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# CHAPTER 2 POWER SYSTEM MODELS

2.1 Introduction
This chapter will derive models for the power system
necessary for load flow study, short circuit study, motor starting
study and protective device coordination.
2.2 Base Values
The per-unit value of any quantity is its ratio to the chosen
base quantity of the same dimensions, expressed as a
dimensionless number 1. In power system analysis, there are four
(4) base quantities in the per-unit system: base power (MVA), base
voltage (kV), base impedance (), and base current (A). Base
voltages assigned per system section are presented on Table 2.1
Base currents and impedances calculation and summary are
presented on Section 2.1.1. These base values will be used in
calculating the per-unit quantities that will be extensively used
throughout
this
Technical
report.

Per Unit =

Actual Value
Base Value

Equation (2.1)

Section

Bus 1
Bus 2
Bus 3
Bus 4

Description

TRM1 secondary
(6.9kV) bus
TRL3A secondary
(480V) bus
TRL3B secondary
(480V) bus

Base
Power
(MVA)

10

Base Voltage
(kVA)
13.8
6.9
0.48
0.48

## IEEE Recommended Practice for Industrial and Commercial Power

System Analysis-IEEE Std. 399-1997.
Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 7

Generator
8 sets
8.375MVA
13.8kV
Bus 1

Momentary:
Z=0.000639 + j 0.019257
p.u (10MVA base)

TRM1
40/52MVA
13.8kV/6.9kV

Interrupting:
Z=0.000685 + j 0.021452
p.u (10MVA base)

Bus 2

TRL3A
3MVA
13.8kV/480

TRL3B
3MVA
13.8kV/480

540W
4850W
650W
250W
315W
6.9kV
6.9kV
6.9kV
6.9kV
6.9kV

Bus 3

Bus 4

## Calculated values of base impedances and currents

summarized on Table 2.2 are presented per system voltage level.
Equations (2.2) and (2.3) will be used to calculate base impedances
and base currents respectively.
ZBASE

IBASE

VBASE 2
SBASE

SBASE
3 VBASE

Equation (2.2)

Equation (2.3)

## From the values of base power and base voltages on Table

2.1, the base impedance (ZBASE) and base current (IBASE) for three
voltage levels are calculated as follow:

Page 8

13.8kV system:

ZBASE

IBASE

VBASE 2
SBASE

SBASE

3Vbase

13.8x10

3 2

10x10

19.044

10x10 418.369
313.8x10
6

6.9kV system:

ZBASE

VBASE 2
SBASE

6.9x10

SBASE

3 Vbase

IBASE

3 2

10x106

4.761

10x10 836.739
3 6.9x10
6

0.48kV system:

ZBASE

VBASE

IBASE

SBASE

SBASE

3Vbase

4802
10x106

0.02304

3480

Section
13.8kV
System
6.9kV
System
0.48kV
System
0.48kV
System

Description
Generator 13.8kV
Bus
TRM1 secondary
(6.9kV) bus
TRL3A secondary
(480V) bus
TRL3B secondary
(480V) bus

418.36976

Base
Impedance
()
19.044

836.73952

4.761

12028.13061

0.02304

12028.13061

0.02304

Base
Current (A)

Page 9

## 2.3 Power Transformer Model

2.3.1 Power Transformer Data
There are three (3) power transformer on this system
namely TRM1 which is the main transformer and TRL3A/TRL3B
which are the serving the low voltage loads of the plant. Table 2.3
shows the detailed information on each of the three (3)
transformers.
Table 2.3 Transformer Datasheet
ID
Installation
Standard
Manufacturer
Model/Type
Serial No.
HV Side
Voltage

Frequency
LV Side

Construction

Ratings

Voltage

Circuit
System
grounding
Cooling
Type
Oil
preservati
on
Tap
changer
type
Rated
Capacity
Duty
Phases
Vector
Group
Tap of HV

TRM1
TRL3A
TRL3B
Outdoor
Outdoor
Outdoor
IEC 60076
IEC 60076 IEC 60076
Tirathai
Tirathai
Tirathai
PT 3W
5200/13800
5512751
13.8kV +/6.9 kV +/- 6.9 kV +/5%, 3ph, 3W 5%, 3ph, 3 5%, 3ph, 3
W
W
60Hz +/- 3%
60Hz +/60Hz +/3%
3%
6.9kV +/0.48kV +/- 0.48kV +/5%,3ph,3W
5%, 3ph,
5%, 3ph,
3W
3W
Solidly earth
Solidly
Solidly
earth
earth
ONAN/ONAF
(40/52MVA)
Conservator
type
changer

ONAN
ONAN
(3MVA)
(3MVA)
Conservato Conservato
r type
r type

40/52MVA
(ONAN/ONAF
)
Continuous
3phase
Dyn 11

tap
changer
3MVA
(ONAN)

tap
changer
3MVA
(ONAN)

Continuous
3phase
Dyn 11

Continuous
3phase
Dyn 11

+/- 2 x

'+/- 2 x

'+/- 2 x

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 10

winding
2.5%, NVTC
2.5%
Impedanc
16% at
7% @
e (Pos
52MVA
3MVA
Seq)
Impedanc
13.8% at
7% @
e (Zero
52MVA
3MVA
Seq)
X/R
35.39
6.28
Tolerance
+/-7.5%
+/- 10%
Impedanc
e
Rated
65degC
65degC
Winding
Temp
Rated Top
60degC
60degC
Oil Temp
Maximum
40degC
40degC
Design
Temp
Inrush
6420 A
1780 A
Current
Source: PECEP(JGSPC) document V-F031-TRAN-01-006

2.5%
7% @
3MVA
7% @
3MVA
6.28
+/- 10%

65degC

60degC
40degC

1780 A

## 2.3.2 Power Transformer Impedance Modelling

Transformer impedances are converted from their
respective impedances based on their MVA rating to 52MVA base
using equation 2.4.

