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2002

A. Y. Petrosyan. The IndoEuropean and Ancient Near Eastern Sources of the Armenian Epic. Journal
of Indo-European Studies Monograph No 42. Washington D.C. Institute for
the Study of Man, 2002.

,
.

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2002
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(301-2001)

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1899: 83-86. I: 295-297.
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5) Illuyanka . Inara
Hupaiya .
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.-. *ang hi- ', '.
. . Purulli (., ., .), , (.-. *paHHur-/*pur- '')12.
1990: 11-12; . 1977 53.
. 1980; 1994: 594 .
11
, 1974: 122 .; 1981: 117 .; 1995: 321322, 444 .
12
1976.
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Covinar Inara;
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.), (.. *
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*ner- ., , 1962: 4647.
14

; .
, , . 1981: 120.
15
: 66-67, .
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10

Berd Kapotin " ", , ..


""
. . cov 'e, '
covi Nar ' ', cov + Inar
'() '. *Nar , (hoy Nar; Naroy < Nar
hoy ..). , 17
(Narin/Nurin) .
, , . ( ,
Nreus-a), . Nerio ( ), .
Noreia ( ), . Nerthus (*ner-to-,
[Tacitus, Germania 40]). , *nerto Njrr-, Freyr ''
Freyja '' (. ,
18
) . ,
, ,
. ,
" " ( 17).
, , 19.
Emain Macha
' ' , ,
Sainrith mac Imbaith- (' '),
.
Nerik Inara *( ner- . , . ayr, gen. an ', '
*( ner-, . 1987: 182 ( ).
17
1944: 87; I: 295 .; . . 1999: 119 ( Nurin
Narin, huri
''). ,
(Peperuna, Perperuna, ..)
, ., , , 1974:
104 ., . hoy '' (.
. hoyakap '', hoyanun '''), ,
, .-. *poti- '', .HAnB s.v. Hoy (
.-. *poti- . , II, 2).
. 1899: 85-86; I: 79; - 1946: 283 .
18
, . , , .
, . , . , .. (,
Njrr Freyr
).
19
1976a: 44 .

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,
(. , III, 2; IV,
1; IV, 2). nert,
nert,

*ner(t)-. , *(H ner-,
, .
,
/
(. , III, 2).

. DID = nru:
20

. , 1985: 7-9; 38-41; I: 606,


610; 1986: 134-135.
21
. , . s.v.

12

22.
(*ner-,
nru) .
..
Nairi, " ".
( IX ..) 23
" " .
Hubukia
(Bohtan-su), ,
24
. ,
. nru '' (,
)25. , , ..
" ", ,
() (. , V, 1).
, ,
.
3.

. (, . Avin-, . Hengist Horsa ..). " " (, . Epona, . . Potnia hippia
' ', .. .. ,
, 26.
" " Kukik alali ' ' (< .). . , ,
" ",
( "",
).
, , ,
.

1991: 143.
1, 2, 19.
24
1954: 18; 1984: 48.
25
Nairi, . 1954: 19.
26
. 1994: 414-415.
22
23

13

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27
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28
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.
(SC I, 1028-1031).
, 29.

. ,
Sarany ,
. , , , (,
', ' '' ). . .
Saan Sarany30 (
), .
-
31
(.. " ", . I, 7) .
27

1970; . 1995: 265 .


1990: 294.
29
. 2000: 349-350.
30
, 2000: 12.
31

(. ', ') , .
1986: 127 .; 1990: 287. , " "
- . . .
. sarak '' (<?).

28

14

,
, , , (SC IV: 133-134).
, , Covk' (. Glcik, Hazar),
(. , I, 8).

(Hrn) . -, ,

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- . 32
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( 63-64)
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Iuwa

(Pirwa). , 34. , ,
Ange-tun (' [] ').
Ange ; , (. , I, 8-9).
, -
(. - -
), .. (Cop'k') , , (, , ; , [., II, 1];
; " " *trito[ " " ., I, 10]).
32
1979: 843-844.
33
1970: 163-164.
34
1991: 80.

15

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35.
4.
(, , .) . (, ,
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36.
, , ..

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37.
' ' ariwn cov ,
, cirani cov ' '.
38.
,
"" , cirani
cov. , , ,
" ". , "
"39.
., , 1981: 116-117; 1993: 313-314.
, .
1999: 271-274 2001,
2001, .
36
., , I: 203.
37
. 1965: 11-12; .
. (1899: 77-78).
38
.
39
. 2000: 80.
35

16

- . . Msr (= Msr) '', . xana ', ', ..


' ', ( , , msur '').
hank' '' hana, hana ', ' (
',
')
. han(i) '' (.-. *Han-). (<
*Han-) '' 40. ,
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,
(Melik', -) Marut'a
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41
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. ,
, . ,

, (. , II, 1).
5. ,

*dyeus p er- (. Divo Napt, .
Dioskouroi, . Dieva Dli). , ( )
42.

, .
( ) " " (
).
1994: 323-324, 433.
1955: 540-541. , ,
" ",
Kvan ''. ( ar-)
"", : 537-540.
42
1968.
40
41

17

(= .
).
, ,
, 43. , -
.
44,
() (.-.
*dyeu-, . , IV, 4). (Anab. IV, 5, 35),
(.
: . Avamedha, . October Equus

, [ XI, 14, 19]).
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2). " "
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45
(Dejun-Cam ' '), , " " , .
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, , ..
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,
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46.

. 1980: 305, 310; 1990: 249.


1990: 45, .
45
I: 417.
46
, . 1970;
: 1983: 146-147;
: 1994: 121 .
43
44

18

6.
(.
. 30 30 ;
47
. ..) .
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Ai Dahka),
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( I, 26).
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. , , ,
48.
, " (ciranazgest), ", , ,
( cirani cov
' ' , 49). , .

1986: 20.
, 1984: 502-503.
49
1899: 84.
47
48

19

. . . . (IV, 456-458), , , .

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(Apollod. II, 5, 11; III, 13, 5). , , , ,
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6; I, 9). -
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( ). , , (.
, V, 2).
(I, 10)
:
o , ,
.
,
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.
20


, " " (= .
Kadmuhi/Katmuhu)50. (. Masion oros, . Mons Masius)
" " - (. Nib/pur,
. Ararad/t; [. ,
. - ]), Korayk/Korduk
(. Kordyn, Gordin, Lat. Corduena).
, 51
- , .. ,
, , .
, ,
, .
,
dm qadmn52 ( .
, VI, 5).

53.

, ,
, . Mu '', , " ",
,
.
Mu, , - -54.
(. . Mu)
Targhu/izziza Sharrumagi.

. s. v.; RLA 1976-80: 487.


., 370-371 1971: 52-53, .
,
. 1947: 8-132.
52
. s.v.
53
. 1979: 110-120.
54
1971: 41 ., ; . 1947: 120.
,
(
). , - Korayk/Korduk/
Kordyn . kor, kari '', . '', . karis,
karidos, . . kris '', . HAB s.v.
50
51

21

Tarhu- arruma55 ( ).
(II, 2), .
,

, (Tigris),
(. , I, 7; II, 3), ..
- ,
(. ,
). , ,
, .
,
. ("
"), , ,
, , .
(-, , ).
(Kur) ,

, .. ,
1975: 197-198 (. . Tarhunza, ,
Tarhu-; arruma
, , .
, VI, 5). ,
, , - XI-XII
.., . 1947: 27 ., . , Masis Masius- Msu,
.-. Mu, *-iyo-/iy : *Masiy > Masi-,
nom. pl. Masik, gen. Maseac, acc. Masis. , ,
, :
Masius-Cudi, Nex Masik-Sipan, Masis-Ar ( : 96 ., 106 .;
1969: 26). , ,
, " " " " ( I: 136),

-,
" ". Nex Masik'-Sip'an <
Cipan , , ,
(.
,
). Masis (. , .
: 1909, 13), (. 1985:
455-456,
,
. ).
55

22

, (. , I, 9). ,
/ .

( , - < *yemo- '').
,
, (" " I, 8, 1).

. ,
'' *yemo-;
, ,
, 56
(. , VI, 5) .
, /.
, , ,
, -, ,
.
7. , ,
M. ,
, ,
57
. , Sanasar, " " ,
. ,
, , . ,
, ("" VI, 59. 2, 5).
, ();
-, ,
, ,
[...].
-,
, ?
,

. 1981: 49 .
,
.
57
I: 414.
56

23

58.
, .
, , , , " ",
. , ,
, , " "
" " " ",
" " (. , I, 10; II, 1). ,
. ' () '
.
. ptya
'' (
wya). , covayin
59
'' ; , "
60
" ..
, . ,
(= . )
, .. (.
: Ligi-Teub, erpi-Teub, Kali-Teub, Kili-Teub,
adi-Teub)61.
Qumenu, - ,
62
- . ,
- , , - -- (.
, II, 1).

VI, 59, 2, 5; 1992: 322. (*dyeu-),


, , .
59
, , : "
, ! : (covayin), . : ,
! : , "
(: 60).
60

. (
" , "), -,
(: 40). ,
. I: 406-409.
61
1990: 43; . 1944: 82-83; 1992: 76.
62
: 119-122; 1992: 88.
58

24

" "63
"" , ,
,
, (.
, . , II, 3).
.
-, - , , , , - ,
(
- , , ).
64
/ () .
-,
(XVII-XIV . .) , . , (, ) ,
, , (= ).
(< . Mira) (. , III, 1),
, , ,
.
- ,
65
" " .
66
( ) . ,
,
"
"67.

1990: 40 .; 1977: 114 .


,
.
, .
, :
" , , . ,
[ e] , " ( 1990: 48).
, ,
. , ,
,
- .
65
1984: 101.
66
2001: 10, 97.
67
- . , I, 10; II, 3-4.
63
64

25

8. ,
Cop'k', . Supa(ni), .
Sphn (

[. - -]), ,

68
(. , I, 3) .
, Cop'k' ahuni, ,
Iuwa Iua
.. .-. *ek'wo'', . . . asuwa '', . , . . ioy '' (<
''). , . . ei, iiya '', ,
69
, .
, VI .., Beth
Togarmah ,
(. XXVII, 14).
( I), .
(, . .)
( : ), ( :
), . , ,
,
.

Ange-tun ' Ange-', ( )

. ()
..
Cop'k', . 1998: 146. ,
,
..,
. 1990; 1993: 202-203; . , 1984:
558 . Cop'k'-Iuwa, . 1997;
1998; 1999; 1999a, 2000, .
69
-, , , . , 1988.
'' (. . iw, . u,
. ia, ..), ,
stem; . 1998: 153-154
(1988: 114-115, 153) .
68

26

, (. Bagata ' ', '


') (.-. *aspapati ' ', . . avapati)
, , ,
ee Aspet (= Aspat). Biwrat
70
.
Xarput
( , ).
, XVII
, Covk' (
, . , , )
. , , , ,
(. " " ). "
",
Dar i Xarput (' ', . . xr '', bot '
71
') .
" " (. , I, 3)
, , . o , , (SC IV: 133-134).
. , , Toros abar ' ',
72.
T'oros (. T'evat'oros ' ', .
Theodros) ,
, .
, ( )73.

. -am (. , III,
1), Bagam, Bagaram, Biwram . , Bagaram, Ange-,
' ', . , (. , II, 1).
t m,
, Bagaram .
71
1967: 159, 161. . 1999,

.
72
II: 182-183.
73
I: 409.
70

27

VI .., , -,
" "74.
-
75. ,
(< )
, .
(KUB VI, 45, 2 = VI, 46, 3)
: ,
, , (DInanna) , ( ?), ,
76. , (Pirua, Perua)
.

( -,
77
..) .
, , .
, ( ).
, ,
, ;
, ,
.
hekur Pirua '
'78. *Peru-no- (. . peruna''). ,
79.
. 1930: 110.
I: 336; VIII: 23. , 'Nar /'
'Nar Covk' (pl. '')'.
76
RGTC VI s.v. Iuwa; . 1971: 162.
77
. 1968: 146, 180, 190.
78
/ ( hekur)
. , hekur ,
. HED s.v. hekur.
79
1958: 110. . : s.v. ; , 1984:
546; , 1987: 160. .
1994: 412 ., . ,
( 1976: 53 .; 1981: 82 .), Hrs,
,
Pirwa/Perwa,
, . *p- > h- . ,
, Hrs
< Herwo- < Perwa .
74
75

28

, , . , , " ".
;
, .
Iuwa ' '80.

Iuwa ( s ; u u
o). -wa
(., , Hauwa, Pahhuwa, Iuwa); -wa
*ek'wo- (. . ava, . asuwa ''). , iu ,
. (= ei, . . ioy) < *eo- '*' (.
e > i ). , *eo- '' 81.
. . , Peirssos
( ) Peirs (< *perwo-),
(, 1996: 252 .).
80
. . (1984: 47), Iua '() ()'.
81
. . (1984: 147, . 13), ,

.. (,
.., [ 1999: 272]).
, .
, , - , . . 1988: 51.
, ,
.., .
1990: 229. . , ,
, ,
( ) ,
,
( 1999: 272-273),
'' > ''.
*ek'wo- , . .
Auwa ( , . " "
), . Iayr, Mews Iayr ' ' (. iayr '
'), Ioc gava ' (*)'.
,
Cop'k'-, . ,
, ""

29

"" Eruand-a ,
Eruaz-a ( ), .-. *perwnt-,
82
Pirwa ( : Peru[n]ta-) .
, , (dneay gol akan hayecuacov).

(vms
orjakareays . '- '), ,
(i hayecuacocn dnuten). "
( II, 42).

/ ( ,
parvata- < *perwnt-; ["" I, 32, 6; I, 52, 2; VIII, 3, 19]) 83. ,

84,
, '' mayri (. mayri
'' < mayr '')
'' Cnndoc ( II, 41)85.
dneay ', ', (Eruand, Turk Angeeay, Slak, . , I, 9),
. , . , Iayr Ioc
gava Ark'ayic gava ' ', Iuwa Huwa
' '. *ek'wo- + "".
82
. 1981: 82-85; . 2000: 103 .
83
. , 1974: 99-101; 1990: 193.
84
1990: 181 .
85
.
, (Peiras, gen. Peirantos < *perwant-, . ,
1996: 254) ""
(Paus. VIII, 18, 2). Peiras ( : II, 16, 1).
', '; , , , "
" ( 1895: 192-194; VIII: 193-196; 1975:
227-228). , /
,
( II, 46).

30

(. , I, 9; IV, 2).
, , ,
, .

. " ", ..
, .
, " , " ( II, 46), " "
86
- .
, , ''
xoorage (. ' []')
, " ,
, " ( II, 37).
,
,
(. I, 3).
,
.
, ,

.
,

(. Oronts, Ebronts, . rtkssy rwndkn ' '
I)87, .-. Arvand ', '88.
"", Luhrasp Gutasp,
120 , asp ''
,
(. . ,
89
'') . Aurvataspa
' ' (. . Arvandasp ' '), . ,
*Aruant
, 90.
. 1994: 414.
., 1971: 174; 1993: 6.
88
HAnB s.v.
89
1950: 317 .
90
, (XVI, 2), ,
/
86
87

31

, ,
91.
9. ,
(II, 8),
:
, ,
(dnahayeac')
, Turk',
Angeeay - ,
, (
. .) . Ange-tun (' Ange-).
[...] , ,
(orjak'ar vimac'), ,
(), ,
, , , . ,
, ,
, , , ;
,
,
Arimoi ( , , .
II, 1). A. (1993: 7), . *Arvant- . *Aruand,
. *Ra(y)ivant- ' '
. Eruand-. ,
-. , aurvataspa
("" 10, 90, ..) ("" 19, 51). . uheman' ' ( II, 31, 6, ..).
91
-,
, .
(kentauros) Tauros
. Ixion-,
. Ikuna, . . ( ,
Perithoos Pyrid-a na ).
Arwand , "".
, Covk'
""
( . 1997: 21-24).

32

. , ,
.

Turk Angeeay, .. ' ' (. . turk ', ' [pl.], .. *d-ro-) - (. ' -')
. , Turk'-a .
, Turk
. -
Taru,
Tarhu-92 Tura(ni)93. .
Ange
(= . Ergel )
(2 . XVII, 30). -
, uli(n)katte 'uli-', Ugur-
.94. Ugur
Hayaa-Azzi, -
XV-XIII
92

, . (1927),

Turk', Tork' , a Tarhu- (


. 1999: 12-14). ,
, , Turk' , . VIII: 154-158.
, Tork', o a, Tarhu- (: tarxu-, . . Tarchn, tarchy- [ 1990: 131 .],
. Tarun, . Tarquinius, a . taron, tarun [. HAB s.v.], . t'arxun, .
'', e , . , 1974: 123)
Tarhu- (. .
Torkos, Torkous, . 1981: 60).
93
Tura(ni) . tur-k' ', ', .
1986: 53. . (1981a: 82; 1990: 98, 105), (),
, ..
" " , "-"
(. Tilla,
). ,
, ,
Hebat, Huba, Baba,
(. : 50, . 28; Baba
, . 2001), .
94
. 1994: 367.

