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Codeware, Inc.

Sarasota, FL, USA


www.codeware.com

COMPRESS Pressure Vessel Design Calculations

Item:
Vessel No:
Designer:
Date:

Air Receiver
V-002
SP
Thursday, August 18, 2016

Table of Contents
General Arrangement Drawing..............................................................................................................................1/148
Deficiencies Summary............................................................................................................................................2/148
Nozzle Schedule......................................................................................................................................................3/148
Nozzle Summary.....................................................................................................................................................4/148
Pressure Summary.................................................................................................................................................5/148
Revision History......................................................................................................................................................7/148
Settings Summary...................................................................................................................................................8/148
Radiography Summary.........................................................................................................................................10/148
Thickness Summary.............................................................................................................................................11/148
Weight Summary...................................................................................................................................................12/148
Test Report............................................................................................................................................................13/148
Vacuum Summary.................................................................................................................................................14/148
Bill of Materials......................................................................................................................................................15/148
Liquid Level bounded by B16.9 Pipe Cap #2......................................................................................................16/148
B16.9 Pipe Cap #1.................................................................................................................................................17/148
Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #1.................................................................................................................20/148
Inspection Opening (N3).......................................................................................................................................24/148
Shell........................................................................................................................................................................36/148
Drain (N6)...............................................................................................................................................................40/148
Inlet (N1).................................................................................................................................................................52/148
Lifting Lug #1.........................................................................................................................................................64/148
Lifting Lug #2.........................................................................................................................................................70/148
Outlet (N2)..............................................................................................................................................................76/148
Vent/PRV (N5)........................................................................................................................................................88/148
Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #2...............................................................................................................100/148
B16.9 Pipe Cap #2...............................................................................................................................................104/148
Inspection Opening (N4).....................................................................................................................................107/148

Table of Contents
Saddle #1.............................................................................................................................................................119/148
Seismic Code.......................................................................................................................................................147/148
Wind Code...........................................................................................................................................................148/148

ii

General Arrangement Drawing

1/148

Deficiencies Summary
No deficiencies found.

2/148

Nozzle Schedule
Specifications
Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain

Flange

Blind

SA-106 B Smls Pipe

No

No

No

NPS 2 Class 150


WN A105

No

Nozzle

SA-106 B Smls Pipe

No

No

No

NPS 2 Class 150


WN A105

No

92.07 OD x 10.57

Nozzle

SA-105

No

No

No

N/A

No

Inspection Opening

92.07 OD x 10.57

Nozzle

SA-105

No

No

No

N/A

No

N5

Vent/PRV

92.07 OD x 10.57

Nozzle

SA-105

No

No

No

N/A

No

N6

Drain

92.07 OD x 10.57

Nozzle

SA-105

No

No

No

N/A

No

Nozzle
mark

Identifier

Size

N1

Inlet

NPS 2 Sch 160 DN 50

Nozzle

N2

Outlet

NPS 2 Sch 160 DN 50

N3

Inspection Opening

N4

Materials

3/148

Nozzle Summary
Dimensions

OD
(mm)

tn
(mm)

N1

60.33

8.74

7.34

Yes

N2

60.33

8.74

7.34

N3

92.07

10.57

N4

92.07

10.57

N5

92.07

N6

92.07

Req tn
(mm)

Reinforcement
Pad

Shell

Nozzle
mark

A1?

A2?

Corr
(mm)

Aa/Ar
(%)

Width
(mm)

tpad
(mm)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exempt

9.52

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exempt

Yes

9.52

N/A

N/A

N/A

3.81

Exempt

Yes

9.52

N/A

N/A

N/A

3.81

Exempt

Yes

Yes

9.52

N/A

N/A

N/A

3.81

Exempt

Yes

Yes

9.52

N/A

N/A

N/A

3.81

Exempt

Nom t
(mm)

Design t
(mm)

Yes

9.52

Yes

Yes

8.83

Yes

8.83

Yes

10.57

8.33

10.57

8.33

User t
(mm)

*Head minimum thickness after forming

Definitions
tn

Nozzle thickness

Req tn

Nozzle thickness required per UG-45/UG-16


Increased for pipe to account for 12.5% pipe thickness tolerance

Nom t

Vessel wall thickness

Design t
User t

Required vessel wall thickness due to pressure + corrosion allowance per UG-37
Local vessel wall thickness (near opening)

Aa

Area available per UG-37, governing condition

Ar

Area required per UG-37, governing condition

Corr

Corrosion allowance on nozzle wall

4/148

Pressure Summary
Component Summary
P

Design
(kPa)

Design
(C)

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

1,400

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #1


Shell

Identifier

MAWP
(kPa)

MAP
(kPa)

MAEP
(kPa)

90

2,558.14

3,987.54

1,138.5

1,400

90

3,054.12

4,489.99

1,400

90

2,490.82

3,921.28

MDMT
(C)

MDMT
Exemption

Impact
Tested

90

-48

Note 1

No

995.56

90

-48

Note 2

No

603.97

90

-44.6

Note 3

No

external
(C)

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

1,400

90

3,054.12

4,489.99

995.56

90

-48

Note 2

No

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

1,400

90

2,558.14

3,987.54

1,138.5

90

-48

Note 4

No

Saddle #1

1,400

90

1,792.04

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Inlet (N1)

1,400

90

1,800

1,960

603.97

90

-33.78

Note 5

No

Outlet (N2)

1,400

90

1,792.04

1,960

603.97

90

-33.61

Note 6

No

Inspection Opening (N3)

1,400

90

2,807.35

4,363.44

995.56

90

-48

Note 7

No

Inspection Opening (N4)

1,400

90

2,807.35

4,363.44

995.56

90

-48

Note 7

No

Vent/PRV (N5)

1,400

90

2,496.34

3,921.92

603.97

90

-44.7

Note 8

No

Drain (N6)

1,400

90

2,491.38

3,921.92

603.97

90

-44.6

Note 9

No

Chamber Summary
Design MDMT

-29 C

Rated MDMT

-33.61 C @ 1,792.04 kPa

MAWP hot & corroded

1,792.04 kPa @ 90 C

MAP cold & new

1,960 kPa @ 21.11 C

MAEP

603.97 kPa @ 90 C

5/148

Notes for MDMT Rating


Note #

Exemption

Details

1.

Straight Flange governs MDMT

2.

Material impact test exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B = -29C
Fig UCS-66.1M MDMT reduction = 23.8C, (coincident ratio = 0.5901)
Rated MDMT of -52.8C is limited to -48C by UCS-66(b)(2)

UCS-66 governing thickness = 8.33 mm

3.

Material impact test exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B = -29C
Fig UCS-66.1M MDMT reduction = 15.6C, (coincident ratio = 0.7219)

UCS-66 governing thickness = 8.33 mm

4.

Straight Flange governs MDMT

5.

Flange rating governs:


Flange rated MDMT per UCS-66(b)(1)(b) = -33.78C (Coincident ratio = 0.9143)
Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

6.

Flange rating governs:


Flange rated MDMT per UCS-66(b)(1)(b) = -33.61C (Coincident ratio = 0.9184)
Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

7.

Nozzle impact test exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B = -29C
Fig UCS-66.1M MDMT reduction = 20.1C, (coincident ratio = 0.641)
Rated MDMT of -49.1C is limited to -48C by UCS-66(b)(2)

UCS-66 governing thickness = 8.33 mm.

8.

Nozzle impact test exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B = -29C
Fig UCS-66.1M MDMT reduction = 15.7C, (coincident ratio = 0.7198)

UCS-66 governing thickness = 8.33 mm.

9.

Nozzle impact test exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B = -29C
Fig UCS-66.1M MDMT reduction = 15.6C, (coincident ratio = 0.7217)

UCS-66 governing thickness = 8.33 mm.

6/148

Revision History
Revisions
No.

Date

8/18/2016

Operator

spatil

Notes

New vessel created ASME Section VIII Division 1 [COMPRESS 2016 Build 7600]

7/148

Settings Summary
COMPRESS 2016 Build 7600
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Units

SI

Datum Line Location

0.00 mm from left seam

Vessel Design Mode

Get Thickness from Pressure

Minimum thickness

1.5 mm per UG-16(b)

Design for cold shut down only

No

Design for lethal service (full radiography required)

No

Design nozzles for

Design P only

Corrosion weight loss

100% of theoretical loss

UG-23 Stress Increase

1.20

Skirt/legs stress increase

1.0

Minimum nozzle projection

152.4 mm

Juncture calculations for > 30 only

Yes

Preheat P-No 1 Materials > 1.25" and <= 1.50" thick

No

UG-37(a) shell tr calculation considers longitudinal stress

No

Cylindrical shells made from pipe are entered as minimum thickness

No

Nozzles made from pipe are entered as minimum thickness

No

ASME B16.9 fittings are entered as minimum thickness

No

Butt welds

Tapered per Figure


UCS-66.3(a)

Disallow Appendix 1-5, 1-8 calculations under 15 psi

No

Hydro/Pneumatic Test
Shop Hydrotest at user defined pressure

2,100 kPa

Test liquid specific gravity

1.00

Maximum stress during test

90% of yield
Required Marking - UG-116

UG-116(e) Radiography

RT2

UG-116(f) Postweld heat treatment

None
Code Cases\Interpretations

Use Code Case 2547

No

Use Code Case 2695

No

Apply interpretation VIII-1-83-66

Yes

Apply interpretation VIII-1-86-175

Yes

8/148

Apply interpretation VIII-1-01-37

Yes

Apply interpretation VIII-1-01-150

Yes

Apply interpretation VIII-1-07-50

Yes

No UCS-66.1 MDMT reduction

No

No UCS-68(c) MDMT reduction

No

Disallow UG-20(f) exemptions

No
UG-22 Loadings

UG-22(a) Internal or External Design Pressure

Yes

UG-22(b) Weight of the vessel and normal contents under operating or test
conditions

Yes

UG-22(c) Superimposed static reactions from weight of attached equipment


(external loads)

No

UG-22(d)(2) Vessel supports such as lugs, rings, skirts, saddles and legs

Yes

UG-22(f) Wind reactions

Yes

UG-22(f) Seismic reactions

Yes

UG-22(j) Test pressure and coincident static head acting during the test:

Yes

Note: UG-22(b),(c) and (f) loads only considered when supports are present.
License Information
Company Name Micoda Process Systems International LLC
License

Commercial

License Key ID

30027

Support Expires

November 12, 2016

9/148

Radiography Summary
UG-116 Radiography
Longitudinal Seam
Component

Left Circumferential Seam

Radiography / Joint
Type

N/A

N/A

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) /
Type 1

RT2

Seamless No RT

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) /
Type 1

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) /
Type 1

RT2

Seamless No RT

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) /
Type 1

N/A

N/A

RT2

N/A

Seamless No RT

Shell

N/A

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

N/A

Nozzle
Inspection Opening (N3)

Longitudinal Seam
N/A

Mark

Radiography / Joint
Type

Radiography / Joint
Type

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

Right Circumferential Seam


Category
(Fig
UW-3)

Category
(Fig
UW-3)

Category
(Fig
UW-3)

Seamless No RT

Nozzle to Vessel Circumferential


Seam
D

N/A / Type 7

Nozzle free end Circumferential


Seam
N/A

N/A

N/A
N/A

Inlet (N1)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A / Type 7

UW-11(a)(4) exempt /
Type 1

Outlet (N2)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A / Type 7

UW-11(a)(4) exempt /
Type 1

N/A

Vent/PRV (N5)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

N/A

Drain (N6)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

N/A

Inspection Opening (N4)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nozzle Flange

Longitudinal Seam

Flange Face

Nozzle to Flange Circumferential


Seam

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to


Inlet (N1)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

UW-11(a)(4) exempt /
Type 1

N/A

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to


Outlet (N2)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

UW-11(a)(4) exempt /
Type 1

N/A

UG-116(e) Required Marking:

RT2

10/148

Thickness Summary
Component Data
Component
Identifier

Material

Diameter
(mm)

Length
(mm)

Nominal t
(mm)

Design t
(mm)

Total Corrosion
(mm)

Joint
E

Load

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

SA-234 WPB

508 OD

130.57

9.52

5.95

1.00

Internal

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

SA-234 WPB

508 OD

98.43

9.52

6.01

1.00

Internal

SA-106 B Smls Pipe

508 OD

1,303.14

9.52

6.01

1.00

Internal

Shell
Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

SA-234 WPB

508 OD

98.43

9.52

6.01

1.00

Internal

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

SA-234 WPB

508 OD

130.57

9.52

5.95

1.00

Internal

Definitions
Nominal t

Vessel wall nominal thickness

Design t

Required vessel thickness due to governing loading + corrosion

Joint E

Longitudinal seam joint efficiency


Load

Internal

Circumferential stress due to internal pressure governs

External

External pressure governs

Wind

Combined longitudinal stress of pressure + weight + wind


governs

Seismic

Combined longitudinal stress of pressure + weight + seismic


governs

11/148

Weight Summary
Weight (kg) Contributed by Vessel Elements
Component

Operating Liquid
Metal
Piping
Insulation
Metal
Lining
Insulation
+ Liquid New Corroded
Supports
New* Corroded

Test Liquid
New

Corroded

Surface Area
m2

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

32.5

22.6

34.4

35.7

34.4

35.7

0.46

Shell

150.8

103.9

246

252.3

246

252.3

2.06

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

32.5

22.6

34.4

35.7

34.4

35.7

0.46

Saddle #1

42.6

42.6

1.1

TOTAL:

258.5

191.6

314.7

323.7

314.7

323.7

4.08

*Shells with attached nozzles have weight reduced by material cut out for opening.