ZNEW ZOLD x

VOLD 2
VNEW 2

SNEW
SOLD

Equation (2.4)

## In order to express the impedances in complex rectangular

format R+ jX, Resistance (R) and reactance (X) can be calculated
from impedance (Z) and X/R ratio using the following equation:

R Z x cos tan-1
R

Equation (2.5)

X Z x sin tan-1
R

Equation (2.6)

Page 11

ID

Description

TRM
1
TRL
3A
TRL
3B

Main
Transformer

0.16

0.16

0.138

Z rated
at
(MVA)
52

0.07

0.07

0.07

6.9

6.28

0.07

0.07

0.07

6.9

6.28

Z1
()

Z2
()

Zo
()

VBASE
(kV)

X/R

13.8

35.39

## 2.3.2.1 Impedances and Admittance for TRM1

For Positive and Negative Sequence Impedance
Using Equation 2.4 and using data from Table 2.4, with the positive
and negative sequence impedance of TRM1 on 52MVA at 16% or
0.16 p.u.

VOLD 2
ZNEW ZOLD x
VNEW 2
Z1@10MVA

Z1@10MVA

S
x NEW
SOLD

13.8x10 x 10x10
Z
x
13.8x10 52x10
13.8x10 x 10x10 0.03076923 p.u
0.16x
13.8x10 52x10
1@ 52MVA

Z1 Z2 0.03076923

32

32

3 2

3 2

p.u

and 2.6:

R

R

Page 12

## Therefore, the Positive and Negative Sequence impedance

of transformer TRM1 in rectangular format is

## Z1 Z2 0.000869 j0.030756 p.u

with the equivalent network as shown on figures 2.3.1 and 2.3.2.

Z1
0.000869086 p.u

J0.0307556 p.u

PRI
(DELTA SIDE)

SEC
(WYE SIDE)
Reference bus

Z2
0.000869086 p.u

J0.0307556 p.u

PRI
(DELTA SIDE)

SEC
(WYE SIDE)
Reference bus

## For Zero Sequence Impedance

Using Equation 2.4 and using data from Table 2.4, with the zero
sequence impedance of TRM1 on 52MVA at 13.8% or 0.138 p.u.

ZNEW ZOLD

VOLD 2
VNEW 2

Z0@10MVA Z0@52MVA

SNEW
SOLD

13.8x10
13.8x10

32

10x106

32

52x106

Page 13

Z0@10MVA

13.8x10
0.138
13.8x10

32

10x106

32

52x106

## at 10MVA zero sequence impedance is

Z0 0.026538 p.u
Converting the impedance to rectangular format using equation 2.5
and 2.6:

R

R

## Therefore, the Zero Sequence impedance of transformer TRM1 at

10MVA base in rectangular format is

Page 14

## For a Delta-wye transformer with solidly grounded

secondary, the equivalent zero sequence impedance representation
is shown below.

Zo
0.000749 pu j0.026527 pu

PRI
(DELTA SIDE)

SEC
(WYE SIDE)

Reference bus
Figure 2.4 Zero Sequence Impedance network of TRM1

1
Z1

1
0.000869 j0.030756

## For Positive, Negative and Zero Sequence Impedance

Using Equation 2.4 and using data from Table 2.4, the impedances
on 3MVA base at 7% or 0.07 p.u.

ZNEW

VOLD 2
ZOLD x
VNEW 2

S
x NEW
SOLD

Page 15

Z1@10MVA

Z1@10MVA

13.8x10 x 10x10
Z
x
13.8x10 3x10
13.8x10 x 10x10
0.07
13.8x10 3x10
32

1@ 3MVA

32

3 2

3 2

Z1@10MVA 0.2333

p.u

and 2.6:

R

R

## Therefore, the Positive, Negative and Zero sequence impedance of

transformer TRL3A/3B in rectangular format is

## Z1 Z2 Z0 0.036692 j0.23043 p.u

with the equivalent network as shown on figures 2.3.4, 2.3.5 and
2.3.6

Z1
0.036692 pu

J 0.23043 pu

PRI
(DELTA SIDE)

SEC
(WYE SIDE)
Reference bus

TRL3A/3B

Page 16

Z2
0.036692 pu

J 0.23043 pu

PRI
(DELTA SIDE)

SEC
(WYE SIDE)
Reference bus

## Figure 2.6 Negative Sequence Impedance network of

TRL3A/3B

Zo
0.036692 pu

J 0.23043 pu

PRI
(DELTA SIDE)

SEC
(WYE SIDE)

Reference bus
Figure 2.7 Zero Sequence Impedance network of TRL3A/3B

## For TRL3A and TRL3B Admittance

1
Z1

1
0.036692 j0.23043

Page 17

## Table 2.5 Summary of Zero, Positive and negative sequence

impedances of transformers at 10MVA base
ID
TRM1
TRL3A
TRL3B

Z1 (pu)
0.000869 + j0.030756
0.036692 + j0.23043
0.036692 + j0.23043

ID
TRM1
TRL3A
TRL3B

Z0 (pu)
0.000749 + j0.026527
0.036692 + j0.23043
0.036692 + j0.23043

Z2 (pu)
0.000869 + j0.030756
0.036692 + j0.23043
0.036692 + j0.23043
Y (pu)
0.917938 - j32.488044
0.673936 - j4.232399
0.673936 - j4.232399

## 2.4 Motor Model

For motor sub-transient impedance ZM, the per unit value is
given as:
"
ZM
PU

ZM
ZBASE

## As per 2IEC 60909-0:2001 equation 26 for induction motor,

the impedance ZM is given as:
"
ZM

1
ILR
IM

VM
3 IM

"
R M jXM

## Where ILR is the motor locked rotor current

IM is the motor rated current
VM is the motor rated voltage
Since only the locked rotor current data of the motors are
available, XM and RM will be approximated using IEC 60909-0:2001
recommendation which is

