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Aula 01

Pronouns
Personal Pronouns
So os pronomes pessoais, os sujeitos da frase. So
eles: I, you, he, she, it (singular), we, you, they
(plural).

Possessive Adjectives
Pronomes que ocupam o lugar dos adjetivos na
lngua inglesa, embora no os substituam, podem
ser usados com outros adjetivos.
Exemplo: That is a fancy car.
That is my fancy car.

Object pronouns
So os pronomes usados na posio de
complemento: Me, you, him, her, it (singular), us,
you, them (plural).
Exemplo: I love you.

Possessive Pronouns

Nessa frase temos I, subject pronound, o verbo


love e you, o subject pronoun.

So os pronomes possessivos. Tambm indicam


posse, assim como os possessive adjectives, porm
so usados depois do objeto ou quando este est
subentendido. Exemplos:

Relative Pronouns

Exerccios:
1.( UFRGS 2010) Baby boomers won't let go of the
Woodstock Festival. Why woud we? It's one of the
few defining events of the late 60's that had a clear
happy ending.

The pronoun we refers to:


(A) the author and his critics

A palavra which tem a mesma funo no trecho


acima e na frase:
(A) I didn't know which sweater to buy.
(B) Which flavor of ice cream do you prefer?
(C) I have different CDs which I listen to when
traveling by car.
(D) She still can't remenber which key opens the
door to her apartment.
(E) My aunt is never sure which road to take when
going to the beach.

(B) the readers and other journalists


(C)the author and the other baby boomers

4. (PUCRS 2008) - ...The things themselves had


existed from the beginning of the world...

(D) the author and the newspaper's editor


(E) the readers and the critics

The pronoun themselves is used:


(A) as the complement to the verb had existed

2. (UFRGS 2006) Considere o uso do pronome


what. Em quais das frases abaixo ele usado
corretamente?

(B) to emphasize the subject of the verb had


existed
(C) in relation to people taken in general

I What impresses the visitor about Seattle is its


wateriness.
II- What time does the ferry boat leave for
Bainbridge Island?

(D) to specify which things are arranged


(E) as a personal pronoun

III- Seattle offered plentiful resourses, what


attracted Arthur Denny's clan.

5. (PUCRS 2002) - ... he told the Philadelphia


Inquirer, which ran a photo of the couple...in its
Sunday edtion.

(A) Apenas em I

The word which can be substituted by

(B) Apenas em II

(A) that

(C) Apenas em II

(B) who

(D) Apenas em I e II

(C) whose

(E) Apenas em II e III

(D) where
(E) when

3.(UFRGS 2008 ) But every time she took a step


she might have fallen over her shoelaces, which
dragged from her unlaced shoes.

Gabarito
1. C

2. D

3. C

4. B

5. A

Aula 02

Simple Past
X
Present Perfect
I went to London last year.

Simple Past

When? > Last Year

Finished action
Yesterday, last week, last night, a year ago, etc.

I have already been to London.


When? > We don't know! (o que importa a
experincia)

Past Perfect
Past before the past!

Present Perfect
Recent past actions (which haven't changed)
Past experiences which have a result at present.
Just, since, never, ever, how long

Present Perfect Continuous


(A) were, went and stood
(B) was, is gone and standed
(C)were, is gone and standed
(D)were, was gone and stood
(E) was, went and stood

2. (UFRGS 2008) Consider the sentence it seemed


like all the problems had magically vanished.
Rewrite it in the present tense by completing the
blanks with the correct alternative:

Past Perfect Continuous


It like all the problems ...magically... .

(A) seems will vanish


(B) would seem have vanished
(C) seems have vanished
(D) will seem would vanish
(E) seems would vanish

Exerccios
1. (UFRGS 2009) Considere o trecho abaixo
Maggie will be nervous until after her sister goes:
she will stand hopelessly in corners, homely and
ashamed of the burn scars down her armns and legs.
Suponha que a autora quisesse expressar como
Maggie ficou depois da partida da irm. Nesse caso,
em seu texto, as formas verbais sublinhadas no
trecho
acima
deveriam
ser
substitudas
respectivamente por:

3. (UFRGS 2006) Consider the verb form in the


sentence below:
Britain has invested very little in Chinese studies.
The same verb form is used correctly in the
sentence

(A) I haven't met my Chinese friends since July

In the past, English cavaliers........swords while


....on the left.

(B) The children have read a Chinese story


yesterday.
(C) Have you learned Mandarim when you were in
school.

(A) drew riding


(B) draw would ride

(D) They have seen many Chinese films last year.


(C) were drawing riding
(E) His parents have live in China in the 1960's.
(D) drew have ridden
(E) had drawn rode

4. (UFRGS 2005) The word that could be placed


between had and met in the sentence: I had met her
by chance only a shor time before is:

Gabarito
(A) still
(B) ever
(C) yet
(D) though
(E) already

5. (UFRGS 2005) Complete the sentencebelow with


the best alternative.

