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SERIES AND PARALLELPUMP TEST SET

Introduction
Transport of water from low sources to elevated tanks or from low sources to
directly consumers is accomplished by the help of pumps. Pumps are used to
transfer fluid in a system, either at the same level or to a new height. The flow rate
depends on the height to which the fluid is pumped, and the relationship between
head and flow rate is called the pump characteristic. This has to be
determined experimentally for a pump and the TecQuipment H32 Series and
Parallel Pump Test set provides a low cost and effective way of demonstrating
how this is achieved, and enabling more detailed experiments to be done.
The H32 uses domestic central heating pumps, more correctly known as
circulators, which provide relatively low outputs compared with pumps designed
for high performance. This enables the H1 Hydraulic Bench to be used as both the
source of water and to measure the flow rate.
Often in civil engineering applications a single pump cannot deliver the flow
rate or head necessary for a particular need, and two (or more in practice) can be
combined in series to increase the flow rate. The H32 demonstrates how the
combined pump characteristic compares with that of the single pump.
More sophisticated pump test sets, such as the H36 Computerized Centrifugal
Pump Test Rig, may be found in the TecQuipment range. These are suitable for more
advanced studies in the fluid dynamic performance of pumps.

Design of the Apparatus

The H32 Series and Parallel Pump Test Set

The TecQuipment H32 Series and Parallel Pump Test Set, shown in Figure
above, is one of a range of small equipment intended for use with the TecQuipment
H1 Gravimetric Hydraulic Bench or H1d Volumetric Hydraulic Bench.
Two similar single phase multi-speed pump units are connected by a pipe
system so that each pump can be run on its own, combined in series, or combined
in parallel. Figures 1a, 1b, 1c, and d show the position of the three valves A, B and C
required to set up each flow condition.
Each pump has a control panel which enables it to be switched on or off,
together with a three speed control.

Figure 1a:
Setting the three
control valves:
Pump 2 only.

Figure 1b:
Setting the three
control valves:
Pump 1 only.
Figure 1c:
Setting the
three control

valves: Pumps
in parallel.

Figure 1d: Setting the three control valves: Pumps in series.

A single Bourdon gauge is fitted to the top panel which can be switched to
measure the delivery pressure of either pump. The pump inlet pressure can be
determined from Bernoullis Equation. The water flow rate is adjusted using a gate
valve fitted in the return pipe between the pump test set and the hydraulic bench.
This valve must not be fitted in the water pipe leading to the pump test set, as to do
so would mean that an unknown and variable pressure drop would be introduced so
that the pump inlet pressure could not be determined. If a valve is fitted before the
pump, it must be fully open when measurements are taken. For experiments to
determine the pump overall efficiency, it is necessary to measure the input
electrical power with a wattmeter. However, the input powers quoted by the pump
manufacturer will be sufficient to demonstrate how the efficiency is calculated.
Table 1 gives typical input powers and pump speeds.

Table 1: Typical pump input powers and speeds


Speed
1
2
3

Input power, watts


40
70
105

Revs/min
750
1150
1850

Parts and Function

1. OUTLET
2. PUMP SWITCHES
3. DELIVERY
PRESSURE
4. POWER BUTTON
5. PUMPS
6. VALVES
7. INLET

8.
PARTS & ILLUSTRATION
1. Outlet

9.

FUNCTION

10. It is the exit point of the


pumped fluid.
11.

2. Pump Switch
18.

12.
22. PARTS & ILLUSTRATION
3. Delivery Pressure
5. Pumps (Centrifugal Pump)

14.
4.
Power
Button
24.
6. Valves
26.

16.

13. They switch on if19.


the
pressure reading on pump
1
20.
or pump 2 is necessary.
21.
23.

FUNCTION

25.
is used
to
15. It
readsItthe
delivered
transport
by the
pressure
by fluids
the pump
conversion
of rotational
during
the operation.
kinetic energy to the
hydrodynamic energy
of the fluid flow.
27.
It regulates,
17.
It powers
on and directs
off the
or controls
the flow of a
device.
fluid by opening,
closing, or partially
obstructing various
passageways.

7. Inlet
28.

30. It is the entry point of


fluid into the pump area.

29.
31.
32.

Operating Conditions:

Operating environment: Laboratory environment


Storage temperature range: 25C to +55C (when packed for transport)
Operating temperature range: +5C to +40C
Operating relative humidity range: 80% at temperatures < 31C decreasing
linearly to 50% at 40C

33.

Specifications:

Net dimensions: 520 mm x 460 mm x 700 mm


Packed dimensions and weight: 0.34 m3 and 25 kg
34.
35.
36.
37.

Essential Base Unit:

Volumetric Hydraulic Bench (H1D)


38.
39.

Essential Services:

Electrical Supply: 230 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 2A, single-phase or two-phase


Water Supply: From the Hydraulic Bench (H1D)
Floor space needed: 1m x 1m (plus space for the hydraulic bench)
40.

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