Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15

CERTIFICATE

CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project has been satisfactorily performed by Master RUSHIL AGGARWAL
CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project has been satisfactorily performed by Master RUSHIL AGGARWAL

This is to certify that the project has been satisfactorily performed by Master RUSHIL AGGARWAL studying in NAVY CHILDREN SCHOOL of class XII-A under the

guidance of Mr. Rajesh Srinivasan during the academic year 2015-2016.

Signature of Head Of Department

Signature of External Examiner

School Stamp

Acknowledgement

Acknowledgement I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my Physics mentors Mr. Rajesh and

I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my Physics mentors Mr. Rajesh and Mr. Govind for their vital support, guidance and encouragement without which this project would not have come forth from my side.

gratitude to the lab

incharge , Mr. Ram for his support during the making of this project .

I would like to express my heartily

I would like to thank my parents and friends who have

helped me with their valuable suggestions and guidance has been helpful in various phases of the completion of the project.

I would like to acknowledge the Almighty God who made all the things possible.

Contents
Contents
OBJECTIVE THEORY CONSTRUCTION ADVANTAGES APPLICATION BIBLIOGRAPHY
OBJECTIVE
THEORY
CONSTRUCTION
ADVANTAGES
APPLICATION
BIBLIOGRAPHY

OBJECTIVE

OBJECTIVE In this project, the objective is to study the mechanism and working of a solar

In this project, the objective is to study the mechanism and working of a solar car and to explore the application of renewable energy in building model cars.

Introduction

THEORY

A solar car is an electric vehicle powered by solar energy

obtained from solar panels on the surface of the vehicle.

obtained from solar panels on the surface of the vehicle. Solar cars combine technology typically used

Solar cars combine technology typically used in the aerospace, bicycle, alternative energy and automotive industries. The design of a solar vehicle is severely limited by the amount of energy input into the car.

Solar cars depend on a solar array that uses photovoltaic cells (PV cells).The Solar Electric Vehicle system was designed and engineered as an easy to install (2 to 3 hours) integrated accessory system with a custom molded low profile solar module, supplemental battery pack and a proven charge controlling system

.As an alternative, a battery-powered electric vehicle may use

a solar array to recharge; the array may be connected to the general electrical distribution grid

Difference between Conventional Vehicle and Solar Vehicle

A Solar vehicle operates in a significantly different fashion from

a regular vehicle. Regular cars use the internal combustion engine

. These engines, until very recently, used gasoline or diesel fuel made from petroleum, a fossil fuel. The engine works by literally

burning the fuel, which creates heat and causes expansion of gases, directly causing movement of pistons in the engine.

A perfect combustion reaction would leave only carbon dioxide

and water. However, perfect combustion is impossible, so these engines also emit carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate pollution--all of which contribute to air pollution

Solar cars depend on PV cells to convert sunlight into electricity to drive electric motors. Unlike solar thermal energy which converts solar energy to heat, PV cells directly convert sunlight into electricity.

Solar Car Schematics

Solar Car Schematics

CONSTRUCTION

Solar car consists of :-

SOLAR ARRAY

POWER TRACKERS

ELECTRIC MOTOR

SPEED CONTROLLER

CHASSIS

BATTERY

WHEEL

Solar Array

The solar array consists of hundreds of photovoltaic solar cells converting light into electricity. The solar array is the vehicle’s only source of power. The power from the array is used either to power the electric motor or stored in the battery pack for later use

electric motor or stored in the battery pack for later use Power Trackers Power trackers condition

Power Trackers

Power trackers condition the electricity coming from the solar array to maximize the power and deliver it either to the batteries for storage or to the motor controller for propulsion. When the solar array is charging the batteries, the power trackers help to protect the batteries from being damaged by overcharging. Power trackers can be very lightweight and commonly reach efficiencies above 95%

Electric Motor

An electric motor is the basic and the most important part of a solar car. It should work with optimal power and the efficiency should be high . An electric motor is a device using electrical energy to produce mechanical energy, nearly always by the interaction of magnetic fields and current-carrying conductors

of magnetic fields and current-carrying conductors Speed Controller The purpose of a motor speed controller is

Speed Controller

The purpose of a motor speed controller is to take a signal representing the demanded speed, and to drive a motor at that speed.

of a motor speed controller is to take a signal representing the demanded speed, and to

Chassis

The primary challenge in developing an effective solar car chassis is to maximize the strength and safety, but minimize the weight. However, safety is a primary concern and the chassis must meet stringent strength and safety requirements.

Battery

Battery is the main power supply of a vehicle , a battery is a device that stores chemical energy and makes it available in an electrical form.

energy and makes it available in an electrical form. Wheel Span tyres are used as it

Wheel

Span tyres are used as it is light and has low traction with the road. The light tyre does not require greater force to move faster.

ADVANTAGES

ADVANTAGES Eco-friendly One of the most significant benefits of a solar powered vehicle is that it

Eco-friendly

One of the most significant benefits of a solar powered vehicle is that it is highly nature-friendly. Solar powered automobiles produce a negligible amount of greenhouse gasses that are responsible for the depletion of the protective ozone layer.

Renewable and Infinite Source of Energyresponsible for the depletion of the protective ozone layer. The sun is one of the biggest

The sun is one of the biggest renewable sources of energy and running solar powered vehicles does not require any natural resources that are on the verge of extinction.

any natural resources that are on the verge of extinction . Gasoline Independence A solar based

Gasoline Independence

A solar based car is gasoline independent. A traditional car adds to the all ready high air pollution levels, whereas, a solar powered car does not produce any harmful emissions.

a solar powered car does not produce any harmful emissions. Solar Cars are Noiseless A solar

Solar Cars are Noiseless

A solar powered car is exceptionally quiet and runs noiselessly, thereby, cutting the noise pollution that comes complimentary with fuel-driven cars.

Longer Life Spanpollution that comes complimentary with fuel-driven cars. A solar car can easily last decades without any

A solar car can easily last decades without any expensive regular upkeep.

easily last decades without any expensive regular upkeep . Low Maintenance The solar vehicles are specially

Low Maintenance

The solar vehicles are specially designed to be low maintenance and can be easily maintained to last years with general cleaning of the solar panels.

APPLICATION

This concept can be utilized to build a single sitter four wheel vehicles in practice.APPLICATION It can be extended to more commercial form of four wheeler vehicle. In industry where

It can be extended to more commercial form of four wheeler vehicle.to build a single sitter four wheel vehicles in practice. In industry where small vehicles are

In industry where small vehicles are used to perform light weight conveys work from one place to other place.be extended to more commercial form of four wheeler vehicle. It can be used in places

It can be used in places where , fuel based vehicles are banned due to production of pollution and noiselight weight conveys work from one place to other place. In space exploration vehicles where conventional

In space exploration vehicles where conventional source of energy cannot be used.to other place. It can be used in places where , fuel based vehicles are banned

Bibliography

1. www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_car

2. auto.howstuffworks.com/fuel-efficiency

3. www.solarpoweredcar.org

4. www.miniscience.com/kits/SOLAR

5. www.tafesa.edu.au/solarcar_works