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2551
2544
10 (.. 2550 2554)




6
3

(...) (...)
6
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.
.2
1 ..4
2 ...8
3 .11
4 .....14
5 ..17
6 21
7 24
8 ..28
9 ( ... ) .31
10 ( ... ) .35
11 (... ) ..38
12 ...41
13 (...) .44
14 (... ) .47
15 (...) 50
16 (...)(...).54
.61
..63
...63
..69

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1.

2.

3.

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20
4
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16

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20
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6
*******************************************************

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1.
2.
****************************************************************
1) 96
4) 3 8 10 12
. 3 8 4

. 3 32

. 6 16
. ...
. ...
. 3 2 2 2 2 2
.
.

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2) 22 3 53

. 1,200
. 1,500
. 1,650
. 1,800

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3)

60 = 2 2 3 5
70 = 2 5 7
40 = 2 2 2 5
...
. 2 5
. 2 2 5
. 2 2 3 5
. 2 2 2 3 57

5)
. 2 2 1 2
. 5 2 1 5
. 7 2 1 7
. 12 2 1 12
6) 18
. 1, 2
. 2, 3
. 1, 3
. 1, 2, 3
7)
1. 56 23 7
2. 108 23 32
3. 18 32 2

. 1, 2
. 1, 3
. 2, 3
. 1, 2, 3

6
16) 13 ... 117, 273

. 123
. 132
. 143
. 253

11) ... 20 25 30
. 150
. 200
. 250
. 300

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12) 48, 72, 108 ... ...



. 32
. 34
. 36
. 38

18) 3 4
6
8
3

. 20
. 25
. 27
. 1

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10) 15, 24, 45 ... ...

. 257
. 280
. 300
. 357

17)
60
90 100
. 800
. 900
. 1,000
. 1,100

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9) ... 18
. 45 108
. 54 126
. 18 36
. 36 90

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8) ... 18 24 30
. 2
. 4
. 6
. 8

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13) 12 16
. 1, 2, 3
. 1, 2, 4
. 1, 2, 8
. 1, 2, 3, 4

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14) + +
...

. 15
. 45
. 90
. 115
15) ... 150
. 6, 12
. 10, 30
. 5, 50
. 6, 25

19) 3 24 56 48

. 8 16
. 6 18
. 4 25
. 2 47
20) 3 12 15
20 3
8.00 . 3

. 8.45 .
. 9.00 .
. 9.15 .
. 9.30 .

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1.
2.
3. 20 10

4.

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1) 40 5 = 8 0
2) 40 6 = 6 4
3) 40 8 = 5 0
4) 40 9 = 4 4

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1 3 0
0

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2 4
0



4 0

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16 4 = 4 0

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13 2 = 6 1


6 1

1) 40 5 = 8
2) 40 8 = 5
40 5 = 8 40 8 = 5
5 2 40

10

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40 40
40 1 = 40 0
40 2 = 20 0
40 4 = 10 0
40 5 = 8 0
40 8 = 5 0
40 10 = 4 0
40 20 = 2 0
40 40 = 1 0

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1,2,4,5,8,10,20 40
40
40
1,2,4,5,8,10,20 40

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(1) 2 ......................... (9) 20 ...........................


(2) 4 ........................... (10) 21 ..........................
(3) 8 ........................... (11) 24 ...........................
(4) 10 .......................... (12) 25 ...........................
(5) 14 .......................... (13) 28 ...........................
(6) 15 ........................... (14) 30 ...........................
(7) 16 .......................... (15) 35 ...........................
(8) 18 .......................... (16) 42 ...........................

11

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(17)

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..........................

(18)

..........................

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(19)

..........................

(20)

..........................

12

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1.
2.
3. 5 ( 2 ) 10
4.

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20
1 20 = 20
2 10 = 20
4 5 = 20
1,2,4,5,10 20 20

13

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20 24
25 24 = 25 ( 4 6 )
= (25 4) 6
= 100 6
= 600

25 24 = (5 5) (4 6)
= (5 4) (5 6)
= 20 30
= 600

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1) 10 35
10 35 = 10 (5 7)
= (10 5) 7
= .
=
10 35 = .
2) 20 125
20 125 = (4 5) (5 25)
= (4 25) (5 5)
= .
=
20 125 = .
3) 16 25
16 25 = (4 4) (5 5)
= (4 5) (4 5)
= .
=
16 25 = .
4) 15 12
15 12 = 15 (4 3)
= (15 4) 3
= .
=
15 12 = .
5) 25 36
25 36 = (5 5) (6 6)
= (5 4) (5 4)
= .
=
25 36 = .

