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REVISION CHEF 124 T1 2016/2017

1.

In the reaction: HSO4(aq) + OH(aq) SO42(aq) + H2O(), the conjugate acid-base pairs
are __________.

2.

Identify the conjugate base of HClO3 in the reaction: ClO3 + HSO4 HClO3 + SO42

3.

What is the pH of an aqueous solution that contains 2.7 1020 H3O+ ions per liter of solution?

4.

What is the H+ ion concentration in a 4.8 102 M KOH solution?

5.

Consider the weak acid CH3COOH (acetic acid). If a 0.048 M CH 3COOH solution is 5.2%
ionized, determine the [H3O+] at equilibrium.

6.

Calculate the pH of a 1.6 M 10-3 KOH solution.

7.

The pOH of a solution is 10.40. Calculate the hydrogen ion concentration in the solution.

8.

Which one of the following is a buffer solution?

9.

A)

0.40 M HCN and 0.10 KCN

B)

0.20 M CH3COOH

C)

0.50 M HCl and 0.10 NaCl

D)

1.0 M HNO3 and 1.0 M NaNO3

Which one of the following combinations cannot function as a buffer solution?


A)

HCN and KCN

B)

NH3 and (NH4)2SO4

C)

HNO2 and NaNO2

D)

HNO3 and NaNO3

10.

Calculate the pH of a buffer solution that contains 0.25 M benzoic acid (C 6H5CO2H) and
0.15M sodium benzoate (C6H5COONa). [Ka = 6.5 105 for benzoic acid]

11.

A solution is prepared by mixing 500 mL of 0.10 M NaOCl and 500 mL of 0.20 M HOCl.
What is the pH of this solution? (Ka(HOCl) = 3.2 108)

12.

Consider a buffer solution prepared from HOCl and NaOCl. Which is the net ionic equation
for the reaction that occurs when NaOH is added to this buffer?
A)

OH + HOCl H2O + OCl

B)

H+ + HOCl H2 + OCl

C)

NaOH + HOCl H2O + NaCl

D)

Na+ + HOCl NaCl + OH

13.

You have 500.0 mL of a buffer solution containing 0.20 M acetic acid (CH 3COOH) and 0.30
M sodium acetate (CH3COONa). What will the pH of this solution be after the addition of
20.0 mL of 1.00 M NaOH solution? (Ka = 1.8 105)

14.

The pH at the equivalence point of a titration may differ from 7.0 due to

15.

A)

the initial concentration of the standard solution.

B)

the indicator used.

C)

the self-ionization of H2O.

D)

hydrolysis of the salt formed.

For which type of titration will the pH be basic at the equivalence point?
A)

Strong acid vs. strong base.

B)

Strong acid vs. weak base.

C)

Weak acid vs. strong base.

D)

None of the above.

16.

50.00 mL of 0.10 M HNO2 (nitrous acid, Ka = 4.5 104) is titrated with a 0.10 M KOH
solution. After 25.00 mL of the KOH solution is added, the pH in the titration flask will be
___________.

17.

As a result of beta decay, the product nucleus is


A)

one atomic number lower than the original element.

B)

two atomic numbers higher than the original element.

C)

one atomic number higher than the original element.

D)

two atomic numbers lower than the original element.


9
4

Be + 2 0 n +?

18.

Complete the nuclear equation:

19.

Radium-226 decays by alpha emission. What is its decay product?

20.

Sulfur-35 decays by beta emission. The decay product is _____________.

21.

Find the nuclear binding energy of potassium-40 (atomic mass = 39.9632591 amu) in units of
joules per nucleon. Given:
Mass of proton = 1.007825 a.m.u
Mass of neutron = 1.008665 a.m.u
1 kg = 6.022 1026 a.m.u

22.

Find the nuclear binding energy of uranium-234 (atomic mass = 234.040947 amu) in units of
joules per nucleon. Given:
Mass of proton = 1.007825 a.m.u
Mass of neutron = 1.008665 a.m.u
1 kg = 6.022 1026 a.m.u
2

23.

If 12% of a certain radioisotope decays in 5.2 years, what is the half-life of this isotope?

24.

Polonium-208 is an alpha emitter with a half-life of 2.90 years. How many milligrams of
polonium from an original sample of 2.00 mg will remain after 8.00 years?

25.

Which of the following is an advantage of nuclear power plants over coal-burning plants?
Nuclear power plants

26.

A)

produce radioactive byproducts with very short half-lives, reducing the need for waste
storage.

B)

do not pollute the air with SO2, soot, and fly-ash.

C)

create no thermal pollution.

D)

generate radioactive byproducts that can be sold for use in secondary applications.

Which one of the following statements about fission and fusion is false?
A)

Fission occurs among the heaviest isotopes, whereas fusion occurs more readily for
light isotopes.

B)

For a fission reaction the mass defect (m) is negative, whereas for fusion m is
positive.

C)

In order for fusion reactions to occur, temperatures must be in the millions of degrees.

D)

Neutron-induced fission processes can occur at room temperature, rather than at


millions of degrees.

27.

Decay of lutetium-167 by electron capture yields _____________.

28.

The reaction of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid yields ______________.

29.

The reaction of ethylene and water yields _____________.

30.

Oxidation of the 2-propanol will produce a/an ______________.

31.

Esters are synthesized from two classes of organic compounds. Those two types of
compounds are ______________ and ________________.

32.

The following diagram shows an ester.

Which of the following pairs below produced the ester?

A
.
3

B.

C.

D
.

Questions 33 until 36 refer to the given monomers below:

33.

Polystyrene results from the polymerization of monomer ________.

34.

Polypropene results from the polymerization of monomer _________.

35.

Acrylonitrile results from the polymerization of monomer _________.

36.

Poly(vinyl chloride) results from the polymerization of monomer _________.

37.

Name the following polymers:


Polymer

Name

(a)

(b
)

38.

Most plastics in use today are marked with Resin Identification Codes RSI. These are
numbered symbols that appears on plastic products that identify the type of polymers of
which the product is made. State the name of the polymer based on the following RSI.
RSI

Name of polymer
4

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

39.

Consider the following hypothetical equation:


2 A (s) + B2 (g) 2 AB (g)

H = +ve

Predict and explain how the yield of AB would be affected by


(a) an increase in pressure;
(b) an increase in temperature.

40.

Answer TRUE or FALSE.


Statement

TRUE/FALSE

(a) A catalyst raises the activation energy of a reaction.


5

(b
)

Half-life is the time required for the concentration of a


reactant to fall to one-half of its initial value.

(c)

Increasing the intermolecular forces of a liquid will


decrease the vapour pressure of the liquid.

(d
)

Consider the following reaction at equilibrium:


2 H2S(g) + 3 O2(g) 2 H2O(g) + 2 SO2(g)
Adding 1 atm of Ar gas to the reaction mixture will shift the
equilibrium to the right in the direction of the products.

(e)

The addition of a homogeneous catalyst does not change the


activation energy of a given reaction.

(f)

The boiling point is lower for compounds with strong


intermolecular forces.

(g
)

Liquids that have high vapour pressure and low boiling


points are called volatile liquids.

(h
)

A molecular compound dissolves in gasoline but does not


dissolve in water, therefore the compound are very likely to
be polar.