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BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS

SP7:2005
FIRSTPUBLISHED1970
FIRSTREVISION1983
SECONDREVISION2005
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS
ICS0.12091.040.01
ISBN8170610265
PRICERs.7550.00
PUBLISHEDBYBUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS,MANAKBHAVAN,9BAHADURSHAHZAFARMARG,NEWDELHI110002,PRINTEDATSUNSHINE
PROCESS,C105/5,NARAINAINDUSTRIALAREA,PHASEI,NEWDELHI110028(INDIA).

FOREWORD
Constructionprogrammesareinterwoveninalargemeasureinallsectorsofdevelopment,beithousing,transport,industry,irrigation,power,agriculture,education
orhealth.Construction,bothpublicandprivate,accountsforaboutfiftypercentofthetotaloutlayinanyFiveYearPlan.Halfofthetotalmoneyspentonconstruction
activitiesisspentonbuildingsforresidential,industrial,commercial,administrative,education,medical,municipalandentertainmentuses.Itisestimatedthatabout
halfofthetotaloutlayonbuildingswouldbeonhousing.Itisimperativethatforsuchalargenationalinvestment,optimumreturnsareassuredandwastagein
constructionisavoided.
SoonaftertheThirdPlan,thePlanningCommissiondecidedthatthewholegamutofoperationsinvolvedinconstruction,suchas,administrative,organizational,
financialandtechnicalaspects,bestudiedindepth.Forthisstudy,aPanelofExpertswasappointedin1965bythePlanningCommissionanditsrecommendationsare
foundintheReportonEconomiesinConstructionCostspublishedin1968.
Oneofthefacetsofbuildingconstruction,namely,controllingandregulatingbuildingsthroughmunicipalbyelawsanddepartmentalhandbooksreceivedthe
attentionofthePanelandastudyoftheseregulatorypracticesrevealedthatsomeoftheprevailingmethodsofconstructionwereoutmodedsomedesignswere
overburdenedwithsafetyfactorsandtherewereotherdesigncriteriawhich,inthelightofnewertechniquesandmethodologies,couldberationalizedandbuilding
byelawsandregulationsofmunicipalbodieswhichlargelyregulatethebuildingactivityinthecountrywherevertheyexist,wereoutdated.Theydidnotcatertotheuseof
newbuildingmaterialsandthelatestdevelopmentsinbuildingdesignsandconstructiontechniques.Italsobecameclearthatthesecodesandbyelawslackeduniformity
andtheyweremoreoftenthannotspecificationorientedandnotperformanceoriented.
ThesestudiesresultedinarecommendationthataNationalBuildingCodebepreparedtounifythebuildingregulationsthroughoutthecountryforusebygovernment
departments,municipalbodiesandotherconstructionagencies.ThethenIndianStandardsInstitution(nowBureauofIndianStandards)wasentrustedbythePlanning
CommissionwiththepreparationoftheNationalBuildingCode.ForfulfillingthistaskaGuidingCommitteeforthepreparationoftheCodewassetupbytheCivil
EngineeringDivisionCounciloftheIndianStandardsInstitutionin1967.ThisCommittee,inturn,setup18specialistpanelstopreparethevariouspartsoftheCode.The
GuidingCommitteeanditspanelswereconstitutedwitharchitects,planners,materialsexperts,structural,construction,electricalillumination,airconditioning,
acousticsandpublichealthengineersandtownplanners.TheseexpertsweredrawnfromtheCentralandStateGovernments,localbodies,professionalinstitutionsand
privateagencies.ThefirstversionoftheCodewaspublishedin1970.
AftertheNationalBuildingCodeofIndiawaspublishedin1970,avigorousimplementationdrivewaslaunchedbytheIndianStandardsInstitutiontopropagatethe
contentsanduseoftheCodeamongallconcernedinthefieldofplanning,designingandconstructionactivities.Forthis,StatewiseImplementationConferenceswere
organizedwiththeparticipationoftheleadingengineers,architects,townplanners,administrators,buildingmaterialmanufacturers,buildingandplumbingservices
installationagencies,contractors,etc.
TheseConferenceswereusefulingettingacrossthecontentsoftheCodetotheinterestsconcerned.TheseConferenceshadalsohelpedintheestablishmentofAction
Committeestolookintotheactualimplementationworkcarriedoutbytheconstructiondepartments,localbodiesandotheragenciesindifferentStates.Themainactions
takenbytheActionCommitteesweretoreviseandmodernizetheirexistingregulatorymedia,suchas,specifications,handbooks,manuals,etc,aswellasbuildingbyelaws
oflocalbodieslikemunicipalitiesatcityandtownlevels,zillaparishads,panchayatsanddevelopmentauthorities,soastobringtheminlinewiththeprovisions
containedintheNationalBuildingCodeofIndia.Inthisprocess,theIndianStandardsInstitutionrenderedconsiderablesupportinredraftingprocess.
Sincethepublicationin1970versionoftheNationalBuildingCodeofIndia,alargenumberofcommentsandusefulsuggestionsformodificationsandadditionsto
differentpartsandsectionsoftheCodewerereceivedasaresultofuseoftheCodebyallconcerned,andrevisionworkofbuildingbyelawsofsomeStates.Basedonthe
commentsandsuggestionreceivedtheNationalBuildingCodeofIndia1970wasrevisedin1983.
Someoftheimportantchangesin1983versionincluded:additionofdevelopmentcontrolrules,requirementsforgreenbeltsandlandscapingincludingnormsfor
plantationofshrubsandtrees,specialrequirementsforlowincomehousingfiresafetyregulationsforhighrisebuildingsrevisionofstructuraldesignsectionbasedon
newandrevisedcodes,suchasConcreteCodes(plainandreinforcedconcreteandprestressedconcrete),EarthquakeCode,MasonryCodeadditionofoutsidedesign
conditionsforimportantcitiesinthecountry,requirementsrelatingtonoiseandvibration,airfilter,automaticcontrol,energyconservationforairconditioningand
guidanceonthedesignofwatersupplysystemformultistoreyedbuildings.
TheNationalBuildingCodeofIndiaisasingledocumentinwhich,likeanetwork,theinformationcontainedinvariousIndianStandardsiswovenintoapatternof
continuityandcogencywiththeinterdependentrequirementsofSectionscarefullyanalyzedandfittedintomakethewholedocumentacogentcontinuousvolume.A
continuousthreadofpreplanningiswovenwhich,initself,contributesconsiderablytotheeconomiesinconstructionparticularlyinbuildingandplumbingservices.

TheCodecontainsregulationswhichcanbeimmediatelyadoptedorenactedforusebyvariousdepartments,municipaladministrationsandpublicbodies.Itlays
downasetofminimumprovisionsdesignedtoprotectthesafetyofthepublicwithregardtostructuralsufficiency,firehazardsandhealthaspectsofbuildingssolongas
thesebasicrequirementsaremet,thechoiceofmaterialsandmethodsofdesignandconstructionislefttotheingenuityofthebuildingprofessionals.TheCodealsocovers
aspectsofadministrativeregulations,developmentcontrolrulesandgeneralbuildingrequirementsfireprotectionrequirementsstipulationsregardingmaterialsand
structuraldesignrulesfordesignofelectricalinstallations,lighting,airconditioningandliftsregulationforventilation,acousticsandplumbingservices,suchas,water
supply,drainage,sanitationandgassupplymeasurestoensuresafetyofworkersandpublicduringconstructionandrulesforerectionofsignsandoutdoordisplay
structures.
SomeotherimportantpointscoveredbytheCodeincludeindustrializedsystemsofbuildingandarchitecturalcontrol.Theincreaseinpopulationintheyearsto
comewillhaveaseriousimpactonthehousingproblem.IthasbeenestimatedthattheurbanpopulationofIndiawillcontinuetoincreasewithsuchpaceastomaintain
thepressureondemandofaccommodationforthem.Speedofconstructionisthusofanutmostimportanceandspecialconsiderationhastobegiventoindustrialized
systemsofbuilding.Withincreasedbuildingactivity,itisalsoessentialthatthereshouldbesomearchitecturalcontrolinthedevelopmentofourcitiesandtownsif
creationofuglinessandslumlikeconditionsinoururbanareasistobeavoided.
Sincethepublicationof1983versionofNationalBuildingCodeofIndia,theconstructionindustryhasgonethroughmajortechnologicaladvancement.Inthelasttwo
decades,substantialexpertisehasbeengainedintheareasofbuildingplanning,designingandconstruction.Also,lotofdevelopmentshavetakenplacesinthe
technolegalregimeandtechnofinancialregime,apartfromtheenormousexperiencegainedindealingwithnaturalcalamitieslikesupercyclonesandearthquakesfaced
bythecountry.Further,sincethelastrevisionin1983basedonthechangeseffectedintheSteelCode,MasonryCodeandLoadingCodeasalsoinordertoupdatethefire
protectionrequirements,threeamendmentswerebroughtouttothe1983versionoftheCode.Consideringthese,itwasdecidedtotakeupacomprehensiverevisionofthe
NationalBuildingCodeofIndia.
ThechangesincorporatedinthepresentCode,whichissecondrevisionoftheCode,havebeenspecifiedintheForewordtoeachPart/SectionoftheCode.Someofthe
importantchangesare:
a)
b)
c)

d)
e)
f)

g)

AnewPart0IntegratedApproachPrerequisiteforApplyingtheProvisionsoftheCodeemphasizingonmultidisciplinaryteamapproachforsuccessfully
accomplishingbuilding/developmentproject,hasbeenincorporated.
Newchaptersonsignificantareaslikestructuraldesignusingbamboo,mixed/compositeconstructionandlandscapinghavebeenadded.
NumberofprovisionsrelatingtoreforminadministrationoftheCodeasalsoassigningdutiesandresponsibilitiestoallconcernedprofessionals,havebeen
incorporated/modified.Alsodetailedprovisions/performancetoensurestructuralsufficiencyofbuildings,havebeenprescribedsoastofacilitate
implementationoftherelatedrequirementstohelpsafelyfacethechallengesduringnaturaldisasterslikeearthquake.
Planningnormsandrequirementsforhillyareasandruralhabitatplanning,apartfromdetailedplanningnormsforlargenumberofamenitieshavebeen
incorporated.
Firesafetyaspectshavebeendistinctlycategorizedintofireprevention,lifesafetyandfireprotectiongivingdetailedtreatmenttoeachbasedoncurrent
internationaldevelopmentsandlatestpracticesfollowedinthecountry.
Aspectslikeenergyconservationandsustainabledevelopmenthavebeenconsistentlydealtwithinvariouspartsandsectionsthroughappropriatedesign,
usageandpracticeswithregardtobuildingmaterials,constructiontechnologiesandbuildingandplumbingservices.Renewableresourceslikebambooand
practiceslikerainwaterharvestinghavebeengiventheirdueplace.
Thelatestrevisedearthquakecode,IS1893(Part1):2002Criteriaforearthquakeresistantdesignofstructures:Part1Generalprovisionsandbuildings,has
beenincorporated,dueimplementationoftheprovisionsofwhichinapplicableseismiczoneofthecountry,needstobedulyadheredtobytheAuthorities.

TheCodenowpublishedisthethirdversionrepresentingthepresentstateofknowledgeonvariousaspectsofbuildingconstruction.Theprocessofpreparationofthe
2005versionoftheCodehadthrownupanumberofproblemssomeofthemwereansweredfullyandsomepartially.Therefore,acontinuousprogrammewillgoonby
whichadditionalknowledgethatisgainedthroughtechnologicalevolution,usersviewsoveraperiodoftimepinpointingareasofclarificationandcoverageandresultsof
researchinthefield,wouldbeincorporatedintotheCodefromtimetotimetomakeitalivingdocument.Itis,therefore,proposedtobringoutchangestotheCode
periodically.
TheprovisionsofthisCodeareintendedtoserveasamodelforadoptionbyPublicWorksDepartmentsandothergovernmentconstructiondepartments,localbodies
andotherconstructionagencies.ExistingPWDcodes,municipalbyelawsandotherregulatorymediacouldeitherbereplacedbytheNationalBuildingCodeofIndiaor
suitablymodifiedtocatertolocalrequirementsinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheCode.AnydifficultiesencounteredinadoptionoftheCodecouldbebroughttothe
noticeoftheSectionalCommitteeforcorrectiveaction.
Chairman
DH.C.V
Chandrika,at15thCross,6364EastParkRoad
Malleswaram,Bangalore560003
ViceChairman
SV.S
P233/3,OfficersEnclave,
AirForceStation,Rajokari,NewDelhi110038
Organization

Representative(s)

AhmedabadMunicipalCorporation,Ahmedabad

SVS.P
SJA.P(Alternate)

BangaloreMahanagaraPalike,Bangalore

SM.R.SM
SR.R(AlternateI)
SN.K(AlternateII)

BuildersAssociationofIndia,Mumbai

SB.G.A

BuildingMaterialsandTechnologyPromotionCouncil,NewDelhi

ST.N.G&SD.B.N.R

BureauofEnergyEfficiency(MinistryofPower),NewDelhi

R

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SV.K.M
SB.S.G(Alternate)

CentralPublicHealthandEnvironmentalEngineeringOrganisation(MinistryofUrbanDevelopmentandPovertyAlleviation),NewDelhi

SB.B.U
SV.K.C(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment(CentralDesignsOrganization),NewDelhi

CE(D)
SE(S&S)(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment(ElectricalDepartment),NewDelhi

CE(E)I

CentreforDisasterMitigationandManagement,AnnaUniversity,Chennai

D

ChennaiMetropolitanDevelopmentAuthority,Chennai

MS
SN.V.R(Alternate)

ConstructionIndustryDevelopmentCouncil,NewDelhi

SP.R.S
SAC(Alternate)

CouncilofArchitecture,NewDelhi

SPRM
SSV(Alternate)

DelhiDevelopmentAuthority,NewDelhi

EM
CE(H(Alternate)

DelhiFireService,GovernmentofNationalCapitalTerritoryofDelhi,Delhi

SR.C.S

DepartmentofScienceandTechnology(MinistryofScienceandTechnology),NewDelhi

SV.RA

DirectorateGeneralofEmploymentandTraining,NewDelhi

SAK

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

BS.K.S
SD.K.D(Alternate)

ForestResearchInstitute(IndianCouncilforForestryResearchandEducation),DehraDun

DG
D(Alternate)

HousingandUrbanDevelopmentCorporationLtd,NewDelhi

C&MD
SR.K.S(Alternate)

IndianGeotechnicalSociety,NewDelhi

SD.B.M
DM.D.D(Alternate)

IndianInstituteofTechnology(CentreforEnergyStudies),NewDelhi
IndianRoadsCongress,NewDelhi

PN.K.B
CE(D),CPWD
SE(D),CPWD(Alternate)

InstituteofTownPlanners,India,NewDelhi

DS.K.K

InstitutionofFireEngineers(India),NewDelhi

P
GS(Alternate)

MinistryofHomeAffairs,NewDelhi

FA

MinistryofHomeAffairs(DisasterManagementDivision),NewDelhi

SM.P.S
SS.K.S(Alternate)

MinistryofNonConventionalEnergySources,NewDelhi

DT.C.T

MinistryofRoadTransportandHighways,NewDelhi

SS.B.B
SP.H(Alternate)

MunicipalCorporationofGreaterMumbai,Mumbai

D(ES&P)
CE(Alternate)

NationalBuildingsConstructionCorporation,NewDelhi

SB.P
SN.P.A(Alternate)

NationalCouncilforCementandBuildingMaterials,Ballabgarh

SSR
DAK(Alternate)

NationalDesignandResearchForum,TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Bangalore

PR.NI
SB.S(Alternate)

NationalEnvironmentalEngineeringResearchInstitute(CSIR),Nagpur

DAG
DV.P.D(Alternate)

NorthEasternCouncil,Shillong

SP.K.D

PublicWorksDepartment(RoadsandBuildings),Gandhinagar

SV.P.J
SM.S.J(Alternate)

Research,DesignsandStandardsOrganization(MinistryofRailways),Lucknow

SR.K.G
SJ.P.D(Alternate)

SchoolofPlanningandArchitecture,NewDelhi

D

StructuralEngineeringResearchCentre(CSIR),Chennai

SC.V.V
SK.M(Alternate)

SuriandSuriConsultingAcousticalEngineers,NewDelhi

SGS

TheEnergyandResourcesInstitute,NewDelhi

MMM
MVSP(Alternate)

TheIndianInstituteofArchitects,NewDelhi

SBV
SAR(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

PG.P.L
SO.P.G(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofSurveyors,NewDelhi

SK.S.K
SR.K.B(Alternate)

TownandCountryPlanningOrganization,NewDelhi

SK.T.G
SJ.B.K(Alternate)

U.P.HousingandDevelopmentBoard,Lucknow

SHG

UnitechLtd,Gurgaon

SSS
SSM(Alternate)

Inpersonalcapacity(5,SunderNagar,NewDelhi110003)

DJ.R.B

BISDirectorateGeneral

SS.K.J,Director&Head(CivilEngineering)
[RepresentingDirectorGeneral(ExofficioMember)]

MemberSecretary
SSP
JointDirector(CivilEngineering)
SpecialPanelforGuidingandCoordinatingtheRevisionofNationalBuildingCodeofIndia,CED46:SP
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(P233/3,OfficersEnclave,AirForceStation,Rajokari,NewDelhi110038)

SV.S(Convener)

BuildingMaterialsandTechnologyPromotionCouncil,NewDelhi

ST.N.G

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SV.K.M

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SH.S.D

CouncilofArchitecture,NewDelhi

SPRM

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

LGHU

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

PG.P.L
SO.P.G(Alternate)

BureauofIndianStandards,NewDelhi

SSP

AdhocGroupforPart0ofNBC,CED46:AG
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(Chandrika,at15thCross.6364,EastParkRoad,Malleswaram,Bangalore560003)

DH.C.V(Convener)

CouncilofArchitecture,NewDelhi

SPRM

Inpersonalcapacity(P233/3,OfficersEnclave,AirForceStation,Rajokari,NewDelhi110038)

SV.S

Inpersonalcapacity(A39/B,DDAFlats,Munirka,NewDelhi110067)

SP.B.V

Inpersonalcapacity(EA345,MayaEnclave,NewDelhi110064)

SJ.N.BP

PanelforAdministration,DevelopmentControlRulesandGeneralBuildingRequirements,CED46:P1
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(P233/3,OfficersEnclave,AirForceStation,Rajokari,NewDelhi110038)

SV.S(Convener)

">AhmedabadMunicipalCorporation,Ahmedabad

R

BuildingMaterialsandTechnologyPromotionCouncil,NewDelhi

ST.N.G
SRM(Alternate)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SV.K.M
SN.K.S(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SR.S.K
SSS(Alternate)

ConsultingEngineersAssociationofIndia,NewDelhi

SS.C.M
SN.F.P(Alternate)

CouncilofArchitecture,NewDelhi

SPRM
SSV(Alternate)

DelhiDevelopmentAuthority,NewDelhi

SR.C.K
SA.K.G(Alternate)

HousingandUrbanDevelopmentCorporationLtd,NewDelhi

SK.C.B

IndianAssociationofStructuralEngineers,NewDelhi

SMR

InstituteofTownPlanners(India),NewDelhi

DS.K.K

MunicipalCorporationofDelhi,Delhi

EIC
SM.M.D(Alternate)

MunicipalCorporationofGreaterMumbai,Mumbai

CE(DP)
DCE(DP)I(Alternate)

NationalCouncilforCementandBuildingMaterials,Ballabgarh

DAK

NationalRealEstateDevelopmentCouncil,NewDelhi

BR.R.S(R)

NationalRealEstateDevelopmentCouncil,NewDelhi
SchoolofPlanningandArchitecture,NewDelhi

BR.R.S(R)
PSS

TheIndianInstituteofArchitects,Mumbai

SBV
SAR(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SA.D.S
SP.B.V(Alternate)

TownandCountryPlanningOrganization,NewDelhi

SJ.B.K
SR.S(Alternate)

PanelforFireProtection,CED46:P2
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(29/25.OldRajendraNagar,NewDelhi110060)

SS.K.D(Convener)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

DT.P.S
DGK(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SAK
SR.S.K(Alternate)

DeolalikarConsultantsPvtLtd,NewDelhi

SS.G.D

DirectorateofTownandCountryPlanning,GovernmentofTamilNadu,Chennai

SS.D
SR.R(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SR.A.D
SAS(Alternate)

InstitutionofFireEngineers(India),NewDelhi

SU.S.C
SS.P.B(Alternate)

LloydInsulations(India)Ltd,NewDelhi

SSA
SK.K.M(Alternate)

MinistryofHomeAffairs,NewDelhi

SOP
SD.K.S(Alternate)

DelhiFireService,GovernmentofNationalCapitalTerritoryofDelhi,Delhi

SR.C.S
SG.C.M(Alternate)

MunicipalCorporationofGreaterMumbai(MumbaiFireBrigade),Mumbai

SA.D.J
SV.H.N(Alternate)

NationalCouncilforCementandBuildingMaterials,Ballabgarh

DAK

NationalFireServiceCollege(MinistryofHomeAffairs),Nagpur

DK.C.W
SS(Alternate)

OilIndustrySafetyDirectorate,NewDelhi

SD.J
SS.K.A(Alternate)

RegionalResearchLaboratory(CSIR),Jorhat

R

SpectralServicesConsultantsPvtLtd,NewDelhi

SSG

TariffAdvisoryCommittee,Mumbai

SZ.U.I
SD.N.S(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

PM.P.C
SK.B.R(Alternate)

Inpersonalcapacity(P233/3,OfficersEnclave,AirForceStation,Rajokari,NewDelhi110038)

SV.S

PanelforBuildingMaterials,CED46:P3
Organization

Representative(s)

BuildingMaterialsandTechnologyPromotionCouncils,NewDelhi

ST.N.G(Convener)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

DC.L.V
SL.K.A(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SH.K.L.M
SR.C.G(Alternate)

CouncilofArchitecture,NewDelhi

SAR
SAG(Alternate)

DepartmentofScienceandTechnology(MinistryofScienceandTechnology),NewDelhi

SSB
SG.S(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SA.K.S
SP.K.G(Alternate)

HousingandUrbanDevelopmentCorporationLtd,NewDelhi

CAMD
SS.K.T(Alternate)

IndianPlywoodIndustriesResearchandTrainingInstitute,Bangalore

SK.S
SM.PK(Alternate)

NationalCouncilforCementandBuildingMaterials,Ballabgarh

SSR
DK.M(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SG.L.R
SR.S.G(Alternate)

PanelforLoads,ForcesandEffects,CED46:P4
Organization

Representative(s)

NationalCouncilforCementandBuildingMaterials,Ballabgarh

DAK(Convener)

BuildingMaterialsandTechnologyPromotionCouncil,NewDelhi

ST.N.G
SI.S.S(Alternate)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute,Roorkee

SB.S.G
SA.K.M(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SN.M.D.J
SAS(Alternate)

CentreforDisasterMitigationandManagement,AnnaUniversity,Chennai

DR.K.B

MahendraRajConsultantsPvtLtd,NewDelhi

SMR
SJ.G(Alternate)

StructuralEngineeringResearchCentre(CSIR),Chennai

SC.V.V
SK.M(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SP.P.D

Inpersonalcapacity(ProfessorofBridgeEngineering,RailwayChair,DepartmentofCivilEngineering,IndianInstituteofTechnology,Roorkee247667)

DPK

Inpersonalcapacity(EmeritusScientist,StructuralEngineeringResearchCentre,MadrasCSIRCampus,Taramani,Chennai600113)

DT.V.S.R.AR

Inpersonalcapacity(P233/3,OfficersEnclave,AirForceStation,Rajokari,NewDelhi110038)

SV.S

PanelforSoilsandFoundations,CED46:P5
Organization

Representative(s)

CentreforDisasterMitigationandManagement,AnnaUniversity,Chennai

DR.K.B(Convenerbefore19September2003)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SCP(Convenersince19September2003)
DSK(Alternate)

AfconsInfrastructureLimited,Mumbai

SS.B.J
SD.G.B(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SBS
SR.K.S(Alternate)

DelhiDevelopmentAuthority,NewDelhi

SS.P.R
SJ.M.J(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

CR.N.M

CN.B.S(Alternate)
MGS.N.M
SSG(Alternate)

IndianGeotechnicalSociety,NewDelhi
NationalCouncilforCementandBuildingMaterials,Ballabgarh

DAK
SH.K.J(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

PJJ

PanelforTimber,CED46:P6
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(PratapNurseryLane,NearGurdwara,Panditwari,DehraDun248007)

SK.S.P(Convener)

BambooSocietyofIndia,Bangalore

SA.C.L
DK.A.K(Alternate)

BuildingMaterialsandTechnologyPromotionCouncil,NewDelhi

ST.N.G
SRM(Alternate)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SS.K.M
SB.S.R(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SP.V
SG.C.K(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SA.K.S
SP.K.G(Alternate)

ForestResearchInstitute(IndianCouncilforForestryResearchandEducation),DehraDun

SB.K.B

HousingandUrbanDevelopmentCorporationLtd,NewDelhi

CMD
SS.K.T(Alternate)

IndianPlywoodIndustriesResearchandTrainingInstitute,Bangalore

SK.S
SH.GR(Alternate)

NorthEasternCouncil,Shillong

SP.K.D

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SKK

Inpersonalcapacity[No.179(710),24thBCross,3rdBlock,Jayanagar,Bangalore560011]

DH.N.J

Inpersonalcapacity(103/11,VasantVihar,P.O.NewForest,DehraDun248006)

SS.S.R

PanelforMasonry,CED46:P7
Organization

Representative(s)

DelhiTourismandTransportationDevelopmentCorporation,NewDelhi

SJK(Convener)

BuildingMaterialsandTechnologyPromotionCouncil,NewDelhi

ST.N.G
SPG(Alternate)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SA.K.M
SSK(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

DA.K.M
SNM(AlternateI)
SA.K.J(AlternateII)

DelhiDevelopmentAuthority,NewDelhi

SS.P.R
SJ.M.J(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SD.R.K
SSK(Alternate)

IndianInstituteofScience(CentreforAstra),Bangalore

DB.V.VR
DK.S.NANJUNDARAO(Alternate)

IndianInstituteofTechnology,Kanpur

DDC.R
DC.V.R.M(AlternateI)
DSK.J(AlternateII)

IndianInstituteofTechnology,NewDelhi

DS.N.S

PublicWorksDepartment,GovernmentofMaharashtra,Mumbai

SP.K.N

StructuralEngineeringResearchCentre(CSIR),Chennai

SR.J
SA.C(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SS.L.G

PanelforPlain,ReinforcedandPrestressedConcrete,CED46:P8
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(35,ParkAvenue,Annamma,NaickerStreet,Kuniamuthur,Coimbatore641008)

DC.R(Convener)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

DB.S.G
DB.K.RAO(AlternateI)
DAK(AlternateII)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SN.M.D.J
SAS(Alternate)

DelhiTourismandTransportationDevelopmentCorporation,NewDelhi

SJK

GammonIndiaLtd,Mumbai

SS.A.R

HindustanPrefabLimited,NewDelhi

SHL
SM.K(Alternate)

LarsenandToubroLtd,ECCConstructionGroup,Chennai

SK.P.R
SS.K(Alternate)

MinistryofRoadTransportandHighways,NewDelhi

ST.B.B
SSK(Alternate)

NationalCouncilforCementandBuildingMaterials,Ballabgarh

DAK
SH.K.J(Alternate)

Research,DesignsandStandardsOrganization(MinistryofRailways),Lucknow

SR.K.G
SJ.P.D(AlternateI)
SA.K.G(AlternateII)

StructuralEngineeringResearchCentre(CSIR),Chennai

DN.L
SH.G.S(Alternate)

TandonConsultants,NewDelhi

SMT

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SS.S.C

PanelforSteel,CED46:P9
Organization

Representative(s)

MECONLtd,Ranchi

SA.B(Convener)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

CE
SE(P&A)(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SD.K.D
CV.K.T(Alternate)

IndianInstituteofTechnology,Chennai

DV.K

InstituteforSteelDevelopmentandGrowth,Kolkata

DT.K.B
SAG(AlternateI)
SP.L.R(AlternateII)

KalpataruPowerTransmissionLtd,Gandhinagar

SM.C.M
SB.K.S(Alternate)

M.N.DasturandCoLtd,Kolkota

SSS
STKB(Alternate)

Research,DesignsandStandardsOrganization(MinistryofRailways),Lucknow

SR.K.G

SD.K.S(Alternate)
SPECOEngineeringPvtLtd,NewDelhi

SOS

StructuralEngineeringResearchCentre(CSIR),Chennai

DS.S
SS.AJ(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SR.P.G

PanelforPrefabricationandSystemsBuildings,CED46:P10
Organization

Representative(s)

LarsenandToubroLtd,Chennai

SA.R(Convener)
SK.V.R(Alternate)

B.G.ShrikeConstructionTechnologyPvtLtd,Pune

SG.R.B
SR.P.J(Alternate)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SB.N.H
SD.K.G(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

CE(NDZIII)
SA.K.G(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

CR.N.M
SP.K.G(Alternate)

HindustanPrefabLimited,NewDelhi

SHL
SM.K(Alternate)

InstituteforSteelDevelopmentandGrowth,Kolkata

DT.K.B
SAB(Alternate)

LloydInsulations(India)Ltd,NewDelhi

SMK
SK.K.M(Alternate)

NationalCouncilforCementandBuildingMaterials,Ballabgarh

SH.K.J
SSS(Alternate)

ShirishPatelandAssociatesConsultantsPvtLtd,Mumbai

SSB.P
SP.H.S(Alternate)

StructuralEngineeringResearchCentre(CSIR),Chennai

SH.G.S
SR.J(Alternate)

SystemBuildingTechnologists,NewDelhi

SG.B.S

TheIndianInstituteofArchitects,Mumbai

SS.R.S

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

DR.K.B
SP.B.V(Alternate)

PanelforConstructionalPracticesandSafety,CED46:P11
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(103,CharakSadan,Vikaspuri,NewDelhi110018)

SP.K(Convener)

AdlakhaandAssociates,NewDelhi

SPA

BuildingAssociationofIndia,Mumbai

SRPA

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SN.K.S
SB.S.G(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SR.P.B

ConstructionIndustriesDevelopmentCouncil,NewDelhi

SP.R.S
SSM(Alternate)

DirectorGeneralofFactoryAdviceServiceandLabourInstitute(MinistryofLabour),Mumbai

SS.K.D
SI.R(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SDS
SA.K.S(Alternate)

EngineersIndiaLimited,NewDelhi

SM.P.J
SA.K.T(Alternate)

GammonIndiaLtd,Mumbai

SK.N.C
SS.C.S(Alternate)

IndianPlywoodIndustriesResearchandTrainingInstitute,Bangalore

SH.GR
SM.PK(Alternate)

LarsenandToubroLtd,Chennai

SR.P.S

NationalBuildingsConstructionCorporation,NewDelhi

SB.P
SN.P.A(Alternate)

SchoolofPlanningandArchitecture,NewDelhi

DV.T

TheIndianInstituteofArchitects,Mumbai

SKCJ
SC.M.S(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SH.P.J
SK.B.R(Alternate)

PanelforLightingandVentilation,CED46:P12
Organization

Representative(s)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SV.K.M(Convener)
DIC(AlternateI)
SSK(AlternateII)

AllIndiaInstituteofHygieneandPublicHealth,Kolkata

DGB

BureauofEnergyEfficiency(MinistryofPower),NewDelhi

R

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

CE(E)II
SE(E)P(Alternate)

CouncilofArchitecture,NewDelhi

PVKG

DirectorGeneral">FactoryAdviceServiceandLabourInstitute(MinistryofLabour),Mumbai

SS.K.D
SI.R(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SS.K.M
SA.C.V(Alternate)

IndianSocietyforLightingEngineers,NewDelhi

SP.K.B

">MinistryofNonConventionalEnergySources,NewDelhi

SBB

MunicipalCorporationofGreaterMumbai,Mumbai

SP.G.C
SR.K.R(Alternate)

NationalPhysicalLaboratory(CSIR),NewDelhi

DH.C.K

PhilipsIndiaLtd,Mumbai

SSM
SS.P.T(Alternate)

SchoolofPlanningandArchitecture,NewDelhi

PAK

TheIndianInstituteofArchitects,Mumbai

PAB.L

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

PC.S.J

PanelforElectricalInstallations,CED46:P13
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(EA345,MayaEnclave,NewDelhi110064

SJ.N.BP(Convener)

BureauofEnergyEfficiency(MinistryofPower),NewDelhi

R

CentralElectricityAuthority,NewDelhi

CE(DP&D)
D(UT)(Alternate)

ChiefElectricalInspectorate,TamilNadu

SS.S

SM.KB(Alternate)
SAS
SSOP(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi
EngineersIndiaLimited,NewDelhi

SA.A
SN.S(Alternate)

FairwoodConsultantsPvtLtd,NewDelhi

SSG

SiemensLtd,Chennai

SHT
SAD(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

PSC
LGS.K.J(Alternate)

PanelforAirConditioningandHeating,CED46:P14
Organization

Representative(s)

SpectralServicesConsultantsPvtLtd,NewDelhi

DPC.J(Convener)
SAR(Alternate)

AirtronConsultants,Bangalore

SR.V.S

AirTreatmentEngineeringPvtLtd,Chennai

SK.P.S.R

BlueStarLimited,Mumbai

SJMB

BureauofEnergyEfficiency(MinistryofPower),NewDelhi

R

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

DIC
SB.M.S(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SS.R.S
SS.P.B(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SNK
SR.A.D(Alternate)

HiTechConsultant,NewDelhi

SN.S.H

IndianInstituteofTechnology,NewDelhi

DR.S.A

IndianSocietyforHeating,RefrigerationandAirConditioningEngineers,NewDelhi

SN.S.H

SterlingIndiaConsultingEngineers,NewDelhi

SG.C.M

SuvidhaEngineersIndiaLtd,Noida

SAC.T

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SPC

VoltasLimited,NewDelhi

SS.M.K
SAM(Alternate)

InPersonalcapacity(K43,KailashColony,NewDelhi110048)

SM.M.P

PanelforAcoustics,SoundInsulationandNoiseControl,CED46:P15
Organization

Representative(s)

SuriandSuriConsultingAcousticalEngineers,NewDelhi

SGS(Convener)

AllIndiaRadio,NewDelhi

SDM
SS.M(Alternate)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SR.K.S
SR.L.D(Alternate)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SK.A.A
SN.N(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

BS.K.S
SAB(Alternate)

IndianInstituteofScience,Bangalore

PM.L.M

IndianInstituteofTechnology,Chennai

PS.N
DA.R(Alternate)

IndianInstituteofTechnology,Kharagpur

DA.R.M

LloydInsulations(India)Ltd,NewDelhi

SN.S
SB.S.J(Alternate)

NationalPhysicalLaboratory(CSIR),NewDelhi

DV.M
DOS(Alternate)

SchoolofPlanningandArchitecture,NewDelhi

P(D)SK.S

TheIndianInstituteofArchitects,Mumbai

SIB

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SK.V.C
SP.K.A(Alternate)

PanelforInstallationofLiftsandEscalators,CED46:P16
Organization

Representative(s)

KONEElevatorsIndiaLtd

SA.S(Convener)
SL.N.V(AlternateI)
SS.ER(AlternateII)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SJ.K.C
SA.S.L(Alternate)

ChiefElectricalInspectorate,GovernmentofDelhi,NewDelhi

SK.L.G
SA.K.A(Alternate)

ChiefElectricalInspectorate,GovtofTamilNadu,Chennai

SS.S
SM.KB(Alternate)

DelhiDevelopmentAuthority,NewDelhi

SS.K.S
SN.K.G(Alternate)

ECEIndustriesLtd,Ghaziabad

SP.K.B
SJM(Alternate)

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SRN
SM.L.B(Alternate)

OtisElevatorCompany(India)Ltd,NewDelhi

SV.S.M
SS.P.R(AlternateI)
SAM(AlternateII)

PublicWorksDepartment,GovernmentofMaharashtra,Mumbai

SA.M.T
SS.D.M(Alternate)

SchindlerIndiaPvtLtd,Mumbai

SRD
ST.A.K.M(Alternate)

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SJS
DR.K.D(Alternate)

Inpersonalcapacity[4,VidharbhaSamratCooperativeHousingSociety,93C,V.P.Road,VileParle(West),Mumbai400056]

SA.S.H

PanelforPlumbingServices,CED46:P17
Organization

Representative(s)

DeolalikarConsultantsPvtLtd,NewDelhi

SS.G.D(Convener)

BirhanMumbaiLicencedPlumbersAssociation,Mumbai

P
SH.G.G(Alternate)

CentralBuildingResearchInstitute(CSIR),Roorkee

SSKS
SAS(AlternateI)
SR.S.C(AlternateII)

CentralGroundWaterBoard,NewDelhi

DSR

SS.K.S(Alternate)
DA.B.A
DM.S(Alternate)

CentralPollutionControlBoard,NewDelhi
CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SH.S.D
SA.K.S(Alternate)

DelhiDevelopmentAuthority,NewDelhi

SS.P.R
SG.K.S(Alternate)

DelhiJalBoard,NewDelhi

SSC

EngineerinChiefsBranch,ArmyHeadquarters,NewDelhi

SJS
SSP(Alternate)

IndianPlumbingAssociation,NewDelhi

SSN
SP.R(Alternate)

IndraprasthaGasLtd,NewDelhi

SPT
SC.S.S(Alternate)

MunicipalCorporationofDelhi,Delhi

ENGINEERINCHIEF
SM.M.D(Alternate)

MunicipalCorporationofGreaterMumbai,Mumbai

ST.V.S
SV.R.P(Alternate)

NationalEnvironmentalEngineeringResearchInstitute(CSIR),Nagpur

DAG
SP.S.K(Alternate)

SpectralServicesConsultantsPvtLtd,NewDelhi

SSG

TheIndianInstituteofArchitects,Mumbai

SUP

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

SP.C.T

Inpersonalcapacity(B/58A,GangotriEnclave,Alaknanda,NewDelhi110019)

SJ.DC

Inpersonalcapacity(PrincipalAdvisor,SchoolofEnvironmentManagement.GuruGobindSinghIndraprasthaUniversity,KeshmereGate,Delhi110006)

DD.K.C

Inpersonalcapacity(610,TechnologyApartments,24,Patparganj,Delhi110092)

SSP

PanelforLandscaping,SignsandOutdoorDisplayStructures,CED46:P18
Organization

Representative(s)

Inpersonalcapacity(5,SunderNagar,NewDelhi110003)

DJ.R.B(Convener)

CentralPublicWorksDepartment,NewDelhi

SAK
SA.N.D(Alternate)

CouncilofArchitecture,NewDelhi

KVC.K.V

DelhiUrbanArtsCommission,NewDelhi

SH.K.Y
SDN(Alternate)

HousingandUrbanDevelopmentCorporationLtd,NewDelhi

SR.K.S

InstituteofTownPlanners,India,NewDelhi

DS.K.K

MunicipalCorporationofDelhi,Delhi

SS.S.H
SS.R(Alternate)

MunicipalCorporationofGreaterMumbai,Mumbai

SM.S.G
SR.K.R(Alternate)

NationalInstituteofDesign,Ahmedabad

SAD
SJ.G.S(Alternate)

SelvelPublicityandConsultantsPvtLtd,Mumbai

SK.S.N

ShaheerAssociates,NewDelhi

PM.S

TownandCountryPlanningOrganization,NewDelhi

SJ.B.K
SY.R(Alternate)

TheIndianInstituteofArchitects,Mumbai

SMP

TheInstitutionofEngineers(India),Kolkata

PJS

Inpersonalcapacity(D198,DefenceColony,NewDelhi110024)

SRB

MemberSecretary
SSP
JointDirector(CivilEngineering)
JointMemberSecretary
SS.K.V
DeputyDirector(CivilEngineering)

ImportantExplanatoryNoteforUsersofCode
InthisCode,wherereferenceismadetoacceptedstandardsinrelationtomaterialspecification,testingorotherrelated
informationorwherereferenceismadetogoodpracticeinrelationtodesign,constructionalproceduresorotherrelated
information,theIndianStandardslistedattheendoftheconcernedParts/Sectionsmaybeusedtotheinterpretationof
theseterms.
Atthetimeofpublication,theeditionsindicatedintheaboveIndianStandardswerevalid.Allstandardsaresubjectto
revisionandpartiestoagreementsbasedontheParts/Sectionsareencouragedtoinvestigatethepossibilityofapplyingthe
mostrecenteditionsofthestandards.
InthelistofstandardsgivenattheendofeachPart/Section,thenumberappearinginthefirstcolumnindicatesthenumber
ofthereferenceinthatPart/Section.Forexample:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

acceptedstandard[3(1)]referstothestandardgivenatserialnumber1ofthelistofstandardsgivenattheendof
Part3,thatisIS8888(Part1):1993Guideforrequirementsoflowincomehousing:Part1Urbanarea(first
revision).
goodpractice[65A(22)]referstothestandardgivenatserialnumber22ofthelistofstandardsgivenattheendof
subsection5AofPart6,thatisIS4926:2003Codeofpracticeforreadymixedconcrete(secondrevision).
acceptedstandard[7(9)]referstothestandardgivenatserialnumber9ofthelistofstandardsgivenattheendof
Part7,thatisIS2925:1984Specificationforindustrialsafetyhelmets(secondrevision).
acceptedstandard[85(4)]referstothestandardgivenatserialnumber2ofthelistofstandardsgivenattheendof
Section5ofPart8,thatisIS14665(Part3/Sec1and2):2000Electrictractionlifts:Part3Safetyrules,Section1
Passengerandgoodslifts,Section2Servicelifts.
goodpractice[92(3)]referstothestandardgivenatserialnumber3ofthelistofstandardsgivenattheendof
Section2ofPart9,thatisIS8198(Part5):1984Codeofpracticeforsteelcylindersforcompressedgases:Part5
Liquefiedpetroleumgas (LPG)(firstrevision).

INFORMATIONFORTHEUSERS
Fortheconvenienceoftheusers,thispublicationisalsoavailableinthefollowingfivegroupsoftheNationalBuildingCodeofIndia2005eachincorporatingthe
relatedParts/Sectionsdealingwithparticularareaofbuildingactivity:
Group1

Group2

Group3
Group4

Group5

ForDevelopment,BuildingPlanningandRelated
Aspects

ForStructuralDesignandRelatedAspects

ForConstructionRelatedAspectsincludingSafety
ForAspectsRelatingtoBuildingServices

ForAspectsRelatingtoPlumbingServicesincluding
SolidWasteManagement

Part0:

IntegratedApproachPrerequisiteforApplyingProvisionsoftheCode

Part2:

Administration

Part3:

DevelopmentControlRules

Part4:

FireandLifeSafetyandGeneralBuildingRequirements

Part5:

BuildingMaterials

Part10:

Landscaping,SignsandOutdoorDisplayStructures
Section1 LandscapePlanningandDesign
Section2 SignsandOutdoorDisplayStructures

Part0:

IntegratedApproachPrerequisiteforApplyingProvisionsoftheCode

Part6:

StructuralDesign
Section1 Loads,ForcesandEffects
Section2 SoilsandFoundations
Section3 TimberandBamboo
3ATimber
3BBamboo
Section4 Masonry
Section5 Concrete
5APlainandReinforcedConcrete
5BPrestressedConcrete
Section6 Steel
Section7 Prefabrication,SystemsBuildingandMixed/CompositeConstruction
7APrefabricatedConcrete
7BSystemsBuildingandMixed/CompositeConstruction

Part0:

IntegratedApproachPrerequisiteforApplyingProvisionsoftheCode

Part7:

ConstructionalPracticesandSafety

Part0:

IntegratedApproachPrerequisiteforApplyingProvisionsoftheCode

Part8:

BuildingServices
Section1 LightingandVentilation
Section2 ElectricalandAlliedInstallations
Section3 Airconditioning,HeatingandMechanicalVentilation
Section4 Acoustics,SoundInsulationandNoiseControl
Section5 InstallationofLiftsandEscalators

Part0:

IntegratedApproachPrerequisiteforApplyingProvisionsoftheCode

Part9:

PlumbingServices
Section1 WaterSupply,DrainageandSanitation(includingSolidWasteManagement)
Section2 GasSupply

Theinformationcontainedindifferentgroupswillessentiallyservetheconcernedprofessionalsdealingintherespectiveareas.

CONTENTS
TotalPages
P0

IAPAPC

P1

D

12
16

P2

A

24

P3

DCRGBR

64

P4

FLS

88

P5

BM

40

P6

SD
Section1

Loads,ForcesandEffects

104

Section2

SoilsandFoundations

48

Section3

TimberandBamboo

3ATimber

50

3BBamboo

24

Section4

Masonry

Section5

Concrete

5APlainandReinforcedConcrete

44
90

5BPrestressedConcrete

Section6

Steel

Section7

Prefabrication,SystemsBuildingandMixed/CompositeConstruction

7APrefabricatedConcrete

22

7BSystemsBuildingandMixed/CompositeConstruction

12

P7

CPS

70

P8

BS

P9

P10

Section1

LightingandVentilation

48

Section2

ElectricalandAlliedInstallations

68

Section3

AirConditioning,HeatingandMechanicalVentilation

48

Section4

Acoustics,SoundInsulationandNoiseControl

44

Section5

InstallationofLiftsandEscalators

42

PS
Section1

WaterSupply,DrainageandSanitation(includingSolidWasteManagement)

90

Section2

GasSupply

14

L,SODS
Section1

LandscapePlanningandDesign

30

Section2

SignsandOutdoorDisplayStructures

24

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART0INTEGRATEDAPPROACHPREREQUISITEFORAPPLYINGPROVISIONSOFTHECODE
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS

CONTENTS
FOREWORD

SCOPE

TERMINOLOGY

GENERAL

TEAMAPPROACH

PLANNING,DESIGNINGANDDEVELOPMENT

CONSTRUCTION/EXECUTION(ACTUALIZATION)

OPERATIONANDMAINTENANCE

ANNEXA

BRIEFDETAILSOFTHECOVERAGEOFVARIOUSPROVISIONS
UNDERDIFFERENTOTHERPARTS/SECTIONSOFTHISCODE

FOREWORD
Inordertoprovidesafeandhealthyhabitat,carefulconsiderationneedstobepaidtothebuildingconstructionactivity.Buildingplanning,designingand
constructionactivitieshavedevelopedoverthecenturies.Largenumberofancientmonumentsandhistoricalbuildingsallovertheworldbeartestimonytothegrowthof
civilizationfromtheprehistoricerawiththeextensiveuseofmanuallabourandsimplesystemsasappropriatetothoseagestothepresentdaymechanizedand
electronicallycontrolledoperationsfordesigningandconstructingbuildingsandforoperatingandmaintainingsystemsandservices.Inthosedaysthosebuildingswere
conceptualizedandbuiltbymasterbuilderswithhighlevelsofartisanskills.Technologicalandsocioeconomicdevelopmentsinrecenttimeshaveledtoremarkable
increaseindemandformoreandmoresophisticationinbuildingsresultingineverincreasingcomplexities.Theseperforcedemandhighlevelsofinputsfromprofessionals
ofdifferentdisciplinessuchasarchitecture,civilengineering,structuralengineering,functionalandlifesafetyservicesincludingspecialaspectsrelatingtoutilities,
landscaping,etcinconceptualization,spatialplanning,designandconstructionofbuildingsofvariousmaterialandtechnologystreams,withdueregardtovarious
servicesincludingoperation,maintenance,repairsandrehabilitationaspectsthroughouttheservicelifeofthebuilding.
ThisCode,besidesprescribingthevariousprovisions,alsoallowsfreedomofactiontoadoptappropriatepracticesandprovidesforbuildingplanning,designingand
constructionforabsorbingtraditionalpracticesaswellaslatestdevelopmentsinknowledgeinthevariousdisciplinesasrelevanttoabuildingincludingcomputeraided
and/orothermodernsensorsaidedactivitiesinthevariousstagesofconceptualization,planning,designing,constructing,maintainingandrepairingthebuildings.India
beingalargecountrywithsubstantialvariationsfromregiontoregion,thisCodehasendeavouredtomeettherequirementsofdifferentregionsofthecountry,bothurban
andrural,bytakingintoconsiderationfactors,suchas,climaticandenvironmentalconditions,geographicalterrain,pronenesstonaturaldisasters,ecologically
appropriatepractices,useofecofriendlymaterials,reductionofpollution,protectionandimprovementoflocalenvironmentandalsosocioeconomicconsiderations,
towardsthecreationofsustainablehumansettlements.
ThisPartoftheCodedealingwithintegratedapproachisbeingincludedforthefirsttime.Itgivesanoveralldirectionforpracticalapplicationsoftheprovisionsof
differentspecializedaspectsofspatialplanning,designingandconstructionofbuildings,creationofservices,andproposesanintegratedapproachforutilizing
appropriateknowledgeandexperienceofqualifiedprofessionalsrightfromtheconceptualizationthroughconstructionandcompletionstagesofabuildingprojectand
indeedduringtheentirelifecycle.Theintegratedapproachshouldnotonlytakecareoffunctional,aestheticandsafetyaspects,butalsotheoperationalandmaintenance
requirements.Also,costoptimizationhastobeachievedthroughproperselectionofmaterials,techniques,equipmentinstallations,etc.Further,valueengineeringand
appropriatemanagementtechniquesshouldbeappliedtoachievetheaimsetforthforthepurposeofconstructionofabuildingfullymeetingthespecifiedandimplied
needsofspatialfunctions,safetyanddurabilityaspects,lifeandhealthsafety,comfort,services,etcinthebuilding.
Theaimoftheintegratedapproachistogetthemaximumbenefitfromthebuildinganditsservicesintermsofquality,timelycompletionandcosteffectiveness.In
theteamapproachwhichisanessentialprerequisiteforintegratedapproach,theaimclearlyistomaximizetheefficiencyofthetotalsystemthroughappropriate
optimizationofeachofitssubsystems.Inotherwords,intheteam,theinputsfromeachoftheprofessionaldisciplineshavetobesooptimizedthatthetotalsystems
efficiencybecomesthemaximum.Itmaybereemphasizedthatmaximizingtheefficienciesofeachsubsystemmaynotnecessarilyassurethemaximizationofthe
efficiencyofthetotalsystem.Itneedhardlytobestatedthatspecifiedorimpliedsafetywillalwaysgetprecedenceoverfunctionalefficiencyandeconomy.Further,
progressiveapproachsuchasthatrelatingtotheconceptofintelligentbuildingswouldbebesttakencareofbytheintegratedapproachaslaiddowninthisPart.
Qualitysystemsapproachandcertificationthereundercoveringthevariousdimensionsbroughtoutabovemaygoalongwayinachievingtheabovegoalofreal
integratedapproach.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART0INTEGRATEDAPPROACHPREREQUISITEFORAPPLYINGPROVISIONSOFTHECODE

1SCOPE
ThisPartcoversguidelinestobefollowedforjudiciousimplementationoftheprovisionsofvariousParts/SectionsoftheCode.

2TERMINOLOGY
2.0ForthepurposeofthisPart,thefollowingdefinitionsandthosegiveninPart1Definitionsshallapply.
2.1AuthorityHavingJurisdictionTheAuthoritywhichhasbeencreatedbyastatuteandwhich,forthepurposeofadministeringtheCode/Part,mayauthorize
acommitteeoranofficialoranagencytoactonitsbehalfhereinaftercalledtheAuthority.
2.2BuildingAnystructureforwhatsoeverpurposeandofwhatsoevermaterialsconstructedandeverypartthereofwhetherusedashumanhabitationornotand
includesfoundation,plinth,walls,floors,roofs,chimneys,plumbingandbuildingservices,fixedplatforms,VERANDAH,balcony,corniceorprojection,partofabuilding
oranythingaffixedtheretooranywallenclosingorintendedtoencloseanylandorspaceandsignsandoutdoordisplaystructures.Tents/SHAMIANAHS/PANDALS,
tarpaulinshelters,etc,erectedfortemporaryandceremonialoccasionsshallnotbeconsideredasbuilding.
2.3OwnerPersonorbodyhavingalegalinterestinlandand/orbuildingthereon.Thisincludesfreeholders,leaseholdersorthoseholdingasubleasewhichboth
bestowsalegalrighttooccupationandgivesrisetoliabilitiesinrespectofsafetyorbuildingcondition.
Incaseofleaseorsubleaseholders,asfarasownershipwithrespecttothestructureisconcerned,thestructureofaflatorstructureonaplotbelongstothe
allottee/lesseetilltheallotment/leasesubsists.
NOTEForthepurposeoftheCode,thewordownerwillalsocoverthegenerallyunderstoodtermslikeclient,user,etc.

3GENERAL
3.1Buildings,shallbeclassifiedasResidential,Educational,Institutional,Assembly,Business,Mercantile,Industrial,StorageandHazardousingroupsandsub
divisionasclassifiedinPart4FireandLifeSafety.
Forfurthersubclassificationofbuildingsandvariousrelatedprovisionsthereofwithrespecttoadministrationdevelopmentcontrolrulesandgeneralbuilding
requirementsbuildingmaterialsfireandlifesafetystructuraldesignconstructionalpracticesandsafetybuildingandplumbingservicesandlandscaping,signsand
outdoordisplaystructures,otherparts/sectionsoftheCodemaybereferredto.
3.2ThescopeofvariousParts/SectionsoftheCodewhichcoverdetailedprovisionsondifferentaspectsofdevelopmentofland/buildingconstructionactivity,are
giveninAnnexA,withaviewtoprovidinganoverviewfortheusersoftheCode.

4TEAMAPPROACH
Alanddevelopment/buildingprojectcomprisesthefollowingmajorstages:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Location/siting,
Conceptualizationandplanning,
Designinganddetailing,
Construction/execution,and
Maintenanceandrepair.

Eachstagenecessarilyrequiresprofessionalsofmanydisciplineswhoshouldworktogetherasawellcoordinatedteamtoachievethedesiredproductdeliverywith
quality,inaneffectivemanner.
Appropriatemultidisciplinaryteamsneedtobeconstitutedtosuccessfullymeettherequirementsofdifferentstages.Eachteammaycompriseneedbased
professionalsoutofthefollowingdependinguponthenature,magnitudeandcomplexityoftheproject:
a)Architect,
b)Civilengineer,
c)Structuralengineer,
d)Electricalengineer,
e)Plumbingengineer,
f)Fireprotectionengineer,
g)HVACengineer,
h)Environmentspecialist,
j)Townplanner,
k)Urbandesigner,
m)Landscapearchitect,
n)Securitysystemspecialist,
p)Interiordesigner,
q)Quantitysurveyor,
r)Project/constructionmanager,and
s)Othersubjectspecialist(s).
4.1DesignTeam
Inbuildingprojectsvariousaspectslikeformspaceplanningaestheticsfireandlifesafetystructuraladequacyplumbingserviceslightingandnaturalventilation
electricalandalliedinstallationsairconditioning,heatingandmechanicalventilationacoustics,soundinsulationandnoisecontrolinstallationofliftsandescalators
buildingautomationdataandvoicecommunicationotherutilityservicesinstallationslandscapeplanninganddesignurbanplanningetcneedtobekeptinviewright
attheconceptstage.Theprojectrequiringsuchmultidisciplinaryinputsneedacoordinatedapproachamongtheprofessionalsforproperintegrationofvariousdesign
inputs.Forthis,andtotakecareofthecomplexitiesofmultidisciplinaryrequirements,adesignteamofprofessionalsfromrequireddisciplinesshallbeconstitutedatthe
appropriatestage.Here,itisdesirablethatthemultidisciplinaryintegrationisinitiatedrightfromtheconceptstage.Theteamshallfinalizetheplan.Thecompositionof
theteamshalldependonthenatureandmagnitudeoftheproject.Designisanevolutionaryandparticipatoryprocess,whereparticipationofownerconstitutesavery
importantinputatallstages,andthesameshallbeensuredbythedesignteam.
Toensureproperimplementationofthedesign,thedesignteam,maybeassociatedduringtheconstruction/executionstage.
4.2ProjectManagementandConstructionManagementTeams
Theobjectiveofprojectmanagementorconstructionmanagementisprimarilytoachieveaccomplishmentofprojectinaccordancewiththedesignsandspecifications
inastipulatedtimeandcostframework,withadegreeofassurancepriortocommencementandsatisfactiononaccomplishment.
Forlargeprojects,separateteamsofexperiencedprofessionalsfromtherequireddisciplinesmaybeconstitutedforprojectmanagementandforconstruction
managementdependinguponthecomplexitiesoftheproject.However,forsmallerprojectstheseteamsmaybecombined.Theteamsshallberesponsiblefordaytoday
execution,supervision,qualitycontrol,etcandshallensureinterdisciplinarycoordinationduringtheconstructionstage.Theteamshallberesponsibletoachieve
satisfactorycompletionoftheprojectwithregardtocost,timeandquality.Somemembersofthedesignteammayalsobeincludedintheprojectmanagementteam

and/orassociatedactivelyduringtheprojectexecutionstage.Itisimportantthatleadersandmembersofprojectmanagement/constructionmanagementteams,
dependingonthesizeandcomplexityoftheproject,arecarefullyselectedconsideringtheirqualification,experienceandexpertiseinthesefields.
4.3OperationandMaintenanceTeam
Operation,maintenanceandrepairsalsorequireamultidisciplinaryapproachtoensurethatalltherequirementsoftheusersaresatisfactorilymet.During
maintenanceandrepairs,thejobsrequiringinterdisciplinarycoordinationhavetobeexecutedinsuchamannerasnotonlytocauseleastinconveniencetotheuserbut
alsotoensurethatthereisnomismatchordamagetothestructure,finishings,fittingsandfixtures.Forcarryingoutroutinemaintenance/repairjobs,utilizationofthe
servicesoftrainedtechnicianspreferablyhavingmultidisciplinaryskillsshouldbeencouraged.
Specialrepairs,rehabilitationandretrofittingarespecializedjobswhichdemandknowledgeoftheexistingstructure/installations.Associationofconcernedspecialists
maybehelpfulfortheseworks.
TheOperationandMaintenanceTeammayalsobeknownasAssetManagementorEstateManagementTeam.

5PLANNING,DESIGNINGANDDEVELOPMENT
5.1Themainfunctionsofdesignteam(see4.1)constitutedfortheplanning,designinganddevelopment,areasunder:
a)Formalizationofdesignbriefinconsultationwiththeowner.
b)Siteinvestigation/survey.
c)Preparationofalternativeconceptdesigns.
d)Selectionofaconceptinconsultationwithandwiththeconsentofowner.
e)Sizingthesystem.
f)Developmentofdesign,covering:
1.Integrationofarchitecture,structureandservices,
2.Synthesisofrequirementsofeachdiscipline,and
3.Interactionwitheachotherandwiththeowner.
g)Preparationofpreliminarydesignsanddrawingsandobtainingownerapproval.
h)Preparationofpreliminarycostestimatesforapprovalofowner.
j)Preparationofworkbreakdownstructureandprogrammeforpreconstructionactivities.
k)AssistingclienttoobtainapprovalsoftheAuthority.
m)Preparationofdetailedspecificationandconstructionworkingdrawingswithintegrationofengineeringinputsofallconcerneddisciplines.
n)Preparationofdetaileddesignofeachdisciplineforvariousservices.
p)Peerreview/proofcheckingofthedrawings/designsincaseofimportantprojects,dependingupontheircomplexityandsensitivity.
q)Preparationofdetailedcostestimate.
r)Obtainingfinalapprovalofclient.
s)Preparationofbillofquantities,specificationsandtenderdocuments.
5.2Thefollowingconsiderations,asmaybeapplicabletotheproject,maybeconsideredduringplanning,notwithstandingotherrelevantaspectsspecifically
prescribedinconcernedparts/sectionsofthisCodetheseconsiderationsingeneralarewiththeobjectiveofaddressingtotheimportantissueslikeenvironmental
protection,energyconservation,culturalissues,creatingbarrierfreebuiltenvironment,safetyaspects,etc,alloftheseleadingtowardssustainabledevelopment,andhave
tobeappliedwithdueregardtothespecificrequirementsofsizeandtypeofproject:
a)Geoclimatic,geologicalandtopographicalfeatures.
b)Variedsociologicalpatternoflivinginthecountry.
c)Effectivelandusetocatertotheneedsofthesocietyinamostconvenientmanner.
d)Modularplanningandstandardizationtotakecareoffutureplanninggivingdueconsiderationtothespecifiedplanningcontrols.
e)Emphasisondaylightutilization,naturalventilation,shielding,andwindowareaanditsdispositiondaylightingtobesupplementedwithanintegrateddesignof
artificiallighting.
f)Optimumutilizationofrenewableenergysourcesdulyintegratedintheoverallenergysystemdesignwithconsiderationofactiveandpassiveaspectsinbuilding
designincludingthermalperformanceofbuildingenvelope.
g)Rainwaterharvesting,anduseofappropriatebuildingmaterialsconsideringaspectslikeenergyconsumptioninproduction,transportationandutilization,
recyclability,etcforpromotingsustainabledevelopment.
h)Requisitemandatoryprovisionsforhandicappedpersons.
j)Acousticalcontrolsforbuildingsandthesurroundings.
k)Promotionofartworkinbuildings,speciallybuildingsofimportance.
m)DuecognizanceofrecommendationsoftheArcheologicalSurveyofIndiawithregardtonationalmonumentsandconstructioninarcheologicallyimportantsites.
n)Duecognizanceofrelevantprovisionsofapplicablecoastalzoneregulationact.
p)Conservationofheritagestructuresandareas.
q)Environmentalandsocialimpactanalysis.
r)Designofserviceswithemphasisonaspectsofenergyefficiency,environmentfriendlinessandmaintainability.
s)Integratedwastemanagement.
t)Voiceanddatacommunication,automationofbuildingservices,andintelligentbuildinguseofsecurityandsurveillancesysteminimportantandsensitive
buildings,suchas,accesscontrolforthepeopleaswellasforvehicle.
u)Interlinkingoffirealarmsystem,fireprotectionsystem,securitysystem,ventilation,electricalsystems,etc.
v)Analysisofemergencypower,standbypowerrequirementandcaptivepowersystems.
w)Costoptimizationthroughtechniqueslikevalueengineering.
y)Adoptionofinnovativetechnologiesgivingdueconsiderationtoconstructabilityandqualityaspects.
z)Instrumentationofbuildingsandmonitoringanduseofinformationsogeneratedtoeffectimprovementsinplanninganddesignoffuturebuildingprojects.

6CONSTRUCTION/EXECUTION(ACTUALIZATION)
6.1Themainfunctionsoftheteams(see4.2)constitutedforProjectManagement/ConstructionManagementmaybe,to:
a)specifycriteriaforselectionofconstructors
b)specifyqualitycontrol,qualityauditsystemandsafetysystem
c)shortlistconstructors
d)haveprebidmeetingswiththeintendingconstructors

e)receiveandevaluatetenders
f)selectconstructors
g)executionandsupervision
h)monitorquality,timeandcostcontrol
j)prepare/certifythecompletion(asbuilt)drawingsand
k)ensureavailabilityofoperationmanualsforfielduse.
6.2ApartfromthespecificprovisionslaiddownintheconcernedParts/SectionsoftheCode,thefollowingconsiderations,asmaybeapplicabletotheproject
concerned,shallbegivendueattention:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

Adoptingscientificprinciplesofconstructionmanagement,qualitymanagement,costandtimecontrol.
Engagementofexecutingandsupervisingagencies,whichmeetthespecifiednormsofskills,specialization,experience,resourcefulness,etcforthework.
Ensuringinterdisciplinarycoordinationduringconstruction.
Contractmanagementandtechnolegalaspects.
Completion,commissioningandtrialrunofinstallations/equipmentsandtheiroperationandmaintenancethroughthesuppliers/otherteams,where
necessary.
Makeavailableshopdrawingsaswellasasbuiltdrawingsforthebuildingandservices.
Arrangeallmaintenanceandoperationmanualfromtheconcernedsuppliers/manufacturers.

6.3Theteamofprofessionals(see4.2)shallworkandmonitortheprojectactivitiesforsuccessfulconstruction/executionoftheprojectwithregardtocost,time,
qualityandsafety.

7OPERATIONANDMAINTENANCE
7.1Theteamofprofessionals(see4.3)shallsetupasystemofperiodicmaintenanceandupkeepofconstructedbuildings.
7.2Theoperationandmaintenanceteamshallberesponsibleforpreparation/applicationofoperationandmaintenancemanual,anddrawmaintenance
schedule/frequenciesandguidelinesformaintenancepersonnel.ApartfromthespecificprovisionslaiddowninconcernedParts/SectionsoftheCode,thefollowing,as
maybeapplicabletotheprojectconcernedshalladditionallybetakenintoaccount:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Periodicvalidationofbuildingsbycompetentprofessionalsthroughinspectionofthebuildingsinrespectofstructuralsafetyandsafetyofelectricalandother
installationsandensuringthatallfiresafetyequipments/systemsareinproperworkingcondition.
Preparationofpreventivemaintenanceschedulesforallinstallationsinthebuildingandstrictlyfollowingthesametherecordofthepreventivemaintenanceto
beproperlykept.
Ensuringinterdisciplinarycoordinationduringmaintenanceandrepairsdeploymentoftrainedpersonnelwithmultidisciplinaryskillstobeencouraged.
Conditionsurveyofstructuresandinstallations,identificationofdistressofvariouselementsandinitiatingplansforrehabilitation/retrofittingwellintime.

7.3Theproposalsforrehabilitation/retrofittingshouldbepreparedafterdetailedinvestigationsthroughvisualinspection,maintenancerecordsandtestingas
requiredandgotexecutedthroughspecializedagenciesundertheguidanceandsupervisionofcompetentprofessionals.

ANNEXA
(Clause3.2)
BRIEFDETAILSOFTHECOVERAGEOFVARIOUSPROVISIONSUNDERDIFFERENTOTHER
PARTS/SECTIONSOFTHISCODE
A1PART1DEFINITIONS
ItliststhetermsappearinginalltheParts/SectionsoftheCode.However,somecommondefinitionsarereproducedinthisPartalso.
A2PART2ADMINISTRATION
ItcoverstheadministrativeaspectsoftheCode,suchasapplicabilityoftheCode,organizationofbuildingdepartmentforenforcementoftheCode,procedurefor
obtainingdevelopmentandbuildingpermits,andresponsibilityoftheownerandallprofessionalsinvolvedintheplanning,designandconstructionofthebuilding.
A3PART3DEVELOPMENTCONTROLRULESANDGENERALBUILDINGREQUIREMENTS
Itcoversthedevelopmentcontrolrulesandgeneralbuildingrequirementsforproperplanninganddesignatthelayoutandbuildingleveltoensurehealthsafety,
publicsafetyanddesiredqualityoflife.
A4PART4FIREANDLIFESAFETY
Itcoverstherequirementsforfireprevention,lifesafetyinrelationtofire,andfireprotectionofbuildings.TheCodespecifiesplanningandconstructionfeaturesand
fireprotectionfeaturesforalloccupanciesthatarenecessarytominimizedangertolifeandproperty.
A5PART5BUILDINGMATERIALS
Itcoverstherequirementsofbuildingmaterialsandcomponents,andcriteriaforacceptingneworalternativebuildingmaterialsandcomponents.
A6PART6STRUCTURALDESIGN
ThisPartthroughitssevensectionsprovidesforstructuraladequacyofbuildingstodealwithbothinternalandexternalenvironment,andprovideguidanceto
engineers/structuralengineersforvariedusageofmaterial/technologytypesforbuildingdesign.
A6.1Section1Loads,ForcesandEffects
Itcoversbasicdesignloadstobeassumedinthedesignofbuildings.Theliveloads,windloads,seismicloads,snowloadsandotherloads,whicharespecifiedtherein,
areminimumworkingloadswhichshouldbetakenintoconsiderationforpurposesofdesign.
A6.2Section2SoilsandFoundations
Itcoversstructuraldesign(principles)ofallbuildingfoundations,suchas,raft,pileandotherfoundationsystemstoensuresafetyandserviceabilitywithout
exceedingthepermissiblestressesofthematerialsoffoundationsandthebearingcapacityofthesupportingsoil.
A6.3Section3TimberandBamboo
A6.3.1Section3ATimber
Itcoverstheuseofstructuraltimberinstructuresorelementsofstructuresconnectedtogetherbyfasteners/fasteningtechniques.
A6.3.2Section3BBamboo
Itcoverstheuseofbambooforconstructionalpurposesinstructuresorelementsofthestructure,ensuringqualityandeffectivenessofdesignandconstructionusing
bamboo.Itcoversminimumstrengthdata,dimensionalandgradingrequirements,seasoning,preservativetreatment,designandjointingtechniqueswithbamboowhich
wouldfacilitatescientificapplicationandlongtermperformanceofstructures.Italsocoversguidelinessoastoensureproperprocurement,storage,precautionsand
designlimitationsonbamboo.
A6.4Section4Masonry
Itcoversthestructuraldesignaspectsofunreinforcedloadbearingandnonloadbearingwalls,constructedusingvariousbricks,stonesandblockspermittedin
accordancewiththisSection.This,however,alsocoversprovisionsfordesignofreinforcedbrickandconcretefloorsandroofs.Italsocoversguidelinesregarding
earthquakeresistanceoflowstrengthmasonrybuildings.
A6.5Section5Concrete

A6.5.1Section5APlainandReinforcedConcrete
Itcoversthegeneralstructuraluseofplainandreinforcedconcrete.
A6.5.2Section5BPrestressedConcrete
Itcoversthegeneralstructuraluseofprestressedconcrete.Itcoversbothworkcarriedoutonsiteandthemanufactureofprecastprestressedconcreteunits.
A6.6Section6Steel
Itcoverstheuseofstructuralsteelingeneralbuildingconstructionincludingtheuseofhotrolledsteelsectionsandsteeltubes.
A6.7Section7Prefabrication,SystemsBuildingandMixed/CompositeConstruction
A6.7.1Section7APrefabricatedConcrete
Itcoversrecommendationsregardingmodularplanning,componentsizes,prefabricationsystems,designconsiderations,jointsandmanufacture,storage,transport
anderectionofprefabricatedconcreteelementsforuseinbuildingsandsuchrelatedrequirementsforprefabricatedconcrete.
A6.7.2Section7BSystemsBuildingandMixed/CompositeConstruction
Itcoversrecommendationsregardingmodularplanning,componentsizes,joints,manufacture,storage,transportanderectionofprefabricatedelementsforusein
buildingsandsuchrelatedrequirementsformixed/compositeconstruction.
A7PART7CONSTRUCTIONALPRACTICESANDSAFETY
Itcoverstheconstructionalplanning,managementandpracticesinbuildingsstorage,stackingandhandlingofmaterialsandsafetyofpersonnelduringconstruction
operationsforallelementsofabuildinganddemolitionofbuildings.Italsocoversguidelinesrelatingtomaintenancemanagement,repairs,retrofittingandstrengthening
ofbuildings.Theobjectivecanbebestachievedthroughpropercoordinationandworkingbytheprojectmanagementandconstructionmanagementteams.
A8PART8BUILDINGSERVICES
ThisPartthroughitsfiveelaboratesectionsonutilitiesprovidesdetailedguidancetoconcernedprofessionals/utilityengineersformeetingnecessaryfunctional
requirementsinbuildings.
A8.1Section1LightingandVentilation
Itcoversrequirementsandmethodsforlightingandventilationofbuildings.
A8.2Section2ElectricalandAlliedInstallations
Itcoverstheessentialrequirementsforelectricalandalliedinstallationsinbuildingstoensureefficientuseofelectricityincludingsafetyfromfireandshock.This
Sectionalsoincludesgeneralrequirementsrelatingtolightningprotectionofbuildings.
A8.3Section3AirConditioning,HeatingandMechanicalVentilation
ThisSectioncoversthedesign,constructionandinstallationofairconditioningandheatingsystemsandequipmentinstalledinbuildingsforthepurposeofproviding
andmaintainingconditionsofairtemperature,humidity,purityanddistributionsuitablefortheuseandoccupancyofthespace.
A8.4Section4Acoustics,SoundInsulationandNoiseControl
Itcoversrequirementsandguidelinesregardingplanningagainstnoise,acceptablenoiselevelsandtherequirementsforsoundinsulationinbuildingswithdifferent
occupancies.
A8.5Section5InstallationofLiftsandEscalators
Itcoverstheessentialrequirementsfortheinstallation,operation,maintenanceandalsoinspectionoflifts(passengerlifts,goodslifts,hospitallifts,serviceliftsand
dumbwaiter)andescalatorssoastoensuresafeandsatisfactoryperformance.
A9PART9PLUMBINGSERVICES
ThisPartthroughitstwosectionsgivesdetailedguidancetoconcernedprofessionals/plumbingengineerswithregardtoplumbingandotherrelatedrequirementsin
buildings.
A9.1Section1WaterSupply,DrainageandSanitation(IncludingSolidWasteManagement)
Itcoversthebasicrequirementsofwatersupplyforresidential,businessandothertypesofbuildings,includingtrafficterminalstations.ThisSectionalsodealswith
generalrequirementsofplumbingconnectedtopublicwatersupplyanddesignofwatersupplysystems.
Italsocoversthedesign,layout,constructionandmaintenanceofdrainsforfoulwater,surfacewaterandsubsoilwaterandsewagetogetherwithallancillaryworks,
suchasconnections,manholesandinspectionchambersusedwithinthebuildingandfrombuildingtotheconnectiontoapublicsewer,privatesewer,individualsewage
disposalsystem,cesspool,soakawayortootherapprovedpointofdisposal/treatmentwork.Italsoincludestheprovisionsonsolidwastemanagement.
A9.2Section2GasSupply
Itcoverstherequirementsregardingthesafetyofpersonsandpropertyforallpipingusesandforalltypesofgasesusedforfuelorlightingpurposesinbuildings.
A10PART10LANDSCAPING,SIGNSANDOUTDOORDISPLAYSTRUCTURES
A10.1Section1LandscapePlanningandDesign
Itcoversrequirementsoflandscapeplanninganddesignwiththeviewtopromotingqualityofoutdoorbuiltenvironmentandprotectionoflandanditsresources.
A10.2Section2SignsandOutdoorDisplayStructures
Itcoverstherequirementswithregardtopublicsafety,structuralsafetyandfiresafetyofallsignsandoutdoordisplaystructuresincludingtheoverallaesthetical
aspectsofimpositionofsignsandoutdoordisplaystructuresintheoutdoorbuiltenvironment.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART1DEFINITIONS
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS

FOREWORD
EachPartorSectionoftheNationalBuildingCodegivesthedefinitionsofthespecialtermsusedinit.ThesedefinitionsmaybefoundintheclauseTerminology
normallyplacedimmediatelyaftertheScopeineachPart/Section.However,usersmayfindthispartveryconvenientforreferenceasitgivesthealphabeticallyarranged
listoftermsdefinedinallthepartsalongwiththelocationofthedefinition.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART1DEFINITIONS

1SCOPE
ThisPartliststhetermsappearinginalltheParts/SectionsoftheNationalBuildingCodeofIndia.Thetermshavebeenarrangedintheiralphabeticalorder.ThePart
(s)/Section(s)inwhichthesetermsareappearing,havebeenindicatedagainsttheterms.
However,somecommondefinitionsarereproducedinthispartalsothedefinitionsbeingplacedimmediatelybelowthetermconcerned.

A
AbandonedSignPart10/Section2
AccessPart3
AccessPanelPart9/Section1
AccessoryPart8/Section2
AccessoryUsePart2,Part3
Anyuseofthepremisessubordinatetotheprincipaluseandcustomarilyincidentaltotheprincipaluse.
AdvertisingSignPart10/Section2
AirChangeperHourPart8/Section1
AirConditioningPart8/Section3
AirGapPart9/Section1
AirBreakPart9/Section1
AlterationPart2,Part3
Achangefromoneoccupancytoanother,orastructuralchange,suchasanadditiontotheareaorheight,ortheremovalofpartofabuilding,oranychangetothe
structure,suchastheconstructionof,cuttingintoorremovalofanywall,partition,column,beam,joist,floororothersupport,orachangetoorclosingofanyrequired
meansofingressoregressorachangetothefixturesorequipment.
AlternatingCurrentVariableVoltage(ACVV)ControlPart8/Section5
AlternatingCurrentVariableVoltageVariableFrequency(ACVVVF)ControlPart8/Section5
AltitudePart8/Section1
AmbientNoisePart8/Section4
AnatomicalPurposeDefinitionsforEngineersPart6/Section3B
ApparatusPart8/Section2
AppliancePart8/Section2
ApplianceValvePart9/Section2
ApprovedPart2,Part3,Part10/Section2
ApprovedbytheAuthorityhavingjurisdiction
AreaofSpecialControlPart10/Section2
AtmosphericPressurePart8/Section3
AudibleFrequencyRangePart8/Section4
AuthorityHavingJurisdictionPart2,Part3,Part6/Section7B,Part9/Section1,Part9/Section2,Part10/Section2
TheAuthoritywhichhasbeencreatedbyastatuteandwhich,forthepurposeofadministeringtheCode/Part,mayauthorizeacommitteeoranofficialoranagencyto
actonitsbehalfhereinaftercalledtheAuthority
AutomaticFireDetectionandAlarmSystemPart4
AutomaticOperationPart8/Section5
AutomaticSprinklerSystemPart4
AvailableHeadPart9/Section1
AvenuePart10/Section1
AWeightedSoundPressureLevel,LPAPart8/Section4
AWeightedSoundPressurePAPart8/Section4
AxialFlowFanPart8/Section1
Azimuth()Part8/Section1
B
BackFillPart6/Section2
BackSiphonagePart9/Section1
BacktoBackClusterPart3
BackUpPart9/Section1
BackflowPreventionDevicePart9/Section1
BackflowPart9/Section1
BackgroundNoisePart8/Section4
BalconyPart3
BalusterPart8/Section5
BalustradePart8/Section5
BambooPart6/Section3B
BambooBorer(BambooGHOON )Part6/Section3B
BambooClumpPart6/Section3B

BambooClumPart6/Section3B
BambooMatBoardPart6/Section3B
BannerPart10/Section2
BannerSignPart10/Section2
BarrelPart9/Section1
BasePart9/Section1
BasementorCellarPart3
BasicModulePart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
BasicorUltimateStressPart6/Section3,Part6/Section3B
BatterPile(RakerPile)Part6/Section2
BatteryofFixturesPart9/Section1
BeamPart6/Section3B
Beam,BuiltUpLaminatedPart6/Section3
Beam,GluedLaminatedPart6/Section3
BearingCapacity,SafePart6/Section2
BearingCapacity,UltimatePart6/Section2
BearingPilePart6/Section2
BearingPressure,Allowable(GrossorNet)Part6/Section2
BearingPressure,AllowablePart6/Section2
BearingPressure,SafePart6/Section2
BedBlockPart6/Section4
BeddingPart9/Section1
BenchingPart9/Section1
BondPart6/Section4
BoredCastinsituPilePart6/Section2
BoredCompactionPilePart6/Section2
BoredPilePart6/Section2
BottomCarClearancePart8/Section5
BottomCarRunbyPart8/Section5
BottomCoutnerweightRunbyPart8/Section5
BoucherieProcessPart6/Section3B
BranchPart9/Section1
BranchSoilPipe(BSP)Part9/Section1
BranchSoilWastePipe(BSWP)Part9/Section1
BranchVentilatingPipe(BVP)Part9/Section1
BranchWastePipe(BWP)Part9/Section1
BreakinPart8/Section4
BreakingStrengthPart6/Section3B
BreakoutPart8/Section4
BrightnessRatioorContrastPart8/Section1
BroadBandNoisePart8/Section4
BufferPart10/Section1,Part8/Section5
Building(House)DrainPart9/Section1
Building(House)DrainCombinedPart9/Section1
Building(House)DrainSanitaryPart9/Section1
Building(House)DrainStormPart9/Section1
Building(House)SewerPart9/Section1
Building(House)SubDrainPart9/Section1
Building(House)TrapPart9/Section1
BuildingPart2,Part3,Part4
Anystructureforwhatsoeverpurposeandofwhatsoevermaterialsconstructedandeverypartthereofwhetherusedashumanhabitationornotandincludes
foundation,plinth,walls,floors,roofs,chimneys,plumbingandbuildingservices,fixedplatforms,verandah,balcony,corniceorprojection,partofabuildingoranything
affixedtheretooranywallenclosingorintendedtoencloseanylandorspaceandsignsandoutdoordisplaystructures.Tents/SHAMIANAHS,tarpaulinshelters,etc,
erectedfortemporaryandceremonialoccasionswiththepermissionoftheAuthorityshallnotbeconsideredasbuilding.
Building,HeightofPart2,Part3,Part4
Theverticaldistancemeasured,inthecaseofflatroofsfromtheaveragelevelofthegroundaroundandcontiguoustothebuildingorasdecidedbytheAuthoritytothe
terraceoflastlivablefloorofthebuildingadjacenttotheexternalwallsandinthecaseofpitchedroofs,uptothepointwheretheexternalsurfaceoftheouterwall
intersectsthefinishedsurfaceoftheslopingroof,andinthecaseofgablesfacingtheroad,themidpointbetweentheeaveslevelandtheridge.Architecturalfeatures
servingnootherfunctionexceptthatofdecorationshallbeexcludedforthepurposeofmeasuringheights.
BuildingLinePart2,Part3,Part10/Section2
Thelineuptowhichtheplinthofabuildingadjoiningastreetoranextensionofastreetoronafuturestreetmaylawfullyextend.Itincludesthelinesprescribed,if
any,inanyscheme.ThebuildinglinemaychangefromtimetotimeasdecidedbytheAuthority.
BuildingsRelatedIllnesses(BRI)Part8/Section3
BunchedPart8/Section2
C

CabinPart3
CablePart8/Section2
CableArmouredPart8/Section2
Cable,CrossedLinkedInsulatedPart8/Section2
Cable,FlexiblePart8/Section2
Cable,LeadCoveredPart8/Section2
Cable,MetalSheathedPart8/Section2
Cable,PVCInsulatedPart8/Section2
Cable,PVCSheathedPart8/Section2
Cable,ToughRubberSheathed(Cable,TRS)Part8/Section2
Cable,WeatherproofPart8/Section2
Cable,XLPEPart8/Section2
CallIndicatorPart8/Section5
Candela(cd)Part8/Section1
CanopyPart3
CanopySignPart10/Section2
CarBodyworkPart8/Section5
CarDoorElectricContactPart8/Section5
CarPlatformPart8/Section5
CarSwitchOperationPart8/Section5
CarframePart8/Section5
CarpetAreaPart3
CeilingRosePart8/Section2
CellPart6/Section3B
CellularConcretePart6/Section7B,Part6/Section7A
CellulosePart6/Section3B
CentralFieldPart8/Section1
CentreInternodePart6/Section3B
CentrifugalFanPart8/Section1
CesspoolPart9/Section1
ChairPart9/Section1
ChannelPart9/Section1
CharacteristicLoadPart6/Section3B
CharacteristicStrengthPart6/Section3B
CheckPart6/Section3
CHHAJJAPart3

ChimneyPart3
ChowkorCourtyardPart3
Chowk,InnerPart3
Chowk,OuterPart3
ChutePart9/Section1
CircuitPart8/Section2
CircuitBreakerPart8/Section2
CircuitFinal,SubPart8/Section2
CisternPart9/Section1
ClayPart6/Section2
Clay,FirmPart6/Section2
Clay,SoftPart6/Section2
Clay,StiffPart6/Section2
CleaningEyePart9/Section1
ClearDesignSkyPart8/Section1
ClearWasteWaterPart9/Section1
ClearancePart8/Section5
CleatPart8/Section2
CleavabilityPart6/Section3B
CleavagePart6/Section3B
Climber(Creeper/Vine)Part10/Section1
ClosedClustersPart3
ClosedSignPart10/Section2
ClosedClusterPart3
ClusterCourtTownHousePart3
ClusterPlotPart3
CollapsePart6/Section3B
CollectionChamberPart9/Section1
ColumnPart6/Section3B

Column,PierandButtressPart6/Section4
ColumnarPart10/Section1
CombinationSignPart10/Section2
CombustibleMaterialPart4,Part10/Section2
Thematerialwhicheitherburnsitselforaddsheattoafire,whentestedfornoncombustibilityinaccordancewithacceptedstandard[4(1)].
CommonRafterPart6/Section3B
CommunicationPipePart9/Section1
ComponentsPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
CompositeMembersPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
CompressionWoodPart6/Section3
ConductorofaCableorCorePart8/Section2
Conductor,AerialPart8/Section2
Conductor,BarePart8/Section2
Conductor,EarthedPart8/Section2
Conductor,InsulatedPart8/Section2
ConnectionPart9/Section1
ConnectorPart8/Section2
ConnectorBoxorJointBoxPart8/Section2
ConnectorforPortableAppliancesPart8/Section2
Conservation(Preservation)Part10/Section1
ConsumerPart9/Section1
ConsumersPipePart9/Section1
ConsumersTerminalsPart8/Section2
ContaminantsPart8/Section1
ContourPart10/Section1
ContourIntervalPart10/Section1
ContourLinePart10/Section1
ControlPart8/Section5
ConventionalSymbolsPart8/Section2
ConversionPart2
CookingAlcovePart3
Cord,FlexiblePart8/Section2
CoreofaCablePart8/Section2
CounterweightPart8/Section5
CoverPart9/Section1
CoveredAreaPart3,Part4
Groundareacoveredbythebuildingimmediatelyabovetheplinthlevel.Theareacoveredbythefollowingintheopenspacesisexcludedfromcoveredarea:
a)
b)
c)
d)

garden,rockery,wellandwellstructures,plantnursery,waterpool,swimmingpool(ifuncovered),platformroundatree,tank,fountain,bench,CHABUTARA
withopentopandunenclosedonsidesbywallsandthelike
drainageculvert,conduit,catchpit,gullypit,chamber,gutterandthelike
compoundwall,gate,unstoreyedporchandportico,slide,swing,uncoveredstaircases,rampareascoveredbyCHHAJJAandthelikeand
watchmansbooth,pumphouse,garbageshaft,electriccabinorsubstations,andsuchotherutilitystructuresmeantfortheservicesofthebuildingunder
consideration.
NOTEForthepurposeofthispart,coveredareaequalstheplotareaminustheareadueforopenspacesintheplot.

CrookednessPart6/Section3B
CrossWallPart6/Section3B
CrossConnectionPart9/Section1
CrossSectionalAreaofMasonryUnitPart6/Section4
CrossTalkPart8/Section4
CrownofTrapPart9/Section1
CuldeSacClusterPart3
CurtainWallPart6/Section4
CurvaturePart6/Section3B
Customers/ConsumersConnectionPart9/Section2
CutoffLevelPart6/Section2
CutoutPart8/Section2
D
DampSituationPart8/Section2
DaylightAreaPart8/Section1
DaylightFactorPart8/Section1
DaylightPenetrationPart8/Section1
DeadPart8/Section2
DeadKnotPart6/Section3
DecayorRotPart6/Section3

DecayedKnotPart6/Section3
DecibelsPart8/Section4
DeciduousTreePart10/Section1
DeepManholePart9/Section1
DefinitionsofDefectsinBambooPart6/Section3B
DefinitionsofDefectsinTimberPart6/Section3
DeflectorShievePart8/Section5
DelaminationPart6/Section3B
DensityPart3
DepthofManholePart9/Section1
DetachedBuildingPart3
DevelopmentPart2Part3
Developmentwithgrammaticalvariationsmeansthecarryingoutofbuilding,engineering,miningorotheroperationsin,orover,orunderlandorwater,orintheuse
ofanybuildingorland,andincludesredevelopmentandlayoutandsubdivisionofandlandandtodevelopshallbeconstruedaccordingly.
DewpointTemperaturePart8/Section3
DiameterPart9/Section1
Thenominalinternaldiameterofpipesandfittings.
DiameterofKnotPart6/Section3
Diaphragm,StructuralPart6/Section3B
DilutionVentilationPart8/Section1
DirectEarthingSystemPart8/Section2
DirectSolarIlluminancePart8/Section1
DirectTapPart9/Section1
DirectionSignPart10/Section2
DiscolourationPart6/Section3,Part6/Section3B
Discrimination(OverCurrentDiscrimination)Part8/Section2
DistanceAreaofResistanceArea(forEarthElectrodeonly)Part8/Section2
DistributionBoardPart8/Section2
DoorPart8/Section5
DoorCloserPart8/Section5
DoorOperatorPart8/Section5
Door,CentreOpeningSlidingPart8/Section5
Door,MidBarCollapsiblePart8/Section5
Door,SingleSlidePart8/Section5
Door,SwingPart8/Section5
Door,TwoSpeedSidingPart8/Section5
Door,VerticalBipartingPart8/Section5
Door,VerticalLiftingPart8/Section5
DoubleButton(ContinuousPressure)OperationPart8/Section5
DowncomerPart4
DowntakeTapPart9/Section1
DrainPart2,Part3,Part9/Section1
Aconduit,channelorpipeforthecarriageofstormwater,sewage,wastewaterorotherwaterbornewastesinabuildingdrainagesystem.
DrainVentilatingPipe(DVP)Part9/Section1
DrainagePart2,Part9/Section1
Theremovalofanyliquidbyasystemconstructedforthepurpose.
DrainageWorkPart9/Section1
DrivenCastinsituPilePart6/Section2
DrivenPrecastPilePart6/Section2
DropConnectionPart9/Section1
DropManholePart9/Section1
DryBlubTemperaturePart8/Section1
DryRiserPart4
DryBulbTemperaturePart8/Section3
DryingDegradesinRoundBambooPart6/Section3B
DuctSystemPart8/Section3
DurationofLoadPart6/Section3
DwellingUnit/TenementPart3
E
EarthPart8/Section2
EarthContinuityConductorPart8/Section2
EarthElectrodePart8/Section2
EarthFaultPart8/Section2
EarthLeakageCircuitBreakerSystemPart8/Section2

EarthingLeadPart8/Section2
EdgeDistancePart6/Section3
EffectiveHeightPart6/Section4
EffectiveLengthPart6/Section4
EffectiveOpeningPart9/Section1
EffectiveTemperature(ET)Part8/Section1
EffectiveThicknessPart6/Section4
EfficiencyofaPileGroupPart6/Section2
EgressPart10/Section1
ElectricSignPart10/Section2
ElectricalandMechanicalInterlockPart8/Section5
ElectronicDevicesPart8/Section5
ElevationPart10/Section1
EmergencyLightingPart4
EmergencyLightingSystemPart4
EmergencyStopPushorSwitchPart8/Section5
EnclosedDistributionBoardPart8/Section2
EndDistancePart6/Section3,Part6/Section3B
EndSplittingPart6/Section3B
EnthalphyPart8/Section3
EquivalentContinuousAWeightedSoundPressureLevel,LAeq.TPart8/Section4
EquivalentSoundAbsorptionAreaofaRoom,APart8/Section4
EscalatorPart8/Section5
EscalatorInstallationPart8/Section5
EscalatorMachinePart8/Section5
EscapeLightingPart4
EvaporativeAirCoolingPart8/Section3
EvergreenPart10/Section1
ExhaustofAirPart8/Section1
ExitPart3
ExoticPart10/Section1
ExposedMetalPart8/Section2
ExteriorSignPart10/Section2
ExternalFacesofClusterPart3
ExternalReflectedComponent(ERC)Part8/Section1
F
FaadeLevelPart8/Section4
FactorofSafety(WithRespecttoBearingCapacity)Part6/Section2
FactorofSafetyPart6/Section2
FeedCisternPart9/Section1
FencingPart10/Section1
FingerJointPart6/Section3
FinishedGradePart10/Section1
FireDamperPart8/Section3
FireDoorPart4
FireExitPart4
FireLiftPart4
FireLoadPart4
FireLoadDensityPart4
FireResistanceRatingPart4
FireResistance,CriteriaofPart4
FireResistingWallPart4
FireSeparatingWallPart4
*FireSeparationPart3,Part4
Thedistanceinmetresmeasuredfromtheexternalwallofthebuildingconcernedtotheexternalwallofanyotherbuildingonthesite,orfromothersite,orfromthe
oppositesideofstreetorotherpublicspacetothebuildingforthepurposeofpreventingthespreadoffire.
FireSeparationWallPart8/Section3
FireStopPart4
FireSurvivalCablePart8/Section2
FireTowerPart4
Fitting,LightingPart8/Section2
FittingsPart9/Section1
Fittingsshallmeancoupling,flange,branch,bend,tees,elbows,unions,wastewithplug,PorStrapwithvent,stopferrule,stoptap,bibtap,pillartap,globetap,ball
valve,cisternstoragetank,baths,waterclosets,boiler,geyser,pumpingsetwithmotorandaccessories,meter,hydrant,valveandanyotherarticleusedinconnection

withwatersupply,drainageandsanitation.
FixtureUnitPart9/Section1
FixtureUnitDrainagePart9/Section1
FlameRetardantCablePart8/Section2
FlameproofEnclosurePart8/Section2
FlattenBambooPart6/Section3B
FloatOperatedValvePart9/Section1
FloorPart3
Thelowersurfaceinastoreyonwhichonenormallywalksinabuilding.Thegeneraltermfloorunlessspecificallymentionedotherwiseshallnotrefertoamezzanine
floor.
FloorAreaRatio(FAR)Part3,Part4
Thequotientobtainedbydividingthetotalcoveredarea(plintharea)onallfloorsbytheareaoftheplot:

FloorLevellingSwitchPart8/Section5
FloorSelectorPart8/Section5
FloorStoppingSwitchPart8/Section5
FlushingCisternPart10/Section1
FoliagePart10/Section1
FootingPart6/Section2
FormationPart9/Section1
FoundationPart6/Section2
Foundation,RaftPart6/Section2
FreeFieldLevelPart8/Section4
FreestandingSignPart10/Section2
FrenchDrainorRubbleDrainPart9/Section1
FrequencyPart8/Section4
FreshAirorOutsideAirPart8/Section1
FrostLinePart9/Section1
FullCulmPart6/Section3B
FusePart8/Section2
FuseElementPart8/Section2
G
GalleryPart3
Garage,PrivatePart3
Garage,PublicPart3
GasFitterPart9/Section2
GearedMachinePart8/Section5
GearlessMachinePart8/Section5
GeneralPart6/Section2,Part10/Section2
GeneralVentilationPart8/Section1
GeneralWashingPlacePart9/Section1
GeyserPart9/Section1
GlarePart8/Section1
GlobalWarmingPotential(GWP)Part8/Section3
GlobeTemperaturePart8/Section1
GoodsLiftPart8/Section5
GradePart10/Section1
GradientPart10/Section1
GradingPart10/Section1
GrassesPart10/Section1
GravelPart6/Section2
GroundSignPart10/Section2
GroundcoverPart10/Section1
GroupAutomaticOperationPart8/Section5
GroupHousingPart3
GroupOpenSpacePart3
GroutPart6/Section4
GuideRailsPart8/Section5
GuideRailsFixingPart8/Section5
GuideRailsShoePart8/Section5
GullyChamberPart9/Section1
GullyTrapPart9/Section1

H
HabitableRoomPart3
HardLandscapePart10/Section1
HardyPlantPart10/Section1
HarmonicsPart8/Section2
HaunchingPart9/Section1
HedgePart10/Section1
HeelRestBendorDuckFootBendPart9/Section1
HemiCellulosePart6/Section3B
HerbPart10/Section1
HighAltitudesPart9/Section1
HighwayRiseBuildingPart4
HighwayAuthorityPart9/Section1
HollowUnitPart6/Section4
HorizontalExitPart4
HorizontalPipePart9/Section1
HospitalLiftPart8/Section5
HotWaterTankPart9/Section1
HumidificationPart8/Section1
Humidity,AbsolutePart8/Section1
Humidity,RelativePart8/Section1
HydronicSystemsPart8/Section3
I
IdentificationSignPart10/Section2
IlluminancePart8/Section1
IlluminatedSignPart10/Section2
ImpactSoundPressureLevel,LiPart8/Section4
IncrementsPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
IndependentClusterPart3
IndoorAirQuality(IAQ)Part8/Section3
IndoorAmbientNoisePart8/Section4
InflammablePart8/Section2
InformationalSignPart10/Section2
IngressPart10/Section1
InletHopperPart9/Section1
InnerDiameterPart6/Section3B
InsertionLoss(LIL)Part8/Section4
InsideLocationPart6/Section3,Part6/Section3B
InspectionChamberPart9/Section1
Installation(Electrical),ofBuildingsPart8/Section2
InsulatedPart8/Section2
Insulation(Electrical)Part8/Section2
Insulation,BasicPart8/Section2
Insulation,DoublePart8/Section2
Insulation,ReinforcedPart8/Section2
Insulation,SupplementaryPart8/Section2
InterceptorPart9/Section1
InterceptorManholeorInterceptorChamberPart9/Section1
InterlockingClusterPart3
InternalFacesofClusterPart3
InternalReflectedComponent(IRC)Part8/Section1
InvertPart9/Section1,Part10/Section1
J
JointPart6/Section3B,Part6/Section4
JoistPart6/Section3B
JunctionPipePart9/Section1
K
KerbPart10/Section1
KerbStonePart10/Section1
KnotPart6/Section3

KnotHolePart6/Section3
L
LaggingPart9/Section1
LaminatedVeneerLumberPart6/Section3
LandingPart8/Section5
LandingCallPushPart8/Section5
LandingDoorPart8/Section5
LandingZonePart8/Section5
LateralSupportPart6/Section4
LeafPart6/Section4
LedgeorTANDPart3
LengthofInternodePart6/Section3B
LevellingDevice,LiftCarPart8/Section5
LevellingDevice,OneWayAutomaticPart8/Section5
LevellingDevice,TwoWayAutomaticNonMaintainingPart8/Section5
LevellingDevice,TwoWayAutomaticMaintainingPart8/Section5
LevellingDevicesPart8/Section5
LevellingZonePart8/Section5
LicensedPlumberPart9/Section1
LiftPart3,Part8/Section5
Anappliancedesignedtotransportpersonsormaterialsbetweentwoormorelevelsinaverticalorsubstantiallyverticaldirectionbymeansofaguidedcarplatform.
LiftCarPart8/Section5
LiftLandingPart8/Section5
LiftMachinePart8/Section5
LiftPitPart8/Section5
LiftWellPart8/Section5
LiftWellEnclosurePart8/Section5
LiftingBeamPart8/Section5
LightOutputRatio()Part8/Section1
LightingPart8/Section1
LigninPart6/Section3B
LinkedSwitchPart8/Section2
LiveKnotPart6/Section3
LiveorAlivePart8/Section2
LoadBearingWallPart6/Section4
LoadedEdgeDistancePart6/Section3
LoadedEndorCompressionEndDistancePart6/Section3B
LocalExhaustVentilationPart8/Section1
LocationPart6/Section3
Locations,IndustrialPart8/Section2
Locations,NonIndustrialPart8/Section2
LoftPart3
LooseGrain(LoosenedGrain)Part6/Section3
LooseKnotPart6/Section3
Lumen(lm)Part8/Section1
Luminance(AtaPointofaSurfaceinaGivenDirection)(Brightness)Part8/Section1
LuminousFlux()Part8/Section1
M
MainSoilPipe(MSP)Part9/Section1
MainSoilWastePipe(MSWP)Part9/Section1
MainVentilatingPipe(MVP)Part9/Section1
MainWastePipe(MWP)Part9/Section1
MaintenanceFactor(d)Part8/Section1
MakeupAirPart8/Section1
MakeupGroundPart6/Section2
ManholePart9/Section1
ManholeChamberPart9/Section1
MansardPart10/Section2
MarqueeSignPart10/Section2
MasonryPart6/Section4
MasonryUnitPart6/Section4
MatchetPart6/Section3B

MatsPart6/Section3B
MeansofEgressPart4
MechanicalVentilationPart8/Section1
MeridianPart8/Section1
MezzanineFloorPart3
MiniatureCircuitBreakerPart8/Section2
ModularCoordinationPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
ModularGridPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
ModulePart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
MortiseandTenonPart6/Section3B
MouldPart6/Section3
MoundPart10/Section1
MultimodulePart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
MultipleEarthedNeutralSystemPart8/Section2
MultiUnderReamedPilePart6/Section2
N
NativePart10/Section1
NaturalGradePart10/Section1
NaturalVentilationPart8/Section1
NegativeSkinFrictionPart6/Section2
NetSectionPart6/Section3B
NeutralConductorPart8/Section2
NodePart6/Section3B
NoisePart8/Section4
NoiseExposureForecast(NEF)Part8/Section4
NoiseRating(NR)Part8/Section4
NoiseReductionCoefficient(NRC)Part8/Section4
NonSelectiveCollectiveAutomaticOperationPart8/Section5
NonServiceLaterinePart9/Section1
NormalizedImpactSoundPressureLevel,Ln Part8/Section4
NorthandSouthPointsPart8/Section1
O
OccupancyorUseGroupPart2,Part3,Part4
Theprincipaloccupancyforwhichabuildingorapartofabuildingisusedorintendedtobeusedforthepurposesofclassificationofabuildingaccordingto
occupancy,anoccupancyshallbedeemedtoincludethesubsidiaryoccupancieswhicharecontingentuponit.
OccupierPart2
OctaveBandPart8/Section4
*OffsetPart6/Section2,Part9/Section1
OilBufferPart8/Section5
OilBufferStrokePart8/Section5
OpenClustersPart3
OpenSignPart10/Section2
OpenSpacePart3
OpenSpace,FrontPart3
OpenSpace,RearPart3
OpenSpace,SidePart3
OperatingDevicePart8/Section5
OperationPart8/Section5
OperationalConstruction/InstallationPart2
OrientationofBuildingsPart8/Section1
OutdoorFurniturePart10/Section1
OuterDiameterPart6/Section3B
OutsideLocationPart6/Section3A,Part6/Section3B
OverSpeedGovernorPart8/Section5
OverheadBeamsPart8/Section5
OwnerPart2,Part3,Part10/Section2
Personorbodyhavingalegalinterestinlandand/orbuildingthereon.Thisincludesfreeholders,leaseholdersorthoseholdingasubleasewhichbothbestowsalegal
righttooccupationandgivesrisetoliabilitiesinrespectofsafetyorbuildingcondition.
Incaseofleaseorsubleaseholders,asfarasownershipwithrespecttothestructureisconcerned,thestructureofaflatorstructureonaplotbelongstothe
allottee/lesseetilltheallotment/leasesubsists.
OzoneDepletionPotential(ODP)Part8/Section3
P

PanelWallPart6/Section4
ParapetPart3,Part10/Section2
ParkingSpacePart3
PartitionPart3
PartitionWallPart6/Section4
PassengerLiftPart8/Section5
PeatPart6/Section2
PercentileLevel,LAN,TPart8/Section4
PeriodofSupplyPart9/Section1
PeripheralFieldPart8/Section1
PermanentLoadPart6/Section2
PermissibleStresPart6/Section3,Part6/Section3B
PermitPart2
PileFoundationPart6/Section2
PilotPart9/Section2
PinkNoisePart8/Section4
PipeSystemPart9/Section1
PipeWorkPart9/Section1
PitchPocketPart6/Section3
PlenumPart8/Section3
PlinthPart3
Theportionofastructurebetweenthesurfaceofthesurroundinggroundandsurfaceofthefloor,immediatelyabovetheground.
PlinthAreaPart3,Part4
Thebuiltupcoveredareameasuredatthefloorlevelofthebasementorofanystorey.
PlugPart8/Section2
PlumbingSystemPart9/Section1
PlumbingPart9/Section1
Point(inWiring)Part8/Section2
PorchPart3
PortableSignPart10/Section2
Positionand/orDirectionIndicatorPart8/Section5
PositiveVentilationPart8/Section1,Part8/Section3
PotableWaterPart9/Section1
PrefabricatePart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
PrefabricatedBuildingPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
PremisesPart9/Section1
PressureRegulatorPart9/Section2
PressurizationPart4
PressurizationLevelPart4
PrincipalRafterPart6/Section3B
ProjectingSignPart10/Section2
PropellerFanPart8/Section1
PsychrometricChartPart8/Section3
PsychrometryPart8/Section3
PuffVentilationPart9/Section1
PureTonePart8/Section4
PurgePart9/Section2
PurlinsPart6/Section3B
Q
QualifiedInstallingAgencyPart9/Section2
R
RatedLoad(Escalator)Part8/Section5
RatedLoadPart8/Section5
RatedSpeed(Escalator)Part8/Section5
RatedSpeedPart8/Section5
RatingLevel,LAr ,Tr Part8/Section4
RecirculatedAirPart8/Section3
ReflectedGlarePart8/Section1
ReflectionFactor(Reflectance)Part8/Section1
RefrigerantPart8/Section3
RegisteredArchitect,Engineer,StructuralEngineer,Supervisor,TownPlannerPart2
RegulatorySignPart10/Section2

RelativeHumidityPart8/Section3
ResidualCurrentCircuitBreakerPart8/Section2
ResidualHeadPart9/Section1
RetiringCamPart8/Section5
ReturnAirPart8/Section3
RevealPart8/Section1
ReverberationTime,TPart8/Section4
RheostaticControlPart8/Section5
RiserPart9/Section2
RoadPart2,Part3
RoadLinePart2,Part3
RoofBattensPart6/Section3B
RoofExitsPart4
RoofSignPart10/Section2
RoofSkeletonPart6/Section3B
RoomHeightPart2,Part3
Theverticaldistancemeasuredfromthefinishedfloorsurfacetothefinishedceilingsurface.Whereafinishedceilingisnotprovided,theundersideofthejoistsor
beamsortiebeamsshalldeterminetheupperpointofmeasurementfordeterminingtheheadroom.
RoomIndex(kr)Part8/Section1
RopingMultiplePart8/Section5
RowHousing/RowTypeBuildingPart3
S
SaddlePart9/Section1
SafetyGearPart8/Section5
SanctionedPlanPart2
SandPart6/Section2
Sand,CoarsePart6/Section2
Sand,FinePart6/Section2
Sand,MediumPart6/Section2
SandwichPanelsPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
Sandwich,StructuralPart6/Section3
SanitaryAppliancesPart9/Section1
SapStainPart6/Section3
SapwoodPart6/Section3
ScaffoldPart6/Section3B
ScreenPart10/Section1
SedimentPart10/Section1
SelectiveCollectiveAutomaticOperationPart8/Section5
SelfCompactingConcretePart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
SemiDetachedBuildingPart3
ServicePart8/Section2
ServiceLaterinePart9/Section1
ServiceLift(DumbWaiter)Part8/Section5
*ServicePipePart9/Section1,Part9/Section2
ServiceRoadPart2,Part3
ServiceShutOffValve(IsolationValve)Part9/Section2
SetbackLinePart2,Part3
AlineusuallyparalleltotheplotboundariesandlaiddownineachcasebytheAuthority,beyondwhichnothingcanbeconstructedtowardsthesiteboundaries.
SewerPart9/Section1
ShadeFactorPart8/Section3
ShakePart6/Section3
ShallowFoundationPart6/Section2
ShearConnectorsPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
ShearWallPart6/Section4
SheavePart8/Section5
ShrubPart10/Section1
SickBuildingSyndrome(SBS)Part8/Section3
SignPart10/Section2
SignAreaPart10/Section2
SignCopyPart10/Section2
SignFacePart10/Section2
SignStructurePart10/Section2
SignalOperationPart8/Section5
SignsPart10/Section2

SiltPart6/Section2
SingleAutomaticOperationPart8/Section5
SingleSpeedAlternatingCurrentControlPart8/Section5
Site(Plot)Part2,Part3,Part4
Aparcel(piece)oflandenclosedbydefiniteboundaries.
Site,CornerPart3
Site,DepthofPart3
Site,DoubleFrontagePart3
Site,InteriororTandemPart3
SkyComponent(SC)Part8/Section1
SkySignPart10/Section2
SlackRopeSwitchPart8/Section5
SlendernessRatioPart6/Section4
SliverPart6/Section3B
SlopHopper(SlopSink)Part9/Section1
SlopeofGrainPart6/Section3
SmokeDamperPart8/Section3
SoakawayPart9/Section1
SocketOutletPart8/Section2
Soffit(Crown)Part9/Section1
SoftLandscapePart10/Section1
SoftRockPart6/Section2
SoilAppliancesPart9/Section1
SoilPipePart9/Section1
SoilWastePart9/Section1
Soil,BlackCottonPart6/Section2
Soil,CoarseGrainedPart6/Section2
Soil,FindGrainedPart6/Section2
SolarLoadPart8/Section1
SolidStated.c.VariableVoltageControlPart8/Section5
SoundPart8/Section4
SoundExposureLevel,LAEPart8/Section4
SoundKnotPart6/Section3
SoundPowerPart8/Section4
SoundPowerLevel(Lw)Part8/Section4
SoundPressureLevel,LpPart8/Section4
SoundPressure,pPart8/Section4
SoundReceiverPart8/Section4
SoundReductionIndex,RPart8/Section4
SoundSourcePart8/Section4
SpacedColumnPart6/Section3
SpectrumPart8/Section4
SpeechInterferenceLevel(SIL)Part8/Section4
SplitPart6/Section3
SplitsPart6/Section3B
SpotElevationPart10/Section1
SprayHeadSystemPart8/Section1
SpreadFoundationPart6/Section2
SpringBufferPart8/Section5
SpringBufferLoadRatingPart8/Section5
SpringBufferStrokePart8/Section5
StackEffectPart8/Section1
StackPressurePart4
Staircover(orMumty)Part3
StandardizedImpactSoundPressureLevel,LnTPart8/Section4
StandardizedLevelDifference,DnTPart8/Section4
StaticPressurePart8/Section3
StopTapPart9/Section1
StopCockPart9/Section1
StorageTankPart9/Section1
StoreyPart3
Theportionofabuildingincludedbetweenthesurfaceofanyfloorandthesurfaceofthefloornextaboveit,oriftherebenoflooraboveit,thenthespacebetweenany
floorandtheceilingnextaboveit.
Storey,TopmostPart3

StreetPart2,Part3
Anymeansofaccess,namely,highway,street,lane,pathway,alley,stairway,passageway,carriageway,footway,square,placeorbridge,whetherathoroughfareor
not,overwhichthepublichavearightofpassageoraccessorhavepassedandhadaccessuninterruptedlyforaspecifiedperiod,whetherexistingorproposedinany
schemeandincludesallbunds,channels,ditches,stormwaterdrains,culverts,sidewalks,trafficislands,roadsidetreesandhedges,retainingwalls,fences,barriersand
railingswithinthestreetlines.
StreetFurniturePart10/Section1
StreetLevelorGradePart2,Part3
Theofficiallyestablishedelevationorgradeofthecentrelineofthestreetuponwhichaplotfrontsandifthereisnoofficiallyestablishedgrade,theexistinggradeofthe
streetatitsmidpoint.
StreetLinePart2,Part3,Part10/Section2
Thelinedefiningthesidelimitsofastreet.
StructuralElementPart6/Section3
StructuralGradesPart6/Section3
StructuralPurposeDefinitionsPart6/Section3,Part6/Section3B
StructuralTimberPart6/Section3
StructuralBorneNoisePart8/Section4
Structure,PermanentPart6/Section3
Structure,TemporaryPart6/Section3
SubSoilWaterPart9/Section1
SubSoilWaterDrainPart9/Section1
SubZeroTemperatureRegionsPart9/Section1
SupplyAirPart8/Section3
SupplyandReturnAirGrillesandDiffusersPart8/Section3
SupplyPipePart9/Section1
SupportsPart9/Section3B
SurfaceCrackingPart6/Section3B
SurfaceWaterPart9/Section1
SurfaceWaterDrainPart9/Section1
SuspensionRopesPart8/Section5
SwalePart10/Section1
SwitchPart8/Section2
SwitchDisconnectorFusePart8/Section2
SwitchDisconnectorsPart8/Section2
SwitchboardPart8/Section2
SwitchgearPart8/Section2
SystemPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B,
SystemsofDrainagePart9/Section1
T
TaperPart6/Section3B
TemporarySignPart10/Section2
TerminalSlowDownSwitchPart8/Section5
TerminalStoppingDeviceFinalPart8/Section5
TerminalStoppingSwitchNormalPart8/Section5
TermitesPart6/Section3
ThermalEnergyStoragePart8/Section3
ThermalTransmittancePart8/Section3
ThirdOctaveBandPart8/Section4
ThresholdLimitValue(TLV)Part8/Section1
ThresholdofHearingPart8/Section4
TightKnotPart6/Section3
TissuePart6/Section3B
ToAbutPart3
ToErectPart2,Part3
TopCarClearancePart8/Section5
TopCounterweightClearancePart8/Section5
TopsoilPart10/Section1
TotLotPart10/Section1
TotalHeadroomPart8/Section5
TotalSettlementPart6/Section2
TowerlikeStructuresPart3
TradeEffluentPart9/Section1
TransientSoundPart8/Section4
TransplantingPart10/Section1
TrapPart9/Section1
TravelPart8/Section5

