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Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)

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and Y are separated before the rod moves


away, those charges will remain on X and Y,
X is positively charged and Y is negatively
charged.

AP EM 1993 MC 55 e1
001 10.0 points

Charging Metallic Objects


002 10.0 points
1) Two uncharged metal balls, X and Y,
stand on glass rods and are touching.

Two metal spheres that are initially uncharged are mounted on insulating stands, as
shown.

Y
2) A third ball, carrying a negative charge, is
brought near the first two.

A negatively charged rubber rod is brought


close to but does not make contact with sphere
X. Sphere Y is then brought close to X on the
side opposite to the rubber rod. Y is allowed
to touch X and then is removed some distance
away. The rubber rod is then moved far away
from X and Y.
What are the final charges on the spheres?
Sphere X

Sphere Y

3) Then the first two balls are separated from


each other,

1. Zero

Zero

2. Positive

Positive

4) and the third ball is finally removed.

3. Zero

Negative

4. Negative

Positive

5. Zero

Positive

6. Negative

Zero

7. Positive

Zero

8. Positive

Negative correct

2. Balls X and Y are both negative.

9. Negative

Negative

3. Ball X is positive and ball Y is negative.

Explanation:
When the negatively charged rod moves
close to the sphere X, the negatively charged
electrons will be pushed to sphere Y. If X

What are the resulting charges?


1. Ball X is negative and ball Y is positive.
correct

4. Balls X and Y are both positive.


5. Balls X and Y are still uncharged.

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


Explanation:
When a negative ball is moved near a metallic object (X and Y), the negative charge will
attract positive charges, causing X to have
excess negative charge and Y to have excess
positive charge (X and Y are in contact, so
the total net charge on X and Y should be
zero).

Later, X and Y are separated, retaining


their charges, so when the third ball is finally
removed, X will have net negative charge and
Y will have net positive charge.

AP EM 1998 MC 39 40
004 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Two charged particles of equal magnitude
(Q and Q) are fixed at opposite corners of
a square that lies in a plane (see figure below).
A test charge +q is placed at a third corner.
Q

+q
Q
What is the direction of the force on the
test charge due to the two other charges?
1.

Acceleration of a Particle
003 10.0 points
A particle of mass 68 g and charge 42 C is
released from rest when it is 64 cm from a
second particle of charge 15 C.
Determine the magnitude of the initial acceleration of the 68 g particle.

Explanation:
m = 68 g ,
q = 42 C = 4.2 105 C ,
d = 64 cm = 0.64 m ,
Q = 15 C = 1.5 105 C ,
ke = 8.9875 109 N m2 /C2 .

3.
4.

Correct answer: 203.287 m/s2 .

Let :

2.

5.
6.
7.

correct

and
8.

The force exerted on the particle is


|q| |Q|
= ma
d2
|q| |Q|
a = ke
m d2
= (8.9875 109 N m2 /C2 )



4.2 105 C 1.5 105 C

(0.068 kg) (0.64 m2 )

F = ke

= 203.287 m/s2 .

Explanation:
The force between charges of the same sign
is repulsive and between charges with opposite signs is attractive.

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


Q

1. Because there is no electric charge on the


moon.
2. Because the distance between the Earth
and the moon is very large.

Q
+q
The resultant force is the sum of the two
vectors in the figure.
005 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
If F is the magnitude of the force on the test
charge due to only one of the other charges,
what is the magnitude of the net force acting on the test charge due to both of these
charges?
3F
2
2F
=
3

1. Fnet =
2. Fnet

3. Fnet = F
2F
4. Fnet =
3

3. Because the masses of the Earth and


moon are very large.
4. Because both the Earth and the moon are
electrically neutral. correct
Explanation:
Since the electrical force between the two
objects varies directly as the product of their
charges and the Earth and the moon are electrically neutral, the electrical force between
them is zero.
AP B 1993 MC 68
007 10.0 points
The diagram shows an isolated, positive
charge Q, where point B is twice as far away
from Q as point A.

5. Fnet = 0

+Q

10 cm

20 cm

6. Fnet = 3 F
7. Fnet = 2 F
F
8. Fnet =
2

9. Fnet = 2 F correct
F
10. Fnet =
3
Explanation:
The individual forces form a right angle, so
the magnitude of the net force is
p

Fnet = F 2 + F 2 = 2 F .
Hewitt CP9 22 R02
006 10.0 points
Why does the gravitational force between
the Earth and moon predominate over electric
forces?

