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SECTION

UNSEEN PASSAGES
WORKSHEET-1

Ans. 1. (a) To provide comfort and ease by fulfiling basic needs.



(b) Improved/better standard of living.

(c) When basic needs are satisfied/ taken care of then there will be no need of domestic
servants.

(d) Relieves us completely from (daily) household work thus leaving enough time for
leisure- happiness.

(e) Programmed as per ones requirement set instruction.

(f) It can operate more specialized machines like vacuum cleaner and washing machine.

(g) Individual choice.

(h) Technology is a boon saviour providing happiness which is must in our life and leisure
is a freedom to choose a pastime or enjoyble activity.

(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015)

WORKSHEET-2
Ans. 1. (a) Rural Development.

(b) Pessimism of villages.

(c) Where the standard of living is pathetic.

(d) The country comprised mainly of stagnating villages-hence immediate development
required Rural Development.

(e) The posh localities.

(f) Just like parasites, praying and debilitating the country. Just the opposite of ancient
cities.

(g) Cities that were the product of western colonialism.

(h) (a) Posh areas where the affluent few lived.

(b) Vast majority lived in vast ocean of dirt.

(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015)

WORKSHEET-3
Ans. 1. (a) themselves in water to the chest; attempt to drown the attacker by holding him under
water.

(b) carry them over the ground / jump more than 9 meters at a time / kick their adversaries.

(c) big-footed marsupials / also found in Tasmania and New Guinea / capable of speeding
up to 88 km/h for short distances.

(d) scratch themselves / clean their fur / to hold branches while they eat leaves.

(e) beating on the ground with their hind feet.

(f) to take naps in the afternoon and do most of their grazing at night / spit bath / to drool
and lick saliva all over their faces and bodies.

(g) balance and support themselves when they sit or fight with other kangaroos.

(h) mothers pouch; eat sleep and grow for the next 225 days.

(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015)

Solutions

P-1

WORKSHEET-4
Ans. 1. (a) with
(b) unsolicited/unasked
(c) career
(d) doctorate
2. (a) Chandran received unsolicited suggestions from relatives and friends as to what he
should do after graduation.
(b) there was plenty of independence and leisure in lectureship.
3. (a) pestered
(b) persecution

WORKSHEET-5
Ans.







1. (a) Based on your communication skills people will judge, evaluate, promote or block
you.

You can get far ahead of your colleagues.
(b) Observe good communicators; adopt their styles and traits; develop the habit of
listening to yourself; learn from every interaction. 
(any two)
(c) Avoid grammatical errors while communicating. / Avoid communicating while in
an emotional state./ Avoid speaking too fast.
(any two)
(d) Not all jokes are funny. Jokes should not be offensive. Never say anything to offend.
Avoid offending people. 
(any two)
2. (a) (i) estimate
(b) (iii) quality
(c) (ii) speak
(d) (iii) trouble 
(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015)

WORKSHEET-6
Ans.

1. (a) She realized that she left after the maid had departed for the day so the maid could
not have left the door unlocked.
(b) The lady shows great presence of mind in taking precautions before she enters the
flat. She goes to the basement to get the porter because she wants to have someone
with her. She suspects that the burglars might still be hiding in the flat.
(c) When the old lady walked slowly in to the hall she at once noticed that all the room
doors were open, yet following her regular practice, she had shut them before
going out. Looking into the drawing room, she saw a scene of confusion on her
writing desk.
(d) She was feeling confused and weak.
2. (a) (iv) worried
(b) (iv) turned upside down
(c) (i) inclined
(d) (iii) significant
(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015)

WORKSHEET-7
Ans.

P-2

(A) (a) The animated version of manga, called amine, gained popularity in India because of
its sharply stylised black-and-white format, minimal dialogue, complex plots with
extended storylines and characters, making it run on for four months or thousands
of pages.

(b) The youngster started reading a manga series on the Buddha and took 13 years to
complete it. As a fallout of the attraction, he fell in love with the art form.

(c) The best selling Indian title is Stupid Guy Goes to India, It successfully illustrates the
range of topics that manga can tackle. It sold 6000 copies without much marketing
going into it.
English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

(d) There were dance and music performances and a culinary experience around
manga, undertaken by the Japanese Consulate and the Cool Japan organisers. The
300 attendees have grown from a handful of people in 2010 so that it is now a patter
across all metro cities with designated fan clubs, meet-ups and even manga libraries.
(B) (a)(i)
(b) (ii)
(c) (ii)
(d) (i)

WORKSHEET-8
Ans.



(A) (a) It is their feathers that distinguish them from other living groups. No other creature
has these which not only cover their body but it also helps them to fly. Feathers
protect their body, insulate it and they are also colourful.

(b) Both the wing feather and tail feather are used for flying. Wing feather makes them
to fly and tail feather helps in steering. Feathers also keep the birds warm in cold
conditions.

(c) Feathers get their colour due to various pigments. The pigments melanin gives the
feathers brown, black or grey colour whereas, carotenoid gives the colours red,
yellow or orange.

(d) Feathers are used in making beddings, pillows and mattresses as they can trap heat.
They are also used to fill quilts, bags, etc. In the ancient times they were also used to
make arrows.
(B) (a)(ii)
(b) (i)
(c) (iii)
(d) (iv)

Formative WORKSHEET-9

Answer : 1. (C), 2. (B), 3. (D), 4. (D), 5. (C).

Answer : 1. love, 2. portrayed, 3. up, 4. sighted, 5. up, 6. flew, 7. fluttered, 8. hidden, 9. assumed,
10. listening.

Solutions

P-3

SECTION

WRITING & GRAMMAR


WORKSHEET-10

Ans. 1. 1652, Outram lines,



Delhi-54

May 16, 2015

The Editor,
Hindustan Times,
KG. Mark, New Delhi

Subject : Poor Maintenance of the Public Park.


Sir,
Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I would like to express my serious
concern on the poor maintenance of the public park of our locality. The public park of
our area is in a pathetic condition. The gardeners are not regular and the plants are not
pruned regularly. As a result of which, the park gives an ugly look. The park has become
a thoroughfare for stray animals as there is not any gate at the entrance of the park. Even
the anti social elements gather in the park in the evening making it difficult for the women
folk to walk around. Our regular complaints to the local authorities have failed to bring any
change in the situation.
Therefore, I would like to request the concerned higher authorities to improve the condition
of the park for the convenience of the local residents.
I shall be highly obliged to you for publishing my letter in your newspaper.
Thanking you

Yours sincerely
Himanshi Jaggi

Ans. 2. Value Points :



had been to a tourist spot, disappointed at litter , garbage etc., and the callous attitude
of the people around, no proper care taken, creates negative impact on tourists, gives
negative impression of the country, government should take strict action against those
spreading litter and should ensure cleanliness, cleanliness drive can be taken up, common
people should step forward to maintain cleanliness.

(any five points) (CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015)
Detailed Answer :

4 Rani Road,

Ranchi

19 March, 2015

The Editor,
Hindu Daily,
Ranchi

Subject : Tourism Industry needs a Boost.


Sir,
Through the columns of your esteemed daily, I would like to bring to light the issue of the
requirement of boost in the tourism industry.
We know that tourism is necessary for every country. It is the major source of income for
both, the locals and the government. But in India, tourism has not been given its due. With
only an average of 4 million tourists annually, India is far behind countries like Russia and

P-4

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Singapore. Increasing tourists will increase employment in tourism industry and eventually
increasing the quality of life of thousands.
It is high time that tourism be given its long awaited due. We need to design schemes
to keep our tourists safe and happy. The monuments and other tourist spots should be
preserved. Extensive work should be done on the cleanliness and beautification of the
country so as to make it attractive for the foreign tourists. The government needs to improve
the hotel industry for the convenience of the tourists. Moreover, every citizen should put
forth his/her hospitable nature towards the tourist so that they do not leave our country
disappointed.
Thanking You
Yours sincerely
Rama

WORKSHEET-11
Ans. 1. A-38, Vishnu Garden,

Delhi

20 July, 2014

The Editor,

The Times of India,

New Delhi

Subject : Monkey Menace In City.

Sir,

I would request you to allow me some space in your esteemed daily to highlight the rising
menace of monkeys in our locality. I request you to publish my concern in the public
interest.

Recently, a huge number of monkeys have plundered our locality and their population
is increasing rapidly. They have almost surrounded our locality from all corners and a lot
of cases of monkey bites have been reported so far. It has become a menace and is very
unsafe for the residents to come out of their houses. The monkeys attack on every passerby to the extent that recently a boy succumbed to the monkey bite. The fateful mishap has
risen the eyebrows of many people but the irony is that despite the repeated complaints,
Municipal Corporation has not taken any measure for publics safety. The monkeys should
be immediately herded away from the residential area. Immediate attention has to be paid
to this menace and a prompt action needs to be taken as the lives of so many people cannot
be put at stake.

I would be humbled and grateful to you for drawing the attention of the concerned
authorities by publishing the note.

Thanking you.

Yours sincerely

Suman
Ans. 2. 638, Rajouri Garden,

Delhi

12 March, 2014

The Editor,

The Hindu,

New Delhi

Subject : Need For Environmental Protection.

Solutions

P-5

Sir,

Through the columns of your esteemed daily, I would like to draw the attention of people
towards the increasing menace of environmental threats.

Environment has always been a concern in our minds. It is the great and wholesome
supportive aspect of ones life. The number of environmental threats has been increasing.
A few in the list are industrialization, globalization, deforestation, construction of dams and
pollution. There is an urgent need to protect it for our future. Rivers and rain forest being
the primary goals should be conserved. The Kasturirangan report on environmental issues
has received mixed responses. It has been appreciated as well as criticised. Environmental
conservation programmes should be launched rigourously and everybody should
contribute their bit to safeguard our mother earth. There should be no compromise on
such issues.

I would be grateful if you publish my views to catch public attention so that they may
contribute in protecting the environment.

Thanking you.

Yours sincerely

Amit

WORKSHEET-12
Ans. 1. Value Points :

Cruelty to animals Insensitive attitude of the onlookers Need for stringent low Public
cooperation for stopping cruelty to animals creating awareness.

(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012)
Detailed Answer :

110, Keshav Kunj
Agra

3 August, 2013


The Editor,

Amar Ujala,
Agra

Subject : Cruelty Towards Animals
Sir,

Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I wish to draw the attention of general
public towards the cruelty shown to animals. They are pressurised to perform arduous
tasks. For this, innumerable cruelties are afflicted on them. Some people show utter
disregard towards animals. Animals are indiscriminately hunted for their skin, nails, food,
fun and sports. They undergo several tortures. I strongly condemn these cruel activities
meted out to these animals.

Through your columns, I appeal to the public to raise a voice against this cruelty. Even
animals have a right to live. They must be protected as they are an integral part of our
environment.

Thanking you.

Yours truly
Avinash

P-6

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Ans. 2. Value Points :



l
A major concern.

l
50% people experienced paying bribe.

l
Government officer prevalent.

l
Rich readily give to hurry their tasks.

l Poor forced as is now a trend.

(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012)

Detailed Answer :

406 Sector 21,
Noida

10 August, 20XX

The Editor,

India Times,

New Delhi

Subject : Corruption in India.
Sir,

I would like to draw your kind attention towards the corruption that is prevailing in India.
It is the stepping stone in the development of our country. People pay bribes or paddle
influences to get a job done in an office. Taxes and bribes are common between state
borders. Corruption is plaguing our economic well-being. It can be called the mother of all
problems as it is inter-linked with poverty. Bribing is more prevalent in government offices.
The rich readily give in and bribe the officers to get their tasks done but the poor are forced
to do so as they cant afford it. Since it has become a trend, even the poor have to do it.

It is high time that government should take concrete measures to check this menace. People
indulging in bribes and influences should be punished severely.

Thanking you.

Yours sincerely
Mitika

WORKSHEET-13
Ans. 1. Value Points :

Mans tendency to control nature and animals - man creates pollution leading to the
degradation of land , air and water. Natural resources deplete , deforestation starts ,
animal kingdom at risk, loss of habitat and food for animals , imbalance affects life of
man , pollution adversely affects mans life , interdependence between man and animal
is disrupted.
(any five points) (CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015)
Detailed Answer :

Ecological Imbalance Vs Man

By : Maya
With the development of modern industry and technology all over the world, the issue
of ecological imbalance is the most urgent one. This problem has reached a scale at which
it is practically impossible to resolve. The reasons for ecological imbalance are associated
with the increasing industrialisation, irrational waste of natural resources, deforestation,
water pollution because of all this ecological disaster its happening. Harming nature,
man jeopardizes its existence. This also creates a lot of trouble for mankind: a demographic
crisis, hunger, lack of natural resources and destruction of the environment. Unjustified
deforestation leads to the disappearance of animals and birds. This leads to changes in the
ecological balance. If mankind will not restore destroyed crops and will not engage in the
protection of endangered animals, it will lead to the destruction of humanity. Ecological

Solutions

P-7

imbalance in the cities is the most massive. Construction of buildings and cutting parks
lead to clogging of the environment. A large number of vehicles and lack of green spaces
contribute to the accumulation of smoke and carbon dioxide. This results in the increase in
the number of sick people among the urban population. Industrial development has led to
an increase in harmful emissions into the atmosphere. Not many business leaders take care
of the environment. In this situation, mankind can expect an ecological disaster.
Today, in many countries the environmental issues have sharply risen. A particularly
important point is the recycling of waste. This question needs an immediate solution.
Many countries are seriously engaged in the disposal and recycling of human waste its
one of the ways to restore the balance between the nature and society.