TravelDistancePart4
TreePart10/Section1
TreeGratePart10/Section1
Tree/PlantGuardPart10/Section1
TropicalSummerIndex(TSI)Part8/Section1
TwoSpeedAlternatingCurrentControlPart8/Section5
TypesofWallsPart6/Section4
U
UltimateLoadCapacityPart6/Section2
UnderReamedPilePart6/Section2
UnitPart6/Section7A,Part6/Section7B
UnloadedEndDistancePart6/Section3B
UnsafeBuildingPart2
UsableWallSpacePart8/Section2
UtilizationFactor(CoefficientofUtilization)()Part8/Section1
V
VariableVoltageMotorControl(GeneratorFieldControl)Part8/Section5
Velocity,CapturePart8/Section1
VentPipePart9/Section2
VentStack/VentPipePart9/Section1
VentSystemPart9/Section1
VentilationPart4,Part8/Section1
VentingFirePart4
VerandahPart3
VerandahSignPart10/Section2
VerticalPipePart9/Section1
VibrationIsolationPart8/Section4
VisualFieldPart8/Section1
VoltageExtraLowPart8/Section2
VoltageExtraHighPart8/Section2
Voltage,HighPart8/Section2
Voltage,LowPart8/Section2
Voltage,MediumPart8/Section2
VolumetoPlotAreaRatio(VPR)Part3,Part4
Theratioofvolumeofbuildingmeasuredincubicmetrestotheareaoftheplotmeasuredinsquaremetresandexpressedinmetres.
W
WallSignPart10/Section2
WallThicknessPart6/Section3B
WanePart6/Section3
WarningPipePart9/Section1
WarpPart6/Section3
WashOutValvePart9/Section1
WasteAppliancePart9/Section1
WastePipePart9/Section1
WasteWater(Sullage)Part9/Section1
WaterConditioningPart8/Section3
WaterHardnessPart8/Section3
WaterMain(StreetMain)Part9/Section1
WaterOutletPart9/Section1
WaterSealPart9/Section1
WaterSupplySystemPart9/Section1
WaterCloset(WC)Part3
WaterworksPart9/Section1
WavelengthPart8/Section4
WeatherproofPart8/Section2
WeightedLevelDifference,DwPart8/Section4
WeightedNormalizedImpactSoundPressureLevel,Ln.wPart8/Section4
WeightedSoundReductionIndex,RwPart8/Section4
WeightedStandardizedImpactSoundPressureLevel,LnT.WPart8/Section4
WeightedStandardizedLevelDifference,Dn.TWPart8/Section4

*WetBulbTemperaturePart8/Section1,Part8/Section3
WetLocationPart6/Section3,Part6/Section3B
WetRiserPart4
WhiteNoisePart8/Section4
WindowPart3
WindowSignPart10/Section2
WorkingPlanePart8/Section1
WormHolesPart6/Section3
WrinkledandDeformedSurfacePart6/Section3B
*Definitionsaredifferent.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART2ADMINISTRATION
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS

CONTENTS
FOREWORD

3
SECTION1GENERAL

SCOPE

TERMINOLOGY

APPLICABILITYOFTHECODE

INTERPRETATION

ALTERNATIVEMATERIALS,METHODSOFDESIGNANDCONSTRUCTION,ANDTESTS

SECTION2ORGANIZATIONANDENFORCEMENT
6

DEPARTMENTOFBUILDINGS

POWERANDDUTIESOFTEAMOFBUILDINGOFFICIALS

BOARDOFAPPEALS

VIOLATIONSANDPENALTIES

10

POWERTOMAKERULES

9
SECTION3PERMITANDINSPECTION

11

DEVELOPMENT/BUILDINGPERMIT

12

APPLICATIONFORDEVELOPMENT/BUILDINGPERMIT

10

13

RESPONSIBILITIESANDDUTIESOFTHEOWNER

15

14

INSPECTION,OCCUPANCYPERMITANDPOSTOCCUPANCYINSPECTION

15

15

UNSAFEBUILDING

16

16

DEMOLITIONOFBUILDING

16

17

VALIDITY

17

18

ARCHITECTURALCONTROL

17

ANNEXA

GUIDEFORTHEQUALIFICATIONSANDCOMPETENCEOFPROFESSIONALS

18

ANNEXB

FORMFORFIRSTAPPLICATIONTODEVELOP,ERECT,REERECTORTOMAKEALTERATIONINANYPLACEINABUILDING

20

ANNEXC

FORMFORCERTIFICATEFORSTRUCTURALDESIGNSUFFICIENCY

21

ANNEXD

FORMFORSUPERVISION

21

ANNEXE

FORMFORSANCTIONORREFUSALOFDEVELOPMENT/BUILDINGPERMIT

22

ANNEXF

FORMFORNOTICEFORCOMMENCEMENT

22

ANNEXG

FORMFORCERTIFICATEFOREXECUTIONOFWORKASPERSTRUCTURALSAFETYREQUIREMENTS

23

ANNEXH

FORMFORCOMPLETIONCERTIFICATE

23

ANNEXJ

FORMFOROCCUPANCYPERMIT

24

FOREWORD
Aneedforcodifyingandunifyingadministrativeprovisionsindifferentdevelopmentcontrolrulesandbuildingbyelawshadbeenfelt,particularlyinregardtothe
applicabilityoftheCode,desirablequalificationsfortheenforcingAuthorityandtherepresentativeoftheownerandresponsibilitiesanddutiesoftheAuthorityandthe
owner.
ItisexpectedthatthetownandcountryplanningdepartmentwillcoordinatetheadministrativeprovisionsofthisPartandthesamegivenintheStateTownand
CountryPlanningActs.
ThisPartrecommendsthesettingupofaBoardofAppeal.TheBoardofAppealgivestheowner/architect/engineeranopportunitytodefendtheschemeswhichare
basedonconventionalornewmethodsofdesignandconstructionorusingnewmaterials,whichhavebeenotherwiserejectedbytheAuthority.
ThisPartalsoemphasizestheneedforsettingupanArtsCommissionformetropolitanareastosafeguardexistingaestheticsintheeventofnewschemesproposedfor
buildingsofpublicimportanceorbuildingscomingupinanimportantareanearhistoric/monumentalbuildings.TheCommissioncanassistthecivicauthoritiesin
reviewingplansfordevelopmentfromthestandpointofassuringgoodtasteandregardforoftenthreatenednaturalbeauties.TheCommissioncanserveasameans
wherebybythegovernmentandpublicbodiesandindividualscouldgetadviceonartisticquestionsinconnectionwithbuildingschemes.
ThefirstversionofthisPartwasbroughtoutin1970,whichwassubsequentlyrevisedin1983.Asaresultofimplementing1970versionofthisPartinrewriting
buildingbyelawsanddevelopmentcontrolrulesofsomemunicipalcorporationsandmunicipalities,someusefulsuggestionswereemerged.Thesewereincorporatedinthe
firstrevisiontotheextentpossible.Thesignificantchangesin1983versionofthisPartincludedthenewadministrativeprovisionsrelatedtodevelopmentcontrolrules,
additionalinformationtobefurnished/indicatedinthebuildingplanformultistoreyedandspecialbuildingsandmodifiedprovisionsregardingsubmissionofbuilding
plansbyGovernmentDepartmentstotheAuthority.
Inthissecondrevision,numberofmodificationshavebeenincorporatedbasedontheexperiencegainedovertheyearsspeciallyinviewofdifferenttechno
administrativeandtechnolegalregimeencounteredinvarioussituationsfaced.SpeciallytheprovisionsofthisParthavebeenthoroughlyreviewedinthecontextofthe
naturalcalamitiesfacedbythecountry,suchasthedevastatingearthquakeinGujaratintheyear2001,andprovisionshavebeenaccordinglymodifiedtofurtherensure
structuraladequacyofthebuildings.Inthiscontext,structuraldesignofbuildingsinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheCodeandconstructionandsupervisionthereof
bycompetentprofessionalstoensurestructuralsafetyhavebeengivendueimportanceinthisrevision.Othersignificantmodificationsincorporatedinclude:
a)Modificationsinthedefinitionsofcertainterms
b)Inclusionoftheconceptofteamofbuildingofficials
c)Inclusionofprovisionofsinglewindowapproachforpermitforallservices
d)Inclusionofprovisionsregardingcomputerizationofapprovalprocessesforbuildingpermits
e)Inclusionofprovisiontocertifysafetyofbuildingsagainstnaturaldisasterbyengineer/structuralengineerandowner
f)Inclusionofprovisionoftwostagepermitforhighriseresidentialbuildingsandspecialbuildings
g)ProvisionsregardinginspectionofcompletedandoccupiedbuildingbytheAuthorityfromsafetypointofviewhavebeenmadecomprehensive
h)Inclusionofprovisionempoweringengineers/architectsforsanctioningplansofresidentialbuildingsupto500m2
j)Provisionsforarchitecturalcontroltoeffectivelytakecareoftheurbanaesthetics,havebeenmodifiedand
k)Inclusionoflandscapearchitectandurbandesigneramongtheregisteredprofessionalsfortheconcernedapplicableworks.
TheSectionalCommitteeresponsibleforrevisionoftheCodehasexaminedtheuseofthewordssurveyor/buildingsurveyor/supervisor,etcundervariousbuilding
byelawswithvaryingqualificationsindifferentstates.Ithasbeendecidednottousethegenericwordsurveyororsuchotherwords.TheSectionalCommitteehas,onthe
otherhandrecommendedassociationofvariousprofessionalsforvariousjobresponsibilitiesdependingupontheirqualifications/competence.
Also,itisnotedthatthewordslicencing/licensed,etcareinusebylocalbodiesindifferentstates.TheSectionalCommittee,however,decidedforuseofwords
registration/registered,etcforthesame,whichmaynowbeadopteduniformly.TheregistrationrequirementsofprofessionalsaregiveninAnnexA.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART2ADMINISTRATION

SECTION1GENERAL
1SCOPE
ThisPartcoverstheadministrativeaspectsoftheCode,suchasapplicabilityoftheCode,organizationofbuildingdepartmentforenforcementoftheCode,procedure
forobtainingdevelopmentandbuildingpermits,andresponsibilityoftheowner.
NOTEThisCodeiscalledtheNationalBuildingCodeofIndia,hereinafterreferredtoastheCode.
2TERMINOLOGY
2.0Forthepurposeofthispart,thefollowingdefinitionsshallapply.
2.1AccessoryUseAnyuseofthepremisessubordinatetotheprincipaluseandcustomarilyincidentaltotheprincipaluse.
2.2AlterationAchangefromonetypeofoccupancytoanother,orastructuralchange,suchasanadditiontotheareaorheight,ortheremovalofpartofa
building,oranychangetothestructure,suchastheconstructionof,cuttingintoorremovalofanywall,partition,column,beam,joist,floororothersupport,orachange
toorclosingofanyrequiredmeansofingressoregressorachangetothefixturesorequipment.
2.3ApprovedApprovedbytheAuthorityhavingjurisdiction.
2.4AuthorityHavingJurisdictionTheAuthoritywhichhasbeencreatedbyastatuteandwhich,forthepurposeofadministeringtheCode/Part,mayauthorize
acommitteeoranofficialoranagencytoactonitsbehalfhereinaftercalledtheAuthority.
2.5BuildingAnystructureforwhatsoeverpurposeandofwhatsoevermaterialsconstructedandeverypartthereofwhetherusedashumanhabitationornotand
includesfoundation,plinth,walls,floors,roofs,chimneys,plumbingandbuildingservices,fixedplatforms,verandah,balcony,corniceorprojection,partofabuildingor
anythingaffixedtheretooranywallenclosingorintendedtoencloseanylandorspaceandsignsandoutdoordisplaystructures.Tents/SHAMIANAHS,tarpaulinshelters,
etc,erectedfortemporaryandceremonialoccasionswiththepermissionoftheAuthorityshallnotbeconsideredasbuilding.
2.6Building,HeightofTheverticaldistancemeasured,inthecaseofflatroofsfromtheaveragelevelofthegroundaroundandcontiguoustothebuildingoras
decidedbytheAuthoritytotheterraceoflastlivablefloorofthebuildingadjacenttotheexternalwallsandinthecaseofpitchedroofs,uptothepointwheretheexternal
surfaceoftheouterwallintersectsthefinishedsurfaceoftheslopingroof,andinthecaseofgablesfacingtheroad,themidpointbetweentheeaveslevelandtheridge.
Architecturalfeaturesservingnootherfunctionexceptthatofdecorationshallbeexcludedforthepurposeofmeasuringheights.
2.7BuildingLineThelineuptowhichtheplinthofabuildingadjoiningastreetoranextensionofastreetoronafuturestreetmaylawfullyextend.Itincludesthe
linesprescribed,ifany,inanyscheme.ThebuildinglinemaychangefromtimetotimeasdecidedbytheAuthority.
2.8ConversionThechangeofoccupancyorpremisestoanyoccupancyoruserequiringadditionaloccupancypermit.
2.9DevelopmentDevelopmentwithgrammaticalvariationsmeansthecarryingoutofbuilding,engineering,miningorotheroperationsin,orover,orunder
landorwater,orintheuseofanybuildingorland,andincludesredevelopmentandlayoutandsubdivisionofanylandandtodevelopshallbeconstruedaccordingly.
2.10DrainAconduitorchannelforthecarriageofstormwater,sewage,wastewaterorotherwaterbornewastesinabuildingdrainagesystem.
2.11DrainageTheremovalofanyliquidbyasystemconstructedforthepurpose.
2.12OccupancyorUseGroupTheprincipaloccupancyforwhichabuildingorapartofabuildingisusedorintendedtobeusedforthepurposesof
classificationofabuildingaccordingtooccupancy,anoccupancyshallbedeemedtoincludethesubsidiaryoccupancieswhicharecontingentuponit.
2.13OccupierOccupierincludesanypersonforthetimebeing,payingorliabletopayrentoranyportionofrentofthebuildinginrespectofwhichthewardis
used,orcompensationorpremiumonaccountoftheoccupationofsuchbuildingandalsoarentfreetenant,butdoesnotincludealodger,andthewordsoccupyand
occupationdonotrefertothelodger.
Anownerlivinginorotherwiseusinghisownbuildingshallbedeemedtobetheoccupierthereof.
2.14OperationalConstruction/InstallationAconstruction/InstallationputupbyGovernmentDepartmentsforoperationalpurposes(see12.1.1.1).
2.15OwnerPersonorbodyhavingalegalinterestinlandand/orbuildingthereon.Thisincludesfreeholders,leaseholdersorthoseholdingasubleasewhichboth
bestowsalegalrighttooccupationandgivesrisetoliabilitiesinrespectofsafetyorbuildingcondition.
Incaseofleaseorsubleaseholders,asfarasownershipwithrespecttothestructureisconcerned,thestructureofaflatorstructureonaplotbelongstothe
allottee/lesseetilltheallotment/leasesubsists.
2.16PermitApermissionorauthorizationinwritingbytheAuthoritytocarryoutworkregulatedbytheCode.
2.17RegisteredArchitect,Engineer,StructuralEngineer,Supervisor,TownPlanner,LandscapeArchitect,UrbanDesignerAqualifiedarchitect,
engineer,structuralengineer,supervisor,townplanner,landscapearchitectorurbandesignerwhohasbeenregisteredbytheAuthorityorbythebodygoverningsuch
professionandconstitutedunderastatute,asmaybeapplicable.TheregistrationrequirementsoftheseprofessionalsshallbeasgiveninAnnexA.
NOTES
1Unlessspecifiedotherwise,thewordengineershallmeancivilengineerorarchitecturalengineer.
2Thewordlicencing/licensed,etcifusedbytheAuthorityintheabovecontextshallbedeemedtomeanregistration/registered,etc.
2.18RoadSee2.25.
2.19RoadLineSee2.27.
2.20RoomHeightTheverticaldistancemeasuredfromthefinishedfloorsurfacetothefinishedceilingsurface.Whereafinishedceilingisnotprovided,the
undersideofthejoistsorbeamsortiebeamsshalldeterminetheupperpointofmeasurementfordeterminingtheheadroom.
2.21SanctionedPlanThesetofplansandspecificationssubmittedinconnectionwithabuildingordevelopmentanddulyapprovedandsanctionedbythe
Authority.
2.22ServiceRoadAroad/laneprovidedattherearorsideofaplotforservicepurposes.
2.23SetbackLineAlineusuallyparalleltotheplotboundariesandlaiddownineachcasebytheAuthority,beyondwhichnothingcanbeconstructedtowards
thesiteboundaries.
2.24Site(Plot)Aparcel(piece)oflandenclosedbydefiniteboundaries.
2.25StreetAnymeansofaccess,namely,highway,street,lane,pathway,alley,stairway,passageway,carriageway,footway,square,placeorbridge,whethera
thoroughfareornot,overwhichthepublichavearightofpassageoraccessorhavepassedandhadaccessuninterruptedlyforaspecifiedperiod,whetherexistingor
proposedinanyschemeandincludesallbunds,channels,ditches,stormwaterdrains,culverts,sidewalks,trafficislands,roadsidetreesandhedges,retainingwalls,
fences,barriersandrailingswithinthestreetlines.
2.26StreetLevelorGradeTheofficiallyestablishedelevationorgradeofthecentrelineofthestreetuponwhichaplotfrontsandifthereisnoofficially
establishedgrade,theexistinggradeofthestreetatitsmidpoint.
2.27StreetLineThelinedefiningthesidelimitsofastreet.
2.28ToErectToerectabuildingmeans:
a)

toerectanewbuildingonanysitewhetherpreviouslybuiltuponornot

b)

toreerectanybuildingofwhichportionsabovetheplinthlevelhavebeenpulleddown,burntordestroyed.

2.29UnsafeBuildingBuildingswhicharestructurallyandconstructionallyunsafeorinsanitaryornotprovidedwithadequatemeansofegressorwhich
constituteafirehazardorareotherwisedangeroustohumanlifeorwhichinrelationtoexistinguseconstituteahazardtosafetyorhealthorpublicwelfare,byreasonof
inadequatemaintenance,dilapidationorabandonment.
3APPLICABILITYOFTHECODE
3.1AllPartsoftheCodeandtheirsectionsshallapplytoallbuildingsdescribedin3.2to3.8,asmaybeapplicable.
3.2Whereabuildingiserected,theCodeappliestothedesignandconstructionofthebuilding.
3.3Wherethewholeoranypartofthebuildingisremoved,theCodeappliestoallpartsofthebuildingwhetherremovedornot.
3.4Wherethewholeoranypartofthebuildingisdemolished,theCodeappliestoanyremainingpartandtotheworkinvolvedindemolition.
3.5Whereabuildingisaltered(see12.4and12.4.1),theCodeappliestothewholebuildingwhetherexistingornewexceptthattheCodeappliesonlytopartifthat
partiscompletelyselfcontainedwithrespecttofacilitiesandsafetymeasuresrequiredbytheCode.
3.6Wheretheoccupancyofabuildingischanged,theCodeappliestoallpartsofthebuildingaffectedbythechange.
3.7WheredevelopmentoflandisundertakentheCodeappliestotheentiredevelopmentofland.
3.8ExistingBuildings/Development
NothingintheCodeshallrequiretheremoval,alterationorabandonment,norpreventcontinuanceoftheuseoroccupancyofanexistingbuilding/developmentunless
intheopinionoftheAuthority,suchbuilding/developmentconstitutesahazardtothesafetyoftheadjacentpropertyortheoccupantsofthebuildingitself.
4INTERPRETATION
4.1TheheadingwhichappearsatthebeginningofaclauseorsubclauseoftheCodeshallbedeemedtobeapartofsuchclauseorsubclauserespectively.
4.2Theuseofpresenttenseincludesthefuturetense,themasculinegenderincludesthefeminineandtheneuter,thesingularnumberincludesthepluralandthe
pluralincludesthesingular.Thewordpersonincludesacorporationaswellasanindividualwritingincludesprintingandtypingandsignatureincludesthumb
impressionmadebyapersonwhocannotwriteifhisnameiswrittenneartosuchthumbimpression.
5ALTERNATIVEMATERIALS,METHODSOFDESIGNANDCONSTRUCTION,ANDTESTS
5.1TheprovisionsoftheCodearenotintendedtopreventtheuseofanymaterialormethodofdesignorconstructionnotspecificallyprescribedbytheCode,provided
anysuchalternativehasbeenapproved.
5.2TheAuthoritymayapproveanysuchalternativeprovideditisfoundthattheproposedalternativeissatisfactoryandconformstotheprovisionsofrelevantparts
regardingmaterial,designandconstructionandthatmaterial,method,orworkofferedis,forthepurposeintended,atleastequivalenttothatprescribedintheCodein
quality,strength,compatibility,effectiveness,fireandwaterresistance,durabilityandsafety.
5.3Tests
WheneverthereisinsufficientevidenceofcompliancewiththeprovisionsoftheCodeorevidencethatanymaterialormethodofdesignorconstructiondoesnot
conformtotherequirementsoftheCodeorinordertosubstantiateclaimsforalternativematerials,designormethodsofconstructionnotspecificallyprescribedinthe
Code,theAuthoritymayrequiretestssufficientlyinadvanceasproofofcompliance.Thesetestsshallbemadebyanapprovedagencyattheexpenseoftheowner.
5.3.1TestmethodsshallbespecifiedbytheCodeforthematerialsordesignorconstructioninquestion.IftherearenoappropriatetestmethodsspecifiedintheCode,
theAuthorityshalldeterminethetestprocedure.Formethodsoftestforbuildingmaterials,referencemaybemadetoPart5BuildingMaterials.
5.3.2CopiesoftheresultsofallsuchtestsshallberetainedbytheAuthorityforaperiodofnotlessthantwoyearsaftertheacceptanceofthealternativematerial.

SECTION2ORGANIZATIONANDENFORCEMENT
6DEPARTMENTOFBUILDINGS
6.1ThedepartmentofbuildingsshallbecreatedbytheAuthorityandateamofbuildingofficialsshallbeappointedtocarryoutworkofsuchdepartment.
6.2AppointmentofTeamofBuildingOfficials
TheteamofbuildingofficialsshallbeappointedbytheAuthority.Theteamshallcompriseofficialsdrawnfromconcerneddisciplinessuchasengineer,architect,town
planner,landscapearchitectandurbandesignerasmaybedecidedbytheAuthority.Forscrutinyoflayoutplansofplotsofonehectareandaboveinmetrocitiesandtwo
hectaresandaboveinotherplaces,townplannershallbepartoftheteamofbuildingofficials.Forplotsoffivehectaresandabove,landscapearchitectshallalsobepartof
theteam.Anurbandesignershallalsoberequiredtobethepartofteamofbuildingofficialsforexaminingproposalsonintegratedurbandesignanddevelopmentfor
residential/business/institutionalandassemblybuilding.
NOTEMetrocitiesarecitieswithpopulationmorethan1000000.
6.3Organization
Inthedepartmentofbuildings,suchnumberofofficers,technicalassistants,inspectorsandotheremployeesshallbeappointedtoassisttheteamofbuildingofficials
asshallbenecessaryfortheadministrationoftheCodeandasauthorizedbytheAuthority.
6.4DelegationofPowers
TheAuthoritymaydesignateoneofthebuildingofficialswhoshallexerciseallthepowersoftheteamofbuildingofficials.Theworkoftheteamofbuildingofficials
maybeoutsourcedtocompetentprofessional/agency/groupasmaybedeemednecessary.
6.5QualificationofBuildingOfficials
ThequalificationofbuildingofficialsscrutinizingtheplansandcarryingoutinspectionofbuildingsshallnotinanycasebelessthanthoseprescribedinAnnexA.
6.5.1Insmalllocalbodieshavinginsufficientresourcestoappointsuchofficialswiththeabovequalifications,twoorthreesuchbodiescontiguouslylocatedcouldjoin
togetherandsharetheservicesofoneteamofbuildingofficials.
6.6QualificationsofAssistant
NopersonshallbeappointedasAssistantunlesshehasgotthequalificationsprescribedinAnnexAforaregisteredSupervisor.
6.7RestrictiononEmployees
NoofficialoremployeeconnectedwiththedepartmentofbuildingsexceptonewhoseonlyconnectionisthatofamemberoftheBoardofAppeals,establishedunder8
shallbeengageddirectlyorindirectlyinaworkconnectedwiththefurnishingoflabour,materialsorappliancesfortheconstruction,alterationormaintenanceofa
building,orthepreparationofplansorofspecificationsthereofunlessheistheownerofbuildingnorshallsuchofficialoremployeeengageinanyworkwhichconflicts
withhisofficialdutiesorwiththeinterestsoftheDepartment.
6.8Records
Properrecordsofallapplicationsreceived,permitsandordersissued,inspectionsmadeshallbekeptandcopiesofallpapersanddocumentsconnectedwiththe
administrationofitsdutiesshallberetainedandallsuchrecordsshallbeopentopublicinspectionatallappropriatetimes.

7POWERANDDUTIESOFTEAMOFBUILDINGOFFICIALS
7.0TheteamofbuildingofficialsshallenforcealltheprovisionsoftheCodeandshallactonanyquestionrelativetothemodeormannerofconstructionandthe
materialstobeusedintheerection,addition,alteration,repair,removal,demolition,installationofserviceequipmentandthelocation,use,occupancyandmaintenance
ofallbuildingsexceptasmayotherwisebespecificallyprovided.
7.1ApplicationandPermits
Theteamofbuildingofficialsshallreceiveallapplicationsandissuepermits(see12.10)fortheerectionandalterationofbuildingsandexaminethepremisesforwhich
suchpermitshavebeenissuedandenforcecompliancewiththeCode.
7.2BuildingNoticesandOrders
Theteamofbuildingofficialsshallissueallnecessarynoticesororderstoremoveillegalorunsafeconditions,torequirethenecessarysafeguardsduringconstruction,
torequireadequateexitfacilitiesinexistingbuildingsandtoensurecompliancewithalltherequirementsofsafety,healthandgeneralwelfareofthepublicasincludedin
theCode.
7.3RightofEntry
Uponpresentationofpropercredentialsandwithadvancenotice,theteamofbuildingofficialsoritsdulyauthorizedrepresentativemayenteratanyreasonabletime
anybuildingorpremisestoperformanydutyimposeduponhimbytheCode.
7.4Inspection
Theteamofbuildingofficialsshallmakealltherequiredinspectionsoritmayacceptreportsofinspectionsofauthoritativeandrecognizedservicesorindividualsand
allreportsofinspectionsshallbeinwritingandcertifiedbyaresponsibleofficerofsuchauthoritativeserviceorbytheresponsibleindividualorengageanysuchexpert
opinionashemaydeemnecessarytoreportuponunusualtechnicalissuesthatmayarise,subjecttotheapprovaloftheAuthority.
7.5ConstructionNotAccordingtoPlan
Shouldtheteamofbuildingofficialsdetermineatanystagethattheconstructionisnotproceedingaccordingtothesanctionedplanorisinviolationofanyofthe
provisionsoftheCode,oranyotherapplicableCodeRegulation,ActorByelaw,itshallnotifytheowner,andallfurtherconstructionshallbestayeduntilcorrectionhas
beeneffectedandapproved.
7.5.1Shouldtheownerfailtocomplywiththerequirementsatanystageofconstruction,theAuthorityshallissueanoticetotheowneraskingexplanationfornon
compliance.Iftheownerfailstocomplywithin14daysfromthedateofreceivingthenotice,theAuthorityshallbeempoweredtocancelthebuildingpermitissuedand
shallcausenoticeofsuchcancellationtobesecurelypasteduponthesaidconstruction,iftheownerisnottraceableathisaddressgiveninthenotice.Pastingofsucha
noticeshallbeconsideredsufficientnotificationofcancellationtotheownerthereof.Nofurtherworkshallbeundertakenorpermitteduponsuchconstructionuntilavalid
buildingpermitthereafterhasbeenissued.Iftheowner,inviolationofthenoticeforcancellation,continuestheconstruction,theAuthoritymaytakeallnecessarymeans
tostopsuchworkandfurtherappropriateactionsincludingdemolitions.Theownershall,however,haverighttoappealagainstcancellationofpermit,totheboardof
appeal,withinastipulatedperiod,asmaybedecidedbytheAuthority.
7.6Modification
WhereverpracticaldifficultiesareinvolvedincarryingoutanyprovisionoftheCode,theteamofbuildingofficialsmayvaryormodifysuchprovisionsupon
applicationoftheownerorhisrepresentativeprovidedthespiritandintentoftheCodeshallbeobservedandpublicwelfareandsafetybeassured.Theapplicationfor
modificationandthefinaldecisionoftheteamofbuildingofficialsshallbeinwritingandshallbeofficiallyrecordedwiththeapplicationforthepermitinthepermanent
recordsoftheDepartmentofBuildingInspection.
7.7OccupancyViolations
WhereveranybuildingisbeingusedcontrarytoprovisionsoftheCode,theteamofbuildingofficialsmayordersuchusediscontinuedandthebuildingorportion
thereof,vacatedbythenoticeservedonanyperson,causingsuchusetobediscontinued.Suchpersonshalldiscontinuetheusewithin10daysafterreceiptofsuchnotice
ormakethebuildingorportionthereof,complywiththerequirementsoftheCode.
8BOARDOFAPPEALS
Inordertodeterminethesuitabilityofalternativematerialsormethodsofdesignorconstructionandtoprovideforreasonableinterpretationoftheprovisionsofthe
Codeorinthematterofdisputerelatingtoanongoingconstructionvisavisthesanctionedplan,aBoardofAppealsconsistingofmemberswhoarequalifiedby
experienceandtrainingandtopassjudgementuponmatterspertainingtobuildingconstruction,shallbeappointedbytheAuthority.Arepresentativeoftheteamof
buildingofficialsshallbeanexofficiomemberandshallactassecretarytotheBoard.TheBoardshalladoptreasonablerulesandregulationsforconductingits
investigationsandshallrenderalldecisionsandfindingsinwritingtotheteamofbuildingofficialswithaduplicatecopytotheappellantandmayrecommendsuch
modificationsasarenecessary.
9VIOLATIONSANDPENALTIES
9.1OffencesandPenalties
9.1.1AnypersonwhocontravenesanyoftheprovisionsoftheCodeoranyrequirementsofobligationsimposedonhimbyvirtueoftheCode,orwhointerfereswithor
obstructsanypersoninthedischargeofhisduties,shallbeguiltyofanoffenceandtheAuthorityshalllevysuitablepenaltyortakeotheractionsaspertheCode(seealso
7.5and15).
NOTEThepenaltymaybeintheformofcollectionofarrearsoftax.
9.1.2Thebuildings/developmentsviolatinganyapplicablestatutoryrulesshallbedemolished/broughtwithinthelimitsasprescribedinsuchrulesattheexpenseof
theowner.ThebuildingscomingupinthevicinityofanaerodromeinviolationoftheheightrestrictionlaiddownbytheDirectorateGeneralofCivilAviationshallbe
accordinglydemolished/broughtwithinthelimitsprescribedbyDGCArules.
9.1.3Theregisteredarchitect,engineer,structuralengineer,supervisor,townplanner,landscapearchitect,urbandesignerandutilityserviceengineer(seeAnnexA)
responsiblefortheservicesrenderedforsupervisionoftheconstruction/developmentandforthecompletioncertificateintheeventofviolationoftheprovisionsofthe
Code,shallbeliabletopenaltiesasprescribedbytheAuthorityincludingcancellationofregistrationdonebyitormakesuchrecommendationtothestatutorybody
governingsuchprofession.
9.2FurtherObligationofOffender
Theconvictionofanypersonforanoffenceundertheprovisionof9.1shallnotrelievehimfromthedutyofcarryingouttherequirementsorobligationsimposedon
himbyvirtueoftheprovisionsoftheCodeandifsuchrequirementsorobligationsarenotcompliedwithinaccordancewithanordermadeunderprovisionsof9.1,the
AuthorityundertheprovisionsoftheCodemay,ifnecessaryandadvisable,enteruponthepremisesinrespectofwhichaconvictionhasbeenmadeandcarryoutatthe
expenseoftheconvictedperson,therequirementsorobligationsreferredtointhesaidorderandtheexpense,ifnotpaidondemand,mayberecoveredwithcostinacourt.
9.3ConvictionNoBartoFurtherProsecution
Theconvictionofanypersonundertheprovisionsofthispartforfailingtocomplywithanyofthesaidrequirementsorobligationsshallnotoperateasabartofurther
prosecutionunderthispartforanysubsequentfailureonthepartofsuchpersontocomply.
10POWERTOMAKERULES
TheAuthoritymaymakerulesforcarryingouttheprovisionsandintentionsoftheCodeprovidedthatanyruleshallnotbeindirect/indirectconflictornullify/dilute
anyoftheprovisionsoftheCode.

SECTION3PERMITANDINSPECTION

11DEVELOPMENT/BUILDINGPERMIT
11.1PermitRequired
Nopersonshallcarryoutanydevelopment,erect,reerectormakealterationsordemolishanybuildingorcausethesametobedonewithoutfirstobtainingaseparate
permitforeachsuchdevelopment/buildingfromtheAuthority.Nopermitsshall,however,berequiredforworksreferredtoin12.1.1.1and12.4.1.
11.1.1Thedevelopment/buildingpermitshalltakeintocognizancetheprovisionsundertherelevantTownPlanningAct/DevelopmentAct/MunicipalAct/anyother
applicablestatutesforlayout,buildingplans,watersupply,sewerage,drainage,electrification,etc,asprovidedinthesaidAct/statute.Also,ifsodirectedbythe
Authority,thepermitshalltakecareoftheneedforlandscapedevelopmentplanincorporatingrainwaterharvestingproposalsinthelayoutandbuildingplans.
11.1.2SpecificapprovalsshallbeobtainedfromCivilAviationAuthorities,FireServicesDepartment(incasethebuildingproposedis15mandabove),Pollution
ControlBoard,designatedauthoritiesunderFactoriesAct/CinemaRegulationAct,UrbanArtsCommission,designatedCoastalRegulationZoneAuthority,Archeological
SurveyofIndia,HeritageCommitteeandanysuchotherauthorityasmaybeapplicable.
11.1.3InordertofacilitateclearancefromabovebodieswiththeconceptofsinglewindowclearanceapproachandtherebyfinalapprovalbytheAuthoritywithinthe
stipulatedtimeframe,theAuthoritymayconstituteaDevelopment/BuildingPermitApprovalCommitteeconsistingofrepresentativeoftheteamofbuildingofficials,
representativesofallbodies/organizationsfromwhomclearancefordevelopment/buildingpermitclearanceisrequired.
RecommendationsfromsuchCommitteeshallbesummarilyutilizedbytheteamofbuildingofficialsinsanctioningprocess.TheCommitteemaymeetoncein15/30
daysdependingupontheworkload.Thefirstresponse/invalidnotice/noncomplianceintimationshallbeissuedbytheAuthoritytotheownerwithin30daysof
submissionoftheplanstotheAuthority.
11.1.4TheAuthorityshallpermitaregisteredarchitect/engineertoapprovethebuildingproposalsincludingplans,andcertifycompletionofbuildingforissueof
relatedregulatorybuildingpermitsandoccupancycertificateforresidentialbuildingsdesignedbyselforotherwise,onplotsizeupto500m2.Theresponsibilityof
compliancewithrespecttoprovisionsofCodeshallrestwiththeregisteredarchitect/engineer.However,theplansshallberequiredtobesubmittedtotheAuthorityfor
informationandrecord.
NOTEWheretheexperienceclearlyshowsthatsatisfactorybuildingpermitactivitiesarebeingcarriedoutthroughtheaboveempowermentofprofessionals,the
Authoritymayextendsuchprovisionforlargerareasandotherbuildingoccupancies.
11.2PreCodeDevelopment/BuildingPermit
Ifanydevelopment/building,permitforwhichhadbeenissuedbeforethecommencementoftheCode,isnotwhollycompletedwithinaperiodofthreeyearsfromthe
dateofsuchpermit,thesaidpermissionshallbedeemedtohavelapsedandfreshpermitshallbenecessarytoproceedfurtherwiththeworkinaccordancewiththe
provisionsoftheCode.
12APPLICATIONFORDEVELOPMENT/BUILDINGPERMIT
12.1Notice
Everyownerwhointendstodevelop,erect,reerectormakealterationsinanyplaceinabuildingshallgivenoticeinwritingtotheAuthorityofhissaidintentioninthe
prescribedform(seeAnnexB)andsuchnoticeshallbeaccompaniedbyplansandstatementsintriplicateasrequiredunder12.2and12.3exceptforspecialbuildings
(highrise,nonresidential)whereadditionalcopiesmaybesubmittedasdesiredbytheAuthority.TheAuthorityshallpermitsubmissionofplans/documentsinelectronic
forminadditiontohardcopy.TheAuthorityshouldalsoprogressivelycomputerizetheapprovalprocess.
12.1.1RegardingsubmissionofplansbyGovernmentDepartments,theprocedureshallbeasgivenin12.1.1.1and12.1.1.2.
12.1.1.1Theoperationalconstruction/installationoftheGovernment,whethertemporaryorpermanent,whichisessentialfortheoperation,maintenance,
developmentorexecutionofanyofthefollowingservicesmaybeexemptedfromthepointofviewofthebyelaws:
a)Railways
b)Nationalhighways
c)Nationalwaterways
d)Majorports
e)Airwaysandaerodromes
f)Postsandtelegraphs,telephones,wireless,broadcasting,andotherlikeformsofcommunications
g)Regionalgridforelectricity
h)Defenceand
j)AnyotherservicewhichtheCentral/StateGovernmentmay,ifitisopinionthattheoperation,maintenance,developmentofexecutionofsuchserviceisessentialto
thelifeofthecommunity,bynotification,declaretobeaserviceforthepurposeofthisclause.
Incaseofconstruction/installationwherenoapprovalsarerequired,theconcernedagencieswhichareexemptedfromseekingapprovalshallsubmitthe
drawings/plans/detailsforinformationandrecordsoftheAuthoritybeforeconstruction/installation.
12.1.1.2However,thefollowingconstructionoftheGovernmentdepartmentsdonotcomeunderthepurviewofoperationalconstructionforthepurposeofexemption
under12.1.1.1:
a)
b)

Newresidentialbuilding(otherthangatelodges,quartersforlimitedessentialoperationalstaffandthelike),roadsanddrainsinrailwaycolonies,hospitals,
clubs,institutesandschools,inthecaseofrailwaysand
Anewbuilding,newconstructionornewinstallationoranyextensionthereofinthecaseofanyotherservices.

12.2InformationAccompanyingNotice
Thenoticeshallbeaccompaniedbythekeyplan,siteplan,buildingplan,servicesplans,specificationsstructuralsufficiencycertificateandcertificateofsupervisionas
prescribedin12.2.2to12.2.8.
12.2.1SizesofDrawingSheetsandRecommendedNotationforColouringPlans
12.2.1.1ThesizeofdrawingsheetsshallbeanyofthosespecifiedinTable1.
Table1DrawingSheetSizes
(Clause12.2.1.1)
SlNo.

Designation

(1)

(2)

TrimmedSizemm
(3)

i)

A0

8411189

ii)

A1

594841

iii)

A2

420594

iv)

A3

297420

v)

A4

210297

vi)

A5

148210

12.2.1.2TheplansshallbecolouredasspecifiedinTable2.
12.2.2KeyPlan

Akeyplandrawntoascaleofnotlessthan1in10000shallbesubmittedalongwiththeapplicationforadevelopment/buildingpermitshowingtheboundary
locationsofthesitewithrespecttoneighbourhoodlandmarks.Theminimumdimensionofthekeyplanshallbenotlessthan75mm.
12.2.3SitePlan
Thesiteplansentwithanapplicationforpermitshallbedrawntoascaleofnotlessthan1in500forasiteuptoonehectareandnotlessthan1in1000forasitemore
thanonehectareandshallshow:
a)theboundariesofthesiteandofanycontiguouslandbelongingtotheownerthereof
b)thepositionofthesiteinrelationtoneighbouringstreet
c)thenameofthestreetsinwhichthebuildingisproposedtobesituated,ifany
d)allexistingbuildingsstandingon,overorunderthesiteincludingservicelines
e)thepositionofthebuildingandofallotherbuildings(ifany)whichtheapplicantintendstoerectuponhiscontiguouslandreferredtoin(a)inrelationto:
Table2ColouringofPlans
(Clause12.2.1.2)
SlNo.

Item

(1)

SitePlan

BuildingPlan

WhitePlan

BluePrint

AmmoniaPrint

WhitePlan

BluePrint

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(2)

AmmoniaPrint
(8)

i)

Plotlines

Thickblack

Thickblack

Thickblack

Thickblack

Thickblack

Thickblack

ii)

Existingstreet

Green

Green

Green

iii)

Futurestreet,ifany.

Greendotted

Greendotted

Greendotted

iv)

Permissiblebuildinglines

Thickdottedblack

Thickdottedblack

Thickdottedblack

v)

Openspaces

Nocolour

Nocolour

Nocolour

Nocolour

Nocolour

Nocolour

vi)

Existingwork

Black(outline)

White

Blue

Black

White

Blue

vii)

Workproposedtobedemolished

Yellowhatched

Yellowhatched

Yellowhatched

Yellowhatched

Yellowhatched

Yellowhatched

viii)

Proposedwork(seeNote1)

Redfilledin

Red

Red

Red

Red

Red

ix)

Drainageandseweragework

Reddotted

Reddotted

Reddotted

Reddotted

Reddotted

Reddotted

x)

Watersupplywork

Blackdottedthin

Blackdottedthin

Blackdottedthin

Blackdottedthin

Blackdottedthin

Blackdottedthin

NOTES
1Forentirelynewconstructionthisneednotbedoneforextensionofanexistingworkthisshallapply.
2Forlanddevelopment,subdivision,layout,suitablecolouringnotationsshallbeusedwhichshallbeindexed.

1.theboundariesofthesiteandincasewherethesitehasbeenpartitioned,theboundariesoftheportionownedbytheapplicantandalsooftheportionsowned
byothers
2.alladjacentstreet,buildings(withnumberofstoreysandheight)andpremiseswithinadistanceof12mofthesiteandofthecontiguousland(ifany)referredto
in(a)and
3.ifthereisnostreetwithinadistanceof12mofthesite,thenearestexistingstreet
f)themeansofaccessfromthestreettothebuilding,andtoallotherbuildings(ifany)whichtheapplicantintendstoerectuponhiscontiguouslandreferredtoin(a)
g)spacetobeleftaboutthebuildingtosecureafreecirculationofair,admissionoflightandaccessforscavengingpurposes
h)thewidthofthestreet(ifany)infrontandofthestreet(ifany)atthesideornearthebuildings
j)thedirectionofnorthpointrelativetotheplanofthebuildings
k)anyphysicalfeatures,suchaswells,drains,etcand
m)suchotherparticularsasmaybeprescribedbytheAuthority.
12.2.4SubDivision/LayoutPlan
Inthecaseofdevelopmentwork,thenoticeshallbeaccompaniedbythesubdivision/layoutplanwhichshallbedrawnonascaleofnotlessthan1:500containing
thefollowing:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

g)

Scaleusedandnorthpoint
Thelocationofallproposedandexistingroadswiththeirexisting/proposed/prescribedwidthswithintheland
Dimensionsofplotalongwithbuildinglinesshowingthesetbackswithdimensionswithineachplot
Thelocationofdrains,sewers,publicfacilitiesandservices,andelectricallines,etc
Tableindicatingsize,areaanduseofalltheplotsinthesubdivision/layoutplan
Astatementindicatingthetotalareaofthesite,areautilizedunderroads,openspacesforparks,playgrounds,recreationspacesforparks,playgrounds,
recreationspacesanddevelopmentplanreservations,schools,shoppingandotherpublicplacesalongwiththeirpercentagewithreferencetothetotalareaofthe
siteproposedtobesubdividedand
Incaseofplotswhicharesubdividedinbuiltupareasinadditiontotheabove,themeansofaccesstothesubdivisionfromexistingstreets.

12.2.5BuildingPlanandDetails
Theplanofthebuildingsandelevationsandsectionsaccompanyingthenoticeshallbedrawntoascaleof1:100.Theplansanddetailsshall:
a)includefloorplansofallfloorstogetherwiththecoveredareaclearlyindicatingthesizeandspacingsofallframingmembersandsizesofroomsandthepositionof
staircases,rampsandliftwells
b)showtheuseoroccupancyofallpartsofthebuildings
c)showexactlocationofessentialservices,forexample,WC,sink,bathandthelike
d)includeatleastoneelevationfromthefrontshowingheightofbuildingandroomsandalsotheheightofparapet
e)includeatleastonesectionthroughthestaircase
f)includethestructuralarrangementswithappropriatesectionsshowingtype/arrangementoffootings,foundations,basementwallsstructuralloadbearingwalls,
columnsandbeams,andshearwallsandarrangement/spacingofframingmembers,floorslabsandroofslabswiththematerialusedforthesame
g)showallstreetelevations
h)givedimensionsoftheprojectedportionsbeyondthepermissiblebuildingline
j)includeterraceplanindicatingthedrainageandtheslopeoftheroofand
k)giveindicationsofthenorthpointrelativetotheplan.
NOTETherequirementof1:100ispermittedtobeflexibleforspecificdetailsneededforfurtherillustrationandalsofordrawingsfortheseinelectronicform.
12.2.5.1Buildingplanformultistoreyed/specialbuildings
Forallmultistoreyedbuildingswhichare15mormoreinheightandforspecialbuildingslikeeducational,assembly,institutional,industrial,storageandhazardous
andmixedoccupancieswithanyoftheaforesaidoccupancieshavingcoveredareamorethan500m2,thebuildingsanctionshallbedoneintwostages.
Stage1:Firststageforplanningclearance
Thefollowingadditionalinformationshallbefurnished/indicatedinthebuildingplaninadditiontotheitemsgivenin12.2.5asapplicable:
a)Accesstofireappliances/vehicleswithdetailsofvehicularturningcircleandclearmotorableaccesswayaroundthebuilding

b)Size(width)ofmainandalternativestaircasesalongwithbalconyapproach,corridor,ventilatedlobbyapproach
c)Locationanddetailsofliftenclosures
d)Locationandsizeoffirelift
e)Smokestoplobby/door,whereprovided
f)Refusechutes,refusechamber,serviceduct,etc
g)Vehicularparkingspaces
h)Refusearea,ifany
j)DetailsofbuildingservicesAirconditioningsystemwithpositionoffiredampers,mechanicalventilationsystem,electricalservices,boilers,gaspipes,etc
k)Detailsofexitsincludingprovisionoframps,etc,forhospitalsandspecialrisks
m)Locationofgenerator,transformerandswitchgearroom
n)Smokeexhaustersystem,ifany
p)Detailsoffirealarmsystemnetwork
q)Locationofcentralizedcontrol,connectingallfirealarmsystems,builtinfireprotectionarrangementsandpublicaddresssystem,etc
r)Locationanddimensionsofstaticwaterstoragetankandpumproomalongwithfireserviceinletsformobilepumpandwaterstoragetank
s)Locationanddetailsoffixedfireprotectioninstallations,suchas,sprinklers,wetrisers,hosereels,drenchers,etcand
t)Locationanddetailsoffirstaidfirefightingequipments/installations.
Stage2:Secondstageforbuildingpermitclearance
Afterobtainingthesanctionforplanning(Stage1)fromtheAuthority,acompletesetofstructuralplans,sections,detailsanddesigncalculationsdulysignedby
engineer/structuralengineer(seeAnnexA)alongwiththecompletesetofdetailsdulyapprovedinStage1shallbesubmitted.Thebuildingplans/detailsshallbedeemed
sanctionedforthecommencementofconstructiononlyafterobtainingthepermitforStage2fromtheAuthority.
12.2.6ServicesPlans
Theservicesplansshallincludealldetailsofbuildingandplumbingservices,andalsoplans,elevationsandsectionsofprivatewatersupply,sewagedisposalsystem
andrainwaterharvestingsystem,ifany(seePart8BuildingServicesandPart9PlumbingServices).
12.2.7Specifications
Specifications,bothgeneralanddetailed,givingtypeandgradeofmaterialstobeused,dulysignedbytheregisteredarchitect,engineer,structuralengineeror
supervisorshallaccompanythenotice(seeAnnexB).
12.2.8StructuralSufficiencyCertificate
Theplansshallbeaccompaniedbystructuralsufficiencycertificateintheprescribedform(seeAnnexC)signedbytheengineer/structuralengineer(seeAnnexA)and
theownerjointlytotheeffectthatthebuildingissafeagainstvariousloads,forcesandeffectsincludingduetonaturaldisasters,suchas,earthquake,landslides,cyclones,
floods,etcasperPart6StructuralDesignandotherrelevantCodes.Theengineer/structuralengineershallalsohavethedetailstosubstantiatehisdesign.
12.2.9Supervision
Thenoticeshallbefurtheraccompaniedbyacertificateintheprescribedfrom(seeAnnexD)bytheregisteredarchitect/engineer/structuralengineer/supervisor/town
planner(seeAnnexA)undertakingthesupervision(see9.3).
12.3PreparationandSigningofPlans
Theregisteredarchitect/engineer/supervisor/townplanner/landscapearchitect/urbandesigner/utilityserviceengineershallprepareanddulysigntheplansasper
theircompetence(seeAnnexA)andshallindicatehis/hername,address,qualificationandregistrationnumberasallottedbytheAuthorityorthebodygoverningsuch
profession.Thestructuralplansanddetailsshallalsobepreparedanddulysignedbythecompetentprofessionalslikeregisteredengineer/structuralengineer(seeAnnex
A).Theplansshallalsobedulysignedbytheownerindicatinghisaddress.Thetypeandvolumeofbuildings/developmentworktobeundertakenbytheregistered
professionalsmaygenerallybeasinAnnexA.
12.4NoticeforAlterationonly
Whenthenoticeisonlyforanalterationofthebuilding(see3.5),onlysuchplansandstatementsasmaybenecessary,shallaccompanythenotice.
12.4.1Nonoticeandbuildingpermitisnecessaryforthefollowingalterations,andthelikewhichdonototherwiseviolateanyprovisionsregardinggeneralbuilding
requirements,structuralstabilityandfireandhealthsafetyrequirementsoftheCode:
a)Openingandclosingofawindowordoororventilator
b)Providingintercommunicationdoors
c)Providingpartitions
d)Providingfalseceiling
e)Gardening
f)Whitewashing
g)Painting
h)Retilingandreroofing
j)Plasteringandpatchwork
k)Reflooringand
m)Constructionofsunshadesononesownland.
12.5Fees
Nonoticeasreferredtoin12.1shallbedeemedvalidunlessanduntilthepersongivingnoticehaspaidthefeestotheAuthorityandanattestedcopyofthereceiptof
suchpaymentisattachedwiththenotice.
NOTEThefeesmaybechargedasaconsolidatedfee.Intheeventofabuilding/developmentpermitisnotissued,thefeessopaidshallnotbereturnedtotheowner,
butheshallbeallowedtoresubmititwithoutanyfeesaftercomplyingwithalltheobjectionsraisedbytheAuthoritywithinaperiodofoneyearfromthedateofrejection
afterwhichfreshfeesshallhavetobepaid.
12.6DurationofSanction
Thesanctiononceaccordedshallremainvaliduptothreeyears.Thepermitshallbegotrevalidatedbeforetheexpirationofthisperiod.Revalidationshallbesubjectto
therulestheninforce.
12.7DeviationsDuringConstruction
Ifduringtheconstructionofabuildinganydeparture(exceptingforitemsasgivenin12.4.1)fromthesanctionedplanisintendedtobemade(see7.5),sanctionofthe
Authorityshallbeobtainedbeforethechangeismade.Therevisedplanshowingthedeviationsshallbesubmittedandtheprocedurelaiddownfortheoriginalplan
heretoforeshallapplytoallsuchamendedplansexceptthatthetimelimitspecifiedin12.10.2shallbethreeweeksinsuchcases.
12.8RevocationofPermit
TheAuthoritymayrevokeanypermitissuedundertheprovisionsoftheCode,wherevertherehasbeenanyfalsestatement,misrepresentationofanymaterialfactin
theapplicationonwhichthepermitwasbasedorviolationofbuildingpermitorincaseofnoncompliancethereof,andshallstatethereasonsforrevokingthepermit.

12.9QualificationsofArchitects/Engineers/StructuralEngineers/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner/Supervisors/TownPlanners/Services
Personnel
Architects,engineers,structuralengineers,landscapearchitect,urbandesigner,supervisorsandtownplannerswhereverreferredintheCode,shallberegisteredbythe
Authorityorthebodygoverningsuchprofessionconstitutedunderastatute,ascompetenttodotheworkforwhichtheyareemployed.Aguidefortheequivalenttechnical
qualificationsandprofessionalexperiencerequiredforsuchregistrationwiththeAuthorityisgiveninAnnexA.Incaseofbuildingandplumbingservices,qualificationsfor
engineersforutilityservicesshallbeasgiveninA2.8.
12.9.1Incasetheregisteredprofessionalassociatedwiththepreparationandsigningofplansorforsupervision,isbeingchangedduringanystageofbuilding/land
developmentprocess,theprofessionalshallintimatetheAuthorityinwritingaboutthefurthernonassociationwiththeproject.
12.10GrantofPermitorRefusal
TheAuthoritymayeithersanctionorrefusetheplansandspecificationsormaysanctionthemwithsuchmodificationsordirectionsasitmaydeemnecessaryand
thereuponshallcommunicateitsdecisiontothepersongivingthenotice(seeAnnexE).
12.10.1Thebuildingplansforbuildingsidentifiedin12.2.5.1shallalsobesubjecttothescrutinyoftheFireAuthorityandthesanctionthroughbuildingpermitshall
begivenbytheAuthorityaftertheclearancefromtheFireAuthority(seealso11.1.3).
12.10.2Ifwithin30daysofthereceiptofthenoticeunder12.1oftheCode,theAuthorityfailstointimateinwritingtotheperson,whohasgiventhenotice,ofits
refusalorsanction,thenoticewithitsplansandstatementsshallbedeemedtohavebeensanctionedprovidedthefactisimmediatelybroughttothenoticeofthe
AuthorityinwritingbythepersonwhohasgivennoticeandhavingnotreceivedanyintimationfromtheAuthoritywithinfifteendaysofgivingsuchwrittennotice.
Subjecttotheconditionsmentionedinthisclause,nothingshallbeconstruedtoauthorizeanypersontodoanythingincontraventionoforagainstthetermsofleaseor
titlesofthelandoragainstanyotherregulations,byelawsorordinanceoperatingonthesiteofthework.
12.10.3Inthecaseofrefusal,theAuthorityshallquotethereasonandrelevantsectionsoftheCodewhichtheplanscontravene.TheAuthorityshallasfaraspossible
advisealltheobjectionstotheplansandspecificationsinthefirstinstanceitselfandensurethatnonewobjectionsareraisedwhentheyareresubmittedaftercompliance
ofearlierobjections.
12.10.4Oncetheplanhasbeenscrutinizedandobjectionshavebeenpointedout,theownergivingnoticeshallmodifytheplantocomplywiththeobjectionsraised
andresubmitit.TheAuthorityshallscrutinizetheresubmittedplanandiftherebefurtherobjections,theplanshallberejected.
13RESPONSIBILITIESANDDUTIESOFTHEOWNER
13.1Neitherthegrantingofthepermitnortheapprovalofthedrawingsandspecifications,norinspectionsmadebytheAuthorityduringerectionofthebuildingshall
inanywayrelievetheownerofsuchbuildingfromfullresponsibilityforcarryingouttheworkinaccordancewiththerequirementsoftheCode(see9).
13.2Everyownershall:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

permittheAuthoritytoenterthebuildingorpremisesforwhichthepermithasbeengrantedatanyreasonabletimeforthepurposeofenforcingtheCode
submitadocumentofownershipofthesite
obtain,whereapplicable,fromtheAuthority,permitsrelatingtobuilding,zoning,grades,sewers,watermains,plumbing,signs,blasting,streetoccupancy,
electricity,highways,andallotherpermitsrequiredinconnectionwiththeproposedwork
givenoticetotheAuthorityoftheintentiontostartworkonthebuildingsite(seeAnnexF)
givewrittennoticetotheAuthorityintimatingcompletionofworkuptoplinthlevel
submitthecertificateforexecutionofworkasperstructuralsafetyrequirements(seeAnnexG)andgivewrittennoticetotheAuthorityregardingcompletionof
workdescribedinthepermit(seeAnnexH)
givewrittennoticetotheAuthorityincaseofterminationofservicesofaprofessionalengagedbyhimand
obtainanoccupancypermit(seeAnnexJ)fromtheAuthoritypriortoany:
1.occupancyofthebuildingorpartthereofafterconstructionoralterationofthatbuildingorpart,or
2.changeintheclassofoccupancyofanybuildingorpartthereof.

13.2.1TemporaryOccupancy
Upontherequestoftheholderofthepermit,theAuthoritymayissueatemporarycertificateofoccupancyforabuildingorpartthereof,beforetheentireworkcovered
bypermitshallhavebeencompleted,providedsuchportionorportionsmaybeoccupiedsafelypriortofullcompletionofbuildingwithoutendangeringlifeorpublic
welfare.
13.3DocumentsatSite
13.3.1WheretestsofanymaterialsaremadetoensureconformitywiththerequirementsoftheCode,recordsofthetestdatashallbekeptavailableforinspection
duringtheconstructionofthebuildingandforsuchaperiodthereafterasrequiredbytheAuthority.
13.3.2Thepersontowhomapermitisissuedshallduringconstructionkeeppastedinaconspicuousplaceonthepropertyinrespectofwhichthepermitwasissued:
a)
b)

acopyofthebuildingpermitand
acopyoftheapproveddrawingsandspecificationsreferredin12.

14INSPECTION,OCCUPANCYPERMITANDPOSTOCCUPANCYINSPECTION
14.1GenerallyallconstructionorworkforwhichapermitisrequiredshallbesubjecttoinspectionbytheAuthorityandcertaintypesofconstructioninvolving
unusualhazardsorrequiringconstantinspectionshallhavecontinuousinspectionbyspecialinspectorsappointedbytheAuthority.
14.2Inspection,whererequired,shallbemadewithin7daysfollowingthereceiptofnotification,afterwhichperiodtheownerwillbefreetocontinuetheconstruction
accordingtothesanctionedplan.Atthefirstinspection,theAuthorityshalldeterminetothebestofitsabilitythatthebuildinghasbeenlocatedinaccordancewiththe
approvedsiteplans.Thefinalinspectionofthecompletionoftheworkshallbemadewithin21daysfollowingthereceiptofnotification[see13.2(f)]forthegrantof
occupancycertificate.
14.2.1Theowner/concernedregisteredarchitect/engineer/structuralengineer/townplannerwillserveanotice/completioncertificatetotheAuthoritythatthe
buildinghasbeencompletedinallrespectsaspertheapprovedplans.ThedeviationsshallalsobebroughttothenoticeoftheAuthority(withrelevantdocuments).The
teamofbuildingofficialsoritsdulyauthorizedrepresentativeshallthenvisitthesiteandoccupancycertificateshallbegiveninoneinstance.
14.2.2Theoccupancycertificateshouldclearlystatetheuse/typeofoccupancyofthebuilding.However,theapplicantcanapplyforchangeofuse/occupancy
permittedwithinthepurviewoftheMasterPlan/ZonalPlan/BuildingByelaws,wheresorequired.
14.3Wheninspectionofanyconstructionoperationrevealsthananylackofsafetyprecautionsexist,theAuthorityshallhaverighttodirecttheownertostopthework
immediatelyuntilthenecessaryremedialmeasurestoremovetheviolationofsafetyprecautionsaretaken.
14.4PeriodicOccupancyRenewalCertificate
14.4.1Forbuildingscoveredin12.2.5.1aftercompletionofthebuildingandobtainingtheoccupancycertificate,periodicinspectionsofbuildingsshallbemadebythe
FireAuthoritytoensurethefiresafetyofthebuildingandcompliancewiththeprovisionsoffireandlifesafetyrequirements(seePart4FireandLifeSafey).Periodic
occupancyrenewalcertificateshallbemadeavailablebytheAuthority/FireAuthoritywhichshallalsoincludesafekeepoffirefightinginstallationsandequipmentsfor
suchbuildings.
14.4.2Alloccupiedbuildingandbuildingscoveredunder12.2.5.1shallalsobesubjectedtoperiodicphysicalinspectionbyateamofmultidisciplinaryprofessionals
oflocalAuthority.TheworkbyteamofprofessionalsmaybeoutsourcedbytheAuthoritytocompetentprofessionalsasmaybedeemednecessary.Theteamshallensure
thecomplianceofbyelaws,naturallighting,ventilation,etc,besidesstructuralandelectricalsafety.Afterchecking,theteamshallberequiredtogivethecertificatefor
aboveaspects.Ifanyshortcoming/deficienciesorviolationsarenoticedduringinspection,theAuthorityshallensurethecomplianceofthesewithinaspecifiedtimeframe
ofsixmonths.Ifnotcompliedwith,thebuildingshallbedeclaredunsafe.Theperiodofinspectionshallusuallybe3to5yearsbutinanycasenotmorethan5years.

15UNSAFEBUILDING
15.1Allunsafebuildingsshallbeconsideredtoconstitutedangertopublicsafetyandshallberestoredbyrepairsordemolishedordealtwithasotherwisedirectedby
theAuthority(see15.2to15.5).
15.2ExaminationofUnsafeBuilding
TheAuthorityshallexamineorcausetobeexaminedeverybuildingreportedtobeunsafeordamaged,andshallmakeawrittenrecordofsuchexamination.
15.3NoticetoOwner,Occupier
WhenevertheAuthorityfindsanybuildingorportionthereoftobeunsafe,itshall,inaccordancewithestablishedprocedureforlegalnotice,givetotheownerand
occupierofsuchbuildingwrittennoticesstatingthedefectsthereof.Thisnoticeshallrequiretheownerortheoccupierwithinastatedtimeeithertocompletespecified
repairsorimprovementsortodemolishandremovethebuildingorportionthereof.
15.3.1TheAuthoritymaydirectinwritingthatthebuildingwhichinhisopinionisdangerous,orhasnoprovisionforexitifcaughtfire,shallbevacatedimmediately
orwithintheperiodspecifiedforthepurposeprovidedthattheAuthorityconcernedshallkeeparecordofthereasonsforsuchactionwithhim.
Ifanypersondoesnotcomplywiththeordersofvacatingabuilding,theAuthoritymaydirectthepolicetoremovethepersonfromthebuildingandthepoliceshall
complywiththeorders.
15.4DisregardofNotice
Incasetheowneroroccupierfails,neglects,orrefusestocomplywiththenoticetorepairortodemolishthesaidbuildingorportionthereof,theAuthorityshallcause
thedangertoberemovedwhetherbydemolitionorrepairofthebuildingorportionthereoforotherwise.
15.5CasesofEmergency
Incaseofemergency,which,intheopinionoftheAuthorityinvolvesimminentdangertohumanlifeorhealth,thedecisionoftheAuthorityshallbefinal.The
Authorityshallforthwithorwithsuchnoticeasmaybepossiblepromptlycausesuchbuildingorportionthereoftoberenderedsafebyretrofitting/strengtheningtothe
samedegreeofsafetyorremoved.Forthispurpose,theAuthoritymayatonceentersuchstructureorlandonwhichitstands,orabuttinglandorstructure,withsuch
assistanceandatsuchcostasmaybedeemednecessary.TheAuthoritymayalsogettheadjacentstructuresvacatedandprotectthepublicbyanappropriatefenceorsuch
othermeansasmaybenecessary.
15.6Costs
Costsincurredunder15.4and15.5shallbechargedtotheownerofthepremisesinvolved.Suchcostsshallbechargedonthepremisesinrespectofwhichorforthe
benefitofwhichthesamehavebeenincurredandshallberecoverableasprovidedunderthelaws(seeNote).
NOTEThecostsmaybeintheformofarrearsoftaxes.
16DEMOLITIONOFBUILDING
Beforeabuildingisdemolished,theownershallnotifyallutilitieshavingserviceconnectionswithinthebuilding,suchaswater,electric,gas,sewerandother
connections.Apermittodemolishabuildingshallnotbeissueduntilareleaseisobtainedfromtheutilitiesstatingthattheirrespectiveserviceconnectionsand
appurtenantequipment,suchas,metersandregulatorshavebeenremovedorsealedandpluggedinasafemanner.
17VALIDITY
17.1PartialInvalidity
IntheeventanypartorprovisionoftheCodeisheldtobeillegalorvoid,thisshallnothavetheeffectofmakingvoidorillegalanyoftheotherpartsorprovisions
thereof,whichmayorshallbedeterminedtobelegal,anditshallbepresumedthattheCodewouldhavebeenpassedwithoutsuchillegalorinvalidpartsorprovisions.
17.2SegregationofInvalidProvisions
AnyinvalidpartoftheCodeshallbesegregatedfromtheremainderoftheCodebythecourtholdingsuchpartinvalid,andtheremaindershallremaineffective.
17.3DecisionsInvolvingExistingBuildings
TheinvalidityofanyprovisioninanyclauseoftheCodeasappliedtoexistingbuildingsandstructuresshallnotbeheldtoeffectthevalidityofsuchsectioninits
applicationtobuildingshereaftererected.
18ARCHITECTURALCONTROL
18.1CompliancewiththeprovisionsoftheCodeisadequatefornormalbuildings.Butformajorpublicbuildingcomplexesorbuildingscomingupinanimportant
areanearhistoric/monumentalbuildingsandareasofheritage,theaestheticsofthewholeschememayalsohavetobeexamined,visavisexistingstructures.Inaddition,
anydevelopmentwhichmaymarthegeneralcharacteristicsandenvironmentofhistorical,architecturalorothermonumentsshouldalsobesubjecttotheprovisionsof
thisclause.Thisclauseisintendedtocoververyfewstructurestocomeupinthevicinityofotherdeclared/historicallyimportantstructures,andthescrutinyshallbe
limitedtotheexternalarchitecturalfeaturesonlysoastoensureanaestheticcontinuanceoftheexistingstructureswiththenew.Thescrutinyshallnotdealwiththe
routinebuildingplanscrutinyfromotherrequirementsofCodefromthepointofviewofstructuralsafetyandfunctionalrequirements.
18.2AnUrbanArtsCommissionshallbeestablishedatthecity/statelevelonissuesrelatedtourbanaesthetics,throughastatute.Thisstatutory
authority/commissionestablishedbyanActofStateLegislativeAssembly,shallaccordapprovaltoallmajorbuildings/importantdevelopmentprojectshavingbearingon
theurbanaesthetics,dependingupontheimportanceoftheareawithrespecttonaturalorbuiltheritageorprojectsonplotareasabove1hectareandlocatedinspecifically
identifiedareas.TheUrbanArtsCommissionshallactasguardianofurbanarchitecturemainlywithregardtobuildingformandenvelope,therelationshipbetweenthe
building,andtheambientenvironmentvisavisotherdependantsshouldbeseenindepth.
18.3TheCommissionmayworkinthefollowingmanner:
a)

b)

TheCommissionmayselectonlytheimportantbuildingsasin18.1andexaminethesame.Thepersonresponsiblefortheschemes,sayanarchitectoran
engineer,mayexamineeitheraloneorwiththeowner.Astudyoftheplans,elevations,models,etc,shouldbemade.Thearchitect/engineershouldexplainin
generaltermsthepurposeswhichthebuildingistoserveandthemainconditionswhichhaveinfluencedhiminpreparingthedesign.
TheCommissionafterfulldiscussion,maycommunicatetheirdecisioninwritingtothepartiesconcerned.TheCommissionmayrecommendachangeinthe
wholeschemeorsuggestmodificationsintheexistingscheme,ifsorequired.

18.4TheUrbanArtsCommissionshouldalsobechargedwithadvisingthecitygovernment,onschemeswhichwillbeautifythecityandaddtoitsculturalvitality.
ANNEXA
(ForewordandClauses2.17,6.5,6.6,9.1.3,12.2.8,12.3and12.9)
GUIDEFORTHEQUALIFICATIONSANDCOMPETENCEOFPROFESSIONALS
A1ESSENTIALREQUIREMENTS
A1.1Everybuilding/developmentworkforwhichpermissionissoughtundertheCodeshallbeplanned,designedandsupervisedbyregisteredprofessionals.The
registeredprofessionalsforcarryingoutthevariousactivitiesshallbe:(a)architect,(b)engineer,(c)structuralengineer,(d)supervisor,(e)townplanner,(f)landscape
architect,(g)urbandesigner,and(h)utilityserviceengineer.RequirementsofregistrationforvariousprofessionalsbytheAuthorityorbythebodygoverningsuch
professionandconstitutedunderastatute,asapplicabletopracticewithinthelocalbodysjurisdiction,aregiveninA2.1toA2.5.Thecompetenceofsuchregistered
personneltocarryoutvariousactivitiesisalsoindicatedinA2.1.1toA2.5.1.

A2REQUIREMENTSFORREGISTRATION
ANDCOMPETENCEOFPROFESSIONALS
A2.1Architect
TheminimumqualificationsforanarchitectshallbethequalificationsasprovidedforintheArchitectsAct,1972forregistrationwiththeCouncilofArchitecture.
A2.1.1Competence
Theregisteredarchitectshallbecompetenttocarryouttheworkrelatedtothebuilding/developmentpermitasgivenbelow:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Allplansandinformationconnectedwithbuildingpermitexceptengineeringservicesofmultistoreyed/specialbuildingsgivenin12.2.5.1.
Issuingcertificateofsupervisionandcompletionofallbuildingspertainingtoarchitecturalaspects.
Preparationofsubdivision/layoutplansandrelatedinformationconnectedwithdevelopmentpermitofareaupto1hectareformetrocitiesand2hectarefor
otherplaces.
Issuingcertificateofsupervisionfordevelopmentoflandofareaupto1hectareformetrocitiesand2hectareforotherplaces.

A2.2Engineer
Theminimumqualificationsforanengineershallbegraduateincivilengineering/architecturalengineeringofrecognizedIndianorforeignuniversity,ortheMemberof
CivilEngineeringDivision/ArchitecturalEngineeringDivisionoftheInstitutionofEngineers(India)orthestatutorybodygoverningsuchprofession,asandwhen
established.
A2.2.1Competence
Theregisteredengineershallbecompetenttocarryouttheworkrelatedtothebuilding/developmentpermitasgivenbelow:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Allplansandinformationconnectedwithbuildingpermit
Structuraldetailsandcalculationsofbuildingsonplotupto500m2andupto5storeysor16minheight
Issuingcertificateofsupervisionandcompletionforallbuildings
Preparationofallserviceplansandrelatedinformationconnectedwithdevelopmentpermitand
Issuingcertificateofsupervisionfordevelopmentoflandforallarea.

A2.3StructuralEngineer
TheminimumqualificationsforastructuralengineershallbegraduateincivilengineeringofrecognizedIndianorforeignuniversity,orCorporateMemberofCivil
EngineeringDivisionofInstitutionofEngineers(India),andwithminimum3yearsexperienceinstructuralengineeringpracticewithdesigningandfieldwork.
NOTEThe3yearsexperienceshallberelaxedto2yearsinthecaseofpostgraduatedegreeofrecognizedIndianorforeignuniversityinthebranchofstructural
engineering.Incaseofdoctorateinstructuralengineering,theexperiencerequiredwouldbeoneyear.
A2.3.1Competence
Theregisteredstructuralengineershallbecompetenttopreparethestructuraldesign,calculationsanddetailsforallbuildingsandsupervision.
A2.3.1.1Incaseofbuildingshavingspecialstructuralfeatures,asdecidedbytheAuthority,whicharewithinthehorizontalareasandverticallimitsspecifiedinA
2.2.1(b)andA2.4.1(a)shallbedesignedonlybystructuralengineers.
A2.4Supervisor
Theminimumqualificationsforasupervisorshallbediplomaincivilengineeringorarchitecturalassistantship,orthequalificationinarchitectureorengineering
equivalenttotheminimumqualificationprescribedforrecruitmenttonongazettedservicebytheGovernmentofIndiaplus5yearsexperienceinbuildingdesign,
constructionandsupervision.
A2.4.1Competence
Theregisteredsupervisorshallbecompetenttocarryouttheworkrelatedtothebuildingpermitasgivenbelow:
a)
b)

Allplansandrelatedinformationconnectedwithbuildingpermitforresidentialbuildingsonplotupto100m2anduptotwostoreysor7.5minheightand
Issuingcertificateofsupervisionforbuildingsasper(a).

A2.5TownPlanner
TheminimumqualificationforatownplannershallbetheAssociateMembershipoftheInstituteofTownPlannersorgraduateorpostgraduatedegreeintownand
countryplanning.
A2.5.1Competence
Theregisteredtownplannershallbecompetenttocarryouttheworkrelatedtothedevelopmentpermitasgivenbelow:
a)
b)

Preparationofplansforlandsubdivision/layoutandrelatedinformationconnectedwithdevelopmentpermitforallareas.
Issuingofcertificateofsupervisionfordevelopmentoflandofallareas.
NOTEHowever,forlandlayoutsfordevelopmentpermitabove5hectareinarea,landscapearchitectshallalsobeassociated,andforlanddevelopment
infrastructuralservicesforroads,watersupplies,sewerage/drainage,electrification,etc,theregisteredengineersforutilityservicesshallbeassociated.

A2.6LandscapeArchitect
TheminimumqualificationforalandscapearchitectshallbethebachelorormastersdegreeinlandscapearchitectureorequivalentfromrecognizedIndianorforeign
university.
A2.6.1Competence
Theregisteredlandscapearchitectshallbecompetenttocarryouttheworkrelatedtolandscapedesignforbuilding/developmentpermitforlandareas5hectaresand
above.Incaseofmetrocities,thislimitoflandareashallbe2hectaresandabove.
NOTEForsmallerareasbelowthelimitsindicatedabove,associationoflandscapearchitectmayalsobeconsideredfromthepointofviewofdesiredlandscape
development.
A2.7UrbanDesigner
TheminimumqualificationforanurbandesignershallbethemastersdegreeinurbandesignorequivalentfromrecognizedIndianorforeignuniversity.
A2.7.1Competence
Theregisteredurbandesignershallbecompetenttocarryouttheworkrelatedtothebuildingpermitforurbandesignforlandareasmorethan5hectaresandcampus
areamorethan2hectares.He/Sheshallalsobecompetenttocarryouttheworkofurbanrenewalforallareas.
NOTEForsmallerareasbelowthelimitsindicatedabove,associationofurbandesignermaybeconsideredfromthepointofviewofdesiredurbandesign.
A2.8EngineersforUtilityServices
Forbuildingsidentifiedin12.2.5.1,theworkofbuildingandplumbingservicesshallbeexecutedundertheplanning,designandsupervisionofcompetentpersonnel.
Thequalificationforregisteredmechanicalengineer(includingHVAC),electricalengineerandplumbingengineersforcarryingouttheworkofAirconditioning,Heating
andMechanicalVentilation,ElectricalInstallations,LiftsandEscalatorsandWaterSupply,Drainage,SanitationandGasSupplyinstallationsrespectivelyshallbeas
giveninPart8BuildingServicesandPart9PlumbingServicesorasdecidedbytheAuthoritytakingintoaccountpracticesoftheNationalprofessionalbodiesdealing
withthespecialistengineeringservices.

A3BUILDER/CONSTRUCTORENTITY
Theminimumqualificationandcompetenceforthebuilder/constructorentityforvariouscategoriesofbuildingandinfrastructuraldevelopmentshallbeasdecidedby
theAuthoritytoensurecomplianceofquality,safetyandconstructionpracticesasrequiredundertheCode.

ANNEXB
(Clause12.1)
FORMFORFIRSTAPPLICATIONTODEVELOP,ERECT,REERECTORTOMAKEALTERATIONINANYPLACEINABUILDING
To
_______________
_______________
_______________
Sir,
IherebygivenoticethatIintendtodevelop,erect,reerectortomakealterationinthebuildingNo______________orto______________on/inPlot
No______________inColony/Street______________MOHALLA/BAZAR/Road______________City______________andinaccordancewiththe
buildingcodeof_____________PartII,Clauses_____________andIforwardherewiththefollowingplansandspecificationsintriplicatedulysignedbymeand
______________theArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1),RegistrationNo.______________
whowillsuperviseitserection.
(Nameinblockletters)
1.Keyplan
2.Siteplans
3.Subdivision/layoutplan
4.Buildingplans
5.Servicesplans
6.Specifications,generalanddetailed2)
7.Titleofownershipofland/building
8.Certificatesforstructuralsufficiencyandsupervision
Irequestthatthedevelopment/constructionmaybeapprovedandpermissionaccordedtometoexecutethework.
SignatureofOwner________________
NameoftheOwner________________
(inblockletters)
AddressofOwner________________
________________
________________
________________
Date:
_____________
______________
1)Strikeoutwhicheverisnotapplicable.
2)AformatmaybepreparedbytheAuthorityfordirectuse.

ANNEXC
(Clause12.2.8)
FORMFORCERTIFICATEFORSTRUCTURALDESIGNSUFFICIENCY
Withrespecttothebuildingworkoferection,reerectionorformakingalterationinthebuildingNo____________orto____________on/inPlot
No____________Colony/Street____________MOHALLA/BAZAR/Road____________City____________wecertifythatthestructuralplansanddetailsof
thebuildingsubmittedforapprovalsatisfythestructuralsafetyrequirementsforallsituationsincludingnaturaldisasters,asapplicable,asstipulatedunderPart6
StructuralDesignoftheNationalBuildingCodeofIndiaandotherrelevantCodesandtheinformationgiventhereinisfactuallycorrecttothebestofourknowledgeand
understanding.

Signatureofowners

Signatureofthe

withdates

RegisteredEngineer/
StructuralEngineerwith
dateandregistrationNo.

Name:__________________

_______________________

Address:_________________

_______________________

ANNEXD
(Clause12.2.9)
FORMFORSUPERVISION
Iherebycertifythatthedevelopment,erection,reerectionormaterialalterationin/ofbuildingNo____________orthe________________________on/inPlot
No_________________________inColony/Street____________MOHALLA/BAZAR/Road______________City____________shallbecarriedout
undermysupervisionandIcertifythatallthematerials(typeandgrade)andtheworkmanshipoftheworkshallbegenerallyinaccordancewiththegeneralanddetailed
specificationssubmittedalongwith,andthattheworkshallbecarriedoutaccordingtothesanctionedplans.
SignatureofArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1)____________________
NameofArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1)____________________(inblockletters)
RegistrationNo.ofArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1)____________________
AddressofArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1)____________________
_____________________
_____________________
_____________________
_____________________
Date:_______________
_______________
1)Strikeoutwhicheverisnotapplicable.

ANNEXE
(Clause12.10)
FORMFORSANCTIONORREFUSALOFDEVELOPMENT/BUILDINGPERMIT
To
_______________
_______________
_______________
Sir,
Withreferencetoyourapplication____________dated____________forgrantofpermitforthedevelopment,erection,reerectionormaterialalterationinthe
buildingNo____________orto____________on/inPlotNo____________in
Colony/Street____________MOHALLA/BAZAR/Road____________City____________
Ihavetoinformyouthatthesanctionhasbeengranted/refusedbytheAuthorityonthefollowinggrounds:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

OfficeStamp________________________

SignatureoftheAuthority_________________

Office(Communication)No.____________

Name,DesignationandAddress
oftheAuthority_________________________

Date:__________________

___________________
___________________

ANNEXF
[Clause13.2(d)]
FORMFORNOTICEFORCOMMENCEMENT
Iherebycertifythatthedevelopment,erection,reerectionormaterialalterationin/ofbuildingNo_____________orthe_____________on/inPlot
No____________inColony/Street____________MOHALLA/BAZAR/Road__________City____________willbecommencedonasperyourpermission,vide
No___________dated____________underthesupervisionof____________RegisteredArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/Town

Planner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1),RegistrationNo____________andinaccordancewiththeplanssanctioned,vide
No__________dated____________
SignatureofOwner___________________
NameofOwner_____________________
(inblockletters)
AddressofOwner____________________
____________________
____________________
Date:____________
____________
1)Strikeoutwhicheverisnotapplicable.

ANNEXG
[Clause13.2(f)]
FORMFORCERTIFICATEFOREXECUTIONOFWORKASPERSTRUCTURALSAFETYREQUIREMENTS
Withrespecttothebuildingworkoferection,reerectionorformakingalterationinthebuildingNo___________orto__________on/inPlotNo__________
Colony/Street__________MOHALLA/BAZAR/Road__________City__________wecertify:
a)
b)

thatthebuildinghasbeenconstructedaccordingtothesanctionedplanandstructuraldesign(onesetofdrawingsasexecutedenclosed),whichincorporates
theprovisionsofstructuralsafetyasspecifiedinPart6StructuralDesignoftheNationalBuildingCodeofIndiaandotherrelevantCodesand
thattheconstructionhasbeendoneunderoursupervisionandguidanceandadherestothedrawingsandspecificationssubmittedandrecordsofsupervision
havebeenmaintained.

Anysubsequentchangesfromthecompletiondrawingsshallbetheresponsibilityoftheowner.
Signatureofowners

Signatureofthe

withdates

RegisteredEngineer/
StructuralEngineerwith
dateandregistrationNo.

Name:__________________

_______________________

Address:_________________

_______________________

ANNEXH
[Clause13.2(f)]
FORMFORCOMPLETIONCERTIFICATE
Iherebycertifythatthedevelopment,erection,reerectionormaterialalterationin/ofbuildingNo__________orthe__________on/inPlotNo__________in
Colony/Street__________MOHALLA/BAZAR/Road__________City__________hasbeensupervisedbymeandhasbeencompletedon__________according
totheplanssanctioned,videNo__________dated__________Theworkhasbeencompletedtomybestsatisfaction,theworkmanshipandallthematerials(type
andgrade)havebeenusedstrictlyinaccordancewithgeneralanddetailedspecifications.NoprovisionsoftheCode,norequisitionsmade,conditionsprescribedororders
issuedthereunderhavebeentransgressedinthecourseofthework.Thelandisfitforconstructionforwhichithasbeendevelopedorredevelopedorthebuildingisfitfor
useforwhichithasbeenerected,reerectedoraltered,constructedandenlarged.
Iherebyalsoenclosetheplanofthebuildingcompletedinallaspects.
SignatureofArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1)____________________
NameofArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1)____________________
(inblockletters)
RegistrationNo.ofArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1)____________________
AddressofArchitect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor/TownPlanner/LandscapeArchitect/UrbanDesigner1)____________________
Date:____________

SignatureoftheOwner

__________
1)Strikeoutwhicheverisnotapplicable.

ANNEXJ
[Clause13.2(h)]
FORMFOROCCUPANCYPERMIT
Theworkoferection,reerectionoralterationin/ofbuildingNo__________orthe__________on/inPlotNo__________in
Colony/Street__________MOHALLA/BAZAR/Road__________City__________completedunderthesupervisionof__________
Architect/Engineer/StructuralEngineer/Supervisor,RegistrationNo__________hasbeeninspectedbyme.Thebuildingcanbepermitted/notpermittedforoccupation
for__________occupancysubjectedtothefollowing:
1.
2.
3.
Onesetofcompletionplansdulycertifiedisreturnedherewith.
OfficeStamp
Date:____________

SignatureoftheAuthority____________

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART3DEVELOPMENTCONTROLRULESANDGENERALBUILDINGREQUIREMENTS
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS

CONTENTS
FOREWORD

SCOPE

TERMINOLOGY

LANDUSECLASSIFICATIONANDUSESPERMITTED

12

MEANSOFACCESS

13

COMMUNITYOPENSPACESANDAMENITIES

15

REQUIREMENTSOFPLOTS

21

CLASSIFICATIONOFBUILDINGS

22

OPENSPACES(WITHINAPLOT)

23

AREAANDHEIGHTLIMITATIONS

26

10

OFFSTREETPARKINGSPACES

28

11

GREENBELTS,LANDSCAPINGANDWATERCONSERVATION

29

12

REQUIREMENTSOFPARTSORBUILDINGS

29

13

FIREANDLIFESAFETY

34

14

DESIGNANDCONSTRUCTION

34

15

LIGHTINGANDVENTILATION

34

16

ELECTRICALANDALLIEDINSTALLATIONS(INCLUDINGLIGHTNINGPROTECTIONOFBUILDINGS)

35

17

AIRCONDITIONING,HEATINGANDMECHANICALVENTILATION

35

18

ACOUSTICS,SOUNDINSULATIONANDNOISECONTROL

35

19

HEATINSULATION

35

20

INSTALLATIONOFLIFTSANDESCALATORS

35

21

PLUMBINGSERVICESANDSOLIDWASTEMANAGEMENT

35

ANNEXA

CIVILAVIATIONREQUIREMENTSFORCONSTRUCTIONINTHEVICINITYOFANAERODROME.

36

ANNEXB

OFFSTREETPARKINGSPACES

41

ANNEXC

SPECIALREQUIREMENTSFORLOWINCOMEHOUSINGINURBANAREAS

42

ANNEXD

SPECIALREQUIREMENTSFORPLANNINGOFPUBLICBUILDINGSMEANTFORUSEOFPHYSICALLYCHALLENGED

45

ANNEXE

SPECIALREQUIREMENTSOFCLUSTERPLANNINGFORHOUSING

56

ANNEXF

SPECIALREQUIREMENTSFORLOWINCOMEHABITATPLANNINGINRURALAREAS

57

ANNEXG

SPECIALREQUIREMENTSFORDEVELOPMENTPLANNINGINHILLYAREAS

60

LISTOFSTANDARDS

63

FOREWORD
ThisPartcoversdevelopmentcontrolrules,includingsuchaspectsassubdivisionandlayoutrules,landuseclassifications,openspaces,areaandheightlimitations,
meansofaccess,andparkingspacesthispartalsocoversthegeneralbuildingrequirements,suchastherequirementsofpartsofbuildings,provisionoflifts,etc.
Itisexpectedthatforpropercoordinationandenforcementofthedevelopmentcontrolrulesandgeneralbuildingrequirements,thedepartmentsconcerned,namely,
thetownplanningdepartmentandthebuildingdepartment,willcoordinatethetotaldevelopmentandbuildingactivityatbothorganizationalandtechnicallevels.
ParticularattentionisinvitedtoTable3onfloorarearatio(FAR)limitations.Itisemphasizedthatthefloorareaofasinglestoreybuildingislimitedinabsoluteterms
bythetypeofconstructionandoccupancyclass.Also,theabsolutefloorareasfordifferenttypesofconstructionanddifferentoccupancieshaveadefiniteratioamong
them.TheratiosasrecommendedintheAmericanIronandSteelInstitutepublication1961FireProtectionThroughModernBuildingCodeshavebeengenerallyadopted
inthisPartandTable3hasbeendevelopedonthisbasis.Table3isrepeatedinPart4FireandLifeSafetyalsoforconvenienceofreading.
Limitationofareasandheightsofbuildingsisachievedinthiscountrybyspecifyingitintermsoffloorarearatio(FAR)orfloorspaceindex(FSI).Thesignificanceof
thecontributionofdifferenttypesofconstructiongivingdifferentfireresistanceshasnotbeentakencognizanceofinspecifyingFARfordifferentoccupancies,inthe
presentdevelopmentcontrolrulesandmunicipalbyelawsofthecountry.Table3,therefore,givesthecomparativeratiosofFARbetweentypesofbuildingsandoccupancy
classesandthesehavebeenspecifiedmainlyfromthefireprotectionaspectofbuildings.ToarriveattheactualFARfordifferentbuildingscomingupindifferentareas,the
Authorityshouldfurthermodifythem,bytakingintoconsiderationotheraspectlikedensityofanyarea,parkingfacilitiesrequired,thetrafficload(roadwidth)andthe
servicesavailable.Theheightsofbuildingsshallalsoberegulated,keepinginviewthelocalfirefightingfacilities.
Insomestatebyelaws,theFAR(orFSI)hasbeenexpressedintheformofpercentage.However,theCommitteeresponsibleforpreparationofthisCodeisoftheopinion
that,itbeingaratioshouldbeexpressedonlyintheformofaratio,asdoneinthisPart.
ItisparticularlytobeborneinmindbytheAuthoritythattheratiosaredefinitiveanditcanassesstheparticularFARforatypeofconstructionandforanoccupancy
andestablishanewtable,butretainingthecomparativeratiosasgiveninTable3.
Keepinginviewtheenormousproblemsfacedbythecountrywithregardtotheeverincreasingsquattersettlements/pavementdwellersinurbanareas(citiesofall
sizes),itisimperativethatalltheurbanlocalbodiessoonerorlaterevolveschemesfortheirrehabilitation.Theresourcesaremeagreandtheproblemsareenormous.There
hasbeenatendeneyonthepartofanumberofdevelopmentagencies/localbodiestolinkspacenormswithaffordability.Affordabilityisanimportantcriterionbutatthe
sametimeapublicagencycannotignorethebasicminimumneedsofthefamilytobehoused(includingthemental,physicalandsocialhealthofthemarginalizedgroups,
whichislinkedwithshelter).Thelocalbodiesshallhavetoevolveappropriatepoliciesfortheirintegrationwiththebroadurbansocietyandgenerate/allocateresources
andmoreimportantlyadoptaplanningprocess,whicharepeoplefriendly.TheGovernmentofIndiahasalsoformulatedtheNationalSlumPolicytothiseffect,Therefore,
keepinginviewtheneedsoflowincomehousing,tocatertoEconomicallyWeakerSectionsofSociety(EWS)andLowIncomeGroup(LIG),therequirementsonplanning,
designoflayout/shelterhavebeenrationalizedandthesameareprovidedinthisPart.Thiswillcontributesignificantlyinthemassivehousingprogrammesundertaken
forthelowincomesector.ThisinformationisbasedontheprovisionsofIS8888(Part1):1993Guideforrequirementsoflowincomehousing:Part1Urbanareas(first
revision).
Further,citydevelopmentprocesswouldneedadynamicapproachtotakecareofurbanrenewalandalsodevelopmentneedsindensecoreareasofthecities.
Innovativeapproachesinplanninganddesignwithparticipatingmodelsofpublicprivatepeoplespartnershipbecomenecessarytosolvetheemergingdevelopment
needs.Withthisinview,manycitydevelopmentagencieshaveevolvedinnovativeplanninganddevelopmenttoolsliketransferabledevelopmentrights(TDR)wherethe
developerwouldreceiveaportionofthedevelopmentrightsinanewlocation,keepinginviewtheconstraintsintheexistinglandareaandthedevelopmentpotential.
Suchdevelopmentrightscanbetransferredintooutskirtsornewdevelopedareaswherelandavailabilityisassured.Thiswouldencouragetheprofessionalsanddevelopers
toparticipateinurbanrenewalandatthesametimeensurethatthedevelopmentsinboththeinnercoreareasandnewareastakeplaceinanorderlyandefficientmanner.
TheTDRconceptshouldbeincreasinglyencouragedbytheauthoritydealingwithurbanrenewal,redevelopmentprojectsincludinghousingandredevelopmentprojects
forslumincludingdwellers.
UrbanizationinIndiaistakingplaceatarapidpace.With5millionpopulationincitiesatthetimeofindependence,ithasalreadycrossed28million(2001census).It
islikelytobe50millionby2021.Thenumberofcitiesandtownshavebeenexpandingandthereare5161citiesandtownsofvarioussizes.IntheIndianpracticecitiesover
50lakhspopulationhavebeenidentifiedasmegacities(6innumber)andcitiesover10lakhs(29innumber)populationasmetrocities.These35citiesabove10lakhs
populationislikelytobeabove70by2021.Theothercitiesareeithersmallormediumtownsorcitieswithdifferentpopulationlimits.Urbanizationineachofabovecities
andtowns(megacities,metrocities,smallandmediumtownsandcities)willbedifferentinnatureandthedevelopmentchallengesarealsodifferentkeepinginviewthe
extentofurbanization,industrialization,commercializationandthenatureoftransportationneeds.Therefore,theCodeprovisionsshouldbeappropriatelyutilized
dependingupontheneedofhierarchyofcitiesforwhichtheadministrativeandtechnicalrequirementshavebeencoveredintheCodeforvariousfacetsoftheactivity.
ThefirstversionofthisPartwaspreparedin1970.AsaresultofincorporationofthisPartinthereviseddevelopmentcontrolrulesandbuildingbyelawsofsome
municipalcorporationsandmunicipalities,someusefulsuggestionshademerged.Firstrevisionofthispartwasbroughtoutin1983,wherethesesuggestionswere
incorporatedtotheextentpossible.Themajormodificationsincorporatedinthefirstrevisionincluded:
a)Additionofdevelopmentcontrolrulesgivingguidanceonmeansofaccess,communityspacesandotheraspectsrequiredforplanninglayouts.
b)Additionofprovisionsregardingplotsizesandfrontagefordifferenttypesofbuildings,suchasdetached,semidetached,rowtypeandspecialhousingschemes.
c)Requirementsofopenspacesforotheroccupancies,suchaseducational,institutional,assembly,industrialbuildings,etc,wereincluded.
d)Provisionsrelatingtointerioropenspacewereelaborated,includingrequirementsforventilationshaft.
e)Requirementsofopenspacesforgrouphousingdevelopmentwerecovered.
f)Requirementsofoffstreetparkingspaceswerecovered.
g)Requirementsforgreenbeltsandlandscapingincludingnormsforplantationsofshrubsandtreeswerecovered.
h)Requirementsofcertainpartsofbuildings,suchasloft,storeroom,garage,basement,chimney,parapet,cabin,boundarywall,wells,septictanks,officecumletter
boxroom,meterroomwereincluded.
j)Specialrequirementsoflowincomehousingwerecovered.
ThetermDevelopmentControlRulesusedinthisPartencompassestherelatedaspectscomprehensivelywithaviewtopromotingorderlydevelopmentofanarea.
ThissecondrevisionisbeingbroughtouttoincorporatethemodificationsfoundnecessaryinlightoftheexperiencegainedwiththeuseofthisPart.Significant
modificationsincorporatedinthisrevisioninclude:
a)TerminologygiveninthisParthasbeenmadeexhaustivebyincorporatingdefinitionsofadditionaltermsused,suchas,access,chimney,toerect,etc,andnumber
oftermspertainingtoclusterplanningforhousing.
b)Detailedplanningnorms/openspacesforvariousamenitiessuchaseducationalfacilities,healthcarefacilities,socioculturalfacilities,distributionservices,police,
civildefenceandhomeguards,andfireserviceshavebeenincluded.
c)Offstreetparkingrequirementshavenowbeenalsoincludedforcitieswithpopulation(i)between1000000and5000000,and(ii)above5000000(seeAnnexB).
d)Specialrequirementsforlowincomehousinggivenintheearlierversionhavebeenmodifiedandupdated(seeAnnexC)basedonIS8888(Part1):1993Guidefor
requirementsoflowincomehousing:
Part1Urbanarea(firstrevision).Intheserevisedprovisions,singleroomdwellinghasbeendiscouraged,guidelinesforwaterseallatrinehavealsobeenincorporated,
andclusterplanningapproachhasbeenrecommended.
e)Requirementsforclusterplanningforhousinghavebeenadded(seeAnnexE),whicharebasedontheguidelinesgiveninIS13727:1993Guideforrequirementsof
clusterplanningforhousing.
f)Specialrequirementsforlowincomehousingforruralhabitatplanninghasbeenadded(seeAnnexF).
g)Specialrequirementsfordevelopmentplanninginhillyareashasbeenadded(seeAnnexG).
h)Therequirementsforbuildingsandfacilitiesforthephysicallychallengedhavebeenrevised,withlistingofadditionalcategoriesofphysicallychallenged
modificationsinrequirementsoframps,stairs,doors,handrailsandcontrolsandincorporationofadditionalrequirementsregardingwindows.
j)Also,theopportunityhasbeenutilizedtoupdatethereferencetoIndianStandards.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART3DEVELOPMENTCONTROLRULESANDGENERALBUILDINGREQUIREMENTS

1SCOPE
ThisPartdealswiththedevelopmentcontrolrulesandgeneralbuildingrequirementstoensurehealthandsafetyofthepublic.

2TERMINOLOGY
2.0Forthepurposeofthispart,thefollowingdefinitionsshallapply:
2.1AccessAclearapproachtoaplotorabuilding.
2.2AccessoryUseAnyuseofthepremisessubordinatetotheprincipaluseandcustomarilyincidentaltotheprincipaluse.
2.3AlterationAchangefromoneoccupancytoanother,orastructuralchange,suchasanadditiontotheareaorheight,ortheremovalofpartofabuilding,orany
changetothestructure,suchastheconstructionof,cuttingintoorremovalofanywall,partition,column,beam,joist,floororothersupport,orachangetoorclosingof
anyrequiredmeansofingressoregressorachangetothefixturesorequipment.
2.4ApprovedApprovedbytheAuthorityhavingjurisdiction.
2.5AuthorityHavingJurisdictionTheAuthoritywhichhasbeencreatedbyastatuteandwhichforthepurposeofadministeringtheCode/Partmayauthorizea
committeeoranofficialtoactonitsbehalfhereinaftercalledtheAuthority.
2.6BacktoBackClusterClusterswhenjoinedbacktobackand/oronsides(seeFig.1).

F.1BBC
2.7BalconyAhorizontalprojection,withahandrailorbalustradeoraparapet,toserveaspassageorsittingoutplace.
2.8BasementorCellarThelowerstoreyofabuildingbeloworpartlybelowgroundlevel.
2.9BuildingAnystructureforwhatsoeverpurposeandofwhatsoevermaterialsconstructedandeverypartthereofwhetherusedashumanhabitationornotand
includesfoundation,plinth,walls,floors,roofs,chimneys,plumbingandbuildingservices,fixedplatforms,VERANDAH,balcony,corniceorprojection,partofabuilding
oranythingaffixedtheretooranywallenclosingorintendedtoencloseanylandorspaceandsignsandoutdoordisplaystructures.Tents,SHAMIANAHS,tarpaulin
shelters,etc,erectedfortemporaryandceremonialoccasionswiththepermissionoftheAuthorityshallnotbeconsideredasbuilding.
2.10Building,HeightofTheverticaldistancemeasuredinthecaseofflatroofs,fromtheaveragelevelofthegroundaroundandcontiguoustothebuildingoras
decidedbytheAuthoritytotheterraceoflastlivablefloorofthebuildingadjacenttotheexternalwallsandinthecaseofpitchedroofs,uptothepointwheretheexternal
surfaceoftheouterwallintersectsthefinishedsurfaceoftheslopingroofandinthecaseofgablesfacingtheroad,themidpointbetweentheeaveslevelandtheridge.
Architecturalfeaturesservingnootherfunctionexceptthatofdecorationshallbeexcludedforthepurposeofmeasuringheights.
2.11BuildingEnvelopeThehorizontalspatiallimitsuptowhichabuildingmaybepermittedtobeconstructedonaplot.
2.12BuildingLineThelineuptowhichtheplinthofabuildingadjoiningastreetoranextensionofastreetoronafuturestreetmaylawfullyextend.Itincludes
thelinesprescribed,ifany,inanyscheme.ThebuildinglinemaychangefromtimetotimeasdecidedbytheAuthority.
2.13CabinAnonresidentialenclosureconstructedofnonloadbearingpartition.
2.14CanopyAprojectionoveranyentrance.
2.15CarpetAreaThecoveredareaoftheusableroomsatanyfloorlevel(excludingtheareaofthewall).
2.16CHHAJJAAslopingorhorizontalstructuraloverhangusuallyprovidedoveropeningsonexternalwallstoprovideprotectionfromsunandrain.
2.17ChimneyAnuprightshaftcontainingoneormorefluesprovidedfortheconveyancetotheouterairofanyproductofcombustionresultingfromtheoperation
ofheatproducingapplianceorequipmentemployingsolid,liquidorgaseousfuel.
2.18ChowkorCourtyardAspacepermanentlyopentothesky,enclosedfullyorpartiallybybuildingandmaybeatgroundleveloranyotherlevelwithinor
adjacenttoabuilding.
2.19Chowk,InnerAchowkenclosedonallsides.
2.20Chowk,OuterAchowkoneofwhosesidesisnotenclosed.
2.21ClosedClustersClusterswithonlyonecommonentryintoclusteropenspace(seeFig.2).
2.22ClusterPlotsordwellingunitsorhousinggroupedaroundanopenspace(seeFig.3).
Ideallyhousingclustershouldnotbeverylarge.Ingroundandonestoreyedstructuresnotmorethan20housesshouldbegroupedinacluster.Clusterswithmore
dwellingunitswillcreateproblemsinidentity,encroachmentsandofmaintenance.
2.23ClusterCourtTownHouseAdwellinginaclusterplothaving100percentornearly100percentgroundcoveragewithverticalexpansion,generallylimited
tooneflooronlyandmeantforselfuse.
2.24ClusterPlotPlotinacluster.
2.25CookingAlcoveAcookingspacehavingdirectaccessfromthemainroomwithoutanyintercommunicatingdoor.
2.26CoveredAreaGroundareacoveredbythebuildingimmediatelyabovetheplinthlevel.Theareacoveredbythefollowingintheopenspacesisexcludedfrom
coveredarea(seeTable3):
a)
b)
c)
d)

Garden,rockery,wellandwellstructures,plantnursery,waterpool,swimmingpool(ifuncovered),platformroundatree,tank,fountain,bench,CHABUTRA
withopentopandunenclosedonsidesbywallsandthelike
Drainageculvert,conduit,catchpit,gullypit,chamber,gutterandthelike
Compoundwall,gate,unstoreyedporchandportico,canopy,slide,swing,uncoveredstaircase,rampsareascoveredbyCHHAJJAandthelikeand
Watchmensbooth,pumphouse,garbageshaft,electriccabinorsubstations,andsuchotherutilitystructuresmeantfortheservicesofthebuildingunder
consideration.
NOTEForthepurposeofthisPart,coveredareaequalstheplotareaminustheareadueforopenspaces.

F.2CC

F.3C
2.27CuldeSaeCluster
Plots/dwellingunitswhenlocatedalongapedestrianisedorvehicularculdesacroad(seeFig.4).

F.4CSC
2.28DensityTheresidentialdensityexpressedintermsofthenumberofdwellingunitsperhectare.
NOTEWheresuchdensitiesareexpressedexclusiveofcommunityfacilitiesandprovisionofopenspacesandmajorroads(excludingincidentalopenspaces),these
willbenetresidentialdensities.Wherethesedensitiesareexpressedtakingintoconsiderationtherequiredopenspaceprovisionandcommunityfacilitiesandmajorroads,
thesewouldbegrossresidentialdensitiesatneighbourhoodlevel,sectorlevelortownlevel,asthecasemaybe.Theprovisionofopenspacesandcommunityfacilitieswill
dependonthesizeoftheresidentialcommunity.
Incidentalopenspacesaremainlyopenspacesrequiredtobeleftaroundandinbetweentwobuildingstoprovidelightingandventilation.
2.29DetachedBuildingAbuildingdetachedonallsides.
2.30DevelopmentDevelopmentwithgrammaticalvariationsmeansthecarryingoutofbuilding,engineering,miningorotheroperations,in,orover,orunder
landorwater,onthemakingofanymaterialchange,inanybuildingorland,orintheuseofanybuilding,land,andincludesredevelopmentandlayoutandsubdivision
ofanylandandtodevelopshallbeconstruedaccordingly.
2.31DrainAconduit,channelorpipeforthecarriageofstormwater,sewage,wastewaterorotherwaterbornewastesinabuildingdrainagesystem.
2.32DrainageTheremovalofanyliquidbyasystemconstructedforthepurpose.
2.33DwellingUnit/TenementAnindependenthousingunitwithseparatefacilitiesforliving,cookingandsanitaryrequirements.
2.34EscalatorApowerdriven,inclined,continuousstairwayusedforraisingorloweringpassengers.
2.35ExitApassage,channelormeansofegressfromanybuilding,storeyorfloorareatoastreetorotheropenspaceofsafety.
2.36ExternalFacesofClusterBuildingedgesfacingtheclusteropenspaces.
2.37FireSeparationThedistanceinmetresmeasuredfromtheexternalwallofthebuildingconcernedtotheexternalwallofanyotherbuildingonthesite,or
fromothersite,orfromtheoppositesideofastreetorotherpublicspaceforthepurposeofpreventingthespreadoffire.
2.38FloorThelowersurfaceinastoreyonwhichonenormallywalksinabuilding.Thegeneraltermfloorunlessspecificallymentionedotherwiseshallnotreferto
amezzaninefloor.
2.39FloorAreaRatio(FAR)Thequotientobtainedbydividingthetotalcoveredarea(plintharea)onallfloorsbytheareaoftheplot:

2.40GalleryAnintermediatefloororplatformprojectingfromawallofanauditoriumorahallprovidingextrafloorarea,additionalseatingaccommodation,etc.
Itshallalsoincludethestructuresprovidedforseatinginstadia.
2.41Garage,PrivateAbuildingoraportionthereofdesignedandusedforparkingofprivateownedmotordrivenorothervehicles.
2.42Garage,PublicAbuildingorportionthereof,otherthanaprivategarage,designedorusedforrepairing,servicing,hiring,sellingorstoringorparkingmotor
drivenorothervehicles.
2.43GroupHousingHousingformorethanonedwellingunit,wherelandisownedjointly(asinthecaseofcooperativesocietiesorthepublicagencies,suchas
localauthoritiesorhousingboards,etc)andtheconstructionisundertakenbyoneAgency.

2.44GroupOpenSpaceOpenspacewithinacluster.
Groupopenpaceisneitherpublicopenspacenorprivateopenspace.Eachdwellingunitaroundtheclusteropenspacehaveashareandrightofuseinit.The
responsibilityformaintenanceofthesameistobecollectivelysharedbyallthedwellingunitsaround.
2.45HabitableRoomAroomoccupiedordesignedforoccupancybyoneormorepersonsforstudy,living,sleeping,eating,kitchenifitisusedasalivingroom,
butnotincludingbathrooms,waterclosetcompartments,laundries,servingandstorepantries,corridors,cellars,attics,andspacesthatarenotusedfrequentlyorduring
extendedperiods.
2.46IndependentClusterClusterssurroundedfromallsidesbyvehicularaccessroadsand/orpedestrianpaths(seeFig.5).

F.5IC
2.47InterlockingClusterClusterswhenjoinedatbackandonsideswithatleastonesideofaclustercommonandhavingsomedwellingunitsopeningontoor
havingaccessfromtheadjacentclusters.
Dwellingunitsinsuchclustersshouldhaveatleasttwosidesopentoexternalopenspace.Housesinaninterlockingclustercanhaveaccess,ventilationandlightfrom
theadjacentclusterandshouldalsocaterforfuturegrowth(seeFig.6).
2.48InternalFacesofClusterBuildingedgesfacingtheadjacentclusteropenspace(asincaseofinterlockingcluster)ofthesurroundingpedestrianpathsor
vehicularaccessroads.
2.49LedgeorTANDAshelflikeprojection,supportedinanymannerwhatsoever,exceptbymeansofverticalsupportswithinaroomitselfbutnothaving
projectionwiderthan1m.
2.50LiftAnappliancedesignedtotransportpersonsormaterialsbetweentwoormorelevelsinaverticalorsubstantiallyverticaldirectionbymeansofaguidedcar
orplatform.Thewordelevatorisalsosynonymouslyusedforlift.
2.51LoftAstructureprovidingintermediatestoragespaceinbetweentwofloorswithamaximumheightof1.5m,withouthavingapermanentaccess.
2.52MezzanineFloorAnintermediatefloorbetweentwofloorsofanystoreyforminganintegralpartoffloorbelow.
2.53OccupancyorUseGroupTheprincipaloccupancyforwhichabuildingorapartofabuildingisusedorintendedtobeusedforthepurposesof
classificationofabuildingaccordingtooccupancyanoccupancyshallbedeemedtoincludesubsidiaryoccupancieswhicharecontingentuponit.
2.54Occupancy,MixedTheoccupancy,wheremorethanoneoccupancyarepresentindifferentportionsofthebuilding.
2.55OpenClustersClusterwhereclusteropenspacesarelinkedtoformacontinuousopenspace(seeFig.7).
2.56OpenSpaceAnarea,forminganintegralpartoftheplot,leftopentothesky.
NOTETheopenspaceshallbetheminimumdistancemeasuredbetweenthefront,rearandsideofthebuildingandtherespectiveplotboundaries.
2.57OpenSpace,FrontAnopenspaceacrossthefrontofaplotbetweenthebuildinglineandfrontboundaryoftheplot.
2.58OpenSpace,RearAnopenspaceacrosstherearofaplotbetweentherearofthebuildingandtherearboundaryoftheplot.
2.59OpenSpace,SideAnopenspaceacrossthesideoftheplotbetweenthesideofthebuildingandthesideboundaryoftheplot.

F.6IC

F.7OC
2.60OwnerPersonorbodyhavingalegalinterestinlandand/orbuildingthereon.Thisincludesfreeholders,leaseholdersorthoseholdingasubleasewhichboth
bestowsalegalrighttooccupationandgivesrisetoliabilitiesinrespectofsafetyorbuildingcondition.
Incaseofleaseorsubleaseholders,asfarasownershipwithrespecttothestructureisconcerned,thestructureofaflatorstructureonaplotbelongstothe
allottee/lesseetilltheallotment/leasesubsists.

2.61ParapetAlowwallorrailingbuiltalongtheedgeofarooforfloor.
2.62ParkingSpaceAnareaenclosedorunenclosed,coveredoropen,sufficientinsizetoparkvehicles,togetherwithadrivewayconnectingtheparkingspace
withastreetoralleyandpermittingingressandegressofthevehicles.
2.63PartitionAninteriornonloadbearingbarrier,onestoreyorpartstoreyinheight.
2.64PlinthTheportionofastructurebetweenthesurfaceofthesurroundinggroundandsurfaceofthefloor,immediatelyabovetheground.
2.65PlinthAreaThebuiltupcoveredareameasuredatthefloorlevelofthebasementorofanystorey.
2.66PorchAcoveredstructuresupportedonpillarsorotherwiseforthepurposeofpedestrianorvehicularapproachtoabuilding.
2.67RoadSee2.82.
2.68RoadLineSee2.84.
2.69RoomHeightTheverticaldistancemeasuredfromthefinishedfloorsurfacetothefinishedceilingsurface.Whereafinishedceilingisnotprovided,the
undersideofthejoistsorbeamsortiebeamsshalldeterminetheupperpointofmeasurement.
2.70RowHousing/RowTypeBuildingArowofbuildings,withonlyfront,rearandinterioropenspaceswhereapplicable.
2.71SemiDetachedBuildingAbuildingdetachedonthreesides.
2.72ServiceRoad/LaneAroad/laneprovidedadjacenttoaplot(s)foraccessorservicepurposesasthecasemaybe.
2.73SetBackLineAlineusuallyparalleltotheplotboundariesandlaiddownineachcasebytheAuthority,beyondwhichnothingcanbeconstructedtowards
theplotboundaries.
2.74Site(Plot)Aparcel(piece)oflandenclosedbydefiniteboundaries.
2.75Site,CornerAsiteatthejunctionsofandfrontingontwoormoreintersectingstreets.
2.76Site,DepthofThemeanhorizontaldistancebetweenthefrontandrearsiteboundaries.
2.77Site,DoubleFrontageAsite,havingafrontageontwostreets,otherthanacornerplot.
2.78Site,InteriororTandemAsiteaccesstowhichisbyapassagefromastreetwhethersuchpassageformspartofthesiteornot.
2.79Staircover(orMUMTY)Astructurewitharoofoverastaircaseanditslandingbuilttoencloseonlythestairsforthepurposeofprovidingprotectionfrom
weatherandnotusedforhumanhabitation.
2.80StoreyTheportionofabuildingincludedbetweenthesurfaceofanyfloorandthesurfaceofthefloornextaboveit,oriftherebenoflooraboveit,thenthe
spacebetweenanyfloorandtheceilingnextaboveit.
2.81Storey,TopmostTheuppermoststoreyinabuildingwhetherconstructedwhollyorpartlyontheroof.
2.82StreetAnymeansofaccess,namely,highway,street,lane,pathway,alley,stairway,passageway,carriageway,footway,square,placeorbridge,whethera
thoroughfareornot,overwhichthepublichavearightofpassageoraccessorhavepassedandhadaccessuninterruptedlyforaspecifiedperiod,whetherexistingor
proposedinanyscheme,andincludesallbunds,channels,ditches,stormwaterdrains,culverts,sidewalks,trafficislands,roadsidetreesandhedges,retainingwalls,
fences,barriersandrailingswithinthestreetlines.
2.83StreetLevelorGradeTheofficiallyestablishedelevationorgradeofthecentrallineofthestreetuponwhichaplotfrontsandifthereisnoofficially
establishedgrade,theexistinggradeofthestreetatitsmidpoint.
2.84StreetLineThelinedefiningthesidelimitsofastreet.
2.85ToAbutToabutonastreetboundarysuchthatanyportionofthebuildingisontheroadboundary.
2.86ToErectToerectabuildingmeans:
a)
b)

toerectanewbuildingonanysitewhetherpreviouslybuiltuponornotand
toreerectanybuildingofwhichportionsabovetheplinthlevelhavebeenpulldown,burntordestroyed.

