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Table of Contents

ABSTRACT.........................................................................................3
BABY-PRAM MONITTORING SYSTEM.........................................4
SYSTEM ARCITECHTURE...............................................................5
1.TEMPERATURE SENSOR...........................................................5
2.MICROPHONE..............................................................................6
3.INTERGERATED WEBCAM........................................................7
4.GPS.................................................................................................7
5.SOFTWARE(THINGSPEAK)........................................................8
NEED FOR THE PROJECT................................................................8
OBJECTIVES.......................................................................................9
WORK DONE......................................................................................9
WORK TO BE DONE........................................................................10
REFERENCE.....................................................................................10

LIST OF FIGURE

Figure 1. Main components in baby pram monitoring system5


Figure 2. In-circuit microphone......6
Figure 3. integrated webcam...7

ABSTRACT
This report deals with the study and implementation of a Baby-Pram
Monitoring System. A prototype is developed which gives a reliable and
efficient baby monitoring system that can play a vital role in providing better
infant care. This system monitors vital parameters such as body temperature,
pressure, remote monitoring using webcam, and using cloud this information is
transferred to their parents.

BABY-PRAM MONITTORING SYSTEM


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Many home-care systems are available but majority of this system are
specially designed for the aged people and patients. These systems can monitor
their health status, automatically send out emergency signals, and have other
functions. However, the caring methods for infants are not the same. Children
and adults require different type of care because they are totally dependent for
their normal functions on someone else. Infants cannot give any feedback about
their discomfort or health complaints. Infants cannot express themselves like
old people, e.g. when an infant has a fever, he/she can only express his/her
discomfort by crying. Hence, a home-care system specially designed for infants
is todays need which would substantially lighten parents especially mothers
burden. In support of this requirement many research for healthcare application
are studied with the intention of possible solutions to take care of the infant.
Vital parameters such as body temperature measurement using LM35
Remote monitoring is done using integrated webcam which can monitor
the child remotely and send the required data to the parent appropriately.
The pressure of the infant is measured it is then sensed, amplified with
variable gain, filtered and given to microcontroller.
The location of the baby is updated by the GPS which is kept under the
pram.
All the data are finally fed into cloud using thingspeak which is an open
source Internet of Things (iot) application.

SYSTEM ARCITECHTURE
The architecture of the system consists of both hardware and software.
Block diagram is as shown in Fig.1; hardware components were assembled
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according to the block diagram. The code is written in embedded C and is burnt
into the microcontroller.

Figure 2. Main components in baby pram monitoring system.

1.TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Human body needs special type of sensors for reliable readings which led
to the choice of using the LM35 temperature sensors in our prototype. It
operates at 3 to 5 V and can measure temperature in the range of -40 C to +125
C which is sufficient for the targeted body temperature range. It is having linear
response and easy conditioning. The sensor's output is an analog DC voltage
signal which is read by the microcontroller using an analog pin linked to an
ADC. The ADC used has a resolution of l0-bits, 1024 levels, with a sample rate
of 9600 Hz and input voltage range depending on the ground and Vee. The
output voltage of the LM35 is analog and in the linear range of -1 V to 6 V with
accuracy of 0.5 C can be converted from volts to degrees of Celsius and
Fahrenheit. The placement of sensors is also important for accurate
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measurements. In our prototype it is placed in the socks of an infant wrapped in


cotton so that no irritation made.

2.MICROPHONE
A microphone,

is

a transducer that

converts sound into

an signal.

Microphones are used in many applications such as telephones, hearing


aids, public address systems for concert halls and public events, motion
picture production,

live

and

recorded audio

engineering, two-way

radios, megaphones, radio and television broadcasting, and in computers for


recording voice, speech recognition, VoIP, and for non-acoustic purposes such
as ultrasonic checking or knock sensors.
The microphone Detector not only provides an audio output, but also a binary
indication of the presence of sound, and an analog representation of its
amplitude. The envelope output allows you to easily read amplitude of sound by
simply measuring the analog voltage. Gain can be adjusted with a through-hole
resistor, to change the threshold of the binary gate output pin as well.

Figure 2. In-circuit microphone.

3.INTERGERATED WEBCAM
A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time
to or through a computer to computer network. When captured by the computer,
the video stream may be saved, viewed or sent on to other networks via systems
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such as the internet, and email as an attachment. When sent to a remote location,
the video stream may be saved, viewed or on sent there. Unlike an IP camera a
webcam is generally connected by a USB cable, or similar cable, or built into
computer hardware, such as laptops.

Figure 3. integrated webcam

4.GPS
GPS satellites transmit two low power radio signals, designated L1 and
L2. Civilian GPS uses the L1 frequency of 1575.42 MHz in the UHF band. The
signals travel by line of sight, meaning they will pass through clouds, glass and
plastic but will not go through most solid objects such as buildings and
mountains.
A GPS signal contains 3 different bits of information - a pseudorandom code,
ephemeris data and almanac data. The pseudorandom code is simply an I.D.
code that identifies which satellite is transmitting information. You can view
this number on your Garmin GPS unit's satellite page, as it identifies which
satellites it's receiving.

So by the use of GPS the accurate position of pram is located and tracked
accordingly if the pram moves out of the safe-zone proper alert message is
generated and send to the parent.

5.SOFTWARE(THINGSPEAK)
ThingSpeak is an open source Internet of Things (IoT) application
and API to store and retrieve data from things using the HTTP protocol over the
Internet or via a Local Area Network. ThingSpeak enables the creation of sensor
logging applications, location tracking applications, and a social network of
things with status updates.
ThingSpeak

has

integrated

support

from

the

numerical

computing

software MATLAB from MathWorks. Allowing ThingSpeak users to analyse


and visualize uploaded data using Matlab. So by using this software the data is
acquired from the pram is send remote to the parent. And this enables the parent
to take appropriate action when required.

NEED FOR THE PROJECT

If a system is developed which continuously gives updates about their


infants during illness or during normal routine, then it will be of great help to
such members as they can work in stress less environment giving more fruitful
output. Also urgent situation condition can be quickly be noticed and handled
within less time. So we can have developed a prototype which can monitor the
activities of the babies and/or infants along with finding one of the above causes
and give this information to their parents.
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This proposed system gives a peace of mind to loved ones when they are away
from their infant as they can get an update status of their well-being.

OBJECTIVES
1. Study about the various vital sensors which are to be attached to the
pram
2. Study of remote monitoring using GPS.
3. Implement the complete module and monitor using an integrated
webcam.
4. Implement the code and update the data to cloud using thingspeak.

WORK DONE
1. Study of the complete system is done and various components to be
integrated is also dealt in detail.
2. Components which play a vital parameter like temperature sensor
LM35 which monitor the temperature and capturing of video using
web came is integrated and results are obtained.
3. Finally, the data which are obtained are send using the thingspeak
software which can be seen anywhere using appropriate login
methods.

WORK TO BE DONE

1. The integration of pressure sensor which monitors the baby is to be


implemented and the results are yet to be obtained.
2. Finally, the complete data can be viewed in mobile phone by
development of android application.

REFERENCE

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