1. E

2. C

3. A

4. E

5. A

* Confira abaixo a tabela de verbos irregulares.

Tabela de verbos irregulares


Present Tense

Simple Past

Past Participle

Traduo

abide

abode

abode

obedecer a lei; permanecer; sobreviver

awake

awoke

awoke
awaken

acordar; despertar-se

be

was

been

ser; estar; existir

bear

bore

borne
born

dar a luz; sustentar; tolerar; sofrer; produzir; usar

beat

beat

beaten

bater; espancar; superar; vibrar; palpitar

become

became

become

se tornar; se transformar; ser digno de; assentar

begin

began

begun

comear

bend

bent

bent

curvar; entortar; franzir; dirigir; desistir

bet

bet

bet

apostar

bid

bade

bidden

oferecer; convidar; ordenar; desejar; leiloar

bind

bound

bound

atar; amarrar; obrigar

bite

bit

bit
bitten

morder; engolir a isca

bleed

bled

bled

sangrar, perder sangue; destilar; tirar dinheiro de


algum

blow

blew

blown

soprar, encher; ventar; assobiar; estourar; fazer soar

break

broke

broken

quebrar; romper; violar; interromper; cancelar; falir

breed

bred

bred

procriar; gerar; fazer criao; educar; ensinar

bring

brought

brought

trazer; servir; causar; executar; induzir

build

built

built

construir, edificar; fabricar

burn

burnt

burnt

queimar; incendiar; carbonizar

burst

burst

burst

arrebentar; explodir; brotar; exclamar

buy

bought

bought

comprar

cast

cast

cast

arremessar, jogar; derrubar; sobrepujar; espalhar;


computar; calcular; moldar; imaginar; (no teatro:)
distribuir os papis

catch

caught

caught

pegar; capturar; entender; adquirir (uma doena);


surpreender; complicar-se

choose

chose

chosen

escolher, selecionar, preferir

cling

clung

clung

pegar-se; unir-se; aderir

clothe

clad

clad

vestir, cobrir

come

came

come

vir; chegar; consentir; suceder; atingir o orgasmo

cost

cost

cost

custar; importar em

creep

crept

crept

engatinhar; arrastar-se no cho; andar de rasto

crow

crew

crowed

cacarejar; vociferar; emitir som caracterstico de


prazer

cut

cut

cut

cortar; partir; reduzir; recortar; castrar

deal

dealt

dealt

dar; distribuir; repartir; dividir; espalhar; negociar

dig

dug

dug

cavar; escavar; gostar; entender; comear; perceber

do

did

done

fazer; funcionar; cuidar de ; parar; mostrar; jogar;


enganar

draw

drew

drawn

puxar; tirar; extrair; desenhar; descrever; traar;


adiantar-se; atrair

dream

dreamt

dreamt

sonhar

drink

drank

drunk
drunken

beber

drive

drove

driven

dirigir; viajar; levar; conduzir; guiar; compelir;


excitar

dwell

dwelt

dwelt

residir; ficar por um tempo; enfatizar, insistir em

eat

ate

eaten

comer; destruir; devorar; mastigar

fall

fell

fallen

cair; descer; abaixar-se; diminuir; ceder; morrer;


abandonar

feed

fed

fed

alimentar; nutrir; abastecer; satisfazer; manter

feel

felt

felt

sentir; perceber; experimentar; apalpar

fight

fought

fought

lutar, disputar; batalhar, combater, guerrear

find

found

found

achar; encontrar; descobrir; julgar; prover, fornecer,


abastecer; perceber, notar; resolver

flee

fled

fled

fugir, escapar; evitar; correr

fling

flung

flung

lanar; arremessar; atirar; invadir; saltar; dedicar-se -

fly

flew

flown

voar; viajar (area); fazer voar; fugir; correr; pilotar;


flutuar; saltar; lanar-se

forbear

forbore

forborne

abster-se, deixar de-, conter-se; evitar

forbid

forbade

forbidden

proibir; impedir; evitar; vetar

forget

forgot

forgotten

esquecer

forgive

forgave

forgiven

perdoar; desculpar, absolver; abrir mo

forsake

forsook

forsaken

abandonar, desertar, largar; abrir mo de

freeze

froze

frozen

congelar; refrigerar; gelar

get

got

got

receber; conseguir; obter; adquirir; pegar (doena);


entender; chegar; causar; induzir; decorar; procriar;
buscar

give

gave

given

dar; entregar, conceder; render-se; premiar; pagar;


enfraquecer-se; preparar (festas, etc)

go

went

gone

ir; viajar; chegar; partir; caminhar; marchar; mover-se

grind

ground

ground

triturar; pulverizar; afiar; amolar; ralar; esfregar;


