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Y,ZJ;K 373.167.1:811.111 +811.111(075.3)


BEK 81.432.1
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http://fipi.ru

BAPHAHT 1
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

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Physical activity is an essential part of people's development. Exercising as little as


30 minutes a day can greatly improve your health. Exercise makes us strong, fast, patient
and disciplined. Regular physical activity is important for our overall health and well-being.
Physical exercise strengthens the immune system, improves mental health and helps prevent
such diseases as heart and cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity.
Regular exercise can help improve your mood, reduce the risk of chronic disease, increase
energy levels and even improve sleep. Exercise causes endorphins to be released in the brain.
Endorphins are chemicals produced by your body that reduce pain and can make you feel
happier.
That is why exercise is the best remedy for depression and stress. Exercise also increases the
flow of oxygen to the brain and improves mental clarity and memory.
If your goal is to increase your life span and to have good health, you should lead a healthy
lifestyle.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

Spend your holidays in Prague

7 days, _8 nights
from 600$

You are considering visiting the city and now you'd like to get more information. In
1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:
1) dates for departures

2)
3)
4)
5)

hotel facilities
if breakfast is included
number of city tours
discounts

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo :tt3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast
the photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the parties presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPIIAHT 2
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

In Ancient Greece sports became such a prominent part of their culture that the Greeks
created the Olympic Games, which in ancient times were held every four years in Olympia,
an area of flat land and an ancient religious centre in the west of the Peloponnese in Greece.
The Ancient
Olympic Games featured mainly athletic but also combat and chariot racing events.
During the games, all conflicts among the participating city-states were postponed until the
games were finished. The Olympics were of fundamental religious importance, featuring
sporting events alongside ritual sacrifices honoring both Zeus and Pelops, divine hero and
mythical king of Olympia.
The winners of the events were admired and immortalized in poems and statues. The Olympic
Games reached their zenith in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, but then gradually declined in
importance as the Romans gained power and influence in Greece. Scholars think that the last
Games were held in 393 AD.

Task 2. Study the advertisement.

the Opening of a New Children's Clothing Shop!


All children's clothing, footwear and accessories!

You are considering visiting the new children's clothing shop and now you'd like to
get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out
about the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
if they sell a great range of clothing, accessories and footwear for kids
sales
discounts

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1
Photo #2
Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend
1

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the picnics presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPHAHT 3
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

<

The word 'money' is believed to originate from a temple located on Capitoline, one of Rome's
seven hills. On one of the Capitoline's peaks, the temple of Juno Moneta stood where the mint
of Ancient Rome was located.
Modern money consists mainly of paper bills, coins and cheques. But before coins and
banknotes were introduced, other things such as precious metals, gold, beads, beans, rice,
metal disks or shells served as money. In the fourth millennium BC the Egyptians used gold
bars of a set weight as a medium of exchange. According to Herodotus, the Lydians were the
first people to introduce the use of gold and silver coins. Modern scholars think that these
first stamped coins were minted around 650-600 BC. The first banknotes appeared in China
in the 7th century.
In the past people also used a barter system (a system of exchanging goods and services
directly for other goods and services rather than using money). The process was extremely
difficult and time-consuming. That is why it was decided to invent a unit of account to
specify price.

Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting the new cafe and now you'd like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
opening hours
menu
table reservation

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

9
3-1554

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the locations presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

1 (\

BAPHAHT4
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

<

Genetically modified foods are foods derived from genetically modified organisms, such as
genetically modified crops or genetically modified fish. GM crops are developed by changing a
plant's genetic structure in order to help the plant resist against diseases caused by insects or
viruses or to produce larger crops. Scientists first discovered that DNA can transfer between
organisms in 1946. The first genetically modified plant was produced in 1983.
There are controversies around GM food. There is no scientific conclusion so far to prove
its safety for human consumption. Producers of genetically modified food say that it has
a number of advantages in terms of price, durability and nutritional value. They claim
that there is no risk to human health. There are also some supporters that see GM crops as
providing benefits to the environment through a reduction in the use of pesticides.
The European Union, Australia, China and other countries require GMO labeling. Such
labeling is not required in the United States and in Russia, although possible side effects
connected with the use of GM products have not been studied.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting the city and now you'd like to get more information. In
1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

dates for departures


hotel facilities
if breakfast is included
number of city tours
discounts

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

11

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the concerts presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