2.87TowerlikeStructuresStructuresshallbedeemedtobetowerlikestructureswhentheheightofthetowerlikeportionisatleasttwicetheheightofthe
broaderbaseatgroundlevel.
2.88VERANDAHAcoveredareawithatleastonesideopentotheoutsidewiththeexceptionof1mhighparapetontheupperfloorstobeprovidedontheopen
side.
2.89VolumetoPlotAreaRatio(VPR)Theratioofvolumeofbuildingmeasuredincubicmetrestotheareaoftheplotmeasuredinsquaremetresandexpressed
inmetres.
2.90WaterCloset(WC)Awaterflushedplumbingfixturedesignedtoreceivehumanexcrementdirectlyfromtheuserofthefixture.Thetermisusedsometimes
todesignatetheroomorcompartmentinwhichthefixtureisplaced.
2.91WindowAnopeningtotheoutsideotherthanadoor,whichprovidesallorpartoftherequirednaturallightorventilationorbothtoaninteriorspace.

3LANDUSECLASSIFICATIONANDUSESPERMITTED
3.1LandUseClassification
Thelanduseclassificationmaybeasindicatedbelow:
SlNo.
(1)

i)

UseZone(Level1)
(2)

Residential(R)

UseZone(Level2)
(3)

PrimaryResidentialZone(R1)
MixedResidentialZone(R2)
Unplanned/InformalResidentialZone(R3)

ii)

Commercial(C)

RetailShoppingZone(C1)
GeneralBusinessandCommercialDistrict/Centres(C2)
Wholesale,Godowns,Warehousing/RegulatedMarkets(C3)

iii)

Manufacturing(M)

ServiceandLightIndustry(M1)
ExtensiveandHeavyIndustry(M2)
SpecialIndustrialZoneHazardous,NoxiousandChemical(M3)

iv)

PublicandSemiPublic(PS)

Government/SemiGovernment/PublicOffices(PS1)
GovernmentLand(usedetermined)(PS2)
EducationalandResearch(PS3)
MedicalandHealth(PS4)
Social,CulturalandReligious(PS5)
UtilitiesandServices(PS6)
CremationandBurialGrounds(PS7)

v)

Recreational(P)

Playgrounds/Stadium/SportsComplex(P1)
ParksandGardensPublicOpenSpaces(P2)
SpecialRecreationalZoneRestrictedOpenSpaces(P3)
MultiOpenSpace(Maidan)(P4)

vi)

TransportationandCommunication(T)

Roads(T1)
Railways(T2)
Airport(T3)

SeaportsandDockyards(T4)
BusDepots/TruckTerminalsandFreightComplexes(T5)
TransmissionandCommunication(T6)
vii)

AgricultureandWaterBodies

Agriculture(A1)
Forest(A2)
PoultryandDairyFarming(A3)
RuralSettlements(A4)
BrickKilnandExtractiveAreas(A5)
WaterBodies(A6)

viii)

SpecialArea

OldBuiltup(Core)Area(S1)
HeritageandConservationAreas(S2)
ScenicValueAreas(S3)
VillageSettlement(S4)
OtherUses(S5)

NOTES
1AreasofinformalactivitiesmaybeidentifiedintheabovelandusecategoriesatLevel2.
2Mixedusezonemaybeidentifiedatthedevelopmentplanlevel,havingmorethanoneusezonewithmixedactivitiesofsuchusezones.
3Inall,therecouldbe35usezonesatthedevelopmentplanlevelwithineightlandusecategoriesattheperspectiveplanlevelasgivenintheabovetable.
4Usepremisesfordifferentactivitiescouldbeprovidedattheproject/actionplanlevelorwiththeapprovaloftheAuthorityasthecasemaybe.
5Usezoneregulationsfortheusepermissibilitycouldbedecidedbythetownplannerdependingupontherequirement/feasibility.

3.2Thevariousbuildingusesandoccupancies(see7)permittedonthevariouszonesshallbeasgivenintheMasterPlan.
3.3UsestobeinConformitywiththeZone
WheretheuseofbuildingsorpremisesisnotspecificallydesignatedontheDevelopmentPlanorintheabsenceofDevelopmentPlan,shallbeinconformitywiththe
zoneinwhichtheyfall.
3.4UsesasSpecificallyDesignatedonDevelopmentPlan
WheretheuseofasiteisspecificallydesignatedontheDevelopmentPlan,itshallbeusedonlyforthepurposesodesignated.
3.5NonconformingUses
Noplotshallbeputtoanyuse,occupancyorpremisesotherthantheusesidentifiedin3.1,exceptwiththepriorapprovaloftheAuthority.
3.6FireSafety
Buildingsshallbesoplanned,designedandconstructedastoensurefiresafetyandthisshallbedoneasperPart4FireandLifeSafety.

4MEANSOFACCESS
4.1Everybuilding/plotshallabutonapublic/privatemeansofaccesslikestreets/roadsdulyformed.
4.2Everypersonwhoerectsabuildingshallnotatanytimeerectorcauseorpermittoerectanybuildingwhichinanywayencroachesuponordiminishestheareaset
apartasmeansofaccessrequiredintheCode.Nobuildingsshallbeerectedsoastodepriveanyotherbuildingofthemeansofaccess.
4.3WidthofMeansofAccess
Theresidentialplotsshallabutonapublicmeansofaccesslikestreet/road.Plotswhichdonotabutonastreet/roadshallabut/frontonameansofaccess,thewidth
andotherrequirementsofwhichshallbeasgiveninTable1.
Table1WidthandLengthofMeansofAccess
(Clause4.3)
SlNo.

WidthofMeansofAccess
m
(2)

(1)

LengthofMeansofAccess
m
(3)

i)

6.0

75

ii)

7.5

150

iii)

9.0

250

iv)

12.0

400

v)

18.0

1000

vi)

24.0

above1000

NOTEIfthedevelopmentisonlyononesideofthemeansofaccess,theprescribedwidthsmaybereducedby1mineachcase.

Innocase,developmentonplotsshallbepermittedunlessitisaccessiblebyapublicstreetofwidthnotlessthan6m.
4.3.1OtherBuildings
Forallindustrialbuildings,theatres,cinemahouses,assemblyhalls,stadia,educationalbuildings,markets,otherbuildingswhichattractlargecrowd,themeansof
accessshallnotbelessthanthefollowing:
WidthofMeansofAccess
m

LengthofMeansofAccess
m

12.0

200

15.0

400

18.0

600

24.0

above600

Further,innocaseshallthemeansofaccessbelesserinwidththantheinternalaccesswaysinlayoutsandsubdivision.
4.3.2Pathways
Theapproachtothebuildingsfromroad/street/internalmeansofaccessshallbethroughpavedpathwayofwidthnotlessthan1.5m,provideditslengthisnotmore
than30m.
4.3.2.1Inthecaseofspecialhousingschemesforlowincomegroupandeconomicallyweakersectionofsocietydevelopeduptotwostoreyedrow/clusterhousing
scheme,thepedestrianpathwaywidthshallbe3msubjecttoprovisionsof9.4.1(a).Thepedestrianpathwayshallnotservemorethan8plotsoneachsideofthepathway
thelengthofthepathwayshallbenotmorethan50m.
4.3.3Thelengthofthemainmeansofaccessshallbedeterminedbythedistancefromthefarthestplot(building)tothepublicstreet.Thelengthofthesubsidiary
accesswayshallbemeasuredfromthepointofitsorigintothenextwiderroadonwhichitmeets.
4.3.4Intheinterestofgeneraldevelopmentofanarea,theAuthoritymayrequirethemeansofaccesstobeoflargerwidththanthatrequiredunder4.3and4.3.1.
4.3.5Inexistingbuiltupareasinthecaseofplotsfacingstreet/meansofaccesslessthan4.5minwidth,theplotboundaryshallbeshiftedtobeawayby2.25mfrom
thecentrallineofthestreet/meansofaccesswaytogiverisetoanewstreet/meansofaccesswayof4.5mwidth.
4.4Themeansofaccessshallbelevelled,metalled,flagged,paved,sewered,drained,chanelled,lighted,laidwithwatersupplylineandprovidedwithtreesforshade
tothesatisfactionoftheAuthorityfreeofencroachmentbyanystructureorfixturesoasnottoreduceitswidthbelowtheminimumrequiredunder4.3andshallbe
maintainedinaconditiontothesatisfactionoftheAuthority.
4.4.1Ifanyprivatestreetoranyothermeansofaccesstoabuildingisnotlevelled,metalled,flaggedorpaved,sewered,drained,channelled,lightedorlaidwithwater
supplylineorprovidedwithtreesforshadetothesatisfactionoftheAuthority,whomay,withthesanctionoftheAuthority,bywrittennoticerequiretheownerorowners

oftheseveralpremisesfrontingoradjoiningthesaidstreetorothermeansofaccessorabuttingthereonortowhichaccessisobtainedthroughsuchstreetorothermeansof
accessorwhichshallbenefitbyworksexecuted,tocarryoutanyormoreoftheaforesaidrequirementsinsuchmannerasheshalldirect.
4.4.2Ifanystructureorfixtureissetuponameansofaccesssoastoreduceitswidthbelowtheminimumrequired,theAuthoritymayremovethesamefurtherand
recovertheexpensessoincurredfromtheowner.
4.5AccessfromHighways/ImportantRoads
Nopremisesotherthanhighwayamenitieslikepetrolpumps,motels,etc,shallhaveanaccessdirectfromhighwaysandsuchotherroadsnotlessthan52minwidth,
whichtheAuthoritywiththeapprovaloftheHighwayAuthorityshallspecifyfromtimetotime.TheAuthorityshallmaintainaregisterofsuchroadswhichshallbeopen
topublicinspectionatalltimesduringofficehours.TheportionofsuchroadsonwhichdirectaccessmaybepermittedshallbeasidentifiedintheDevelopmentPlan.
However,inthecaseofexistingdevelopmentonhighways/otherroadsreferredtoabove,theoperationofthisclauseshallbeexempted.Theseprovisionsshall,however,be
subjecttotheprovisionsoftherelevantStateHighwayAct,andNationalHighwayAct.
4.6Forhighrisebuildingsandbuildingsotherthanresidential,thefollowingadditionalprovisionsofmeansofaccessshallbeensured:
a)
b)

c)

Thewidthofthemainstreetonwhichthebuildingabutsshallnotbelessthan12mandoneendofthisstreetshalljoinanotherstreetnotlessthan12min
width
Theapproachtothebuildingandopenspacesonallitssidesupto6mwidthandthelayoutforthesameshallbedoneinconsultationwiththeChiefFireOfficer
ofthecityandthesameshallbehardsurfacecapableoftakingthemassoffireengine,weighingupto45tonnes.Thesaidopenspaceshallbekeptfreeof
obstructionsandshallbemotorable.
Themainentrancetotheplotshallbeofadequatewidthtoalloweasyaccesstothefireengineandinnocaseshallitmeasurelessthan6m.Theentrancegate
shallfoldbackagainstthecompoundwallofthepremises,thusleavingtheexterioraccesswaywithintheplotfreeformovementoffireservicevehicle.Ifthe
mainentranceattheboundarywallisbuiltover,theminimumclearanceshallbe4.5m.Aturningradiusof9mshallbeprovidedforfiretendermovement.

4.7Culdesacsgivingaccesstoplotsandextendingfrom150mto275minlengthwithanadditionalturningspaceat150mwillbeallowedonlyinresidentialareas,
providedculdesacswouldbepermissibleonlyonstraightroadsandfurtherprovidedtheendofculdesacsshallbehigherinlevelthanthelevelofthestartingpointof
suchdeadendroad.Theturningspace,inthiscaseshallbenotlessthan81m2inarea,withnodimensionlessthan9m.
4.8IntersectionofRoads
Forintersectionjunctionsofroadsmeetingatrightanglesaswellasotherthanrightangles,theroundingofforcutofforsplayorsimilartreatmentshallbedone,to
theapprovaloftheAuthority,dependinguponthewidthofroads,thetrafficgenerated,thesightingangle,etc,toprovideclearsightdistance.
4.9Thebuildinglineshallbesetbackatleast3mfrominternalmeansofaccessinalayoutofbuildingsinaplotsubjecttoprovisionsof8.2.1.

5COMMUNITYOPENSPACESANDAMENITIES
5.1ResidentialandCommercialZones
Inanylayoutorsubdivisionoflandmeasuring0.3hectareofmoreinresidentialandcommercialzones,thecommunityopenspacesshallbereservedforrecreational
purposeswhichshallasfaraspossiblebeprovidedinoneplaceorplannedoutfortheuseofthecommunityinclustersorpockets.
5.1.1Thecommunityopenspacesshallbeprovidedcateringtotheneedsofareaoflayout,populationforwhichthelayoutisplannedandthecategoryofdwelling
units.Thefollowingminimumprovisionshallbemade:
a)
b)

15percentoftheareaofthelayout,or
0.3to0.4ha/1000personsforlowincomehousingtheopenspacesshallbe0.3ha/1000persons.

5.2Norecreationalspaceshallgenerallybelessthan450m2.
5.2.1Theminimumaveragedimensionofsuchrecreationalspaceshallbenotlessthan7.5miftheaveragewidthofsuchrecreationalspaceislessthan24m,the
lengththereofshallnotexceed2.5timestheaveragewidth.However,dependingontheconfigurationofthesite,commonlyopenspacesofdifferentshapesmaybe
permittedbytheAuthority,aslongastheopenspacesprovidedservetheneedsoftheimmediatecommunitycontiguoustotheopenspaces.
5.2.2Insuchrecreationalspaces,asinglestoreyedstructureaspavilionorgymnasiaupto25m2inareamaybepermittedsuchareamaybeexcludedfromFAR
calculations.
5.3Eachrecreationalareaandthestructureonitshallhaveanindependentmeansofaccess.Independentmeansofaccessmaynotbeinsisteduponifrecreational
spaceisapproachabledirectlyfromeverybuildinginthelayout.Further,thebuildinglineshallbeatleast3mawayfromtheboundaryofrecreationalopenspace.
5.4IndustrialZones
Inthecaseofsubdivisionoflandinindustrialzonesofarea0.8hectareormore,5percentofthetotalareashallbereservedasamenityopenspacewhichshallalso
serveasageneralparkingspacewhensuchamenityopenspaceexceeds1500m2,theexcessareacouldbeutilizedfortheconstructionofbuildingsforbanks,canteens,
welfarecentresandsuchothercommonpurposesconsiderednecessaryfortheindustrialuser,asapprovedbytheAuthority.
5.4.1Inallindustrialplotsmeasuring1000m2ormoreinarea,10percentofthetotalareashallbeprovidedasanamenityopenspacetoamaximumof2500m2.
Suchanamenityopenspaceshallhaveameansofaccessandshallbesolocatedthatitcouldbeconvenientlyutilizedassuchbythepersonsworkingintheindustry.
5.5OtherAmenities
Inadditiontocommunityopenspaces,thelayoutsshallprovidefortheamenitiesasgivenin5.5.1to5.5.6.Theseprovisionsmaybemodifiedbasedonspecific
requirements,asdecidedbytheAuthority.
5.5.1EducationalFacilities
LandAreaRequired,Min

a)PrePrimarytoSecondaryEducation
1)Preprimary,nurseryschool(1forevery2500population)
i)Areaperschool
ii)Locationofpreprimary/nurseryschool

0.08ha
Nearapark

2)Primaryschool(class1to5)(1forevery5000population)
i)Strengthofschool500students
ii)Areaperschool

0.40ha

a)Schoolbuildingarea

0.20ha

b)Playfieldarea(withaminimumof18m36mtobeensuredforeffectiveplay)

0.20ha

3)Seniorsecondaryschool(class6to12)(1forevery7500population)
i)Strengthoftheschool1000students
ii)Areaperschool
a)Schoolbuildingarea

1.80ha
0.60ha

b)Playfieldarea(withaminimumof68m126mtobeensuredforeffectiveplay)

1.00ha

c)Parkingarea

0.20ha

4)Integratedschoolwithouthostelfacility(class1to12)(1forevery90000to100000population)
i)Strengthoftheschool1500students
ii)Areaperschool
a)Schoolbuildingarea

3.50ha
0.70ha

b)Playfieldarea

2.50ha

c)Parking

0.30ha

5)Integratedschoolwithhostelfacilities(class1to12)(1forevery90000to100000population)
i)Strengthofschool1500students

ii)Areaperschool
a)Schoolbuildingarea

3.90ha
0.70ha

b)Playfieldarea

2.50ha

c)Residential(includinghostelarea)

0.40ha

d)Parkingarea

0.30ha

6)Schoolforphysicallychallenged(class1to12)(1forevery45000population)
i)Strengthofschool400students
ii)Areaperschool

0.70ha

a)Schoolbuildingarea

0.20ha

b)Playfieldarea

0.30ha

c)Parkingarea

0.20ha

b)HigherEducationGeneral
1)College(1forevery125000population)
i)Studentstrengthofcollege1000to1500students
ii)Areapercollege

5.00ha

a)Collegebuildingarea

1.80ha

b)Playfieldarea

2.50ha

c)Residential(includinghostelarea)

0.40ha

d)Parkingarea

0.30ha

2)Universitycampus/centrearea

10.00ha

3)Newuniversityarea

60.00ha

c)TechnicalEducation
1)Technicaleducationcentre(A)(1forevery1000000populationtoinclude1ITIand1polytechnic)
i)StrengthofITI400students
ii)Strengthofpolytechnic500students
iii)Areapertechnicaleducationcentre

4.00ha

a)AreaforITI

1.60ha

b)Areaforpolytechnic

2.40ha

2)Technicaleducationcentre(B)(1forevery1000000populationtoinclude1ITI,1technicalcentreand1coachingcentre)
Areapertechnicaleducationcentre

4.00ha

a)AreaforITI

1.60ha

b)Areafortechnicaleducationcentre

2.10ha

c)Areaforcoachingcentre

0.30ha

d)ProfessionalEducation
1)Engineeringcollege(1forevery1000000population)
i)Strengthofthecollege1500students
ii)Areapercollege

6.00ha

2)Medicalcollege(1forevery1000000population)
Areaofsiteincludingspaceforgeneralhospital

15.00ha

3)Otherprofessionalcolleges(1forevery1000000population)
i)Areaofsiteforstudentsstrengthupto250students

2.00ha

ii)Additionalareaofsiteforeveryadditional100studentsorpartthereofuptototalstrengthof1000students

0.50ha

iii)AreaofsiteforstrengthofcollegeFrom1000to1500students

6.00ha

5.5.2HealthCareFacilities
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)Dispensary(1forevery15000population)
Area

0.08hato0.12ha

2)Nursinghome,childwelfareandmaternitycentre(1forevery45000to100000population)
i)Capacity25to30beds
ii)Area

0.20hato0.30ha

3)Polyclinicwithsomeobservationbeds(1forevery100000population)
Area

0.20hato0.30ha

4)Intermediatehospital(categoryB)(1forevery100000population)
i)Capacity80beds(initiallytheprovisionmaybefor50including20maternitybeds)
ii)Totalarea

1.00ha
a)Areaforhospital

0.60ha

b)Areaforresidentialaccommodation

0.40ha

5)Intermediatehospital(categoryA)(1forevery100000population)
i)Capacity200beds(initiallytheprovisionmaybefor100beds)
ii)Totalarea

3.70ha
a)Areaforhospital

2.70ha

b)Areaforresidentialaccommodation

1.00ha

6)Generalhospital(1forevery250000population)
i)Capacity500beds(initiallytheprovisionmaybefor300beds)
ii)Totalarea

6.00ha
a)Areaforhospital

4.00ha

b)Areaforresidentialaccommodation

2.00ha

7)Multispecialityhospital(1for100000population)
i)Capacity200beds(initiallytheprovisionmaybefor100beds)
ii)Totalarea

9.00ha
a)Areaforhospital

6.00ha

b)Areaforresidentialaccommodation

3.00ha

8)Specialityhospital(1forevery100000population)
i)Capacity200beds(initiallytheprovisionmaybefor100beds)
ii)Totalarea

3.70ha
a)Areaforhospital

2.70ha

b)Areaforresidentialaccommodation

1.00ha

5.5.3Socioculturalfacilities
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Communityroom(1forevery5000population)
Area

2)

Area
3)

1000m2

Meditationandspiritualcentre(1forevery100000population)
Area

6)

10000m2

Music,danceanddramacentre(1forevery100000population)
Area

5)

2000m2

Recreationalclub(1forevery100000population)(seealso5.2,5.2.1,5.2.2and5.3)
Area

4)

750m2

Communityhall,mangalkaryayala/kalyanamandapam/baratghar/library(1forevery15000population)

Socioculturalcentre(1forevery1000000population)

5000m2

Area

15ha

5.5.4DistributionServices
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Petrol/dieselfillingandservicingcentre
Maybepermittedincentralaswellassubcentralbusinessdistrict,districtcentres,communitycentres(onlyfillingstation),residentialandindustrialusezonesinurbanareas,along
thenationalhighways,statehighways,villagesidentifiedasgrowthcentres,freightcomplexandonproposedmajorroads.
Shallnotbelocatedontheroadhavingrightofwaylessthan30m.
Shallbeapprovedbytheexplosive/firedepartment.
Area/Size
i)Onlyfillingstation

30m17m

ii)Fillingcumservicestation

36m30m

iii)Filingcumservicestationcumworkshop

45m36m

iv)Fillingstationonlyfortwoandthreewheelers

18m15m

2)

Compressednaturalgas(CNG)/fillingcentre
Permittedinallusezones(exceptinregionalparksandDevelopedDistrictParks)andalongthenationalhighways,statehighwaysandvillagesidentifiedasgrowthcentres,freight
complexandonproposedmajorroads
Shallnotbelocatedontheroadhavingrightofwaylessthan30m.
Shallbeapprovedbytheexplosive/firedepartment.
Area/sizeformotherstation(buildingcomponentcontrolroom/office/dispensingroom,store,pantryandW.C.

3)

LPGgodown/Gasgodown1forevery40000to50000population
ThemajorconcernforitsstorageanddistributionisthelocationwhichshallbeawayfromtheresidentialareasandshallhaveopenspacesallaroundaspertheExplosiveRules.

1080m2
(36m30m)

i)Capacity500cylindersor8000kgofLPG

520m2

ii)Area(inclusiveofchowkidarhut)
4)

(26m20m)

Milkdistribution(1milkboothforevery5000population)
Areainclusiveofservicearea

150m2

5.5.5Police,CivilDefenceandHomeGuards
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Policestation(1forevery90000population)
Area(inclusiveofessentialresidentialaccommodation0.05haadditionaltobeprovidedforcivildefenceandhomeguards)

2)

1.50ha

Policepost(1forevery40000to50000population)(notservedbyapolicestation)
Area(inclusiveofessentialresidentialaccommodation)

3)

4)

0.16ha

Districtofficeandbattalion(1forevery1000000population)
i)Areafordistrictoffice

0.80ha

ii)Areaforbattalion

4.00ha

iii)Totalarea

4.80ha

Policeline(1forevery2000000population)
Area

5)

4.00to6.00ha

DistrictJail(1forevery1000000population)
Area

6)

10.00ha

Civildefenceandhomeguards(1forevery1000000population)
Area

2.00ha

5.5.6Fire
LandAreaRequired,Min

Onefirestationorsubfirestationwithin1kmto3km(forevery200000population)
i)Areaforfirestationwithessentialresidentialaccommodation

1.00ha

ii)Areaforsubfirestationwithessentialresidentialaccommodation

0.60ha

5.5.7Telephone,Telegraphs,PostalandBankingFacilities
LandAreaRequired,Min

a)TelephoneandTelegraphs
1)Telephoneexchangeof40000lines(1forevery400000population)
Area

4.00ha

2)Telegraphbookingcounter(1forevery100000population)
Floorareatobeprovidedincommunitycentre

200m2

3)Telegraphbookinganddeliveryoffice(1forevery500000population)
Floorareatobeprovidedindistrictcentres
b)

Postal

1)

Postofficecounterwithoutdelivery(1forevery15000population)

1700m2

Floorareatobeprovidedinlocalshoppingcentre
2)

85m2

Headpostofficewithdeliveryoffice(1for250000population)
Area

3)

Area
c)

Banking

1)

ExtensioncounterswithATMfacility(1forevery15000population)

2)

750m2

Headpostofficeandadministrativeoffice(1for500000population)
2500m2

i)Floorareaforcounters

75m2

ii)FloorareaforATM

6m2

Bankwithlocker,ATMandotherbankingfacilities(1for100000population)
Area

2500m2

5.5.8SportsActivity
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Divisionalsportscentre(1for1000000population)
Area

2)

20.00ha

Districtsportcentre(1for100000population)
Area

3)

8.00ha

Neighbourhoodplayarea(1for15000population)
Area

4)

1.50ha

Residentialunitplayarea(1for5000population)
Area

5000m2

5.5.9Shopping
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Convenienceshopping(1for5000population)
Area

2)

Area
3)

1500m2

Localshoppingincludingservicecentre(1for15000population)
4600m2

Communitycentrewithservicecentre(1for100000population)
Area

5.00ha

4)

Districtcentre(1atdistrictlevel/1for500000population)
Area

5)

Localwholesalemarket(1for1000000population)

7.50ha

Area
6)

10.00ha

Weeklymarkets(1to2locationsforevery100000populationswith300to400unitsperlocation)
Parkingandotheropenspaceswithinthecommercialcentrescouldbesodesignedthatweeklymarketscanoperateintheseareasduringnonworkinghours.
Theareaofinformalsectorshouldhavesuitablepublicconveniencesandsolidwastedisposalarrangements.
Areaperlocation

7)

0.40ha

Organizedinformalsectoreatingplaces(1for100000population)
Area

2000m2

5.5.10Religious
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Religiouscampus(1for100000population)
Area

5.00ha

5.5.11ElectricalSubstation
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

11kVSubstation(1for15000population)
Area

2)

500m2

66kVSubstation(2for100000population)
AreaforeachSubstation

3)

6000m2
(thatis60m100m)

220kVSubstation(1for500000population)
Area

4.00ha

5.5.12Transport
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Threewheelerandtaxistand(1for15000population)
Area

2)

500m2

Busterminal(1for100000population)
Area

3)

4000m2

Busdepot(1for500000population)
Area

2.00ha

5.5.13Cremation/BurialGroundThesiteshallbeidentifiedinlocations,whicharenotproximoustoresidentialareas
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Electriccrematorium(1forlargesizetowns)
Area

2)

2.00ha

Cremationground(1for500000population)
Area

3)

2.50ha

Burialground(1for500000population)
Area

4.00ha

5.5.14DhobiGhat
LandAreaRequired,Min

1)

Dhobighatwithappropriatearrangementsforwateranddrainagefacilitiesanditshallbeensuredthatthewaterbodiesarenotpollutedasaresultofsuchactivities(1for
100000population)
Area

5000m2

5.6Everylayoutorsubdivisionshalltakeintoaccounttheprovisionsofdevelopmentplanandifthelandisaffectedbyanyreservationforpublicpurposes,the
Authoritymayagreetoadjustthelocationofsuchreservationstosuitthedevelopment.

6REQUIREMENTSOFPLOTS
6.1Nobuildingshallbeconstructedonanysite,onanypartofwhichthereisdepositedrefuse,excretaorotheroffensivematterobjectionabletotheAuthority,until
suchrefusehasbeenremovedtherefromandthesitehasbeenpreparedorleftinamannersuitableforbuildingpurposestothesatisfactiontotheAuthority.
6.2DampSites
Whereverthedampnessofasiteorthenatureofthesoilrenderssuchprecautionsnecessary,thegroundsurfaceofthesitebetweenthewallsofanybuildingerected
thereonshallberendereddampprooftothesatisfactionoftheAuthority.
6.3SurfaceWaterDrains
Anylandpassageorotherareawithinthecurtilageofabuildingshallbeeffectivelydrainedbysurfacewaterdrainsorothermeans.
6.3.1ThewrittenapprovaloftheAuthorityshallbeobtainedforconnectinganysubsoilorsurfacewaterdraintoasewer.
6.4DistancefromElectricLines
NoVERANDAH,balcony,orthelikeshallbeallowedtobeerectedorreerectedoranyadditionsoralterationsmadetoabuildingwithinthedistancesquotedbelow
inaccordancewiththecurrentIndianElectricityRulesasamendedfromtimetotimebetweenthebuildingandanyoverheadelectricsupplyline:

(1)

(2)

Vertically
m
(3)

Horizontally
m
(4)

1.2

a)

Lowandmediumvoltagelinesandservicelines

2.5

b)

Highvoltagelinesuptoandincluding11000V

3.7

1.2

c)

Highvoltagelinesabove11000Vanduptoandincluding33000V

3.7

2.0

d)

Extrahighvoltagelinebeyond33000V

3.7

2.0

(plus0.3mforeveryadditional33000Vorpartthereof)

(plus0.3mforeveryadditional33000Vorpartthereof)

6.5Distanceofsitefromthenormaledgeofwatercourse/areamaybespecifiedbytheAuthority,keepinginviewthenormalmaximumflood/tidelevel.
6.6SizeofPlots
6.6.1Residential
Eachplotshallhaveaminimumsize/frontagecorrespondingtothetypeofdevelopmentasgivenbelow:

Detachedbuilding

TypeofDevelopment

PlotSize

(1)

m2
(2)

Frontage
m
(3)

Above250

Above12

Semidetachedbuilding

125250

8to12

Rowtypebuilding

50125

4.5to8

NOTEForlowincomehousingsee12.20.

6.6.1.1TheminimumsizeofthesiteforgrouphousingdevelopmentshallbeasgivenintheMasterPlanandlocaldevelopmentcontrolrules.
6.6.2Industrial
Thesizeoftheplotshallnotbelessthan300m2anditswidthshallnotbelessthan15m.
6.6.3OtherLandUses
Theminimumsizeofplotsforbuildingsforotherusesnotcoveredunder5.5shallbeasdecidedbytheAuthority.

7CLASSIFICATIONOFBUILDINGS
7.0Buildingsareclassifiedbasedonoccupancyandtypesofconstruction.
7.1ForthepurposeoftheCode,thefollowingshallbetheoccupancyclassificationandtypesofconstructionformoredetailedinformation,referencemaybemadeto
Part4FireandLifeSafety.
7.1.1OccupancyClassification
(a)Residential
(b)Educational
(c)Institutional
(d)Assembly
(e)Business
(f)Mercantile(willincludebothretailandwholesalestores)
(g)Industrial(willincludelow,moderateandhighfirehazards)
(h)Storageand
(j)Hazardous.
7.1.2TypesofConstruction
a)
b)
c)
d)

Type1,
Type2,
Type3,and
Type4.

8OPENSPACES(WITHINAPLOT)
8.1General
EveryroomintendedforhumanhabitationshallabutonaninteriororexterioropenspaceoranopenVERANDAHopentosuchinteriororexterioropenspace.
8.1.1Theopenspacesinsideandaroundabuildinghaveessentiallytocaterforthelightingandventilationrequirementsoftheroomsabuttingsuchopenspaces,and
inthecaseofbuildingsabuttingonstreetsinthefront,rearorsides,theopenspacesprovidedshallbesufficientforthefuturewideningofsuchstreets.
8.1.2OpenSpacesSeparateforeachBuildingorWing
Theopenspacesshallbeseparateordistinctforeachbuildingandwhereabuildinghastwoormorewings,eachwingshallhaveseparateordistinctopenspacesfor
thepurposeoflightingandventilationofthewings.
However,separationbetweenaccessoryandmainbuildingsmorethan7minheightshallnotbelessthan1.5mforbuildingsupto7minheightnosuchseparation
shallberequired.
8.1.3Theopenspaceshallbetheminimumdistancemeasuredbetweenthefront,rearandsideofthebuildingandtherespectiveplotboundaries.Thefront,rearand
sideofthebuildingshallbethepointofthebuildingnearesttotheboundary.
8.2ResidentialBuildings
8.2.1ExteriorOpenSpaces
8.2.1.1Frontopenspace
a)

Everybuildingfrontingastreetshallhaveafrontspace,forminganintegralpartofthesiteasbelow:
SlNo.

FrontOpenSpace,Min
m
(2)

(1)

WidthofStreetFrontingthePlot
m
(3)

i)

1.5 1)

Upto7.5 1)

ii)

3.0

7.5to18

iii)

4.5

18to30

iv)

6.0

Above30

NOTEIncaseabuildingabutstwoormorestreets,thevalueofopenpacesistobebasedontheaveragewidthofstreets,subjecttoaminimumof1.8mforcases(ii),(iii)and(iv)above.
1)Forbuildingsuptoamaximumheight7m.

b)

Forstreetslessthan7.5minwidth,thedistanceofthebuilding(buildingline)shallbeatleast5mfromthecentrelineofthestreet(see4.3.5).
NOTEThislimitingdistancehastobedeterminedbytheAuthorityforindividualroad/streetwidthstakingintoaccountthetrafficflow.

8.2.1.2Rearopenspace
a)

b)

c)

Everyresidentialbuildingshallhavearearopenspace,forminganintegralpartofthesite,ofanaveragewidthof3mandatnoplacemeasuringlessthan1.8m,
exceptthatinthecaseofabacktobacksites,thewidthoftherearopenspaceshallbe3mthroughout.Subjecttotheconditionoffreeventilation,theopen
spaceleftuptohalfthewidthoftheplotshallalsobetakenintoaccountforcalculatingtheaveragewidthoftherearopenspace.Forplotsofdepthslessthan9
m,forbuildingsupto7minheight,therearopenspacemaybereducedto1.5m.
Rearopenspacetoextendtherearwall
Therearopenspaceshallbecoextensivewiththeentirefaceoftherearwall.Ifabuildingabutsontwoormorestreets,suchrearopenspaceshallbeprovided
throughoutthefaceoftherearwall.Suchrearwallshallbethewallontheoppositesideofthefaceofthebuildingabuttingonthewiderstreetunlessthe
Authoritydirectsotherwise.
Incaseofcornerplotslessthan300m2inarea,therearopenspaceshouldbe2.4mminimum.

8.2.1.3Sideopenspace
a)

Everysemidetachedanddetachedbuildingshallhaveapermanentlyopenairspace,forminganintegralpartofthesiteasbelow:
1.Fordetachedbuildingsthereshallbeaminimumsideopenspaceof3monboththesides.
NOTEFordetachedresidentialbuildingsupto7minheightonplotswithafrontagelessthan12m(see6.6.1),oneofthesideopenspacesmaybe
reducedto1.5m.

b)

2.Forsemidetachedbuildings,thereshallbeaminimumsideopenspaceof3mononeside.
NOTEForsemidetachedbuildingsupto7minheightonplotswithafrontagelessthan9m(see6.6.1),oneofthesideopenspacesmaybe
reducedto1.5m.
3.Forrowtypebuildings,nosideopenisrequired.
Inthecaseofsemidetachedbuildings,theopenspacesprovidedononesideshallbeasin8.2.1.3(a)andallhabitableroomsshallabuteitheronthissideopen
spaceorfrontandrearopenspacesoraninterioropenspace(see8.2.5).

8.2.2Theprovisionsof8.2.1.2and8.2.1.3arenotapplicabletoparkinglockupgaragesupto3minheightlocatedatadistanceof7.5mfromanystreetlineorfront
boundaryoftheplot.
8.2.3Theopenspacesmentionedin8.2.1.1to8.2.1.3shallbeforresidentialbuildingsuptoaheightof10m.
8.2.3.1Forbuildingsofheightabove10m,theopenspaces(sideandrear)shallbeasgiveninTable2.Thefrontopenspacesforincreasingheightsofbuildingsshallbe
governedby9.4.1(a).
Table2SideandRearOpenSpacesforDifferentHeightsofBuildings
(Clause8.2.3.1)
SlNo.

HeightofBuildings
m

(1)

SideandRearOpenSpacestobeLeftAroundBuilding
m
(3)

(2)

i) 10

ii) 15

iii) 18

iv) 21

v) 24

vi) 27

vii) 30

10

viii) 35

11

ix) 40

12

x) 45

13

xi) 50

14

xii) 55andabove

16

NOTES
1Forbuildingsabove24minheight,thereshallbeaminimumfrontopenspaceof6m.
2Whereroomsdonotderivelightandventilationfromtheexterioropenspace,thewidthofsuchexterioropenspaceasgivenincol3maybereducedby1msubjecttoaminimumof3mandamaximumof8m.
Nofurtherprojectionsshallbepermitted.
3Ifthelengthordepthofthebuildingexceeds40m,addtocol(3)10percentoflengthordepthofbuildingminus4.0m.

8.2.3.2Fortowerlikestructures,asanalternativeto8.2.3.1,openspacesshallbeasbelow:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Uptoaheightof24m,withonesetback,theopenspacesatthegroundlevel,shallbenotlessthan6m
Forheightsbetween24mand37.5mwithonesetback,theopenspacesatthegroundlevel,shallbenotlessthan9m
Forheightsabove37.5mwithtwosetbacks,theopenspacesatthegroundlevel,shallbenotlessthan12mand
Thedeficiencyintheopenspacesshallbemadegoodtosatisfy8.2.3.1throughthesetbacksattheupperlevelsthesesetbacksshallnotbeaccessiblefrom
individualrooms/flatsattheselevels.

8.2.4Thefrontopenspacewouldgoverntheheightofthebuilding(see9.4).
8.2.5InteriorOpenSpaces
a)

b)

InnercourtyardIncasethewholeofonesideofeveryroomexceptingbath,WCandstoreroomisnotabuttingoneitherthefront,rearorsideopenspaces,it
shallabutonaninnercourtyard,whoseminimumwidthshallbe3m.
Further,theinnercourtyardshallhaveanarea,throughoutitsheight,ofnotlessthanthesquareofonefifththeheightofthehighestwallabuttingthe
courtyard.Providedthatwhenanyroom(excludingstaircasebay,bathroomandwatercloset)isdependentforitslightandventilationonaninnercourtyard,
thedimensionshallbesuchasisrequiredforeachwingofthebuilding.
Whereonlywaterclosetandbathroomareabuttingontheinteriorcourtyard,thesizeoftheinteriorcourtyardshallbeinlinewiththeprovisionforventilation
shaftasgivenin8.2.5(b).
VentilationshaftForventilatingthespacesforwaterclosetsandbathrooms,ifnotopeningontofront,side,rearandinterioropenspaces,theseshallopen
ontheventilationshaft,thesizeofwhichshallnotbelessthanthevaluesgivenbelow:
HeightsofBuildings
m
(1)

SizeofVentilationShaft

MinimumOneDimensionoftheShaft
m
(3)

m2
(2)

Upto10 1.2

0.9

12 2.8

1.2

18 4.0

1.5

24 5.4

1.8

30 8.0

2.4

Above30 9.0

3.0

NOTES
1Forbuildingsofheightabove30m,amechanicalventilationsystemshallbeinstalledbesidestheprovisionofminimumventilationshaft.
2Forfullyairconditionedresidentialbuildingsforlodgingpurposes,theventilationshaftneednotbeinsistedupon,providedtheairconditioningsystemworksinanuninterruptedmanner,also,
providedthereisanalternativesourceofpowersupply.

c)

OutercourtyardTheminimumwidthoftheoutercourtyard(asdistinguishedfromitsdepth)shallbenotlessthan2.4m.Ifthewidthoftheoutercourtyard
islessthan2.4m,itshallbetreatedasanotchandtheprovisionsofoutercourtyardshallnotapply.However,ifthedepthoftheoutercourtyardismorethan
thewidth,theprovisionsof8.1.2shallapplyfortheopenspacestobeleftbetweenthewings.

8.2.6JointOpenAirSpace
Everysuchinteriororexterioropenairspace,unlessthelatterisastreet,shallbemaintainedforthebenefitofsuchbuildingexclusivelyandshallbeentirelywithinthe
ownersownpremises.
8.2.6.1Ifsuchinteriororexterioropenairspaceisintendedtobeusedforthebenefitofmorethanonebuildingbelongingtothesameowner,thewidthofsuchopen
airspaceshallbetheonespecifiedforthetallestbuildingasspecifiedin8.2.3abuttingonsuchopenairspace.
8.2.6.2Ifsuchinteriororexterioropenairspaceisjointlyownedbymorethanoneperson,itswidthshallalsobeasspecifiedin8.2,providedeverysuchpersonagrees
inwritingtoallowhisportionofsuchjointopenairspacetobeusedforthebenefitofeverybuildingabuttingonsuchjointopenairspaceandprovidedhesendssuch
writtenconsenttotheAuthorityforrecord.SuchcommonopenairspaceshallthenceforthbetreatedasapermanentlyopenairspacerequiredforthepurposesoftheCode.
Noboundarywallbetweensuchjointopenairspaceshallbeerectedorraisedtoaheightofmorethan2.0m.
8.3OtherOccupancies
8.3.1Openspacesforotheroccupanciesshallbeasbelow:
a)

EducationalbuildingsExceptfornurseryschools,theopenspacesaroundthebuildingshallbenotlessthan6m.

b)
c)
d)
e)

f)

InstitutionalbuildingsTheopenspacesaroundthebuildingshallbenotlessthan6m.
AssemblybuildingsTheopenspaceatfrontshallbenotlessthan12mandtheotheropenspacesaroundthebuildingshallbenotlessthan6m.
NOTEHowever,ifassemblybuildingsarepermittedinpurelyresidentialzones,theopenspacesaroundthebuildingshallbenotlessthan12m.
Business,mercantileandstoragebuildingsTheopenspacesaroundthebuildingshallbenotlessthan4.5m.Wheretheseoccurinapurelyresidentialzone
orinaresidentialwithshopslinezonetheopenspacesmayberelaxed.
IndustrialbuildingsTheopenspacesaroundthebuildingshallbenotlessthan4.5mforheightsupto16m,withanincreaseoftheopenspacesof0.25mfor
everyincreaseof1morfractionthereofinheightabove16m.
NOTESpecialrulesfornarrowindustrialplotsinthecity,namelyplotslessthan15m,inwidth,andwithappropriatesetbacksfromcertainstreetsand
highways,shallbeapplicable.
HazardousoccupanciesTheopenspacesaroundthebuildingshallbeasspecifiedforindustrialbuildings[see8.3.1(e)].

8.4ExemptiontoOpenSpaces
8.4.1ProjectionsintoOpenSpaces
Everyopenspaceprovidedeitherinteriororexteriorshallbekeptfreefromanyerectionthereonandshallbeopentothesky,exceptasbelow:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Cornice,rooforweathershadenotmorethan0.75mwide
Sunshadesoverwindows/ventilatorsorotheropeningsnotmorethan0.75mwide
Canopynottobeusedasasitoutwithclearanceof1.5mbetweentheplotboundaryandthecanopy
Projectedbalconyathigherfloorsofwidthnotmorethan1.2mand
Projectingrooms/balconies[see(d)]atalternatefloorssuchthatroomsofthelowertwofloorsgetlightandairandtheprojectionbeingnotmorethantheheight
ofthestoreyimmediatelybelow.

However,theseprojectionsintoopenspacesshallnotreducetheminimumrequiredopenspaces.
8.4.1.1Accessorybuilding
Thefollowingaccessorybuildingsmaybepermittedintheopenspaces:
a)
b)
c)

Inanexistingbuilding,sanitaryblockof2.4minheightsubjecttoamaximumof4m2intherearopenspaceatadistanceof1.5mfromtherearboundarymay
bepermitted,wherefacilitiesarenotadequate.
Parkinglockupgaragesnotexceeding2.4minheightshallbepermittedinthesideorrearopenspacesatadistanceof7.5mfromanyroadlineorthefront
boundaryoftheplotand
Suctiontankandpumproomeachupto2.5m2inarea.

8.4.2ProjectionintoStreet
8.4.2.1Inexistingbuiltuporcongestedareas,noprojectionofanysortwhatsoever,exceptsunshades(see8.4.2.3)extendingmorethan23cmbelowaheightof4.3
m,shallprojectovertheroadoroveranydrainoroveranyportionoutsidetheboundariesofthesite,providedtheprojectionarisingoutoftheverticalpartoftherain
waterspoutsprojectingattheroadlevelorthewaterpipemaybepermittedinaccordancewiththedrainageplan.
8.4.2.2Porticosinexistingdevelopedarea
Porticosinbazaarareasofexistingdevelopedareasmaybepermittedtoprojectonroadlandsubjecttothefollowinglimitations:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Porticosmaybeallowedonsuchroadsleavingaminimumclearspaceof18mbetweenkerbs
Theporticosshallnotbelessthan3mwide
Nothingshallbeallowedtobeconstructedontheporticowhichshallbeusedasanopenterrace
Nothingshallbeallowedtoprojectbeyondthelineofarcadesand
ThespaceundertheporticoshallbepavedandchannelledaccordingtothedirectionsoftheAuthority.

8.4.2.3Sunshadesoverwindowsandventilators
ProjectionsofsunshadesoverwindowsorventilatorsinexistingbuiltuporcongestedareaswhenpermittedbytheAuthorityshallfulfilthefollowingconditions:
a)
b)
c)

Nosunshadeshallbepermittedovertheroadoroveranydrainoroveranyportionoutsidetheboundariesofthesitebelowaheightof2.8mfromtheroadlevel
Sunshadesprovidedaboveaheightof2.8mfromthegroundlevelshallbepermittedtoprojectuptoamaximumwidthof60cm,iftheroadoverwhichthey
projectexceeds9minwidthand
Nosunshadeshallbepermittedonroadslessthan9minwidthoronroadshavingnofootpaths.

8.5LimitationstoOpenSpaces
8.5.1SafeguardAgainstReductionofOpenSpace
Noconstructionworkonabuildingshallbeallowedifsuchworkoperatestoreduceanopenairspaceofanyotheradjoiningbuilding,belongingtothesameownerto
anextentlessthanwhatisprescribedatthetimeoftheproposedworkortoreducefurthersuchopenspaceifitisalreadylessthanthatprescribed.
8.5.2AdditionsorExtensionstoaBuilding
Additionsorextensionstoabuildingshallbeallowed,providedtheopenspacesfortheadditions/extensionssatisfy8.2aftersuchadditions/extensionsaremade.

9AREAANDHEIGHTLIMITATIONS
9.1General
ThelimitationofareaandheightofbuildingsofdifferentoccupancyclassesandtypesofconstructionshallbeachievedbyspecifyingitintermsofFAR,whichshall
takeintoaccountthevariousaspectsthatgoverninspecifyingFARasgivenbelow:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

Occupancyclass
Typesofconstruction
Widthofstreetfrontingthebuildingandthetrafficload
Localitywherethebuildingisproposedandthedensity
Parkingfacilities
Localfirefightingfacilitiesand
Watersupplyanddrainagefacilities.

9.2ThecomparativeFARsfordifferentoccupanciesandtypesofconstructionareasgiveninTable3andtheAuthorityshallselectabasicFARforoneoccupancyand
atypeofconstructionandarriveattheFARvaluesforothercombinationstakingintoaccounttheotherlocalfactors(see9.1).
9.2.1UnlimitedAreas
Theminimumfireseparationonallsidesofbuildingsofunlimitedareas(seeTable3)andofType1constructionshallbe9m.
9.3StreetWidth
Thearealimitsshallapplytoallbuildingsfrontingonastreetorpublicspacenotlessthan9minwidthaccessibletoapublicstreet.
9.4HeightLimit

TheheightandnumberofstoreysshallberelatedtoFARandtheprovisionsof8.
9.4.1WhereabuildingheightisnotcoveredbyTable3,themaximumheightshallbelimitedaccordingtothewidthofthestreetasfollows:
a)
b)

Themaximumheightofbuildingshallnotexceed1.5timesthewidthofroadabuttingplusthefrontopenspace
Ifabuildingabutsontwoormorestreetsofdifferentwidths,thebuildingshallbedeemedtofaceuponthestreetthathasthegreaterwidthandtheheightofthe
buildingshallbe
Table3ComparativeFloorAreaRatiosforOccupanciesFacingOnePublicStreetofatLeast9mWidth
(Clauses2.26,9.2and9.2.1)
OccupancyClassification

TypeofConstruction
Type1
(2)

(1)

Type2
(3)

Type3
(4)

Type4
(5)

Residential

UL

2.0

1.4

1.0

Educational

UL

2.0

1.4

1.0

Institutional

UL

1.5

1.0

0.8

Assembly

UL

1.0

0.7

0.5

Business

UL

2.9

2.3

1.6

Mercantile

8.0

1.8

1.4

1.0

Industrial

7.5

1.9

1.6

1.3

Storage(seeNote4)

6.0

1.5

1.3

1.0

Hazardous(seeNote4)

2.8

1.1

0.9

NP

ULUnlimited
NPNotPermitted
NOTES
1Thistablehasbeenprepared,takingintoaccountthecombustiblecontentinthedifferentoccupanciesaswellasthefireresistanceofferedbythetypeofconstruction(seePart4FireandLife
Safety).
2ThistableshallbemodifiedbytheAuthority,takingintoaccounttheotheraspectsasgivenbelow(see9.1):
a)Densityintermsofdwellingunits/hectare
b)Trafficconsiderations
c)Parkingspaces
d)Localfirefightingfacilitiesand
e)Watersupply,drainageandsanitationrequirements.
3TheFARspecifiedmaybeincreasedby20percentforthefollowing:
a)Abasementorcellarandspaceunderabuildingconstructedonstiltsandusedasaparkingspace,andairconditioningplantroomusedasaccessorytotheprincipaluse
b)Electriccabinorsubstation,watchmansboothofmaximumsizeof1.6m2withminimumwidthordiameterof1.2m,pumphouse,garbageshaft,spacerequiredforlocationoffirehydrants,
electricfittingsandwatertank
c)Projectionsandaccessorybuildingsasspecificallyexempted(see8.4.1)and
d)Staircaseroomandliftroomsabovethetopmoststorey,architecturalfeaturesandchimneysandelevatedtanksofdimensionsaspermissibleundertheCodetheareaoftheliftshaftshallbe
takenonlyononefloor.
4Insofarassinglestoreystorageandhazardousoccupanciesareconcerned,theywouldbefurthergovernedbyvolumetoplotarearatio(VPR),tobedecidedbytheAuthority.

regulatedbythewidthofthatstreetandmaybecontinuedtothisheighttoadepthof24malongthenarrowerstreetsubjecttoconformityof8and
Forbuildingsinvicinityofaerodromes,provisionsof9.5shallapply.

c)

9.4.2HeightExceptions
9.4.2.1Roofstructures
Thefollowingappurtenantstructuresshallnotbeincludedintheheightofthebuildingunlesstheaggregateareaofsuchstructures,includingpenthouses,exceeds
onethirdoftheareaoftheroofofbuildinguponwhichtheyareerected:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Rooftanksandtheirsupports(withsupportheightnotexceeding1m)
Ventilating,airconditioning,liftroomsandsimilarserviceequipment
Staircover(MUMTY)notexceeding3minheightand
Chimneys,parapetwallsandarchitecturalfeaturesnotexceeding1.2minheight.

9.4.2.2ThebuildingheightfordifferentoccupancytypesshallnotexceedthemaximumheightprescribedinPart4FireandLifeSafety.
9.5RestrictionsintheVicinityofAerodromes
9.5.1Forbuildingsinthevicinityofaerodromes,themaximumheightofsuchbuildingsshallbedecidedinconsultationwiththeCivilAviationAuthorities.Thisshall
beregulatedbytherulesforgivingnoobjectioncertificateforconstructionofbuildingsinthevicinityofaerodromesofDirectorateGeneralofCivilAviation,whichare
giveninAnnexA.However,thelatestrulesofDirectorateGeneralofCivilAviationshallbefollowedinallcasesofbuildingscomingupinthevicinityofanaerodrome.
9.5.1.1Forthepurposeof9.5.1newbuildings,structureswhichriseto30mormoreinheightandaretobelocatedwithin20kmoftheaerodromereferencepoint,
shallbeconstructedonlyifnoobjectioncertificatehasbeenobtainedfromtheDirectorateGeneralofCivilAviation.
9.5.1.2Inthecaseofbuildingstobeerectedinthevicinityofdefenceaerodromes,themaximumheightofsuchbuildingsshallbedecidedbytheDefenceAuthority.
9.5.2Thiswillapplyspeciallytonewconstructions,overheadhighvoltage/mediumvoltagelines,telephones/telegraphlines,factories,chimneys,wire/TVantennas.
9.5.2.1Nonewchimneysorsmokeproducingfactoriesshallbeconstructedwithinaradiusof8kmfromtheaerodromereferencepoint(ARP).
9.5.2.2Overheadhighvoltage/mediumvoltagelinesortelephone/telegraphlinesshallnotbepermittedintheapproach/takeoffclimbareaswithin3000mofthe
inneredgeoftheseareas.
9.5.2.3A3mmarginshallbeallowedinnewconstructionsforwireless/TVantennas,coolingtowersandMUMTIES.
9.5.3Butcheries,tanneriesandsolidwastedisposalsitesshallnotbepermittedwithin10kmfromtheaerodromereferencepoint.
9.6GroupHousing
9.6.1Grouphousingdevelopmentmaybeinlowrisehouseclustersormultistoreyedapartmentsforhighdensitydevelopment.
9.6.2Nolimittofloorsandheightshallbeapplicable,butthecoverageandfloorarearatioforvariousdensitiesmaybeasgiveninTable4unlessotherwiseprovided
intheMasterPlanandlocaldevelopmentcontrolrules.
Table4FloorAreaRatioandCoverageforGroupHousing
(Clause9.6.2)
SlNo.
(1)

NetResidentialDensityinDwellingUnits/Hectare
(2)

MaximumCoverageinPercent
(3)

FloorAreaRatio
(4)

i) 25

25

0.50

ii) 50

30

0.75

iii) 75

33

0.90

iv) 100

35

1.00

v) 125

35

1.25

vi) 150

35

1.50

vii) 175

35

1.75

NOTEThecoverageshallbecalculatedonthebasisofthewholeareareservedforgrouphousing.

9.6.3Theminimumsizeofthesiteforgrouphousingmultistoreyedapartmentshallbe3000m2

9.6.3.1ThenumberofdwellingunitsarecalculatedonthebasisofthedensitypatterngivenintheDevelopmentPlantakingintoconsiderationapopulationof4.5
personsperdwellingunit.
9.6.3.2Thebasementmayvarybetween33.33to50percentoftheplotareaandistobeusedforparking,servicingandforessentialhouseholdstoragewithout
countinginFAR.
9.6.3.3Onecarparkingspaceforeverytwoflatsupto90m2floorareaandoneforeveryflatfor100m2ormoreshallbeprovided.
9.6.4Withaviewtoprovidingadequateparkingforoccupanciesandthevehicularload,appropriateoffstreetparkingprovisionshavetobemadeinthebuilding/on
site.Thiscouldalsobepermittedinbasementareasandthefootprintforthebasementparkingcanexceedthegroundcoverageofthebuildingsubjecttonobasement
buildingconstructiontocrossthebuildinglineandallothersafetyfeaturesforstructural,fire,healthandpublicsafetybeingensured.

10OFFSTREETPARKINGSPACES
10.1Theoffstreetparking(onsiteparking)spacesinaplottobeprovidedshallbeinaccordancewithAnnexB.ThespacesgiveninAnnexBshallbeconsideredbythe
AuthorityinconjunctionwiththeDevelopmentRules,inforce,ifany.
10.2Thespacestobeleftoutforoffstreetparkingasgivenin10.3to10.6shallbeinadditiontotheopenspacesleftoutforlightingandventilationpurposesasgiven
in15.
10.2.1Further50percentoftheopenspacesrequiredaroundbuildingsunder8maybeallowedtobeutilizedforparkingorloadingorunloadingspaces,provideda
minimumdistanceof3.6maroundthebuildingiskeptfreefromanyparking,loadingorunloadingspacessubjecttotheprovisionsofPart4FireandLifeSafety.
10.3Eachoffstreetparkingspaceprovidedforvehiclesshallbeasfollows:
a)
b)

Forcar,theminimumparkingspacetobe3m6mwhenindividualparkingspaceisrequiredand2.75m5mwhencommonparkingspaceisrequired.

c)

Areaforeachequivalentcarspaceinclusiveofcirculationareais23m2foropenparking,28m2forgroundfloorcoveredparkingand32m2forbasement.

Spaceforscooter/twowheelerandbicycletobenotlessthan1.25m2and1.00m2respectively.

10.4Forbuildingsofdifferentoccupancies,offstreetparkingspaceforvehiclesshallbeprovidedasstipulatedbelow:
a)
b)

MotorVehiclesSpaceshallbeprovidedasspecifiedinAnnexBforparkingmotorvehicles(cars).
OtherTypesofVehiclesFornonresidentialbuilding,inadditiontotheparkingareasprovidedin(a)above,25to50percentadditionalparkingspaceshallbe
providedforparkingothertypesofvehiclesandtheadditionalspacesrequiredforothervehiclesshallbeasdecidedbytheAuthority,keepinginviewthenature
oftrafficgeneratedinthecity.

10.5Offstreetparkingspaceshallbeprovidedwithadequatevehicularaccesstoastreetandtheareaofdrives,aislesandsuchotherprovisionsrequiredforadequate
maneuveringofvehicleshallbeexclusiveoftheparkingspacestipulatedintheseprovisions.
10.6Ifthetotalparkingspacerequiredbytheseprovisionsisprovidedbyagroupofpropertyownersfortheirmutualbenefits,suchuseofthisspacemaybeconstrued
asmeetingtheoffstreetparkingrequirementsundertheseprovisions,subjecttotheapprovaloftheAuthority.
10.7Inbuildingsofmercantile(commercial),industrialandstoragetype,inadditiontotheparkingspacesprovided,aspaceattherateof3.5m7.5m,shallbe
providedforloadingandunloadingactivities,foreach1000m2offloorareaorfractionthereof.
10.8Parkingspacesshallbepavedandclearlymarkedfordifferenttypesofvehicles.
10.9Apartfromparkingatgroundlevel,provisionofundergroundormultistoreyedparkingmaybepermitted.Theparkingofvehiclesatdifferentlevelmayalsobe
mechanized.Inthecaseofparkingspacesprovidedinbasement(s),atleasttworampsofadequatewidthandslopeshallbeprovided,locatedpreferablyatoppositeends.
Incaseofunderground/multistoreyedparking,specialmeasureswithregardtofiresafetyshallbetaken(seePart4FireandLifeSafety).

11GREENBELTS,LANDSCAPINGANDWATERCONSERVATION
11.1General
Greenbeltsandlandscapingincludingplantationofshrubsandtreeshelptocertainextentinenhancingtheenvironmentalquality.
11.1.1Plantingoftreesinstreetsandinopenspacesshouldbedonecarefullytotakeadvantageofbothshadesandsunshinewithoutobstructingtheflowofwind
circulationandsight.Theiradvantageforabatingglareandforprovidingcooland/orwarmpocketsindevelopedareasshouldalsobetaken.
11.2NormsforPlantingofShrubsandTrees
11.2.1Suitableprovisionsmaybemadeforgreeneriesincludingplantationofshrubsandtreesasapartofenvironmentalprotectioningeneral.Thisaspectshallbe
takencareoffromtheinitialstageoftownandcountryplanning,zoningandplanningofdevelopmentofparticularareaandgrouphousing.Finally,thisaspectshallalso
betakenintoaccountinplanningindividualbuildingofdifferentoccupancies.
11.2.2Thetypesofplants,thedistancebetweentrees/plantsfromthebuildingandthedistancebetweenplantsshallbecarefullyworkedoutkeepinginviewthe
structuralsafetyandaestheticrequirementsofbuildings.
11.3Treesshallbenumberedareawise,plotwiseandroadwisebytheconcernedauthorityandtheyshallbecheckedperiodically.
11.4Cuttingandpruningoftreesinpublicaswellasprivateareasshallbesuitablyregulated.TreesshallbecutonlyafterobtainingthepermissionoftheAuthority
designatedforthispurpose.
11.5ThelandscapeplanninganddesignshallbedoneinaccordancewithPart10Landscaping,SignsandOutdoorDisplayStructures,Section1LandscapePlanning
andDesign.
11.6WaterConservationandAugmentation
Inviewofcriticalshortageofwater,conservationofwaterbyrainwaterharvestingandbyuseofrecycledwatertothemaximumextentpossiblewillberequired.Inthis
regardthefollowingprovisionsmaybeadopted.
11.6.1Thelocalauthoritypreparingatownplanningschemeoradevelopmentplanshouldseethatthelocalwaterbodiesarepreserved,andifdry,areactivatedby
directingwatercoursesappropriately.Ifrequired,thesameshouldbeenlarged,deepened,etc.
11.6.2Thewaterbodyshouldbeprotectedbyensuringthatnopermanent/temporaryconstructiondevelopmenttakesplacearoundituptoadistanceof50mfromthe
edgeofthewaterbodyandthesameshallbesuitablylandscaped.Further,thepublicshallhaveeasyaccesstothewaterbody.
11.6.3TherainwaterrunoffshallbesuitablydirectedtoRechargingWellsinplotsbelongingtothelocalauthorityandofappropriatedesign.
11.6.4Thelocalauthorityshouldencourageforcollectionofrainwaterfromroofsandterracesanddirectthesameeithertoastoragetankortoarechargingwell.
11.6.5Buildingshavingcentralairconditioningplantsrequiringwaterforcoolingpurposesmaynotbeallowedtousefreshwaterforthepurpose.
11.6.6Commercialorresidentialmultistoreycomplexesmayuserecycledwaterforflushingoftoilets.Separatestoragetanksandseparatedistributionpipesshallbe
providedforthepurpose.

12REQUIREMENTSOFPARTSORBUILDINGS
12.1Plinth
12.1.1MainBuildings
Theplinthoranypartofabuildingorouthouseshallbesolocatedwithrespecttothesurroundinggroundlevelthatadequatedrainageofthesiteisassured.The
heightoftheplinthshallbenotlessthan450mmfromthesurroundinggroundlevel.
12.1.2InteriorCourtyardsandCoveredParking

Everyinteriorcourtyardshallberaisedatleast150mmabovethedetermininggroundlevelandshallbesatisfactorilydrained.
12.2HabitableRooms
12.2.1Height
Theheightofallroomsforhumanhabitationshallnotbelessthan2.75mmeasuredfromthesurfaceofthefloortothelowestpointoftheceiling(bottomofslab).In
thecaseofpitchedroof,theaverageheightofroomsshallnotbelessthan2.75m.Theminimumclearheadroomunderabeam,foldedplatesoreavesshallbe2.4m.Inthe
caseofairconditionedrooms,aheightofnotlessthan2.4mmeasuredfromthesurfaceofthefloortothelowestpointofairconditioningductorthefalseceilingshallbe
provided.
12.2.1.1Therequirementsof12.2.1applytoresidential,businessandmercantilebuildings.Foreducationalandindustrialbuildings,thefollowingminimum
requirementsapply:
a)

EducationalBuildings

Ceilingheight3.6mforallregionsincoldregions,3m

b)

IndustrialBuildings

Ceilingheight3.6m,exceptwhenairconditioned,3m(FactoryAct1948andRulesthereinshallgovernsuchheights,whereapplicable).

12.2.2Size
Theareaofhabitableroomshallnotbelessthan9.5m2,wherethereisonlyoneroomwithaminimumwidthof2.4m.Wheretherearetworooms,oneoftheseshallnot
belessthan9.5m2andtheothernotlessthan7.5m2,withaminimumwidthof2.1m.
12.3Kitchen
12.3.1Height
Theheightofakitchenmeasuredfromthesurfaceofthefloortothelowestpointintheceiling(bottomslab)shallnotbelessthan2.75m,exceptfortheportionto
accommodatefloortrapoftheupperfloor.
12.3.2Size
Theareaofakitchenwhereseparatediningareaisprovided,shallbenotlessthan5.0m2withaminimumwidthof1.8m.Wherethereisaseparatestore,theareaof
thekitchenmaybereducedto4.5m2.Akitchen,whichisintendedforuseasadiningareaalso,shallhaveafloorareaofnotlessthan7.5m2withaminimumwidthof
2.1m.
12.3.3OtherRequirements
Everyroomtobeusedaskitchenshallhave:
a)
b)
c)
d)

unlessseparatelyprovidedinapantry,meansforthewashingofkitchenutensilswhichshallleaddirectlyorthroughasinktoagratedandtrappedconnection
tothewastepipe
animpermeablefloor
aflue,iffoundnecessaryand
awindoworventilatororopeningofsizenotlessthanasspecifiedin15.1.1subjecttoincreaseinareaofopeninginaccordancewithNote3of15.1.2.

12.4BathroomsandWaterClosets
12.4.1Height
Theheightofabathroomorwaterclosetmeasuredfromthesurfaceofthefloortothelowestpointintheceiling(bottomofslab)shallnotbelessthan2.1m.
12.4.2Size
Theareaofabathroomshallnotbelessthan1.8m2withaminimumwidthof1.2m.Thefloorareaofwaterclosetshallbe1.1m2withaminimumwidthof0.9m.If
bathandwaterclosetarecombined,itsfloorareashallnotbelessthan2.8m2withaminimumwidthof1.2m.
12.4.3OtherRequirements
Everybathroomorwaterclosetshall:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

besosituatedthatatleastoneofitswallsshallopentoexternalair
notbedirectlyoverorunderanyroomotherthananotherwatercloset,washingplace,bathorterrace,unlessithasawatertightfloor
havetheplatformorseatmadeofwatertightnonabsorbentmaterial
beenclosedbywallsorpartitionsandthesurfaceofeverysuchwallorpartitionshallbefinishedwithasmoothimperviousmaterialtoaheightofnotlessthan
1mabovethefloorofsucharoom
beprovidedwithanimperviousfloorcovering,slopingtowardsthedrainwithasuitablegradeandnottowardsVERANDAHoranyotherroomand
haveawindoworventilator,openingtoashaftoropenspace,ofareanotlessthan0.3m2withsidenotlessthan0.3m.

12.4.4Noroomcontainingwaterclosetsshallbeusedforanypurposeexceptasalavatoryandnosuchroomshallopendirectlyintoanykitchenorcookingspacebya
door,windoworotheropening.Everyroomcontainingwaterclosetshallhaveadoorcompletelyclosingtheentrancetoit.
12.5LedgeorTAND/Loft
12.5.1Height
TheminimumheadroomofledgeorTAND/loftshallbe2.2m.Themaximumheightofloftshallbe1.5m.
12.5.2Size
AledgeorTAND/loftinahabitableroomshallnotcovermorethan25percentoftheareaoftheflooronwhichitisconstructedandshallnotinterferewiththe
ventilationoftheroomunderanycircumstances.
12.6MezzanineFloor
12.6.1Height
Itshallhaveaminimumheightof2.2m.
12.6.2Size
Theminimumsizeofthemezzaninefloor,ifitistobeusedasalivingroom,shallnotbelessthan9.5m2.Theaggregateareaofsuchmezzaninefloorinabuildingshall
innocaseexceedonethirdtheplinthareaofthebuilding.
12.6.3OtherRequirements
Amezzaninefloormaybepermittedoveraroomoracompartmentprovided:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

itconformtothestandardoflivingroomsasregardslightingandventilationincasethesizeofmezzanineflooris9.5m2ormore(see14.1.2)
itissoconstructedasnottointerfereunderanycircumstanceswiththeventilationofthespaceoverandunderit
suchmezzaninefloorisnotsubdividedintosmallercompartments
suchmezzaninefloororanypartofitshallnotbeusedasakitchenand
innocaseshallamezzaninefloorbeclosedsoastomakeitliabletobeconvertedintounventilatedcompartments.

12.7StoreRoom
12.7.1Height

Theheightofastoreroomshallbenotlessthan2.2m.
12.7.2Size
Thesizeofastoreroom,whereprovidedinaresidentialbuilding,shallbenotlessthan3m2.
12.8Garage
12.8.1Height
Theheightofagarageshallbenotlessthan2.4m.
12.8.2Size
Thesizeofgaragesshallbeasbelow:
a)
b)

PrivateGarage3.0m6.0m,minimumand
PublicGarageBasedonthenumberofvehiclesparked,etc(see10).

12.9Basement
12.9.1Thebasementshallnotbeusedforresidentialpurposes.
12.9.2TheconstructionofthebasementshallbeallowedbytheAuthorityinaccordancewiththelanduseandotherprovisionsspecifiedundertheDevelopment
ControlRules.
12.9.2.1Thebasementtobeconstructedwithinthebuildingenvelopeandsubjecttomaximumcoverageonfloor1(entrancefloor)maybeputtoonlythefollowing
uses:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Storageofhouseholdorothergoodsofordinarilynoncombustiblematerial
Strongrooms,bankcellars,etc
Airconditioningequipmentandothermachinesusedforservicesandutilitiesofthebuildingand
Parkingspaces.

12.9.3Thebasementshallhavethefollowingrequirements:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

Everybasementshallbeineverypartatleast2.4minheightfromthefloortotheundersideoftheroofslaborceiling
Adequateventilationshallbeprovidedforthebasement.Theventilationrequirementsshallbethesameasrequiredbytheparticularoccupancyaccordingto
byelaws.Anydeficiencymaybemetbyprovidingadequatemechanicalventilationintheformofblowers,exhaustfans,airconditioningsystems,etc
Theminimumheightoftheceilingofanybasementshallbe0.9mandthemaximum,1.2mabovetheaveragesurroundinggroundlevel
Adequatearrangementsshallbemadesuchthatsurfacedrainagedoesnotenterthebasement
Thewallsandfloorsofthebasementshallbewatertightandbesodesignedthattheeffectsofthesurroundingsoilandmoisture,ifany,aretakenintoaccountin
designandadequatedampproofingtreatmentisgivenand
Theaccesstothebasementshallbeseparatefromthemainandalternativestaircaseprovidingaccessandexitfromhigherfloors.Wherethestaircaseis
continuousinthecaseofbuildingsservedbymorethanonestaircase,thesameshallbeofenclosedtypeservingasafireseparationfromthebasementfloorand
higherfloors.Openrampsshallbepermittediftheyareconstructedwithinthebuildinglinesubjecttotheprovisionof(d).

TheexistrequirementsinbasementsshallcomplywiththeprovisionsofPart4FireandLifeSafety.
12.10Chimneys
Thechimneysshallbebuiltatleast0.9maboveflatroofs,providedthetopofthechimneysisnotbelowthetopoftheadjacentparapetwall.Inthecaseofsloping
roofs,thechimneytopshallnotbelessthan0.6mabovetheridgeoftheroofinwhichthechimneypenetrates.
12.11Parapet
Parapetwallsandhandrailsprovidedontheedgesofroofterraces,balcony,VARANDAH,etcshallnotbelessthan1.0mandnotmorethan1.2minheightfromthe
finishedfloorlevel.
12.12Cabin
Thesizeofcabinsshallnotbelessthan3.0m2withaminimumwidthof1.0m.Theclearpassageswithinthedividedspaceofanyfloorshallnotbelessthan0.75mand
thedistancefromthefarthestspaceinacabintoanyexitshallnotbemorethan18.5m.Incasethesubdividedcabindoesnotderivedirectlightingandventilationfrom
anyopenspaces/mechanicalmeans,themaximumheightofthecabinshallbe2.2m.
12.13BoundaryWall
12.13.1Therequirementsoftheboundarywallaregivenbelow:
a)
b)

c)

ExceptwiththespecialpermissionoftheAuthority,themaximumheightofthecompoundwallshallbe1.5mabovethecentrelineofthefrontstreet.
Compoundwallupto2.4mheightmaybepermittedifthetop0.9misofopentypeconstructionofadesigntobeapprovedbytheAuthority.
Inthecaseofacornerplot,theheightoftheboundarywallshallberestrictedto0.75mforalengthof10monthefrontandsideoftheintersectionsandthe
balanceheightof0.75mifrequiredinaccordancewith(a)maybemadeupofopentypeconstruction(throughrailings)andofdesigntobeapprovedbythe
Authority.
However,theprovisionsof(a)and(b)arenotapplicabletoboundarywallsofjails.Inindustrialbuildings,electricsubstations,transformerstations,
institutionalbuildingslikesanitoria,hospitals,industrialbuildingslikeworkshops,factoriesandeducationalbuildingslikeschools,colleges,includinghostels,
andotherusesofpublicutilityundertakingsandstrategicallysensitivebuildings,aheightupto2.4mmaybepermittedbytheAuthority.

12.14Wells
Wells,intendedtosupplywaterforhumanconsumptionordomesticpurposes,whereprovided,shallcomplywiththerequirementsof12.14.1and12.14.2.
12.14.1Location
Thewellshallbelocated:
a)
b)
c)
d)

notlessthan15mfromanyashpit,refusepit,earthclosetorprivyandshallbelocatedonasiteupwardsfromtheearthclosetorprivy
notlessthan18mfromanycesspitsoakwayorboreholelatrineandshallbelocatedonasiteupwardsfromtheearthclosetorprivy
thatcontaminationbythemovementofsubsoilorotherwaterisunlikelyand
notunderatreeorotherwiseitshouldhaveacanopyoverit,sothatleavesandtwigsmaynotfallintothewellandrot.

12.14.2Requirements
Thewellshall:
a)
b)

c)

haveaminimuminternaldiameterofnotlessthan1m
beconstructedtoaheightnotlessthan1mabovethesurroundinggroundlevel,toformaparapetorkerbandtopreventsurfacewaterfromflowingintoawell,
andshallbesurroundedwithapavingconstructedofimperviousmaterialwhichshallextendforadistanceofnotlessthan1.8mineverydirectionfromthe
parapetfromthekerbformingthewellheadandtheuppersurfaceofsuchapavingshallbeslopedawayfromthewell
beofsoundandpermanentconstruction(PUCCA)throughout.Temporaryorexposed(KUTCHA)wellsshallbepermittedonlyinfieldsorgardensforpurposes
ofirrigationand

d)

havetheinteriorsurfaceoftheliningorwallsofthewellberenderedimperviousforadepthofnotlessthan1.8mmeasuredfromtheleveloftheground
immediatelyadjoiningthewellhead.

12.15SepticTanks
Whereaseptictankisusedforsewagedisposal,thelocation,designandconstructionoftheseptictankshallconformtorequirementsof12.15.1and12.15.2[seealso
Part9PlumbingServices,Section1WaterSupply,DrainageandSanitation(IncludingSolidWasteManagement)].
12.15.1LocationoftheSepticTanksandSubsurfaceAbsorptionSystems
Asubsoildispersionsystemshallnotbecloserthan18mfromanysourceofdrinkingwater,suchaswell,tomitigatethepossibilityofbacterialpollutionofwater
supply.Itshallalsobeasfarremovedfromthenearesthabitablebuildingaseconomicallyfeasiblebutnotcloserthan6m,toavoiddamagetothestructures.
12.15.2Requirements
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

g)

h)

DimensionsofseptictanksSeptictanksshallhaveaminimumwidthof750mm,aminimumdepthof1mbelowthewaterlevelandaminimumliquid
capacityof1m3.Thelengthoftanksshallbe2to4timesthewidth
Septictanksmaybeconstructedofbrickwork,stonemasonry,concreteorothersuitablematerialsasapprovedbytheAuthority
Undernocircumstancesshalleffluentfromaseptictankbeallowedintoanopenchanneldrainorbodyofwaterwithoutadequatetreatment
Theminimumnominaldiameterofthepipeshallbe100mm.Further,atjunctionsofpipesinmanholes,directionofflowfromabranchconnectionshallnot
makeanangleexceeding45withthedirectionofflowinthemainpipe
Thegradientsoflanddrains,underdrainageaswellasthebottomofdispersiontrenchesandsoakwaysshallbebetween1:300and1:400
Everyseptictankshallbeprovidedwithventilatingpipeofatleast50mmdiameter.Thetopofthepipeshallbeprovidedwithasuitablecageofmosquitoproof
wiremesh.Theventilatingpipeshallextendtoaheightwhichwouldcausenosmellnuisancetoanybuildinginthearea.Generally,theventilatingpipemay
extendtoaheightofabout2m,whentheseptictankisatleast15mawayfromthenearestbuildingandtoaheightof2mabovethetopofthebuildingwhenitis
locatedcloserthan15m
Whenthedisposalofseptictankeffluentistoaseepagepit,theseepagepitmaybeofanysuitableshapewiththeleastcrosssectionaldimensionof0.90mand
notlessthan1.00mindepthbelowtheinvertleveloftheinletpipe.Thepitmaybelinedwithstone,brickorconcreteblockswithdryopenjointswhichshould
bebackedwithatleast75mmofcleancoarseaggregate.Theliningabovetheinletlevelshouldbefinishedwithmortar.Inthecaseofpitsoflargedimensions,
thetopportionmaybenarrowedtoreducethesizeoftheRCCcoverslabs.Wherenoliningisused,speciallyneartrees,theentirepitshouldbefilledwithloose
stones.Amasonryringmaybeconstructedatthetopofthepittopreventdamagebyfloodingofthepitbysurfacerunoff.Theinletpipemaybetakendowna
depthof0.90mfromthetopasanantimosquitomeasureand
Whenthedisposaloftheseptictankeffluentistoadispersiontrench,thedispersiontrenchshallbe0.50mto1.00mdeepand0.30mto1.00mwideexcavated
toaslightgradientandshallbeprovidedwith150mmto250mmofwashedgravelorcrushedstones.Openjointedpipesplacedinsidethetrenchshallbemade
ofunglazedearthenwareclayorconcreteandshallhaveaminimuminternaldiameterof75mmto100mm.Eachdispersiontrenchshallnotbelongerthan30m
andtrenchesshallnotbeplacedcloserthan1.8m.

12.16OfficecumLetterBoxRoom
InthecaseofmultistoreyedmultifamilydwellingapartmentsconstructedbyexistingandproposedCooperativeHousingSocietiesorApartmentOwners
Associations,limitedcompaniesandproposedsocieties,anofficecumletterboxroomofdimension3.6m3mshallbeprovidedonthegroundfloor.Incasethenumber
offlatsismorethan20,themaximumsizeoftheofficecumletterboxroomshallbe20m2.
12.16.1BusinessBuildings
Provisionshallbemadeforletterboxesontheentranceflooraspertherequirementsofthepostaldepartment.
12.17MeterRooms
Forallbuildingsabove15minheightandinspecialoccupancies,likeeducational,assembly,institutional,industrial,storage,hazardousandmixedoccupancieswith
anyoftheaforesaidoccupancieshavingareamorethan500m2oneachfloor,provisionshallbemadeforanindependentandventilatedmeter(service)room,asper
requirementsofelectric(service)supplyundertakingsonthegroundfloorwithdirectaccessfromoutsideforthepurposeofterminationofelectricsupplyfromthe
licenseesserviceandalternativesupplycables.Thedoor/doorsprovidedfortheserviceroomshallhavefireresistanceofnotlessthantwohours.
12.18Staircase/ExitRequirements
12.18.1Theminimumclearwidth,minimumtreadwidthandmaximumriserofstaircasesforbuildingsshallbeasgivenin12.18.1.1to12.18.1.3(seealsoPart4
FireandLifeSafety).
12.18.1.1MinimumwidthTheminimumwidthofstaircaseshallbeasfollows:
a)

Residentialbuildings(dwellings)

1.0m

NOTEForrowhousingwith2storeys,theminimumwidthshallbe0.75m.
b)

Residentialhotelbuildings

1.5m

c)

Assemblybuildingslikeauditoria,theatresandcinemas

2.0m

d)

Educationalbuilding

1.5m

e)

Institutionalbuildings

2.0m

f)

Allotherbuildings

1.5m

12.18.1.2Minimumtread
Theminimumwidthoftreadwithoutnosingshallbe250mmforresidentialbuildings.Theminimumwidthoftreadforotherbuildingsshallbe300mm.
12.18.1.3Maximumriser
Themaximumheightofrisershallbe190mmforresidentialbuildingsand150mmforotherbuildingsandtheseshallbelimitedto12perflight.
12.18.2Theminimumheadroominapassageunderthelandingofastaircaseshallbe2.2m.Theminimumclearheadroominanystaircaseshallbe2.2m.
12.18.3ExitRequirements
Allaspectsofexitrequirementsforcorridors,doors,staircases,ramps,etcinrespectofwidths,traveldistanceshallbeasperPart4FireandLifeSafety.
12.19Roofs
12.19.1Theroofofabuildingshallbesodesignedandconstructedastoeffectivelydrainwaterbymeansofsufficientrainwaterpipesofadequatesize,wherever
required,soarranged,jointedandfixedastoensurethattherainwateriscarriedawayfromthebuildingwithoutcausingdampnessinanypartofthewalls,roofor
foundationsofthebuildingoranadjacentbuilding.
12.19.2TheAuthoritymayrequirerainwaterpipestobeconnectedtoadrainorsewertoacoveredchannelformedbeneaththepublicfootpathtoconnecttherain
waterpipetotheroadgutterorinanyotherapprovedmanner.
12.19.3Rainwaterpipesshallbeaffixedtotheoutsideoftheexternalwallsofthebuildingorinrecessesorchasescutorformedinsuchexternalwallsorinsuchother
mannerasmaybeapprovedbytheAuthority.
12.19.4Itisdesirabletoconserverainwaterusingsuitablerainwaterharvestingtechniquesincludingbyroofwatercollection.Inthiscontext,referencemaybemade
toPart9PlumbingServices,Section1WaterSupply,DrainageandSanitation(IncludingSolidWasteManagement).
12.20SpecialRequirementsofLowIncomeHousing
SpecialrequirementsoflowincomehousingshallbeasgiveninAnnexC.Fordetailedinformationinthisregard,referencemaybemadetotheacceptedstandards
[3(1)].
12.21SpecialRequirementsforPhysicallyChallenged

Specialrequirementsforplanningofbuildingsandfacilitieskeepinginviewtheneedsofthephysicallychallenged,applicableparticularlytopublicbuildingsmeant
fortheiruse,aregiveninAnnexD.
12.22SpecialRequirementsforClusterPlanningforHousing
SpecialrequirementsforclusterplanningforhousingshallbeasgiveninAnnexE.
12.23SpecialRequirementsforLowIncomeHabitatPlanninginRuralAreas
SpecialrequirementsforlowincomehabitatplanninginruralareasshallbeasgiveninAnnexF.
12.24SpecialRequirementsforDevelopmentPlanninginHillyAreas
SpecialrequirementsfordevelopmentplanninginhillyareasisgiveninAnnexG.

13FIREANDLIFESAFETY
Forrequirementsregardingfireandlifesafetyfordifferentoccupancies,referenceshallbemadetoPart4FireandLifeSafety.

14DESIGNANDCONSTRUCTION
Forrequirementsregardingstructuraldesign,referenceshallbemadetoPart6StructuralDesignandforconstruction(includingsafety)referenceshallbemadeto
Part7ConstructionalPracticesandSafety.

15LIGHTINGANDVENTILATION
15.1Forrequirementsregardinglightingandventilationfordifferentusesandoccupancies,referenceshallbemadetoPart8BuildingServices,Section1Lightingand
Ventilation.
15.1.1LightingandVentilationofRooms
Roomsshallhave,fortheadmissionoflightandair,oneormoreopenings,suchaswindowsandventilators,openingdirectlytotheexternalairorintoanopen
VERANDAH.
15.1.2Notwithstandingtheareaofopeningsobtainedthrough15.1,theminimumaggregatearea(seeNotes1to3)ofsuchopenings,excludingdoorsinclusiveof
frames,shallbenotlessthan:
a)
b)
c)
d)

onetenthofthefloorareafordryhotclimate
onesixthofthefloorareaforwethotclimate
oneeighthofthefloorareaforintermediateclimateand
onetwelfthofthefloorareaforcoldclimate.
NOTES
1Ifawindowispartlyfixed,theopenableareashallbecounted.
2Noportionofaroomshallbeassumedtobelighted,ifitismorethan7.5mawayfromtheopeningassumedforlightingthatportion.
3Theareaofopeningsasgivenin(a)to(d)aboveshallbeincreasedby25percentinthecaseofakitchen[see12.3.3(d)].

16ELECTRICALANDALLIEDINSTALLATIONS(INCLUDINGLIGHTINGPROTECTIONOFBUILDINGS)
Forrequirementsregardingelectricalinstallationsinbuildingsincludinglightningprotectionofbuildings,referenceshallbemadetoPart8BuildingServices,Section
2ElectricalandAlliedInstallations.

17AIRCONDITIONING,HEATINGANDMECHANICALVENTILATION
Forrequirementsregardingdesign,constructionandinstallationofairconditioning,heatingandmechanicalventilationsystems,referenceshallbemadetoPart8
BuildingServices,Section3AirConditioning,HeatingandMechanicalVentilation.

18ACOUSTICS,SOUNDINSULATIONANDNOISECONTROL
Forrequirementsregardingthedesirednoiselevelsandsoundinsulationindifferentoccupancies,referenceshallbemadetoPart8BuildingServices,Section4
Acoustics,SoundInsulationandNoiseControl.

19HEATINSULATION
Forcalculationofsolarradiationonbuildingsandrecommendedlimitsofthermaltransmittanceofroofsandwallsfordifferentpartsofthecountryandheat
transmissionlossesduetodifferentconstructions,referencemaybemadetogoodpractice[3(2)].

20INSTALLATIONOFLIFTSANDESCALATORS
Provisionforliftsshallbemadeforbuildings15mormoreinheight.Forrequirementsregardingplanning,designingandinstallation,etcofliftsandescalators,
referenceshallbemadetoPart8BuildingServices,Section5InstallationofLiftsandEscalators.

21PLUMBINGSERVICESANDSOLIDWASTEMANAGEMENT
Forrequirementsregardingwatersupply,drainageandsanitation(includingsolidwastemanagement)andgassupply,referenceshallbemadetoPart9Plumbing
Services.

ANNEXA
(Clause9.5.1)
CIVILAVIATIONREQUIREMENTSFORCONSTRUCTIONINTHEVICINITYOFANAERODROME
A0GENERAL
A0.1ForthepurposeofthisAnnex,thefollowingdefinitionsshallapply.
A0.1.1AerodromeReferencePoint(ARP)Thisisadesignatedpoint,whichisestablishedinthehorizontalplaneatornearthegeometriccentreofthelandingarea.
A0.1.2ApproachFunnelSeeFig.8.
A0.1.3ElevationorReducedLevelTheverticaldistanceofapointoralevel,onoraffixedtothesurfaceoftheearth,measuredfromthemeansealevel.
A0.1.4TransitionalAreaAnareawhichisbelowaspecifiedsurfaceslopingupwardsandoutwardsfromtheedgeoftheapproachfunnelandfromaline
originatingattheendoftheinneredgeofeachapproacharea,drawnparalleltotherunwaycentrelineinthedirectionoflanding(seeFig.8).
A0.1.5RunwayStripSeeFig.8.
A1PROHIBITEDAREA
A1.1Nobuildingorstructureshallbeconstructedorerected,ornotreeshallbeplanted,onanylandwithinthelimitsspecifiedinA1.2andA1.3inrespectofthe
aerodromeslistedinA3andinrespectoftheaerodromeatThiruvananthapuram.
A1.2FortheAerodromes(seeA3)
Theserequirementsshallbeapplicableforthelandenclosedinapproachfunnelsoftherunwaywithamaximumdistanceof360mmeasuredfromeachrunwayand
alongtheextendedcentrelineoftherunway.Forthepurposeofthisclause,therequirementsofapproachfunnelandaninstrumentrunwayshallbeasgiveninA1.2.1to
A1.2.3.

A1.2.1Approachfunnelinthecaseofaninstrumentrunwaymeanstheareaintheshapeofanisoscelestrapeziumhavingthelongerparallelside4800mlong(2
400moneithersideoftheextendedcentrelineoftherunway)andsmallerparallelside300mlong(150moneithersideoftheextendedcentrelineoftherunway)wherethe
smallerandlongerparallelsidesareplacedatadistanceof60mand15060m,respectively,fromtheendoftherunwayandatrightanglestotheextendedcentreline.
A1.2.2Inthecaseofanoninstrumentrunway,theapproachfunnelmeanstheareaintheshapeofanisoscelestrapeziumhavingthelongerparallelside1800mlong
(900moneithersideoftheextendedcentrelineoftherunway)andsmallerparallelside180mlong(90moneithersideoftheextendedcentrelineoftherunway),where
thesmallerandlongerparallelsidesareplacedatadistanceof60mand6540m,respectively,fromtheendoftherunwayandatrightanglestotheextendedcentreline.
Thereafter,thetrapeziumisfollowedbyacontiguousrectangularareaofthatwidthfortheremainderofthelengthuptoadistanceof15060mfromtheendoftherunway.
A1.2.3Aninstrumentrunwayisarunwayservedbyvisualandnonvisualaidoraidsprovidingatleastdirectionalguidanceadequateforastraightinapproachand
intendedfortheoperationofaircraftusinginstrumentapproachprocedures.
A1.3FortheAerodromeatThiruvananthapuram
Theserequirementsshallbeapplicableforthelandenclosedinapproachfunnelsofallrunwayswithamaximumdistanceof304.80m,measuredfromeachrunway
andalongextendedcentrelineoftherunway,andthelandenclosedinabeltof30.48mwidthoutsidetheoperationalboundaryoftheaerodrome.Forthepurposeofthis
clause,therequirementsofapproachfunnelandoperationalboundaryshallbeasgiveninA1.3.1andA1.3.2.
A1.3.1Approachfunnelmeanstheareaintheshapeofanisoscelestrapeziumhavingthelongerparallelsideoflength4724.4m(2362.2moneithersideofthe
extendedcentrelineoftherunway)andsmallerparallelsideof152.4m(76.2moneithersideoftheextendedcentrelineoftherunway)wherethesmallerandlonger
parallelsidesareplacedatadistanceof60.9mand15301m,respectively,fromtheendoftherunwayandatrightanglestotheextendedcentreline.
A1.3.2Operationalboundarymeansanareaenclosedbetweenparallellinesatadistanceof152.4moneithersideofthecentrelineoftherunwaysor30.4mfromthe
boundaryfencingoftheaerodrome,whicheverisgreater.
A2HEIGHTRESTRICTION
A2.1FortheAerodromes(seeA3)

F.8R
NobuildingorstructurehigherthantheheightspecifiedinTables5and6shallbeconstructedorerected,ornotreewhichislikelytogroworordinarilygrowshigher
thantheheightspecifiedintheTables5and6,shallbeplanted,onanylandwithinaradiusof20kmfromARPoftheaerodromeslistedinA3,excludingthelandcovered
byA1.2.
Table5HeightRestrictionwithRespecttoApproachFunnels
(ClausesA2.1andA2.1.1)
SlNo.
(1)

Area
(2)

MaximumPermissibleHeightAbovetheElevationoftheNearestRunwayEnd
(3)

i)

Morethan360mbutnotexceeding510m

ii)

Morethan510mbutnotexceeding660m

6
9

iii)

Morethan660mbutnotexceeding810m

12

iv)

Morethan810mbutnotexceeding960m

15

v)

Morethan960mbutnotexceeding1110m

18

vi)

Morethan1110mbutnotexceeding1260m

21

vii)

Morethan1260mbutnotexceeding1410m

24

viii)

Morethan1410mbutnotexceeding1560m

27

ix)

Morethan1560m

30

A2.1.1Table5givestheheightrestrictionwithrespecttoapproachfunnelsandshallbeapplicableforthelandenclosedintheapproachfunnelsofallrunwayswhere
distancesaremeasuredfromeachendoftherunway,alongextendedcentrelineoftherunway.
A2.1.2Table6givesheightrestrictionwithrespecttotransitionalareaandshallbeapplicableforthelandenclosedinthetransitionalareaofallrunwaysatan
aerodromelistedinA3wheredistancesaremeasuredfromtheassociatedrunwaystripandtheedgeoftheassociatedapproachfunnels,formingtheinnerboundaryofthe
transitionalareaandalongalineatrightanglestothecentrelineoftherunway.
A2.2FortheAerodromeatThiruvananthapuram

NobuildingorstructurehigherthantheheightspecifiedinTable7shallbeconstructedorerected,ornotreewhichislikelytogroworordinarilygrowshigherthanthe
heightspecifiedinTable7,shallbeplanted,onanylevelwithinaradiusof20kmfromARPoftheaerodromeatThiruvananthapuram,excludingthelandcoveredbyA
1.3.
Table6HeightRestrictionwithRespecttoTransitionalArea
(ClausesA2.1andA2.1.2)
SlNo.
(1)

DistancefromtheInnerBoundaryoftheTransitionalAreaSpecifiedAbove
(2)

MaximumPermissibleHeightAbovetheElevationoftheARP
(3)

i)

Uptoadistanceof21m

ii)

Morethan21mbutnotexceeding42m

iii)

Morethan42mbutnotexceeding63m

iv)

Morethan63mbutnotexceeding84m

v)

Morethan84mbutnotexceeding105m

12

vi)

Morethan105mbutnotexceeding126m

15

vii)

Morethan126mbutnotexceeding147m

18

viii)

Morethan147mbutnotexceeding168m

21

ix)

Morethan168mbutnotexceeding189m

24

x)

Morethan189mbutnotexceeding210m

27

xi)

Morethan210m

30

Table7HeightRestriction
(ClauseA2.2)
SlNo.
(1)

Area

MaximumPermissibleHeightAboveGroundLevel
(3)

(2)

i)

ThearealyingbetweenthecoastlineandtheChakaicanalotherthanspecifiedinA1.3

ii)

Thearealyinginabeltof457.2mwidthbetweentheEasternBankoftheChakaicanalandalinerunningparalleltothiscanalfortheentirelength

iii)

Aparallelbeltof762mwidthrunningEastofarea(ii)above

iv)

Aparallelbeltof609.6mwidthrunningEastofarea(iii)above

24.3

v)

Restoftheareaextendingupto20kmfromARP

30.4

6
15.2

A3AERODROMES
A3.1Alistofaerodromesindicatingrunwaydirections,runwayelevationsandARPelevationsisgiveninTable8.
Table8RunwayDirections,RunwayEndElevationsandARPElevationsforAerodromes
(ClauseA3.1)
SlNo.

Aerodrome

(1)

(2)

ARPElevation
m
(3)

RunwayNo.

RunwayEndElevation

SlNo.

Aerodrome

(4)

(5)

(1)

(2)

ARPElevation
m
(3)

RunwayNo.

RunwayEndElevation

(4)

(5)

1.

Ahmadabad

55

14
32
05
23

54
56
54
56

38.

Kolkata

5.3

01L
19R
01R
19L

4.8
5
5
4.5

2.

Agartala

14

05
23
18
36

12
14.5
13.5
13.5

39.

Kota

273

08
26

272
272

40.

Kulu

1084

3.

Akola

305

10
28

303
303

16
34

1089
1088

41.

Khowai

29

4.

Amritsar

229

07
25
16
34

229
230
230
229

18
36

26
27

42.

Lalitpur

367

10
28

368.5
363

43.

Lilabari

100.2

04
22

101.5
101.5

44.

Lucknow

122

09
27
01
19

122
122
122
123

45.

Madurai

136.30

09
27
13
31

140
130
138.5
136

46.

Malda

24

11
29

24
23.5

47.

Mangalore

102

09
27

97
89

48.

Mumbai(Juhu)

08
26
04
22
16
34

5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5

09
27
14
32

4
10
11
7.5

5.

Aurangabad

581

09
27

582
573.5

6.

Belgaum

758

08
26

755
747

7.

Balurghat

24

09
27

24
23

8.

Bangalore

888

09R
27L
09L
27R

875
881
876
882.5

9.

Vadodara

37

04
22
09
27

36.5
37.5
36.5
38.7

10.

Behala

2.6

18
36

3.5
3.5

11.

Bhavnagar

5.4

07
25

11
6

12.

Bhopal

523

06
24
12
30

522.5
521
521.5
523

49.

Mumbai(Santacruz)

13.

Bhubaneshwar

44.5

05
23
14
32

33
41.5
38
37

50.

Muzaffarpur

53

11
29

53
53

51.

Mysore

715.5

05
23
09
27

720
710
717.5
708

52.

Nagpur

308.5

09
27
14
32

309
301
315
307

53.

Panagarh

73

15
33

71
73

54.

Panna

425

17
35

435.80
410.35

55.

Passighat

155.5

17
35

156.5
153

56.

Patna

51

07
25

52
52

57.

Pantnagar

233

10
28

234
234

14.

Bhuj

78.5

05
23
11
29

81.5
74.5
79
77.5

15.

Bilaspur

274

06
24
17
35

270
282
276
269

16.

Chakulia

129

08
26
17
38

135
132
130
27

07
25
12
30

12
15.5
9
13

17.

Chennai

10.5

18.

Coimbatore

396

05
23

402
391

58.

Porbandar

19.

CoochBehar

41.5

04
22

41.5
41.5

09
27

6.7
4.5

59.

PortBlair

20.

Delhi(Palam)

227

10

219

04
22

3.66
17.8

28
09
27

236.5
220
229

21.

Delhi(Safdarjung)

212

12
30

215
212

22.

Dibrugarh

109.5

05
23

109
109.5

23.

Gauhati

48

03
21

49
48

24.

Gaya

110

10
28
01
19

108
115.5
109
111

09
27
14
32

530
522
531
528

25.

Hyderabad

531

60.

Raipur

313.6

61.

Rajahmundry

45

06
24
05
23

309
316
34
46

62.

Rajkot

134

05
23
14
32

133
128.5
130
133.5

63.

Ranchi

646

13
31

654
632.5

64.

Satna

319

11
29

316.5
316

65.

Sholapur

418

15
33

478.5
478

66.

Silchar

102

06
24

98.5
107.5

67.

Tanjore

76

14
32
07
25

77
70.5
76.5
74.5

26.

Indore

561

07
25

563.5
559.5

27.

Jabalpur

495

06
24

480
494.5

68.

Tiruchchirappalli

85

28.

Jaipur

385

15
33
09
27

389.5
384.4
383.7
381.3

15
33
09
27

84
85
88
84

69.

Tirupati

103

29.

Jhansi

236

15
33

236.5
236.5

08
26

106.4
102

70.

Tulihal(Imphal)

774.5

30.

Jharsuguda

228

06
24

228.20
229.14

04
22

773.5
775

71.

Udaipur

509

08
26

511.5
508

31.

Kailashadar

27.5

03
21

28.5
27.5

72.

Varanasi

80

32.

Kamalpur

39

01
19

45
41

09
27

80
80

73.

Vijayawada

21

08
26

25
21.5

74.

Vishakhapatnam

05
23
09
27
18
36

4
2
4
2
4
4

75.

Warangal

285

15
33
09
27

290
276.5
289
280.5

33.

Kandla

29

05
23

29
29

34.

Kanpur

125

10
28

125
124.5

35.

Keshod

49.5

05
23
18
36

50.5
50.5
50
52

36.

Khajuraho

217.4

01
19

222
210

37.

Kolhapur

607

07
25

609.6
605.6

ANNEXB
(Clause10.1)
OFFSTREETPARKINGSPACES
Theoffstreetparkingspacesshallbeasgivenbelow:
Sl
No.

Occupancy

(1)

(2)

i)

OneCarParkingSpaceforEvery
Populationless
than50000
(3)

Population50
000to200000
(4)

a)2tenementshavingbuiltuparea101to 1tenementof100m2builtuparea
200m2
b)1tenementof200m2builtuparea

Residential
a)Multifamily

12guest
rooms

8guestrooms

20beds
(Private)
30beds
(Public)

a)Assemblyhalls,cinematheatres
b)Restaurants

b)Lodgingestablishments,tourist
homesandhotels,withlodging
accommodation
ii)

Educational
(seeNote1)

iii)

Institutional(Medical)

PopulationBetween200000to1000000
(5)

PopulationBetween1000000to5000000
(6)

PopulationAbove5000000
(7)

4guestrooms

1tenementof75m2builtuparea

3guestrooms

2guestrooms

70m2areaorfractionthereofofthe
administrativeofficeareaandpublic
serviceareas

50m2areaorfractionthereofofthe
administrativeofficeareaandpublic
serviceareas

35m2areaorfractionthereofofthe
administrativeofficeareaandpublic
serviceareas

15beds
(Private)

10beds(Private)

5beds(Private)

2beds(Private)

25beds
(Public)

15beds(Public)

10beds(Public)

5beds(Public)

120seats

80seats

25seats

15seats

10seats

60seats

40seats

20seats

10seats

5seats

c)Marriagehalls,communityhalls

600m2plot
area

400m2plot
area

200m2plotarea

50m2plotarea

25m2plotarea

d)Stadiaandexhibitioncentre

240seats

160seats

50seats

30seats

20seats

a)Businessofficesandfirmsforprivate
business

300m2areaor 200m2areaor 100m2areaorfractionthereof


fraction
fraction
thereof
thereof

50m2areaorfractionthereof

25m2areaorfractionthereof

b)Publicorsemipublicoffices

500m2areaor 300m2areaor 200m2areaorfractionthereof


fraction
fraction
thereof
thereof

100m2areaorfractionthereof

50m2areaorfractionthereof

vi)

Mercantile
(seeNote2)

300m2areaor 200m2areaor 100m2areaorfractionthereof


fraction
fraction
thereof
thereof

50m2areaorfractionthereof

25m2areaorfractionthereof

vii)

Industrial

400m2areaor 300m2areaor 200m2areaorfractionthereof


fraction
fraction
thereof
thereof

100m2areaorfractionthereof

50m2areaorfractionthereof

250m2areaorfractionthereof

125m2areaorfractionthereof

iv)

v)

viii) Storage

500m2floorareaorpartthereof

NOTES
1Inthecaseofauditoriaforeducationalbuildings,parkingspaceshallbeprovidedasperSINo.(iv)
2Forplotsupto50m2,asinthecaseofshops,parkingspacesneednotbeinsistedupon.
3Forotherinstitutions,transport/communicationcentre,parkingspacerequirementshallbeassessedbasedontheproposedbuilding.

ANNEXC
(Clause12.20)
SPECIALREQUIREMENTSFORLOWINCOMEHOUSINGINURBANAREAS
C1GENERAL
C1.1Theseguidelinescovertheplanningandgeneralbuildingrequirementsoflowincomehousingforhouseshavingamaximumplinthareaof40m2including
futureexpansion.Therequirementregardinglayoutplanningoflowincomehousingcoloniesareapplicabletopublicandprivateagencies/governmentbodies.The
requirementsondesignandconstructionofbuildingsforlowincomehousinginapprovedlayoutsareapplicabletoallprivateandpublicagencies.

C1.2Intheseplanningstandards,thegeneralmasterplanrequirementforcommunityopenspacesestimatedat0.3haforthousandpersonsisprovidedroadareas
areworkedoutbetween10and20percentofthesiteareaonenurseryschoolof0.1haisprovidedforapopulationof1500andshoppingcentresat4shopsperthousand
populationarealsocovered.
C1.3Itisemphasizedthatthistypeofdevelopmentshouldapplytoclustersof400dwellingunits,sodistributedinthedevelopmentunderconsiderationasto
maintaintheoveralldensitiesofthemasterplanforthearea.
C2PLANNING
C2.1TypeofDevelopment
Thetypeofdevelopmentforlowincomehousingshallbeplotteddevelopmentsasrowhousing/flatteddevelopmentasrowhousingorgrouphousingoncluster
pattern.
C2.2LayoutPattern
C2.2.1Inthelandtobedeveloped,atleast75percentoftheplotsmaybeofthesizelessthanorupto60m2perdwellingunitinmetropolitantownsand100m2in
othertownsandhillareas.Remaining25percentoftheplotsmaybemorethan60m2,however,noplotshallbemorethan200m2.Incaseofgrouphousingorflatted
developmentatleast75percentunitsshouldhaveaplintharea(excludingexternalcirculationsuchasstairs,lifts,lobbies,etc)uptoornotexceeding40m2including
futureexpansion.
C2.2.2Themixofplotofdifferentsizesshouldhaveawiderangetoaccommodatetheneedoflowerincomegroup.Theprojectmayincludemorethanonesite
providedtheyareinthesameneighbourhood.
C2.2.3Thelayoutshouldgenerallyconformtothefollowinglanduse:
LandUnderEachUse
Saleable

General

HillArea

i)Residential

50percent,Min

35percent

ii)Workplaces,schools,institutions,shops,communityplaces,etc

20percent,Max

15percent

30percent,Max

50percent

NonSaleable
Roads,pedestrianpaths,drains,publicandsemipublicopenspaces

NOTES
1Anyneighbourhooddevelopmentshouldhaveprovisionforbasiccivicandcommunityfacilities,however,wheresuchfacilitiesareavailableinproximitythesamecouldbeconsideredand,inthatcase,thearea
underresidentialusecouldbeincreasedcorrespondingly.
2Iflandrequiredunderstatutoryprovisionsofmasterplan/developmentplanisproportionatelyhigherbutserveslargercityneeds,readjustmentoftherecommendedlandusepatterncanbeconsidered.Such
provisionsshould,however,becarefullyreviewedbytheplanningauthoritiestokeepthemtothebarestminimumlevels.

C2.3PlotArea
C2.3.1PlotSize
Theminimumplotsizewithgroundcoveragenotexceeding75percent,shallnotbelessthan40m2insmallandmediumtownandnotlessthan30m2inmetropolitan
cities.Plotsizesbelow30m2butnotlessthan15m2maybepermittedincaseofclusterplanning,however,insuchcasesthegroundcoverageandFSIshallbe100percent
and2percentrespectively(seealsoAnnexEforSpecialrequirementsforclusterplanningforhousing).
NOTES
1Inexceptionalcasesinmetropolitancitieswithpopulationmorethan1millionthesizeofplotsmaybebroughtdownto25m2incasesoflowincomehousing
colonieslocatedincongestedareasasdecidedbytheAuthority.Inmegacitiesitmaybefurtherreducedto15m2.Insuchcaseswhereplotsizeisbelow25m2,onlycluster
planningorgrouphousingmaybeadopted.
2Aminimumof25percentoftheplotsizeshallbeleftopenwithoutadverselyaffectinglightandventilationforhabitablespacesandtoilet.Itshallnotbemade
mandatorytoleavesetbackonanyside.
C2.3.2MinimumFrontage
Theminimumfrontageoftheplotshallbe3.6minwidth.
C2.4Density
Thedensitynormsforplotteddevelopmentandmixeddevelopmentshallbeasfollows:
TypeofDevelopment

a)

Plotteddevelopment

b)

Mixeddevelopment

RangeofDensities(Gross)

65120plotsperhectare

i)Smalltowns

75100dwellingunitsperhectare

ii)Cities

100125dwellingunitsperhectare

iii)MetropolitanCities

125150dwellingunitsperhectare

C2.4.2Incaseofdevelopmentwithperdwellingunitcoveredareaof15m2maximumdensitiesof500dwellingunitsperhectareshallbepermissible.
C2.5HeightofBuilding
Theheightofbuildingshallnotexceed15m.
NOTES
1Forbuildingsuptotheheightof15m,thereisnoneedtoprovidelifts.
2Housingforthelowincomegroupshallpreferablybeuptoamaximumoftwostoreys.
3Buildingsforhousingbeyond15minheightshouldberesortedtoinexceptionalcircumstancesanditshouldbegovernedbyprovisionslaiddowninthisCode.
C2.6ClusterPlanning
Forsizeofopenclusterandopenspace,setbacks,vehicularaccessandpedestrianpathsinclusterplanning,theprovisionsgiveninAnnexEshallapply.
C3GENERALBUILDINGREQUIREMENTS
C3.1General
TherequirementsofpartsofbuildingsshallbeasgiveninC3.2toC3.9.
C3.2Plinth
Theminimumheightofplinthshallberegulatedonthebasisofenvironmentalandtopographicalconditionandhigherplinthheightmayberequiredinareasproneto
flooding.
C3.3SizeofRoom
C3.3.1HabitableRoom
Everydwellingunittobeprovidedshouldhaveatleasttwohabitablerooms.Evenifoneroomhouseisprovidedinitiallyitshouldbecapableofaddinganewsecond
roominfuture.However,incasesingleroomtenementsarerequiredtobeprovidedwherefutureadditionsarenotpossible,thecarpetareaofmultipurposesingleroom
shouldbeatleast12.5m2.Suchoneroomdwellingunitswith12.5m2carpetareaofhabitablespaceispermittedonlyincaseofonsiterehabilitationofslumdwellers.Ina
houseoftworooms,firstroomshallnotbelessthan9.0m2withminimumwidthof2.5mandsecondroomshallnotbelessthan6.5m2withaminimumwidthof2.1m
providedthetotalareaofboththeroomsisnotlessthan15.5m2.Inincrementalhousingthebiggerroomshallalwaysbethefirstroom.

C3.3.1.1Tofacilitateincrementalhousingincaseofflatteddevelopmentorotherwise,habitablespaceatmezzaninelevelmaybepermitted.Theminimumsizeof
suchamezzaninefloorshouldnotbelesserthan6.5m2andsuchafloorshouldoccupynotmorethan50percentoftheroomareaofwhichitisapart.Suchamezzanine
floorshouldhaveappropriateopeningstofacilitatelightandventilationasperC3.6.Minimumclearheightbelowandabovethemezzaninefloorshouldbe2.4mand
2.1mrespectively.
Asfaraspossiblemezzaninefloorshouldhavedirectventilationfromtheexternalfaceofthebuilding.Wherethisisnotpossibleventilationthroughmainroommay
beallowedprovidedtotalareaofopeningsinthemainroomisprovidedtakingintoconsiderationareaofmezzaninefloor.
Suchmezzaninefloormaybeaccessiblethroughthemainroombyaladder,whoseminimumanglewithverticalplaneshouldbe22.Heightoftherisershouldbe
lessthan250mm.
C3.3.2WaterCloset/Bathroom
1.Thesizeofindependentwaterclosetshallbe0.90m2withminimumwidthof0.9m
2.Thesizeofindependentbathroomshallbe1.20m2withaminimumwidthof1.0mand
3.Thesizeofcombinedbathroomandwaterclosetshallbe1.80m2withminimumwidthof1.0m.
C3.3.3Kitchen
Thesizeofacookingalcoveservingascookingspaceshallnotbelessthan2.4m2withaminimumwidthof1.2m.Thesizeofindividualkitchenprovidedinatwo
roomedhouseshallnotbelessthan3.3m2withaminimumwidthof1.5m.
C3.3.4Balcony
Theminimumwidthofindividualbalcony,whereprovided,shallbe0.9mandshallnotbemorethan1.2manditshallnotprojectbeyondtheplotlineandonroadsor
pathway.
C3.4Basement
Nobasementfloorshallbeallowed.
C3.5MinimumHeight
Theminimumheightofrooms/spacesshallbeasfollows:
a)Habitableroom

2.6m

b)Kitchen

2.6m

c)Bath/watercloset

2.1m

d)Corridor

2.1m

C3.5.1Inthecaseofslopingroofs,theaverageheightofroofforhabitableroomsshallbe2.6mandtheminimumheightateavesshallbe2.0m.
C3.6LightingandVentilation
Theopeningsthroughwindows,ventilatorsandotheropeningsforlightingandventilationshallbeinaccordancewith15.1.2.
NOTEThewindowsandotheropeningsshallabutontoopenspaceseitherthroughareasleftopenwithintheplotorthefront,sideandrearspacesprovidedinthe
layoutswhichshallbedeemedtobesufficientforlightandventilationpurposes.Whereverventilation/lightingisprovidedbymeansofJALIorgrillofanymaterial,total
areaofopeningsshallcalculatedexcludingsolidportionoftheJALIorgrill.
C3.7Stairs
Thefollowingcriteriashallbeadoptedforinternalindividualstaircase:
a)

MinimumWidth
1)2storeyedstraight

0.60m

2)2storeyedwinding

0.75m

3)3ormorestoreyedstraight

0.75m

4)3ormorestoreyedwinding

0.90m

b)

Riser

200mm,Max

c)

Tread

d)

1)2storeyed

225mm,Min(seeNote)

2)3storeyedormore

250mm,Min

HeadRoomTheminimumclearheadroomshallbe2.1m.

