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acti Year-Round 2/2016

:
Gymnocalycium bruchii (Speg.) Hosseus

2/2016

CACTI

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.
77-55060 14.08.2013.
2013 . : 4 .

ISSN 2309-2343
:

This issue published on:


7th July 2016

Gymnocalycium bruchii ssp. deminii VG-1176


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3 ........ Gymnocalycium bruchii (Speg.) Hosseus

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Gymnocalycium bruchii
(Speg.) Hosseus
. ,
.

V. Gapon,
Krasnoznamensk, Russia

cactus-club@yandex.ru
. ,

G. Neuhuber,
Austria

New subspecies of Gymnocalycium bruchii (Speg.) Hosseus


Gymnocalycium bruchii subsp. deminii Gapon & Neuhuber is
considered in this article as a new subspecies.
A new taxon is described from Cerro Uritorco, the highest (1979 m)
mountain of the Sierra Chica in the Argentine Province of Crdoba.
The first author found these plants in November of 2011 together with
Dmitry Demin at an altitude of 1600 m above sea level.
G. bruchii subsp. deminii Gapon & Neuhuber differs from the
typical subspecies by a smaller stem, lower number of radial spines
and pale yellow flowers. It grows in the same mountains, but about 80
km to the north.
Photographs 34, 1112, are by D. Demin. All other photographs
are by V. Gapon except otherwise stated.

1.


-
1979 . .
: . ,
. .

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2/2016

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2.

.
: . ,
. .

, G. andreae var. grandiflorum Krainz & Andreae


(Cerro
Uritorco),
- .

,
,
G. andreae var.
grandiflorum. ,

G. andreae ssp. pabloi Neuhuber (Neuhuber,
2011). -

3.
VG-1176
1613.
: . ,
. .

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2/2016

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4.
Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. new
VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

. . 287


,
G. andreae ssp. pabloi.
,


2010 , ,
. 2011
, .
G. andreae ,

5.
Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. new
VG-1176 .
: . ,
. .

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2/2016

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6.

Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. new
VG-1176.
: . ,
. .


[. 14].
,
,
.

G. bruchii (Spegazzini)

Hosseus, [. 57]
G. bruchii. :

Gymnocalycium bruchii (Spegazzini) Hosseus


subsp. deminii Gapon & Neuhuber ssp. nov.
Diagnosis: differs from typical subspecies G. bruchii ssp. bruchii by a smaller stem, lower number (812 versus 1317) of radial spines and color of the flowers (pale yellow). It grows on Cerro
Uritorco near Capilla del Monte at a higher altitude, about 16001650 m.
Typus: Argentina, Provincia de Crdoba, Sierra Chica, Cerro Uritorco, 1613 m s. m., leg.
V.Gapon VG11-1176, 29 November 2011, Holotypus: WU (Inventar Nr. 3502, planta sicca);
Isotypus: WU (Inventar Nr. 3981, flos in liquore alcoholico).
Description: Body small, up to 15 mm diam. (up to 27 mm in culture), at first solitary, then freely
offsetting, flattened on top. Epidermis dark green. Ribs usually 810. Areoles with short white
woolly felt, slightly elongated, up to 2 mm long. Spines 89 (12), very thin, up to 6 mm long,
straight or slightly curved, creamy to white, the base is darker; 1 (rarely 2) central spine standing
straight up, a little bit darker, up to 4 mm long. Flowers from areoles near the apex, bell shaped,
2532 mm long and 2542 mm in diameter. Inner Petals pale yellow at first, later creamy, darker
at the base, outer petals with light pink-brown middle stripe. Pericarpel short, green, scales
green, with light or pale-pinkish margins. Receptacle white. Filaments white; Anthers yellowish. Style white; Stigma pale yellow with 7 (up to 9) stigma lobes, the base of the stigma is at
the level of the upper edge of the uppermost anther ring; Ovary white-walled, 56mm long,
up to 6 mm diam.; Fruit round, green when ripe, vertically dehiscent; Seeds black, partially or
completely covered with a dry brown skin (subgenus Gymnocalycium) [Figs.824].