Ans. 2. Value Points :


l youth exchange programmes

l chance to meet and know about other languages and culture

l exchange ideas (for example through debates, talks, folk dances and songs)

l creating a bond among the youth from different states


l food, dress and festivals.


l programmes to be broadcast
Detailed Answer :

(any four) (CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015)

Youth and National Integration

By : Ram
India is a country where diversity plays a vital role. The Indian population comprises of
many different races, religions, cultures and languages. Fostering national unity among
everyone is the most difficult task in India today. Citizens of our country seem to have
forgotten that unity is strength. Thus, national integration is the need of the hour. People
should be educated on this topic. And what better audience than the youth.
Through schools and colleges, the young men and women should be taught that India
is one and the differences are only superficial. For this, the textbooks should be suitably
revised. Moreover, exchange programmes should be taken up to give the youth the chance
to meet and grow acquaintanceship with others and their cultures. This will make the
youth understand how even diversity brings us close.
Such programmes should emphasise upon the oneness of the people, rather than the
differences. For this, media can also be a good medium to effectively educate the youth
and develop national consciousness.

WORKSHEET-14
Ans. 1.

P-8

River Pollution

By : ABC
Rivers are the biggest source of fresh water. They are therefore our lifeline for survival. It
is really sad to see that most of our rivers are increasingly being polluted because of our
negligence and irresponsibility.
Untreated sewage and waste from the industries are continuously dumped into rivers.
Religious ceremonies are also responsible for river pollution. Immersing idols and disposal
of garlands and flowers end up polluting the water. Similarly, ashes after cremation are
also poured into rivers.
River pollution can pose a serious threat to both the environment and the human health.
Continuous river pollution can disrupt the ecological balance and lead to the loss of
biodiversity. River pollution is thus a critical problem and the government must implement
necessary steps to mitigate it.
English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Ans. 2.

Soaring Cut-offs
By : Anita

We all know that every year the cut-offs for university admissions are increasing rapidly.
It is a major concern. Many deserving students do not get admission in colleges of their
choice just because of missing the cut-offs by a few marks. Even the entrance tests which
are held have raised the tension of students as well as their parents. Many students are
just left out by a single mark. It is very frustrating when one doesnt get selected. It sets in
a feeling of rejection that pushes them into depression and is very stressful. Resultantly,
there is a substantial increase in suicide cases. It is nothing but a wild chase that churns
out self-centered, materialistic individuals and drifting away the essence of society and
brotherhood. Government should take measures to provide more avenues to youth in
order to lessen the pressure of this cut throat competition. This would help in reducing the
stress and provide more employment as well.

WORKSHEET-15
Ans. 1.

By : Anand
Arts and music play a major role in ones life. Schools must make it compulsory for every
student to have a class of arts and music as education is incomplete without it. These make
a person expressive and more creative. Such art forms increase in the problem solving skills
of a person and develops many other skills such as working together for a common goal,
etc. It helps to improve their concentration and relationship with their classmates. It helps
students to widen their outlook of the real world. These help in relaxing a person and act
as a stress buster. It influences the personality and behaviour of a person in a major way.
It also help in overcoming difficult situations with ease as it makes a person light hearted,
clear headed and rational.

Ans. 2.

Importance of Arts and Music

Tourism and Environment

By : Ankit
Tourism is one of the major contributors to the economy of a country. It helps to improve the
economy of a country. Due to improvement in the tourism sector, the environment is being
hampered. A lot of degradation is taking place. Most of the forests are being converted into
hotel buildings, shopping centres, restaurants, etc. Besides this, the increasing tourism is
also increasing the pollution by throwing garbage, hence degrading the environment. Its
important to break a balance between more tourism and good environment. This can be
attained by taking few measures. The most important of all is to limit the number of tourists
and certain rules should be followed to protect the environment. There are no such ways
about the contribution towards the economy by tourism but at the same time environment
should be necessarily guided against degradation, as it is the beauty of the environment
that attracts tourism.

WORKSHEET-16
Ans. 1. Ratan went to Goa on a school trip. Three months after his father was killed while patrolling
the border his mother thought it would be best for Ratan to go to a place that could distract
him from the tragic experience he had undergone. She wanted her son to come out of that
grief, so she asked him to go on the trip organised by his school.

Everyone in the class was very excited about the trip, except Ratan who looked distressed
all the time. During the trip, the teacher told the students to play along the seashore. While
everyone was in high spirits, Ratan was consumed by sorrow. Lost in his deep thoughts
about his father, he slowly started walking towards the sea. No one noticed him going into
Solutions

P-9

the water when suddenly a huge wave stuck him and he fell in the water. But soon he felt
as if someone pulled him out of the water. As he came to his senses, he saw the troubled
face of his father in the sky. He realised that no matter a parent is near to his/her child or
not, he/she always remains concerned about their child.

These thoughts filled him with optimism and he returned to his group and enjoyed the rest
of the trip feeling loved and protected.
Ans. 2. Hari woke up at 9 on a hazy summer morning. Realising that he was already late for his
first day at office, he rushed. His office was quite near the place where he lived, so he was
hopeful to reach in time.

In order to look extremely impressive on his first day, he wore the suit that was different
and and stylish; sprayed his imported perfume; polished his shoes with enthusiasm and
drove fast towards his office. Though he reached a bit late, he was glad that he was not the
last one to enter the orientation room.

By his appearance, his new boss seemed cruel and strict, who could easily make his
employees miserable. But in the deepest of his thoughts, Hari hoped that his boss comes
out to be a gentleman and easy to deal with. All the new employees stood in a line, to
be greeted by their new boss, who walked in a dhoti, swooshing from heel to heel. He
welcomed them all and informed them about their days schedule. It didnt seem very
hard. Hari immediately decided to put in all his efforts to do the work be in the good books
of the boss he did the same. By the time it was evening, he had finished his work. It gave
him a feeling of deep satisfaction that his first day of work had gone off well.

WORKSHEET-17
Ans. 1.
A Brave Girl

Meena was a twelve year old girl who used to stay with her mother. Her father had gone
to another city to earn money. One day, a stranger came to Meenas house. Her mother
was not in the house at that moment. The man caught hold of Meena. She began to cry
loudly but no one was there to hear her. Suddenly, Meena was reminded of her mothers
teaching, of not losing the wits and alertness of mind when in hour of need. She built up her
confidence and looked around. She could not see anything with which to hit the stranger.
Suddenly, she bit the stranger on his arm. The stranger cried with pain. This moment was
important for her. She took her mothers Saree and tied it around the strangers neck. Now
it was the time for the stranger to cry for help. She tied him and then used her mobile
phone to call the police as well as her neighbours. The police reached within no time and
arrested the man. The neighbours had also arrived. They all patted Meena on her back for
fighting bravely with the man.
Ans. 2.
A Night in the Jungle

It was a dark night. I had gone camping with my NCC group. We camped in a quiet jungle.
Everything was still. I could not sleep due to excessive mosquitoes and the screeching of
owls. I thought of exploring the thick pine forest. As I walked through it, I sensed someone
following me. I stopped, looked back but could not see anyone. I decided to hide behind a
tree and find out who was there. Suddenly, I saw someone passing in front of me. I stood
still for sometime then I got up and followed the footprints trail. I reached a lonely house
which was hidden behind trees. I entered the house and was shocked to see some people
loading and unloading the cartons. There were around ten men who were all wearing
masks. They all seemed to be from good background as their clothes and dressing sense
suggested. I immediately realised the need to inform the police as I alone would not be
able to stop them from illegal activities. I rang up the police-station through my cell phone.
Within fifteen minutes the police was there, nabbing all of them. The police later told me
that they all were in drug business and thanked me for helping them.

P-10

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

WORKSHEET-18
Ans. 1.
Strange Friend

I was reading a book when I looked up. As I opened the window I saw an unusual looking
face. I was astonished. I got up from the chair and opened the window. To my surprise,
it was an alien. Probably, he was left behind by some UFO. I thought of enquiring it from
him so I gave him a friendly smile. Gathering his courage, the alien entered my room.
He looked strangely at all the things in the room. I tried conversing with him but he
could not understand me. I made some pictures on a paper but all in vain. There was no
communication between us. Suddenly the room got filled with a flash of light. The alien
rushed through the window and was lost in that light. I am again waiting for the night.
May be my strange friend will come again to meet me !
Ans. 2. I was about to visit my friend, Ruhana who lived about four kilometres away. I decided to
use a short cut to reach her house. The short cut was actually a small path cutting across a
rubber plantation. It was rumoured that a murder had taken place there a long time ago.
By the time I had finished convincing my mother that the route was completely safe, night
had fallen. The shadows gathered about the bushes and the aura trees which dotted the
way. In spite of all the ominous warnings that my mother had given me, I was confident
that I would turn up at Rohanas house in one piece. I heard two owls hooting at a distance
from where I was walking. I religiously kept to the path and did not turn back. My heart
was pounding and I fervently wished that I was back home safe.

Suddenly, I heard a loud moan from behind the rubber trees to my right. I was in a dilemma
whether to help the poor soul or to run for my life. My conscience got the better of me and I
mustered all my courage to help the unknown person. To my surprise, I pulled out a young
woman. She was about twenty years old and had long, flowing hair.

My name is Catherine, her voice was soft and mellow. Her skin was very pale almost as
if she had bleached herself. Her eyes betrayed pain and anger. Somehow, her unnerving
gaze chilled me to the bones. Her dress was bloody and her face was full of scratches and
cuts. Perhaps I should take you to a clinic, I said cautiously.

She declined my offer and decided to follow me to Ruhanas house. She began telling
me about a murder which she had witnessed two years ago. It seemed that a young lady
about her age was taking a short cut across this plantation to visit her aunt when she was
murdered by an escaped convict. The convict dragged the girl to the bushes and left her
there. Her description of the murder was very precise to the smallest detail. She said that
the girl was stabbed five times and the girl died in agony. I noticed her dress was getting
redder and redder by the minute. Her cold and clammy hands clutched my wrist tighter. I
asked her what had happened to her. She answered, Murdered people bleed to death.

I screamed and ran back home. I fainted at the doorstep and was down with fever for three
days. One encounter with a murdered ghost was enough for me. From that day onwards,
I never went out alone.

WORKSHEET-19
Ans. 1 :

(a) their
(b) under

(c) are

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Ans. 2 :

(a) (i) along
(b) (ii) even

(c) (iii) yet
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Solutions

P-11

Ans. 3. :

(a) (ii) the
(b) (i) and

(c) (ii) are
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 4 :

(a) (iii) a
(b) (i) by

(c) (iii) for
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 5. :

(a) (ii) in
(b) (iii) who

Ans. 6. :
(a) (iii) be

(c) (ii) for

(c) (iv) shall


[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
(b) (i) broken

WORKSHEET-20
Ans. 1 :
(a) (iii) biggest


(c) (ii) was

(e) (ii) made

Ans. 2 :

(a) (ii) by

(c) (iii) last

(e) (iii) many
Ans. 3 :

(a) (i) would

(c) (i) her
(e) (i) with
Ans. 4 :

(a) (ii) is


(c) (iii) but


(e) (i) an

(b) (iii) with


(d) (iv) which
(f)
(iii) shaking
(b) (ii) more
(d) (ii) fears
(f) (iv) will
(b) (iii) at
(d) (ii) heavy
(f) (iii) about
(b)
(i) does
(d)
(iii) the
(f) (iii) of

WORKSHEET-21
Ans. 1. Error Correction

(a) being
was

(b) A
The

(c) so
as

(d) for
about

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Ans. 2. Incorrect

(a) taken

(b) very

(c) had

(d) was

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

P-12

Correct
take
so
have
is

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Ans. 3. Error

(a) on

(c) wants

(e) or

(g) is

Correction Error
Correction
through
(b) successful
success
want
(d) for
to
and
(f) parts
part
be
(h) does
do
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Ans. 4. Error
Correction Error
Correction

(a) magnificence magnificent
(b) a
the

(c) for

of
(d) hundred
hundreds

(e) have

has
(f) cities
city

(g) or
and
(h) lying
lies
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

WORKSHEET-22
Ans. 1. Error
Correction Error
Correction

(a) Presidents
Presidents
(b) which
where

(c) dealt deals
(d) an
the
Ans. 2. Error
Correction Error
Correction

(a) little
few
(b) flat
flatly
(c)
woman
women
(d) answers
answer
Ans. 3. Error
Correction Error
Correction

(a) away
down
(b) strike
struck

(c) is
was
(d) learning
learn
Ans. 4. Error
Correction Error
Correction
(a) good
goods
(b) the
a
(c) carried
carrying
(d) or and
Ans. 5. Error
Correction Error
Correction
(a) served
serving
(b) on
in

(c) hospital
hospitals
(d) Accordingly
According

WORKSHEET-23
Ans. 1. :
Before
Missing Word After

(a) Nations
is
educating

(b) on
how
proceedings

(c) they
are
launching

(d) over
the
world

Ans. 1 :
(a) sport at that


(c) We had limited

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]


(b) roofs to enter
(d) and that was

Ans. 2 :

Ans. 3 :

Ans. 4 :

(b) qualities and are


(d) also a source
(b) persons who agree
(d) resources for the
(b) taking place. If
(d) very high speed

Solutions

(a) small in size


(c) agents to add
(a) is an association
(c) pool in their
(a) she asked him
(c) he had seen

P-13

WORKSHEET-24
Ans. 1 :


Ans. 2 :


Ans. 3 :


Ans. 4 :


Ans. 5 :

(a) only an expert


(c) well as Dr.
(a) early in the
(c) remain in bed
(a) spurned her advances
(c) Although a learned
(a) hit the Sikkim
(c) sides of the
(a) dozed in the
(c) room was warm

(b) but also an


(d) surgery for thirty
(b) those who are
(d) it is not
(b) crying with humiliation
(d) Ravana forgot all
(b) killing at least
(d) Jharkhand and Bihar
(b) her on their
(d) it was snowing

WORKSHEET-25
Ans. 1 :
(a) We saw a yellow coloured bus full of excited children.