12

BAPHAHT 5
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Pollution started from the prehistoric times when man created the first fires. But it was
the industrial revolution that gave birth to environmental pollution as we know it today.
Industrialization brought people into conflict with the natural environment. The emergence
of great factories and consumption of immense quantities of coal and other fossil fuels gave
rise to air pollution.
In some cities the air is so polluted that it is hard to breathe: the concentration of smoke is
so high. Factories emit tons of harmful chemicals. Transport is a major user of energy and
burns most of the world's petroleum. Cars produce exhaust fumes which destroy the ozone
layer protecting the Earth from the dangerous rays of the Sun. Smoke pouring out of tall
factory chimneys and traffic jams have become commonplace in any big city. Rivers and seas
are filled with industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The quality
of drinking water leaves much to be desired.
Studies have estimated that water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day.
The discharge of polluting matter into rivers, lakes and seas kills fish and water plants. Oil
spills from damaged oil tankers are extremely dangerous. Oil turns into a thin film which
prevents fish and underwater vegetation from breathing and they die very quickly.
Task 2. Study the invitation

You are considering going to the party and now you'd like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

location
date/ time
who will be present at the party
what you should wear
if you should bring presents/food

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

13
4-1554

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1
Photo #2
Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the snowmen presented in the pictures you like
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

14

BAPHAHT 6
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on
how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language usage, many cities
have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.
Cities generally have complex systems for sanitation, utilities, land usage, housing, and
transportation. A big city or metropolis usually has associated suburbs. Once a city expands
far enough to reach another city, this region can be deemed a conurbation or megalopolis.
Towns and cities have a long history. The growth of modern industry from the late 18th
century onward led to massive urbanization and the rise of new great cities, first in Europe
and then in other parts of the world, as new opportunities brought huge numbers of migrants
from rural communities into urban areas. Today the world's population is slightly over half
urban, with millions still streaming annually into the growing cities of Asia, Africa and
Latin America.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

The Opening of a New Child Car,

You are considering sending your little brother/sister to the new child care centre
and now you'd like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct
questions to find out about the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
child care services
educational programs
age groups

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

15

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the locations presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPHAHT 7
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
The greenhouse effect causes the temperature on Earth to rise. It happens because heat cannot
escape through the upper levels of the air surrounding the Earth. The consequences of the
greenhouse effect may be disastrous: arctic ice is gradually melting, sea-level is rising. As a
result, all coastal areas may be flooded.
Global warming is the result of overheating of the air. It is caused by carbon dioxide
emissions from the burning of fossil fuels which collect in the space around the Earth.
Acid rain contains harmful quantities of acid. It is mostly caused by emissions which react
in the atmosphere to produce acids. Acid rain can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic
animals, and buildings. Besides, it has adverse impacts on human health.
Ozone depletion refers to the slow decline of ozone in the Earth's stratosphere. Ozone is
a protective layer absorbing harmful ultraviolet radiation which is produced by the Sun.
Ultraviolet radiation may cause skin cancer and affect the growth of plants.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering buying a new house and now you'd like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

location
sales price
architectural design
square footage
nearby shopping, restaurants, attractions

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

17
5-1554

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the fun activities presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

18

BAPHAHT 8
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Online education is rapidly increasing due to the development of computer technology. It
competes with traditional education on every level today. With the surge in Internet usage,
online schools are growing in their offerings and quality.
Online education is intended for those who cannot attend classes and communicate with
the professor face to face. Education is delivered via the Internet, multimedia resources or
videoconferencing. Professors and stude.nts communicate by exchanging electronic media or
in real time. Some universities offer online student support services, such as online advising
and registration, e-counseling, online textbook purchase, student governments and even
student newspapers.
Online education offers convenience and flexibility. Students do not have to attend classes
and they can work at their own pace within a schedule that they set for themselves. However,
having a course online does not mean that there will be less work. Online classes have deadlines
and due dates for assignments. If students want to be successful in an online course, they
will have to maintain a schedule.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering going on a cruise and now you'd like to get more information. In
1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:
1) new vacation packages
2) sail dates
3) prices/discounts
4) ship
5) restaurants, spas, lounges, bars and clubs
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