RM

"
XM

"
"
0.1 with XM
0.995 ZM
for medium voltage motors power per

2

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 18

RM

"
"
0.15 with XM
0.989 ZM
for medium voltage motors power
"
XM

## per pair poles < 1MW; and

RM

"
XM

"
0.42 with XM 0.922 ZM
for low-voltage motors

ZBASE

VBASE 2
SBASE

ZM pu will be

1
"
ZM
PU

ILR
IM

VM
3 IM

VBASE 2

x M
3 ILR VM VBASE
SBASE

SBASE
"
ZM
PU

x M
3 ILR VM VBASE
SBASE

Equation (2.7)

Page 19

## 2.4.1 Medium Voltage Motor Models

Table 2.6 Summary of Medium Voltage Motor Data

Description

kVA

ILR/IM

Voltage
(kV)

Current
(A)

No. of
Poles

Pair
Pole

Vent
Recovery
compressor
Motor
Mixer Motor
Blower Motor
Blower Motor

727.17

4.5

6.9

60.85

12

0.12

5806.99
394.74
320.92

5.5
5.5
5.5

6.9
6.9
6.9

485.89
33.03
26.85

6
4
4

1.94
0.20
0.16

Description

RM PU/XM

XM PU/ZM PU

PU

Mixer Motor
Blower Motor
Blower Motor
Meltpump Motor

0.150
0.100
0.150
0.150
0.150

0.989
0.995
0.989
0.989
0.989

## 2.4.1.1 For PE-KM5806 VRS Motor

Using
impedance:
"
ZM
PU

"
ZM
PU

equation

2.7

x M
3 ILR VM VBASE
SBASE

to

calculate

the

sub-transient

10x106

6900
x

3 (273.81)(6900) 6900

"
ZM
P U 3.0560 p.u

"
XM
pu

XM
"
x ZM
PU
ZM

"
XM
pu 0.989 x 3.0560 3.0224 p.u

Page 20

RM PU

RM
"
x XM
pu
XM

## RM PU 0.15 x 3.0224 0.4534 p.u

"
ZM
P U 0.4534 j3.0224 p.u

## The Positive and Negative Sequence Impedance of PE-KM5806 VRS

Motor is
"
"
Z1
PU Z2 PU 0.4534 j3.0224 p.u

figure
Z1"
0.4534 pu

J 3.0224 pu

Reference bus

Z2"
0.4534 pu

J 3.0224 pu

Reference bus

Page 21

## 2.4.1.2 For YM7601 Mixer Motor

Using
impedance:

equation

2.7

"
ZM
PU

x M
3 ILR VM VBASE

"
ZM
PU

x M
3 ILR VM VBASE

SBASE

"
ZM
P U

SBASE

to

calculate

the

sub-transient

10x106

6900
x

3 (2672.42)(6900) 6900

"
ZM
P U 0.3131 p.u

"
XM
pu

XM
"
x ZM
PU
ZM

"
XM
pu 0.995 x 0.3131 0.3115 p.u

RM PU

RM
"
x XM
pu
XM

## RM PU 0.10 x 0.3115 0.0312 p.u

"
ZM
P U 0.0312 j0.3115 p.u

## The Positive and Negative Sequence Impedance of PE-YM7601

Mixer Motor is
Z1 PU Z2 PU 0.0312 j0.3115 p.u

figure

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 22

Z1"
0.0312 pu J 0.3115 pu

Reference bus

Z2"
0.0312 pu

J 0.3115 pu

Reference bus

## 2.4.1.3 For KM8639 Blower 1 Motor

Using
impedance:
"
ZM
PU

"
ZM
PU

equation

V
SBASE
x M
3 ILR VM VBASE

2.7

to

calculate

the

sub-transient

10x106

6900
x

3 (181.66)(6900) 6900

"
ZM
P U 4.6061 p.u

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 23

"
XM
pu

XM
x ZM P.U
ZM

"
XM
pu 0.989 x 4.6061 4.5554 p.u

RM PU

RM
"
x XM
pu
XM

## RM PU 0.150 x 4.5554 0.6833 p.u

"
ZM
P U 0.6833 j4.5554 p.u

## The Positive and Negative Sequence Impedance of PE-KM8639

Blower 1 Motor is
Z1 PU Z2 PU 0.6833 j4.5554 p.u

figure
Z1"
0.6833 pu

J 4.5554 pu

Reference bus

Page 24

Z2"
0.6833 pu

J 4.5554 pu

Reference bus

## 2.4.1.4 For KM8601 Blower 2 Motor

Using
impedance:
"
ZM
PU

equation

2.7

x M
3 ILR VM VBASE

"
ZM
P U

SBASE

to

calculate

the

sub-transient

10x106

6900
x

3 (147.69)(6900) 6900

"
ZM
P U 5.6655 p.u

"
XM
pu

XM
"
x ZM
PU
ZM

"
XM
pu 0.989 x 5.6655 5.6031 p.u

RM PU

RM
"
x XM
pu
XM

## RM PU 0.150 x 5.6031 0.8405 p.u

"
ZM
P U 0.8405 j5.6031 p.u

## The Positive and Negative Sequence Impedance of PE-KM8601ower

2 motor is
Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 25

## With the equivalent positive and negative impedance as shown on

figure
Z1"
0.8405 pu J 5.6031 pu

Reference bus

Z2"
0.8405 pu

J 5.6031 pu

Reference bus

Page 26

## Table 2.7 Summary of per unit impedances of medium

voltage motors at 10MVA base
Equipment
ID
PE-KM5806
PE-YM7601
PE-KM8639
PE-KM8601

Description
Vent Recovery
compressor Motor
Mixer Motor
Blower Motor
Blower Motor

Z1 PU

Z2 PU

0.4533+j3.0223 0.4533+j3.0223
0.0311+j0.3115 0.0311+j0.3115
0.6833+j4.5553 0.6833+j4.5553
0.8404+j5.6031 0.8404+j5.6031