ranger os dentes; persistir (nos estudos)

grow

grew

grown

crescer; vegetar; cultivar; brotar; desenvolver-se;


progredir; tornar-se

hang

hung

hung

enforcar; ser enforcado; (informtica) travar, parar de


funcionar

have

had

had

ter; possuir; receber; pegar; necessitar; causar

hear

heard

heard

escutar, ouvir

heave

hove

hove

levantar, puxar; elevar; tirar; empurrar; arremessar

hew

hewed

hewn

reduzir; cortar (com machado); talhar

hide

hid

hidden
hid

esconder-se; esconder, ocultar

hit

hit

hit

bater, ferir; atingir, alcanar

hold

held

held

segurar; alimentar; guardar; pensar; acreditar;


organizar; preparar; presidir

hurt

hurt

hurt

ferir; doer; magoar; estragar; danificar

keep

kept

kept

guardar; ficar; cumprir; sustentar; deixar; continuar;


dirigir; criar; possuir

kneel

knelt

knelt

ajoelhar-se

knit

knit

knit

tricotar; atar; enlaar; unir; ligar; fazer renda ou meia;


trabalhar a ponto de malha

know

knew

known

saber; conhecer; entender; perceber; ter conhecimento

lay

laid

laid

deitar; descansar; estar deitado; encostar-se; repousar;


estar situado

lead

led

led

conduzir, guiar, comandar, pilotar, levar, dirigir;


governar; dominar-se; capitanear

lean

leant

leant

inclinar, reclinar, apoiar, recurvar; amparar; firmar;


apoiar-se, recurvar-se, inclinar-se; abaixar; desviar

leap

leapt

leapt

saltar, pular, transportar; cobrir (os animais)

learn

learnt

learnt

estudar; aprender; descobrir; informar-se; decorar

leave

left

left

deixar; largar; sair; separar-se; abandonar; cessar;


desistir de; renunciar a

lend

lent

lent

emprestar, conceder, dar, proporcionar, outorgar;


doar; combinar com; acrescentar

let

let

let

deixar; permitir; dar; alugar; fretar; conceder;


descobrir

lie

lay

lain

mentir; enganar

light

lit

lit

clarear; acender; queimar; descer (do carro, etc); cair


(escolha); pousar; acontecer

lose

lost

lost

perder; desperdiar; arruinar; gastar; sofrer perdas;


escapar de-; no entender

make

made

made

fazer; criar; causar; tornar

mean

meant

meant

pensar; significar; ter em vista; tencionar; pretender;


querer dizer

meet

met

met

encontrar; encontrar-se; reunir-se; receber; conhecer;


abastecer

melt

melted

molten

derreter; fundir; gastar; evaporar; dissolver;


enternecer; consumir

pay

paid

paid

pagar; saldar; satisfazer

put

put

put

colocar; pr; enfiar; sinalizar; situar; propor; oferecer

read

read

read

ler; aprender; aconselhar; avisar; estudar; interpretar

rend

rent

rent

rasgar; arrancar

rid

rid

rid

libertar; resgatar; livrar (-se)

ride

rode

ridden

cavalgar; montar; passear

ring

rang

rung

tocar (sino, campainha); telefonar; envolver

rise

rose

risen

levantar; subir; elevar-se; erguer-se

run

ran

run

correr; fugir; executar; executar um programa


(informtica); ativar; administrar; fazer; calcular;
comprir; continuar; vazar; despir-se;

saw

sawed

sawn

serrar

say

said

said

dizer; contar; recitar; pensar; alegar; afirmar

see

saw

seen

ver; entender; preocupar-se; verificar; experimentar;


acompanhar; encontrar-se; observar

seek

sought

sought

procurar, pedir; liberar; exigir; perseguir atrs; tentar

sell

sold

sold

vender; comerciar; negociar; liquidar; trapacear


(gria); atrair fregueses; trair (gria)

send

sent

sent

mandar; remeter; despachar; enviar; produzir; emitir;


derramar; espalhar; dar prazer (gria)

set

set

set

pr, colocar; preparar; usar; arrumar; causar; marcar;


servir; ajustar

sew

sewed

sewn

costurar; juntar, pregar

shake

shook

shaken

sacudir; agitar; tremer; chocar; apertar (mos)

shed

shed

shed

derramar; vazar; deixar cair; tirar, tirar roupa ; fazer


sangrar; projetar

shine

shone

shone

brilhar, luzir, cintilar, resplandecer; lustrar (sapato);


distinguir

shoe

shod

shod

calar; recobrir com finalidade de proteo ou reforo

shoot

shot

shot

atirar; caar; lanar; mandar; fotografar; voar;


disparar; mandar; impor; arremessar

show

showed

shown

mostrar; descobrir; testemunhar; provar; apresentar;