19

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the football matches presented in the pictures you'd watch
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

9()

BAPMAHT 9
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Technology refers to tools and machines that may be used to solve real-world problems. It
is a far-reaching term that may include simple tools, such as a crowbar or wooden spoon, or
more complex machines, such as a space station or particle accelerator. The word 'technology'
can also be used to refer to a collection of techniques.
Man's use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools.
The prehistoric discovery of the ability to control fire increased the available sources of
food. The invention of the wheel helped humans to travel and to control their environment.
Technology can be viewed as an activity that forms or changes culture.
Technology has affected society in a number of ways. In many societies, technology has helped
to develop more advanced economies, including today's global economy. Recent technological
developments, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened
physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.
However, not all technologies have been used for peaceful purposes. The development of
weapons of ever-increasing destructive power has progressed throughout history, from clubs
to nuclear weapons.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

Labrador puppies for sale

,,

,,

.,

,,

'

'

You are considering buying a Labrador puppy and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about
the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

price
location
colour
gender
date of birth

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

21
6-1554

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
where and when the photo was taken
what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend
You have to talk continuously, starting with:
"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the activities presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

22

mt

BAPHAHT 10
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

I
an

The Internet has made it possible for us to communicate with people all over the world. It has
created new job and business opportunities and democratized the media. What is more, the
Internet has become a major source of leisure. With the advent of the Internet, people's lives
have become much easier, considering the wealth of available information and the number
of tasks that can be performed online.
Computer users can access news, documents, images, sounds, weather and sports reports,
make friends, book tickets, publish their ideas and information to a large audience, and
purchase different things online. Owing to the Internet millions of people worldwide have
easy, instant access to a vast and diverse amount of up-to-date information.
Overall, the Internet can improve our lives in many ways, but it has a lot of disadvantages
as well. As the number of websites increases, the amount of time you spend browsing
for information will increase, too. Another disadvantage is receiving information that is
unreliable, falsified or exaggerated. People cannot always trust what they read on the web.
Providing personal information online when shopping or banking can result in hackers
gaining access to private data that can be used to steal your funds. What is more, going
online often means subjecting your computer to viruses that can crash your system.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

le

lk

You are considering visiting the new supermarket and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about
the following:

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
assortment
sales/ discount program/ special offers
extra services

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

23

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

)
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the performances presented in the pictures you'd prefer to watch
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPHAHT 11
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

The mass media help deliver information to large groups of people. The media are divided into
different types. Broadcast media, also known as electronic media, transmit their information
electronically and consist of television, radio, film, movies, CDs and DVDs. Radio consists of
music, news, talk shows and commercials. Television broadcasts information and entertainment
in the form of news and sports programs, reality shows, TV games, documentaries, feature
films, concerts, theatre performances and commercials.
Internet media provide many mass media services, such as email, websites, blogging, Internet
and television. Owing to the Internet millions of people worldwide have easy, instant access
to a vast and diverse amount of up-to-date information. They can access news, documents,
blogs, chat rooms, images and sounds. They can also download music, movies and video
games. Social media allow computer users to interact through social networks for business
or pleasure.
Print media publish news in the form of newspapers, magazines and other printed publications.
Newspaper stories usually provide readers with extra detail, comment and background
information compared with TV news spots.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering staying at the 5-star hotel and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about
the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

contact details (address, phone, fax, e-mail)


standard services (laundry, ironing, wake-up call etc)
facilities for relaxation (spa, swimming pool, bar etc)
online booking
prices/ special offers

