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EXERCISE 1

Put the verbs in brackets either into gerund or infinitive according to the context.
1. She likes her children (go) to a dentist every six months.
2. I tried (pacify) him but he refused (be pacified) and went on (grumble).
3. I distinctly remember (pay) him. I gave him ten dollars.
4. Did you remember (give) him the key of the safe?
No, I didnt. Ill go and do it now.
5. Please forgive me for (interrupt) you but would you mind (repeat) that last sentence.
6. He didnt like (leave) the children alone in the house but he had no alternative as he had (go) out to work.
7. I liked (listen) to the wireless much better than (watch) television.
8. I didnt mean (offend) anyone but somehow I succeeded in (annoy) them all.
9. I left my door open. Why didnt you walk in?
I didnt like (go) in when you werent there.
10. Try (avoid) (be) late. He hates (be) kept (wait).
TRANSLATION 2
Translate using infinitive or gerund constructions:
1. ncepusem s cred c eu eram cel care gresise.
2. Intentionm s ne ducem la concert.
3. Orchestra a nceput s cnte de ndat ce dirijorul a ridicat bagheta.
4. Ne-am oprit ca s cumprm o lad de bere.
5. Nu voi putea niciodat mcar s ncep s nteleg motivele pentru care a fcut asa o prostie.
6. Prefer s-l astept afar.
7. Nu uita s nchizi usa cnd pleci de acas.
8. Nu voi uita niciodat cum m-a primit n casa lui si s-a ngrijit de mine.
9. S trecem mai departe la a v arta cum se ud aceste plante.
10. mi place mai mult s not dect s ma dau cu barca.
EXERCISE 3
Use the infinitive and the participle:
1. Have him (bring) his car round the back.
2. Have his car (bring) round the back.
3. I will not have students (draw) on the walls of this college, the dean said.
4. I had the house (clean) before I moved in.
5. He had her (believe) he was a millionaire.
6. We have people (ring) us up all hours of the day and night.
7. The film had them (laugh) right from the beginning.
8. Ill have the plumber (look at) the heating system.
9.. Ill have the heating system (look at) next week.
10. The dance-teacher had them (dance) in no time.
11. Ill have you (know) Im a qualified accountant.
12. I had the film (record) on videocassette
REVISION 4
Correct the sentences and explain why they were incorrect.
1. *Ive been trying on 7 dresses in the past hour, and I still cant make up my mind to which I should buy.
2. *Mary has been jumping off the tree.
3. *In Africa a lion is a wild animal.
4. *I slept when he came. I would rather have slept on than to wake.
5. *By the time he came in, she had been watching T.V.
6. *When I will have finished the book, it will be evening.
7. * By tomorrow I will have been studying for the exam.
8. * Looking out the window the trees could be seen.

9. * Where is John? Outside, he appears talking to Peter.


10. * He was so absent-minded to leave the lights on when he left.
11. * Go to help him.
12. *No walking on the grass.
REVISION 5
Translate into English
1. Conform programului avionul va ajunge la 7.25.
2. Profesorul ne-a spus la un curs c Olanda este o tar mic.
3. Cearta nu-i foloseste nimnui.
4. Am auzit de la John c ai de gnd s-ti petreci vacanta la munte.
5. Sistematic face gafe.
6. Mi se pare c vrei s-mi spui ceva.
7. Au trecut trei ore pn s putem intra n masin; portiera nu s-a putut deschide nicicum.
8. Nu v suprati, aveti cumva un bilet n plus.
9. Sptmna trecut mergeam pe strad cnd deodat m opreste cineva. A fost o mare surpriz s-mi
revd prietenul din copilrie.
10. Anul trecut pe vremea aceasta mi-am dat ceasul la reparat, de atunci nu s-a mai stricat.
11. Tot aici voi lucra si peste cinci ani.
12. S nu te prind c spui cuiva ce s-a ntmplat, m auzi?
13. Tocmai vroiam s te invit s stai jos.
14. mi pare ru dar n-am ncotro, va trebui s-ti retrag permisul.
15. Tot m voi duce la concert indiferent ce-ar spune mama.
16. M-a lovit nainte ca eu s pot reactiona.
17. Nu-i asa c nu te duci mine nicieri ?
18. Cnd eram student obisnuiam s-mi dau lucrrile la dactilografiat.
19. De fiecare dat cnd m duc la el, el si spal masina.
20. De cteva luni face n mod constant progrese.
21. Vezi dac nu poti rezolva problema folosind radicali.
22. Nu mi amintesc s fi spus asa ceva.
23. Ce caut omul acela la noi n grdin?
24. Niciodat nu mi-am nchipuit c s-ar putea ntmpla asa ceva.
25. Scrie n cartea recordurilor c el este cel mai gras om din lume.
26. Nu-mi pot imagina c mama s fie de acord cu excursia aceasta.
27. Se pare c s-a fcut o greseal n nota de plat.
28. Dup petrecere m-a ajutat la spllatul vaselor.
29. Haide s m ajuti s car mobila.
30. Se purta de parc vroia s-mi spun un secret.
31. Nu uita s-l ntrebi ce are de gnd s fac mine.
32. ncetul cu ncetul m-am obisnuit cu ideea.
33. ncearc s vii mine.
34. Ce intentionezi s-ti faci din materialul acesta.(use causative)
35. mi pare ru c trebuie s te deranjez, dar am ceva de discutat cu tine.
36. Nu le-a priit faptul c eu am cstigat concursul.
37.. Fii asa de drgut si adu-mi un pahar cu ap.
38. Apreciez ajutorul pe care ni l-ai acordat.
39. Are nevoie s fie ncurajat.
40. Esti att de bun s deschizi geamul?
REVISION 6
Explain the difference, point out the shades of meaning and translate into Romanian trying to keep as close
as possible to the meaning conveyed:
1. He has been waking up for over an hour.
1. He woke up an hour ago.
2. Whos been drinking my beer?
2. Whos drunk my beer?
3. Have you been to visit Mary in the hospital?