(b) We guessed they were on the way to the planetarium.

(c) This was part of their study tour.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 2 :

(a) More than five percent of the Indian population is child workers.

(b) Tens of thousands are chiefly engaged in agriculture.

(c) Many work in a variety of industries in urban areas.
Ans. 3 :

(a) It is said that your destiny is in your right hand.

(b) Our personality determines how we deal with problems in life.

(c) Some people can cope with hardships better than others.
Ans. 4 :

(a) A woman was standing in the doorway.

(b) She was young and was dressed in red.

(c) My dog was licking her hands.
Ans. 5 :

(a) In India, about five percent of all workers are child workers.

(b) Most of them are engaged in agriculture.

(c) Many in urban areas work in a variety of industries.

WORKSHEET-26
Ans. 1 :

(a)

(b)

(c)
Ans. 2 :

(a)

(b)

(c)
Ans. 3 :

(a)

(b)

(c)

P-14

Indian dance interprets legends that grew out of nature worship.


Earlier Indian dance was a form of worship in the temples.
Dance is not only an art but also a therapy.
The doctor was a part of the patients family.
Nowadays appointments are made and patients wait for the doctor.
Even today, patients build a rapport with their doctors.
It is an active process that each person chooses to make it happen.
Active listening demands concentration.
The listener searches for meaning and understanding.
English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Ans. 4 :

(a) It enables man to record his thoughts and deeds.

(b) However, there were a great many writing tools before a real pen was first made.

(c) For instance early man used pointed stones to scratch records and pictures on cave
Walls.

WORKSHEET-27
Ans. 1 :

(a) is drained

(b) are arranged

(c) is used
Ans. 2 :

(a) washed, cleaned and sliced

(b) are chopped

(c) is heated
Ans. 3 :
(a) are boiled in water

(b) added to the boiling mixture

(c) added to the mixture

(d) poured out into bowls
Ans. 4 :
(a) drawn up

(b) the party is decided on

(c) are finalised

(d) are invited and informed about the venue and time

WORKSHEET-28
Ans. 1 :

(a) if/whether he had got the tests done.

(b) he had not.

(c) him to get them done that day itself/him to get them done on that day itself/on that very day.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Ans. 2 :

(a) if she might run home.

(b) they would see that.
(c) she had never seen the sunset.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Ans. 3 :

(a) if her mother had sent those sweets.

(b) that they were her share.
(c) to fetch more sweets from her mother.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Ans. 4 :

(a) he could not call his English tutor.

(b) he had cancelled that days class.

(c) his phone was dead and there was no other.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Solutions

P-15

Ans. 5 :

(a) lend him his book.

(b) finish his revision for class test the next day.

(c) for his notes to give him his notes.

WORKSHEET-29
Ans. 1 :

(a)

(b)

(c)
Ans. 2 :

(a)

(b)

(c)
Ans. 3 :

(a)

(b)

(c)
Ans. 4 :

(a)

(b)

(c)
Ans. 5 :

(a)

(b)

(c)

had invited Rajiv and his wife for lunch.


they should also invite the Kapoors.
which restaurant they should take them to.
what he needed that/it for.
he wanted to buy a hot cup of coffee on that.
he had lost all his money.
he seemed very tired and should take some rest.
he couldnt even think of relaxing as he had lots of homework to do.
him not to take so much stress.
their TV was out of order.
that God had heard his prayer.
he could then sleep peacefully at night.
asked how she was feeling that day.
that she was feeling much better.
what exactly had happened to her.

WORKSHEET-30
Ans. 1 :

(a) has promised.

(b) has rejected.

(c) will get.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2014]

Ans. 2 :

(a) was killed.

(b) will organize.

(c) has been awarded/has bagged award for.
Ans. 3 :

(a) have been.

(b) was inaugurated.

(c) has triggered off.
Ans. 4 :

(a) was delayed

(b) will be declared

(c) inaugurated the extension counter
Ans. 5 :

(a) Two persons were killed by Blue line.

P-16

English

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2014]

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

(b) sought a CBI probe.


(c) were burnt to death/died of burns.

Formative WORKSHEET-31
Task. 1 :
Do it yourself
Task. 2 :
Answers : A. (iii), B. (iv), C. (ii), D. (i), E. (iv), F. (ii), G. (ii), H. (iii).
Task. 3 :
Answers :
A. Skin is a stretchy waterproof surface that covers our entire body.
B. The thickest skin is on the soles of your feet.
C. The top layer of skin is hard dead cells and they flake off all the time.
D. Hair and nails are also made of dead cells.
E. They are not fed by blood or nerves and that is why you can cut them without
being hurt.
Task 4 :
Answers : A. (i), B. (iii), C. (ii), D. (i).

Formative WORKSHEET-32
Task 1 :

Answer : A. (ii), B. (iv), C. (i), D. (iii).
Task 2 :

Answer : A. (iii), B. (i), C. (iv), D. (i).
Task 3 :

Answer : 1. (ii), 2. (ii), 3. (iii), 4. (iv).

Solutions

P-17

SECTION

LITERATURE
1. A SHADY PLOT
WORKSHEET-33

Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans.1 (a) The ghost, Helen to John Hallock/writer/author.



(b) To provide help/ideas for writing ghost stories.

(c) Bothering means troubling/disturbing/irritating by summoning them using the Ouija
Boards.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1.Value Points :


due to being busy in office / busy in office hunting receipts.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

The narrator earned his living by writing scripts and working as an accountant in a lumber
company.John had forgotton about Lavinias message as he was busy in office hunting
receipts. Moreover he was searching for a script to write ghost story. So due to being busy
in office he had forgotten to attend Lavinias message.

Ans. 2. Whenever a writer could not get an idea , a ghost from The Writers Inspiration Bureau
came to help him and later submitted a report to the bureau.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 3. She was exhausted as she had been answering the questions at the Ouija Board party and
John had not convinced them to stop using the Ouija Boards.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans.1 Value Points :


l Shouldnt depend on devices like Tarot Cards and Ouija Boards to solve problems because

superstitions lead to unnecessary troubles/increased his dependence/stunted his creativity/


when Lavinia threw away the Ouija Board - misunderstandings got cleared/wife returned/
Gladolia (maid) returned/the ghost was no longer a threat to the wife.
l Man gifted with wit and intelligence, should use them to solve his problems this will give
him a better control over his life (any other relevant point)

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

I duly agree that man has no right to invoke supernatural powers through Ouija boards,
Tarot cards etc. to solve his problems and that one should face life boldly and overcome
difficulties using wit and intelligence.Ouija boards and tarot cards are appendages used
by those who do not know how to face lifes adversities and depend on such supernatural
paraphernalia to understand life. A Shady Plot shows us how such things can backfire and
one should exercise caution in invoking powers over which they do not have any control.

P-18

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Most of the situations and characters remain unclear and foggy. At first instance, the writer
is plagued by doubts regarding the plot of the story. He tries really hard and it appears he
is chasing the shadows in search of a ghost story. The appearance of the ghost is open to
interpretation. Is it there, or is it not there? There is doubt regarding the existence of Helen,
she is spooky and gives rise to apprehensions.
The existence of Helen is questionable, no one else will believe it, it is beyond the realm of
reality.
Moreover, doubts are casted over Johns character, his honesty is questioned, his relationship
with Helen is hidden, concealed and he alone knows it. The appearance of Helen upsets
Johns life. His wife and cook threaten to quit and shadows of divorce looms large over his
relationship with his wife. The plot for a new story remained unclear for a long time. It
is only in the end, that John can visualise an excellent plot in its perfection. Moreover, the
ghost and apparitions are always believed to remain concealed, relegated to shady and
dark areas. So one should always try to achieve excellence with their own wit, intelligence
and wisdom.

WORKSHEET-34
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) He was hiding someone/was denying that somebody was in his room.

(b) A flirt/a woman of loose morals/an immoral woman.
(c)
The Ouija Boards at all the tables mentioned a name, Helen. Lavinia thought that John
was having an affair.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. His wife suspected that he was flirting with Helen on Ouija Board. She left the message that
she was going back to her grandmother. He felt he lost her and his home and happiness.
Thats why he wished he was dead.
Ans. 2. A Brogan is heavy ankle high work boot with laces. It was worn by the ghost, Helen. It
grew misty until the author could see the floor through them.
Ans. 3. Helen, the ghost did not want that people should use Ouija Boards. So she told Hallock
to stop people from using the boards but as ill-luck would have it, his own wife bought an
Ouija Board from the market. When Lavinia threw a party for her friends, she told John
to use an Ouija Board with Laura Hinkle. This was too much for the ghost. She made all
the Board call out Hallocks name so as to upset him as he had allowed Ouija Boards in his
house.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Helen demands John Hallock to restrain his friends and acquaintances from using the
Ouija board and if he is successful, she would give him a plot for writing his ghost stories.
She does so because she and the other ghosts were unhappy to be at the beck and call of the
Ouija board fanatics to answer their questions. This did not leave them with any time for
their amusement or haunting others. Therefore, they had decided to call for a strike. This
strike will mean that the ghosts would not appear or provide ideas to people for writing
ghost stories. In other words, Helen threatens the John that if he does not agree to her
conditions she will stop inspiring him.

Solutions

P-19

WORKSHEET-35
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Whenever he was in need of money, it was Jenkins who provided it. / He was the only
one who was publishing his stories.

(b) A ghost/horror/supernatural story.

(c) Overconfident, very sure of himself, arrogant, proud.
(any two) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Lavinia bought a Ouija board because it was at a bargain sale. She found it duckliest
and darlingest thing and couldnt resist to buy it. Hallock asked her to exchange it for
something else. He got scared of the upcoming danger, of the anger of the ghost, Helen.
Secondly John was protective of Lavinia and did not want her to get into any kind of
trouble.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 2. Mrs. Lavinia was a spendthrift. She was unconcerned about Johns financial problems. She
didnt bother that her husband was a writer and supplemented his income by his writings.
She was not amenable to suggestions, hence refuses to get rid of the Ouija board even
though her husband insist on it. She was fond of parties. She didnt think too much before
reacting.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 3. The narrators attitude towards ghosts and horror stories was quite humorous. The
narrator and the second sheriff went ahead on horseback when they were being chased.
Suddenly the sound of the gunshot echoed in the air. Second sheriff groaned and slumped
back against him. He made the story interesting and refreshing.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1.
Qualities of a Leader

The word Leader itself clears its meaning telling us that a person who can lead others is a
leader. But can everyone be a leader ? The answer is in negative. A leader must possess a
few qualities. No one follows the leader blindly. The first and foremost quality of a leader
is optimism. A person who is optimistic can always lead his team towards success. He can
fill his co-mates with enthusiasm and dedication towards work and lead them gradually
to the path of success. A leader must be just also. He should be unbiased and impartial
like a mirror. He should tell others about their shortcomings also so that they can come
up with more perfection. A leaders vision of his goal is another quality which makes him
a successful person. His goal and aspiration should be very clear to him so that no one
can make him astray from his path. Last and not the least, the leader must be committed
towards his goal and should be empathetic towards his teammates. The co-operation of his
team can only be achieved if he has all those qualities.