33

.., , , (. , IV, 4; VI, 4). , Turk'-a


, .. - , -
Hayaa95.
Taru
ulikatte-Nergal-96. Turk Angeeay, ' ', .. ' ',
97
, - .
Turk- Angeeay ,
(dnahayeac', orjak'ar vimac', ). , dneay
98
, ; ,
, , . Slak', , dneay.
(II, 8) ,
" ,
".
, (Tarawn),
,
Taru, - (. . Tarhu-, .-.
*terH-; - "" .
, V, 2). , ulikatte, Taru,
Slak'-, , : Slak <

.
., , 1984: 45 ., 149-150, . 15; .
1971: 128 ., 139 .
96
1994: 594 . . , , ( :
366).
97
Turk Angeeay . (1993).
98
,
, . 1990: 22.
Pask'am, Turk'-a, . 1987: 338, . 36 (Paskuwa,
Paskuwatti, -am , a
). , . (1927: 188)
. ang pasku ''.
95

34

*Sulak < *Sulakay < *Sulkhathe (. . hayr < * p


-;
99
tt = th, = s) .
Ugur, ulikatte, namsaru ''. " "
. ,
100
, .
, . slak' (< *sul-ak') ', ' (.-.
*k'u-l- '' [ . -ak' ], . . sur ' ', . cla
'', ..), '-' "".
Ange
,
. Ange
'' (an , ge ''),
. , Turk Angeeay Ara Geecik- ( ), " ". .-. *wel- ', '.
, *wel- ,
, (. , III, 1).
, Bagarat-Ange ' ',
-, xoorage '
' , ,
Turk Angeeay, .
" A"
Ang(e). Ang ( Egil )
Ang (. -),
101. ,
, 102.
. (1993: 75), Slak' " " ulikatte.
100
,
.. " "
, . RLA 1999: 224-225. . 1947: 105;
1996: 283, 286; 1987: 177, 180.
101
, . , Ange-Ingilena
Ingalawa, , . 1984: 150, .
15.
102
. 1987: 312.
.
Bat'man Ang, . VIII: 336;
, -1951: 822. ,
- (: , ,
99

35

"", ()
,
.
,
(. , I,10).
. Kur '' ' ', '' ' ', ''. . , ,
,
; , 103.
Asag Kur, , Ange- Turk- Angeeay,
. ,
, - ,
104
.
- Biwrat (. . < . biwr
' ') Aspat (' ')
: Biwraspi < . ' 105
' ( Bvarasb ) .

. -
106.
'' ane.kur.ra ' '
' ', .. '
) .
, . . 1999: 398.
103
1959: 171-172; 1961: 76.
104
Turk Angeeay
", " .
(, 1999: 34). ,
, Kur. , ,
. Kur
(
, ., , 1997: 215).
105
/ : , " " (Adi klytopl);
, ' ' (. 1981a: 84); Ange-Nergal
Cop'k'-Iuwa ' /'.
106
, .., ., ,
1983: 92. ,
, . ,
( . [1987: 362],
- ,
[ , II ]).

36

'107. .. (
-).
, Kur . Kurwe 108
, .
109
Quera . . Kua-,

(" ")110.
,
-
..
,
.
, ( , ), ,
..
..
, , - 111,
.. , .
..112, -

1999: 15.
. 1981a: 84.
109
, . 1990a.
110
. . 1970: 353-354. Kur
. kapat '', . kuk'' '' (. , V, 1). . . ku(k) . Quera
. Kua, . . 1988: 87-88, . 56 (, . q = .
k ). ,
Kur-. Kukik
alali ' ' (. kuak '' .-. , . . ane.kur.ra).
111
. : 1986: 24 .; . 1999: 277.
112
II: 212; . 1999: 276.
107
108

37


113.
10. " " , A
(
), ,
( I, 31).
, ,
.
.
,
,
() .
(.. ) ,
(.. ) ,
114.
, Kur .
. , - Kua-, Meti
Hoean-, ,
- (
), (. , 1976: 121; 1988; : 1989: 26 ., ). ,

, Curiatii Horatii, . , II, 5. ,
Kuru, - (
) "" (. Kyros [.]).
, .
Kua, . Curiatius, . Kuru; . Hoean, . , . Horatius,
(.,
, ., ., . k, ., . h . ). ,
Hoean Xo-,
, , . , VI, 5. .
113

Erknr erkin, erknr erkir,


erknr ew covn cirani:
erkn i covun unr ew zkarmrikn eegnik:
114

nd eegan po cux elanr,


nd eegan po boc elanr,

38

() ( . .).
,
, .

115
. erk- (. . erk- ''),
,
.
: ; 9- (3 x 3)
; 27- (3 x 3 x 3)
; ,
;
116
, . .
(127), III
:
( ) ,
,
,

, , 117.
.
. "
"118, . .-. *trito-
ew i bocoyn vazr xartea patanekik:
na hur her unr,
boc unr mawrus,
ew akunkn in aregakunk.

karmrik '', eegnik '', patanekik '' ( patani + ak + ik) akunk


(. aik '').
115
1969; 1983a.
116
1977. ,
(. , I, 6).
117
,
Ahura Mazda, Anahita, and Mira ( . , IV, 4).
118
1970: 15.

39

119. ,
Vrrana (. . Varhran), 120
.
,
121
, . , ,
(. , IV, 4).
, *Trita-
, . .
Terittitunni (. *trito-) ,
122
.
.
(KUB XXVI, 39), Terettitunni
123, ""
124
( 809) .
, "" ,
"" .
erk- (< *dw-) (*deiwo-). , na hur
her unr ' () ' *Peruno- (> . *Herun): na
119

1981: 131-132.
1970: 127 .; 1981: 106-107.
121
, , -, -, ,
, , .
, ,
. xwarnah-xvarrah.
"" (35, 38), xvarrah / "
".
(. , II, 3; III, 1).
122
1977. *Trito- , " ", .
. Trita ptya (''), . rataona, wya ('', . Tritn,
, . , , .. Terittitunni
. ttun '' (' '), . I: 93-94; 1988 I: 66-67.
123
. .
.
124
, . I: 84 .,
, IV, 4.
120

40

hur Herun r ' Herun-'125.


,
(" [] ,
126
"; " ") .
, ,
, o ()
. ,
127.
" " ; , ,
;
( ). " "
. ,
, .
" " ,
(" ");
, 128.
- .
,
- ( . .)
, ,
, .
,

.
, ,
.
:
129.

. , .
,
,

. 1969; 1983a.
I: 75.
127
. 1992: 7 ., .
128
, . I: 406-409.
129
350-352.
125
126

41

"" - ( ""
).

( ,
). , , ,
(. , V, 2).
, -
, ,
.

(
300 ; "" ,
..; ;
, .., . II, 2; II, 5).
*

Vrrana , , . Vrtrahan '


() ', ,
,
(, , , .).
,
, , , Vrtrahan .
"" ,
, .
,
,
,
130.
" ".
tri-sadastha- ' ',
. , : ;
;

X, 45, 1; . 1992: 563. " "


"", . 1886: 82-83 (.
1992: 5 [ . ]); 1995: 254; . Hesiod. Theog.
104 .
130

42

131. , ,
.
, , , . "" ,
(I, 26). :
() ,
[...] , , [...] ,
132
! (IV, 42-44) .
, , , "
" ( " ", . , I, 4)
133. o- ,
,
o-
.
.
.
; ,
134
.
-
viapaka, '
-' (

131

1990: 99 .
" ", 178-181. ,
,
(ETCSL). , .
1979: 29.
133
, , ,
-;
., , : " [...] ,
" ( " ");
" ( ) [...] ,
" (" "); " " ( V, 5),
, , :
" , ,
() , ".
134
1979: 28.
132

43

Vrtrahan-Vrrana), ''135 (. . viap


', ', kaem ', ', ka ''). , ( I, 79, 1)136.

137, ,

. - (. , III, 1), ""
-, ,
, , .
"" . '' hursag, , , .
,
, -.

Ang, , , .
. "" ("
"), " ", " " (
25-28), " " (110).
, ,
,

(''): , , , ,
.
11. " ": ,

Herms-Kandauls- (' '),
Myrsilos-Kandaulas-, Cuchulainn- (
)
: Kandan ( [= ]), Candavia () ..

1895: 172 . . 1992: 6-8, .


, , .-.
*(H)as- '', . , II, 2. , a
Asag (> *ahag?).
137
, 1975: 49.
135
136

44

,
138.
" ",
un Melik- ' ' (SC, B, II: 323 .,
355 .). , (, V, 3),
Mue Mamikonean,
" " " ",
-.

, 139.

.-. *dhew-: Kan-daulas, Kan-dan, Kan-daios, Thaulos, .
. daos '' (Hesych.).
, o

(*Daw-) ,
. , Myrsilos-Kandaulas (Mursil- + *dhew-)
. Mue-
(. , V, 3)140.
" "
" " Mue Vahan
141. ,
, . Murili I,
(. , V, 3),

: " "
(.. ), ()
142.

. 1976; 1977. . Herm kynagxa, mionisti Kandaula '()


, " ().
Kandaulas ' '.
139
1987: 106; 1977: 188 .
140
, , erk- < *dw *dhew-).
141
"" ("
"). "", . II: 95.
, (291a)
: "
; , , ,
".
142
., , 1980: 119; 1982: 104, .
138

45

143 (. , III, 1).


.
Mihran-,
. ,
Mihran (< . Mihr < Mira)
(< Mihr). ,
Mher Mihran. "
144
" .

145. ( I, 2), ,
,
:
, , , .
.
Kandan (. , II, 2), ..
, " ".
(I . XVII, 43) - (" , ?",
).
, -
.-. *dhew-.
..
. ,
146
, .
, , ,
" ",
.

Aiwc '' Aiwcajew ' ';


'', . . jew
'', jewem '' ( "" ); .
1969: 45; -1946: 306-309; . 2000: 44.
144
SC B, I: 125 .
145
1977: 210-211.
146
. 1990: 122 ., .
143

46


,
" "
1. , " "
(I, 12-14) , .
,
. (. Hayk' . .)
147
, , armen, armenik .
. :
, ()
,
, , .
[...] Payapis Kaeay (. Kaaeay .
.),
.
, (= . .) .

. [...]

.
, " ". ,

,
. 1987: 285-288, .
,
armen (. hay ''). ,
ark Aramean, Aramazneay, Aramean azn, .. "
". , Ar(a)m-
(, Aramaneak, Aramayis, Aram,
. Harma). , armen, , , (. , II, 2).
147

47

, , "",

.
, - (.
), ,
(. Argaios, . Argaeus, . ).
( ) , Armenos (. Armenius),
,
, , (Strabo XI, 4, 8; 14, 12; Justin. XLII, 2,
.)148. Armenos Armenion , ,
, " " ("" II, 681).
, , (. ). , , 149
. -
(Pindar. Pyth. IV),
(Moschoi) , (Strabo I, 2, 39;
XI, 2, 17-18).
(Paraurma '
', . parau '') Arjuna
Krtavrya, Haihaya ("" III, 11516; ). "",
, ,
Kerala, ,
Mshika150.
: 1) Argaios, Argos,
Arjuna; 2) Aram, Armenos, Rma; 3) Hayk', Aia, Haihaya; 4) Mak (<
Muak), Mosch-, Mshika. Arjuna .-. arjuna- ',
' < .-. *(H)arg'-. Argos, "Argo" ( ), Argaios
(, ) .-. *(H)arg- (*h2erg-) ', ; ', ''151.
Rma- . . rma- ', '
148

. 1946: 322 .
Aia . , . Qulha, VIII ..,
(. 1962) ,
, () . Aia
, ., , 1963: 57 .,
.
150
1937: 545.
151
. DELG I: 104 1985: 88-89, .
149

48

(.-. *r-mo-). , , , ,
.-. *r-mo- (*r-mo-, *r-mo-, *r-mo-) ', ; '. .
*r-mo- *Harg ,
,
152
.
*


/, " " ein Arimois ("" II, 780785). , 153. , (3916 ) ,
( ). ;
.
;
Argaios , Aram
- "" (. . arcat' ' < *arg'-).
Aram
*arg'- (. , II, 5; VI, 2). , a. Aram ,
, *rHmo- (*r-mo- *r-mo- *Arim *Arum,
, Arm- ).
Aram (. Aramaneak, Aramayis)
, . Aramoas (., .),
Arm[a]nik (.), Armais (.), Armays ()., .., . 1981: 5253. ,
Arm- , Erm- (< Arma- ';
') rm (',
'). , -. Arma- '', .. '() (?)'
, . . Rmacandra '-', ,
"" (.
*arg'-, .. ).
*r- (*erH-) ', ' arg'- '' (
'' '', ). . .-. rmig ' ', . arcarcem (*arg'-)
''. , . arm- arg-
(), ., ,
1962: 31-33.
153
1919: 66 .; 1928: 215 .
152

49

1880. ,
, , .
ein Arimoisin (Hesiod. Theog. 304-307)
. "", -Arimoi
154
- (. *r-mo- *Harg-) .
-
, .. ,
, , .
, ,
, ,
Arimous - (Strabo XII, 5, 11)155.
, , , . ( ,
, ). (Argos Panopts),
, .
(Apollod. II, 1, 3).
Argephonts ' Arg-'
" "156. ,
, " "
( III, 290).
, ''
, ( - ).

( ,
).
, .
(Herms) ,
157
.-. *rmo- .
, , ,
( ), *r-mo-, *arg-, ,
. - (.. *)
154

" (, . .) ,
; -
, ,
".
155
Arimoi, . 1960: 19-24; . 1995: 450451.
156
Argephonts- , .
1995: 383-385.
157
. GEW I: 563-564; DELG I: 373-374.

50

e -.

" "158. ,
"
".
, ,
. -,
, .
, , .
, , .
. , , .
,
159
.
(', ', . . harga-) 160,
. , ,
, .
, " " , .. , .
..
.

: Kummi(ni) (= .
Kummiya, Comana Cappadociae) Qumenu
- -.
, , "".
a,

-
, (DINGIR.G6),
161. ,
, ,
a " /"
162. ,
., , 1970; 1970a.
1988; 1990: 45-48; 1977:148 .
160
., , - 1989: 243-245.
161
1940: 24-25; RGTC VI: 214; 1992: 91.
162
1971: 41 . . (1960: 229)
, ,
158
159

51


(, ), ..
163.

(Thseus; T(h)essob/p Theis/ew/ba )164. ( ) ,
. labrys165.
, . labyrinthos labrys166.
, . parau '', ,
167
, , ,

.


,
( ).
. -,

(, "
") .
" "168,
.

,
.. Karahyk- (.
' ') . [.-.
*kem- *k'em-] '' '', . 1985:
155-156, , .
163
. 1982: 213-214. , ,
( , .
1931: 176-183; , ).
164
., , 1981a, 1985: 40. o-
. t = t (th); = s, ; b =
b, v, w ( 1987: 430-431).
165
., , 1990: 142.
166
,
(Quest. Gr. 45). ,
, (,-);
,
, .-. *arg'- ( satm).
167
, 1984: 716, . 1, 2; 1998, .
168
- 1986: 112.

52

(I, 13),
(noratik' , . nor '' ti '')169 . , ,
" ", Mnnerbund- -. ,
/
170
.

Mnnerbund- , 171 (
Mnnerbund- " " . , II, 2).
,
" " . . " "
,
,
. , , ( 766; Pyth. 4, 246)172.
.
" ". " ", "
", ; ,
.-. *Harg'-173.
. , ,

noratik' ew harust joj ; . .


' ' (); ' () '.
170
/ () Mnnerbund- , , . 2000: 26, 27, 30, 42,
89, 185, 202, 211, 267; Mnnerbund-,
.-. rmig ' '.
171
, . 2000: 202, . 4 (,
, , ..);
" " ( I, 37, 2) "
" (I, 38, 9).
172
. 1990: 232.
173
1988: 163. Argapa,
*arg'-.
169

53

.-. *wel-, " " (. ,


III, 1).
, -, ,
. .-. *tek's'', ', ' (: ', '),
. . taa, .-.-. dehsa '' ( :
*teks- > *the- > thei-; *teks- > tess-).
-, . "
(DU) takanna-" (KUB XXVI, 39, IV, 32), . . tak- '',
takan- ', ', . taksan- '', . taan''. . .-.
*ep-/*op- ',
', p > w (Theiewa),
(, -, ). , - ' '174.

.. *tek's- .
1964: 55 ( , -
); . .
. tei/teik '' . . . dehsa '' .
. . dhse ''. - ,
, , o o o oe e '' *tek's-. , (.
, 1991: 138-140). ,
, ,
(. , II, 2; VI, 1). ,
a ,
,
( 1899: 52-53). ,
Mnnerbund- ; .
.
Komana, Kommagn
. kom '' ( [XII, 2, 3],
" ,
"), . 1985: 155-156. , Kark,
, Mo cam '/ '
(
, . cam . kom, . HAB
s.v.). . DELG s.v.; s.v.;
1990: 228-229.
174

54

(Hebat, . Heba, Hipa, ..)


175.
Hippolyt
(' ', . . hippos '' < *ek'wo-), 176
Mtr Hipta (Eipta) , Hb (
177
) .
(I, 14),
.
" ", " " (. , III, 2). ,
. ,
,
. Ba'al amin ' '. spitakapa '-' ( 784), , , " , " ( II, 14).
'' '' ()
( X, 43, 5, ..).
,
("" VIII)178.
Sew sar (.
' ')179.
., , 1944: 106-107; 1981a: 85, . 30. , . (1944: 30, 55, . 50), ,
, ,
. . (1998: 42), Hebat Hbadu < *Ha(l)abatu '( ) -' (
).
176
. 1981: 76-80; , 1996: 199-201,
(Epta-kenthos, Epta-poris, Epte-zenus, Eptala
..). , Hipta - ,
Sabazie
..
177
1967: 215-216.
178
"" "" ""
"" , ,
, ., , 1987: 84-85, 92-93. ""
, ,
rjuneya ' '. ,
. , , "
" *rmo- *arg-.
179
I: 333.
175

55

, ,
, ,
- (. , I, 7)180.

Arme, Urme Urumu (-),
(. , II, 5; VI, 2; VI,
3). " "181 (
) " " (SC A: 1037). , ,
182
, . , (< Mu-ak), ,
. , -. Peirithoos, ( ). ,
, , ,
(. , II, 5; IV, 2). , .

.., , , , ..
XV-XIV .183.
""
Ar(a)m-
.. , . , ""
,
"/",
184
, (. , IV, 4; VI, 2) .
, " "
, . , , , "" ,
; , .. ,
, , .
181
I: 417. . : 95.
182
I: 333, 385 ., 417.
183
. 1944: 111; 1992: 88-89.
184
, (1903: 478), / (?) " " ( Aramis/ ar ilani;
"" 180

56

, , . " " , ,

,
. . ""
,
185
. , Armouris Arest
.


"" ( II, 50).
() [...]
...186
" " ""
( . , IV, 2)187.
), .
, Hadad-, Ramman/
Rimmon- (. armen). . , VI, 2.
185
, , ,
;
, .. , ,
. 1978: 217-221, .
186
"", :
" ,
(yena) " (I, 32,14); " " (I, 33, 5).
187
"
". . - , ,
, ,
, " "
"", . " "
() ,

" " (- 1986: 122.
" ", . , II, 3 II, 5;
. 1960: 233
., 254 .). -

57

2.
(I, 10-11),
, (Hayk) .
, , , ,
,
,
.