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Gymnocalycium bruchii (Spegazzini) Hosseus


subsp. deminii Gapon & Neuhuber ssp. nov.
:
G.
bruchii ssp. bruchii
,
(812 1317) -

(-).

-- :
16001650 .

7.

Gymnocalycium
bruchii ssp. new VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

8.
G.
bruchii ssp. deminii VG1176 . .
: . ,
. .

15
( 27 ), ,
, , -
. 810.
, ,
2 . 89 (12),
, 6 ,
, ,
; 1 ( 2) , , 4
. ,
, 2532 2542
. -, ,
,
-- . ,
, ,
- . . ; -

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2/2016

. ;
- 7 ( 9) ,

;
, 56 , 6

CACTI

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; , , ;
,
(
Gymnocalycium) [.824].

:
,

,
-,

16001650 . .

9.
Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. deminii VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

10.
Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. deminii VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

11.
Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. deminii VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

12.
Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. deminii VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

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13.


Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. deminii VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

:
()

, ,
[. 25].

:
G. bruchii
,
80 , -- (Neuhuber, 2003)
9001200 . . ,
(1317) - .
-
-
G. bruchii G. bruchii ssp. multicostatum
Neuhuber, G. bruchii ssp. elegans Neuhuber,
G. bruchii ssp. implexum Neuhuber, G. bruchii
ssp. atroviride Neuhuber, G. bruchii var. niveum Rausch (Neuhuber, 2003, 2009).

- .
,
- G. andreae (Boed.)
Backeberg
. [. 26]

G. bruchii ,
[. 27].

14.

G. bruchii ssp. deminii
VG-1176
. .
: . ,
. .

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2/2016

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15.
!
: . ,
. .

, .
Gymnocalycium bruchii subsp. deminii

16

Cactaceae G.
monvillei [. 28], G. mostii [. 29] Lobivia aurea [. 30].

17

1619. - G. bruchii ssp. deminii VG-1176 (. 16 17)


(. 18 19).
: . , . .
18

19

10

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2/2016

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20.

42
.
: . ,
. .

21.
G. bruchii
ssp. deminii VG-1176
.
: . ,
. .

11

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2/2016

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22.
G. bruchii ssp. deminii
VG-1176 .
: . ,
. .

23.
Gymnocalycium
bruchii ssp. deminii
VG-1176.
: V. Schaedlich,
.

12

24.

Gymnocalycium bruchii
ssp. deminii VG-1176.
: . ,
. .
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2/2016

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25.



2011
.
: . ,
. .

26. G. andreae ssp. pabloi VG-1162 ()


G. bruchii ssp. deminii VG-1176 ().
: . , . .

13

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2/2016

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27.
ACA -
Gymnocalycium bruchii:
1) G. bruchii ssp. multicostatum;
2) G. bruchii ssp. implexum;
3) G. bruchii ssp. elegans;
4) G. bruchii ssp. atroviride;
5) G. bruchii ssp. niveum;
6) G. bruchii ssp. deminii.

14

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2/2016

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28.
Gymnocalycium monvillei
VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

29.
Gymnocalycium mostii
VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

1:
G. bruchii ssp. deminii
.
, ,
,
,
-

.
(CR). .

1
. G. bruchii
.

15

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2/2016

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. , A.
. (), . () , . () V. Schaedlich () .

30.
Lobivia aurea VG-1176.
: . ,
. .

Neuhuber, G. (2003). Gymnocalycium bruchii (Speg.) Hosseus. 80


Jahre nach der Erstbeschreibung. Gymnocalycium, 16(2): 499-510.
Neuhuber, G. (2009). Gymnocalycium bruchii (Speg.) Hosseus:
Geografische und morphologische Radiation mit taxonomischer
Gliederung. Teil 2. Gymnocalycium, 22(3): 867-876.
Neuhuber, G. (2011). Gymnocalycium andreae (Boed.) Backeb.
Geografische und morphologische Radiation einer scheinbar gut
bekannten Pflanze. Gymnocalycium, 24(2): 981-990.

16

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2/2016

17

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2/2016

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18

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2/2016

- 2015 ,


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, -

19

CACTI

YEAR-ROUND


(Cenchrus pauciflorus Benth.),
.
,
. - (Puerto San Carlos),
:
(Isla Magdalena), (Isla
Corso) (Isla Santa Mar-

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2/2016

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garita). , ,
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3040 . ,

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20

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2/2016

Pedilanthus macrocarpus
.
: . . ,
.