14

15

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1.
2.
3. 20 10

4.

16

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1.
2.

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k.

324 12 =

1.
12 = 3 4
324 12 = 324 ( 3 4 )
2.
324 12 = ( 324 3 ) 4
= 108 4
= 27

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324 12 = 324 ( 2 6 )
= ( 324 2 ) 6
= 162 6
= 27

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100 25 =

25 = 5 5
100 25 = 100 (5 5)
= (100 5) 5
= 25 5
=5
100 25 = 5

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2) 228 12 = 228 (.)


= (228 ) .
= .. ..
= ..

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1)
125 25 = 125 (..)
= (125 .) ..
= ...
= ..

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3) 320 16 = 320 (..)


= (320 .) ..
= ...
=

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4) 1,665 45 = 1,665 (.)


= (1,665 ) .
= .. ..
= ..

5) 1,764 63 = 1,764 (..)


= (1,764 .) ..
= ...
=

17

18

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1.
2.
3. 2 10

4.

19

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1
2 2
1 1 1
6 4 1 , 2 , 3 , 6
2 2 1 , 2 2 2 1

3 2 1 , 3 3 2 1

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1 1 6 4 2
3 2 1 2

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2 1

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1) 2 2 1 , 2
2) 3 2 1 , 3
3) 4 3 1 , 2 , 4
4) 5 2 1 , 5
5) 6 4 1 , 2 , 3 , 6
6) 7 2 1 , 7

20

22

59

15

19

21

40

13

59

77

33

69

42

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100

1)

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4
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51

70

34

16

13

11

37

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........... ..............................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................................................................................
2)

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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
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18
19
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22
23
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25
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27
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31
32
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35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
2.1) 1-10 ................. ................................................................................
2.2) 11-20 .............. ................................................................................
2.3) 21-30 ............... ................................................................................
2.4) 31-40 .............. ................................................................................
2.5) 41-50 .............. ................................................................................

21

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1.
2.
3. 10 10

4.

22

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12 6 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 6 , 12
12 2 2 , 3
2 , 3 12

15 4 1 , 3 , 5 , 15
15 2 3 , 5
3 , 5 15

23

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1) 5
5 ............ ............................................................
5 ............ ...............................................
.......................... 5

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2) 16
16 ............ ............................................................
16 ............ ...............................................
......................... 16

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3) 22
22 ............ ............................................................
22 ............ ...............................................
........................ 22
4) 25
25 ............ ............................................................
25 ............ ...............................................
.......................... 25

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5) 30
30 ............ ............................................................
30 ............ ...............................................
.......................... 30

24

6) 45
45 ............ ............................................................
45 ............ ...............................................
.......................... 45

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7) 48
48 ............ ............................................................
48 ............ ...............................................
........................ 48

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8) 68
68 ............ ............................................................
68 ............ ...............................................
........................ 68

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9) 121
121 ............ ............................................................
121 .......... ...............................................
...................... 121

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10) 135
135 ............ ............................................................
135 ............ ...............................................
....................... 135

25

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1.
2.
3. 10 10

4.

26

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12 2 x 2 x 3
2 3 12
2 3 12
12 = 2 2 3 12

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2 3 12

12 22 x 3 2 x 2 x 3 ( 22 2 2 )

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28 = 4 7
4
30 = 2 3 5
2, 3, 5

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80
80 = 8 x 10
=2x4x2x5
=2x2x2x2x5
80 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 5
80 = 24 x 5

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6) 48
48 = .
= .
= .
48 = .
48 = ..
7) 75
75 = .
= .
= .
75 = .
75 = ..
8) 90
90 = .
= .
= .
90 = .
90 = ..
9) 36
36 = .
= .
= .
36 = .
36 = ..
10) 32
32 = .
= .
= .
32 = .
32 = ..

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1) 40
40 = .
= .
= .
40 = .
40 = ..
2) 110
110= .
= .
= .
110 = .
110 = ..
3) 60
60 = .
= .
= .
60 = .
60 = ..
4) 24
24 = .
= .
= .
24 = .
24 = ..
5) 30
30 = .
= .
= .
30 = .
30 = ..