Mnnerbund- " ".


, .
Harii (Germania 43): " [ ] ,
, " ( Harii, Mnnerbund-, . 2000, 41-42). ,
" ,
" ( I, 13).
, " "
( : ;
: ; ), " ".

(. , IV, 1), .
,
() .
. ,
"" "" .

( 1959: 9).
. ,
"", , ,
(, "" ""). ,
,
, ,
, " " "" . ,
" " . . 1997: 36-64; 2001.

58

,
, 188.
,
, , , , , .
" - "
. .
,
( . .) [...].
, . ,
. [...]
, , ,
, ()
() ; , , .
, , . ,
. [...]
dastakert ( ', .. '')
Hayk' ('', '').
Hayoc' jor (' '). ,
, Gerezmank' ('') [...]. , , ,
(), Hark' (
, . .)
, .
, , Hayk'.
(Haykn)
189. -, -
( 275
..), .
, . 1891.
188

59

, , Kandan190 (' '; , Kandan/Kandaos


, )191.
, , (Oppian, Cynegetica 2, 28192
29), " " .
, :
" , ", , , :
" , , ". ,
- ,
"
193
" . , , , , , ,
, -).

, , ,
, Mnnerbund-a,
.
- , ,
" "
(
)194, . .

" ". ari ', '
martik yoy '/ " .
a a
(. . Ars, . Mars, -

1895: 119 ., 124.


. 1972: 452.
191
. . 1963: 94, 304.
192
- 1986: 119. , ,
", " .
193
, " " , ( ,
, ., , .
1963: 114 .; 1997: 182 .). , " " (.
1963: 309), , , ,
, . ,
.
194
- . . 1963: 309-310;
1981: 239-240; , 1985: 16-18. :
2000: 210 . passim.
189
190

60

. Varhran ), .. (. Ange).
, "
".
; ,
195
, .

, .-. *wel-,
(., , . ',
', . , '')196. Ange, , *wel-. , ,
.
- -
,
(Zagro/Zagros). ,

/ ( ).
-,
197 ( , , , , . . tauros '')198. -
, Masius
() Masis (). .
, ;
,
. 1895: 238; 1944: 38; E. - 1970: 182-183.
. , 1984: 615, . , .
, . Prne '' . (.)
Prun ' ' (. . ). Alawunk',
, . Pleiades (*plew-) , ,
. Prne .-. *pelu-, *peru- (IEW: 800).
, , .-.
*wel- " "
.
197
1969: 23-24. , ,

. (2000: 96, 205).
198
(Dionysiaka I, 408-409), "
, Tauros ". ,
(. Tawros, Toros) ,
, a C'ul ''.
195
196

61

199. (Zagreus, . '


'?, ), " "
, , , , " ",
(Nonnos, Dionysiaka VI, 165-205).
, , "
"200; , , , , "
" , , (.
, III, 1). , ,
Aramean-ak ' '201 (. ), ..
202
"" .
T'orgom-,
Beth Togarmah, . Torgomay tun ' ', . Thorgoma,
Thrgama, Thergama, . Twgrmh, Tgrmh, Trgmh (
" " )203.
Tegarama (.
Tegarama, . Te/ akarama, . . Lakarama), 204.
, T'orgom Tarhu-,
. . Trqqa-, .-. Tarchn, . Tarquinius, .
Tork- .205, T'orgomean, Tar(i)gyenos (< Tarhun-)206.
, , Hayk' '', Hayoc' jor ' '.

1977a: 84.
I: 55.
201
1981: 52.
202
, ,
Hark'-e, e (. ), . 1931: 182.
203
(III ..),
,
, , , , ., . 1927: 190-191;
1946: 319 . ( [Ant. I, 5, 1], -Tho/ygrams
).
204
" T'orgom-" , . , VI, 6.
205
. 1927: 191.
206
. , 1987: 150. ,
, Targhu/izziza (= . , . , I, 6).
199
200

62

207. -le
-li/le (= l),
.
Arama ''. .
,
(Apollod. I, 6, 3) (Nonnus I, 481 .). (. )
,
. , Aramale
'' Hayk' '' " " .
Arimoi (pl. ''), .
Hark', gen. Hark'ay .-.
*prkh Perk,
, 208
(. *perkw- '', *perkwu-n- ' ') .
.
Hurri (= Xo), . ,
, Xo , Xoxounik' (. , VI, 5).
, , " ", , , , ,
, , 209.

, " ".
,
. , , . : 30-31.
1981: 137 .
209
, ,
. " ",
, . ,
, ,
*arg'- (. argi-keraunos
' '),
Arimoi. ,
'' '' .
207
208

63

210, , ,
(. , III, 1; V, 2; VI, 1; VI, 5).
211
. , a , b'l ', ',
(.
"
" .-. *wel-). ,
.-. *poti- ', , ' (.
. . hay '', .. 'a ', mer
hay ' / ')212. ,
, 300 ,
nahapet '' (< .)
.-. *pot-. ,
- Prajpati,
ganapati, vrtapati, bhtapati,
pati,
.-. *poti- .213
*

. ,
-,
Hark', ..
(Nemrut' = ) o .
1990: 181 .; 1990: 98.
. 1982: 270-271; 1994: 133-141.
212
. . hospes, . (< *ghos[t]- pot-), . posis, . paiti-,
. pati-, .A pats, ..
213
, ., , A. 1991: 102104; 1997: 22-24 ( ); .
1992: 18. : 2000: 210 ., 242-244, 252. -k -kn Hayk Haykn (' ') *-kon- > -kn > -k,
-ik ( .
1994: 66); . , -ak. -k Hayk, .,
, 1904: 127; 1920: 320; 1964: 65-66.
-
, ., , '' ''
( , . ).
210
211

64

, - . " " (=
) (t'onir,
) .
,
. ,
, 214.
, .
T'ondrak ('', .).
( 1352 1441 .).
,
( 8 )215.
, ,
, ,
,
,
(Apollod. I, 6, 3).
, "
". " " mankunk' orsakank'
"/ " (t'ux manuk),
, "" ,
Mnnerbund-216.
. , t'ux ', ' t'xem (t'ux-em) '', t'ux manuk
217. ,
, " " - (. ).
, Meraget (
Me, . .-. *mel- ', ' = .
Kara-su ' ') 1969: 72-73. . 1967: 209 ( .
, II, 5).
215
HHTB s.v. Nemrut'.
216
A. 2001. . 1976: 193-195.
. saw lpp .
' ' (= ), . III: 43 ; 1986 :21.
217
2001: 45-46; A. 2001: 25-28. "", ""
"" . 1958: 7, 138, . 13; 1986: 98103; 1986: 81-82. 1981: 111112.
214

65

218.
, - (", ") , ,
, " ".
;
, . ;
, 219.

" ".
Astik ( Meraget,
) ,
(

, 220
[Diod. Sic. II, 19]) . ,
, , ; , . . ,
( resp. Astik
'' ),
Crannarain ( )221.

. , , , , ,
, , ,
. ,
, ,
-,
222.
Astik, , .
1969: 89.
. 1948: 246-249; 1969: 88-89,
95, 98, 106; . 1999: 109.
220
. (1885:
26-27); . 1930: 68-69; 1948: 236 .; VII: 163164.
221
. . 1963: 402. .
1972: 130-131.
222
. , 1985: 17-18 .
.
, .
218
219

66

Kaukabta. Astik
, , , (= ,
). , . Itar
. Astik (*Haster- ''), , , .-. *Ha-s- (*h2ehx-s-) '': *Has-ter- '
'? > '' ( *-ter-)223.
, (224
), (Hestia '') .
, (. ).

,
-, , -.

.
( Hrat '',
. . Pyroeis)225. , Hayk
.-. *H(s)- ''226. , "
. , 1984: 875, . 1; 967,
; . EIEC: 87. ,
,
, ( -;
, , ).
224
Hestia . 1990:
143-180.
225
()
, , (Stilbon-P'aylacu, Phosphoros-Lusaber, Pyroeis-Hrat, Phaethon-Lusnt'ag, Phainon-Erewak).
Luc '', Eeru '', ..,
. ., ,
1986: 79-80; 1997: 481-482.
226
h- '
'; . .-. ith (*H-ti-) '', . ara '' . hs(*H-s-) '', . ayrem (*H-ter-) '', .., . EIEC: 87.
Hayk *H-yo-, *H-to-, *H-ti-, *H-tiyo-,
*Hs-, *Hs-iyo- ( -ik). . . hayim '', hayeack,
hayecuac '' . look ', " .
lucanem '' ( /
[dneay hayecuacov, dnahayeac, . , I,
8-9]).
223

67

" *r-mo- ', ; ' (resp. ''),


'' ,
. , , , " "
"", . , , Hayk
.-. *H(s)- '', (
*p- > h- *-t- > -y-) *poti- > hay
227
'' .
*

,
228. (I, 5) ,
229
- , ) .
, ,
,
(Diod. Sic. II, 1, 3 .). ,
nin ', ' (. , , , , ..),
. Bl-. , , " " -.
,
- .
230
,
(< *) .
, Asag (. As/akku) .-. *H(s)-;
, Hayk Asag
.
, , ()

(- ),
.
hay . 1964: 63
.; 1987: 284; . , VI, 1; VI, 4.
228
II: 218-219; . 1944: 16. ,
- I
(XIII ),
40 "", ., , . 1970: 21 .
229
. 1891: 310.
230
, , . 1979: 71-76.
227

68

. , ,
HA.AKI. , , ubari
, , HA.AKI-ubari ""
231
.
. , . hay
233
Hayk232. , Haya (: Eia, Ea) , aoe
Enki, - HA.A.
" ", " ( )"
,
(. ). , ,
, -
. ,
(.
, I, 9)234.
T Ha-a-a (= Haya, Hayya) 235.
NISABA (.) Halki (., '')
, .
, ..
236. (
), ,
Ha-a-a
, 237.
1944: 31, 94-96.
2000: 47.
233
Haya Ea, . 1981a: 83, . 22;
/: 1985: 84 . ,
..
, . 1997: 481.
234
-
(" ").
" ",
. , ,
(. , III, 2).
235
RLA 1957-71, s.v.
236
. 1992: 91-92; HED III: 38-39.
237
,
, .
231
232

69

3. " "
, . . , ,
, .
, ,
. ""
238.
, , ', ';
" ", . ,
239
, .
, , .
,
" ".
,
,
.
240.
. . (1986: 82)
, " , ,
, ,
".
M ,
.
,
, ,
. , ,
.
- (. ).
(.
s.v.). -
. "
". ,
( 1997: 186-189). , ,
- - " "; . (.,
, 1981: 52 .) "" (?).
238
1974: 214-215; 1985: 33.
239
, , . 1973: 562-63.
240
: 23. ,
-

70

payas,
( ). , ,
,
, ;
("" I, 7). .
,
;
( 2 : 1),
. ,
,
.
, ,
. . -, . " "
241.
" ", ,
"" , , . :
" ! .
,
(= ). ,
(= ). ,
.
242.
, , - (,
. ., , . ("" I, 57),
. ("" XI, 305 .), ..
241
. , 1961: 216-219; 231-232;
1998: 168.
242
1990: 40-41; . 1977: 116.
Aranzah *arg-. ,
,
Arzan (. Arzan/Arzann, .
Harzan). . Ars/zania ( s.v.;
Ars/zania [= .
Aracani]). , Aranzah *Arzanah.
, Aranzah
Aram- Aran-, . 1980: 123-125.

71

-).
,
. , , ,
243.
4. " "
(I, 23)
(Arcruni), ,
:
... ,
.
,
.
, ;
.
, (
" " [= ]). [...] ( = ? . .) - ;
(.. , . .)
, .

( II, 7).
243


(. 1987: 414; . .
2000: 464 .). ,
V (II, 10), , ,
. " " , ,
, , ,
, . , , .
1987: 92. , .
,
("" 35, 38). "
", .
, .
, ,
(. , I, 10). ,
""
, .

72

( ) , arcui uni (.
'/ ', . . -uni . .),
(.. . .).
(Hadamakert
Abak,
- . .) , , ,
.
(I, 6), , Arcruni, , Arcuik' (. '', ).
, , ,
Arzn (
= . ).
, , ,
, .. ,
" ". . , , 244. ,
, , ,
, Oj ('') . . ,
. ,
, , .
, .
, , ,
, , " " " "245.
" ",
"".
Arcruni .-.
*(H)arg'-246. Arzn (< *Arcn?) Abak (
I: 384-385.
SD: 339-341.
,
. ,

" ", . 1977: 97-98.
246
Arcruni Arsuniuni
( 1960) . Arcurak < .-. *arg'- (. 1991: 130). 244
245

73

), .-. *arg'- *albh''. ( , Abak


).
arcui '', 247
.-. *arg'- '; ' .
,

. ,
, . "" ,
"".
(Badasar)
, " ". , ,
(Badad, . . [ =
gh]). , ,
" " " ",
" ". ,
-248.
, Arcruni (< Arc-r- Arcur- + uni) . Argos (*Argros)
argyros ''.
247
. . rjipya-, , . rzifia'', . aigypios < *argipios ', '. . arcui
'' , " a
", . . c .-. g', . z . j; . arcui srat'ew
' ' ( II, 50, " "
, . , II, 1) . accipiter '', .., .
1995: 71. , (. arciw-,
. rzu, . arcib, . b-arzu, ..). ,
-ni (: arciwi-),
'', ,
- " "
- .
. c, .-. *g',
, .
(..
) = . cov , . Supa-(ni) = .
Cop-k, Tuarasi-ni = . Tuarac-a-tap ' ', .. (
z j zi). ,
* gipiyo- > arcui , . . Arsibedini
( 1986: 49).
248

( ). . , V, 1;
Bel '' "", . .-.

74


249, ,
. "" , , .
, .

. , .
,
.
250
( ) .
,
, ""
. , . Alburz (.-. Harburz,
. Har Brzaiti) . Abak.
"" ("" X, 50) Har Brzaiti ,
. " ,
, , ". , , "", '' (zairi ) ""
(ukra uci ) .
, /, (""
IV, 26; IV, 27).
, , (yena),
(. sanamra > .-. snmur). , ,

*bhel-, . , . bal '', bil '' < ' ' .. (


a . 1986: 97-98). " "
. A. 2001;
., , 1960.
249
, ,
, . -,
,
(. . , .
Krzywgorod = . Curvum castrum, , .
1980: 40 ., 63 .). . kreivas ''
cu '', ', ', '',
(
, ).
250
-1934: 114-116; I: 385, . 2.

75

. , (26, 6; 27, 4)
, . arcui 251.
. , , , (" "; " 252
"; " ") .
,
,
. Abak,
Abak253; .-. *albh- ''
254, ,
.
Zabu/Zabua
" ". (
,
) (a),
,
.
, .
-
,
. ,

, . ,
255
. .
, ,
*Harg'- -
* gipiyo-. "" ' ' ( rzifya),
("" 5, 4).
"", a (= ), ,
. Syavaran (= . Siyv),
. . (
'', .
" " , arcui srat'ew
' ', . , II, 1). ,
.
"" ,
(. *arg'-, . , VI, 3).
252
1967.
253
HHTB I: 161.
254
. 1962: 8, 24-26.
255
A. (1992; 2000: 40-43),
. / ME ('
, ', ' ', '', '') .
251

76


. Zabum, Zaban, Zamiyatum, . Zaba. , , , Lulubi
Lulubi ( 46). Lulubi/Lulumi Zamua (. Zabua)
256
, .
babbar ', '
(, )257, .
. k.babbar ''. .-. *arg'', ; ', *
- ''.258
,
(--) *
- -
259
, , , .. ,
-

..260

Aratta .-. *ar( -to- (. . rta' ', . ard ', , ', ..).
, Aratta Ardini,
(.
1992: 30-31, . 6; . , 1989: 36, . 95). ,
" ", ,
, " " (
, . 1964: 208, .
21). , ,
).
256
. : 78, 129.
257
" ", 7, 2; 28; 17, 22; B 1, 8.
258
, "" ""
, . 1969: 32 .
259
. (1967: 349), - , , - .
, *arg'-, /
.
260
. 1999: 277.

77

5.
, ,
, , .
Abak ( Hakkari),
. , , , '' Abak
(. .-. *albh- ''), Ar (.
*arg'- '', . ).
(Aramaneak, . Aramenak, Armenak)
Aragac. (Aramayis, . Armayis)
Armawir.
, Aram-,
. ,
, ,
,
261.
, , .
776 . .. I,

. arm- arg-
. ,
" " ( , . VI, 5).
. Ar(r)amu, . Arama,
Arame ( 860-840 ..).
,
(810-806 ..),
.
, " "
'', , .
, ,
,
.
261

78

, , ,
262. ""
ku(n) Arzaku(n) ( za
) Ar Arcke (.
263
, ), .
.-.
*arg'-. Ar, gen. Arioy < *arco- < *arceskho- (. . Ar aku-)264
< *argesk(h)o-; Arcke < Arcak, . . *arc- ', ', arcat
''265.
, , , .., "
"
.
., , 1954: 202; 1995: 35.
: 34-35. . H. 1984: 189-191.
264
(., .) = c; = s; k = k.
*skh > , . 1984: 158-160; , c >
, . anaem < *canaem < *gen- ''; ,
. '' < *ekwo- ''; -() < *-(e)skho-, ., ,
Baa ( ) Mu (< *muskho-, . , V, 2)
.
265
Arsaku(n) , , ""
, . 1995: 26 .
, ,
Arsaku(n) Ar
. , Ar (. Ari)
(. 1944: 30 ); ,
- Ariak > Arak ' Ar' (. ). . (1908: 315-316, . 2), ar
'' , ,
, ', ' ( , .-.
*arg'- , . 1962: 8,
. 2, 31-32). ,
.-. *arg'-,
, , .
, , Arsaku,
""
. , (., , . .
Tarhunza, Yarri, Runtiya; . Telepinu, Arnuwanda, anda, Kubaba, ..).
,
(. , I, 7;
, ..). . Aram
, . , VI, 2.
262

263

79

, ,
. ,
,
"" ( , ,
, ). (3 x 2)
;
, , . Aram
' '266. ,
.
,
( ),
267
(3 x 2)
(3 x 2 x 2) 268.
,
XVI - ("-"),
, , .. (.
Xlat', . Ahlat). , XVI . . ,
269
( ) .
, Arcke (< *arg'-),
- .
Siptak dev ' ()'.
. ,
( ), .