CACTI

YEAR-ROUND


Fouquieria sp.
: . . ,
.

Pedilanthus macrocarpus:
.
: . . ,
.

21

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2/2016

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Agave
parviflora, A.filifera, A.parryi var. truncata,
A.polianthiflora, A.toumeyana ssp. bella,
A.isthmensis.
, ,
.
, .
, ,

!
Agave margaritae
.
Agave margaritae 1889
(Brandegee, Townshend Stith) A collection of plants
from Baja California (Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci.
ser. 2, 2: 206, pl. 10. 1889), ,
-.
125 ,

Dudleya
cf.albiflora.
: . . ,
.

Pachycormus
discolor.
: . . ,
.

22

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2/2016

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Fouquieria sp.
,
.
: . . ,
.

23

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. ,
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.
, ,

, 20 ,
, 40 60 , . ,
,
-
.
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Mammillaria
dioica.
: . . ,
.


Opuntia pycnantha
.
: . . ,
.

24

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2/2016

Mammillaria halei
.
: . . ,
.

CACTI

YEAR-ROUND

Mammillaria halei.
: . . ,
.

Mammillaria halei,

.
: . . ,
.

25

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2/2016

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.

. 40
.
. ,
(Fouquieria sp.)
(Pachycormus discolor).
, , , . , , ,

. , ,
.

Pedilanthus macrocarpus (. ),
Opuntia pycnantha Stenocereus gummosus.
. .

Peniocereus striatus


.
: . . ,
.


Stenocereus gummosus.
: . . ,
.

26

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2/2016

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Mammillaria halei.
: . . ,
.

27

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.
, . , ,
! Mammillaria (Cochemiea) halei . (
1 )
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.

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Agave margaritae

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.


Cissus tuberosa.
: . . ,
.

28

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2/2016

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Agave margaritae .
: . . ,
.


Agave
margaritae.
: . . ,
.




.
: . . ,
.

29

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2/2016

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Agave margaritae.
,
( 2535
)
. . ,
.
, ,
,
.
Agave shawii ,

.

,
Dudleya cf. albiflora, Mammillaria
dioica, Peniocereus striatus diguetii Cissus tuberosa.
,

.

Agave
margaritae
.
: . . ,
.

-
.
: . . ,
.

30

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2/2016

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31

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2/2016

Pseudolobivia kermesina : , ?
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CACTI

YEAR-ROUND

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32

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2/2016

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Echinopsis spec.
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33

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2/2016

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Stapelia ambigua
(grandiflora),
A.Plapp.
,
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,
!
: . ,
. .

34

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2/2016

Stapelia grandiflora,
A. Plapp.
: . ,
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35

CACTI

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20 , -

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2/2016

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-
. 25 ,
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40 , ,
,
?
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10 ,
. Mammillaria bocasana
Mammillaria prolifera.
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, Turbinicarpus klinkerianus:
, ,
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: . ,
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36

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2/2016

CACTI

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2000 ,
2015 .
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37

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2/2016

CACTI

YEAR-ROUND

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,
.
2011 ;

~13 .
: . ,
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38

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2/2016

CACTI

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39

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2/2016

CACTI

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- ,
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: . ,
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40

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2/2016

CACTI

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v.ferocior. 2011 .
: . ,
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:

. 2008 .
: . ,
. .

41

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2/2016

CACTI

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2006 .
: . ,
. .

Gymnocalycium mostii v.ferocior,


35- . .

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,
- 40%
. 2012 .
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42

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2/2016

CACTI

YEAR-ROUND

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caput-medusae

.
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43

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2/2016

CACTI

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44

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CACTI

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2/2016

CACTI

YEAR-ROUND

, ,
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. . 21 29,5 . 256 .
330 ( 1/2 4
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- .
800 , 900 .
. dd64@mail.ru.

46

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2/2016

CACTI

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125 , 84108/32,
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2016 : 650 ., 1100 .
, . -

www.kinto.ru

47

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48

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