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CHEM 371 A1/EA1: Practice Problems

These problems will not be collected and graded. However, you should do them since they will help
you to understand the material and prepare for your exams. Numerical answers to the part (a) Exercises
are available on the Book Companion Site (www.whfreeman.com/pchem10e), and their full solutions can
be found in the Student Solutions Manual. The numerical answers to the odd-numbered Problems are
available on the Book Companion Site, and their full solutions can be found in the Student Solutions
Manual.

Unit 1 Problems
Exercises from the textbook: 1A.1(a), 1A.2(a), 1A.8(a), 1.A10(a)(i), 1.A13(a), 1C.3(a), 1.C4(a), 1.C5(a),
1.C9(a), 1B.1(a), 1B.2(a), 1B.3(a), 1B.4(a)
Problems from the textbook: 1A.1, 1A.6, 1A.7, 1A.13, 1B.7
Other problems:
1. (a) Evaluate the pressure difference between the top and bottom of a vessel of height 100.0 cm at
298 K (Note: M 29.0 g mol1 for air). Express your answer as (p0 p)/p0 . (b) What would the
height of the vessel have to be to cause a 5.00% change (i.e. (p0 p)/p0 = 0.05) in the pressure?

Unit 2 Problems
Exercises from the textbook: 2A.3(a),2A.4(a),2A.5(a),2A.6(a),2B.1(a),2B.2(a), 2B.3(a), 2C.3(a), 2C.4(a),
2C.5(a), 2C.8(a), 2E.2(a), 2E.3(a), 2E.4(a)
Problems from the textbook: 2C.1, 2C.7, 2C.9, 2E.1
Other problems:
1. The density of liquid water at 100o C is 0.9584 g cm3 and that of steam at the same temperature is
0.000596 g cm3 . If the enthalpy of evaporation of water at atmospheric pressure is 40.63 kJ mol1 ,
what is Uvap ? How much work is done by the system during the evaporation process?
2. 1.00 mole of an ideal gas underwent a reversible isothermal expansion until its volume was exactly
doubled. If the gas performed 1.00 kJ of work, what was its temperature?
3. Calculate the standard enthalpy change for the following process:
2 CH4 (g) C2 H6 (g) + H2 (g)
4. Calculate U o at 298 K for the reaction: CO (g) +

1
2

O2 (g) CO2 (g)

5. Which of the following are exact differentials? (Answer with YES or NO)

df = cos(x)dx + sin(y)dy

df = cos(y)sin(x)dx + cos(x)sin(y)dy

df = (x3 y)dx + (y 3 x)dy

Unit 3 Problems
Exercises from textbook: 3A.1(a), 3A.3(a), 3A.5(a), 3A.7(a), 3A.8(a), 3A.9(a), 3.A10(a), 3A.11(a), 3A.12(a),
3B.2(a), 3C.2(a), 3C.4(a), 3C.5(a), 3D.1(a), 3D.2(a), 3D.3(a), 6A.6(a), 6A.10(a), 6A.11(a), 6B.1(a),
6B.2(a), 6B.3(a), 6B.4(a)
Problems from textbook: 3A.7, 3A.9, 3A.11, 3B.1, 3B.5, 3C.1, 3D.1, 6B.1
Other problems:
1. Calculate the standard entropy of formation of solid urea (H2 NCONH2 ).
2. One mole of liquid water at 0o C is placed in a freezer at a temperature of 12.0o C. The water
freezes and the ice cools to -12.0o C. Calculate the changes in entropy of the system, surroundings
(the freezer), and the universe. Assume Cp,m (H2 O, s) = 38.09 J K1 mol1 .
3. Calculate the standard entropy change for the dissociation H2 (g) 2H(g) at 298.15 K and 1273.15
K.
4. At 25.00o C, one mole of an ideal gas is expanded isothermally from 2.00 to 20.00 dm3 . Calculate U ,
H, S, A, and G. Do the values depend on whether the process is reversible or irreversible?
5. One mole of a diatomic ideal gas, initially at 300 K, is compressed reversibly and adiabatically to a
final temperature of 400 K. Calculate q, w, U , H, S, and G for this process.
6. Calculate the equilibrium constant for the dissociation of N2 O(g) into N2 and O2 gases at 500 K
(from data at 298.15 K) using (a) the integrated vant Hoff equation and (b) heat capacity data.
7. The normal boiling temperature of water (373.15 K) is the temperature at which the vapour pressure
is 1.00 atm. The standard boiling temperature is defined as the temperature at which the vapour
pressure is 1.00 bar. Given Hvap = 40.66 kJ mol1 , determine the standard boiling temperature of
water.
8. The heat of vaporization of water at 25.0o C is 44.01 kJ mol1 , and the equilibrium vapour pressure
at that temperature is 0.0313 atm. Calculate S, H, and G when 1.00 mol of liquid water at
25.0o C is converted into vapour at 25.0o C at a pressure of 105 atm (assuming the vapour behaves
ideally).

Unit 4 Problems
Exercises from the textbook: 4A.2(a), 4A.3(a), 4B.2(a), 4B.3(a), 4B.5(a), 4B.6(a), 4B.9(a), 4B.12(a),
4B.14(a), 5A.3(a), 5A.4(a), 5A.5(a), 5A.6(a), 5A.9(a), 5B.2(a), 5B.5(a), 5B.6(a), 5B.9(a), 5B.10(a), 5B.11(a),
5B.12(a), 5C.1(a), 5C.2(a), 5C.3(a), 5C.7(a)
Problems from the textbook: 4B.15, 5A.5, 5C.1
Other problems:
2

1. The CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics reports the melting point (40.85o C) and following
vapor pressure data for phenol:
T (o C)
9.60
34.10
68.90
113.70

p (Pa)
10
100
1,000
10,000

From this data, determine the temperature and pressure at the triple point.
2. Determine the mass percentage of carbon tetrachloride in the vapour at equilibrium with a 1:1 mole
ideal solution of carbon tetrachloride [CCl4 (p1 = 114.5 Torr)] and trichloromethane [CHCl3 (p2 =
199.1 Torr)] at 25o C.