" ". , ,
"" (. , V, 1).
Urme.
Arme270 (=rm, . * -mo''). Urumu, , , ,
. , 271.
266


. , " ( )
"; , .
1970: 15-16, . 7.
267
2000: 42-43.
268
27, l, 4.
269
. - 1967: 403-404; , 1971: 180.
270
: 39, 210-211.
271
1984: 167: 151; 196: . 97.

80

(: Orm, Orom)
Arme Aram- (.. * -mo-, *r-mo-, . , VI, 3).
, / (
)


,
Aracani Arz(a)n272. Aracani,
Arsanias *arg'- (. ,
VI, 6). Arzn/ Arzan, , (. Arzane,
Arzanene, . Harzan, Zok),
*Arcani < Arcania (
).
, ,
, Arzn
Abak. , ,
,
, 273
(908-943) .
"', "" (
,
[= ],

).
, - ( . [
], ,
) .
. (,
, )
274
- .
, . , (Aremulus; . Amulius, Allodius;
Rmulus), ,

272

: s.v.

X ,
,
, ; , .
274
1967: 209; 1969: 72-73. . , II, 2.
273

81

( ). ,
(Alba '') 275.
. Aremulus/
Rmulus, , ( . ).
(
, ) (. ,
, ), 276
.
(Remus, Rmulus)
' '.
(Rma) .
; Albula (.
Alba; Livius I, 3, 5). Rmulus .-. *rmo- ( ). ,
, .
, (.
Hayk ' ')
277
(. ) .
,

(Horatius, Curiatius).
. .
,
.

275

III: 67-68.
. , ,
, . ,
, *nep()t- (. Apm Napt, .
Nechtan, . Neptunus). , (. *nept' , '),
-, ,
. A. 1998: 15-16 ( , , ,
); .
. (< *nept-).
276
, a Aremulus . ,

(*rmo-), , (
., , s.v. ).
277
, , ,
(Plut. Vita Romuli XXVII; Livius I, 16).

82

Argiletum
' -' (Vergil. Aeneid VIII, 345-346).
Argei
, (. , *arg'-).
278
, Rma ,
, , *rmo-/*rmo-,
"
".
279
. ,
, ,
.
, , Armais,
Sethos(is)-, ,
.
. Armais Sethos(is)
Danaos Egyptos (Joseph. Flav. Contra Apion I, 15 seq.;
Euseb. Caesar. Chron. I, 215 seq.). Sethos
,
. , Sethos Armais .
.

(Apollod. II, 8, 2).
(Herod. I, 82), .
"" "" /
. ,
, , ,
(..
).
, '
' , (.
, I, 2). , ( )
, 280
(. arget ''). " "
, " " " "
, ,
Findbennach Ai ('
').
., , DEL: 830.
. ; , . 1981: 300-311
; 1981: 85-86.
280
, 1985: 39-41.
278
279

83

(XVI ),
(Widowudi,
Bruteno) VI .
,
Crywo Cyrwaito (. . Krive-Krivaitis). Perkuno
( ), Patrimpo Patollo ,
Rickoyto (
).
(),
()
()281.
, ,
, Romowe.
, Rme, Armawir, Urme-Arme. ,
,
Ficus Ruminalis
282.


.
1) - ""
(.-. *arg'-); 2) ( ) ""
"" (.-. *r-mo-); 3) "" "" "
"283.

, .
1974; , 1983: 170-175.
282
, 1983: 171-172.
, , , ( I, 20).
283

, . 1970a: 208.
,
, . 1968: 27. ""
(, , ..).
, (< )
''
URU
K.BABBAR.
281

84


" "
1. ,
, (Ara Geecik)
.
(= . ),
, , . (
, . .) [...], , ,
,
, , ,
,
.
, ,
, , ,

. [...] ,
.

.
.

. ,
.

, , : " , ". [...]
,
. , , : " () ,
, ;

, ".
, , ( I, 15)
85

,
, : " Aralez-". ,
Aralez- (. Yaralez,
Alez), , .
(Res publica X, 614 b seq.), r, Armenios-a,
, ( ,
), , 12
,
.
Aa ,
, XIX 284 ( ,
armen, .. , ). , , .
,
, .

;
.
(,
, ) " " , 285
( ) .
geecik ', ' .-.
*wel- '' ( = ). ,
(Antiquitates Judaices I, 146), a
Oulos- ( Hul ),
286
*wel- .
*Wel-
. " " *wel- ,
(, . Vrtra, Vala, , ),
.
, . ,
1850: 85-88.
. 1930; 1948; 1944. , . 1991: 49
.; 1982; 1994: 133 . ,
(., , Diod. Sic. II, 1, 4 .).
286
, . , VI, 2.
284
285

86

:
1) : .A wl '', . ulant '',
..; 2) , ,
(= ): . lysios leimn '287
' , . wellu- '', .-. vollr '', Valholl
''; 3) , ,
: . Vels, Vielona, .-. /, .
; 4)
: . , (= ),
'', . wl ', '; 5) , ,
: .
, , , 288
, , . fili '', ..

" "
*wel-, , , .
*wel- ''
(sight, insight, foresight, observance, vigilance)289.
" " ,
, , "
" ( ,
,
, ).
, ,
.
Aa ,
. ,
,
. ,
. .
, , .-. *wel-.
,
Geam.
, .. Siwnik' Arc'ax
(. Karabagh). ,
, Geam- ( I, 12).
Geam Geecik, ,
, lysion ' , ' (. 1990: 140),
.
288
1987: 17-19; . , 1974: 31 .; ,
1984: 824.
289
1969: 588.
287

87

, .
, 290.
ge-
Geam-; . Ge, Geam ,
; Gei,
; Geak'uni, Geark'unik', -
.. KURUeliku-ni/hi
"", ,
, *wel-.
,
- (viap '' < .),
, ,
Geark'unik', Geam .
Ge, ,
Gei. , Ge,
, Adahak (.).

291
.
, ,
ge- < *wel- . ge , viap . *gwel''292,
.-. *wel- (> *gwel- > ge-),
. , gwelweapi '-' o .
293
Geam *wel
.
-am (Aram,
Geam). , , amiram (< Samurammat),
Baram (< Baalamin); . Pask'am (A. 1991: 110; . , IV, 2.
;
, . . , , ,
, . A. 1987; 2000: 28 .
292
1964: 61-62 (. gwel-, . gwer-; . . hiw-/ u-, wi-/ u-).
293
1981: 55 (< . ge- ''). . e
Hulana, Hulaya (.), Vilnia, Vilija (.), .., ., ,
, 1984: 861-862 (*Hwel- '').
290
291

88

Turk'-) Argam, "" Argawan-,


"".
geni, . genik, gni ''
294
. , .
hay armen ,
,
Geam Ara Geecik.
-, *wel- (. . volcae, . velsounas, . volski, ..),
295
" " . ni(k)
geni(k) no o *-niyo- (*-n- + *-iyo-) > -ni, /
-ik296.
Ueliku-(ni/hi), ,
, . - , ,
, .
, .
, , . ,
297.
Ni hi Ueliku-ni/hi ,
. , Ueliku-(ni/hi) Ullikummi, , , , 298.
1975: 64, 67; HAB I, 536; , . A.
1987: 67; . . 1976: 193; 1987a: 615-616.
295
, 1979.
296
, geni '' *wel- ""
hay '' hayim ''.
297
1990: 52-60; 1977: 125 . ,
, ,
, . I: 69; I: 88.
298
' ', .
1982: 158-159. , ,
- (A. 1987), .
. ,
-mmi , .,
294

89

VIII ..,
Ueliku- .
299
, , XVIII-XVI .. ;
, , .
*

, " ,
". Ayrarat
, (" ") -.
, Arzni300(
XV Arcni < *arg'-niyo-), .
(Aragac, Ara, Geamay Masis) . (I, 12), " Aragac,
Aragacotn (' ')".
(
). Ara Geamay
. (= )
, . "", ,
,
(. , IV, 2).
" " "" ,

-
. ,
" ". , , , ,
" " . , " " ,
.
Ara(y), Ayrarat, Aramaneak/Aramenak, *ar( -to- (*r-to-), *ar-o-, *aryo-, *aryomen- (. *ar[ - ', , , . pura, . purame purammi '', . 1985: 48;
. 1988: 170. *wel- + Kummi
.
299
. ( ); . ,
1966: 291-293, .
300
1969: 11, 166-167.

90

', *ar-yo- ', '),


, : , .
*aryo-, . ryvarta, . Airyana vajah (
), . rn '', .-. *Alani
'' (< *aryana), . riu ''; . ra (< *r-o), . Rta, . Aa (* -to-), . Aryaman, . Airyaman, .
Eremon (*ar
..301.
Ara Geecik
Mitra(*mitro- + *wel-), :
, , , , .. (. . + )302.
,
-.
Mitra, Aryaman
. Aryaman,
Bhaga,
301

""

Az/ a, .. Waza Waca,
Eria-hi. ( ,
VIII
..). Eria (resp. Aria; . e . a
) Waca (> gac)
Aragac, .

Airyana vajah ' ', .
, , ,
(. 1930: 258-274,
), , , Airyana vajah ("" 9,
25). - Hosthanes (Arnob. I, 52) . ostan
' , ' (< .; ,
), Hrazdan,
, Frazdanu (""
5, 108). , -
" ". , Airyana vajah
, . 1998: 26-27,
53-54, 113, 451. ,

(. , . Ueliku-, . Geakunik < *wel-,
*e > a).
(. Etiu-ni/hi),
, . , VI, 4.
302
. 1987: 18-19; 1989: 43-52.

91

. , ,

.
ra(s), . Ara303.
. ara- ' , , ', ara aran ' ', . drug druga. ra- ( , , . , a-)
', ', ' , , ',
natta ra ' ',
" ". ras, Hinkallus '' Kelti '', ,
, 304. , . Ara(y)
. ra/Ara
*Ar,
, .
.- *ne ar-(t)o- ', ' a
,

. .
. l ra = natta ra
"", ( X, 10, 4;
KBo V 3 III 34; XXII 2, 19)305. . Aryaman, . Airyaman, .
Eremon (*Aryomen-) 306. , l ra
, ,
,
: " " (KBo I, 42,
1944: 78 .
1981: 323-324; . HED I: 116-121. . ayr ayr, ayr a ayr, ayr
st ane, ayr zaramb ' a' ara aran, . ayr
', ' . ara-, .-. *ar-yo-.
.-. *aryo- ayr, ayr, gen. an
', ', , , *aryo-, * sen-
*( ner-, . 1987: 182.
305
1986: 10-11.
306
1970: 376 .; 1981: 325-326. ,
"" ( ), .-. *Aryomen-
, . 1970, loc. cit.
. , IV, 3.
303
304

92

IV, 7). Ara Geecik "" . ,


, , , , .
, Ardy Vrz- (' '; , ), , ("Ardy Vrz Nmag",
IX-X . ..).
, ,
. ,
.
, . , (
, Vrz/p/f , . .-. *wel-).
" " -
: 1) -, ; 2) -,
; 3) -, , .
.
(Germania 2, 3),
, "
,
(Hermin[i]ones),
". , , Herminiones, , , . (,
, , .. *aryo-)307.
, a ,
" " : ,
. , ,
,
.
, ,
,
(. , VI, 5)308.
, " "
,
/.
, ,
1952: 26-27.
, armen, , Aramaneak/Aramenak, . azg Aramenakay '
', ordik' azgacnin Aramenakay ' ',
.., " " , ., , . 1998:
123.
307
308

93

309. ( "",
,
, ; a
, [. . < . Tiran],
310
/) .
, . Ara(y)
.-. *
-: , * -yo-, * -to-, * -tiyo311
. Ayrarat
ayrem ', ' -at, .. ' '
(., , heeat ', ' < he-he-at, heem '').
*aryo- > ayr-, ..
( -312
) . , ,
*aryomen- . .
, *Aryomen-
,
'Aryanhood', ;
,
313. " ",
314.
"" (
).
(= )315.
., , 1902: 156.
, . 1930: 237238; 1948: 266; 1986.
311
A. , . . .
.-. *aryo- (. 328-332),
Ara, " "
"" (. 78 .).
(. Are-jo, Are-mene) .-. *aryo- *aryaomen- .
2001: 277. . (1992: 18) .-. *r -to-, *er- ', ' . . yarut'iwn '', yanem ',
' .
312
Ayrarat . 1988: 163-166.
313
1970: 376-378; 1981: 325-326.
314
. 1963: 477. , .
315
1930: 153-170; 1948: 289-292; 1944: 65-68; A.
2001a.
309
310

94

, (.
), , 316.
, ;
, , 317.
318
" " .
(" ")
319.
VII : "
, , ,
", Yardgoi het '
'.
, " ", .. .
. , ,
" ", "
" ; , Ara
320.
*

.
" ".
, , (
) .
Ari Armaneli,
, 321, " , -

,
. , ,
(., , 1930: 165-166). ,

a , . 1969: 365.
, . 2000.
317
1899: 95 .
318
1930: 164.
319
1969: 8.
320
, X
(Res gestae Saxonicae I, 9-13),
, ,
. . , ; ,
, Irmin (. ), , .
321
I: 187.
316

95

"322; 323.
324.

: Aslan (. '') , .
.
, -, 325.
, (. ' ')
, ,
. , , - .
,
326
(. . ) . HH III: 175-181.
HH IX: 231-237.
324
, ,
, , . , , ,
.
, .
, ,
, . ( 1930: 32-40, . , IV, 1).
, , ,
.., " " (. ).
325
.
- (. 1930: VI). . 1960: 29; 1986: 141; . 1973: 218-219.
, , ,
Yaralez- (yar lezun, yar lizu).
yaralez yar + lez, ', ', V
, . 1992: 18. , Aralez Alez ' ', ' () ', . (, , ),
Aralez Arali,
, .,
, 1983: 194. , , ,
,
. , , ,
, . 1976: 158 .; 1977: 208-209, ;
1954: 29-31, 36. . . 2000: 383-384 , IV, 1.
326
. I, 507-513; . 2000: 410-414.
322
323

96

, -
; ,
" " .
" ", , Alez-
( V, 36), .. .
,
. , ,
327
" " . I, , , ..
,
(. , V, 3).
" "
, ,
328
.
:
. [...]
Agavu Kar- (' '),

,

329.
.
. .
, " "
" "330. ,
327

, , , , ,
, . 1966: 243.
328
, ,
( ), .
329
: 384.
330
/ .
Agavavank 'M '.
' ', , . 1969: 47-48;
, , , ,
, . 1976: 82; 1966: 217.
( 1976:
204, 218) (' 1986: 109), ( 1976: 161, . , IV, 1).

97

,
,
331.
, , (1.83
x 4.45 2) IX ..
, , . :
D

Haldie eriie IIpuinie IDSarduriehinie IMenuae IIpuinihinie inili K

' , , , , () ,
, ...' ( 27, 1-2).
"" .
" " Mheri du ' ' ,
. . :
, , [...],

. [...] ,
I .., , , [...]; ""
.
:
,
(spelaeum), , , , ;
[...] , ,
. [...] [...] "
", "" ,
VIII-VII ..; [...]
(" ")
, ,
. [...] ,
(Corax), , , ,
, , . 1956: 152 . ,
" " :
" "
, . ,
"" si-sa, . 1997: 320-321, 451 (.
, , ).
331
: 387.

98

,
,
...332
, ,
333
(Mithras) . (
).
, "Dio Arimanio". . Ahriman- ( ),
, , .
(*aryomen-), " " .
" " () , "
".
334.
, (tauroktonos); ,
, (
), , , 335.
()
(III, 18), ( )
, .. ,
Lezuoy, " " " ".
, XIX , (Lezwoy,
Lezk')
(. . lezu '', lizanem '')336.
Ara + ge-
, , DUarubani, . Aruba(i)ni , . .
, -. Uruwana-/Aruna- ( -
1983: 191-193.
Dar i Mihr '
' , , " "
.
334
: 141.
335
, , - , . 1993: 81-82; :
.. ( ), . 1988:
146, 151.
336
. I: 67; VIII: 248-255.
332
333

99

)337. , Bagmatu ( Bagbartu)338


"" *bhaga- (. Mirabaa- [.], Mitra- Bhaga- [.], [.], ..),
matu
Ahura Mazda, 339.
. . ,
340
, .
,
( IX
)341.
() (. , VI, 5) Haldi (. Aldi),
.-. *wel-342.
(. Musasir), ,
- ,
1986: 57-58.
. 49; 1954: 372; , . 1990: 3941, .
339
Uarubani . (1990b); Ara + *wel Haldi + Uarubani . A. 1991: 106-107.
340
,
; ( ) ;
,
; , ,
.., . 1983.
341
2000: 37 .
342
. A. 1988: 57-60; 2002 (. . < *wal-dh-). ,
. , . ' ' / '- /-'. - /,
- ( 1972: 414, 424, . 5, 8, 9; . .
weapi = . viap) .-. *wel- (. weap- >
). ,
', ' ( : 422-423)
. Pirwa .-. *peru-no- ' ' (.
*pr, . , 1987: 160-161). .-.
/, . I: 430; -
1931: 930 .; 1959: 224; . 1999: 183; 2000:
127-128, . 8.
337
338

100

- .343.
, , -
, " ".
, ( VIII ..),
" (al ribu [?],
), , ,
"344.
, ,
. ,
, (, , ,
- *wel-). " "
" " , .
345
. ardi '' , .-. *ar-t(. ard-), . Rta-346.