NOTEThiscouldbereducedto200mmasthecleartreadbetweenperpends,withpossibilityofopenriseraswellasnosingandinclinedrisertohaveaneffectivetreadof225mm.

C3.8CirculationArea
Thecirculationareaonanyfloorincludingstaircase,shallnotexceed8m2/dwellingunit.
C3.9WaterSealLatrine
Nobuildingplanshallbeapprovedandnobuildingshallbedeemedtohavebeencompletedandfitforhumanoccupationunlessprovisionismadeforwaterseal
latrine.Nodrylatrineshallbeallowed.Waterseallatrinescanalsobeprovideonthebasisofcommunitytoiletsorsharedtoiletsaspertherecommendationgiveningood
practice[3(3)].
Whereleachingpitsareused,itshouldbeconstructedwithinthepremisesofthehouseholdsasitwouldbeeconomicalaswellasfacilitatetheircleaning.However,
where,duetospaceconstraint,constructionofpitswithinthepremisesmaynotbepossible,pitsmaybeconstructedinplaceslikelanes,streetsandroads.
Incasethepitislocatedundertheroad,streetorfootpath,theinvertedlevelofthepipeconnectingthelatrinepanwiththepitshallbeatleast1.1mbelowground
levelorbelowthebottomofthewatermainexistingwithinadistanceof3mfromthepitswhicheverismore.Constructionofsuchpitsmaybeinaccordancewithgood
practice[3(4)].
Thewaterseallatrineshouldbeproperlymaintainedandkeptinsanitaryconditionbytheownerortheoccupier.Thecontentsoftheseptictanks,soakpits,leachpits,
etcshouldbeperiodicallyemptied.
Theleachpitsshouldbecleanedonlyafter2yearsoftheirbeingputoutofserviceaftertheywerefull.
C4ROADSANDPATHWAYS
Theareaunderroadsandpathwaysinsuchhousingprojectsshouldnormallynotexceed20percentofthetotallandareaoftheproject.
Accesstothedwellingunits,particularlywheremotorizedvehiclesarenotnormallyexpectedshouldbebymeansofpavedfootpathswitharightofwayof6manda
pathwayof2monly.Therightofwayshouldbeadequatetoallowfortheplyingofemergencyvehiclesandalsoforroadsidedrainsandplantation.
Wherepedestrianpathwaysarenotmeantformotorableaccesstotheminimum,rightofwayofsuchpedestrianpathwayshallbe3m.Wherehousesareaccessible
fromonesideonlypathwaycanbe2mwide.Themaximumlengthofsuchpathwaysshouldnotbemorethan60m.
C5OTHERREQUIREMENTS
C5.1Requirementsoffiresafety,structuraldesign,buildingservicesandplumbingservicesshallbeasspecifiedintheCode.
C5.2Onewatertapperdwellingunitmaybeprovided,whereadequatedrinkingwatersupplyisavailable.Ifsupplyisinadequate,publichydrantsshallbeprovided.
Intheabsenceofpipedwatersupply,handpumpsmaybeusedforprovisionofwatersupply.

C5.3Recognisingtheneedforinformaluseofspaceforshoppingandinformaloccupationlikeroadsiderepairs,panshops,etc,itissuggestedthataboutofthe
totalshoppingareainalayoutshouldbereservedforsuchinformalusestocatertotheneedsoflowincomefamilies.
C5.4Theinfrastructuralservicesshallbeprovidedbeforetheplotsarehandedovertoindividualowners.
C6SITEANDSERVICESSCHEMES
C6.1ThedevelopedplotsizesshallbeasperC2.3.1.ServiceswouldhavetobelaidbytheAgencyconcernedaspertheprovisionsoftheCode.Insofarasroadsand
pathwaysareconcerned,theycouldalsobeinlinewithC4.
C6.2Siteandservicesschemesshallprovideforthefollowing.
a)
b)
c)
d)

Completeinfrastructuralneedsforapermanenthousing,ontheperipheryofindividualplotoragroup/clusterplots
Aservicesanitarycoreintheplot
Askeletalstructureofcolumnsandrooforadevelopedplinthand
Permissiontoallowtemporaryconstructionontheplot.

WhileprovisionsinC6.2(a)andC6.2(d)areessentialinsiteandservicesprojectsprovisions,recommendationsinC6.2(b)andC6.2(c)areadditionalprovisions
dependinguponaffordability.

ANNEXD
(Clause12.21)
SPECIALREQUIREMENTSFORPLANNINGOFPUBLICBUILDINGSMEANTFORUSEOFPHYSICALLY
CHALLENGED
D1GENERAL
D1.1Theserequirementsapplytoallbuildingsandfacilitiesusedbythepublic.Theseapplytotemporaryoremergencyconditionsaswellaspermanentconditions.
Itdoesnotapplytoprivateresidences.
Theserequirementsareconcernedwithnonambulatorydisabilities,semiambulatorydisabilities,sightdisabilities,hearingdisabilities,disabilitiesofinco
ordination,aging,allergies,heartandlungdiseases,epilepsy,haemophilia,incontinenceandenterostomy.
Itisintendedtomakeallbuildingsandfacilitiesusedbythepublicaccessibleto,andfunctionalforthephysicallychallengedthroughandwithintheirdoors,without
lossoffunction,spaceorfacilitywherethegeneralpublicisconcerned.ItsupplementsthegeneralrequirementsoftheCode,andreflectsgreaterconcernforsafetyoflife
andlimb.Incasesofpracticaldifficulty,unnecessaryhardship,orextremedifferences,theAuthoritymaygrantexceptionsfromtheliteralrequirementsofthisAnnexor
permittheuseofothermethodsormaterials,butonlywhenitisclearlyevidentthatequivalentfacilitiesandprotectionaretherebysecured.
D1.2ForthepurposeofthisAnnex,thefollowingdefinitionsshallapply.
D1.2.1Aging
Thosemanifestationsoftheagingprocessesthatsignificantlyreducemobility,flexibility,coordination,andperceptivenessbutarenotaccountedforinthecategories
mentionedinD1.2.3.1toD1.2.3.9.
D1.2.2AppropriateNumber
Thenumberofaspecificitemthatwouldbenecessary,inaccordancewiththepurposeandfunctionofbuildingorfacility,toaccommodateindividualswithspecific
disabilitiesinproportiontotheanticipatednumberorindividualswithdisabilitieswhowoulduseaparticularbuildingorfacility.
D1.2.3Disabilities
D1.2.3.1Nonambulatorydisabilities
Impairmentsthat,regardlessofcauseormanifestation,forallpracticalpurposes,confineindividualstowheelchairs.
D1.2.3.2Semiambulatorydisabilities
Impairmentsthatcauseindividualstowalkwithdifficultyorinsecurity.Individualsusingbracesorcrutches,amputees,arthritis,spasticsandthosewithpulmonary
andcardiacillsmaybesemiambulatory.
D1.2.3.3Sightdisabilities
Totalblindnessorimpairmentsaffectingsighttotheextentthattheindividualfunctioninginpublicareasisinsecureorexposedtodanger.
D1.2.3.4Hearingdisabilities
Deafnessorhearinghandicapsthatmightmakeanindividualinsecureinpublicareasbecauseheisunabletocommunicateorhearwarningsignals.
D1.2.3.5Disabilitiesofincoordination
Faultycoordinationorpalsyfrombrainspinal,orperipheralnerveinjury.
D1.2.3.6Peoplewithallergies
Peoplewithallergiesmaybesensitivetodust,mildew,pollen,animalhair,formalin,turpentine,etc.Somearesensitivetocontactwithsubstancesandmaterials,such
as,nickel,chromiumandrubber.
D1.2.3.7Peoplewithheartandlungdiseases
Peoplewithheartandlungdiseasesmayonlybeabletowalkshortdistancesandmaybeunabletoclimbstairs.Therequirementsofthesepeoplearesimilartothose
withimpairedmobility.
D1.2.3.8Peoplewithepilepsy,haemophilia,etc
Therequirementsofthosewithepilepsy,heamophilia,etc,arerelatedprimarilytothedesignofbuildingsandtheneedtominimizetheriskofinjurycausedbyfalling
orencounteringobstacles.
D1.2.3.9Peoplewithincontinence,enterostomyoperations,etc
Therequirementsofpeoplewithincontinence,enterostomyoperations,etc(colostomies,ileostomiesandurostomies)aremainlyrelatedtobathroomprovision.In
certaincircumstances,forexample,inpublicwaterclosetcompartments,itmaybedesirabletoprovideaspecialsinkforemptyingurinebags.
D1.2.4FixedTurningRadius,FrontStructuretoRearStructure
Theturningradiusofawheelchair,leftfrontfootplatformtorightrearwheel,orrightfrontfootplatformtoleftrearwheel,whenpivotingonaspot.
D1.2.5FixedTurningRadiusWheel
Thetrackingofthecasterwheelsandlargewheelsofawheelchairwhenpivotingonaspot.
D1.2.6Involved(Involvement)
Aportionorportionsofthehumananatomyorphysiology,orboth,thathavealossorimpairmentofnormalfunctionasaresultofgenesis,trauma,disease,
inflammationordegeneration.
D1.2.7Ramps,RampswithGradients
Becausethetermramphasamultitudeofmeaningsanduses,itsuseinthistextisclearlydefinedasrampswithgradients(gradualslopejoiningtwolevelsurfaces)
thatdeviatefromwhatwouldotherwisebeconsideredthenormallevel.Anexteriorramp,asdistinguishedfromawalk,wouldbeconsideredanappendagetoabuilding
leadingtoalevelaboveorbelowtheexistinggroundlevel.
D1.2.8Walk,Walks

Becausethetermswalkandwalkshaveamultitudeofmeaningsanduses,theiruseinthisstandardisclearlydefinedasapredeterminedpreparedsurface,exterior
pathwayleadingtoorfromabuildingorfacility,orfromoneexteriorareatoanother,placedontheexistinggroundlevelandnotdeviatingfromtheleveloftheexisting
groundimmediatelyadjacent.
D2SITEDEVELOPMENT
D2.1Almostanybuildingcanbemadeaccessibletophysicallychallengedpersonsbysoplanningthesitethattheterraces,retainingwallsandwindingwalksare
usedeffectively.
D2.1.1Sitedevelopmentisthemosteffectivemeanstoresolvetheproblemscreatedbytopography,definitivearchitecturaldesignsorconcepts,watertable,existing
streets,andtypicalproblems,singularlyorcollectively,sothataggress,ingressandegresstobuildingsbyphysicallychallengedmaybefacilitatedwhilepreservingthe
desireddesignandeffectofthearchitecture.
D2.2Walks
D2.2.1Publicwalksshouldbeatleast1200mmwideandshouldhaveagradientnotgreaterthan1in20.
D2.2.1.1Itisessentialthatthegradientofwalksanddrivewaysbelessthanthatprescribedforramps,sincewalkswouldbedevoidofhandrailsandkerbsandwould
beconsiderablylongerandmorevulnerabletotheelements.Walksofnearmaximumgradeandconsiderablelengthshouldhavelevelareasatintervalsforpurposesofrest
andsafety.Walksordrivewaysshouldhaveanonslipsurface.
D2.2.2Suchwalksshallbeofacontinuingcommonsurfacenotinterruptedbystepsorabruptchangesinlevel.
D2.2.3Whereverwalkscrossotherwalks,driveways,orparkinglotstheyshouldblendtoacommonlevel.
D2.2.3.1Thisrequirement,doesnotrequiretheeliminationofkerbs,which,particularlyiftheyoccuratregularintersections,areadistinctsafetyfeatureforallofthe
challenged,particularlytheblind.Thepreferredmethodofmeetingtherequirementistohavethewalkinclinetothelevelofthestreet.However,atprincipalintersections,
itisvitallyimportantthatthekerbsrunparalleltothestreet,uptothepointwherethewalkisinclined,atwhichpointthekerbwouldturninandgraduallymeetthelevel
ofthewalkatitshighestpoint.Alesspreferredmethodwouldbetograduallybringthesurfaceofthedrivewayorstreettothelevelofthewalk.Thedisadvantageofthis
methodisthatablindpersonwouldnotknowwhenhehaslefttheprotectionofawalkandhasenteredthehazardsofastreetordriveway(seeFig.9).
D2.2.4Awalkshallhavealevelplatformatthetopwhichisatleast1500mmlong,ifadoorswingsoutontotheplatformortowardsthewalk.Thisplatformshall
extendatleast300mmbeyondeachsideofthedoorway.
D2.2.5Awalkshallhavealevelplatformatleast900mmdeep,ifthedoordoesnotswingontotheplatformortowardsthewalk.Thisplatformshallextendatleast
300mmbeyondeachsideofthedoorway.
D2.3ParkingSpace
D2.3.1Spacesthatareaccessibleandapproximatetothefacilityshouldbesetasideandidentifiedforusebyindividualswithphysicaldisabilities.
D2.3.2Aparkingspaceopenononeside,allowingroomforindividualsinwheelchairsorindividualsonbracesandcrutchestogetinandoutofanautomobileontoa
levelsurface,isadequate.Itshouldhaveaminimumwidthof2700mmpreferably2800mmforambulantdisabledandminimum3000mmpreferably3300mmforwheel
chairusers.
D2.3.3Parkingspacesforindividualswithphysicaldisabilitieswhenplacedbetweentwoconventionaldiagonalorheadonparkingspacesshouldbe3.6mto3.8m
wideandthelengthoftheaisleshould7.3m,6.1mand6.5mforheadon,90and60parkingrespectively.
D2.3.4Careinplanningshouldbeexercised,sothatindividualsinwheelchairsandindividualsusingbracesandcrutchesarenotcompelledtowheelorwalkbehind
parkedcars.
D2.3.5Considerationshouldbegiventothedistributionofspacesforusebythedisabledinaccordancewiththefrequencyandpersistencyofparkingneeds.
D2.3.6WalksshallbeinconformitywithD2.2.

F.9SMBPRS
D3BUILDINGS
D3.1RampswithGradients
Whererampswithgradientsarenecessaryordesired,theyshallconformtothefollowingrequirements(seeFig.10).
D3.1.1Arampwhenprovidedshouldnothaveaslopegreaterthan1in20ormaximumof1in12forshortdistanceupto9000mm.
D3.1.2Arampshallhavehandrailsonatleastoneside,andpreferablytwosides,thatare900mmhigh,measuredfromthesurfaceoftheramp,thataresmooth,and
thatextend300mmbeyondthetopandbottomoftheramp.Wheremajortrafficispredominantlychildren,thehandrailsshouldbeplaced760mmhigh.
NOTES
1Wherehandrailsarespecifiedtobeofheightsotherthan80cm,itisrecommendedthattwosetsofhandrailsbeinstalledtoserveallpeople.Wheremajortrafficis
predominantlychildren,particularlyphysicallydisabledchildren,extracareshouldbeexercisedintheplacementofhandrails,inaccordancewiththenatureofthefacility
andtheagegrouporgroupsbeingserviced(seealsoD3).
2Careshouldbetakenthattheextensionofthehandrailsisnotinitselfahazard.Extensionupto300mmmaybemadeonthesideofacontinuingwall.
D3.1.3Arampshallhaveasurfacethatisnonslipsurfaceandiflengthis3500mm,theminimumwidthshallbe1500mm.
D3.1.3.1Theprovisionofnonslipsurfacesonrampsgreatlyassiststhechallengedpersonswithsemiambulatoryandambulatorydisabilities.Nonslipsurfacesare
providedbymanyfinishesandmaterials.Thesurfacesoftheconcreterampscanbemadenonskidbybroomingthesurfaceorbyfinishingwithanindentingroller.
D3.1.4Arampshallhavealevelplatformatthetopwhichisatleast1800mmlong,ifadoorswingsoutontotheplatformortowardtheramp.Thisplatformshall
extendatleast300mmbeyondeachsideofthedoorway(seeFig.11).
D3.1.5Eachrampshallhaveatleast1800mmofstraightclearanceatthebottom.
D3.1.6Rampsshallhavelevelplatformsat10mto12mintervalsforpurposesofrestandsafety,andshallhaveplatformsminimum1.5mlengthwherevertheyturn.
D3.1.7Forvisuallyimpairedpeople,rampsmaybecolourcontrastedwithlanding.
D3.1.8Tominimizerisetowheelchairusers,rampsshouldbeequippedwithherbsapproximately50mmhighatexposedsides.

D3.2Entrances
D3.2.1Atleastoneprimaryentrancetoeachbuildingshallbeusablebyindividualsinwheelchairs(seeFig.12A)andshallbeindicatedbyasign(seeFig.12B).

F.10ERA

F.11LARERLD

F.12E
D3.2.2Atleastoneentranceusablebyindividualsinwheelchairsshallbeonalevelthatwouldmaketheelevatorsaccessible.
D3.3DoorsandDoorways
D3.3.1Doorwidth
Toenablewheelchairuserstopassthroughdoors,theminimumclearwidthshouldbe900mmandshallbeoperablebyasingleeffort.Incertaincasestheclearwidth
shouldbe900mmto1000mmforexample,ifthewheelchairhastobeturnedinthedoorway,wherethereisadoorcloseroratentrancedoorstopublicbuildingsandin
othersituationswherethereisconsiderabletraffic.
D3.3.1.1TwoleafdoorsarenotusablebythosewithdisabilitiesdefinedinD1.2.1,D1.2.2andD1.2.5unlesstheyoperatebyasingleeffort,orunlessoneofthe
twoleavesmeetstherequirementsofD3.3.1.
D3.3.1.2Sidehungdoors
Tofacilitatewheelchairmanoeuvre,doorsshouldbehungwiththehingesinroomcorners.Doorsopeningoutintocorridorsorcirculationspacesshouldbeavoidedas
faraspossible.

D3.3.1.3Itisrecommendedthatalldoorshavekickplatesextendingfromthebottomofthedoortoatleast400mmfromthefloor,orbemadeofamaterialandfinish
thatwouldsafelywithstandtheabusetheymightreceivefromcanes,crutches,wheelchairfootplatforms,orwheelchairwheels.
D3.3.2WheelchairManoeuvringSpace
ToenablewheelchairuserstoapproachdoorsmanoeuvringspaceisneededasshownintheFig.13.Acorridorshouldhaveawidthofatleast1200mmtoallowa90
turntobemadethroughadoor.Innarrowspacesslidingdoorsmaybepreferable.

F.13MSNWUAD
D3.3.3Thresholds
Raisedthresholdsshouldbeavoided,butwherethisisnotpossible,theirheightshouldnotexceed25mm.Rubberthresholdsareadvantageousforwheelchairusers.
D3.3.3.1Careshouldbetakenintheselection,placementandsettingofdoorcloserssothattheydonotpreventtheuseofdoorsbythephysicallydisabled.Time
delaydoorclosersarerecommended.
D3.3.3.2Selfclosingdoors
Wheelchairusersandotherwithimpairedmobilityhavedifficultyinusingselfclosingdoors.Theforcerequiredtoopenthemshouldbereducedasfaraspossible.
Publicbuildingsshouldpreferablyhaveslidingautomaticdoors.
D3.3.4DoorIndentification
Tohelppeoplewithimpairedvisiontoseedoors,thedoorandframeshouldbeinacolourwhichcontrastswiththeadjoiningwall.Glassorglazeddoorsshouldbe
markedwithacolouredbandorframe,alittlebeloweyelevel.
D3.3.5Handles
Doorhandlesandlocksshouldbeeasytomanipulate.Tofacilitatetheclosingofadoorbywheelchairusers(forexample,awaterclosetcompartment),thedoor
shouldhaveahorizontalhandleapproximately800mmfromthefloor.Selfclosingdoorsshouldbeequippedwithaneasygrippedverticalpullhandlewithalengthofat
least300mm,andwiththelowerendapproximately800mmabovefloor.Formanypeopleandspeciallythosewithimpairedvision,itishelpfultomakeclearwhether
doorsaretobepulledorpushed(seeFig.14).

F.14PH

D3.4Windows
Windowsshouldbedesignedtoavoidtheglarewhichisaparticularproblemforpeoplewithimpairedvision.Largeglassareasclosetocirculationspacesshouldbe
markedalittlebeloweyelevelwithacolouredbandorframe.Toenablewheelchairuserstoseethroughawindowcomfortably,thesillshouldbenothigherthan800mm
fromthefloor.Windowsshouldbeeasytoopenandclose.Theircontrolsshouldbeplacedinthezone900to1200mmfromthefloor(seeFig.15).

F.15POFSANDWC
D3.5Stairs
Stairsshouldnotbetheonlymeansofmovingbetweenfloors.Theyshouldbesupplementedbyliftsorramps.
D3.5.1Straightflightsofstepsarepreferredbyambulantdisabledpeople.Treadsshouldbeapproximately300mmdeepandrisersnothigherthan150mm.Steps
shouldbeofaconsistentheightanddepththroughoutthestair.Projectingnoisingsandopenstairsshouldbeavoidedtominimizetheriskofstumbling.
D3.5.2Handrailsshouldbeprovidedtobothsidesofanystairway.Theyshouldbecontinuousandextendnotlessthan300mmbeyondthetopandbottomstep
(otherwiseitisdifficultforthedisabledtousetherailatthefirstandlaststepseeFig.16).
D3.5.3.Forpeoplewithimpairedvision,thereshouldbeacolourcontrastbetweenlandings,andtopandbottomstepsofaflightofsteps,orthefrontedgeofeach
stepshouldhaveacontrastingcolour.
D3.6Floors
D3.6.1Floorsshallhaveanonslipsurface.
D3.6.2FloorsonagivenstoreyshallbeofacommonlevelthroughoutorbeconnectedbyarampinaccordancewithD3.1.1toD3.1.8.
D3.6.2.1Agentleslopeupto10mmmaybegivenbetweenthelevelofthefloorofthecorridorandthelevelofthefloorofthetoiletrooms.
D3.6.2.2Thereshouldnotbeadifferencebetweenthelevelofthefloorofacorridorandthelevelofameetingroom,diningroom,oranyotherroom,unlessproper
rampsareprovided.
D3.7SanitaryFacilities
Itisessentialthatsanitaryfacilities,inaccordancewiththenatureanduseofaspecificbuildingorfacility,bemadeaccessibleto,andusableby,thephysically
challenged.
D3.7.1Sanitaryfacilitiesshallhavespacetoallowtrafficofindividualsinwheelchairs(seeFig.17and18).

F.16EOFHIN S

F.17SPWCCWB

F.18STWCCWB
D3.7.2Sanitaryfacilitiesshallhaveatleastonewaterclosetcubicalfortheambulantdisabled(seeFig.19and20),that:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

is900mmwide
isatleast1500mm,preferably1600mmdeep
hasadoor(wheredoorsareused),thatis,800mmwideandswingsout
hashandrailsoneachside,780mmhighandparalleltothefloor,40mmclearancebetweenrailandwall,andfastenedsecurelyatendsandcentreand
hasawaterclosetwiththeseat500mmfromthefloor.
NOTEThedesignandmountingofthewaterclosetisofconsiderableimportance.Awallmountedwaterclosetwithanarrowunderstructurethatrecedes
sharplyismostdesirable.Ifafloormountedwaterclosetmustbeused,itshouldnothaveafrontthatiswideandperpendiculartotheflooratthefrontofthe
seat.Thebowlshouldbeshallowatthefrontoftheseatandturnbackwardsmorethandownwardstoallowtheindividualinawheelchairtogetclosetothe
waterclosetwiththeseatofthewheelchair.

D3.7.3Sanitaryfacilitiesshallhavewashbasinswithnarrowaprons,whichwhenmountedatstandardheightareusablebyindividualsinwheelchairsortheyshall
havewashbasinsmountedhigher,whenparticulardesignsdemand,sothattheyareusablebyindividualsinwheelchairs.
D3.7.3.1Thedrainpipesandhotwaterpipesunderasanitaryapplianceshallbecoveredorinsulatedsothatawheelchairindividualdonotfinditinconvenient.
D3.7.4Somemirrorsandshelvesshallbeprovidedabovethewashbasinsataheightaslowaspossibleandnothigherthan1mabovethefloor,measuredfromthe
topoftheshelfandthebottomofthemirror.
D3.7.5Sanitaryfacilitiesformenshallhavewallmountedurinalswiththeopeningofthebasin460mmfromthefloor,orshallhavefloormountedurinalsthatare
onlevelwiththemainfloorofthetoiletroom.
D3.7.6Toiletroomsshallhaveanappropriatenumberoftowelracks,toweldispensers,andotherdispensersanddisposalunitsmountednothigherthan910mm
fromthefloor.
D3.8DrinkingFountains
Anappropriatenumberofdrinkingfountainsorotherwaterdispensingmeansshallbeaccessibletoandusablebythephysicallydisabled.
D3.8.1Drinkingwaterfountainsorwatercoolersshallhaveupfrontspoutsandcontrol.

F.19SPWCCA

F.20STWCCAD
D3.8.2Drinkingwaterfountainsorwatercoolersshallbehandoperatedorhandandfootoperated.
D3.8.2.1Conventionalfloormountedwatercoolersmaybeconvenienttoindividualsinwheelchairsifasmallfountainismountedonthesideofthecooler800mm
abovethefloor.
D3.8.2.2Fullyrecesseddrinkingwaterfountainsarenotrecommended.
D3.8.2.3Drinkingwaterfountainsshouldnotbesetintoanalcoveunlessthealcoveiswiderthanawheelchair.
D3.9PublicTelephones
Anappropriatenumberofpublictelephonesshouldbemadeaccessibletoandusablebythephysicallydisabled.
NOTETheconventionalpublictelephoneboothisnotusablebymostphysicallydisabledindividuals.Therearemanywaysinwhichpublictelephonesmaybemade
accessibleandusable.Itisrecommendedthatarchitectsandbuildersconferwiththetelephonecompaniesintheplanningofthebuildingorfacility.
D3.9.1Suchtelephonesshouldbekeptsothatthedialisplacedatminimum1200mmfromfloorandthehandsetmaybereachedbyindividualsinwheelchairs.
D3.10Handrails
Handrailsareusedasalocationalandmobilityaidbyblindandvisuallyimpairedpeople,andasasupportforpeoplewithmobilityimpairments.Thehandrailshould
besecurelyfittedtothewalltowithstandheavypressure.Handrailsshouldturnintowardsthewallateitherend.
D3.10.1Handrailsshouldbeapproximately900mmfromthefloor.Therailshouldbeeasytogrip,havingacircularsectionwithadiameterofapproximately40mm
andfixedasshowninFig.21.

F.21FHR
D3.10.2Toaidindentification,thecolouroftherailshouldcontrastwiththewallbehind.
D3.11Elevators
Inamultistoreybuilding,elevatorsareessentialtothesuccessfulfunctioningofphysicallydisabledindividuals.TheyshallconformtotherequirementsgiveninD
3.11.1andD3.11.2.
D3.11.1Elevatorsshallbeaccessibleto,andusablebythephysicallydisabledonthelevelthattheyusetoenterthebuilding,andatalllevelsnormallyusedbythe
generalpublic.
D3.11.2Elevatorsshallallowfortrafficbywheelchairs(seealsoD3.3).
D3.12Controls
Itisadvantageousforwheelchairusersifcontrolsareplacedatlowlevel.Forvisuallyimpairedpeople,theyshouldbeateyelevel.
D3.12.1Toenablewheelchairuserstoreachcontrolswhilenotplacingthemtoolowforvisuallyimpairedpeople,controlsshouldbeinthezone900mmto1200mm
fromthefloor.Itisadvantageousifcontrolsin,forexample,liftsareplacedatanangleofapproximately45tothewallsothattheyareeasiertoreadandoperate.Tocater
forwheelchairusers,controlsshouldbeplacednotlessthan400mmfromroomcorners.Allthepowerandelectricpointsshouldbeplacedatonemetreabovethefloor
levelandshouldnotprojectoutsidewalls.
D3.12.2Again,tocaterforvisuallyimpairedpeople,controlsshouldbecolourcontrastedwithbackgrounds.Informationshouldpreferablybeinrelieffortactile
reading.
D3.12.3Toaidoperationforpeoplewithimpairedcoordinationorimpairedvision,switches,etc,shouldhavelargepushplates.
D3.12.4Controlsforpowereddooropenerstohingeddoorsshouldbelocatedsothatthedoorsdonotconflictwithwheelchairs,sticks,walkingaids,etc.
D3.12.5Tofacilitateoperationforpeoplewithlimitedstrengthinarmsandhands,handlesshouldbeeasytogripandturn.
D3.13Identification
Appropriateidentificationofspecificfacilitieswithinabuildingusedbythepublicisparticularlyessentialtotheblind.
D3.13.1Raisedlettersornumbersshallbeusedtoidentifyroomsoroffices.
D3.13.2Suchidentificationshouldbeplacedonthewall,toleftofthedoor,preferablyataheightof1500mmfromthefloor.
D3.13.3Doorsthatarenotintendedfornormaluse,andthatmightprovedangerousifablindpersonweretoexitorenterbythem,shouldbemadequickly
identifiabletothetouchbyknurlingthedoorhandleorknob(seeFig.22).

F.22DH
D3.14WarningSignals
D3.14.1Audiblewarningsignalsshallbeaccompaniedbysimultaneousvisualsignalsforthebenefitofthosewithhearingdisabilities.
D3.14.2Visualsignalsshallbeaccompaniedbysimultaneousaudiblesignalsforthebenefitoftheblind.Toassistblindpeople,letteringandsymbolsonsigns
shouldbeinrelieffortactilereading.
D3.14.3Signsshouldbedesignedandlocatedsothattheyareeasytoread.Forvisuallyimpairedpeople,signsshouldpreferablybeateyelevelanditshouldbe
possibletoapproachthemclosely.Textandsymbolsshouldbecolourcontrastedwiththebackground.Thelettersshouldnotbelessthan12mmhigh.
D3.14.4Signsshouldbewellilluminatedandsurfacesshouldnotcausemirroringorreflections.Signsshouldnotbebehindglassorsimilarmaterials.
D3.14.5Informationbasedoncolourcodesonlyshouldbeavoidedcolourblindpeoplemayfindthemdifficulttounderstand.
D3.15WorkBench
Thisshouldbeatleast800mmwide,600mmdeepand650mmto700mmhigh.Forwheelchairusers,theconvenientheightofworktopsisbetween750mmand
850mmflexibleprovisionispreferred.Further,forwheelchairaccesstoaworkbench,washbasinortable,aclearspaceforkneesandfootrestsisneeded.
D3.16Hazards
Everyeffortshallbeexercisedtoobviatehazardstoindividualswithphysicaldisabilities.
D3.16.1Accesspanelsormanholesinfloors,walks,andwallsmaybeextremelyhazardous,particularlywheninuse,andshouldbeavoided.
D3.16.2Whenmanholesoraccesspanelsareopenandinuse,orwhenanopenexcavationexistsonasite,particularlywhenitisinproximityofnormalpedestrian
traffic,barricadesshallbeplacedonallopensides,atleast8.5mfromthehazard,andwarningdevicesshallbeinstalledinaccordancewithD3.14.2.
D3.16.3Lowhangingdoorclosersthatremainwithintheopeningofadoorway,whenthedoorisopenorthatprotrudehazardouslyintoregularcorridorsortraffic
wayswhenthedoorisclosed,shallbeavoided.
D3.16.4Lowhangingsigns,ceilinglights,andsimilarobjectsorsignsandfixturesthatprotrudeintoregularcorridorsortrafficwayshallbeavoided.Aminimum
heightof2.1mmeasuredfromthefloorisrecommended.
D3.16.5Rampsshallbeadequatelylighted.

D3.16.6Exitsignsshallbeinaccordancewithgoodpractices[3(5)].
D3.16.7Equipmentandmaterialscausingallergicreactionsshouldasfaraspossiblebeavoidedindwellingsandbuildings.
D4DESIGNINGFORCHILDREN
ThedimensionsgiveninthisAnnexareforadultsofaveragestature.Indesigningbuildingsforusebychildren,itmaybenecessarytoaltersomedimensions,suchas,
heightofhandrails,inaccordancewithacceptedstandards[3(6)].
D5Foradditionalinformationregardingotherfacilitiesandconveniencesrequiredinbuildingsmeantforuseofphysicallychallenged,referencemaybemadeto
acceptedstandards[3(7)].

ANNEXE
(Clauses12.22,C2.3.1andC2.6)
SPECIALREQUIREMENTSOFCLUSTERPLANNINGFORHOUSING
E1GENERAL
E1.1Theseguidelinescoverplanningandbuildingrequirementsofhousingdevelopedasclusters.Theserequirementsareapplicabletoallhousingprojectstakenup
bypublic,privateorcooperativeagencies.
E2PLANNING
E2.1PlotSize
Theminimumplotsizepermissibleshallbe15m2with100percentgroundcoverageandanFSIoftwo.HundredpercentgroundcoverageandFSIof2willbeapplicable
uptoplotsizeof25m2.Forplotsizesbeyond25m2,provisioninaccordancewithgoodpractice[3(1)]shallbeapplicable.
E2.2Plot/PlinthAreaforSlumResettlementonSameSite
Incaseofslumresettlementonthesamesite,minimumareamaybereducedto12.5m2withpotentialforaddinganother12.5m2onfirstfloorwithaninternal
staircase.
E2.3GroupHousing
Grouphousingmaybepermittedwithinclusterhousingconcept.However,dwellingunitswithplinthareasupto20m2shouldhavescopeforaddingahabitable
room.Grouphousinginaclustershouldnotbemorethan15minheight.
E2.4SizeofCluster
Ingroundandonestoreyedstructuresnotmorethan20housesshouldbegroupedinacluster.Clusterswithmoredwellingunitsmaycreateproblemsrelatingto
identity,encroachmentandmaintenance.
E2.5SizeofClusterOpenSpace
Minimumdimensionsofopenspacesshallbenotlessthan6mor3/4thoftheheightofbuildingsalongtheclusteropenspace,whicheverishigher.Theareaofsuch
clustercourtshallnotbelessthan36m2.Grouphousingaroundaclusteropenspaceshouldnotbenormallymorethan15minheight.Maximumclustercourtyardwidth
andbreadthshallbe13m.
E2.6Setbacks
Nosetbacksareneededfromtheedgesofclusteraspedestrian/vehicularaccessroadssurroundingthecluster.
E2.7RighttoBuildinSky
Pedestrianpathsandvehicularaccessroadstoclustersseparatingtwoadjacentclustersmaybebridgedtoprovideadditionaldwellingunits.Whilebridgingthe
pedestrianpathwayminimumclearanceshouldbeonestoreyheight,lengthofsuchbridgingshouldbenotmorethantwodwellingunits.Whilebridgingthevehicular
accessroadsminimumclearanceshouldbe6m.
E2.8VehicularAccess
Arightofwayofatleast6mwidthshouldbeprovideduptotheentrancetotheclustertofacilitateemergencyvehiclemovementuptocluster.
E2.9PedestrianPaths
Minimumwidthofpedestrianpathsshallbe3m.
E2.10WidthofAccessBetweenTwoClusters
Builtareaofdwellingunitwithinclustershallhavenosetbacksfromthepathorroad,space.Hence,theheightofthebuildingalongthepathwayorroadsshallbenot
lessthan60percentoftheheightoftheadjacentbuildingsubjecttominimumof3mincaseofpathwayand6mincaseofvehicularaccess.
E2.11Density
Clusterplanningmethodologiesresultinhigherdensitieswithlowrisestructures.Withperdwellingunitcoveredareaof15m2densitiesof500dwellingunitsper
hectare(net)shallbepermissible.Densitieshigherthanthisshouldnotallowed.
E2.12GroupToilet
Clusterhousingforeconomicallyweakersectionfamiliescanhavegrouptoiletsattherateofonewatercloset,onebathandawashingplaceforthreefamilies.These
shallnotbecommunitytoilets,askeystothesetoiletsshallbeonlywiththesethreefamilies,makingthemsolelyresponsibleforthemaintenanceandupkeepofthese
toilets.
E3OTHERREQUIREMENTS
E3.1RequirementsofBuildingDesign
Withtheexceptionofclausesmentionedabove,requirementsofbuildingwillbegovernedbytheprovisionofthisCodeandgoodpractice[3(1)].
E3.2Requirementsoffiresafety,structuraldesign,buildingservicesandplumbingservicesshallbeasspecifiedinthisCode.

ANNEXF
(Clause12.23)
SPECIALREQUIREMENTSFORLOWINCOMEHABITATPLANNINGINRURALAREAS
F1GENERAL
F1.1Theseguidelinescoverplanningandgeneralbuildingrequirementsforlowincomehouseshavingamaximumbuiltupareaof40m2includingfutureexpansion,
builtonnotified(asnotifiedbytheStateGovernments)ruralareas.Theprovisionsonlayoutplanningoflowincomehousingcoloniesinruralareasareapplicableto
publicandprivateagencies/governmentbodies.TheprovisionsofthisCodeondesignandconstructionofbuildingsforlowincomehousinginapprovedlayoutsare
applicabletoallprivateandpublicagencies.
F2SETTLEMENTANDENVIRONMENTPLANNING
F2.1Whileplanningforruralsettlementsthefollowingfactorsshallbetakenintoconsideration:
a)EcosystemandBiodiversity.
b)Topographywithitsdirecteffectonclimate,likelihoodofnaturaldisasters,naturaldrainage,etc.
c)Identityoftheplacerootedinitscultureandheritage.
d)Nearnessandconnectivitywithnearbyurbancentres.

e)Occupationrelatedrequirements.
f)Watermanagement.
g)Wastemanagement.
h)Landtenure.
j)Siteselectedshallbeconvenientlyapproachableandsuitablydevelopedandshallnotbesubjectedtowaterlogging/flooding.
k)Plotsize:80m2,Min
m)Density(Gross):60plotsperhectare,Max
n)Minimumfrontage:6m
p)GroundCoverage:33percent(subjecttoamaximumof50percent)
q)Floorarearatio(FAR):2,Max
r)Openspaces:1.21hectareopenspaceforavillagewith200houses.
s)Facilitieslikebranchofcooperativebank,afertilizerdepot,aveterinaryhospital,marketplaceandabranchofthecooperativeconsumerstorebesidesfacilitiesfor
educationalandhealthcareshouldbeavailablewithinamaximumdistanceof5kmfromanysettlement.
t)ProposedRoadHierarchy
RoadType

RoadDescription

RoadWidth

(1)

(2)

(3)

Function/Remarks
(4)

R1

Roadwhichconnectsvillagetonearbyareas

9m

Widestroad

R2

Roadwhichtakemajortraffictothevillage

6m

Mainvillageroadswithdrainonbothsidestofacilitatedrainagesystemofthevillage

R3

Internalvillageroad

4.5m

Othervillageroads

R4

Internalvillageroad

3m

Villagelanes

F3GENERALBUILDINGREQUIREMENTS(HOMESTEAD)
F3.1General
TherequirementsofpartsofbuildingsshallbeasgiveninF3.2toF3.7.
F3.2Plinth
Theminimumheightofplinthshallberegulatedonthebasisofenvironmentalandtopographicalconditionandhigherplinthheightmayberequiredinareasproneto
flooding.
F3.3SizeofRoom
F3.3.1HabitableRoom
Everydwellingunittobeprovidedshouldhaveatleasttwohabitablerooms.Evenifoneroomhouseisprovidedinitiallyitshouldbecapableofaddinganewsecond
roominfuture.Inahouseoftworooms,firstroomshallnotbelessthan9.0m2withminimumwidthof2.5mandsecondroomshallnotbelessthan6.5m2witha
minimumwidthof2.1mprovidedthetotalareaofboththeroomsisnotlessthan15.5m2.Inincrementalhousingthebiggerroomshallalwaysbethefirstroom.
F3.3.1.1Tofacilitateincrementalhousingincaseofflatteddevelopmentorotherwise,habitablespaceatmezzaninelevelmaybepermitted.Theminimumsizeof
suchamezzaninefloorshouldnotbelesserthan6.5m2andsuchafloorshouldoccupynotmorethan50percentoftheroomareaofwhichitisapart.Suchamezzanine
floorshouldhaveappropriateopeningstofacilitatelightandventilationasperF3.5.Minimumclearheightbelowandabovethemezzaninefloorshouldbe2.4mand
2.1mrespectively.
Asfaraspossiblemezzaninefloorshouldhavedirectventilationfromtheexternalfaceofthebuilding.Wherethisisnotpossibleventilationthroughmainroommay
beallowedprovidedtotalareaofopeningsinthemainroomisprovidedtakingintoconsiderationareaofmezzaninefloor.
Suchmezzaninefloormaybeaccessiblethroughthemainroombyaladder,whoseminimumanglewithverticalplaneshouldbe22.Heightoftherisershouldbe
lessthan250mm.
F3.3.2WaterCloset/Bathroom
a)

Thesizeofindependentwaterclosetshallbe0.9m2withminimumwidthof90cm.

b)

Thesizeofindependentbathroomshallbe1.2m2withminimumwidthof1m,and

c)

Thesizeofcombinedbathandwaterclosetshallbe1.8m2withminimumwidthof1m.

F3.3.3Kitchen
Thesizeofacookingalcoveservingascookingspaceshallnotbelessthan2.4m2withaminimumwidthof1.2m.Thesizeofindividualkitchenshallnotbelessthan
3.3m2withaminimumwidthof1.5m.Semiopenspaceswithlowwallsandroofmayalsobeprovidedforcookinginareaswheresuchprovisionissuitablewithrespectto
climaticcomfort.ProvisionforsmokelessCHULLHAshallbemadeinallkitchensconsideringfuelefficiencyandhealthhazardduetosmokeinhalation.
F3.3.4Balcony
Theminimumwidthofindividualbalcony,whereprovided,shallbe0.9mandshallnotbemorethan1.2manditshallnotprojectbeyondtheplotlineandonroadsor
pathway.
F3.4MinimumHeight
Theminimumheightofrooms/spacesshallbeasfollows:
a)Habitableroom

2.75m

b)Kitchen

2.6m

c)Bath/watercloset

2.2m

d)Corridor

2.1m

F3.4.1Inthecaseofslopingroofs,theaverageheightofroofforhabitableroomsshallbe2.75mandtheminimumheightateavesshallbe2.10m.
F3.5LightingandVentilation
Theopeningsthroughwindows,ventilatorsandotheropeningsforlightingandventilationshallbeasperinaccordancewith15.1.2.
NOTEThewindowsandotheropeningsshallabutontoopenspaceseitherthroughareasleftopenwithintheplotorthefront,sideandrearspacesprovidedinthe
layoutswhichshallbedeemedtobesufficientforlightandventilationpurposes.Whereverventilation/lightingisprovidedbymeansofJALIorgrillofanymaterial,total
areaofopeningsshallcalculatedexcludingsolidportionoftheJALIorgrill.
F3.6Stairs
Thefollowingcriteriashallbeadoptedforinternalindividualstaircase:
a)

Minimumwidth
1)2storeyedstraight

0.60m

2)2storeyedwinding

0.75m

3)3ormorestoreyedstraight

0.75m

4)3ormorestoreyedwinding

0.90m

b)

Riser

200mm,Max

c)

Tread
1)2storeyed

225mm,Min

2)3storeyedormore

250mm,Min

NOTEThiscouldbereducedto20cmasthecleartreadbetweenperpends,withpossibilityofopenriseraswellasnosingandinclinedrisertohaveaneffectivegoingof22.5cm.

F3.7WaterSealLatrine
Nobuildingplanshallbeapprovedandnobuildingshallbedeemedtohavebeencompletedandfitforhumanoccupationunlessprovisionismadeforwaterseal
latrine.Nodrylatrineshallbeallowed.Waterseallatrinescanalsobeprovideonthebasisofcommunitytoiletsorsharedtoiletsaspertherecommendationgivenin
[3(3)].
Whereleachingpitsareused,itshouldbeconstructedwithinthepremisesofthehouseholdsasitwouldbeeconomicalaswellasfacilitatetheircleaning.However,
where,duetospaceconstraint,constructionofpitswithinthepremisesmaynotbepossible,pitsmaybeconstructedinplaceslikelanes,streetsandroads.
Incasethepitislocatedundertheroad,streetorfootpath,theinvertedlevelofthepipeconnectingthelatrinepanwiththepitshallbeatleast1.1mbelowground
levelorbelowthebottomofthewatermainexistingwithinadistanceof3mfromthepitswhicheverismore.Constructionofsuchpitsmaybeinaccordancewith[3(4)].
Thewaterseallatrineshouldbeproperlymaintainedandkeptinsanitaryconditionbytheownerortheoccupier.Thecontentsoftheseptictanks,soakpits,leachpits,
etc,shouldbeperiodicallyemptied.
Theleachpitsshouldbecleanedonlyafter2yearsoftheirbeingputoutofserviceaftertheywerefull.
Locationofsanitaryfacilityeitheraspartofthehouseorseparatelyshallbedecidedonthebasisoffeltperceptions.
F3.8Thehousesiteshallprovidespaceforstorageoffoodgrainsandkeepingcattle.Amanurepithavingaminimumareaof1.0m2shallalsobecateredfor.Thiswill
takecareofcompostingofbiodegradablewaste.
F4OTHERREQUIREMENTS
F4.1Requirementsoffiresafety,structuraldesign,buildingservicesandplumbingservicesshallbeasspecifiedinrelevantpartsoftheCode.
F4.2Onewatertapperdwellingunitmaybeprovided,whereadequatedrinkingwatersupplyisavailable.Ifsupplyisinadequate,publichydrantsshallbeprovided.
Intheabsenceofpipedwatersupply,handpumpsmaybeusedforprovisionofwatersupply.
F4.3DrainageSystem
F4.3.1Waterfromdrainsshallbeconnectedtovillagepondsandappropriateecofriendlymethodslikegrowingofduckweedplantsshallbeadoptedtotreatwaste
water.
F4.3.2Thistreatedwatermaybeusedforirrigationandagriculture.
F4.4Appropriatemethods(namelyconservation,groundwaterrecharging,rainwaterharvesting,etc.)shouldbeemployedtoensureeffectivewatermanagement.
F4.5CommunityFacilities
F4.5.1Acommunityhall/BARAATGHARshallbeestablished.
F4.5.2RuralDevelopmentCentreshallincludePANCHAYATGHAR,aMAHILAKENDRAthatmayalsoserveasavocationaltrainingcentre.
F4.5.3School,healthcentre,postoffice,policepost,shopping,workshedsfortheartisans,telephonefacilities,etcshouldalsobeestablished.
F4.6Theuse(totheextentpossible)oflocallyavailablebuildingmaterialsandcosteffectivesubstitutesforscarcebuildingmaterials.Appropriatetechnologyinputs
shallbeintroducedforimprovingthelocalmaterialsorconventionalortraditionalpracticesforimprovedefficiency.
F4.7Theconceptofaidedselfhelpshallbeensuredforactiveparticipationoftheprospectiveusersandassociationintheconstructionanddevelopmentofdwelling
unitsandothercommunitybuilding.
F4.8Thespecialneedsofwomenheadedhouseholds/singleandworkingwomen/womanindifficultcircumstancesshouldbeaddressed.Thespecificrequirementof
womenintermsofprovidingnecessaryfacilitiesinhomestolessentheirdrudgerywouldbegivensufficientattention.
F4.9Protectingandpromotingourculturalheritage,architectureandtraditionalskillsshouldbegivendueimportance.

ANNEXG
(Clause12.24)
SPECIALREQUIREMENTSFORDEVELOPMENTPLANNINGINHILLYAREAS
G1GENERAL
G1.1Theseguidelinesprovidesrequirementsrelatingtodevelopmentplanninganddesignofbuildingsinhillyareas.Anyareaabove600minheightformmeansea
levelmaybeclassifiedashilly,oranyareawithaverageslopeof30mayalsobeclassifiedashilly,consideringthesensitiveandfragileecosystemofhillsandmountains.
However,theStateGovernmentsmayidentifyandnotifyareastobecoveredunderHillyArea,whichneedtobedealtwithspecialconsideration,whendevelopmental
activitiesaretakenup.
G1.2Hillyareashaveoneofthemostfragileecosystems,whichneedtobeconserved.Thereforeplanninganddevelopmentstrategiesforhillyareasshallhavetobe
designedwithaddedsensitivityandstressonintegrateddevelopment.Thedevelopmentapproachshallcomprisesoundlanduseplanningandsettlementplanning.
G1.3Settlementplanninginthehillareashasextremelylargeimplicationsontheenvironment.Forplanningofthenewsettlementsorworkingoutthestrategiesfor
thegrowthoftheexistingsettlements,itisnecessarytoconductdetailedenvironmentalinventory/impactassessment.Theinventorywouldinvolvegeological
investigations,slopeanalysis,soil,floraandfaunaanalysis,climaticinventories,vulnerabilitytonaturaldisasters,etc.Inadditiontothistheaestheticfactors,cultural,
architecturalandhistoricalheritage,scenic/landscapevalueshouldalsobetakenintoconsideration.Keepinginviewthescarcityofgoodbuildablelandandalsothehigh
costoftheconstruction,itisnecessarytooptimizetheuseoflandandatthesametime,usecosteffective,appropriatebuildingmaterialsandtechnologies.
G2LANDUSEPLANNING
G2.1ThefollowinglandusestructureshallbeadoptedinDevelopmentPlanninginHillyareas:
LandUse

PercentageofDevelopedArea
SmallTowns
(2)

(1)

MediumTowns
(3)

LargeCities
(4)

Residential

5055

4852

4550

Commercial

23

23

45

Industrial

34

45

57

Publicandsemipublic

810

810

1215

Recreational

1518

1518

1820

Transportandcommerce

56

56

68

Ecological

810

810

810

G3OPENSPACES
G3.1ThefollowingstandardsshallbeadoptedinDevelopmentPlanninginHillyareas.
Type
(1)

Totlot

AreaRange
(inha)

Areaper1000Population
(inha)

(2)

0.030.05

Remarks

(3)

(4)

Minimumwidth15m

Totlot

0.030.05

Minimumwidth15m

Playground

0.501.00

0.12to0.20

Oneforevery5000maybecombinedwithschools.

Parks

1.202.00

0.12to0.20

Oneforevery10000population.

Cityparks/playgrounds/maidan/
exhibitiongrounds/cultural
gatheringgrounds

0.12to0.20

Fortheentiretownatoneofmoresites,dependingupondesignandspaceavailability.

Botanicalgarden

1020

Oneforeverytown

Recreationalcomplexincludingzoo

1012

Oneforeverysettlementwithtouristpotential

G4ROADSANDPATHS
G4.1StreetorientationshallpreferablybeEastWesttoallowformaximumSouthsuntoenterthebuildings.Thestreetshallbewideenoughtoensurethatthe
buildingsononesidedonotshadethoseontheotherside.
G4.2ThefollowingroadwidthsshallbeadoptedforurbanroadsinHillyareas.
RoadType

Width(inm)
OpenAreas
(2)

(1)

BuiltupAreas
(3)

Plains
(4)

Arterialroad

1824

1518

5060

Subarterialroad

1518

1215

3040

Collectorroad

912

7.59

2030

Localstreet

4.56

36

1020

Loopstreet(maximumlength=500m)

4.5

4.5

Culdesac(maximumlength=500m)

4.5

4.5

7.5

Pedestrianpath

1.52.5

11.5

1.54.5

G4.3HillRoadManual(IRC:SP:481998),apublicationoftheIndianRoadsCongressshallbereferredtofordetailedguidelinesforplanningroadsinHillyareas.
G5COMMUNITYFACILITIESANDSERVICES
G5.1ThefollowingstandardsshallbeadoptedforcommunityfacilitiesandServicesinHillyareas.
Type

Population

Distance

(1)

(2)

(3)

AreaRange
(inha)
(4)

A.Educational
Primaryschool

4000

12

0.20to0.30

Secondaryschool(10+2)

15000

57

0.30to0.50

Industrialtrainingcentre

812

0.30to0.60

College

30000

812

2.00to3.00

Healthsubcentre

3000

24

0.025to0.067

Primaryhealthcentre

20000

1620

0.105to0.210

(2550beds)

80000

1620

0.840to2.100

Hospital(200250beds)

1000

1620

0.050to0.100

16000

57

0.10to0.15

Firestation

50000

0.30to0.80

Generalpostoffice

50000

1015

0.20to0.40

Postoffice

10000

57

0.10to0.15

Ruralpostoffice

2000

24

0.025to0.050

Ruralpostoffice

1000

12

Bank(tribalareas)

10000

1620

0.100to0.150

Telephoneexchange

50000

1015

0.20to0.40

Electricsubstation(66kV)

1.00

Electricsubstation(11kV)

0.05

LPGgodown

0.15

B.Health

Veterinarycentre
C.Otherfacilities
Communitywelfarecentre
D.Services

G6GENERALBUILDINGREQUIREMENTS
G6.1General
TheprovisionscontainedinthisPartshallapplyexceptingforthespecificprovisionsgivenhereunder.
G6.2Siting
G6.2.1Nohouseshallpreferablybelocatedcloserthan1mtoanotherhouse.
G6.2.2Nohouseshallbelocatedcloserthan10mtoasteepslope.
G6.2.3Nohouseshallbebuiltonalandfillorontheedgeofaslopeknowntohavebeenlevelled.
G6.2.4Buildingsinhillsshallbeclusteredtogethertominimisetheexposuretocoldwinds.OpenspacesprovidedshallallowformaximumSouthsun.
G6.2.5Buildingsshallbelocatedonthesouthslopeofahillormountainforbetterexposuretosolarradiation.Atthesametime,exposuretocoldwindsmaybe
minimizedbylocatingthebuildingontheleewardside.
G6.3PassiveSystemsforClimaticControl
G6.3.1Appropriatesolarpassivemethods,suchasorientation,doubleglazing,trombewallsandsolarcollectors,shallbeadoptedtoachieveclimaticcomfortwith
littleuseofconventionalenergy.
G6.3.2Careshallbetakeninsitinganddesignofbuildingstoprovidepassivecontrolstomodifytheeffectofcold/strongwinds.
G6.4Flatlandisnormallynotavailableinhillyregions.Thehousesarerequiredtobeconstructedonpartiallyslopinglandmadeavailablebycuttingandfilling.It
shallbenecessarytoprotectthehousebybuildingretainingwalls/breastwalls[see3(8)]toavoidlandslidesoccurringattimeofearthquakesorheavyrains.
G6.5DisasterResistance
AllnecessarystepsshallbetakenindesigningandbuildinginhillyregionstoachievedisasterresistanceaspertherelevantcodesandPart6StructuralDesign.All
naturaldisasterslikelytoaffectthelocalityshallbetakenintoconsideration,namelyearthquakes,cyclones,avalanches,flashfloods,landslidesetc.

LISTOFSTANDARDS
ThefollowinglistrecordsthosestandardswhichareacceptableasgoodpracticeandacceptedstandardsinthefulfillmentoftherequirementsoftheCode.Thelatest
versionofastandardshallbeadoptedatthetimeofenforcementoftheCode.ThestandardslistedmaybeusedbytheAuthorityasaguideinconformancewiththe
requirementsofthereferredclausesintheCode.
ISNo.

Title

(1)8888(Part1):1993

Guideforrequirementsoflowincomehousing:Part1Urbanarea(firstrevision)

(2)3792:1978

Guideforheatinsulationofnonindustrialbuildings(firstrevision)

11907:1986
(3)13727:1993

Recommendationsforcalculationofsolarradiationonbuildings
Guideforrequirementsofclusterplanningforhousing

(4)12314:1987

Codeofpracticeforsanitationforleachingpitsforruralcommunity

(5)4878:1986

Byelawsforconstructionofcinemabuildings(firstrevision)

(6)4838:1990

Anthropometricdimensionsforschoolchildrenagegroup517years(secondrevision)

(7)4963:1987

Recommendationsforbuildingsandfacilitiesforthephysicallychallenged(firstrevision)

(8)14458

Guidelinesforretainingwallsforhillarea:
(Part1):1998 Selectionoftypeofwall
(Part2):1997 Designofretaining/breastwalls

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART4FIREANDLIFESAFETY
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS

CONTENTS
FOREWORD

SCOPE

TERMINOLOGY

FIREPREVENTION

LIFESAFETY

26

FIREPROTECTION

32

ADDITIONALOCCUPANCYWISEREQUIREMENTS

49

ANNEXA

CALORIFICVALUESOFCOMMONMATERIALSANDTYPICALVALUESOFFIRELOADDENSITY

62

ANNEXB

BROADCLASSIFICATIONOFINDUSTRIALANDNONINDUSTRIALOCCUPANCIESINTODIFFERENTDEGREEOFHAZARD

63

ANNEXC

FIREPROTECTIONREQUIREMENTSFORHIGHRISEBUILDINGS15mINHEIGHTORABOVE

65

ANNEXD

FIREPROTECTIONCONSIDERATIONSFORVENTINGININDUSTRIALBUILDINGS

71

ANNEXE

GUIDELINESFORFIREDRILLANDEVACUATIONPROCEDURESFORHIGHRISEBUILDINGS(ABOVE15mINHEIGHT)

77

LISTOFSTANDARDS

83

FOREWORD
ThisPartoftheCodedealswithsafetyfromfire.Itspecifiesthedemarcationoffirezones,restrictionsonconstructionofbuildingsineachfirezone,classificationof
buildingsbasedonoccupancy,typesofbuildingconstructionaccordingtofireresistanceofthestructuralandnonstructuralcomponentsandotherrestrictionsand
requirementsnecessarytominimizedangertolifefromfire,smoke,fumesorpanicbeforethebuildingscanbeevacuated.TheCoderecognizesthatsafetyoflifeismore
thanamatterofmeansofexitsandaccordinglydealswithvariousmatterswhichareconsideredessentialtothesafetyoflife.
Fireprotectiontechniqueshavetobebasedonthefirebehaviourcharacteristicsofdifferentmaterialsandstructuralelementsofbuildings.Theactivitiespursuedby
theoccupantsofbuildingsmustalsobetakenintoconsiderationforassessingtheextentofhazards,andmethodshouldthenbedevisedbywhichthehazardscouldbe
minimized.Anindefinitecombinationofvariablesisinvolvedinthephenomenonoffire,allofwhichcannotbequantified.TherequirementsofthisCodeshould,therefore,
betakenasaguideandanengineeringdesignapproachshouldbeadoptedforensuringafiresafedesignforbuildings.Itwouldalsobenecessaryforthispurposeto
associatequalifiedandtrainedfireprotectionengineerswiththeplanningofbuildings,sothatadequatefireprotectionmeasurescouldbeincorporatedinthebuilding
designrightfromthebeginning.
Absolutesafetyfromfireisnotattainableinpractice.TheobjectiveofthisPartistospecifymeasuresthatwillprovidethatdegreeofsafetyfromfirewhichcanbe
reasonablyachieved.TheCodeendeavourstoavoidrequirementsthatmightinvolveunreasonablehardshipsorunnecessaryinconvenienceorinterferencewithnormaluse
andoccupancyofbuildings,butinsistsuponcompliancewithminimumstandardsforfiresafetynecessaryinpublicinterest.Forensuringcomplianceoffireprotection
equipments/installationstothelaiddownqualityrequirements,itisdesirabletousesuchequipments/installationdulycertifiedundertheBISCertificationMarksScheme.
Whileprovidingguidelinesforminimizingchancesofoccurrenceoffirethroughpassivefireprotectionmeasures,thisPartdoesnotintendtocoverallaspectsof
generalfirepreventionincludingsourcesofignition.Nordoesitcoverthepreventionofaccidentalpersonalinjuriesduringthecourseofnormaloccupancyofbuildings.
ThisPartwhilerecognizingthatpanicinabuildingonfiremaybeuncontrollable,dealswiththepotentialpanichazardthroughmeasuresdesignedtopreventthe
developmentofpanic.Experienceindicatesthatpanicseldomdevelopseveninthepresenceofpotentialdanger,solongasoccupantsofbuildingsaremovingtowards
exitswhichtheycanseewithinareasonabledistanceandwithnoobstructionorunduecongestioninthepathoftravel.However,anyuncertaintyastothelocationor
adequacyofmeansofegress,thepresenceofsmokeorfumesandthestoppageoftraveltowardstheexit,suchasmayoccurwhenonepersonstumblesandfallsonstairs,
maybeconducivetopanic.Dangerfrompanicisgreaterwhenalargenumberofpeoplearetrappedinaconfinedarea.
Experiencehasshownthatconcealedspaceswithinabuilding,suchas,spacebetweenceilingandfalseceiling,horizontalandverticalducts,etc,tendtoactas
flues/tunnelsduringafire.Provisionshould,therefore,bemadetoprovidefirestoppingwithinsuchspaces.
NothinginthisPartoftheCodeshallbeconstruedtoprohibitbettertypesofbuildingconstruction,moreexitsorotherwisesaferconditionsthantheminimum
requirementsspecifiedinthisPart.
CompliancewiththisPartshallnotbeconstruedaseliminatingorreducingthenecessityforotherprovisionsforsafetyofpersonsusingabuildingorstructureunder
normaloccupancyconditions.NorshallanyprovisionofthisCodebeconstruedasrequiringorpermittinganyadditionthatmaybehazardousundernormaloccupancy
conditions.
OneofthemajorpointsbroughtoutinthisPartisthelimitationofheightsandareasofbuildingsbasedonfiresafetyoftheoccupants.Individualmunicipal
corporationsarefreetoalterTable19basedonlocalconditions,buttheratiosofareasasmaintainedinthetablefordifferentoccupanciesandtypesofconstructionshallbe
adheredto.
Advantagehasbeentakenofthedevelopments,particularlyinfireresistanceratingofmaterials,designatingtypesofconstructioninarationalmannerandrelating
thearealimitationsofdifferentoccupanciestodifferenttypesofconstruction.
Halons(halogenatedhydrocarbons)whichexhibitexceptionalfirefightingandexplosionprevention/suppressioncharacteristicshavebeenfoundtopossesshigh
ozonedepletingpotential.TheycomeunderGroupIIofAnnexAoftheMontrealProtocolonSubstancesthatDepletetheOzoneLayer,theinternationalenvironmental
agreementforphasingoutozonedepletingsubstances.Duetoincreasingevidencethattheozonelayerisgettingdepletedatafasterratethanthoughtearlier,the
developedcountriesacceleratedtheirphaseoutschedulewithaviewtoachieving100percentphaseoutofhalonsby1January1994,insteadoftheearliertargetdateof1
January2000afterwhichonlyessentialuseofhalonwasallowed.FordevelopingcountrieslikeIndia,thetotalphaseoutofhalonsistobeachievedby1January2010,as
perMontrealProtocol,unlessadecisionistakeninbetweentohastenupthephaseoutofozonedepletingsubstances.India,havingbecomeasignatorytotheProtocolin
June1992,iscommittedtoabidebytheMontrealProtocoldecisions.InaccordancewithMinistryofEnvironmentandForests,GovernmentofIndia,OzoneDepleting
Substances(Regulations),Rules,2000,themanufactureofhalonbasedfireextinguishersandextinguishingsystemshasbeenphasedoutby1January2001.Meanwhile,
thepracticalimplicationsofthephasingoutofthehalonscover,byandlarge,thefollowingaspects:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

Availabilityofhalonswillberestricted
Nonstandardhalonextinguishers,likeaerosoltype,shallnotbepermitted
Dischargeofhalonsfortraining/testing,etcshallnotbepermitted
Alleffortsshallbemadeforavoiding/minimizinghalonemissionsatvariouslevelssuchasproduction,fireequipmentmanufacture,use,serviceand
maintenance
Sincedropinsubstitutesforhalonsarenotlikelytobeavailableonacommercialscaleinthenearfuture,whereverpossible,insteadofhalon,useofsuitable
alternativeextinguishingmedia/methodswillberesortedto,evenacceptingsometradeoffs,ifnecessaryand
Halonsshallberestrictedforessentialusesonly,forprotectionofcriticalfireexplosionriskareaswhichwouldotherwiseresultinseriousimpairmentofan
essentialservicetosociety,orposeanunacceptablethreattolife,theenvironment,ornationalsecurity.
NOTEDetailedinstructionswhichwillbeissuedbytheGovernmentofIndiafromtimetotimeforimplementationoftheCountryProgrammeforthe
phasingoutofozonedepletingsubstance(ODS)andregardingpermittinguseofhalonsforapplicationstilltheavailabilityofpropersubstitutes,shallhaveto
becompliedwith.

ThefirstversionofthisPartwasformulatedin1970andfirstrevisionwasbroughtoutin1983.SubsequentlythefirstrevisionofthisPartwasmodifiedin1997
throughAmendmentNo.3to1983versionoftheCode.Thismodifiedversionofthispartincludedfewtablesforthefireresistanceratingsofvariousbuildingcomponents,
suchaswalls,columns,beamsandfloors.Therequirementsforwetriser,downcomer,automaticsprinklerinstallation,highvelocity(1015m/s)watersprayoffoam
generatingsystem,etc,forbuildingsweremodified.AnnexgivingguidelinesforselectionoffiredetectorshadbeendeletedandrelevantIndianStandardsonfirealarm
systemandsmokedetectorshadbeenreferred.Also,Annexfordeterminationoffireloadsandfireloaddensityforarrivingattheclassificationofoccupancyhazardand
calorificvaluesofsomecommonmaterialswereincluded.Annexforbroadclassificationofindustrialandnonindustrialoccupanciesintolow,moderateandhighhazard
hadalsobeenincluded.
AsaresultofimplementationofthisPart,someusefulsuggestionshaveemerged.Thisrevisionhas,therefore,beenpreparedtotakecareofthesame.Thesignificant
modificationsincorporatedinclude:
a)

b)

c)
d)

Thetexthasnowbeendividedintothefollowingbroadclauses:
1.FirePreventionCoveringaspectsoffirepreventionpertainingtodesignandconstructionofbuildingsonpassivefireprotectionmeasures,also
describingthevarioustypesofbuildingmaterialsandtheirfirerating.
2.LifeSafetyCoveringlifesafetyprovisionsintheeventoffireandsimilaremergencies,alsoaddressingconstructionandoccupancyfeaturesthatare
necessarytominimizedangertolifefromfire,smoke,fumesorpanic.
3.FireProtectioncoveringthesignificantappurtenancesandtheirrelatedcomponentsandguidelinesforselectingthecorrecttypeofequipmentand
installationmeantforfireprotectionofthebuilding,dependingupontheclassificationandtypeofthebuilding.
Theclassificationofbuildingbasedonoccupancyhasbeenelaborated,with:
1.StarredhotelsnowcoveredasanewsubdivisionA6underoccupancyGroupAResidential.
2.HeritagestructuresandarcheologicalmonumentsnowcoveredundersubdivisionD3occupancyGroupDAssemblybuildings.
3.MixedassemblyoccupanciesnowcoveredasanewsubdivisionD6andundergroundelevatedrailwayshavebeencoveredasanewsubdivisionD
7underoccupancyGroupDAssemblybuildings.
4.TVstationsnowcoveredundersubdivisionE5ofoccupancyGroupEBusinessbuildings.
Theminimumcapacityofsmokeexhaustequipmenthasbeenincreasedto12airchangesperhour.
Fortheexternalstairsforexitrequirements,thewidthandtreadshavebeenincreasedto1250mmand250mmrespectively.

e)
f)

Undertherequirementsforinstitutionalbuildingstheclearwidthofallrequiredexitswhichserveasegressfromhospitalorinfirmarysectionhasbeenincreased
from1.5mto2m.Also,provisionofpatientlifthasbeenincluded.
Duecognizanceofhalonphaseoutprogrammehasbeentaken,whilespecifyingprovisionsinthisPartwithrespecttofireprotectionusingfire
extinguishers/systems.

Allstandardscrossreferredtointhemaintextofthissection,aresubjecttotherevision.ThepartiestoagreementbasedonthisPartareencouragedtoinvestigatethe
possibilityofapplyingthemostrecenteditionsofthestandards.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART4FIREANDLIFESAFETY

1SCOPE
ThisPartcoverstherequirementsforfireprevention,lifesafetyinrelationtofireandfireprotectionofbuildings.TheCodespecifiesconstruction,occupancyand
protectionfeaturesthatarenecessarytominimizedangertolifeandpropertyfromfire.

2TERMINOLOGY
2.0ForthepurposeofthisPart,thefollowingdefinitionsshallapply.
2.1AutomaticFireDetectionandAlarmSystemFirealarmsystemcomprisingcomponentsforautomaticallydetectingafire,initiatinganalarmoffireand
initiatingotheractionsasappropriate.
NOTEThesystemmayalsoincludemanualfirealarmcallpoints.
2.2AutomaticSprinklerSystemAsystemofwaterpipesfittedwithsprinklerheadsatsuitableintervalsandheightsanddesignedtoactuateautomatically,
controlandextinguishafirebythedischargeofwater.
2.3BuildingAnystructureforwhatsoeverpurposeandofwhatsoevermaterialsconstructedandeverypartthereofwhetherusedashumanhabitationornotand
includesfoundation,plinth,walls,floors,roofs,chimneys,plumbingandbuildingservices,fixedplatforms,VERANDAH,balcony,corniceorprojection,partofabuilding
oranythingaffixedtheretooranywallenclosingorintendedtoencloseanylandorspaceandsignsandoutdoordisplaystructures.Tents,SHAMIANAHS,tarpaulin
shelters,etc,erectedfortemporaryandceremonialoccasionswiththepermissionoftheAuthorityshallnotbeconsideredasbuilding.
2.4Building,HeightofTheverticaldistancemeasuredinthecaseofflatroofs,fromtheaveragelevelofthegroundaroundandcontiguoustothebuildingoras
decidedbytheAuthoritytotheterraceofthelastlivablefloorofthebuildingadjacenttotheexternalwallandinthecaseofpitchedroofs,uptothepointwherethe
externalsurfaceoftheouterwallintersectsthefinishedsurfaceoftheslopingroofandinthecaseofgablesfacingtheroad,themidpointbetweentheeaveslevelandthe
ridge.Architecturalfeaturesservingnootherfunctionexceptthatofdecoration,shallbeexcludedforthepurposeofmeasuringheights.
2.5CombustibleMaterialThematerialwhicheitherburnsitselforaddsheattoafire,whentestedfornoncombustibilityinaccordancewithacceptedstandard
[4(1)].
2.6CoveredAreaGroundareacoveredbythebuildingimmediatelyabovetheplinthlevel.Theareacoveredbythefollowingintheopenspacesisexcludedfrom
coveredarea(seeTable19):
a)
b)
c)
d)

garden,rockery,wellandwellstructures,plantnursery,waterpool,swimmingpool(ifuncovered),platformroundatree,tank,fountain,bench,CHABUTARA
withopentopandunenclosedonsidesbywallsandthelike
drainageculvert,conduit,catchpit,gullypit,chamber,gutterandthelike
compoundwall,gate,unstoreyedporchandportico,slide,swing,uncoveredstaircases,rampareascoveredbyCHHAJJAandthelikeand
watchmansbooth,pumphouse,garbageshaft,electriccabinorsubstations,andsuchotherutilitystructuresmeantfortheservicesofthebuildingunder
consideration.
NOTEForthepurposeofthisPart,coveredareaequalstheplotareaminustheareadueforopenspacesintheplot.

2.7DowncomerAnarrangementoffirefightingwithinthebuildingbymeansofdowncomerpipeconnectedtoterracetankthroughterracepump,gatevalveand
nonreturnvalveandhavingmainsnotlessthan100mminternaldiameterwithlandingvalvesoneachfloor/landing.Itisalsofittedwithinletconnectionsatground
levelforchargingwithwaterbypumpingfromfireserviceappliancesandairreleasevalveatroofleveltoreleasetrappedairinside.
2.8DryRiserAnarrangementoffirefightingwithinthebuildingbymeansofverticalrisingmainsnotlessthan100mminternaldiameterwithlandingvalveson
eachfloor/landingwhichisnormallydrybutiscapableofbeingchargedwithwaterusuallybypumpingfromfireserviceappliances.
2.9EmergencyLightingLightingprovidedforusewhenthesupplytothenormallightingfails.
2.10EmergencyLightingSystemAcompletebutdiscreteemergencylightinginstallationfromthestandbypowersourcetotheemergencylightinglamp(s),for
example,selfcontainedemergencyluminaireoracircuitfromcentralbatterygeneratorconnectedthroughwiringtoseveralescapeluminaries.
2.11EscapeLightingThatpartofemergencylightingwhichisprovidedtoensurethattheescaperouteisilluminatedatallmaterialtimes,forexample,atall
timeswhenpersonsareonthepremises,orattimesthemainlightingisnotavailable,eitherforthewholebuildingorfortheescaperoutes.
2.12FireDoorAfireresistivedoorapprovedforopeningsinfireseparation.
2.13FireExitAwayoutleadingtoanescaperoutehavingpanicbarhardwareprovidedonthedoor.
2.14FireLiftTheliftinstalledtoenablefireservicespersonneltoreachdifferentfloorswithminimumdelay,havingsuchfeaturesasrequiredinaccordancewith
thisPart.
2.15FireLoadCalorificenergy,ofthewholecontentscontainedinaspace,includingthefacingsofthewalls,partitions,floorsandceilings.
2.16FireLoadDensityFireloaddividedbyfloorarea.
2.17FireResistanceRatingThetimethatamaterialorconstructionwillwithstandthestandardfireexposureasdeterminedbyfiretestdoneinaccordancewith
thestandardmethodsoffiretestsofmaterials/structures.
2.18FireResistanceFireresistanceisapropertyofanelementofbuildingconstructionandisthemeasureofitsabilitytosatisfyforastatedperiodsomeorallof
thefollowingcriteria:
a)
b)
c)

resistancetocollapse,
resistancetopenetrationofflameandhotgases,and
resistancetotemperatureriseontheunexposedfaceuptoamaximumof180Cand/oraveragetemperatureof150C.

2.19FireSeparationThedistanceinmetresmeasuredfromtheexternalwallofthebuildingconcernedtotheexternalwallofanyotherbuildingonthesite,or
fromothersite,orfromtheoppositesideofstreetorotherpublicspaceforthepurposeofpreventingthespreadoffire.
2.20FireSeparatingWallThewallprovidescompleteseparationofonebuildingfromanotherorpartofabuildingfromanotherorpartofabuildingfrom
anotherpartofthesamebuildingtopreventanycommunicationoffireorheattransmissiontowallitselfwhichmaycauseorassistinthecombustionofmaterialsonthe
sideoppositetothatportionwhichmaybeonfire.
2.21FireStopAfireresistantmaterial,orconstruction,havingafireresistanceratingofnotlesssthanthefireseparatingelements,installedinconcealedspaces
orbetweenstructuralelementsofabuildingtopreventthespread/propagationoffireandsmokethroughwalls,ceilingsandlikeasperthelaiddowncriteria.
2.22FireTowerAnenclosedstaircasewhichcanonlybeapproachedfromthevariousfloorsthroughlandingsorlobbiesseparatedfromboththefloorareasand
thestaircasebyfireresistingdoors,andopentotheouterair.
2.23FireResistingWallAfireresistanceratedwall,havingprotectedopenings,whichrestrictsthespreadoffireandextendscontinuouslyfromthefoundation
toatleast1mabovetheroof.
2.24FloorAreaRatio(FAR)Thequotientobtainedbydividingthetotalcoveredarea(plintharea)onallfloorsbytheareaoftheplot:

2.25HighRiseBuildingForthepurposeofthisPart,allbuildings15moraboveinheightshallbeconsideredashighrisebuildings.
2.26HorizontalExitAnarrangementwhichallowsalternativeegressfromafloorareatoanotherflooratornearthesamelevelinanadjoiningbuildingoran
adjoiningpartofthesamebuildingwithadequatefireseparation.

2.27MeansofEgressAcontinuousandunobstructedwayoftravelfromanypointinabuildingorstructuretoaplaceofcomparativesafety.
2.28OccupancyorUseGroupTheprincipaloccupancyforwhichabuildingorapartofabuildingisusedorintendedtobeusedforthepurposeofclassification
ofabuildingaccordingtotheoccupancy,anoccupancyshallbedeemedtoincludesubsidiaryoccupancieswhicharecontingentuponit.
2.29PlinthAreaThebuiltupcoveredareameasuredatthefloorlevelofthebasementorofanystorey.
2.30PressurizationTheestablishmentofapressuredifferenceacrossabarriertoprotectastairway,lobby,escaperouteorroomofabuildingfromsmoke
penetration.
2.31PressurizationLevelThepressuredifferencebetweenthepressurizedspaceandtheareaservedbythepressurizedescaperoute,expressedinpascals(Pa).
2.32RoofExitsAmeansofescapeontotheroofofabuilding,wheretheroofhasaccesstoitfromtheground.Theexitshallhaveadequatecutoffwithinthe
buildingfromstaircasebelow.
2.33SitePlotAparcel(piece)oflandenclosedbydefiniteboundaries.
2.34StackPressurePressuredifferencecausedbyatemperaturedifferencecreatinganairmovementwithinaduct,chimneyorenclosure.
2.35TravelDistanceThedistancetobetravelledfromanypointinabuildingtoaprotectedescaperoute,externalescaperouteorfinalexit.
2.36VentilationSupplyofoutsideairinto,ortheremovalofinsideairfromanenclosedspace.
2.37VentingFireTheprocessofinducingheatandsmoketoleaveabuildingasquicklyaspossiblebysuchpathsthatlateralspreadoffireandheatischecked,
firefightingoperationsarefacilitatedandminimumfiredamageiscaused.
2.38VolumetoPlotAreaRatio(VPR)Theratioofvolumeofbuildingmeasuredincubicmetrestotheareaoftheplotmeasuredinsquaremetresandexpressed
inmetres.
2.39WetRiserAnarrangementforfirefightingwithinthebuildingbymeansofverticalrisingmainsnotlessthan100mmnominaldiameterwithlandingvalves
oneachfloor/landingforfirefightingpurposesandpermanentlychargedwithwaterfromapressurizedsupply.
NOTEFordefinitionsofotherterms,referenceshallbemadetogoodpractice[4(2)].

3FIREPREVENTION
3.1ClassificationofBuildingBasedonOccupancy
3.1.1GeneralClassification
Allbuildings,whetherexistingorhereaftererectedshallbeclassifiedaccordingtotheuseorthecharacterofoccupancyinoneofthefollowinggroups:
GroupA

Residential

GroupB

Educational

GroupC

Institutional

GroupD

Assembly

GroupE

Business

GroupF

Mercantile

GroupG

Industrial

GroupH

Storage

GroupJ

Hazardous

3.1.1.1Minoroccupancyincidentaltooperationsinanothertypeofoccupancyshallbeconsideredaspartofthemainoccupancyandshallbeclassifiedunderthe
relevantgroupforthemainoccupancy.
Examplesofbuildingsineachgrouparegivenin3.1.2to3.1.10.
3.1.2GroupAResidentialBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildinginwhichsleepingaccommodationisprovidedfornormalresidentialpurposeswithorwithoutcookingordiningorbothfacilities,
exceptanybuildingclassifiedunderGroupC.
BuildingsandstructuresunderGroupAshallbefurthersubdividedasfollows:
SubdivisionA1Lodgingorroominghouses
SubdivisionA2Oneortwofamilyprivatedwellings
SubdivisionA3Dormitories
SubdivisionA4Apartmenthouses(flats)
SubdivisionA5Hotels
SubdivisionA6Hotels(Starred)
a)

b)

c)

d)
e)
f)

SubdivisionA1LodgingorroominghousesTheseshallincludeanybuildingorgroupofbuildingsunderthesamemanagement,inwhichseparatesleeping
accommodationforatotalofnotmorethan40persons(beds),ontransientorpermanentbasis,withorwithoutdiningfacilitiesbutwithoutcookingfacilities
forindividualsisprovided.Thisincludesinns,clubs,motelsandguesthouses.
AlodgingorroominghouseshallbeclassifiedasadwellinginsubdivisionA2ifnoroominanyofitsprivatedwellingunitsisrentedtomorethanthree
persons.
SubdivisionA2OneortwofamilyprivatedwellingsTheseshallincludeanyprivatedwellingwhichisoccupiedbymembersofoneortwofamiliesandhas
atotalsleepingaccommodationfornotmorethan20persons.
Ifroomsinaprivatedwellingarerentedtooutsiders,theseshallbeforaccommodatingnotmorethanthreepersonsperroom.
Ifsleepingaccommodationformorethan20personsisprovidedinanyoneresidentialbuilding,itshallbeclassifiedasabuildinginsubdivisionA1,A3orA
4asthecasemaybe.
SubdivisionA3DormitoriesTheseshallincludeanybuildinginwhichgroupsleepingaccommodationisprovided,withorwithoutdiningfacilitiesfor
personswhoarenotmembersofthesamefamily,inoneroomoraseriesofcloselyassociatedroomsunderjointoccupancyandsinglemanagement,for
example,schoolandcollegedormitories,students,andotherhostelsandmilitarybarracks.
SubdivisionA4Apartmenthouses(flats)Theseshallincludeanybuildingorstructureinwhichlivingquartersareprovidedforthreeormorefamilies,living
independentlyofeachotherandwithindependentcookingfacilities,forexample,apartmenthouses,mansionsandchawls.
SubdivisionA5HotelsTheseshallincludeanybuildingsorgroupofbuildingsundersinglemanagement,inwhichsleepingaccommodationisprovided,
withorwithoutdiningfacilitiesforhotelsclassifiedupto4StarCategory.
SubdivisionA6Hotels(starred)TheseshallincludethehotelsdulyapprovedbytheconcernedauthoritiesasFiveStarandaboveHotels.

3.1.3GroupBEducationalBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildingusedforschool,college,othertraininginstitutionsfordaycarepurposesinvolvingassemblyforinstruction,educationorrecreation
fornotlessthan20students.
BuildingsandstructuresunderGroupBshallbefurthersubdividedasfollows:
SubdivisionB1Schoolsuptoseniorsecondarylevel
SubdivisionB2Allothers/traininginstitutions
a)

SubdivisionB1SchoolsuptoseniorsecondarylevelThissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingoragroupofbuildingsundersinglemanagementwhichis
usedforstudentsnotlessthan20innumber.

b)

SubdivisionB2Allothers/traininginstitutionsThissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingoragroupofbuildingsundersinglemanagementwhichisused
forstudentsnotlessthan100innumber.

Inthecaseoftemporarybuildings/structureswhichareutilizedforeducationalpurposes,theprovisionsof3.2.5.3shallapply.
Ifresidentialaccommodationisprovidedintheschools/institutions,thatportionofoccupancyshallbeclassifiedasabuildinginsubdivisionA3.
3.1.4GroupCInstitutionalBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildingorpartthereof,whichisusedforpurposes,suchasmedicalorothertreatmentorcareofpersonssufferingfromphysicalormental
illness,diseaseorinfirmitycareofinfants,convalescentsoragedpersonsandforpenalorcorrectionaldetentioninwhichthelibertyoftheinmatesisrestricted.
Institutionalbuildingsordinarilyprovidesleepingaccommodationfortheoccupants.
BuildingsandstructuresunderGroupCshallbefurthersubdividedasfollows:
SubdivisionC1Hospitalsandsanatoria
SubdivisionC2Custodialinstitutions
SubdivisionC3Penalandmentalinstitutions
a)
b)
c)

SubdivisionC1HospitalsandsanatoriaThissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingoragroupofbuildingsundersinglemanagement,whichisusedfor
housingpersonssufferingfromphysicallimitationsbecauseofhealthorage,forexample,hospitals,infirmaries,sanatoriaandnursinghomes.
SubdivisionC2CustodialinstitutionsThissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingoragroupofbuildingsundersinglemanagement,whichisusedforthe
custodyandcareofpersons,suchaschildren,convalescentsandtheaged,forexample,homesfortheagedandinfirm,convalescenthomesandorphanages.
SubdivisionC3PenalandmentalinstitutionsThissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingoragroupofbuildingsundersinglemanagement,whichisused
forhousingpersonsunderrestraint,orwhoaredetainedforpenalorcorrectivepurposes,inwhichthelibertyoftheinmatesisrestricted,forexample,jails,
prisons,mentalhospitals,mentalsanatoriaandreformatories.

3.1.5GroupDAssemblyBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuilding,wherenumberofpersonsnotlessthan50congregateorgatherforamusement,recreation,social,religious,
patriotic,civil,travelandsimilarpurposes,forexample,theatres,motionpicturehouses,assemblyhalls,auditoria,exhibitionhalls,museums,skatingrinks,
gymnasiums,restaurants,placesofworship,dancehalls,clubrooms,passengerstationsandterminalsofair,surfaceandmarinepublictransportationservices,recreation
piersandstadia,etc.
BuildingsunderGroupDshallbefurthersubdividedasfollows:
SubdivisionD1Buildingshavingatheatricalormotionpictureoranyotherstageandfixedseatsforover1000persons
SubdivisionD2Buildingshavingatheatricalormotionpictureoranyotherstageandfixedseatsupto1000persons
SubdivisionD3Buildingswithoutapermanentstagehavingaccommodationfor300ormorepersonsbutnopermanentseatingarrangement.
SubdivisionD4Buildingswithoutapermanentstagehavingaccommodationforlessthan300personswithnopermanentseatingarrangement.
SubdivisionD5AllotherstructuresincludingtemporarystructuresdesignedforassemblyofpeoplenotcoveredbysubdivisionsD1toD4,atgroundlevel.
SubdivisionD6Buildingshavingmixedoccupanciesprovidingfacilitiessuchasshopping,cinematheatres,andrestaurants.
SubdivisionD7Allotherstructures,elevatedorunderground,forassemblyofpeoplenotcoveredbysubdivisionsD1toD6.
a)

b)
c)

d)
e)
f)
g)

SubdivisionD1Thissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingprimarilymeantfortheatricaloroperaticperformancesandexhibitionsandwhichhasaraised
stage,prosceniumcurtain,fixedorportablesceneryorsceneryloft,lights,motionpicturehouses,mechanicalappliancesorothertheatricalaccessoriesand
equipmentandwhichisprovidedwithfixedseatsforover1000persons.
SubdivisionD2ThissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingprimarilymeantforuseasdescribedforsubdivisionD1,butwithfixedseatsupto1000
persons.
SubdivisionD3Thissubdivisionshallincludeanybuilding,itslobbies,roomsandotherspacesconnectedthereto,primarilyintendedforassemblyof
people,butwhichhasnotheatricalstageorpermanenttheatricaland/orcinematographicaccessoriesandhasaccommodationfor300personsormore,for
example,dancehalls,nightclubs,hallsforincidentalpictureshows,dramatic,theatricaloreducationalpresentation,lecturesorothersimilarpurposeshaving
notheatricalstageexceptaraisedplatformandusedwithoutpermanentseatingarrangementartgalleriesexhibitionhalls,communityhalls,marriagehalls,
placesofworship,museums,lecturehalls,passengerterminalsandHeritageandArcheologicalMonuments.
SubdivisionD4ThissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingprimarilyintendedforuseasdescribedinsubdivisionD3,butwithaccommodationforless
than300personswithnopermanentseatingarrangements.
SubdivisionD5Thissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingorstructurepermanentortemporarymeantforassemblyofpeoplenotcoveredbysubdivisions
D1toD4,forexample,grandstands,stadia,amusementparkstructures,reviewingstandsandcircustents.
SubdivisionD6Thissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingforassemblyofpeopleprovidedwithmultipleservices/facilitieslikeshopping,cinematheatres
andrestaurants,forexample,multiplexes.
SubdivisionD7ThissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildingorstructurepermanentortemporarymeantforassemblyofpeoplenotcoveredbyD1toD6,
forexample,undergroundorelevatedrailways.

3.1.6GroupEBusinessBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuildingwhichisusedfortransactionofbusiness(otherthanthatcoveredbyGroupFandpartofbuildingscoveredby
3.1.1.1)forkeepingofaccountsandrecordsandsimilarpurposes,professionalestablishments,servicefacilities,etc.Cityhalls,townhalls,courthousesandlibrariesshall
beclassifiedinthisgroupsofarastheprincipalfunctionoftheseistransactionofpublicbusinessandkeepingofbooksandrecords.
Businessbuildingsshallbefurthersubdividedasfollows:
SubdivisionE1Offices,banks,professionalestablishments,likeofficesofarchitects,engineers,doctors,lawyersandpolicestations.
SubdivisionE2Laboratories,researchestablishments,librariesandtesthouses.
SubdivisionE3Computerinstallations.
SubdivisionE4Telephoneexchanges.
SubdivisionE5BroadcastingstationsandT.V.stations.
3.1.7GroupFMercantileBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuilding,whichisusedasshops,stores,market,fordisplayandsaleofmerchandise,eitherwholesaleorretail.
Mercantilebuildingsshallbefurthersubdividedasfollows:
SubdivisionF1Shops,stores,departmentalstoresmarketswithareaupto500m2.
SubdivisionF2Shops,stores,departmentalstoresmarketswithareamorethan500m2.
SubdivisionF3Undergroundshoppingcentres.
Storageandservicefacilitiesincidentaltothesaleofmerchandiseandlocatedinthesamebuildingshallbeincludedunderthisgroup.
3.1.8GroupGIndustrialBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuildingorstructure,inwhichproductsormaterialsofallkindsandpropertiesarefabricated,assembled,manufactured
orprocessed,forexample,assemblyplants,industriallaboratories,drycleaningplants,powerplants,generatingunits,pumpingstations,fumigationchambers,
laundries,buildingsorstructuresingasplants,refineries,dairiesandsawmills,etc.
BuildingsunderGroupGshallbefurthersubdividedasfollows:
SubdivisionG1Buildingsusedforlowhazardindustries.
SubdivisionG2Buildingsusedformoderatehazardindustries.
SubdivisionG3Buildingsusedforhighhazardindustries.

Thehazardofoccupancy,forthepurposeoftheCode,shallbetherelativedangerofthestartandspreadoffire,thedangerofsmokeorgasesgenerated,thedangerof
explosionorotheroccurrencespotentiallyendangeringthelivesandsafetyoftheoccupantsofthebuildings.
HazardofoccupancyshallbedeterminedbytheAuthorityonthebasisofthefireloadsofthecontents,andtheprocessesoroperationsconductedinthebuilding,
provided,however,thatwherethecombustibilityofthematerial,theflamespreadratingoftheinteriorfinishorotherfeaturesofthebuildingorstructurearesuchasto
involveahazardgreaterthantheoccupancyhazard,thegreaterdegreeofhazardshallgoverntheclassification.
Fordeterminationoffireloadsandfireloaddensityforarrivingattheclassificationofoccupancyhazard,guidanceincludingthecalorificvaluesofsomecommon
materials,isgivenatAnnexA.
Abroadclassificationofindustrialandnonindustrialoccupanciesintolow,moderateandhighhazardclassesisgivenatAnnexB,forguidance.Anyoccupancynot
coveredinAnnexB,shallbeclassifiedinthemostappropriateclassdependingonthedegreeofhazard.
Wheredifferentdegreesofhazardofoccupancyexistindifferentpartsofabuilding,themosthazardousofthoseshallgoverntheclassificationforthepurposeofthis
Code,exceptincaseswherehazardousareasaresegregatedorprotectedasspecifiedintheCode.
a)

b)

c)

SubdivisionG1Thissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildinginwhichthecontentsareofsuchcomparativelowcombustibilityandtheindustrialprocesses
oroperationsconductedthereinareofsuchanaturethattherearehardlyanypossibilitiesforanyselfpropagatingfiretooccurandtheonlyconsequentdanger
tolifeandpropertymayarisefrompanic,fumesorsmoke,orfirefromsomeexternalsource.
SubdivisionG2Thissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildinginwhichthecontentsorindustrialprocessesoroperationsconductedthereinareliabletogive
risetoafirewhichwillburnwithmoderaterapidityorresultinotherhazardoussituationandmaygiveoffaconsiderablevolumeofsmoke,butfromwhich
neithertoxicfumesnorexplosionsaretobefearedintheeventoffire.
SubdivisionG3Thissubdivisionshallincludeanybuildinginwhichthecontentsorindustrialprocessesoroperationsconductedthereinareliabletogive
risetoafirewhichwillburnwithextremerapidityorresultinotherhazardoussituationorfromwhichpoisonousfumesorexplosionsaretobefearedinthe
eventofafire.Forfiresafetyinpetroleumandfertilizerplant,goodpractice[4(3)]maybereferred.

3.1.9GroupHStorageBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuildingusedprimarilyforthestorageorsheltering(includingservicing,processingorrepairsincidentaltostorage)of
goods,wareormerchandise(exceptthosethatinvolvehighlycombustibleorexplosiveproductsormaterials)vehiclesoranimals,forexample,warehouses,coldstorage,
freightdepots,transitsheds,storehouses,truckandmarineterminals,garages,hangers,grainelevators,barnsandstables.Storagepropertiesarecharacterizedbythe
presenceofrelativelysmallnumberofpersonsinproportiontothearea.Anynewusewhichincreasethenumberofoccupantstoafigurecomparablewithotherclassesof
occupancyshallchangetheclassificationofthebuildingtothatofthenewuse,forexample,hangarsusedforassemblypurposes,warehousesusedforofficepurposes,
garagebuildingsusedformanufacturing.
3.1.10GroupJHazardousBuildings
Theseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuildingwhichisusedforthestorage,handling,manufactureorprocessingofhighlycombustibleorexplosivematerialsor
productswhichareliabletoburnwithextremerapidityandorwhichmayproducepoisonousfumesorexplosionsforstorage,handling,manufacturingorprocessing
whichinvolvehighlycorrosive,toxicornoxiousalkalis,acidsorotherliquidsorchemicalsproducingflame,fumesandexplosive,poisonous,irritantorcorrosivegases
andforthestorage,handlingorprocessingofanymaterialproducingexplosivemixturesofdustwhichresultinthedivisionofmatterintofineparticlessubjectto
spontaneousignition.Examplesofbuildingsinthisclassarethosebuildingswhichareusedfor:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Storage,underpressureofmorethan0.1N/mm2andinquantitiesexceeding70m3,ofacetylene,hydrogen,illuminatingandnaturalgases,ammonia,chlorine,
phosgene,sulphurdioxide,carbondioxide,methyloxideandallgasessubjecttoexplosion,fumeortoxichazard,cryogenicgases,etc
Storageandhandlingofhazardousandhighlyflammableliquids,liquefiablegaseslikeLPG,rocketpropellants,etc
Storageandhandlingofhazardousandhighlyflammableorexplosivematerials(otherthanliquids)and
Manufactureofartificialflowers,syntheticleather,ammunition,explosivesandfireworks.
NOTEAlistofhazardoussubstancesgivingquantities,forwhichorexceedingwhichownershandlingsuchsubstancesarerequiredtobecoveredunderthe
PublicLiabilityInsuranceAct,hasbeennotifiedunderGovernmentofIndia,MinistryofEnvironmentandForestsNotificationNo.G.S.R.347(E)dated1
August1996.

3.1.11AnybuildingnotcoveredbyAnnexBor3.1.8shallbeclassifiedinthegroupwhichmostnearlyresemblesitsexistingorproposeduse.
3.1.12Wherechangeintheoccupancyofanybuildingplacesitinadifferentgrouporinadifferentsubdivisionofthesamegroup,suchbuildingshallbemadeto
complywiththerequirementsoftheCodeforthenewgrouporitssubdivision.
3.1.13Wherethenewoccupancyofabuildingislesshazardous,basedonlifeandfirerisk,thanitsexistingoccupancy,itshallnotbenecessarytoconformtothe
requirementsoftheCodeforthenewgrouporitssubdivision.
3.1.14Acertificateofoccupancyshallbenecessary,asrequiredunderPart2Administration,beforeanychangeiseffectedinthecharacterofoccupancyofany
building.
3.2FireZones
3.2.1Demarcation
ThecityorareaunderthejurisdictionoftheAuthorityshallforthepurposeoftheCode,bedemarcatedintodistinctzones,basedonfirehazardinherentinthe
buildingsandstructuresaccordingtooccupancy(see3.1),whichshallbecalledasFireZones.
3.2.2NumberandDesignationofFireZones
3.2.2.1ThenumberoffirezonesinacityorareaunderthejurisdictionoftheAuthoritydependsupontheexistinglayout,typesofbuildingconstruction(see3.3),
classificationofexistingbuildingsbasedonoccupancy(see3.1)andexpectedfuturedevelopmentofthecityorarea.Inlargecitiesorareas,threefirezonesmaybe
necessary,whileinsmallerones,oneortwomaybeadequate.
3.2.2.2Thefirezonesshallbemadeuseofinlandusedevelopmentplanandshallbedesignatedasfollows:
a)
b)
c)

FireZoneNo.1Thisshallcompriseareashavingresidential(GroupA),educational(GroupB),institutional(GroupC),andassembly(GroupD),small
business(SubdivisionsE1)andretailmercantile(GroupF)buildings,orareaswhichareunderdevelopmentforsuchoccupancies.
FireZoneNo.2Thisshallcomprisebusiness(SubdivisionsE2toE5)andindustrialbuildings(SubdivisionG1andG2),excepthighhazardindustrial
buildings(SubdivisionG3)orareaswhichareunderdevelopmentforsuchoccupancies.
FireZoneNo.3Thisshallcompriseareashavinghighhazardindustrialbuildings(SubdivisionG3),storagebuildings(GroupH)andbuildingsfor
hazardousused(GroupJ)orareaswhichareunderdevelopmentforsuchoccupancies.

3.2.3ChangeintheFireZoneBoundaries
Whentheboundariesofanyfirezonearechanged,orwhenitisintendedtoincludeotherareasortypesofoccupanciesinanyfirezone,itshallbedonebyfollowingthe
sameprocedureasforpromulgatingnewrulesorordinancesorboth.
3.2.4OverlappingFireZones
3.2.4.1Whenanybuildingissosituatedthatitextendstomorethanonefirezone,itshallbedeemedtobeinthefirezoneinwhichthemajorportionofthebuildingor
structureissituated.
3.2.4.2Whenanybuildingissosituatedthatitextendsequallytomorethanonefirezone,itshallbedeemedtobeinthefirezonehavingmorehazardousoccupancy
buildings.
3.2.5TemporaryBuildingsorStructures
3.2.5.1TemporarybuildingsandstructuresshallbepermittedonlyinFireZonesNo.1and2asthecasemaybe,accordingtothepurposeforwhichthesearetobe
used,byspecialpermitfromtheAuthorityforalimitedperiodandsubjecttosuchconditionsasmaybeimposedinthepermit.

3.2.5.2Suchbuildingsandtemporarystructuresshallbecompletelyremovedontheexpiryoftheperiodspecifiedinthepermit.
3.2.5.3AdequatefireprecautionarymeasuresintheconstructionoftemporarystructuresandPANDALSshallbetakeninaccordancewithgoodpractice[4(4)].
3.2.6RestrictionsontheTypeofConstructionforNewBuildings
3.2.6.1BuildingserectedinFireZoneNo.1shallconformtoconstructionofType1,2,3or4.
3.2.6.2BuildingserectedinFireZoneNo.2shallconformtoconstructionofType1,2or3.
3.2.6.3BuildingserectedinFireZoneNo.3shallconformtoconstructionofType1or2.
3.2.7RestrictionsonExistingBuildings
TheexistingbuildingsinanyfirezoneshallnotberequiredtocomplywiththerequirementoftheCodeunlessthesearealtered,orintheopinionoftheAuthority,such
buildingconstitutesahazardtothesafetyoftheadjacentpropertyortheoccupantsofthebuildingitselforisanunsafebuilding.Intheeventofalteration,itshallbe
necessarytoobtainpermissionoftheAuthorityforsuchalterationconsistentwithfirehazard(seePart2Administration).
Alterations/modifications/renovationsshallbeaccomplishedsoastoensureconformitywithallthesafetyrequirementsofthenewbuildings.Suchalterationsshall
notinanywaybringdownleveloffireandlifesafetybelowthatwhichexistedearlier.Anyadditionoralterationsorconstructionofcubiclesorpartitioningforfloorarea
exceeding500m2forallhighrisebuildingsshallbewithapprovaloflocalfireauthority.
3.3TypesofConstruction
3.3.1General
Thedesignofanybuildingandthetypeofmaterialsusedinitsconstructionareimportantfactorsinmakingthebuildingresistanttoacompleteburnoutandin
preventingtherapidspreadoffire,smokeorfumes,whichmayotherwisecontributetothelossoflivesandproperty.
Thefireresistanceofabuildingoritsstructuralandnonstructuralelementsisexpressedinhoursagainstaspecifiedfireloadwhichisexpressedinkcal/m2,and
againstacertainintensityoffire.Thefireresistancetestforstructuralelementshallbedoneinaccordancewithgoodpractice[4(5)].ForthepurposeoftheCode,thetypes
ofconstructionaccordingtofireresistanceshallbeclassifiedintofourcategories,namely,Type1Construction,Type2Construction,Type3ConstructionandType4
Construction.ThefireresistanceratingsforvarioustypesofconstructionforstructuralandnonstructuralmembersshallbeasgiveninTable1.
Forbuildings15minheightorabovenoncombustiblematerialsshouldbeusedforconstructionandtheinternalwallsofstaircaseenclosuresshouldbeofbrickworkor
reinforcedconcreteoranyothermaterialofconstructionwithminimumof2hrating.ThewallsforthechimneyshallbeofType1andType2Constructiondependingon
whetherthegastemperatureisabove200Corless.
3.3.2Itisrequiredthatanelement/componentshallhavetherequisitefireresistanceratingwhentestedinaccordancewiththeacceptedstandard[4(1)].Tables2to
18provideavailabledataregardingfireresistanceratingsofvariousbuildingcomponentssuchaswalls,columns,beamsandfloors.Firedamageassessment,postfire
structuralsafetyassessmentofvariousstructuralelementsofthebuildingandadequacyofthestructuralrepairscanbedonebythefireresistanceratingsmentionedin
Tables2to18.
Table1FireResistanceRatingsofStructuralandNonStructuralElements(Hours)
(Clause3.3.1)
SINo.

StructuralElement

(1)

TypeofConstruction
Type1
(3)

(2)

Type2
(4)

Type3
(5)

Type4
(6)

i) Exteriorwalls:
a)Fireseparationlessthan3.7m

a)Bearing

b)Nonbearing

a)Bearing

b)Nonbearing

a)Bearing

b)Nonbearing

ii) Fireresistingwalls

iii) Fireseparationassemblies(likefire
checkdoors)

iv) Fireenclosuresofexitways,hallways
andstairways

b)Fireseparationof3.7mormorebutlessthan9m
c)Fireseparationof9mormore

v) Shaftotherthanexitways,elevator
andhoistways

vi) Exitwayaccesscorridors

vii) Verticalseparationoftenantspaces

viii) Dwellingunitseparation

Nonloadbearingpartitions

Atleasthalfanhour

ix) Interiorbearingwalls,bearing
partitions,columns,girders,trusses
(otherthanrooftrusses)andframing

a)Supportingmorethanonefloor

b)Supportingoneflooronly

c)Supportingaroofonly

x) Structuralmemberssupportwalls

xi) Floorconstructionincludingwalls

a)5morlessinheighttolowestmember

b)Morethan5mbutlessthan6.7min
heighttolowestmember

c)6.7mormoreinheighttolowest
member

xii) Roofconstruction

Table2MasonryWalls:Solid(RequiredtoResistFirefromOneSideataTime)
(Clause3.3.2)
SINo.

NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumThickness(mm),ExcludinganyFinishforaFireResistance(Hours)of
LoadBearing

(1)

i)

(2)

3
(6)

4
(7)

1
(8)

1
(9)

2
(10)

3
(11)

4
(12)

140

160

200

240

(25)2)

(25)2)

(25)2)

(25)2)

150

175

a)13mmcement/sandorgypsum/sand

150

150

150

150

150

b)13mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

150

150

150

150

150

a)Withoutfinish

90

100

100

170

170

75

90

100

170

170

b)With13mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

90

90

90

100

100

75

90

90

90

100

a)Withoutfinish

90

100

100

190

190

75

90

100

170

170

b)With13mmlightweightaggregate
gypsumplaster

90

90

90

100

100

75

90

90

90

100

90

100

100

75

90

100

140

150

iii)

Nofinesconcretewith:

vi)

NonloadBearing

2
(5)

(25)2)
Unreinforcedcementconcrete

v)

1
(4)

120

Reinforced1)cementconcrete

ii)

iv)

1
(3)

Bricksofclay:

Bricksofsandlime:

Blocksofconcrete:
a)Withoutfinish

b)With13mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster
c)With13mmcement/sandorgypsum/sand
vii)

90

90

90

100

100

75
75

75
90

75
90

90
100

100
140

a)Withoutfinish

90

100

100

140

150

75

75

75

125

140

b)With13mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

90

90

90

100

100

50

63

75

75

75

c)With13mmcement/sandorgypsum/sand

75

75

75

90

100

a)Withoutfinish

90

100

100

140

180

50

63

63

75

100

b)With13mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

90

90

100

100

150

Blocksoflightweightconcrete:

viii)

Blocksofaeratedconcrete:

1)Wallscontainingatleast1percentofverticalreinforcement.
2)Minimumthicknessofactualcovertoreinforcement.

Table3MasonryWalls:Hollow(RequiredtoResistFirefromOneSideataTime)
(Clause3.3.2)
SINo.

NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumThickness(mm),ExcludinganyFinishforaFireResistance(Hours)of
LoadBearing

(1)

i)

1
(3)

(2)

1
(4)

2
(5)

NonloadBearing
3
(6)

4
(7)

(8)

1
(9)

1
(10)

2
(11)

3
(12)

4
(13)

Bricksofclay:

ii)

a)Withoutfinish

170

170

170

200

200

75

75

90

100

170

170

b)With13mmlightweightaggregate
gypsumplaster

100

100

170

170

170

75

75

90

90

90

100

90

125

125

140

140

150

190

200

200

90

125

125

140

140

140

75

90

90

100

125

125

Blocksofconcrete:
a)Withoutfinish
b)With13mmcement/sandorgypsum/sand
c)With13mmlightweightaggregate
gypsumplaster

iii)

Blocksoflightweightconcrete:
a)Withoutfinish

100

100

100

75

90

90

100

140

150

b)With13mmcement/sandorgypsum/sand

75

75

75

100

140

140

c)With13mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

63

63

63

75

90

100

Table4FramedConstruction,LoadBearing(RequiredtoResistFirefromOneSideataTime)
(Clause3.3.2)
Sl.No.

NatureofConstructionandMaterials/TimberStudsatCentresnotExceeding600mm,FacedonEachSidewith
(2)

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectionforaFireResistanceof1h
(3)

(1)

i)

Plasterboardlayerswithjointsstaggered,jointsinouterlayertapedandfilledTotalthicknessforeachface

25

ii)

Onelayerof12.7mmplasterboardwithafinishoflightweightaggregategypsumplaster

13

iii)

Metallathandplaster,thicknessofplaster:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster(metallathinggrade)

22

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

13

Table5FramedConstruction,NonLoadBearing(RequiredtoResistFirefromOneSideataTime)
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials/SteelorTimberFrameatCentresnotExceeding600mm,FacingsonBothSidesof

Stud
Construction

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectionforaFire
Resistance

(2)

h
(3)

1.Onelayerofplasterboardwithtapedandfilledjoints

Timberorsteel

12.7

2.Twolayersofplasterboardwithjointsstaggered,jointsinouterlayertapedandfilledTotalthicknessforeachface

Timberorsteel

19

25

3.Onelayerofasbestosinsulatingboardwithtransversejointsbackedbyfillersofasbestosinsulatingboardnotlessthan9mmthick,
orbytimber

Timberorsteel

12

4.Onelayerofwoodwoolslabs

Timber

25

5.Onelayerofchipboardorofplywood

Timberorsteel

18

(1)

1h
(4)

1h
(5)

2h
(6)

19

25

A) Dryliningwithmaterialsfixeddirecttostuds(withoutplasterfinish)

B) Liningwithmaterialsfixeddirecttosuds,withplasterfinish:
Plasterboardofthickness:

Timberorsteel

a)Withnotlessthan5mmgypsumplasterfinish

9.5

b)Withnotlessthan13mmgypsumplasterfinish

12.7

C) Wetfinish:
Metallathandplaster,thicknessofplaster:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster

Timberorsteel

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

Timber

13
13

Steel

13

Table6FramedExternalWallsLoadBearing(RequiredtoResistFirefromOneSideataTime)
(Clause3.3.2)
SlNo.
(1)

NatureofConstructionandMaterials
(2)

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectionforaFireResistanceof1h
(3)

Timberstudsatcentersnotexceeding600mmwithinternalliningsof:
i)

Plasterboardlayerswithjointsinouterlayertapedandfilled,totalthicknessofplasterboard

25

Table7FramedExternalWallsNonLoadBearingRequiredtoResistFireonlyfromInsidetheBuilding(A)
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectionforaFireResistance
h
(2)

1h
(3)

1h
(4)

2h
(5)

3h
(6)

4h
(7)

(1)

Steelframewithanexternalcladdingofnoncombustiblesheets(excludingsheetsteel),withasteelsupportingframeworkandinternalliningof:
1.

Metallathandplaster,thicknessofplaster:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster(metallathinggrade)

13

13

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

10

13

2.

TwolayerofplasterboardwithjointsstaggeredjointsinouterlayertapedandfilledTotalthickness

21

32

3.

Plasterboardofthickness:
a)Withnotlessthan5mmgypsumplasterfinish

12.7

b)Withnotlessthan13mmgypsumplasterfinish

9.5

c)Withnotlessthan10mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

9.5

15

15

15

19

4.

c)Withnotlessthan10mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster
Onelayerofasbestosinsulatingboardwithtransversejointsbackedby
fillersofasbestosinsulatingboardnotlessthan9mmthick,orbytimber

5.

Onelayerofwood/woolslabswithoutfinish

6.

Onelayerofcompressedstrawbuildingslabs:

9.5
9

12

12

12

12

50

a)Withoutfinish

50

b)Withnotlessthan5mmgypsumplasterfinish
7.

Aeratedconcreteblocks

8.

Bricksofclay:

50

a)Withoutfinish

50

50

63

63

75

100

75

75

90

90

100

100

75

75

90

90

b)Withnotlessthan13mmlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

Table8FramedExternalWallsNonLoadBearingRequiredtoResistFireonlyfromInsidetheBuilding(B)
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectiontoProvideSufficientInsulationtoAchievea
ModifiedFireResistanceofUpto4h
(2)

(1)

Steelframewithanexternalcladdingofsheetsteelfullylapped,steelboltedandfixedtosteelsheetingrails,withtimberor
steelsupportingframeworkandinternalliningof:
1.

Metallathandplaster,thicknessofplaster:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster(metallathinggrade)

13

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

10

2.

Onelayerofplasterboardwithjointstapedandfilled

12.7

3.

Plasterboardofthicknesswithnotlessthan5mmgypsumplasterfinish

9.5

4.

Onelayerofasbestosinsulatingboardwithtransversejointsbackedbyfillersofasbestosinsulatingboardnotlessthan
9mmthick,orbytimber

5.

Onelayerofwood/woolslabs

25

6.

Onelayerofcompressedstrawbuildingslabs

50

7.

Onelayerofchipboardorofplywood

18

8.

Aeratedconcreteblocks

50

9.

Bricksofclay

75

10. Anyinternaldecorativeliningwithacavityfillindependentlysupportedandretainedinpositionofmineralfibreinsulating
material(excludingglass)atadensityof48kg/m3

50

Table9FramedWallsNonLoadBearingRequiredtoResistFireonlyfromInsidetheBuilding(C)
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectionforaFireResistanceof1
h
(2)

(1)

Timberframewithexternalcladdingofweatherboardingorexternalplywood,9.5mmwithaninternalliningof:
1.

2.

3.

Plasterboardnotlessthan9.5mmthick,finishedwith:
a)Gypsumplaster

13

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

10

Plasterboardnotlessthan12.7mmthick,finishedwith:
a)Gypsumplaster

10

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

10

Onelayerofasbestosinsulatingboardwithtransversejointsbackedbyfillersofasbestosinsulatingboardnotlessthan9mmthick,orby
timber

9
12

Table10ReinforcedConcreteColumns
(Clause3.3.2)
SlNo.

NatureofConstructionandMaterials

(1)

(2)

i)Fullyexposed
ii)50percentexposed
iii)Onefaceexposed

MinimumDimensions(mm)ExcludinganyFinish,foraFireResistanceof
h
(3)

1h
(4)

1h
(5)

2h
(6)

3h
(7)

4h
(8)

Width

150

200

250

300

400

450

Cover

40

40

40

40

40

40

Width

125

160

200

200

300

350

Cover

40

40

40

40

40

40

Thickness

100

120

140

160

200

240

Cover

40

40

40

40

40

40

Table11ConcreteBeams
(Clause3.3.2)
SlNo.