WORKSHEET-36
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) I in the extract is John Hallock, the narrator. He did not have any idea about the ghost
story that he had been asked to write by his boss.

(b) He was not worried in the least because he had been like this before too.

(c) Earlier, John had been helped by spirits to write a good ghost; thus, things had turned
outright for him.

P-20

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Lavinia, Mrs. John, suspected her husband affair with a lady called Helen. He received calls
from Helen frequently. This aroused her suspicion and she decided to leave the house and
go to her grandmothers house.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 2. The ghost lady asked him to exert his influence in getting all his friends and acquaintances
to stop using the Ouija Board because she was continuously disturbed by them.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 3. Helen had helped the narrator because he was keen to write ghost stories but had no ideas
and his mind was impressionable. But now the ghosts were fed up of being called too often
from their beds. They had given up haunting and had taken up answering questions on
the Ouija board but people had started pestering them too often. Helen promised to help
the narrator if he would get his friends and acquaintances to stop using the Ouija board.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. John Hallock was asked by Jenkins to write a ghost story. He was without any inspiration
and was thinking about the plot of the story when Helen, the ghost appeared and told
him to warn the Ouija Board users to stop using the Board or else they would go on strike.
But an ironical situation occurs when John is called by his wife to be a partner of Laura
Hinkle in the Ouija Board party. Somehow all the Boards screamed his name, calling
him T.R.A.I.T.O.R Lavina angrily left him after this. His family life was ruined and it was
only Helen who had ruined his life. Suddenly, Lavinia appeared in his room when he
was talking to Helen and understood everything. She forgave him and both of them were
reunited. John, being an optimistic, forgot the negative aspect of this frightful incident and
took it to be an opportunity to get a good plot for his next story. One should always be like
John, i.e., optimistic and looking at the positive side of life. Life is full of joys and sorrows.
If we are optimistic we will be able to face the sorrows also. So, A Shady Plot teaches us the
value of optimism.

2. PATOL BABU
WORKSHEET-37
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Patol Babu.


(b)
has only a syllable Oh! as a dialogue/he has been offered a single word dialogue.
(c)
deception/act of befooling/a prank/pulling somebodys leg.

[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Patol Babu lost his job in Calcutta because he got sudden retrenchment in his company
due to war.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 2. The dialogue was only a monosyllabic word, Oh!. He was hoping for a better role with a
dialogue in order to show his talent.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 3. The minor role of a pedestrian who had to bump into the hero, Chanchal Kumar and utter
the word, Oh!.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Solutions

P-21

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans.1.

Value points :
Patol Babu overcame his disappointment.
l rehearsed the dialogue Oh! repeatedly.
l added special touches to the dialogue by rehearsing it with different expressions.
l emoted with sincerity and dedication.
l won the admiration of all who had gathered there (any other relevant point).

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

At the age of 52, Patol Babu was offered a small role of a short tempered pedestrian which had
no dialogues but only a mono-syllabic word to utter in the scene. On knowing this he was first
disappointed and felt that people were trying to pull his leg, but he remembered the priceless
words of his guru-even a small job done with perfection and dedication can bring intense
satisfaction to the man who performs it. He felt that no role was big or small and took up the
challenge in his stride to perform the mono-syllabic dialogue with utmost perfection. So he
put up all his skill and imagination in that one single shot. He rehearsed a lot and thought of
all the emotions that he could put into it. Hence he enacted his shot with perfection.

WORKSHEET-38
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Patol Babu badly needed the money because his household finances were in shambles
and twenty rupees would have held him to tide over.
(b)
The small job was to play the part of an extra who utters just one dialogue, upon a collision
with the male lead on the street.
(c)
The word measured means compared to in this context.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Patol Babu was a very dedicated actor and was excited for the role. He decided to take
ginger juice as it is good for the throat. On the day of the shoot, he reached early and
though he only had to utter Oh, he rehearsed a lot. Also, he practised how he would react
physically after colliding.
Ans. 2. Value Points :
To make his role more authentic he had a newspaper opened in his hand. He counted the
steps he had to take to reach the spot of collision. He decided the pace at which he had to
take the steps to reach the spot of collision.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Detailed Answer :

The role of an absent-minded pedestrian was given to Patol Babu. He was to collide with
Chanchal Kumar who was on his way to the office. Patol Babu rehearsed in front of a
large glass window. Before shooting for the scene he suggested Baren Mullick that an
open newspaper in his hand would be more natural and realistic. He was provided with
the newspaper. Then he calculated the steps and timed them according to the place of
collision. All these touches added an authenticity to his role.
Ans. 3. Patol Babu was suitable for the film role as he fitted the description of the character which
was a man in his fifties, bold, short-height and willing to act. All these qualities were
present in Patol Babu. Moreover, he was an amateur stage actor in the youth. Thats why
they decided to select him for that role.

P-22

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Kolkata

19 October 2015
Sir,

Last week I was offered a role in a film. I was very happy as I always wanted to be known as
a good actor. I was very particular that there should be dialogues in my role. But to any utter
distress, there was only a mono-syllable Oh ! which I considered to be a trivial utterance
to be made. Suddenly, I was reminded of you and your advice that one should never
consider any role below ones dignity. Each small word uttered has its own importance.
I was filled with enthusiasm and started rehearsing the word. I realised that the single
word also contained a gold mine of meaning. Your advice that each word of the dialogue
is like a fruit in a tree and an actor must know how to pluck the fruit, get the essence and
serve it to satisfaction of his audience made me put more feelings into that word. I took it
as an ultimate challenge and emerged out as a successful performance. The pleasures and
satisfaction derived from it was priceless. I left the place without taking the payment as I
had achieved a deep contentment.

This all was because of your guidance and advice. It was at that moment that I realised why
people say that your guru is your mentor. He should always be given the place next to God.
It is only the teacher who can guide you to the path of success and happiness. Your words,
your advice has changed me and my life. I owe my success to you. I thank you from the
core of my heart for making my dream come true.

Yours sincerely

Patol Babu

WORKSHEET-39
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. 1. (a) The above lines in the extract are spoken by Patol Babu to Naresh Dutt.

(b) Patol Babu was offer a very brief role in a movie. The role was of an absent minded man
and had just a mono-syllabic dialogue to utter.

(c) It shows that the speaker, i.e. Patol Babu is a very hard working and a dedicated person.
He loves his work and acting. Even at the age of 52, he doesnt hesitate to take up new
work.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Patol Babu found that he had to speak just one word, that too a mono-syllable Oh! He had
been promised a proper speaking part and after a long wait and great expectation, he felt
too depressed to see his small role. He felt cheated and quite demoralised.
Ans. 2. Through the lesson, Patol Babu, the writer depicts the dreams and aspirations of the small
timers and the apathy of film makers for whom making films is a business. Patol Babu, a
talented and emotional artist, who is artist at heart and full of dramatic skills, was asked
to perform a role after 52 years. Quite excited, he rehearsed the single word (oh) he was
asked to speak. Everybody praised his performance but he did not wait there to collect his
remuneration. Naresh Dutt asked for him but next minute all that was forgotton and the
camera started rolling for another shot.
Ans. 3. The information gathered by Patol Babu was that the film in which he was playing a role
was directed by Baren Mallick, a director who had three smash hits in a row. In due course,
he had also come to know that Chanchal Kumar, who was playing the lead in the movie,
was a lead in four movies.

Solutions

P-23

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Patol Babu is considered to be a strange fellow by the film makers because he did not
take the payment for playing his role in the movie. He had an ardent desire for acting.
He gave his hundred per cent to the role and did the maximum innovation he could in
his monosyllabic dialogue. He considered performing of his role with full devotion and
dedication more important than just getting paid. This is why when he was praised by
Baren Mullick, he felt he had accomplished his desire and left without waiting for his
payment. This shows him as a passionate, disciplined, hard-working and meticulous man.

WORKSHEET-40
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) He hadnt got any acting offers for the last 52 years for a film.
(b)
He was extremely modest and there was a large gap of years between his threatre days
and this offer.
(c)
He was thrilled and very pleasantly surprised.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Naresh Dutt went looking for Patol Babu after the shoot. He could not find him. He was
surprised and called him a strange fellow because Patol Babu had left the place without
taking his payment.
Ans. 2. He opened a variety store which he wound up after five years; worked in a Bengali firm
and then as an insurance agent for ten long years; thus success eluded him.
Ans. 3. Nishikanto Ghosh told Patol Babu that Naresh Dutt, his brother-in-law was looking for an
actor to act in his film. The character he wanted should be short, bald-headed and around
fifty of age. Patol Babu was the ideal choice so he had given Naresh his address to contact
him for the role.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Life really is strange as it offers joys as well as sorrows. It is only a practical man who can
come to terms with whatever life offers. A handful of joys and success should not let a man
go as high as sixth sky nor should the sorrows make him feel distressed, depressed and
frustrated.

Patol Babu is one such film star who is a very practical man. He takes the ups and downs of
his life in a positive day. During his youth, he was a popular stage actor. People used to buy
tickets seeing Patol Babus picture on the advertising hand bill. He was in great demand.
But success did not go into his head. Despite all the popularity he remained a simple and
respectful person. Then a time came when there was a change in his life. He changed his
line from theatre to various office jobs but still enjoyed his life. He was satisfied with his
life though the struggling period of his life had started. He took a practical step, left the
stage life and joined a company which offered him higher salary. He had again a smooth
sailing for nine years but then there was retrenchment after World War II. The long period
of struggle in his life started. He didnt give up and tried his hand in many jobs, opened
stores but all in vain. Look at the coverage of this man, he did not give up. He kept trying
something or the other to earn his living. He was really practical. Then the offer of a film
role fell in his lap which he accepted immediately. Though it was only a mono-syllable yet
he worked hard to rehearse his part so that he could do justice to it. Thus, it is true that one
must accept life as it comes and not grumble about it. One should be practical enough to
move ahead in life despite the struggles.

P-24

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

3. VIRTULLY TRUE
WORKSHEET-41
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Jail break.


(b)
If he could not escape he would lose the game/had a fear of losing the game
(c)
Anxiously/worried.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Michael couldnt help Sebastian the first time because the second Sheriff, Sebastian was
shot by the horsemen - fell down - computer screen said, Game Over.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 2. Michael was shocked to realize that Sebastian Shultz was actually a living character. / saw
the photograph in the newspaper / had been playing with him.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 3. Sebastian Shultz request Michael to help him by sending messages on the computer.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. The game Warzone was played in a city with tall buildings which were windowless
and had holes in them. Machine gun fires raked the sky. The bombs exploded and walls
tumbled. Sebestian and Michael had to reach a helicopter to save themselves. They ran
across the deserted land of stones and smoke to save themselves from gunshots. The
helicopter was waiting for them but the tank fire stopped them from moving ahead. Then
Sebestian saw a jeep. He jumped into it, started the engine and asked Michael to jump in
which he did. They could still feel a tank firing at them. Suddenly, Sebestian applied the
brake and Michael jumped into the helicopter but Sebestian was left behind. Suddenly the
tank crashed into the jeep moving Sebestian leap into the air. Michael pulled him up and
the helicopter flew into the thick cloud. Both of them were safe and the game ended with
a score of 4,00,00,000. Michael had hit the jackpot.

WORKSHEET-42
Extract Based Questions
Ans. (a) Michael.

(b) Computer games/interactive psycho - drive games.

(c) Started/started the game Wild West.

Short Answer Type Questions

(3 marks)

[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. While playing psycho drive games Sebastian met with an accident , banged his head
against the computer and his memory got stored in the computer.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Solutions

P-25

Ans. 2. The first game was complicated for Michael because the appearance of the second sheriff
complicated the game.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 3. The aim of the game Dragonquest is to rescue the princess Aurora from the wicked dragon
and to collect the wicked creatures treasure along the way; also to rescue Sebastian.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Sebastian was a 14 years old boy who was perhaps plugged into computer when he banged
his head in an accident. The computer saved his memory in his own. Sebastians memory
was stored on the disks of computer game, disks which ended up at computer fair because
somebody stole them while he was under treatment in the hospital. Michael bought those
disks from the fair and played the weird versions and somehow retrieved that memory by
playing the games. Thus, Sebastian entered the games.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

WORKSHEET-43
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) The plan of escape.



(b) A plastic card on which data has been stored agnetically and it can be read by an electronic
reading device/any card which can be electronically swiped.