, . - (De
Fluviis, XXIII, 5) Mithras, , , Diorphos.
.
- ( ,
, )
(= ) ,
(. Aragac, Ara, Ge, Geamay)347.
(Mihr).
, ,
(. , I, 10),
. o
, Bagayai ' () Bag-'
, - .
, -
( Haldi ): ,
. " Haldiriulhi"; . ( .)
xaldaioi. Xatoyai , 1984: 101.
- 1912: XII, . 3.
345
., , 1985: 134, . 15.
346
1986: 50-51; . A. 1991: 107.
347
, , . ,
, Ullikummi, , o
Weliku-ni/hi.
343
344

101

' Xat-' (
348
, xat- , . Bagayai).
"" . 349.
; ,
, "
350
a " . , ,
. ,
. Haldini ' ';
351 . , "" , (
). Xaldaioi-
,
; ,
, (. , VI, 5)352.
, - , ,
, xald/t-.
,
: . , . , .
, . , , . ,
(., ., . ..), . , .
, . , . , . ,
353
( : ., ,
II: 137.
1940: 114.
350
1993a: 107.
351
1944: 326 .; 1984: 162, . 104. .
1940: 16-17; 1946: 280-281.
352
, . 1992: 53; 1993.
353
., , I: 144-153;
1969; 1948; -1946; 1966; 1986;
1990: 76 .; 1972: 287; 1985; 1985: 39,
.. , . . , ,
. ,
(.
1995: 4); " ", , "
", (1987: 272; 1995: 5; 1997: 30);
, , ,
348

349

102

[.], [.], [.]). , ,


, ,
.
*


. / (. , , , , ..).
" ", , 354
. .
, ,
, ,
: . e / (. ' ')
/; Sydyk (.
'')355 /. , *ar-t-
*Haster-.
-, -
(Met. IV, 28-VI, 24), . , (
a). , (Hermaphroditos), . , , -, ,
. ,
.
(Argephonts) ,
, ,
,
(. , II, 1). , -
, (1987: 362 .)
.. .
,
" " " ".
354
., , 1930; 1944; II: 243-251; 317-341;
1946: 381-394; 1948; VIII: 242-255; . 2000: 365 .
355
. 1987: 163.

103

- - (Cicero, De nat.
deor. III, 59); , ,
356.
(=
Atargatis, )
. , -,
, .
Astik, a ,
357
.
, ,
" " , . ,
, (. Astik)
. , , .. , "
( )" 358. ,
, / , , .
, 2200
. .., - :
(= Enki ) Iremum-:
Iremum-, (= Inanna),
, 359.
Iremum/Ir'emum
ramum '' ( : '', '', '').
. ers . Ara (. , . ; .
HED I:121).
357
., , 1930: 99-107; VII: 154-165. ,
, , ,
, , .
1984: 180, . 297. , ,
. , " " (= ) , . . ur.gal, ur.mah '', ' ' (
-
).
358
., , HAnB s.v. Ara.
359
, 1977: 203 .
356

104

, ,
, . e ''; -
'' '';
', '. ,
'
360. , , '
, (: , ), ,
.
Ea-Haya, Itar Ir'emum , . , '
.-. *Aryomen-, .
, ,

( , ) 361.

362
"", , . , , a
(
) .

363
. "",
" " -
, .

, o (. ,
). .
(. )
(. ). ,
, , , .

1993: 95-97.
., , ANET 507-512.
362
II: 669.
363
1897: 91-92; VII: 161.
360
361

105

2.

, (. Nebrovt' ).
, ,

(Titaneank' ).
, ,
(Ninos), , . " [...]
.
[...] ()" ( I, 13).
, , " "
, . : 1)
Niwkar Mads, 364; 2) Baram, 365
; 3) Payapis Ka(a)eay, . (Baal amin)
,
. ,
.
,
. , , . ,
.
364

. 1963: 67 . ;
: 1966: 296 .; 1984: 180, . 297; .
, , .
365
Payapis (. Papayis), , .
-. Paapis, . Papayos, . Papas ''
( ), . 1928: 221-223; . Apis- (. HAB s.v. pay), -api
( I: 226, . 2),
Papayas. Kaeay, . Kaaeay,
, . Kaya -- ( 1904: 177, 279, .
15). , Kaeay ''.
. ka '' ( 1928: 228). , ,
: (. Papas) (Paus. VII, 17,
11); ,
( ), . . aix, gen. aigos '', aigis '' (
); '' Melanthos '' Xanthos- -
Melanaigis- ' ( )' (.
- 1986: 110); (. ) Aigeus-;
" " (Plut. Vita Romuli XXVII; Livius I, 16, .
"" ).

106

: ( ); ( );
366
.
"", " " " " : ,
(), .
:
, () ,
(), . , Msr-
, ,
. ,
: , ,
(), , . "", , .
*

, .

() .
, . :
(Dnavas), (Dnu), ,
"-" (I, 32, 9), ,
, .
.
. , .. (*dnawo-). .
(" " II, 36; 74-86;
"" I, 29; "" III, 270; XII, 343, ..),
.
, . (Hari
), .. , . ,
,
. 1982; 1994: 133-141. . , IV, 3.
366

107

. , - .
, .
( ). , ("" III, 165,15; " " VI, 266 . ..)367.
, ,
("" XII, 218, 37 .), . .
- (amrta)
("" I, 17). ,
, .
, , , . ,
, , , .
, . (
), (Blos)
.
(Aigyptos, )
(Danaos). , ,
. , .
. (Apollod.
II, 1, 4-5) , .
( ,
) , , .
Blos Ninos-
(. . Bel Ninos).
, Atys
Attis-, (Herod. I, 7). "", , -, "" (Danaoi < *danawo-); ,
368.
, () .
Sethos(is) e ,
369
', . Danaos . 1984.
1986: 129 .
369
., , II: 429.
367
368

108

Armais (a),
-. , " "
370
"" (. , II, 5 , VI, 5) .

. - , . -. . .
: " !
[ ] " l ra = natta ra (KBo XXII, 2, 19)371.
ra "" ,
, "" ,
( )372. 370


, , ,
.
, ", , ",
" ". ,
, .
, , -
, ,
(Paapis
[Contra Apion I, 232, 244], . 1928: 221). ,
(/ ), " " ,

- . , Argitihinili (. '') Argos .
371
1990: 62-63; 1977: 35-36.
372
. " "

. , ,
. , ,
(SC I, 237-240). (= )

109

, "" , "" .
Seth, , ,
. , 373
.
,
, .
() .
, ..
374
. . (
, ), -

. ,
, (
1969: 35).
373
(I, 6, 3), . , . ( Sapanu-Hazzi,
, a - ),

. , " ''
" (. 1981: 10,
). ,
.
(Halieutika 3, 9 .) ,
(. "-" ); ,
. , ,
"" .
, ( ,
, . 1990: 51).
(Dionysiaka I, 481 .) , ,
, , (.
). , .
. , , ,
, . 1985: 123, 1960;
1994: 185-196; 1995: 448-459.
374
. s.v.; 1972.

110


375.
"" Dnu , ,
("" 5, 73; 13, 37-38; 19, 41). ,
Narava ,
("" 9, 18; 13, 131; 17, 38; 19, 77). ,
*Dnu-, *Ner-, .
, , , .
376 Dn .
Dnu. Beli, . . . ,
Nyniaw , ( )
, , .
Danu -, Tuatha
D Danann ' ' .
, " " ( ). , , ,

, .

, " ", ' '377 ''378. . , Argatlm '
' (. *arg'-). Lludd Llaw
Ereint, .. Lludd (< Nudd) ' ', .
- ,
Bres (', ').
riu, , (
, . *aryo-),
, .
.
,

, . 1986: 10 .
376
: 1975; , 1961; 1991;
1992; , 1994.
377
. , 1985: 487, . 5.
378
1981: 327, . 17.
375

111

,
( ).
,
, .
, ,
(. ,
). ' /' (Samildnach)
(,
, , )379.
, . , ,
. ,
.
"
", ,
. , , , , , . , .
, ,
(De bello Gallico 6, 18), ",
", .. .
"
", riu.
( ) (Finn '')
.
, 380.

. " " , (* ner-),
.
,
Ass-, . Asura
( .-. *Hons-).
,
, " " (. 1990a:
51), . -
.
380
( , ;
" "; '',
, ..).
379

112

'',
, ''.
*

,
. : 1) . Dnu, . Danaos, .
Dn/Danu; 2) . Bali, . Bel, . Blos, . Beli/Bile, . Beli.
. Dnu Dnava .-. *d- ''
(*d-nu-, *dnawo-). *Dnu-
: , , , , ; Dunajs (381
); Donwy, Don (, ), . . ridanos ..
,
*dnu-,
*( ner-: , (. * ner-)
, Dnava; (* ner-) , ; Freyr, Njrr
(* ner-) . , * ner- *dnu :
;
; ,
' ' (*poti- + *dnu-, . .
Donbettyr)382 383.
" " (. * ner-) (,
, )
:
, ..
, *dnu-.
., . IEW: 175; EIEC 486-487. (= ) ,
; ,
, ., , , 1976: 116 . , . (Danaos <
*danawo-), ,
(- a
). .
382
. GEW s.v.; I: 531.
383

, ( II: 374).
, , *d-nu- * er-,
,
, , ..
/ .
381

113

, , , , . b'l ( Ba'al,
. Bl). . Bali
. Beli/Bile, ,
. Blos . Bel.
, , , "" ,
, , (*wel-).
,
*dnu-384.

- , ,
, .
, .
(, , -
). ,

, ,
385. ,

" ".
*rmo*Harg-

* ner*dnu-

*poti*b'l

Asura / Ass

*dnu-
-,
, , , , , ,
,
, , . ,
, 1982: 188.
385

. , Dnu , .-.
*tawro-, . tawr- ''. ,
, (
- ). . ,
.
384

114

1600 . .. (. Ataniya, Adanawa, . Danuna, . Dnnym,


.-. D3ynywn3, ..).
Adana (Adanawa), , ,
Saros (. Seihan): *n *e/o '' +
386
*dnu- '' .

386

, 1981: 149-150. Danaoi .


- Danuna IX ..
, .. . , . 1990: 122-130, 167; , 1996: 158 .,
.
, " "
(), " , ",
, (Hayya), , "
() ,
". , , Mkbm, ,
, -
(ANET 653-654, . 1977: 245-247; . 1994: 49 .). , Ba'l, Hayya
Mkbm Bel, Hayk Mak (
. V, 2).

(A. 1997: 102-109).
, 1997. .
(1990a), ,
. Dnu-, *donu- . , Beli, Bile, Bolg, Balor, Belerus, Belenus
. Bali, . Blos, Bellerophon, . Balaur, .. (, 1961: 365366, ; , ). . .
(. 1984: 213-215),
, , ,
, Bela,
Belakudura Usurano, .. , XII .. Ellilkuduri
U
( , . Asur[a] . Aur,
. ,
, ., . 1935: 17, . 219;
1937: 172 .; .
, ..).
, , ,
KURuri- (: Sr-) ", , ,
" (. , VI, 5), Sura-
( Deva) Asura- .

115



1. ,
" ", *rmo-
*Harg'-,
.
"", '' ,
,
.
'' '' .
, ,
387
"" .
"" '' , . , "
", , . ,
,
, ,
, ,
" ". ,
; , , "" .
" ",
, , (. Arjataspa), (xiynn/hyn, . hyaona). " ". ,
(. ) .
(. ) .
.
"" (. , .
, ), (= ),
, .

( , ) "" ( ).
387

I: 53 ., 130 .

116

, "" (VIII, 11, 4)


"Rm-h" ( '/
', . *rmo- '').
Arjataspa-Arjasp . Arjuna, .-. *arg'-, *arg'ent- '' (arjat- -
, . . rajata- '', kentum, .
. *hargant-, . argat '' ).
,
, , "" /,
, -
(
388
Arjataspa-Arjasp) .
" ",
( , ,
, ). o Spnta Armaiti, ,
*r-mo-, *r-mo-.
, ,
,
. , Hyaona/Xyon
. Haihaya,
389.
. " " (XI ) "".
Rmn- Vs, , .
. ,
. 390, Zrd- (''). . , ,
.
391
" " .
"
Argam/Argawan . args ' ' (*arg'-),
. . 2000: 173-174.
389
hyaona, . 2001, .
, "".
390
. (1963: 16), Rmn (. Rm)
Rm.
391
., . 1976: 653-654, .
388

117

"392. . . .
, '' (
Culdub ' '),
" ", arm
*rmo-.
, ,
()
. ,
,
" ", .

.
doborch '' ( - ' '),
393
, .
, (
).
'
' (. , ).
"" (. *arg'-).
Arimoi, -.
,
(Attis) (Atys)
. , ""
. ,
( )
( , . *arg'-). , "" ""

(. , V, 4).
"", Aiai, ,
.
(Aiets), Aia, Aiai
: 558-560.
. ' 1986: 109. " "
a ,
.
- (,
, ), . 1976; 218; 1976:
160 ., .
392
393

118

Aia ' Aia'.


Aia,
Aiai , , Aia394.
.
Argos (.
- -).
/, , , .
Hagen/Hgni . " "
() , " "395. (Attis,
Attys) 396,
o , . ,
"" 397. . , , . , Armenos- (. Armenius), ,
- *r-mo-, *r-mo-398. ,
,
" ".
, " ".
.
: ,
,
, ( , , ). ,
, 399. ""
, , ,
, ,
. ,
, (" " 4, 1-3). ""
"" (III,
50). , ,
1972: 179-180. "" ,
Aiai, , ,
, . 1990: 237.
395
. 1979: 17.
396
1960: 119-122.
397
"" . 1959: 69 .
398
Armenius, . : 22-25.
399
1960: 121-122.
394

119

, "" ( )
. ,
(. , IV, 2), '',
,
400
. , ..
, , .
.-. *arg'- , . .
Rji-van (*arg- + dog); . Argos ( ), kyns argoi,
laidargos ( ). Kandauls ' ' Argephonts ' *arg-', , 401.
arg, ,
402. ,
(. . args, argas
403
'' ') .
.
'' " "
, , ,
404.
*

, ,
, .
I: 465.
. 1987: 104, . 8; 1977: 182-183.
402
1974: 149-54.
403
1977: 206 . , A. , .. *k'won- '' *k'eu- '' (. : 202,
. 57).
404
- 1986: 118-120.
" ", :
, ..

(, "" "" ; ,
"" , ). ,
,
,
,
(, "" -
, "" ;
, ;
' ', ' ').
400

401

120

,
(. *rmo-).
,
(. *arg'-, . , VI, 5).
, - ( "
" ) ,
,
, . ,
, . , ,
.

. (Harma),
. , " ",
,
.
,
. ,
, < Arcni; 405
, , (
Arcke, . *arg'-). "" 406, ,
, .
" " (
)
407
(, , , , ..) . , (. , III, 1),
. , .
, . ,
408.
"" ( I, 30-31; II, 36-61) ,
, ( )
.
. .
.
, (

1902.
"" . A. 2001a.
407
1930: 224 .
408
1930: 32-40.
405
406

121

, ).
( )

409
, .
, " ". , , ,
: " ;
?".
, :
()
( ),
( )
;
.
" , [...]
, [...] ,
, . [...] ,
- , .
(hanapaz) ,
. , ,
" ( II, 61).
,
"-" , ..
-410 ( , ,
[, .]
, [, ]
). ,
, (yar lezun)
. , 411.

, ,
, . 1976: 55.
410
" " . VIII: 185 .
411
. , III, 1; 1969: 40; . 2000: 247 .,
.
: , ,
, , ,
,
(. 1954: 29).
409

122

(55-34 ..), ,
.
*ar-to-, , (ard). ,
*ar-to-.
" " ( III, 20-21) - (Varaz-apuh, Varaz
''; varaz ,
kin/ ). ,
.
412
'' (kin ) . :
.
, , ,
(IV, 15).
(Mihr + *arg'-) . ,
,
; -
, 413 (.
). ", ". ,
(IV, 44; V, 22).
, ,

"" (V, 2). (. ' '). , , ,
, : " () , " (V, 36).
" " ,
, , ''
. ", , , ".

NHB I: 1096.
.
413
. 1901: 34-35;
1930: 135 .
412

123

a a (Arjan ', '


*arg'-).
()
, "" , III (.
, : , , ..). ,
. - (212; 219; 727; 763; 773). , haykabar ' ',

(767)414.
" " .
, II, 1; II, 5).
2.

, ,
.
1) ;
2) ,
;
3a) "" , , :
3b) "" , , ;
4) ,
, , " ", ;
5) ( ) "" ,
.


. 1948: 198 .; - 1964. . 1982,
" " (
. , ..). "", "
", " "
. ,

.
, (
. ,
IV, 4). ,
.
414

124

, ().
.
: 1) , ; 2) ""
. ,
:
1) ;
2) , , ;
3) , "" .
, ,
() *dyeu- p
-,
.
,
; .
, (. ),
, (. ), , .
3a, 3b, 5 (*wel-),
: (
). 3b , 3a 5 , "" , ( *wel-,
, ).
,
( , ,
..)
.
" "
: 1) , ,
; 2) , ; 3a)
, "" ; 4) , ; 5)
, " " ,
415.
(
, , , ),
, , ,
.. , , ,
, . , - 1951: 859.
" " "", .
415

125

""
.
: 1) Haykak, Hayk-
(, [I,19],
, ,
, . ); 2) I (
); 3b) ,
; 4) , " ",
,
-; 5) , " "
-.
: 1) ( [ ?]),
; 2) II ; 3b)
-, ,
-; 4) , ,
; 5) ,
- .
(.. )
,

( Aramaneak Aramayis, Harma Aram
)416. ,
: 1) ; 2) ; 3)
, -
; [Harma] 4) ; 5) .

; ,
, ,
. Ange-tun
( ) ,
, ,
I: 211, 425-426. , ( ); . (1982: 268 .) .
(1994: 133 .)
( ). ,
; , " ". ,
.
416
.
A. 1902. ,
(. ). . 1992.

126


.
" " , , . Viap kaak ' ' ,
viapaka-a (. '/
'). (Gisan, gs ' , ' < .)
-
.
,
(At'anagines) " (= ), " ..
, , ""
, 417.
,
.
, ,
.
.