NatureofConstructionandMaterials

(1)

(2)

i)Reinforcedconcrete(simplysupported)
ii)Reinforcedconcrete(continuous)
iii)Prestressedconcrete(simplysupported)
iv)Prestressedconcrete(continuous)

MinimumDimensions(mm)ExcludinganyFinish,foraFireResistanceof
h
(3)

1h
(4)

1h
(5)

2h
(6)

3h
(7)

4h
(8)

Width

200

200

200

200

240

280

Cover

20

20

20

40

60 1)

70 1)

Width

200

200

200

200

240

280

Cover

20

20

20

30

40

50 1)

Width

100

120

150

200

240

280

Cover

25

40

55

70

80

90

Width

80

100

120

150

200

240

Cover

20

30

40

55

70

80

1)Requireattentiontotheadditionalmeasuresnecessarytoreducetheriskofspelling.

Table12ConcreteFloors
(Clause3.3.2)
SlNo.

NatureofConstructionandMaterials

(1)

(2)

i)Reinforcedconcrete(simplysupported)
ii)Reinforcedconcrete(continuous)

MinimumDimensions(mm)ExcludinganyFinish,foraFireResistanceof
h
(3)

1h
(4)

1h
(5)

2h
(6)

3h
(7)

4h
(8)

Thickness

75

95

110

125

150

170

Cover

20

20

25

35

45 1)

55 1)

Thickness

75

95

110

125

150

170

Cover

20

20

20

25

35

45 1)

1)Requireattentiontotheadditionalmeasuresnecessarytoreducetheriskofspalling.

Table13ConcreteFloors:RibbedOpenSoffit
(Clause3.3.2)
SlNo.

NatureofConstructionandMaterials

(1)

(2)

i)Reinforcedconcrete(simplysupported)

ii)Reinforcedconcrete(continuous)

MinimumDimensions(mm)ExcludinganyFinish,foraFireResistanceof
h
(3)

1h
(4)

1h
(5)

2h
(6)

3h
(7)

4h
(8)

Thicknessoffloor

75

95

110

125

150

170

Ribwidth

125

125

125

125

150

175

Cover

20

20

35

45

55

65

Thickness

75

95

110

125

150

170

Width

125

125

125

125

150

175

Cover

20

20

20

35

45

55

Table14EncasedSteelColumns,203mm203mm(ProtectionAppliedonFourSides)
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumDimensions(mm)ExcludinganyFinish,foraFire
Resistanceof
1h
(2)

(1)

1h
(3)

2h
(4)

3h
(5)

4h
(6)

A) Hollowprotection(withoutanaircavityovertheflanges):
1. 1)Metallathingwithtrowelledlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

13

15

10

15

20

32

10

13

20

38

50

75

100

2.Plasterboardwith1.6mmwirebindingat100mmpitch,finishedwithlightweightaggregategypsumplasternotlessthanthethickness
specified:
a)9.5mmplasterboard
b)19mmplasterboard
3.Asbestosinsulatingboards,thicknessofboard:
a)Singlethicknessofboard,with6mmcoverfilletsattransversejoints

19

25

b)Twolayers,oftotalthickness
4.Solidbricksofclay,compositionorsandlime,reinforcedineveryhorizontaljoint,unplastered

50

50

50

5.Aeratedconcreteblocks

60

60

60

6.Solidblocksoflightweightconcretehollowprotection(withanaircavityovertheflanges)

50

50

50

60

75

12

19

a)Concretenotassumedtobeloadbearing,reinforced2)

25

25

25

50

75

b)Concreteassumedtobeloadbearing

50

50

50

75

75

2.Lightweightconcrete,notleanerthan1:2:4mix(unplastered):concretenotassumedtobeloadbearing,reinforced2)

25

25

25

40

60

B) Asbestosinsulatingboardscrewedto25mmasbestosbattens
C) Solidprotections
1.Concrete,notleanerthan1:2:4mix(unplastered):

1)Sofixedordesigned,astoallowfullpenetrationformechanicalbond.
2)Reinforcementshallconsistofsteelbindingwirenotlessthan2.3mminthickness,orasteelmeshweightingnotlessthan0.5kg/m2.Inconcreteprotection,thespacingofthatreinforcementshallnotexceed

200mminanydirection.

Table15EncasedSteelBeams,406mm176mm(ProtectionAppliedonThreeSides)
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumDimensions(mm)ExcludinganyFinish,foraFire
Resistanceof
h
(2)

(1)

1h
(3)

1h
(4)

2h
(5)

3h
(6)

4h
(7)

A)Hollowprotection(withoutanaircavitybeneaththelowerflange):
13

13

15

a)9.5mmplasterboard

10

10

15

b)19mmplasterboard

10

10

1. 1)Metallathingwithtrowelledlightweightaggregategypsumplaster

20

25

13

20

2.Plasterboardwith1.6mmwirebinding2)at100mmpitch,finishedwithlightweightaggregategypsumplasternotlessthanthethickness
specified:

3.Asbestosinsulatingboards,thicknessofboard:
a)Singlethicknessofboard,with6mmcoverfilletsattransversejoints

19

25

b)Twolayers,oftotalthickness

38

50

B)Hollowprotection(withanaircavitybelowthelowerflange):
1.Asbestosinsulatingboardscrewedto25mmasbestosbattens

12

a)Concretenotassumedtobeloadbearing,reinforced3)

25

25

25

25

50

75

b)Concreteassumedtobeloadbearing

50

50

50

50

75

75

25

25

25

25

40

60

C)Solidprotection:
1.Concrete,notleanerthan1:2:4mix(unplastered):

2.Lightweightconcrete4),notleanerthan1:2:4(mix)unplastered
1)Sofixedordesigned,astoallowfullpenetrationformechanicalbond.

2)Wherewirebindingcannotbeused,expertadviceshouldbesoughtregardingalternativemethodsofsupporttoenabletheloweredgesoftheplasterboardtobefixedtogetherandtothelowerflange,andforthe

topedgeoftheplasterboardtobeheldinposition.
3)Reinforcementshallconsistofsteelbindingwirenotlessthan2.3mminthicknessorasteelmeshweightingnotlessthan0.5kg/m2.Inconcreteprotection,thespacingofthatreinforcementshallnotexceed
200mminanydirection.
4)Concretenotassumedtobeloadbearing,reinforced.

Table16TimberFloorsTonguedandGroovedBoarding,orSheetsofTonguedandGroovedPlywoodorWoodChipboard,ofnotLessthan21mm
FinishedThickness
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials
(1)

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectionforaFireResistance
of
h
(2)

1h
(3)

2h
(4)

13

25

37mm(minimum)timberjoistswithaceilingof:
1.Timberlathingandplaster,plasterofthickness

15

2.Metallathingandplaster,thicknessofplaster:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster(metallathinggrade)
b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster
3.Onelayerofplasterboardwithtapedandfilledjoints
4.Twolayersofplasterboardwithjointsstaggered,jointsinouterlayertapedandfilledtotalthickness

15
13
12.7
19

31

5.Onelayerofplasterboardnotlessthan9.5mmthick,finishedwith:
a)Gypsumplaster

b)Sandedgypsumplaster

13

c)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

13

6.Onelayerofplasterboardnotlessthan12.7mmthick,finishedwith:
a)Gypsumplaster

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

10

7.Onelayerofasbestosinsulatingboardwithanytransversejointsbackedbyfilletsofasbestosinsulatingboardnotlessthan9mmthick,orby

12

7.Onelayerofasbestosinsulatingboardwithanytransversejointsbackedbyfilletsofasbestosinsulatingboardnotlessthan9mmthick,orby
timber

12

Table17TimberFloorsTonguedandGroovedBoarding,orSheetsofTonguedandGroovedPlywoodorwoodChipboard,ofnotLessthan15mm
FinishedThickness
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectionforaFireResistance
of

(1)

1h
(2)

1h
(3)

2h
(4)

13

25

37mm(minimum)timberjoistswithaceilingof:
1.Timberlathingandplaster,plasterofthickness

15

2.Metallathingandplaster,thicknessofplasterfor:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster(metallathinggrade)

15

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

13

3.Onelayerofplasterboardwithtapedandfilledjoints

12.7

4.Twolayersofplasterboardwithjointsstaggered,jointsinouterlayertapedandfilledtotalthickness

22

31

5.Onelayerofplasterboardnotlessthan9.5mmthick,finishwith:
a)Gypsumplaster

b)Sandedgypsumplaster

15

c)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

13

6.Onelayerofplasterboardnotlessthan12.7mmthick,finishedwith:
a)Gypsumplaster

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

10

7.Onelayerofasbestosinsulatingboard,withanytransversejointsbackedbyfilletsofasbestosinsulatingboardnotlessthan9mmthick,orby
timber

121)

1)Finishedontopwith25mmminimumthickglassfibreormineralwoollaidbetweenjoints.

Table18TimberFloorsAnyStructurallySuitableFlooringofTimberorLignocellulosesBoards
(Clause3.3.2)
NatureofConstructionandMaterials

MinimumThickness(mm)ofProtectionforaFireResistance
of
1h
(2)

(1)

1h
(3)

37mm(minimum)timberjoistswithaceilingof:
1.Timberlathingandplaster,plasterofthickness

15

2.Metallathingandplaster,thicknessofplasterfor:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster(metallathinggrade)

15

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

13

3.Onelayerofplasterboardwithjointstapedandfilledandbackedbytimber

19

12.7

4.Twolayersofplasterboardwithjointsstaggered,jointsinouterlayertapedandfilledtotalthickness

25

5.Twolayersofplasterboard,eachnotlessthan9.5mmthick,jointsbetweenboardsstaggeredandouterlayerfinishedwithgypsumplaster

6.Onelayerofplasterboardnotlessthan9.5mmthick,finishwith:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster

13

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

15

7.Onelayerofplasterboardnotlessthan12.7mmthick,finishedwith:
a)Sandedgypsumplaster

15

b)Lightweightaggregategypsumplaster

13

8.Onelayerofasbestosinsulatingboardwithanytransversejointsbackedbyfilletsofasbestosinsulatingboardnotlessthan9mmthick,orby
timber

12

3.3.3SteelConstruction
Loadbearingsteelbeamsandcolumnsofbuildingshavingtotalcoveredareaof500m2andaboveshallbeprotectedagainstfailure/collapseofstructureincaseoffire.
Thiscouldbeachievedbyuseofappropriatemethodologyusingsuitablefireresistanceratedmaterialsalongwithsuppressionsystem{seeTable14,Table15andalso
acceptedstandard[4(5)]}.
3.4GeneralRequirementsofAllIndividualOccupancies
3.4.1General
Allbuildingsshallsatisfycertainrequirementswhichcontribute,individuallyandcollectively,tothesafetyoflifefromfire,smoke,fumesandpanicarisingfromthese
orsimilarcauses.Thereare,however,certaingeneralprinciplesandcommonrequirementswhichareapplicabletoallormostoftheoccupancies.
3.4.2ExceptionsandDeviations
Exceptionsanddeviationstothegeneralprovisionsofrequirementsofindividualoccupanciesaregivenasapplicabletoeachtypeofoccupancyin6.1to6.9Incaseof
practicaldifficultyortoavoidunnecessaryhardship,withoutsacrificingreasonablesafety,theAuthoritymaygrantexemptionsfromtheCode.
3.4.3OccupationofBuildingsunderConstruction
3.4.3.1Abuildingorportionofthebuildingmaybeoccupiedduringconstruction,repairs,alterationsoradditionsonlyifallmeansofexitandfireprotection
measuresareinplaceandcontinuouslymaintainedfortheoccupiedpartofthebuilding.
3.4.3.2Ahighrisebuildingduringconstructionshallbeprovidedwiththefollowingfireprotectionmeasures,whichshallbemaintainedingoodworkingconditionat
allthetimes:
a)
b)
c)

Dryriserofminimum100mmdiameterpipewithhydrantoutletsonthefloorsconstructedwithafireserviceinlettoboostthewaterinthedryriserand
maintenanceshouldbeaspertherequirementslaiddowningoodpractice[4(6)].
Drumsfilledwithwaterof2000litrescapacitywithtwofirebucketsoneachfloorand
Awaterstoragetankofminimum20000litrescapacity,whichmaybeusedforotherconstructionpurposesalso.

3.4.4MaximumHeight
Everybuildingshallberestrictedinitsheightabovethegroundlevelandthenumberofstoreys,dependinguponitsoccupancyandthetypeofconstruction.The
heightshallbemeasuredasspecifiedinPart3DevelopmentControlRulesandGeneralBuildingRequirements.Themaximumpermissibleheightforanycombinationof
occupancyandtypesofconstructionshouldnecessarilyberelatedtothewidthofstreetfrontingthebuilding,orfloorarearationsandthelocalfirefightingfacilities
available.
3.4.5FloorAreaRatio
ThecomparativefloorarearatiosfordifferentoccupanciesandtypesofconstructionaregiveninTable19(seealsoPart3DevelopmentControlRulesandGeneral
BuildingRequirements).
Table19ComparativeFloorAreaRatiosforOccupanciesFacingOnePublicStreetAtleast9mWide
(Clauses2.6and3.4.5)
OccupancyClassification

TypeofConstruction

Type1
(2)

(1)

Type2
(3)

Type3
(4)

Type4
(5)

Residential

UL

2.0

1.4

1.0

Educational

UL

2.0

1.4

1.0

Institutional

UL

1.5

1.0

0.8

Assembly

UL

1.0

0.7

0.5

Business

UL

2.9

2.3

1.6

Mercantile

8.0

1.8

1.4

1.0

Industrial

7.5

1.9

1.6

1.3

Storage(seeNote5)

6.0

1.5

1.3

1.0

Hazardous(seeNote5)

2.8

1.1

0.9

NP

ULUnlimited.
NPNotpermitted.
NOTES
1TheFARvaluesgiveninthistablearesubjecttooverallrestrictionsontheheightsofbuildingsinthecaseofeducational,institutional,assembly,storageandhazardousoccupanciesasspecifiedincol2of
Table23.
2Thistablehasbeenprepared,takingintoaccountthecombustiblecontentinthedifferentoccupanciesaswellasthefireresistanceofferedbythetypeofconstruction.
3ThistableshouldbemodifiedbytheAuthority,takingintoaccounttheotheraspectsasgivenbelow:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Densityintermsofdwellingunitsperhectare
Trafficconsiderations
Parkingspaces
Localfirefightingfacilitiesand
Watersupply,drainageandsanitationrequirements.

4TheFARvaluesspecifiedinthistablemaybeincreasedby20percentforthefollowingservices:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Abasementorcellarspaceunderabuildingconstructedonstiltsandusedasaparkingspaceandairconditioningplantroomusedasaccessorytotheprincipaluse
Watchmansbooth,pumphouse,garbageshaft,electriccabinorsubstationandotherutilitystructuresmeantfortheservicesofthebuildingunderconsiderations
ProjectionsandaccessorybuildingsasspecificallyexemptedundertheCodeand
StaircaseroomandliftroomsabovethetopmoststoreyarchitecturalfeatureandchimneysandelevatedtanksofdimensionsaspermissibleundertheCodetheareaoftheliftshaftshallbetakenonly
ononefloor.

5Insofarassinglestoreystorageandhazardousoccupanciesareconcerned,theywouldbefurthergovernedbyvolumetoplotarearatio(VPR)tobedecidedbytheAuthority.

3.4.5.1Eachportionofabuilding,whichisseparatedbyoneormorecontinuousfireresistingwalls,havingafireresistanceofnotlessthan2h,extendingfromthe
foundationto1mabovetheroofatallpoints,maybeconsideredtobeaseparatebuildingforthecalculationofmaximumpermissibleheightandfloorarea,provided
openings,ifany,intheseparatingwallarealsoprotectedbyfireassembliesofnotlessthan2h.
3.4.6OpenSpaces
TheopenspacesaroundorinsideabuildingshallconformtotherequirementsofPart3DevelopmentControlRulesandGeneralBuildingRequirements.
3.4.6.1Forhighrisebuildings,thefollowingadditionalprovisionsofmeansofaccesstothebuildingshallbeensured(seePart3DevelopmentControlRulesand
GeneralBuildingRequirements):
a)
b)
c)
d)

Thewidthofthemainstreetonwhichthebuildingabutsshallnotbelessthan12mandoneendofthisstreetshalljoinanotherstreetnotlessthan12min
width
Theroadshallnotterminateinadeadendexceptinthecaseofresidentialbuilding,uptoaheightof30m.
Thecompulsoryopenspacesaroundthebuildingshallnotbeusedforparkingand
Adequatepassagewayandclearancesrequiredforfirefightingvehiclestoenterthepremisesshallbeprovidedatthemainentrancethewidthofsuchentrance
shallbenotlessthan4.5m.Ifanarchorcoveredgateisconstructed,itshallhaveaclearheadroomofnotlessthan5m.

3.4.7MixedOccupancy
Whenanybuildingisusedformorethanonetypeofoccupancy,theninsofarasfiresafetyisconcerned,itshallconformtotherequirementsfortheoccupanciesof
higherhazard.Unlessthehighhazardareaisseparatedbyseparatingwallsof4hrating,theoccupanciesshallnotbetreatedindividually.
3.4.8OpeningsinSeparatingWallsandFloors
Atthetimeofdesigningopeningsinseparatingwallsandfloors,particularattentionshallbepaidtoallsuchfactorsaswilllimitfirespreadthroughtheseopenings
andmaintainfireratingofthestructuralmember.
3.4.8.1ForTypes1to3construction,adoorwayoropeninginaseparatingwallonanyfloorshallbelimitedto5.6m2inareawithamaximumheight/widthof2.75m.
Everywallopeningshallbeprotectedwithfireresistingdoorshavingthefireratingofnotlessthan2hinaccordancewithacceptedstandard[4(7)].Allopeningsinthe
floorsshallbeprotectedbyverticalenclosuresextendingaboveandbelowsuchopenings,thewallsofsuchenclosureshavingafireresistanceofnotlessthan2handall
openingsthereinbeingprotectedwithafireresistingassemblyasspecifiedin3.4.9.
3.4.8.2ForType4construction,openingsintheseparatingwallsorfloorsshallbefittedwith2hfireresistingassemblies.
3.4.8.3Openingsinwallsorfloorswhicharenecessarytobeprovidedtoallowpassagesofallbuildingserviceslikecables,electricalwirings,telephonecables,
plumbingpipes,etc,shallbeprotectedbyenclosureintheformofducts/shaftshavingafireresistancenotlessthan2h.Theinspectiondoorforelectricalshafts/ducts
shallbenotlessthan2handforotherservicesshafts/ducts,thesameshallhavefireresistancenotlessthan1h.Mediumandlowvoltagewiringrunninginshafts/ducts,
shalleitherbearmouredtypeorrunthroughmetalconduits.Further,thespacebetweentheconduitspipesandthewalls/slabsshallbefilledinbyafillermaterialhaving
fireresistanceratingofnotlessthan1h.
NOTEInthecaseofbuildingswhereitisnecessarytolowerorliftheavymachineryorgoodsfromonefloortotheother,itmaybenecessarytoprovidelarger
openingsinthefloor.Suchopeningsshallbeprovidedwithremovablecoverswhichshallhavethesamestrengthandfireresistanceasthefloor.
3.4.8.4Verticalopening
Everyverticalopeningbetweenthefloorsofabuildingshallbesuitablyenclosedorprotected,asnecessary,toprovidethefollowing:
a)

b)

Reasonablesafetytotheoccupantswhileusingthemeansofegressbypreventingspreadoffire,smoke,orfumesthroughverticalopeningsfromfloortofloorto
allowoccupantstocompletetheiruseofthemeansofegress.Furtheritshallbeensuredtoprovideaclearheightof2100mminthepassage/escapepathofthe
occupants.
Limitationofdamagetothebuildinganditscontents.

3.4.9FireStoporEnclosureofOpenings
Whereopeningsarepermitted,theyshallnotexceedthreefourthstheareaofthewallinthecaseofanexternalwallandtheyshallbeprotectedwithfireresisting
assembliesorenclosureshavingafireresistanceequaltothatofthewallorfloorinwhichthesearesituated.Suchassembliesandenclosuresshallalsobecapableof
preventingthespreadofsmokeorfumesthroughtheopeningssoastofacilitatethesafeevacuationofbuildingincaseofafire{seealsoacceptedstandard[4(8)]}.
3.4.10ElectricalInstallations
Forrequirementsregardingelectricalinstallationsfromthepointofviewoffiresafety,referencemaybemadetogoodpractice[4(9)](seealsoPart8BuildingServices,
Section2ElectricalandAlliedInstallations).
3.4.11AirconditioningandVentilation
AirconditioningandventilationrequirementsofdifferentroomsorareasinanyoccupancyshallbeasgiveninPart8BuildingServices,Section1Lightingand
VentilationandSection3Airconditioning,HeatingandMechanicalVentilation.

3.4.11.1Airconditioningandventilatingsystemsshallbesoinstalledandmaintainedastominimizethedangerofspreadoffire,smokeorfumesfromonefloorto
otherorfromoutsidetoanyoccupiedbuildingorstructure(seeC1.17).
3.4.11.2Airconditioningandventilatingsystemscirculatingairtomorethanonefloororfireareashallbeprovidedwithdampersdesignedtocloseautomaticallyin
caseoffireandtherebypreventingspreadoffireorsmokeandshallbeinaccordancewiththeacceptedstandard[4(10)].Suchasystemshallalsobeprovidedwith
automaticcontrolstostopfansincaseoffire,unlessarrangedtoremovesmokefromafire,inwhichcasetheseshallbedesignedtoremaininoperation.
3.4.11.3Airconditioningsystemservinglargeplacesofassembly(over1000persons),largedepartmentalstoresorhotelswithover100roomsinasingleblockshall
beprovidedwitheffectivemeansforpreventingcirculationofsmokethroughthesysteminthecaseofafireinairfiltersorfromothersourcesdrawnintothesystem,and
shallhavesmokesensitivedevicesforactuationinaccordancewiththeacceptedstandards[4(11)].
3.4.11.4Fromfiresafetypointofview,separateairhandlingunitsforthevariousfloorsshallbeprovidedsoastoavoidthehazardsarisingfromspreadoffireand
smokethroughtheairconditioningducts.Therequirementsofairconditioningductsshallbeinaccordancewithgoodpractice[4(12)].
3.4.11.5Fornormaloperation,airchangesscheduleshallbeasgiveninPart8BuildingServices,Section3Airconditioning,HeatingandMechanicalVentilation.
3.4.12SmokeVenting
3.4.12.1Smokeventingfacilitiesforsafeuseofexitsinwindowlessbuildings,undergroundstructures,largeareafactories,hotelsandassemblybuildings(including
cinemahalls)shallbeautomaticinactionwithmanualcontrolsinaddition.
3.4.12.2Naturaldraftsmokeventingshallutilizeroofventsorventsinwallsatorneartheceilinglevelsuchventsshallbenormallyopen,or,ifclosed,shallbe
designedforautomaticopeningincaseoffire,byreleaseofsmokesensitivedevices.
3.4.12.3Wheresmokeventingfacilitiesareinstalledforpurposesofexitsafety,theseshallbeadequatetopreventdangerousaccumulationofsmokeduringtheperiod
oftimenecessarytoevacuatetheareaserved,usingavailableexitfacilitieswithamarginofsafetytoallowforunforeseencontingencies.Itisrecommendedthatsmoke
exhaustequipmentshouldhaveaminimumcapacityof12airchangesperhour.Wheremechanicalventingisemployed,itshallbefiresafe.
3.4.12.4Thedischargeaperturesofallnaturaldraftsmokeventsshallbesoarrangedastobereadilyaccessibleforopeningbyfireservicepersonnel.
3.4.12.5PoweroperatedsmokeexhaustingsystemsshallbesubstitutedfornaturaldraftventsonlybyspecificpermissionoftheAuthority.
3.4.13Heating
Installationofchimneyandheatingapparatusshallbeinaccordancewithgoodpractice[4(13)].
3.4.14AdditionalPrecautions
Inadditiontothefactorscoveredby3.4.2to3.4.12therearecertainaspects,applicabletoparticularoccupanciesonly,whichmayeffectthespreadoffumesandthus
thesafeevacuationofthebuildingincaseoffire.Somesuchaspectsare:
a)
b)
c)
d)

interiorfinishanddecoration
seating,aisles,railings,turnstilesandrevolvingdoorsinplacesofassembly
serviceequipmentandstoragefacilitiesinbuildingsotherthanstoragebuildingsand
hazardsonstage,inwaitingspaces,projectionbooths,etc,intheatresandcinemas.

3.4.15SurfaceInteriorFinishes
3.4.15.1Theuseofcombustiblesurfacefinishesonwalls(includingfacadeofthebuilding)andceilingsaffectsthesafetyoftheoccupantsofabuilding.Suchfinishes
tendtospreadthefireandeventhoughthestructuralelementsmaybeadequatelyfireresistant,seriousdangertolifemayresult.Itis,therefore,essentialtohaveadequate
precautionstominimizespreadofflameonwall,facadeofbuildingandceilingsurfaces.
Thefinishingmaterialsusedforvarioussurfacesanddcorshallbesuchthatitshallnotgeneratetoxicsmoke/fumes.
3.4.15.2Thesusceptibilitytofireofvarioustypesofwallsurfacesisdeterminedintermsoftherateofspreadofflame.Basedontherateofspreadofflame,surfacing
materialshallbeconsideredasdividedintofourclassesasfollows{seealsogoodpractice[4(14)]}.
Class1Surfacesofverylowflamespread.
Class2Surfacesoflowflamespread.
Class3Surfacesofmediumflamespread.
Class4Surfacesofrapidflamespread.
3.4.15.3Theusesforwhichsurfacematerialsfallingintovariousclassesshallbeadoptedinbuildingconstructionaregivenbelow:
Class1

Class2

Maybeusedinany Maybeusedinanysituation,exceptonwalls,facadeofthe
situation
building,staircaseandcorridors

Class3

Maybeusedonlyinlivingroomsandbedrooms(butnotinroomsontheroof)andonlyasaliningtosolidwallsand
partitionsnotonstaircasesorcorridorsorfacadeofthebuilding.

NOTEPanelling(lining)shallbepermittedinalimitedarea.Itshallnotbepermittedinavestibule.

3.4.15.4MaterialsofClass4whichincludeuntreatedwoodfibreboardsmaybeusedwithduefireretardanttreatmentasceilinglining,providedtheceilingisatleast,
2.4mfromthetopsurfaceofthefloorbelow,andthewallsurfacesconformtorequirementsofclass[seeNoteunder3.4.15.3]Class4materialsshallnotbeusedin
kitchens,corridorsandstaircases.Somematerialscontainbitumenand,inadditiontoriskfromspreadoffire,emitdensesmokeonburningsuchmaterialsshallbe
excludedfromuseundertheseconditionsandshallalsonotbeusedforconstructionofceilingwheretheplenumisusedforreturnairinairconditionedbuildings[seealso
5.1.7(m)].
3.4.15.5Whenframes,walls,partitionsorfloorsarelinedwithcombustiblematerials,thesurfacesonbothsidesofthematerialsshallconformtotheappropriate
class,becausethereisconsiderabledangerfromfirestartingandrapidlyspreadingwithintheconcealedcavityunknowntotheoccupantswhoseescapemaybehampered
thereby.Fordetailedinformationonmaterialsanddetailsofconstructionwiththeirfireresistancerating,referencemaybemadetogoodpractice[4(15)].
3.4.16Glazing
3.4.16.1BuildingofTypes1to4constructionshallemployoneofthetwotypesofglazingdescribedin3.4.16.2and3.4.16.3exceptthatType4constructionmay
havethealternativeofhardwoodsashesorframesorboth.
3.4.16.2Wiredglassshallcomplywiththefollowingrequirements:
a)
b)
c)

WiredglassThewiredglassshallbeofminimumhalfhourfireresistancerating.
SashesandframesThesashesorframesorbothshallbeentirelyofironorothersuitablemetalsuchasstainlesssteel,securelyboltedorkeyedintothewall,
exceptinthecaseofpanelsininternaldoors.
SettingofglassThepanelsofglassshallbesetinrebatesorgroovesnotlessthan6.0mminwidthordepth,withdueallowanceforexpansion,andshallbe
securedbyhardmetalfasteningstothesashesorframesindependentlyofanycementorputtyusedforweatherproofingpurposes.

3.4.16.3Electrocopperglazingshallcomplywiththefollowingrequirements:
a)
b)
c)

ElectrocopperglazingTheelectrocopperglazingshallbeofminimumhalfhourfireresistancerating.
SashesandframesThesashesorframesorbothshallbeentirelyofironorotherhardmetal,securelyboltedorkeyedintothewall,exceptwheninpanelsin
internaldoors.
FixingofsectionallightsThesectionallightsshallbesetinrebateorgroovesnotlessthan6.5mminwidthordepth,withdueallowanceforexpansionand
shallbesecuredbyhardmetalfasteningstothesashesorframesindependentlyofanylead,cementorputtyusedforweatherproofingpurposes.

3.4.16.4Maximumpermissibleareashallbe5m2forprotectionbywiredglassorelectrocopperglazing.
3.4.16.5Casement

Hardmetalcasements,notexceeding0.8m2fittedwithwiredglassorelectrocopperglazinginaccordancewith3.4.16.2and3.4.16.3,securedtotheframesbyhard
metalhingesnotmorethan600mmapartandbyfasteningattop,centreandbottomshallbepermissible.
3.4.17Skylights
3.4.17.1Wiredglassforskylightsormonitorlightsshallcomplywiththefollowingrequirements:
a)
b)

WiredglassforskylightsormonitorlightsThewiredglassforskylightsormonitorlightsshallbeofminimumhalfhourfireresistancerating.
FramesandglazingTheframeshallbecontinuousanddividedbybarsspacedatnotmorethan700mmcentres.Theframeandbarsshallbeofironorother
hardmetal,andsupportedonacurbeitherofmetalorofwoodcoveredwithsheetmetal.Thetoughenedglassshallbesecuredbyhardmetalfasteningstothe
frameandbarsindependentlyofanylead,cementorputtyusedforweatherproofingpurposes.

3.4.18Louvers
Louverswhereverprovidedshallbeofminimumhalfhourfireresistancerating.
3.4.19Glassoffacadeforhighrisebuildings,etcshallbeofminimum1hfireresistancerating.

4LIFESAFETY
4.1General
Everybuildingshallbesoconstructed,equipped,maintainedandoperatedastoavoidunduedangertothelifeandsafetyoftheoccupantsfromfire,smoke,fumesor
panicduringthetimeperiodnecessaryforescape.
4.2GeneralExitRequirements
4.2.1Anexitmaybeadoorwaycorridorpassageway(s)toaninternalstaircase,orexternalstaircase,ortoaVERANDAHorterrace(s),whichhaveaccesstothe
street,ortotheroofofabuildingorarefugearea.Anexitmayalsoincludeahorizontalexitleadingtoanadjoiningbuildingatthesamelevel.
4.2.2Liftsandescalatorsshallnotbeconsideredasexits.
4.2.3Everyexit,exitaccessorexitdischargeshallbecontinuouslymaintainedfreeofallobstructionsorimpedimentstofulluseinthecaseoffireorotheremergency.
4.2.4Everybuildingmeantforhumanoccupancyshallbeprovidedwithexitssufficienttopermitsafeescapeofoccupants,incaseoffireorotheremergency.
4.2.5Ineverybuildingorstructure,exitsshallcomplywiththeminimumrequirementsofthispart,exceptthosenotaccessibleforgeneralpublicuse.
4.2.6Nobuildingshallbesoalteredastoreducethenumber,widthorprotectionofexitstolessthanthatrequired.
4.2.7Exitsshallbeclearlyvisibleandtheroutetoreachtheexitsshallbeclearlymarkedandsignspostedtoguidetheoccupantsofthefloorconcerned.Signsshallbe
illuminatedandwiredtoanindependentelectricalcircuitonanalternativesourceofsupply.Thesizesandcoloursoftheexitsignsshallbeinaccordancewithgood
practice[4(16)].Thecolouroftheexitsignsshallbegreen.
NOTEThisprovisionshallnotapplytoA2andA4occupancieslessthan15minheight.
4.2.8Thefloorsofareascoveredforthemeansofexitshallbeilluminatedtovaluesnotlessthan1ftcandle(10lux)atfloorlevel.Inauditoriums,theatres,concert
hallsandsuchotherplacesofassembly,theilluminationoffloorexit/accessmaybereducedduringperiodofperformancestovaluesnotlessthan1/5ftcandle(2lux).
4.2.9Firedoorswith2hfireresistanceshallbeprovidedatappropriateplacesalongtheescaperouteandparticularlyattheentrancetoliftlobbyandstairwellwhere
afunnelorflueeffectmaybecreated,inducinganupwardspreadoffiretopreventspreadoffireandsmoke.
4.2.10Allexitsshallprovidecontinuousmeansofegresstotheexteriorofabuildingortoanexterioropenspaceleadingtoastreet.
4.2.11Exitsshallbesoarrangedthattheymaybereachedwithoutpassingthroughanotheroccupiedunit.
4.3OccupantLoad
Fordeterminingtheexitsrequired,thenumberofpersonswithinanyfloorareaortheoccupantloadshallbebasedontheactualnumberofoccupants,butinnocase
lessthanthatspecifiedinTable20.
4.3.1Mezzanine
Theoccupantloadofamezzaninefloordischargingtoafloorbelowshallbeaddedtothatflooroccupancyandthecapacityoftheexitsshallbedesignedforthetotal
occupancyloadthusestablished.
4.4CapacitiesofExits
4.4.1Theunitofexitwidth,usedtomeasurethecapacityofanyexit,shallbe500mm.Aclearwidthof250mmshallbecountedasanadditionalhalfunit.Clear
widthslessthan250mmshallnotbecountedforexitwidth.
NOTEThetotaloccupantsfromaparticularfloormustevacuatewithin2minutesforType1construction,1minutesforType2constructionand1minutefor
Type3construction.Sizeoftheexitdoor/exitwayshallbecalculatedaccordinglykeepinginviewthetraveldistanceasperTable22.
4.4.2OccupantsperunitexitwidthshallbeinaccordancewithTable21.
4.4.3HorizontalExitAllowance
Whenhorizontalexitisprovidedinbuildingsofmercantile,storage,industrial,businessandassemblyoccupancies,thecapacityperstoreyperunitwidthofexitof
stairwaysinTable21maybeincreasedby50percentandinbuildingsofinstitutionaloccupancyitmaybeincreasedby100percent.
Table20OccupantLoad
(Clause4.3)
SINo.
(1)

GroupofOccupancy
(2)

OccupantLoad,FloorAreainm2/Person
(3)

i)

Residential(A)

ii)

Educational(B)

iii)

Institutional(C)

15(seeNote1)

iv)

Assembly(D)

v)

12.5

a)Withfixedorlooseseatsanddancefloors

0.6(seeNote2)

b)Withoutseatingfacilitiesincludingdiningrooms

1.5(seeNote2)

Mercantile(F)
a)Streetfloorandsalesbasement

b)Uppersalefloors

vi)

Businessandindustrial(E&G)

10

vii)

Storage(H)

30

viii)

Hazardous(J)

10

NOTES
1Occupantloadindormitoryportionsofhomesfortheaged,orphanages,insaneasylums,etc,wheresleepingaccommodationisprovided,shallbecalculatedatnotlessthan7.5m2grossfloorarea/person.
2Thegrossfloorareashallinclude,inadditiontothemainassemblyroomorspace,anyoccupiedconnectingroomorspaceinthesamestoreyorinthestoreysaboveorbelow,whereentranceiscommontosuch
roomsandspacesandtheyareavailableforusebytheoccupantsoftheassemblyplace.Nodeductionsshallbemadeinthegrossareaforcorridors,closetsorothersubdivisionstheareashallincludeallspace
servingtheparticularassemblyoccupancy.

Table21OccupantsperUnitExitWidth
(Clauses4.4.2,4.4.3andC1.6.2)
SINo.

GroupofOccupancy

NumberofOccupants

(1)

(2)

Stairways
(3)

Ramps
(4)

Doors
(5)

i)

Residential(A)

25

50

75

ii)

Educational(B)

25

50

75

iii)

Institutional(C)

25

50

75

iv)

Assembly(D)

40

50

60

v)

Business(E)

50

60

75

vi)

Mercantile(F)

50

60

75

vii)

Industrial(G)

50

60

75

viii)

Storage(H)

50

60

75

ix)

Hazardous(J)

25

30

40

4.5ArrangementofExits
4.5.1ExitsshallbesolocatedthatthetraveldistanceonthefloorshallnotexceedthedistancegiveninTable22.
4.5.2ThetraveldistancetoanexitfromthedeadendofacorridorshallnotexceedhalfthedistancespecifiedinTable22,exceptinassemblyandinstitutional
occupanciesinwhichcaseitshallnotexceed6m.
4.5.3Whenevermorethanoneexitisrequiredforanyroomspaceoffloorofabuilding,exitsshallbeplacedasremotefromeachotheraspossibleandshallbe
arrangedtoprovidedirectaccessinseparatedirectionsfromanypointintheareaserved.
Table22TravelDistanceforOccupancyandTypeofConstruction
(Clauses4.4.1,4.5.1and4.5.2)
SINo.

GroupofOccupancy

(1)

MaximumTravelDistanceConstruction
Types1&2
m
(3)

(2)

Types3&4
m
(4)

i)

Residential(A)

30.0

22.5

ii)

Educational(B)

30.0

22.5

iii)

Institutional(C)

30.0

22.5

iv)

Assembly(D)

30.0

30.0

v)

Business(E)

30.0

30.0

vi)

Mercantile(F)

30.0

30.0

vii)

Industrial(G)

45.0

1)

viii)

Storage(H)

30.0

1)

ix)

Hazardous(J)

22.5

1)

NOTES
1Forfullysprinkleredbuilding,thetraveldistancemaybeincreasedby50percentofthevaluesspecified.
2Rampsshallbeprotectedwithautomaticsprinklersystemandshallbecountedasoneofthemeansofescape.
1)Constructionoftype3or4isnotpermitted.

4.6NumberofExits
4.6.1General
Thegeneralrequirementsofnumberofexitsshallsupplementtherequirementofdifferentoccupanciesin6.1to6.9.
4.6.2Allbuildings,whichare15minheightorabove,andallbuildingsusedaseducational,assembly,institutional,industrial,storage,andhazardousoccupancies
andmixedoccupancieswithanyoftheaforesaidoccupancies,havingareamorethan500m2oneachfloorshallhaveaminimumoftwostaircases.Theyshallbeof
enclosedtypeatleastoneofthemshallbeonexternalwallsofbuildingsandshallopendirectlytotheexterior,interioropenspaceortoanopenplaceofsafety.Further,
theprovisionorotherwiseofalternativestaircasesshallbesubjecttotherequirementsoftraveldistancebeingcompliedwith.
4.7Doorways
4.7.1Everyexitdoorwayshallopenintoanenclosedstairwayorahorizontalexitofacorridororpassagewayprovidingcontinuousandprotectedmeansofegress.
4.7.2Noexitdoorwayshallbelessthan1000mminwidthexceptassemblybuildingswheredoorwidthshallbenotlessthan2000mm.Doorwaysshallbenotless
than2000mminheight.
4.7.3Exitdoorwaysshallopenoutwards,thatis,awayfromtheroom,butshallnotobstructthetravelalonganyexit.Nodoor,whenopened,shallreducetherequired
widthofstairwayoflandingtolessthan900mmoverheadorslidingdoorsshallnotbeinstalled.
NOTEInthecaseofbuildingswherethereisacentralcorridor,thedoorsofroomsshallopeninwardstopermitsmoothflowoftrafficinthecorridor.
4.7.4Exitdoorshallnotopenimmediatelyuponaflightofstairsalandingequaltoatleastthewidthofthedoorshallbeprovidedinthestairwayateachdoorway
theleveloflandingshallbethesameasthatofthefloorwhichitserves.
4.7.5Exitdoorwaysshallbeopenablefromthesidewhichtheyservewithouttheuseofakey.
4.7.6Mirrorsshallnotbeplacedinexitwaysorexitdoorstoavoidconfusionregardingthedirectionofexit.
4.8CorridorsandPassageways
4.8.1Exitcorridorsandpassagewaysshallbeofwidthnotlessthantheaggregaterequiredwidthofexitdoorwaysleadingfromtheminthedirectionoftraveltothe
exterior.
4.8.2Wherestairwaysdischargethroughcorridorsandpassageways,theheightofcorridorsandpassagewaysshallbenotlessthan2.4m.
4.8.3Allmeansofexitincludingstaircasesliftslobbiesandcorridorsshallbeadequatelyventilated.
4.9InternalStaircases
4.9.1Internalstairsshallbeconstructedofnoncombustiblematerialsthroughout.
4.9.2Internalstairsshallbeconstructedasaselfcontainedunitwithanexternalwallofthebuildingconstitutingatleastoneofitssidesandshallbecompletely
enclosed.
4.9.3Astaircaseshallnotbearrangedroundaliftshaft.
4.9.4Hollowcombustibleconstructionshallnotbepermitted.
4.9.5Nogaspipingorelectricalpanelsshallbeallowedinthestairway.Ductinginstairwaymaybepermittedifitisof1hfireresistancerating.
4.9.6Notwithstandingthedetailedprovisionforexitsinaccordancewith4.3,4.4and4.5,thefollowingminimumwidthshallbeprovidedforstaircases:
a) Residentialbuildings(dwellings)

1.0m

b) Residentialhotelbuildings

1.5m

c) Assemblybuildingslikeauditorium,theatresandcinemas

2.0m

d) Educationalbuildingsupto30minheight

1.5m

e) Institutionalbuildingslikehospitals

2.0m

f) Allotherbuildings

1.5m

4.9.7Theminimumwidthoftreadwithoutnosingshallbe250mmforinternalstaircaseofresidentialbuildings.Thisshallbe300mmforassembly,hotels,
educational,institutional,businessandotherbuildings.Thetreadsshallbeconstructedandmaintainedinamannertopreventslipping.

4.9.8Themaximumheightofrisershallbe190mmforresidentialbuildingsand150mmforotherbuildingsandthenumbershallbelimitedto15perflight.
4.9.9Handrailsshallbeprovidedataheightof1000mmtobemeasuredfromthebaseofthemiddleofthetreadstothetopofthehandrails.Balusters/railingshall
beprovidedsuchthatthewidthofstaircasedoesnotreduce(seeFig.1.).
4.9.10Thenumberofpeopleinbetweenfloorlandingsinstaircaseshallnotbelessthanthepopulationoneachfloorforthepurposeofdesignofstaircase.Thedesign
ofstaircaseshallalsotakeintoaccountthefollowing:
a)Theminimumheadroominapassageunderthelandingofastaircaseandunderthestaircaseshallbe2.2m.
b)Forbuilding15minheightormore,accesstomainstaircaseshallbethroughafire/smokecheckdoorofaminimum2hfireresistancerating.Fireresistancerating
maybereducedto1hforresidentialbuildings(excepthotelsandstarredhotels).
c)Nolivingspace,storeorotherfireriskshallopendirectlyintothestaircaseorstaircases.
d)Externalexitdoorofstaircaseenclosureatgroundlevelshallopendirectlytotheopenspacesorthroughalargelobby,ifnecessary.
e)Themainandexternalstaircasesshallbecontinuousfromgroundfloortotheterracelevel.
f)Noelectricalshafts/ACductsorgaspipes,etc,shallpassthroughoropeninthestaircases.Liftsshallnotopeninstaircase.
g)Nocombustiblematerialshallbeusedfordecoration/wallpanelinginthestaircase.
h)Beams/columnsandotherbuildingfeaturesshallnotreducetheheadroom/widthofthestaircase.

F.1TDH/BS
j)Theexitsignwitharrowindicatingthewaytotheescaperouteshallbeprovidedatasuitableheightfromthefloorlevelonthewallandshallbeilluminatedby
electriclightconnectedtocorridorcircuits.Allexitwaymarkingsignsshouldbeflushwiththewallandsodesignedthatnomechanicaldamageshalloccurtothemdueto
movingoffurnitureorotherheavyequipments.Further,alllandingsoffloorshallhavefloorindicatingboardsprominentlyindicatingthenumberoffloorasperbyelaws.
Thefloorindicationboardshallbeplacedonthewallimmediatelyfacingtheflightofstairsandnearesttothelanding.Itshallbeofsizenotlessthan0.5m0.5m.
k)Individualfloorsshallbeprominentlyindicatedonthewallfacingthestaircases.
m)Incaseofsinglestaircaseitshallterminateatthegroundfloorlevelandtheaccesstothebasementshallbebyaseparatestaircase.Thesecondstaircasemayleadto
basementlevelsprovidedthesameisseparateatgroundlevelbyventilatedlobbywithdischargepointstotwodifferentendsthroughenclosures.
4.10PressurizationofStaircases(ProtectedEscapeRoutes)
4.10.1Thoughinnormalbuildingdesign,compartmentationplaysavitalpartinlimitingthespreadoffire,smokewillreadilyspreadtoadjacentspacesthroughthe
variousleakageopeningsinthecompartmentenclosure,suchascracks,openingsaroundpipesducts,airflowgrillsanddoors,asperfectsealingofalltheseopeningsisnot
possible.Itissmokeandtoxicgases,ratherthanflame,thatwillinitiallyobstructthefreemovementofoccupantsofthebuildingthroughthemeansofescape(escape
routes).Hencetheexclusionofsmokeandtoxicgasesfromtheprotectedroutesisofgreatimportance.
4.10.2Pressurizationisamethodadoptedforprotectedescaperoutesagainstingressofsmoke,especiallyinhighrisebuildings.Inpressurization,airisinjectedinto
thestaircases,lobbiesorcorridors,toraisetheirpressureslightlyabovethepressureinadjacentpartsofthebuilding.Asaresult,ingressofsmokeortoxicgasesintothe
escaperouteswillbeprevented.Thepressurizationofstaircasesshallbeadoptedforhighrisebuildingsandbuildinghavingmixedoccupancy/multiplexeshavingcovered
areamorethan500m2.
4.10.3Thepressuredifferenceforstaircasesshallbeasunder:
BuildingHeight

PressureDifference
ReducedOperation(Stage1ofa2StageSystem)
(Pa)

EmergencyOperation(Stage2ofa2StageSystemorSingleStageSystem)
(Pa)

Lessthan15m

50

15morabove

15

50

Ifpossible,thesamelevelsshallbeusedforlobbiesandcorridors,butlevelsslightlylowermaybeusedforthesespacesifdesired.Thedifferenceinpressurizationlevels
betweenstaircaseandlobbies(orcorridors)shallnotbegreaterthan5Pa.
4.10.4Pressurizationsystemmaybeoftwotypes:
a)
b)

Singlestage,designedforoperationonlyintheeventofanemergency,and
Twostage,wherenormallyalevelofpressurizationismaintainedintheprotectedescaperoutesandanincreasedlevelofpressurizationcanbebroughtinto
operationinanemergency.

4.10.5Thenormalairconditioningsystemandthepressurizationsystemshallbetreatedasanintegralone,especiallyforatwostagesystem.Whentheemergency
pressurizationisbroughtintoaction,thefollowingchangesinthenormalairconditioningsystemshallbeeffected:
a)
b)
c)

Anyrecirculationofairshallbestoppedandallexhaustairventedtoatmosphere
Anyairsupplytothespaces/areasotherthanescaperoutesshallbestopped
Theexhaustsystemmaybecontinuedprovided:

1.thepositionsoftheextractiongrillspermitageneralairflowawayfromtheprotectedescaperouteentry
2.theconstructionoftheductworkandfansissuchthat,itwillnotberenderedinoperablebyhotgasesandsmokeand
3.thereisnodangerofspreadofsmoketootherfloorsbythepathoftheextractionsystemwhichcanbeensuredbykeepingtheextractionfansrunning.
4.10.6Thepressurizationsystemcanbeinterconnectedwiththeautomatic/manualfirealarmsystemforactuation.
4.10.7Itwillbedesirabletohaveallthestaircasesinabuildingpressurized,ifpressurizationsystemistoberesortedto.Theuseofpressurizedandnaturally
ventilatedstaircasesinthesamebuildingmayintroducedifficultiesandhenceshallbeavoided.Undernocircumstancesshallapressurizedstaircasebeconnectedbya
corridororlobbytoanunpressurizedstaircase.Whereverpressurizedstaircaseistobeconnectedtounpressurizedarea,thetwoareasshallbesegregated.
4.11ExternalStairs
Anexternalstaircaseisdesirabletobeprovidedforhighrisebuildings.
Externalstairs,whenprovidedshallcomplythefollowing:
4.11.1Externalstairsshallalwaysbekeptinsoundoperableconditions.
4.11.2Allexternalstairsshallbedirectlyconnectedtotheground.
4.11.3Entrancetotheexternalstairsshallbeseparateandremotefromtheinternalstaircase.
4.11.4Careshallbetakentoensurethatnowallopeningorwindowopensontoorclosetoanexternalstairs.
4.11.5Theroutetotheexternalstairsshallbefreeofobstructionsatalltimes.
4.11.6Theexternalstairsshallbeconstructedofnoncombustiblematerials,andanydoorwayleadingtoitshallhavetherequiredfireresistance.
4.11.7Noexternalstaircase,usedasafireescape,shallbeinclinedatananglegreaterthan45fromthehorizontal.
4.11.8Externalstairsshallhavestraightflightnotlessthan1250mmwidewith250mmtreadsandrisersnotmorethan190mm.Thenumberofrisersshallbelimited
to15perflight.
4.11.9Handrailsshallbeofaheightnotlessthan1000mmandnotexceeding1200mm.Thereshallbeprovisionsofbalusterswithmaximumgapof150mm.
4.11.10Theuseofspiralstaircaseshallbelimitedtolowoccupantloadandtoabuildingnotexceeding9minheight.
Aspiralstaircaseshallbenotlessthan1500mmindiameterandshallbedesignedtogiveadequateheadroom.
4.11.11Unprotectedsteelframestaircasewillnotbeacceptedasmeansofescape.However,steelstaircaseinanenclosedfireratedcompartmentof2hwillbeaccepted
asmeansofescape.
4.12HorizontalExits
4.12.1Thewidthofhorizontalexitshallbesameasfortheexitdoorways.
4.12.2Ahorizontalexitshallbeequippedwithatleastonefire/smokedoorofminimum1hfireresistance,ofselfclosingtype.Further,itisrequiredtohavedirect
connectivitytothefireescapestaircaseforevacuation.
4.12.3Forbuildingsmorethan24minheight,refugeareaof15m2oranareaequivalentto0.3m2perpersontoaccommodatetheoccupantsoftwoconsecutivefloors,
whicheverishigher,shallbeprovidedasunder:
Therefugeareashallbeprovidedontheperipheryofthefloororpreferablyonacantileverprojectionandopentoairatleastononesideprotectedwithsuitable
railings.
a)
b)

Forfloorsabove24mandUpto39mOnerefugeareaonthefloorimmediatelyabove24m.
Forfloorsabove39mOnerefugeareaonthefloorimmediatelyabove39mandsoonafterevery15m.Refugeareaprovidedinexcessoftherequirementsshall
becountedtowardsFAR.
NOTEResidentialflatsinmultistoriedbuildingwithbalcony,neednotbeprovidedwithrefugearea,howeverflatswithoutbalconyshallproviderefugearea
asgivenabove.

4.12.4Wherethereisadifferenceinlevelbetweenconnectedareasforhorizontalexits,ramps,notmorethan1in10mslopeshallbeprovidedstepsshallnotbeused.
4.12.5Doorsinhorizontalexitsshallbeopenableatalltimesfrombothsides.
4.13FireTower
Firetowersarethepreferredtypeofescaperouteforstoreyedbuildingsandtheseshallbeconsideredasthesafestrouteforescape.Theirnumber,locationandsizeshall
dependonthebuildingconcerned,anditsassociatedescaperoutes.
4.13.1Inhighrisebuildingswithover8storeysor24minheight,atleastonerequiredmeansofegressshallpreferablybeafiretower.
4.13.2Thefiretowersshallbeconstructedofwallswitha2hfireresistanceratingwithoutopeningsotherthattheexitdoorways,withplatforms,landingsand
balconieshavingthesamefireresistancerating.
4.14Ramps
4.14.1Rampsshallcomplywithalltheapplicablerequirementsforstairwaysregardingenclosure,capacityandlimitingdimensionsexceptwherespecifiedin6.1to
6.9forspecialusesandoccupancies.
4.14.2Theslopeofarampshallnotexceed1in10.Incertaincasessteeperslopesmaybepermittedbutinnocasegreaterthan1in8.
4.14.3Forallslopesexceeding1in10andwherevertheuseissuchastoinvolvedangerofslipping,therampshallbesurfacedwithapprovednonslippingmaterial.
4.15FireLifts
4.15.1Whereapplicable,fireliftsshallbeprovidedwithaminimumcapacityfor8passengersandfullyautomatedwithemergencyswitchongroundlevel.Ingeneral,
buildings15minheightoraboveshallbeprovidedwithfirelifts.
4.15.2Incaseoffire,onlyfiremanshalloperatethefirelift.Innormalcourse,itmaybeusedbyotherpersons.
4.15.3Eachfireliftshallbeequippedwithsuitableintercommunicationequipmentforcommunicatingwiththecontrolroomonthegroundfloorofthebuilding.
4.15.4Thenumberandlocationoffireliftsinabuildingshallbedecidedaftertakingintoconsiderationvariousfactorslikebuildingpopulation,floorarea,
compartmentation,etc.
4.16EmergencyandEscapeLighting
4.16.1Emergencylightingshallbepoweredfromasourceindependentofthatsupplyingthenormallighting[seegoodpractice[4(17)].
Escapelightingshallbecapableof:
a)
b)
c)

Indicatingclearlyandunambiguouslytheescaperoutes.
Providingadequateilluminationalongsuchroutestoallowsafemovementofpersonstowardsandthroughtheexists.
Ensuringthatfirealarmcallpointsandfirefightingequipmentsprovidedalongtheescaperoutescanbereadilylocated.

4.16.2Thehorizontalluminanceatfloorlevelonthecentrelineofanescaperouteshallbenotlessthan10lux.Inaddition,forescaperoutesupto2mwide,50percent
oftheroutewidthshallbelittoaminimumof5lux.
4.16.3Theemergencylightingshallbeprovidedtobeputonwithin1softhefailureofthenormallightingsupply.
4.16.4Escapelightingluminariesshouldbesitedtocoverthefollowinglocations:
a)Neareachintersectionofcorridors,

b)ateachexitdoor,
c)Neareachchangeofdirectionintheescaperoute,
d)Neareachstaircasesothateachflightofstairsreceivesdirectlight,
e)Nearanyotherchangeoffloorlevel,
f)Outsideeachfinalexitandclosetoit,
g)Neareachfirealarmcallpoint,
h)Nearfirefightingequipment,and
j)Toilluminateexitandsafetysignsasrequiredbytheenforcingauthority.
NOTEForthepurposesofthisclausenearisnormallyconsideredtobewithin2mmeasuredhorizontally.
4.16.5Emergencylightingsystemsshallbedesignedtoensurethatafaultorfailureinanyoneluminairedoesnotfurtherreducetheeffectivenessofthesystem.
4.16.6Theluminairiesshallbemountedaslowaspossible,butatleast2mabovethefloorlevel.
4.16.7Signsarerequiredatallexits,emergencyexitsandescaperoutes,whichshouldcomplywiththegraphicrequirementsoftherelevantIndianStandards.
4.16.8Emergencylightingluminairesandtheirfittingsshallbeofnonflammabletype.
4.16.9Itisessentialthatthewiringandinstallationoftheemergencylightingsystemsareofhighqualitysoastoensuretheirperfectserviceabilityatalltimes.
4.16.10Theemergencylightingsystemshallbecapableofcontinuousoperationforaminimumdurationof1hand30mevenforthesmallestpremises.
4.16.11Theemergencylightingsystemshallbewellmaintainedbyperiodicalinspectionsandtestssoastoensuretheirperfectserviceabilityatalltimes.
4.17IlluminationofMeansofExit
Staircaseandcorridorlightsshallconformtothefollowing:
a)

b)
c)

Thestaircaseandcorridorlightingshallbeonseparatecircuitsandshallbeindependentlyconnectedsothatitcouldbeoperatedbyoneswitchinstallationon
thegroundflooreasilyaccessibletofirefightingstaffatanytimeirrespectiveofthepositionoftheindividualcontrolofthelightpoints,ifany.Itshouldbeof
miniaturecircuitbreakertypeofswitchsoastoavoidreplacementoffuseincaseofcrisis
Staircaseandcorridorlightingshallalsobeconnectedtoalternativesupply.Thealternativesourceofsupplymaybeprovidedbybatterycontinuouslytrickle
chargedfromtheelectricmainsand
Suitablearrangementsshallbemadebyinstallingdoublethrowswitchestoensurethatthelightinginstalledinthestaircaseandthecorridordoesnotget
connectedtotwosourcesofsupplysimultaneously.Doublethrowswitchshallbeinstalledintheserviceroomforterminatingthestandbysupply.

4.18FireDetectionandWarning
Inbuildingsofsuchsize,arrangementsoroccupancywhereafiremaynotitselfprovideadequatewarningtooccupants,automaticfiredetectionandalarmfacilities
shallbeprovided,wherenecessary,towarnoccupantsearlyoftheexistenceoffire,sothattheymayescape,andtofacilitatetheorderlyconductoffireexitdrills.
4.18.1Thefiredetectionsystemshallbeinaccordancewithacceptedstandards[4(18)].Guidelinesforselectionofvarioustypesoffiredetectorsfordifferent
occupanciesandtheirinstallationandmaintenanceshallbeinaccordancewith[4(19)].
4.18.2TherequirementsoffiredetectionandalarmsystemsarecoveredforeachoccupancyinTable23andunder6.1to6.9attentionisalsodrawntosuch
requirementsincaseofhighrisebuildings(15mormoreinheight)asgiveninAnnexC.

5FIREPROTECTION
5.1FireExtinguishers/FixedFireFightingInstallations
5.1.1Allbuildingsdependingupontheoccupancyuseandheightshallbeprotectedbyfireextinguishers,wetriser,downcomer,automaticsprinklerinstallation,
high/mediumvelocitywaterspray,foam,gaseousordrypowdersysteminaccordancewiththeprovisionsof5.1.2to5.1.9.
5.1.2Thesefireextinguishers/fixedinstallationsshallbeinaccordancewithacceptedstandards[4(20)].Thetypicalrequirementsoffireextinguishers/wet
riser/downcomerinstallationandcapacityofwaterstoragetanksandfirepumps,etcshallbeasspecifiedinTable23.Therequirementsregardingsizeofmains/risers
shallbeasgiveninTable24.ThetypicalarrangementsofdowncomerandwetriserinstallationsareshowninFig.2andFig.3.Thewetrisershallbedesignedforzonal
distributionensuringthatundulyhighpressuresarenotdevelopedinrisersandhosepipes.

F.2TAOFDCFORBA15mBUTNOTE30mIN H

F.3TAOFWRANDTSSOFBOTHAN AE30mIN H


Table23MinimumRequirementsforFireFightingInstallations
(Clauses4.18.2.6.1.2,6.2.3,6.3.2,6.4.3,6.5.2,6.5.2.1,6.5.2.2,6.5.2.3,6.5.2.4,6.5.2.5,6.6.2,6.7.2,6.8.2and6.9.2)
SI
No.

(1)

TypeofBuilding
Occupancy

TypeofInstallation

WaterSupply(in1)

Fire
Hose Dry Wet Down Yard Automatic
Manually
Extingusher Reel Riser Riser Comer Hydrant Sprinkler
Operated
(see
System
ElectricFire
Note
AlarmSystems
6)

(2)

(3)

(7)

(8)

(9)

Automatic
Detection
andAlarm
System

UndergroundStatic
WaterStorageTank

(11)

(12)

(10)

PumpCapacity(in1/min)

Terrace
Tank

PumpNearUndergroundStaticWater
StorageTank(FirePump)with
MinimumPressureof3.5kg/cm2at
TerraceLevel

(13)

AttheTerraceTank
LevelwithMinimum
Pressureof2.0
kg/cm2

(4)

(5)

(6)

(14)

(15)

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

NR

5000
(see
Note3)

NR

NR

ii)Morethan15andupto R
30rooms

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

NR

5000
(5000)
(see
Note4)

NR

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

iii)Morethan30rooms

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

R
(seeNote5)

NR

NR

10000 NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

b)

OneortwoFamily
PrivateDwellings(A
2)
(seeNote1)

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

c)

Dormitories(A3)ApartmentHouses(A4)

1)

Lessthan15minheight

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

NR

5000
NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

2)

15mandabovebutnot
exceeding35minheight

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

R
(seeNote7)

NR

NR

25000

NR

900

3)

Above35mbutnot
exceeding45minheight

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Notes2
and8)

NR

75000

5000
(seeNote19)
(5000)
(see
Note4)

NR

4)

Above45minheightbut
notexceeding60min
height

NR

NR

NR

75000

10000

(seeNote20)

NR

5)
d)

Above60minheight
Hotels(A5)

NR

NR

100000

25000

(seeNote21)

NR

1)

Lessthan15minheight
i)Coveredareanot
R
exceeding300m2oneach
floor

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

5000
(see
Note2)

NR

450
(seeNote3)

ii)Coveredareaexceeding
300m2butnotmore1

NR

R
(see

NR

NR

R
(see

10000forevery
500m2coveredarea

10000
(see

(seeNotes5and19)

NR

RESIDENTIALBUILDINGS(A)
a)

LodgingorRoomingHouses(A1)
(seeNote1)

1)

Lessthan15minheight
i)Upto15rooms

NR

(see
Note
5)

300m2butnotmore1
000m2oneachfloor

(see
Note2)

(see
500m2coveredarea
subjecttominimumof Note2)
50000
(seeNote5)

iii)Coveredareaexceeding R
1000m2oneachfloor

NR

R
NR
(see
Note
9)

R
R
(see
Note10)

100000
(seeNote9)

10000
(see
Note2)

(seeNotes9and19)

NR

2)

15mandabovebutnot
exceeding30m

NR

NR

R(see
R
Note10)

150000

20000

(seeNote20)

NR

3)

Above30minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note10)

200000

20000

(seeNote21)

NR

e)

Hotels(A6)

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note10)

200000

20000

(seeNote22)

NR

EDUCATIONALBUILDINGS(B)(seeNote12)
1)

2)

Lessthan15minheight
i)Groundplusonestorey

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

NR

5000
(see
Note3)

NR

450
(seeNote3)

ii)Groundplustwoor
morestoreys

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

NR

10000 NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

15mandabovebutnot
exceeding30minheight

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

25000

NR

900

NR

NR

INSTITUTIONALBUILDINGS(C)(seeNote12)
a)

Hospitals,SanatoriaandNursingHomes(C1)

1)

Lessthan15minheightwithplotareaupto1000m2
i)Uptogroundplosone
storey,withnobeds

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

2500
(2500)
(see
Note4)

ii)Uptogroundplusone
storeywithbeds

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

5000
NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

iii)Groundplustwoor
morestoreys,withno
beds

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

5000
NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(seeNote4)

iv)Groundplustwoor
morestoreys,withbeds

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

50000

5000
(seeNote19)
(5000)
(see
Note4)

NR

2)

Lessthan15minheight
withplotareamorethan
1000m2

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

100000

10000

(seeNote19)

NR

3)

15mandabovebutnot
exceeding24minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note11)

100000

20000

(seeNote20)

NR

4)

Above24mandnot
exceeding30minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note11)

150000

20000

(seeNote21)

NR

b)

Custodial(C2),andPenalandPlental(C3)

1)

Lessthan10minheight
i)Upto300persons

NR

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

10000 NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(900)
(seeNote4)

ii)Morethan300persons R

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

15000 NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(900)
(seeNote4)

2)

10mandabovebutnot
exceeding15minheight

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

50000

5000
(seeNote20)
(5000)
(see
Note4)

NR

3)

15mandabovebutnot
exceeding24minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note11)

75000

10000

(seeNote20)

NR

4)

24mandabovebutnot
exceeding30minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note11)

100000

20000

(seeNote21)

NR

ASSEMBLYBUILDINGS(D)(seeNote12)
a)

Buildings(D1toD5)

1)

Lessthan10minheight
i)Upto300persons

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

10000 NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

ii)Morethan300persons R

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

15000 NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

900

2)

Above10mbutnot
exceeding15minheight

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

50000

5000
(seeNote20)
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

3)

Above15mbutnot
exceeding24minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note11)

75000

10000

(seeNote20)

NR

4)

Above24mbutnot
exceeding30minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note10)

20000

20000

(seeNote21)

NR

b)

MultiplexD6

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note10)

200000

20000

(seeNote22)

NR

c)

D7

Fordetailssee6.4.8
10000 NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)
5000
NR
(5000) (seeNote20)
(see
Note4)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

10000

NR

BUSINESSBUILDINGS(E)
1)

Lessthan10minheight

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

2)

Above10mbutnot
exceeding15minheight

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

50000

3)

Above15mandupto
24minheight

NR

NR

R
(see

75000

(seeNote20)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

24minheight

(see
Note11)

4)

Above24mandupto
30minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note10)

100000

20000

(seeNote21)

NR

5)

Above30minheight

NR

NR

R
R
(see
Note10)

200000

20000

(seeNote22)

NR

i)Groundplusonestorey, R
withtotalcoveredarea
notexceeding500m2

NR

NR

NR

R
(see
Note2)

NR

NR

NR

5000
NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450
(450)
(seeNote4)

ii)Groundplusone
storeyandcoveredarea
exceeding500m2

NR

NR

NR

R(see
Note2)

NR

NR

25000

NR

900

iii)Morethanground
plusonestorey

NR

NR

R(see
Note2)

NR

NR

5000
NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

900

2)

Above15mbutnot
exceeding24minheight

NR

NR

NR

R(see
R
Note11)

100000

10000

(seeNote20)

NR

3)

Above24mbutnot
exceeding30minheight

NR

NR

R(see
R
Note10)

150000

10000

(seeNote21)

NR

b)

Underground
shoppingcomplex(F
3)(seeNote13)

NR

NR

R(see
R
Note10)

150000

10000

(seeNote21)

NR

MERCANTILEBUILDINGS(F)
a)

F1&F2(seeNote12)

1)

Lessthan15minheight

INDUSTRIALBUILDINGS(G)(seeNote14)
a)

b)

c)

LowHazard(G1)(seeNote15)
i)Builtupareaupto
100m2

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

R(see
Note2)

NR

NR

NR

5000
(see
Note3)

NR

450(seeNote3)

ii)Builtupareamore
than100m2andupto
500m2

NR

NR

NR

R(see
Note2)

NR

NR

NR

5000
NR
(5000)
(see
Note4)

450(seeNote3)

iii)Builtupareamore
than500m2

NR

R
(see
Note
7)

NR

100000

10000

(seeNote20)

450

ModerateHazard(G2)(seeNote14)
i)Builtupareaupto
100m2

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

10000

NR

450

ii)Builtupareamore
than100m2andupto
500m2

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

10000

NR

900

iii)Builtupareamore
than500m2andupto1
000m2

NR

R
(see
Note
7)

75000

20000

(seeNote20)

900

iv)Builtupareamore
than1000m2

NR

R(see R
Note
7)

100000

20000

(seeNote20)

900

HighHazard(G3)(seeNote16)
i)Builtupareaupto
50m2

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

5000

NR

450

ii)Builtupareamore
than50m2andupto
150m2

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

5000

NR

450

iii)Builtupareamore
than150m2andupto
300m2

NR

NR

NR

NR

25000

10000

(seeNote19)

450

iv)Builtupareamore
than300m2andupto
500m2

NR

NR

50000

20000

(seeNote19)

900

v)Builtupareamorethan R
500m2

NR

R(see R
Note
7)

100000

20000

(seeNote20)

900

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

NR

25000

5000

(seeNote19)

450

STORAGEBUILDINGS(H)(seeNote17)
1)

Below15minheightand
coveredarealessthan
250m2

2)

Below15minheightandcoveredareamorethan250m2
i)Groundflooronly

NR

NR

NR

50000

10000

(seeNote20)

450

ii)Groundplusonefloor

NR

NR

NR

75000

10000

(seeNote20)

450

iii)Morethanground
plusonefloor

NR

NR

NR

100000

10000

(seeNote20)

450

HAZARDOUSBUILDINGS(J)(seeNote17)
1)

Upto15minheight
i)SingleStoreyBuilding

NR

NR

NR

Minimum4hfire
fightingrequirements

NR

(seeNote18)

NR

ii)Morethanonefloor
buildingbutnot
exceeding15m

NR

Minimum4hfire
fightingrequirements

50000

(seeNote18)

900

RRequired
NRNotRequired
NOTES
1Buildingsabove15minheightnottobepermittedforoccupanciesA1andA2.
2Requiredtobeinstalledinbasementifareaofbasementexceeds200m2.
3Requiredtobeprovidedifbasementareaexceeds200m2.
4Additionalvaluegiveninparenthesisshallbeaddedifbasementareaexceeds200m2.
5Requiredtobeprovidedforbuildingswithmorethantwostoreys(Ground+One).
6AspertherequirementoflocalauthorityDryRisermaybeusedinhillyareas,industrialareasorasrequired.
7Requiredtobeprovidedforbuildingswithheightabove15m.
8Tobeinstalledinbasement.Ifbasementprovidedisusedforcarparkingandareathereofexceeds750m2thenthesprinklersshallbefedwaterfrombothundergroundstaticwaterstoragetankandterracetank.
9Requiredtobeprovidedforbuildingswithmorethanonestorey.
10Tobeinstalledinentirebuilding.
11Tobeinstalledinallfloorsatappropriateplacesandinconsultationwithlocalfireauthorities.
12Buildingsabove30minheightnottobepermittedforGroupB,GroupC,GroupDandGroupFoccupancies.
13Allundergroundshoppingareasshouldbefullyairconditioned.
14TherequirementsgiveninthistableforGroupGIndustrialBuildingsareforsmallscaleindustryunits.ForotherindustriestherequirementswillhavetobeworkedoutonthebasisofrelevantIndian
Standardsandalsoinconsultationwiththelocalfireauthorities.
15Buildingsabove18minheightnottobepermittedforG1andG2occupancies.
16Buildingsabove15minheightnottobepermittedforG3occupancies.
17Buildingsabove15minheightnottobepermittedforGroupHandGroupJoccupancies.
18Pumpcapacityshallbebasedonthecoveredareaofthebuilding.

18Pumpcapacityshallbebasedonthecoveredareaofthebuilding.
19Oneelectricandonedieselpumpofcapacity16201/minandoneelectricpumpofcapacity1801/min(seeFig.4).
20Oneelectricandonedieselpumpofcapacity22801/minandoneelectricpumpofcapacity1801/min(seeFig.4).
21Twoelectricandonedieselpumpofcapacity22801/minandoneelectricpumpofcapacity1801/min(seeFig.5).
22Twoelectricandonedieselpumpofcapacity28501/minandoneelectricpumpofcapacity1801/min(seeFig.5).
23Forbuildings45mandabove,theentirequantityofwaterforfirefightingpurpose(asrequiredinrespectiveoccupancy),ifprovidedattheterracelevel,themainpumpsprinklerpump,jockeypumpand
commonpumpneednotbeprovided,howeveroneelectricfirepumpof900LPMcapacitywithautomaticoperationisrequiredtobeprovided.

F.4TSPOEODFP

F.5TSPTE,ODFP
5.1.3Insituationswhereoneoccupancyisprovidedwithalltherequiredfireprotectionarrangementsbutduetoproximityofunprotectedbuildingsaround,causing
exposurehazardtotheprotectedbuilding,theprotectedbuildingwallsfacingtheunprotectedbuildingshallbemadeoftherequisitefireresistanceratedmaterialsor
alternativelyprovidedwithwatercurtain/drenchersystemwhichcanbeactuated,whennecessary.
5.1.4Firstaidfirefightingappliancesshallbeprovidedandinstalledinaccordancewithgoodpractice[4(21)].Thefirefightingequipmentandaccessoriestobe
installedinbuildingsforuseinfirefightingshallbeinaccordancewiththeacceptedstandardscontainedin[4(20)]andshallbemaintainedperiodicallysoastoensure
theirperfectserviceabilityatalltimes.
5.1.5Inadditiontowetriserordowncorner,firstaidhosereelsshallbeinstalledonallthefloorsofbuildingsof15minheightormoreandshallbeinaccordancewith
acceptedstandards[4(22)].Thefirstaidhosereelshallbeconnecteddirectlytotheriser/downcornermainanddiameterofthehosereelshallnotbelessthan19mm.
5.1.6StaticWaterStorageTanks
Asatisfactorysupplyofwaterforthepurposeoffirefightingshallalwaysbeavailableintheformofunderground/terracelevelstaticstoragetankwithcapacity
specifiedforeachbuildingwitharrangementsorreplenishmentbymainsofalternativesourceofsupplyattherateof10001/minforundergroundstatictank.Whenthis
isnotpracticable,thecapacityofstaticstoragetank(s)shallbeincreasedproportionatelyinconsultationwiththelocalfirebrigade.
Thestaticstoragewatersupplyrequiredfortheabovementionedpurposeshallentirelybeaccessibletothefireenginesofthelocalfireservice.Provisionofsuitable
numberofmanholesshallbemadeavailableforinspection,repairs,insertionofsuctionhose,etc.Thecoveringslabshallbeabletowithstandthetotalvehicularloadof45
Tequallydividedasafourpointloadwhentheslabformsapartofpathway/driveway.
Thedomesticsuctiontankconnectedtothestaticwaterstoragetankshallhaveanoverflowcapableofdischarging22501/mintoavisibledrainpointfromwhichbya
separateconduit,theoverflowshallbeconveyedtoastormwaterdrain.
a)
b)

Topreventstagnationofwaterinthestaticwaterstoragetank,thesuctiontankofthedomesticwatersupplyshallbefedonlythroughanoverflowarrangement
tomaintainthelevelthereinattheminimumspecifiedcapacity(seeFig.6).
Thestaticwaterstoragetankshallbeprovidedwithafirebrigadecollectingheadwith4number63mmdiameter(2number63mmdiameterforpumpwith
capacity14001/min)instantaneousmaleinletsarrangedinavalveboxatasuitablepointatstreetlevelandconnectedtothestatictankbyasuitablefixed
pipenotlessthan150mmindiametertodischargewaterintothetankwhenrequiredattherateof22501/min,iftankisinthebasementornotapproachable
forthefireengines.

5.1.7AutomaticSprinklers
Automaticsprinklersshallbeinstalledin:
a)basementsusedascarparksorstorageoccupancy,iftheareaexceeds200m2
b)multilevelbasements,coveredupperfloorsusedascarparks,andforhousingessentialservicesancillarytoaparticularoccupancyorforstorageoccupancy,
excludinganyareatobeusedforsubstation,A.C.plantandDGset
c)anyroomorothercompartmentofabuildingexceeding1125m2inareaexceptasin(g)(seeNote1),ifsoadvisedbylocalauthority
d)departmentalstoresorshops,iftheaggregatecoveredareaexceeds500m2
e)allnondomesticfloorsofmixedoccupancywhichconstituteahazardandarenotprovidedwithstaircasesindependentoftheremainderofthebuildings

f)godownsandwarehouses,asconsiderednecessary
g)onallfloorsofthebuildingsotherthanresidentialandeducationalbuildings,iftheheightofthebuildingexceeds15m(45mincaseofgrouphousingand
apartments)(seeNote1)
h)dressingroom,scenerydocks,stagesandstagebasementsoftheatres
j)inhotels,hospitals,industrieslowandmoderatehazardmercantilebuildingsofheight15morabove
k)inhotelsbelow15m,ifcoveredareaateachfloorismorethan1000m2
m)falseceilingvoidsexceeding800mminheight(seeNote2)and
n)canteenprovidedinupperfloorsofD1andD2occupanciesshallbesprinklered.
NOTES
1.Itisdesirablethatallhighrisebuildingsshouldbefullysprinkleredirrespectiveoftheirheightandoccupancy.If

F.6TACFFDWST
Table24SizeofRisingMains/Risers
(Clause5.1.2)
SizeoftheMains
(1)

100mmassingleoutletlanding
valves

TypeofBuilding
(2)

1.Residentialbuildings(A)
i. 1)Lodgingorroominghouses
ii.Dormitories
iii.Oneortwofamilyprivatedwellings
iv.Apartmenthouses(flats)
v.Withshoppingareanotexceeding500m2
vi.Hotels

HeightofBuilding
(3)

15moraboveandnotexceeding45m
Lessthan15m
15moraboveinheightbutnotexceeding30mandareanotexceeding600m2perfloor

do

2.Educationalbuildings(B)

15morabovebutnotexceeding30m

do

3.Institutionalbuildings(C)

15morabovebutnotexceeding30m
15morabovebutnotexceeding30m

i.Forhospitalsandsanitorium
ii.ii)Forcustodialinstitutionsandmentalinstitutions
do

4.Assemblybuildings(D)

15morabovebutnotexceeding30mandtotalfloorareanotexceeding500m2/floor(above30m,notto
bepermitted)

do

5.Businessbuildings(E)

15morabovebutnotexceeding30m

do

6.Mercantilebuildings(F)

15morabovebutnotexceeding30m(above30m,nottobepermitted)

do

7.Industrialbuildings(G)

15morabovebutnotexceeding18m

do

8.Allbuildingsclassifiedunder1(i)to(iv)

Above45m

do

9.Allbuildingsclassifiedunder5abovewithshoppingarea
exceeding500m2

Above15m

do

10.Allbuildingsclassifiedunder1(v)above
11.Hotels

Above30mandareaexceeding500m2
Above30m

do

12.Allbuildingsclassifiedunder2and3above

Above30m

do

13.Allbuildingsclassifiedunder5above

Above30m

do

14.Allstoragebuildings(H)

Above10mbutnotexceeding15m

do

15.AllHazardousbuildings(J)

Above10mbutnotexceeding15m

150mmwithtwinoutletlanding
valves

1)Buildingsabove15minheightnotpermittedincaseofhighhazardindustrialbuildings.

selectivesprinkleringisadopted,thereisarealdangerofafirestartingononeofthelowerunsprinkleredfloorsgatheringmomentum,spreadingupwardsfromfloorto
floorthroughtheunsprinkleredfloorandreachingthefirstsprinkleredfloorasafullydevelopedfire.Insuchanevent,thesprinklerscanberendereduselessorineffective.
2Useoffalseceilingvoidsforstorageorasreturnairplenumsshouldbediscouraged.
3Forareashavingveryhighceilingheightandotherspecialfunctionareas,whereautomaticsprinklerscannotbeprovided,appropriatesprinklers/provisionsshallbe
providedinconsultationwithlocalfireauthorities.
5.1.8AutomaticHighVelocityWaterSprayorEmulsifyingSystem
AutomatichighvelocitywatersprayoremulsifyingsystemshallbeprovidedforprotectionofindooroilcooledtransformersasapplicableinaccordancewithC1.16
andgoodpractice[4(23)].
5.1.9FixedFoamInstallation
Fixedfoamgeneratingsystemshallbeprovidedforprotectionofoilstorageareaforboilerswithitsancillarystorageoffurnaceoilsinbasement.Fixedfoam
installationscanbelow,mediumorhighexpansiontypes,whichcancoverfirerisksinoilstorageareasgenerally.Highexpansionfoamsareusedforcabletunnelsand
otherconfinedareas.
5.1.10CarbonDioxideFireExtinguishingSystem
Fixedcarbondioxidefireextinguishinginstallationshallbeprovidedinaccordancewithgoodpractice
[4(24)]onpremiseswherewaterorfoamcannotbeusedforfireextinguishingbecauseofthespecialnatureofthecontentsofthebuildings/areastobeprotected.For
somespecialfirerisk/essentialapplications,carbondioxidemaynotbesuitableanditmaybenecessarytoprovideBCF(Bromochlorodifluoromethane)Halon1211or
BTM(Bromochlorotrifluoromethane)Halon1301orsomeotheridentifiedsubstitutes.
However,theuseofhalonsshallbediscouraged,ashalonsareozonedepletingsubstances(ODS)andtheiruseisbeingphasedoutthroughouttheworld.
5.1.11Firefightingequipmentshallbesuitablylocatedandclearlymarkedbyluminoussigns.
NOTEThisprovisionshallnotapplytooccupanciesA2andA4lessthan15minheight.
5.2FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
Inbuildingsofsuchsize,arrangementoroccupancythatafiremaynotitselfprovideadequatewarningtooccupants,automaticfiredetectionandalarmfacilitiesshall
beprovided,wherenecessary,towarnoccupantsearlyoftheexistenceoffire,sothattheymayescape,ortofacilitatetheorderlyconductoffireexitdrills.
5.2.1Thefiredetectionandextinguishingsystemshallbeinaccordancewithacceptedstandards[4(18)].Guidelinesforselectionofvarioustypesoffiredetectorsfor
differentoccupanciesshallbeinaccordancewithgoodpractice[4(19)].Addressableanalogfiredetectionsystemshallbepreferred.
5.2.2Therequirementsoffiredetectionandalarmsystemsarealsocoveredforeachoccupancyin6.1to6.9andforhighrisebuildings(15mormoreinheight)in
AnnexC.
5.3FireExtinguisher/ExtinguishingSystemUsingHalonAlternatives
Provisionsforcertainfireextinguishersandextinguishingsystemsforfireprotectionwhichmaybeusedashalonalternatives,shallbeinaccordancein[4(25)].

6ADDITIONALOCCUPANCYWISEREQUIREMENTS
6.1RequirementsofResidentialBuildings(GroupA)
6.1.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsforthetypeofconstructionandoccupancygroupspecifiedin3.4andtheexitrequirementsgivenin4,therequirements
6.1.2to6.1.4.10shallbecompliedwith.Thecapacityofanyopenmezzanineorbalconyshallbeaddedtothecapacityofthefloorbelowforthepurposeofdetermining
exitcapacity.
6.1.2FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancysubdivisionsA1toA5asspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuildings)shallapply.
6.1.3ExitFacilities
Thecapacityofanyopenmezzanineorbalconyshallbeaddedtothecapacityofthefloorforthepurposeofdeterminingtheexitcapacity.
6.1.3.1InadditiontorequirementsspecifiedforoccupancysubdivisionA2,thefollowingshallbeprovidedforoccupancysubdivisionA1:
Everysleepingroomabovethestreetfloorshallhaveaccesstotwoseparatemeansofexits,atleastoneofwhichshallconsistofanenclosedinteriorstairway,orafire
escapeorhorizontalexitallsoarrangedastoprovideasafepathoftraveltotheoutsideofthebuildingwithouttraversinganycorridororspaceexposedtoanunprotected
verticalopening.
6.1.3.2ForoccupancysubdivisionA2ofmorethantworooms,everyoccupiedroom,excludingareasusedsolelyforstorageshallhaveatleasttwomeansofexits,at
leastoneofwhichshallbeadoororastairwayprovidingameansofunobstructedtraveltotheoutsideofthebuildingorstreetorgradelevel.Noroomorspaceshallbe
occupiedwhichisaccessibleonlybyaladder,foldingstairsorthroughatrapdoor.
Furtherthefollowingprovisionsshallbemade:
Alllockingdevices,whichwouldimpedeorprohibitexit,suchaschaintypebolts,limitedopeningslidingtypelocksandburglarlocks,whicharenotdisengaged
easilybyquickreleasingcatches,shallbeprohibited.Allclosetdoorlatchesshallbesuchthatevenchildrencanopenthedoorsfrominside.Allbathroomdoorlocksor
fastenersshallbedesignedtopermittheopeningofthelockedorcloseddoorfromtheoutsideinanemergencywithouttheuseofaspecialkey.
6.1.3.3ForoccupancysubdivisionA3,thefollowingprovisionsshallapply:
Alldormitoriesshallhaveexitssoarrangedthatfromanysleepingroomoropendormitorysleepingarea,thereshallbeaccesstotwoseparateanddistinctexitsin
differentdirectionswithnocommonpathoftravelunlesstheroomorspaceissubjecttooccupancybynotmorethan10personsandhasadooropeningdirectlytothe
outsideofthebuildingatstreetorgradelevel,ortoanoutsidestairwayinwhichcaseonemeansofexitmaybeaccepted.
6.1.3.4ForoccupancysubdivisionA4,thefollowingprovisionsshallapply:
a)
b)

c)
d)

EveryindividuallivingunitcoveredbyoccupancysubdivisionA4shallcomplywiththerequirementforoccupancysubdivisionA2inrespectofexits.
Everylivingunitshallhaveaccesstoatleasttwoseparateexits,whichareremotefromeachotherandarereachedbytravelindifferentdirections,exceptthata
commonpathoftravelmaybepermittedforthefirst6m(thatisadeadendcorridorupto6mlongmaybepermitted)providedthatsingleexitmaybe
permittedunderanyoftheconditionsgivenunder(c).
Anypartofbuildinglowerthanthegradelevelshallhavedirectaccessibilityfromoutside.
Atleasthalfofrequiredexitsshalldischargedirecttotheoutsideofthebuildingsanyotherexitshallbethesameasrequiredforhotels.

6.1.3.5ForoccupancysubdivisionsA5andA6,thefollowingprovisionsshallapply:
a)

Notlessthantwoexits,asremotefromeachotheraspracticable,shallbeaccessiblefromeveryfloor,includingbasementsoccupiedforhotelpurpose,exceptas
asingleexitaspermittedin(b)below.Exitsandwaysofaccesstheretoshallbesoarrangedthattheyareaccessibleinatleasttwodifferentdirectionsfromevery
pointinanyopenarea,orfromanyroomdoor.

b)
c)

Anyroomorsectionwithanoutsidedooratstreetorgradelevelmayhavesuchoutsidedoorasasingleexit,providednopartoftheroomorareaismorethan
15mfromthedoormeasuredalongthenaturalpathoftravel.
Provisionofpanicbarsshallbeprovidedintheexits.

6.1.3.5.1Wherestairwaysorotherexitsservetwoormoreupperfloors,thesamestairwayorotherexitrequiredtoserveanyoneupperfloormayalsoserveotherupper
floors,exceptthatnoinsideopenstairwayorrampmayserveasarequiredegressfacilityfrommorethanonefloor[seegoodpractice4(26)].
6.1.3.6BasementExits
a)
b)
c)

Basementsoccupiedforhotelpurposesshallhaveexitsarrangedinaccordancewith6.1.3.5.
Basementexitsshallbesufficienttoprovideforthecapacityofthebasementasdeterminedinaccordancewith6.1.1.Innocaseshalltherebelessthantwo
independentbasementexits.
Basementorsubbasementsnotopentothepublicandusedonlyforheatingequipment,storageandserviceoperations(otherthankitchens,whichare
consideredpartofthehoteloccupancy)shallhaveexitsappropriatetotheactualoccupancy,inaccordancewithotherapplicableprovisionsoftheCode,orin
caseofmixedoccupancywheretheremaybedoubtastowhichothersectionisapplicable,suchbasementsshallhaveexitsdeterminedonthebasisoflesserexit
capacity.

6.1.4AdditionalPrecautions
6.1.4.1Flammableliquidsforhouseholdpurposesshallbekeptintightlystopperedorsealedcontainers.Forthelimitsofquantitiesofflammableliquidstobeallowed
invariousoccupancies,referencemaybemadetoappropriateregulations.
6.1.4.2Nostoveorcombustionheatershallbelocateddirectlyunderorimmediatelyatthefootofstairsorotherwisesolocatedastoblockescapeincaseof
malfunctioningofthestoveorheater.
6.1.4.3Allkitchenexhaustfans,whereprovided,shallbefixedtoanoutsidewallortoaductofnoncombustiblematerial,whichleadsdirectlytotheoutside.The
ductsmustnotpassthroughareashavingcombustiblematerials.
6.1.4.4AllwiringshallbedoneinaccordancewithPart8BuildingServices,Section2ElectricalInstallations,goodpractice[4(10)]andNationalElectricCode.
6.1.4.5Wheretelevisionisinstalled,alloutdoorantennaeshallbeproperlygroundedandprotectedfromlightning(seePart8BuildingServices,Section2Electrical
Installations).
6.1.4.6Doorsleadingtoroomsinwhichflammableliquidsarestoredorusedshallbeasin4.7.Suchassemblyshallbeselfclosingandshallbepostedwithasignon
eachsideofthedoorin25mmhighblocklettersstatingFIREDOORKEEPCLOSED.
6.1.4.7Whereaboilerroomisprovidedoracentralheatingplantisinstalled,whichusessolidorliquidfuel,itshallbeseparatedfromrestofthebuildingbya
separationwallwithallopeningsprotectedasin3.4.7and3.4.8.
6.1.4.8Roomscontaininghighpressureboilers,refrigeratingmachinery,transformersorotherserviceequipmentsubjecttopossibleexplosionshallnotbelocated
directlyunderoradjacenttoexits.Allsuchroomsshallbeeffectivelycutofffromotherpartsofthebuildingandshallbeprovidedwithadequateventstotheoutsideair.
6.1.4.9Allroomsorareasofhighhazardinadditionstothosehereinbeforementioned,shallbesegregatedorshallbeprotectedasmaybedirectedbytheenforcing
Authoritywhere,intheopinionoftheenforcingAuthority,fire,explosionorsmoketherefromislikelytointerferewithsafeegressfromthebuilding.
6.1.4.10Fordetailedinformationregardingfiresafetyrequirementsforhazardouspetroleumproducts,referencemaybemadetothePetroleumAct,1934andthe
Rulesthereof.
6.2RequirementsofEducationalBuildings(GroupB)
6.2.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsspecifiedin3.4forthetypeofconstructionandoccupancygroupandtheexitrequirementsgivenin4,therequirements
givenin6.2.2to6.2.6.3shallbecompliedwith.
6.2.2Buildingsintendedforeducationaloccupancyshallnotbeusedforanyhazardousoccupancy.
6.2.3FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancysubdivisionsB1andB2asspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuildings)shallapply.
6.2.4ExitFacilities
Thecapacityofanyopenmezzanineorbalconyshallbeaddedtothecapacityofthefloorforthepurposeofdeterminingtheexitcapacity.
Inadditiontotheprovisionsin4,thefollowingshallbeprovided:
6.2.4.1Exits,inaccordancewith4shallbesoarrangedthatatleasttwoseparateexitsareavailableineveryfloorarea.Exitsshallbeasremotefromeachotheras
practicableandsoarrangedthattherearenopocketsordeadendsofappreciablesizeinwhichoccupantsmaybetrapped.
6.2.4.2Everyroomwithacapacityofover45personsinareashallhaveatleasttwodoorways.
6.2.4.3Exteriordoorsshallbeoperatedbypanicbarsorsomeotherpanichardwaredevice,exceptthatdoorsleadingfromclassroomsdirectlytotheoutsidemaybe
equippedwiththesametypeoflockasisusedonclassroomdoorsleadingtocorridor,withnoprovisionwhatsoeverforlockingagainstegressfromtheclassroom.
6.2.5AdditionalPrecautions
6.2.5.1Storageofvolatileflammableliquidsshallbeprohibitedandthehandlingofsuchliquidsshallberestrictedtosciencelaboratoriesonly.
6.2.5.2Eachbuildingshallbeprovidedwithanapprovedoutsidegasshutoffvalveconspicuouslymarked.Thedetailedrequirementsregardingsafeuseofgasshall
beasspecifiedinPart9PlumbingServices,Section3GasSupply.
6.2.5.3Allexterioropeningsinaboilerroomorroomscontainingcentralheatingequipment,iflocatedbelowopeninginanotherstoreyoriflessthan3mfromother
doorsorwindowsofthesamebuilding,shallbeprotectedbyafireassemblyasin3.4.8.Suchassembliesshallbefixed,automaticorselfclosing.Provisionsof6.1.4.7
shallalsoapplytothisgroupofoccupancy.
6.2.6ExceptionandDeviation
6.2.6.1Gymnasiums,indoorstadiumsandsimilaroccupanciesmayhavefloors/runningtracksofwood,cinder,syntheticorunprotectedsteeloriron.
6.2.6.2Ingymnasiumsandinmultipurposeschoolroomshavinganareanotgreaterthan300m2,25mmnominaltighttongueandgroovedor20mmplywoodwall
coveringmaybeusedintheinnersideinlieuoffireresistantplaster.
6.2.6.3Abuilding,whichwillhaveonlythefirstfloorandisaccessibletonotmorethan20pupilsatanytime,maybeusedforschoolpurposeswiththefollowing
exceptions:
a)
b)

Exteriorwallsorpartsofwallswhicharelessthan900mmfromadjacentpropertylinesshallhavenoopeningstherein.
Classroomsmayhaveonlyoneexitnotlessthan900mmwide.

6.3RequirementsofInstitutionalBuildings(GroupC)
6.3.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsspecifiedin3.4forthetypeofconstructionandoccupancygroupandtheexitrequirementsgivenin4,therequirements
givenin6.3.2to6.3.5shallbecompliedwith.
6.3.2FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancysubdivisionsasspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuildings)shallapply.
6.3.3ExitFacilities
Inadditiontotheprovisionsof4,thefollowingrequirementsshallbecompliedwith.

6.3.3.1Inbuildingsorsectionsoccupiedbybedriddenpatientswherethefloorareaisover280m2,facilitiesshallbeprovidedtomovepatientsinhospitalbedstothe
othersideofasmokebarrierfromanypartofsuchbuildingorsectionnotdirectlyservedbyapprovedhorizontalexitsorexitsfromthefirstfloor(floor2)ofabuildingto
theoutside.
6.3.3.2Notlessthantwoexitsofoneormoreofthefollowingtypesshallbeprovidedforeveryfloor,includingbasement,ofeverybuildingorsection
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Doorsleadingdirectlyoutsidethebuilding
Stairways
Ramps
Horizontalexitsand
Firetower.

6.3.3.3Allrequiredexitsthatserveasegressfromhospitalorinfirmarysectionsshallbenotlessthan2minclearwidthincludingpatientbedroomdoorstopermit
transportationofpatientsonbeds,litters,ormattresses.Theminimumwidthofcorridorsservingpatientsbedroomsinbuildingsshallbe2400mm.Fordetailed
informationonrecommendationsforbuildingsandfacilitiesforthephysicallyhandicapped,referencemaybemadetogoodpractice[4(27)].
6.3.3.4Elevatorsconstituteadesirablesupplementaryfacility,butarenotcountedasrequiredexits.Patientliftsshallalsobeprovidedwithenoughroomfor
transportingastretchertrolley.
6.3.3.5Anyareaexceeding500m2shallbedividedintocompartmentsbyfireresistantwalls.
6.3.3.6Doorsinfireresistantwallsshallbesoinstalledthatthesemaynormallybekeptinopenposition,butwillcloseautomatically.Corridordooropeningsin
smokebarriersshallbenotlessthan2000mminwidth.Provisionshallalsobemadefordoubleswingsingle/doubleleaftypedoor.
6.3.3.7Exitsandotherfeaturesforpenalandmentalinstitutions,andcustodialinstitutionsshallbethesameasspecifiedforhospitals,insofarasapplicable.
Reliablemeansshallbeprovidedtopermitthepromptreleaseofinmatesfromanylockedsectionincaseoffireorotheremergency.
6.3.3.8Whereveranyinmatesareconfinedinanylockedroomsorspaces,adequateguardsorotherpersonnelshallbecontinuouslyondutyorimmediatelyavailable
toprovideforreleaseofinmatesorforsuchotheractionasmaybeindicatedincaseoffireorotheremergency.
6.3.3.9Nobuildingconstructedinwholeorinpartofcombustiblematerialsshallbeusedtoconfineinmatesincellsorsleepingquarters,unlessautomaticsprinkler
protectionisprovided.
6.3.3.10Allbuildingsorsectionsofbuildingsinpenalandmentalinstitutionsusedformanufacturing,storageorofficepurposesshallhaveexitsinaccordancewith
theprovisionsoftheCodeforthoseoccupancies.
6.3.4AdditionalPrecautions
6.3.4.1Nocombustiblematerialofanykindshallbestoredorusedinanybuildingorsectionthereofusedforinstitutionaloccupancy,exceptasnecessarytonormal
occupancyanduseofthebuilding.
6.3.4.2Bareminimumquantitiesofflammablematerialsuchaschloroform,ethylalcohol,spirit,etcshallbeallowedtobestoredandhandled.Thehandlingofsuch
liquidsshallnotbepermittedbyunauthorizedpersons.Bulkstorageoftheseitems,willbegovernedbyrelevantrulesandsafepractices.
6.3.5ExceptionsandDeviations
Itisrecognizedthatininstitutionsorpartofbuildingshousingvarioustypesofpsychiatricpatients,orusedaspenalandmentalinstitutions,itisnecessaryto
maintainlockeddoorsandbarredwindowsandtosuchextentthenecessaryprovisioninothersectionsoftheCoderequiringthekeepingofexitsunlockedmaybewaived.
Itisalsorecognizedthatcertaintypeofpsychiatricpatientsarenotcapableofseekingsafetywithoutadequateguidance.Inbuildingswherethissituationprevails,reliable
meansfortherapidreleaseofoccupantsshallbeprovided,suchasremotecontroloflocks,orbykeyingalllockstokeyscommonlyusedbyattendants.
6.4RequirementsofAssemblyBuildings(GroupD)
6.4.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsspecifiedin3.4fortypeofconstructionandoccupancygroupandtheexitrequirementsgivenin4,therequirements
givenin6.4.2to6.4.8.9shallbecompliedwith.
6.4.2MixedOccupancy
Placesofassemblyinbuildingsofotheroccupancy,suchasballroomsinhotels,restaurantsinstoresandassemblyroomsinschools,shallbesolocated,separatedor
protectedastoavoidanyunduedangertotheoccupantsoftheplaceofassemblyfromafireoriginatingintheotheroccupancyorsmoketherefrom.
6.4.3FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancysubdivisionsD1toD5asspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuildings)shallapply.
NOTECanteensshallnotbeprovidedinbasements.Ifprovidedintheupperfloors,itshallbesprinklered.
6.4.4ExitFacilities
6.4.4.1Everyplaceofassembly,everytierorbalcony,andeveryindividualroomusedasaplaceofassemblyshallhaveexitssufficienttoprovideforthetotalcapacity
thereofasdeterminedinaccordancewith4.Doorwidthforassemblybuildingsshallnotbelessthan2000mm.
a)
b)

EveryplaceofassemblyofsubdivisionD1shallhaveatleastfourseparateexitsasremotefromeachotheraspracticable.
EveryplaceofassemblyofsubdivisionD2,shallhaveatleasttwoseparateexitsasremotefromeachotheraspracticableandifofcapacityover600atleast
threeexitsshallbeprovidedwitheachexitnotlessthanof2000mmwidth.

6.4.4.2Clearaislesnotlessthan1.2minwidthshallbeformedatrightanglestothelineofseatinginsuchnumberandmannerthatnoseatshallbemorethanseven
seatsawayfromanaisle.Rowsofseatsopeningontoanaisleatoneendonlyshallhavenotmorethansevenseats.Undertheconditions,wherealltheseaislesdo
providedparalleltothelineofseatingsoastoprovidedirectaccesstotheexit,providedthatnotlessthanonecrossaisleforevery10rowsshallberequired.Thewidthof
crossaislesshallbeminimumof1m.Stepsshallnotbeplacedinaislestoovercomedifferencesinlevels,unlessthegradientexceeds1in10.
6.4.4.3Thefasciaofboxes,balconiesandgalleriesshallhavesubstantialrailingsnotlessthan1000mmhighabovethefloor.Therailingsattheendofaisles
extendingtothefasciashallbenotlessthan1100mmhighforthewidthoftheaisleor1200mmhighatthefootofsteps.
6.4.4.4Crossaislesexceptwherethebacksofscatsonthefrontoftheaisleproject600mmormoreabovetheflooroftheaisleshallbeprovidedwithrailingsnotless
than900mmhigh.
6.4.4.5Noturnstilesorotherdevicestorestrictthemovementofpersonsshallbeinstalledinanyplaceofassemblyinsuchamannerastointerfereinanywaywith
therequiredexitfacilities.
6.4.4.6Intheatresandsimilarplacesofpublicassemblywherepersonsareadmittedtothebuildingatatimewhenseatsarenotavailableforthemandareallowedto
waitinalobbyorsimilarspaceuntilseatsareavailable,suchuseoflobbyorsimilarspaceshallnotencroachupontherequiredclearwidthofexits.Suchwaitingshallbe
restrictedtoareasseparatedfromtherequiredexitwaysbysubstantialpermanentpartitionsorfixedrigidrailingnotlessthan105cmhigh.Exitsshallbeprovidedfor
suchwaitingspacesonthebasisofonepersonforeach0.3m2ofwaitingspacearea.Suchexitsshallbeinadditiontotheexitsspecifiedforthemainauditoriumareaand
shallconforminconstructionandarrangementtothegeneralrulesofexitsgivenabove.
6.4.4.7Nodisplayorexhibitshallbesoinstalledoroperatedastointerfereinanywaywithaccesstoanyrequiredexit,orwithanyrequiredexitsign.
Alldisplaysorexhibitsofcombustiblematerialorconstructionandallboothsandtemporaryconstructioninconnectiontherewithshallbesolimitedincombustibility
orprotectedastoavoidanyunduehazardoffirewhichmightendangeroccupantsbeforetheyhaveopportunitytousetotheavailableexits,asdeterminedbythe
authority.
6.4.4.8Placesofassemblyinbuildingsofotheroccupancymayuseexitscommontotheplaceofassemblyandtheotheroccupancy,providedtheassemblyareaand
theotheroccupancyareconsideredseparately,andeachhasexitssufficienttomeettherequirementsoftheCode.

6.4.4.9Exitsshallbesufficientforsimultaneousoccupancyofboththeplacesofassemblyandotherpartsofthebuilding,unlesstheAuthoritydeterminesthatthe
conditionsaresuchthatsimultaneousoccupancywillnotoccur.
6.4.4.10ForanyplaceofassemblyundersubdivisionD1,atleasthalftherequiredmeansofexitsshallleaddirectlyoutdoorsorthroughexitwayscompletely
separatedfromexitsservingotherpartsofthebuilding.
6.4.4.11Fordetailedinformationregardingcinemabuildings,referencemaybemadetogoodpractice[4(28)].
6.4.5Lighting
Noopenflamelightingdevicesshallbeusedinanyplaceofassembly,exceptinthefollowingcases:
a)
b)
c)

Wherenecessaryforceremonialpurposes,theenforcingAuthoritymaypermitopenflamelightingundersuchrestrictionsasarenecessarytoavoiddangerof
ignitionofcombustiblematerialsorinjurytooccupants.
Candlesmaybeusedonrestauranttablesifsecurelysupportedonnoncombustiblebasesandsolocatedastoavoiddangerofignitionofcombustiblematerials.
Openflamedevicesmaybeusedonstageswheretheyareanecessarypartoftheatricalperformance,providedadequateprecautions,satisfactorytothe
Authorityaretakentopreventignitionofcombustiblematerials.

6.4.6AdditionalPrecautions
6.4.6.1Thedecorationsofplacesofassemblyshallbeofnonflammablematerials.Fabricsandpapersusedforsuchpurposeshallbetreatedwithaneffectiveflame
retardantmaterial.StagesettingsmadeofcombustiblematerialsshalllikewisebetreatedwithfireretardantmaterialsofClass1flamespread.
6.4.6.2Seatsinplacesofpublicassembly,accommodatingmorethan300persons,shallbesecurelyfastenedtothefloor,exceptaspermittedin6.4.6.3.Allseatsin
balconiesandgalleriesshallbesecurelyfastenedtothefloor,exceptthatinnailedinenclosures,boxeswithlevelfloorsandhavingnotmorethan14seats,theseatsneed
notbefastened.
6.4.6.3Chairsnotsecuredtothefloormaybepermittedinrestaurants,nightclubsandotheroccupancieswherethefasteningofseatstothefloormaynotbe
practicable,providedthatintheareausedforseating,excludingdancefloor,stage,etc,thereshallbenotmorethanoneseatforeach1.4m2offloorareaandadequate
aislestoreachexitsshallbemaintainedatalltimes.
6.4.6.3.1Rowsofseatsbetweenaislesshallhavenotmorethan14seats.
6.4.6.3.2Rowsofseatsopeningontoanaisleatoneendonlyshallhavenotmorethan7seats.
6.4.6.3.3Seatswithoutdividingarmsshallhavetheircapacitydeterminedbyallowing450mmperperson.
6.4.6.4Thespacingofrowsofseatsfrombacktobackshallbeneitherlessthan850mmnorlessthan700mmplusthesumofthethicknessofthebackand
inclinationoftheback.Thereshallbeaspaceofnotlessthan350mmbetweenthebackofoneseatandthefrontoftheseatimmediatelybehinditasmeasuredbetween
plumblines.
6.4.6.5Roomscontaininghighpressureboilers,refrigeratingmachineryotherthandomesticrefrigeratortype,largetransformersorotherserviceequipmentssubject
topossibleexplosionshallnotbelocateddirectlyunderoradjacenttotherequiredexits.Allsuchroomsshallbeeffectivelycutofffromotherpartsofthebuildingand
providedwithadequateventstotheouterair.
6.4.6.6Allroomsorareasusedforstorageofanycombustiblematerialsorequipment,orforpainting,refinishing,repairorsimilarpurposesshallbeeffectivelycutoff
fromassemblyareasorprotectedwithastandardsystemofautomaticsprinklers.Theyshallbelocatedawayfromstaircases.
6.4.6.7Everystageequippedwithflygalleries,gridironsandriggingformovabletheatretypescenery,shallhaveasystemofautomaticsprinklersoverandunder
suchstageareasorspacesandauxiliaryspaces,suchasdressingrooms,storeroomsandworkshops,andtheprosceniumopeningshallbeprovidedwithafireresisting
curtain,capableofwithstandingalateralpressureof4kN/m2overtheentirearea.Thecurtainshallhaveanemergencyclosingdevicecapableofcausingthecurtainto
closewithouttheuseofpowerandwhensoclosed,itshallbereasonablytightagainstthepassageofsmoke.
6.4.6.8Thestageroofofeverytheatreusingmovablesceneryorhavingamotionpicturescreenofhighlycombustibleconstructionshallhaveaventilatoror
ventilatorsinoraboveit,openablefromthestagefloorbyhandandalsoopeningbyfusiblelinksorsomeotherapprovedautomaticheat/smokeactuateddevice,togivea
freeopeningequaltoatleastoneeighththeareaofthefloorofthestage.
6.4.6.9Theprosceniumwallofeverytheatreusingmovablesceneryofdecorationsshallhave,exclusiveoftheprosceniumopening,notmorethantwoopenings
enteringthestage,eachnottoexceed2m2andfittedwithselfclosingfireresistantdoors.
6.4.6.10Everyplaceofassemblyinwhichprojectionofmotionpicturesbylightismadeshallhavetheprojectionapparatusenclosedinafireresistingfixedboothin
accordancewithgoodpractice[4(27)],exceptthatsuchboothshallnotberequiredwherenonitrocellulosemotionpicturefilmisused.
6.4.6.11Automaticsmokeventsactuatedbysmokedetectorsshallbeinstalledabovetheauditoriumortheatres,includingmotionpicturehouses,withventarea
equaltonotlessthan3percentofthefloorareaoftheauditorium,includingthesumofthefloorareasofallbalconies,galleries,boxesandtiers.Itmaybedesirableto
providealargenumberofsmallventsratherthanasmallnumberoflargevents.
6.4.7ExceptionandDeviation
6.4.7.1Whereboilersorcentralheatingplantsusingliquidorsolidfuelarelocatedatgradelevel,theseshallbeseparatedfromtheremainderofthebuildingbya
separatingwallwithopeningsprotectedasin3.4.7and3.4.8.
6.4.7.2Gymnasiums,indoorstadiumsandsimilaroccupanciesmayhavefloors/runningtracksofwood,cinder,syntheticorunprotectedsteeloriron.
6.4.7.3Theundersideofcontinuoussteeldeckgrandstandswhenerectedoutdoorsneednotbefireprotectedwhenoccupiedforpublictoilets.
6.4.8FireProtectionandFireFightingSystemforMetroStations
6.4.8.1Wetrisersystem
Mainanddieselfirepumpof18001/mincapacitytobeprovidedtosupport3to4hydrantsatatime.Jockeypumpcapacityshallbe1801/min.Whereitispossibleto
extendreliableDGsupplytothefirepumproomwithoutroutingthroughthestationbuilding,theprovisionofdieselpumpcanbedispensedwithandinstead,twoelectric
pumpsmaybeprovidedoutofwhichatleastoneshouldhaveDGbackup.ThejockeypumpshouldalsohaveDGbackup.
6.4.8.2Internalhydrant
Theinternalhydrantisproposedtobeprovidedwith2numberRRLhosepipesof38mmdiawith63mmstandardinstantaneouscouplingalongwithassociated
branchpipesandcabinetandafirstaidhosereelof25mmdia,length45mandfittedwith6.5mmnozzle.
Twointernalhydrantsareproposedtobeprovidedoneachplatforminsuchawaysothatmostoftheplatformiscoveredbyhose.However,incaseofnecessity,the
hosepipesfromotherhosecabinetscanbeutilizedforextendingthelengthoffirehosepipeforfirefighting,ifneedbe.Attheconcourselevelminimumtwohydrantswill
beprovided.Instationwheretheconcourseissplitintotwohalvesatleastonehydrantistobeprovidedineachhalfoftheconcourse.Further,incasetheareaismorethan
2000m2,anadditionalfirstaidhosereelpointshallbeprovidedforeveryadditional1000m2.
Inaddition,hydrantsshallbeprovidedincommercialareasalso.
Onehydrantsshallbeprovidedatentryofeachstationatgroundfloorforprovidingthecoveragetotheparkingarea.
6.4.8.3Sprinklers
Sprinklersarerequiredtobeprovidedonlyinthecommercialareas,ifany,inthestation.Thecommercialareaswillbesegregatedfromthestationareathrough2hfire
ratedwallsanddoors.Additionalsprinklerpumpsarenotrequired,astwopumpsalreadyprovidedforhydrantsystemwilltakecareofthesprinklerflowrequirements.
However,ifsuchcommercialareasinthepremisesofstationsareinisolatedbuildingseparatefromthestationbuildingthentheprovisionofsprinklerpumpand
watertankcapacitiesshallbeasperthisCode.Thewaterstorageandpumpsmayhoweverbecommon.
6.4.8.4Detectors

Detectorsarerequiredtobeprovidedonlyinareaswheretherearefalseceilingandfalsefloorandareasofequipmentrooms.Wherevertherearefalseceiling,the
detectorsshouldbeprovidedbothaboveandbelowfalseceilinggivingdueconsiderationtodepthoffalseceiling/flooring.However,inconcourse,thedetectorsbelowfalse
ceilingmaynotbeeffectiveduetoheights/crossventilationandthereforemaynotbeprovided.Inotherareas,becauseofhighheightsandcrossventilations,detectorswill
notbeeffectiveandhencethereforecanbedispensed.Aconventionaldetectionsystemwillsufficeatanormalstation.
6.4.8.5Manualcallbox
Manualcallboxshouldbeprovidedatacentralplaceoneachplatform(nearemergencyplunger)andatleasttwoontheconcourse,oneachsidewall.Whenthe
concourseintwohalvesthereshouldbeonemanualcallboxoneachside.
6.4.8.6Manualpanelgasflooding
Electricpanelsshouldhaveprovisionofmanualgasflooding.AlternativelypanelscanbeprovidedwithlinearheatsensingtubeswithCO2cylinder.Thisrequiredto
beprovidedonlyinmainpowerpanels,thatisHTpanel,mainLTpanels,mainLTdistributionboardandessentialpowerpanelsandothersuchmajorpanels.
6.4.8.7Externalareaofthestation
Atwoway/fourwayfirebrigadeinlettobeprovidedatgroundleveloneachrisingmainforhydrants/sprinkles.
TheDrawOffConnectionshallbeprovidedontheundergroundtankforfirebrigade.
6.4.8.8Watertankcapacity
Capacityoffiretanksatstationswithoutanycommercialdevelopment(Beveragestall/ATM/Florist/Bookstallsuptototal250m2excluded)shallbe50000litres.
However,atstationshavingcommercialdevelopment,thefiretankcapacityshallbe100000litres.
6.4.8.9Portablefireextinguishers
Forthepurposeofstandardization,thefollowingportableextinguishersarerecommended:
a)

WaterCO2type

9litres

b)

CO2fireextinguishers

4.5kg

Theyshallbeprovidedinvariousareasasdetailedhereunder:
SI
Item
No.
(1) (2)

NumbersandLocation
(3)

PLATFORM
1.