Weight (kg) Contributed by Attachments


Component

Nozzles &
Flanges

Body Flanges
New

Corroded

New

Packed
Beds

Trays

Tray
Supports

Rings &
Clips

Vertical
Loads

Surface
Area
m2
0.04

Corroded

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

3.4

2.3

Shell

14.7

11.6

0.6

0.23

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

3.4

2.3

0.04

TOTAL:

21.6

16.1

0.6

0.31

Vessel Totals
New Corroded
Operating Weight (kg)

595

532

Empty Weight (kg)

281

208

Test Weight (kg)

595

532

Surface Area (m 2)

4.4

Capacity** (liters)

312

321

**The vessel capacity does not include


volume of nozzle, piping or other
attachments.

Vessel Lift Condition


Vessel Lift Weight, New (kg)
Center of Gravity from Datum (mm)

281
653.05

12/148

Test Report
Horizontal shop test based on user defined pressure

Gauge pressure at 21.11C = 2,100 kPa


Horizontal shop test
Identifier

Local test Test liquid


Stress
Allowable
Stress
pressure static head during test test stress
excessive?
(kPa)
(kPa)
(MPa)
(MPa)

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

2,106.38

6.38

62.868

216.9

No

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

2,106.38

6.38

55.14

216.9

No

Shell

2,106.38

6.38

62.868

216.9

No

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

2,106.38

6.38

55.14

216.9

No

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

2,106.38

6.38

62.868

216.9

No

Drain (N6)

2,107.96

7.96

78.506

325.35

No

Inlet (N1)

2,101.49

1.49

70.643

325.35

No

Inspection Opening (N3)

2,104.33

4.33

70.647

325.35

No

Inspection Opening (N4)

2,104.33

4.33

70.647

325.35

No

Outlet (N2)

2,107.96

7.96

70.86

325.35

No

Vent/PRV (N5)

2,101.49

1.49

78.265

325.35

No

(1) PL stresses at nozzle openings have been estimated using the method described in Division
2 Part 4.5.
(2) 1.5*0.9*Sy used as the basis for the maximum local primary membrane stress at the nozzle
intersection PL.
(3) The zero degree angular position is assumed to be up, and the test liquid height is assumed
to the top-most flange.
The field test condition has not been investigated.
The test temperature of 21.11 C is warmer than the minimum recommended temperature of -16.61 C so the brittle
fracture provision of UG-99(h) has been met.

13/148

Vacuum Summary
Largest Unsupported Length Le
Elevation
Component

Line of Support

above Datum
(mm)

Length Le
(mm)

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

-229

N/A

1/3 depth of B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

-140.18

N/A

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #1 Left

-98.43

1,583.49

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #1 Right

1,583.49

Shell Left

1,583.49

Shell Right

1,303.14

1,583.49

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #2 Left

1,303.14

1,583.49

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #2 Right

1,401.57

1,583.49

1/3 depth of B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

1,443.32

N/A

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

1,532.14

N/A

14/148

Bill of Materials
Shells
Item #

Type

Material

Thk [mm]

Dia. [mm]

Length [mm]

Wt. [kg] (ea.)

Qty

S1

Cylinder

SA-106 B Smls Pipe; NPS 20 Sch 20 (Std) DN 500

9.52

508 OD

1,303

152.2

Nozzles
Item #

Type

Material

NPS

Thk [mm]

Dia. [mm]

Length [mm]

Wt. [kg]

Noz1

Nozzle

SA-105

10.57

92.07 OD

656

13.9

Noz2

Nozzle

SA-106 B Smls Pipe

NPS 2 Sch 160 DN 50

8.74

60.33 OD

200

2.2

ASME B16.9 Fittings


Item #

Type

Material

Size [mm]

Qty

H1

B16.9 Pipe Cap

SA-234 WPB

NPS 20 Sch 20 (Std) DN 500

Flanges
Item #

Type

Material

NPS

Dia. [mm]

Wt. [kg] (ea.)

Qty

AF1

ASME B16.5 Welding Neck - Class 150

A105

2.0

152.4 x 52.58

2.7

Fasteners
Item #

Description

Material

Length [mm]

Qty

FB1

5/8" series 8 bolt

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64

70

SB1

20mm bolt

SA 193 Gr. B7

All listed flange bolts require associated nuts and washers in accordance with Division 1, UCS-11.
Plates
Item #

Material

Thk [mm]

Wt. [kg]

Qty [ m]

Plate1

SA-106 B Smls Pipe

10

14

0.179

Sa 36

10

11

0.141

Sa 36

17.6

0.37

SA 516 Gr. 70

10

0.6

0.0082

Plate1 - Note: Applies to saddle wear plate


Plate2
Plate2 - Note: Applies to saddle base plate
Plate3
Plate3 - Note: Applies to saddle web plate
Plate4
Plate4 - Note: Applies to lift lug plates

15/148

Liquid Level bounded by B16.9 Pipe Cap #2


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Location from Center Line (mm)
Operating Liquid Specific Gravity

406.4
1

16/148

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

ASME B16.9 Pipe Cap (modified)

Material

SA-234 WPB (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 17)

Attached To

Shell

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

1,400

90

External

103.42

90

Design
MDMT (C)
-29

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Operating

6.41

653.88

Test horizontal

6.38

650.88

Dimensions
NPS and Schedule

NPS 20 Sch 20 (Std) DN 500

Outer Diameter

508 mm

Overall Length E

229 mm

Nominal Thickness

9.52 mm

Minimum Thickness1

8.33 mm

Inner

3 mm

Outer

0 mm

Corrosion

Length Lsf

98.43 mm

Nominal Thickness tsf

9.52 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)2

Capacity (liters)2

New

32.55

33.79

Corroded

22.56

35

Radiography

1
2

Category A joints

Seamless No RT

Head to shell seam

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) Type 1

minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.


includes straight flange

17/148

Results Summary
Governing condition

internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 3 mm = 4.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

5.95 mm

Design thickness due to external pressure (te)

4.29 mm

Governing straight flange design thickness

6.01 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

2,558.14 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

3,987.54 kPa

Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP)

1,138.5 kPa

Straight Flange governs MDMT

-48C

Factor K
K = (1/6)*[2 + (D / (2*h))2]
Corroded K = (1/6)*[2 + (494.96 / (2*125.24))2]
New

K = (1/6)*[2 + (488.96 / (2*122.24))2]

0.9841
1

Design thickness for internal pressure, (Corroded at 90 C) Appendix 1-4(c)


t

=
=
=

P*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*P*(K - 0.1)) + Corrosion


1,406.41*508*0.984128 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*1,406.41*(0.984128 - 0.1)) + 3
5.95 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (Corroded at 90 C) Appendix 1-4(c)


P

=
=
=

2*S*E*t / (K*Do - 2*t*(K - 0.1)) - Ps


2*118,000*1*(0.875*9.52 - 3) / (0.984128*508 - 2*(0.875*9.52 - 3)*(0.984128 0.1)) - 6.41
2,558.14 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (New at 21.11 C) Appendix 1-4(c)


P

=
2*S*E*t / (K*Do - 2*t*(K - 0.1)) - Ps
=
2*118,000*1*0.875*9.52 / (1*508 - 2*0.875*9.52*(1 - 0.1)) - 0
=
3,987.54 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure, (Corroded at 90 C) UG-33(d)
Equivalent outside spherical radius (Ro)
Ro =
Ko*Do
=
0.8754*508
=
444.7 mm
A

=
=
=

0.125 / (Ro / t)
0.125 / (444.7 / 1.28)
0.000361

From Table CS-2


Metric:

35.7978
MPa

18/148

Pa

=
=
=

B / (Ro / t)
35,797.83 / (444.7 / 1.28)
103.4213 kPa

t
=
1.28 mm + Corrosion = 1.28 mm + 3 mm = 4.28 mm
Check the external pressure per UG-33(a)(1) Appendix 1-4(c)
t

=
=
=

1.67*Pe*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*1.67*Pe*(K - 0.1)) + Corrosion


1.67*103.42*508*0.984128 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*1.67*103.42*(0.984128 - 0.1)) + 3
3.37 mm

The head external pressure design thickness (te) is 4.28 mm.


Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded at 90 C) UG-33(d)
Equivalent outside spherical radius (Ro)
Ro =
Ko*Do
=
0.8754*508
=
444.7 mm
A

=
=
=

0.125 / (Ro / t)
0.125 / (444.7 / (0.875*9.52 - 3))
0.001498

From Table CS-2


Metric:
Pa

=
=
=

94.9841
MPa

B / (Ro / t)
94,984.08 / (444.7 / (0.875*9.52 - 3))
1,138.499 kPa

Check the Maximum External Pressure, UG-33(a)(1) Appendix 1-4(c)


P

=
=
=

2*S*E*t / ((K*Do - 2*t*(K - 0.1))*1.67)


2*118,000*1*(0.875*9.52 - 3) / ((0.984128*508 - 2*(0.875*9.52 - 3)*(0.984128 0.1))*1.67)
1,535.66 kPa

The maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) is 1,138.5 kPa.

19/148

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #1


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

Cylinder

Material

SA-234 WPB (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 17)

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

1,400

90

External

103.42

90

Design
MDMT (C)
-29

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Operating

6.41

653.88

Test horizontal

6.38

650.88

Dimensions
Outer Diameter

508 mm

Length

98.43 mm

Nominal Thickness

9.52 mm

Corrosion

Inner

3 mm

Outer

0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)

Capacity (liters)

New

11.49

18.48

Corroded

7.92

18.94

Radiography
Longitudinal seam

Seamless No RT

Right Circumferential
seam

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) Type 1

20/148

Results Summary
Governing condition

Internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 3 mm = 4.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

6.01 mm

Design thickness due to external pressure (te)

5.62 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

3,054.12 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

4,489.99 kPa

Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP)

995.56 kPa

Rated MDMT

-48 C
UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements

Governing thickness, tg =

8.33 mm

Exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B =

-29C

tr = 1,798.44*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,798.44) =

3.85 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.85*1 / (9.52 - 3) =

0.5901

Reduction in MDMT, TR from Fig UCS-66.1M =

23.8C

MDMT = max[ MDMT - TR, -48] = max[ -29 - 23.8 , -48] =

-48C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.


Design thickness, (at 90 C) Appendix 1-1
t

= P*Ro / (S*E + 0.40*P) + Corrosion


= 1,406.41*254 / (118,000*1.00 + 0.40*1,406.41) + 3
= 6.01 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 90 C) Appendix 1-1


P

= S*E*t / (Ro - 0.40*t) - Ps


= 118,000*1.00*6.52 / (254 - 0.40*6.52) - 6.41
= 3,054.12 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 C) Appendix 1-1


P

= S*E*t / (Ro - 0.40*t)


= 118,000*1.00*9.52 / (254 - 0.40*9.52)
= 4,489.99 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)


L / Do
Do / t

= 1,583.49 / 508
= 508 / 2.62

= 3.1171
= 193.7515

From table G:
A = 0.000152
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 15.0287 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))

21/148

= 4*15,028.7 / (3*(508 / 2.62))


= 103.42 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa
ta

= t + Corrosion

= 2.62 + 3 = 5.62 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)


L / Do
Do / t

= 1,583.49 / 508
= 508 / 6.52

= 3.1171
= 77.9110

From table G:
A = 0.000586
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 58.1738 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*58,173.76 / (3*(508 / 6.52))
= 995.56 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table CS-2


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 6.52)
= 0.003209
B
= 112.92 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScHC

min(B, S) = 112.92 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 9.52)
= 0.004685
B
= 118.12 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScHN

min(B, S) = 118 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 9.52)
= 0.004685
B
= 118.12 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScCN

min(B, S) = 118 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC, (table CS-2


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 6.52)
= 0.003209

22/148

112.92 MPa

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScCC

min(B, S) = 112.92 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 6.52)
= 0.003209
B
= 112.92 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScVC

min(B, S) = 112.92 MPa

23/148

Inspection Opening (N3)


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

B16.9 Pipe Cap #1

Orientation

End of nozzle to datum line

-379.24 mm

Calculated as hillside

No

Distance to head center, R

0 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No

Nozzle
Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-105 (II-D Metric p. 18, ln. 23)

Inside diameter, new

70.94 mm

Nominal wall thickness

10.57 mm

Corrosion allowance

3.81 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

152.4 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

8.33 mm

Liquid static head included

3.98 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

9 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

9.52 mm

24/148

UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle At Intersection


Governing thickness, tg =

8.33 mm

Exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B =

-29C

tr = 1,796.02*0.8892*508 / (2*118,000*1 + 0.8*1,796.02) =

3.42 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.42*1 / (8.33 - 3) =

0.641

Reduction in MDMT, TR from Fig UCS-66.1M =

20.1C

MDMT = max[ MDMT - TR, -48] = max[ -29 - 20.1 , -48] =

-48C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.


UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle
tr = 1,796.02*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,796.02) =

0.52 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.52*1 / (10.57 - 3.81) =

0.0762

Stress ratio 0.35, MDMT per UCS-66(b)(3) =

-105C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.