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

25

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the situations presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPHAHT 12

lt

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
I

The arts are composed of many art forms united by their employment of the human creative
impulse. The term 'art' refers to the visual arts, the literary arts and the performing arts.
The visual arts are art forms that create works that are primarily visual in nature, such as
ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video,
filmmaking and architecture. Also included within the visual arts are the applied arts such
as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.
The literary arts, which are more often called literature, include poetry, novels and short
stories. The performing arts are art forms, in which artists use their body or voice to convey
artistic expression - as opposed to visual arts, in which artists use paint and canvas or
various materials to create physical art objects. The performing arts include dance, music,
opera, theatre, magic, spoken word, circus arts and musical theatre. Some art forms combine
a visual element with performance (e.g. film) or a visual element with the written word (e.g.
comics). Art can have a profound effect on people. Art has shaped and inspired thousands
of years of civilization, as made evident by the countless museums, galleries, theaters and
venues around the world to this day. Art often influences people to become artists and create
art themselves.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

new spa!
k

You are considering visiting the new spa and now you'd like to get more information.
In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the following:

..

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
spa services
relaxation areas
prices

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

27

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the doctors presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

28

BAPHAHT 13
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
The history of film began in the late 1880s with the invention of the first movie camera.
Initially films were mostly shown as a novelty in special venues. The first films were brought
by traveling projectionists and shown in tent theatres, which they took around the fairs in
country towns. The first theatre showing only films was 'The Nickelodeon', which was opened
in Pittsburgh in 1905. The first films had no sound, no colour and were very short: they
lasted from 60 to 90 seconds. Gradually films became longer. In 1903 Edwin Porter, an early
American film pioneer, made a 12-minute film 'The Great Train Robbery'.
In 1911 the first studio was opened in Hollywood, Los Angeles. The first feature film made
specifically in a Hollywood studio, in 1914, was 'The Squaw Man'. By 1920, Hollywood had
become world-famous as the center of the United States film industry. Four major film
companies - Paramount, Warner Bros., RKO and Columbia - had studios in Hollywood, as
did several minor companies and rental studios.
Initially, there were technical difficulties in synchronizing images with sound and films were
silent. Silent films were usually accompanied by live musicians, actors or commentary spoken
by the show-man or projectionist.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting the new fitness club and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about
the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
gym area
fitness programs
additional services for members (personal training, massage, fitness bar etc)

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.


29

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the fashion shows presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPHAHT 14
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Writing systems were invented in ancient civilizations. Nearly everything that could be
written upon - stone, clay, tree bark - was used for writing. Alphabetic writing emerged
in Egypt about 5,000 years ago. The Ancient Egyptians often wrote on papyrus. Before the
invention of the printing press, almost all books were copied by hand, which made them
expensive and rare. The bookmaking process was long and laborious. Writing a single book
took a lot of time and effort. The first books used parchment or calf skin for the pages. Book
covers were made of wood and covered with leather. At first, books were copied mostly in
monasteries.
The rise of universities in the 13th century led to an increase in the demand for books. A new
system for copying books appeared and the speed of book production increased considerably.
The centuries after the 15th century were spent on improving the printing press. By the mid20th century, European book production had risen to over 200,000 titles per year.
Today we can find books of all kinds in bookshops: novels, adventure stories, det ective stories,
thrillers, encyclopedias, philosophical works, guidebooks, dictionaries, reference books,
manuals, directories and volumes of verse.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

The opening of a new


veterinary clinic

You are considering visiting the new veterinary clinic and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the
following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
opening hours
services (medical and surgical procedures , vaccination, grooming etc)
veterinary staff

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.


31

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:
give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the situations presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

Lt

BAPHAHT 15
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

There are a lot of different musical styles and genres such as classical music, opera, folk
music, blues, jazz, country music, hip hop, dance music, electronic music, pop music, rock,
heavy metal and many others. Some of them appeared long ago and some are quite modern.
A lot of young people like pop music, hip hop and heavy metal.
Pop music is a genre of popular music which originated in its modern form in the 1950s,
deriving from rock 'n' roll. It is very eclectic, often borrowing elements from other styles.
The main goal of pop music is usually that of being pleasurable to listen to, rather than
having much artistic depth. Pop music is a genre which is commercially recorded and desires
to have a mass audience appeal.
Hip hop music consists of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping.
It developed as part of hip hop culture, a sub-culture defined by such stylistic elements as
rapping, break dancing, and graffiti painting. Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that
developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom and in the United
States. The bands that created heavy metal developed a thick, massive sound, characterized by
highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

k:

Visit our new bookstore!


