Minimum frequencies per Class of concrete based on daily production record
Production
Frequencies
0 to 75 m on a single day
1 Set each day
Quantity Over 75 m
75 to 450 m on a single day
over 450 m on a single day

1 Set per each 75 m or portion thereof


1 Set per each 150 m or portion thereof
after reaching 450 m

TABLE 00540-1 Frequency of Quality Control Testing (English)


Minimum frequencies per Class of concrete based on daily production records.
Production
Frequencies
0 to 100 yd on a single day
1 Set each day
Quantity Over 100 yd
100 to 600 yd on a single day
over 600 yd on a single day

Page 18

1 Set per each 100 yd or portion thereof


1 Set per each 200 yd or portion thereof
after reaching 600 yd

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

QC Testing Frequency

QC Testing Frequency Example

Bridge Deck Pour: 350 cy of HPC4350.


How many sets of cylinders are required?
350 cy / (100 cy/set) = 3.5 = 4 sets

January, 2013

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

QC Testing Frequency Exercise

Bridge Deck Pour: 850 cy of HPC4350.


How many sets of cylinders are required?

QA Testing Frequency

January, 2013

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

QA Testing Frequency Example

Total of 400 cy of HPC4350 for project.


How many QA tests are required?
400 cy / (500 cy/test) = 0.8 = 1 QA test

QA Testing Frequency Exercise

Total of 750 cy of HPC4350 for project.


How many QA tests are required?

January, 2013

OREGON DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION


CONSTRUCTION SECTION

NONFIELD-TESTED MATERIALS ACCEPTANCE GUIDE


2008 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS
NEW JANUARY 2009

The most current version of this guide is available by printing from the web address listed below. This
document is to be used as a guide for documentation required for acceptance of materials on ODOT
Construction projects and does not relieve the user of requirements specified in the Construction Project
Documents. Please notify the Contract Administration Unit, In the Construction Section at the ODOT
Materials Laboratory, of any changes in Standard Drawings, Special Provisions, or Specifications, etc.,
which would require additions to, deletions from, or changes to this listing.
Internet Address: http://egov.oregon.gov/ODOT/HWY/CONSTRUCTION/docs/NFTMAG2008.pdf

OREGON DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION


NONFIELD-TESTED MATERIALS ACCEPTANCE GUIDE

2008 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS


New January 2009

ACCEPTANCE DOCUMENTS
SECTION

TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION

MATERIALS

SUBSECTION

FURNISHED BY
CONTRACTOR
TO
LAB

BY
MATERIALS
LAB

REMARKS
BY
FIELD

PM

This Guide provides a summary of acceptance documents for frequently used items. New materials or materials which are infrequently used may
not be listed in this Guide. Consult the Contract Documents for acceptance documentation for these items.

This Guide does not have precedence over the Special Provisions, Contract Plans, or Standard Specifications.
E - Equipment Lists and Drawings / Procedures
L - ODOT Materials Laboratory or Inspection Report
W - Warranty (Manufacture or Workmanship)

F - Field Inspection Report (FIR)


O - Certificate of Materials Origin (00160.20 for Federal Aid projects)
BG Blue and Green Sheets (see section 00960, 00970 or 00990)

P Proof of License or Apprentice Application


Q - Quality Compliance Certificate The Certificate from the manufacturer shall: Certify that the material meets the contract requirements and identify the
specified test methods used by number (ODOT, AASHTO, ASTM, UL or other) Permit positive determination that material delivered to the project is the same
material covered by the certificate Be delivered to the Engineers representative with the shipment of the material, or be an identification plate or mark, decal,
sticker, label, or tag attached to the container or material.
T Test Results Certificate The Certificate from the manufacturer shall: Certify that the material has been sampled and tested and that the test results meet
the Specifications Include a copy of the test results (ODOT,AASHTO,ASTM,UL, or other) Identify the testing agency and the representative responsible for the
rest results Permit positive determination that material delivered to the project is the same material covered by the certificate Be delivered to the Engineer with
the shipment of the material.
QPL For some materials this Guide will refer to the QPL. In the QPL there is a column labeled List. If there is an A in that column for the particular item you
are looking up, no sampling or testing is required, it is approved for use. Simply document in an FIR your recognition of the product and its existence on the
Approved A List. Material listed as approved (A) on the current Qualified Products List (QPL) fulfill the requirements for a Quality Compliance Certificate (Q) for
acceptance. When approval is given to use a product that is not listed on the current QPL, a Contract Change Order will need to be executed and a
Quality Compliance Certificate will be required. The Agency may require testing.
If there is a Q in that column the product is Qualified and is suitable for use in that specific category. Job Control testing or additional certification may still be
necessary. Consult the Contract documents for further information.
Small Quantity - a method for accepting relatively small quantities of materials as noted in this Guide without normal sampling and testing. Normal acceptance of
materials may be waived by the Project Manager when requested in writing by the Contractor. Small Quantity acceptance requirements are listed in the
2 of 34