InternalHydrants

Twoateachplatform.Thehydrantsattwoplatformsmaybestaggeredformaximumcoverage.

2.

Manualcallbox

Oneoneachplatformpreferablynearemergencyplunger.

3.

PortableExtinguishers

OnesetofWaterCO2andCO2typeoneachplatformatacentralarea.

CONCOURSE
1.

InternalHydrants

Twoateachconcourse.Whenconcourseisintwopartstheneachpartshouldhaveatleastonehydrant.

2.

Additionalfirstaidreel
point

Additionalfirstaidreelpointforeveryadditional1000m2,iftheareaismorethan2000m2.Similarly,iftheconcourseisintwopartsthenadditionalfirstaidreelpointforevery
additional1000m2,iftheareaofthepartismorethan1000m2.

3.

Manualcallbox

Twoateachconcourse.Whenconcourseisintwopartstheneachpartshouldhaveatleastone.

4.

PortableExtinguishers

Twosetsateachconcourse.Whenconcourseisintwopartstheneachpartshouldhaveatleastoneset.

5.

Detectors

Abovefalseceilingwheredepthoffalseceilingisgreaterthan800mm.Requiredincommercialareasalso.

EQUIPMENTROOMAREAS
1.

InternalHydrants/first
aidreelpoint

Therequirementshallgetcoveredwithplatform/concourse.Additionalfirstaidreelpointmaybeprovided,ifrequired.

2.

Manualcallbox

Oneatacentralplace.Whentheequipmentroomsareintwo/morepartstheneachpartshouldhaveone.

3.

PortableExtinguishers

Onesetforeachroom.

4.

Detectors

Aboveandbelowfalseceilingandbelowfloorgivingdueconsiderationtodepthoffalseceiling/floor.

5.

ResponseIndicator

Tobeprovided.

6.

Panelgasflooding

TobeprovidedforHTpanel,mainLTpanel,mainLTdistributionboardandessentialpowerpanelsandothersuchmajorpanels.

EXTERNALAREAS
1.

Hydrants

Oneatgroundfloorateachentrytostationnearstaircase/DGroom.

2.

Two/fourwayfirebrigade
inlet

Tobeprovidedforeachriser/sprinklerriser.

3.

FirebrigadeDrawoff
connection

Tobeprovidedonwatertank.

6.5BusinessBuildings(GroupE)
6.5.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsspecifiedin3.4fortypeofconstructionandoccupancygroupandtheexitrequirementsgivenin4,therequirements
givenin6.5.2to6.5.5shallbecompliedwith.
6.5.2FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancysubdivisionsasspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuildings)shallapply.
6.5.2.1OccupancysubdivisionE1(exceptofficebuildings)
DetailsofOccupancy

FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem

E1

Automaticfirealarmsystem{goodpractice[4(17)]and[4(18)],andTable23}.

6.5.2.2OccupancysubdivisionE2
DetailsofOccupancy

FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem

a)Laboratorywithdelicateinstruments

FixedautomaticCO2fireextinguishingsystemorautomaticfirealarmsystem{goodpractice[4(18)]and[4(19)],andTable23}

b)Solventstorageand/orflammableliquid

AutomaticfoaminstallationorautomaticCO2fireextinguishingsystem

6.5.2.3OccupancysubdivisionE3
DetailsofOccupancy

FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem

a)Areaofcomputerinstallations

Automaticfirealarmsystem{goodpractice[4(18)]and[4(19)],andTable23}anysuitablehalonalternativefireextinguishingsystem(see5.3)oranyothersuitablefire
extinguishinginstallation{seealso[4(29)]}.

b)Spaceunderfalseceiling(floor)

Automaticfirealarmsystem{goodpractice[4(18)]and[4(19)],andTable23}

c)Spaceabovefalseceilingandbelow
falsefloor

Automaticfirealarmsystem{goodpractice[4(18)]and[4(19)],andTable23}

d)Electricalswitchboard

Automaticfirealarmsystem{goodpractice[4(18)]and[4(19)],andTable23}andCO2fireextinguishinginstallation

6.5.2.4OccupancysubdivisionE4
DetailsofOccupancy

FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem

Telephoneexchanges

Anysuitablehalonalternativefireextinguishingsystem(see5.3and/orautomaticsprinklersystemasperrequirement(seealsoTable23)

6.5.2.5OccupancysubdivisionE5
DetailsofOccupancy

FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem

Broadcastingstations

Automaticfirealarmsystembasedonsmokedetectorsandsprinklersystem(seealsoTable23)

6.5.3ExitFacilities
6.5.3.1Inthecaseofmezzaninesorbalconiesopentothefloorbelow,orotherunprotectedverticalopeningsbetweenfloors,thepopulationofthemezzanineorother
subsidiaryfloorforlevelshallbeaddedtothatofthemainfloorforthepurposeofdeterminingtherequiredexits,provided,however,thatinnocaseshallthetotalnumber
ofexitunitsbelessthanthatrequiredifallverticalopeningswereenclosed.
6.5.3.2Notlessthantwoexitsshallbeprovidedforeveryfloor,includingbasementsoccupiedforofficepurposesorusesincidentalthereto.
6.5.4AdditionalRequirements
6.5.4.1Thehandlinganduseofgasoline,fueloilandotherflammableliquidsshallnotbepermitted,unlesssuchuseandhandlingcomplieswiththeappropriate
regulations.
6.5.4.2Everyboilerroomorroomcontainingacentralheatingplantusingsolidorliquidfuelshallbeseparatedfromtherestofthebuildingbyaseparatingwall.
Everyboilerroomorroomcontainingacentralheatingplant,whichburnsgasasafuelshallbeadequatelyseparatedfromtherestofthebuilding.
6.5.5ExceptionandDeviation
6.5.5.1Basementsusedonlyforstorage,heating,anyotherserviceequipmentshallconformtoexitrequirementsforGroupHoccupanciesinallrespects.
6.6RequirementsofMercantileBuildings(GroupF)
6.6.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsspecifiedin3.4fortypeofconstructionandoccupancyandtheexitrequirementsgivenin4,therequirementsgivenin
6.6.1.1to6.6.5shallbecompliedwith.
6.6.1.1Mixedoccupancy
Nodwellingunitshallhaveitssolemeansofexitthroughanymercantileoccupancyinthesamebuildingexceptinthecaseofasinglefamilyunitwherethefamily
operatesthestore.
6.6.2FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancysubdivisionsF1toF3asspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuildings)shallapply.
6.6.3ExitFacilities
Inadditiontotheprovisionsof4,thefollowingrequirementsshallbecompliedwith.
6.6.3.1Inthecaseofmezzaninesorbalconiesopentothefloorbelow,orotherunprotectedverticalopeningsbetweenfloors,thepopulationorareaofthemezzanine
orothersubsidiaryfloorlevelshallbeaddedtothatofthemainfloorforthepurposeofdeterminingtherequiredexits,provided,however,thatinnocaseshallthetotal
numberofexitunitsbelessthanthatrequiredifallverticalopeningswereenclosed.
6.6.3.2Atleasttwoseparateexitsshallbeaccessiblefromeverypartofeveryfloor,includingbasementssuchexitsshallbeasremotefromeachotheraspracticable
andsoarrangedastobereachedbydifferentpathsoftravelindifferentdirections,exceptthatacommonpathoftravelmaybepermittedforthefirst15mfromanypoint.
6.6.4AdditionalPrecautions
6.6.4.1Requirementsspecifiedin6.5.4.1shallbeapplicabletoallGroupFoccupanciesalso.
6.6.4.2Hazardousareasofmercantileoccupanciesshallbesegregatedorprotectedsuitably.
6.6.4.3Inselfservicestores,nocheckoutstandorassociatedrailingsorbarriersshallobstructexitsorrequiredaislesorapproachesthereto.
6.6.4.4Openairmercantileoperations,suchasopenairmarkets,gasolinefillingstations,roadsidestandsforthesaleofafarmproduceandotheroutdoor
mercantileoperationsshallbesoarrangedandconductedastomaintainfreeandunobstructedwaysoftravelatalltimestopermitpromptescapefromanypointof
dangerincaseoffireorotheremergency,butnodeadendsinwhichpersonsmightbetrappedduetodisplaystands,adjoiningbuildings,fences,vehiclesorother
obstructions.
6.6.4.5Ifmercantileoperationsareconductedinroofedoverareas,theseshallbetreatedasmercantilebuildings,providedcanopiesoverindividualsmallstandsto
protectmerchandisefromtheweathershallnotbeconstructedtoconstitutebuildingsforthepurposeoftheCode.
6.6.5ExceptionandDeviation
Anymercantileoccupancy,wheregoodsofahighlyhazardousnaturearepredominant,shallbeconsideredunderGroupJoccupancyforthepurposeoftheCode.
6.7RequirementsofIndustrialBuildings(GroupG)
6.7.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsspecifiedin3.4forthetypeofconstructionandoccupancygroupandtheexitrequirementsgivenin4,therequirements
givenin6.7.2to6.7.5shallbecompliedwith.
6.7.2FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancysubdivisionsG1toG3asspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuildings)shallapply.
6.7.3ExitFacilities
Inadditiontotheprovisionsof4,thefollowingrequirementsshallbecompliedwith.
6.7.3.1Notlessthantwoexitsshallbeprovidedforeveryfloororsection,includingbasementsusedforindustrialpurposesorusesincidentalthereto.
6.7.3.2Inbuildingsusedforaircraftassemblyorotheroccupancyrequiringundividedfloorareassolargethatthedistancesfrompointswithintheareatothenearest
outsidewallswhereexitdoorscouldbeprovidedareinexcessof45m,requirementsfordistancetoexitsmaybesatisfiedbyprovidingstairsleadingtoexittunnelsorto
overheadpassageways.Incaseswheresucharrangementsarenotpracticable,theAuthoritymay,byspecialruling,permitotherexitarrangementsforonestoreybuildings
withdistancesinexcessofthemaximumdistancesspecifiedin4,ifcompletelyautomaticsprinklerprotectionisprovidedandiftheheightsofceilingcurtainboardsand
roofventilationaresuchastominimizethepossibilitythatemployeeswillbeovertakenbythespreadoffireorsmokewithin1800mmofthefloorlevelbeforetheyhave
timetoreachexits,provided,however,thatinnocasemaythedistanceoftraveltoreachthenearestexitexceed45mwheresmokeventingisrequiredasaconditionfor
permittingdistancesoftraveltoexitsinexcessofthemaximumotherwiseallowed.
6.7.3.3Additionalprecautions
a)

b)
c)
d)

Inanyroominwhichvolatileflammablesubstancesareusedorstored,nodevicegeneratingagloworflamecapableofignitingflammablevapourshallbe
installedorused.Sucharoomshallbeprovidedwithasuitablydesignedexhaustventilationsystem(seeAnnexD).Toensuresafetyfromfireduetoshort
circuit,faultyelectricalconnectionorsomesimilarcause,propercareshallbetakenindesigningelectricalinstallationsinsuchroom(seePart8Building
Services,Section2ElectricalInstallations).
Thestorage,useandhandlingofgasoline,fueloilandotherflammableliquidsshallnotbepermittedinanyGroupGoccupancyunlessitcomplieswith
regulationspertainingtoPetroleumAct,1934andtheRulesthereunder.
Everyboilerroomorroombelowthefirstfloorcontainingaheatingplantshallbeadequatelyseparatedfromtherestofthebuildings.
Forrequirementsregardingelectricalgeneratinganddistributionstations,referencemaybemadetogoodpractice[4(23)].

6.7.3.4Exceptionanddeviation
a)
b)

Basementsusedonlyforstorage,heatingorotherserviceequipment,andnotsubjecttoindustrialoccupancy,shallhaveexitsinaccordancewiththe
requirementsofGroupHoccupancies.
Thefollowingexceptionsshallapplytospecialpurposeindustrialoccupancies:

c)

1.Exitsneedbeprovidedonlyforthepersonsactuallyemployedspacesnotsubjecttohumanoccupancybecauseofthepresenceofmachineryor
equipmentmaybeexcludedfromconsideration.
2.Whereunprotectedverticalopeningsarenecessarytomanufacturingoperations,thesemaybepermittedbeyondthelimitsspecifiedforindustrial
occupancy,providedeveryfloorlevelhasdirectaccesstooneormoreenclosedstairwaysorotherexitsprotectedagainstobstructionbyanyfireinthe
openareasconnectedbytheunprotectedverticalopeningsorsmoketherefrom.
3.Industrialbuildingsoflowandmoderatehazardarepermittedonlyupto18mheight.
Thefollowingexceptionsshallapplytohighhazardindustrialoccupancies:
1.Exitsshallbesolocatedthatitwillnotbenecessarytotravelmorethan22.5mfromanypointtoreachthenearestexit.
2.Fromeverypointineveryfloorarea,thereshallbeatleasttwoexitsaccessibleindifferentdirectionswherefloorareasaredividedintorooms,there
shallbeatleasttwowaysofescapefromeveryroom,howeversmall,excepttoiletrooms,solocatedthatthepointsofaccesstheretoareoutofor
suitablyshieldedfromareasofhighhazard.
3.InadditiontotypesofexitsforupperfloorsspecifiedforGroupGoccupancies,slideescapesmaybeusedasrequiredexitsforbothnewandexisting
buildings.
4.Allhighhazardindustrialoccupanciesshallhaveautomaticsprinklerprotectionorsuchotherprotectionasmaybeappropriatetotheparticular
hazard,includingexplosionventingforanyareasubjecttoexplosionhazard,designedtominimizedangertooccupantsincaseoffireorother
emergencybeforetheyhavetimetoutilizeexitstoescape.
5.Industrialbuildingsofhighhazardarepermittedonlyupto15mheight.

6.7.4Fordetailedinformationonfiresafetyofcertainindividual(specific)industrialoccupanciesreferencemaybemadetogoodpractice[4(39)[invalidreference]].
6.7.5FireprotectionconsiderationsforventingindustrialoccupanciesshallbeasgiveninAnnexD.
6.8RequirementsofStorageBuildings(GroupH)
6.8.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsspecifiedin3.4fortypeofconstructionandoccupancygroupandtheexitrequirementsgivenin4therequirements
givenin6.8.2to6.8.5shallbecompliedwith.
6.8.2FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancygroupH,asspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuilding)shallapply.
NOTEAutomaticsprinklersareprohibitedwherewaterreactivematerialsarekept.Insteadautomaticfirealarmsystemcoupledwithsuitablefireextinguishing
systemsshallbeinstalled.
6.8.3ExitFacilities
Inadditiontotheprovisionsof4,thefollowingrequirementsshallalsobecompliedwith.
6.8.3.1Everybuildingorstructureusedforstorageandeverysectionthereofconsideredseparately,shallhaveaccesstoatleastoneexitsoarrangedandlocatedasto
provideasuitablemeansofescapeforanypersonemployedthereinandinanyroomorspaceexceeding1400m2grossarea,orwheremorethan10personsmaybe
normallypresent,atleasttwoseparatemeansofexitshallbeavailable,asremotefromeachotheraspracticable.
6.8.3.2Everystorageareashallhaveaccesstoatleasttwomeansofexit,whichcanbereadilyopened.Thisshallnotbesubjecttolockingsolongasanypersonsare
insideandshallnotdependonpoweroperation.
6.8.3.3Thefollowingspecialprovisionsshallapplytoparkinggaragesofclosedoropentype,aboveorbelowground,butnottomechanicalparkingfacilitieswhere
automobilesaremovedintoandoutofstoragemechanicallywhicharenotnormallyoccupiedbypersonsandthusrequirenoexitfacilities.Whererepairoperationsare
conducted,theexitsshallcomplywiththerequirementsofGroupGoccupanciesinadditiontocompliancewiththefollowing:
a)
b)
c)

d)
e)
f)

g)

Wherebothparkingandrepairoperationsareconductedinthesamebuilding,theentirebuildingshallcomplywiththerequirementsforGroupGoccupancies,
unlesstheparkingandrepairsectionsareeffectivelyseparatedbyseparationwalls.
Everyfloorofeveryclosedparkinggarageshallhaveaccesstoatleasttwoseparatemeansofexit,soarrangedthatfromanypointinthegaragethepathsof
traveltothetwomeansofexitshallbeindifferentdirections,exceptthatacommonpathoftravelmaybepermittedforthefirst15m,fromanypoint.
Onthestreetfloor,atleasttwoseparateexitdoorsshallbeprovided,exceptthatanyopeningforthepassageofautomobilesmayserveasameansofexit,
providednodoororshutterisinstalledthereon.Streetfloorexitsinclosedgaragesshallbesoarrangedthatnopointintheareaismorethan30mfromthe
nearestexit,or45minthecaseofgaragesprotectedbyautomaticsprinklers,distancebeingmeasuredalongthenaturalpathoftravel.
Onfloorsabovethestreet,atleasttwomeansofexitshallbeprovided,oneofwhichshallbeanenclosedstairway.Theothermeansofegressmaybeasecond
exitofanyofthetypes,orinaramptypegaragewithopenrampsnotsubjecttoclosure,therampmayserveasthesecondmeansofexit.
Upperfloorexitsinclosedgaragesshallbesoarrangedthatnopointintheareashallbemorethan30mfromthenearestexitotherthanaramponthesame
floorlevelor45minthecaseofgaragesprotectedbyautomaticsprinklers.
Onfloorsbelowthestreet(eitherbasementoroutsideundergroundgarages)atleasttwoexitsshallbeprovided,notcountinganyautomobileramps,except
thatforgaragesextendingonlyonefloorlevelbelowthestreet,arampleadingdirecttotheoutsidemayconstituteonerequiredmeansofexit.Ingaragesbelow
streetlevel,exitsshallbesoarrangedthatnopartoftheareashallbemorethan30mfromtheneareststairexit.
Ifanygasolinepumpsarelocatedwithinanyclosedparkinggarage,exitsshallbesolocatedthattravelawayfromthegasolinepumpinanydirectionshalllead
toanexitwithnodeadendinwhichoccupantsmightbetrappedbyfireorexplosionatanygasolinepump.Suchexitshallleadtotheoutsideonthebuilding
onthesamelevel,ordownstairsnoupwardtravelshallbepermittedunlessdirectoutsideexitsareavailablefromthatfloorandanyfloorbelow(asinthecase
ofabasementgaragewherethegradeisonestoreyormorelowerattherearthanatthestreet).

6.8.3.4Exitsfromaircrafthangers(storageofservicingareas)shallbeprovidedatintervalsofnotmorethan45monallexteriorwallsofaircrafthangers.Thereshall
beaminimumoftwoexitsservingeachaircraftstorageorservicingareas.Horizontalexitsthroughinteriorfirewallsshallbeprovidedatintervalsofnotmorethan30m.
Dwarforsmashdoorsaccommodatingaircraftmaybeusedtocomplywiththeserequirements.Alldoorsdesignatedasexitsshallbekeptunlockedinthedirectionofexit
travelwhiletheareaisoccupied.
6.8.3.5Exitsfrommezzaninefloorsinaircraftstorageorservicingareasshallbesoarrangedthatthemaximumtraveltoreachthenearestexitsfromanypointonthe
mezzanineshallnotexceed22.5m.Suchexitsshallleaddirectlytoaproperlyenclosedstairwelldischargingdirectelytotheexteriorortoasuitablycutoffareaorto
outsidefireescapestairs.
6.8.3.6Thefollowingspecialprovisionsshallapplytograinelevators:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Thereshallbeatleastonestairtowerfrombasementtofirstfloorandfromthefirstfloortothetopfloorofworkhousewhichisenclosedinadusttightnon
combustibleshaft.
Noncombustibledoorsofselfclosingtypeshallbeprovidedateachfloorlanding.
Anexteriorfireescapeofthestairorbasketladdertypeshallbeprovidedfromtheroofoftheworkshoptogroundlevelortheroofofanadjoiningannexewith
accessfromallfloorsabovethefirst.
Anexteriorfireescapeofeitherthestairorbasketladdertypeshallbeprovidedfromtheroofofeachstorageannexetogroundlevel.

6.8.4AdditionalPrecautions
Requirementsspecifiedin6.7.3.3shallapplytoGroupHoccupanciesalso.
6.8.5ExceptionsandDeviations
Everyareausedforthestorageofhazardouscommoditiesshallhaveanexitwithin22.5mofanypointintheareawherepersonsmaybepresentor35mwhere
automaticsprinklerprotectionisprovided.
6.9RequirementsofBuildingsforHazardousUses(GroupJ)
6.9.1Inadditiontothegeneralrequirementsspecifiedin3.4fortypeofconstructionandoccupancygroupandtheexitrequirementsgivenin4,therequirements
givenin6.9.2to6.9.4shallbecompliedwith.

6.9.2FireDetection/ExtinguishingSystem
TherequirementsforoccupancyGroupJ,asspecifiedinTable23andAnnexC(forHighRiseBuilding)shallapply.
NOTEHazardousbuildingsshallhavevapourdetectors/explosionsuppressionsystems/automaticsprinklers,besideshydrantsystem,wetrisersandautomaticfire
alarmsystemdependingonthetypeoffirehazardinvolved.
6.9.3ExitFacilities
Requirementsspecifiedin4and6.7.3.4(c)shallapplytoGroupJoccupanciesalso.
6.9.4AdditionalPrecautions
ThefollowingrequirementsshallapplytoallGroupJoccupancies,asapplicable:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

f)
g)

Eachbuildingwheregasisemployedforanypurposeshallbeprovidedwithanapprovedoutsidegasshutoffvalveconspicuouslymarked.Thedetailed
requirementsregardingsafeuseofgasshallbeasspecifiedinPart9PlumbingServices,Section2GasSupply.
Eachboilerroomorroomcontainingaheatingplantshallbeseparatedfromtherestofthebuildingbyaseparatingwall.
Inanyroominwhichvolatileflammablesubstancesareusedorstored,nodevicegeneratingaspark,orglowflamecapableofignitingflammablevapourshall
beinstalledorpermittedunlessitisenclosedinaflameproofenclosure.
Theuse,handling,storageandsaleofgasoline,fueloilandotherflammableliquidssnailnotbepermittedinGroupJoccupanciesunlesssuchuse,handling,
storageandsaleisinaccordancewithappropriatelegislationinforce.
Allopeningsinexteriorwallsexceptwallventsshallbeprotectedbyafirestopassemblyasin4andtheyshallbefixed,automaticorselfclosing.Wallvents
havinganareaofnotlessthan100cm2eachshallbeplacedintheexteriorwallsnearthefloorline,notmorethan1800mmaparthorizontally.Eachbuilding
shallbeprovidedwithapowerdrivenfanexhaustsystemofventilationwhichshallbearrangedandoperatedsoastoproduceacompletechangeofairineach
roomevery3min.
Eachmachineindrycleaningestablishmentswhichusesflammableliquidshallhaveanadequatesteamlineoranyothersuitableextinguishingagentdirectly
connectedtoit,soarrangedastohavetheagentautomaticallyreleasedtotheinsideofeachmachineshouldanexplosionoccurinthemachine.
Equipmentormachinerywhichgeneratesoremitscombustibleorexplosivedustorfibresshallbeprovidedwithanadequatedustcollectingandexhaust
system.

ANNEXA
(Clause3.1.8)
CALORIFICVALUESOFCOMMONMATERIALSANDTYPICALVALUESOFFIRELOADDENSITY
A1ThecalorificvaluesofsomecommonmaterialsaregiveninTable25forguidance.
Table25CalorificValuesofCommonMaterials
Material
(1)

WoodEquivalent(kg/kg)
(3)

CalorificValue(103kJ/kg 1)1)
(2)

SolidFuels
Anthracite

28.6

1.66

BituminousCoal

30.8

1.75

Charcoal

28.4

1.61

Coke(average)

27.5

1.56

Peats

20.9

1.19

SubbituminousCoal

22.0

1.25

Woods(hardorsoftwood)

17.6

1.00

Benzene

39.6

2.25

Butane

47.1

2.68

Ethane

49.1

2.79

Ethylene

47.7

2.71

FuelOil

41.6

2.36

GasOil

42.9

2.44

Hexane

44.9

2.55

Methane(naturalgas)

52.8

3.00

Octane

45.3

2.58

Paraffin

39.644.0

2.32.5

Pentane

46.0

2.61

Propane

47.3

2.69

Propylene

46.2

2.63

EthylAlcohol

28.4

1.61

MethylAlcohol

21.1

1.20

PropylAlcohol

31.9

1.81

Casein

23.1

1.31

Cellulose

16.5

0.94

CelluloseAcetate

17.8

1.01

Polyethylene

48.4

2.75

Polypropylene

48.4

2.75

Polystyrene

41.8

2.38

Polyvinylchloride

20.9

1.19

Polymethylmethacrylate

24.6

1.40

Polyurethane

35.2

2.00

Polyamide(nylon)

22.0

1.25

Polyester

22.0

1.25

Asphalt

38.3

2.13

Bitumen

33.4

1.90

Carbon

32.1

1.83

Cotton(Dry)

15.8

0.90

Flax

14.3

0.81

FursandSkins

18.7

1.06

Hair(animal)

20.9

1.19

Leather

17.6

1.00

Ozokerite(wax)

43.3

2.46

Paper(average)

15.4

0.88

Paraffinwax

40.9

2.33

Pitch

33.0

1.88

Rubber

37.4

2.13

Straw

13.2

0.75

Tallows

37.6

2.14

Tanbark

20.9

1.19

Hydrocarbons

Alcohols

Polymers

CommonSolids

Tar(bitumineus)
Wool(raw)

35.2
21.6

2.00
1.23

Wool(scoured)

19.6

1.11

Barely

14.1

0.80

Bran

11.0

0.63

Bread

9.9

0.56

Butter

29.5

1.68

Cheese(Cheddar)

18.1

1.03

Cornmeal

14.1

0.80

Flour

14.1

0.80

Margarine

29.5

1.68

Oatmeal

15.8

0.90

Rice

13.9

0.79

SoyabeanFlour

16.1

0.91

Sugar

15.4

0.88

WholeWheat

14.3

0.81

Acetone

29.7

1.69

Acetaldehyde

25.1

1.43

Formaldehyde

17.6

1.00

Hydrogen

134.2

7.63

Magnesium

24.0

1.36

Foodstuffs

Miscellaneous

1)1KJisapproximatelyequalto1BtusothefiguresinthetablesarealsoequivalenttoBtu/kg.

A2ThetypicalvaluesfireloaddensityforarrivingattheclassificationofoccupancyhazardisgiveninTable26forguidance.
Table26TypicalValuesofFireLoadDensity
SlNo.
(1)

BuildingType
(2)

FireLoadDensity(ExpressedasWoodEquivalentkg/m2
(3)

i) Residential(A1andA2)

25

ii) Residential(A3toA5)

25

iii) InstitutionalandEducational(BandC)

25

iv) Assembly(D)

2550

v) Business(E)

2550

vi) Mercantile(F)

Upto250

vii) Industrial(G)

Upto150

viii) StorageandHazardous(HandJ)

Upto500

ANNEXB
(Clause3.1.8and3.1.11)
BROADCLASSIFICATIONOFINDUSTRIALANDNONINDUSTRIALOCCUPANCIESINTODIFFERENTDEGREE
OFHAZARD
B1LOWHAZARDOCCUPANCIES
Abrasivemanufacturingpremises
Aeratedwaterfactories
Agarbattimanufacturingpremises
Analyticaland/orQ.C.Laboratories
Arecanutslicingand/orBetelnutfactories
Asbestossteampackingandlaggingmanufacturers
Assemblybuildingssmall(D4andD5)
Batterychargingandservicestations
Batterymanufacturing
Breweries
Brickworks
Canningfactories
Cardamomfactories
Cementfactoriesand/orasbestosorconcreteproductsmanufacturingpremises
Ceramicfactories,crockery,stonewarepipemanufacturing
Clayworks
Clockandwatchmanufacturing
Clubs
Coffeecuring,roastingandgrindingfactories
Condensedmilkfactories,milkpasturisingplantsanddairies
Confectionarymanufacturing
Dwellings,lodges,dormitories,etc
Educationalandresearchinstitutions
Electriclamps(incandescentandfluorescent)andT.V.tubemanufacturing
Electroplatingworks
Engineeringworkshops
Fruitsandvegetablesdehydratinganddryingfactories.
Fruitsproductsandcondimentfactories
Glassandglassfibremanufacturing
GodownsandWarehouses(noncombustiblegoods)
Goldthread/gildingfactories
Gumand/orglueandgelatinemanufacturing
Icecandyandicecreamandicefactories

Ink(excludingprintingink)factories
Micaproductsmanufacturing
Officepremises
Placesofworship
Potteryworks
Poultryfarms
Residentialbuildings(A1toA4)(excepthotelsA5)
Saltcrushingfactories/refineriesstables
Sugarcandymanufacturing
Sugarfactoriesandrefineries
Tanneries
Umbrellaassemblingfactories
Vermicellifactories
Watertreatment/filtrationplantsandwaterpumphouses
Zinc/copperfactories
B2MODERATEHAZARDOCCUPANCIES
Airportandothertransportationterminalbuildings
Aluminiumfactories
Assemblybuildings(D1toD3)
Attaandcerealgrinding
Bakeriesandbiscuitfactories
Beedifactories
Bobbinfactories
Bookbinders,envelopesandpaperbagmanufacturing
Cablemanufacturing
Camphorboiling
Candleworks
Carbonpaper/typewriterribbonmakers
Cardboardboxmanufacturing
Carpenters,woodwoolandfurnituremakers
Carpetanddurriesfactories
Cashewnutfactories
Chemicalmanufacturers(usingrawmaterialshavingF.P>23C)
Cigarandcigarettefactories
Coirfactories
Coldstoragepremises
Computerinstallations
Corkproductsmanufacturing(coir,carpets,rugsandtobacco)(hidesandskinpresses)
Drycleaning,dyeingandlaundries
Electricsubstations/distributionstations
Electricalgeneratingstationsexceptundergroundpowerhouses
Enamelwarefactories
Fillerandwaxpapermanufacturing
Flourmills
Garmentmakers
Gheefactories(otherthanvegetable)
Godownsandwarehouses(otherthannoncombustiblegoods)
Grainsandseeddisintegratingorcrushing
Greasemanufacturing
Hosiery,lace,embroideryandthread
HospitalsincludingXrayandotherdiagonasticclinics(institutionalbuildings)
Incandescentgasmantlemanufacturers
Industrialgasmanufacturing(onlyhalogenatedhydrocarbons/insertgases)
Manmadeyarn/fibre(exceptacrylicfibre/yarn)
Manureandfertilizerworks(blending,mixingandgranulatingonly)
Mercantileoccupancies(departmentalstores,shoppingcomplex,etc)
Mineraloilblendingandprocessing
Museums,archieves,recordrooms
Oilandleatherclothfactories
Openstorageofflammableliquids(indrums,cans,etc)
Oxygenplants
Paperandcardboardmills(exceptrawmaterialyard)
Piers,wharves,dockyards
Plasticgoodsmanufacturing
Plywood/woodveneeringfactories

Printingpresspremises
Pulverizingandcrushingmills
Residentialapartments,hotels,cafes,restaurants
Ricemills
Ropeworks
Rubbergoodsmanufacturing
Rubbertyresandtubesmanufacturing
Shellacfactories
Silkfiliatures
Soapsandglycerinefactories
Spraypainting
Starchfactories
Teafactories(includingblendingpackingoftea)
Telephoneexchanges,garages
Textilemills
Tobaccochewingandpanmasalamaking
Tobaccoredryingfactories
Woolenmills
B3HIGHHAZARDOCCUPANCIES
A)
Aircrafthangers
Aluminium/magnesiumpowderplants
Bitumanizedpaper/hessiancloth/tarfeltmanufacturing
Bulkstorageofflammableliquids(tankfarm,etc)
Celluloidgoodsmaking
Chemicalmanufacturers(whererawmaterialshaveaF.P.<23C)
Cigarettefiltermanufacturing
CinemafilmsandT.V.productionstudios
Coal,cokeandcharcoalballandbriquettesmaking
Collieries,steelplants
Cottonseedscleaninganddelintingfactories
Cottonwastefactories
Distilleries
Duplicating/stencilpapermaking
Fireworksmanufacture
Foamedplasticand/orconvertingplants
Godownsofwarehouses(combustible/hazardousgoods)(H)
Grass,hay,fodderandBHOOSA(chaff)
Hazardousoccupancybuildings(J)
Industrialgasmanufacturing(excepthalogenatedhydrocarbongases/inertgases)
Industrialunits(G3occupancies)
Jutemillsandjutepresses
Linoleumfactories
Manmadefibres(onlyacrylicfibre/yarnmaking)
Matchfactories
Mattressandpillowmakings(foamplastics)
Metalortinprinters(ifmorethan50percentisengineering,shifttoordinaryhazard)
Oilmills
Oilextractionplants
Oilterminals/depots
Paints/Varnishfactories
Paperandcardboardmills(onlyrawmaterialyard)
Pressingfactories
Printinginkmaking
Resin,lampblackandturpentinemanufacture
Sawmills
Surgicalcottonmanufacturing
Tarpaulinandcanvasproofingfactories
Turpentineandresindistilleries
Tyreretreadingandresolvingfactories
Undergroundshoppingcomplexes(F3)
B)
Ammoniaandureasynthesisplants
Explosivefactories
LPGbottlingplants

Petrochemicalplants
Petroleumrefineries
NOTEIncaseofcomplexeshavingsegregatedplantswithvaryingdegreesofhazards,thecompetentauthorityhavingjurisdictionsshallbeconsultedtodecidethe
levelofprotectionstobeprovided.

ANNEXC
(Clauses3.4.11.1,4.18.2,5.1.8,5.2.2,6.1.2,6.2.3,6.3.2,6.4.3,6.5.2,6.6.2,6.7.2,6.8.2and6.9.2)
FIREPROTECTIONREQUIREMENTSFORHIGHRISEBUILDINGS15mINHEIGHTORABOVE
C0GENERAL
InadditiontothegeneralprovisionsgiveninthisPart,theAuthoritymayinsistonsuitableprotectionmeasures(seeC1toC11)inabuilding15minheightorabove.
C1CONSTRUCTION
C1.1Allmaterialsofconstructionsinloadbearingelements,stairwaysandcorridorsandfacadesshallbenoncombustible.
C1.2TheinteriorfinishmaterialsshallnothaveaflamespreadabilityratingexceedingClass1(see3.4.15.2).
C1.3Theinternalwallsorstaircaseshallbeofbrickorreinforcedconcretewithaminimumof2hfirerating.
C1.4Thestaircaseshallbeventilatedtotheatmosphereateachlandingandaventatthetoptheventopeningsshallbeof0.5m2intheexternalwallandthetop.If
thestaircasecannotbeventilated,becauseoflocationorotherreasons,apositivepressure50Pashallbemaintainedinside.Themechanismforpressurizingthestaircase
shalloperateautomaticallywiththefirealarm.Theroofoftheshaftshallbe1mabovethesurroundingroof.Glazingorglassbricksifusedinstaircase,shallhavefire
resistanceratingofminimum2h.
C1.5Lifts
Generalrequirementsofliftsshallbeasfollows:
a)Wallsofliftenclosuresshallhaveafireratingof2hliftsshaftsshallhaveaventatthetopofareanotlessthan0.2m2.
b)Liftmotorroomshallbelocatedpreferablyontopoftheshaftandseparatedfromtheshaftbytheflooroftheroom.
c)Landingdoorsinliftsenclosuresshallhaveafireresistanceofnotlessthan1h.
d)Thenumberofliftsinonerowforaliftbankshallnotexceed4andthetotalnumberofliftsinthebank(oftworows)shallnotexceed8.Awallof2hfireratingshall
separateindividualshaftsinabank.
e)Liftcardoorshallhaveafireresistanceratingofhalfanhour.
f)Collapsiblegatesshallnotbepermittedforliftsandshallhavesoliddoorswithfireresistanceofatleast1h.
g)Iftheliftshallandlobbyisinthecoreofthebuilding,apositivepressurebetween25and30Pashallbemaintainedinthelobbyandapositivepressureof50Pa
shallbemaintainedintheliftshaft.Themechanismforpressurizationshallactautomaticallywiththefirealarmitshallbepossibletooperatethismechanicallyalso.
h)Exitfromtheliftlobby,iflocatedinthecoreofthebuilding,shallbethroughaselfclosingsmokestopdoorofhalfanhourfireresistance.
j)Liftsshallnotnormallycommunicatewiththebasementif,however,liftsareincommunication,theliftlobbyofthebasementsshallbepressurizedasin(g),with
selfclosingdoorasin(h).
k)Groundingswitch(es),atgroundfloorlevel,shallbeprovidedonalltheliftstoenablethefireservicetogroundthelifts.
m)Telephoneorothercommunicationfacilitiesshallbeprovidedinliftcarsforbuildingof30minheightandabove.Communicationsystemforliftsshallbe
connectedtofirecontrolroomforthebuilding.
n)Suitablearrangementssuchasprovidingslopeinthefloorofliftlobby,shallbemadetopreventwaterusedduringfirefighting,etc,atanylandingfromenteringthe
liftshafts.
p)Asignshallbepostedandmaintainedoneveryflooratorneartheliftindicatingthatincaseoffire,occupantsshallusethestairsunlessinstructedotherwise.The
signshallalsocontainaplanforeachfloorshowingthelocationsofthestairways.
Alternatesourceofpowersupplyshallbeprovidedforalltheliftsthroughamanuallyoperatedchangeoverswitch.
q)FireLiftsFollowingdetailsshallapplyforafirelift:
1.Toenablefireservicespersonneltoreachtheupperfloorswiththeminimumdelay,onefireliftper1200m2offloorareashallbeprovidedandshallbeavailable
fortheexclusiveuseofthefiremeninanemergency.
2.Theliftshallhaveafloorareaofnotlessthan1.4m2.Itshallhaveloadingcapacityofnotlessthan545kg(8personslift)withautomaticclosingdoorsof
minimum0.8mwidth.
3.Theelectricsupplyshallbeonaseparateservicefromelectricsupplymainsinabuildingandthecablesruninaroutesafefromfire,thatis,withintheliftshaft.
Lightsandfansintheelevatorshavingwoodenpanelingorsheetsteelconstructionshallbeoperatedon24Vsupply.
4.Firefightingliftshouldbeprovidedwithaceilinghatchforuseincaseofemergency,sothatwhenthecargetsstuckup,itshallbeeasilyopenable.
5.Incaseoffailureofnormalelectricsupply,itshallautomaticallytripovertoalternatesupply.Forapartmenthouses,thischangeoverofsupplycouldbedone
throughmanuallyoperatedchangeoverswitch.Alternatively,theliftshallbesowiredthatincaseofpowerfailure,itcomesdownatthegroundlevelandcomes
tostandstillwithdooropen.
6.Theoperationofafireliftisbyasimpletoggleortwobuttonswitchsituatedinaglassfrontedboxadjacenttotheliftattheentrancelevel.Whentheswitchis
on,landingcallpointswillbecomeinoperativeandtheliftwillbeoncarcontrolonlyoronaprioritycontroldevice.Whentheswitchisoff,theliftwillreturnto
normalworking.Thisliftcanbeusedbytheoccupantsinnormaltimes.
7.ThewordsFireLiftshallbeconspicuouslydisplayedinfluorescentpaintontheliftlandingdoorsateachfloorlevel.
8.Thespeedofthefireliftshallbesuchthatitcanreachthetopfloorfromgroundlevelwithin1min.
C1.6Basements
C1.6.1Eachbasementshallbeseparatelyventilated.Ventswithcrosssectionalarea(aggregate)notlessthan2.5percentofthefloorareaspreadevenlyroundthe
perimeterofthebasementshallbeprovidedintheformofgrills,orbreakablestallboardlightsorpavementlightsorbywayofshafts.Alternatively,asystemofairinlets
shallbeprovidedatbasementfloorlevelandsmokeoutletsatbasementceilinglevel.Inletsandextractsmaybeterminatedatgroundlevelwithstallboardorpavement
lightsasbefore,butductstoconveyfreshairtothebasementfloorlevelhavetobelaid.Stallboardandpavementlightsshouldbeinpositionseasilyaccessibletothefire
brigadeandclearlymarkedSMOKEOUTLETorAIRINLETwithanindicationofareaservedatorneartheopening.
C1.6.2Thestaircaseofbasementsshallbeofenclosedtypehavingfireresistanceofnotlessthan2handshallbesituatedattheperipheryofthebasementtobe
enteredatgroundlevelonlyfromtheopenairandinsuchpositionsthatsmokefromanyfireinthebasementshallnotobstructanyexitservingthegroundandupper
storesofthebuildingandshallcommunicatewithbasementthroughalobbyprovidedwithfireresistingselfclosingdoorsof1hresistance.Fortraveldistancesee4.5.If
thetraveldistanceexceedsasgiveninTable21,additionalstaircasesshallbeprovidedatproperplaces.
C1.6.3Inmultistoreybasements,intakeductsmayserveallbasementlevels,buteachbasementlevelsandbasementcompartmentshallhaveseparatesmokeoutlet
ductorducts.Ductssoprovidedshallhavethesamefireresistanceratingasthecompartmentitself.Fireratingmaybetakenastherequiredsmokeextractiontimefor
smokeextractionducts.
C1.6.4Mechanicalextractorsforsmokeventingsystemfromlowerbasementlevelsshallalsobeprovided.Thesystemshallbeofsuchdesignastooperateon
actuationofheat/smokesensitivedetectorsorsprinklers,ifinstalled,andshallhaveaconsiderablysuperiorperformancecomparedtothestandardunits.Itshallalso
haveanarrangementtostartitmanually.
C1.6.4.1Mechanicalextractorsshallhaveaninternallockingarrangement,sothatextractorsshallcontinuetooperateandsupplyfansshallstopautomaticallywith
theactuationoffiredetectors.

C1.6.4.2Mechanicalextractorsshallbedesignedtopermit30airchangesperhourincaseoffireordistresscall.However,fornormaloperation,airchangesschedule
shallbeasgivenin3.4.11.5.
C1.6.4.3Mechanicalextractorsshallhaveanalternativesourceofsupply.
C1.6.4.4Ventilatingductsshallbeintegratedwiththestructureandmadeoutofbrickmasonryorreinforcedcementconcreteasfaraspossibleandwhenthisduct
crossesthetransformerareaorelectricalswitchboard,firedampersshallbeprovided.
C1.6.5Useofbasementsforkitchensworkingongasfuelshallnotbepermitted,unlessairconditioned.
Thebasementshallnotbepermittedbelowthewardblockofahospital/nursinghomeunlessitisfullysprinkled.
Buildingservicessuchaselectricalsubstations,boilerroomsinbasementsshallcomplywiththeprovisionsoftheIndianElectricityAct/Rules.
C1.6.6Ifcutoutsareprovidedfrombasementstotheupperfloorsortotheatmospheres,allsidescutoutopeningsinthebasementsshallbeprotectedbysprinkler
headatclosespacingsoastoformawatercurtainintheeventofafire.
C1.7Openablewindowsonexternalwallsshallbefittedwithsuchlocksthatcanbeopenedbyafiremansaxe.
C1.8Allfloorsshallbecompartmentedwithareanotexceeding750m2byaseparationwallwith2hfirerating,forfloorswithsprinklerstheareamaybeincreasedby
50percent.Inlongbuilding,thefireseparationwallsshallbeatdistancesnotexceeding40m.Fordepartmentalstores,shoppingcentresandbasements,theareamaybe
reducedto500m2forcompartmentation.Wherethisisnotpossible,thespacingofthesprinklersshallbesuitablyreduced.Whenreducingthespacingofsprinklers,care
shouldbetakentopreventsprayfromonesprinklerimpedingtheperformanceofanadjascentsprinklerhead.
C1.8.1Itisessentialtomakeprovisionsfordrainageofanysuchwateronallfloorstopreventorminimizewaterdamageofthecontents.Thedrainpipesshouldbe
providedontheexternalwallfordrainageofwaterfromallfloors.Onlargeareafloorsseveralsuchpipesmaybenecessarywhichshouldbespaced30mapart.Careshallbe
takentoensurethattheconstructionofthedrainpipedoesnotallowspreadoffire/smokefromfloortofloor.
C1.9ServiceDucts/Shafts
a)
b)

Serviceductsandshaftsshallbeenclosedbywallsof2handdoorsof1h,firerating.Allsuchducts/shaftsshallbeproperlysealedandfirestoppedatallfloor
levels.
Aventopeningatthetopoftheserviceshaftshallbeprovidedhavingbetweenonefourthandonehalfoftheareaoftheshaft.

C1.10Refusechutesshallhaveopeningatleast1maboverooflevelorventingpurposeandtheyshallhaveanenclosurewallofnoncombustiblematerialwithfire
resistanceofnotlessthan2h.Theyshallnotbelocatedwithinthestaircaseenclosureorserviceshafts,orairconditioningshaftsinspectionpanelanddoorsshallbetight
fittingwith1hfireresistancethechutesshouldbeasfarawayaspossiblefromexits.
C1.11RefugeArea
Provisionscontainedin4.12.3shallapplyforallbuildingsexceptmultifamilydwellings,refugeareaofnotlessthan15m2shallbeprovidedontheexternalwalls.
C1.12Electricalservicesshallconformtothefollowing:
a)
b)
c)

d)
e)

f)

g)
h)

Theelectricdistributioncables/wiringshallbelaidinaseparateduct.Theductshallbesealedateveryfloorwithnoncombustiblematerialshavingthesame
fireresistanceasthatoftheduct.Lowandmediumvoltagewiringrunninginshaftandinfalseceilingshallruninseparateconduits
Watermains,telephonelines,intercomlines,gaspipesoranyotherservicelineshallnotbelaidintheductforelectricalcablesuseofbusducts/solidrising
mainsinsteadofcablesispreferred
Separatecircuitsforfirefightingpumps,lifts,staircasesandcorridorlightingandblowersforpressurizingsystemshallbeprovideddirectlyfromthemain
switchgearpanelandthesecircuitsshallbelaidinseparateconduitpipes,sothatfireinonecircuitwillnotaffecttheothers.Suchcircuitsshallbeprotectedat
originbyanautomaticcircuitbreakerwithitsnovoltcoilremoved.Masterswitchescontrollingessentialservicecircuitsshallbeclearlylabelled
Theinspectionpaneldoorsandanyotheropeningintheshaftshallbeprovidedwithairtightfiredoorshavingfireresistanceofnotlessthan2h
Mediumandlowvoltagewiringrunninginshafts,andwithinfalseceilingshallruninmetalconduit.Any230Vwiringforlightingorotherservices,abovefalse
ceiling,shallhave660Vgradeinsulation.Thefalseceiling,includingallfixturesusedforitssuspension,shallbeofnoncombustiblematerialandshallprovide
adequatefireresistancetotheceilinginordertopreventspreadoffireacrossceilingreferencemaybemadetogoodpractice[4(29)]
Anindependentandwellventilatedserviceroomshallbeprovidedonthegroundlevelorfirstbasementwithdirectaccessfromoutsideorfromthecorridorfor
thepurposeofterminationofelectricsupplyfromthelicenseesserviceandalternativesupplycables.Thedoorsprovidedfortheserviceroomshallhavefire
resistanceofnotlessthan2h
NOTEIfserviceroomislocatedatthefirstbasement,itshouldhaveautomaticfireextinguishingsystem.
Ifthelicenseesagreetoprovidemetersonupperfloors,thelicenseescablesshallbesegregatedfromconsumerscablesbyprovidingapartitionintheduct.
Meterroomsonupperfloorsshallnotopenintostaircaseenclosuresandshallbeventilateddirectlytoopenairoutsideand
Suitablecircuitbreakersshallbeprovidedattheappropriatepoints.

C1.13Gassupplyshallconformtothefollowing:
a)

b)

c)

TownGas/L.P.GasSupplyPipesWheregaspipesareruninbuildings,thesameshallberuninseparateshaftsexclusivelyforthispurposeandtheseshallbe
onexternalwalls,awayfromthestaircases.Thereshallnointerconnectionofthisshaftwiththerestofthefloors.LPGdistributionpipesshallalwaysbebelow
thefalseceiling.Thelengthofthesepipesshallbeasshortaspossible.Inthecaseofkitchencookingrangearea,apartfromprovidinghood,coveringtheentire
cookingrange,theexhaustsystemshouldbedesignedtotakecareof30m3perminuteperm2ofhoodprotectedarea.Itshouldhavegreasefiltersusingmetallic
grilltotrapoilvapoursescapingintothefumehood.
NOTEFordetailedinformationongaspipeinstallations,referencemaybemadetoPart9PlumbingServices,Section3GasSupply.
Allwiringinfumehoodsshallbeoffibreglassinsulation.Thermaldetectorsshallbeinstalledintofumehoodsoflargekitchensforhotels,hospitals,andsimilar
areaslocatedinhighrisebuildings.Arrangementsshallbemadeforautomatictrippingoftheexhaustfanincaseoffire.IfLPGisused,thesameshallbeshut
off.Thevoltageshallbe24Vor100Vdcoperatedwithexternalrectifier.Thevalveshallbeofthehandresettypeandshallbelocatedinanareasegregated
fromcookingranges.Valvesshallbeeasilyaccessible.Thehoodshallhavemanualfacilityforsteamorcarbondioxidegasinjection,dependingonduty
conditionand
Gasmetersshallbehousedinasuitablyconstructedmetalcupboardlocatedinawellventilatedspace,keepinginviewthefactthatLPGisheavierthanairand
towngasislighterthanair.

C1.14IlluminationofMeansofExit
Staircaseandcorridorlightsshallconformtothefollowing(see4.16and4.17foradditionaldetails):
a)

b)
c)
d)
e)

Thestaircaseandcorridorlightingshallbeonseparatecircuitsandshallbeindependentlyconnectedsoasitcouldbeoperatedbyoneswitchinstallationonthe
groundflooreasilyaccessibletofirefightingstaffatanytimeirrespectiveofthepositionoftheindividualcontrolofthelightpoints,ifany.Itshouldbeof
miniaturecircuitbreakertypeofswitchsoastoavoidreplacementoffuseincaseofcrisis
Staircaseandcorridorlightingshallalsobeconnectedtoalternativesupply.Thealternativesourceofsupplymaybeprovidedbybatterycontinuouslytrickle
chargedfromtheelectricmains
Suitablearrangementsshallbemadebyinstallingdoublethrowswitchestoensurethatthelightinginstalledinthestaircaseandthecorridordoesnotget
connectedtotwosourcesofsupplysimultaneously.Doublethrowswitchshallbeinstalledintheserviceroomforterminatingthestandbysupply
Emergencylightsshallbeprovidedinthestaircaseandcorridorand
Allwiresandotheraccessoriesusedforemergencylightshallhavefireretardantproperty.

C1.15Astandbyelectricgeneratorshallbeinstalledtosupplypowertostaircaseandcorridorlightingcircuits,firelifts,thestandbyfirepump,pressurizationfans
andblowers,smokeextractionanddampersystemsincaseoffailureofnormalelectricsupply.Thegeneratorshallbecapableoftakingstartingcurrentofallthemachines
andcircuitsstatedabovesimultaneously.Ifthestandbypumpisdrivenbydieselengine,thegeneratorsupplyneednotbeconnectedtothestandbypump.Where

parallelHV/LVsupplyfromaseparatesubstationisprovidedwithappropriatetransformerforemergency,theprovisionofgeneratormaybewaivedinconsultationwith
theAuthority.
C1.16Transformersshallconformtothefollowing:
a)

Asubstationoraswitchstationwithoilfilledequipmentshallnotbelocatedinthebuilding.Thesubstationstructureshallhaveseparatefireresisting
walls/surroundingsandshallnecessarilybelocatedattheperipheryofthefloorhavingseparateaccessfromfireescapestaircase.Theoutsidewalls,ceiling,
floor,openingsincludingdoorsandwindowstothesubstationareashallbeprovidedwithafireresistingdoorof2hfirerating.Directaccesstothetransformer
roomshallbeprovided,preferablyfromoutsidefireescapestaircase.
Thesubstationareaneedstobemaintainedatnegativeairpressuresandareainsubstationshallnotbeusedasstorage/dumpareas.
Whenhousedinsidethebuilding,thetransformershallbeofdrytypeandshallbecutofffromtheotherportionofpremisesbywalls/doors/cutouthavingfire
resistanceratingof4h.

b)
c)

C1.17Airconditioningshallconformtothefollowing:
a)Escaperouteslikestaircases,commoncorridors,liftlobbies,etc,shallnotbeusedasreturnairpassage.
b)Theductingshallbeconstructedofsubstantialgaugemetalinaccordancewithgoodpractice[4(31)].
c)Wherevertheductspassthroughfirewallsorfloors,theopeningaroundtheductsshallbescaledwithmaterialshavingfireresistanceratingofthecompartment.
d)Whereductcrossesacompartmentwhichisfirerated,theductsshallbefireratedforsamefirerating.Furtherdependingonservicespassingaroundtheductwork,
whichmaygetaffectedincaseoffiretemperaturerising,theductsshallbeinsulated.
e)Asfaraspossible,metallicductsshallbeusedevenforthereturnairinsteadofspaceabovethefalseceiling.
f)Whereplenumisusedforreturnairpassage,ceilinganditsfixturesshallbeofnoncombustiblematerial.
g)Thematerialsusedforinsulatingtheductsystem(insideoroutside)shallbeofnoncombustiblematerials.Glasswoolshallnotbewrappedorsecuredbyany
materialofcombustiblenature.
h)Areamorethan750m2onindividualfloorshallbesegregatedbyafirewallandautomaticfiredampersforisolationshallbeprovided[see(j)].
j)Airductsservingmainfloorareas,corridors,etc,shallnotpassthroughthestaircaseenclosure.
k)Theairhandlingunitsshallbeseparateforeachfloorandairductsforeveryfloorshallbeseparatedandinnowayinterconnectedwiththeductingofanyother
floor.
m)Iftheairhandlingunitservesmorethanonefloor,therecommendationsgivenaboveshallbecompliedwithinadditiontotheconditionsgivenbelow:
1.properarrangementsbywayofautomaticfiredampersworkingonsmokedetector/orfusiblelinkforisolatingallductingateveryfloorfromthemainrisershall
bemade.
2.Whentheautomaticfirealarmoperates,therespectiveairhandlingunitsoftheairconditioningsystemshallautomaticallybeswitchedoff.
n)Theverticalshaftfortreatedfreshairshallbeofmasonryconstruction.
p)Theairfiltersoftheairhandlingunitsshallbeofnoncombustiblematerials.
q)Theairhandlingunitroomshallnotbeusedforstorageofanycombustiblematerials.
r)Inspectionpanelsshallbeprovidedinthemaintrunkingtofacilitatethecleaningofductsofaccumulateddustandtoobtainaccessformaintenanceoffiredampers.
s)Nocombustiblematerialshallbefixednearerthan150mmtoanyductunlesssuchductisproperlyenclosedandprotectedwithnoncombustiblematerial(glass
woolorspunglasswithneoprenefacingenclosedandwrappedwithaluminimumsheeting)atleast3.2mmthickandwhichwouldnotreadilyconductheat.
t)FireDampers
1.Theseshallbelocatedinconditionedairductsandreturnairducts/passagesatthefollowingpoints:
i.Atthefireseparationwall.
ii.Whereducts/passagesenterthecentralverticalshaft.
iii.Wheretheductspassthroughfloors.
iv.Attheinletofsupplyairductandthereturnairductofeachcompartmentoneveryfloor.
2.Thedampersshalloperateautomaticallyandshallsimultaneouslyswitchofftheairhandlingfans.Manualoperationfacilitiesshallalsobeprovided.
NOTEForblowers,whereextractionsystemandductaccumulatorsareused,dampersshallbeprovided.
3.Fire/smokedampers(forsmokeextractionshafts)forbuildingsmorethan24minheight.
Forapartmenthouses

Innonventilatedlobbies/corridorsoperatedbyfusiblelink/smokedetectorsandwithmanualcontrol.

Forotherbuildings

Onoperationofsmokedetectionsystemandwithmanualcontrol.

4.Automaticfiredampersshallbesoarrangedastoclosebygravityinthedirectionofairmovementandtoremaintightlyclosedonoperationofafusible
link/smokedetector.
C1.18ProvisionsofboilerandboilerroomsshallconformtoIndianBoilerAct.Further,thefollowingadditionalaspectsmaybetakenintoaccountinthelocationof
boilerroom:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

f)

Theboilersshallnotbeallowedinsubbasement,butmaybeallowedinthebasementsawayfromtheescaperoutes.
Theboilersshallbeinstalledinafireresistingroomof4hfireresistancerating,andthisroomshallbesituatedontheperipheryofthebasement.Catchpits
shallbeprovidedatthelowlevel.
Entrytothisroomshallbeprovidedwithacompositedoorof2hfireresistance.
Theboilerroomshallbeprovidedwithfreshairinletsandsmokeexhaustsdirectlytotheatmosphere.
Thefurnaceoiltankfortheboiler,iflocatedintheadjoiningroomshallbeseparatedbyfireresistingwallof4hrating.Theentrancetothisroomshallbe
providedwithdoublecompositedoors.Acurbofsuitableheightshallbeprovidedattheentranceinordertopreventtheflowofoilintotheboilerroomincaseof
tankrupture.
Foaminletsshallbeprovidedontheexternalwallsofthebuildingnearthegroundleveltoenablethefireservicestousefoamincaseoffire.

C2PROVISIONOFFIRSTAIDFIREFIGHTINGAPPLIANCES
Thefirstaidfirefightingequipmentshallbeprovidedonallfloors,includingbasements,liftrooms,etc,inaccordancewithgoodpractice[4(21)]inconsultationwith
theAuthority.
C3FIREALARMSYSTEM
C3.1Allbuildingswithheightsof15moraboveshallbeequippedwithmanuallyoperatedelectricalfirealarm(MOEFA)systemandautomaticfirealarmsystemin
accordancewithgoodpractice[4(18)]and[4(19)].However,apartmentbuildingsbetween15mand30minheightmaybeexemptedfromtheinstallationofautomaticfire
alarmsystemprovidedthelocalfirebrigadeissuitablyequippedfordealingwithfireinabuildingof15minheightoraboveandintheopinionoftheAuthority,such
buildingdoesnotconstituteahazardtothesafetyoftheadjacentpropertyoroccupantsofthebuildingitself.
C3.1.1Manuallyoperatedelectricalfirealarmsystemshallbeinstalledinabuildingwithoneormorecallboxeslocatedateachfloor.Thecallboxesshallconformto
goodpractice[4(18)]and[4(19)].
C3.1.2Theinstallationofcallboxesinhostelsandsuchotherplaceswherethesearelikelytobemisusedshallasfaraspossiblebeavoided.Locationofcallboxesin
dwellingunitsshallpreferablybeinsidethebuilding.

C4LIGHTNINGPROTECTIONOFBUILDINGS
ThelightningprotectionforbuildingsshallbeprovidedasgiveninPart8BuildingServices,Section2ElectricalInstallations.
C5FIRECONTROLROOM
Forallbuildings15minheightoraboveandapartmentbuildingswithaheightof30mandabove,thereshallbeacontrolroomontheentrancefloorofthebuilding
withcommunicationsystem(suitablepublicaddresssystem)toallfloorsandfacilitiesforreceivingthemessagefromdifferentfloors.Detailsofallfloorplansalongwith
thedetailsoffirefightingequipmentandinstallationsshallbemaintainedinthefirecontrolroom.Thefirecontrolroomshallalsohavefacilitiestodetectthefireonany
floorthroughindicatorboardsconnectionfiredetectionandalarmsystemsonallfloors.Thefirestaffinchargeofthefirecontrolroomhallberesponsibleforthe
maintenanceofthevariousservicesandfirefightingequipmentandinstallationsincoordinationwithsecurity,electricalandcivilstaffofthebuilding.
C6FIREOFFICERFORHOTELS,BUSINESSANDMERCANTILEBUILDINGSWITHHEIGHTMORETHAN30m
C6.1AqualifiedFireOfficerwithexperienceofnotlessthan3yearsshallbeappointedwhowillbeavailableonthepremises.
C6.2TheFireOfficershall:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

maintainthefirefightingequipmentingoodworkingconditionatalltimes,
preparefireordersandfireoperationalplansandgetthempromulgated,
impartregulartrainingtotheoccupantsofthebuildingsintheuseoffirefightingequipmentsprovidedonthepremisesandkeeptheminformedaboutthefire
emergencyevacuationplan.
keepproperliaisonwithcityFireBrigade,and
ensurethatallfireprecautionarymeasuresareobservedatthetimes.
NOTECompetentauthorityhavingjurisdictionmayinsistoncomplianceoftheaboverulesincaseofbuildingshavingverylargeareaseveniftheheightisless
than30m.

C7HOUSEKEEPING
Toeliminatefirehazards,goodhousekeeping,bothinsideandoutsidethebuilding,shallbestrictlymaintainedbytheoccupantsand/ortheownerofthebuilding.
C8FIREDRILLSANDFIREORDERS
Firenotices/ordersshallbepreparedtofulfiltherequirementsoffirefightingandevacuationfromthebuildingsintheeventoffireandotheremergency.Theoccupants
shallbemadethoroughlyconversantwiththeiractionsintheeventofemergency,bydisplayingfirenoticesatvantagepointsandalsothroughregulartraining.Such
noticesshouldbedisplayedprominentlyinbroadlettering.
Forguidelinesforfiredrillsandevacuationproceduresforhighrisebuildings,seeAnnexE.
C9COMPARTMENTATION
Thebuildingshallbesuitablycompartmentalizedsothatfire/smokeremainconfinedtotheareawherefireincidenthasoccurredanddoesnotspreadtotheremaining
partofthebuilding.
C10HELIPAD
Forhighrisebuildingsabove60minheight,provisionforhelipadshouldbemade.
C11MATERIALSFORINTERIORDECORATION/FURNISHING
Theuseofmaterialswhicharecombustibleinnatureandmayspreadtoxicfume/gasesshouldnotbeusedforinteriordecoration/furnishing,etc.

ANNEXD
(Clauses6.7.3.3(a)and6.7.5)
FIREPROTECTIONCONSIDERATIONSFORVENTINGININDUSTRIALBUILDINGS
D1APPLICATIONANDSCOPE
D1.1Theprovisionsgivenbelowareapplicableonlytosinglestoreyindustrialbuildings(factoriesandstoragebuildings)coveringlargefloorareaswithoutsub
dividing/separatingwallswhichareusuallydesignedtomeetmodernproductionmethods.
D1.2Therequirementsoffireandexplosionventingofindustrialbuildings,asdealtwithinthissection,fallundertwocategories:
a)
b)

Smokeandfireventing,and
Explosionreliefvents.

D2SMOKEANDFIREVENTING
D2.1ThebasicconsiderationsforformulatingthedesignandotherrequirementsforsmokeandfireventsareasgiveninD2.1.1toD2.1.20
D2.1.1Thesmokeandhotcombustionproductsfromafire,beinglighterthanthesurroundingair,tendtoriseandonreachingtherooforceilingspreadout
(mushroom)onallsidesandformalayerwhichfloatsontopofthecoldairbeneath.Intheabsenceofvents,thislayerbecomesprogressivelydeeperuntilthewhole
buildingisfilledwithhotsmokygases.Thetimeconsumedforthistohappenmaybeonlyafewminutes,dependingonvariableslike,typeofmaterialsonfire,
process/storageconditionsinvolved,etc.
D2.1.2Thehotgasesattherooflevelmovedbyconvectioncurrentscontributetorapidlateralspreadoffire.
D2.1.3Theprovisionofproperlydesignedandsuitablylocatedventsinadequatenumberhelpsthespeedyremovalofsmokeandhotgases,therebypreventing
spreadoffire,besidesreducingrisksofexplosionofunburntgasesandreducingdamagetothecontentsandstructureofthebuildingbyheatandsmoke.Inaddition,they
facilitatefirefightingoperations,andminimizepersonalhazardstothefiremen.
D2.1.4Thetimetakenforaccumulationofsmokeandhotgaseswithinabuildingonfirebeingveryshort,theventingdevicesinstalledshallbedesignedtooperatein
theearlystageofthefireandmustbeautomaticsoastoensurespeedandefficiencyintheiroperation.
D2.1.5Thesmokeandfireventingsystemshallbedesignedinsuchamannerastokeepthetemperatureofthecombustionproductsfromthefireaslowaspossible,
preferablybelowapproximately150C.
D2.1.6Automaticventingsystemsarecomplementarytothefireextinguishingsystems,andautomaticsprinklers,whereprovided,shouldoperatebeforethe
operationoftheventsotherwise,ventingmaydelaysprinkleroperation.
D2.1.7Itiseasiertoventabuildingofsmokethanclearitofsmokeonceithasbeenfilled.
D2.1.8Ventingisparticularlydesirableinlargeareaindustrialbuildingsorwarehouses,windowlessbuildings,undergroundstructuresorinareashousing
hazardousoperations.Automaticfireventsshallbeprovidedforallindustrialoccupancies(includingstoragebuildings)classifiedasmediumhazardorabovehavingfloor
areasexceeding750m2,irrespectiveofwhethertheyarecompartmentalizedornot.
D2.1.9Theseprovisionsdonotcoverotheraspects,ofventilation(orlighting)designedforregulationoftemperaturewithinabuildingforpersonalcomfortor
meetingprocessneeds.
D2.1.10Similarly,fireandsmokeventingrequirementsasgivenhereunderarealsonotapplicabletomultistoreybuildings,astheirrequirementsaredifferentand
morecomplex.
D2.1.11Itisdifficulttodeterminepreciseventingrequirementsonaccountofthemanyvariablesinvolved.Forinstance,therateofcombustionvariesappreciably
accordingtothenature,shape,sizeandpackagingofthecombustiblematerialsaswellasthesize,heightanddispositionofthestacksofmaterials.
D2.1.12Inindustrialbuildingsoffloorarealessthan750m2andusedaslowfirehazardoccupancies,conventionalventilatorsfittedhighupneartheeavesofthe
externalwallsmayserveasventsforsmokeandhotgases,providedcareistakentoensurethattheyarekeptopenatalltimesoraredesignedtoopenautomaticallyincase
offire.

D2.1.13Extinctionoffiresbyclosingthedoorsandwindowsisnotlikelyinthecaseofindustrialbuildingsbecauseoftheirlargesize,wheresufficientairtosustain
thefireatleastintheinitialstagescanbeexpectedtobepresent.
D2.1.14Ofthetwotypesofbuildingventilation,namely,verticalandhorizontal,verticalventilationistheonecommonlyadoptedinthecaseofsinglestorey
industrialbuildings.
D2.1.15Since70to80percentofheatproducedinafireisconvectiveheat,theventilationsystemhastobesuitablydesignedtoensureearlyoutflowoftheheatand
therebyminimizefirespread.
D2.1.16Combustibleroofliningsshallbeavoided,astheythemselveswillcontributetothespreadoffire,therebymultiplyingtheventingproblems.
D2.1.17Awindblowingacrossaflatrooforaroofwithapitchunder40producesanegativepressure,thatis,ittendstodrawgasesoutofthebuildingandsoaids
ventingofhotgases.Windblowingacrossaroofofpitchgreaterthan40willdrawgasesoutontheleewardside,butopposeoutwardflowonthewindwardsideofthe
roof.
D2.1.18Forventstoworkatfullefficiency,theareaoftheinletsforcoldairenteringthecompartmentmustequalatleastthetotalareaofthevents.Ideally,theinlets
shallbeasclosetothegroundaspossible.
D2.1.19Whereroofventsareinstalledinasinglestoreybuildinganyneighbouringbuildings,particularlythoseofmorethanonestorey,willbesubjecttosome
degreeofexposurehazardeitherfromflyingbirdsorradiation,orboth,asaresult.
D2.1.20Ifventsaretobeinstalled,thesize,design,numberanddispositionoftheventsandtheassociatedroofscreens/curtainboardshavetobeassessedafter
carefulanalysisofthevariousfactorsstatedunderD2.1.11above,aswellasotherrelatedfactorsliketypeofbuildingconstruction,natureandheightofroof,process
hazards,exposurehazard,etc.
D2.2VentingArea
D2.2.1Theestimatedrequirementsforventilationarelargelybasedontheassumedbuildupofthefirefromthetimeofinitialoutbreaktothetimeofeffectivefire
fightingactionbyfirebrigade.
D2.2.2Theventarearequiredtobeprovidedshallbeapproximatelyproportionaltotheperimeterofthefirearea,becausetheentrainedairformsthebulkofthe
ventedgases.
D2.2.3Theeffectiveareshallbetheminimumcrosssectionalareathroughwhichthehotgasesmustflowouttotheatmosphere.
D2.2.4Noconsiderationshallbegiventotheincreasedairmovementobtainedbypoweroperatedfans,sinceitmustbeassumedthatintheeventoffire,powerwill
beinterrupted,orfansdamagedbyheat.
D2.2.5Thetotalventareastobeprovidedshallbeasperthefollowingratiosofeffectiveareaofventopeningstofloorareaforvariousoccupancyclassifications
indicated:
a) Lowheatreleasecontent(SubdivisionG1)

1:150

b) Moderateheatreleasecontent(SubdivisionG2)

1:100

c) Highheatreleasecontent(SubdivisionG3)

1:30to1:50

D2.3TypesofVents
D2.3.1Ventingshallbeaccomplishedbyanyofthetypessuchasmonitorscontinuousgravityvents,untiltypeventsorsawtoothroofskylights.
D2.3.2Wheremonitortypeventsareinstalled,wiredglassormetalpanelsshallbeusedonlyifthesashisarrangedtoopenautomatically.
D2.3.3Theuseofplainthinglassforventingshallbeavoidedonaccountofitsunpredictablebehaviourduringfire.However,ifglassorothersuitableplasticsheet
materialswithearlydisintegrationcharacteristicsareused,theyshouldbedesignedforautomaticoperation.
D2.3.4Wheremonitorsoruntiltypeventsareused,thepanelsshallbehingedatthebottomanddesignedtoopenautomatically.Bothsidesoftheventsshallbe
designedtoventsimultaneouslytoensurethattheireffectivenessatthetimeoffireisnotinanywayimpededbywinddirection.
D2.3.5Wheremovableshuttersareprovidedforcontinuousgravityvents,theseshallopenautomaticallyintheeventoffire.
D2.3.6Unittypeventsshallbeofrelativelysmallarea,rangingbetween1m2and9m2,havinglightweightmetalframesandhousingwithhingeddamperswhich
shallbedesignedforbothmanualandautomaticoperation.
D2.3.7Sawtoothroofskylightshallbeconsideredassatisfactoryforventingpurposesonlywhendesignedforautomaticoperation.
D2.3.8Likewise,exteriorwallwindowsshallnotbereckonedassatisfactorymeansforventingoffiregasesandsmokeinindustrialbuildings.However,theymaybe
reckonedasadditionalmeansofventingwhen,theyarelocatedclosetotheeavesandareprovidedwithordinaryglassormovablesasharrangedforbothmanualand
automaticoperation.
D2.3.9Bafflesshallnotbeinstalledinsidevents,astheygreatlyreducetheeffectiveareaforventing.
D2.4VentOperation
D2.4.1Theventsshallbeautomaticinoperation,unlesswherespecifiedintheseprovisionsthattheyshallbedesignedforbothmanualandautomaticoperation.
D2.4.2Thereleasemechanismshallbesimpleforoperationandindependentofelectricalpower,sinceelectricalservicesmaybeinterruptedbyfire.
D2.4.3Theautomaticoperationofventsshallbeachievedbyactuationoffusiblelinksorothertypesofheatandsmokedetectors,orbyinterlockingwithoperationof
sprinklersystemoranyotherautomaticfireextinguishingsystemcoveringthearea.Followingtheirrelease,theventsshallbedesignedtoopenbyasystemof
counterweightsandassociatedequipmentutilizingtheforceofgravityorspringloadedlevers.
D2.4.4Automaticfirealarmsystem,whereinstalled,shallbecoupledtotheautomaticventstoensuresimultaneousoperation.
D2.4.5Automaticsprinklers,whereinstalled,shalloperatebeforetheventsopeninordertoavoidanylikelydelayinsprinkleroperation.However,heatactuated
devicesusedforventreleaseshallbesuitablyshieldedfromsprinklerdischargesothatwaterdoesnotdelaytheiraction.
D2.4.6Premiseswhereheightofroofapexis10mormoreorwherethematerialshandledorstoredhavehighsmokeproducingcharacteristics,inadditiontofusible
links,theventreleasemechanismshallbeinterlinkedtosmokeactuatedautomaticfiredetectorstoensureearlyoperationofvents.
D2.4.7Noncorrosivematerialsshallbeusedforhinges,hatchesandotherrelatedpartstoensurelongfailsafeoperationofthevents.
D2.4.8Incaseofanydoubtsregardingthetypesofventsrequiredtobeinstalledforanyparticularoccupancy,authoritieshavingjurisdictionshallbeconsulted.
D2.5Size,SpacingandDispositionofVents
D2.5.1Ventsshallbecorrectlysitedtoensuretheirfunctionalefficiency.Ideally,theyshallbesitedatthehighestpointineachareatobecovered.
D2.5.2Theyshall,asfaraspossible,belocatedimmediatelyabovetherisktobeprotectedsoastoallowfreeandspeedyremovalofsmokeandothercombustion
productsintheeventoffire.
D2.5.3Theminimumdimensionforaneffectiveventopeningshallbenotlessthan1.25minanydirection.
D2.5.4Thespacingoftheindividualventsshallbebasedontheprinciplethatmorenumberofwelldistributedsmallerventsaremoreeffectivethanlessnumberof
badlylocatedlargervents.
D2.5.5Themaximumspacingbetweenventsforthethreeoccupancyclassificationsshallbeasfollows:
a)
b)
c)

Lowheatreleasecontent45mbetweencentres
Moderateheatreleasecontent36to37mbetweencentres
Highheatreleasecontent22.5to30mbetweencentres,dependingontheseverityoffirepotential.

D2.5.6Ventsshallbeplacedinashelteredsituationwhereadvantagecanbetakenoftheprevailingwind.Thedesignoftheventshallbesuchastoproduceasuction
effect.Awindblowingacrossaflatrooforonewithapitchbe40producesanegativepressure,thatis,ittendstodrawgasesoutofthebuildingandsoaidsventingofhot
gases.Windblowingacrossaroofofpitchgreaterthan40willdrawgasesoutontheleewardsidebutopposeoutwardflowonthewindwardsideoftheroof.
D2.5.7Lowlevelinlets,withtotalareanotlessthanthetotalareaofvents,shallbeprovidedtopermitoutsideairtobedrawnintoaidautomaticventing.These
inlets,whichmaybeintheformofdoors,windowsorsuchotheropening,shallbedesignedformanualoperationwhendesired.
D2.6RoofScreensorCurtainBoards
D2.6.1Industrialbuildingswithlargeareasandhavingnosubdivision/separatingwallslimitingtheareaofindividualcompartmentsto750m2orless,shallbe
providedwithroofscreensorcurtainboards.
Thesescreenswhichextendfromtheroofdownwardsatspecificintervalsnotonlypreventlateralspreadofheatandsmokeintheeventoffirebelow,butsubstantially
assistinearlyoperationofautomaticsprinklersandvents.
D2.6.2Theyshallbeofsheetmetaloranyothersubstantialnoncombustiblematerialstrongenoughtowithstanddamagebyheatorimpact.
D2.6.3Theyshallbereasonablygastight,althoughsmallopeningsforpassageofpipes,conduits,etc,shallbepermitted.
D2.6.4Theyshallextenddownfromtheroof/ceilingforaminimumdepthof2.2m.Aroundspecifichazards,thedepthshallbe4m.Whereroof/ceilingheightexceeds
15mtheyshallextenddowntowithin3mofthefloor.Forpitchedsawtoothedroofs,theyshallextenddowntotrussleveldividingtheroofintocompartments.
D2.6.5Inmoderatehazardoccupancies,thedistancebetweenthescreens/curtainboardsshallnotexceed75mandthecurtainedareasshallbelimitedtoa
maximumof4500m2.
D2.6.6Inhighhazardoccupancies,thedistancebetweenscreensshallnotexceed30mandthecurtainedareashallbelimitedto750m2.
D2.6.7Thecurtainedroofareashallbesoarrangedthattheyeffectivelyaidintheventingofsmokeandhotgasesthroughtheautomaticventsprovidedineacharea.
D2.6.8Insprinkleredbuildings,thescreensshallpreferablybesolocatedastocoincidewiththeindividualsprinklersystemareas.
D3EXPLOSIONRELIEFVENTS
D3.1Industrialpremiseswherecombustibledustscanaccumulateorwhereflammablegases,vapoursormistsinexplosiveconcentrationsmaybepresentare
constantlyexposedtoexplosionhazards.Pressuresdevelopedbysuchexplosionsmaybeoftheorderof7105Paandordinarybuildingswillnotbeabletowithstandthe
shockofsuchpressures.Hence,suchbuildingsrequireexplosionreliefventsforpreventingstructuraldamage.
D3.2BasicPrinciple/Considerations
D3.2.1Mostordinarybuildingwallswillnotwithstandasustainedinternalpressureasgreatas6.9103Pa.Hence,explosionreliefventsforbuildingsmustbe
designedtooperateatpressureswellbelowthoseatwhichthebuildingwallswillfail.
D3.2.2Thereisariseinpressureduringanexplosionwithinanenclosureevenwithopen,unobstructedvents,andanydelayinopeningtheventingdevicesincreases
thatpressure.
D3.2.3Structuraldamagecanbeminimizedbylocatinghazardousoperationsorequipmentoutsidebuildingsandcutofffromotheroperationsbyapressure
resistingwall.Suchisolatedprocessesorequipmentshallbehousedinsinglestoreybuildingsproperlyventedandadeviceprovidedattheinletofthecollectorwhichwill
preventanexplosionfromblowingbackthroughtheductworkandintothebuilding.
D3.2.4Wherehighlyhazardousoperationscannotbelocatedoutsideofmainbuildingstheyshallbesegregatedbypressureresistingwallsandeachsuchunitshall
beventilatedoutdoors.Externalwallsmaybeofheavyconstructionifequippedwithsuitableventsorhighweightpanelswhichblowouteasily.
D3.2.5Operationsorequipmentinvolvingexplosionhazardsshallnotbepermittedinbasementsorareaspartiallybelowgrade.
D3.2.6Firecanbeexpectedtofollowanexplosioninmostoccupancies,sothatanyfixedfireextinguishingequipment,likesprinklers,ifinstalled,shallbesuchthat
onlytheminimumdamageiscausedtoit.
D3.2.7Foragivenmaterial,thefinertheparticlesizeofthedust,themoreviolentistheexplosion.Somematerials,suchasaluminiumpowder,hydrogen,and
acetylene,aredifficulttoventeffectivelyduetotherapidrateofpressurerise.Someslowburningmaterials,suchascoaldustinaconfinedspace,maydomuchdamage
becauseofthelongerdurationoftheirpresence.Somedusts,suchasmagnesiusm,titaniumandzirconiumandseveralmetalhydridesmayreactwithwaterandignitein
somecommoninertgases,suchasnitrogenandcarbondioxide.
D3.2.8Themaximumexplosionpressureinaventedstructuredecreasesasthesizeoftheventincreases,butisindependentoftherupturingpressureofa
diaphragm.
D3.2.9Themosteffectiveventforthereleaseofexplosionpressuresisanunobstructedventopening.
D3.2.10Pressurerequiredtorupturediaphragmsofthesameareaandmaterialdirectlyvarieswiththethicknessofthematerial.
D3.2.11Theslowertherateofpressurerise,themoreeasilycantheexplosionbevented.
D3.2.12Thedegreeofventingrequiredisdirectlyproportionaltothedegreeofexplosionhazard.
D3.2.13Experiencehasshownthatmostexplosionsofdusts,vapoursandgasesdonotinvolvealargepartofthetotalvolumeoftheenclosure,andfrequentlyoccur
neartheupperorlowerlimitsoftheexplosiverange.Consequently,suchexplosionsarerelativelyweakcomparedwiththeoptimum.
D3.2.14Rectangularunrestrictedventsareassquareventsofequalarea.
D3.3TypesofExplosionReliefVents
D3.3.1Theexplosionreliefventsshallbeanyoneormoreofthefollowingtypes,dependingonindividualrequirementsasassessedbytheAuthority.Openor
unobstructedvents,louvers,openroofvents,hangertypedoors,buildingdoors,windows,rooforwallpanelsormovablefixedsash.
D3.3.2Theeffectofexternalwindpressureorsuctiononthesedevicesshallbetakenintoconsiderationwhiledesigningandselectingthetypeofvents,sincewind
pressuresmayreachover2105Painseverewindstorms.
D3.3.3Thetypeofventforexplosionreliefforanyoccupancyshallbeselectedwithlifesafetyastheprimaryaimfollowedbyminimumdamagetoproperty.
D3.3.4Wherelargehangertypedoorsormetalcurtaindoorsinsidewallsareusedasventscareshallbetakentoensurethattheyarekeptwideopenduring
operations.
D3.3.5Whereweatherhoodsareusedtocoverroofvents,theyshallbeaslightaspossibleandlightlyattachedsoastoenablethemtobeblownoffquicklywhenan
explosionoccurs.
D3.3.6Doorsandwindowswhenusedasexplosionventsshallbeinstalledtoswingoutwards.Doorsshallhavefriction,springormagneticlatchesthatwillfunction
automaticallytopermitthedoortoopenunderslightinternalpressure.
D3.3.7Movablesashshallbeofthetoporbottomhingedorprotectedtype.Theseshallbeequippedwithalatchorfrictiondevicetopreventaccidentalopeningdueto
windactionorintrusion.Suchlatchesorlocksshallbewellmaintained.
D3.3.8Fixedsashshallbesetinplacewithverylightwallanchorages,or,ifright,shallbesecurelyfittedandglazedwithplasticpanesinplasticputty.
D3.3.9Wheretheprocessissuchthatthewholeofabuildingoraroommaybedesirabletoarrangeforalightlyconstructedwallorrooftocollapseandthusavertthe
worsteffectsofanexplosion.
D3.4Design,SizeandDispositionofVents
D3.4.1Therequiredareaofexplosionventsshallordinarilydependontheexpectedmaximumintensityofanexplosionintheoccupancy,thestrengthofthe
structure,thetypeofventclosureandotherfactors.
D3.4.2Ventingshallbeplannedinsuchamannerastopreventinjurytopersonnelanddamagetoexplosures.Incongestedlocations,substantialductsordiverters
shallbeprovidedtodirecttheblast.

D3.4.3Whenductworkisused,theductsshallbeofsufficientstrengthtowithstandthemaximumexpectedexplosionpressure.
D3.4.4Whereexplosionsarelikelywithinductandpipingsystems,theyshallbeventedbytheuseofsuitablediaphragmsdesignedtoblowoutatapredetermined
pressure.Thereshallbenophysicalconnectionbetweenductworksystemformorethanonecollector.
D3.4.5Inlargestructures,thepositionofventsshallberelativetothepointoforiginofexplosion,whenitcanbedetermined.
D3.4.6Whererelativelyslowexplosionsinvolvingcoaldust,chlorinatedsolvents,etc,areinvolved,light,hingedswingingpanelsmaybepreferredtodiaphragm
typeofvents.
D3.4.7Obstructionsofanykindblockingtheventsfromtheriskcoveredshallbeavoided,particularlywhererisksofrapidviolentexplosionsarepresent.
D3.4.8Counterweightsaddtotheinertiaoftheventsandsoshallbeavoided.
D3.4.9Variousrelievingdevices,includingdevicesactuatedbydetonators,shallstarttoopenataslowapressureaspossible.Theyshallbeoflightconstruction,so
thatfullopeningcanbequicklyattained.
D3.4.10Ventsshallbeofsuchsizeanddesignastopreventruptureoftheprotecteddeviceorapparatus.
D3.4.11Skylightsormonitorswithmovablesashthatwillopenoutwards,orfixedsashcontainingpanesofglassorplasticthatwillblowoutreadilyunderpressure
fromwithin,canbeusedtosupplementwallventsorwindows,providedresistancetotheirdisplacementoropeningiskeptaslowasconsistentwiththerequirementsfor
structuralstrength.
D3.4.12Flexibleplasticsheetswhenusedforventclosuresshallbeinstalledinslottedframesinsuchawaythatpressurefromwithinbulgesthesheetsandreleases
themfromtheholdingframe.
D3.4.13Fragilesheetsmadeofplastic,whenusedforventclosures,shallbethinsheetsthatwillcrackorruptureunderlesspressurethansinglestrengthglass.For
thisreasonuseoftransparentortranslucentplasticsheetsismoreadvantageousinsteadofglassinwindowsash.
D3.4.14Ifclosedventsareusedtheyshallbelargerinareathanunenclosedventstoprovideequivalentexplosionpressurerelief.
D3.4.15Smallenclosures,suchasmachines,shallbeventedmoregenerouslythanbuildings,becauseifanexplosionoccursinamachine,itsentirevolumemaybe
involved.
D3.4.16Ventsfortheprotectionofbuildingsandequipmentshallbeinstalledonthefollowingbasis:
D3.4.16.1Smallenclosuresoflessthan30m3,machinesandovensoflightconstruction:1000cm2foreach0.3m3to0.9m3.
D3.4.16.2Forsmallenclosuresofmoresubstantialconstructionhavingreasonablyhighburstingstrength:1000cm2foreach0.9m3.
D3.4.16.3Fairlylargeenclosuresof30to700m3,suchasbins,silos,rooms,storagetanks,etc:1000cm2foreach0.9m3to1.5m3.Inthesecases,attemptshallbe
madetotheextentpossibletopredictthelikelypointoforiginoftheexplosioninrelationtothevent.
D3.4.16.4Largeroomsandbuildingsover700m3containinghazardousequipmentcomprisingasmallfractionoftheentirevolume:
a)

Forheavyreinforcedconcrete,walls100cm2foreach2.25m3.

b)

Forlightreinforcedconcrete,brickorwoodconstruction1000cm2foreach1.65m3to2.25m3.

c)

Forlightweightconstructionsuchasprefabricatedpanels1000cm2foreach1.5m3to1.65m3.

D3.4.16.5Largeroomsorbuildingover700m3containinghazardousequipmentcomprisingalargepartoftheentirevolumeofaroomorbuildingshallbeventedas
generouslyaspossible1000cm2foreach0.3m3to1.05m3.
D3.4.16.6Inordertoobtaintheseratios,thesizeofthebuildingorroommustbelimited.Forsomehazardousmaterials,suchashydrogen,acetylene,carbon
disulphide,etc,theselimitsareextremelylow.
D3.4.17Emphasisshallalwaysbeplacedonsegregatinghazardousareasbymeansoffirewallsorseparatingwallstopreventspreadoffire.
D3.4.18Interiorwallsoflightconstruction,suchastile,shallbeavoidedinhazardouslocations,sincetheycancauseinjuriestopersonnelintheeventofan
explosion.

ANNEXE
(ClauseC8)
GUIDELINESFORFIREDRILLANDEVACUATIONPROCEDURESFORHIGHRISEBUILDINGS(ABOVE15mIN
HEIGHT)
E1INTRODUCTION
Incaseoffireinahighrisebuilding,safeevacuationofitsoccupantsmaypresentseriousproblemsunlessaplanfororderlyandsystematicevacuationispreparedin
advanceandalloccupantsarewelldrilledintheoperationofsuchplan.Theseguidelinesareintendedtoassisttheminthistask.
E2ALARMS
Anypersondiscoveringfire,heatorsmokeshallimmediatelyreportsuchconditiontothefirebrigade,unlesshehaspersonalknowledgethatsuchareporthasbeen
made.Nopersonshallmake,issue,postormaintainanyregulationororder,writtenorverbal,thatwouldrequireanypersontotakeanyunnecessarydelayingactionprior
toreportingsuchconditiontothefirebrigade.
E3DRILLS
E3.1Firedrillsshallbeconducted,inaccordancewiththeFireSafetyPlan,atleastonceeverythreemonthsforexistingbuildingsduringthefirsttwoyears.
Thereafter,firedrillsshallbeconductedatleastonceeverysixmonths.
E3.2Alloccupantsofthebuildingshallparticipateinthefiredrill.However,occupantsofthebuilding,otherthanbuildingserviceemployees,arenotrequiredto
leavethefloororusetheexitsduringthedrill.
E3.3Awrittenrecordofsuchdrillsshallbekeptonthepremisesforathreeyearsperiodandshallbereadilyavailableforfirebrigadeinspection.
E4SIGNSANDPLANS
E4.1SignsatLiftLandings
Asignshallbepostedandmaintainedinaconspicuousplaceoneveryflooratorneartheliftlandinginaccordancewiththerequirements,indicatingthatincaseof
fire,occupantsshallusethestairsunlessinstructedotherwise.Thesignshallcontainadiagramshowingthelocationofthestairwaysexceptthatsuchdiagrammaybe
omitted,providedsignscontainingsuchdiagramarepostedinconspicuousplacesontherespectivefloor.
AsignshallreadINCASEOFFIRE,USESTAIRSUNLESSINSTRUCTEDOTHERWISE.Theletteringshallbeatleast12.5mmblocklettersinredandwhite
background.Suchletteringshallbeproperlyspacedtoprovidegoodlegibility.Thesignshallbeatleast250mm300mm,wherethediagramisalsoincorporatedinitand
62.5mm250mmwherethediagramisomitted.Inthelattercase,thediagramsignshallbeatleast200mm300mm.Thesignshallbelocateddirectlyaboveacall
buttonandsquarelyattachedtothewallorpartition.Thetopofthesignshallnotbeabove2mfromthefloorlevel.
E4.2FloorNumberingSigns
Asignshallbepostedandmaintainedwithineachstairenclosureoneveryfloor,indicatingthenumberofthefloor,inaccordancewiththerequirementsgivenbelow.
Thenumeralsshallbeofboldtypeandatleast75mmhigh.Thenumeralsandbackgroundshallbeincontrastingcolours.Thesignshallbesecurelyattachedtothe
stairsideofthedoor.
E4.3StairandElevatorIdentificationSigns
Eachstairwayandeachelevatorbackshallbeidentifiedbyanalphabeticalletter.Asignindicatingtheletterofidentificationshallbepostedandmaintainedateach
elevatorlandingandonthesideofthestairwaydoorfromwhichegressistobemade,inaccordancewiththerequirementsgivenbelow:
Theletteringonthesignshallbeatleast75mmhigh,ofboldtypeandofcontrastingcolourfromthebackground.Suchsignsshallbesecurelyattached.
E4.4StairReentrySigns
Asignshallbepostedandmaintainedoneachfloorwithineachstairwayandontheoccupancysideofthestairwaywhererequired,indicatingwhetherreentryis
providedintothebuildingandthefloorwheresuchreentryisprovided,inaccordancewiththerequirementsgivenbelow:
Theletteringandnumeralsofthesignsshallbeatleast12.5mmhighofboldtype.Theletteringandbackgroundshallbeofcontrastingcoloursandthesignsshallbe
securelyattachedapproximately1.5mabovethefloorlevel.
E4.5Firecommandstationshallbeprovidedwithfloorplanofthebuildingandotherpertinentinformationrelativetotheserviceequipmentofthebuilding.
E5FIRESAFETYPLAN
E5.1AformatfortheFireSafetyPlanshallbeasgiveninE8.
E5.2TheapplicablepartsoftheapprovedFireSafetyPlanshallbedistributedtoalltenantsofthebuildingbythebuildingmanagementwhentheFireSafetyPlanhas
beenapprovedbytheFireAuthority.
E5.3TheapplicablepartsoftheapprovedFireSafetyPlanshallthenbedistributedbythetenantstoalltheiremployeesandbythebuildingmanagementtoalltheir
buildingemployees.
E5.4Wheretheownerofthebuildingisalsoanoccupantofthebuilding,heshallberesponsiblefortheobservanceoftheserulesandtheFireSafetyPlaninthesame
mannerasatenant.
E5.5IntheeventtherearechangesfromconditionsexistingatthetimetheFireSafetyPlanforthebuildingwasapproved,andthechangesaresuchsoastorequire
amendingtheFireSafetyPlan,within30daysaftersuchchanges,anamendedFireSafetyPlanshallbesubmittedtothefirebrigadeforapproval.
E6FIRECOMMANDSTATION
AFireCommandStationshallbeestablishedinthelobbyofthebuildingontheentrancefloor.Suchcommandstationshallbeadequatelyilluminated.
E7COMMUNICATIONSANDFIREALARM
Ameansofcommunicationandfirealarmforuseduringfireemergenciesshallbeprovidedandmaintainedbytheownerorpersoninchargeofthebuilding.
E8FIRESAFETYPLANFORMAT
E8.1BuildingAddress
StreetandPinCodeNumber___________
TelephoneNumber__________________
E8.2PurposeandObjective
E8.2.1Purpose
Toestablishmethodofsystematic,safeandorderlyevacuationofanareaorbuildingbyitsoccupantsincaseoffireorotheremergency,intheleastpossibletime,toa
safeareabythenearestsafemeansofegressalsotheuseofsuchavailablefireappliances(includingsoundingofalarms)asmayhavebeenprovidedforcontrollingor
extinguishingfireandsafeguardingofhumanlife.
E8.2.2Objective
Toprovidepropereducationasapartofcontinuingemployeeindoctrinationandthroughacontinuingwrittenprogrammeforalloccupants,toensureprompt
reportingoffire,theresponseoffirealarmsasdesignated,andtheimmediateinitiationoffiresafetyprocedurestosafeguardlifeandcontainfireuntilthearrivalofthefire
brigade.
E8.3FireSafetyDirector
a)
b)
c)

Name
RegularlyassignedemploymentTitle
Regularlyassignedlocation

d)
e)
f)
g)

Howishenotifiedwhenatregularlocation?
Howishenotifiedwhennotatregularlocation?
Normalworkinghours
DutiesofFireSafetyDirector(seeE9.1)

E8.4DeputyFireSafetyDirector
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

Name
RegularlyassignedemploymentTitle
Regularlyassignedlocation
Howishenotifiedwhenatregularlocation?
Howishenotifiedwhennotatregularlocation?
Normalworkinghours
DutiesofDeputyFireSafetyDirector(seeE9.2)

E8.5FireWardensandDeputyFireWardens
a)
b)
c)

AretheirnamesonOrganizationChartsforeachfloorand/ortenancy?
SubmittypicalcompletedOrganizationChartforFireDrillandEvacuationAssignment.
DutiesofFireWardensandDeputyFireWardens(seeE9.3).

E8.6BuildingEvacuationSupervisor
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

Name
RegularlyassignedemploymentTitle
Regularlyassignedlocation
Howishenotifiedwhenatregularlocation?
Howishenotifiedwhennotatregularlocation?
Normalworkinghours
DutiesofBuildingEvacuationSupervisor(seeE9.4).

E8.7FireParty
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

SubmitacompletedOrganizationChartforFirePartiesnamingpersonincharge,andhistitleinthebuilding.
Indicatestandardsofselectionfrombuildingemployeesbasedonbackgroundandavailability.
Howaretheynotified?
Howaretheynotifiedwhentheyarenotattheirregularlocations?
Meansofresponding
DutiesofeachmemberofFireParty(seeE9.5).

E8.8OccupantsInstructions
Distributionofinstructionstoalltenants,tenentsemployeesandbuildingemployees(seeE9.6).
E8.9EvacuationDrills
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Frequencyofdrills
Howconducted?
Participation:Whoparticipated?How?
Controlsandsupervision
Recordingofdetailsofdrills

E8.10FireCommandStation
a)
b)

Location
Requirements
1.Adequateillumination
2.Adequatecommunicationtomechanicalequipmentroomandelevatorcontrolroomoneachfloor
3.CopyofFireSafetyPlan
4.CopyofBuildingInformationForm
5.Representativefloorplansshowinglocationofsigns,floorremotestation,communications,etc.

E8.11Signs
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Signsatelevatorlandings,Floordiagrams
Floornumbering
Stairwayidentification
Elevatoridentification
Stairreentry

E8.12FirePreventionandFireProtectionProgramme(seeE9.7).
E8.13BuildingInformationForm(seeE9.8).
E8.14RepresentativeFloorPlan(seeE9.9).
E8.15FireSafetyPlanPreparedby(seeE9.10).
a)
b)

Datewhenprepared.
Datewhenrevised.

E9DUTIES
E9.1FireSafetyDirectorsDuties
E9.1.1BefamiliarwiththewrittenFireSafetyPlanprovidingforfiredrillandevacuationprocedureinaccordancewithordersonthesubject.
E9.1.2SelectqualifiedbuildingserviceemployeesforaFirePartyandorganize,trainandsupervisesuchFireBrigade.
E9.1.3BeresponsiblefortheavailabilityandstateofreadinessoftheFireParty.
E9.1.4Conductfireandevacuationdrills.
E9.1.5BeresponsibleforthedesignationandtrainingofaFireWardenforeachfloor,andsufficientDeputyFireWardensforeachtenancyinaccordancewithorders
onthesubject.

E9.1.6BeresponsibleforadailycheckfortheavailabilityoftheFireWardens,andseethatuptodateorganizationchartsareposted.
NOTEIfthenumberofFireWardensandDeputyFireWardensinthebuildingissuchthatitisimpracticaltoindividuallycontacteachonedaily,asuggested
methodtosatisfytherequirementsistomakeprovisionsfortheFireWarden,oraDeputyFireWardenintheabsenceoftheFireWarden,tonotifytheFireSafetyDirector
whentheFireWardenorrequirednumberofDeputyFireWardensarenotavailable.InordertodeterminethecompliancebytheFireWardenandDeputyFireWardens,
whenthismethodisused,theFireSafetyDirectorshallmakeaspotcheckofseveraldifferentfloorseachday.

E9.1.7NotifytheownerorsomeotherpersonhavingchargeofthebuildingwhenanydesignatedindividualisneglectinghisresponsibilitiescontainedinFireSafety
Plan.Theownerortheotherpersoninchargeofthebuildingshallbringthemattertotheattentionofthefirmemployingtheindividual.Ifthefirmfailstocorrectthe
condition,theFireDepartmentshallbenotifiedbytheowner/personinchargeofthebuilding.
E9.1.8Intheeventoffire,shallreporttotheFireCommandStationtosupervise,provideforandcoordinate:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

EnsurethattheFireDepartmenthasbeennotifiedofanyfireorfirealarm.
ManningoftheFireCommandStation.
DirectionofevacuatingproceduresasprovidedintheFireSafetyPlan.
ReportsonconditionsonfirefloorforinformationofFireDepartmentontheirarrival.
AdvisetheFireDepartmentOfficerinchargeintheoperationoftheFireCommandStation.

E9.1.9BeresponsibleforthetrainingandactivitiesoftheBuildingEvacuationSupervisor.
E9.2DeputyFireSafetyDirectorsDuties
E9.2.1SubordinatetotheFireSafetyDirector.
E9.2.2PerformdutiesofFireSafetyDirectorinhisabsence.
E9.3FireWardensandDeputyFireWardensDuties
Thetenantortenantsofeachfloorshall,uponrequestoftheownerorpersoninchargeofbuildings,makeresponsibleanddependableemployeesavailablefor
designationbytheFireSafetyDirectorasFireWardenandDeputyFireWardens.
E9.3.1EachfloorofabuildingshallbeunderthedirectionofadesignatedFireWardenfortheevacuationofoccupantsintheeventoffire.Heshallbeassistedinhis
dutiesbytheDeputyFireWardens.ADeputyFireWardenshallbeprovidedforeachtenancy.Whenthefloorareaofatenancyexceeds700m2ofoccupiablespace,a
DeputyFireWardenshallbeassignedforeach700m2orpartthereof.
E9.3.2EachFireWardenandDeputyFireWardenshallbefamiliarwiththeFireSafetyPlan,thelocationofexitsandthelocationandoperationofanyavailablefire
alarmsystem.
E9.3.3Intheeventoffire,orfirealarmtheFireWardenshallascertainthelocationofthefire,anddirectevacuationofthefloorinaccordancewithdirectionsreceived
andthefollowingguidelines:
a)

b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

g)

Themostcriticalareasforimmediateevacuationarethefirefloorandfloorsimmediatelyabove.
EvacuationfromtheotherfloorsshallbeinstitutedwheninstructionsfromtheFireCommandStationorconditionsindicatesuchaction.Evacuationshallbe
viauncontaminatedstairs.TheFireWardenshalltrytoavoidstairsbeingusedbytheFireDepartment.Ifthisisnotpossible,heshalltrytoattractthe
attentionoftheFireDepartmentPersonnelbeforesuchpersonnelopenthedoortothefirefloor.
Evacuationtotwoormorelevelsbelowthefirefloorisgenerallyadequate.HeshallkeeptheFireCommandStationinformedregardinghislocation.
FireWardensandtheirDeputiesshallseethatalloccupantsarenotifiedofthefire,andthattheyproceedimmediatelytoexecutetheFireSafetyPlan.
TheFireWardenonthefirefloorshall,assoonaspracticable,notifytheFireCommandStationoftheparticulars.
FireWardensonfloorsabovethefireshall,afterexecutingtheFireSafetyPlan,notifytheFireCommandStationofthemeansbeingusedforevacuationandany
otherparticulars.
Intheeventthatstairwaysservingfirefloorand/orfloorsaboveareunusableduetocontaminationorcutoffbyfireand/orsmokeorthatseveralfloorsabovefire
involvelargenumbersofoccupantswhomustbeevacuated,considerationmaybegiventousingelevatorsinaccordancewiththefollowing:
1.Iftheelevatorsservicinghisflooralsoservicethefirefloor,theyshallnotbeused.However,elevatorsmaybeusedifthereismorethanonebankof
elevators,andheisinformedfromtheFireCommandStationthatonebankisunaffectedbythefire.
2.Ifelevatorsdonotservicethefirefloorandtheirshaftshavenoopeningsonthefirefloor,theymaybeused,unlessdirectedotherwise.
3.Elevatorsmannedbytrainedbuildingpersonnelorfiremenmayalsobeused.
4.Intheabsenceofaserviceableelevator,theFireWardenshallselectthesafeststairwaytouseforevacuationonthebasisofthelocationofthefireand
anyinformationreceivedfromtheFireCommandStation.TheFireWardenshallchecktheenvironmentinthestairspriortoentryforevacuation.If
itisaffectedbysmoke,alternativestairshallbeselected,andtheFireCommandStationnotified.
5.TheFireWardenshallkeeptheFireCommandStationinformedofthemeansbeingemployedforevacuationbytheoccupantsofhisfloor.
Ensurethatanalarmhasbeentransmitted.

E9.3.4OrganizationChartforFireDrillandEvacuationAssignment
Achartdesignatingemployeesandtheirassignmentsshallbepreparedandpostedinaconspicuousplaceineachtenancyandoneachfloorofatenancythatoccupies
morethanonefloorandacopyshallbeinthepossessionoftheFireSafetyDirector.
E9.3.5Keepavailableanupdatedlistingofallpersonnelwithphysicaldisabilitieswhocannotusestairsunaided.Makearrangementstohavetheseoccupants
assistedinmovingdownthestairstotwoormorelevelsbelowfirefloor.Ifitisnecessarytomovesuchoccupantstoastilllowerlevelduringthefire,movethemdownthe
stairstotheuppermostfloorservedbyanuninvolvedelevatorbankandthenremovethemthestreetfloorbyelevator.Whereassistanceisrequiredforsuchevacuation,
notifyFireSafetyDirector.
E9.3.6ProvideforFireWardenidentificationduringfiredrillsandfires,suchasusingarmband,etc.
E9.3.7Ensurethatallpersonsonthefloorarenotifiedoffireandallareevacuatedtosafeareas.Asearchmustbeconductedinthelavatoriestoensureallareout.
Personnelassignedassearcherscanpromptlyandefficientlyperformthisduty.
E9.3.8CheckavailabilityofapplicablepersonnelonOrganizationChartandProvideforasubstitutewhenthepositiononachartisnotcovered.
E9.3.9Afterevacuation,performaheadcounttoensurethatallregularoccupantsknowntohaveoccupiedthefloorhavebeenevacuated.
E9.3.10Whenalarmisreceived,theFireWardenshallremainataselectedpositioninthevicinityofthecommunicationstationonthefloor,inordertomaintain
communicationwiththeFireCommandStationandtoreceiveandgiveinstructions.
E9.4BuildingEvacuationSupervisorsDuties
AbuildingEvacuationSupervisorisrequiredatalltimesotherthannormalworkingorbusinesshourswhenthereareoccupantsinthebuildingandthereisnoFire
SafetyDirectorondutyinthebuilding.
E9.4.1HeshouldbecapableofdirectingtheevacuationoftheoccupantsasprovidedbytheFireSafetyPlan.
E9.4.2Duringfireemergencies,theprimaryresponsibilityoftheBuildingEvacuationSupervisorshallbetomantheFireCommandStation,andthedirectionand
executionoftheevacuationasprovidedintheFireSafetyPlan.TheBuildingEvacuationSupervisorstrainingandrelatedactivitiesshallbeunderthedirectionoftheFire
SafetyDirectorinaccordancewiththeserules,andtheFireSafetyPlan.SuchactivitiesshallbesubjecttoFireDepartmentcontrol.
E9.5FirePartyDuties
OnreceiptofanalarmforfiretheFirePartyshall:
a)
b)
c)

reporttothefloorbelowthefiretoassitinevacuationandprovideinformationtotheFireCommandStation.
afterevacuationsoffirefloor,endeavourtocontrolspreadoffirebyclosingdoors,etc.
attempttocontrolthefireuntilarrivaloftheFireDepartment,ifthefireissmallandconditionsdonotposeapersonalthreat.

d)
e)
f)

leaveonememberonthefloorbelowthefiretodirecttheFireDepartmenttothefirelocationandtoinformthemofconditions.
onarrivaloftheFireDepartment,theFirePartyshallreporttotheFireCommandStationforadditionalinstructions.
haveamemberdesignatedasrunner,whoshallknowthelocationofthenearesttelephone,andbeinstructedinitsuse.Suchmembershallimmediatelyupon
receiptofinformationthatthereisafireorevidenceoffire,gotothetelephone,transmitanalarmandawaitthearrivaloftheFireDepartmentanddirectsuch
departmenttothefire.
NOTEAchartdesignatingemployeesandtheirassignmentsshallbeprepared.

E9.6OccupantsInstructions
a)
b)
c)

TheapplicablepartsoftheapprovedFireSafetyPlanshallbedistributedtoalltenantsofthebuildingbythebuildingmanagementwhentheFireSafetyPlan
hasbeenapprovedbytheFireCommissioner.
TheapplicablepartsoftheapprovedFireSafetyPlanshallthenbedistributedbythetenantstoalltheiremployeesandbythebuildingmanagementtoalltheir
buildingemployees.
AlloccupantsofthebuildingshallparticipateandcooperateincarryingouttheprovisionsoftheFireSafetyPlan.

E9.7FirePreventionandFireProtectionProgramme
a)
b)

Aplanforperiodicformalinspectionsofeachfloorarea,includingexitfacilities,fireextinguishersandhousekeepingshallbedeveloped.Acopyofsuchplanbe
submitted.
Provisionshallbemadeforthemonthlytestingofcommunicationandalarmsystems.

E9.8BuildingInformationForm
Itshallincludethefollowinginformation:
a)Buildingaddress__________PinCode_____
b)OwnerorpersoninchargeofbuildingName,AddressandTelephoneNumber.
c)FireSafetyDirectorandDeputyFireSafetyDirectorsNameandTelephoneNumber.
d)Certificateofoccupancy.Locationwhereposted,orduplicateattached.
e)Height,area,classofconstruction.
f)Number,typeandlocationoffirestairsand/orfiretowers.
g)Number,typeandlocationofhorizontalexitsorotherareasofrefuge.
h)Number,type,locationandoperationofelevatorsandescalators.
j)Interiorfirealarms,oralarmstocentralstations.
k)Communicationssystemsand/orwalkietalkie,telephones,etc.
m)Standpipesystemsizeandlocationofrisers,gravityorpressuretank,firepump,locationofsiameseconnections,nameofemployeewithcertificateofqualification
andnumberofcertificate.
n)SprinklersystemnameofemployeewithCertificateofFitnessandcertificatenumber.Primaryandsecondarywatersupply,firepumpandareasprotected.
p)Specialextinguishingsystem,ifany,componentsandoperation.
q)Averagenumberofpersonsnormallyemployedinbuilding.Daytimeandnighttime.
r)Averagenumberofhandicappedpeopleinbuilding.Location.Daytimeandnighttime.
s)Numberofpersonsnormallyvisitingthebuilding.Daytimeandnighttime.
t)Serviceequipmentsuchas:
1.Electricpower,primary,auxiliary
2.Lighting,normal,emergency,typeandlocation
3.Heating,type,fuel,locationofheatingunit
4.Ventilationwithfixedwindows,emergencymeansofexhaustingheatandsmoke
5.AirConditioningSystemsBriefdescriptionofthesystem,includingductsandfloorsserviced
6.Refusestorageanddisposal
7.Firefightingequipmentandappliances,otherthanstandpipeandsprinklersystemand
8.Otherpertinentbuildingequipment.
u)Alternationsandrepairoperations,ifany,andtheprotectiveandpreventivemeasuresnecessarytosafeguardsuchoperationswithattentiontotorchoperations.
v)Storageanduseofflammablesolids,liquidsand/orgases.
w)Specialoccupanciesinthebuildingandtheproperprotectionandmaintenancethereof.Placesofpublicassembly,studios,andtheatricaloccupancies.
E9.9RepresentativeFloorPlan
Afloorplan,representativeofthemajorityorthefloordesignsoftheentirebuilding,shallbeattheCommandPost,inthemainlobby,undertheauthorityoftheFire
SafetyDirector.OnecopyofarepresentativefloorplanshallbesubmittedtotheFireDepartmentwiththeFireSafetyplan.
E9.10FireSafetyPlan
Inplanning,evaluatetheindividualfloorlayouts,thepopulationoffloors,thenumberandkindsofexits,thezoningofthefloorbyareaandoccupants.Determinethe
movementoftrafficbythemostexpeditionsroutetoanappropriateexitandalternativerouteforeachzone,sinceunderthefireconditionsoneormoreexitsmaynotbe
usable.ThisformatistobeusedinthepreparationoftheFireSafetyPlan.NothingcontainedinthisFireSafetyPlanformatistobeconstruedasallinclusive.Allrulesand
otherrequirementsaretobefullycompliedwith.
E9.11PersonalFireInstructionCard
AlltheoccupantsofthebuildingshallbegivenaPersonalFireInstructionCardgivingthedetailsofthefloorplanandexitroutesalongwiththeinstructiontobe
followedintheeventoffire.AtypicalPersonalFireInstructionCardshallbeasfollows:
PERSONALFIRE
INSTRUCTIONCARD
SEAL
NAMEOFTHEORGANIZATION
ADDRESSOFTHEORGANIZATION
NAME:__________________________________________________
DESIGNATION:__________________________________________
FLOORNO.:_____________________________________________
DATE:__________________________________________________
FIREWARDEN
INSTRUCTIONS

FORYOUROWNSAFETYYOUSHOULDKNOW
1.Twopushbuttonfirealarmboxesareprovidedperfloor.Youshouldreadtheoperatinginstructions.
2.Youshouldreadtheoperatinginstructionsonthebodyofthefireextinguishersprovidedonyourfloor.
3.Thenearestexitfromyourtable.
4.Yourassemblypointongroundfloor(checkwithyourFire/DeputyFireWarden).
5.FORYOUROWNPROTECTIONYOUSHOULDREPORTTOYOURFIRE/DEPUTYFIREWARDEN
a)
b)
c)

Ifanyexitdoor/routeisobstructedbyloosematerials,goods,boxes,etc.
Ifanystaircasedoor,liftlobbydoordoesnotcloseautomatically,ordoesnotclosecompletely.
Ifanypushbuttonfirealarmpoint,orfireextinguisherisobstructed,damagedorapparentlyoutoforder.