( . ). 1) (.
. Hayk ' '); 2). (. ;
); 3) , "" (.
); 4) , - (. ); 5) , "" , " " (.
, , . ,
IV, 3).
" ", , -,
-,
- - ' ' ("" 31, 7), ..
(, ""
). -
- (''),
- . -, ,
.
,
, . ,
.
, . I: 298-300; .
1987: 199 .; . 2000: 121 .
417

127

(. , I, 8).
(. . ),
. , , ( ""). ,
""
.

: 1) Urxg '' ( . .
418
; . ) ; 2)
; 3) Uryzmg, ,
, , , . ,
; 4) Soslan-Sozryko, ,
. Uryzmg
419
'' (. . varaz) . - , , ,
-420. ,
421
, "" (. ,
VI, 3);
422 , ,
.

(. ,
,
..).
"" .

-,
" " , -.
, . ""

1965: 86-92.
s.v.
420
1957: 156-161. ( varha,
. varza . Uryzmg),
, ,
naraka ', '.
421
., , 1985: 158-159.
422
., , 1936: 30-33; , 1951: 137.
418
419

128

, , ,
( ),
.
1

(?)

''

3a, 3b
(
);
(
)
(
)

(
)

(.
)

('')

(
)

""
"
". ,

, o ,
( ) .
(. , ).
(, ),
(, )
423.
423

. 1970.

129

, .
, 3b : , . , ,
(
""
, . , IV, 3).
,
, 424.
: 1.
; 2. , ; 3. ()
. , . , " "

(, , ).
, , ( ).
( ), , . ,
, "
" . , ,

(, , ).
, , ,
.

(, ) . , ,
.-. *yemo- '' (. Yima, . Ymir). , a
,
(, -, --).
, .
, " ". ,
,
1990: 35, 41, 45. ,
( IX ..),
, ,
( 2000). , ,
IX ..
424

130

(, ) " " (, ), ""



.
3.
,
,
. " ",
"": 1) , ; 2) , ; 3) ,
.
" " ,
(< Mihr < Mira < *mitra-), ,
, "" () "" () .
"" ( , , . . mira ''),
"" (, Mitra,
, , .
). , ,
. ,
"
, ",
.
, ,
. . "" "" , (. ). (.
), (. ).
, , , ,
" ",
. (III ) (II ), (I
).
, (III ),
(II ), (I ).
(I ),
131

(II ),
(III ).
. ,
, , "",
425
"" (I ) .
: "
", " "
, .

"" . ,

, .. "" .
, . , ,
, ,
, (II )
, (III ).
: 1) /, ; 2) ,
-; 3) -, , ( . , IV, 4).
" ": (III ), ,
, (II ),
, (I ).
. .
, ,
. -,
.
, ,
: "
". , " ,
, " (I ).

-,
, . , - (II ).
425

1985: 39.

132

, , , 426.

. - ,
(. VI, 5).
"" ( II, 53),
(),
(), "", ..
427
() . .

, "" " ".
,
,
428
.
. " "
429. ,
426

, "". ,
,
,
. (= )
(SC B II, 703) (

, . , , ,
).
""
, ,
. .
, (, , ), (XVII, 3; ).
427
. .
1966: 148; 162-163.
428
. 1975; 2000.
. 1956: 116 . ,
, . ,
; - (Jenov Hovan)
(=
), -, ; ,
. ,
.
429
1982; 1985, .

133

(,
-)430, ,
. , (, , )
, .

, 431.
, .
,
432
. , . ,
(,
, ) , ,

433.

" " ("
"): 1) ; 2)
"" . ; 3) ,
434
.

,


.
, XIX XX , ,
, ,
.

430

, 1985: 43-44, . 50,


.
431
;
;
; , ; ,
, ;
Marut'a, ,
, ..
432
. 1982: 271, ; I (III ,
1986): 644, 1986 .; 1994.
433
1994: 133-141.
434
: 119-129.

134

4. , ,
,
.., , ,
, , , ,
, ,
, ,
.
,
, , ,
- . ,
,

, ,
.
,
, ,
, ,
, . , ,
.
, , . , , , , .
, ,
, ,
, .
,
, .
, , ,
.
, , , . . , "",
, 435.

(,
, , ...).
435

1972: 322.

135

,

. ,
, () .
. , , ,
.
() , ,
. ,
,
. .
*

.
. . , (= ) , , , ,
436.
,
437.
, ,
.
, .
,
""438.
( [.] [.] )439, , 1981a: 84. ,
,
, . , I, 9.
437
. A. 1988.
438
, " , , Artuarasi" (..
); " , , "
(.. , ); " , ,
"; " , , " ..
. 1990: 2732, .
439
, (= ?) - , .
1998; 1999; 1999.
436

136

(Mher-Mihr-Mira). Uarubani,
Bagmatu Bagbartu,
(. .
Bhaga). , ,
, .
440
, ,
/
/ /.
sautrma
Sutrman ' '), ,
441
.
( , )
, , . ,
,
-. , ,

. ,
(. *tek's-
*wel- ; , II, 1).
, ( = ),
. , . . iuna- '', iuatt- ''
< *dyeu- ' ' (. , I, 5)442.
,
, ,
,
.
,
,
Z'tr, ( 150 -; ,
-Musasir,
Muzasir = Mu-zasir ?).
440
., , 25, 27, 143, 281; 424; 2001: 254, 259-260.
441

., , 1947: 117 .; 1987: 161-162. .
, ,
( 22).
442
. , 1984: 897, , 1988: 172.
imige
(. *-iwi- --,
- ). , .-. *dyeu/*diu- siu- ( iu-) , . . Tiuat-, .
Tiyat- ' '.

137

(. . -, , ).
, ,
-
.
*


443
.
(.
Tura[ni] Turk' Angeeay).

(Aramazd, Anahit, Vahagn, Mihr, Tir). Nan Baramin , Astik '', .. ''
. , ,
, : -, -, -, , -, -, -, -. -
- , ---, --,
(
).
, ,
.
, , ,
, , (,
, ). , Aramazd Bagmatu ( ),
-, ; ,
,
444, ..

. ,
.
,
. ( , , , )
443
444

1986.
2000: 37 .

138

(= ),
( ),
Daranai, Ekeeac (), Deran,
(. Erz/ Eriza/ Erznka).
( oox,
) .
XV-XIII . ..
Haya-Azzi. , , Diauhi,
VIII ..
Diauhi (= Tiao-hi)
Tayk' (= . Tao, . Taochoi []). . ,

;
I (189-160 ..) (Strabo XI, 14, 5).
, , ,
- 445.

. ,
.
, ,
, ,
: [DU.G]UR URUHayaa DINANNA
URU
Patteu[] ' U.GUR (= ) , INANNA
[]' (KUB XXVI, 39, IV, 26)446.
, ..
Ugur ( ,
) Inanna (= , ).
(
)
,
, .. , .
(. , I,
10). (, , )

. ,
, Mira
445
446

., , I: 84 .
., , 1931: 6; 1946: 40-41; I: 88.

139

(,
,
)447.

( ); 448.
, , ,
.
- uli(n)katte, 449.
U.GUR, INANNA (, , , "" , .
, I, 10) .

.
' (' '). , ,
( )
. , T'il, "" (. tllu ' '
).
Kamax/
Kemax, ( 42-44 -
, ).
450.
, -. ,
Ka/emax . kima(h)hu(m) '' (< . kimah), . kmax ''451. Ange
Cop'k' ( IV, 24). , ., , 1987: 76-77.
[Izzist] annus (. 1971: 148), .. . . Ezzi
Estan ' '. , .
449
1994: 594 .
450
HHTB, s.v. Kamax. . I: 108, . 1.
451
., , HAB s.v.; 1987: 470. , Kamax
(Kummi-Comana, Qumenu, I: 50),
.
447
448

140

Ange-Nergal-,
, ,
Ugur-Nergal- (. , I, 9).
XIV ..,
.
" /", 452
.
,
(= Ba'al) " . []
(Elkunira ' '), , []
(= ) "453.
("", . , VI, 6)
. ,
,
() (= -). XIV-XIII ,
, ,
, (, U.GUR, INANNA, Tarumu).
, U.GUR- INANNA-
, ,
,
(,
) . /
"
", -, Mt'in,
Mt'ni (< . mut' '')454 ' ' Dankuwa
, 455.
, ""
, "" .
-
,
. "" ,
" ", " ";
, , " "
( 68; 127; 785).
(An '' > . Anu),
. "", " ",
. 1971: 41 .
1990: 69; 1977: 167.
454
. HHTB, s.v.
455
Dankuwa . . 1971: 54-55.
452
453

141

, . ,
" ", 456.
Ani An/Anu ( *-iyo-/-iy,
). , Ani Kamax (<
ki-mah ' ') " "
An '' Ki '
'.
, Ugur-Nergal, , , , (. , I, 9; II, 2).
hay 'a' - Hayaa (Hayk) Hayaa (.
, V, 2; VI, 4).
, , , , ,
. ari ', ' (, 53, 68,
127). , III : mec ew ari Aramazd, arari erkni ew erkri '
, " (68). . ari < *ariyo-
(.
ayr ', '), arari ''
- (. . ararisk ', , ').
(. , III, 1). , ari . ,
. ,
,
"" ( II, 86), " ", .
, ari, arari Aramazd
457.
s.v.; 1991, s.v. , . an gal '
()' . Ange = Ugur-Nergal.
457
ari Aramazd ariyaddalis DIM-anza
' (?) ', .-. *ariyo( ., , 1965: 39); .
areios, , , . 1930: 327-328.
, Ari Aramazd Ari Armaneli,
, . , ,
456

142


" ". "-"
T'ordan, -. , , , " "
- "-" "" * .
, < Ba'al amin (Ba'al)
.
,
, . ( -),
:
, . ,
,
" " (. , I, 10; III, 1 ,
V, 2),
.
, .
,
(" [] ", . I, 10).

( ),
. O 458 (,
,
).
,
" " (
,
). , . (. , IV, 2).
. , , , , , -.
. . ( , , Ahurmazd
Ahamazd) *ariyo- + *rmo-.
458
I:553.

143

; ,
A (. ,
III, 1; ,
).
" " " ".
() (),
. , ,
, o ,
459
.
, ,
.
Bagayai,
,
(. , II, 1,
, V, 5).
(. "
[] ", . , I, 10).
,
" " 460.
, , " "
" (gri ) " ( 778).
, " ". ,
(Ormizd < Ahura Mazda)
. ,
. , .
"" Gro- ', ' (.. , ),

. (< .) Jupiter, Juno, Minerva , . : 1970a; 306310; 1987: 146. ,


(. , V, 2),
.
460
, ,
'. ,
. mlk '',
.
(Melik' . '') , , ' .
459

144

, 461.
.
, ""
, .
Gro
, , . hute
'', . Hutena Hutellura 462(

: , , -). , (Aui,
) ''463.
Erazamoyn,
; erazac'oyc'
erazahan ' ' (
778). ,
( , " " ["" XI,
222]; , ,
[ 14]).
. , ,
464.
, ,
, ,
465
. ,
461

., , . 2000: 404 .; . . Bedis Mcerlebi '


' (. s.v.). , Tir Gro-
(1820: 38).
462
. 1990: 47-48.
463
1978: 71-72. - . A. 1988: 62.
464
.
" "
, , Gro
. , ,
,
" ". , ,
""
( , , . . 1987; 1996).
465
., ,
1948; VII: 154 .
. ,
..
, . 1990: 229, . 129.

145

, 466,
. ,
,
-
(,
)467. ,
, ,
, .
( ),
468
.
. ,
,
(. ).

,

, .
,
, ,
, ( ). , ,
,
-
(', , ').
, , , (. , V, 2),
.
. , , ;
, . ,
amiramakert ' '469.

Nane (.
''), , . (1956: 121 .),
Nan. , ,
.
467
., , 1987: 76-77.
468
., , I: 580-586.
469
, ., ,
1930: 18 .; 1969: 69-71, 88.
466

146

, . ,
.
, ,
,
, .
1) -
" ".
(,
, ;
, -
; ..).
2) ( ), .. ,
. (II-I . ..),
,
. ,
, , ,
. (, , ;
, , )
; ,
, . ,
,
.
3) ( , )
.
, , ,
.
; . ,
,
.

147



1. " "

.
.
(,
, . , .
, I, 11). - (. Adramelik', Adnamelik', Aslimelik', Abamelik' ) , , , (IV
. 19, 37; I, 23;
)470.
,
471
. (, SC B II, #1, 3, 4, 8, 9,
10, 11, 13)
"" , , ..
.

(= r r), .
'
', .. , ' -
'472. .
' ', ..
.
. . , , " ", ,
" "473. ,
I: 380-383; . 1989: 42 .
681 ..
. 681 ..
471
,
, XIII , . 1999.
472
62, . 5; 1983a: 161.
HAnB s.v.v.
473
, 1985: 71-74. , "
" . ,
, ; ( ) ,
, - ( )
.
470

148

, .
(. Sarasar) ,
Sanasun (> Sasun),
,
474
(. Badad). , (<
Bel, Ba'al ), , , (Ba'al amin).
- Melik'
(. '')
(. Adramelek' ). ,
,
(,
). ,
,

475
.-. Ba'al- El- (. mlk,

).
,
, ..
,
" " ( IX .., . , I,
2). . . ( ) ,
, (X .
..), Kaki(a) (IX ..), III,
476. ,
Sanasar, , , ,
477. ,
, , () III.

; ( )
.
, , ..
474
, ,
. .
475
., , 1991: 38.
476
Kaki(a) . 27, I, 20; II, 63.
477
I: 300, . 1.

149

,

.
. , , " "
. . .

VII-XIII : ,
(IX ) = ; ,
= , ; () , (XII ) = , ;
, (IX ) = ,
; ,
(X ) = , ;
Meher, =
; , (VII ) = ,
, .478.
479.

, "", " ", " "
(, , ) , . , ,
.
2. : "-" ""
, , - -,

I: 371 . , , ,
. , , ,
. , -, ( ),
. , (= ).
, , . ,
,
- Tayk' ,
X .
479
., , I: 539 .
478

150

480. ,
, / ,
(.-.
Tarawn). -, , ,
, ; -
.
(
).
,
(< Mu-ak, .
; . , II, 1).
, XII ..
481

(Alzi; Ajnik,
[ -482
]) .
483.
, - -.
, , (. ,
, ) (. Murad-su, . Arsanias, .
Aracani < *Arcaniya, . *arg'-), ..

" " (. , VI, 2; VI, 6).
:
, , .. , ,
muki/u . ,
"-"
- (. Mysoi =
Musoi).
. . , , ,
-
. ,
. "
- 1978; - 1967: 386-387 ( -). . I: 385 .; ,
1975.
481
10, 11, 12, 13.
482
: 18-20, 146-147, 212.
483
., , 1984: 559; I: 147; 1971: 234, 237;
1988: 59.
480

151

", XII ..
, ( , -) , (
, ). , -ki/u Muki/u
-
k', mu-484.
. .
- .
, , ,
- XII
.. , (. ,
VI, 3).
Muki, Mysia Mu. . , , (
) .
(. . m '').
, 485.

,
. (Strabo XIII, 1, 48).
Smintheus- Sminth ''.
.
(
;
"" )486.
, . . mus (. mys), , .-.
*ms- ''487. , '' ( , ), -, " ",
, ,
, , ,
488
.
., , 1968: 222 .; 1984: 115 ., 195 . 87; 1992.
1967: 169-170.
486
. 1957: 278; 1977a: 55 .
487
1977a: 73 . , ""

.
488
, ,
, , . .
1989: 7-9. ,
484

485

152


, , . - (mkik), , ,
.
,
( /, "" , . ).

. , , ,
- .
489
. ,
, , .
" "
490. , " "
491
. , , Mu
Mak .- *ms-
(a. Mu, gen. Moy, a *mskho-, . Ar, gen.
Arioy < *arceskho- < *argesk(h)o-). , m.

(. , II, 1). , ,
, Haihaya,
( Bhrgu).
, Mshika (.
. ms [= msh], msaka, msika ''). ,
, Bhrgu Mshika (Phryg-492 Muk-493).

- (. , II, 1) a
(. Mu).
489
1966: 248, 251, 256-257, 263-264, 275, 284, 308; . 1930: 240-242. . 1983: 216.
490
1977a: 52-54.
491
. , 1976: 111-113.
492
., , 1935: 174 ( . );
1960: 436; 1968: 89; 1977: 51.
493
, .

153

. -
(Phrixos), mosch, , . Bhrgu,
Phrixos, Mshika, Mak, Mosch,
(. bryg-, brig-, phryg-, mys-, mosch-, . muk-),
. Aia, Aiai . Haihaya hay (. , VI, 4).
*

(I, 6), .

() . " () ,
, ,
(= . .) , , ". ,
, .
,
.
" , , ,
. ,
, , ,
: " ,
, , , - ,
, , ,
,
-,
. , ,
,
, ,
() (.-.
Tarawn). [...] , , -

; ,
, , ".
154


494.
, Sew sar ' '
495
, ,
(,
[Sew sar]- -).
( - );
- . ,

Tarawn, .
- -
; ,
, , (
,
).
,
, 496
. ,
. Zurvn- (''),

( ,
" "). ,
( Ziusudra,
), -
(. , I, 6).

. VIII: 262 . , Tarawn Tarban.