What is the ratio of the electric field


strength at point A to the electric field
strength at point B?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

EA
EB
EA
EB
EA
EB
EA
EB
EA
EB

=
=
=
=
=

4
correct
1
1
2
2
1
8
1
1
1

Explanation:

Let : rB = 2 rA .

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


The electric field strength E
1
r2
EA
= A
1
EB
rB2

1
, so
r2

rB2
(2 r)2
= 4.
=
rA2
r2

AP EM 1993 MC 36
008 10.0 points
From the electric field vector at a point, one
can determine which of the following?
I. the direction of the electrostatic force on
a test charge of known sign at that point;
II. the magnitude of the electrostatic force
exerted per unit charge on a test charge
at that point;
III. the electrostatic charge at that point.
1. None of these
2. II only
3. I only
4. III only
5. All of these
6. I and II only correct
7. II and III only
8. I and III only
Explanation:
The definition of the electrostatic force is
~
~ = F , so F
~ = qE
~ and F
~ acts in the same
E
q
~ depending on the
or opposite direction to E
sign of the charge. If we only consider the
magnitude F = q E for a unit charge, the
F
electric fields magnitude is E = .
q
Four Charges in a Square Short
009 10.0 points
Consider a square with side a. Four charges
q, +q, +q, and q are placed at the corners
A, B, C, and D, respectively

+
D
C
What is the magnitude of the electric field
at the center O?
kq
2 2
a
kq
2. EO = 3 2 2
a
kq
3. EO = 4 2 2 correct
a
1 kq
4. EO =
3 2 a2
kq
5. EO = 2 2
a
1 kq
6. EO =
2 a2
1 kq
7. EO =
4 2 a2
kq
8. EO = 3 2
a
1 kq
9. EO =
2 2 a2
kq
10. EO = 2
a
Explanation:
The distance between each corner and the
a
center is , so the magnitude of each electric
2
field at D is
q
q
E=k 
2 = 2 k 2
a
a

2
1. EO = 2

The two negative charges yield forces pointing away from them from O and the two positive charges yield forces pointing toward them
from O with the collinear charges adding algebraically:
~A + E
~ C k = kE
~B + E
~ Dk = 2 E = 4 k q .
kE
a2

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)

EA + EC
E
EB + ED
The Cartesian components of the two vectors with the origin at O are


1
1
q
~
~
and
EA + EB = 4 k 2 +
a
2
2


q
1
1
~
~
EB + ED = 4 k 2 , so
a
2
2


q
1
1
~ = 4k
E

a2
2
2


1
1
+

2
2

q
= 4 2 k 2 ,
a

q
with magnitude 4 2 k 2 .
a
Two Charge Field
010 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
Two point charges at fixed locations produce an electric field as shown.

3. Toward charge A
Explanation:
Electric field lines run from a positive potential to a negative potential, so the charge
B is positive. A negative charge will move toward a positive potential, which creates lower
potential energy and a higher kinetic energy.
011 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
The electric field at point X is
1. weaker than the field at point Y .
2. the same as that the field at point Y .
3. stronger than the field at point Y . correct
Explanation:
The field at X is stronger than the field
at Y , since the number of field lines per unit
volume at X is greater than the number of
field lines per unit volume at Y .
012 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
Estimate the ratio of the magnitude of
charge A to the magnitude of charge B.
Your answer must be within 5.0%
Correct answer: 1.13333.
Explanation:
The number of field lines is proportional to
the magnitude of the charge, so


QA 17
= 1.13333

Q
15
B

B
X

E Field Diagrams 03
013 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

R radius

Y
How would a negative charge placed at
point X move?
1. Toward charge B correct
2. Along an equipotential plane

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


Consider a solid conducting sphere of radius R and total charge Q. Which diagram
describes the E(r) vs r (electric field vs radial
distance) function for the sphere?
M.

S.

0
L.

Explanation:
Because the charge distribution is spherically symmetric, select a spherical Gaussian
surface of radius r and surface area 4 r 2 concentric with the sphere. The electric field due
to the conducting sphere is directed radially
outward by symmetry and is therefore normal
~ is parallel
to the surface at every point and E
~ at each point.
to dA
There is no charge within the Gaussian surface, so E = 0
for r < R .
For the region outside the conducting
sphere,
I

I
I
~
~
E = E dA = E dA = E
dA
 qin
= E 4 r2 =
0
Q
qin
=
for r > R .
E=
2
4 0 r
4 0 r 2

1
r2

P.