IFYOUDISCOVERAFIRE
1.Breaktheglassofthenearestpushbuttonfirealarmandpushthebutton.
2.Attackthefirewithextinguishersprovidedonyourfloor.TakeguidancefromyourWardens.
3.EvacuateifyourWardenasksyoutodoso.
IFYOUHEAREVACUATIONINSTRUCTIONS
1.Leavethefloorimmediatelybythesouth/northstaircase.
2.ReporttoyourWarden,atyourpredeterminedassemblypointoutsidethebuilding.
3.Donottrytouselifts.
4.Donotgotocloakroom.
5.Donotrunorshout.
6.Donotstoptocollectpersonalbelongings.
7.Keeptheliftlobbyandstaircasedoorsshut.
YOURASSEMBLYPOINTIS___________________________________

LISTOFSTANDARDS
ThefollowinglistrecordsthosestandardswhichareacceptableasgoodpracticeandacceptedstandardsinthefulfillmentoftherequirementsoftheCode.The
standardslistedmaybeusedbytheAuthorityasaguideinconformancewiththerequirementsofthereferredclausesintheCode.
ISNo.

Title

(1)

3808:1979

Methodoftestfornoncombustibilityofbuildingmaterials(firstrevision)

(2)

8757:1999

Glossaryoftermsassociatedwithfiresafety(firstrevision)

7673:1975[2004]

Glossaryoftermsforfirefightingequipment

(3)

15394:2003

FiresafetyinpetroleumrefineryandfertilizerplantsCodeofpractice

(4)

8758:1993

RecommendationsforfireprecautionarymeasuresintheconstructionoftemporarystructuresandPANDALS(firstrevision)

(5)

3809:1979

Fireresistancetestofstructure(firstrevision)

1641:1988

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofbuildings(general):Generalprinciplesoffiregradingandclassification(firstrevision)

15103:2002

Specificationforfireresistantsteel

9668:1990

Codeofpracticeforprovisionandmaintenanceofwatersuppliesandfirefighting

3844:1989

Codeofpracticeforinstallationandmaintenanceofinternalfirehydrantsandhosereelsonpremises(firstrevision)

(7)

3614
(Part1):1966

Specificationforfirecheckdoors:Part1Plate,metalcoveredandrollingtype

(8)

12458:1988

Methodoftestforfireresistancetestforfirestops

(9)

1646:1997

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofbuildings(general):Electricalinstallations(secondrevision)

2309:1989

Codeofpracticeforprotectionofbuildingandalliedstructuresagainstlighting(secondrevision)

(6)

(10) __________

Specificationforfiredampersforairconditioningducts(underpreparation)

(11)

11360:1985

Specificationforsmokedetectorsforuseinautomaticelectricalfirealarmsystem

(12)

659:1964

Safetycodeforairconditioning

(13)

1649:1962

Codeofpracticefordesignandconstructionoffluesandchimneysfordomesticheatingappliances(firstrevision)

1642:1989

Codeofpracticeforsafetyofbuildings(general):Detailsofconstruction(firstrevision)

(14)

12777:1989

FiresafetyflamespreadofproductsMethodforclassification

(15)

1642:1989

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofbuildings(general):Detailsofconstruction(firstrevision)

1643:1988

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofbuildings(general):Exposurehazard(firstrevision)

1644:1988

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofbuildings(general):Exitrequirementsandpersonalhazard(firstrevision)

9457:1980[2005]

Safetycoloursandsafetysigns

12349:1988

FireprotectionSafetysign

12407:1988

Graphicsymbolsforfireprotectionplan

2175:1988

Specificationforheatsensitivefiredetectorsforuseinautomaticfirealarmsystem(secondrevision)

11360:1985

Specificationforsmokedetectorsforuseinautomaticelectricalfirealarmsystem

(18)

2189:1999[2008]

Codeofpracticeforselection,installationandmaintenanceofautomaticfiredetectionandalarmsystem(secondrevision)

(19)

636:1988

Nonpercolatingflexiblefirefightingdeliveryhose(thirdrevision)

884:1985

Specificationforfirstaidhosereelforfirefighting(firstrevision)

901:1988

Specificationforcouplings,doublemaleanddoublefemaleinstantaneouspatternforfirefighting(thirdrevision)

902:1992

Specificationforsuctionhosecouplingsforfirefightingpurposes(thirdrevision)

903:1993

Specificationforfirehosedeliverycouplings,branchpipe,nozzlesandnozzlespanner(fourthrevision)

904:1983

Specificationfortwowayandthreewaysuctioncollectingheadsforfirefightingpurposes(secondrevision)

905:1980

Specificationfordeliverybreechings,dividingandcollecting,instaneouspatternforfirefightingpurposes(secondrevision)

906:1988

Specificationforrevolvingbranchpipeforfirefighting(thirdrevision)

907:1984

Specificationforsuctionstrainers,cylindricaltypeforfirefightingpurpose(secondrevision)

908:1975

Specificationforfirehydrant,standposttype(secondrevision)

909:1992

Specificationforundergroundfirehydrant:Sluicevalvetype(thirdrevision)

910:1980

Specificationforcombinedkeyforhydrant,hydrantcoverandlowervalve(secondrevision)

926:1985

Specificationforfiremansaxe(secondrevision)

927:1981

Specificationforfirebooks(secondrevision)

928:1984

Specificationforfirebells(secondrevision)

937:1981

Specificationforwashersforwaterfittingsforfirefightingpurposes(secondrevision)

939:1977

Specificationforsnatchblockforusewithfibreropeforfirebrigadeuse(firstrevision)

940:1989

Specificationforportablefireextinguisher,watertype(gascartridge)(thirdrevision)

941:1985

Specificationforblowersandexhausterforfirefighting(secondrevision)

942:1982

Functionalrequirementsfor2751/minportablepumpsetforfirefighting(secondrevision)

943:1979

Functionalrequirementsfor6801/mintrailerpumpforfirebrigadeuse(secondrevision)

944:1979

Functionalrequirementfor18001/mintrailerpumpforfirebrigadeuse(secondrevision)

947:1985

Functionalrequirementfortowingtenderfortrailerfirepumpforfirebrigadeuse(firstrevision)

948:1983

Functionalrequirementforwatertender,TypeA,forfirebrigadeuse(secondrevision)

949:1985[2012]

Functionalrequirementforemergency(rescue)tenderforfirebrigadeuse(secondrevision)

950:1980[2012]

Functionalrequirementsforwatertender,TypeBforfirebrigadeuse(secondrevision)

(16)

(17)

952:1986
955:1980

Specificationforfoghnozzleforfirebrigadeuse(firstrevision)
Functionalrequirementsfordrypowertenderforfirebrigadeuse(150kgcapacity)(firstrevision)

957:1967

Specificationforcontrolcanforfirebrigade

1941
(Part1):1976

Functionalrequirementsforelectricmotorsirens:Part1ac3phase50Hz,415Vtype(secondrevision)

2097:1983[2012]

Specificationforfoammakingbranchpipe(firstrevision)

2171:1999

Specificationforportablefireextinguishers,drypowder(cartridgetype)(thirdrevision)

2175:1988

Specificationforheatsensitivefiredetectorsforuseinautomaticdetectorsforuseinautomaticfirealarmsystem(secondrevision)

2298:1977

Specificationforsinglebarrelstirruppumpforfirefightingpurposes(secondrevision)

2546:1974

Specificationforgalvanizedmildsteelfirebucket(firstrevision)

2696:1974

Functionalrequirementsfor11251/minlightfireengine(firstrevision)

2745:1983

Specificationfornonmetalhelmetforfiremenandcivildefencepersonnel(secondrevision)

2871:1983

Specificationforbranchpipe,universalforfirefightingpurposes(firstrevision)

2878:2004

Specificationforfireextinguisher,carbondioxidetype(portableandtrolleymounted)(thirdrevision)

2930:1980

Functionalrequirementsforhoselayingtenderforfirebrigadeuse(firstrevision)

3582:1984

Specificationforbasketstrainersforfirefightingpurposes(cylindricaltype)(firstrevision)

4308:1982

Specificationfordrypowderforfirefighting(firstrevision)

4571:1977

Specificationforaluminiumextensionladdersforfirebrigadeuse(firstrevision)

4643:1984

Specificationforsuctionwrenchesforfirebrigadeuse(firstrevision)

4861:1984

Specificationfordrypowderforfightingfiresinburningmetals(firstrevision)

4927:1992

Specificationforunlinedflaxcanvashoseforfirefighting(firstrevision)

4928:1986

Specificationfordeliveryvalveforcentrifugalpumpoutlets(firstrevision)

4947:1985[2006]

Specificationforgascartridgesforuseinfireextinguishers(secondrevision)

4989
(Part1):2004[2006,consolidated]

Specificationsformultipurposeaqueousfilmformingfoamliquidconcentrateforextinguishinghydrocarbonandpolarsolventfires(thirdrevision)

4989
(Part2):1984[2006,consolidated]

Specificationforfoamconcentrate(compound)forproducingmechanicalfoamforfirefighting:Part2Aqueousfilmformingfoam(AFFF)

(Part3):1987[2006,consolidated]

Fluoroproteinfoam

5131:1986[2002]

Specificationfordividingbreechingwithcontrol,forfirebrigadeuse(firstrevision)

5290:1993

Specificationforlandingvalve(thirdrevision)

5486:1985

Specificationforquickreleaseknife(firstrevision)

5505:1985

Specificationformultiedgedrescueaxe(nonwedging)(firstrevision)

5612

Specificationforhoseclampsandhosebandagesforfirebrigadeuse:

(Part1):1977

Hoseclamps(firstrevision)

(Part2):1977

Hosebandages(firstrevision)

5714:1981

Specificationforhydrant,standpipeforfirefighting(firstrevision)

6026:1985

Specificationforhandoperatedsirens(firstrevision)

6067:1983

Functionalrequirementsforwatertender,TypeXforfirebrigadeuse(firstrevision)

6234:1986

Specificationforportablefireextinguishers,watertype(storedpressure)(firstrevision)

8090:1992

Specificationforcouplings,branchpipe,nozzle,usedinhosereeltubingforfirefighting(firstrevision)

8096:1992

Specificationforfirebeaters(firstrevision)

8149:1994

FunctionalrequirementsfortwinCO2fireextinguishers(trolleymounted)(firstrevision)

8423:1994

Specificationforcontrolledpercolatinghoseforfirefighting(firstrevision)

8442:1977[2008]

Specificationforstandposttypewatermonitorforfirefighting

9972:1981[2002]

Specificationforautomaticsprinklerheads

10204:1982[2001]

Specificationforportablefireextinguishermechanicalfoamtype

10460:1983

Functionalrequirementsforsmallfoamtenderforfirebrigadeuse

10658:1999

Specificationforhighercapacitydrypowderfireextinguisher(trolleymounted)

10993:1984

Functionalrequirementsfor2000kgdrypowdertenderforfirebrigadeus

11070:1984

Specificationforbromochlorodifluoromethane(Halon1211)forfirefighting

11101:1984

Specificationforextendedbranchpipeforfirebrigadeuse

11108:1984

Specificationforportablefireextinguisherhalon1211type

11360:1985

Specificationforsmokedetectorsforuseinautomaticelectricalfirealarmsystems

11833:1986

Specificationfordrypowderfireextinguisherformetalfires

12717:1989

FunctionalrequirementsoffirefightingequipmentHighcapacityportablepumpset(110016001/min)

12796:1989

Specificationforfirerake

13039:1991

Codeofpracticeforprovisionandmaintenanceofexternalhydrantsystem

13385:1992

Specificationforfireextinguisher50capacitywheelmountedwatertype(gascartridge)

13386:1992

Specificationfor50litrecapacityfireextinguisher,mechanicalfoamtype

13849:1993

Specificationforportablefireextinguisherdrypowdertype(constantpressure)

14609:1999

SpecificationforABCdrypowderforfirefighting

14933:2001

Specificationforhighpressurefirefightinghose

14951:2001

Specificationforfireextinguisher,135litrecapacitymechanicalfoamtype

15051:2002

Specificationforhighpressurefirehosedeliverycouplings

15105:2002

Designandinstallationoffixedautomaticsprinklerfireextinguishingsystem

15220:2002

Specificationforhalon1211andhalon1301Fireextinguishingmediaforfireprotection

15493:2004

GaseousfireextinguishingsystemsGeneralrequirements

15497:2004

SpecificationforgaseousfireextinguishingsystemIG01extinguishingsystem

15501:2004

SpecificationforgaseousfireextinguishingsystemIG541extinguishingsystem

15505:2004

GaseousfireextinguishingsystemsHCFCblendAextinguishingsystems

15506:2004

SpecificationforinertgaseoustotalfireprotectiontotalfloodingsystemArgonite,IG55extinguishingsystem

15517:2004

GaseousfireextinguishingsystemsHFC227(heptafluoropropane)extinguishingsystem

15519:2004

CodeofpracticeforwatermistfireprotectionsystemsSystemdesign,installationandcommissioning

15525:2004

SpecificationforgaseousfireextinguishingsystemIG100extinguishingsystem

15528:2004

GaseousfireextinguishingsystemsCarbondioxide,totalfloodingandlocalapplication(subflourandincabinet),highandlowpressure(refrigerated)systems

(20) 2190:1992[2010]

Codeofpracticeforselection,installationandmaintenanceofportablefirstaidfireextinguishers(thirdrevision)

(21)

884:1985

Specificationforfirstaidhosereelforfirefighting(firstrevision)

15517:2004

Codeofpracticeforinspectionandmaintenanceofgaseousfireextinguishingsystems

(22) 3034:1993

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Electricalgeneratinganddistributingstations(secondrevision)

(23) 6382:1984

Codeofpracticefordesignandinstallationoffixedcarbondioxidefireextinguishingsystem(firstrevision)

(24) 14609:2001

SpecificationfordrypowderforfirefightingClassABCfires

15493:2004

Generalrequirementforcommissioningofgaseousfireextinguishingsystems

(25) 13716:1993

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyinhotels

(26) 4963:1987

Recommendationsforbuildingsandfacilitiesforthephysicallyhandicapped(firstrevision)

(27)

Byelawsforconstructionofcinemabuildings(firstrevision)

4878:1986

(28) 12456:1988[2004]

Codeofpracticeforfireprotectionofelectronicdataprocessinginstallations

(29) 1646:1997

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofbuildings(general):Electricalinstallations(secondrevision)

2726:1988

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Cottonginningandpressing(includingcottonseeddelintering)factories(firstrevision)

3034:1993

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Electricalgeneratinganddistributingstations(secondrevision)

3058:1990

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Viscoserayonyarnand/orstaplefibreplants(firstrevision)

3079:1990

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Cottontextilemills(firstrevision)

3594:1991

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Generalstorageandwarehousingincludingcoldstorage(firstrevision)

3595:1984

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Coalpulverizersandassociatedequipment(firstrevision)

3836:2000

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Jutemills(secondrevision)

4209:1987
4226:1988

Codeofsafetyinchemicallaboratories(firstrevision)
Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Aluminium/Magnesiumpowderfactories(firstrevision)

4886:1991

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Teafactories(firstrevision)

6329:2000

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Sawmillsandwoodworks(firstrevision)

9109:2000

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofindustrialbuildings:Paintandvarnishfactories

11457
(Part1):1985

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofchemicalindustries:Part1Rubberandplastic

11460:1985

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyoflibrariesandarchivesbuildings

12349:1988

FireprotectionSafetysigns

12407:1988

Graphicsymbolsforfireprotectionplans

12456:1988[2004]

Codeofpracticeforfireprotectionofelectronicdataprocessinginstallation

12458:1988

Methodoftestforfireresistancetestoffirestops

12459:1988

Codeofpracticeforfireprotectionofcableruns

12777:1989

FiresafetyFlamespreadofproductsMethodforclassification

13045:1991

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyinindustrialbuildings:Floormills

13694:1993

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyinironandsteelindustries

13716:1993

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofhotels

14435:1997

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyineducationalinstitutions

14689:1999

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyinprintingandpublishingindustry

14850:2000

Codeofpracticeforfiresafetyofmuseums

(30) 655:1963[2006]

Specificationformetalairducts(revised)

(31)

Emergencylightingunits

9583:1981

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART5BUILDINGMATERIALS
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS

CONTENTS
FOREWORD

SCOPE

MATERIALS

NEWORALTERNATIVEMATERIALS

THIRDPARTYCERTIFICATION

USEDMATERIALS

STORAGEOFMATERIALS

METHODSOFTEST

LISTOFSTANDARDS

FOREWORD
Ensuringthequalityandeffectivenessofbuildingmaterialsusedintheconstructionandtheirstorageareasimportantastheotherphasesofbuildingactivitylike
planning,designingandconstructingthebuildingitself.ThisPart,therefore,listsIndianStandardsformaterialsusedinbuildingconstruction.Themethodsoftests,to
ensuretherequirementsdemandedofthematerialsinthevarioussituations,arealsoincluded.
Historicallychoiceofbuildingmaterialswasdeterminedbywhatwaslocallyavailable,appropriatenesstogeoclimaticconditionsandaffordabilityofusers.Inrecent
past,differentinitiativeshavebeentakenintheareasofresearchanddevelopment,standardization,anddevelopmentandpromotionofinnovativematerials.Areviewof
therecenttrendsindicatesthatthegrowthintheareaofbuildingmaterialscoversemergingtrendsandlatestdevelopmentsintheuseofwastes,mineraladmixturesin
cementandconcrete,substitutestoconventionaltimber,compositematerialsandrecyclingofwastes,atthesametimeensuringdesiredresponseofmaterialstofire,long
termperformanceanddurability.Inadditiontothesedevelopments,thefuturedecademaywitnessdevelopmentofspecificmaterialswhichmaybestructuredand
designedtomeetneedstospeciallydevelopedconstructiontechnologies,suchas,fordisasterproneareasoraggressiveclimaticandindustrialsituations.
Inthiscontext,thefollowingfactorshavebecomeimportantforfacilitatingapplicationandadoptioninpractice,ofthematerials:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Utilizationofindustrial,mining,mineralandagriculturalwastesplantationtimbersandrenewablenaturalfibresandresiduesforproductionofbuilding
materials.
Impactofproductionofbuildingmaterialsontheconsumptionlevelsofnaturalresources.
Changeinenergydemandinproductionofbuildingmaterialsduetodevelopmentofefficientmanufacturingprocesses.
Impactofproductionandusageofmaterialsanddisposalthereofontheenvironment.

Toencourageuseofappropriatematerials,itmaybedesirabletohave,totheextentpossible,performanceorientedapproachforspecificationsratherthanprescriptive
approach.Theapproachhasbeenalreadyadoptedinsomecasesindevelopmentofstandards,whereverfoundpossible.
IndianStandardscovermostoftherequirementsformaterialsinuse.However,theremaybeagapbetweendevelopmentofnewmaterialsandtechniquesof
applicationandformulationofstandards.It,therefore,becomesnecessaryforaBuildingCodetobeflexibletorecognizebuildingmaterialsotherthanthoseforwhich
IndianStandardsareavailable.ThisPart,therefore,sinceitsfirstversion,dulytakescareofthisaspectandexplicitlyprovidesforuseofneworalternativebuilding
materials,provideditisprovedbyauthenticteststhattheneworalternativematerialiseffectiveandsuitableforthepurposeintended.However,itisworthwhilethat
moreandmoreemphasisisgiventothesatisfactionofperformancerequirementsexpectedofabuildingmaterial,sothatawiderangeofsuchneworalternatematerials
canbeevaluatedandused,iffoundappropriate.
Asalreadyemphasized,qualityofmaterialisquiteimportantfortheirappropriateusage,whetheritisamaterialforwhichanIndianStandardisavailableoranewor
alternativematerialasdefinedin3ofthisPart.Thirdpartycertificationschemesavailableinthecountryforqualityassuranceofabovematerialscanbeusedwith
advantagetoensuretheappropriatenessofthesematerials.
ThisPartoftheCodewasfirstpublishedin1970andsubsequentlyrevisedin1983.ThefirstrevisionofthisPartincorporatedanupdatedversionofthelistofIndian
StandardsgivenattheendofthisPartoftheCode.ThepresentdraftrevisionofthisPart,whilebasicallyretainingthestructureof1983versionoftheCode,explicitlytakes
careofthefollowing:
a)
b)

WhilecontinuingtoemphasizeonconformityofbuildingmaterialstoavailableIndianStandards,thebuildingregulatingauthorityalsorecognizesuseof
buildingmaterialsconformingtootherspecificationsandtestmethods(see3),incaseIndianStandardsarenotavailableforparticularmaterials.
ThelistattheendofthisparthasbeencompletelyreclassifiedtomakeitmoreuserfriendlyandupdatedtoreflectthelatestavailableIndianStandardand
methodsoftest.

AreferencetoSP21SummariesofIndianStandardsforbuildingmaterialsmaybeuseful.ThispublicationgivesthesummariesofIndianStandardscoveringvarious
buildingmaterials,fittingsandcomponentsexceptstandardsrelatingtopaints.
AllstandardscrossreferredtointhemaintextofthisPart,aresubjecttorevision.Thepartiestoagreementbasedonthissectionareencouragedtoinvestigatethe
possibilityofapplyingthemostrecenteditionsofthestandards.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART5BUILDINGMATERIALS

1SCOPE
ThisPartoftheCodecoverstherequirementsofbuildingmaterialsandcomponents,andcriteriaforacceptingneworalternativebuildingmaterialsandcomponents.

2MATERIALS
EverymaterialusedinfulfilmentoftherequirementsofthisPart,unlessotherwisespecifiedintheCodeorapproved,shallconformtotherelevantIndianStandards.A
listofIndianStandardsastheacceptedstandardsisgivenattheendofthisPartoftheCode.AtthetimeofpublicationoftheCode,theeditionsindicatedwerevalid.All
standardsaresubjecttoamendmentsandrevisions.TheAuthorityshalltakecognizanceofsuchamendmentsandrevisions.Thelatestversionofastandardshall,asfar
aspossible,beadoptedatthetimeofenforcementofthisPartoftheCode.

3NEWORALTERNATIVEMATERIALS
3.1TheprovisionsofthisPartarenotintendedtopreventtheuseofanymaterialnotspecificallyprescribedunder2.Anysuchmaterialmaybeapprovedbythe
Authorityoranagencyappointedbythemforthepurpose,provideditisestablishedthatthematerialissatisfactoryforthepurposeintendedandtheequivalentofthat
requiredinthisPartoranyotherspecificationissuedorapprovedbytheAuthority.TheAuthorityoranagencyappointedbythemshalltakeintoaccountthefollowing
parameters,asapplicabletotheconcernedneworalternativebuildingmaterial:
a)Requirementsofthematerialspecified/expectedintermsoftheprovisionsgiveninthestandardsonitsusage,includingitsapplicabilityingeoclimaticcondition
b)Generalappearance
c)Dimensionanddimensionalstability
d)Structuralstabilityincludingstrengthproperties
e)Firesafety
f)Durability
g)Thermalproperties
h)Mechanicalproperties
j)Acousticalproperties
k)Opticalproperties
m)Biologicaleffect
n)Environmentalaspects
p)Workingcharacteristics
q)Easeofhandlingand
r)Consistencyandworkability.
Forestablishingtheperformanceofthematerial/component,laboratory/fieldtests,andfieldtrials,asrequired,andstudyofhistoricaldataarerecommended.
3.2ApprovalinwritingoftheAuthorityoranagentappointedbythemforthepurposeofapprovalofmaterial,shallbeobtainedbytheownerorhisagentbeforeany
new,alternativeorequivalentmaterialisused.TheAuthorityortheiragentshallbasesuchapprovalontheprinciplesetforthin3.1andshallrequirethattestsbemade
(see7.1)orsufficientevidenceorproofbesubmitted,attheexpenseoftheownerorhisagent,tosubstantiateanyclaimfortheproposedmaterial.
NOTEForinterpretationofthetermAuthority(seealso7.1),thedefinitionofAuthorityhavingjurisdictiongiveninPart2Administrationshallapply.

4THIRDPARTYCERTIFICATION
ForensuringtheconformityofmaterialsforwhichIndianStandardsexistandforneworalternativebuildingmaterials,torequisitequalityparameterstheservices
underthethirdpartycertificationschemesoftheGovernment,maybeutilizedwithadvantage.

5USEDMATERIALS
TheuseofusedmaterialsmaynotbeprecludedprovidedthesemeettherequirementsofthisPartfornewmaterials(seePart2Administration).

6STORAGEOFMATERIALS
Allbuildingmaterialsshallbestoredonthebuildingsiteinsuchawayastopreventdeteriorationorthelossorimpairmentoftheirstructuralandotheressential
properties(seePart7ConstructionalPracticesandSafety).

7METHODSOFTEST
7.1EverytestofmaterialrequiredinthisPartorbytheAuthorityshallbecarriedoutinaccordancewiththeIndianStandardmethodsoftest.Inthecaseofmethodsof
testswhereIndianStandardsarenotavailable,thesameshallconformtothemethodsoftestsissuedbytheAuthorityortheiragent.AlistofIndianStandardmethodsof
testisgivenattheendofthisPartoftheCodeasthegoodpractices.LaboratorytestsshallbeconductedbyrecognizedlaboratoriesacceptabletotheAuthority.
7.1.1Themanufacturer/suppliershallsatisfyhimselfthatmaterialsconformtotherequirementsofthespecificationsandifrequestedshallsupplyacertificatetothis
effecttothepurchaserorhisrepresentative.Whensuchtestcertificatesarenotavailable,thespecimenofthematerialshallbetested.

LISTOFSTANDARDS
FollowingaretheIndianStandardsforvariousbuildingmaterialsandcomponents,tobecompliedwithinfulfillmentoftherequirementsoftheCode.
Inthefollowinglist,whileenlistingtheIndianStandards,thematerialshavebeencategorizedinsuchawayastomakethelistuserfriendly.Intheprocess,ifso
required,someofthestandardshavebeenincludedeveninmorethanonecategoryofproducts,suchasinthecategorybasedoncompositionaswellasonendapplication
ofthematerials.Thelisthasbeenarrangedinalphabeticalorderoftheirprincipalcategoryasgivenbelow:
1.ALUMINIUMANDOTHERLIGHTMETALSANDTHEIRALLOYS
2.BITUMENANDTARPRODUCTS
3.BUILDERSHARDWARES
4.BUILDINGCHEMICALS
5.BUILDINGLIMEANDPRODUCTS
6.BURNTCLAYPRODUCTS
7.CEMENTANDCONCRETE(includingconcretereinforcement)
8.COMPOSITEMATRIXPRODUCTS(includingcementmatrixproducts)
9.CONDUCTORSANDCABLES
10.DOORS,WINDOWSANDVENTILATORS
11.ELECTRICALWIRING,FITTINGSANDACCESSORIES
12.FILLERS,STOPPERSANDPUTTIES
13.FLOORCOVERING,ROOFINGANDOTHERFINISHES
14.GLASS

15.GYPSUMBASEDMATERIALS
16.LIGNOCELLULOSICBUILDINGMATERIALS(includingtimber,bambooandproductsthereof)
17.PAINTSANDALLIEDPRODUCTS
18.POLYMERS,PLASTICSANDGEOSYNTHETICS/GEOTEXTILES
19.SANITARYAPPLIANCESANDWATERFITTINGS
20.SOILBASEDPRODUCTS
21.STEELANDITSALLOYS
22.STONES
23.STRUCTURALSECTIONS
24.THERMALINSULATIONMATERIALS
25.THREADEDFASTENERSANDRIVETS
26.UNITWEIGHTSOFBUILDINGMATERIALS
27.WATERPROOFINGANDDAMPPROOFINGMATERIALS
28.WELDINGELECTRODESANDWIRES
29.WIREROPESANDWIREPRODUCTS
1.ALUMINIUMANDOTHERLIGHTMETALSANDTHEIRALLOYS
ISNo.

Title

733:1983

Specificationforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,bars,rodsandsectionsforgeneralengineeringpurposes(thirdrevision)

737:1986[2008]

Specificationforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,sheetrodsandstripforgeneralengineeringpurposes(thirdrevision)

738:1994

Specificationforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloydrawntubeforgeneralengineeringpurposes(thirdrevision)

740:1977

Specificationforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloyrivetstockforgeneralengineeringpurposes(secondrevision)

1254:1991[2007]

Specificationforcorrugatedaluminiumsheet(thirdrevision)

1284:1975

Wroughtaluminiumalloyboltandscrewstockforgeneralengineeringpurposes(secondrevision)

1285:2002

Specificationforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,extrudedroundtubeandhollowsectionsforgeneralengineeringpurposes(thirdrevision)

2479:1981

Colourcodefortheidentificationofaluminiumandaluminiumalloysforgeneralengineeringpurposes(secondrevision)

2676:1981

Dimensionsforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloysheetandstrip

2677:1979

Dimensionsforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,platesandhotrolledsheets

14712:1999

WroughtaluminiumanditsalloysChequered/treadsheetsforgeneralengineeringpurposesSpecification

2.BITUMENANDTARPRODUCTS
73:1992[2013]

Specificationforpavingbitumen(secondrevision)

212:1983

Specificationforcrudecoaltarforgeneraluse(secondrevision)

215:1995

Specificationforroadtar(thirdrevision)

216:1961[2006]

Specificationforcoaltarpitch(firstrevision)

217:1988

Specificationforcutbackbitumen(secondrevision)

218:1983

Specificationforcreosoteoilforuseaswoodpreservatives(secondrevision)

454:1994

Specificationforcutbackbitumenfromwaxycrude(secondrevision)

702:1988

Specificationforindustrialbitumen(secondrevision)

1201to1220

Methodsfortestingtarandbituminousmaterials

1201:1978

Sampling(firstrevision)

1202:1978

Determinationofspecificgravity(firstrevision)

1203:1978

Determinationofpenetration(firstrevision)

1204:1978

Determinationofresidueofspecifiedpenetration(firstrevision)

1205:1978

Determinationofsofteningpoint(firstrevision)

1206

Determinationofviscosity:

(Part1):1978

Industrialviscosity(firstrevision)

(Part2):1978

Absoluteviscosity(firstrevision)

(Part3):1978

Kinematicviscosity(firstrevision)

1207:1978

Determinationofequiviscoustemperature(EVT)(firstrevision)

1208:1978

Determinationofductility(firstrevision)

1209:1978

Determinationofflashpointandfirepoint(firstrevision)

1210:1978

Floattest(firstrevision)

1211:1978

Determinationofwatercontent(DeanandStarkmethod)(firstrevision)

1212:1978

Determinationoflossofheating(firstrevision)

1213:1978

Distillationtest(firstrevision)

1215:1978

Determinationofmatterinsolubleintoluene(firstrevision)

1216:1978

Determinationofsolubilityincarbondisulphideortrichloroethylene(firstrevision)

1217:1978

Determinationofmineralmatter(ASH)(firstrevision)

1218:1978

Determinationofphenols(firstrevision)

1219:1978

Determinationofnaphthalene(firstrevision)

1220:1978

Determinationofvolatilemattercontent(firstrevision)

3117:2004

Specificationforbitumenemulsionforroads(anionictype)(firstrevision)

8887:2004

Specificationforbitumenemulsionforroads(cationictype)(secondrevision)

9381:1979

Methodsfortestingtarandbituminousmaterials:DeterminationofFRAASSbreakingpointofbitumen

9382:1979

Methodsfortestingtarandbituminousmaterials:Determinationofeffectofheatandairbythinfilmoventest

10511:1983

Methodfordeterminationofasphaltenesinbitumenbyprecipitationwithnormalhaptane

10512:2003

Methodfordeterminationofwaxcontentinbitumen(firstrevision)

13758

Coaltarpitch:

(Part1):1993

Determinationofmatterinsolubleinquinoline

(Part2):1993

Determinationofcokingvalue

15172:2002

MethodsfortestingtarandbituminousmaterialsDeterminationofcuringindexforcutbackbitumens

15173:2002

MethodsfortestingtarsandbituminousmaterialsDeterminationofbreakingpointforcationicbitumenemulsion

15174:2002

MethodsfortestingtarandbituminousmaterialDeterminationofbreakingpointforanionicbitumenemulsion

15462:2004

Specificationforpolymerandrubbermodifiedbitumen

3.BUILDERSHARDWARE
204

Specificationfortowerbolts:

(Part1):1991

Ferrousmetals(fifthrevision)

(Part2):1992

Nonferrousmetals(fifthrevision)

205:1992

Specificationfornonferrousmetalbutthinges(fourthrevision)

206:1992[2010]

Specificationforteeandstraphinges(fourthrevision)

208:1996

Specificationfordoorhandles(fifthrevision)

281:1991[2009]

Specificationformildsteelslidingdoorboltsforusewithpadlock(thirdrevision)

362:1991

Specificationforparliamenthinges(fifthrevision)

363:1993

Specificationforhaspsandstaples(fourthrevision)

364:1993

Specificationforfanlightcatch(thirdrevision)

452:1973

Specificationfordoorsprings,rattailtype(secondrevision)

453:1993

Specificationfordoubleactingspringhinges(thirdrevision)

729:1979

Specificationfordrawerlocks,cupboardlocksandboxlocks(thirdrevision)

1019:1974

Specificationforrimlatches(secondrevision)

1341:1992

Specificationforsteelbutthinges(sixthrevision)

1823:1980

Specificationforfloordoorstoppers(thirdrevision)

1837:1966

Specificationforfanlightpivots(firstrevision)

2209:1976
2681:1993

Specificationformorticelocks(verticaltype)(thirdrevision)
Specificationfornonferrousmetalslidingdoorboltsforusewithpadlocks(thirdrevision)

3564:1995

Specificationfordoorclosers(hydraulicallyregulated)(secondrevision)

3818:1992

Specificationforcontinuous(piano)hinges(thirdrevision)

3828:1966

Specificationforventilatorchains

3843:1995

Specificationforsteelbackflaphinges(firstrevision)

3847:1992

Specificationformorticenightlatches(firstrevision)

4621:1975

Specificationforindicatingboltsforuseinpublicbathsandlavatories(firstrevision)

4948:2002

Specificationforweldedsteelwirefabricforgeneraluse(secondrevision)

4992:1975

Specificationfordoorhandlesformorticelocks(verticaltype)(firstrevision)

5187:1972

Specificationforflushbolts(firstrevision)

5899:1970

Specificationforbathroomlatches

5930:1970

Specificationformorticelatch(verticaltype)

6315:1992

Specificationforfloorsprings(hydraulicallyregulated)forheavydoors(secondrevision)

6318:1971

Specificationforplasticwindowstaysandfasteners

6343:1982

Specificationfordoorclosers(pneumaticallyregulated)forlightdoorweighingupto40kg(firstrevision)

6607:1972

Specificationforrebatedmorticelocks(verticaltype)

7196:1974

Specificationforholdfast

7197:1974

Specificationfordoubleactionfloorsprings(withoutoilcheck)forheavydoors

7534:1985

Specificationforslidinglockingboltsforusewithpadlocks(firstrevision)

7540:1974

Specificationformorticedeadlocks

8756:1978

Specificationforballcatchesforuseinwoodenalmirah

8760:1978

Specificationformorticeslidingdoorlocks,withlevermechanism

9106:1979

Specificationforrisingbutthinges

9131:1979

Specificationforrimlocks

9460:1980

Specificationforflushdrophandlefordrawer

9899:1981

Specificationforhatcoatandwardrobehooks

10019:1981

Specificationformildsteelstaysandfasteners

10090:1982

Specificationfornumericals

10342:1982

Specificationforcurtainrailsystem

12817:1997

Specificationforstainlesssteelbutthinges(firstrevision)

12867:1989

SpecificationforPVChandrailscovers

14912:2001

Specificationfordoorclosersconcealedtype(hydraulicallyregulated)

4.BUILDINGCHEMICALS
a)AntitermiteChemicals
632:1978

SpecificationforgammaBHC(lindane)emulsifiableconcentrates(fourthrevision)

8944:1978[2005]

Specificationforchlorpyrifosemulsifiableconcentrates

b)ChemicalAdmixture/WaterProofingCompounds
2645:2003

Specificationforintegralwaterproofingcompoundsforcementmortarandconcrete(secondrevision)

6925:1973

Methodsoftestfordeterminationofwatersolublechloridesinconcreteadmixtures

9103:1999

Specificationforconcreteadmixtures(firstrevision)

c)Sealants/Fillers
1834:1984

Specificationforhotappliedsealingcompoundforjointinconcrete(firstrevision)

1838

Specificationforpreformedfillersforexpansionjointinconcretepavementsandstructures(nonextrudingandresilienttype):

(Part1):1983

Bitumenimpregnatedfibre(firstrevision)

(Part2):1984

CNSLaldehyderesinandcoconutpith

11433(Part1):1985

Specificationforonegradepolysulphidebasedjointsealant:Part1Generalrequirements

12118

Specificationfortwopartspolysulphidebasedsealants:

(Part1):1987

Generalrequirements

(Part2):1987

Methodsoftest

d)Adhesives
848:1974[2006]

Specificationforsyntheticresinadhesivesforplywood(phenolicandaminoplastic)(firstrevision)

849:1994[inactive]

Specificationforcoldsettingcaseinglueforwood(firstrevision)

851:1978

Specificationforsyntheticresinadhesivesforconstructionwork(nonstructural)inwood(firstrevision)

852:1994

Specificationforanimalglueforgeneralwoodworkingpurposes(secondrevision)

1508:1972

Specificationforextendersforuseinsyntheticresinadhesives(ureaformaldehyde)forplywood(firstrevision)

4835:1979

Specificationforpolyvinylacetatedispersionbasedadhesivesforwood(firstrevision)

9188:1979

Performancerequirementsforadhesiveforstructurallaminatedwoodproductsforuseunderexteriorexposurecondition

12830:1989

RubberbasedadhesivesforfixingPVCtilestocement

12994:1990

Epoxyadhesives,roomtemperaturecuringgeneralpurpose

5.BUILDINGLIMEANDPRODUCTS
712:1984

Specificationforbuildinglimes(thirdrevision)

1624:1986

Methodoffieldtestingofbuildinglime(firstrevision)

2686:1977

Specificationforcinderasfineaggregatesforuseinlimeconcrete(firstrevision)

3068:1986

Specificationforbrokenbrick(burntclay)coarseaggregatesforuseinlimeconcrete(secondrevision)

3115:1992

Specificationforlimebasedblocks(secondrevision)

3182:1986

Specificationforbrokenbricks(burntclay)fineaggregatesforuseinlimemortar(secondrevision)

4098:1983

Specificationforlimepozzolanamixture(firstrevision)

4139:1989

Specificationforcalciumsilicatebricks(secondrevision)

6932(Part1):1973

Methodoftestsforbuildinglimes:Determinationofinsolubleresidue,lossonignition,insolublematter,silicondioxide,ferricandaluminiumoxide,calciumoxideandmagnesium
oxide

(Part2):1973

Determinationofcarbondioxidecontent

(Part3):1973

Determinationofresidueonslakingofquicklime

(Part4):1973

Determinationoffinenessofhydratedlime

(Part5):1973

Determinationofunhydratedoxide

(Part6):1973

Determinationofvolumeyieldofquicklime

(Part7):1973

Determinationofcompressiveandtransversestrength

(Part8):1973

Determinationofworkability

(Part9):1973

Determinationofsoundness

(Part10):1973

Determinationofpoppingandpittingofhydratedlime

(Part11):1984

Determinationofsettingtimeofhydratedlime

10360:1982

Specificationforlimepozzolanaconcreteblocksforpaving

10772:1983

Specificationforquicksettinglimepozzolanamixture

12894:2002

Specificationforpulverizedfuelashlimebricks(firstrevision)

6.BURNTCLAYPRODUCTS
a)Blocks
3952:1988

Specificationforburnthollowbricksforwallsandpartitions(secondrevision)

b)SoilBasedProducts
1725:1982

Specificationforsoilbasedblocksusedingeneralbuildingconstruction

c)Bricks
1077:1992

Specificationforcommonburntclaybuildingbricks(fifthrevision)

2117:1991

Guideformanufactureofhandmadecommonburntclaybuildingbricks(thirdrevision)

2180:1988

Specificationforheavydutyburntclaybuildingbricks(thirdrevision)

2222:1991

Specificationforburntclayperforatedbuildingbricks(fourthrevision)

2691:1988
3495(Parts1to4):1992

Specificationforburntclayfacingbricks(secondrevision)
Methodsoftestofburntclaybuildingbricks(thirdrevision)

3583:1988[1988]

Specificationforburntclaypavingbricks(secondrevision)

4885:1988

Specificationforsewerbricks(firstrevision)

5454:1978

Methodsforsamplingofclaybuildingbricks

5779:1986

Specificationforburntclaysolingbricks(firstrevision)

6165:1992

Dimensionsforspecialshapesofclaybricks(firstrevision)

11650:1991

Guideformanufactureofcommonburntclaybuildingbricksbysemimechanizedprocess(firstrevision)

13757:1993

Specificationforburntclayflyashbuildingbricks

d)Jallies
7556:1988

Specificationforburntclayjallies(firstrevision)

e)Tiles
654:1992

Specificationforclayroofingtiles,Mangalorepattern(thirdrevision)

1464:1992

Specificationforclayridgeandceilingtiles(secondrevision)

1478:1992

Specificationforclayflooringtiles(secondrevision)

2690

Specificationforburntclayflatterracingtiles:

(Part1):1993

Machinemade(secondrevision)

(Part2):1992

Handmade(secondrevision)

3367:1993

Specificationforburntclaytilesforuseinliningirrigationanddrainageworks(secondrevision)

3951

Specificationforhollowclaytilesforfloorandroofs:

(Part1):1975[2009]

Fillertype(firstrevision)

(Part2):1975[2009]

Structuraltype(firstrevision)

13317:1992

Specificationforclayroofingcamtytiles,halfroundandflattiles

13317:1992

Specificationforclayroofingcamtytiles,halfroundandflattiles

7.CEMENTANDCONCRETE(includingconcretereinforcement)
a)Aggregates
383:1970

Specificationforcoarseandfineaggregatesfromnaturalsourcesforconcrete(secondrevision)

1542:1992

Specificationforsandforplaster(secondrevision)

2116:1980

Specificationforsandformasonrymortars(firstrevision)

2386

Methodsoftestforaggregatesforconcrete:

(Part1):1963

Particlesizeandshape

(Part2):1963

Estimationofdeleteriousmaterialsandorganicimpurities

(Part3):1963

Specificgravity,density,voids,absorptionandbulking

(Part4):1963

Mechanicalproperties

(Part5):1963

Soundness

(Part6):1963

Measuringmortarmakingpropertiesoffineaggregates

(Part7):1963

Alkaliaggregatereactivity

(Part8):1963

Petrographicexamination

2430:1986

Methodsofsamplingofaggregatesofconcrete(firstrevision)

6579:1981

Specificationforcoarseaggregateforwaterboundmacadam(firstrevision)

9142:1979

Specificationforartificiallightweightaggregatesforconcretemasonryunits

b)Cement
269:1989

Specificationforordinaryportlandcement,33Grade(fourthrevision)

455:1989

SpecificationforPortlandslagcement(fourthrevision)

1489

SpecificationforPortlandpozzolanacement:

(Part1):1991

Flyashbased(thirdrevision)

(Part2):1991

Calcinedclaybased(thirdrevision)

3466:1988

Specificationformasonrycement(secondrevision)

6452:1989[1989]

Specificationforhighaluminacementforstructuraluse(firstrevision)

6909:1990

Specificationforsupersulphatedcement

8041:1990

SpecificationforrapidhardeningPortlandcement(secondrevision)

8042:1989

SpecificationforwhitePortlandcement(secondrevision)

8043:1991

SpecificationforhydrophobicPortlandcement(secondrevision)

8112:1989

Specificationfor43gradeordinaryPortlandcement(firstrevision)

12269:1987

Specificationfor53gradeordinaryPortlandcement

12330:1988

SpecificationforsulphateresistingPortlandcement

12600:1989

SpecificationforlowheatPortlandcement

c)Mineral/ChemicalAdmixturesandPozzolanas
1344:1981

Specificationforcalcinedclaypozzolana(secondrevision)

1727:1967

Methodsoftestforpozzolanicmaterials(firstrevision)

3812

Specificationforpulverizedfuelash:

(Part1):2003

Foruseaspozzolanaincement,cementmortarandconcrete(secondrevision)

(Part2):2003

Foruseasadmixtureincementmortarandconcrete(secondrevision)

6491:1972

Methodofsamplingofflyash

6925:1973

Methodsoftestfordeterminationofwatersolublechloridesinconcreteadmixtures

9103:1999

Specificationforadmixturesforconcrete(firstrevision)

12089:1987

SpecificationforgranulatedslagformanufactureofPortlandslagcement

12870:1989

Methodsofsamplingcalcinedclaypozzolana

15388:2003

Specificationforsilicafume

d)Concrete
456:2000

Codeofpracticeforplainandreinforcedconcrete(fourthrevision)

1343:1980

Codeofpracticeforprestressedconcrete(firstrevision)

4926:2003

Codeofpracticeforreadymixedconcrete(thirdrevision)

e)CementandConcreteSamplingandMethodsofTest
516:1959

Methodsoftestforstrengthofconcrete

1199:1959

Methodsofsamplingandanalysisofconcrete

2770
(Part1):1967

Methodsoftestingbondinreinforcedconcrete:Part1Pullouttest

3085:1965

Methodsoftestforpermeabilityofcementmortarandconcrete

3535:1986

Methodsofsamplinghydrauliccement(firstrevision)

4031

Methodsofphysicaltestsforhydrauliccement:

(Part1):1996

Determinationoffinenessbydrysieving(secondrevision)

(Part2):1999

DeterminationoffinenessbyspecificsurfacebyBlaineairpermeabilitymethod(secondrevision)

(Part3):1988

Determinationofsoundness(firstrevision)

(Part4):1988

Determinationofconsistencyofstandardcementpaste(firstrevision)

(Part5):1988

Determinationofinitialandfinalsettingtimes(firstrevision)

(Part6):1988

Determinationofcompressivestrengthofhydrauliccement(otherthanmasonrycement)(firstrevision)

(Part7):1988

Determinationofcompressivestrengthofmasonrycement(firstrevision)

(Part8):1988

Determinationoftransverseandcompressivestrengthofplasticmortarusingprism(firstrevision)

(Part9):1988

Determinationofheatofhydration(firstrevision)

(Part10):1988

Determinationofdryingshrinkage(firstrevision)

(Part11):1988

Determinationofdensity(firstrevision)

(Part12):1988

Determinationofaircontentofhydrauliccementmortar(firstrevision)

(Part13):1988

Measurementofwaterretentivityofmasonrycement(firstrevision)

(Part14):1989
(Part15):1991

Determinationoffalseset
Determinationoffinenessbywetsieving

4032:1985

Methodsofchemicalanalysisforhydrauliccement(firstrevision)

5816:1999

Methodoftestforsplittingtensilestrengthofconcrete(firstrevision)

8142:1976

Methodsoftestfordeterminingsettingtimeofconcretebypenetrationresistance

9013:1978

Methodofmaking,curinganddeterminingcompressivestrengthofacceleratedcuredconcretetestspecimens

9284:1979

Methodoftestforabrasionresistanceofconcrete

12423:1988

Methodsforcolorometricanalysisofhydrauliccement

12803:1989

MethodsofanalysisofhydrauliccementbyXrayfluorescencespectrometer

12813:1989

Methodofanalysisofhydrauliccementbyatomicabsorptionspectrophotometer

13311

Methodsofnondestructivetestingofconcrete:

(Part1):1992

Ultrasonicpulsevelocity

(Part2):1992

Reboundhammer

f)TreatmentofConcreteJoints
1834:1984

Specificationforhotappliedsealingcompoundforjointinconcrete(firstrevision)

1838

Specificationforpreformedfillersforexpansionjointinconcretepavementsandstructures(nonextrudingandresilienttype):

(Part1):1983

Bitumenimpregnatedfibre(firstrevision)

(Part2):1984

CNSLaldehyderesinandcoconutpith

10566:1983

Methodsoftestforpreformedfillersforexpansionjointsinconcretepavingandstructuralconstruction

11433

Specificationforonegradepolysulphidebasedjointsealant:

(Part1):1985

Generalrequirements

(Part2):1986

Methodsoftest

12118

Specificationfortwopartspolysulphidebasedsealants:

(Part1):1987

Generalrequirements

(Part2):1987

Methodsoftest

g)ConcreteReinforcement
432

Specificationformildsteelandmediumtensilesteelbarsandharddrawnsteelwireforconcretereinforcement:

(Part1):1982

Mildsteelandmediumtensilesteelbars(thirdrevision)

(Part2):1982

Harddrawnsteelwire(thirdrevision)

1566:1982

Specificationforharddrawnsteelwirefabricforconcretereinforcement(secondrevision)

1608:1995[2005]

MechanicaltestingofmaterialsTensiletesting

1785

Specificationforplainharddrawnsteelwireforprestressedconcrete:

(Part1):1983

Colddrawnstressrelievedwire(secondrevision)

(Part2):1983

Asdrawnwire(firstrevision)

1786:1985[2008]

Specificationforhighstrengthdeformedsteelbarsandwiresforconcretereinforcement(thirdrevision)

2090:1983

Specificationforhightensilesteelbarsusedinprestressedconcrete(firstrevision)

6003:1983[2010]

Specificationforindentedwireforprestressedconcrete(firstrevision)

6006:1983

Specificationforuncoatedstressrelievedstrandforprestressedconcrete(firstrevision)

10790

Methodsofsamplingofsteelforprestressedandreinforcedconcrete:

(Part1):1984

Prestressingsteel

(Part2):1984

Reinforcingsteel

13620:1993

Specificationforfusionbondedepoxycoatedreinforcingbars

14268:1995

Specificationforuncoatedstressrelievedlowrelaxationsevenplystrandforprestressedconcrete

8.COMPOSITEMATRIXPRODUCTS
a)CementMatrixProducts
i)PrecastConcreteProducts
2185

Specificationforconcretemasonryunits:

(Part1):1979[2005]

Hollowandsolidconcreteblocks(secondrevision)

(Part2):1983

Hollowandsolidlightweightconcreteblocks(firstrevision)

(Part3):1984

Autoclavedcellular(aerated)concreteblocks(firstrevision)

4996:1984

Specificationforreinforcedconcretefenceposts(firstrevision)

5751:1984

Specificationforprecastconcretecopingblocks(firstrevision)

5758:1984

Specificationforprecastconcretekerbs(firstrevision)

5820:1970

Specificationforprecastconcretecablecovers

6072:1971

Specificationforautoclavedreinforcedcellularconcretewallslabs

6073:1971[2006]

Specificationforautoclavedreinforcedcellularconcretefloorandroofslabs

6441

Methodsoftestforautoclavedcellularconcreteproducts:

(Part1):1972

Determinationofunitweightorbulkdensityandmoisturecontent

(Part2):1972

Determinationofdryingshrinkage

(Part4):1972

Corrosionprotectionofsteelreinforcementinautoclavedcellularconcrete

(Part5):1972

Determinationofcompressivestrength

(Part6):1973

Strength,deformationandcrackingofflexuralmemberssubjecttobendingshortdurationloadingtest

(Part7):1973

Strength,deformationandcrackingofflexuralmemberssubjecttobendingsustainedloadingtest

(Part8):1973

Loadingtestsforflexuralmembersindiagonaltension

(Part9):1973

Jointingofautoclavedcellularconcreteelements

6523:1983

Specificationforprecastreinforcedconcretedoorandwindowframes(firstrevision)

9872:1981

Specificationforprecastconcreteseptictanks

9893:1981

Specificationforprecastconcreteblocksforlintelsandsills

12440:1988

Specificationforprecastconcretestonemasonryblocks

12592:2002

Specificationforprecastconcretemanholecoversandframes(firstrevision)

13356:1992

Specificationforprecastferrocementwatertanks(250to10000litrescapacity)

13990:1994

Specificationforprecastreinforcedconcreteplanksandjoistsforflooringandroofing

14143:1994

Specificationforprefabricatedbrickpanelandpartiallyprecastconcretejoistforflooringandroofing

14201:1994

Specificationforprecastreinforcedconcretechannelunitforconstructionoffloorsandroofs

14241:1994[1995]

SpecificationforprecastLPanelunitsforroofing

ii)AsbestosFibreCementProducts
459:1992

Specificationforcorrugatedandsemicorrugatedasbestoscementsheets(thirdrevision)

1592:2003

Specificationforasbestoscementpressurepipesandjoints(fourthrevision)

1626

Specificationforasbestoscementbuildingpipesandpipefittings,guttersandgutterfittingsandroofingfittings:

(Part1):1994

Pipesandpipefittings(secondrevision)

(Part2):1994

Guttersandgutterfittings(secondrevision)

(Part3):1994

Roofingfittings(secondrevision)

2096:1992

Specificationforasbestoscementflatsheets(firstrevision)

2098:1997

Specificationforasbestoscementbuildingboards(firstrevision)

5913:2003

Methodsoftestforasbestoscementproducts(secondrevision)

6908:1991

Specificationforasbestoscementpipesandfittingsforsewerageanddrainage(firstrevision)

7639:1975

Methodofsamplingasbestoscementproducts

9627:1980

Specificationforasbestoscementpressurepipes(lightduty)

13000:1990

SilicaasbestoscementflatsheetsSpecification

13008:1990

Specificationforshallowcorrugatedasbestoscementsheets

iii)OtherFibreCementProducts
14862:2000

Specificationforfibrecementflatsheets

14871:2000

Specificationforproductsinfibrereinforcedcementlongcorrugatedorasymmetricalsectionsheetsandfittingsforroofingandcladding

iv)ConcretePipesandPipesLined/CoatedwithConcreteorMortar

458:2003

Specificationforprecastconcretepipes(withandwithoutreinforcement)(fourthrevision)

784:2001

Specificationforprestressedconcretepipes(includingspecials)(secondrevision)

1916:1989

Specificationforsteelcylinderpipewithconcreteliningandcoating(firstrevision)

3597:1998

Methodsoftestforconcretepipes(secondrevision)

4350:1967

Specificationforconcreteporouspipesforunderdrainage

7319:1974

Specificationforperforatedconcretepipes

7322:1985

Specificationforspecialsforsteelcylinderreinforcedconcretepipes(firstrevision)

15155:2002

Specificationforbar/wirewrappedsteelcylinderpipewithmortarliningandcoating

b)ResinMatrixProducts
1998:1962

Methodsoftestforthermosettingsyntheticresinbondedlaminatedsheets

2036:1995

Specificationforphenoliclaminatedsheets(secondrevision)

2046:1995

Specificationfordecorativethermosettingsyntheticresinbondedlaminatedsheets(secondrevision)

9.CONDUCTORSANDCABLES
694:1990[2010]

SpecificationforPVCinsulatedcablesforworkingvoltagesuptoandincluding1100V(thirdrevision)

1554

SpecificationforPVCinsulated(heavyduty)electriccables:

(Part1):1988

Forworkingvoltagesuptoandincluding1100V(thirdrevision)

(Part2):1988

Forworkingvoltagesfrom3.3kVuptoandincluding11kV(secondrevision)

4289

Specificationforflexiblecablesforliftsandotherflexible:

(Part1):1984

Elastomerinsulatedcables(firstrevision)

(Part2):2000

PVCinsulatedcircularcables

7098

SpecificationforcrosslinkedpolyethyleneinsulatedPVCsheathedcables:

(Part1):1988

Forworkingvoltageuptoandincluding1100V(secondrevision)

(Part2):1985[2011]

Forworkingvoltagesfrom3.3kVuptoandincluding33kV(firstrevision)

(Part3):1993

Forworkingvoltagesfrom66kVuptoandincluding220kV(firstrevision

9968

Specificationforelastomerinsulatedcables:

(Part1):1988

Forworkingvoltagesuptoandincluding1100V(firstrevision)

(Part2):2002

Forworkingvoltagesfrom3.3kVuptoandincluding33kV(firstrevision)

10810

Methodsoftestforcables

(Part0):1984

General

(Part1):1984

Annealingtestforwiresusedinconductors

(Part2):1984

Tensiletestforaluminiumwires

(Part3):1984

Wrappingtestforaluminiumwires

(Part4):1984

Persulphatetestofconductor

(Part5):1984

Conductorresistancetest

(Part6):1984

Thicknessofthermoplasticandelastomericinsulationandsheath

(Part7):1984

Tensilestrengthandelongationatbreakofthermoplasticandelastomericinsulationandsheath

(Part8):1984

Breakingstrengthandelongationatbreakforimpregnatedpaperinsulation

(Part9):1984

Tearresistanceforpaperinsulation

(Part10):1984

Lossofmasstest

(Part11):1984

Thermalageinginair

(Part12):1984

Shrinkagetest

(Part13):1984

Ozoneresistancetest

(Part14):1984

Heatshocktest

(Part15):1984

Hotdeformationtest

(Part16):1986

Acceleratedageingtestbyoxygenpressuremethod

(Part17):1986

Tearresistancetestforheavydutysheath

(Part18):1984

Colourfastnesstodaylight

(Part19):1984

Bleedingandbloomingtest

(Part20):1984

Coldbendtest

(Part21):1984

Coldimpacttest

(Part22):1984

Vicatsofteningpoint

(Part23):1984

Meltflowindex

(Part24):1984

Watersolubleimpuritiestestofinsulatingpaper

(Part25):1984

Conductivityofwaterextracttestofinsulatingpaper

(Part26):1984

pHvalueofwaterextracttestofinsulatingpaper

(Part27):1984

Ashcontenttestofinsulatingpaper

(Part28):1984

Waterabsorptiontest(Electrical)

(Part29):1984

Environmentalstresscrackingtest

(Part30):1984

Hotsettest

(Part31):1984

Oilresistancetest

(Part32):1984

Carboncontenttestforpolyethylene

(Part33):1984

Waterabsorptiontest(Gravimetric)

(Part34):1984

Measurementofthicknessofmetallicsheath

(Part35):1984

Determinationoftininleadalloyforsheathing

(Part36):1984

Dimensionsofarmouringmaterial

(Part37):1984

Tensilestrengthandelongationatbreakofarmouringmaterials

(Part38):1984

Torsiontestongalvanizedsteelwiresforarmouring

(Part39):1984

Windingtestongalvanizedsteelstripesforarmouring

(Part40):1984

Uniformityofzinccoatingonsteelarmour

(Part41):1984

Massofzinccoatingonsteelarmour

(Part42):1984

Resistivitytestofarmourwiresandstripsandconductancetestofarmour(wires/strips)

(Part43):1984

Insulationresistance

(Part44):1984

Sparktest

(Part45):1984

Highvoltagetest

(Part46):1984

Partialdischargetest

(Part47):1984

Impulsetest

(Part48):1984

Dielectricpowerfactortest

(Part49):1984

Heatingcycletest

(Part50):1984

Bendingtest

(Part51):1984

Drippingtest

(Part52):1984

Drainagetest

(Part53):1984

Flammabilitytest

(Part54):1984

Staticflexibilitytest

(Part55):1986

Abrasiontest

(Part56):1987

Acceleratedageingbytheairpressuremethod

(Part57):1987

Flexingtest

(Part58):1998

Oxygenindextest

(Part59):1988

Determinationoftheamountofhalogenacidgasevolvedduringcombustionofpolymericmaterialstakenfromcables

(Part60):1988

ThermalstabilityofPVCinsulationandsheath

(Part61):1988

Flameretardanttest

(Part62):1993

Fireresistancetestforbunchedcables

(Part63):1993

Smokedensityofelectriccablesunderfireconditions

(Part64):2003

Measurementoftemperatureindex

12943:1990
BrassglandsforPVCcables
10.DOORS,WINDOWSANDVENTILATORS
a)WoodenDoors,WindowsandVentilators
1003

Specificationfortimberpanelledandglazedshutters:

(Part1):2003

Doorshutters(fourthrevision)

(Part2):1994

Windowandventilatorshutters(thirdrevision)

1826:1961[inactive]

Specificationforvenetianblindsforwindows

2191

Specificationforwoodenflushdoorshutters(cellularandhollowcoretype):

(Part1):1983

Plywoodfacepanels(fourthrevision)

(Part2):1983

Particleboardfacepanelsandhardboardfacepanels(thirdrevision)

2202

Specificationforwoodenflushdoorshutters(solidcoretype):

(Part1):1991

Plywoodfacepanels(fifthrevision)

(Part2):1983

Particleboardfacepanelsandhardboardfacepanels(thirdrevision)

4020(Parts116

Methodoftestsfordoorshutters:

(Part1):1998

General(thirdrevision)

(Part2):1998

Measurementofdimensionsandsquareness(thirdrevision)

(Part3):1998

Measurementofgeneralflatness(thirdrevision)

(Part4):1998

Localplanenesstest(thirdrevision)

(Part5):1998

Impactindentationtest(thirdrevision)

(Part6):1998

Flexuretest(thirdrevision)

(Part7):1998

Edgeloadingtest(thirdrevision)

(Part8):1998

Shockresistancetest(thirdrevision)

(Part9):1998

Bucklingresistancetest(thirdrevision)

(Part10):1998

Slammingtest(thirdrevision)

(Part11):1998

Misusetest(thirdrevision)

(Part12):1998

Varyinghumiditytest(thirdrevision)

(Part13):1998

Endimmersiontest(thirdrevision)

(Part14):1998

Knifetest(thirdrevision)

(Part15):1998

Glueadhesiontest(thirdrevision)

(Part16):1998

Screwwithdrawalresistancetest(thirdrevision)

4021:1995

Specificationfortimberdoor,windowandventilatorframes

4962:1968

Specificationforwoodensideslidingdoors

6198:1992

Specificationforledged,bracedandbattenedtimbershutters(secondrevision)

b)MetalDoors,WindowsFramesandVentilators
1038:1983

Specificationforsteeldoors,windowsandventilators(thirdrevision)

1361:1978

Specificationforsteelwindowsforindustrialbuildings(firstrevision)

1948:1961

Specificationforaluminiumdoors,windowsandventilators

1949:1961

Specificationforaluminiumwindowsforindustrialbuildings

4351:2003

Specificationforsteeldoorframes(secondrevision)

6248:1979

Specificationformetalrollingshuttersandrollinggrills(firstrevision)

7452:1990

Specificationforhotrolledsteelsectionsfordoors,windowsandventilators(secondrevision)

10451:1983

Specificationforsteelslidingshutters(tophungtype)

10521:1983

Specificationforcollapsiblegates

c)PlasticDoorsandWindows
14856:2000

Specificationforglassfibrereinforced(GRP)paneltypedoorshuttersforinternaluse

15380:2003

Specificationformouldedraisedhighdensityfibre(HDF)paneldoors

11.ELECTRICALWIRINGFITTINGSANDACCESSORIES
371:1999

Specificationforceilingroses(thirdrevision)

374:1979

Specificationforelectricceilingtypefansandregulators(thirdrevision)

418:1978[2004]

Specificationfortungstenfilamentgeneralserviceelectriclamps(thirdrevision)

1258:1987[2005]

Specificationforbayonetlampholders(thirdrevision)

1293:1988[2005]

Specificationforplugsandsocketoutletsratedvoltageuptoandincluding250Vandratedcurrentuptoandincluding16amperes(secondrevision)

1534
(Part1):1977

Specificationforballastsforfluorescentlamps:Part1Forswitchstartcircuits(secondrevision)

1554

PVCinsulated(heavyduty)electriccables:

(Part1):1988

Forworkingvoltagesuptoandincluding1100V(thirdrevision)

(Part2):1988

Forworkingvoltagesfrom3.3kVuptoandincluding11kV(secondrevision)

1777:1978[inactive]

Specificationforindustrialluminairewithmetalreflectors(firstrevision)

2086:1993

Specificationforcarriersandbasesusedinrewirabletypeelectricfusesupto650V(thirdrevision)

2148:2004[600791:2007]

Specificationforflameproofenclosuresdforelectricalapparatusforexplosivegasatmospheres(thirdrevision)

2206

Specificationforflameproofelectriclightingfittings:

(Part1):1984

Wellglassandbulkheadtypes(firstrevision)

(Part2):1976[inactive]

Fittingsusingglasstubes

(Part3):1989

Fittingsusingfluorescentlampsandplasticcovers

(Part4):1987[inactive]

Portableflameproofhandlampsandapprovedflexiblecables

2215:1983[2006]

Specificationforstartersforfluorescentlamps(thirdrevision)

2412:1975

Specificationforlinkclipsforelectricalwiring(firstrevision)

2418

Specificationfortubularfluorescentlampsforgenerallightingservices:

(Part1):1977

Requirementsandtests(firstrevision)

(Part2):1977

Standardlampdatasheets(firstrevision)

(Part3):1977

DimensionsofG5andG13bipincaps(firstrevision)

(Part4):1977

GoandnogogaugesforG5andG13bipincaps(firstrevision)

2667:1988[147682:2003]

Specificationforfittingsforrigidsteelconduitsforelectricalwiring(secondrevision)

2675:1983

Specificationforencloseddistributionfuseboardsandcutoutsforvoltagesnotexceeding1000V(secondrevision)

3287:1965[inactive]

Specificationforindustriallightingfittingswithplasticreflectors

3323:1980

Specificationforbipinlampholdersfortubularfluorescentlamps(firstrevision)

3324:1982

Specificationforholdersforstartersfortubularfluorescentlamps(firstrevision)

3419:1989

Specificationforfittingsforrigidnonmetallicconduits(secondrevision)

3480:1966

Specificationforflexiblesteelconduitsforelectricalwiring

3528:1966

Specificationforwaterproofelectriclightingfittings

3553:1966

Specificationforwatertightelectriclightingfittings

3837:1976

Specificationforaccessoriesforrigidsteelconduitsforelectricalwiring(firstrevision)

3854:1997

Specificationforswitchesfordomesticandsimilarpurposes(secondrevision)

4012:1967[inactive]

Specificationfordustproofelectriclightingfittings

4013:1967[inactive]

Specificationfordusttightelectriclightingfittings

4160:1967[2005]

Specificationforinterlockingswitchsocketoutlet

4615:1968[15767:2008]

Specificationforswitchsocketoutlets(noninterlockingtype)

4649:1968

Specificationforadaptorsforflexiblesteelconduits

5077:1969

Specificationfordecorativelightingoutfits

6538:1971[1293:2005]

Specificationforthreepinplugsmadeofresilientmaterial

8030:1976

Specificationforluminairesforhospitals

8828:1996[608981:2002]

Specificationforcircuitbreakersforovercurrentprotectionforhouseholdandsimilarinstallation(secondrevision)

9537

Specificationforconduitsforelectricalinstallations:

(Part1):1980

Generalrequirements

(Part2):1981
(Part3):1983

Rigidsteelconduits
Rigidplainconduitsforinsulatingmaterials

(Part4):1983

Pliableselfrecoveringconduitsforinsulatingmaterials

(Part5):2000

Pliableconduitsofinsulatingmaterials

(Part6):2000

Pliableconduitsofmetalorcompositematerials

(Part8):2003

Rigidnonthreadableconduitsofaluminiumalloy

9926:1981

Specificationforfusewiresusedinrewirabletypeelectricfusesupto650V

10322

Specificationforluminaires:

(Part1):1982

Generalrequirements

(Part2):1982

Constructionalrequirements

(Part3):1984

Screwandscrewlessterminations

(Part4):1984

Methodsoftests

(Part5/Sec1):1985[2012]

Particularrequirements,Section1Generalpurposeluminaires

(Part5/Sec2):1985[2012]

Particularrequirements,Section2Recessedluminaires

(Part5/Sec3):1987[2012]

Particularrequirements,Section3Luminairesforroadandstreetlighting

(Part5/Sec4):1987

Particularrequirements,Section4Portablegeneralpurposeluminaires

(Part5/Sec5):1987

Particularrequirements,Section5Floodlight

11037:1984

Electronictypefanregulators

13010:2002

ACwatthourmeters,Class0.5,1and2(firstrevision)

13779:1999

ACstaticwatthourmeters(Class1and2)(firstrevision)

13947
(Part3):1993[609473:
1999]

Specificationforlowvoltageswitchgearandcontrolgear:Part3Switches,disconnectors,switchdisconnectorsandfusecombinationunits

14763:2000

Conduitforelectricalpurposes,outsidediametersofconduitsforelectricalinstallationsandthreadsforconduitsandfittings

14768

Conduitfittingsforelectricalinstallations:

(Part1):2000

Generalrequirements

(Part2):2003

Metalconduitfittings

14772:2000

Enclosuresforaccessoriesforhouseholdandsimilarfixedelectricalinstallations

14927

Cabletrunkingandductingsystemsforelectricalinstallations

(Part1):2001

Generalrequirements

(Part2):2001

Cabletrunkingandductingsystemsintendedformountingonwallsorceilings

14930

Conduitsystemsforelectricalinstallations:

(Part1):2001

Generalrequirements

(Part2):2001

Particularrequirementsforconduitsystemburiedunderground

15368:2003

Cablereelsforhouseholdandsimilarpurposes

12.FILLERS,STOPPERSANDPUTTIES
110:1983

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,greyfiller,forenamels,foruseoverprimers(firstrevision)

419:1967

Specificationforputtyforuseonwindowframes(firstrevision)

423:1961[inactive]

Specificationforplasticwood,forjoinersfiller(revised)

3709:1966

Specificationformasticcementforbeddingofmetalwindows

7164:1973

Specificationforstopper

13184:1991

Specificationformasticfiller,epoxybased

13.FLOORCOVERING,ROOFINGANDOTHERFINISHES
a)ConcreteFlooring
1237:1980[2012]

Specificationforcementconcreteflooringtiles(firstrevision)

13801:1993

Specificationforchequeredcementconcretetiles

b)FlooringCompositions
657:1982

Specificationformaterialsforuseinthemanufactureofmagnesiumoxychlorideflooringcompositions(secondrevision)

9162:1979

Methodsoftestsforepoxyresin,hardenersandepoxyresincompositionforfloortopping

9197:1979

Specificationforepoxyresin,hardnessandepoxyresincompositionsforfloortopping

10132:1982

Methodoftestformaterialsforuseinthepreparationofmagnesiumoxychlorideflooringcomposition

c)LinoleumFlooring
653:1992

Specificationforlinoleumsheetsandtiles(thirdrevision)

9704:1980

Methodsoftestsforlinoleumsheetsandtiles

d)RubberFlooring
809:1992

Specificationforrubberflooringmaterialsforgeneralpurposes(secondrevision)

e)BituminousFlooring
1195:2002

Specificationforbitumenmasticforflooring(thirdrevision)

8374:1977

Specificationforbitumenmastic,antistaticandelectricallyconductinggrade

9510:1980

Specificationforbitumenmasticacidresistinggrade

13026:1991

SpecificationforbitumenmasticforflooringforindustrieshandlingLPGandotherlighthydrocarbonproducts

15194:2002

Specificationforpitchmasticflooringforindustrieshandlingheavyhydrocarbonproductslikekerosene,dieselandfurnaceoil

f)PlasticFlooring
3461:1980

SpecificationforPVCasbestosfloortiles(firstrevision)

3462:1986

SpecificationforunbackedflexiblePVCflooring(secondrevision)

3464:1986

Methodsoftestforplasticflooringandwalltiles(secondrevision)

g)Ceramic/Vitreous
2333:1992

SpecificationforplasterofParisforceramicindustry(secondrevision)

4457:1982[2007]

Specificationforceramicunglazedvitreousacidresistingtile(firstrevision)

13630

Methodoftestforceramictiles:

(Part1):1993[2006]

Determinationofdimensionsandsurfacequality

(Part2):1992[2006]

Determinationofwaterabsorption

(Part3):1992[2006]

DeterminationofmoistureexpansionusingboilingwaterUnglazedtiles

(Part4):1992[2006]

Determinationoflinearthermalexpansion

(Part5):1992[2006]

Determinationofresistancetothermalshock

(Part6):1993[2006]

Determinationofmodulusofrupture

(Part7):1993[2006]

DeterminationofchemicalresistanceUnglazedtiles

(Part8):1993[2006]

DeterminationofchemicalresistanceGlazedtiles

(Part9):1993[2006]

DeterminationofcrazingresistanceGlazedtiles

(Part10):1993[2006]

Determinationoffrostresistance

(Part11):1993[2006]

DeterminationofresistancetosurfaceabrasionGlazedtiles

(Part12):1993[2006]

DeterminationofresistancetodeepabrasionUnglazedtiles

(Part13):1993[2006]

DeterminationofscratchhardnessofsurfaceaccordingtoMohs

13711:1993[1363015:2006] Samplingandbasisforacceptanceofceramictiles
13753:1993[15622:2006]

SpecificationfordustpressedceramictileswithwaterabsorptionofE>10%Group(BIII)

13754:199315622:2006]

Specificationfordustpressedceramictileswithwaterabsorptionof6%<E<10%Group(BIIb)

13755:1993[15622:2006]

Specificationfordustpressedceramictileswithwaterabsorptionof3%<E<6%Group(BIIa)

13756:1993[15622:2006]

SpecificationfordustpressedceramictileswithwaterabsorptionofE<3%GroupBI

h)OtherFloorings
4456

Methodsoftestforchemicalresistantmortars:

(Part1):1967

Silicatetypeandresintype

(Part2):1967

Sulphurtype

4457:1982[2007]

Specificationforceramicunglazedvitreousacidresistingtile(firstrevision)

4832

Specificationforchemicalresistantmortars:

(Part1):1969
(Part2):1969

Silicatetype
Resintype

(Part3):1968

Sulphurtype

4860:1968

Specificationforacidresistantbricks

j)Roofing
277:1992[2003]

Specificationforgalvanizedsteelsheets(plainandcorrugated(fifthrevision)

459:1992

Specificationforcorrugatedandsemicorrugatedasbestoscementsheets(thirdrevision)

654:1992

Specificationforclayroofingtiles,Mangalorepattern(thirdrevision)

1464:1992

Specificationforclayridgeandceilingtiles(secondrevision)

2690

Specificationforburntclayflatterracingtiles:

(Part1):1993

Machinemade(secondrevision)

(Part2):1992

Handmade(secondrevision)

3951

Specificationforhollowclaytilesforfloorandroofs:

(Part1):1975[2009]

Fillertype(firstrevision)

(Part2):1975[2009]

Structuraltype(firstrevision)

10388:1982

Specificationforcorrugatedcoirwoodwoolcementroofingsheets

12583:1988

Specificationforcorrugatedbitumenroofingsheets

12866:1989

Specificationforplastictranslucentsheetsmadefromthermosettingpolyesterresin(glassfibrereinforced)

13317:1992

Specificationforclayroofingcamtytiles,halfroundandflattiles

k)WallCoverings/Finishing
1542:1992

Specificationforsandforplaster(secondrevision)

4456

Methodsoftestforchemicalresistantmortars:

(Part1):1967

Silicatetypeandresintype

(Part2):1967

Sulphurtype

4832

Specificationforchemicalresistantmortars:

(Part1):1969

Silicatetype

(Part2):1969

Resintype

(Part3):1968

Sulphurtype

15418:2003

Specificationforfinishedwallpapers,wallvinylsandplasticwallcoveringsinrollform

14.GLASS
2553(Part1):1990

Specificationforsafetyglass:Part1Generalpurpose(thirdrevision)

2835:1987

Specificationforflattransparentsheetglass(thirdrevision)

3438:1994

Specificationforsilveredglassmirrorsforgeneralpurposes(secondrevision)

5437:1994

Specificationforfiguredrolledandwiredglass(firstrevision)

14900:2000

Specificationfortransparentfloatglass

15.GYPSUMBASEDMATERIALS
2095

Specificationforgypsumplasterboards:

(Part1):1996[2011]

Plaingypsumplasterboards

(Part2):2001

Coated/laminatedgypsumplasterboards

(Part3):1996

Reinforcedgypsumplasterboards(secondrevision)

2542[Parts1,Secs112]

Methodsoftestforgypsumplaster,concreteandproducts:

(Part1/Sec1):1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section1Normalconsistencyofgypsumplaster(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec2):1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section2Normalconsistencyofgypsumconcrete(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec3):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section3Settingtimeofplasterandconcrete(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec4):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section4Transversestrengthofgypsumplaster(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec5):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section5Compressivestrengthanddrysetdensityofgypsumplaster(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec6):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section6Soundnessofgypsumplaster(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec7):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section7Mechanicalresistanceofgypsumplasterbydroppingballtest(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec8):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section8Freedomfromcoarseparticles(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec9):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section9Expansionofplaster(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec10):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section10Sandinsetplaster(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec11):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section11Woodfibrecontentingypsumplaster(firstrevision)

(Part1/Sec12):
1978

Plasterandconcrete,Section12Drybulkdensity(firstrevision)

(Part2/Sec1):1981[Part2,
Sections18]

Gypsumproducts,Section1Measurementofdimensions(firstrevision)

(Part2/Sec2):
1981

Gypsumproducts,Section2Determinationofmass(firstrevision)

(Part2/Sec3):
1981

Gypsumproducts,Section3Determinationofmassandthicknessofpapersurfacing(firstrevision)

(Part2/Sec4):
1981

Gypsumproducts,Section4Transversestrength(firstrevision)

(Part2/Sec5):
1981

Gypsumproducts,Section5Compressivestrength(firstrevision)

(Part2/Sec6):
1981

Gypsumproducts,Section6Waterabsorption(firstrevision)

(Part2/Sec7):
1981

Gypsumproducts,Section7Moisturecontent(firstrevision)

(Part2/Sec8):
1981

Gypsumproducts,Section8Nailretentionofprecastreinforcedgypsumslabs(firstrevision)

2547

Specificationforgypsumbuildingplaster:

(Part1):1976

Excludingpremixedlightweightplaster(firstrevision)

(Part2):1976

Premixedlightweightplaster(firstrevision)

2849:1983

Specificationfornonloadbearinggypsumpartitionblocks(solidandhollowtypes)

8272:1984

Specificationforgypsumplasteroruseinthemanufactureoffibrousplasterboards(firstrevision)

9498:1980

Specificationforinorganicaggregatesforuseingypsumplaster

16.LIGNOCELLULOSICBUILDINGMATERIALS
a)TimberandBamboo
i)TimberClassification
399:1963

Classificationofcommercialtimbersandtheirzonaldistribution(revised)

1150:2000

Tradenamesandabbreviatedsymbolsfortimberspecies(thirdrevision)

4970:1973

Keyforidentificationofcommercialtimber(firstrevision)

ii)TimberConversionandGrading
190:1991

Specificationforconiferoussawntimber(baulksandscantlings)(fourthrevision)

1326:1992

Specificationfornonconiferoussawntimber(baulksandscantlings)(secondrevision)

1331:1971

Specificationforcutsizesoftimber(secondrevision)

3337:1978

Specificationforballiesforgeneralpurposes(firstrevision)

5966:1993

Specificationfornonconiferoustimberinconvertedformforgeneralpurpose(firstrevision)

14960:2001

Specificationforpreservativetreatedandseasonedsawntimberfromrubberwood(Heveabrasiliensis)

iii)TimberTesting
1708[Parts118]

Methodsoftestingsmallclearspecimensoftimber:

(Part1):1986

Determinationofmoisturecontent(secondrevision)

(Part2):1986

Determinationofspecificgravity(secondrevision)

(Part3):1986

Determinationofvolumetricshrinkage(secondrevision)

(Part4):1986

Determinationofradialandtangentialshrinkageandfibresaturationpoint(secondrevision)

(Part5):1986

Determinationofstaticbendingstrength(secondrevision)

(Part6):1986

Determinationofstaticbendingstrengthundertwopointloading(secondrevision)

(Part7):1986

Determinationofimpactbendingstrength(secondrevision)

(Part8):1986

Determinationofcompressivestrengthparalleltograin(secondrevision)

(Part9):1986

Determinationofcompressivestrengthperpendiculartograin(secondrevision)

(Part10):1986

Determinationofhardnessunderstaticindentation(secondrevision)

(Part11):1986

Determinationofshearstrengthparalleltograin(secondrevision)

(Part12):1986

Determinationoftensilestrengthparalleltograin(secondrevision)

(Part13):1986

Determinationoftensilestrengthperpendiculartograin(secondrevision)

(Part14):1986

Determinationofcleavagestrengthparalleltograin(secondrevision)

(Part15):1986

Determinationofnailandscrewholdingpower(secondrevision)

(Part16):1986

Determinationofbrittlenessbyizodimpact(secondrevision)

(Part17):1986

DeterminationofbrittlenessbyCharpyimpact(secondrevision)

(Part18):1986

Determinationoftorsionalstrength(secondrevision)

1900:1974

Methodoftestingwoodpoles(firstrevision)

2408:1963

Methodsofstatictestsoftimbersinstructuralsizes

2455:1990

Methodofsamplingofmodeltreesandlogsfortimbertestingandtheirconversion(secondrevision)

2753

Methodsforestimationofpreservativesintreatedtimberandtreatingsolutions:

(Part1):1991

Determinationofcopper,arsenic,chromium,zinc,boron,creosoteandfueloil(firstrevision)

(Part2):1991

Determinationofcopper(incopperorganicpreservativesalt)andpentachlorophenol(firstrevision)

4907:1968[2004]

Methodoftestingtimberconnectors

8292:1992

MethodsforevaluationofworkingqualityoftimberunderdifferentwoodoperationsMethodoftest(firstrevision)

8720:1978

Methodsofsamplingoftimberscantlingsfromdepotsandtheirconversionfortesting

8745:1994

Methodsofpresentationofdataofphysicalandmechanicalpropertiesoftimber(firstrevision)

10420:1982

Methodofdeterminationofsoundabsorptioncoefficientoftimberbystandingwavemethod

10754:1983

Methodofdeterminationofthermalconductivityoftimber

11215:1991

Methodsfordeterminationofmoisturecontentoftimberandtimberproducts(firstrevision)

13621:1993

Methodoftestfordeterminationofdielectricconstantofwoodundermicrowavefrequencies

iv)StructuralTimberandTest
3629:1986

Specificationforstructuraltimberinbuilding(firstrevision)

4891:1988

Specificationforpreferredcutsizesofstructuraltimber(firstrevision)

4924

Methodoftestfornailjointedtimbertrusses:

(Part1):1968

Destructivetest

(Part2):1968

Prooftest

v)Logs
3364

Methodofmeasurementandevaluationofdefectsintimber:

(Part1):1976

Logs(firstrevision)

(Part2):1976

Convertedtimber(firstrevision)

4895:1985

Specificationforteaklogs(firstrevision)

5246:2000

Specificationforconiferouslogs(firstrevision)

7308:1999

Specificationfornonconiferouslogs(firstrevision)

vi)Bamboo
6874:1973[2008]

Methodoftestsforroundbamboos

8242:1976

Methodsoftestsforsplitbamboos

b)ReconstitutedProducts
i)Plywood
303:1989

Specificationforplywoodforgeneralpurposes(thirdrevision)

1328:1996

Specificationforveneereddecorativeplywood(thirdrevision)

1734[Parts120]

Methodoftestforplywood:

(Part1):1983

Determinationofdensityandmoisturecontent(secondrevision)

(Part2):1983

Determinationofresistanceofdryheat(secondrevision)

(Part3):1983

Determinationoffireresistance(secondrevision)

(Part4):1983

Determinationofglueshearstrength(secondrevision)

(Part5):1983

Testforadhesionofplies(secondrevision)

(Part6):1983

Determinationofwaterresistance(secondrevision)

(Part7):1983

Mycologicaltest(secondrevision)

(Part8):1983

DeterminationofpHvalue(secondrevision)

(Part9):1983

Determinationoftensilestrength(secondrevision)

(Part10):1983

Determinationofcompressivestrength(secondrevision)

(Part11):1983

Determinationofstaticbendingstrength(secondrevision)

(Part12):1983

Determinationofscarfjointstrength(secondrevision)

(Part13):1983

Determinationofpanelshearstrength(secondrevision)

(Part14):1983

Determinationofplateshearstrength(secondrevision)

(Part15):1983

Centralloadingofplatetest(secondrevision)

(Part16):1983

Vibrationofplywoodplatetest(secondrevision)

(Part17):1983

Longtimeloadingtestofplywoodstrips(secondrevision)

(Part18):1983

Impactresistancetestonthesurfaceofplywood(secondrevision)

(Part19):1983

Determinationofnailsandscrewsholdingpower(secondrevision)

(Part20):1983

Acidityandalkalinityresistancetest(secondrevision)

4990:1993[2011]

Specificationforplywoodforconcreteshutteringwork(secondrevision)

5509:2000

Specificationforfireretardantplywood(secondrevision)

5539:1969

Specificationforpreservativetreatedplywood

7316:1974

Specificationfordecorativeplywoodusingpluralityofveneersfordecorativefaces

10701:1983[2012]

Specificationforstructuralplywood

13957:1994

Specificationformetalfacedplywood

ii)Blockboards,ParticleBoardsandFibreBoards
1658:1977[2006]

Specificationforfibrehardboards(secondrevision)

1659:1990[2004]

Specificationforblockboards(thirdrevision)

2380[Parts121]

Methodsoftestforwoodparticleboardsandboardsfromotherlignocellulosicmaterials:

(Part1):1977

Preparationandconditioningoftestspecimens(firstrevision)

(Part2):1977

Accuracyofdimensionsofboards(firstrevision)

(Part3):1977

Determinationofmoisturecontentanddensity(firstrevision)

(Part4):1977

Determinationofstaticbendingstrength(firstrevision)

(Part5):1977

Determinationoftensilestrengthperpendiculartosurface(firstrevision)

(Part6):1977

Determinationoftensilestrengthparalleltosurface(firstrevision)

(Part7):1977

DeterminationofcompressionPerpendiculartoplaneoftheboard(firstrevision)

(Part8):1977

Compressionparalleltosurfacetest(firstrevision)

(Part9):1977

Determinationofresistancetoshearinplaneoftheboard(firstrevision)

(Part10):1977

Fallinghammerimpacttest(firstrevision)

(Part11):1977

Surfacehardness(firstrevision)

(Part12):1977

Centralloadingofplatetest(firstrevision)

(Part13):1977

Longtimeloadingbendingtest(firstrevision)

(Part14):1977

Screwandnailwithdrawaltest(firstrevision)

(Part15):1977

Lateralnailresistance(firstrevision)

(Part16):1977

Determinationofwaterabsorption(firstrevision)

(Part17):1977

Determinationofswellinginwater(firstrevision)

(Part18):1977

Determinationofmassanddimensionalchangescausedbymoisturechanges(firstrevision)

(Part19):1977

Durabilitycyclictestforinterioruse(firstrevision)

(Part20):1977

Acceleratedweatheringcyclictestforexterioruse(firstrevision)

(Part21):1977

Planenesstestunderuniformmoisturecontent(firstrevision)

(Part22):1981

Determinationofsurfaceglueabilitytest

(Part23):1981

Vibrationtestforparticleboards

3087:1985[2005]

Specificationforwoodparticleboards(mediumdensity)forgeneralpurposes(firstrevision)

3097:1980[2006]

Specificationforveneeredparticleboards(firstrevision)

3129:1985

Specificationforlowdensityparticleboard(firstrevision)

3308:1981

Specificationforwoodwoolbuildingslabs(firstrevision)

3348:1965

Specificationforfibreinsulationboards

3478:1966

Specificationforhighdensitywoodparticleboards

12406:2003

Specificationformediumdensityfibreboardsforgeneralpurposes(firstrevision)

12823:1990

Specificationforprelaminatedparticleboards

13745:1993

Methodfordeterminationofformaldehydecontentinparticleboardbyextractionmethodcalledperforatormethod

14276:1995

Specificationforcementbondedparticleboards

14587:1998

Specificationforprelaminatedmediumdensityfibreboard

iii)WoodBasedLaminates
3513(Part3):1989

Specificationforresintreatedcompressedwoodlaminates(compregs):Part3Forgeneralpurposes(firstrevision)

3513(Part4):1966

Specificationforhighandmediumdensitywoodlaminates(compreg):Part4Samplingandtests

7638:1998[1999]

Methodsofsamplingforwood/lignocellulosicbasedpanelproducts

9307[Parts18]

Methodsoftestsforwoodbasedstructuralsandwichconstruction:

(Part1):1979

Flexuretest

(Part2):1979

Edgewisecompressiontest

(Part3):1979

Flatwisecompressiontest

(Part4):1979

Sheartest

(Part5):1979

Flatwisetensiontest

(Part6):1979

Flexurecreeptest

(Part7):1979

Cantilevervibrationtest

(Part8):1979

Weatheringtest

14315:1995

Specificationforcommercialveneers

14616:1999

Specificationforlaminatedveneerlumber

iv)BambooandCoirBoardProducts
13958:1994

Specificationforbamboomatboardforgeneralpurposes

14588:1999

Specificationforbamboomatveneercompositeforgeneralpurposes

14842:2000

Specificationforcoirveneerboardforgeneralpurposes

15476:2004

Specificationforbambooandcorrugatedsheets

v)Adhesives
848:1974[2006]

Specificationforsyntheticresinadhesivesforplywood(phenolicandaminoplastic)(firstrevision)

849:1994

Specificationforcoldsettingcaseinglueforwood(firstrevision)

851:1978

Specificationforsyntheticresinadhesivesforconstructionwork(nonstructural)inwood(firstrevision)

852:1994

Specificationforanimalglueforgeneralwoodworkingpurposes(secondrevision)

1508:1972

Specificationforextendersforuseinsyntheticresinadhesives(ureaformaldehyde)forplywood(firstrevision)

4835:1979

Specificationforpolyvinylacetatedispersionbasedadhesivesforwood(firstrevision)

9188:1979

Performancerequirementsforadhesiveforstructurallaminatedwoodproductsforuseunderexteriorexposurecondition

17.PAINTSANDALLIEDPRODUCTS
a)WaterBasedPaintsandPigments
427:1965[2005]

Specificationfordistemper,dry,colourasrequired(revised)

428:2000

Specificationfordistemper,washable(secondrevision)

5410:1992

Specificationforcementpaint,colourasrequired(firstrevision)

5411

Specificationforplasticemulsionpaint:

(Part1):1974[inactive]

Forinterioruse(firstrevision)

(Part2):1972[inactive]

Forexterioruse

b)ReadyMixedpaints,EnamelsandPowderCoatings
101

Methodsofsamplingandtestforpaints,varnishesandrelatedproducts:

(Part1/Sec1):1986

Testonliquidpaints(generalandphysical),Section1Sampling(thirdrevision)

(Part1/Sec2):1987

Testonliquidpaints(generalandphysical),Section2Preliminaryexaminationandpreparationofsamplesfortesting(thirdrevision)

(Part1/Sec3):1986

Testonliquidpaints(generalandphysical),Section3Preparationofpanels(thirdrevision)

(Part1/Sec4):1987

Testonliquidpaints(generalandphysical),Section4Brushingtest(thirdrevision)

(Part1/Sec5):1989

Testonliquidpaints(generalandphysical),Section5Consistency(thirdrevision)

(Part1/Sec6):1987

Testonliquidpaints(generalandphysical),Section6Flashpoint(thirdrevision)

(Part1/Sec7):1987

Testonliquidpaints(generalandphysical),Section7Massper10litres(thirdrevision)

(Part2/Sec1):1988

Testonliquidpaints(chemicalexamination),Section1Watercontent(thirdrevision)

(Part2/Sec2):1986

Testonliquidpaints(chemicalexamination),Section2Volatilematter(thirdrevision)

(Part3/Sec1):1986

Testsonpaintfilmformation,Section1Dryingtime(thirdrevision)

(Part3/Sec2):1989

Testsonpaintfilmformation,Section2Filmthickness(thirdrevision)

(Part3/Sec4):1987

Testsonpaintfilmformation,Section4Finish(thirdrevision)

(Part3/Sec5):1987

Testsonpaintfilmformation,Section5Finenessofgrind(thirdrevision)

(Part4/Sec1):1988

Opticaltest,Section1Opacity(thirdrevision)

(Part4/Sec2):1989

Opticaltest,Section2Colour(thirdrevision)

(Part4/Sec3):1988

Opticaltest,Section3Lightfastnesstest(thirdrevision)

(Part4/Sec4):1986[1988]

Opticaltest,Section4Gloss(thirdrevision)

(Part5/Sec1):1988

Mechanicaltestonpaintfilms,Section1Hardnesstests(thirdrevision)

(Part5/Sec2):1988

Mechanicaltestonpaintfilms,Section2Flexibilityandadhesion(thirdrevision)

(Part5/Sec3):1986[1999]

Mechanicaltestonpaintfilms,Section3Impactresistance(fourthrevision)

(Part5/Sec4):1986[1988]

Mechanicaltestonpaintfilms,Section4Printfreetest(thirdrevision)

(Part6/Sec1):1988

Durabilitytests,Section1Resistancetohumidityunderconditionsofcondensation(thirdrevision)

(Part6/Sec2):1989

Durabilitytests,Section2Keepingproperties(thirdrevision)

(Part6/Sec3):1990

Durabilitytests,Section3Moisturevapourpermeability(thirdrevision)

(Part6/Sec4):1991

Durabilitytests,Section4Degradationofcoatings(pictorialaidsforevaluation)

(Part6/Sec5):1997

Durabilitytests,Section5Acceleratedweatheringtest(thirdrevision)

(Part7/Sec1):1989

Environmentaltestsonpaintfilms,Section1Resistancetowater(thirdrevision)

(Part7/Sec2):1990

Environmentaltestsonpaintfilms,Section2Resistancetoliquids(thirdrevision)

(Part7/Sec3):1990

Environmentaltestsonpaintfilms,Section3Resistancetoheat(thirdrevision)

(Part7/Sec4):1990

Environmentaltestsonpaintfilms,Section4Resistancetobleedingofpigments(thirdrevision)

(Part8/Sec1):1989
(Part8/Sec2):1990

Testsforpigmentsandothersolids,Section1Residueonsieve(thirdrevision)
Testsforpigmentsandothersolids,Section2Pigmentsandnonvolatilematter(thirdrevision)

(Part8/Sec3):1993

Testsforpigmentsandothersolids,Section3Ashcontent

(Part8/Sec4):1993

Testsforpigmentsandothersolids,Section4Phthalicanhydridc

(Part8/Sec5):1993

Testsforpigmentsandothersolids,Section5Leadrestrictiontest(thirdrevision)

(Part8/Sec6):1993

Testsforpigmentsandothersolids,Section6Volumesolids

(Part9/Sec1):1993

Testsforlacquersandvarnish,Section1Acidvalue

(Part9/Sec2):1993

Testsforlacquersandvarnish,Section2Rosintest

104:1979

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,zincchrome,priming(secondrevision)

109:1968

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,priming,plastertoIndianStandardcoloursNo.361and631(firstrevision)

123:1962[13607:1992

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,finishing,semigloss,forgeneralpurposes,toIndianStandardcoloursNo.445,446,448,449,451and473andredoxide(colour
unspecified)(revised)

133:1993[2004]

Specificationforenamel,interior(a)undercoating,(b)finishing(thirdrevision)

137:1965

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,mattoreggshellflat,finishing,interior,toIndianStandardcolour,asrequired(revised)

158:1981

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,bituminous,black,leadfree,acid,alkali,andheatresisting(thirdrevision)

168:1993

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,airdryingsemiglossy/matt,forgeneralpurposes(thirdrevision)

341:1973

SpecificationforblackJapan,TypesA,BandC(firstrevision)

2074:1992

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,airdryingredoxidezincchrome,priming(secondrevision)

2075:2000

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,stoving,redoxidezincchrome,priming(secondrevision)

2339:1963

Specificationforaluminiumpaintforgeneralpurposes,indualcontainer

2932:2003

Specificationforenamel,synthetic,exterior,(a)undercoating,(b)finishing(thirdrevision)

2933:1975

Specificationforenamel,exterior,(a)undercoating,(b)finishing(firstrevision)

3536:1999

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,woodprimer(firstrevision)

3537:1966

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,finishing,interiorforgeneralpurposes,toIndianStandardcoloursNo.101,216,217,219,275,281,352,353,358to361,363,364,388,410,
442,444,628,631,632,634,693,697,whiteandblack

3539:1966

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,undercoating,foruseunderoilfinishes,toIndianStandardcolours,asrequired

3585:1966

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,aluminium,brushing,priming,waterresistant,forwoodwork

3678:1966

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,thickwhite,forlettering

8662:1993[2004]

Specificationforenamel,synthetic,exterior,(a)undercoating,(b)finishing,forrailwaycoaches(firstrevision)

9862:1981

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,bituminousblackleadfree,acid,alkali,waterandchlorineresisting

11883:1986

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,brushing,redoxide,primingformetals

13183:1991

Specificationforaluminiumpaint,heatresistant

13213:1991

Specificationforpolyurethanefullglossenamel(twopack)

13607:1992

Specificationforreadymixedpaint,finishing,generalpurposes,synthetic

13871:1993

Specificationforpowdercoatings

c)ThinnersandSolvents
82:1992[1973]

Methodsofsamplingandtestforthinnersandsolventsforpaints(firstrevision)

324:1959

Specificationforordinarydenaturedspirit(revised)

533:1998[2007]

Specificationforgumspiritofturpentine(oilofturpentine)(secondrevision)

14314:1995

Specificationforthinnergeneralpurposesforsyntheticpaintsandvarnishes

d)VarnishesandLacquers
337:1975

Specificationforvarnish,finishing,interior(firstrevision)

347:1975

Specificationforvarnish,shellac,forgeneralpurposes(firstrevision)

348:1968

SpecificationforFrenchpolish(firstrevision)

524:1983

Specificationforvarnish,finishing,exterior,synthetic(secondrevision)

525:1968

Specificationforvarnish,finishing,exteriorandgeneralpurposes(firstrevision)

642:1963

Specificationforvarnishmediumforaluminiumpaint(revised)

18.POLYMERS,PLASTICSANDGEOSYNTHETICS/GEOTEXTILES
1998:1962

Methodsoftestforthermosettingsyntheticresinbondedlaminatedsheets

2036:1995

Specificationforphenoliclaminatedsheets(secondrevision)

2046:1995

Specificationfordecorativethermosettingsyntheticsresinbondedlaminatedsheets(secondrevision)

2076:1981

Specificationforunsupportedflexiblevinylfilmandsheeting(firstrevision)

2508:1984

Specificationforlowdensitypolyethylenefilms(secondrevision)

6307:1971[1985]

SpecificationforrigidPVCsheets

9766:1992

SpecificationforflexiblePVCcompound(firstrevision)

10889:1984[2004]

Specificationforhighdensitypolyethylenefilms

12830:1989

SpecificationforrubberbasedadhesivesforfixingPVCtilestocement

13162

Methodsoftestforgeotextiles:

(Part2):1991

Determinationofresistancetoexposureofultravioletlightandwater(Xenonaretypeapparatus)

(Part3):1992

Determinationofthicknessatspecifiedpressure

(Part4):1992

Determinationofpunctureresistancebyfallingconemethod

(Part5):1992

Determinationoftensilepropertiesusingawidewidthstrip

13262:1992

Specificationforpressuresensitiveadhesivetapeswithplasticbase

13325:1992

Methodoftestforthedeterminationtotensilepropertiesofextrudedpolymergeogridsusingthewidestrip

13326(Part1):1992

Methodoftestfortheevaluationofinterfacefrictionbetweengeosyntheticsandsoil:Part1Modifieddirectsheartechnique

14182:1994

Specificationforsolventcementforusewithunplasticizedpolyvinylchlorideplasticpipeandfittings

14293:1995

MethodoftestfortrapezoidtearingGeotextiles

14294:1995

MethodofdeterminationofapparentopeningsizebydrysievingtechniqueGeotextiles

14324:1995

MethodoftestfordeterminationofwaterpermeabilitypermittivityGeotextiles

14443:1997

Specificationforpolycarbonatesheets

14643:1999

Specificationforunsinteredpolytetrafluoroethylene(PTFE)tapeforthreadsealingapplications

14706:1999[1999]

Samplingandpreparationoftestspecimenofgeotextiles

14714:1999

Determinationofabrasionresistanceofgeotextiles

14715:2000

Specificationforwovenjutegeotextiles

14716:1999

Determinationofmassperunitareaofgeotextiles

14739:1999

Methodsfordeterminationofcreepofgeotextiles

14753:1999

Specificationforpoly(methyl)methacrylate(PMMA)(Acrylic)sheets

14986:2001

Jutegeogridforrainwatererosioncontrolinroadandrailwayembankmentsandhillslopes

15060:2001

Tensiletestforjoints/seamsbywidewidthmethodofgeotextiles

19.SANITARYAPPLIANCESANDWATERFITTINGS
a)General
775:1970[inactive]

Specificationforcastironbracketsandsupportsforwashbasinsandsinks(secondrevision)

782:1978

Specificationforcaulkinglead(thirdrevision)

804:1967

Specificationforrectangularpressedsteeltanks(firstrevision)

1700:1973[inactive]

Specificationfordrinkingfountains(firstrevision)

2963:1979

Specificationforcopperalloywastefittingsforwashbasinsandsinks(firstrevision)

3489:1985[inactive]

Specificationforenamelledsteelbathtubs(firstrevision)

5219(Part1):1969

Specificationforcastcopperalloytraps:Part1PandStraps

5455:1969

Specificationforcastironstepsformanholes

6411:1985

Specificationforgelcoatedglassfibrereinforcedpolyesterresinbathtubs(firstrevision)

8718:1978[inactive]

Specificationforvitreousenamelledsteelkitchensinks

8727:1978[inactive]

Specificationforvitreousenamelledsteelwashbasins

9140:1996

Methodofsamplingofvitreousandfireclaysanitaryappliances(secondrevision)

12701:1996

Specificationforrotationalmouldedpolyethylenewaterstoragetanks(firstrevision)

13983:1994
14399[Parts12]

Specificationforstainlesssteelsinksfordomesticpurposes
Hotpressmouldedthermosettingglassfibrereinforced(GRP)sectionalwaterstoragetanks:

(Part1):1996

Specificationforpanels

(Part2):1996

Guidelinesforassembly,installationandtesting

b)PipesandFittingsExcludingValves
i)BrassandCopperPipesandFittings
407:1981

Specificationforbrasstubesforgeneralpurposes(thirdrevision)

2501:1995

Specificationforsoliddrawncoppertubesforgeneralengineeringpurposes(thirdrevision)

ii)CastIronPipesandFittings
1536:2001

Specificationforcentrifugallycast(spun)ironpressurepipesforwater,gasandsewage(fourthrevision)

1537:1976

Specificationforverticallycastironpressurepipesforwater,gasandsewage(firstrevision)

1538:1993

Specificationforcastironfittingsforpressurepipesforwater,gasandsewage(thirdrevision)

1729:2002

Specificationforsandcastironspigotandsocketsoil,wasteandventilatingpipes,fittingsandaccessories(secondrevision)

1879:1987[2010]

Specificationformalleablecastironpipefittings(secondrevision)

3486:1966[inactive]

Specificationforcastironspigotandsocketdrainpipes

3989:1984

Specificationforcentrifugallycast(spun)ironspigotandsocketsoil,wasteandventilatingpipes,fittingsandaccessories(secondrevision)

5531:1988

Specificationforcastironspecialsforasbestoscementpressurepipesforwater,gasandsewage(secondrevision)

6163:1978

Specificationforcentrifugallycast(spun)ironlowpressurepipesforwater,gasandsewage(firstrevision)

6418:1971

Specificationforcastironandmalleablecastironflangesforgeneralengineeringpurposes

7181:1986

Specificationforhorizontallycastirondoubleflangedpipesforwater,gasandsewage(firstrevision)

8329:2000

Specificationforcentrifugallycast(spun)ductileironpressurepipesforwater,gasandsewage(thirdrevision)

8794:1988

Specificationforcastirondetachablejointsforusewithasbestoscementpressurepipes(firstrevision)

9523:1980[2000]

Specificationforductileironfittingsforpressurepipesforwater,gasandsewage

10292:1988

DimensionalrequirementsforrubbersealingringsforCIDjointsinasbestoscementpiping(firstrevision)

10299:1982

Castironsaddlepiecesforserviceconnectionfromasbestoscementpressurepipes

11606:1986

Methodsofsamplingcastironpipesandfittings

12820:1989[2004]

Dimensionalrequirementsofrubbergasketsformechanicaljointsandpushonjointsforusewithcastironpipesandfittingsforcarryingwater,gasandsewage

12987:1991

Castirondetachablejointsforusewithasbestoscementpressurepipes(lightduty)

12988:1991

RubbersealingringsforCIDjointsforlightdutyACpipesDimensionalrequirements

13382:1992[2004]

Castironspecialsformechanicalandpushonflexiblejointsforpressurepipelinesforwater,gasandsewage

iii)LeadPipesandFittings
404(Part1):1993

Specificationforleadpipes:Part1Forotherthanchemicalpurpose(thirdrevision)

iv)FibrePipesandFittings
11925:1986

Specificationforpitchimpregnatedfibrepipesandfittingsfordrainagepurposes

v)PlasticPipesandFittings
3076:1985[inactive]

Specificationforlowdensitypolyethylenepipesforpotablewatersupplies(secondrevision)

4984:1995

Specificationforhighdensitypolyethylenepipesforwatersupply(fourthrevision)

4985:2000

SpecificationforunplasticizedPVCpipesforpotablewatersupplies(thirdrevision)

7834[2005]

SpecificationforinjectionmouldedPVCsocketfittingswithsolventcementjointsforwatersupplies:

(Part1):1987

Generalrequirements(firstrevision)

(Part2):1987

Specificrequirementsfor45elbows(firstrevision)

(Part3):1987

Specificrequirementsfor90elbows(firstrevision)

(Part4):1987

Specificrequirementsfor90tees(firstrevision)

(Part5):1987

Specificrequirementsfor45tees(firstrevision)

(Part6):1987

Specificrequirementsforsockets(firstrevision)

(Part7):1987

Specificrequirementsforunions(firstrevision)

(Part8):1987

Specificrequirementsforcaps(firstrevision)

8008

Specificationforinjectionmouldedhighdensitypolyethylene(HDPE)fittingsforpotablewatersupplies:

(Part1):2003

Generalrequirements

(Part2):2003

Specificrequirementsfor90bends(firstrevision)

(Part3):2003

Specificrequirementsfor90tees

(Part4):2003

Specificrequirementsforreducers

(Part5):2003

Specificrequirementsforferrulereducers(firstrevision)

(Part6):2003

Specificrequirementsforpipeends

(Part7):2003

Specificrequirementsforsandwichflanges

(Part8):2003

Specificrequirementsforreducingtests

(Part9):2003

Specificrequirementsforendcaps(firstrevision)

8360

Specificationforfabricatedhighdensitypolyethelene(HDPE)fittingsforpotablewatersupplies:

(Part1):1977

Generalrequirements

(Part2):1977

Specificrequirementsfor90tees

(Part3):1977

Specificrequirementsfor90bends

10124

SpecificationforfabricatedPVCfittingsforpotablewatersupplies:

(Part1):1988[2009]

Generalrequirements(firstrevision)

(Part2):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsforsockets(firstrevision)

(Part3):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsofstraightreducers(firstrevision)

(Part4):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsforcaps(firstrevision)

(Part5):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsforequaltees(firstrevision)

(Part6):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsforflangedtailpiecewithmetallicflanges(firstrevision)

(Part7):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsforthreadedadaptors(firstrevision)

(Part8):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsfor90bends(firstrevision)

(Part9):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsfor60bends(firstrevision)

(Part10):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsfor45bends(firstrevision)

(Part11):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsfor30bends(firstrevision)

(Part12):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsfor22bends(firstrevision)

(Part13):1988[2009]

Specificrequirementsfor11bends(firstrevision)

12235[2004,Parts119]

MethodsoftestforunplasticizedPVCpipesforpotablewatersupplies:

(Part1):1986

Methodsofmeasurementofoutsidediameter

(Part2):1986

Measurementofwallthickness

(Part3):1986

Testforopacity

(Part4):1986

Determiningthedetrimentaleffectonthecompositionofwater

(Part5):1986

Reversiontest

(Part6):1986

Stressrelieftest

(Part7):1986

Testforresistancetosulphuricacid

(Part8):1986

Internalhydrostaticpressuretest

(Part9):1986

Impactstrengthtest

(Part10):1986

Methodfordeterminationoforganotinastinaqueoussolution

(Part11):1986

Extractabilityofcadmiumandmercuryoccurringasimpurities

12709:1994

Specificationforglassfibrereinforcedplastic(GRP)pipesjointsandfittingsforuseforpotablewatersupply(firstrevision)

12818:1992[2010]

SpecificationforunplasticizedPVCscreenandcasingpipesforbore/tubewell(firstrevision)

13592:1992

SpecificationforUPVCpipesforsoilandwastedischargesystemsinsidebuildingsincludingventilationandrainwatersystem

14333:1996

Specificationforhighdensitypolyethylenepipesforsewerage

14402:1996

SpecificationforGRPpipes,jointsandfittingsforuseforsewerage,industrialwasteandwater(otherthanpotable)

14735:1999

Specificationforunplasticizedpolyvinylchloride(UPVC)injectionmouldedfittingsforsoilandwastedischargesystemforinsidebuildingsincludingventilationandrainwater
system

14885:2001
15225:2002

Specificationforpolyethylenepipeforsupplyofgaseousfuel
Specificationforchlorinatedpolyvinylchloridecompoundsusedforpipesandfittings

15328:2003

Specificationforunplasticizednonpressurepolyvinylchloride(PVCU)pipesforuseinundergrounddrainageandseweragesystem

vi)SteelTubes,PipesandFittings
1239

Mildsteeltubes,tubularandotherwroughtsteelfittings:

(Part1):1990[2004]

Mildsteeltubes(fifthrevision)

(Part2):1992[2011]

Mildsteeltubularandotherwroughtsteelpipefittings(thirdrevision)

3589:1991[2001]

Specificationforseamlessorelectricallyweldedsteelpipesforwater,gasandsewage(168.3to2032mmoutsidesize)(secondrevision)

4270:1992[2001]

Steeltubesusedforwaterwells(secondrevision)

5504:1997

Specificationforspiralweldedpipes(firstrevision)

6286:1979[1971]

Seamlessandweldedsteelpipeforsubzerotemperatureservice

6392:1971

Steelpipeflanges

vii)StonewarePipesandFittings
651:1992[2007]

Specificationforsaltglazedstonewarepipesandfittings(fifthrevision)

3006:1979

Specificationforchemicallyresistantglazedstonewarepipesandfittings(firstrevision)

viii)AsbestosCementPipes
[See8(a)(ii)underthecategoryCompositeMatrixProducts]
ix)ConcretePipesandPipesLined/CoatedwithConcreteorMortar
[See8(a)(iv)underthecategoryCompositeMatrixProducts]
c)KitchenandSanitaryAppliances
771

Specificationforglazedfireclaysanitaryappliances:

(Part1):1979

Generalrequirements(secondrevision)

(Part2):1985

Specificrequirementsofkitchenandlaboratorysinks(thirdrevision)

(Part3/Sec1):1979

Specificrequirementsofurinals,Section1Slaburinals(secondrevision)

(Part3/Sec2):1985

Part3Specificrequirementsofurinals,Section2Stallurinals(thirdrevision)

(Part4):1979

Specificrequirementsofpostmortomslabs(secondrevision)

(Part5):1979

Specificrequirementsofshowertrays(secondrevision)

(Part6):1979

Specificrequirementsofbedpansinks(secondrevision)

(Part7):1981

Specificrequirementsofslopsinks(secondrevision)

772:1973

Specificationforgeneralrequirementsofenamelledcastironsanitaryappliances(secondrevision)

773:1988[inactive]

Specificationforenamelledcastironwaterclosetsrailwaystocktype(fourthrevision)

774:1984[2004]

Specificationforflushingcisternsforwaterclosetsandurinals(otherthanplasticcisterns)(fourthrevision)

1726:1991

Specificationforcastironmanholecoversandframes(thirdrevision)

2326:1987

Specificationforautomaticflushingcisternsforurinals(secondrevision)

2548

Specificationforplasticseatsandcoversforwaterclosets:

(Part1):1996

Thermosetseatsandcovers(fifthrevision)

(Part2):1996

Thermoplasticseatsandcovers(fifthrevision)

2556

Specificationforvitreoussanitaryappliances(vitreouschina):

(Part1):1994

Generalrequirements(thirdrevision)

(Part2):1994[2004]

Specificrequirementsofwashdownwaterclosets(fourthrevision)

(Part3):1994[2004]

Specificrequirementsofsquattingpans(fourthrevision)

(Part4):1994[2004]

Specificrequirementsofwashbasins(thirdrevision)

(Part5):1994

Specificrequirementsoflaboratorysinks(thirdrevision)

(Part6):1995

Specificrequirementsofurinalsandpartitionplates(fourthrevision)

(Part7):1995

Specificrequirementsofaccessoriesforsanitaryappliances(thirdrevision)

(Part8):1995[2004]

Specificrequirementsofsiphonicwashdownwaterclosets(fourthrevision)

(Part9):1995[2004]

Specificrequirementsofbidets(fourthrevision)

(Part14):1995

Specificrequirementsofintegratedsquattingpans(firstrevision)

(Part15):1995[2004]

