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1.

ILR Name is misleading which became popular after SC Judgment wherein


Petitioner used the layman language. It creates environmental concern so
right word of inter-basin transfer of water should be used in the Govt.
communication/meeting and news (recommendation).
2. Groundwater a new clause can be inserted with law, rules, and fact that
central govt has the authority to regulate the ground water.
3. Water has to be treated in a holistic manner whether it is ground water or
surface water, both are interlinked and inter-dependent. If some state uses
excess groundwater then it may impact the surface water which may deprive
other state with the same.
4. Various stakeholders of water
i.
Agriculturists
ii.
Industry
iii.
Drinking Water
iv.
Environmentalists
5. Govt. may have the updated data of the water resources which may be
possible due to latest technology data and satellite data. But, there is
confusion and gap in the data regarding usage of water by different
statkeholders due to misrepresentations by state govt. to get benefit under
different schemes. When State . Govt approach the Centre for AIPB Funding
that they need money for expansion of irrigation facilities to cover so much
land area, then they give the different data. When they come for interlinking
or other schemes, then the present different facts. For all this, we need
updated data of water usage by different stakeholders in all the states which
may be possible by usage of satellite data. (Recommendation: So before
starting of ILR project, we need to update all the data which may be helpful
for determining the surplus water).
6. Supreme Court judgment. 2009
7. Many content we may remove from our report, and make part of annexure.
8. For execution of ILR, we may use NREGA resources and funds and also
MPLAD.
9. Water logging in the urban areas. We may think of advance water recharging
to the ground water with help of pumping set. But there are various
apprehensions
i.
By direct recharging from surface water, ground water may be
contaminated.
ii.
Though there can be risk of earthquake, but same may not be tenable
in view of fact as this is very small interference with nature in
comparison to big dams.
10.Recharging of local water resources (ponds, wells etc.) may be done during
the monsoon days through usage of surplus water. It is as simple as creating
more storage space, which can be used during the water crisis. Such
experiments were done for recharging of Sarswati river.
11.Main problem is compartmental understanding of water. We created rights of
the landowner in the ground water through the Easements Act and surface
water with the State Govts. Both are inter-connected and inter-related and

need national perspectives as prescribed in constitution and supreme court


judgments.
12.Water is a fundamental right for which State is duty bound to create national
planning and perspective. When central govt. has the authority to regulate on
ground water, then authority for surface water should also be with centre
govt. For this purpose, any legal changes, if any made, river word should not
be used and there should be policy only for water.
13.If any policy for the groundwater is created by the central govt. then coastal
states may raise the objections because they have plenty of groundwater due
to proximity of sea and they do no want to get disturbed by any central
legislation. Such states are TN, AP etc.
14.If any law for surface water is suggested, then Punjab, MP, Maharasthra,
Karnakata, Kerala and UP may object.
15.As per information, we never informed to neighboring countries about ILR
project execution as well as the SC judgment. Nepal has asked for more
financial aid from India because they feel that India is beneficiary from such
ILR projects and benefit should also go to Nepal. Bangladesh has objections
and as per news reports has asked India to inform them and get the consent
before execution of ILR project.
16.River legislation started with the River Boards Act, 1956 but they are half
cooked. Most of such laws are not for river, but for certain projects in that
river. Except Brhamputra Board, all river boards are limited to particular
project. But Brhamaputra board is only confined to flood water management.
17.Successful ILR projects outside India.
i.
California Inter Basin Transfer
ii.
China
iii.
US- Colorado Basin
iv.
India- Bhakra Nangal
18.Few alternates and supplements of ILR.
i.
Artificial Recharge during floods (through pump). Major challenge of
power and utilization of facilities during non rainy days. Such
experiments were done in Florida, USA during tourist season. Farmers
are doing such experiments in a natural manner in UP and northern
states wherein during kharif they are sowing the paddy and thus
causing penetration of water in the ground, and rabi crops are pumping
back that water for other crops.
ii.
CGWA- Data about artificial recharge.
iii.
Bundelkhand Ken-Betwa project planning for recharging of ponds and
well with the project.