4. P

1
r

1
r2

3. L

5. G

2. S correct

1
r2

S.
0

G.

1
r2

1. M

014 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


Which diagram describes the E(r) vs r
(electric field vs radial distance) function if
the sphere is instead a uniformly charged,
non-conducting sphere?
1. P correct

1
r2

1
r2

2. S
3. G
4. M

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)

Explanation:
Select a spherical Gaussian surface of radius
r and volume V , where r < R, concentric
with the uniformly charged non-conducting
sphere. The charge qin within the Gaussian
surface of the volume V is less than Q; from
Q
the volume charge density ,
V


4
3

.
r
qin = V =
3

III. It is parallel to the direction of the field.

Applying Gauss law, for r < R,

5. III only

 qen
dA = E 4 r 2 =
0
4
r3

qen
3
=
=
r.
E=
2
2
4 0 r
4 0 r
3 0

E dA = E

3Q
1
by definition and k =
, so
3
4R
4 0
E=

3Q
kQ
4
k

r
=
r.
3 4 R3
R3

In the region outside the uniformly charged


non-conducting sphere, we have the same conditions as for the conducting sphere when applying Gauss law, so
E=

Q
.
4 0 r 2
1
r2

Identify the true statement(s).


1. I and III only correct
2. II only
3. I only
4. None is true.

6. II and III only


7. All are true.
8. I and II only
Explanation:
The electric field at some point in space is
the force per unit charge that the test charge
would feel at that point, so the electric force
the charge experiences is of magnitude q E
and in the same direction as the direction of
the electric field.
Electron Deflection
016 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
An electron traveling at 6 106 m/s enters a
0.05 m region with a uniform electric field of
132 N/C , as in the figure.
0.05 m

6 106 m/s

P.
0

Charge in Electric Field


015 10.0 points
A particle of charge q is placed in a uniform electric field of magnitude E. Consider
the following statements about the resulting
forces on the particle:
I. It has magnitude q E.
II. It is perpendicular to the direction of the
field.

+++++++++
Find the magnitude of the acceleration of
the electron while in the electric field. The
mass of an electron is 9.109 1031 kg and
the fundamental charge is 1.602 1019 C .
Correct answer: 2.32148 1013 m/s2 .
Explanation:

Let : qe = 1.602 1019 C ,

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


me = 9.109 1031 kg ,
E = 132 N/C .

and

F = ma = qE
qe E
a=

me
(1.602 1019 C)(132 N/C)
=

9.109 1031 kg
= (2.32148 1013 m/s2 ) ,
with a magnitude of 2.32148 1013 m/s2 .
017 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
Find the time it takes the electron to travel
through the region of the electric field, assuming it doesnt hit the side walls.

with a magnitude of 0.000806071 m .


Holt SF 18A 01
019 10.0 points
Two alpha particles (helium nuclei), each
consisting of two protons and two neutrons, have an electrical potential energy of
6.28 1019 J .
What is the distance between these particles at this time? The Coulomb constant
is 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 , the elemental
charge is 1.6021 1019 C, and the acceleration due to gravity is 9.8 m/s2 .
Correct answer: 1.46934 109 m.
Explanation:

Correct answer: 8.33333 109 s.


Explanation:
Let :

Let :
= 0.05 m , and
v0 = 6 106 m/s .

The horizontal distance traveled is


= v0 t

0.05 m
t=
=
v0
6 106 m/s

= 8.33333 109 s .

018 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points


What is the magnitude of the vertical displacement y of the electron while it is in the
electric field?
Correct answer: 0.000806071 m.
Explanation:
Using the equation for the displacement in
the vertical direction and the results from the
first two parts of the problem,
1 2
at
2
2.32148 1013 m/s2
=
2
(8.33333 109 s)2
= 0.000806071 m ,

y =

Ue
ke
qn
qp

= 6.28 1019 J ,
= 8.98755 109 N m2 /C2 ,
= 0 C,
= 1.6021 1019 C , and

q = 2 qp = 3.2042 1019 C .

q1 = q2 = 2 qp + 2 qn
= 2 (1.6021 1019 C) + 2 (0 C)
= 3.2042 1019 C , so
q1 q2
r
q2
q1 q2
= ke 1
r = ke
Ue
Ue
9
= (8.99 10 N m2 /C2 )
(3.2042 1019 C)2

6.28 1019 J

Ue = k e

= 1.46934 109 m .

Hewitt CP9 22 P06


020 10.0 points
The potential difference between a storm
cloud and the ground is 1.03 108 V.