(c) Jail break.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. He enjoyed it because the big screen with the loud volume makes him feel like he was
inside the game, battling it out. They are games played with a virtual reality visor and
glove, which have the ability to change what person can see. They control the action in the
game by their thoughts.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 2. Sebastian Shultz was badly injured in a motorway accident and went into coma. At the
time of accident his head hit the computer. So Sebastians memory was saved in the
computer. When Michael played the game, he entered Sebastians memory.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 3. Sitting in the train, Michael saw a big lady, reading a newspaper. There was a story with a
title Miracle Recovery. It was written that Sebastian Shultz, a 14-yearold boy from London,
had been badly injured in a motor accident and had gone into a coma. His mother hoped
that one day her son would be well and only a miracle could save him.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Virtually True is a science fiction. It is based on interactive psycho-driven gamesbased


on concept of virtual reality. Many images were created by computer. Images seem to
surround the person looking at them and the person surrounded by images assumes them
to be true. There were different games like Wild West, Dragon Quest, etc. Michael tries to
save Sebastiancharacter created by computer. Sebastian plays the role of second knight,
Sir Sebastian. Michael and Sebastian dodge guards but were still unable to save Sebastian.
Michael convinces himself that Sebastian was not real. Finally, he succeeded in saving
Sebastian and wins jackpot. Michael gets real message from real Sebastian Shultz who
had miraculous recovery. Thanks Michael and allows him to keep the game. The narrator is

P-26

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

trying to make us believe that Sebastian Shultz was plugged into the computer on which he
was playing psycho-driven games. When his head banged, the computer saved Sebastian
memory into its own. These pscho driven game were bought by Michael and his dad at the
computer fair. Everything seems virtually true.

WORKSHEET-44
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) I is Michael.



(b) When Sebastian met with a car accident, he hit his head in the computer and the computer
stored his memory as its own. Later, he was admitted in a hospital. All his discs were then
stolen from the hospital and they ended up in a computer fair from where Michael bought
games out of which Sebastians games were also included. And thus Sebastian entered
the games.

(c) The speaker has keen interest in psycho-driven games.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Michael was the Sheriff in the game Wildwest. When he was enjoying a drink in the
saloon, he was challenged by a Black-eyed Jed the fastest gun in the west. He wanted to
confront the Sheriff. So he was called out of the saloon.
Ans. 2. The aim of the game Dragon Quest was simple. It was to rescue fair princess Aurora from
the wicked dragon and to collect the wicked dragons treasure. Sebastian appeared in the
form of a knight and even Michael was also supposed to be a knight.
Ans. 3. Both the knights were chased by the wicked dragon. They ran across the battlements down
a spiral staircase and through a secret passage on the other side of the tapestry. The dragon
was near them and they could feel his fiery breath. Both of them, then decided to try going
through the dungeons which was their only hope.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. London
17th September 2015

Dear Fritz

I feel excited while sharing an amazing experience that I underwent the last few days.
Actually, I had bought a computer disk from a computer fair and started playing psychodriven games in it. While playing those games, I was repeatedly requested by Sebastian
Shultz to save him by retrieving him from the computer memory. I had to play four games
to save this boy. It was a thrilling experience. I never realised that this is a real life story
until I read the newspaper headlineMiracle Recovery of A Boy In Coma. I read the news
hurriedly only to realise that he was the same boy whom I had saved. I felt a deep feeling
of contentment going through me. I had never felt like this when Shultz thanked me
and called me his saviour. I felt satisfied that I had saved a soul which was caught in the
artificial intelligence of the computer. I wonder what would have happened if I had lightly
taken the game or had decided not to help Shultz. When I watched Shultz parents being
interviewed by various T. V. channels, their heart-felt happiness was depicted on their
glowing faces. They were so happy that their son had come out of coma. I had a feeling of
excitement mixed with achievement that I had saved a life. There was a sense of success
and accomplishment. I felt as if I had done something worthwhile. I am so happy that I
could be of use to somebody and helped someone who needed help. Sometimes I feel as if
some angel guided me. Whatever it is, I am delighted for having saved Shultz.

Lots of love.
Michael
Solutions

P-27

4. OZYMANDIAS
WORKSHEET-45
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Lifeless things are the shattered parts of Ozymandias statue.

(b) He was a good sculptor because he read the feelings of Ozymandias and expressed them
well on the statue.

(c) Ozymandias heart fed the passions by etching on his face expressions of the sneer of cold
command, the frown and wrinkled lip, to enhance his fearful look, intensify the majestic
look and command respect.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Time is a destructor / Pride has a fall / Achievements can be destroyed by time. / Arrogance
and pride have no place in life. / Any attempt at immortality will end in failure.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 2. The feeling of partially destroyed statue of Ozymandias conveys arrogance, cruelty,
boastfulness, coldness, anger and pride were the feelings depicted on the statue.

(any two) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 3. I am Ozymandias , King of Kings / look upon my works, Mighty, and despair ! These
words spoke of his arrogance, vanity, boastfulness and overbearing nature, his dictatorial
ways, pride, sense of superiority and condescending manner.

(any two) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Value Points



l power and glory short-lived/transitory, power and glory, deceptive/Ozymandias got
his statue built in order to be remembered by posterity but his statue lies shattered/ broken,
time kills/ destroys physical glory, power or riches.


[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

Arrogance assures immortality and durability against all powerful time and nature. The
poem highlights the vanity of human glory and power. Everything in the world perishes
with the passage of time and under the powerful influence of the elements of nature. Even
the mightiest of the mighty becomes one with the dust. No trace of them is left on the sands
of time. Ozymandias, a powerful king of Egypt was proud of his glory and achievements. He
desired to immortalise his name and got a statue built. But nothing could stand against the
time and powerful elements of nature. The broken statue symbolises the destruction caused
by time and the sands, lone, boundless and bare symbolise the power of the elements.

WORKSHEET-46
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Ozymandias.



(b) These lines describe the ruined state of the statue now.

(c) Alliteration.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2012]

P-28

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Ozymandias refers to himself as the king of kings because he thought he was the mightiest
of all kings and no one was more powerful than him. Through this statement the qualities
revealed are boastfulness, conceit and vanity in the king.
Ans. 2. Value Points :
The face was shattered, had a frown, lips were wrinkled, reflected scorn contemptuous,
cold (heartless), hostile, commanding
(any three) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Detailed Answer :

The carving of the facial expression was such that it showed scorn and hostility on the face
of the statue. The shattered visage looks cruel and pitiless with wrinkled lip.
Ans. 3. Value Points :
Nothing is stable in this world; everything is subject to change and decay.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Detailed Answer :

The poem conveys the transitoriness of human life. Rich or poor, mighty or weak everyone
has to leave this world. Time does not spare even the king of kings. The statues carved
in stone, marble, etc., do remind the world about them but with the passage of time, these
statues also get shattered and the world gradually forgets them.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Friday
18th August 2015

10-30 p.m.

Dear Diary,

I visited the land where my relative Ozymandias had got his statue carved out to
immortalise himself. I was shocked when I reached there as I found that his face was lying
in the sand and there were only his trunkless legs on the pedestal. I was reminded of him
the way he was when he was alive. He had a boastful nature and always held himself in
esteem. He was an arrogant and egotistical. He made his statue carved out so that people
may remember him even after his death. But what I saw there was only a broken statue
as if it was making fun of human. It was conveying the fact that man is mortal and time is
all powerful. No one can beat the time. It spares more. The man who was so powerful and
always thought of others as inferior was lying in the sand of course, it was his statue but
still, time had defeated him, making everyone realise that pride hath a fall.

WORKSHEET-47
Extract Based Questions
Ans. (a) Egotistical.

(b) none of the mighty works referred to remain.

(c) alliteration.

Short Answer Type Questions

(3 marks)

[CBSE Marking Scheme 2012]

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. The broken statue of Ozymandias was surrounded by vast stretches of sand and loneliness
of deserts. These ruins prove that the kings work and civilisation has crumbled to dust.
Nothing lasts forever, and loneliness, desertion convey a feeling of crumbling under the
cruel knife of time.
Ans. 2. Ozymandias was cruel, dominating and arrogant. He was too conceited and looked down
upon the weak and helpless. He believed that he was the mightiest. But his challenge was
Solutions

P-29

ironically disproved by time itself. All his achievements, fame, empire were razed to the
ground. Fate and time make a mockery of all this. So his boast could never be justified.
Ans. 3. The facial expression of the statue was one of anger and contempt. His lips were wrinkled
and a frown could be seen on the face.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. The theme of Ozymandias is clear and vivid. It conveys that no human emotions of
haughtiness, sneer, pride, arrogance assures immortality and durability against all powerful
time and nature. The poem highlights the vanity of human glory and power. Everything
in the world perishes with the passage of time and under the powerful influence of the
elements of nature. Even the mightiest of the mighty becomes one with the dust. No trace
of them is left on the sands of time. Ozymandias, a powerful king of Egypt was proud of
his glory and achievements. He desired to immortalise his name and got a statue built.
But nothing could stand against the time and powerful elements of nature. The broken
statue symbolises the destruction caused by time and the sands, lone, boundless and bare
symbolise the power of the elements.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

WORKSHEET-48
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) The sculptor who carved the statue of Ozymandias is being referred here.

(b) The word pedestal means the platform on which the statue stood.

(c) These lines tell us that Ozymandias was a very proud and arrogant king who thought
himself to be very powerful.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Looking at the facial expression, one could make out that he was a cruel king who
considered himself very powerful and high in order as compared to others.
Ans. 2. Only vast area of sand could be seen around the carved statue. The statue also had
trunkless legs on the pedestal and a shattered face which was sunk in the sand. The kings
power, pride everything was gone with the passage of time. Time spares none. There was
nothing left in that desert. This is the true destiny of man and the passage of time proves
be great traveller. Man is insignificant before the power of time and everything is reduced
to nought.
Ans. 3. The poet was told the story of Ozymandias by a speaker who had met a traveller from an
ancient land. The story and the condition of Ozymandias statue is conveyed by word of
mouth. This adds a tinge of obscurity and mystery to the statue.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. King Ozymandias considered himself to be the king of kings. He ruled over his empire
with a firm hand. He fed his subjects and regarded them as inferior. He was arrogant and
highly conceited, and believed that no one will ever be able to equal his achievements. He
was so intoxicated with power that the welfare of his people was never his consideration.
He believed himself to be above law and destiny.

But now his shattered statue, half buried in sand, the waste and ruins around prove that
the time has leveled his fame and work. The ruins around the statue bear the testimony to
the fact that nothing lasts forever. This is the true destiny of man. He is insignificant before
the power of time. The poem illustrates the vanity of human greatness. It depicts, that one
must command respect and not demand it. One must never misuse power and might.

Glorious deeds should be committed to get respect from posterity. Real power lies in
winning the hearts and not in, ruling the weak and needy.

P-30

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

5. THE RIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER


WORKSHEET-49
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) To tell his story/to tell his story of misfortune/to unburden himself/to confess/to be rid of
his guilt.
(b)
Wedding guest was under the spell/mariner held him with his glittering eyes/mesmerized/
hypnotized by ancient mariner.
(c)
Shining/sparkling/captivating/mesmerizing.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Came through the fog - came at a time of unfavourable weather symbol of purity and
goodness - sign of hope from God saved them from the trouble.

(any two) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Detailed Answer :

The Albatross was considered as Christian Soul because its arrival took away all the miseries
that the Mariners were facing. They felt that lord Christ had sent them a help in the form of
an Albatross.
Ans. 2. Shooting the innocent Albatross with his crossbow without any provocation or valid
reason / for no reason.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Detailed Answer :

The Mariner had killed the innocent bird who had brought new hope and the blowing of
the South Wind.

After the bird was killed the Mariners ship was stuck in the middle of the hot and sultry
silent sea. With no water to drink and no ray of hope to brighten them up they underwent
a lot of physical and mental agony.
Ans. 3. Had killed the Albatross (a Christian soul)/brought them bad luck/ship stopped/no wind/
rotting, slimy sea/death fires at night.
(any two) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Value Points :



The Ancient Mariner killed the Albatross which had helped the sailors./had to suffer for the
sin he had committed/Each and every life is important./Man has no right to consider other
lives as inferior. /Ship was in difficulty./pushed to the South Pole/stuck in ice/Albatross
hung around his neck./It was a heinous crime hence the punishment was justified.


(any other relevant point) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

Religious function on the basis of man committing a crime or sin, repenting for it and then
gaining subsequent pardon from a higher spiritual authority in lieu of his repentance.
However, in the poem there is no such eventual pardon in sight as the mariner is doomed
to recount the story of his wrong deed for eternity to come. The poem explores the horror
emanating from the unmindful destruction of nature and its creatures. It teaches us to respect
all forms of life otherwise no matter how much one repents, pardon cannot be expected as
no higher spiritual authority will ever condone a wanton act of cruelty. In The Rime of the
Ancient Mariner, the Ancient Mariner killed the albatross which had helped the sailors. After
this they started facing problems in the sea. The ship entered the silent sea where they had
great difficulties. Other mariners hold him responsible for this and hung the dead albotrors
Solutions

P-31

around his neck, making him realise the sin he had committed. It was an act of reminding
that he had commutted a heirous crime.

WORKSHEET-50
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) The Ancient Mariner.


(b)
held him guilty / blamed him for their misfortune/plight.