You are considering visiting the new bookstore and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about
the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
stock
readings and even ts
rare book section

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.


33

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend
'I

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the tea ceremonies presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPHAHT 16
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
According to employment experts and economists, there are some popular career choices that
will have more opportunities available in the future. These popular career choices include
careers in information technology, health care, law, business and entrepreneurship. Within
these industries, there are a deluge of different opportunities for career seekers.
The health care industry is a fast-growing sector with many opportunities available to those
who would like to take care of sick people in some way. Opportunities are widespread, from
being a doctor to being a certified nursing assistant (CNA). Jobs include being a cardiologist,
registered nurse, hospital administrator and medical researcher.
There is always a need for business professionals in an industrialized nation. Accountants,
managers, entrepreneurs and salespeople are just a few of the opportunities available in
the business world. If you like being a part of the distribution and marketing of goods
and services, business is a good place to begin exploring career options. Starting your own
business can be rewarding, but also challenging. A person can technically start a business
with no education, but it is wise to get at least a master of business administration (MBA)
to get the necessary skills to make the business a profitable venture.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering joining the new language center and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the
following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
language courses
preparation for international exams
teaching methods

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

35

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:
give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the activities presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPHAHT 17
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Etiquette is dependent on culture and it evolves within culture. That is why the rules of
etiquette vary in different countries. People of different cultures greet each other differently.
In European countries people often shake hands. Hugs and kisses are considered proper only
among close friends and relatives. Some people greet each other taking the hat off. In France
you are expected to say 'bonjour' whenever entering any shop or caf and you should say 'au
revoir' before you leave. French people shake hands with their friends, or kiss them on both
cheeks each tinie they meet and leave.
Americans tend to be more casual than people in a lot of other countries when it comes
to greetings. In the United States introductions and greetings are usually accompanied
by shaking hands. Americans usually smile and make eye contact when shaking hands.
Introductions are given without titles. The name and a small bit of information establishing
common ground are given.
The British often do no more than say 'hello' when they see friends. Firm handshakes are used
with formal introductions but are not normally used after that. In Japan bowing is considered
very important and people learn how to bow correctly from a very young age. In Mexico
women pat each other on their right shoulder or forearm rather than shaking hands.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering going to the new English language summer camp and now you'd
like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to
find out about the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

location
age groups
English based programs
sports / recreational activities / excursions
on-site facilities

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.


37

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

'I

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the parties presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

BAPHAHT18
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Human beings are complex creatures. Our thoughts, feelings and emotions are all tied to
each other and impacted by things like physical sensations and memories. Feelings and
emotions are very similar, but they are not exactly the same. Feelings are often immediate
and transient things. We feel before we think. Sometimes the feeling remains, sometimes it
doesn't. You can feel emotions, and you can also feel sensations. You feel cold or hot; you feel
uncomfortable or nervous. On the other hand, a feeling can be a complex mix of emotions.
The way you feel about your Uncle Tom, for instance. You may feel love, but you may also
feel anger, resentment or embarrassment, or a combination of them.
Feelings are intensely personal and are always near the surface of our consciousness. Emotions
can be described as intensely felt feelings. They are very tied to our thoughts, but often
battle against them. When you are in the grip of strong emotions - a fit of rage or a bout of
weeping, for instance - you will have little ability to think clearly.
Emotions are powerful things, and may remain deeply seated in our consciousness. Thoughts
very often generate emotions. The thought that your boyfriend has cheated on you will
generate emotions like anger and hurt. Emotions do not always generate thoughts, though.
It is possible to have emotions you are not aware of or cannot explain.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

he openin

a ne" medical centre!

You are considering visiting the new medical centre and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the
following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
healthcare services
diagnostic facilities
prices

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.


