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Addi-AlMa, 22nd July 1991

SOlh Yew - No. 1

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PEACEFUL AND DEMOCRATIC TRANSITIONAL CXKiFEUEKCB OF ETHIOPIA

NEGAR1T

GAZETA

PEACEFUL /iND DEMOCRATIC TRANSITIONAL


CONFERENCE OF ETHIOPIA

CONTENTS

g>- *t

TRANSITIOANL PERIOD CHARTER OF ETHIOPIA


No. 1

WHEREAS Ihe oveiihrow of the military diclatonhip


pti-t M-nm

'M/"* ".icrtrt i fA.-T-f-*-/'Au-d

that has ruled Klliiopia for seventeen yean presents a historical


moment

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t" * ".vi/" -

++'P/' M

fXih-AVl-

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providing the Peoples of Ethiopia with the opportunity

to rebuild the country and Testructurc the slate democratically;


WHEREAS the military dictatorship was, in essence, a
continuation of Ihe previous regimes and its demise marks the
end of an era of bubjugalion and oppression thus starting a

in- . mi

f>-a->- Aiin f f rt"> d A n ft

new chapter in Ethiupian history in which freedom

eoual

rights mid sclf'dctcruiiiiation of all Ihe peoples shall be the


governing principles of (lolilical, economic and social life and

hi* fhA-V-kn A-MPT lUMK* fP-KV faa+c


v*
inc >.a>-p-f ftUfcNP* fimn rn--* >-x
AVrtic xa+tx-i. rt fldM- n""ir>- i
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U-W-Pl' tm&l M9"t a*C

thereby contributing to the welfai'e of the Ethiopian Peoples


and rescuing them from centuries of suhjugatioD and baciwardness;

WHEREAS peace and stability

as essential

conditions

of development, require Ihe end of all hoatilitios the

healing

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of wounds caused by conflicts and the establishment and main-

tenance of good neijjhbourliness and cooperation;

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WHEREAS for the fulfilment of the aforementioned con-

ditions and for the icign of a just peace the proclamation of .


,

democratic order is a categorical imporative and;


,

WHEREAS to thi5 end, all institutions of repression installed by the previous regimes shall be dismantled regional
,

f K T rT OfciM n+<:/n? AAn-dr +fli<{ nirv

ptejudicies redresed and the rights and interests of the depri-

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X -Af*') -ihhft? -lA+ l- MUM flfl-irvi

ved citizens rofeguarded by a democratic government

b; and accountable to the People:

elae*d

IK i "iPdH- P\la\ "fcTC

Af* !

y.- P0"' C"** - No. 1 - 22nd July, 1991 - Page 2

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WheNH from ihe [<cace loving and democratic forces prercnl in the Klhiopian soriely and having varied views having
,

hrtl 24 XAh rtk 28 + > 1983

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MH" MC h+V- HIK WW Ao-lf.-J?/./'


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mel in a Coufcren'.-c convened from July 1-5 in ADDIS


ABABA, have diicussed and approved The Charter laying dawn
Ihe rules governing The Transitional Government n well as
setting down the principles for the transitional period
NOW THEREFORE, it is hereby procUimed as follows:
,

PART ONE

DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS

drli.fe One

A.9"nc

10 +.> 1948 5/r fXf.+fli--) - f K<D-7 #TC

217 A (III) (D-Ak o-w

IPTftll MArt-fl

A-flht

Based on Ihe Universal Declaration of Human Rights of


Ihe United Nations, adopted and proclaimed by the General
Assembly by rowlulion 217 A .(III) of 10 Doe. 191U indivi-

A r

1Art-fl

dual human rights shall be respected fully, and

u) thn* . rhA-n7 f

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nrt

Af fo-A-flA-ns1 foofmr HVt >iAa>-

A) f/Wft*
.

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limitation whatsoever.

/ The freedom of rduscience, expression,

association

and

The right to engage in unrestricted political activity and


to organize |iolilical parties, provided the exercise of such
right does not infringe upon Ihe rights of nlbere.

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f rt-"}

shall

peaceable assembly;

'

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without any

individual

1./

every

have.

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Particularly

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Article Two

The right of nations, nationalities and peoples to sclf'determi'

Ahnc < ooa-

nation is affirmed. I o

Ibis end, each nation,

nationality and

people is guarranteed the right to:

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a/

culture and history and use and develop its language;

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fYAMRC

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Preserve its idcnlily and have it respected, promote its

b/

Administer its own affairs within its

own

defined ter-

ritory and effectively participate in the central government


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on Ihe basis of freedom, and fair and proper representa-

KfHl

tion;

rh.