()
, Tarawn, " ", , , w b.
, , ,
(): Tarban/Tryban. . : . Tarbos, . Trebenna, . Tarpeius Tarpeia; . Tarpantuhi, Tarpantassa; . tarpanali, . tarpassa ' ', .. . 1981: 93-95;
. Tarpeius; 1947: 281 ( .
. Tarquinius < . Tarhun-); tarpanalli : 1990: 129-130. Tarban Tabarna-, .
taruana = . tyrannos.
495
( ), . VIII: 22.
496
. - 1979: 412-413; . 1988: 108 ., 121 .
494

155

, Zruan Tarban
. ,
, . ,
Zarwa(n); Zari[] ( )
Tirwi(n)497. ,
, . . ,
. , . Zruan . , Zarwan-Nergal- Tirwin-
ulikatte-Nergal- Taru (
).
, - "",
,
. , , ,
, .
, Tarawn ,
, Tarawa
498
. Tarawn, gen. Tarawnoy,
*-no- ( , .
-n- - ).
*terH', ' (. . Tarhunda)499 , , .
Taru - () . , -,

: , Purulli,
Inara, ulikatte. , ulikatte,
Taru, , Slak'-,
Tarawn (. , I, 9).
- Tarawn
o . , .. Meraget (: ),
500
, Tleboas- (Anab. IV, 4, 3) .

teleb/p-, . Tleboai ( Taphos-), Tleboas (
), Tlephos ( ), ..,
1981a: 84, 88. . 1994: 544.
1947: 33.
499
, 1987: 149-153. .-. *terH-
. 1995: 343 .
500
Meraget-, . 1970: 225-226,
.
497
498

156

- Teleb/pi (
) Teleb/pinus501.

. Slak,
. ulikatte,

U.GUR-Nergal
U.GUR-Nergal

. Zarwan,

. Ange,

. Zruan,

.-. (< .) Saruand,


Tarawn-
Taru-Tarawa ( ),
Tarawn-

Terettitunni Tarumu,

Tirwi(n)

Turk Angeeay
Tarban, Tarawn-
Tarun, Tarawn-

.
, ,
. tel(e)p/b-

502.
, Meraget ' '. , , , ,
, Tirkatar ' ' ( ,
Meraget) , 503
.

., , 1975: 37 .; 1977: 109-111: ,


1996: 293 ., .
502
1975. , . talpa ''
, : 42-43; , 1984:
532 ( ).
503
1969: 74. ,
Meraget (. 1999: 413), ..
. , , , , ,
(Plut. Vita Romuli II, 1), (. . Tarhun- ' ')
, .
501

157

, , , ,
, ,
"" , (""), .
, ,
( " "), ,
. ,
mak ', ,
504
' , , 505, , .
3. ,
. . , , , "
" " " 506. 507
. ,
.
" "
, (369-373 ..);

.
moschoi, . 1908:
436.
505
. . mua, muaki '', muaoba '', muoba '',
. mua '', . mua '', . muaabay, . vimuuat,
mueoba, . limav ', ', . miak '', ..,
. HAB s.v. . , . . (1987: 593-594) , , -a(k), .. ( ). , . mak,
, .
(a)k, . : Mousiakos, Mousikos ( .
), Moesiacus, Mysiacus, Moesicus (.)
: Thrausi/Thraikes (< Trausik), Daoi/Dakoi, Mysia/Muk-, . Graes/
Graikoi, .., . 1981: 100-101; , 1996: 265-266.
,
, "-"
( ..).
506
I: 394-395.
507
1965: 99. . SC B I, 196-197.
504

158

(' '). , ,
(
,
). , ,
.
, "" "
", "", , .
Mue Murili508
(: Mursili); , "" (. , I, 11).
(Myrsilos = Mursilos) a
, .

(Gygs) ,
.

, (Herod. I, 7-12;
Nikol. Damasc. VI, 56).
'', . .
huhha-, . uga- .. gygai = pappoi (Hesych.).
, , ,
509.
, , . pap '' (< .). . . -,
(Tiran), ''510. Papas, ,
, ,
(.. pappas '', papos '';
''). (I, 36-43),
.
Atys (. Attis) .
""
( [Msl]
, ).
"" "" .

HAnB s.v. . . *-rs- > --. , .


r.
509
, ., , 1967: 137; 1980: 114; HEG I:
260-261; HED III: 357. , .
510
- 1947: 62.
508

159

""511; ,
" ", .
,
(" ")
-, .
(, ,
e
). ,
"", ,
().
512
(' ', . , I, 11) .
, . " "
" " " " (.
' -'). ,
, -
"" "" . "" , " ", ,
, ""
(" " " "
" "). "" , ,
.
Huhha '' Hannahanna '' 513. huhha.
.
. . I (XVI ..)514.
(= Xandili, .
'', . hant- ', ') 515.
511

. huhha-, .,
, 1995: 162.
512
. . (1976: 158 .) -
( , )
,
.
513
1994: 323-324, 433.
514
1976; 1980: 103 .
515
. , , , ,
(. 1976: 89-90).

160

, , (
).

.
. . Hantili-Xandili . Kandauls
(. h k ) , ,
-.
" " (Xandut' )
. . , (/ )
516.
517.
518
(XVI ) .
XIX . , ,
519
,
( , , ,
).

- ( ), ,
. . , -
(, ).
,
(SC A: 1126, 1934 .).
,
(resp. ) , -
.

.
I (XIV ..)
, .
huhha-, . uga . Gygs520.
I: 393.
. '', '' (.
. xandel '', '' < ''), . ' ' (
), .., . HAnB s.v.; , 1951: 842-843; 1971: 54-55; . .
Hantidassu.
518
, 1971: 178.
519
I: 393.
520
1964: 44-45.
516
517

161


(. , III, 1)
( ),
,
521
" " (KBo V 59, III 51-58) .
II
522 ( ). III
(XII, 26) ,
III ( Urhi-Teub), II,
523
.

II,
III

'',

'',


II

III
"
"


(.
.)

'',

('
')

, ,
,
. ,
.
- . 1931: 3; 1946: 30.
, (. ). . 1982: 145.
523
1977a: 202. "",
Aiai, . , 1984: 595, . 1. , amuha
, (. Aia Aiai).
521
522

162

. , . ,
-
*dhew-. , .-. *dhew- (. , I, 11).

I,
- (< *dhew-)
(. *dhew-),
(resp. )


,

,

- Myrs- (= Murs; Herod. I, 7);


524
, ' ' .
, ,
, ,
.. , , (Murs ).
,
( ) .
, ,
o ,
, " ", " ", " ",
, ,
, ,
, , , .
.
4. "" -


.
(, , ).

,
. , . , . ,
. , . .. ( ,
524

1977: 184.

163


) - ,
, ..
.
, -
- "" " ".
,
, , -
- , (, ;
, ,
).
, ,
Taru-/Tarawa-. Taruia,
525
, .. ,
526
. ,
, ,
(. Purulli, Inara, ..), , Taru ,
Tarhu- (< *terH-).
,
Thrak- Trausoi, (*traus-ikes > *trawhikes > thrkes,
thrkes). a . KUR URUTa-ru-i-a, . Ta-ru-i-a, . Tres, Trai, Troia .. (< *Trowsya)527.
, (Tarawn)
(taraw-/trow-) *terH-528.
Taruia Uilua a
, ., , , 1996: 95 ., .
526
. HEG III, 8, 233, .
527
. 1993: 25-28; , 217 .
528
- -
, " ". "" (XIV, 341-353) ,
,
. , Astik ( )
Ggu,
, Gugua, , . mu '' ( 1969: 153-154; 448,
. 395; XVI , .
- 1967: 399; 1973: 65). ,
525

164

. Taruia (. -a)
: . .
URU
Tarui - , KURTeruia(ini)
529. Glak (, *Gil-ak < *wil-),
K'ark', , URUUilua, .
Ilios/Ilion (< wil-), . ,
,
530
.
Glak- .-. *wel-,
531
. , K'ark'
Karkiya (= Karkia) Uilua Taruia532.
, . K'ark', (kark-/krak-) (
*wel-), " "533.

, ,
, ( )
534. ,
(. 1977a: 81; 1969: 108 ). ,
- -.
529
. s.v.
530
. 1969: 253.
531
. 2000: 126-129.
532
. , 1959: 106-108.
533
, 1976: 123 . (., , ).
534
, /, (CTH 146, KUB XIII, 72),
( XIV ..;
XV .. [. 2000: 161-164,
; . 1948]). .
(1984: 160-161), ,
( , VIII ..,
) , . , VIII ..
" " XII .., . 1991: 97.
.
, , . korannos '' (.), .
karanos '' ( - .,
, 1970: 79-81; 1976: 106-107). ,

165

- 535
.
. , "", ,
(
536
, ) .
-, .. . Taruia-Wilua,
(Arzawa),

( ).
Arzawa, wozmovno, a .-. *arg'-.537 ,
Arimoi ", "
; ,
Attarimma Wallarimma 538. , "" ""

"" "" -, ""

, (Herod. VII, 73;


Plut. Alex. II; Justin. VII, 1, 11). Pahhuwa
Biwrakn (. 1971: 116-119, . 2000: 163-164,
. 9). , Pahhura (
), , . Paxr (. Bar),
, .
Biwrakn '10000 ( '10000 '), .
Bingl '1000 ', PahhuraPaxr , . . pachys < .-.
*bh ghu- ', , ' . ura(i) '', - , , . .-.
*wer-/*ur- '' ( ), . , 1984: 882.
Bazmabiwr , . . bazum < *bh ghu- '' (< .?) abiwr ''. Pahhuteya (
DU)
Pahhuwa Pahhura. " Pahurina"
XIII .. Taruia Wilua
(KUB XIII, 11, 18; . , 1959: 105; . 1971: 120).
535
. 1993.
536
1994: 62; 1995: 148; . , 1996: 268 .
537
stem),
*g', . 1999.
, ,
.
538
, 1959: 77-79.

166

,
" ".
-
Tleboas,

,

Mue-Davit'

Ggu, Gugua

Glak (< *wil-)


Pahhura, . Pahhuwa,
Pahhuteya
Karke
Arme, Urme, Urumu
Aracani < *Arcania
, .
,

,
,

. , "
( *)
. ,

-
Tlephos,
, *

Myrsilos-Kandaulas
Gargaron
Wilua-Ilion
Pahurina

Karkiya, Karkia
Arimoi, Attarimma, Wallarimma
Arzawa




Lykeios
Mousagets
(*)

, ,
- - , -
- (
"" )
539.

,
,
. ,
,
- , , .
, ,
, "",
,
- . ,
539

167

-
: (= );
; Hark'
.
"" . " "
( ) . " ",
. " "
.
-
540
. ( XIX
XX )
. , , ,
541
.
" ". (. )
(= ). (IX ..).
(.
. Msr, ), ,
;
(= , . ); ,
-
(= . ).

(
,
*ner-, . ). ,
, . Ange Turk Angeeay.
, ,
- ( , -
[, ]).
540
, , (. 1990: 26),
, , , ..
, -.
541
, "";
( 1989:
100-175; , ), . . 1991.

168


,
,
542.
"",
, , (, , , , , , , ,
..),
.
(. ' ') ,
, ..
( "" XVII ).
, (.
= ) ; 543
.
" ",
,
544
, .
" " "", ( ),
.
, , "
", , ,
- ( III, 20-21, . varaz '')545.
"" - , , .
,
, . anliKilise ' ',
anli-bel (. amli-bel ' ') -

, . 1978: 163-190,
.
543
1902: 144-159; 2000: 34-43; 2000: 25-34.
544
1990: 13; 1977: 52.
545
"", . -
1947. . (. 1991:
44-45). "", .
1998, .
542

169

546. "" " "


(, ;
e e; - deli
'' .).
,
547
, . .
" ",
. , , ,
.
,
,
- , -
-- . , ,

-
(-)
.

,
.
547
1968: 191-195.
546

170



1.
,
.
, , , , ,
,
548
.
. ,
, ,
.

, " ",
().
.
.
, .
; . ; ,
(, )549.
. , , o , ,
.
548

(, , , , , , . , .
.).
XVIII XIX
,
. ,
XIX XX ,
. , .

, . 1984: 179-180, . 297.
549
1959: 6 .

171


(); , , ,
(: );
(). ( );
().

550
. ,
.
() .
("", " ", " ",
" ") - .

" , , ,

".
300 , ,
. , " " (SC B II:
390), 300
551.
,
, azg.
- ,
, -,
, , . - 1946: 313-322;
1997: 156 ., 385 ., .
551
. . tribus, . Triphylia,
phylai; centurii ,
(Livius I, 13, 8), . 1992: 87-92; 300
300 , ..
300 (.. "
"), . - 1989: 25-26 (. 300 ). , 300
300 ( ,
-),
1110 .. ; . 1992 (,
-).
550

172

,
, ,
552.
azg ', '.
, (ce ', , ,
', tun ', , ' ..).
, : 1)

*nept-,
; 2) , a
(.. ,
); 3)
,
, ,
, .
, ,
XIX ,
553. , ,
,
.
, hay . hay
'' (= ) (Hayk <
hay-ik). azg- azg-
. , .-. *poti', , ' (. .-. *dems- pot- ' ' *wik'pot- ' , '). azg,
.. ,
554.

.., 1966: 25.
1984: 29. . caay ', ', aaxin '' ax '' ( )
, ., , 1984: 186, . 28.
. (1987: 425). ,
, , ,
(., , : 390, 400),
.
554
,
, .
552
553

173

, , , , , , , ,
..
(-, , ), .
. .
,
()
..: ha-a (= haya), Azi, Armi, Urame (. hay, HayaaAzzi, Arme Urme, ). ,
... ,
.
,
, III .. ,
. ,
- - (
- . .)
, 555.

, .
,
.

, " "556.

,
. ,
1983a: 33.
, , , . , ,
, . 1990: 98. " " . ;
: 1990:
181-201.
555
556

174

.
, ,
, ,
,
,
- .
2. AR(A)M-:
Ar(a)m , .., ., , Arame, Aramu,
Arami, Arima, Aruma, Arman, .., ; Armanum, Armi, Arimu-Arimu, Armalu, , ..557 ,
, .. Aramu, Aramale, Arme, Armuna ..558
"", ( )
.
. u.burKI Su.burKI, Su.birKI, SuKI, . KURubartu, KURSubartum,
KUR
ubari
: KUR/URUubria (XI-VII . ..)559. ,
KURArme ( - KURUrme)
.
, ,

/. ,
, " ",
,

., , 1955: 2; RGTC I: 18; II: 15; III: 21; V: 38; XII: 5054. , (. I: 185-186).
558
., , s.v.
559
., , 1944: 23 ., 84 .; 1984: 132-134, . 11,
16, 25; 147, . 20; 1985: 6. .. ubaru . VII VI .. Subartu
"".
557

175

, 560.

Ar(a)m-, ue ', '.

"" , , " ", Ar(a)m- Arc-.
, Ar aku (. , II, 2);
Aramale Ar aku; Arme, Urme
Armuna Ar ania (. Aracani)
Ar /zabia . Ar ania (=
*Arcaniya > Aracani) Ar aku (= Arceskho- > Ar)
. c, .-.

*g'.

a ( IX ..)
Hayoc' jor " ',
, .
,
(. , II, 2).
(Arimoi ) , , . Aramale Arama, .. '' (
. -li/e), .
Hayk' ', ',
, Aiale,
Armarili (= Aramale)561.
(Arimoi)
,
(. , I, 6, , VI, 5). ,
- . ,
Oulos-,
(. , III, 1).
, , .
(. X, 22-23).
(I . I, 17: . Mosoch, . Mk).
()562. ,
1971: 41 .
Ar /zabia, Aramale, Aiale, . , s.v.
562
-mk, , ., , 1981: 49, 56,
. 71, 104; 1984: 103, 118, 194, . 83. ,
560
561

176

Aram
Mak, . Rma Mshika, . Arimous Mysia, ..
-
"".
XIV ..,
, , , ,
. Ah-la-mi-i KURAr-ma-a-yaME, .. -,
563
XII .. . , XII
.. (1115 .), 20000 " "
, .. .

564
.
, . , . .
, Arme ( Urme, .. ), , - , *Armini
' ', ' '565.
, , Aramu .. 566
. ,
,
567. ,
.
,
""
Aram- ,
568. , Hadad,
, . 1947: 127-128,
.
563
., , RLA 1928: 131 .; 1997: 6-10, .
Aramu (nom. sing.), Arumu (nom. pl.)
..
564
1984: 68.
565
., , : 126, 199, . 115, 204, . 4; II: 107. .
1928: 215.
566
. 1985: 337; I: 319; II: 23.
567
: 1984: 204-205, . 4.
568
, ,
, -

177

Ramman, . Rimmon (. XII, 11), (.


Aram, armen).
,
, "-" .
, - , uri-li (= sur, pl.) suraye ( . .
569
) , - , ,
, /Subur-ubartuubria ( = s)570.
3. -
1115 .. I 20000 ,
50 Alzi
Purulumzi (Alzi, , .
Ajnik, ).
. ,
. 4000 ( 4000 ), " ,
" (= ubria-), . , XII
.. - , , -, , , a
571.
. ,
.
569
., , 1992: 53; II: 107.
570
, , . '
1948: 142; 1993: 137.
571
., , 1991: 96-97; 1997a: 260-262; 1999: 162 .,
. (= Cop'k')
,
. , , ,
" ". A.
, ,
( ),
,
, .. .

178


,
. XII .572.
, , . - Urumum573. ,
2000 . ..
" ha-a" (= ?), "
"
. . . , , ha-a (= haya), Armi Azi (.
Hayaa-Azzi) ,
574.
,
575
Urumu Urme (= Urmiu, Urmie)
. Urme , , Urumu, ,
- .
, ubria , "" Ar(a)m-.
Aracani (
)576, -" "
, , .-. *r-mo- (*r-mo-). ,
Aracani < Arcania .-.
*arg'-,
" " (. ,
VI, 6).
o, Ur(u)m- , , Or(o)m- 577
Ar(a)m- ( Urmiu = Ormio
*-iyo-).
. 1984: 67-69, ; 1971: 237 .; .
1988: 56 ., ..
573
RISA: 140-141. Urumum , . 1935: 6,
. 62; Urumum Apial
(Apial
, . RGTC II s.v.). . (1959: 232, 235, . 117)
Urumum .
574
1983a: 30-33.
575
1984: 166, . 151; 196, . 90.
576
1984: 196, . 97; . 1988: 92.
577
1984: 121.
572

179

Armen-/Ormen (.
Armenion/Ormenion [ ,
], Ormenos [ Ormenion-], Ormenios, Ormenides
578
) , (
) , .
*

XII ..
, -
( ).
(. .-. Gak', .-. Kaag/k-, -. Kasachia, .-. '').
,

(. . Apsilai, . Absilae, .- . Apilk', .-.
Apileti, ; . Aap'swa, A-ap'wa '')579.
,
( ""
, ),
.
, , , ..,
,
, ,
(-) , 580
. , , . XX .., (..
1987: 286. . 1946: 327-328; . 1988: 101.
1984: 131, . 7; . 1973: 19-23; 1998:
6-18, . -
ps '',
, . , , .. , aps , .
Apsa, Apsia, Apsos (.-. *ap- ', ', .
1962: 29-30), -. Abzu/Apsu,
, Enki/Ea ( ?).
580
1984: 4-6.
578
579

180

-) , XII
.., /,
.
,
Hayxuz,
. ,
,
. , , ,
. , ,
581
.
. , Hayxuz hay
582
( , 1990) . ,
583

(. ,
, ).
. ,
- - -
.
,
XI ,
(Kharthlos, Bardos, Movakan, Heros, Lekan,
Kawkas, Egros) Haos-,
(.. ). Haos
584. ,
.
,
(. ). , ,
Hayxuz.
, , , , , ,
Kharthli. . ,
,
.