## 2.4.2 Low Voltage Motor Models

Table 2.8 Summary of Low Voltage Motor Data of MCC8
Equipment ID

Description

ILR

RM /XM

XM /ZM

GM-1412

ICA Charge
Pump
ICA Charge
Pump
BMC-200 Slurry
Feed Tank
Agitator Motor
Modifier D Feed
Tank Agitator
motor
Slurry Feed
Tank Agitator
Motor
T3 Residence
Time pot
Agitator Motor
DC Residence
Time pot
Agitator Motor
Cylinder Roller
motor
motor
Drum Dumper

247.448

0.420

0.922

247.448

0.420

0.922

16.6257

0.420

0.922

11.3966

0.420

0.922

11.3966

0.420

0.922

5.54979

0.420

0.922

5.54979

0.420

0.922

48.0481

0.420

0.922

147.601

0.420

0.922

44.0707

0.420

0.922

GM-1413
PE-YM4078

PE-YM4089

PE-YM4352

PE-GM4356

PE-GM4357

PE-SM4360
PE-SM6825
PE-SM6828

Page 27

PE-SM6853

PE-KM6831-1

PE-KM6832-1

PE-YCM6832
PE-KM6833-1

PE-KM6834-1

PE-KM6835-1

PE-YCM6835
PE-YM6851
PE-GM-5814-1

PE-GM5821
PE-GM5812

PE-GM5815

PE-GM5825

PE-VM5814

PE-GM5806A-2
PE-GM5806B2

motor
Talc bulk bag
discharger
motor
Bag Dump
station exhaust
fan motor
Bag Dump
station exhaust
fan motor
Bag Compactor
motor
Bag Dump
station exhaust
fan motor
Bag Dump
station exhaust
fan motor
Bag Dump
station exhaust
fan motor
Bag Compactor
motor
Talc surge bin
filter motor
Vent Recovery
Ref Compressor
Oil Pump
Glycol pump
motor
Low pressure
condensate
return pump
High pressure
condensate
return pump
Interstage
condensate
return pump
Vent Recovery
Ref Compressor
Motor
Main Cooling
Pump motor
Aux Cooling
pump motor

37.5711

0.420

0.922

11.8081

0.420

0.922

11.8081

0.420

0.922

16.1019

0.420

0.922

11.8081

0.420

0.922

11.8081

0.420

0.922

11.8081

0.420

0.922

16.1019

0.420

0.922

3.97181

0.420

0.922

11.8081

0.420

0.922

203.544

0.420

0.922

67.628

0.420

0.922

266.563

0.420

0.922

276.407

0.420

0.922

1484.84

0.420

0.922

42.9384

0.420

0.922

42.9384

0.420

0.922
Page 28

PE-GM5806BD2
GM8102
GM8103A
GM8103S

motor
Hexene-1
Hexene-1 feed
pump
Hexene-1 feed
pump

24.7465

0.420

0.922

80.5096

0.420

0.922

319.438

0.420

0.922

319.438

0.420

0.922

Equipment
ID
PE-7601M1
PE-YM7610
PE-GM7612
PE7601VG1M
PE7601VG2M
PE7604G1M-A
PE7604G1M-B
7604K1M
PE7601G1M
PE7605G1M
PE-KM7615
PE-Y7730
PE-Y7733
PE7604G3M
PE7604G4M
PE7601VG3M

Description

ILR

RM /XM

XM /ZM

## Barring unit motor

Pellet dryer motor
Pelleting water pump
motor
Lube oil pump motor

456.163
182.64
638.531

0.420
0.420
0.420

0.922
0.922
0.922

221.248

0.420

0.922

221.248

0.420

0.922

## Lube oil return pump

motor
Lube oil return pump
motor
Cooling fan for PEYM7604
Hydraulic oil pump
motor
hydraulic oil pump
motor for S/C
Pellet dryer exhaust
fan dryer
Pellet screener
Pellet Mass flowmeter
motor
Hot oil pump

54.0537

0.420

0.922

54.0537

0.420

0.922

46.3377

0.420

0.922

99.5536

0.420

0.922

182.64

0.420

0.922

73.1219

0.420

0.922

129.087
40.7915

0.420
0.420

0.922
0.922

161.019

0.420

0.922

161.019

0.420

0.922

for mixer motor

20.9356

0.420

0.922

Page 29

PE7601VG4M
PE-KM7604
PE-SM7714
SM8605
SM8606
KM8607
SM8610
SM8614A
SM8641
SM8645
PE-SM5611
PEYM5611C
PE-YM5612
PE-Y5160
PE-Y5619
PE-Y5951
PE-Y5952
PE-SM5962

## Lube oil pump motor

for mixer motor
Meltpump purge air
fan
Pellet rotary feeder
Elutriator rotary
feeder motor
Elutriator Filter rotary
feeder motor
Wash Air fan motor
feeder
Transition bin rotary
feeder motor
feeder
Pellet Blending
blower motor
Product purge bin
rotary feeder motor
Lube oil fan motor

20.9356

0.420

0.922

212.903

0.420

0.922

16.1019
23.6161

0.420
0.420

0.922
0.922

4.29384

0.420

0.922

415.269
23.6161

0.420
0.420

0.922
0.922

23.6161

0.420

0.922

23.6161

0.420

0.922

1562.29

0.420

0.922

118.081

0.420

0.922

4.07915

0.420

0.922

Particle screener
motor
Product purge bin
filter
Low product purge
bin filter
Seed bed resin
storage bin filter no 1
Seed bed resin
storage bin filter no 2
Seed bed rotary
feeder motor