OREGON DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION


NONFIELD-TESTED MATERIALS ACCEPTANCE GUIDE

2008 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS


New January 2009

ACCEPTANCE DOCUMENTS
SECTION

TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION

MATERIALS

SUBSECTION

FURNISHED BY
CONTRACTOR
TO
LAB

00520

00530

Driven piles

Steel reinforcement for concrete

BY
MATERIALS
LAB

REMARKS
BY
FIELD

PM

Drilling Slurry mineral

00512.14(a)

Use with mfg recommendations, contractor QC


plan and Contract Documents.

Drilling Slurry synthetic

00512.14(b)

Use synthetic slurry from the QPL. Use with


mfg recommendations, contractor QC plan and
Contract Documents.

Drilling Slurry water

00512.14(c)

Requires Engineers approval w/o full-length


casing.

Steel piling

02520.10

T,O

T is from steel manufacturer. Include the pile


markings on FIR; heat No., lot No.,
AASHTO/ASTM designation, grade, brand,
quantity and submit copies to Salem Materials
Lab for review and written Lab report. *If no
T, check with Lab for physical test
requirement.

Splices

00520.43g

Steel pipe pile cutting shoes

02520.10(e)

Q,O

Q is from pile shoe manufacturer.

Pile tip reinforcement for steel H


piles

02520.10(e)

T,O

T is from pile tip manufacturer. Pile tips must


be on the QPL qualified list. Verify heat # on
T matches numbers on tip.

Timber piling and preservative


treatment

02120.20,
02190

Timber piling straps

02120.30

Q,O

Prestressed concrete piles


(reinforced)

02520.20

See 00550 in this Guide.

Concrete reinforcement

00520.10

See 00530 in this Guide for reinforcement.

Bar reinforcement
(From Approved Manufacturer
on QPL)

02510.10

Q,O

L*

See Contract Documents for Welding


Procedures, submittals and requirements.

Q is the visual verification of the steel


manufacturers identification markings rolled
into the bar. Field verifies identification
markings on bars and records on the FIR.
NO PAPER Q IS REQUIRED
____________________________________

(Not from Approved

10 of 34

OREGON DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION


NONFIELD-TESTED MATERIALS ACCEPTANCE GUIDE

2008 STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS


New January 2009

ACCEPTANCE DOCUMENTS
SECTION

TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION

MATERIALS

SUBSECTION

FURNISHED BY
CONTRACTOR
TO
LAB

Manufacturer on QPL)

Epoxy coated bar reinforcement

REMARKS
BY
FIELD

PM

T,O

02510.11

BY
MATERIALS
LAB

Q,O

(From Approved Manufacturer


on QPL)

T is from steel manufacturer. Field obtains


for each manufacturer, one 4 ft sample of the
size representing the greatest quantity needed
for the project. Submit samples to Salem
Materials Lab. And include manufacturers
name and heat number.
Bar reinforcement is accepted as above either
from an Approved Manufacturer or from a nonApproved Manufacturer.
Q is for coating material and coating.
02510.11(e) includes prequalification and
certification requirements for coating process
and reinforcement.

(Not from Approved


Manufacturer on QPL)

T, Q,
O

Bar reinforcement is accepted as above either


from an Approved Manufacturer or from a nonApproved Manufacturer.
Q is for coating material and coating.
02510.11(e) includes prequalification and
certification requirements.
O is for coating process and reinforcement.

Mechanical splices Lapped


Splices, Threaded Sleeve Couplers
and Butt Splices

00530.42
02510.20

Q,O

Welded Splices

00532.42(d)

Q is from the splice manufacturer. L Field


submits installation qualification samples and
quality control samples to Salem Materials
Lab. As required by 00530.42(c). Splice
material must be on QPL.

