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REGISTER

A register is a high speed storage area inside a central processing unit. It is used to quickly
accept, store, and transfer data and instructions that are being used immediately by the CPU,
there are various types of Registers those are used for various purpose.
It carries out three different functions: fetch, decode and execute. The fetch function is used for
getting the instruction from the memory into the processor. The decode function is used for
interpreting the instruction. The execute function is used by the CPU. The results or output
produced by the CPU are then sent to memory for storage.

SHIFT REGISTERS
The Shift Register is another type of sequential logic circuit that can be used for the storage or
the transfer of data in the form of binary numbers.
a shift register is a cascade of flip flops, sharing the same clock, in which the output of each flipflop is connected to the 'data' input of the next flip-flop in the chain, resulting in a circuit that

shifts by one position the 'bit array' stored in it, 'shifting in' the data present at its input and
'shifting out' the last bit in the array, at each transition of the clock input.
More generally, a shift register may be multidimensional, such that its 'data in' and stage outputs
are themselves bit arrays: this is implemented simply by running several shift registers of the
same bit-length in parallel.
Shift registers can have both parallel and serial inputs and outputs. These are often configured as
'serial-in, parallel-out' (SIPO) or as 'parallel-in, serial-out' (PISO). There are also types that have
both serial and parallel input and types with serial and parallel output. There are also
'bidirectional' shift registers which allow shifting in both directions: LR or RL. The serial
input and last output of a shift register can also be connected to create a 'circular shift register'.

REGISTER TRANSFER
Copying the contents of one register to another is a register transfer
A register transfer is indicated as
R2 R1

In this case the contents of register R1 are copied (loaded) into register R2

A simultaneous transfer of all bits from the source R1 to the


destination register R2, during one clock pulse

Note that this is a non-destructive; i.e. the contents of R1 are not altered by
copying (loading) them to R2

REFERENCES
http://ecomputernotes.com/fundamental/input-output-and-memory/what-isregisters-function-performed-by-registers-types-of-registers

https://www.reference.com/technology/types-cpu-registers-97785a92f49219b
http://science.slc.edu/~jmarshall/courses/2003/spring/cs10/lectures/week12/Memory
.jpg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shift_register

http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/sequential/seq_5.html

http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/textbook/digital/chpt-12/serial-in-parallel-out-shiftregister/

www.cs.siu.edu/~hexmoor/classes/CS315-S09/Chapter7-RTL.ppt

Regards,
jimmyjamesjan@yahoo.com