(c) bad / blaming / angry.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. The Ancient Mariner was deeply troubled because he was guilt ridden of killing the bird
Albatross. His guilt compelled him to narrate his experience to the wedding guest as he
believed that confession of a sin would lead to its redemption.
Ans. 2. The albatross started to follow the ship when the sailors had lost their way in the polar
region. It was received with great joy and hospitality and was considered as a good omen.
The Ancient Mariner shot the albatross with a cross-bow impulsively. It was regarded as an
act that would curse the ship which indeed suffered terrible mishappenings.
Ans. 3. The highlight of a good poem is its word-imagery and The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is
no exception to the fact. The static condition of the ship has been likened to a painting on
the canvas, beautifully and colourfully representing the actual scene. The myriad of colours
representing the sea likened to the witchs oils bubbling in psychedelic colours also is an
example of word-imagery used by the poet.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. After the death of the albatross, the weather became unfavorable for the mariners to
continue their journey. As the ship sailed into the silent sea, the breeze dropped down,
making the sails drop down as well. The ship came to a standstill. The wind died, the
sun intensified and there was not a drop of water to drink. Despite being surrounded by
water, their tongues and throats were parched at the root with thirst. The ocean became
revolting, rotting and thrashing with slimy creatures and sizzling with strange
fires. The condition of the mariners turned out to be very pathetic and frightening. They
were extremely dismayed at being stuck in between the silent sea. They spoke to each
other only to break the silence of the sea.

WORKSHEET-51
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Away from the land of mist and snow/ in the sea/ ocean / on the ship.
(b)
Albatross.
(c)
Fixed time of the arrival of albatross/a fixed time every day (the evening church service)/
nine evenings.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Killing of the Albatross was the terrible deed; because it was an auspicious and innocent
bird, who had brought a favourable south wind for the Mariners.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

P-32

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Ans. 2. The Mariner had shot the Albatross for no reason. The others blamed him for their
predicament as all the problems they faced, occurred after the shooting of the Albatross.
Hence, they hung it around his neck. It was a constant reminder of the sin that he had
committed. [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 3. The sailors treated the Albatross very well because it had brought an end to their sufferings
and miseries. They called him a Christian soul.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. This contention is true because if the wedding had been very dominating, maybe he would
have forced his way to the wedding. But the real truth is that the mesmerizing persona of
the ancient mariner and his crazy and loony ways arrest the Wedding Guest. His glittering
eyes paralyse the wedding guest. He beats his breast but is not able to get away. Later on
the power of the mariners narrative spellbinds the guest. He is also influenced by the sheer
strangeness of the story, it grips him somehow and he does not resist the mariners force
later. So, though the guest is weak, it is the mariners charisma that holds him.

WORKSHEET-52
Extract Based Questions
Ans.

(3 marks)

(a) Ancient Mariner


(b) The speaker is ridden of the guilt of killing the Albatross.
(c) His hand is called skinny because he is very old and weak.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. The Ancient Mariner had done a hellish thing. He had shot the Albatross with his bow and
arrow. With the result they got stuck in the ocean. There was misery all around. They were
thirsty but had no water to drink. They were physically and mentally exhausted. Slimy
creature had also emerged from the rotting sea and the wind had stopped. They cursed
the Mariner for shooting the Albatross and hung the bird around its neck.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 2. Once the ship entered the silent sea, the breeze stopped blowing and the sails also
dropped. Whole atmosphere was sad and depressing. They were stuck in the hot sun.
There was water everywhere but they couldnt drink it. Their motionless state is compared
to a painted ship on a painted ocean. They felt some supernatural elements attached to the
stopping of the ship in this area in an attempt to make them suffer for killing an innocent
bird.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]
Ans. 3. The three elements arethe supernatural element, love for nature and the poetic form,
i.e., the use of quatrain which rhymes a b c d and variation in the number of the lines in
some of the stanzas and also the rhyme scheme.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1 The poem hinges on the nemesis of crime and punishment. Defying God leads to worse
results and punishment. The poem is an exploration of evil and of salvation. The slaughtered
albatross, emerging spirits from beneath the murky spirits, slimy creatures of the sea, all
are images of sin and evil and its consequences. The whole poem is based on the Christian
concept of sin, its punishment and redemption. The albatross can be seen as a symbol of
Gods favour, bringing good results. Killing of Gods creature is a sin of the biggest order
Solutions

P-33

so the mariner and the crew undergo so many problems. When the mariner prays, the
albatross falls off and Gods grace shines on them and they are cleansed of their sins.rm.

6. SNAKE
WORKSHEET-53
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) The snake is a majestic creature and forced to remain underground, out of mans sight.
(b)
The act of throwing a log at the snake/harming the snake.
(c)
Under the earth / underground / a snake hole.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. A snake was there before him./A snake was ahead of him./A majestic creature/the snake
was a guest./courtesy, out of respect.
(any two) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

The poet had to wait near the water trough because he was a second comer. The snake had
been the first one there, where the water dripped from the tap in a small clearness and the
poet had to wait for his turn because of the snake.
Ans. 2. A cursed voice, the voice of education told him that snakes are poisonous and should be
killed / did not want to be labelled as a coward.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

The poet tried to harm the snake because his education told him that in Sicily, gold snakes
were venomous and a real man would take a stick and finish it off. Moreones he didnt
want that he should be labelled as a coward.
Ans. 3. Should he kill him or honour and respect him / be hospitable / let him drink water.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

The poet mind was fraught between the thought of killing the snake and at the same time,
letting it have its fill of water as he would allow any other person to do.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Value Points :



Must go by the voice of conscience, must have mutual respect, belief in peaceful coexistence necessary for survival, has no right to harm other forms of life, must believe in
live and let live. (any other relevant point)

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

P-34

The poem, Snake reminds us of the fact that animals too have a right to life which we
have no right to deny them. One should always listen the voice of conscience that does not
allow us to play with these brainless and innocent creatures.Man cannot afford to tamper
with ecology as it has been carefully planned and laid out by nature and it may result in
the extinction of wild animals and in the depletion of forests and their wealth. Further man
wil have to face dire consequences like landslides, floods , droughts and famines. Nature
has supplied the living creatures with abundant resources and man in particular has been
able to co-exist with the least discomfort. So it is our moral duty to have mutual respect for
these creatures and believe in the principle of Peaceful C0-existence.
English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

WORKSHEET-54
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) He felt honoured because the snake was a guest at his water trough.
(b)
Voices of education and conscience.
(c)
Courteous behaviour/politeness/humbleness.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2015]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. The poet threw the log at the snake because the voice of education and social conventions
made him think that the snake which is golden-brown in colour is venomous and must be
killed.
Ans. 2. The poet is caught in between human instinct and rational thought. He considered the
snake as a majestic God and felt sad when the snake left. He regretted having missed the
opportunity of knowing one of the lords of life. He was also guilt ridden of hurling a log at
the snake.
Ans. 3. As the snake came from the bottom of the earth, its skin took the earth-brown colour of the
soil. This made the poet describe the snake in terms of earth.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2014]

Long Answer Type Questions


Ans. 1.



(4 marks)

92, G.P. Road


ABC City
12 July, 2010
Dear Prateek
I wish to recount a strange experience that I underwent recently. One day as I had come to
fill my pitcher with water from a open water-trough, I saw a snake drinking water there.
My first instinct was fright and then I felt like killing him, because that is what we do
generally. Nevertheless, I hid behind the door and watched the snake. The snake was very
relaxed, very slack and had great style of moving about. After drinking water, the snake
went back into the hole. I felt happy that I had not hit him. I am happy I followed the voice
of my instincts.
Mohan.

WORKSHEET-55
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) The speaker was afraid of the golden snake that visited his trough to drink water because
in Sicily, it was believed that the golden brown snakes were venomous.

(b) These lines reflect that the poet is controlled by fear and fascination as he is left with the
conflicting emotions between rational and his natural feelings.

(c) The poet felt honoured because the snake chose to visit his trough. Lawrence compares
the snake to a god, a king, and a lord of life. It almost seems as he feels the snake is above
him.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Society ingrains certain preconceived notions in our mind and due to that we dont judge
situations by instinct The poet was fascinated by the snake. He appreciated the snakes
majestic and harmless nature but the earlier instincts drilled in him by society force him to
strike at the snake. He had been taught to kill snakes.
Solutions

P-35

Ans. 2. When the snakes back is turned, the voices of education that were troubling the poet,
overtake him. He hits the snake with a stick which was quite unjustified. The snake had not
troubled the poet and one must behave with ones instincts than preconceived notions.
Ans. 3. On seeing the snake, his voice of education and civilisation told him that yellow snakes
are poisonous. But he shaped his thought process and treated him like a guest and a king
in exile. But when the snake started going back his rational thinking prompted him to kill
the snake. So, he hit the snake with a log of wood.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. After reaching his water trough on a very hot day, the poet finds a snake drinking water
from his water trough. He waits for the snake to finish drinking water first since he is very
particular regarding protocol. The snake was brown in colour. The poet makes a frank
confession that he really liked the snake but educational and social conventions make the
poet think that the golden brown snakes were poisonous, so they must be killed. The inner
instinct of the poet makes him feel honoured that a snake had come to seek his hospitality
from the deep recesses of the earth.

When the snake started to retreat back into the dark hole, the poet disliked it and hurled a
log at the snake. The snake vanished into the hole in great haste. The poet was full of guilt.
He really hated himself for such a mean act and cursed the voice of education that had
always taught him to kill snakes, without any reason. The poem represents the instability
of mans mind but champions the fact that it is our instinctive behaviour that prompts us
to do good.

WORKSHEET-56
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) The poet came to the trough to fill his pitcher.

(b) He decided to wait as the snake was there to drink water at the trough before the poet.
On seeing the beautiful creature, the poet was fascinated and took the snake to be his
guest so didnt want to disturb him. He felt honoured as he considered it to be godly and
lord of lords.

(c) The golden brown snake was at the trough before the poet. It came there to drink water
as it thought that things of nature are common to all creatures, be it a human or animal.
It is human beings who are greedy and self-centered and believe in possessing things.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. The snake had came out of its fissure to drink water as it was a very hot day. When he had
quenched his thirst, he raised his head like a drunken man. He was satisfied.
Ans. 2. No doubt, the snake was conscious of the poets presence. As soon as the poet reached the
water trough to fill his pitcher, he saw a snake drinking water. The snake also lifted his
head as drinking cattle do. This expression of the snake conveys his being conscious of the
poets presence.
Ans. 3. The expression my snake, he seemed to me like a king, he had come like a guest,
honoured still more that he should seek my hospitality show that the poet was full of
admiration and respect for the snake. He almost regarded him like a majestic God.

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. The poet had an inkling that golden brown snakes are dangerous. They must be killed.
When he saw this snake drinking water at the water-trough, he felt honoured and had a

P-36

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

respect for the snake. He watched him keenly. But after being satiated, the snake slithed
back into the fissure. The poet did not like it. He put down his pitcher and hurled a log
of wood at the snake. It is ironical that the snake whom he was admiring a few moments
ago was hit and harmed by him. Though later he was grief-sticken and wanted to make
amends. But the act was done. He felt helpless.

JULIUS CAESAR
WORKSHEET-57
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) These words are spoken by Mark Antony.



(b) He was referring to the ingratitude of Marcus Brutus.

(c) Caesar trusted Brutus/considered him as a friend and his angel/trusted him/relied on
him.(any two)
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2012]

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. As fair and fortunate - citizens washing their hands in the blood spouting from Caesars
statue is a sign that they are deriving inspiration from him.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans.2 (i) He was a tyrant who deprived Romans of their liberty.
(ii) Caesar was ambitious and he would make the Romans slaves if he was allowed to live.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Ans. 3. He said he was firm and did not go back on his words. / firm as the North Star and would
not be influenced by flattery.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Mark Antony, a true and noble friend of Julius Caesar, uses various rhetorical devices in
his funeral speech to produce the desired effect on the mob. He dramatically enters with
Caesars dead body to win the sympathies of the crowd. He is a shrewd and a powerful
orator. At first he speaks in such a manner that it seems to the mob that he is in full
agreement with Brutus about Caesar. Then step by step he depicts Brutus as a villain
and Caesar as the wronged man. He repeatedly calls Brutus noble and honourable. He
reminds the mob that thrice Caesar was offered the crown at the feast of Lupercal and
each time he had refused. Ambition must be made of sterner stuff. He removes the
cover from Caesars dead body and asks them to see how brutally the conspirators had
stabbed Caesars body. He plays upon their emotions and incites them to mutiny and
rebellion. Finally, he announces the will of Julius Caesar in which Caesar has left to every
Roman citizen 75 drachmas as well as his orchards for their use and for their heirs. The
mob is incited against the conspirators.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

WORKSHEET-58
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Caesar is planning to go to the senate house at the Capitol.