25/148

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,403.98 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.94

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,403.98 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,403.9824*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,403.9824)
0.4 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(c)


tr

=
=
=

P*K1*Do / (2*S*E + 0.8*P)


1,403.9824*0.8892*508 / (2*118,000*1 + 0.8*1,403.9824)
2.67 mm

26/148

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*P*(K - 0.1))


1,403.98*508*0.984128 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*1,403.98*(0.984128 - 0.1))
2.94 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,403.9824*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,403.9824) + 3.81
4.21 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.21 , 0 ]
4.21 mm

tb1

5.94 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 5.94 , 5.31 ]
5.94 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.94 ]
5.94 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.21 , 5.94 ]
5.94 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

27/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAWP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 2,811.33 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

8.83

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 2,811.33 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


2,811.3308*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*2,811.3308)
0.81 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(c)


tr

=
=
=

P*K1*Do / (2*S*E + 0.8*P)


2,811.3308*0.8892*508 / (2*118,000*1 + 0.8*2,811.3308)
5.33 mm

28/148

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*P*(K - 0.1))


2,811.33*508*0.984128 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*2,811.33*(0.984128 - 0.1))
5.83 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


2,811.3308*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*2,811.3308) + 3.81
4.62 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.62 , 0 ]
4.62 mm

tb1

8.83 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
8.83 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.83 , 8.83 ]
8.83 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.62 , 8.83 ]
8.83 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

29/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 4,363.44 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.02

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

5.83

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 4,363.44 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(70.94, 35.47 + (10.57 - 0) + (8.33 - 0))
70.94 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 0), 2.5*(10.57 - 0) + 0)
=
20.83 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


4,363.4389*35.47 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*4,363.4389)
1.14 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(c)


tr

=
=
=

P*K1*Do / (2*S*E + 0.8*P)


4,363.4389*0.9*508 / (2*118,000*1 + 0.8*4,363.4389)
8.33 mm

30/148

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*P*(K - 0.1))


4,363.44*508*1 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*4,363.44*(1 - 0.1))
9.09 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 8.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 5.83 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


4,363.4389*35.47 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*4,363.4389) + 0
1.14 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 1.14 , 0 ]
1.14 mm

tb1

9.09 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 9.09 , 1.5 ]
9.09 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 5.02 , 9.09 ]
5.02 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 1.14 , 5.02 ]
5.02 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

31/148

Reinforcement Calculations for External Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 103.42 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.31

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 103.42 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.37 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 1.27 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

32/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-28

4.18 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.18 , 0 ]
4.18 mm

tb2

3.22 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 3.22 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.18 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 152.4 / 92.07
= 92.07 / 0.37

= 1.6552
= 251.2969

From table G:
A = 0.000197
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 19.4916 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*19,491.63 / (3*(92.07 / 0.37))
= 103.42 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.37 + 3.81 = 4.18 mm

33/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAEP

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 995.56 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.31

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 995.56 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.9 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 4.76 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

34/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-28

4.71 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.71 , 0 ]
4.71 mm

tb2

5.09 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 5.09 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.71 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 152.4 / 92.07
= 92.07 / 0.9

= 1.6552
= 102.0312

From table G:
A = 0.000766
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 76.182 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*76,181.98 / (3*(92.07 / 0.9))
= 995.54 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 995.54 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.9 + 3.81 = 4.71 mm

35/148

Shell
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

Cylinder

Material

SA-106 B Smls Pipe (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 15)

Pipe NPS and


Schedule

NPS 20 Sch 20 (Std) DN 500

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

1,400

90

External

103.42

90

Design
MDMT (C)
-29

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Operating

6.41

653.88

Test horizontal

6.38

650.88

Dimensions
Outer Diameter

508 mm

Length

1,303.14 mm

Pipe Nominal
Thickness

9.52 mm

Pipe Minimum
Thickness1

8.33 mm

Corrosion

Inner

3 mm

Outer

0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)

Capacity (liters)

New

150.76

244.7

Corroded

103.88

250.74

Radiography
Longitudinal seam

Seamless No RT

Left Circumferential
seam

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) Type 1

Right Circumferential
seam

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) Type 1

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

36/148

Results Summary
Governing condition

Internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 3 mm = 4.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

6.01 mm

Design thickness due to external pressure (te)

5.62 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

2,490.82 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

3,921.28 kPa

Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP)

603.97 kPa

Rated MDMT

-44.6 C
UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements

Governing thickness, tg =

8.33 mm

Exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B =

-29C

tr = 1,798.44*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,798.44) =

3.85 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.85*1 / (8.33 - 3) =

0.7219

Reduction in MDMT, TR from Fig UCS-66.1M =

15.6C

MDMT = max[ MDMT - TR, -48] = max[ -29 - 15.6 , -48] =

-44.6C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.


Design thickness, (at 90 C) Appendix 1-1
t

= P*Ro / (S*E + 0.40*P) + Corrosion


= 1,406.41*254 / (118,000*1.00 + 0.40*1,406.41) + 3
= 6.01 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 90 C) Appendix 1-1


P

= S*E*t / (Ro - 0.40*t) - Ps


= 118,000*1.00*(9.52*0.875 - 3) / (254 - 0.40*(9.52*0.875 - 3)) - 6.41
= 2,490.82 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 C) Appendix 1-1


P

= S*E*t / (Ro - 0.40*t)


= 118,000*1.00*(9.52*0.875) / (254 - 0.40*(9.52*0.875))
= 3,921.28 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)


L / Do
Do / t

= 1,583.49 / 508
= 508 / 2.62

= 3.1171
= 193.7515

From table G:
A = 0.000152
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 15.0287 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))

37/148

= 4*15,028.7 / (3*(508 / 2.62))


= 103.42 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa
ta

= t + Corrosion

= 2.62 + 3 = 5.62 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)


L / Do
Do / t

= 1,583.49 / 508
= 508 / (9.52*0.875 - 3)

= 3.1171
= 95.3049

From table G:
A = 0.000435
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 43.171 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*43,171.03 / (3*(508 / (9.52*0.875 - 3)))
= 603.97 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table CS-2


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / (9.52*0.875 - 3))
= 0.002623
B
= 108.94 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScHC

min(B, S) = 108.94 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / (9.52*0.875))
= 0.004099
B
= 116.33 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScHN

min(B, S) = 116.33 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / (9.52*0.875))
= 0.004099
B
= 116.33 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScCN

min(B, S) = 116.33 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC, (table CS-2


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / (9.52*0.875 - 3))
= 0.002623

38/148

108.94 MPa

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScCC

min(B, S) = 108.94 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / (9.52*0.875 - 3))
= 0.002623
B
= 108.94 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScVC

min(B, S) = 108.94 MPa

39/148

Drain (N6)
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

Shell

Orientation

180

Nozzle center line offset to datum line

550 mm

End of nozzle to shell center

406.4 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No

Nozzle
Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-105 (II-D Metric p. 18, ln. 23)

Inside diameter, new

70.94 mm

Nominal wall thickness

10.57 mm

Corrosion allowance

3.81 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

152.4 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

8.33 mm

Liquid static head included

6.47 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

9 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

9.52 mm

40/148

UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle At Intersection


Governing thickness, tg =

8.33 mm

Exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B =

-29C

tr = 1,798.51*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,798.51) =

3.85 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.85*1 / (8.33 - 3) =

0.7217

Reduction in MDMT, TR from Fig UCS-66.1M =

15.6C

MDMT = max[ MDMT - TR, -48] = max[ -29 - 15.6 , -48] =

-44.6C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.


UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle
tr = 1,798.51*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,798.51) =

0.52 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.52*1 / (10.57 - 3.81) =

0.0763

Stress ratio 0.35, MDMT per UCS-66(b)(3) =

-105C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.

41/148

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,406.47 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

6.01

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,406.47 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,406.4707*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,406.4707)
0.4 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


1,406.4707*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,406.4707)
3.01 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

42/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,407.9641*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,407.9641) + 3.81
4.21 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.21 , 0 ]
4.21 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


1,406.4707*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,406.4707) + 3
6.01 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6.01 , 5.31 ]
6.01 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.83 , 6.01 ]
6.01 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.21 , 6.01 ]
6.01 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

43/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAWP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 2,497.85 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

8.33

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 2,497.85 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


2,497.847*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*2,497.847)
0.72 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


2,497.847*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*2,497.847)
5.33 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

44/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


2,499.3404*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*2,499.3404) + 3.81
4.53 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.53 , 0 ]
4.53 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


2,497.847*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*2,497.847) + 3
8.33 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 8.33 , 5.31 ]
8.33 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.83 , 8.33 ]
8.33 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.53 , 8.33 ]
8.33 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

45/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 3,921.92 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.02

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

5.83

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 3,921.92 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(70.94, 35.47 + (10.57 - 0) + (8.33 - 0))
70.94 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 0), 2.5*(10.57 - 0) + 0)
=
20.83 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


3,921.9153*35.47 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*3,921.9153)
1.03 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


3,921.9153*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*3,921.9153)
8.33 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

46/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 8.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 5.83 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


3,921.9153*35.47 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*3,921.9153) + 0
1.03 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 1.03 , 0 ]
1.03 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


3,921.9153*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*3,921.9153) + 0
8.33 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 8.33 , 1.5 ]
8.33 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 5.02 , 8.33 ]
5.02 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 1.03 , 5.02 ]
5.02 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

47/148

Reinforcement Calculations for External Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 103.42 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.31

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 103.42 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.37 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 2.62 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

48/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-28

4.18 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.18 , 0 ]
4.18 mm

tb2

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


103.4214*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*103.4214) + 3
3.22 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 3.22 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.18 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 156.61 / 92.07
= 92.07 / 0.37

= 1.7009
= 248.5724

From table G:
A = 0.000195
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 19.2801 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*19,280.1 / (3*(92.07 / 0.37))
= 103.42 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.37 + 3.81 = 4.18 mm

49/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAEP

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 603.97 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.31

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 603.97 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.75 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 5.33 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

50/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-28

4.56 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.56 , 0 ]
4.56 mm

tb2

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


603.9706*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*603.9706) + 3
4.3 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 4.3 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.56 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 156.61 / 92.07
= 92.07 / 0.75

= 1.7009
= 123.0886

From table G:
A = 0.000561
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 55.7571 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*55,757.05 / (3*(92.07 / 0.75))
= 603.98 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 603.98 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.75 + 3.81 = 4.56 mm

51/148

Inlet (N1)
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

Shell

Orientation

Nozzle center line offset to datum line

450 mm

End of nozzle to shell center

406.4 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 2 Sch 160 DN 50

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-106 B Smls Pipe (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 15)

Inside diameter, new

42.85 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

8.74 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

7.65 mm

Corrosion allowance

3 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

88.9 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

152.4 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

8.33 mm

Liquid static head included

1.49 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

9 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

9.52 mm

52/148

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 2 Class 150 WN A105

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-33.78C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,800 kPa @ 90C

MAP rating

1,960 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

3,000 kPa @ 21.11C

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No

Circumferential joint radiography

Full UW-11(a) Type 1


Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UCS-66(b)(1)(b) = -33.78C (Coincident ratio = 0.9143)


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 1,793.53*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,793.53) =

0.37 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.37*1 / (7.65 - 3) =

0.0807

Stress ratio 0.35, MDMT per UCS-66(b)(3) =

-105C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.

53/148

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,401.49 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,401.49 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(48.85, 24.42 + (8.74 - 3) + (8.33 - 3))
48.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(8.74 - 3) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,401.4934*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,401.4934)
0.29 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


1,401.4934*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,401.4934)
3 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

54/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,401.4934*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,401.4934) + 3
3.29 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 3.29 , 0 ]
3.29 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


1,401.4934*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,401.4934) + 3
6 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6 , 4.5 ]
6 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 6.42 , 6 ]
6 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 3.29 , 6 ]
6 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

55/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAWP.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,801.5 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

6.42

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,801.5 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(48.85, 24.42 + (8.74 - 3) + (8.33 - 3))
48.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(8.74 - 3) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,801.4952*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,801.4952)
0.38 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


1,801.4952*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,801.4952)
3.85 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

56/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,801.4952*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,801.4952) + 3
3.38 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 3.38 , 0 ]
3.38 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


1,801.4952*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,801.4952) + 3
6.85 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6.85 , 4.5 ]
6.85 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 6.42 , 6.85 ]
6.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 3.38 , 6.42 ]
6.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

57/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAP.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,960 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.42

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

5.83

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,960 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(42.85, 21.42 + (8.74 - 0) + (8.33 - 0))
42.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 0), 2.5*(8.74 - 0) + 0)
=
20.83 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,960.002*21.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,960.002)
0.36 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


1,960.002*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,960.002)
4.19 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

58/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 8.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 5.83 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,960.002*21.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,960.002) + 0
0.36 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.36 , 0 ]
0.36 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


1,960.002*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,960.002) + 0
4.19 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 4.19 , 1.5 ]
4.19 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.42 , 4.19 ]
3.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.36 , 3.42 ]
3.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

59/148

Reinforcement Calculations for External Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 103.42 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

4.5

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 103.42 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(48.85, 24.42 + (8.74 - 3) + (8.33 - 3))
48.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(8.74 - 3) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.29 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 2.62 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

60/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-28

3.29 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 3.29 , 0 ]
3.29 mm

tb2

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


103.4214*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*103.4214) + 3
3.22 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 3.22 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 6.42 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 3.29 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 154.2 / 60.33
= 60.33 / 0.29

= 2.5561
= 210.4587

From table G:
A = 0.000165
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 16.3242 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*16,324.19 / (3*(60.33 / 0.29))
= 103.42 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.29 + 3 = 3.29 mm

61/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAEP

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 603.97 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

4.5

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 603.97 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(48.85, 24.42 + (8.74 - 3) + (8.33 - 3))
48.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(8.74 - 3) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.58 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 5.33 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

62/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-28

3.58 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 3.58 , 0 ]
3.58 mm

tb2

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


603.9706*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*603.9706) + 3
4.3 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 4.3 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 6.42 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 3.58 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 154.2 / 60.33
= 60.33 / 0.58