26.8365

0.420

0.922

95.6454

0.420

0.922

95.6454

0.420

0.922

31.0403

0.420

0.922

31.0403

0.420

0.922

38.3214

0.420

0.922

## 2.4.2.1 For GM-1412 ICA Charge Pump Motor

"
ZM
PU

x M
3 ILR VM VBASE

"
ZM
P U

SBASE

10x106

480
x

3 (247.448)(480) 480

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 30

"
ZM
P U 48.6087 p.u

"
XM
pu

XM
"
x ZM
PU
ZM

"
XM
pu 0.922 x 48.6087 44.8172 p.u

RM PU

RM
"
x XM
pu
XM

## RM PU 0.420 x 44.8172 18.8232 p.u

"
ZM
P U 18.8232 j44.8172 p.u

## The Positive and Negative Sequence Impedance of GM-1412 ICA

charge Pump Motor is
Z1 PU Z2 PU 18.8232 j44.8172 p.u

## With the equivalent positive and negative impedance as

shown on figure
Z1"
18.8232 pu J 44.8172 pu

Reference bus

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 31

Z2"
18.8232 pu J 44.8172 pu

Reference bus

## Figure 2.18 Negative Sequence Impedance network of PEGM1412

Repeating the same procedure for the rest of the low
voltage motors. The results are summarized on Table below
Table 2.10 Summary of Calculation results for Positive and
Negative Sequence Impedance for MCC8 Motor Load at
10MVA base
Description

Z1 PU

Z2 PU

ICA Charge
Pump
ICA Charge
Pump
BMC-200
Slurry Feed
Tank Agitator
Motor
Modifier D
Feed Tank
Agitator motor
Slurry Feed
Tank Agitator
Motor
T3 Residence
Time pot
Agitator Motor
DC Residence
Time pot
Agitator Motor
Cylinder Roller

18.8232+j44.8172

18.8232+j44.8172

18.8232+j44.8172

18.8232+j44.8172

280.1555+j667.0369

280.1555+j667.0369

408.6992+j973.0935

408.6992+j973.0935

408.6992+j973.0935

408.6992+j973.0935

839.2696+j1998.2611

839.2696+j1998.2611

839.2696+j1998.2611

839.2696+j1998.2611

96.9397+j230.8089

96.9397+j230.8089

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 32

motor
motor
Drum Dumper
motor
Talc bulk bag
discharger
motor
Bag Dump
station
exhaust fan
motor
Bag Dump
station
exhaust fan
motor
Bag
Compactor
motor
Bag Dump
station
exhaust fan
motor
Bag Dump
station
exhaust fan
motor
Bag Dump
station
exhaust fan
motor
Bag
Compactor
motor
Talc surge bin
filter motor
Vent Recovery
Ref
Compressor
Oil Pump
Glycol pump
motor
Low pressure
condensate
return pump
High pressure

31.5565+j75.1346

31.5565+j75.1346

105.6886+j251.6395

105.6886+j251.6395

123.9721+j295.1717

123.9721+j295.1717

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

289.2682+j688.734

289.2682+j688.734

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

289.2682+j688.734

289.2682+j688.734

1172.7092+j2792.1648

1172.7092+j2792.1648

394.4567+j939.1827

394.4567+j939.1827

22.8833+j54.4841

22.8833+j54.4841

68.8734+j163.9842

68.8734+j163.9842

17.4734+j41.6034

17.4734+j41.6034

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 33

condensate
return pump
Interstage
condensate
return pump
Vent Recovery
Ref
Compressor
Motor
Main Cooling
Pump motor
Aux Cooling
pump motor
Lube oil pump
motor
Hexene-1
pump
Hexene-1 feed
pump
Hexene-1 feed
pump

16.8511+j40.1217

16.8511+j40.1217

3.1368+j7.4687

3.1368+j7.4687

108.4756+j258.2752

108.4756+j258.2752

108.4756+j258.2752

108.4756+j258.2752

188.2191+j448.1408

188.2191+j448.1408

57.8536+j137.7468

57.8536+j137.7468

14.5811+j34.717

14.5811+j34.717

14.5811+j34.717

14.5811+j34.717

## Table 2.11 Summary of Calculation results for Positive and

Negative Sequence Impedance for MCC9 Motor Load at
10MVA base
Description

Z1 PU

Z2 PU

10.2107+j24.311
3
25.5025+j60.720
2
7.2945+j17.3678
21.0523+j50.124
5
21.0523+j50.124
5
86.1693+j205.16
5
86.1693+j205.16
5
100.5179+j239.3
284

10.2107+j24.311
3
25.5025+j60.720
2
7.2945+j17.3678
21.0523+j50.124
5
21.0523+j50.124
5
86.1693+j205.16
5
86.1693+j205.16
5
100.5179+j239.3
284

## Pellet dryer motor

Pelleting water pump motor
Lube oil pump motor
Lube oil pump motor
Lube oil return pump motor
Lube oil return pump motor
Cooling fan for PE-YM7604

Page 34

## Hydraulic oil pump motor

hydraulic oil pump motor for
S/C
Pellet dryer exhaust fan
dryer
Pellet screener
Pellet Mass flowmeter motor
Hot oil pump
Hot oil pump
Lube oil pump motor for
mixer motor
Lube oil pump motor for
mixer motor
Meltpump purge air fan
Pellet rotary feeder
Elutriator rotary feeder
motor
Elutriator Filter rotary feeder
motor
Wash Air fan motor
Transition bin rotary feeder
motor
Pellet Blending blower motor
Product purge bin rotary
feeder motor
Lube oil fan motor
Particle screener motor
Product purge bin filter
Low product purge bin filter

46.7865+j111.39
65
25.5025+j60.720
2
63.6987+j151.66
37
36.0823+j85.910
3
114.1848+j271.8
686
28.9268+j68.873
4
28.9268+j68.873
4
222.4812+j529.7
172
222.4812+j529.7
172
21.8774+j52.089
1
289.2682+j688.7
34
197.2283+j469.5
913
1084.756+j2582.
7525
11.2162+j26.705
4
197.2283+j469.5
913
197.2283+j469.5
913
197.2283+j469.5
913
2.9813+j7.0985
39.4456+j93.918
2
1141.8484+j271
8.6868
173.5609+j413.2
404
48.6983+j115.94
84
48.6983+j115.94
84