28

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1.
2.
3. 10 10

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1)
2) 1
3) 2
1
4)
1

29

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80
2 )80
2 )40
2 )20
2 )10
5)5
1
80 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 5 80 = 24 x 5

144
2 ) 144
2 ) 72
2 ) 36
2 ) 18
2) 9
3
144 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3
144 = 25 3

30

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4) 51
.) 51
.
.
.
.
.
51 =.
51 =
5) 72
.) 72
.
.
.
.
.
72 =.
72 =
6) 95
.) 95
.
.
.
.
.
95 =.
95 =

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1) 24
.) 24
.
.
.
.
.
24 =.
24 =
2) 40
.) 40
.
.
.
.
.
40 =.
40 =
3) 49
.) 49
.
.
.
.
.
49 =.
49 =

31

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9) 42
.) 42
.
.
.
.
.
42 =.
42 =
10) 54
.) 54
.
.
.
.
.
54 =.
54 =

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7) 30
.) 30
.
.
.
.
.
30 =.
30 =
8) 35
.) 35
.
.
.
.
.
35 =.
35 =

32

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1.
2.
3. 5 10

4.

33

32
1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 6 , 12
1 , 2 , 3 , 6 , 9 , 18
1 , 2 , 4 , 8 , 16 , 32
12 , 18 32 1 , 2
1 , 2 12 , 18 32

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12 , 18
12
18
32

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16 24
16 1 , 2 , 4 , 8 , 16
24 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 6 , 8 , 12 , 24
16 24 1 , 2 , 4 , 8
1 , 2 , 4 , 8 16 24

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1)
2) 1
3)

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1) 4 12
4 .
12 .
4 12 .
......................................... 4 12
2) 6 14
6 .
14 .
6 14 .
......................................... 6 14
3) 6 , 18 24
6 .
18 .
24 .
6 , 18 24 .
......................................... 6 , 18 24
4) 15 , 20 25
15 .
20 .
25 .
15 , 20 25 .
......................................... 15 , 20 25
5) 14 , 42 56
14 .
42 .
56 .
14 , 42 56 .
......................................... 14 , 42 56

34

35

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...

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1.
2.
3. 5 10
...
4.

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2
...

36

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... 16 36
- 16 1 , 2 , 4 , 8 , 16
- 36 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 6 , 9 , 12 , 18 , 36
- 16 36 1, 2, 4
- 4
-
- 4 (...) 16 36

... 39 65
- 39 1 , 3 , 13 , 39
- 65 1 , 5 , 13 , 65
- 39 65 1, 13
- 39 65 13
- ... 39 65 13

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...

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1) ... 4 12
- 4 1 , 2 , 4 ,
- 12 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 6 , 12
- 4 12
- 4 12
- ... 4 12

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2) ... 6 , 8 24
- 6
- 8
- 24
- 6 , 8 24
- 6 , 8 24
- ... 6 , 8 24
3) ... 15 , 20 25
- 15
- 20
- 25
- 15 , 20 25
- 15 , 20 25
- ... 15 , 20 25

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37

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4) ... 14 , 42 56
- 14
- 42
- 56
- 14 , 42 56
- 14 , 42 56
- ... 14 , 42 56

38

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5) ... 12 , 16 18
- 12
- 16
- 18
- 12 , 16 18
- 12 , 16 18
- ... 12 , 16 18

39

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1.
2.
3. 5 10

4.

... 56 84 140

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1 ...
2
3 ...

40

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1 ...

56 = 2 2 2 7
84 = 2 2 3 7
140 = 2 2 5 7

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2
56 84 140 1
2 2 7

3 ...
... = 2 2 7 = 28

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k.

1) ... 4 , 10
4 = 2 2
10 = 2 5
... 4 10 ...................................

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...

ob
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2) ... 8 , 12 16
8 = 2 2 2
12 = 2 2 3
16 = 2 2 2 2
... 8 , 12 16 .............................

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3) ... 15 , 30 45
15 = .
30 = .
45 = .
... 15 , 30 45 = .. = ..
4) ... 42 , 48 60
42 = .
48 = ...
60 = ...
... = .. =
5) ... 21 , 33 45
21 = .
33 =
45 = .
... =

41

42

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1.
2.
3. 5 10

4.

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1 ...
2

3 ...

43

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... 56 84 140
1 ...
) 56
84
140

2 56 84 140 2
84
42

140
70

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2) 56
28

3 28 , 42 70 2

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2) 56
2) 28
14

84
42
21

140
70
35

4 14 , 21 35 7
84
42
21
3

140
70
35
5

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2) 56
2) 28
7) 14
2

5 2 , 3 5
6 ...
... 2 x 2 x 7 = 28

44

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4) 36 , 48
.) 6 12 18
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 6 , 12 , 18
5) 42 , 56
.) 42 56
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 42 , 56

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1) 36 , 48
.) 36 48
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 36 , 48
2) 60 , 90
.) 60 90
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 60 , 90
3) 64 , 80
.) 64 80
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 64 , 80

45

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1.
2.
3. 5 10

4.