(b)
The things refers to unpleasant and unnatural happenings/Calpurnias dream.
(c)
The word vanished means disappear/go away/stop threatening cease to threaten.
[CBSE Marking Scheme 2012]
Solutions

P-37

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Decius Brutus is more successful than Calpurnia in persuading Caesar. He has good
oratorical skills, gives a flattering interpretation to Calpurnias dream. He also tells Caesar
that the senators have planned to offer him the crown. If he does not go to the Senate, they
might change their minds.
Ans. 2. Caesars will was read by Antony. He revealed that all his private harbours and orchards
were open to the Roman Public. Caesar had also left 75 drachmas to each Roman.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2014]
Ans. 3. The night was stormy and there was thunder in the air and many unnatural events had
taken place. Fiery, fierce warriors fought a regular battle in the sky and blood rained on the
Capitol.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2014]

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Mark Antony was a brave, intelligent, pleasure-loving, and cunning man. He was loyal to
his friend, Caesar, whom he considered a true friend. He wanted the crown to be given to
Caesar. Antony was distraught with Caesars death and sought revenge first by speaking
to the crowd in his speech. However, he felt his duty was to carry on Caesars reign and
clear his name. Brutus underestimated Antony and perceived him as a person who didnt
always take life seriously, couldnt have a serious nature and therefore, not a thinker.
Antonys was a character with many hidden traits until he was forced to show his true
character while defending Caesar after his death. He was misunderstood by all, and his
true leadership qualities were under-estimated. Once he became a leader of Rome, his true
character was uncovered.

WORKSHEET-59
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) The speaker is Mark Antony. You is referred to the citizens of Rome.

(b) Caesar was stabbed by the conspirators for being ambitious.

(c) Antony told the demos that Brutus was wrong in his judgment of Caesar being ambitious.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Calpurnia believed in omens and portents. She has seen and heard about strange sights.
This superstitious woman had a bad dream about her husband. She saw Caesar being
murdered. She dreamt that Caesars statue was sprouting forth blood in showers like a
fountain with many spouts. Many happy and brave young citizens of Rome came flocking
there with smiling faces and washed their hands joyfully in this flowing blood. She feared
that the dream was an evil omen and a warning of coming danger to Caesar. She was
terrified by unnatural an extraordinary things which she thought portent danger to
Caesars life.
Ans. 2. Julius Caesar had banished Publius Cimber. Metellus Cimber pleaded humbly to repeal his
brothers banishment. Caesar didnt like it and spurned him like a dog out of his way. He
declared himself Constant as the North Star clearly telling him that he would not change
his decision. Hearing this, Casca stabbed Caesar followed by other conspirators and Brutus.
Ans. 3. Caesar was an ambitious man. He declared himself Constant as the North Star which
clearly depicts the firm-determined personality of Caesar. He believed in superstitions also
as he sent his messenger to ask the priest whether he should go to the Senate House or not.
But even then he was a fearless and confident man who was murdered by his own friends
due to his arrogance.

P-38

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Long Answer Type Questions

(4 marks)

Ans. 1. Yes, I agree with Brutus when he says the given statement to justify his reasons for
assassinating Caesar. Brutus was a patriotic man. To him, the safety of the Romans was
more important than anything else. His sole reason for joining the conspiracy was that
he thought Rome would be ruined if Caesar was crowned. He had no personal grudges
against Caesar; rather, he loved him dearly. But he sacrificed his love for Caesar to save
his countrymen. The following lines spoken by Brutus prove this As Caesar loved me, I
weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him: but, as he
was ambitious, I slew him.

Brutus also says at the end of his speech, as I slew my best lover for the good of Rome,
I have the same dagger for myself, when it shall please my country to need my death.

When Brutus says, Not that I love Caesar less, but I loved Rome more., he displays
idealism and nobility.

WORKSHEET-60
Extract Based Questions

(3 marks)

Ans. (a) Marcus Brutus.



(b) On Caesars funeral.

(c) The irony in the above extract is that Brutus was too simple to understand the intentions
of Antony. Despite Cassius repeated denial, he allowed Antony to address the funeral
procession of Caesar wherein Antony provoked the mob against the senators and Brutus.

Short Answer Type Questions

(2 marks each)

Ans. 1. Antony uses emotional blackmail to provoke the Romans against the conspirators. He
exploits their sentiments by saying that Caesar was not money-minded and he has left
all his riches for the Romans in his will. He elaborates that Caesar has left all his walks,
gardens, private chambers and newly planted orchards on the bank of Tiber for them. This
revelation makes the Romans very emotional.
Ans. 2. Brutus is Caesars friend. He has great Republican zeal, noble idealism and he is a great
moralist. He is a champion of public liberty and freedom. But he is not a good judge of
psychology. He gets misled by the conniving nature of the conspirators and joins them to
kill Caesar because of his love for the liberty and bright future of Rome.
Ans. 3. The third citizen here says that because he misinterprets Brutus intentions for killing
Caesar. His faith arouses after Brutus says the powerful words I have the same dagger for
myself, when it shall please my country to need my death. He feels that it was good that
the ambitious Caesar died and thus, his position could be replaced by the more worthy
Brutus. He felt that if Brutus had welfare of the nation in his mind, he didnt mind Brutus
being throned as the new ruler.

Long Answer Type Questions


Ans. 1.


Solutions

(4 marks)

Value points :
l Mark Antony touched the hearts of the people.
l Proved to the mob that Caesar was not ambitious.
l Exposed the wounded body of Caesar - showed them the stab wounds made by the
conspirators.

P-39

He aroused their curiosity by repeatedly hinting at Caesars will.


Said that Caesar loved them and made the Romans his heirs.
l His words were so powerful that the crowd turned against the conspirators.
(any four points)
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

Mark Antony is a clever statesman and a good friend of Caesar. He is foresighted enough
to judge that Brutus is a famous public figure and has already won the approval of the
plebeians, instead of censure, after killing Caesar. Now it is upto him to turn the tide, which
threatens to flow on the side of the conspirators. Antony proves strong in all the ways while
Brutus proves weak. His impulsive, improvisatory nature serves him perfectly to persuade
the conspirators that he is on their side, thus gaining leniency. Throughout his speech, he
keeps repeating, Brutus is an honouable man. I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him,
whereas he does just the opposite. He is able to persuade the plebeians of the conspirators
injustice and gains mass support. He contradicts the charges of Brutus that Caesar was
ambitious by pointing out that Caesar had refused the crown twice, had filled the coffers
of Rome and wept for all Romans. Not too scrupulous to stoop to deceit and duplicity, as
Brutus claims to be, Antony proves himself to be a consummate politician, using gestures
and rhetoric to his advantage. He graphically displays all the stabs, Brutus and others have
inflicted on Caesars body and uses Caesars body to exploit the plebeians emotionally. He
responds to subtle cues, tailors his words very deftly and uses the most appropriate actions
to incite the people. He deliberately thrusts the words mutiny and riot at them and gets the
desired results.

Unlike Brutus, who prides himself on solely acting with respect to virtue and blinding
himself to his personal concerns. Antony never separates his private affairs from his public
actions. So Antonys eulogy at Caesars funeral is a master-stoke, and the mention of
Caesars will that leaves money and his property for all Romans, acts as the final nail in
the coffin of the conspirators. So, Antonys speech is a combination of wit, irony, sarcasm,
pathos and satire.
l

Formative WORKSHEET-61

Answer : 1. (a), 2. (b), 3. (a), 4. (c).


Answers : 1. (a), 2. (b), 3. (d), 4. (c), 5. (e), 6. (j), 7. (f), 8. (i), 9. (g), 10. (h), 11. (k).

Formative WORKSHEET-62
Do your self

Formative WORKSHEET-63
Answers : I. PRE-READING ACTIVITY
Qualities of a good leader
(a)
A good orator
(b)
Love for common people
(c)
Hard working
(d)
Working for the cause of one and all
(e)
Worldly wise
(f)
Psychological insight
(g)
Practical approach
II. WHILE-READING A ACTIVITY
Brutus says that he loved Caesar, no doubt, but he loved Rome more than he loved Caesar. He

P-40

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

paints Caesar as an over-ambitious person. He says that if Caesar had lived, all of them would
have died as slaves. As he was ambitious, I slew him, he says.
Antony, in his speech after the death of Caesar gives much evidence that refutes the conspirator s
action, e.g., Caesar was offered the crown thrice but every time he refused it. Secondly, when his
will was read, the mob was made aware those Caesar had left his private gardens and orchards
for them. It further said that Caesar had given seventy five drachmos to every Roman. This was to
incite the mob.
III. POST-READING ACTIVITY
Suggested Answers :
Julius Caesar
Brutus
Antony
Cassius
arrogant
simple
loyal friend
clever
over-confident
honourable
clever
good judge of character
valiant
poor judge of character
manipulative
good orator
understanding of mob psychology
generous patriotic
superstitious

1. THE STORY OF MY LIFE


WORKSHEET-64
Ans. 1.




Value Points :
Thrilled when she got admission.
Studied for one year under Professor Keith.
Determined to compete with those who could see and hear.
Classes were lively and she enjoyed them.
Talks about the subject she learned in the first year and the works of famous French and
German writers.
Took more time to learn.
No books for the blind.
She dreaded examinations.

College taught her patience.


Slightly disappointed at not meeting great people.
Firmly believed that knowledge is power.
(any five points) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012]

Detailed Answer :

Helen had high hopes from college life, but was left completely disillusioned . She found
that there was too much stress on learning and no time whatsoever for self analysis or
introspection. The pupils were trained in cramming the lessons and understand and
relating with the lesson was completely missing. The predominant thought in the minds
of the pupils was written tests and the exams. There was too much of choice with too little
use of it. She found the pattern completely disorganised and non synchronized. Helen felt
that she was a bull in the China shop. Here China shop refers to the examination system.
According to Helen, before examination she had to go through many different aspects of
study due to which her mind became overburderned with heterogeneous matter which
was almost disappear while attempting an exam. She tried to remember the points and jot
down to put them into order but unfortunately she could not make head and tail out of it. It
seemed as if answers had been buried deep in the pool of thoughts of mind and searching

Solutions

P-41

for them equates looking for a bit of silk in the rag bag.
Ans. 2. Bishop Brooks was in Helens words, one among many of the men of genius with whom
she had had the pleasure of acquaintance. As a child, Helen used to love sitting on his knee
and clasping the great hand in her own as Miss Sullivan spelled out his beautiful words
about God and the spiritual world. She would listen with the wondrous delight of a child,
her spirit could not reach up to his but he would give her a real sense of joy in life. Once,
when she had been puzzled by the existence of so many religions in the world, Bishop
Brooks had told her that there was one universal religion, the religion of love, the love
owed to their Heavenly Father with whole heart and soul and to love every child of god,
remembering that the possibilities of good were far greater than that of evil. Bishop Brooks
life was an illustration of his philosophy, love and the widest knowledge blended with faith
in his noble soul giving him an insight into life. Bishop Brooks had not taught Helen any
special creed or dogma. He had impressed upon her the two great ideas of the fatherhood
of god and the brotherhood of man, which she came to believe as the overarching truths of
her life. Bishop Brooks had taught her the creed of love.

WORKSHEET-65
Ans. 1. Value Points :

l Instructor in Cambridge, prepares Helen for exam in Radcliffe, his knowledge helped
her to do the work easily, kept Helens mind alert and eager to learn clearly and logically,
never taught her how to write an exam.
(any other relevant point) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

Mr. Merton S. Keith was an instructor in Cambridge. He came out to Wrentham twice a
week and taught algebra, geometry, Greek and latin to Helen Keller. He prepared Helen
for her exams in Radcliffe. He gave Helen lessons for five times a week in periods of about
an hour. His knowledge helped her to do the work easily. Whenever there was anything,
which Helen did not understand, he explained it each time. He used to assign her new
work and took pairs to correct the work the Greak exercises, which she used to write on
her typewriter. This helped her work faster. He made mathematics; the subject which she
liked the least, interesting. He kept her mind alert and eager and trained it to reason also.
He taught her to reach the conclusions calmly and logically and not by jumping mildly
into nowhere. He was gentle taowards her. But there was one thing which put Helen
into trouble. He had relied too much an Helens mental ability to solve the problems and
never taught her to write examination papers. With the result, she faced problems while
appearing in the examination.
Ans. 2. Value Points :
l
Graham Bell, inventor of telephone, a good friend / companion / great support, interested
in his experiments and presentation of different theories in an interesting way, dedicated
her book to Graham Bell.
(any other relevant point) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
l Dr. Alexander Graham Bell holds a special place in the life of Hellen Keller. Helens father
met him about Helen as he knew much about schools and teachers of deaf or blind
children. He advised Helens father to see Mr. Anagnor for arranging a teacher for Helen.
Helen spent many days with him in washington.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2014]
Detailed Answer :

Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of telephone was a good friend and companion of
Helen. He remained a great support to her.