Specificrequirementsofuniversalwaterclosets(firstrevision)

(Part16):2002

Specificrequirementsforwashdownwallmountedwaterclosets

(Part17):1995[2001]

Specificrequirementsforwallmountedbidets

5961:1970

Specificationforcastirongratingsfordrainagepurposes

7231:1984[1994]

Specificationforplasticflushingcisternsforwaterclosetsandurinals(secondrevision)

11246:1992

Specificationforglassfibrereinforcedpolyesterresins(GRP)squattingpans(firstrevision)

d)ValvesandFittings(IncludingFerrules)
778:1984

Specificationforcopperalloygate,globe,andcheckvalvesforwaterworkspurposes(fourthrevision)

781:1984

Specificationforcastcopperalloyscrewdownbibtapsandstopvalvesforwaterservices(thirdrevision)

1701:1960

Specificationformixingvalvesforablutionaryanddomesticpurposes

1703:2000

Specificationforcopperalloyfloatvalves(horizontalplungertype)forwatersupplyfittings(thirdrevision)

1711:1984

Specificationforselfclosingtapsforwatersupplypurposes(secondrevision)

1795:1982

Specificationforpillartapsforwatersupplypurposes(secondrevision)

2692:1989

Specificationforferrulesforwaterservices(secondrevision)

3004:1979

Specificationforplugcocksforwatersupplypurposes(firstrevision)

3042:1965

Specificationforsinglefacedsluicegates(200to1200mmsize)

3311:1979

Specificationforwastepluganditsaccessoriesforsinksandwashbasins(firstrevision)

3950:1979

Specificationforsurfaceboxesforsluicevalves(firstrevision)

4038:1986

Specificationforfootvalvesforwaterworkspurposes(secondrevision)

4346:1982

Specificationforwashersforusewithfittingsforwaterservices(firstrevision)

5312

Specificationforswingchecktypereflux(nonreturn)valves:

(Part1):1984[2004]

Singledoorpattern(firstrevision)

(Part2):1986

Multidoorpattern

8931:1993

Specificationforcastcopperalloyfancysingletapcombinationtapandstopvalvesforwaterservices(firstrevision)

9338:1984

Specificationforcastironscrewdownstopvalvesandstopandcheckvalvesforwaterworkspurposes(firstrevision)

9739:1981

Specificationforpressurereducingvalvesfordomesticwatersupplysystems

9758:1981

Specificationforflushvalvesandfittingsforwaterclosetsandurinals

9762:1994

Specificationforpolyethylenefloats(spherical)forfloatvalves(firstrevision)

9763:2000

Specificationforplasticbibtaps,pillartaps,anglevalves,hotandcoldwaterservices(secondrevision)

12234:1988

Specificationforplasticequilibriumfloatvalvesforcoldwaterservices

13049:1991

Specificationfordiaphragmtype(plasticbody)floatoperatedvalvesforcoldwaterservices

13114:1991

Specificationforforgedbrassgate,globeandcheckvalvesforwaterworkspurposes

14845:2000

Specificationforresilientseatedcastironairreliefvalvesforwaterworkspurposes

14846:2000

Specificationforsluicevalvesforwaterworkspurposes(50to1200mm)

e)WaterMeters
779:1994

Specificationforwatermeters(domestictype)(sixthrevision)

2104:1981

Specificationforwatermeterboxes(domestictype)(firstrevision)

2373:1981

Specificationforwatermeters(bulktype)(thirdrevision)

6784:1996

Methodforperformancetestingofwatermeters(domestictype)(secondrevision)

20.SOILBASEDPRODUCTS
1725:1982

Specificationforsoilbasedblocksusedingeneralbuildingconstruction

21.STEELANDITSALLOYS
a)General
1030:1998

Carbonsteelcastingsforgeneralengineeringpurposes(fifthrevision)

1136:1990[2008]

Preferredsizesforwroughtmetalproducts(firstrevision)

1137:1990[1136:2008]

Thicknessofsheetanddiametersofwire(firstrevision)

1762(Part1):1974

Codefordesignationofsteels:Part1Basedonlettersymbols(firstrevision)

2049:1978

Colourcodefortheidentificationofwroughtsteelforgeneralengineeringpurposes(firstrevision)

2644:1994

Hightensilesteelcastings(fourthrevision)

7598:1990

Classificationofsteels(firstrevision)

b)StructuralSteel
1977:1996[2062:2011]

Specificationforlowtensilestructuralsteels(thirdrevision)

2062:1999[2011]

Specificationforsteelforgeneralstructuralpurposes(fifthrevision)

2830:1992[2012]

Specificationforcarbonsteelbilletsingots,bloomsandslabsforrerollingintosteelforgeneralstructuralpurposes(secondrevision)

2831:2000[2012]

Specificationforcarbonsteelbilletsingots,bloomsandslabsforrerollingintolowtensilestructuralsteel(thirdrevision)

8053:1976[8052:2006]

Specificationforsteelingotsandbilletsfortheproductionofsteelwireforthemanufactureofwoodscrews

8500:1991[2062:2011]

Specificationforstructuralsteelsmicroalloyed(mediumandhighstrengthqualities)

8952:1995

Steelingots,bloomsandbilletsforproductionofmildsteelwirerodsforgeneralengineeringpurposes(firstrevision)

9467:1980[8052:2006]

Steelingotsandbilletsforproductionofrivetbarsforstructuralpurposes

c)SheetandStrip
277:2003

Specificationforgalvanizedsteelsheets(plainandcorrugated)(sixthrevision)

412:1975

Specificationforexpandedmetalsteelsheetsforgeneralpurposes(secondrevision)

513:1994[2008]

Specificationforcoldrolledlowcarbonsteelsheetsandstrips(fourthrevision)

1079:1994[2009]

Specificationforhotrolledcarbonsteelsheetandstrip(fifthrevision)

6911:1992

Stainlesssteelplate,sheetandstrip(firstrevision)

7226:1974

Specificationforcoldrolledmedium,highcarbonandlowalloysteelstripforgeneralengineeringpurposes

11587:1986

Specificationforstructuralweatherresistantsteels

14246:1995

Specificationforcontinuouslyprepaintedgalvanizedsteelsheetsandcoils

15103:2002

Specificationforfireresistantsteel

d)Bars,Rods,WireandWireRods
280:1978[2006]

Specificationformildsteelwireforgeneralengineeringpurposes(thirdrevision)

1148:1982[2009]

Specificationforhotrolledsteelrivetbars(upto40mmdiameter)forstructuralpurposes(thirdrevision)

1149:1982

Specificationforhightensilesteelrivetbarsforstructuralpurposes(thirdrevision)

1673:1984

Specificationformildsteelwirecoldheadingquality(secondrevision)

1812:1982

Specificationforcarbonsteelwireforthemanufactureofwoodscrew(secondrevision)

1835:1976

Specificationforroundsteelwireforropes(thirdrevision)

2591:1982

Dimensionsforhotrolledbarsforthreadedcomponents(secondrevision)

3150:1982

Specificationforhexagonalwirenettingforgeneralpurposes

4826:1979

Specificationforhotdippedgalvanizedcoatingsonroundsteelwires(firstrevision)

6527:1995

Stainlesssteelwirerod(firstrevision)

6528:1995

Specificationforstainlesssteelwire(firstrevision)

6603:2001

Specificationforstainlesssteelbarsandflats(firstrevision)

7887:1992

Specificationformildsteelwirerodsforgeneralengineeringpurposes(firstrevision)

10631:1983

Stainlesssteelforweldingelectrodecorewire

e)Plates
3502:1994[2009]

Specificationforsteelchequeredplates(secondrevision)

f)TubesandTubulars
1161:1998

Specificationforsteeltubesforstructuralpurposes(fourthrevision)

4516:1968[inactive]

Specificationforellipticalmildsteeltubes

4923:1997

Specificationforhollowmildsteelsectionsforstructuraluse(firstrevision)

g)SlottedSections
8081:1976

Specificationforslottedsections

22.STONES
1121

Methodsoftestfordeterminationofstrengthpropertiesofnaturalbuildingstones:

(Part1):1974

Compressivestrength(firstrevision)

(Part2):1974

Transversestrength(firstrevision)

(Part3):1974

Tensilestrength(firstrevision)

(Part4):1974

Shearstrength(firstrevision)

1122:1974

Methodoftestfordeterminationoftruespecificgravityofnaturalbuildingstones(firstrevision)

1123:1975

Methodofidentificationofnaturalbuildingstones(firstrevision)

1124:1974

Methodoftestfordeterminationofwaterabsorption,apparentspecificgravityandporosityofnaturalbuildingstones(firstrevision)

1125:1974

Methodoftestfordeterminationofweatheringofnaturalbuildingstones(firstrevision)

1126:1974

Methodoftestfordeterminationofdurabilityofnaturalbuildingstones(firstrevision)

1127:1970

Recommendationsfordimensionsandworkmanshipofnaturalbuildingstonesformasonrywork(firstrevision)

1128:1974

Specificationforlimestone(slabandtiles)(firstrevision)

1129:1972

Recommendationfordressingofnaturalbuildingstones(firstrevision)

1130:1969

Specificationformarble(blocks,slabsandtiles)

1706:1972

Methodofdeterminationofresistancetowearbyabrasionofnaturalbuildingstones(firstrevision)

3316:1974

Specificationforstructuralgranite(firstrevision)

3620:1979

Specificationforlateritestoneblockformasonry(firstrevision)

3622:1977

Specificationforsandstone(slabsandtiles)(firstrevisions)

4121:1967

Methodoftestfordeterminationofwatertransmissionratebycapillaryactionthroughnaturalbuildingstones

4122:1967

Methodoftestforsurfacesofteningofnaturalbuildingstonesbyexposuretoacidicatmospheres

4348:1973

Methodsoftestfordeterminationofpermeabilityofnaturalbuildingstones(firstrevision)

5218:1969

Methodoftestfortoughnessofnaturalbuildingstones

5640:1970

Methodoftestfordeterminingtheaggregateimpactvalueofsoftcoarseaggregates

6250:1981

Specificationforroofingslatetiles(firstrevision)

7779

Scheduleforpropertiesandavailabilityofstonesforconstructionpurposes:

(Part1/Sec1):1975

Gujaratstate,Section1Availabilityofstones

(Part1/Sec2):1975

Gujaratstate,Section2Engineeringpropertiesofbuildingstones

(Part1/Sec3):1975

Gujaratstate,Section3Engineeringpropertiesofstoneaggregates

(Part2/Sec1):1979

Maharashtrastate,Section1Availabilityofstones

(Part2/Sec2):1979

Maharashtrastate,Section2Engineeringpropertiesofbuildingstones

(Part2/Sec3):1979

Maharashtrastate,Section3Engineeringpropertiesofstoneaggregates

(Part3/Sec2):1990[1980]

TamilNadustate,Section2Engineeringpropertiesofbuildingstones

(Part3/Sec3):1980

TamilNadustate,Section3Engineeringpropertiesofstoneaggregates

(Part4/Sec1to3):1996

Karnatakastate,Sections(1to3)

(Part5/Sec1):1997

AndhraPradesh,Section1Availabilityofstones

(Part5/Sec2):1997

AndhraPradesh,Section2Engineeringpropertiesofbuildingstones

(Part5/Sec3):1997

AndhraPradesh,Section3Engineeringpropertiesofstoneaggregates

9394:1979

Specificationforstonelintels

14223(Part1):1994

Specificationforpolishedbuildingstones:Part1Granite

23.STRUCTURALSECTIONS
a)StructuralShapes
811:1987

Specificationforcoldformedlightgaugestructuralsteelsections(revised)

1173:1978

Specificationforhotrolledandslitsteelteebars(secondrevision)

1852:1985

Specificationforrollingandcuttingtolerancesforhotrolledsteelproducts(fourthrevision)

1863:1979

Specificationforhotrolledsteelbulbflats(firstrevision)

2314:1986

Specificationforsteelsheetpilingsections(firstrevision)

3443:1980
3908:1986

Specificationforcranerailsections(firstrevision)
Specificationforaluminiumequallegangles(firstrevision)

3909:1986

Specificationforaluminiumunequallegangles(firstrevision)

3921:1985

Specificationforaluminiumchannels(firstrevision)

3954:1991

Specificationforhotrolledsteelchannelssectionsforgeneralengineeringpurposes(firstrevision)

3964:1980

Specificationforlightrails(firstrevision)

5384:1985

SpecificationforaluminiumIbeams(firstrevision)

6445:1985

Specificationforaluminiumteesections(firstrevision)

12779:1989

Rollingandcuttingtolerancesforhotrolledparallelflangebeamandcolumnsections

b)DimensionalStandards
808:1989

Dimensionsforhotrolledsteelbeam,columnchannelandanglesections(thirdrevision)

1730:1989

Dimensionsforsteelplates,sheetsstripsandflatsforgeneralengineeringpurposes(secondrevision)

1732:1989

Dimensionsforroundandsquaresteelbarsforstructuralandgeneralengineeringpurposes(secondrevision)

2525:1982

Dimensionsforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloywire(firstrevision)

2591:1982

Dimensionsforhotrolledsteelbarsforthreadedandcomponents(secondrevision)

2673:2002

Dimensionsforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,extrudedroundtube(secondrevision)

2676:1981

Dimensionsforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,sheetandstrip(firstrevision)

2677:1979

Dimensionsforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,platesandhotrolledsheets(firstrevision)

2678:1987

Dimensionsandtolerancesforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,drawnroundtubes(secondrevision)

3577:1992

Dimensionsandtolerancesforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloysrivet,boltandscrewstock(firstrevision)

3965:1981

Dimensionsforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,bar,rodandsection(firstrevision)

6477:1983

Dimensionsforwroughtaluminiumandaluminiumalloys,extrudedhollowsections

12778:1989[2004]

Dimensionsforhotrolledsteelparallelflangebeamandcolumnsections

24.THERMALINSULATIONMATERIALS
3144:1992

Methodsoftestformineralwoolthermalinsulationmaterial(secondrevision)

3346:1980

Methodsforthedeterminationofthermalconductivityofthermalinsulationmaterials(twoslab,guardedhotplatemethod)(firstrevision)

3677:1985

Specificationforunbondedrockandslagwoolforthermalinsulation(secondrevision)

4671:1984

Specificationforexpandedpolystyreneforthermalinsulationpurposes(firstrevision)

5688:1982

Methodsoftestforpreformedblocktypeandpipecoveringtypethermalinsulation(firstrevision)

5724:1970

Methodsoftestforthermalinsulatingcement

6598:1972

Specificationforcellularconcreteforthermalinsulation

7509:1993

Specificationforthermalinsulatingcement(firstrevision)

8154:1993

Specificationforpreformedcalciumsilicateinsulationfortemperatureupto650C)(firstrevision)

8183:1993

Specificationforbondedmineralwool(firstrevision)

9403:1980

Methodoftestforthermalconductanceandtransmittanceofbuiltupsectionsbymeansofguardedhotbox

9489:1980

Methodoftestforthermalconductivityofmaterialsbymeansofheatflowmeter

9490:1980

Methodofdeterminationforthermalconductivityofinsulationmaterials(watercalorimetermethod)

9742:1993

Specificationforsprayedmineralwoolthermalinsulation(firstrevision)

9743:1990

Specificationforthermalinsulationfinishingcements(firstrevision)

9842:1994

Specificationforpreformedfibrouspipeinsulation(firstrevision)

11128:1994[1984]

Specificationforsprayappliedhydratedcalciumsilicatethermalinsulation

11129:1984

Methodoftestfortumblingfriabilityofpreformedblocktypethermalinsulation

11239

Methodoftestforrigidcellularthermalinsulationmaterials:

(Part1):1985[2009]

Dimensions

(Part2):1985[2009]

Apparentdensity

(Part3):1985[2009]

Dimensionalstability

(Part4):1985

Watervapourtransmissionrate

(Part5):1985[2009]

Volumepercentofopenandclosedcells

(Part6):1985

Heatdistortiontemperature

(Part7):1985

Coefficientoflinearthermalexpansionatlowtemperatures

(Part8):1985

Flameheight,timeofburningandlossofmass

(Part9):1985[1988]

Waterabsorption

(Part10):1985

Flexuralstrength

(Part11):1985

Compressivestrength

(Part12):1989[1988]

Horizontalburningcharacteristics

(Part13):1992

Determinationofflammabilitybyoxygenindex

11307:1985

Specificationforcellularglassblockandpipethermalinsulating

11308:1985

Specificationforthermalinsulatingcastables(hydraulicsetting)fortemperaturesupto1250C

12436:1988

Specificationforpreformedrigidpolyurethane(PUR)andpolyisocyanurate(Pir)foamsforthermalinsulation

13204:1991

Specificationforrigidphenolicfoamsforthermalinsulation

13286:1992

Methodsoftestforsurfacespreadofflameforthermalinsulationmaterials

25.THREADEDFASTENERSANDRIVETS
207:1964

Specificationforgateandshutterhooksandeyes(revised)

451:1999

Specificationfortechnicalsupplyconditionsforwoodscrews(thirdrevision)

554:1999

SpecificationforpipethreadswherepressuretidejointsaremadeonthethreadsDimensions,tolerancesanddesignation(fourthrevision)

723:1972

Specificationforsteelcountersunkheadwirenails(secondrevision)

724:1964

Specificationformildsteelandbrasscup,rulerandsquarehooksandscreweyes(revised)

725:1961

Specificationforcopperwirenails(revised)

730:1978

Specificationforhookboltsforcorrugatedsheetroofing(secondrevision)

1120:1975

Specificationforcoachscrews(firstrevision)

1363

Specificationforhexagonheadbolts,screwsandnutsofproductgradeC:

(Part1):2002

Hexagonheadbolts(sizerangeM5toM64)(fourthrevision)

(Part2):2002

Hexagonheadscrews(sizerangeM5toM64)(fourthrevision)

(Part3):2002

Part3Hexagonnuts(SizerangeM5toM64)(fourthrevision)

1364

Specificationforhexagonheadbolts,screwsandnutsofproductGradesAandB:

(Part1):2002

Hexagonheadbolts(sizerangeM1.6toM64)(fourthrevision)

(Part2):2002

Hexagonheadscrews(sizerangeM1.6toM64)(fourthrevision)

(Part3):2002

Hexagonnuts(sizerangeM1.6toM64)(fourthrevision)

(Part4):2003

Hexagonthinnuts(chamfered)(sizerangeM1.6toM64)(fourthrevision)

(Part5):2002

Hexagonthinnuts(unchamfered)(sizerangeM1.6toM10)(fourthrevision)

(Part6):2002

Hexagonnuts,style2

1365:1978[2005]

Specificationforslottedcountersunkheadscrews(thirdrevision)

1366:2002

Specificationforslottedcheeseheadscrews(thirdrevision)

1367

Specificationfortechnicalsupplyconditionsforthreadedsteelfasteners:

(Part1):2002

Introductionandgeneralinformation(thirdrevision)

(Part2):2002

Productgradesandtolerances(thirdrevision)

(Part3):2002

Mechanicalpropertiesandtestmethodsforbolts,screwsandstudswithfullloadability(fourthrevision)

(Part5):2002

Mechanicalpropertiesandtestmethodsforsetscrewsandsimilarthreadedfastenersnotundertensilestresses(thirdrevision)

(Part6):1994

Mechanicalpropertiesandtestmethodsfornutswithspecifiedproofloads(thirdrevision)

(Part7):1980

Mechanicalpropertiesandtestmethodsfornutswithoutspecifiedproofloads(secondrevision)

(Part8):2002

Mechanicalandperformancepropertiesforprevailingtorquetypesteelhexagonnuts(thirdrevision)

(Part9/Sec1):1993

Surfacediscontinuities,Section1Bolts,screwsandstudsforgeneralapplications(thirdrevision)

(Part9/Sec2):1993

Surfacediscontinuities,Section2Bolts,screwsandstudsforspecialapplications(thirdrevision)

(Part10):2002

Surfacediscontinuitiesonnuts(thirdrevision)

(Part11):2002

Electroplatedcoatings(thirdrevision)

(Part12):1981

Phosphatecoatingsonthreadedfasteners(secondrevision)

(Part13):1983

Hotdipgalvanizedcoatingsonthreadedfasteners(secondrevision)

(Part14/Sec1):2002

Mechanicalpropertiesofcorrosionresistancestainlesssteelfasteners,Section1Bolts,screwsandstuds(thirdrevision)

(Part14/Sec2)::2002

Mechanicalpropertiesofcorrosionresistancestainlesssteelfasteners,Section2Nuts(thirdrevision)

(Part14/Sec3)::2002

Mechanicalpropertiesofcorrosionresistancestainlesssteelfasteners,Section3Setscrewsandsimilarfastenersnotundertensilestress(thirdrevision)

(Part16):2002

Designationsystemandsymbols(thirdrevision)

1929:1982

Specificationforhotforgedsteelrivetsforhotclosing(12to36mmdiameter)(firstrevision)

2016:1967

Specificationforplainwashers(firstrevision)

2155:1982

Specificationforcoldforgedsolidsteelrivetsforhotclosing(6to16mmdiameter)(firstrevision)

2585:1968[2006]

Specificationforblacksquareboltsandnuts(diarange6to39mm)andblacksquarescrews(diarange6to24mm)(firstrevision)

2643:1999[2005]

Dimensions,tolerancesanddesignationforpipethreadswherepressuretightjointsarenotmadeonthethreads(secondrevision)

2687:1991

Specificationforcapnuts(secondrevision)

2907:1998

Specificationfornonferrousrivets(firstrevision)

2998:1982

Specificationforcoldforgedsteelrivetsforcoldclosing(1to16mmdiameter)(firstrevision)

3063:1994

Specificationforfastenerssinglecoilrectangularsectionspringlockwashers(secondrevision)

3121:1981

Specificationforriggingscrewsandstretchingscrews(firstrevision)

3468:1991

Specificationforpipenuts(secondrevision)

3757:1985

Specificationforhighstrengthstructuralbolts(secondrevision)

4206:1987

Dimensionsfornominallengths,andthreadlengthsforbolts,screwsandstuds(firstrevision)

4762:2002

Specificationforwormdrivehoseclipsforgeneralpurposes(secondrevision)

5369:1975

Generalrequirementsforplainwashersandlockwashers(firstrevision)

5372:1975

Specificationfortaperwasherforchannels(ISMC)(firstrevision)

5373:1969

Specificationforsquarewashersforwoodfastenings

5374:1975

SpecificationfortaperwashersforLbeam(ISMB)(firstrevision)

5624:1993

Specificationforfoundationbolts(firstrevision)

6113:1970

Specificationforaluminiumfastenersforbuildingpurposes

6610:1972

Specificationforheavywashersforsteelstructures

6623:1985[2004]

Specificationforhighstrengthstructuralnuts(firstrevision)

6639:1972

Specificationforhexagonboltsforsteelstructures

6649:1985

Specificationforhardenedandtemperedwashersforhighstrengthstructuralboltsandnuts(firstrevision)

6733:1972

Specificationforwallandroofingnails

6736:1972

Specificationforslottedraisedcountersunkheadwoodscrews

6739:1972

Specificationforslottedroundheadwoodscrews

6760:1972

Specificationforslottedcountersunkheadwoodscrews

8033:1976

Specificationforwasherswithsquareholeforwoodfastenings

8412:1977

Specificationforslottedcountersunkheadboltsforsteelstructures

8822:1978

Specificationforslottedmushroomheadroofingbolts

8869:1978

Specificationforwashersforcorrugatedsheetroofing

8911:1978[2005]

Specificationforslottedraisedcountersunkheadscrews

10102:1982

Specificationfortechnicalsupplyconditionsforrivets

10238:2001

Specificationforstepboltsforsteelstructures

12427:2001

Specificationfortransmissiontowerbolts

26.UNITWEIGHTSOFBUILDINGMATERIALS
875(Part1):1987

Codeofpracticefordesignloads(otherthanearthquake)forbuildingsandstructures:Part1DeadloadsUnitweightsofbuildingmaterialandstoredmaterials(second
revision)

27.WATERPROOFINGANDDAMPPROOFINGMATERIALS
1322:1993

Specificationforbitumenfeltsforwaterproofinganddampproofing(fourthrevision)

1580:1991

Specificationforbituminouscompoundforwaterproofingandcaulkingpurposes(firstrevision)

3037:1986

Specificationforbitumenmasticforuseinwaterproofingofroofs(firstrevision)

3384:1986

Specificationforbitumenprimerforuseinwaterproofinganddampproffing(firstrevision)

5871:1987

Specificationforbitumenmasticfortankinganddampproofing(firstrevision)

7193:1994

Specificationforglassfibrebasecoaltarpitchandbitumenfelts(firstrevision)

12027:1987

Specificationforsiliconebasedwaterrepellents

13435

Methodoftestsforacrylicbasedwaterproofingmaterial:

(Part1):1992

Determinationofsolidcontent

(Part2):1992

Determinationofcoarseparticle

(Part3):1992

Determinationofcapillarywatertakeup

(Part4):1992

DeterminationofpHvalue

(Part5):1992

Determinationofminimumfilmformingtemperatureandwhitepoint

13826

BitumenbasedfeltsMethodoftest:

(Part1):1993

Breakingstrengthtest

(Part2):1993

Pliabilitytest

(Part3):1993

Storagestickingtest

(Part4):1993

Pressureheadtest

(Part5):1993[1994]

Heatresistancetest

(Part6):1993

Waterabsorptiontest

(Part7):1993[1983]

Determinationofbindercontent

14695:1999

Specificationforglassfibrebasecoaltarpitchouterwrap

28.WELDINGELECTRODESANDWIRES
814:1991[2004]

Specificationforcoveredelectrodesformanualmetalarcweldingofcarbonandcarbonmanganesesteel(fifthrevision)

1278:1972

Specificationforfillerrodsandwiresforgaswelding(secondrevision)

1395:1982

Specificationforlowandmediumalloysteelcoveredelectrodesformanualmetalarcwelding(thirdrevision)

2879:1998

Mildsteelformetalarcweldingelectrodes(thirdrevision)

3613:1974

Acceptancetestsforwirefluxcombinationsforsubmergedarcweldingofstructuralsteel(firstrevision)

4972:1968

Specificationforresistancespotweldingelectrodes

5206:1983

Coveredelectrodesformanualarcweldingofstainlesssteelandothersimilarhighalloysteels(firstrevision)

5511:1991

Specificationforcoveredelectrodesformanualmetalarcweldingofcastiron(firstrevision)

5897:1985

Specificationforaluminiumandaluminiumalloyweldingrodsandwiresandmagnesiumalloyweldingrods(firstrevision)

5898:1970

Specificationforcopperandcopperalloybaresolidweldingrodsandelectrodes

6419:1996

Specificationforweldingrodsandbareelectrodesforgasshieldedarcweldingofstructuralsteel(firstrevision)

6560:1996

Specificationformolybdenumandchromiummolybdenumlowalloysteelweldingrodsandbareelectrodesforgasshieldedarcwelding(firstrevision)

7280:1974

Specificationforbarewireelectrodesforsubmergedarcweldingofstructuralsteels

8363:1976

Specificationforbarewireelectrodesforelectroslagweldingofsteels

10631:1983

Stainlesssteelforweldingelectrodecorewire

29.WIREROPESANDWIREPRODUCTS
278:1978[2009]

Specificationforgalvanizedsteelbarbedwireforfencing(thirdrevision)

2140:1978

Specificationforstrandedgalvanizedsteelwireforfencing(firstrevision)

2266:2002

Specificationforsteelwireropesforgeneralengineeringpurposes(fourthrevision)

2365:1977

Specificationforsteelwiresuspensionropesforlifts,elevatorsandhoists(firstrevision)

2721:2003

Specificationforgalvanizedsteelwirechainlinkfencesfabric(secondrevision)

6594:1977[2001]

Specificationfortechnicalsupplyconditionsforwireropesandstrands(firstrevision)

12776:2002

Specificationforgalvanizedstrandforearthing(firstrevision)

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART6STRUCTURALDESIGN
Section1Loads,ForcesandEffects
BUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS

CONTENTS
FOREWORD

SCOPE

DEADLOAD

IMPOSEDLOAD

WINDLOAD

14

SEISMICLOAD

53

SNOWLOAD

75

SPECIALLOADS

81

LOADCOMBINATIONS

86

MULTIHAZARDRISKINVARIOUSDISTRICTSOFINDIA

86

ANNEXA

ILLUSTRATIVEEXAMPLESHOWINGREDUCTIONOFUNIFORMLYDISTRIBUTEDIMPOSEDFLOORLOADSINMULTISTOREYEDBUILDINGSFORDESIGNOFCOLUMNS

88

ANNEXB

NOTATIONS

89

ANNEXC

BASICWINDSPEEDA10mHEIGHTFORSOMEIMPORTANTCITIES/TOWNS

89

ANNEXD

CHANGESINTERRAINCATEGORIES

90

ANNEXE

EFFECTOFACLIFFORESCARPMENTONTHEEQUIVALENTHEIGHTABOVEGROUND(k 3FACTOR)

92

ANNEXF

WINDFORCEONCIRCULARSECTIONS

94

ANNEXG

SYMBOLS

95

ANNEXH

COMPREHENSIVEINTENSITYSCALE(MSK64)

96

ANNEXJ

ZONEFACTORSFORSOMEIMPORTANTTOWNS

99

ANNEXK

SHAPECOEFFICIENTSFORMULTILEVELROOFS

100

ANNEXL

VIBRATIONSINBUILDINGS

101

ANNEXM

SUMMARYOFDISTRICTSHAVINGSUBSTANTIALMULTIHAZARDRISKAREAS

102

LISTOFSTANDARDS

103

FOREWORD
ThisSectioncoversthevariousloads,forcesandeffectswhicharetobetakenintoaccountforstructuraldesignofbuildings.Thevariousloadsthatarecoveredunder
thisSectionaredeadload,imposedload,windload,seismicload,snowload,specialloadsandloadcombinations.
ThisCodewasfirstpublishedin1970andrevisedin1983.SubsequentlythefirstrevisionofthisSectionwasmodifiedin1987throughAmendmentNo.2tothe1983
versionoftheCodetobringthisSectioninlinewiththelatestrevisedloadingcode.Now,inviewoftherevisionoftheimportantIndianStandardonearthquakeresistant
designofstructure,thatisIS1893,aneedtorevisethisPartwasfelt.Thisrevisionhasthereforebeenpreparedtotakeintoaccountthisrevisedstandard,IS1893(Part1):
2002Criteriaforearthquakeresistantdesignofstructures:Part1Generalprovisionandbuildings(fifthrevision)andalsoincorporatelatestinformationonadditional
loads,forcesandeffectsasalsothedetailsregardingmultihazardriskinvariousdistrictsofIndia.
Thesignificantchangesincorporatedinthisrevisioninclude:
a)Theseismiczonemapisrevisedwithonlyfourzones,insteadoffive.ErstwhileZoneIhasbeenmergedintoZoneII.Hence,ZoneIdoesnotappearinthenew
zoningonlyZonesII,III,IVandVdo.
b)ThevaluesofseismiczonefactorshavebeenchangedthesenowreflectmorerealisticvaluesofeffectivepeakgroundaccelerationconsideringMaximumConsidered
Earthquake(MCE)andservicelifeofstructureineachseismiczone.
c)Responsespectraarenowspecifiedforthreetypesoffoundingstrata,namelyrockandhardsoil,mediumsoilandsoftsoil.
d)EmpiricalexpressionforestimatingthefundamentalnaturalperiodTa ofmultistoreyedbuildingswithregularmomentresistingframeshasbeenrevised.
e)Thisrevisionadoptstheprocedureoffirstcalculatingtheactualforcethatmaybeexperiencedbythestructureduringtheprobablemaximumearthquake,ifitwere
toremainelastic.Then,theconceptofresponsereductionduetoductiledeformationorfrictionalenergydissipationinthecracksisbroughtinthisSectionexplicitly,by
introducingtheresponsereductionfactorinplaceoftheearlierperformancefactor.
f)Alowerboundisspecifiedforthedesignbaseshearofbuildings,basedonempiricalestimateofthefundamentalnaturalperiodTa .
g)Thesoilfoundationsystemfactorisdropped.Instead,aclausehasbeenintroducedtorestricttheuseoffoundationsvulnerabletodifferentialsettlementsinsevere
seismiczones.
h)Torsionaleccentricityvalueshavebeenrevisedupwardsinviewofseriousdamagesobservedinbuildingswithirregularplans.
j)Modalcombinationruleindynamicanalysisofbuildingshasbeenrevised.
k)Otherclauseshavebeenredraftedwherenecessaryformoreeffectiveimplementation.
m)AnewclauseonmultihazardriskinvariousdistrictsofIndiaandalistofdistrictsidentifiedasmultihazardpronedistrictshavebeenincluded.
n)LatestamendmentsissuedtoIS875havebeenincorporated.
p)Aclauseonvibrationinbuildingshasbeenintroducedforgeneralguidance.
q)ReferencehasbeenincludedtotheIndianStandardsonlandslidecontrolanddesignofretainingwalls,formulatedafterthelastrevisionoftheSection.
TheinformationcontainedinthisSectionislargelybasedonthefollowingIndianStandards:
IS1893(Part1):2002

Criteriaforearthquakeresistantdesignofstructures:Part1Generalprovisionsandbuildings(fifthrevision)

IS875(Part2):1987

Codeofpracticefordesignloads(otherthanearthquake)forbuildingsandstructures:Part2Imposedloads(secondrevision)

IS875(Part3):1988

Codeofpracticefordesignloads(otherthanearthquake)forbuildingsandstructures:Part3Windloads(secondrevision)

IS875(Part4):1987

Codeofpracticefordesignloads(otherthanearthquake)forbuildingsandstructures:Part4Snowloads(secondrevision)

IS875(Part5):1987

Codeofpracticefordesignloads(otherthanearthquake)forbuildingsandstructures:Part5Specialloadsandloadcombinations(secondrevision)

ThisSectionhastobereadtogetherwithSections2to7ofPart6StructuralDesign.
AreferencetoSP64(S&T):2001ExplanatoryHandbookonIndianStandardCodeofpracticefordesignloads(otherthanearthquake)forbuildingsandstructures:
Part3WindloadsIS875(Part3):1987maybeuseful.Thispublicationgivesdetailedbackgroundinformationontheprovisionsforwindloadsandalsotheuseofthese
provisionsforarrivingatthewindloadsonbuildingsandstructureswhileevaluatingtheirstructuralsafety.
ReferencemayalsobemadetotheVulnerabilityAtlasofIndia,1997andLandslideHazardZonationAtlasofIndia,2003BuildingMaterialsandTechnology
PromotionCouncil,MinistryofUrbanDevelopmentandPovertyAlleviation,GovernmentofIndia.ThevulnerabilityAtlascontainsinformationpertainingtoeachState
andUnionTerritoryofIndia,on(a)seismichazardmap,(b)cyclone,andwindmap,(c)floodproneareamap,and(d)housingstockvulnerabilitytableforeachdistrict
indicatingforeachhousetypethelevelofrisktowhichitcouldbesubjected.TheAtlascanbeusedtoidentifyareasineachdistrictofthecountrywhicharepronetohigh
riskfrommorethanonehazard.Theinformationwillbeusefulinestablishingtheneedofdevelopinghousingdesignstoresistthecombinationofsuchhazards.
Allstandards,whethergivenhereinaboveorcrossreferredtointhemaintextofthisSection,aresubjecttorevision.ThepartiestoagreementbasedonthisSectionare
encouragedtoinvestigatethepossibilityofapplyingthemostrecenteditionsofthestandards.

NATIONALBUILDINGCODEOFINDIA
PART6STRUCTURALDESIGN
Section1Loads,ForcesandEffects
1SCOPE
1.1ThisSectioncoversbasicdesignloadstobeassumedinthedesignofbuildings.Theimposedloads,windloads,seismicloads,snowloadsandotherloads,which
arespecifiedherein,areminimumworkingloadswhichshouldbetakenintoconsiderationforpurposesofdesign.
1.2ThisSectiondoesnottakeintoconsiderationloadsincidentaltoconstruction.
2DEADLOAD
2.1AssessmentofDeadLoad
Thedeadloadinabuildingshallcomprisetheweightofallwalls,partitions,floorsandroofs,andshallincludetheweightsofallotherpermanentconstructionsinthe
buildingandshallconformtogoodpractice[61(1)].
3IMPOSEDLOAD
3.1Thisclausecoversimposedloads(liveloads)tobeassumedinthedesignofbuildings.Theimposedloadsspecifiedhereinareminimumloadswhichshouldbe
takenintoconsiderationforthepurposeofstructuralsafetyofbuildings.
NOTEThisSectiondoesnotcoverdetailedprovisionsforloadsincidentaltoconstructionandspecialcasesofvibration,suchasmovingmachinery,heavy
accelerationfromcranes,hoistsandthelike.Suchloadsshallbedealtwithindividuallyineachcase.
3.2Terminology
3.2.1Forthepurposeofimposedloadsspecifiedherein,thefollowingdefinitionsshallapply:
3.2.1.1AssemblyBuildingsTheseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuildingwheregroupsofpeoplecongregateorgatherforamusement,recreation,social,
religious,patriotic,civil,travelandsimilarpurposesforexample,theatres,motionpicturehouses,assemblyhalls,cityhalls,marriagehalls,townhalls,auditoria,
exhibitionhalls,museums,skatingrinks,gymnasiums,restaurants(alsousedasassemblyhalls),placeofworship,dancehalls,clubrooms,passengerstationsand
terminalsofair,surfaceandotherpublictransportationservices,recreationpiersandstadia,etc.
3.2.1.2BusinessBuildingsTheseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuilding,whichisusedfortransactionofbusiness(otherthanthatcoveredbymercantile
buildings)forkeepingofaccountsandrecordsforsimilarpurposesoffices,banks,professionalestablishments,courthouses,andlibrariesshallbeclassifiedinthisgroup
sofarasprincipalfunctionoftheseistransactionofpublicbusinessandthekeepingofbooksandrecords.
3.2.1.3DwellingsTheseshallincludeanybuildingorpartoccupiedbymembersofsingle/multifamilyunitswithindependentcookingfacilities.Theseshallalso
includeapartmenthouses(flats).
3.2.1.4EducationalBuildingsTheseshallincludeanybuildingusedforschool,collegeordaycarepurposesinvolvingassemblyforinstruction,educationor
recreationandwhichisnotcoveredbyassemblybuildings.
3.2.1.5ImposedLoadTheloadassumedtobeproducedbytheintendeduseoroccupancyofabuildingincludingtheweightofmovablepartitions,distributedand
concentratedloads,loadsduetoimpactandvibration,anddustloadsbutexcludingwind,seismic,snowandotherloadsduetotemperaturechanges,creep,shrinkage,
differentialsettlement,etc.
3.2.1.6IndustrialBuildingsTheseshallincludeanybuildingorapartofabuildingorstructure,inwhichproductsormaterialsofvariouskindsandpropertiesare
fabricated,assembledorprocessedlikeassemblyplants,powerplants,refineries,gasplants,mills,dairies,factories,workshops,etc.
3.2.1.7InstitutionalBuildingsTheseshallincludeanybuildingorapartthereof,whichisusedforpurposes,suchas,medicalorothertreatmentincaseofpersons
sufferingfromphysicalandmentalillness,diseaseorinfirmity:careofinfants,convalescentsoragedpersonsandforpenalorcorrectionaldetentioninwhichthelibertyof
theinmatesisrestricted.Institutionalbuildingsordinarilyprovidesleepingaccommodationfortheoccupants.Itincludeshospitals,sanitoria,custodialinstitutionsor
penalinstitutionslikejails,prisonsandreformatories.
3.2.1.8OccupancyorUseGroupTheprincipaloccupancyforwhichabuildingorpartofabuildingisusedorintendedtobeusedforthepurposeofclassificationof
abuildingaccordingtooccupancy,anoccupancyshallbedeemedtoincludesubsidiaryoccupancieswhicharecontingentuponit.Theoccupancyclassificationisgivenin
thefollowinggroups.
3.2.1.9OfficeBuildingsThebuildingsprimarilytobeusedasanofficeorforofficepurposesofficepurposesincludethepurposeofadministration,clericalwork,
handlingmoney,telephoneandtelegraphoperating,andoperatingcomputers,calculatingmachines,clericalworkincludeswriting,bookkeeping,sortingpapers,
typing,filing,duplicating,punchingcardsortapes,drawingofmatterforpublicationandtheeditorialpreparationofmatterforpublication.
3.2.1.10MercantileBuildingsTheseshallincludeanybuildingorapartofabuildingwhichisusedasshops,stores,marketfordisplayandsaleofmerchandize
eitherwholesaleorretail.Office,storageandserviceandfacilitiesincidentaltothesaleofmerchandizeandlocatedinthesamebuildingshallbeincludedunderthisgroup.
3.2.1.11ResidentialBuildingsTheseshallincludeanybuildinginwhichsleepingaccommodationisprovidedfornormalresidentialpurposeswithorwithout
cookingordiningorbothfacilities(exceptbuildingsunderinstitutionalbuildings).Itincludesoneormultifamilydwellings,apartmenthouses(flats),lodgingorrooming
houses,restaurants,hostels,dormitoriesandresidentialhotels.
3.2.1.12StorageBuildingsTheseshallincludeanybuildingorpartofabuildingusedprimarilyforthestorageorshelteringofgoods,waresormerchandize,like
warehouses,coldstorages,freightdepots,transitysheds,storehouses,garages,hangers,truckterminals,grainelevators,barnsandstables.
3.3ImposedLoadsonFloorsDuetoUseandOccupancy
3.3.1ImposedLoads
Theimposedloadstobeassumedinthedesignofbuildingsshallbethegreatestloadsthatprobablywillbeproducedbytheintendeduseoroccupancy,butshallnot
belessthantheequivalentminimumloadsspecifiedinTable1subjecttoanyreductionspermittedin3.3.2.
Floorsshallbeinvestigatedforboththeuniformlydistributedload(UDL)andthecorrespondingconcentratedloadspecifiedinTable1,anddesignedforthemost
adverseeffectsbuttheyshallnotbeconsideredtoactsimultaneously.TheconcentratedloadsspecifiedinTable1maybeassumedtoactoveranareaof0.3m0.3m.
However,theconcentratedloadsneednotbeconsideredwherethefloorsarecapableofeffectivelateraldistributionofthisload.
AllotherstructuralelementsshallbeinvestigatedfortheeffectsofuniformlydistributedloadsonthefloorsspecifiedinTable1.
NOTES
1Where,inTable1,novaluesaregivenforconcentratedload,itmaybeassumedthatthetabulateddistributedloadisadequatefordesignpurposes.
2TheloadsspecifiedinTable1areequivalentuniformlydistributedloadsontheplanareaandprovidefornormaleffectsofimpactandacceleration.Theydonottakeinto
considerationspecialconcentratedloadsandotherloads.
3WheretheuseofanareaorfloorisnotprovidedinTable1,theimposedloadduetotheuseandoccupancyofsuchanareashallbedeterminedfromtheanalysisofloads
resultingfrom:
a)
b)
c)
d)

weightoftheprobableassemblyofpersons
weightoftheprobableaccumulationofequipmentandfurnishing:
weightoftheprobablestoragematerialsand
impactfactor,ifany.

4Whileselectingaparticularloading,thepossiblechangeinuseoroccupancyofthebuildingshouldbekeptinview.Designersshouldnotnecessarilyselectinevery
casethelowerloadingappropriatetothefirstoccupancy.Indoingthistheymightintroduceconsiderablerestrictionsintheuseofthebuildingatalaterdate,andthereby
reduceitsutility.
5Theloadsspecifiedherein,whicharebasedonestimations,maybeconsideredasthecharacteristicloadsforthepurposeoflimitstatemethodofdesigntillsuchtime
statisticaldataareestablishedbasedonloadsurveystobeconductedinthecountry.
6Whenanexistingbuildingisalteredbyanextensioninheightorarea,allexistingstructuralpartsaffectedbytheadditionshallbestrengthenedwherenecessaryandall
newstructuralpartsshallbedesignedtomeettherequirementsforbuildinghereaftererected.
7Theloadsspecifiedinthesectiondoesnotincludeloadsincidentaltoconstruction.Therefore,closesupervisionduringconstructionisessentialtoensurethat
overloadingofthebuildingduetoloadsbywayofstackingofbuildingmaterialsoruseofequipment(forexample,cranesandtrucks)duringconstructionorloadswhich
maybeinducedbyfloortofloorproppinginmultistoreyedconstruction,doesnotoccur.However,ifconstructionloadswereofshortduration,permissibleincreasein
stressesinthecaseofworkingstressmethodorpermissibledecreaseinloadfactorsinlimitstatemethod,asapplicabletorelevantdesigncodes,maybeallowedfor.
8TheloadsinTable1aregroupedtogetherasapplicabletobuildingshavingseparateprincipaloccupancyoruse.Forabuildingwithmultipleoccupancies,theloads
appropriatetotheoccupancywithcomparableuseshallbechosenfromotheroccupancies.
9Regardingloadingonliftmachineroomsincludingstoragespaceusedforrepairingliftmachines,designersshouldgobytherecommendationsofliftmanufacturersfor
thepresent.Regardingloadingduetofalseceiling,thesameshouldbeconsideredasimposedloadsontheroof/floortowhichitisfixed.
Table1ImposedFloorLoadsforDifferentOccupancies
(Clause3.3.1)
SI
No.
(1)

i)

OccupancyClassification

UniformlyDistributedLoad(UDL)

(2)

(3)

(4)

KN/m2

KN

1)Allroomsandkitchens

2.0

1.8

2)Toiletsandbathrooms

2.0

3)Corridors,passages,staircasesincludingfireescapesandstorerooms

3.0

4.5

4)Balconies

3.0

1.5permetrerun
concentratedattheouter
edge

1)Habitablerooms,kitchens,andtoiletsandbathrooms

1.5

1.4

2)Corridors,passagesandstaircasesincludingfireescapes

1.5

1.4

3)Balconies

3.0

1.5permetrerun
concentratedattheouter
edge

ResidentialBuildings

ConcentratedLoad

a)Dwellinghouses:

b)Dwellingunitsplannedandexecutedinaccordancewith[61(2)]only:

c)Hotels,hostels,boardinghouses,lodginghouses,dormitoriesandresidentialclubs:
1)Livingrooms,bedroomsanddormitories

2.0

1.8

2)Kitchenandlaundries

3.0

4.5

3)Billiardsroomandpubliclounges

3.0

2.7

4)Storerooms

5.0

4.5

5)Diningrooms,cafeteriasandrestaurants

4.0

2.7

6)Officerooms

2.5

2.7

7)Roomsforindoorgames

3.0

1.8

8)Bathsandtoilets

2.0

9)Corridors,passagesstaircasesincludingfireescapesandlobbiesasperthefloorservices(excludingstoresandthe
like)butnotlessthan

3.0

4.5

Sameasroomstowhichtheygiveaccessbutwith
aminimumof4.0

1.5permetrerun
concentratedattheouter
edge

5.0

6.7

1)Garagefloors(includingparkingareaandrepairworkshopsforpassengercarsandvehiclesnotexceeding2.5tonnes
grossweight,includingaccesswaysandrampstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan

2.5

9.0

2)Garagefloorsforvehiclesnotexceeding4.0tonnesgrossweight(includingaccesswaysandramps)tobe
calculatedbutnotlessthan

5.0

9.0

10)Balconies

d)Boilerroomsandplantroomstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan
e)Garages:

ii)

EducationalBuildings
a)Classroomsandlecturerooms(notusedforassemblypurposes)

3.0

2.7

3.0 1)

2.7

c)Offices,loungesandstaffrooms

2.5

2.7

d)Dormitories

2.0

2.7

e)Projectionrooms

5.0

f)Kitchens

3.0

4.5

g)Toiletsandbathrooms

2.0

h)Storerooms

5.0

4.5

6.0kN/m2foraminimumheightof2.2m+2.0
kN/m2permetreheightbeyond2.2m

4.5

2)Readingrooms(withoutseparatestorage)

4.0

4.5

3)Readingrooms(withseparatestorage)

3.0

4.5

k)Boilerroomsandplantroomstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan

4.0

4.5

m)Corridors,passages,lobbies,staircasesincludingfireescapesasperthefloorserviced(withoutaccountingfor
storageandprojectionrooms)butnotlessthan

4.0

4.5

Sameasroomstowhichtheygiveaccessbutwith
aminimumof4.0

1.5metrerunconcentrated
attheouteredge

b)Diningrooms,cafeteriasandrestaurants

j)Librariesandarchives:
1)Stackroom/stackarea

n)Balconies
iii)

InstitutionalBuildings
a)Bedrooms,wards,dressingrooms,dormitoriesandlounges

2.0

1.8

b)Kitchens,laundriesandlaboratories

3.0

4.5

3.0 1)

2.7

c)Diningrooms,cafeteriasandrestaurants
d)Toiletsandbathrooms

2.0

e)Xrayrooms,operatingroomsandgeneralstorageareastobecalculatedbutnotlessthan

3.0

4.5

f)OfficeroomsandO.P.D.rooms

2.5

2.7

g)Corridors,passages,lobbies,staircasesincludingfireescapesasperthefloorserviced(withoutaccountingforstorage
andprojectionrooms)butnotlessthan

4.0

4.5

h)Boilerroomsandplantroomstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan
j)Balconies
iv)

5.0

4.5

Sameasroomstowhichtheygiveaccessbutwith
aminimumof4.0

1.5metrerunconcentrated
attheouteredge

AssemblyBuilding
a)Assemblyareas:
1)Withfixedseats 2)

4.0

2)Withoutfixedseats

5.0

3.6

b)Restaurants(subjecttoassembly),museumsandartgalleriesandgymnasia

4.0

4.5

c)Projectionrooms

5.0

d)Stages

5.0

4.5

e)Officerooms,kitchensandlaundries

3.0

4.5

f)Dressingrooms

2.0

1.8

f)Dressingrooms

2.0

1.8

g)Loungesandbilliardsrooms

2.0

2.7

h)Toiletsandbathrooms

2.0

j)Corridors,passagesandstaircasesincludingfireescapes

4.0

4.5

Sameasroomstowhichtheygiveaccessbutwith
aminimumof4.0

1.5metrerunconcentrated
attheouteredge

m)Boilerroomsandplantroomsincludingweightofmachinery

7.5

4.5

n)Corridors,passages,subjecttoloadsgreaterthanfromcrowds,suchaswheeledvehicles,trolleysandthelikecorridors,
staircasesandpassagesingrandstands

5.0

4.5

k)Balconies

v)

BusinessandOfficeBuildings(seealso3.2.1)
a)Roomsforgeneralusewithseparatestorage

2.5

2.7

b)Roomswithoutseparatestorage

4.0

4.5

c)Bankinghalls

3.0

2.7

d)Businesscomputingmachinerooms(withfixedcomputersorsimilarequipment)

3.5

4.5

e)Record/filesstoreroomsandstoragespace

5.0

4.5

f)Vaultsandstrongroomstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan

5.0

4.5

3.0 1)

2.7

g)Cafeteriasanddinningrooms
h)Kitchens

3.0

2.7

j)Corridors,passages,lobbies,staircasesincludingfireescapesasperthefloorserviced(excludingstores)butnotless
than

4.0

4.5

k)Bathandtoiletsrooms
m)Balconies
n)Stationarystores
p)Boilerroomsandplantroomstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan
q)Libraries
vi)

2.0

Sameasroomstowhichtheygiveaccessbutwith
aminimumof4.0

1.5metrerunconcentrated
attheouteredge

4.0foreachmetreofstorageheight

9.0

5.0

6.7

SeeSINo.(ii)

MerchantileBuildings
a)Retailshops

4.0

3.6

b)Wholesaleshopstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan

6.0

4.5

c)Officerooms

2.5

2.7

3.0 1)

2.7

d)Diningrooms,restaurantsandcafeterias
e)Toilets

2.0

f)Kitchensandlaundries

3.0

4.5

g)Boilerroomsandplantroomstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan

5.0

6.7

h)Corridors,passages,staircasesincludingfireescapesandlobbies

4.0

4.5

j)Corridors,passages,staircasessubjecttoloadsgreaterthanfromcrowds,suchaswheeledvehicles,trolleysandthelike
k)Balconies
vii)

5.0

4.5

Sameasroomstowhichtheygiveaccessbutwith
aminimumof4.0

1.5metrerunconcentrated
attheouteredge

2.5

4.5

5.0
7.0
10.0

4.5
4.5
4.5

5.0

6.7

IndustrialBuildings 4)
a)Workareaswithoutmachinery/equipment
b)Workareaswithmachinery/equipment 3)
1)Lightduty
2)Mediumduty
3)Heavyduty

Tobecalculatedbutnotlessthan

c)Boilerroomsandplantroomstobecalculatedbutnotlessthan
d)Cafeteriasanddinningrooms

3.0 1)

2.7

e)Corridors,passages,staircasesincludingfireescapes

4.0

4.5

f)Corridors,passages,lobbies,staircasessubjecttomachineloadsandwheeledvehiclestobecalculatedbutnotless
than

5.0

4.5

g)Kitchens

3.0

4.5

h)Toiletsandbathrooms

2.0

a)Storagerooms(otherthancoldstorage)andwarehousestobecalculatedbasedonthebulkdensityofmaterialsstored
butnotlessthan

2.4kN/m2permetreofstorageheightwitha
minimumof7.5kN/m2

7.0

b)Coldstoragetobecalculatedbutnotlessthan

5.0kN/m2permetreofstorageheightwitha
minimumof15kN/m2

9.0

c)Corridors,passages,staircasesincludingfireescapesasperthefloorservicedbutnotlessthan

4.0

4.5

d)Corridors,passagessubjecttoloadsgreaterthanfromcrowds,suchaswheeledvehicles,trolleysandthelike

5.0

4.5

e)Boilerroomsandplantrooms

7.5

4.5

viii) StorageBuildings 4)

1)Whereunrestrictedassemblyofpersonsisanticipated,thevalueofUDLshouldbeincreasedto4.0kN/m2
2)Withfixedseatsimpliesthattheremovaloftheseatingandtheuseofthespaceforotherpurposesisimprobable.Themaximumlikelyloadinthiscaseis,therefore,closelycontrolled.
3)Theloadinginindustrialbuildings(workshopsandfactories)variesconsiderablyandsothreeloadingsunderthetermslight,mediumandheavyareintroducedinordertoallowformoreeconomicaldesigns

butthetermshavenospecialmeaninginthemselvesotherthantheimposedloadforwhichtherelevantfloorisdesigned.Itis,however,importantparticularlyinthecaseofheavyweightloads,toassessthe
actualloadstoensurethattheyarenotinexcessof10kN/m2,incasewheretheyareinexcess,thedesignshallbebasedontheactualloadings.

4)Forvariousmechanicalhandlingequipmentwhichareusedtotransportgoods,asinwarehouses,workshops,storerooms,etc,theactualloadcomingfromtheuseofsuchequipmentshallbeascertainedand

designshouldcatertosuchloads.

3.3.1.1Loadapplication
TheuniformlydistributedloadsspecifiedinTable1shallbeappliedasstaticloadsovertheentirefloorareaunderconsiderationoraportionofthefloorareawhichever
arrangementproducescriticaleffectsonthestructuralelementsasprovidedinrespectivedesigncodes.
Inthedesignoffloors,theconcentratedloadsareconsideredtobeappliedinthepositionswhichproducethemaximumstressesandwheredeflectionisthemain
criterioninthepositionswhichproducethemaximumdeflections.Concentratedload,whenusedforthecalculationofbendingandshear,areassumedtoactatapoint.
Whenusedforthecalculationoflocaleffects,suchas,crushingorpunching,theyareassumedtoactoveranactualareaofapplicationof0.3m0.3m.
3.3.1.2Loadsduetolightpartitions
Inofficeandotherbuildings,whereactualloadsduetolightpartitionscannotbeassessedatthetimeofplanningthefloorsandthesupportingstructuralmembers
shallbedesignedtocarry,inadditiontootherloads,uniformlydistributedloadspersquaremetreofnotlessthan33.33percentofweightpermetrerunoffinished
partitions,subjecttoaminimumof1kN/m2,providedtotalweightofpartitionwallsperm2ofthewallareadoesnotexceed1.5kN/m2andthetotalweightpermetre
lengthisnotgreaterthan4.0kN.
3.3.2ReductioninImposedLoadsonFloors
3.3.2.1Formemberssupportingfloors
Exceptasprovidedforin3.3.2.1(a),thefollowingreductionsinassumedtotalimposedloadsonthefloorsmaybemadeindesigningcolumns,loadbearingwalls,
piers,theirsupportsandfoundations.
NumberofFloors(IncludingtheRoof)tobeCarriedbyMemberUnderConsideration
(1)

ReductioninTotalDistributedImposedLoadonAllFloorstobeCarriedbytheMemberUnderConsiderationPercent
(2)

10

20

30

5to10

40

Over10

50

a)

Noreductionshallbemadeforanyplantormachinerywhichisspecificallyallowedfor,orforbuildingsforstoragepurposes,warehousesandgarages.However,
forotherbuildings,wherethefloorisdesignedforanimposedfloorloadof5.0kN/m2ormore,thereductionsshownin3.3.2.1maybetakenprovidedthatthe

b)

loadingassumedisnotlessthanitwouldhavebeenifallthefloorshadbeendesignedfor5.0kN/m2withnoreductions.
NOTEIncaseifthereducedloadinthelowerfloorislesserthanthereducedloadintheupperfloor,thenthereducedloadoftheupperfloorwillbeadopted.
AnexampleisgiveninAnnexAillustratingthereductionofimposedloadsinamultistoreyedbuildinginthedesignofcolumnmembers.

3.3.2.2Forbeamsiseachfloorlevel
Whereasinglespanofbeam,girderortrusssupportsnotlessthan50m2offlooratonegenerallevel,theimposedfloorloadmaybereducedinthedesignofthebeams,
girdersortrussesby5percentforeach50m2areasupportedsubjecttoamaximumreductionof25percent.However,noreductionshallbemadeinanyofthefollowing
typesofloads:
a)
b)
c)
d)

anysuperimposedmovingload,
anyactualloadduetomachineryorsimilarconcentratedloads,
theadditionalloadinrespectofpartitionwallsand
anyimpactorvibration.
NOTETheabovereductiondoesnotapplytobeams,girdesortrussessupportingroofloads.

3.3.3PostingofFloorCapacities
Whereafloororpartofafloorofabuildinghasbeendesignedtosustainauniformlydistributedloadexceeding3.0kN/m2andinassembly,businessmercantile,
industrialorstoragebuildings,apermanentnoticeintheformshownbelowindicatingtheactualuniformlydistributedand/orconcentratedloadingsforwhichthefloor
hasbeenstructurallydesignedshallbepostedinaconspicuousplaceinapositionadjacenttosuchfloororonsuchpartofafloor.
DESIGNEDIMPOSEDFLOORLOADING

Distributed

kN/m2

Concentrated

kN

LabelIndicatingDesignedImposedFloorLoading
NOTES
1Theletteringofsuchnoticeshallbeembossedorcastsuitablyonatabletwhoseleastdimensionshallnotbelessthan0.25mandlocatednotlessthan1.5mabovefloor
levelwithletteringofaminimumsizeof25mm.
2Ifaconcentratedloadorabulkloadhastooccupyadefinitepositiononthefloor,thesamecouldalsobeindicatedinthelable.
3.4ImposedLoadsonRoofs
3.4.1ImposedLoadsonVariousTypesofRoofs
Onflatroofs,slopingroofsandcurvedroofs,theimposedloadsduetouseandoccupancyofthebuildingsandthegeometryofthetypesofroofsshallbeasgivenin
Table2.
Table2ImposedLoadsonVariousTypesofRoofs
(Clause3.4.1)
SI
No.
(1)

TypeofRoof

ImposedLoadMeasuredonPlanArea

MinimumImposedLoadMeasuredonPlan

(2)

(3)

(4)

i) Flat,slopingorcurvedroofwith
slopesuptoandincluding10degrees
a)Accessprovided

b)Accessnotprovidedexceptfor
maintenance

1.5kN/m2

3.75kNuniformlydistributedoveranyspanofone
metrewidthoftheroofslaband9kNuniformly
distributedoverthespanofanybeamortrussor
wall

0.75KN/m2

1.9kNuniformlydistributedoveranyspanofone
metrewidthoftheroofslaband4.5kNuniformly
distributedoverthespanofanybeamortrussor
wall

ii) Slopingroofwithslopegreaterthan
10

Forroofmembranesheetsorpurlins0.75kN/m2less0.02KN/m2foreverydegreeincreaseinslopeover10

Subjecttoaminimumof0.4KN/m2

iii) Curvedroofwithslopeofline
obtainedbyjoiningspringingpointto
thecrownwiththehorizontal,greater
than10

(0.750.522)kN/m2

Subjecttoaminimumof0.4kN/m2

where
=hll
h=heightofthehighestpointofthestructuremeasuredfromitsspringingand
l=chordwidthoftheroofifsinglycurvedandshorterofthetwosidesifdoublycurved.
Alternatively,wherestructuralanalysiscanbecarriedoutforcurvedroofsofallslopesinasimplemanner
applyingthelawsofstatistics,thecurvedroofsshallbedividedintominimum6equalsegmentsandforeach
segmentimposedloadshallbecalculatedappropriatetotheslopeofthechordofeachsegmentasgivenin(i)and
(ii).

NOTES
1Theloadsgivenabovedonotincludeloadsduetosnow,rain,dustcollection,etc.Theroofshallbedesignedforimposedloadsgivenaboveorforsnow/rainload,whicheverisgreater.
2Forspecialtypesofroofswithhighlypermeableandabsorbentmaterial,thecontingencyofroofmaterialincreasinginweightduetoabsorptionofmoistureshallbeprovidedfor.

3.4.1.1RoofsofbuildingsusedforpromenadeorincidentaltoassemblypurposesshallbedesignedfortheappropriateimposedfloorloadsgiveninTable1forthe
occupancy.
3.4.2ConcentratedLoadonRoofCoverings
Toprovideforloadsincidentaltomaintenance,unlessotherwisespecifiedbytheEngineerinCharge,allroofcoverings(otherthanglassortransparentsheetsmadeof
fibreglass)shallbecapableofcarryinganincidentalloadof0.90KNconcentratedonanareaof12.5cm2soplacedastoproducemaximumstressesinthecovering.The
intensityoftheconcentratedloadmaybereducedwiththeapprovaloftheEngineerinCharge,whereitisensuredthattheroofcoveringswouldnotbetraversedwithout
suitableaids.Inanycase,theroofcoveringsshallbecapableofcarryingtheloadsinaccordancewith3.4.1,3.4.3,3.4.4andwindload.
3.4.3LoadsDuetoRain
Onsurfaceswhosepositioning,shapeanddrainagesystemare,suchas,tomakeaccumulationofrainwaterpossible,loadsduetosuchaccumulationofrainwater
possible,loadsduetosuchaccumulationofwaterandtheimposedloadsfortheroofasgiveninTable2shallbeconsideredseparatelyandthemorecriticalofthetwoshall
beadoptedinthedesign.
3.4.4DustLoads
Inareaspronetosettlementofdustonroofs(example,steelplants,cementplants),provisionfordustloadequivalenttoprobablethicknessofaccumulationofdust
maybemade.
3.4.5LoadsonMembersSupportingRoofCoverings
Everymemberofthesupportingstructurewhichisdirectlysupportingtheroofcovering(s)shallbedesignedtocarrythemoresevereofthefollowingloadsexceptas
providedin3.4.5.1:
a)

Theloadtransmittedtothemembersfromtheroofcovering(s)inaccordancewith3.4.1,3.4.3and3.4.4:and

b)

Anincidentalconcentratedloadof0.90kNconcentratedoveralengthof12.5cmplacedatthemostfavourablepositionsonthemember.
NOTEWhereitisensuredthattheroofswouldbetraversedonlywiththeaidofplanksandladderscapableofdistributingtheloadsonthemtotwoormore
supportingmembers,theintensityofconcentratedloadindicatedin3.4.5(b)maybereducedto0.5kNwiththeapprovaloftheEngineerinCharge.

3.4.5.1Incaseofslopingroofswithslopegreaterthan10,memberssupportingtheroofpurlins,suchastrusses,beams,girders,etc,maybedesignedfortwothirdsof
theimposedloadonpurlinorroofingsheets.
3.5ImposedHorizontalLoadsonParapetsandBalustrades
3.5.1Parapets,ParapetWallsandBalustrades
Parapets,parapetwallsandbalustrades,togetherwiththememberswhichgivethemstructuralsupport,shallbedesignedfortheminimumloadsgiveninTable3.
Theseareexpressedashorizontalforcesactingathandrailorcopinglevel.Theseloadsshallbeconsideredtoactverticallyalsobutnotsimultaneouslywiththehorizontal
forces.ThevaluesgiveninTable3areminimumvaluesandwherevaluesforactualloadingsareavailable,theyshallbeusedinstead.
3.5.2GrandstandsandtheLike
Grandstands,stadia,assemblyplatforms,reviewingstandsandthelikeshallbedesignedtoresistahorizontalforceappliedtoseatsof0.35KNperlinearmetrealong
thelineofseatsand0.15KNperlinearmetreperpendiculartothelineoftheseats.Theseloadingsneednotbeappliedsimultaneously.Platformswithoutseatsshallbe
designedtoresistaminimumhorizontalforceof0.25kN/m2ofplanarea.
3.6LoadingEffectsDuetoImpactandVibration
Thecraneloadstobeconsideredunderimposedloadsshallincludetheverticalloads,eccentricityeffectsinducedbyverticalloads,impactfactors,lateraland
longitudinalbrakingforcesactingacrossandalongthecranerailsrespectively.
3.6.1ImpactAllowanceforLifts,HoistsandMachinery
Theimposedloadsspecifiedin3.3.1shallbeassumedtoincludeadequateallowanceforordinaryimpactconditions.However,forstructurescarryingloads
Table3HorizontalLoadsonParapets,ParapetWallsandBalustrades
(Clause3.5.1)
SI
No.
(1)

UsageArea

IntensityofHorizontalLoadkN/m
Run
(3)

(2)

i) Lightaccessstairs,gangwaysandlikenotmorethan600mmwide

0.25

ii) Lightaccessstairs,gangwaysandlike,morethan600mmwidestairways,landings,balconiesandparapetwalls(privateandpartofdwellings)

0.35

iii) Allotherstairways,landingsandbalconiesandallparapetsandhandrailstoroofs[exceptthosesubjecttoovercrowdingcoveredunder(iv)]

0.75

iv) Parapetsandbalustradesinplaceofassembly,suchastheatres,cinemas,churches,schools,placesofentertainment,sportsandbuildingsandbuildingslikelytobe
overcrowded

2.25

NOTEInthecaseofguardparapetsonafloorofmultistoreyedcarparkorcrashbarriersprovidedincertainbuildingsforfireescape,thevalueofimposedhorizontalload(togetherwithimpactload)may
bedetermined.

whichinduceimpactorvibration,asfaraspossible,calculationsshallbemadeforincreaseintheimposedloadduetoimpactorvibration.Intheabsenceofsufficient
dataforsuchcalculation,theincreaseintheimposedloadsshallbeasfollows:
Structures

ImpactAllowance,Percent,Min

a)Forframessupportingliftsandhoists

100

b)Forfoundations,footingsandpierssupportingliftsandhoistingapparatus

40

c)Forsupportingstructuresandfoundationsforlightmachinery,shaftormotorunits

20

d)Forsupportingstructuresandfoundationsforreciprocatingmachineryorpowerunits

50

3.6.2ConcentratedImposedLoadswithImpactandvibration
Concentratedimposedloadswithimpactandvibrationwhichmaybeduetoinstalledmachineryshallbeconsideredandprovidedforinthedesign.Theimpactfactor
shallnotbelessthan20percentwhichistheamountallowableforlightmachinery.
3.6.2.1Provisionshallalsobemadeforcarryinganyconcentratedequipmentloadswhiletheequipmentisbeinginstalledormovedforservicingandrepairing.
3.6.3ImpactAllowanceforCraneGirders
Forcranegantrygirdersandsupportingcolumns,theimpactallowances(givenininformaltablebelow)shallbedeemedtocoverallforcessetupbyvibration,shock
fromslippingofslings,kineticactionofacceleration,andretardationandimpactofwheelloads.
Forcesspecifiedin(c)and(d)shallbeconsideredasactingattheraillevelandbeingappropriatelytransmittedtothesupportingsystem.Gantrygirdersandtheir
verticalsupportsshallbedesignedontheassumptionthateitherofthehorizontalforcesin(c)and(d)mayactatthesametimeastheverticalload.
NOTESee[61(3)]forclassification(ClassItoIV)ofcranes.
ImpactAllowanceforCraneGirders
(Clause3.6.3)
TypeofLoad

AdditionalLoad

a)Verticalloadsforelectricoverheadcranes

25percentofmaximumstaticloadsforcranegirdersforallclassofcranes.
25percentforcolumnssupportingClassIIIandClassIVcranes.
10percentforcolumnssupportingClassIandClassIIcranes.
Noadditionalloadfordesignoffoundations.

b)Verticalloadsforhandoperatedcranes

10percentofmaximumwheelloadsforcranegirdersonly

c)Horizontalforcestransversetorails:
1)Forelectricoverheadcraneswithtrolleyhavingrigidmastforsuspensionoflifted 10percentofweightofcrabandtheweightliftedbythecranes,actingonanyonecranetrackrail,actingineither
weight(suchas,soakercrane,strippercrane,etc)
directionandequallydistributedamongstallthewheelsononesideofrailtrack
Forframeanalysis,thisforce,calculatedasabove,shallbeappliedononesideoftheframeatatimeineitherdirection.
2)Forallotherelectricoverheadcranesandhandoperatedcranes

5percentofweightofcrabandtheweightliftedbythecranes,actingonanyonecranetrackrail,actingineitherdirection
andequallydistributedamongstthewheelsononesideofrailtrack
Fortheframeanalysis,theforce,calculatedasabove,shallbeappliedononesideoftheframeatatimeineither
direction.

d)Horizontaltractionforcesalongtherailsforoverheadcranes,eitherelectrically
operatedorhandoperated

5percentofallstaticwheelloads

3.6.3.1Overloadingfactorsincranesupportingstructures
Forallladlecranesandchargingcraneswherethereispossibilityofoverloadingfromproductionconsiderations,anoverloadingfactorof10percentofthemaximum
wheelloadingshallbetaken.
3.6.4CraneLoadCombinations
Intheabsenceofanyspecificindications,theloadcombinationsshallbeasindicatedbelow.
3.6.4.1Verticalloads
Inanaisle,wheremorethanonecraneisinoperationorhasprovisionformorethanonecraneinfuture,thefollowingloadcombinationsshallbetakenforvertical
loading:
a)

Twoadjacentcranesworkingintandemwithfullloadandwithoverloadingaccordingto3.6.3.1and

b)

Forlongspangantries,wheremorethanonecranecancomeinthespan,thegirdershallbedesignedforonecranefullyloadedwithoverloadingaccordingto
3.6.3.1plusasmanyloadedcranesascanbeaccommodatedonthespanbutwithouttakingintoaccountoverloadingaccordingto3.6.3(a)togivethe
maximumeffect.

3.6.4.2Lateralsurge
Fordesignofcolumnsandfoundations,supportingcranegirders,thefollowingcranecombinationsshallbeconsidered:
a)
b)

ForSingleBayFramesEffectofonecraneinthebaygivingtheworsteffectshallbeconsideredforcalculationofsurgeforceand
ForMultiBayFramesEffectoftwocranesworking,oneeachinanyoftwobaysinthecrosssectiontogivetheworsteffectshallbeconsideredforcalculation
ofsurgeforce.

3.6.4.3Tractiveforce
a)
b)

Whereonecraneisinoperationwithnoprovisionforfuturecrane,tractiveforcefromonlyonecraneshallbetaken.
Wheremorethanonecraneisinoperationorthereisprovisionforfuturecrane,tractiveforcefromtwocranesgivingmaximumeffectshallbeconsidered.
NOTELateralsurgeforceandlongitudinaltractiveforceactingacrossandalongthecranerailrespectivelyshallnotbeassumedtoactsimultaneously.
However,ifthereisonlyonecraneinthebay,thelateralandlongitudinalforcesmayacttogethersimultaneouslywithverticalloads.

4WINDLOAD
4.1General
Thisclausegiveswindforcesandtheireffects(staticanddynamic)thatshouldbetakenintoaccountwhendesigningbuildings,structuresandcomponentsthereof.
NOTES
1Itisbelievedthatultimatelywindloadestimationwillbemadebytakingintoaccounttherandomvariationofwindspeedwithtime,butavailabletheoretical
methodshavenotmaturedsufficientlyatpresentforuseintheSection.Forthisreason,equivalentstaticloadestimationwhichimpliesasteadywindspeed,whichhas
provedtobesatisfactoryfornormal,shortandheavystructures,isgivenin4.5and4.6However,abeginninghasbeenbymadetotakeaccountoftherandomnatureof
thewindspeedbyrequiringthatthealongwindordragloadonstructureswhicharepronetowindinducedoscillations,bealsodeterminedbythegustfactormethod(see
4.8)andthemoresevereofthetwoestimatesbetakenfordesign.
Alargemajorityofstructuresmetwithinpracticedonot,however,sufferwindinducedoscillationsandgenerallydonotrequiretobeexaminedforthedynamiceffects
ofwindincludinguseofgustfactormethod.Nevertheless,therearevarioustypesofstructuresortheircomponents,suchassometallbuildings,etc,whichrequire
investigationofwindinducedoscillations.Inidentifyingandanalyzingsuchstructures4.6shallbefollowed.
2Inthecaseoftallstructureswithunsymmetricalgeometry,thedesignsmayhavetobecheckedfortorsionaleffectsduetowindpressure.
4.1.1Windisairinmotionrelativetothesurfaceoftheearth.Theprimarycauseofwindistracedtoearthsrotationanddifferencesinterrestrialradiation.The
radiationeffectsareprimarilyresponsibleforconvectioneitherupwardsordownwards.Thewindgenerallyblowshorizontaltothegroundathighwindspeeds.Since
verticalcomponentsofatmosphericmotionarerelativelysmall,thetermwinddenotesalmostexclusivelythehorizontalwind,verticalwindsarealwaysidentifiedas
such.Thewindspeedsareassessedwiththeaidofanemometersoranemographswhichareinstalledatmeteorologicalobservatoriesatheightsgenerallyvaryingfrom10
to30maboveground.
4.1.2Verystrongwindspeeds(greaterthan80km/h)aregenerallyassociatedwithcyclonicstorms,thunderstorms,duststormsorvigorousmonsoons.Afeatureof
thecyclonicstormsovertheIndianareaisthattheyrapidlyweakenaftercrossingthecoastsandmoveasdepressions/lowsinland.Theinfluenceofaseverestormafter
strikingthecoastdoesnot,ingeneral,exceedabout60km,thoughsometimes,itmayextendevenupto120km.Veryshortdurationhurricanesofveryhighwindspeeds
calledKalBaisakiorNorwestersoccurfairlyfrequentlyduringsummermonthsoverNorthEasternIndia.
4.1.3Thewindspeedsrecordedatanylocalityareextremelyvariableand,inadditiontosteadywindatanytime,thereareeffectsofgustswhichmaylastforafew
seconds.Thesegustscauseincreaseinairpressurebuttheireffectonthestabilityofthebuildingmaynotbesoimportantoften,gustsaffectonlypartofthebuildingand
theincreasedlocalpressuresmaybemorethanbalancedbyamomentaryreductioninthepressureelsewhere.Becauseoftheinertiaofthebuilding,shortperiodgustsmay
notcauseanyappreciableincreaseinstressinthemaincomponentsofthebuilding,althoughthewalls,roofsheetingandindividualcladdingunits(glasspanels)and
theirsupportingmembers,suchaspurlins,sheetingrailsandglazingbarsmaybemoreseriouslyaffected.Gustscanalsobeextremelyimportantforthedesignof
structureswithhighslendernessratios.
4.1.4Theliabilityofabuildingtohighwindpressuresdependsnotonlyuponthegeographicallocationandproximityofotherobstructionstoairflowbutalsoupon
thecharacteristicsofthestructureitself.
4.1.5Theeffectofwindonthestructureasawholeisdeterminedbythecombinedactionofexternalandinternalpressuresactinguponit.Inallcases,thecalculated
windloadsactnormaltothesurfacetowhichtheyapply.
4.1.6Buildingsshallalsobedesignedwithdueattentiontotheeffectsofwindonthecomfortofpeopleinsideandoutsidethebuildings.
4.1.7Thestabilitycalculationsofthebuildingasawholeshallbedoneconsideringthecombinedeffect,aswellasseparateeffectsofimposedloadsandwindloadson
verticalsurfaces,roofsandotherpartsofthebuildingabovethegeneralrooflevel.
4.2Notations
Thenotationstobefollowed,unlessotherwisespecifiedinrelevantclausesunderwindloads,aregiveninAnnexB.
4.3Terminology
4.3.1Forthepurposeofwindloads,thefollowingdefinitionsshallapply.
4.3.1.1AngleofattackAnglebetweenthedirectionofwindandareferenceaxisofthestructure.
4.3.1.2BreadthBreadthmeanshorizontaldimensionofthebuildingmeasurednormaltothedirectionofwind.
4.3.1.3DepthDepthmeansthehorizontaldimensionofthebuildingmeasuredinthedirectionofthewind.
NOTEBreathanddeptharedimensionsmeasuredinrelationtothedirectionofthewind,whereaslengthandwidtharedimensionsrelatedtotheplan.
4.3.1.4Developedheight
Developedheightistheheightofupwardpenetrationofthevelocityprofileinanewterrain.Atlarge,fetchlengths,suchpenetrationreachesthegradientheightabove
whichthewindspeedmaybetakentobeconstant.Atlesserfetchlengths,avelocityprofileofasmallerheightbutsimilartothatofthefullydevelopedprofileofthat
terraincategoryhastobetaken,withtheadditionalprovisionthatthevelocityatthetopofthisshorterprofileequalsthatoftheunpenetratedearliervelocityprofileat
thatheight.
4.3.1.5Effectivefrontalarea
Theprojectedareaofthestructurenormaltothedirectionofthewind.
4.3.1.6Elementsurfacearea
Theareaofsurfaceoverwhichthepressurecoefficientistakentobeconstant.
4.3.1.7Forcecoefficient
Anondimensionalcoefficientsuchthatthetotalwindforceonabodyistheproductoftheforcecoefficient,thedynamicpressureoftheincidentdesignwindspeed
andthereferenceareaoverwhichtheforceisrequired.
NOTEWhentheforceisinthedirectionoftheincidentwind,thenondimensionalcoefficientwillbecalledasdragcoefficient.Whentheforceisperpendiculartothe
directionofincidentwindthenondimensionalcoefficientwillbecalledaslifecoefficient.
4.3.1.8Groundroughness

Thenatureoftheearthssurfaceasinfluencedbysmallscaleobstructionssuchastreesandbuildings(asdistinctfromtopography)iscalledgroundroughness.
4.3.1.9Gust
Apositiveornegativedepartureofwindspeedfromitsmeanvalue,lastingfornotmorethansay2minoveraspecifiedintervaloftime.
4.3.1.10Peakgust
Peakgustorpeakgustspeedisthewindspeedassociatedwiththemaximumamplitude.
4.3.1.11Fetchlength
Fetchlengthisthedistancemeasuredalongthewindfromaboundaryatwhichachangeinthetypeofterrainoccurs.Whenthechangesinterraintypesare
encountered(suchastheboundaryofatownorcity,forest,etc),thewindprofilechangesincharacterbutsuchchangesaregradualandstartatgroundlevel,spreadingor
penetratingupwardswithincreasingfetchlength.
4.3.1.12Gradientheight
Gradientheightistheheightabovethemeangroundlevelatwhichthegradientwindblowsasaresultofbalanceamongpressuregradientforce,coriolisforceand
centrifugalforce.ForthepurposeofthisSection,thegradientheightistakenastheheightabovethemeangroundlevelabovewhichthevariationofwindspeedwith
heightneednotbeconsidered.
4.3.1.13Meangroundlevel
Themeangroundlevelistheaveragehorizontalplaneoftheareaenclosedbytheboundariesofthestructure.
4.3.1.14Pressurecoefficient
Pressurecoefficientistheratioofthedifferencebetweenthepressureactingatapointonasurfaceandthestaticpressureoftheincidentwindtothedesignwind
pressure,wherethestaticanddesignwindpressurearedeterminedattheheightofthepointconsideredaftertakingintoaccountthegeographicallocation,terrain
conditionsandshieldingeffect.Thepressurecoefficientisalsoequalto[1(Vp/Vz)2],whereVpistheactualwindspeedatanypointonthestructureataheight
correspondingtothatofVz.
NOTEPositivesignofthepressurecoefficientindicatespressureactingtowardsthesurfaceandnegativesignindicatespressureactingawayfromthesurface.
4.3.1.15Returnperiod
Returnperiodisthenumberofyears,thereciprocalofwhichgivestheprobabilityofextremewindexceedingagivenwindspeedinanyoneyear.
4.3.1.16Shieldingeffect
Shieldingeffectorshieldingreferstotheconditionwherewindhastopassalongsomestructure(s)orstructuralelement(s)locatedontheupstreamwindside,before
meetingthestructureorstructuralelementunderconsideration.Afactorcalledshieldingfactorisusedtoaccountforsucheffectsinestimatingtheforceontheshielded
structures.
4.3.1.17Suction
Suctionsmeanspressurelessthantheatmospheric(static)pressureandistakentoactawayfromthesurface.
4.3.1.18Solidityratio
Solidityratioisequaltotheeffectivearea(projectedareaofalltheindividualelements)ofaframenormaltothewinddirectiondividedbytheareaenclosedbythe
boundaryoftheframenormaltothewinddirection.
NOTESolidityratioistobecalculatedforindividualframes.
4.3.1.19Terraincategory
Terraincategorymeansthecharacteristicsofthesurfaceirregularitiesofanareawhicharisefromnaturalorconstructedfeatures.Thecategoriesarenumberedin
increasingorderofroughness.
4.3.1.20Velocityprofile
Thevariationofthehorizontalcomponentoftheatmosphericwindspeedatdifferentheightsabovethemeangroundlevelistermedasvelocityprofile.
4.3.1.21Topography
Thenatureoftheearthssurfaceasinfluencedbythehillandvalleyconfigurations.
4.4WindSpeedandPressure
4.4.1NatureofWindinAtmosphere
Ingeneral,windspeedintheatmosphericboundarylayerincreaseswithheightfromzeroatgroundleveltoamaximumataheightcalledthegradientheight.Thereis
usuallyaslightchangeindirection(Ekmaneffect)butthisisignoredintheSection.Thevariationwithheightdependsprimarilyontheterrainconditions.However,the
windspeedatanyheightneverremainsconstantandithasbeenfoundconvenienttoresolveitsinstantaneousmagnitudeintoanaverageormeanvalueandafluctuating
componentaroundthisaveragevalue.Theaveragevaluedependsontheaveragingtimeemployedinanalyzingthemeteorologicaldataandthisaveragingtimevaries
fromafewsecondstoseveralminutes.Themagnitudeofthefluctuatingcomponentofthewindspeed,whichiscalledasgust,dependsontheaveragingtime.Ingeneral,
smallertheaveraginginterval,greateristhemagnitudeofthegustspeed.
4.4.2BasicWindSpeed
Figure1givesbasicwindspeedmapofIndia,asapplicableto10mheightabovemeangroundlevelfor10mheightabovemeangroundlevelfordifferentzonesofthe
country.Basicwindspeedisbasedonpeakgustvelocityaveragedoverashorttimeintervalofabout3sandcorrespondstomeanheightsabovegroundlevelinanopen
terrain(Category2).BasicwindspeedspresentedinFig.1havebeenworkedoutfora50yearreturnperiod.Basicwindspeedforsomeimportantcities/townsisalsogiven
inAnnexC.
4.4.3DesignWindSpeed(Vz)
Thebasicwindspeed(Vb)foranysiteshallbeobtainedfromFig.1andshallbemodifiedtoincludethefollowingeffectstogetVz,designwindspeedatanyheightfor
thechosenstructure.
a)
b)
c)

risklevel
terrainroughness,heightandsizeofstructureand
localtopography.

Itcanbemathematicallyexpressedasfollows:
Vz=Vbk1k2k3
where
Vz=designofwindspeedatanyheightzinm/s
Vb=basicwindspeedinm/s(Fig.1)
k1=probabilityfactor(riskcoefficient)(4.4.3.1)
k2=terrain,heightandstructuresizefactor(4.4.3.2)and
k3=topographyfactor(4.4.3.3)
NOTEDesignwindspeedupto10mheightfrommeangroundlevelshallbeconsideredconstant.

4.4.3.1Riskcoefficient(k1)
Figure1givesbasicwindspeedsforterrainCategory2asapplicableat10mabovegroundlevelbasedon50yearmeanreturnperiod.Thesuggestedlifeperiodtobe
assumedindesignandthecorrespondingk1factorsfordifferentclassesofstructureforthepurposeofdesignisgiveninTable4.Inthedesignofallbuildingsand
structures,aregionalbasicwindspeedhavingameanreturnperiodof50yearsshallbeusedexceptasspecifiedinthenoteofTable4.
4.4.3.2Terrain,heightandstructuresizefactor(k2)
a)TerrainSelectionofterraincategoriesshallbemadewithdueregardtotheeffectoftheobstructionwhichconstitutethegroundsurfaceroughness.Theterrain
categoryusedinthe

F.1BWSm/s(BASEDON50YRP)

Table4RiskCoefficientsforDifferentClassesofStructuresinDifferentWindSpeedZones
(Clause4.4.3.1)
ClassofStructure

MeanProbableDesignLifeof
StructureinYears

(1)

(2)

k1FactorforBasicWindSpeed(m/s)
of
33

39

44

47

50

55

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

Allgeneralbuildingsandstructures

50

1.0

Temporarysheds,structuressuchasthoseusedduringconstructionoperations(forexample,formworkandfalsework),structuresduring
constructionstagesandboundarywalls

0.82 0.76 0.73 0.71

Buildingsandstructurespresentingalowdegreeofhazardtolifeandpropertyintheeventoffailure,suchasisolatedtowersinwooded
areas,farmbuildings,otherthanresidentialbuildings

25

0.94 0.92 0.91 0.90 0.90 0.89

Importantbuildingsandstructures,suchashospitals,communicationsbuildings/towersandpowerplantstructures

100

1.05 1.06 1.07 1.07 1.08 1.08

0.70 0.67

where
N=meanprobabledesignlifeofstructureinyears
P N=risklevelinNconsecutiveyears(probabilitythatthedesignwindspeedisexceededatleastonceinNsuccessiveyears),nominalvalue=0.63
X NP N=extremewindspeedforgivenvaluesofNandP Nand
X 50,0.63=extremewindspeedforN=50yearsandP N=0.63
AandBarecoefficientshavingthefollowingvaluesfordifferentbasicwindspeedzones:
Zone

33m/s

83.2

9.2

39m/s

84.2

14.0

44m/s

88.0

18.0

47m/s

88.0

20.5

50m/s

88.8

22.8

55m/s

90.8

27.3

NOTEThefactork 1isbasedonstatisticalconceptswhichtakeaccountofthedegreeofreliabilityrequiredandperiodoftimeinyearsduringwhichtherewillbeexposuretowind,thatis,lifeofthestructure.
Whateverwindspeedisadoptedfordesignpurposes,thereisalwaysaprobability(howeversmall)thatitmaybeexceededinastormofexceptionalviolencethegreatertheperiodofyearsoverwhichtherewillbe
exposuretowind,thegreateristheprobability.Higherreturnperiodsrangingfrom100to1000years(implyinglowerrisklevel)inassociationwithgreaterperiodsofexposuremayhavetobeselectedfor
exceptionallyimportantstructures,suchasnuclearpowerreactorsandsatellitecommunicationtowers.Equationgivenabovemaybeusedinsuchcasestoestimatek 1factorsfordifferentperiodsofexposureand
chosenprobabilityofexceedence(risklevel).Theprobabilitylevelof0.63isnormallyconsideredsufficientfordesignofbuildingsandstructuresagainstwindeffectsandthevaluesofk 1correspondingtothisrisk
levelaregiveninTable4.

designofastructuremayvarydependingonthedirectionofthewindunderconsideration.Whereversufficientmeteorologicalinformationisavailableaboutthe
natureofwinddirection,theorientationofanybuildingorstructuremaybesuitablyplanned.
Terrian,inwhichaspecificstructurestands,shallbeassessedasbeingoneofthefollowingterraincategories:
Category1Exposedopenterrainwithfewornoobstructionsandinwhichtheaverageheightofanyobjectssurroundingthestructureislessthan1.5m.
NOTEThiscategoryincludesopenseacoastsandflattreelessplains.
Category2Openterrainwithwellscatteredobstructionshavingheightsgenerallybetween1.5and10m.
NOTEThisisthecriterionformeasurementofregionalbasicwindspeedsandincludesairfields,openparklandsandundevelopedsparselybuiltupoutskirtsof
townsandsuburbs.Openlandadjacenttoseacoastmayalsobeclassifiedascategory2duetoroughnessoflargeseawavesathighwinds.
Category3Terrainwithnumerouscloselyspacedobstructionhavingthesizeofbuildingstructuresupto10minheightwithorwithoutafewisolatedtall
structures.
NOTES
1Thiscategoryincludeswellwoodedareasandshrubs,townsandindustrialareasfullyorpartiallydeveloped.
2Itislikelythatthenexthighercategorythanthiswillnotexistinmostdesignsituationsandthatselectionofamoreseverecategorywillbedeliberate.
3Particularattentionmustbegiventotheperformanceoftheobstructionsinareasaffectedbyfullydevelopedtropicalcyclones.Vegetation,whichislikelytobeblown
downordefoliated,cannotbereliedupontomaintainCategory3conditions.Wheresuchsituationmayexist,eitheranintermediatecategorywithvelocitymultipliers
midwaybetweenthevaluesforCategories2and3giveninTable5orCategory2shouldbeselectedhavingdueregardtolocalconditions.
Category4Terrainwithnumerouslargehighcloselyspacedobstructions.
NOTEThiscategoryincludeslargecitycentres,generallywithobstructionsabove25mandwelldevelopedindustrialcomplexes.
b)VariationofWindSpeedwithHeightforDifferentSizesofStructureinDifferentTerrains(k2Factor)Table5givesmultiplyingfactors(k2)bywhichthebasic
windspeedgiveninFig.1shallbemultipliedtoobtainthewindspeedatdifferentheights,ineachterraincategoryfordifferentsizesofbuildings/structures.
Thebuildings/structuresareclassifiedintothefollowingthreedifferentclassesdependingupontheirsize:
ClassABuildingsand/ortheircomponents,suchascladding,glazing,roofingetc,havingmaximumdimension(greatesthorizontalorverticaldimension)lessthan
20m.
ClassBBuildingsand/ortheircomponents,suchascladding,glazing,roofingetc,havingmaximumdimension(greatesthorizontalorverticaldimension)between
20mand50m.
ClassCBuildingsand/ortheircomponents,suchascladding,glazing,roofingetc,havingmaximumdimension(greatesthorizontalorverticaldimension)greater
than50m.
c)TerrainCategoriesinRelationtotheDirectionofWindTheterraincategoryusedinthedesignofabuildingmayvarydependingonthedirectionofwindunder
consideration.Wheresufficientmeteorologicalinformationisavailable,thebasicwindspeedmaybevariedforspecificwinddirection.
Table5k 2FactorstoObtainDesignWindSpeedVariationwithHeightinDifferentTerrainsforDifferentClassesofBuildingStructures
[Clause4.4.3.2(b)]
Height
(m)

TerrainCategory1Class
A

TerrainCategory2Class
C

TerrainCategory3Class
C

TerrainCategory4Class
C

10

1.05

1.03

0.99

1.00

0.98

0.93

0.91

0.88

0.82

0.80

0.76

0.67

15

1.09

1.07

1.03

1.05

1.02

0.97

0.97

0.94

0.87

0.80

0.76

0.67

20

1.12

1.10

1.06

1.07

1.05

1.00

1.01

0.98

0.91

0.80

0.76

0.67

30

1.15

1.13

1.09

1.12

1.10

1.04

1.06

1.03

0.96

0.97

0.93

0.83

50

1.20

1.18

1.14

1.17

1.15

1.10

1.12

1.09

1.02

1.10

1.05

0.95

100

1.26

1.24

1.20

1.24

1.22

1.17

1.20

1.17

1.10

1.20

1.15

1.05

150

1.30

1.28

1.24

1.28

1.25

1.21

1.24

1.21

1.15

1.24

1.20

1.10

200

1.32

1.30

1.26

1.30

1.28

1.24

1.27

1.24

1.18

1.27

1.22

1.13

250
300

1.34
1.35

1.32
1.34

1.28
1.30

1.32
1.34

1.31
1.32

1.26
1.28

1.29
1.31

1.26
1.28

1.20
1.22

1.28
1.30

1.24
1.26

1.16
1.17

300

1.35

1.34

1.30

1.34

1.32

1.28

1.31

1.28

1.22

1.30

1.26

1.17

350

1.37

1.35

1.31

1.36

1.34

1.29

1.32

1.30

1.24

1.31

1.27

1.19

400

1.38

1.36

1.32

1.37

1.35

1.30

1.34

1.31

1.25

1.32

1.28

1.20

450

1.39

1.37

1.33

1.38

1.36

1.31

1.35

1.32

1.26

1.33

1.29

1.21

500

1.40

1.38

1.34

1.39

1.37

1.32

1.36

1.33

1.28

1.34

1.30

1.22

NOTES
1.See4.4.3.2(b)fordefinitionsofClassA,ClassBandClassCstructures.
2.Intermediatevaluesmaybeobtainedbylinearinterpolation,ifdesired.Itispermissibletoassumeconstantwindspeedbetweentwoheightsforsimplicity.

d)ChangesinTerrainCategoriesThevelocityprofileforagiventerraincategorydoesnotdeveloptofullheightimmediatelywiththecommencementofthatterrain
category,butdevelopsgraduallytoheight(hx),whichincreaseswiththefetchorupwinddistance(x)
1.FetchandDevelopedHeightRelationshipTherelationbetweenthedevelopedheight(hx)andthefetch(x)forwindflowovereachofthefourterrain
categoriesmaybetakenasgiveninTable6.
2.Forbuildingsofheightsgreaterthanthedevelopedheight(hx)inTable6,thevelocityprofilemaybedeterminedinaccordancewiththefollowing:
i.Thelessorleastterrainor
ii.ThemethoddescribedinAnnexD.
Table6FetchandDevelopedHeightRelationship
[Clause4.4.3.2(b)]
DevelopedHeight,hxinm
Fetch(x)km

Terrain
Category1
(2)

(1)

Terrain
Category2
(3)

Terrain
Category3
(4)

Terrain
Category4
(5)

0.2

12

20

35

60

0.5

20

30

35

95

25

45

80

130

35

65

110

190

60

100

170

300

10

80

140

250

450

20

120

200

350

500

50

180

300

400

500

4.4.3.3Topography(k3,factor)
ThebasicwindspeedVbgiveninFig.1takesaccountofthegenerallevelofthesiteabovesealevel.Thisdoesnotallowforlocaltopographicfeatures,suchashills,
valleys,cliffs,escarpmentsorridges,whichcansignificantlyaffectwindspeedintheirvicinity.Theeffectoftopographyistoacceleratewindnearthesummitsofhillsor
crestsofcliffs,escarpmentsorridgesanddeceleratethewindinvalleysornearthefootofcliffs,steepescarpmentsorridges.
Theeffectoftopographywillbesignificantatasitewhentheupwindslopeisgreaterthanabout3andbelowthatthevalueofk3maybetakentobeequalto1.0.The
valueofk3isconfinedintherangeof1.0to1.36forslopesgreaterthan3.Amethodofevaluatingthevalueofk3forslopegreaterthan3isgiveninAnnexE.Itmaybe
notedthatthevalueofk3varieswithheightabovegroundlevelwithamaximumneartheground,andreducingto1.0athigherlevels.
4.4.4DesignWindPressure
Thedesignwindpressureatanyheightabovemeangroundlevelshallbeobtainedbythefollowingrelationshipbetweenwindpressureandwindvelocity:
pz=0.6Vz2
where
Pz=designwindpressureinN/m2atheightZ,and
Vz=designwindvelocityinm/satheightZ.
NOTEThecoefficient0.6(inSIunits)intheaboveformuladependsonanumberoffactors,andmainlyontheatmosphericpressureandairtemperature.Thevalue
chosencorrespondstotheaverageappropriateIndianatmosphericconditions.
4.4.5OffshoreWindVelocity
Cyclonicstormsformfarwayfromtheseacoastandgraduallyreduceinspeedastheyapproachtheseacoast.Cyclonicstormsgenerallyextenduptoabout60km
inlandafterstrikingthecoast.TheireffectonlandisalreadyreflectedinbasicwindspeedsspecifiedinFig.1.Theinfluenceofwindspeedoffthecoastuptoadistanceof
about200kmmaybetakenas1.15timesthevalueonthenearestcoastintheabsenceofanydefinitewinddata.
4.5WindPressureandForcesonBuildings/Structure
4.5.1General
Thewindloadonabuildingshallbecalculatedfor:
a)
b)
c)

thebuildingasawhole
individualstructuralelementsasroofsandwallsand
individualcladdingunitsincludingglazingandtheirfixings.

4.5.2PressureCoefficients
Thepressurecoefficientsarealwaysgivenforaparticularsurfaceorpartofthesurfaceofabuilding.Thewindloadactingnormaltoasurfaceisobtainedby
multiplyingtheareaofthatsurfaceoritsappropriateportionbythepressurecoefficient(C p)andthedesignwindpressureattheheightofthesurfacefromtheground.
Theaveragevaluesofthesepressurecoefficientsforsomebuildingshapesaregivenin4.5.2.2and4.5.2.3.
Averagevaluesofpressurecoefficientsaregivenforcriticalwinddirectionsinoneormorequadrants.Inordertodeterminethemaximumwindloadonthebuilding,
thetotalloadshouldbecalculatedforeachofthecriticaldirectionsshownfromallquadrants.
Whereconsiderablevariationofpressureoccursoverasurface,ithasbeensubdividedandmeanpressurecoefficientsgivenforeachofitsseveralparts.
Inaddition,areasofhighlocalsuction(negativepressureconcentration)frequentlyoccurringneartheedgesofwallsandroofsareseparatelyshown.Coefficientsfor
thelocaleffectsshouldonlybeusedforcalculationofforcesontheselocalareasaffectingroofsheeting,glasspanelsandindividualcladdingunitsincludingtheirfixtures.
Theyshouldnotbeusedforcalculatingforceonentirestructuralelementssuchasroof,wallsorstructureasawhole.
NOTES
1Thepressurecoefficientsgiveninthedifferenttableshavebeenobtainedmainlyfrommeasurementsonmodelsinwindtunnels,andthegreatmajorityofdataavailable
havebeenobtainedinconditionsofrelativelysmoothflow.Wheresufficientfielddataexistasinthecaseofrectangularbuildings,valueshavebeenobtainedtoallowfor
turbulentflow.
2Inrecentyears,wallglazingandcladdingdesignhasbeenasourceofmajorconcern.Althoughoflessconsequencethancollapseofthemainstructures,damagetoglass
canbehazardousandcauseconsiderablefinanciallosses.
3Forpressurecoefficientsforstructuresnotcoveredherein,referencemaybemadetospecialistliteratureonthesubjectoradvisemaybesoughtfromspecialistsinthe
subject.
4.5.2.1Windloadonindividualmembers

Whencalculatingthewindloadonindividualstructuralelementssuchasroofsandwalls,andindividualcladdingunitsandtheirfittings,itisessentialtotake
accountofthepressuredifferencebetweenoppositefacesofsuchelementsorunits.Forcladstructures,itis,therefore,necessarytoknowtheinternalpressureaswellas
externalpressure.Thenthewindload,F(inN)actinginadirectionnormaltotheindividualstructuralelementorcladdingunitis:
F=(C peC pi)Apd
where
C pe=externalpressurecoefficient
C pi=internalpressurecoefficient
A=surfaceareaofstructuralelementorcladdingunitinm2and
Pd=designwindpressureinN/m2
NOTES
1Ifthesurfacedesignpressurevarieswithheight,thesurfaceareaofthestructuralelementmaybesubdividedsothatthespecifiedpressuresaretakenoverappropriate
areas.
2Positivewindloadindicatestheforceactingtowardsthestructuralelementandnegativeawayfromit.
4.5.2.2Externalpressurecoefficients
a)WallsTheaverageexternalpressurecoefficientforthewallsofcladbuildingsofrectangularplanshallbeasgiveninTable7.Inaddition,localpressure
concentrationcoefficientsarealsogiven.
b)PitchedRoofsofRectangularCladBuildingsTheaverageexternalpressurecoefficientsandpressureconcentrationcoefficientsforpitchedroofsofrectangular
cladbuildingshallbeasgiveninTable8.Wherenopressureconcentrationcoefficientsaregiven,theaveragecoefficientsapply.Thepressurecoefficientsontheunderside
ofanyoverhangingroofshallbetakeninaccordancewith4.5.2.2(g).
NOTES
1Thepressureconcentrationshallbeassumedtoactoutward(suctionpressure)attheridges,eaves,cornicesand90cornersofroofs.
2Thepressureconcentrationshallnotbeincludedwiththenotexternalpressurewhencomputingoverallloads.
c)MonoslopeRoofsofRectangularLoadBuildingsTheaveragepressurecoefficientandpressureconcentrationcoefficientformonoslope(leanto)roofsof
rectangularcladbuildingsshallbeasgiveninTable9.
d)CanopyRoofswith<h/w<1and1<L/w<3ThepressurecoefficientsaregiveninTables10and11separatelyformonopitchanddoublepitchcanopyroofs,
suchasopenairparkinggarages,shelterareas,outdoorareas,railwayplatforms,stadiumsandtheatres.Thecoefficientstakeaccountofthecombinedeffectofthewind
exertedonandundertheroofforallwinddirectionstheresultantistobetakennormaltothecanopy.Wherethelocalcoefficientsoverlapthegreaterofthetwogiven
valuesshouldbetaken.However,theeffectofpartialclosuresofonesideandorbothsides,suchasthoseduetotrains,busesandstoredmaterialsshallbeforeseenand
takenintoaccount.
Thesolidityratioisequaltotheareaofobstructionunderthecanopydividedbythegrossareaunderthecanopy,bothareasnormaltothewinddirection.=0
representsacanopywithnoobstructionsunderneath.=1representsthecanopyfullyblockedwithcontentstothedownwindeaves.ValuesofC pforintermediate
soliditiesmaybelinearlyinterpolatedbetweenthesetwoextremes,andapplyupwindofthepositionofmaximumblockageonly.Downwindofthepositionofmaximum
blockagethecoefficientsfor=0maybeused.
Table7ExternalPressureCoefficients(C pe)forWallsofRectangularCladBuildings
[Clause4.5.2.2(a)]
BuildingHeightRatio

(1)

BuildingPlanRatio

(2)

Elevation

(3)

Plan

WindAngle
Degree

(4)

(5)

CpeforSurface
A
(6)

B
(7)

C
(8)

LocalCpe
D
(9)

+0.7

0.2

0.5

0.5

90

0.5

0.5

+0.7

0.2

+0.7

0.25

0.6

0.6

90

0.5

0.5

+0.7

0.1

+0.7

0.25

0.6

0.6

90

0.6

0.6

+0.7

0.25

+0.7

0.3

0.7

0.7

90

0.5

0.5

+0.7

0.1

+0.8

0.25

0.8

0.8

90

0.8

0.8

+0.8

0.25

+0.7

0.4

0.7

0.7

90

0.5

0.5

+0.8

0.1

+0.95

1.85

0.9

0.9

90

0.8

0.8

+0.9

0.85

(10)

0.8

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.25

+0.95

0.25

0.7

0.7

90

0.7

0.7

+0.95

1.25

+0.85

0.75

0.75

0.75

90

0.75

0.75

+0.85

0.75

1.25

1.25

NOTEhistheheightofeavesorparapet,histhegreaterhorizontaldimensionofabuildingandwisthelesserhorizontaldimensionofabuilding.

Table8ExternalPressureCoefficients(C pe)forPitchedRoofsofRectangularCladBuildings
[Clause4.5.2.2(b)]
BuildingHeightRatio

RoofAngle
degrees

(1)

(2)

WindAngle
0

WindAngle
90

EF

EG

GH

LocalCoefficients

FH

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

0.8

0.4

0.8

0.4

2.0

(7)

2.0

(8)

2.0

(9)

(10)

0.9

0.4

0.8

0.4

1.4

1.2

1.2

1.0

10

1.2

0.4

0.8

0.6

1.4

1.4

20

0.4

0.4

0.7

0.6

1.0

1.2

30

0.4

0.7

0.6

0.8

1.1

45

+0.3

0.5

0.7

0.6

60

+0.7

0.6

0.7

0.6

0.8

0.6

1.0

0.6

2.0

2.0

2.0

0.9

0.6

0.9

0.6

2.0

2.0

1.5

1.0

10

1.1

0.6

0.8

0.6

2.0

2.0

1.5

1.2

20

0.7

0.5

0.8

0.6

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.0

30

0.2

0.5

0.8

0.8

1.0

45

+0.2

0.5

0.8

0.8

60

+0.6

0.5

0.8

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.9

0.7

2.0

2.0

2.0

0.7

0.6

0.8

0.8

2.0

2.0

1.5

1.0

10

0.7

0.6

0.8

0.8

2.0

2.0

1.5

1.2

20

0.8

0.6

0.8

0.8

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.2

30

1.0

0.5

0.8

0.7

1.5

40

0.2

0.5

0.8

0.7

1.0

50

+0.2

0.5

0.8

0.7

60

+0.5

0.5

0.8

0.7

1.2

1.1
1.1

1.0

NOTES
1histheheighttocavesorparapet,wisthelesserhorizontaldimensionofabuilding.
2Wherenolocalcoefficientsaregiventheoverallcoefficientsapply.

y=hor0.15w,
whicheveristhelesser

Table9ExternalPressureCoefficients(C pe)forMonoslopeRoofsforRectangular
[Clause4.5.2.2(c)]
Y=hor0.15w,whicheveristhelesser

NOTEAreaHandareaLrefertothewholequadrant.

OVERALLCOEFFICIENTS
RoofAngle

WindAngle
0
H

Degree

45
L

90
L

135

H&L

H&L

Appliestolengthw/2fromwindwardend

Appliestoremainder

180

1.0

0.5

1.0

0.9

1.0

0.5

0.9

1.0

0.5

1.0

10

1.0

0.5

1.0

0.8

1.0

0.5

0.8

1.0

0.4

1.0

15

0.9

0.5

1.0

0.7

1.0

0.5

0.6

1.0

0.3

1.0

20

0.8

0.5

1.0

0.6

0.9

0.5

0.5

1.0

0.2

1.0

25

0.7

0.5

1.0

0.6

0.8

0.5

0.3

0.9

0.1

0.9

30

0.5

0.5

1.0

0.6

0.8

0.5

0.1

0.6

0.6

RoofAngle

LOCALCOEFFICIENTSCpe
H1

Degree

H2

L1

L2

2.0

1.5

2.0

1.5

2.0

2.0

10

2.0

1.5

2.0

1.5

2.0

2.0

15

1.8

0.9

1.8

1.4

2.0

2.0

20

1.8

0.8

1.8

1.4

2.0

2.0

25

1.8

0.7

0.9

0.9

2.0

2.0

30

1.8

0.5

0.5

0.5

2.0

2.0

NOTEhistheheighttoeavesatlowerside,lisgreaterhorizontaldimensionofabuildingandwisthelesserhorizontaldimensionofabuilding.

Table10PressureCoefficientsforFreeStandingMonoslopedRoofs
[Clause4.5.2.2(d)]

RoofAngle

SolidityRatio

Maximum(Largest+ve)andMinimum(Largestve)
PressureCoefficients
Overall
coefficients

Degree

0
5

Allvaluesof

Localcoefficients

+0.2

+0.5

+1.8

+1.1

+0.4

+0.8

+2.1

+1.3

10

+0.5

+1.2

+2.4

+1.6

15

+0.7

+1.4

+2.7

+1.8

20

+0.8

+1.7

+2.9

+2.1

25

+1.0

+2.0

+3.1

+2.3

30

+1.2

+2.2

+3.2

+2.4

=0

0.5

0.6

1.3

1.4

=1

1.0

1.2

1.8

1.9

=0

0.7

1.1

1.7

1.8

=1

1.1

1.6

2.2

2.3

=0

0.9

1.5

2.0

2.1

=1

1.3

2.1

2.6

2.7

=0

1.1

1.8

2.4

2.5

=1

1.4

2.3

2.9

3.0

=0

1.3

2.2

2.8

2.9

=1

1.5

2.6

3.1

3.2

=0

1.6

2.6

3.2

3.2

=1

1.7

2.8

3.5

3.5

=0

1.8

3.0

3.8

3.6

=1

1.8

3.0

3.8

3.6

0
5
10
15
20
25
30

NOTEFormonopitchcanopiesthecentreofpressureshouldbetakentoactat0.3wfromthewindwardedge.

Table11PressureCoefficientsforFreeStandingDoubleSlopedRoofs
[Clause4.5.2.2(d)]

RoofAngle

SolidityRatio

Maximum(Largest+ve)andMinimum(Largestve)PressureCoefficients
Overall
coefficients

Degree

20

+0.7

+0.8

+1.6

+0.6

+1.7

15

+0.5

+0.6

+1.5

+0.7

+1.4

10

+0.4

+0.6

+1.4

+0.8

+1.1

+0.3

+0.5

+1.5

+0.8

+0.8

+5

+0.3

+0.6

+1.8

+1.3

+0.4

+10

+0.4

+0.7

+1.8

+1.4

+0.4

+15

+0.4

+0.9

+1.9

+1.4

+0.4

+20

+0.6

+1.1

+1.9

+1.5

+0.4

+25

+0.7

+1.2

+1.9

+1.6

+0.5

+30

+0.9

+1.3

+1.9

+1.6

+0.7

=0

0.7

0.9

1.3

1.6

0.6

=1

0.9

1.2

1.7

1.9

1.2

=0

0.6

0.8

1.3

1.6

0.6

=1

0.8

1.1

1.7

1.9

1.2

=0

0.6

0.8

1.3

1.5

0.6

=1

0.8

1.1

1.7

1.9

1.3

=0

0.5

0.7

1.3

1.6

0.6

=1

0.8

1.5

1.7

1.9

1.4

=0

0.6

0.6

1.4

1.4

1.1

=1

0.9

1.3

1.8

1.8

2.1

=0

0.7

0.7

1.5

1.4

1.4

=1

1.1

1.4

2.0

1.8

2.4

=0

0.8

0.9

1.7

1.4

1.8

=1

1.2

1.5

2.2

1.9

2.8

=0

0.9

1.2

1.8

1.4

2.0

=1

1.3

1.7

2.3

1.9

3.0

=0

1.0

1.4

1.9

1.4

2.0

=1

1.4

1.9

2.4

2.1

3.0

=0

1.0

1.4

1.9

1.4

2.0

=1

1.4

2.1

2.6

2.2

3.0

20
15
10
5
+5
+10
+15
+20
+25
+30

Allvaluesof

Localcoefficients

NOTEEachslopeofaduopitchcanopyshouldbeabletowithstandforcesusingboththemaximumandtheminimumcoefficients,andthewholecanopyshouldbeabletosupportforcesusingoneslopeatthe
maximumcoefficientwiththeotherslopeattheminimumcoefficient.Forduopitchcanopiesthecentreofpressureshouldbetakentoactatthecentreofeachslope.

Inadditiontothepressureforcesnormaltothecanopy,therewillbehorizontalloadsonthecanopyduetothewindpressureonanyfasciaandtofrictionoverthe
surfaceofthecanopy.Foranywinddirection,onlythegreaterofthesetwoforcesneedbetakenintoaccount.Fascialoadsshouldbecalculatedontheareaofthesurface
facingthewind,usingaforcecoefficientof1.3.Frictionaldragshouldbecalculatedusingthecoefficientsgivenin4.5.3.1.
NOTETables12to17maybeusedtogetinternalandexternalpressurecoefficientsforpitchesandtroughedfreeroofsforsomespecificcasesforwhichaspectratiosand
roofslopeshavebeenspecified.However,whileusingTables12to17anysignificantdeparturefromitshouldbeinvestigatedcarefully.Noincreaseshallbemadeforl