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3 6
3 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24 ,
3
6 6 , 12 , 18 , 24 , 30 , 36 ,
42 , 48 ,

46

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3 6 6 , 12 , 18 , 24 ,
6 , 12 , 18 , 24 , 3 6

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4 6
4 4 , 8 , 12 , 16 , 20 , 24 , 28 , 32 , 36
6 6 , 12 , 18 , 24 , 30 , 36
4 6 12 , 24 , 36
4 6 12 , 24 , 36

47

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1) 6 9
6 6 , 12 , 18 24 , 30 , 36
9 9 , 18 , 27 , 36
6 9 ,.
6 9 ,.

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2) 7 , 14 21
7 ..
14 ..
21 ..
7 , 14 21 ,.
7 , 14 21 ,.
3) 10 , 15
10 ..
15 ..
10 , 15 ,.
10 , 15 ,
4) 8 12
8 ..
12 ..
8 12 ,.
8 12 ,
5) 20 , 30 40
20 ..
30 ..
40 ..
20 , 30 40 ,.
20 , 30 40 ,

48

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1.
2.
3. 5 10

4.

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(...)
2 2
2 , 4 , 6 , 8 , 10 , 12 , 14 , 16 , 18 , 20 ,
4 2
4 , 8 , 12 , 16 , 20 , 24 , 28 , 32 ,

49

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2 4 4 , 8 , 12 , 16 ,
...
(...) 2 4 4

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3 3 3 , 6 , 9 , 12 , 15 , 18 , 21 , 24 , 27 ,
4 4 4 , 8 , 12 , 16 , 20 , 24 , 28 , 32 , 36 ,
6 6 6 , 12 , 18 , 24 , 30 , 36 , 42 , 48 , 54 ,
3 , 4 6 12 , 24 , 36 ,
...
(...) 3 , 4 6 12



...

50

(...)

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1) (...) 6 8
6
8
6 8
(...) 6 8

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2) (...) 4 6
4
6
4 6
(...) 4 6

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3) (...) 10 15
10
15
10 15
(...) 10 15

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4) (...) 8 12
8
12
8 12
(...) 8 12
5) (...) 4 , 5 10
4
5
10
4 , 5 10
(...) 4 , 5 10

51

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(...)

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1.
2.
3. 5 10

4.

co

1 ...

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a

4 2 3 ...

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... 15 6

15 = 3 x 5
6 =3 x2
... 3 x 2 x 5
... 15 6 3 x 2 x 5 = 30

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52

... 6 ,
6
9
12
... 6 , 9 12

9 12
=
3 2
=
3 3
=
3 2 2
3 2 3 2 =

36

53

...

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1) ... 8 10
8 8 = =

.

10 =

... 8 10 = = ..

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k.

2) ... 20 30
20 =
.
30 =
.
... 20 30 = .

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3) ... 12 18
12 =
.
18 =
.
... 12 18 = .

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4) ... 12 , 16 20
12 =
.
16 =
. .
20 = .
... 12 , 16 20 = .
5) ... 10 , 15 20
12 =

16 =

20 =
.
... 10, 15 20 =

54

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1.
2.
3. 5 10

4.

55

1 ...

3 2

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2
2

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a

... 10, 24 30

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k.

4 ...

1 ...
) 10 24 30

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2 10 , 24 , 30

2
2) 10 24 30
5 12 15

3 5 , 12 , 15

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2
2) 10 24 30
5) 5 12 15
1 12 3

56

4 1 , 12 , 3 2


2) 10 24 30
5) 5 12 15
3) 1 12 3
14 1

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k.

... = 2 x 5 x 3 x 4 = 120

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5 ...

(...)

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4) 6 , 10 , 18
.) 6 10 18
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 6 , 10 , 18
5) 9 , 15 , 30
.) 9 15 30
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 9 , 15 , 30

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1) 16 , 20
.) 16 20
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 16 , 20
2) 72 , 81
.) 72 81
.
.
.
.
.
.
... 72 , 81
3) 4 , 6 , 12
.) 4 6 12
.
.
.
.
.
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... 4 , 6 , 12

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