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)

If a bolt carrying 2 C falls from a cloud to


Earth, what is the magnitude of the change of
potential energy of the charge?
3.

Correct answer: 2.06 108 J.

+ 2V

Explanation:

Let :

V = 1.03 108 V
q = 2 C.

- +
2V

and
4.
+ 2V

The potential energy is


U = V q = (1.03 108 V )(2 C )
= 2.06 108 J .

5.

AP EM 1993 MC 53 54
021 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
A battery or batteries connected to two
parallel plates produce the equipotential lines
shown between the plates.

correct

- + - +
2V 2V
Explanation:
The potential difference between the two
plates is 4 V. With a negative potential on
the left plate, the battery orientation must be
negative on the left and positive on the right.
022 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
~ on an electron located on the
The force F
0-volt potential line is
~ = 0 N.
1. F

2V 1V 0V

1V

2V

Which of the following configurations is


most likely to produce these equipotential
lines?

2. directed to the left, but its magnitude


cannot be determined without knowing the
distance between the lines.
~ = 1 N, directed to the right.
3. F

1.
+ - + 2V 2V

2.
- +
2V

4. directed to the right, but its magnitude


cannot be determined without knowing the
distance between the lines. correct
~ = 1 N, directed to the left.
5. F
Explanation:
From the definition of the electric field, we
have
V
F = qE = q ,
d
where d is the distance between the two plates.

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


Thus to know the magnitude of the force on
the electron, we should know the distance d.
The force on the negative charge is in the
opposite direction of the electric field; i.e.,
from the higher to the lower electric potential
region, so the force on the electron is directed
to the right.
Electron Volt
023 10.0 points
The electron volt is a measure of

025 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


Calculate the speed of a proton with a kinetic
energy of 3.48 eV.
Correct answer: 25819 m/s.
Explanation:

Let :

1. momentum.
2. velocity.
3. impulse.
4. charge.
5. energy. correct
Explanation:
Electron volt (eV) is a unit commonly used
in atomic and nuclear physics. It is defined as
the energy that an electron gains or loses by
moving through a potential of 1 V.
Serway CP 16 16
024 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Find the speed of an electron that has
a kinetic energy of 3.48 eV.
1 eV=
19
1.602 10
J.
Correct answer: 1.10637 106 m/s.
Explanation:

Ek = 3.48 eV and
me = 9.109 1031 kg .
The kinetic energy is
1
Ek = me ve2
2
r
2 Ke
ve =
m
s e
2(3.48 eV)
1.602 1019 J
=
9.109 1031 kg
1 eV

Ek = 3.48 eV and
mp = 1.6726 1027 kg .

The kinetic energy is


1
mp vp2
2
s
2 Ek
vp =
mp
s
2(3.48 eV)
1.602 1019 J
=
1.6726 1027 kg
1 eV

Ek =

= 25819 m/s .

AP B 1998 MC 21
026 10.0 points
An electron is in a uniform magnetic field
B that is directed out of the plane of the page,
as shown.
B

Let :

= 1.10637 106 m/s .

10

When the electron is moving in the plane


of the page in the direction indicated by the
arrow, the force on the electron is directed
1. toward the right
2. toward the left

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


3. toward the bottom of the page. correct
4. out of the page.
5. into the page.
6. toward the top of the page.
Explanation:
The force on the electron is
~ = q ~v B
~ = e ~v B.
~
F

The charge on a proton is 1.601019 .


a) What is the magnitude of the velocity?
Correct answer: 2.19298 106 m/s.
Explanation:

Let : Fm = 2.0 1014 N ,


B = 5.7 102 T , and
qe = 1.60 1019 C .
The magnetic force is

The direction of the force is thus


b = b
b,
F
vB

pointing toward the bottom of the page , usb and reversing


ing right hand rule for b
v B,
the direction due to the negative charge on
the electron.
Conceptual 16 Q16
027 10.0 points
The magnetic field at the equator points
north.
If you throw a negatively charged object
(for example, a baseball with some electrons
added) to the east, what is the direction of
the magnetic force on the object?

Fm = q v B

v=

= 2.19298 106 m/s

029 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points


b) What is its direction?
1. None of these
2. North correct
3. West

2. Toward the east

4. East

3. Toward the west

5. South

Explanation:
Use the right-hand rule: point your index
finger east and your middle finger north. Your
thumb points upward (representing the force
on a positively charged object).
Holt SF 21A 03
028 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
An electron in an electron beam experiences
a downward force of 2.0 1014 N while traveling in a magnetic field of 5.7 102 T west.