= 2.5561
= 103.5983

From table G:
A = 0.000473
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 46.928 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*46,928.04 / (3*(60.33 / 0.58))
= 603.97 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 603.97 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.58 + 3 = 3.58 mm

63/148

Lifting Lug #1
Geometry Inputs

Attached To

Shell

Material

SA 516 Gr. 70

Orientation

Longitudinal

Distance of Lift Point From Datum

300 mm

Angular Position

Length, L

64 mm

Height, H

64 mm

Thickness, t

10 mm

Hole Diameter, d

20 mm

Pin Diameter, Dp

18 mm

Load Eccentricity, a1

0 mm

Distance from Load to Shell or Pad, a2

32 mm

Load Angle Normal to Vessel,

-45

Load Angle from Vertical,

-45

Welds
Size, tw

6.35 mm

64/148

Intermediate Values
Load Factor

1.5000

Vessel Weight (new, incl. Load Factor), W

421.1 kg

Lug Weight (new), Wlug

0.3 kg

Distance from Center of Gravity to this lug, x1

353.05
mm

Distance from Center of Gravity to second lug, x2

344.92
mm

Allowable Stress, Tensile, t

137.76
MPa

Allowable Stress, Shear, s

91.84
MPa

Allowable Stress, Bearing, p

206.64
MPa

Allowable Stress, Bending, b

153.07
MPa

Allowable Stress, Weld Shear, allowable

91.84
MPa

Allowable Stress set to 1/3 Sy per ASME B30.20

No

Summary Values
Required Lift Pin Diameter, dreqd

4.47 mm

Required Lug Thickness, treqd

0.78 mm

Lug Stress Ratio, ratio

0.09

Weld Shear Stress Ratio, ratio

0.12

Lug Design

Acceptable

Local Stresses WRC 107

Acceptable

Lift Forces
Fr
Fr

=
=

force on vessel at lug


[W / cos(1)]*(1 - x1 / (x1 + x2))
(421.1*9.8) / cos(-45)*(1 - 353.05/ (353.05 +
=
344.92))
= 2,885.8 N
where 'x1' is the distance between this lug and the center of gravity
'x2' is the distance between the second lift lug and the center of gravity
Lug Pin Diameter - Shear stress

dreqd

=
=

dreqd / Dp =

(2*Fr / (*s))0.5
(2*2,885.8 / (*91.84))0.5

4.47 mm

4.47 / 18

0.25

Acceptable

65/148

/ s

=
=
=

Fr / A
Fr / (2*(0.25**Dp2))
2,885.8 / (2*(0.25**182)) =

5.67 MPa

5.67 / 91.84

0.06

Acceptable

Lug Thickness - Tensile stress


treqd

=
=

Fr / ((L - d)*t)
2,885.8 / ((64 - 20)*137.76) =

0.48 mm

0.48 / 10

0.05

=
=
=

Fr / A
Fr / ((L - d)*t)
2,885.8 / ((64 - 20)*10)

6.56 MPa

6.56 / 137.76

0.05

treqd / t =

/ t

Acceptable

Acceptable

Lug Thickness - Bearing stress

treqd

=
=

treqd / t =

=
=
=

/ p =

Fv / (Dp*p)
2,885.8 / (18*206.64) =

0.78 mm

0.78 / 10

0.08

Acceptable

Fv / Abearing
Fv / (Dp*(t))
2,885.8 / (18*(10)) =

16.03 MPa

16.03 / 206.64

0.08

Acceptable

Lug Thickness - Shear stress

treqd

=
=

treqd / t =

/ s

[Fv / s] / (2*Lshear)
(2,885.8 / 91.84) / (2*25.15) =

0.62 mm

0.62 / 10

0.06

=
=
=

Fv / Ashear
Fv / (2*t*Lshear )
2,885.8 / (2*10*25.15) =

5.74 MPa

5.74 / 91.84

0.06

Acceptable

Acceptable

Shear stress length (per Pressure Vessel and Stacks, A. Keith Escoe)

66/148

=
=
=
=
=
=

Lshear

55*Dp / d
55*18 / 20
49.5
(H - a2 - 0.5*d) + 0.5*Dp*(1 - cos())
(64 - 32 - 0.5*20) + 0.5*18*(1 - cos(49.5))
25.15 mm

Lug Plate Stress

Lug stress tensile + bending during lift:


ratio = [Ften / (Aten*t)] + [Mbend / (Zbend*b)] 1
= [(Fr*cos() ) / (t*L*t)] + [(6*abs(Fr*sin()*Hght - Fr*cos()*a1) ) / (t*L2*b)] 1
2,885.8*cos(-45.0) / (10*64*137.76) + 6*abs(2,885.8*sin(-45.0)*32 - 2,885.8*cos(-45.0)*0) /
=
(10*642*153.07)
= 0.09
Acceptable
Weld Stress

Weld stress, tensile, bending and shear during lift:


Direct shear:

Shear stress at lift angle -45.00; lift force = 2,885.8 N


Aweld

2*(0.707)*tw*(L + t)

2*(0.707)*6.35*(64 + 10) = 664.44 mm2

Flug*cos() / Aweld

2,885.8*cos(-45.0) / 664.44 = 3.07 MPa

Flug*sin() / Aweld

2,885.8*sin(-45.0) / 664.44 = -3.07 MPa

=
=
=
=

ratio =

M*c/I
3*(Flug*sin()*Hght - Flug*cos()*a1) / (0.707*h*L*(3*t + L))
3*abs(2,885.8*sin(-45.0)*32 - 2,885.8*cos(-45.0)*(0)) /
(27008.5312)
7.25 MPa
sqr( (t + b)2 + s2 ) / allowable 1

67/148

=
=

sqr ( (3.07 + 7.25)2 + (-3.07)2 ) / 91.84


0.12
Acceptable

WRC 107 Analysis


Geometry
Height (radial)

64 mm

Width (circumferential) 10 mm
Length

64 mm

Fillet Weld Size:

6.35 mm

Located On

Shell (332 mm from left end)

Location Angle

0.00

Applied Loads
Radial load, Pr

-2,040.59 N

Circumferential moment, Mc

0 N-m

Circumferential shear, Vc

0N

Longitudinal moment, ML

-65.3 N-m

Longitudinal shear, VL

-2,040.59 N

Torsion moment, Mt

0 N-m

Internal pressure, P

0 kPa

Mean shell radius, Rm

248.65 mm

Design factor

Maximum stresses due to the applied loads at the lug edge


= Rm / T = 248.65 / 8.33 = 29.8493
C1 = 11.35, C2 = 38.35 mm
Local circumferential pressure stress = P*Ri / T =0 MPa
Local longitudinal pressure stress = P*Ri / (2*T) =0 MPa
Maximum combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) = 44.46 MPa
Allowable combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) = 3*S = 354 MPa
The maximum combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) is within allowable limits.
Maximum local primary membrane stress (PL) = 7.83 MPa
Allowable local primary membrane stress (PL) = 1.5*S = 177 MPa
The maximum local primary membrane stress (PL) is within allowable limits.

68/148

Stresses at the lug edge per WRC Bulletin 107


Figure value

Au

Al

Bu

Bl

Cu

Cl

Du

Dl

3C*

4.3741

0.1217

4.309

4.309

4.309

4.309

4C*

5.3213

0.0997

5.24

5.24

5.24

5.24

1C

0.1702

0.0745

30.034

-30.034

30.034

-30.034

2C-1

0.1317

0.0745

23.235

-23.235

23.235

-23.235

3A*

0.547

0.0685

1A

0.102

0.0853

3B*

2.9361

0.1028

2.586

2.586

-2.586

-2.586

1B-1

0.0515

0.0923

12.666

-12.666

-12.666

12.666

Pressure stress*

Total circumferential stress

43.727

-28.075

13.224

-7.915

34.343

-25.724

34.343

-25.724

Primary membrane
circumferential stress*

7.826

7.826

2.654

2.654

4.309

4.309

4.309

4.309

3C*

4.7996

0.0997

4.73

4.73

4.73

4.73

4C*

5.1025

0.1217

5.026

5.026

5.026

5.026

1C-1

0.1427

0.1036

25.18

-25.18

25.18

-25.18

2C

0.1012

0.1036

17.857

-17.857

17.857

-17.857

4A*

0.7018

0.0685

2A

0.0544

0.1145

4B*

0.8167

0.1028

1.213

1.213

-1.213

-1.213

2B-1

0.0716

0.1219

13.341

-13.341

-13.341

13.341

Pressure stress*

Total longitudinal stress

44.464

-32.578

15.355

-8.322

22.884

-12.831

22.884

-12.831

Primary membrane
longitudinal stress*

5.943

5.943

3.516

3.516

5.026

5.026

5.026

5.026

Shear from M t

Circ shear from V c

Long shear from V L

1.6

1.6

-1.6

-1.6

Total Shear stress

1.6

1.6

-1.6

-1.6

Combined stress (P L+Pb+Q)

44.464

-32.578

15.355

-8.322

34.563

-25.917

34.563

-25.917

* denotes primary stress.

69/148

Lifting Lug #2
Geometry Inputs

Attached To

Shell

Material

SA 516 Gr. 70

Orientation

Longitudinal

Distance of Lift Point From Datum

997.97 mm

Angular Position

Length, L

64 mm

Height, H

64 mm

Thickness, t

10 mm

Hole Diameter, d

20 mm

Pin Diameter, Dp

18 mm

Load Eccentricity, a1

0 mm

Distance from Load to Shell or Pad, a2

32 mm

Load Angle Normal to Vessel,

45

Load Angle from Vertical,

45

Welds
Size, tw

6.35 mm

70/148

Intermediate Values
Load Factor

1.5000

Vessel Weight (new, incl. Load Factor), W

421.1 kg

Lug Weight (new), Wlug

0.3 kg

Distance from Center of Gravity to this lug, x1

344.92
mm

Distance from Center of Gravity to second lug, x2

353.05
mm

Allowable Stress, Tensile, t

137.76
MPa

Allowable Stress, Shear, s

91.84
MPa

Allowable Stress, Bearing, p

206.64
MPa

Allowable Stress, Bending, b

153.07
MPa

Allowable Stress, Weld Shear, allowable

91.84
MPa

Allowable Stress set to 1/3 Sy per ASME B30.20

No

Summary Values
Required Lift Pin Diameter, dreqd

4.53 mm

Required Lug Thickness, treqd

0.79 mm

Lug Stress Ratio, ratio

0.09

Weld Shear Stress Ratio, ratio

0.12

Lug Design

Acceptable

Local Stresses WRC 107

Acceptable

Lift Forces
Fr
Fr

=
=

force on vessel at lug


[W / cos(1)]*(1 - x1 / (x1 + x2))
(421.1*9.8) / cos(45)*(1 - 344.92/ (344.92 +
=
353.05))
= 2,953.8 N
where 'x1' is the distance between this lug and the center of gravity
'x2' is the distance between the second lift lug and the center of gravity
Lug Pin Diameter - Shear stress

dreqd

=
=

dreqd / Dp =

(2*Fr / (*s))0.5
(2*2,953.8 / (*91.84))0.5

4.53 mm

4.53 / 18

0.25

Acceptable

71/148

/ s

=
=
=

Fr / A
Fr / (2*(0.25**Dp2))
2,953.8 / (2*(0.25**182)) =

5.8 MPa

5.8 / 91.84

0.06

Acceptable

Lug Thickness - Tensile stress


treqd

=
=

Fr / ((L - d)*t)
2,953.8 / ((64 - 20)*137.76) =

0.49 mm

0.49 / 10

0.05

=
=
=

Fr / A
Fr / ((L - d)*t)
2,953.8 / ((64 - 20)*10)

6.71 MPa

6.71 / 137.76

0.05

treqd / t =

/ t

Acceptable

Acceptable

Lug Thickness - Bearing stress

treqd

=
=

treqd / t =

=
=
=

/ p =

Fv / (Dp*p)
2,953.8 / (18*206.64) =

0.79 mm

0.79 / 10

0.08

Acceptable

Fv / Abearing
Fv / (Dp*(t))
2,953.8 / (18*(10)) =

16.41 MPa

16.41 / 206.64

0.08

Acceptable

Lug Thickness - Shear stress

treqd

=
=

treqd / t =

/ s

[Fv / s] / (2*Lshear)
(2,953.8 / 91.84) / (2*25.15) =

0.64 mm

0.64 / 10

0.06

=
=
=

Fv / Ashear
Fv / (2*t*Lshear )
2,953.8 / (2*10*25.15) =

5.87 MPa

5.87 / 91.84

0.06

Acceptable

Acceptable

Shear stress length (per Pressure Vessel and Stacks, A. Keith Escoe)

72/148

=
=
=
=
=
=

Lshear

55*Dp / d
55*18 / 20
49.5
(H - a2 - 0.5*d) + 0.5*Dp*(1 - cos())
(64 - 32 - 0.5*20) + 0.5*18*(1 - cos(49.5))
25.15 mm

Lug Plate Stress

Lug stress tensile + bending during lift:


ratio = [Ften / (Aten*t)] + [Mbend / (Zbend*b)] 1
= [(Fr*cos() ) / (t*L*t)] + [(6*abs(Fr*sin()*Hght - Fr*cos()*a1) ) / (t*L2*b)] 1
2,953.8*cos(45.0) / (10*64*137.76) + 6*abs(2,953.8*sin(45.0)*32 - 2,953.8*cos(45.0)*0) /
=
(10*642*153.07)
= 0.09
Acceptable
Weld Stress

Weld stress, tensile, bending and shear during lift:


Direct shear:

Shear stress at lift angle 45.00; lift force = 2,953.8 N


Aweld

2*(0.707)*tw*(L + t)

2*(0.707)*6.35*(64 + 10) = 664.44 mm2

Flug*cos() / Aweld

2,953.8*cos(45.0) / 664.44 = 3.14 MPa

Flug*sin() / Aweld

2,953.8*sin(45.0) / 664.44 = 3.14 MPa


=
=
=
=

ratio =

M*c/I
3*(Flug*sin()*Hght - Flug*cos()*a1) / (0.707*h*L*(3*t + L))
3*abs(2,953.8*sin(45.0)*32 - 2,953.8*cos(45.0)*(0)) /
(27008.5312)
7.42 MPa
sqr( (t + b)2 + s2 ) / allowable 1

73/148

=
=

sqr ( (3.14 + 7.42)2 + (3.14)2 ) / 91.84


0.12
Acceptable

WRC 107 Analysis


Geometry
Height (radial)

64 mm

Width (circumferential) 10 mm
Length

64 mm

Fillet Weld Size:

6.35 mm

Located On

Shell (1,029.97 mm from left end)

Location Angle

0.00

Applied Loads
Radial load, Pr

-2,088.68 N

Circumferential moment, Mc

0 N-m

Circumferential shear, Vc

0N

Longitudinal moment, ML

66.8 N-m

Longitudinal shear, VL

2,088.68 N

Torsion moment, Mt

0 N-m

Internal pressure, P

0 kPa

Mean shell radius, Rm

248.65 mm

Design factor

Maximum stresses due to the applied loads at the lug edge


= Rm / T = 248.65 / 8.33 = 29.8493
C1 = 11.35, C2 = 38.35 mm
Local circumferential pressure stress = P*Ri / T =0 MPa
Local longitudinal pressure stress = P*Ri / (2*T) =0 MPa
Maximum combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) = 45.51 MPa
Allowable combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) = 3*S = 354 MPa
The maximum combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) is within allowable limits.
Maximum local primary membrane stress (PL) = 8.01 MPa
Allowable local primary membrane stress (PL) = 1.5*S = 177 MPa
The maximum local primary membrane stress (PL) is within allowable limits.

74/148

Stresses at the lug edge per WRC Bulletin 107


Figure value

Au

Al

Bu

Bl

Cu

Cl

Du

Dl

3C*

4.3741

0.1217

4.413

4.413

4.413

4.413

4C*

5.3213

0.0997

5.364

5.364

5.364

5.364

1C

0.1702

0.0745

30.737

-30.737

30.737

-30.737

2C-1

0.1317

0.0745

23.787

-23.787

23.787

-23.787

3A*

0.547

0.0685

1A

0.102

0.0853

3B*

2.9361

0.1028

-2.648

-2.648

2.648

2.648

1B-1

0.0515

0.0923

-12.969

12.969

12.969

-12.969

Pressure stress*

Total circumferential stress

13.534

-8.101

44.768

-28.744

35.149

-26.324

35.149

-26.324

Primary membrane
circumferential stress*

2.717

2.717

8.012

8.012

4.413

4.413

4.413

4.413

3C*

4.7996

0.0997

4.84

4.84

4.84

4.84

4C*

5.1025

0.1217

5.143

5.143

5.143

5.143

1C-1

0.1427

0.1036

25.773

-25.773

25.773

-25.773

2C

0.1012

0.1036

18.278

-18.278

18.278

-18.278

4A*

0.7018

0.0685

2A

0.0544

0.1145

4B*

0.8167

0.1028

-1.241

-1.241

1.241

1.241

2B-1

0.0716

0.1219

-13.659

13.659

13.659

-13.659

Pressure stress*

Total longitudinal stress

15.713

-8.515

45.512

-33.35

23.421

-13.135

23.421

-13.135

Primary membrane
longitudinal stress*

3.599

3.599

6.081

6.081

5.143

5.143

5.143

5.143

Shear from M t

Circ shear from V c

Long shear from V L

-1.634

-1.634

1.634

1.634

Total Shear stress

-1.634

-1.634

1.634

1.634

Combined stress (P L+Pb+Q)

15.713

-8.515

45.512

-33.35

35.37

-26.524

35.37

-26.524

* denotes primary stress.

75/148

Outlet (N2)
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

Shell

Orientation

180

Nozzle center line offset to datum line

950 mm

End of nozzle to shell center

406.4 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 2 Sch 160 DN 50

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-106 B Smls Pipe (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 15)

Inside diameter, new

42.85 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

8.74 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

7.65 mm

Corrosion allowance

3 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

88.9 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

152.4 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

8.33 mm

Liquid static head included

6.47 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

9 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

9.52 mm

76/148

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 2 Class 150 WN A105

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-33.61C

Liquid static head

7.96 kPa

MAWP rating

1,800 kPa @ 90C

MAP rating

1,960 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

3,000 kPa @ 21.11C

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No

Circumferential joint radiography

Full UW-11(a) Type 1


Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UCS-66(b)(1)(b) = -33.61C (Coincident ratio = 0.9184)


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 1,798.51*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,798.51) =

0.38 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.38*1 / (7.65 - 3) =

0.0809

Stress ratio 0.35, MDMT per UCS-66(b)(3) =

-105C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.

77/148

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,406.47 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

6.01

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,406.47 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(48.85, 24.42 + (8.74 - 3) + (8.33 - 3))
48.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(8.74 - 3) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,406.4707*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,406.4707)
0.29 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


1,406.4707*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,406.4707)
3.01 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

78/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,407.9641*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,407.9641) + 3
3.29 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 3.29 , 0 ]
3.29 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


1,406.4707*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,406.4707) + 3
6.01 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6.01 , 4.5 ]
6.01 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 6.42 , 6.01 ]
6.01 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 3.29 , 6.01 ]
6.01 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

79/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAWP.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,798.51 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

6.42

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,798.51 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(48.85, 24.42 + (8.74 - 3) + (8.33 - 3))
48.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(8.74 - 3) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,798.5084*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,798.5084)
0.38 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


1,798.5084*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,798.5084)
3.85 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

80/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,800.0018*24.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,800.0018) + 3
3.38 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 3.38 , 0 ]
3.38 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


1,798.5084*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,798.5084) + 3
6.85 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6.85 , 4.5 ]
6.85 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 6.42 , 6.85 ]
6.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 3.38 , 6.42 ]
6.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

81/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAP.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,960 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.42

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

5.83

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,960 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(42.85, 21.42 + (8.74 - 0) + (8.33 - 0))
42.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 0), 2.5*(8.74 - 0) + 0)
=
20.83 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,960.002*21.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,960.002)
0.36 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


1,960.002*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,960.002)
4.19 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

82/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 8.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 5.83 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,960.002*21.42 / (118,000*1 - 0.6*1,960.002) + 0
0.36 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.36 , 0 ]
0.36 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


1,960.002*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,960.002) + 0
4.19 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 4.19 , 1.5 ]
4.19 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.42 , 4.19 ]
3.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.36 , 3.42 ]
3.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

83/148

Reinforcement Calculations for External Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 103.42 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

4.5

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 103.42 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(48.85, 24.42 + (8.74 - 3) + (8.33 - 3))
48.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(8.74 - 3) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.29 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 2.62 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

84/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-28

3.29 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 3.29 , 0 ]
3.29 mm

tb2

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


103.4214*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*103.4214) + 3
3.22 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 3.22 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 6.42 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 3.29 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 154.2 / 60.33
= 60.33 / 0.29

= 2.5561
= 210.4587

From table G:
A = 0.000165
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 16.3242 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*16,324.19 / (3*(60.33 / 0.29))
= 103.42 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.29 + 3 = 3.29 mm

85/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAEP

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 603.97 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

4.5

7.65

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 603.97 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(48.85, 24.42 + (8.74 - 3) + (8.33 - 3))
48.85 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(8.74 - 3) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.58 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 5.33 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

86/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-28

3.58 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 3.58 , 0 ]
3.58 mm

tb2

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


603.9706*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*603.9706) + 3
4.3 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 4.3 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 6.42 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 3.58 , 4.5 ]
4.5 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*8.74 = 7.65 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 154.2 / 60.33
= 60.33 / 0.58

= 2.5561
= 103.5983

From table G:
A = 0.000473
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 46.928 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*46,928.04 / (3*(60.33 / 0.58))
= 603.97 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 603.97 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.58 + 3 = 3.58 mm

87/148

Vent/PRV (N5)
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

Shell

Orientation

Nozzle center line offset to datum line

800 mm

End of nozzle to shell center

406.4 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No

Nozzle
Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-105 (II-D Metric p. 18, ln. 23)

Inside diameter, new

70.94 mm

Nominal wall thickness

10.57 mm

Corrosion allowance

3.81 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

152.4 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

8.33 mm

Liquid static head included

1.49 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

9 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

9.52 mm

88/148

UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle At Intersection


Governing thickness, tg =

8.33 mm

Exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B =

-29C

tr = 1,793.53*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,793.53) =

3.84 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.84*1 / (8.33 - 3) =

0.7198

Reduction in MDMT, TR from Fig UCS-66.1M =

15.7C

MDMT = max[ MDMT - TR, -48] = max[ -29 - 15.7 , -48] =

-44.7C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.


UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle
tr = 1,793.53*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,793.53) =

0.51 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.51*1 / (10.57 - 3.81) =

0.0761

Stress ratio 0.35, MDMT per UCS-66(b)(3) =

-105C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.

89/148

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,401.49 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,401.49 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,401.4934*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,401.4934)
0.4 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


1,401.4934*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,401.4934)
3 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

90/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,401.4934*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,401.4934) + 3.81
4.21 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.21 , 0 ]
4.21 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


1,401.4934*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,401.4934) + 3
6 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6 , 5.31 ]
6 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.83 , 6 ]
6 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.21 , 6 ]
6 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

91/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAWP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 2,497.83 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

8.33

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 2,497.83 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


2,497.8299*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*2,497.8299)
0.72 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


2,497.8299*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*2,497.8299)
5.33 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

92/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


2,497.8299*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*2,497.8299) + 3.81
4.53 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.53 , 0 ]
4.53 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


2,497.8299*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*2,497.8299) + 3
8.33 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 8.33 , 5.31 ]
8.33 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.83 , 8.33 ]
8.33 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.53 , 8.33 ]
8.33 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

93/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 3,921.92 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.02

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

5.83

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 3,921.92 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(70.94, 35.47 + (10.57 - 0) + (8.33 - 0))
70.94 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 0), 2.5*(10.57 - 0) + 0)
=
20.83 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


3,921.9153*35.47 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*3,921.9153)
1.03 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P)


3,921.9153*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*3,921.9153)
8.33 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

94/148

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 8.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 5.83 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


3,921.9153*35.47 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*3,921.9153) + 0
1.03 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 1.03 , 0 ]
1.03 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


3,921.9153*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*3,921.9153) + 0
8.33 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 8.33 , 1.5 ]
8.33 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 5.02 , 8.33 ]
5.02 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 1.03 , 5.02 ]
5.02 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

95/148

Reinforcement Calculations for External Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 103.42 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.31

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 103.42 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.37 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 2.62 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

96/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-28

4.18 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.18 , 0 ]
4.18 mm

tb2

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


103.4214*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*103.4214) + 3
3.22 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 3.22 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.18 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 156.61 / 92.07
= 92.07 / 0.37

= 1.7009
= 248.5724

From table G:
A = 0.000195
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 19.2801 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*19,280.1 / (3*(92.07 / 0.37))
= 103.42 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.37 + 3.81 = 4.18 mm

97/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAEP

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 603.97 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.31

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 603.97 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.75 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 5.33 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

98/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-28

4.56 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.56 , 0 ]
4.56 mm

tb2

=
=
=

P*Ro / (S*E + 0.4*P) + Corrosion


603.9706*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*603.9706) + 3
4.3 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 4.3 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.56 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 156.61 / 92.07
= 92.07 / 0.75

= 1.7009
= 123.0886

From table G:
A = 0.000561
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 55.7571 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*55,757.05 / (3*(92.07 / 0.75))
= 603.98 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 603.98 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.75 + 3.81 = 4.56 mm

99/148

Straight Flange on B16.9 Pipe Cap #2


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

Cylinder

Material

SA-234 WPB (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 17)

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

1,400

90

External

103.42

90

Design
MDMT (C)
-29

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Operating

6.41

653.88

Test horizontal

6.38

650.88

Dimensions
Outer Diameter

508 mm

Length

98.43 mm

Nominal Thickness

9.52 mm

Corrosion

Inner

3 mm

Outer

0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)

Capacity (liters)

New

11.49

18.48

Corroded

7.92

18.94

Radiography
Longitudinal seam

Seamless No RT

Left Circumferential
seam

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) Type 1

100/148

Results Summary
Governing condition

Internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 3 mm = 4.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

6.01 mm

Design thickness due to external pressure (te)

5.62 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

3,054.12 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

4,489.99 kPa

Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP)

995.56 kPa

Rated MDMT

-48 C
UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements

Governing thickness, tg =

8.33 mm

Exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B =

-29C

tr = 1,798.44*254 / (118,000*1 + 0.4*1,798.44) =

3.85 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.85*1 / (9.52 - 3) =

0.5901

Reduction in MDMT, TR from Fig UCS-66.1M =

23.8C

MDMT = max[ MDMT - TR, -48] = max[ -29 - 23.8 , -48] =

-48C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.