46.7865+j111.39
65
25.5025+j60.720
2
63.6987+j151.66
37
36.0823+j85.910
3
114.1848+j271.8
686
28.9268+j68.873
4
28.9268+j68.873
4
222.4812+j529.7
172
222.4812+j529.7
172
21.8774+j52.089
1
289.2682+j688.7
34
197.2283+j469.5
913
1084.756+j2582.
7525
11.2162+j26.705
4
197.2283+j469.5
913
197.2283+j469.5
913
197.2283+j469.5
913
2.9813+j7.0985
39.4456+j93.918
2
1141.8484+j271
8.6868
173.5609+j413.2
404
48.6983+j115.94
84
48.6983+j115.94
84
Page 35

## Seed bed resin storage bin

filter no 1
Seed bed resin storage bin
filter no 2
Seed bed rotary feeder
motor

150.0555+j357.2
75
150.0555+j357.2
75
121.5449+j289.3
927

150.0555+j357.2
75
150.0555+j357.2
75
121.5449+j289.3
927

## 2.5 Cable Model

Converting the cable impedances to per unit values using equation
2.7.1 and base impedances from Table 2.1.1.

ZP U
ZP U

Z Actual
ZBase

ZBase

## 2.5.1 For Medium Voltage Cables

Table 2.12 Cable data for Medium Voltage Cables
Eqpt
ID

Cable Type

Size
(mm2)

Wire
/

Length
(m)

R1
(
/km)

X1
(/km
)

TL1

1CCV(8.7/15kV),
Cu/XLPE/CTS/A
WA/PVC

630

115

0.04

0.1138

TL2

3CCV(6/10(12)kV)
3CCV(6/10(12)kV)
3CCV(6/10(12kV))

185

54

0.128

0.0888

185

60

0.128

0.0888

185

313

0.128

0.1066

1CCV(6/10(12kV))

240

458

0.0986

0.1027

3CCV(6/10(12)kV)

185

218

0.128

0.1066

3CCV(6/10(12)kV)

185

405

0.128

0.1066

TL3
PEKM580
6
PEYM7601
PEKM863
9
PEKM860
1

Page 36

Voltage Cables
Equipment ID
TL1
TL2
TL3
PE-KM5806
PE-YM7601
PE-KM8639
PE-KM8601

RO
( /km)
0.1648
0.6034
0.6034
0.6034
0.3121
0.6034
0.6034

XO
(/km)
0.0361
0.0287
0.0287
0.0287
0.0417
0.0287
0.0287

ZP U

ZP U

## Rper km jXper km x length

ZBase x wire/phase

## 0.04 j0.1138 x 115/1000

19.044x5

ZP U 0.000048 j0.000137 pu
Z1 Z2 0.000048 j0.000137 pu

ZP U

ZP U

## Rper km jXper km x length

ZBase x wire/phase

## 0.1648 j0.0361 x 115/1000

19.044x5

ZP U 0.000199 j0.000043 pu
Z0 0.000199 j0.000043 pu

Page 37

## Repeating the same calculation for positive, negative and

zero sequence impedance for rest of the Medium Voltage cables.
Table 2.14 Summary of calculation results for Medium
Voltage Cables for Positive, Negative and Zero Sequence
Impedance at 10MVA base
Equipment ID
TL1
TL2
TL3
PE-KM5806
PE-YM7601
PE-KM8639
PE-KM8601
PE-YM7604

Z1 and Z2 (pu)
0.000048 + j0.000137
0.001451 + j0.001007
0.001613 + j0.001119
0.008415 + j0.007008
0.009485 + j0.009879
0.00586 + j0.004881
0.010888 + j0.009068
0.011867 + j0.006559

Z0 (pu)
0.000199
0.006843
0.007604
0.039669
0.030023
0.027628
0.051328
0 + j0

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

j0.000043
j0.000325
j0.000361
j0.001886
j0.004011
j0.001314
j0.002441

## Cable Positive Sequence Admittance for TL1, TL2 and TL3

TL1

YTL1

YTL1

1
Z TL1pos

1
0.000048 + j0.000137

## YTL1 2277.796 - j6501.210 p.u

TL2

YTL2

YTL2

1
Z TL2pos

1
0.001451 + j0.001007

p.u

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 38

TL3

YTL3

YTL3

1
Z TL3pos

1
0.001613 + j0.001119

p.u

## Table 2.15 Summary of calculation results for Medium

Voltage Cables for Admittance at 10MVA base
ID
TL1
TL2
TL3

Y (pu)
2277.796 - j6501.210
465.146 - j322.813
418.533 - j290.352

## 2.5.2 For Low Voltage Cables

Table 2.16 Summary of Cable data for Low Voltage Cables for
MCC8

Eqpt ID
GM-1412
GM-1413
PE-YM4078
PE-YM4089
PE-YM4352
PE-GM4356
PE-GM4357
PE-SM4360

Cable Type
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
4C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Size
(mm2)

Length
(m)

R
( /m)

X
(/m)

70

374

0.343

0.0886

70

374

0.343

0.0886

2.5

302

9.45

0.113

2.5

302

9.45

0.113

2.5

244

9.45

0.113

2.5

216

9.45

0.113

2.5

216

9.45

0.113

237

3.93

0.101

Page 39

PE-SM6825

95

426

0.248

0.0852

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

115

9.45

0.113

2.5

343

9.45

0.113

35

349

0.669

0.0893

16

336

1.47

0.092

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

50

336

0.494

0.0882

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
PE-VM5814
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
PE-GM5806A-2 3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
PE-GM5806B2
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
PE-GM5806BD-2 3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
GM8102
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
GM8103A
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