Welded per AWS D1.4. Submit welder


certification, Welding Procedure Specifications
and Procedure Qualification Records.

Note: A maximum of 30 yd of each size of welded wire fabric used for guardrail anchors, culvert end slopes, and misc. small structures may be accepted as
Small Quantity. O and F is required for acceptance.
Welded wire fabric (except slope
paving)

02510.40

11 of 34

Q,O

Q is from steel manufacturer. Field submits


to Salem Materials Lab minimum of one full
width of sheet by 3 ft .sample for each size of
fabric size per project. If this is not possible,
contact Materials Sections Physical Testing
Group @ 503/986-3089 for sampling
requirements.

NFTMAG Exercise
Determine Required Acceptance Documents
Situation: You are the inspector on a bridge project which will be placing
cast in place footings, columns and deck. The reinforcement required
includes uncoated black reinforcement and coated reinforcement.

A shipment of black reinforcement has arrived on site. You have checked


the reinforcement markings and found that the reinforcement is on the
ODOT QPL. What Acceptance Documents are required in this case?
_________________________________

Later in the week a shipment of coated reinforcement arrives on site. You


have checked the reinforcement markings and found that the reinforcement
is on the ODOT QPL. What Acceptance Documents are required in this
case?
_________________________________

The columns that will be constructed require mechanical reinforcement


splices. The supplied mechanical splices are NOT on the ODOT QPL. What
Acceptance Documents are required in this case?

_________________________________

While checking the deck reinforcement you have determined the contractor
is short of the required number of uncoated black reinforcing bars. Two
days later the required black reinforcement bars arrive on site but are NOT
on the ODOT QPL. What Acceptance Documents are required in this case?
_________________________________

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

After Document Review


Report any discrepancies to your Project
Manager.
Contact Engineer of Record for
clarification.

Pre-construction Conference
Hold pre-construction conference prior to
any work beginning.
Should be held within 30 days of the
notice to proceed.

January, 2013

10

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Contractor Submittals
Work schedules
Traffic control plans
Subcontractor approvals

Contractor Submittals Contd:


Material approvals
Identification of concrete plants and
prefabrication plant
Concrete mix designs
Working drawings

January, 2013

11

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Working Drawings
Approved submittals required for the
following:
Shoring, cribbing, or cofferdams
Falsework and load bearing forms
Prefabricated items
Post-tensioning
Fabricated steel items, and
Reinforcing steel

Plans
Keeping up with the latest information . . . .

BID PLANS
WORKING PLANS (SHOP
DRAWINGS & SUBMITTALS)
AS-BUILT PLANS

January, 2013

12

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Record Keeping

See Appendix C for Forms

January, 2013

13

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

In the Field

On-Site Familiarization
Determine the locations of existing utilities.
Note any features or circumstances that
may require special attention such as
wetlands or endangered species habitat.
Ensure the proper implementation of the
traffic control plan.

January, 2013

14

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Staking

Staking Responsibilities
Determined by Contract
Agency provided
construction stakes, lines
and grades
Contractor provided
construction stakes, lines
and grades

January, 2013

15

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Accompany Survey Crew


Find out where the stake locations are and
what notations are used
Promotes discussion of plan location
interpretations between Inspector,
Surveyor, and Contractor
Check accuracy of staking
by measurements and
cross measurements

Preserving Stakes & Monuments


The contractor is responsible for preserving
stakes and monuments; accurately using
these controls; and setting own stringlines,
batterboards, etc.

January, 2013

16

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Staking
Horizontal alignment
Centerline stakes
Reference points
Vertical alignment
Benchmarks
TBMs
Grade stakes

Staking Tolerances (SP00305.40)

January, 2013

17

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Staking Tolerances (SP00305.40)

Substructures: +/- 0.03 ft (3/8) for


horizontal & vertical position.
Superstructures: +/- 0.02 ft (1/4) for
horizontal & vertical position.

Horizontal Alignment
Start with running in centerline
Set control points
(Curve points, POTs, etc.)
Set abutment and bent centerlines
where possible
Set reference points
For abutment and bents where
possible

January, 2013

18

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Distances
Lengths are divided into 100 foot long sections
called stations.
Interval stakes along an established line are
ordinarily laid down at 100 foot intervals called
full stations.
If a marker stake is placed elsewhere along the
line, it is called a plus station.