Design thickness, (at 90 C) Appendix 1-1
t

= P*Ro / (S*E + 0.40*P) + Corrosion


= 1,406.41*254 / (118,000*1.00 + 0.40*1,406.41) + 3
= 6.01 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 90 C) Appendix 1-1


P

= S*E*t / (Ro - 0.40*t) - Ps


= 118,000*1.00*6.52 / (254 - 0.40*6.52) - 6.41
= 3,054.12 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 C) Appendix 1-1


P

= S*E*t / (Ro - 0.40*t)


= 118,000*1.00*9.52 / (254 - 0.40*9.52)
= 4,489.99 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)


L / Do
Do / t

= 1,583.49 / 508
= 508 / 2.62

= 3.1171
= 193.7515

From table G:
A = 0.000152
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 15.0287 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))

101/148

= 4*15,028.7 / (3*(508 / 2.62))


= 103.42 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa
ta

= t + Corrosion

= 2.62 + 3 = 5.62 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)


L / Do
Do / t

= 1,583.49 / 508
= 508 / 6.52

= 3.1171
= 77.9110

From table G:
A = 0.000586
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 58.1738 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*58,173.76 / (3*(508 / 6.52))
= 995.56 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table CS-2


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 6.52)
= 0.003209
B
= 112.92 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScHC

min(B, S) = 112.92 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 9.52)
= 0.004685
B
= 118.12 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScHN

min(B, S) = 118 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 9.52)
= 0.004685
B
= 118.12 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScCN

min(B, S) = 118 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC, (table CS-2


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 6.52)
= 0.003209

102/148

112.92 MPa

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScCC

min(B, S) = 112.92 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


CS-2 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (254 / 6.52)
= 0.003209
B
= 112.92 MPa
S

118 / 1.00 = 118 MPa

ScVC

min(B, S) = 112.92 MPa

103/148

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

ASME B16.9 Pipe Cap (modified)

Material

SA-234 WPB (II-D Metric p. 14, ln. 17)

Attached To

Shell

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

1,400

90

External

103.42

90

Design
MDMT (C)
-29

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Operating

6.41

653.88

Test horizontal

6.38

650.88

Dimensions
NPS and Schedule

NPS 20 Sch 20 (Std) DN 500

Outer Diameter

508 mm

Overall Length E

229 mm

Nominal Thickness

9.52 mm

Minimum Thickness1

8.33 mm

Inner

3 mm

Outer

0 mm

Corrosion

Length Lsf

98.43 mm

Nominal Thickness tsf

9.52 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)2

Capacity (liters)2

New

32.55

33.79

Corroded

22.56

35

Radiography

1
2

Category A joints

Seamless No RT

Head to shell seam

Spot UW-11(a)(5)(b) Type 1

minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.


includes straight flange

104/148

Results Summary
Governing condition

internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 3 mm = 4.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

5.95 mm

Design thickness due to external pressure (te)

4.29 mm

Governing straight flange design thickness

6.01 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

2,558.14 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

3,987.54 kPa

Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP)

1,138.5 kPa

Straight Flange governs MDMT

-48C

Factor K
K = (1/6)*[2 + (D / (2*h))2]
Corroded K = (1/6)*[2 + (494.96 / (2*125.24))2]
New

K = (1/6)*[2 + (488.96 / (2*122.24))2]

0.9841
1

Design thickness for internal pressure, (Corroded at 90 C) Appendix 1-4(c)


t

=
=
=

P*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*P*(K - 0.1)) + Corrosion


1,406.41*508*0.984128 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*1,406.41*(0.984128 - 0.1)) + 3
5.95 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (Corroded at 90 C) Appendix 1-4(c)


P

=
=
=

2*S*E*t / (K*Do - 2*t*(K - 0.1)) - Ps


2*118,000*1*(0.875*9.52 - 3) / (0.984128*508 - 2*(0.875*9.52 - 3)*(0.984128 0.1)) - 6.41
2,558.14 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (New at 21.11 C) Appendix 1-4(c)


P

=
2*S*E*t / (K*Do - 2*t*(K - 0.1)) - Ps
=
2*118,000*1*0.875*9.52 / (1*508 - 2*0.875*9.52*(1 - 0.1)) - 0
=
3,987.54 kPa
Design thickness for external pressure, (Corroded at 90 C) UG-33(d)
Equivalent outside spherical radius (Ro)
Ro =
Ko*Do
=
0.8754*508
=
444.7 mm
A

=
=
=

0.125 / (Ro / t)
0.125 / (444.7 / 1.28)
0.000361

From Table CS-2


Metric:

35.7978
MPa

105/148

Pa

=
=
=

B / (Ro / t)
35,797.83 / (444.7 / 1.28)
103.4213 kPa

t
=
1.28 mm + Corrosion = 1.28 mm + 3 mm = 4.28 mm
Check the external pressure per UG-33(a)(1) Appendix 1-4(c)
t

=
=
=

1.67*Pe*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*1.67*Pe*(K - 0.1)) + Corrosion


1.67*103.42*508*0.984128 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*1.67*103.42*(0.984128 - 0.1)) + 3
3.37 mm

The head external pressure design thickness (te) is 4.28 mm.


Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded at 90 C) UG-33(d)
Equivalent outside spherical radius (Ro)
Ro =
Ko*Do
=
0.8754*508
=
444.7 mm
A

=
=
=

0.125 / (Ro / t)
0.125 / (444.7 / (0.875*9.52 - 3))
0.001498

From Table CS-2


Metric:
Pa

=
=
=

94.9841
MPa

B / (Ro / t)
94,984.08 / (444.7 / (0.875*9.52 - 3))
1,138.499 kPa

Check the Maximum External Pressure, UG-33(a)(1) Appendix 1-4(c)


P

=
=
=

2*S*E*t / ((K*Do - 2*t*(K - 0.1))*1.67)


2*118,000*1*(0.875*9.52 - 3) / ((0.984128*508 - 2*(0.875*9.52 - 3)*(0.984128 0.1))*1.67)
1,535.66 kPa

The maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) is 1,138.5 kPa.

106/148

Inspection Opening (N4)


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

B16.9 Pipe Cap #2

Orientation

End of nozzle to datum line

1,682.38 mm

Calculated as hillside

No

Distance to head center, R

0 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No

Nozzle
Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-105 (II-D Metric p. 18, ln. 23)

Inside diameter, new

70.94 mm

Nominal wall thickness

10.57 mm

Corrosion allowance

3.81 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

152.4 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

8.33 mm

Liquid static head included

3.98 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

9 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

9.52 mm

107/148

UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle At Intersection


Governing thickness, tg =

8.33 mm

Exemption temperature from Fig UCS-66M Curve B =

-29C

tr = 1,796.02*0.8892*508 / (2*118,000*1 + 0.8*1,796.02) =

3.42 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.42*1 / (8.33 - 3) =

0.641

Reduction in MDMT, TR from Fig UCS-66.1M =

20.1C

MDMT = max[ MDMT - TR, -48] = max[ -29 - 20.1 , -48] =

-48C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.


UCS-66 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle
tr = 1,796.02*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,796.02) =

0.52 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.52*1 / (10.57 - 3.81) =

0.0762

Stress ratio 0.35, MDMT per UCS-66(b)(3) =

-105C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29C.

108/148

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,403.98 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.94

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,403.98 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,403.9824*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,403.9824)
0.4 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(c)


tr

=
=
=

P*K1*Do / (2*S*E + 0.8*P)


1,403.9824*0.8892*508 / (2*118,000*1 + 0.8*1,403.9824)
2.67 mm

109/148

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*P*(K - 0.1))


1,403.98*508*0.984128 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*1,403.98*(0.984128 - 0.1))
2.94 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,403.9824*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,403.9824) + 3.81
4.21 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.21 , 0 ]
4.21 mm

tb1

5.94 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 5.94 , 5.31 ]
5.94 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.94 ]
5.94 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.21 , 5.94 ]
5.94 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

110/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAWP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 2,811.33 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

8.83

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 2,811.33 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
=
13.33 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


2,811.3308*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*2,811.3308)
0.81 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(c)


tr

=
=
=

P*K1*Do / (2*S*E + 0.8*P)


2,811.3308*0.8892*508 / (2*118,000*1 + 0.8*2,811.3308)
5.33 mm

111/148

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*P*(K - 0.1))


2,811.33*508*0.984128 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*2,811.33*(0.984128 - 0.1))
5.83 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


2,811.3308*39.28 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*2,811.3308) + 3.81
4.62 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.62 , 0 ]
4.62 mm

tb1

8.83 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
8.83 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.83 , 8.83 ]
8.83 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.62 , 8.83 ]
8.83 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

112/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 4,363.44 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.02

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

5.83

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 4,363.44 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(70.94, 35.47 + (10.57 - 0) + (8.33 - 0))
70.94 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 0), 2.5*(10.57 - 0) + 0)
=
20.83 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


4,363.4389*35.47 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*4,363.4389)
1.14 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(c)


tr

=
=
=

P*K1*Do / (2*S*E + 0.8*P)


4,363.4389*0.9*508 / (2*118,000*1 + 0.8*4,363.4389)
8.33 mm

113/148

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*Do*K / (2*S*E + 2*P*(K - 0.1))


4,363.44*508*1 / (2*118,000*1 + 2*4,363.44*(1 - 0.1))
9.09 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 8.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 5.83 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm
The fillet weld size is satisfactory.
Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


4,363.4389*35.47 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*4,363.4389) + 0
1.14 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 1.14 , 0 ]
1.14 mm

tb1

9.09 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 9.09 , 1.5 ]
9.09 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 5.02 , 9.09 ]
5.02 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 1.14 , 5.02 ]
5.02 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

114/148

Reinforcement Calculations for External Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 103.42 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.31

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 103.42 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.37 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 1.27 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

115/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-28

4.18 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.18 , 0 ]
4.18 mm

tb2

3.22 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 3.22 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.18 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 152.4 / 92.07
= 92.07 / 0.37

= 1.6552
= 251.2969

From table G:
A = 0.000197
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 19.4916 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*19,491.63 / (3*(92.07 / 0.37))
= 103.42 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.37 + 3.81 = 4.18 mm

116/148

Reinforcement Calculations for MAEP

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For Pe = 995.56 kPa @ 90 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

5.31

10.57

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


Weld strength calculations are not required for external pressure
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
throat size (mm)

Actual weld
throat size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

3.73

6.3

weld size is adequate

Calculations for external pressure 995.56 kPa @ 90 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(78.56, 39.28 + (10.57 - 3.81) + (8.33 - 3))
78.56 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(8.33 - 3), 2.5*(10.57 - 3.81) + 0)
13.33 mm

Nozzle required thickness per UG-28 trn = 0.9 mm


From UG-37(d)(1) required thickness tr = 4.76 mm
This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(c) Weld Check


Fillet weld: tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.33 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.73 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9 = 6.3 mm

117/148

The fillet weld size is satisfactory.


Weld strength calculations are not required for this detail which conforms to Fig. UW-16.1, sketch (c-e).

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-28

4.71 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-28 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 4.71 , 0 ]
4.71 mm

tb2

5.09 mm

tb2

=
=
=

max[ tb2 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 5.09 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb2 ]


min[ 8.83 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 4.71 , 5.31 ]
5.31 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 10.57 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
External Pressure, (Corroded & at 90 C) UG-28(c)
L / Do
Do / t

= 152.4 / 92.07
= 92.07 / 0.9

= 1.6552
= 102.0312

From table G:
A = 0.000766
From table CS-2 Metric: B = 76.182 MPa
Pa

= 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*76,181.98 / (3*(92.07 / 0.9))
= 995.54 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 995.54 kPa


ta

= t + Corrosion

= 0.9 + 3.81 = 4.71 mm

118/148

Saddle #1
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Saddle Material

Sa 36

Saddle Construction

Web at edge of rib

Welded to Vessel

Yes

Saddle Allowable Stress, Ss

137.895 MPa

Saddle Yield Stress, Sy

262.001 MPa

Foundation Allowable Stress

11.432 MPa

Design
Pressure

Left Saddle Right Saddle

Operating

1,798.44 kPa

Test

2,106.38 kPa

Vacuum

103.42 kPa
Dimensions

Right saddle distance to datum

1,100 mm

Tangent To Tangent Length, L

1,500 mm

Saddle separation, Ls

900 mm

Vessel Radius, R

254 mm

Tangent Distance Left, Al

298.43 mm

Tangent Distance Right, Ar

301.57 mm

Saddle Height, Hs

500 mm

Saddle Contact Angle,

120

Web Plate Thickness, ts

6 mm

Base Plate Length, E

470 mm

Base Plate Width, F

150 mm

Base Plate Thickness, tb

10 mm

Number of Stiffening Ribs, n

Largest Stiffening Rib Spacing, di

438.6 mm

Stiffening Rib Thickness, tw

6 mm

Saddle Width, b

100 mm

Reinforcing Plate
Thickness, tp

10 mm

Width, Wp

150 mm

Contact Angle, w

132
Bolting

119/148

Material

SA 193 Gr. B7

Bolt Allowable Shear

103.421 MPa

Description

20 mm

Corrosion on root

3 mm

Anchor Bolts per Saddle

Base coefficient of friction,

0.45

Weight
Operating,
Corroded

Hydrotest

Weight on Left Saddle

242.67 kg

274.42 kg

Weight on Right Saddle

246.75 kg

278.51 kg

Weight of Saddle Pair

42.64 kg
Notes

(1) Saddle calculations are based on the method presented in "Stresses in Large Cylindrical Pressure Vessels on
Two Saddle Supports" by L.P. Zick.