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Exercise its right to self-determination of independence,

when the concerned,

nation/nationality

and

people is

convinced that the above rights are denied, abridged or

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abrogated.
PART TWO

hy-A u-A>

PRINCIPLES GUIDING FOREIGN POLICY

fahy T- y. yvut ""Ciry?The Transitional Government will conduct its loreign re-

lations on the basis of the principles of respect for ihe soveicig-

o). f<"7i/" '>' A-iA'EVr '; Mi-av-> n hnc .


n A.:f tJlfV -AT "ja.* nA'win 'r
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nity and equality of stales and non-intervention and nuu-interference in

internal afairs, as well as the promotion of mutual

interests. Accordingly;
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Irticle Thf

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The policy of (listabiliralion and conflict-promotion hitherto


actively pursued by Ibe previous regime with respect to the
country s neighbours shall cease forthwith wllh the issuence
'

Nf* hAiPP 7 ffT-mCT fR-fl > <5>'> 7"A.A,

of this Charier,

%egarit GmeU - No. 1 - 22nd, July, IWl - P o 3


i

1//k/.' Four

ll shall abide liy all iniilual agreements that respect the overcignity of Ethiopia and arc. not contrary to the interests of
the People.
ArtUu Five

o-rttil- hrt-fl'i'E hew-

rtto.

Local governments bliall have the right to establish direct

c -r- f .ic

contact with relief orgenizaliong with respect to relief work.


PART THREE
STRI CTURE AND COMPOSITION OF THE
TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT
Article Six

There shall be cstnljlished a Transitional Government con-

sisting of a Council of Representatives and a Council of Ministers.

,
.

Article seven

llA.A-T f A-t1!
Cjf-f V h.-J-'P* "VArtn-f -tahtq
T-f- liif
n -nAm- fcOA* JUwii' A

The Council of Representatives shall be composed of teprse-ntativrs of national liberation movements, other political org-

anizations and prominent individuals, to make-up a total of no


more than 87 members.

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AC-f lUhlMI A'T.*"'

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Arlule eight
The, Transitional Government shall

exercise all legal and

political responsibility for the governance of Ethiopia until it

.A

hands over power to a government popularly elected on the basis


of a newConstilution.
Article nine

The Council of
fuiiclions as

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"CTA

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flriHUB 'TLkA K- . f? hC (L-Ji ?-)i7-A A.+
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election of its Chairperson, who shall also be the Head

of State, und a Vice-Chairperson and Secretary, the Head


of State shall appoint the Prime Minister, whose appointment shall be approved by the. Conucil of Representatives. The head of stale, the Prime Minister, ilw

7 .lr>

Vice-Chairperson and Secretary of the Council of Re-

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presentatives shall be from

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A .
n&j*

different nations/nation-

alities;

fl/h.j.'E +f** . -fchiht . l ; 7'i. a c

'

draw-up it s rules of procedure.

fl

'

Council of

a/

'

work of the

Ministers:

fM/.-fe CM -flAj: fW*1 A.'*""7IIC ' Km.

Representatives shall exercise legislative

follows und oversee the

kft+ffif-

'

approve the Prime Minister s nomination of the menj-

bers of Council of Ministers drawn-up on consider*-'


lions of ascertaining a broad national representation
,

technical competence and unswerving adherence to


the Charter;

A *A ' /'tn'OA .
,

d/ initiation and promulgation of proclamation and decrces pursuant to the Charter;

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adoption of national budget;

1/ provide for the administration of justice on the basis


of the Charter; the Courts shall in their work be free
,

po<:o<'

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.

from any governmental interference with


items provided for in

7A9"

e/

Part One

respect

to

Article One of the

Charter;

g/ establish the Constitutional Commission;


h/ ratify international agreements;

ISC 8 tpiv PIIH *TC R .hJ /W 1)5 + > Vjjflii'

i(U *'a:la - No. 1 - 22nd, July. IMI - Page 4

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create commilicet for defence and sccurilv policy dur-

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ing the IransilioDal period;

provide

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+.

the iiiecliunum

to

ancertain

Ihe

lair

and

imparlial iipplii'iilion of the mass media;

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k/

issu>- jusl labour law that protects the rights and interests of the workers;

PART FOUR
TRANSITIONAL PROGRAMME

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1 lie ( 'Uiwing provisions for a transitional period have been


a.ljplcd in order to lead the country towards full democracy.
A

POLITICAL

Arlicle ten

P+flltlf-f rhC 111- fAl aot1/"> /iC.+'fe t"l

The Council of Representatives shall constitute the Consl-

ilutional Commission to draw up a draft constitution

The Constitutional Commission shall submit to the Couti-

cil of Representatives the draft constitution.