50

336

0.494

0.0882

150

343

0.16

0.0852

326

3.93

0.101

326

0.88

0.106

326

5.88

0.106

25

444

0.927

0.092

95

445

0.248

0.0852

PE-SM6828
PE-SM6853
PE-KM6831-1
PE-KM6832-1
PE-YCM6832
PE-KM6833-1
PE-KM6834-1
PE-KM6835-1
PE-YCM6835
PE-YM6851
PE-GM-5814-1
PE-GM5821
PE-GM5812

PE-GM5815

4C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)
3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

PE-GM5825

Page 40

GM8103S

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

95

445

0.248

0.0852

## Note: all cables are 1 wire per phase

Table 2.17 Summary of Cable data for Low Voltage Cables for
MCC9

Equipment ID

Cable Type

Size
(mm2)

Length
(m)

R(
/m)

X
(/m)

PE-7601M1

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

95

445

0.248

0.0852

PE-YM7610

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

35

422

0.669

0.0893

PE-GM7612

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

240

448

0.0998

0.0848

PE-7601VG1M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

50

445

0.248

0.0852

PE-7601VG2M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

50

445

0.248

0.0852

PE-7604G1M-A

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

444

2.33

0.0965

PE-7604G1M-B

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

444

2.33

0.0965

7604K1M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

444

2.33

0.0965

PE-7601G1M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

25

444

0.927

0.092

PE-7605G1M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

50

444

0.248

0.0852

PE-KM7615

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

16

440

1.47

0.092

PE-Y7730

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

422

2.33

0.0965

PE-Y7733

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

408

5.88

0.106

PE-7604G3M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

35

422

0.669

0.0893

PE-7604G4M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

35

422

0.669

0.0893

Page 41

PE-7601VG3M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

445

5.88

0.106

PE-7601VG4M

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

445

5.88

0.106

PE-KM7604

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

50

445

0.248

0.0852

PE-SM7714

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

417

0.88

0.106

SM8605

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

2.5

174

9.45

0.113

SM8606

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

2.5

174

9.45

0.113

KM8607

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

25

174

0.927

0.092

SM8610

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

2.5

174

9.45

0.113

SM8614A

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

180

5.88

0.106

SM8641

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

2.5

167

9.45

0.113

SM8645

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

240

212

0.0998

0.0848

PE-SM5611

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

78

0.88

0.106

PE-YM5611C

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

2.5

78

9.45

0.113

PE-YM5612

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

461

0.88

0.106

PE-Y5160

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

422

2.33

0.0965

PE-Y5619

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

422

2.33

0.0965

PE-Y5951

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

444

2.33

0.0965

PE-Y5952

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

444

2.33

0.0965

PE-SM5962

3C+PECV(0.6/1kV)

10

444

2.33

0.0965

Page 42

## Table 2.18 Summary of Zero sequence resistance and

reactance for Medium Voltage Cables for MCC8

Equipment ID

RO
( /km)

XO
(/km)

GM-1412

0.7586

0.071

GM-1413

0.7586

0.071

PE-YM4078

13.493

0.0902

PE-YM4089

13.493

0.0902

PE-YM4352

13.493

0.0902

PE-GM4356

13.493

0.0902

PE-GM4357

13.493

0.0902

PE-SM4360

5.8425

0.0778

PE-SM6825

0.5616

0.067

PE-SM6828

13.493

0.0902

PE-SM6853

13.493

0.0902

PE-KM6831-1

13.493

0.0902

PE-KM6832-1

13.493

0.0902

PE-YCM6832

13.493

0.0902

PE-KM6833-1

13.493

0.0902

PE-KM6834-1

13.493

0.0902

PE-KM6835-1

13.493

0.0902

PE-YCM6835

13.493

0.0902

PE-YM6851

13.493

0.0902

PE-GM-5814-1

13.493

0.0902

Page 43

PE-GM5821

1.4954

0.0732

PE-GM5812

2.3692

0.0737

PE-GM5815

1.0815

0.072

PE-GM5825

1.0815

0.072

PE-VM5814

0.3348

0.0691

PE-GM5806A-2

5.901

0.0808

PE-GM5806B2

5.901

0.0808

PE-GM5806BD-2

8.9393

0.085

GM8102

1.7904

0.0761

GM8103A

0.5739

0.069

GM8103S

0.5739

0.069

## Table 2.19 Summary of Zero sequence resistance and

reactance for Medium Voltage Cables for MCC9

Equipment ID

RO
( /km)

XO
(/km)

PE-7601M1

0.5739

0.069

PE-YM7610

1.4954

0.0732

PE-GM7612

0.2369

0.0685

PE-7601VG1M

1.0815

0.072

PE-7601VG2M

1.0815

0.072

PE-7604G1M-A

3.7375

0.0776

Page 44

PE-7604G1M-B

3.7375

0.0776

7604K1M

3.7375

0.0776

PE-7601G1M

1.7904

0.0761

PE-7605G1M

1.0815

0.072

PE-KM7615

2.3692

0.0737

PE-Y7730

3.7375

0.0776

PE-Y7733

8.9393

0.085

PE-7604G3M

1.4954

0.0732

PE-7604G4M

1.4954

0.0732

PE-7601VG3M

8.9393

0.085

PE-7601VG4M

8.9393

0.085

PE-KM7604

1.0815

0.072

PE-SM7714

5.901

0.0808

SM8605

13.493

0.0902

SM8606

13.493

0.0902

KM8607

1.7904

0.0761

SM8610

13.493

0.0902

SM8614A

8.9393

0.085

SM8641

13.493

0.0902

SM8645

0.2369

0.0685

PE-SM5611

5.901

0.0808

PE-YM5611C

13.493

0.0902

Page 45

PE-YM5612

5.901

0.0808

PE-Y5160

3.7375

0.0776

PE-Y5619

3.7375

0.0776

PE-Y5951

3.7375

0.0776

PE-Y5952

3.7375

0.0776

PE-SM5962

3.7375

0.0776

## For ICA Charge Pump motor G-1412 Positive and Negative

Sequence Impedance

ZP U

ZP U

## Rper km jXper km x length

ZBase x wire/phase

## 0.343 j0.0886 x 374/1000

0.02304x1

ZP U 5.567795 j1.438211 pu
Z1 Z2 5.567795 j1.438211 pu

Impedance

ZP U

ZP U

## Rper km jXper km x length

ZBase x wire/phase

## 0.7586 j0.071 x 374/1000

0.02304x1

ZP U 12.314079 j1.152517 pu
Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 46