39

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:
give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the sandcastles presented in the pictures you like
explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

A (I

BAPHAHT19

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
The popularity of extreme sports has grown a lot over the last few decades. Extreme sports
include surfing, rock climbing, parachuting, scuba diving, water skiing, snowboarding,
skateboarding, mountain biking, zorbing, hang gliding, bungee jumping and many others.
They give people a wonderful opportunity to relieve stress and to break the monotony of
everyday life. Those who are involved in extreme sports say that the experience is magical.
Extreme sports get the adrenaline going and make people forget about their problems.
Besides, it is always great to take up something new. It is really difficult to think about
trivial things when you have to survive and battle against the elements. It makes people feel
strong and alive. Also, it is an unusual way of losing weight and keeping fit.
However, extreme sports are not for everyone because they involve a high level of danger.
Many people admit that they are afraid of diving from a plane or jumping from a bridge.
Indeed, extreme sports are not for the faint-hearted. Some of them are so dangerous that
people compare them with virtual suicide. They require physical endurance and reliance on
your survival skills. Extreme sports often involve speed, height and physical exertion. What
is more, you will need a certain amount of money to pay for highly specialized gear and a
professional instructor.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

You are considering visiting the new professional photography studio and now you'd
like to get more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to
find out about the following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
props and photo background options
if you can see some samples of their work on a website
prices

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.


41

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

't
l

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:

give a brief description of the photos (action, location)


say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the activities presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why

You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

f
(

BAPIIAHT 20

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Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some
interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your
friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out
aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

Youth is a very complicated period when young people are undergoing the painful transition
from childhood to adulthood. There are many reasons why a teenager's behaviour may become
violent. Young people are facing psychological problems that may cause aggression and lead to
the rejection of adult values and experiences or to rebellion. Wishing to prove their maturity
and independence young people may commit various offences, or run away from home and
use violence against their peers.
Sometimes young people's antisocial behaviour disappears with the transition to adulthood.
But some of them create criminal groups or become involved in the activities of adult criminal
groups. Young people's lives and behaviour are greatly influenced by many factors: their
family, friends, neighbourhood, adults and peers as well as by the social, economic, political
and cultural conditions prevailing in the country they live in.
Many children and adolescents suffer from parental neglect, humiliation, child abuse or
domestic violence. If a teenager's parents are hostile to each other, to their children or to other
family members, the teenager is likely to exhibit similar behaviour. Besides, children who
do not receive adequate parental supervision are more likely to become involved in criminal
activities.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.

Visit our new Beauty Salon!

;{

You are considering visiting the new beauty salon and now you'd like to get more
information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out about the
following:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

date of opening
location
services (skin care, hair care, massage, nail care etc)
personnel
prices

You have 20 seconds to ask each question.


43

Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one photo to present
to your friend.
Photo #1

Photo #2

Photo #3

You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than
2 minutes (12-15 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:

where and when the photo was taken


what/ who is in the photo
what is happening
why you keep the photo
why you decided to show the picture to your friend

You have to talk continuously, starting with:


"I've chosen photo number ... " .
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the
photographs:
give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
say what the pictures have in common
say in what way the pictures are different
say which of the locations presented in the pictures you'd prefer
explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes (12-15 sentences). You have to talk
continuously.

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46

CO,ll;EPJKAHHE
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BapMaHT 1 .............................................................. 5
BapMaHT 2 .............................................................. 7
BapMaHT 3 .............................................................. 9
BapMaHT 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
BapMaHT 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
BapMaHT 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
BapMaHT 7 ............................................................. 17
BapMaHT 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
BapMaHT 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
BapMaHT 10 ............................................................ 23
BapMaHT 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
BapMaHT 12 ............................................................ 27
BapMaHT 13 ............................................................ 29
BapMaHT 14 ............................................................ 31
BapMaHT 15 ............................................................ 33
BapMaHT 16 ............................................................ 35
BapMaHT 17 ............................................................ 37
BapMaHT 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
BapMaHT 19 ............................................................ 41
BapMaHT 20 ........................................................... 43

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47

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