Fm
qB

2 1014 N
=
(1.6 1019 C) (0.057 T)

1. Downward correct

4. Upward

11

Explanation:
Apply right-hand rule (for a negative
charge); force directed into the palm of the
hand, fingers in the direction of the field,
thumb in the direction of the velocity.
Palm faces up, fingers point west, so the
thumb points north.
Wire in Magnetic Field 01
030 10.0 points
A wire of constant length is moving in a
constant magnetic field, as shown below. The
wire and the velocity vector are perpendicular

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


to each other and also perpendicular to the
field.
Magnetic Field

Two long, parallel wires are separated by a


distance 2 d, as shown below. Wire #1 carries
a steady current I out of the plane of the page
while wire #2 carries a steady current I into
the page.
S
I

I
d

Which graph best represents the potential


difference E between the ends of the wire as a
function of the speed v of the wire?
1.

2.

12

wire #1

d
wire #2

S
At what points in the plane of the page
(besides points at infinity), is the magnetic
field due to the currents zero?
1. At all points on the line connecting the
two wires.
2. At only point P .

3.

correct
4.

3. At no points. correct
4. At all points on a circle of radius d centered at either wire.

5.

Explanation:
Motional emf = E = Blv . This indicates
that the potential difference between the ends
of the wire will also increase linearly with the
velocity.
AP B 1993 MC 19
031 10.0 points

5. At all points on the line SS , a perpendicular bisector of a line connecting the two
wires.
Explanation:
The only way that the total magnetic field
would be zero is if the magnetic fields due to
the two wires have the same magnitude but
opposite directions at the same point.
Only at points on the line SS do the magnetic fields have the same magnitude. Only
at point P are the magnetic fields parallel
(aligned with the vertical axis). Using the
right hand rule, they are in the same directions.
Thus, at no points (besides points at infinity) is the magnetic field due to the currents
zero.
Drummond HW2 02
032 10.0 points
A rectangular loop of wire hangs vertically

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


as shown in the figure. A magnetic field is directed horizontally, perpendicular to the wire,
and points out of the page at all points as represented by the symbol . The magnetic field
is very nearly uniform along the horizontal
portion of the wire ab (length is 0.1 m) which
is near the center of a large magnet producing the field. The top portion of the wire loop
is free of the field. The loop hangs from a
balance which measures a downward force (in
addition to the gravitational force) of 3102
N when the wire carries a current 0.2 A.

033 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points


In the figure, a 36 cm length of conducting
wire that is free to move is held in place
between two thin conducting wires. All of the
wires are in a magnetic field. When a 5.0 A
current is in the wire, as shown in the figure,
the wire segment moves upward at a constant
velocity.
The acceleration of gravity is 9.81 m/s2 .
36 cm

5A

5A
I

b
F

What is the magnitude of the magnet field


B at the center of the magnet?
Correct answer: 1.5 T.
Explanation:
Let : F = 3 102 ,
= 0.1 m , and
I = 0.2 A .
The magnetic forces on the two vertical sections of the wire loop point to the left and
right, respectively. They are equal but in
opposite directions, so they add up to zero.
Thus the net magnetic force on the loop is that
on the horizontal section ab whose length is
= 0.1 m (and = 90 so sin = 1), and
F
3 102 N
B=
=
= 1.5 T .
I
(0.2 A) (0.1 m)
Holt SF 21Rev 41

13

5A

a) Assuming the wire slides without friction


on the two vertical conductors and has a mass
of 0.13 kg, find the magnitude of the minimum
magnetic field that is required to move the
wire.
Correct answer: 0.7085 T.
Explanation:
Let : = 36 cm ,
I = 5.0 A ,
m = 0.13 kg , and
g = 9.81 m/s2 .
The magnetic and gravitational forces are
equal:
Fm = Fg
BI = mg
mg
B=
I
(0.13 kg) (9.81 m/s2 )
=
(5 A) (0.36 m)
= 0.7085 T
034 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
b) What is its direction?
1. Toward the left edge of the page
2. Into the page

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)

14

4. Toward the top edge of the page

If the proton of mass 1.67262 1027 kg continues to move in a direction that is consistently perpendicular to the field, what is the
radius of curvature of its path?.

5. Out of the page correct

Correct answer: 2.60097 m.