P-42

English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

Dr. Alexander Graham Bell first met Keller when she was six years old and her parents
brought her to him for advice on how to teach her. This meeting was not only the beginning
of a long friendship between Dr. Bell and Helen but it also proved to be the foundation of
Helens education and life. In fact, Helen has dedicated her autobiography The Story of My
Life to him. She has mentioned his sympathetic and tender nature that made her love him
from her visit itself. It was on his suggestion that Helens father wrote to Mr. Anagnos and
subsequently found Miss Sullivan as a teacher. She visited him at his home and laboratory.
He appears to be a wonderful and patient teacher who could instill enthusiasm and interest
in his students. He was a humorous person and had love for children particularly the deaf.

WORKSHEET-66
Ans. 1. When Helen was summoned by the investigative body to answer on the charges of
plagiarism, Keller was very distressed. In the beginning, she pleaded innocence and
assured that she could not recall Miss Canbys The Frost Fairies being read out to her.
Miss Sullivan also had not even heard of the book called Birdie and his Friends. Later, it
was found that Ms. Sophie had read many books to Helen in Annes absence. Whereas, Mr.
Anagnos thought that Helen and Miss Sullivan copied someone elses stories to impress
him.

She found that irrespective of her explanations, the committee had already decided that
Helen had copied the Frost King from Miss Margaret T. Canbys Frost Fairies. This
had frightened Keller so much that she refused to resume writing. Even while writing
letters to her mother, she would double-check them to ensure that each and every word
or expression was her own creation. She was very upset and got many consolances. Even
Miss Canby kindly sent her a letter. But still this was a black cloud in Helens garden of
childhood.
Ans. 2. Mr. Gilman was the principal of Cambridge school. When Helen took admission in this
school, he was very sympathetic towards her. He even learnt the finger alphabet so as to
enable himself to instruct Helen. He taught English literature and history to Helen and she
also found her work easier and pleasant when she was instructed by Mr. Gilman.

He was quite affectionate and caring towards Helen and gave admission to her sister
Mildred in his school so that Helen could get some inspiration from her. Despite all this, he
was a bit stern and rigid. When he felt Helen overworked and stressed, he decided that she
should spend more years to complete her studies. However, Helen did not like this idea
and withdrew herself from the school with the help of her mother.

WORKSHEET-67
Ans. 1. In her 1903 autobiography,The Story of My Life, Helen Keller has mentioned about her
love of the country and outdoor sports like sailing and canoeing. She enjoyed them the
most in moonlights. As a student of Wright-Humson School, she had taken riding lessons.
Camping trips, walks in a fragrant garden, and spins on her tandem bicycle were among
her favourite outdoor activities. But even more enjoyable to Keller was rowing in her canoe.
In fact, she learnt swimming and rowing when she was very young and practically lived in
her canoe during the summers as an adult. Nothing gave her greater pleasure than to take
her friends out rowing. She found pleasure in rowing by the scent of water grasses and
lilies, and of bushes that grow on the shore. She would know the resistance of water when
the oars were evenly poised and would tell when she would pull against the current. She
liked to contend with wind and wave. It was exhilarating for her to go skimming lightly
over glistening, tilting waves, and to feel the steady, imperious surge of the water.
Ans. 2. Helen looked forward to her second year at Gilmans school. However, she was confronted
with unexpected difficulties that year which caused her a great deal of frustration. She
had to study mathematics without the needed tools. The classes were larger and it was not
possible for the Cambridge teachers to give her special instructions. Anne Sullivan had to
read all the books to her. Helen had to wait in order to buy a Braille writer so that she could
do her algebra, geometry and physics.When the embossed books and the other apparatus
arrived, Helens difficulties began to disappear and she began to study with confidence.
However, Mr. Gilman thought that Helen was overworked and was breaking down. He
Solutions

P-43

insisted that I was overworked, and that I should remain at his school three years longer.
He made changes in her studies. A difference of opinion between Mr. Gilman and Miss
Sullivan resulted in Helens mother withdrawing Helen and Mildred from the Cambridge
school. Helen went on to continue her studies under a tutor. Helen found it easier to
study with a tutor than receive instructions in class.When Helen took her exam in June
1899, she faced many difficulties, as the administrative board of Radcliffe did not realize
how difficult they were making her examinations. They did not understand the peculiar
difficulties Helen had to go through. However, Helen, with her grit and determination,
overcame them all.

2. THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL


WORKSHEET-68
Ans. 1. Value Points :

Anne not happy with the attitude of the grown-ups in the Annexe.

Whenever she approached them, they put her off.

never got a satisfactory response from them.

felt that her mother lacked motherly feelings never understood her.

the grown-ups never allowed the children to form opinions of their own.

children not given love and care.

Anne felt elders should respect their opinions.


(any five points) [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

Anne continues to get frustrated with the adults in the annex. She was not happy with the
attitude of the adults in the Annexe. Whenever she approached them, they put her off and
was unable to get any satisfactory response from them. Anne was tired of their parents,
interfering and nosey attitude. It was no longer a close and harmonious family which it
used to be when they were at their own home. Anne felt neither respect nor admiration for
mother. She just loved and admired one person and that was Peter. She found him decent
and clever. Anne was of the opinion that parents should discuss sex and marriage with
their children. They should not leave them on their own to find out the details. Even she
felt that her mother lacked motherly feelings . she never understood her. The grown-ups
never allowed the children to form opinions of their own. They were not given love and
care. They were not allowed to form their own opinions.
Ans. 2. Anne Frank : Anne was born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. She was four years
old when her father moved to Holland to find a better place for the family to live. She was
very intelligent and perceptive, and wanted to become a writer. She loved Peter and had
strong feelings for him. She even had to face opposition from her parents on this forefront
but she kept on meeting him. Anne was a good reader. Though in hiding she kept reading
something or the other every day to continue her studies. She read the biographies of
Galileo Galili, Franz Liszt. She was interested in reading the Bible, and Greek and Roman
mythology. She wanted to become a journalist. Like any other child, she loved her parents
but later grew a dislike towards her mother as she used to compare her to Margot, her
elder sister whom she felt jealous of. She always had a feeling that her father loved her
more than her mother. Anne was an optimistic girl who learnt a lot from her sufferings.
She always believed that a time would come when all their problems would be over and
they would lead a happy and tension free life after the war ended. Anne had many friends
but not a single in whom she could confide in. She decided to make diary as her friend and
named it Kitty and gave way to all her feelings in it. Like any other teenager Anne longed

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English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

for a partner and she found herself deeply in love with Peter.

WORKSHEET-69
Ans. 1. Value Points :
l gives them hope that the war may end soon, fills them with courage and strength, stay in
the annexe has taken its toll on all of them, Anne hopes that she will be back in school very
soon, keep things under control, celebrate birthdays.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

The residents of the annexe had got fed up of their lives. Hiding in the annexe was not
easy as all the time they were under the threat of getting caught. Apart from this, scarcity
of various food items, the everyday news bulletin which broadcasted the cruel behaviour
of the Germans towards the Jews was also scory. Then they got the good news of the
invasian by the Allies, they were very happy. It gave them hope that was might end in
near future. It filled them with covrage and strength as their long stayed in the annexe had
disappointed then and they, especially Anne, was desperate to go out in the free air. Anne
hoped that once the war over, she would be back in school and would be able to celebrate
her birthdays again.
Ans. 2. Value Points :
Margot was Annes elder sister. She was pretty, smart, emotional. She was not impulsive
and quick-witted. She lacked willingness to conduct deep discussion. She died of typhus.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2014]
Detailed Answer :

Margot was Annes elder sister. She was born in Frankfurt in 1926. She was a pretty and
smart girl. Annes parent, according to Anne, loved Margot more than Anne as she was
well-mannered, studious and reserved in contrast to Anne who was outspoken. Margot
had her schooling from a public school. She was good at Arithmetic and was a brilliant
student. Anne was jealous of her as her mother always favoured Margot. Like Anne,
Margot also loved to read books. Mr. Frank wanted that both Anne and Margot should
read the Bible the New Testament. Margot learnt shorthand during her stay at the Annexe
and learnt Latin also. She even translated Mr. Dussels letters in Latin before sending them
which Mr. Frank disliked. He forbade her from doing it. Mr. Alfred Dussel also liked her
and made it clear to Anne by saying that he would have shared the table with Margot if she
had asked for it but definitely not Anne. At one stage, Margot felt herself attracted towards
Peter but when she discovered that Anne was emotionally attached to him, she gracefully
withdrew herself and told Anne so that she was not unhappy about it. But unfortunately,
Margot too died at a young age in the camp a few days before Anne died.

WORKSHEET-70
Ans. 1. Value Points :
l A dentist joins the others in the annexe a few days later, shares room with Anne, argues
with her, tries to control her, does not allow her to use his desk for reading, is rigid and fails
to understand children, only bothered about his own work and comfort.

[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

Alfred Dussel was a dentist and an acquaintance of the Franks who hid with them in the
Annexe. He shared a room with Anne, who suffered the brunt of his odd personal hygiene
habits, pedantic lectures, and controlling tendencies. He never cared for the feelings of
others and turned out to be an irresponsible person. He was the eighth entrant of the
house. Anne disliked him for his self-centred nature. As he used to scold her and made it
Solutions

P-45

a point to tell her about her short coming. Anne had shared her room with him but when
she asked him to let her use the table for two more hours. He bluntly refused, giving Anne
a shock.
Ans. 2. Value Points :


Wife of Mr. Van Daan stayed in the Annexe with the Franks.


Quarrelsome, irritating woman who used to fight with her husband.


Petty, egoistic and stingy - Anne did not like her.


Criticised Anne and her upbringing.


Never cared for the children and did not value their opinion.
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2014]
Detailed Answer :

Mrs. Van Daan : Mrs. Van Daan was a friendly and teasing woman. She was fatalist,
egoistical, flirtatious, and disagreeable woman. She quarreled over petty issues and no
body in the annexe got along well with her. Mrs. Van Daan frequently complained that
Anne didnt admire or respect her. She was a timid lady who got frightened at the slightest
noise. She didnt behave well with Mrs. Frank, Mr. Dussel and even Peter. She was always
ready to pick up a fight. On September 2, 1942 she had a quarrel with Mrs. Frank as she had
found out that the Franks were using her China bowl instead of their own. She got annoyed
with Anne when she broke one of her soup bowls. All these incidents point towards Mrs.
Van Daan being short-tempered whenever, she picked up a row with anyone it was only
Mrs. Van Daan who came out as a winner because she seemed a born debater to Anne. In
the later stage of her hiding, she became uncomfortable during her hiding and gave vent to
her feeling by frequently hitting others with her speech. Mrs. Van Daan had a timid nature.
She jumped with fright at the slightest noise after the break in. She took the longest time
to relax and feel comfortable after the burglaries despite her critical nature. She did not
survive the war like all others.

WORKSHEET-71
Ans. 1. Value Points :

The diary was a close friend and confidante of Anne.

She could write her thoughts and anything she wanted to share.

She valued it and it was a companion in her loneliness.

In the annexe, she grew up to be a young woman and recorded all her thoughts.

She hoped her diary would be published after the war.

was a means of expressing her private feelings which she could not have shared with
others
[CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015]
Detailed Answer :

Living in hiding, in the secret annex, was twice as hard for the children than the adults
because they were always told to hold on to their opinions at a time when their ideals were
being shattered by the mayhem of war. As a young girl growing up during the time of the
most destructive war in history, seeing the worst side of human nature brought to the fore,
it was next to impossible to believe that there could be such things as truth, justice or a god.
This is the juncture at which Annes diary became so important in her life. Her writing had
a transformative power that took everyday mundane activities and made it into amusing
anecdotes, showing us how a claustrophobic space such as the secret annex could also be
a fertile ground for creativity and imagination. Anne deftly navigated her inner and outer

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English

Communicative

Class X

Term-2

world, weaving them together through her contemplative stance on life, which was often
undercut by her ironic interjections. Her diary not only captures her personal journey
but also gives us a commentary on the social and cultural atmosphere and especially, the
experience of the war from the perspective of lived reality.
Ans. 2. Mrs. Edith Frank was a good lady. She had two daughters. Margot and Anne. She always
wanted to inculcate good moral values and disciplined behaviour in her daughters. But
sometimes her attitude towards Anne seemed to be immature. She didnt have an insight
into the mind of a growing teenager. Most of the times she used to scold Anne for petty
affairs and praised Margot in front of her which made Anne feel hurt. Anne always felt
uncomfortable in her presence and regarded her as an imperfect mother. She longed for a
mother who would understand her and love her as all other mothers do. Mrs. Frank was
never seen participating much in the squabbles during their stay in hiding. She didnt like
the selfish attitude of Mrs. Van Daan and Mr. Alfred Dussel and once or twice reproached
them for being selfish. The tension in the annexe used to give her a headache. It was
leaving its impact on her. She was unable to provide emotional security to her daughter.
She disapproved of Annes relationship with Peter and told her frankly about it. She was a
lady of critical nature. Later, she died of hunger and exhaustion.

Solutions

P-47