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Original Title: HW11Soln

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Homework #11

Solution Set

1. (a) The torques transmitted by cross sections in intervals AB, BC, CD, and DE are

TAB = 25 kipft ,

TBC = 75 kipft ,

TCD = 35 kipft ,

TDE = 45 kipft ,

T (kip ft)

45

25

A

35

75

2. The radius of the shaft is c = 4 in and the polar second moment for its cross section is

1

J = (4 in)4 = 402.1239 in4

2

(a) From Problem 1, it is seen that the maximum absolute value of torque in the

shaft is Tmax = 75 kip ft = 900 kip in. It follows that the maximum shearing

stress in the shaft is

Tmax c

(900 kip in)(4 in)

max =

=

= 8.95 ksi

J

(402.1239 in4 )

(b) The rotation of a section at D with respect to a section at B is

D/B = C/B + D/C

TBC LBC

TCD LCD

=

+

GBC JBC GCD JCD

(TBC + TCD )L

=

GJ

(900 420 kip in)(24 in)

=

(12, 000 kip/in2 )(402.1239 in4 )

= 6.57 103 rad

(c) The rotation of a section at E with respect to a section at A is

(TAB + TBC + TCD + TDE )L

GJ

(300 900 420 + 540 kip in)(24 in)

=

(12, 000 kip/in2 )(402.1239 in4 )

= 2.39 103 rad

E/A =

3. Lets determine the torque corresponding to the allowable shearing stress first. The

polar second moments for the two segments of the shaft are

1

JAB = (1.25 in)4 = 3.8350 in4 ,

2

1

JBC = (0.875 in)4 = 0.92077 in4

2

The maximum shearing stress in shaft AB will equal the allowable shearing stress at

the following torque:

T =

all JAB

(8000 psi)(3.8350 in4 )

=

= 24, 544 lb in

cAB

(1.25 in)

(A)

The maximum shearing stress in shaft BC will equal the allowable shearing stress at

the following torque:

T =

all JBC

(8000 psi)(0.92077 in4 )

=

= 8418 lb in

cBC

(0.875 in)

(B)

To determine the torque corresponding to the allowable angle of twist, note first that

TAB LAB

TBC LBC

T LAB LBC

C/A =

+

=

+

GAB JAB GBC JBC

G JAB

JBC

It follows that

1

LAB LBC

+

T = all G

JAB

JBC

1

48 in

36 in

6

= (0.04)(4 10 psi)

+

3.8350 in4 0.92077 in4

= 3100 lb in

(C)

Tall = 3100 lb in

J=

4

(ro ri4 ) = [(0.06 m)4 (0.035 m)4 ] = 1.8000 105 m4

2

2

The maximum compressive stress is equal to the maximum shearing stress (on an

inclined plane with angle = 45 ). So,

max = c =

Tc

(8000 N m)(0.06 m)

=

= 26.7 MPa

J

(1.8000 105 m4 )

5. The weight of the block is W = (100 kg)(9.81 m/s2 ) = 981 N and its free-body diagram

is shown below.

y

F

35

Fx = F cos 35 0.3N = 0

Fy = N W F sin 35 = 0

x

0.3N

N

F = 454.8130 N ,

N = 1241.8700 N

Uforce = (F cos 35 )(20 m) = 7451 N m

(b) Gravity does no work on the block, since its direction is perpendicular to the

direction of motion:

Ugravity = 0

(c) The normal force, N , exerted on the block by the floor does no work on the block,

since its direction is perpendicular to the direction of motion. Thus, the work

done on the block by the floor is just the work done by the friction, which is

negative since it is in the opposite direction of the motion:

Ufloor = Ufriction = (0.3N )(20 m) = 7451 N m

lb ft

lb ft/min

= 6.6000 108

P = (20, 000 hp) 33, 000

hp

min

The angular velocity of the shaft is

rev

rad

1

= 60

2

= 376.99

min

rev

min

T =

P

= 1.7507 106 lb ft = 2.1008 107 lb in

1

1

J = c4 = (15 in)4 = 7.9522 104 in4

2

2

(a) The maximum shearing stress in the shaft at the rated load is

c =

Tc

=

= 3963 psi

J

(7.9522 104 in4 )

(b) The magnitude of the angle of twist in the shaft at the rated load is

=

TL

=

= 5.28 103 rad

GJ

(12 106 lb/in2 )(7.9522 104 in4 )

7. The angles of twist in a length L for the inner and outer tubes are

i =

Ti L

,

Gi Ji

o =

To L

Go Jo

where Ti and To are the torques carried by the inner and outer tubes, respectively, Gi

and Go are their moduli of rigidity, and their polar second moments are

2

2

Ji =

The two tubes are constrained to have the same angle of twist, so

Gi

Ji

80

1.4151

i = o

=

Ti =

To =

To = 0.22021To

Go

Jo

65

7.9091

On the other hand, the sum of the torques carries by each tube must equal the total

torque of 12 kN m applied to the composite shaft, so

Ti + To = 12 kN m

Ti = 2.1656 kN m ,

To = 9.8344 kN m

i =

(2165.6 N m)(0.0625 m)

Ti ci

=

= 9.5647 106 Pa = 9.56 MPa

Ji

(1.4151 105 m4 )

o =

To co

(9834.4 N m)(0.09 m)

=

= 1.1191 107 Pa = 11.2 MPa

Jo

(7.9091 105 m4 )

= i = o =

(9834.4 N m)(2 m)

= 3.83 103 rad

9

2

5

4

(65 10 N/m )(7.9091 10 m )

AB =

TAB LAB

,

GAB JAB

BC =

TBC LBC

GBC JBC

where TAB and TBC are the torques carries by the two shafts, LAB and LBC are their

lengths, GAB and GBC are their moduli of rigidity, and their polar second moments

are

2

2

JAB =

JBC

The two shafts are constrained to have the same angle of twist, so

AB = BC

TAB =

(39)(9.8175)(600)

TBC =

TBC = 1.0986TBC

GBC JBC LAB

(65)(4.0212)(800)

On the other hand, the sum of the torques carries by each shaft must equal the torque

of 20 kN m applied to the disk, so

TAB + TBC = 20 kN m

TAB = 10.4698 kN m ,

TBC = 9.5302 kN m

AB =

TAB cAB

(10469.8 N m)(0.05 m)

=

= 5.3322 107 Pa = 53.3 MPa

JAB

(9.8175 106 m4 )

BC =

TBC cBC

(9530.2 N m)(0.04 m)

= 9.4800 107 Pa = 94.8 MPa

=

6

4

JBC

(4.0212 10 m )

= AB = BC =

(9530.2 N m)(0.6 m)

= 2.19 102 rad

9

2

6

4

(65 10 N/m )(4.0212 10 m )

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