3. None of these

6. Toward the right edge of the page


7. Toward the bottom edge of the page
Explanation:
Apply right-hand rule; force directed out of
the palm of the hand, fingers in the direction
of the field, thumb in the direction of the
current.
Thumb points to the left, palm faces toward
the top of the page, and the fingers point out
of the page.
Accelerated Proton
035 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
In a nuclear research laboratory, a proton
moves in a particle accelerator through a magnetic field of intensity 0.175 T at a speed of
4.36 107 m/s.
The
charge
of
a
proton
is
19
1.60218 10
C.
If the proton is moving perpendicular to the
field, what force acts on it?
Correct answer: 1.22246 1012 N.
Explanation:
Let :

v = 4.36 107 m/s ,


B = 0.175 T , and
qp = 1.60218 1019 C .

The force acting on the proton is


F = qp B v
= qp B v
= (1.60218 1019 C)
(0.175 T) (4.36 107 m/s)

Explanation:
Let : m = 1.67262 1027 kg .
The centripetal force for the circular path is
mp v 2
, so
r
mp v 2
r=
F
= (1.67262 1027 kg)
(4.36 107 m/s)2

(1.22246 1012 N)

F =

= 2.60097 m .

AP B 1993 FR 3
037 (part 1 of 6) 10.0 points
A particle of mass 1.1288 1025 kg and
charge of magnitude 3.2 1019 C is accelerated from rest in the plane of the page through
a potential difference of 380 V between two
parallel plates as shown. The particle is injected through a hole in the right-hand plate
into a region of space containing a uniform
magnetic field of magnitude 0.456 T oriented
perpendicular to the plane of the page. The
particle curves in a semicircular path and
strikes a detector.
q
Region of
Magnetic
m
Field B
hole
E

= 1.22246 1012 N .

036 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

What is the sign of the charge of the particle? Neglect relativistic effects.

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)


1. The charge q is negative () .
2. The charge q is positive (+) . correct
3. The charge q cannot be determined.
Explanation:
The charge accelerates toward the negative
plate and away from the positive plate, so the
charge is positive.
038 (part 2 of 6) 10.0 points
Which way does the magnetic field point?
1. To the left

Let : m = 1.1288 1025 kg ,


V = 380 V , and
|q| = 3.2 1019 C .
The change in kinetic energy of the charged
particle is equal to the work done on it by the
potential difference:
1
m v2 = q V
2
r
2qV
v=
s m
=

2. Toward the top of page

15

2 (3.2 1019 C) (380 V)


1.1288 1025 kg

= 46416.6 m/s .

3. To the right
4. Out of the page correct

6. Toward the bottom of page

040 (part 4 of 6) 10.0 points


What is the magnitude of the force exerted on
the charged particle as it enters the region of
~?
the magnetic field B

7. Cannot be determined

Correct answer: 6.77311 1015 N.

5. Into the page

Explanation:

Explanation:
+q
m
+
+

Let : B = 0.456 T .

hole

E
+

The force on the particle is given by the


Lorentz force law

Because the particle curves down, the di~ is down. By the right-hand
rection of ~v B
~
rule, B points out of the page.
039 (part 3 of 6) 10.0 points
What is the speed of the charged particle as
it enters the region of the magnetic field?
Correct answer: 46416.6 m/s.
Explanation:

~ = q ~v B
~
F
~k = qvB
kF
= (3.2 1019 C) (46416.6 m/s) (0.456 T)
= 6.77311 1015 N .

041 (part 5 of 6) 10.0 points


What is the distance from the point of injection to the detector?
Correct answer: 0.0718134.
Explanation:
The acceleration of the particle will be centripetal:

Version 001 Review 4 Electric Force, Magnetic fields tubman (IBII20142015)

m v2
= qvB
r
mv
r=
qB
(1.1288 1025 kg) (46416.6 m/s)
=
(3.2 1019 C) (0.456 T)
= 0.0359067 m ,
and the distance from the point of injection
to the detector is
2 r = 2 (0.0359067 m) = 0.0718134 m .
042 (part 6 of 6) 10.0 points
What is the work done by the magnetic field
on the charged particle during the semicircular trip?
1. W = 2.432 1016 J
2. W = 6.08 1017 J
3. W = 1.216 1016 J
4. W = 2.432 1016 J
5. W = 7.7413 1017 J
6. W = 7.7413 1017 J
7. W = 6.08 1017 J
8. W = 0 J correct
9. W = 1.216 1016 J

Explanation:

~ ~d .
W =F
The magnetic field causes a force which is
perpendicular to the displacement, so no work
is done.

16