120/148

Stress Summary
Load

Condition

Operating
Seismic

Saddle

Right Saddle

Bending + pressure between saddles


(MPa)
S1
(+)

allow
(+)

S1
(-)

allow
(-)

42.134

141.6

0.183

130.724

Left Saddle
Vacuum

Right Saddle

0.183

141.6

2.595

130.724

Left Saddle
Operating

Right Saddle

42.083

141.6

0.132

130.724

Left Saddle

Wind
Test

Right Saddle

31.149

216.9

0.089

130.724

Left Saddle
Vacuum

Right Saddle

0.132

141.6

2.544

130.724

Left Saddle
Operating
Weight

Right Saddle

42.067

118

0.116

108.937

Left Saddle
Vacuum

Right Saddle
Left Saddle

0.116

118

2.529

108.937

Bending + pressure at the saddle


(MPa)
S2
(+)

allow
(+)

S2
(-)

allow
(-)

43.615

141.6

1.664

130.724

43.581

141.6

1.63

130.724

1.664

141.6

4.076

130.724

1.63

141.6

4.042

130.724

43.473

141.6

1.522

130.724

43.442

141.6

1.491

130.724

32.174

216.9

1.113

130.724

32.152

216.9

1.091

130.724

1.522

141.6

3.934

130.724

1.491

141.6

3.903

130.724

43.473

118

1.522

108.937

43.442

118

1.491

108.937

1.522

118

3.934

108.937

1.491

118

3.903

108.937

121/148

Stress Summary
Load

Condition

Operating
Seismic

Vacuum

Operating
Wind
Test

Vacuum

Operating
Weight

Vacuum

Tangential
shear (MPa)

Circumferential
stress (MPa)

S3

allow

S4
(horns)

allow
(+/-)

S5

allow

S6

allow

Right Saddle

2.257

94.4

-15.361

177

1.824

111

0.385

91.93

Left Saddle

2.211

94.4

-15.107

177

1.794

111

0.379

91.93

Right Saddle

2.257

94.4

-15.361

177

1.824

111

0.385

91.93

Left Saddle

2.211

94.4

-15.107

177

1.794

111

0.379

91.93

Right Saddle

1.421

94.4

-11.074

177

1.315

111

0.278

91.93

Left Saddle

1.393

94.4

-10.909

177

1.295

111

0.274

91.93

Right Saddle

0.888

173.52

-4.818

216.9

1.046

216.9

0.288

235.801

Left Saddle

0.871

173.52

-4.75

216.9

1.032

216.9

0.283

235.801

Right Saddle

1.421

94.4

-11.074

177

1.315

111

0.278

91.93

Left Saddle

1.393

94.4

-10.909

177

1.295

111

0.274

91.93

Right Saddle

1.141

94.4

-9.78

177

1.161

111

0.245

91.93

Left Saddle

1.114

94.4

-9.618

177

1.142

111

0.241

91.93

Right Saddle

1.141

94.4

-9.78

177

1.161

111

0.245

91.93

Left Saddle

1.114

94.4

-9.618

177

1.142

111

0.241

91.93

Saddle

Stress over
saddle (MPa)

Splitting (MPa)

Seismic base shear on vessel


Vessel is assumed to be a rigid structure.
Method of seismic analysis

ASCE 7-10 ground supported

Vertical seismic accelerations considered

Yes

Importance factor, Ie

1.5

Site Class

Short period spectral response acceleration as percent of g, Ss

100

From Table 11.4-1, Fa

Risk Category (Table 1.5-1)

II
Equations

SMS = Fa*Ss
SDS = (2 / 3)*SMS
Fp = 0.3*SDS*W*Ie*0.7
Results
SMS = 1*1

SDS = (2 / 3)*1

0.6667

Seismic Design Category (Section 11.6)

Fp = 0.3*0.6667*4,799.63*1.5*0.7

1,007.92 N

122/148

Saddle reactions due to weight + seismic


Vv = vertical seismic force acting on the saddle
V = horizontal seismic shear acting on the saddle (worst case if not slotted)
Seismic longitudinal reaction, Ql
Seismic transverse reaction, Qt
Equations
Ql = V*Hs / Ls + Vv
Qt = V*Hs / (Ro*Sin( / 2 )) + Vv
Q = W + max[ Qt , Ql ]
Results
Right Saddle
Operating

Left Saddle

Ql = 1,007.92*500 / 900 + 0.14*0.6667*2,419.83

785.81 N

Qt = 508.16*500 / (254*Sin( 120 / 2 )) + 0.14*0.6667*2,419.83

1,380.93 N

Q = 2,419.83 + max[ 1,380.93 , 785.81 ]

3,800.76 N

Ql = 1,007.92*500 / 900 + 0.14*0.6667*2,379.8

782.07 N

Qt = 499.76*500 / (254*Sin( 120 / 2 )) + 0.14*0.6667*2,379.8

1,358.08 N

Q = 2,379.8 + max[ 1,358.08 , 782.07 ]

3,737.88 N

123/148

Saddle reactions due to weight + wind


Wind longitudinal reaction, Ql
Wind transverse reaction, Qt
Wind pressure, Pw

0.5862 kPa
Equations

Vwt = Pw*G*(Cf(shell)*(Projected shell area) + Cf(saddle)*(Projected saddle area))


Vwe = Pw*G*(Cf(shell)**Ro2 / 144 + Cf(saddle)*(Projected saddle area))
Qt = Vwt*Hs / (Ro*Sin( / 2))
Ql = Vwe*Hs / Ls
Q = W + max[ Qt , Ql ]
Results
Vwt = 0.59*0.85*1000*(0.54*0.4325 + 2*0.0246)

140.88 N

2
Right Saddle Vwe = 0.59*0.85*1000*(0.5**0.254 / 1 + 2*0.1348)

184.82 N

Qt = 140.88*500 / (254*Sin( 120 / 2))

320.23 N

Ql = 184.82*500 / 900

102.68 N

Q = 2,419.83 + max[ 320.23 , 102.68 ]

2,740.06 N

Vwt = 0.59*0.85*1000*(0.54*0.4309 + 2*0.0246)

140.45 N

Vwe = 0.59*0.85*1000*(0.5**0.2542 / 1 + 2*0.1348)

184.82 N

Qt = 140.45*500 / (254*Sin( 120 / 2))

319.26 N

Ql = 184.82*500 / 900

102.68 N

Q = 2,379.8 + max[ 319.26 , 102.68 ]

2,699.05 N

Vwt = 0.19*0.85*1000*(0.54*0.4325 + 2*0.0246)

46.49 N

Operating

Left Saddle

2
Right Saddle Vwe = 0.19*0.85*1000*(0.5**0.254 / 1 + 2*0.1348)

Test

Left Saddle

60.99 N

Qt = 46.49*500 / (254*Sin( 120 / 2))

105.68 N

Ql = 60.99*500 / 900

33.88 N

Q = 2,731.21 + max[ 105.68 , 33.88 ]

2,836.88 N

Vwt = 0.19*0.85*1000*(0.54*0.4309 + 2*0.0246)

46.35 N

Vwe = 0.19*0.85*1000*(0.5**0.2542 / 1 + 2*0.1348)

60.99 N

Qt = 46.35*500 / (254*Sin( 120 / 2))

105.35 N

Ql = 60.99*500 / 900

33.88 N

Q = 2,691.17 + max[ 105.35 , 33.88 ]

2,796.53 N

Load Case 1: Seismic, Operating


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Seismic, Operating, left saddle loading and geometry govern)

124/148

S1 = 3*K1*Q*(L / 12) / (*R2*t)


= 3*0.138*3,737.88*(1,500 / 12) / (*251.332*5.33)
= 0.183 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 42.134 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 0.183 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S*E = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the right saddle (Seismic, Operating)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
Seismic vertical acceleration coefficient m = 0.4444*0.21 = 0.0933
w = Wt*(1 + m)*10 / Le = 4,799.63*(1 + 0.0933)*10 / 1,674.09 = 31.35 N/cm
Bending moment at the right saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Ar / 3 + Ar2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 31.35 / 10000*(2*130.57*301.57 / 3 + 301.572 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 187.6 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 187.6*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.664 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 43.615 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 1.664 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Seismic, Operating)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 3,800.76 - 3.13*(301.57 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 2,582.61 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*2,582.61 / (251.33*5.33)
= 2.257 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Seismic, Operating)

125/148

S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)


= -3,800.76 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*3,800.76*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -15.361 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Seismic, Operating)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*3,800.76 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.824 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Seismic, Operating)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*3,800.76 / 2,008
= 0.385 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Seismic, Operating)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
Seismic vertical acceleration coefficient m = 0.4444*0.21 = 0.0933
w = Wt*(1 + m)*10 / Le = 4,799.63*(1 + 0.0933)*10 / 1,674.09 = 31.35 N/cm
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al / 3 + Al2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 31.35 / 10000*(2*130.57*298.43 / 3 + 298.432 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 183.8 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 183.8*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.63 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 43.581 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 1.63 MPa

126/148

Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S = 141.6 MPa)


Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (left saddle, Seismic, Operating)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 3,737.88 - 3.13*(298.43 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 2,529.57 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*2,529.57 / (251.33*5.33)
= 2.211 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the left saddle horns (Seismic, Operating)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -3,737.88 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*3,737.88*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -15.107 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over left saddle (Seismic, Operating)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*3,737.88 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.794 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (left, Seismic, Operating)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*3,737.88 / 2,008
= 0.379 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)

Load Case 2: Seismic, Vacuum


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Seismic, Vacuum, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = 3*K1*Q*(L / 12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.138*3,737.88*(1,500 / 12) / (*251.332*5.33)
= 0.183 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)

127/148

= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S1t = S1 = 0.183 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S1c = S1 + Sp = 2.595 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S*E = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the right saddle (Seismic, Vacuum)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
Seismic vertical acceleration coefficient m = 0.4444*0.21 = 0.0933
w = Wt*(1 + m)*10 / Le = 4,799.63*(1 + 0.0933)*10 / 1,674.09 = 31.35 N/cm
Bending moment at the right saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Ar / 3 + Ar2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 31.35 / 10000*(2*130.57*301.57 / 3 + 301.572 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 187.6 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 187.6*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.664 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 1.664 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 4.076 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Seismic, Vacuum)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 3,800.76 - 3.13*(301.57 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 2,582.61 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*2,582.61 / (251.33*5.33)
= 2.257 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Seismic, Vacuum)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -3,800.76 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*3,800.76*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -15.361 MPa

128/148

Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)


The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Seismic, Vacuum)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*3,800.76 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.824 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Seismic, Vacuum)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*3,800.76 / 2,008
= 0.385 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Seismic, Vacuum)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
Seismic vertical acceleration coefficient m = 0.4444*0.21 = 0.0933
w = Wt*(1 + m)*10 / Le = 4,799.63*(1 + 0.0933)*10 / 1,674.09 = 31.35 N/cm
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al / 3 + Al2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 31.35 / 10000*(2*130.57*298.43 / 3 + 298.432 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 183.8 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 183.8*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.63 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 1.63 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 4.042 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (left saddle, Seismic, Vacuum)

129/148

Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)


= 3,737.88 - 3.13*(298.43 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 2,529.57 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*2,529.57 / (251.33*5.33)
= 2.211 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the left saddle horns (Seismic, Vacuum)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -3,737.88 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*3,737.88*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -15.107 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over left saddle (Seismic, Vacuum)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*3,737.88 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.794 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (left, Seismic, Vacuum)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*3,737.88 / 2,008
= 0.379 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)

Load Case 3: Wind, Operating


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Wind, Operating, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = 3*K1*Q*(L / 12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.138*2,699.05*(1,500 / 12) / (*251.332*5.33)
= 0.132 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 42.083 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 0.132 MPa

130/148

Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S*E = 141.6 MPa)


Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the right saddle (Wind, Operating)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 4,799.63*10 / 1,674.09 = 28.67 N/cm
Bending moment at the right saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Ar / 3 + Ar2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 28.67 / 10000*(2*130.57*301.57 / 3 + 301.572 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 171.6 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 171.6*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.522 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 43.473 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 1.522 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Wind, Operating)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,740.06 - 2.87*(301.57 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,625.9 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,625.9 / (251.33*5.33)
= 1.421 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Wind, Operating)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,740.06 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,740.06*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -11.074 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Wind, Operating)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))

131/148

= 0.7603*2,740.06 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))


= 1.315 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Wind, Operating)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,740.06 / 2,008
= 0.278 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Wind, Operating)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 4,799.63*10 / 1,674.09 = 28.67 N/cm
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al / 3 + Al2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 28.67 / 10000*(2*130.57*298.43 / 3 + 298.432 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 168.1 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 168.1*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.491 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 43.442 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 1.491 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (left saddle, Wind, Operating)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,699.05 - 2.87*(298.43 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,593.89 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,593.89 / (251.33*5.33)
= 1.393 MPa

132/148

Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)


Circumferential stress at the left saddle horns (Wind, Operating)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,699.05 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,699.05*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -10.909 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over left saddle (Wind, Operating)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,699.05 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.295 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (left, Wind, Operating)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,699.05 / 2,008
= 0.274 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)

Load Case 4: Wind, Test


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Wind, Test, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = 3*K1*Q*(L / 12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.138*2,796.53*(1,500 / 12) / (*249.842*8.33)
= 0.089 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 2.11*245.67 / (2*8.33)
= 31.061 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 31.149 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 0.089 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy*E = 216.9 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the right saddle (Wind, Test)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm

133/148

w = Wt / Le = 5,422.38*10 / 1,674.09 = 32.39 N/cm


Bending moment at the right saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Ar / 3 + Ar2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 32.39 / 10000*(2*130.57*301.57 / 3 + 301.572 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 193.9 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 193.9*1e3*9.3799 / (*249.842*8.33)
= 1.113 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 2.11*245.67 / (2*8.33)
= 31.061 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 32.174 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 1.113 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Wind, Test)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,836.88 - 3.24*(301.57 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,578.16 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,578.16 / (249.84*8.33)
= 0.888 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 173.52 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Wind, Test)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,836.88 / (4*8.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*8.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,836.88*249.84 / (1,500*8.332)
= -4.818 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =171.76 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Wind, Test)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,836.88 / ((8.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*18.33)))
= 1.046 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Wind, Test)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area

134/148

Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,836.88 / 2,008
= 0.288 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 235.801 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Wind, Test)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 5,422.38*10 / 1,674.09 = 32.39 N/cm
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al / 3 + Al2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 32.39 / 10000*(2*130.57*298.43 / 3 + 298.432 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 189.9 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 189.9*1e3*9.3799 / (*249.842*8.33)
= 1.091 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 2.11*245.67 / (2*8.33)
= 31.061 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 32.152 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 1.091 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (left saddle, Wind, Test)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,796.53 - 3.24*(298.43 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,547.97 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,547.97 / (249.84*8.33)
= 0.871 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*(0.9*Sy) = 173.52 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the left saddle horns (Wind, Test)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,796.53 / (4*8.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*8.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,796.53*249.84 / (1,500*8.332)
= -4.75 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)

135/148

The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =171.76 mm
Ring compression in shell over left saddle (Wind, Test)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,796.53 / ((8.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*18.33)))
= 1.032 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 216.9 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (left, Wind, Test)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,796.53 / 2,008
= 0.283 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= 0.9*Sy = 235.801 MPa)

Load Case 5: Wind, Vacuum


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Wind, Vacuum, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = 3*K1*Q*(L / 12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.138*2,699.05*(1,500 / 12) / (*251.332*5.33)
= 0.132 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S1t = S1 = 0.132 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S1c = S1 + Sp = 2.544 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S*E = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the right saddle (Wind, Vacuum)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 4,799.63*10 / 1,674.09 = 28.67 N/cm
Bending moment at the right saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Ar / 3 + Ar2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 28.67 / 10000*(2*130.57*301.57 / 3 + 301.572 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 171.6 N-m

136/148

S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 171.6*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.522 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 1.522 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 3.934 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Wind, Vacuum)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,740.06 - 2.87*(301.57 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,625.9 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,625.9 / (251.33*5.33)
= 1.421 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Wind, Vacuum)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,740.06 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,740.06*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -11.074 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Wind, Vacuum)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,740.06 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.315 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Wind, Vacuum)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,740.06 / 2,008
= 0.278 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)

137/148

Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Wind, Vacuum)


Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 4,799.63*10 / 1,674.09 = 28.67 N/cm
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al / 3 + Al2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 28.67 / 10000*(2*130.57*298.43 / 3 + 298.432 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 168.1 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 168.1*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.491 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 1.491 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 3.903 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1.2*S = 141.6 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1.2*Sc = 130.724 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (left saddle, Wind, Vacuum)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,699.05 - 2.87*(298.43 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,593.89 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,593.89 / (251.33*5.33)
= 1.393 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the left saddle horns (Wind, Vacuum)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,699.05 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,699.05*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -10.909 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over left saddle (Wind, Vacuum)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,699.05 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.295 MPa

138/148

Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)


Saddle splitting load (left, Wind, Vacuum)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,699.05 / 2,008
= 0.274 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)

Load Case 6: Weight, Operating


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight, Operating, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = 3*K1*Q*(L / 12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.138*2,379.8*(1,500 / 12) / (*251.332*5.33)
= 0.116 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S1t = S1 + Sp = 42.067 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S1c = S1 = 0.116 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S*E = 118 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 108.937 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the right saddle (Weight, Operating)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 4,799.63*10 / 1,674.09 = 28.67 N/cm
Bending moment at the right saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Ar / 3 + Ar2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 28.67 / 10000*(2*130.57*301.57 / 3 + 301.572 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 171.6 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 171.6*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.522 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 43.473 MPa

139/148

Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 1.522 MPa


Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 118 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 108.937 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight, Operating)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,419.83 - 2.87*(301.57 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,305.67 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,305.67 / (251.33*5.33)
= 1.141 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight, Operating)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,419.83 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,419.83*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -9.78 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight, Operating)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,419.83 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.161 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Weight, Operating)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,419.83 / 2,008
= 0.245 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight, Operating)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 4,799.63*10 / 1,674.09 = 28.67 N/cm

140/148

Bending moment at the left saddle:


Mq = w*(2*H*Al / 3 + Al2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 28.67 / 10000*(2*130.57*298.43 / 3 + 298.432 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 168.1 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 168.1*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.491 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 1.8*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 41.951 MPa
Maximum tensile stress S2t = S2 + Sp = 43.442 MPa
Maximum compressive stress (shut down) S2c = S2 = 1.491 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 118 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 108.937 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (left saddle, Weight, Operating)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,379.8 - 2.87*(298.43 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,274.64 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,274.64 / (251.33*5.33)
= 1.114 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the left saddle horns (Weight, Operating)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,379.8 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,379.8*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -9.618 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over left saddle (Weight, Operating)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,379.8 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.142 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (left, Weight, Operating)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2

141/148

S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,379.8 / 2,008
= 0.241 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)

Load Case 7: Weight, Vacuum


Longitudinal stress between saddles (Weight, Vacuum, left saddle loading and geometry govern)
S1 = 3*K1*Q*(L / 12) / (*R2*t)
= 3*0.138*2,379.8*(1,500 / 12) / (*251.332*5.33)
= 0.116 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S1t = S1 = 0.116 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S1c = S1 + Sp = 2.529 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S*E = 118 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 108.937 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the right saddle (Weight, Vacuum)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 4,799.63*10 / 1,674.09 = 28.67 N/cm
Bending moment at the right saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Ar / 3 + Ar2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 28.67 / 10000*(2*130.57*301.57 / 3 + 301.572 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 171.6 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 171.6*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.522 MPa
Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 1.522 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 3.934 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 118 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 108.937 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (right saddle, Weight, Vacuum)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,419.83 - 2.87*(301.57 + 2*130.57 / 3)

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= 1,305.67 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,305.67 / (251.33*5.33)
= 1.141 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the right saddle horns (Weight, Vacuum)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,419.83 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,419.83*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -9.78 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over right saddle (Weight, Vacuum)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,419.83 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.161 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (right, Weight, Vacuum)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,419.83 / 2,008
= 0.245 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)
Longitudinal stress at the left saddle (Weight, Vacuum)
Le = 2*(Left head depth) / 3 + L + 2*(Right head depth) / 3
= 2*130.57 / 3 + 1,500 + 2*130.57 / 3
= 1,674.09 mm
w = Wt / Le = 4,799.63*10 / 1,674.09 = 28.67 N/cm
Bending moment at the left saddle:
Mq = w*(2*H*Al / 3 + Al2 / 2 - (R2 - H2) / 4)
= 28.67 / 10000*(2*130.57*298.43 / 3 + 298.432 / 2 - (2542 - 130.572) / 4)
= 168.1 N-m
S2 = Mq*K1' / (*R2*t)
= 168.1*1e3*9.3799 / (*251.332*5.33)
= 1.491 MPa

143/148

Sp = P*R / (2*t)
= 0.1*248.67 / (2*5.33)
= 2.412 MPa
Maximum tensile stress (shut down) S2t = S2 = 1.491 MPa
Maximum compressive stress S2c = S2 + Sp = 3.903 MPa
Tensile stress is acceptable (<=1*S = 118 MPa)
Compressive stress is acceptable (<=1*Sc = 108.937 MPa)
Tangential shear stress in the shell (left saddle, Weight, Vacuum)
Qshear = Q - w*(a + 2*H / 3)
= 2,379.8 - 2.87*(298.43 + 2*130.57 / 3)
= 1,274.64 N
S3 = K2.2*Qshear / (R*t)
= 1.1707*1,274.64 / (251.33*5.33)
= 1.114 MPa
Tangential shear stress is acceptable (<= 0.8*S = 94.4 MPa)
Circumferential stress at the left saddle horns (Weight, Vacuum)
S4 = -Q / (4*t*(b+1.56*Sqr(Ro*t))) - 12*K3*Q*R / (L*t2)
= -2,379.8 / (4*5.33*(100+1.56*Sqr(254*5.33))) - 12*0.0529*2,379.8*251.33 / (1,500*5.332)
= -9.618 MPa
Circumferential stress at saddle horns is acceptable (<=1.5*Sa = 177 MPa)
The wear plate was not considered in the calculation of S4 because the wear plate width is not at least {b +
1.56*(Ro*t)0.5} =157.4 mm
Ring compression in shell over left saddle (Weight, Vacuum)
S5 = K5*Q / ((t + tp)*(ts + 1.56*Sqr(Ro*tc)))
= 0.7603*2,379.8 / ((5.33 + 10)*(6 + 1.56*Sqr(254*15.33)))
= 1.142 MPa
Ring compression in shell is acceptable (<= 0.5*Sy = 111 MPa)
Saddle splitting load (left, Weight, Vacuum)
Area resisting splitting force = Web area + wear plate area
Ae = Heff*ts + tp*Wp
= 8.4667*0.6 + 1*15
= 20.08 cm2
S6 = K8*Q / Ae
= 0.2035*2,379.8 / 2,008
= 0.241 MPa
Stress in saddle is acceptable (<= (2 / 3)*Ss = 91.93 MPa)
Shear stress in anchor bolting, one end slotted

144/148

Maximum seismic or wind base shear = 1,007.92 N


Thermal expansion base shear = W* = 2,628.9*0.45 = 1,183 N
Corroded root area for a 20 mm bolt = 1.0013 cm2 ( 4 per saddle )
Bolt shear stress = 1,183 / (100.1288*1*4) = 2.954 MPa
Anchor bolt stress is acceptable (<= 103.421 MPa)
Shear stress in anchor bolting, transverse
Maximum seismic or wind base shear = 1,007.92 N
Corroded root area for a 20 mm bolt = 1.0013 cm2 ( 4 per saddle )
Bolt shear stress = 1,007.92 / (100.1288*2*4) = 1.258 MPa
Anchor bolt stress is acceptable (<= 103.421 MPa)
Web plate buckling check (Escoe pg 251)
Allowable compressive stress Sc is the lesser of 137.895 or 43.288 MPa: (43.288)
Sc = Ki*2*E / (12*(1 - 0.32)*(di / ts)2)
= 1.28*2*199.95E+03 / (12*(1 - 0.32)*(438.6 / 6)2)
= 43.288 MPa
Allowable compressive load on the saddle
be = di*ts / (di*ts + 2*tw*(b - 25.4))*25.4
= 438.6*6 / (438.6*6 + 2*6*(100 - 25.4))*25.4
= 18.95
Fb = n*(As + 2*be*ts)*Sc
= 2*(564 + 2*18.95*6)*43.288
= 68,519.54 N
Saddle loading of 4,009.83 N is <= Fb; satisfactory.
Primary bending + axial stress in the saddle due to end loads (assumes one saddle slotted)
b = V*(Hs - xo)*y / I + Q / A
= 1,007.92*(500 - 210.06)*67.63 / (1e4*199.62) + 3,800.76 / 3,767.6454
= 10.909 MPa
The primary bending + axial stress in the saddle <= 137.895 MPa; satisfactory.
Secondary bending + axial stress in the saddle due to end loads (includes thermal expansion, assumes one
saddle slotted)
b = V*(Hs - xo)*y / I + Q / A
= 2,190.93*(500 - 210.06)*67.63 / (1e4*199.62) + 3,800.76 / 3,767.6454
= 22.529 MPa
The secondary bending + axial stress in the saddle < 2*Sy= 524.002 MPa; satisfactory.
Saddle base plate thickness check (Roark sixth edition, Table 26, case 7a)
where a = 438.6, b = 144 mm

145/148

tb = (1*q*b2 / (1.5*Sa))0.5
= (3*0.057*1442 / (1.5*137.895))0.5
= 4.14 mm
The base plate thickness of 10 mm is adequate.
Foundation bearing check
Sf = Qmax / (F*E)
= 4,009.83 / (150*470)
= 0.057 MPa
Concrete bearing stress 11.432 MPa ; satisfactory.

146/148

Seismic Code
Seismic calculations are reported in the saddle report.

147/148

Wind Code
Building Code: ASCE 7-10
Elevation of base above grade

0.00 ft (0.00 m)

Increase effective outer diameter by

0.00 ft (0.00 m)

Wind Force Coefficient, Cf

0.5400

Risk Category (Table 1.5-1)

II

Basic Wind Speed, V

99.4194 mph (160.0000 km/h)

Exposure category

Wind Directionality Factor, Kd

0.9500

Topographic Factor, Kzt

1.0000

Enforce minimum design load of 0.77 kPa per ASCE 29.8:

Yes

Wind Pressure (WP) Calculations


Kz

= 2.01 * (Z/zg)2/
= 2.01 * (4.57 / 274.32)0.2105
= 0.8489

qz

= 0.613 * Kz * Kzt * Kd * V2 / 1000


= 0.613 * 0.8489 * 1.0000 * 0.9500 * 44.44442 /
1000
= 0.9770 kPa

qz = 0.6 * max ( 0.9770, 0.7661 )


= 0.5862 kPa
Note: The 0.6 factor is the wind load combination factor from Section 2.4.1.
Table Lookup Values
= 9.5000, zg = 274.32 m

[Table 26.9-1, page 256]

Shear calculations are reported in the saddle report.

148/148