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UNDERSTANDING DISASTER RISK

KEY TO TRANSPORT RESILIENCY


TRANSPORT FORUM 2016
Subplenary Session B2
Asian Development Bank
13 Sep 2016

Renato U. Solidum, Jr.


Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
Department of Science and Technology

Seismicity of the World

From International Seismological Centre (http://www.isc.ac.uk)

Earthquake Hazard Surface Faulting

Luzon, Philippines1990

Taiwan 1999

Earthquake Hazard Ground Shaking

California USA 1989

From USGS

California USA 1994

From
cessnaclub172.com

New Zealand 2010

Negros, Philippines 2012

From blogs.agu.org

Earthquake Hazard Liquefaction

Luzon, Philippines1990

Kobe Japan 1995

Mindoro, Philippines1994

Haiti 2010

From wordpress.org

From US Navy

Earthquake Hazard Landslide

Kumamoto Japan 2016

From digitalmajoirty.com

Luzon, Philippines1990

Kumamoto Japan 2016

From ww.rt..com

Luzon, Philippines1990

Earthquake Hazard Tsunami

Japan 2011

Sri Lanka 2004

From Majirox News

Japan 2011

From dailymail.co.uk

Japan 2011

From indiatimes.com

From US Air Force

Earthquake Generators in Metro


Manila and Vicinity

Valley

Fault
S

ystem

Valley Fault System

West Valley Fault and Transport Systems


Transects:
Major roads
(ex. C5)
SLEX
Rail Line

Near SLEX
interchange:
Alabang
Susana

GROUND SHAKING M 7.2 West Valley Fault EQ


PAMPANGA
BULACAN

GUADALUPE BRIDGE
MMLA

RIZAL

CAVITE

LAGUNA

(Risk Analysis
Project, 2013:
PHIVOLCS, GA)

LIQUEFACTION POTENTIAL
M7.2 West Valley Fault Earthquake
LEGEND
High

Areas underlain
Moderate
by loose and
water-saturated
sediments prone
to liquefaction.

(READY for GMMA


Project, 2013)

TSUNAMI SCENARIO
M8.3 Earthquake from Manila Trench

TAAL VOLCANO AND AVIATION

Ash from explosive


eruptions of Taal Volcano
can affect air transport in
Metro Manila or vicinity;
eruptions may last weeks
to months

IMPLICATIONS
Integration of earthquake risks and other geological
hazards in planning is critical in transport infrastructure
resiliency.
Surface faulting, ground shaking, liquefaction and
tsunami can severely aect various transport systems,
such as in Metropolitan Manila and vicinity. Engineering
mitigation must be employed, redundancies
constructed or utilized and response plans should be
developed.
Batangas Port to the south and Subic Port to the north
of Metro Manila should be developed and utilized to
reduce exposure to earthquake risk.
A redundant airport outside of Metro Manila, such as
Clark, should always be maintained.

www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph

/PHIVOLCS

@phivolcs.dost