Example: A point half way between


station 10 & 11 is labeled 10+50

Station Equation Example


Const Line has equation 10+50Bk=10+80Ah
Bent 1 has station of 10+00
Bent 2 has station of 11+30
What is the distance between bents?
(11+30)-(10+00)-((10+80)-(10+50))=
130 ft 30 ft = 100 ft

January, 2013

19

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Station Equation Exercise


Const Line has equation 12+10Bk=12+90Ah
Bent 1 has station of 11+50
Bent 2 has station of 14+00
What is the distance between bents?

Curve Data

January, 2013

20

Basic Surveying - Theory and Practice

PI

T
L

M
C

PT

PC

Radius Point

Figure 48
R=

5729.578
D

5729.578
R

T = R*Tan 2

C = 2R*Sin 2

M = R(1-Cos 2 )

100 R
L = D = 180

R
E = ( Cos /2 )-R

13-4

D=

Oregon Department of Transportation February 2000

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Staking Checks
Measure Chord Distances
(Bent Checks)
Measure Middle Ordinates
(Edge of Deck Checks)

Curve Data
/ L = D / 100ft
= The Subtended Angle Of The Curve
D = Degree Of Curve
(Subtended Angle Of 100 Of Arc)
L = Length Of Curve
R = Radius Of Curve
= D(L) / 100ft
R = 5,729.578 / D

January, 2013

21

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Trig Functions
O

Sin = O / H
Cos = A / H

Tan = O / A

Check Chord Distance

January, 2013

22

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Chord Distance
C

Sin( ) = C / R
R Sin( ) = C
2R Sin( ) = C

Chord Distance = 2R Sin( )

Chord Distance Example


D = 10o

Bent 1 @ 10+00
Bent 2 @ 12+00
What is the chord distance between Bents 1&2?
L = (12+00)-(10+00) = 200ft
= D(L)/100ft = 10o(200ft)/100ft = 20o
R= 5,729.578 / D = 5,729.578 / 10o = 572.958ft
C = 2R Sin(1/2 )
C = 2(572.958ft)Sin(1/2(20o)) = 198.99ft

January, 2013

23

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Chord Distance Exercise


D = 5o
Bent 1 @ 10+00
Bent 2 @ 11+50
What is C?

Middle Ordinate Check

January, 2013

24

Basic Surveying - Theory and Practice

PI

T
L

M
C

PT

PC

Radius Point

Figure 48
R=

5729.578
D

5729.578
R

T = R*Tan 2

C = 2R*Sin 2

M = R(1-Cos 2 )

100 R
L = D = 180

R
E = ( Cos /2 )-R

13-4

D=

Oregon Department of Transportation February 2000

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Middle Ordinate Distance


M

Cos( ) = A / R
A = R(Cos( ))

C
R

M=R-A

M = R - R(Cos( ))
Middle Ordinate = R(1 - Cos( ))

Middle Ordinate Example


M = R(1 - Cos(1/2 ))
Bent 1 @ 10+00
Bent 2 @ 12+00
L = (12+00)-(10+00) = 200ft
= D(L)/100ft = 10o(200ft)/100ft = 20o
R= 5,729.578 / D = 5,729.578 / 10o = 572.958ft
Example:

D = 10o

M = 572.958ft(1 - Cos(1/2(20o)) = 8.70ft

January, 2013

25

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Middle Ordinate Exercise


D = 5o
Bent 1 @ 10+00
Bent 2 @ 11+50
What is M?

Reference Points

January, 2013

26

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Reference Points
Reference points or offset stakes are
usually 2x2x14 wood stakes (hubs)
driven flush with ground surface
A tack or small nail on the top of the wood
stake marks the exact reference point
At least two permanent points should be
set for each abutment

January, 2013

27

Pre-Construction Preparation

January, 2013

Section 4.1

28

Pre-Construction Preparation

January, 2013

Section 4.1

29

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Common Staking Errors


Using incorrect working line
Staking and elevation controls have been
disturbed
Always check control points against
previous work
Not checking bench marks prior to start of
construction

Common Staking Errors Contd:


Not tying into a second bench mark when
setting or checking elevations
TBMs are set in a level circuit, not a side
shot
Turning the wrong skew angle

January, 2013

30

Pre-Construction Preparation

Section 4.1

Staking for Structures


The layout of the structure and the
references should be double checked by
using a different survey approach. All survey
notes should also be independently
checked.

View ODOT Part 5/12

January, 2013

31