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Engineering Standards

Standard

4895
Page

1 of 3
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF
FORGED FLANGES, FITTINGS AND
REINFORCEMENT SADDLES

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

12/87
2
01/92

1.

SCOPE

This standard covers requirements for the design and manufacture of forged steel flanges, fittings and
reinforcement saddles for piping 48" in diameter and less. In this standard, "fittings" does not include flanges or
non-pressure containing reinforcments such as weld saddles.

2.

CODES AND STANDARDS

Flanges, fittings and saddles shall be designed and manufactured in accordance with the latest approved edition of
the following as applicable and as modified by this standard. Each item shall be marked in accordance with the
governing manufacturing specification and that marking shall be described in detail in purchase documents for
verification upon receipt of the items.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI), B16.5, B16.9, B16.11
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), A234, A420, A707
Engineering Standard 4900, "Standard for Purchase of High Test, Wrought, Welding Fittings"
Manufacturers Standardization Society (MSS) SP-44, SP-75

2.1

Flanges shall meet the requirements of ANSI B16.5, material group 1.1, or MSS SP-44, whichever is
applicable. When "low temperature design (-50F)" is specified as an option, the flanges shall also meet
the requirements in Section 4 of this standard.

2.2

Fittings having socket weld or threaded end connections shall meet the requirements of ANSI B16.11.
When "low temperature design (-50F)" is specified as an option, such fittings shall also meet the
requirements of ASTM A420, grade WPL6.

2.3

B-grade, butt weld fittings having a specified minimum yield strength (SMYS) of 35,000 psi shall meet
the requirements of ANSI B16.9 and ASTM A234, grade WPB. When "low temperature design (-50F)"
is specified as an option, such fittings shall meet the requirements of ASTM A420, grade WPL6, rather
than ASTM A234, grade WPB.

2.4

Y-grade, butt weld fittings having a specified minimum yield strength over 35,000 psig shall also meet the
requirements of Engineering Standard 4900.

2.5

B-grade saddles shall be in accordance with ASTM A234 WPB. Saddles having a specified minimum
yield strength (SMYS) greater than 35,000 psig shall be in accordance with MSS SP-75.

3.

SUPPLEMENTAL REQUIREMENTS FOR FLANGES & FITTINGS FOR SOUR GAS SERVICE
3.1

These supplemental requirements shall apply to flanges and fittings when sour gas is specified as the
service fluid.

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

Engineering Standards

Standard

4895
Page

2 of 3
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF
FORGED FLANGES, FITTINGS AND
REINFORCEMENT SADDLES

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

3.2

12/87
2
01/92

The carbon equivalent computed by the following equation shall not exceed 0.40% based on check
chemical analysis.
CE = %C + %Mn + %Cr + %Mo + %V + %Ni + %Cu
6
5
15

4.

3.3

The maximum design yield strength shall be 60,000 psi and the maximum acceptable actual tensile
strength shall be 90,000 psi.

3.4

The hardness shall not exceed 90 HRB (183 BHN) except that 22 HRC (235 BHN) is acceptable for
carbon and low alloy steels provided they contain less than 1% nickel.

3.5

The manufacturer shall provide test results and certification of compliance in accordance with ASTM
A234, Section 16; ASTM A420, Section 16; or Engineering Standard 4900, whichever is applicable.

SUPPLEMENTAL REQUIREMENTS FOR FLANGES FOR LOW TEMPERATURE SERVICE (-50F)


4.1

When "low temperature design (-50F)" is specified as an option, these requirements shall apply.

4.2

Flanges shall meet the requirements of ASTM A707, grade L3, Class 1, 2, or 3, as applicable, in addition
to ANSI B16.5 or MSS SP-44, whichever is applicable, and this standard, whichever are the more
stringent.

4.3

The following supplementary requirements of ASTM A707 shall also apply:


4.3.1

S1, "Ultrasonic Examination," of 100% of the area within two inches of the welding end on
flanges of all sizes.

4.3.2

Either S3, "Magnetic Particle Examination," or S4, "Liquid Penetrant Examination," shall be
performed at the manufacturer's option except that such examination may be limited to 100
percent of the end bevels after final machining. Any bevel face indication with a dimension in
excess of 1/4" shall be removed. Bevel face indications having dimensions between 1/4" and
1/16" which are not separated by 50 times the length of the longer indication shall also be
removed.

4.3.3

S7, "Notch Toughness, 50% Shear, FATT Minimum," shall be measured and reported as part
of the required Charpy V-notch testing.

4.4

A check analysis shall be furnished for each heat of steel from which flanges are manufactured.

4.5

The specified minimum yield strength of the hub shall not be less than 80 percent of the specified
minimum yield strength of the matching pipe as indicated on the specification sheet. The yield strength of
the hub shall not exceed the specified minimum yield strength by more than 15,000 psi.

4.6

Manufacturer shall provide certification and test results in accordance with ASTM A707, Section 21.

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

Standard

Engineering Standards

4895
Page

3 of 3
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF
FORGED FLANGES, FITTINGS AND
REINFORCEMENT SADDLES

Issue Date

12/87
2
01/92

Rev. No.
Date

SPECIFICATION SHEET
Location:
Project:
Prepared By:
Date:
Purchase Order No.

Requisition No.
Project No.
Approved By:
Revision:
Revised Date:
P.O. Date:
SERVICE REQUIREMENTS

Item Number
Tag Number
Quantity
Service Fluid
Low Temp. Design (-50F) Req'd
ANSI Pressure Class
Design Pressure (psig)
Design Temperature Range (F)
Design Factor (% stress)
SMYS (psi)
Added Wall for Corrosion (in.)
Field Test Pressure (psig max.)

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
]Y [ ]N
[ ]Y [ ]N

]Y [

]N

CONFIGURATION REQUIREMENTS
Type (flange, fitting, saddle)
Size, O.D. (in.)
Internal Diameter, Min. (in.)
Flange Face (flat/raised/RTJ)
Matching Pipe or Fitting
Inlet Conn. (BW/SW/NPT)
Size, O.D. (in.)
Wall Thickness (in.)
SMYS (psi)
Outlet Conn. (BW/SW/NPT)
Size, O.D. (in.)
Wall Thickness (in.)
SMYS (psi)
Branch Conn. (BW/SW/NPT)
Size, O.D. (in.)
Wall Thickness (in.)
SMYS (psi)
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
(1) Fittings having a specified minimum yield strength greater than 35,000 psi shall meet the requirements of
Engineering Standard 4900 in addition to this standard.
(2) See Section 3, this standard, if service fluid is specified "sour gas".
(3) See additional/alternate requirements in this standard for "low temp. design".

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

]Y [

]N