3. Did you visit Mary in the hospital?


4. He will go to see his teacher on Monday.
4. He goes to see his teacher on Monday.
5. Im taking swimming lessons this summer.
5. I took swimming lessons this summer.
5. I take swimming lessons.
6. Mary dresses nicely.
6. Mary is dressing nicely.
7. We wake up at 5 tomorrow.
7. We are waking up at 5 tomorrow.
8. I have been living in London these past ten years.
8. I have lived in London in the past ten years.
9. When Peter arrived at home, John left.
9. When Peter arrived at home, John was leaving.
9. When Peter arrived at home, John had left.
10. You shall go to the market, said mother.
10. I shall go to the market.
10. Shall we go to the market?
11. I have received a phone call from Jones this morning.
11. I received a phone call from Jones this morning.
12. Ill have to report this.
12. Im going to have to report this.
13. Are you going to buy that car?
13. Are you buying that car tomorrow?
14. He has gone to the country.
14. He has been to the country.
15. When mother checked, she found they had been doing their homework.
15. When mother checked she found they had done their homework.
16. I am going to cut my hair.
16. Im going to have my hair cut.
17. I grew used to the idea.
17. I was used to the idea.
18. He has been home.
18. He has gone home.
19. They are being greedy.
19. They are greedy.
20. I saw Mary cook a pie.
20. I saw Mary cooking a pie.
21. He is thought to be hiding in the woods.
21. He is supposed to be hiding in the woods.
22. Remember to look for a party outfit.
22. Remember looking for a party outfit? asked John.
23. We went on to talk about the marketing project..
23. We went on talking about the marketing project.
24. I saw him come to school.
24. I saw him coming to school.
REVISION 7
Translate into Romanian. If their is a shade of meaning associated with these sentences point it out through
the translation.
1. I hear that youre not coming back: is your mind made up?
2. Come tomorrow you shall have your much wanted dress.
3. Come to think of it Ive never told anyone that story.
4. I was wondering, could you be of assistance?
5. The exam was going to take place the next day.
6. I am finding it hard to believe.
7. By tomorrow I will have had all the rooms decorated.
8. It will do you no good to just sit around and cry.
9. He managed to make a mess of things with his nonsense.

10. I really did it this time, didnt I?


11. Give yourself some credit!
12. I happened to meet him and his girlfriend at the party.
13. It seems Ive come at a bad time. Dont be silly.
14. There has been an accident on 25th street.
15. Having said this he left.
16. Help yourself to a sandwich!
17. Bear with me on this one.
18. Little did he dream that something so wonderful would happen.
19. You did all the wrong things. This was bound to happen.
20. After many years of continuous search, they finally brought up the sunk ship.
21. What a terrible night to be out in.
22. To cut a long story short, I was very disappointed.
23. I phoned him up only to find that he had left already.
24. I dread to think about what has happened.
25. Have John bring a cup of tea for me.
26. Tom will have you laughing in no time with his stupid jokes.
27. I am busy working on my article.
28. He should agree to our postponing the question till later.
29. You must pardon her not answering our invitation.
30. It was clever of him to work out the answer.