581

- 1977: 29-31 ( ,
). , Hayxuz-
.
582
-xuz ., , ,
.., . - 1977: 72-73.
583
- 1977: 71.
584
1979: 21 .

181


. . Aramazd < . Ahura
Mazda, . Aramu . Arma- ', '585.
(II, 86), "
" , .. , ,
. ,
,

,
.
, (Mchxethos)
Mchxetha.
' ',
. Mesxi, ,
. Mosch-586. ,
(Ant. I, 125) Mesches, Mazaka
( . ), -.
, ,
,
(Arimous Mysia, Rma Mshika).
,
" " (. , . .,
)
" ",
, .587. ,
"" (. awo)588. "
" Qura (< qur awo '
') - ,
" ". " " "
", ""
" " , ..
.
, , ,
589. , , ., , 1949.
mesxi ., , 1946: 277-278;
1984: 116.
587
. 1986: 55-61, 336-339.
588
" " 1976.
. : 53-55.
589
. 1966: 27-30, 116-119.
585
586

182

, . (-) Rompapi 590,


, ,
Aram-xutu 591. Rompapi (. '-') .-. *r-mo-, .
Rmulus, Aram-xutu . .
- () (, ) 592.
- ,
593.
/ 594. , -
, 595
: . , . .
596
" " ,
afrcaxa ', '597, .. " " ,
.
- (= .
-) / (= . ). " "598 , ,
tetr- (= thethr-) ''.
(Sosrqwe, Sausrqwe, ..) ' Sewesr' (Sewe-

: 64-65.
: 315.
592
. (1961: 96-97; II: 315) Aram-xutu
. Aramu . Hutuini. ,
Xut(u)/ Xetu .
593
1966: 112, . 205; 121, . 224.
594
1975: 188, 189; :171-172, 179; - 1977: 66-67.
595
,
- , . 1985: 158-159, .
596
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597
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1969: 111-112. " () " . .
2001.
598
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590
591

183

sr-qwe)599. Sewesr , , ,
600

, .
/o (. Iarxou, Iarxou,
Narxou, Nart-xou)601 .-.
*arg'- '; ', . . Arjuna. ,
602
" " , a
603
, .
*arg'- . , , ,
'', . . warxil- (. wercxl-), .
uhu- (< *u/orcxu/o-, . . ). ,
. ars, . arc, . arcu
('') .. ,

604
stem .
,
" " (
1969.
Sew Sar ( /), Sewesr. , Sewesr
Sewsrz/Seozeres,
( 1990: 86), . , saws ' ' ( I,
20). . -, , , ,
aua/ auka ( = s, ka ).
601
. . Erexau, .-. Arxu, . Arxcaw, . Raikau .. , . - 1977: 106, 108; 1985: 147-148. n- ,
, nart.
602
- 1977: 36.
603
1976: 186; - 1977: 67.
604
, , '', . 1964: 83-84;
1988: 131-132, 153; , 1988: 185. ,
.-. *Harg'- '', ,

- satm
( 1998: 154). -
, . A. 1997: 110-118.
599
600

184

" "). ,
. warxil-, . arjuna (
. *u/orcxu/o-),
'' (. arazn, aran, . rzna), .. .
Arjuna Krtavrya,
" ", margal- (m-arg-al- ' -') kharthwel (. . *e > a, *l > r;
', ',
). , . Argonautai ', Arg-' (
). ,
' Arg-' . Argo, Argos,
Argolis605, . .-. *arg'- '; ',
, , "" .
, o " " Haihaya,
Rma, Arjuna, Krtavrya, ,
a (*).
,
. -- ()
;
, 606.
4. HA.A, HAYAA, HATTI, ETIU
,

, hay, , . ,
, hay, armen geni , .
hay (< ) hatti
XIX (. ). , hay
605
606

, 1984: 907-908. . 1964: 132.


. 1988.

185

*hathi- (., , . hayr '' < *pHter-). . . , , - "


", , ,
- XII ..
hatti '',
" ".
*hathiyo- ( -iyo-), ,
,
*hayo- > hay, gen. pl. hayoc' 607.
, . . .
- XII
.. , (.
, VI, 3).
,
Hayk'- Hayaa-Azzi 608 , , hay (. .
, . . , . . , . . , . . .)609. ,

(, -);
;


(. , IV, 4).

ha-a (= ha[y]a),
,
.610. ,

., , 1984: 126-127.
-(a)a (Hayaa, Aripa, Kadmaa ?) .
1964: 61 .; 1987: 331; 1988 I:68.
609
. (1924), K. (1927), .
(1931), . (1932), A. (1933) , .
I: 11 .; 1964: 10, .
610
1983a: 30-33. , " ,
Haya Armi Azi,
. . . .
607
608

186

, *H(s)- '',
hay- < *poti-.
, Azzi
Azord - 611,
. az-, azazem
'' (*Hs-gh-), .. Hayaa Azzi *H(s)'' (,
*ha-thi- < *Ha-ti-, . *-ti- > -y- *-ti> -zi-). Arzia, ,
612
Arcn
, , ,
.-. *arg'-. ,
(, Karanni) (, Huggana)
,
613
.
e e
hay. . . , hay
HA.AKI, /Suburubari. , Aratta
SU.KUR.RU. Haya-Ea (Enki),
. ,
614.
, "" Ar(a)m-
*r-mo- ', ', Aratta
Aa (* -to-). ,
,
- (Hayk', ,

hay < *hati " ( : 30, .


31). . , 1984: 913.
611
. 1971: 138; 1976: 103; 1988, I: 69. Azzi
. azn, gen. azin ', , ' ( 1964: 79-80).
612
. 1971: 139-140, 145.
613
1987 . .
. 1987 .
,
. 1988a. , ,
,
.
614
1992; 2000.

187

" " []) .



.
/Subur, ,
615
, .
, HA.A
Ku'ara,616 , , Kur- (. Kur,
. Kura, . Quera, . Kua, . , I. 10)
1984 . ,
Etiuni Etiuhi 617
.
,
, .
, ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
,
" ".
,
, . ,
, -"
", ,
(" "),
.
( IX VIII
..): -,
(
I [ 835-824 .
..] [810-786] ;
[824-810]

, uburKI, SuKI . ubur '' .-. *su' '. Ninubur '/


/' (. s.v.), . Aram- - / " ".
616
RLA; RGTC I; RGTC III, s.v.v.
617
. A. 1997: 143-147, .
615

188

I [786-764])618. -, (810-806), - V (823811), ( 860840), , . ,


Aa . , Aa , ,
619
. .
,
(.. ) , ..

( ). ,
;
, , .
Etiu-ni/hi ( . . Etio620)
hay < *hayo- < *hat'iyo- (-ni
-hi ). -.
*hat'iyo- atiu- ( hatiu-, h x). , t
. t', o u.
e a , ,
a "" (. e/i
. a). ,
Etiu- (Ethio-)
.
,
- (,
Uelikuni < .-. *wel- ).

,
: Diu ini ( 155c, 51), , iu ini, di i. , ,
618

, ., , 1978.
619
, X , , . - 1965.
620
., , 1984: 134, . 21.

189

( , )
*deiwo- '' + *g'en- ', ', . . Diogens, .
Diuzeni, Diazenus .. (. . Thiogeneis, theos '')621.
, . dik', gen. pl. diwc' ''622, tiw
'e' (< *deiwo- '', '') cin ', '. . ,
, . c, .-. *g', .
,
623
. , .
,
. .
. (-) , ,
624. , ,

.. 625.

., , 1981: 42, 64, 77.


. theos
.
623
. (1997),
- [. 26] ( ,
,
). ,
, . ,
" ,
, " [. 25]
( ); "
.., , ,
" [. 27] (
); (=
) II, II [. 27] (
I, II,
, , ); " " [p. 32] (
) .. ,
, ,
. . 2000.
624
., . 1983; 1985.
625
., , , 1984: 882-883; 1988.
621
622

190

,
.
(Purulli, Inara, Taru, ulikatte) , , - (,
-). , ,
hatti = hathi
. hay Hayk.

. ,
"" ,
. Hathi- (. *H- '', -ti-, .
II, 2), () ,
, ,
626
, , , .
, " "
,
627 (. ). ,
Mnnerbund-, ,
Mnnerbund- 628.

,
,
. ,
.-. *poti- 629.
h . x, h,
. hay Hatti Hayaa 630. . : , h
, ,
, , .
1989.
627
. , 1987: 126.
628
. , 2000: 133 .
629
,
*p- > h- . , .-. *p- > *f- > h p- > f- (., ,
purulli/uurulli [= furulli] ). ,
, , , , .
630
. 1984: 200-201, . 120.
626

191

h, ,
- h x
( -
)631. , . hay hatti. , . hatti
. hay,
. hay- Hayaa (= xay, xayasa), , 632
hay- .
5.
Aramaneak-, Xo-
Manawaz-. , ,
( ),

, . ( Manawazeank Xoxounik).

, ., ,
. . ,
. , (.
*aryomen-), ,
Irej Irmin
(. , III, 1), . Manuira-Manuehr- ('/ ' '-

631

1995.
" ", , Hayk'
,
.
" " .
hay. 1. (, ) Aia ; 2. () " "
, Haihaya; 3. () -, '' (=
) "" , -,
Hyaona-; 4. () ,
Io, ; 5. ()
,
Ai (' '). ,
. hay .
hatti.
632

192

' -) . Mannus- (*manu', ')633.


, ,
. ,

:

(, ),
; , " " "
" ( I,12; II, 7),
; , ,
(. ), .
Xo
( -).
, , : .
Hurri = Xo > . Xo (. .-. r, . Choraios)634,
-. huradi ', 635
.
-: eri Hurri ('' '').
636. ,
- .
" KURuri ", .. uri
. . . , uri
( uri-li '')637. . i/e
633

*manu-
, . 1991: 37. ,
, . , I, 6.
634
. 1961: 114-115; I: 280-281; II: 286;
1981: 55; 1987: 422-423 ( , ,
, . xwarr '' =
. xvarnah, . , .
HAnB, s.v.). . xo '' .
., , . partev (. '')
', '. .
1984: 132, . 12.
-uni
- ,
, .
1987: 441-442 ( -i < *-iy). ,
, .,
, Arcruni, Bagratuni.
635
. 1992: 21.
636
., , 1981a: 81; 1984: 145, . 4; . 1994: 319.
637
1992: 53; . 1993.

193

. u 638, eri *uri.



Hark' Manazkert < Manawazakert ' ' (. Melazgirt) .
,
(Bznuneac' cov ' ' [ ]).
IX ..,
. , , , . ,

Mi/enua (erg. Menuae)639. , ,
, o , - .
()
.
() , I,
, , I. "
" ""
(. , II, 5).
(. -).
XV-XIII IX-VIII ..
. (Minyas = Minuas)
Minyai '', ,

1971: 61; 1981a: 83.


1987: 441;
. 1947: 30, .
Manawaz Baz, . HAnB s.v.; 1961: 124; 1981: 55.
Monobazos-,
(. ); Baz Bazaios, , . (< ). baz ', ' - Bazi/a. ,
- Bznuni Baz (Bznuni Buz Biz-). , ,
Byzas, Byzs, Bozos Bysnaioi (
[Steph. Byz.]; . .-. *bhug'o- '').
638
639

194

640.
Minua. , ,
,
641
, , . , (= ) ,
, .
(Minua: Meinua, Menua)
(810-786 ..). I (786-764
..), ,
(= . Tayk',
). , II,
I, Qulha (=
)642. , , ,
,
, ,
643
(= ) XIV-VIII .
, , .
, ,
, .
; ,
, , 644.
640

,

, . 1960a: 222-224. ,
, ,
( , []
).
641
III, (VII
..).
642
(XI, 14, 11), , ( - ) ,
. ,
( ). Monobazos (= .
Manawaz) (I .. I ..),
""
, ( )
. . 1980: 61-62.
643
Qulha . 1962.
644
(., ., ., .)
XX (. , . .). -

195

Argo-, Argiti Argitihinili ""


.-. *arg'-. , . .
(= Argist) .
argests ', ' 645.
armen . ,
, , Armenion/Ormenion, ( ).
() (. -. Armais) Armawir, gen.
Armawray, . Armaouira, Armaouria (. bria ', ',
. . pir, . bira '').
, ,
- ,
- . ,
, "-", "",
"", , ,
. ,
, , , ,
. ,
(a) - (. . Armais),
- -

.
VIII ..
VIII
..646 , (XIII ..) , ,

XV-XIII ..
Minua/Menua (XXII ..):
Menua647, Minyas
, (), . - 1931:
passim; 1936: 261, 267. ,
, . ""
. 1944: 44-48, .
645
. 1931: 900-902, ; . 1944: 47.
646
. I: 100.
647
RISA: 184-185; ANET: 269.

196

. " Minyas
, , ,
.
, e..." (Josephus
Flavius. Ant. I, 3, 6).
,
Mau/Masius/Tur Abdin / Nibur/Cudi-da, .
(Kadmeac' tun ' ', ..
Kadmuhi/Katmuhu - - )
, . qdm '', ',' '' (. dm qadmn,
. , I, 6). ,

648
. , .
. Kadmos . Kadmos-.
, . , , ,
.
, 649.
Mu ('')
Targhu/izziza Sharrumagi , Tarhu- ( ) arruma ( )650.

. XII ..: -, , - -(u)hi


. , , , . 1984: 68.
649
. RLA 1976-80, s.v. Kadmos: 1908: 557558; 1981: 56, ; 1967: 152 ., 222-223, .
Qdm, Qadume, Bene Qadem, Qdmn, Qadumu , (
..). , , . DELG s.v.; 1977b: 218-210, . 10, 13.
-os . Kadmos , .
: Tawros, Zagros, Anos, Artos, Ggos
(=Ggu),
.
650
1975: 197-198, . C, 199 (
Targhuzizza Tharumegi, ., , ANET: 135). ,
(, ) ,
. 1991. Targhu/izziza Sharrumagi
648

197

Tarhu- , ,
, , ,
..
. , -
'/ M' (*Manu-), ,
'' (*Yemo-), . ''
'' ( ).

651. Mu ''
*Yemo- (. , I, 6).
, *Manu- Menua-Minyas Tauros ''. ,
Minos, . Minua,
, *Manu-652 (. Minos + tauros).
. , Menua Aram
Tabra/Tibar,
.. , Tabra/Tibar , ,
653.

. , 654.
,

Kiba ( , )
arum, , . s.v.
651
1986: 69 .; 1991: 7 .
652
., , 1991: 40, 47, . 69. ,
*manu- '' .-. *men- '', '' ('').
*manu- , . Manu Hara
Brzaiti "". , . Minua . manuk ', ' < *men-u-, . 1986: 55.
653
1965: 66.
654

, -
(. . *tawr- .-. *tawro- ''; . - . Theseus; . Qdm, . Kadmos; .
Minua, . Minos Minyas).

198


655.

,

..
,
,
..
,

, ,
. ,

6. :


. T'orgom-,
Tegarama-Lakarama-Beth Thogarma,
. T'orgom
Gomer/Gamer-, , . Gamirk' (. X, 2-3;
I, 5; I, 9; I, 12). , ,
,
T'orgom, ,
Tarhun-.
(', '), ,
( -arma
armen XIX ).
,
" " -
"" 656. , .
Aracani Arsania (= Arcaniya)
IX .. (.. Iuwa-Cop'k',
). ,
.-. *Harg'- ', ',
655
656

, 1984: 908.
., , 1971: 233.

199

, , ( -ani < *-a-niyo/)657.


Mala , Meli(a) Melas 658, . .-. *mel- ''. ,
Kara-su ' ' .
" ",
659
"" (. , IV, 4) .
, .
,
", ",
", ".
, ,
, Mala Arcania
. ,
Arcania -
660
IX .., .. 661.
, . , ,
" T'orgom662
" . , ,
Aracani, . A. 1991: 113, . 62; 1991: 252-253; . 1991: 130-131. ,
*Arcani (< *Arcaniya = . Arsania, . Arsanias),
, Aracani ,
Ara-.
658
., , RGTC 6: 537; 1984: 199-200, . 119;
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659
, Meraget (
) Me (. *mel-) Kara-su
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660
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661
. , Iuwa " "
. ,
XIV-XIII . ..
, . 1997: 179, . 15. Cop'k',
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1998.
657

200

,
. -
HA.A (= /Subur) Aram-,
. , HA.A
(. , II, 2; VI, 4). ubur,
663
,

.
" "
(.. ), ,
, Hark'.
.. . ..

: "", ,
664
. ,
.
, , , , , , ..
, (
, ,
).
,
Hark', a (,

).
, , ,
, . , , . Hark', , ,
.
, ,
Xo ,
. , , ,
, ,

-.
, 663
664

1944: 31-32.
. 1994: 239 ., .

201


( IX ..). , ,
(
) . ,
.
,
.. :
, , .
.
"-"
..

. ..,
"-" ,
..
( "-" )
- .665
"-"

..
"-"

,
( )
.
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, , .. ,
.
, "-",
.
, . . . . "" ,
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1999: 275, 277.

202

..,
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"".
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""
( ; " " ,
, , "" ).
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, , ,
.
,
.

. . .
,
,
. ,
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, .);
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