Z0 12.314079 j1.152517 pu

## Repeating the same calculation for positive, negative and

zero sequence impedance for rest of the Medium Voltage cables.
Table 2.20 Summary of calculation results for Low Voltage
Cables of MCC8 for Positive, Negative and Zero Sequence
Impedance at 10MVA base
Equipment
ID

Z1/Z2 (pu)

Z0 (pu)

GM-1412

5.567795 + j1.438211

12.314079 + j1.152517

GM-1413

5.567795 + j1.438211

12.314079 + j1.152517

PE-YM4078

123.867187 + j1.481163

176.861371 + j1.182309

PE-YM4089

123.867187 + j1.481163

176.861371 + j1.182309

PE-YM4352

100.078125 + j1.196701

142.894618 + j0.955243

PE-GM4356

88.59375 + j1.059375

126.496875 + j0.845625

PE-GM4357

88.59375 + j1.059375

126.496875 + j0.845625

PE-SM4360

40.425781 + j1.038932

60.098632 + j0.800286

PE-SM6825

4.585416 + j1.575312

10.38375 + j1.238802

PE-SM6828

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

PE-SM6853

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

PE-KM68311
PE-KM68321
PE-YCM6832

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

PE-KM68331
PE-KM68341

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 47

PE-KM68351
PE-YCM6835

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

PE-YM6851

47.167968 + j0.564019

67.347873 + j0.450217

PE-GM5814-1
PE-GM5821

140.683593 + j1.682248

200.872352 + j1.342821

10.133723 + j1.352677

22.651675 + j1.108802

PE-GM5812

21.4375 + j1.341666

34.550833 + j1.074791

PE-GM5815

7.204166 + j1.28625

15.771875 + j1.05

PE-GM5825

7.204166 + j1.28625

15.771875 + j1.05

PE-VM5814

2.381944 + j1.268385

4.984218 + j1.028702

PEGM5806A-2
PEGM5806B2
PEGM5806BD2
GM8102

55.60677 + j1.429079

83.495052 + j1.143263

12.451388 + j1.499826

83.495052 + j1.143263

83.197916 + j1.499826

126.484887 + j1.20269

17.864062 + j1.772916

34.5025 + j1.46651

GM8103A

4.78993 + j1.645572

11.08444 + j1.332682

GM8103S

4.78993 + j1.645572

11.08444 + j1.332682

Page 48

## Table 2.21 Summary of calculation results for Low Voltage

Cables of MCC9 for Positive, Negative and Zero Sequence
Impedance at 10MVA base
Equipment
ID

Z1/Z2 (pu)

Z0 (pu)

PE-7601M1

4.78993 + j1.645572

11.08444 + j1.332682

PE-YM7610

12.253385 + j1.635616

27.389704 + j1.340729

PE-GM7612

1.940555 + j1.648888

4.606388 + j1.331944

PE7601VG1M
PE7601VG2M
PE7604G1M-A
PE7604G1M-B
7604K1M

4.78993 + j1.645572

20.888346 + j1.390625

4.78993 + j1.645572

20.888346 + j1.390625

44.901041 + j1.859635

72.024739 + j1.495416

44.901041 + j1.859635

72.024739 + j1.495416

44.901041 + j1.859635

72.024739 + j1.495416

## PE-7601G1M 17.864062 + j1.772916

34.5025 + j1.46651

## PE-7605G1M 4.779166 + j1.641875

20.841406 + j1.3875

PE-KM7615

28.072916 + j1.756944

45.245138 + j1.407465

PE-Y7730

42.676215 + j1.767491

68.455946 + j1.421319

PE-Y7733

104.125 + j1.877083
12.253385 + j1.635616

158.300104 +
j1.505208
27.389704 + j1.340729

12.253385 + j1.635616

27.389704 + j1.340729

113.567708 + j2.047309

172.65575 + j1.64171

113.567708 + j2.047309

172.65575 + j1.64171

4.78993 + j1.645572

20.888346 + j1.390625

PE7604G3M
PE7604G4M
PE7601VG3M
PE7601VG4M
PE-KM7604

## Chapter 2-Power System Models

Page 49

PE-SM7714

15.927083 + j1.918489

SM8605

71.367187 + j0.853385

106.801953 +
j1.462395
101.90026 + j0.681197

SM8606

71.367187 + j0.853385

101.90026 + j0.681197

KM8607

7.000781 + j0.694791

13.52125 + j0.574713

SM8610

71.367187 + j0.853385

101.90026 + j0.681197

45.9375 + j0.828125

69.838281 + j0.664062

SM8641

68.496093 + j0.819053

97.800824 + j0.653793

SM8645

0.918298 + j0.780277

2.179809 + j0.630295

PE-SM5611

2.979166 + j0.358854

19.977343 + j0.273541

31.992187 + j0.382552

45.679427 + j0.305364

17.607638 + j2.12092

SM8614A

PE-YM5611C
PE-YM5612
PE-Y5160

42.676215 + j1.767491

118.071223 +
j1.616701
68.455946 + j1.421319

PE-Y5619

42.676215 + j1.767491

68.455946 + j1.421319

PE-Y5951

44.901041 + j1.859635

72.024739 + j1.495416

PE-Y5952

44.901041 + j1.859635

72.024739 + j1.495416

PE-SM5962

44.901041 + j1.859635

72.024739 + j1.495416

Page 50