KEY TO EXERCISE 1
Put the verbs in brackets either into gerund or infinitive according to the context.
1. She likes her children to go to a dentist every six months.
2. I tried to pacify him but he refused to be pacified and went on grumbling.
3. I distinctly remember paying him. I gave him ten dollars.
4. Did you remember to give him the key to the safe?
No, I didnt. Ill go and do it now.
5. Please forgive me for interrupting you but would you mind repeating that last sentence.
6. He didnt like to leave/ leaving the children alone in the house but he had no alternative as he had to go
out to work.
7. I liked listening to the wireless much better than watching television.
8. I didnt mean to offend anyone but somehow I succeeded in annoying them all.
9. I left my door open. Why didnt you walk in?
I didnt like to go in when you werent there.
10. Try to avoid being late. He hates to be kept waiting.
KEY TO TRANSLATION 2
1. I began thinking that I was in the wrong.
2. We intend to go to the concert.
3. The orchestra started playing as soon as the conductor raised the baton.
4. We stopped to buy a crate of beer.
5. I will never even begin to understand the motives that pushed him into doing such a stupid thing.
6. I prefer waiting for him outside.
7. Dont forget to lock the door when you go out.
8. I will never forget how he took me in and took care of me.
9. Lets go on to show you how these plants must be watered.
10. I like swimming better than rowing .
KEY TO EXERCISE 3
Use the infinitive and the participle:
1. Have him bring his car round the back.
2. Have his car brought round the back.
3. I will not have students drawing on the walls of this college, the dean said.
4. I had the house cleaned before I moved in.
5. He had her believing he was a millionaire.
6. We have people ringing us up all hours of the day and night.
7. The film had them laughing right from the beginning.
8. Ill have the plumber look at the heating system.
9. Ill have the heating system looked at next week.
10. The dance teacher had them dancing in no time.
11. Ill have you know Im a qualified accountant.
12. I had the film recorded on videocassette.
KEY TO REVISION 4
Correct the sentences and explain why they were incorrect.
1. Ive tried on seven dresses in the past hour and I still cant make up my mind as to which I should buy.
2. Mary has jumped off the tree/Mary jumped off the tree.
3. A lion is a wild animal.
4. I was sleeping when he came. I would rather have slept on than wake up.
5. When he came in, she had been watching T.V. for twenty minutes/ when he came in she was watching
T.V.
6. When I finish reading the book, itll be evening.
7. By tomorrow Ill have studied for the exam/Tomorrow Ill be studying for the exam / By tomorrow I'll
have been studying for the exam for 20 hours.

8. Looking out the window, I could see the trees.


9. Wheres John? Outside, he seems to be talking to Peter.
10. He was so absent-minded that he left the lights on when he left/ He was so absent-minded as to leave
the lights on when he left.
11. Go and help him.
12. Dont step on the grass.
KEY TO REVISION 5
1. According to the schedule the plane arrives at 7.25.
2. The teacher told us that Holland is a small country.
3. Quarrelling does not serve anyone.
4. I heard from John that you are going to spend/ intend on spending your holiday in the mountains.
5. He is always putting his foot in it.
6.You seem to want to tell me something.
7. It took us three hours to get into the car; the door wouldnt open.
8. Scuse me, do you happen to have an extra ticket?
9. Last week I was walking in the street when suddenly somebody stopped me. It was a great surprise to
meet my childhood friend./ I was very surprised to see him again.
10. This time last year I had my watch repaired. It hasnt broke down since then.
11. I will still be working here in five years time.
12. Dont you dare to tell anyone whats happened; do you hear me? / Id better not catch you telling
anyone what happened!
13. I was just going to invite you to have a seat.
14. Im sorry, but I have no choice. Ill have to suspend your licence.
15. No matter what mother might say, Ill go to the concert/whether mother likes it or not, Ill go to the
concert.
16. He hit me before I could react.
17. You wont go anywhere tomorrow, will you?
18. When I was a student I used to have my papers typed.
19. Whenever I go to see him he is washing him car.
20. Hes been making continuous progress in the last few months.
21. See if you can solve the problem using square roots.
22. I cant remember ever having said something like that.
23. What is that man doing in our garden ?
24. I had never imagined that anything like that might happen./ At no point could I imagine....
25. It says in the The Book of Records that he is the fattest man in the world.
26. I cant imagine mothers agreeing to this trip.
27. There seems to be a mistake on the bill.
28. After the party/when the party was over she helped me to wash up / with the washing-up.
29. Come and help me carry the furniture.
30. He was acting as if he wanted to tell me a secret.
31. Dont forget to ask him what he is going to do tomorrow.
32. I grew used to the idea.
33. Try and come tomoroow.
34. What are you going to have made out of this material.
35. Im sorry to disturb you but I have to discuss something with you.
36. They didnt like me winning the contest.
37. Be a good girl and bring me a glass of water.
38. I appreciate the help youve offered us.
39. He needs encouraging.
40. Please be so nice as to open the window./ Will you please open the window? / Be a nice boy/girl and
open the window.