+7 A+fflhf- f

h<: n.-> .p+coa

ArtivlK eleven

Upon iidoptiou of the draft constitution by the Council of


'

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h-f- hx +a>- flAA A& f'fJf toy. Aittl K W +C'II
'

Urprcscntativcs the Constitution shall be presenlpd to the people

'

for discussion.

CPA "

The final draft fJmll lie presented for adoption la the Con-

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lUuerll Assembly to be elected pursuant to the final draft of


the Constitution.

At A> I

Article twelve

Elcrtious to a National Assembly shall be held on the basis

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-

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f+m+Aw Anif rt:"i PTImc o" }"!/-'!! h+


"

Oi the provisions of the new Constitution.


Thi Transitional Government shall handover power to the
party or parties that gain a majority in the National Assembly.
The said national elections shall lie held no later than two

fl+fl) ?

9hc n.>

a7 l .v.> hn -ft -

aAn

AA-t-

Government.

Provided however, that the period can be extended by the Coun-

Am XII A,<!-liy f&A*


Mtff >.At-

years after the establishment of the Transitional

cil of Representatives for no more than six months,

Article thirteen

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'

f"?.*!*

ejfftf hAAt ?hc n+t- K7*T<> fl JlCI A


7<5-A ftMiLU hAA
r- yc*
.

<}j9t yhc (l-ff rihtfi,

i>-k.+j,:fi iR+ n-i- 0 - u-a- mmc

7/"+ ll'NBiflS't lly'A-l- mC "Ul id-AT

There shall be a law establishing local and regional counciles for local administrative purposes defined

on the basis of

nationality. Elections fur such local and regional councils shall


he held within three months of the establishment of tlic Transi-

WWflVA

tional Government, wherever local conditions allow

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AIU" A-M-* MQILFY AW- K?4 CAqF0< .nfi/.it


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jrw .

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fr'M'y >.A/>-

KELIEF AND REHABILITATION

/i .i

The Transitional Government is unequivocally determined


to ensure the delivery of relief assistance to areas ravaged by war
and drought. In connection with this:
Article Fourteen

It shall give priority to the rehabilitation of those areas llut

have been sevcrly uffecled by the war

/"

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.c rt"*.*' rhAPt fhtffm fah

Xf-Mf -IV A- A+<.+ fAiU'O hVA-Y

fr"?./' Ho"

prisoners

of war ex-

prisoners of war as well as those sections of the population


that have been foroeably uprooted by the previous
policy of villagization and resettlement.

regime's

The rehabilitation of those

r/"<.}. rhAf* K-!**** r*A*> Ai/n f o-a

(orceably

uprouled

hv thr

'

previous n-giine s polk) ol villagizalion and refrtllcnMHil >liall


lie dune in uccordunec irilfa their desire.

Artidt Filiven

Jl stiull take .inmediulc steps tu reeonstrut-t or i<>|iair the


infraslrurlurc that has been destroyed or dainaued by the war

AriUlc bixleen

It shall give ypreial cinyideration to MlhprlO lioghvlrd and


forgotten ureas.

It shall make .special efforts to dispel etlini - nltaUnul and

HAf-l- <'}-|/";H-

fti&Vi fhOWi

xmffh* if- r+*'*4t fr*?

A.' A; .

vmumt

fradiratc the clh

'

nic hulled that have

been

foslerrd

li) the

previous regime'..

/.V- A-7ft4-* Af- IV.-V PfUj>U *

I'ART FIVK

LEGALITY OF THE CHARTEII

yi<PA hgftj;

11licit' Kiphlcen
This Charter shall NWC as the supreme 1" M the land for
f.M

PC+C nTiTK- fl 'V ttKl/.-U miff tlhMT

the duration of the transitional period. Any law

or

derision

that is eontrnn lo the Charter shall be null aii'l VoUh


Ir/iV.V WhICM

The Amharic and tin 1 tiglish texts of this (Jharier haw eipial

fiLu s c+c f -1(:s v rMnA.nV muff


Mi a A t t+OW* AAV- no-A-fc

>ia /A*Kir h-j/m/. r+ hf-f rhc

authenticity. Where disparity occurs between the two languages the Council of P.epi esenlatives shall decide.

.wava

/lr/ic/? Twenty
This Charter

shall lie elfecti\e

Ujion

piiUirullon in the

\cgaril Gaatcttu.

x a >.nn
o-aa

a. xft +7 iBHf

ADDIS ABAHA THIS 22nd DAY OF HU mt


NFA.ES ZEyAWI

rt9f

\T*K*- A.+

fflC

CHAtRMAN OF THE CONFBRENCK

BERHANENA SELAM PRINTING PRESS