mostrar-se; aparecer; ensinar; exibir

shred

shred

shred

cortar em pedaos; picar; retalhar; rasgar

shrink

shrank

shrunk
shrunken

contrair-se; encolher-se; contrair, encolher; recuar

shut

shut

shut

fechar; cerrar; tampar; trancar; tapar; fechar-se;


trancar-se

sing

sang

sung

cantar; murmurar; rugir; zumbir; uivar; alcagetar;


avisar; cortejar (gria, como cantar)

sink

sank

sunk

afundar; afogar; regar; mergulhar; descer, cair, descer;


morrer, falecer; penetrar

slay

slew

slain

matar, assassinar; destruir, arruinar

sleep

slept

slept

dormir; descansar; deitar (com algum)

slide

slid

slid

deslizar, escorregar; chupar

sling

slung

slung

atirar na funda; elevar, erguer; atar; atirar, arremessar;


pendurar, colocar na presilha

smell

smelt

smelt

cheirar; feder; perfurmar; sentir cheiro; farejar;


perceber; suspeitar

smite

smote

smitten

golpear; ferir; matar; bater; castigar; mover; excitar;


destruir; bater-se; chocar-se

sow

sowed

sown

semear; espalhar, disseminar

speak

spoke

spoken

falar; dizer; contar; expressar; discursar; lembrar a-;


afirmar

speed

sped

sped

apressar-se; mover com velocidade; dirigir muito


rpido; ser feliz; ser bem sucedido; adiantar; aviar;
despachar

spell

spelt

spelt

soletrar; escrever de forma certa; ser algo que


significa

spend

spent

spent

gastar, tirar; perceber; divertir-se, passar (tempo)

spill

spilt

spilt

entornar; derramar; escorregar; deixar cair;


alcagetar, contar

spin

span

spun

protelar; dilatar; prolongar, adiar; fiar; fazer girar;


virar-se

spit

spat

spit

cuspir; escarrar; vomitar; emitir o som do cuspe;


expelir; pingar (chuva)

spoil

spoilt

spoiled

estragar; corromper; mimar (de mais); estragar-se;


roubar, saquear, furtar

spread

spread

spread

dilatar-se, estender-se; espalhar, esparramar;


disseminar, difundir, propagar; arrumar (mesa);
achatar

spring

sprang

sprung

saltar, lanar-se; libertar-se; aparecer, mostrar-se;


brotar, nascer; deixar cair; "cair" sobre-

stand

stood

stood

pr de p; suster; sustentar; colocar; aguentar; honrar;


manter-se; permanecer

steal

stole

stolen

roubar; furtar; infiltrar-se

stick

stuck

stuck

cravar, fincar, meter, enterrar; pregar; aderir, prender;


afixar; vacilar; parar; enganar; lograr

sting

stung

stung

picar, ferroar, ferretoar, aguilhoar; doer , atormentar;


trapacear

stink

stank

stunk

feder; enojar

strew

strewed

strewn

espalhar, polvilhar, aspergir

stride

strode

stridden

caminhar; cavalgar

strike

struck

struck
stricken

golpear; ferir; bater; surpreender; descobrir

string

strung

strung

amarrar; pendurar; enfiar; esticar

strive

strove

striven

aspirar; tentar, esforar-se

swear

swore

sworn

jurar; prestar juramento; xingar

sweat

sweat

sweat

suar

sweep

swept

swept

varrer; lavar; pentear; arrastar

swell

swelled

swelled
swollen

inchar (-se); crescer; encher (os pneus)

swim

swam

swum

nadar; flutuar; boiar

swing

swung

swung

balanar

take

took

taken

pegar; tirar; tomar; segurar; agarrar; receber; capturar;


aprisionar; aceitar; fotografar; empregar; adotar;
entender; guiar; conseguir

teach

taught

taught

ensinar; educar

tear

tore

torn

chorar, lacrimejar; rasgar, rachar

tell

told

told

contar; saber; perceber; descobrir; ordenar

think

thought

thought

pensar; acreditar

thrive

throve

thriven

ter sucesso

throw

threw

thrown

jogar; parir; impressionar

thrust

thrust

thrust

empurrar

tread

trod

trodden

pisar, andar, pr os ps

wake

woke

waked

acordar; despertar; acordar-se

wear

wore

worn

vestir; trancar; experimentar (roupas, jias, etc);

colocar (culos); exibir; mostrar; gastar; cansar;


esgotar; durar
weave

wove

woven

tecer, entrelaar, tranar; contorcer-se (entre


obstculos); bordar; criar (trama); tramar

weep

wept

wept

chorar; verter lgrimas; gotejar, deixar escapar;


exudar, vazar

wet

wet

wet

umedecer; sujar; molhar; fazer xixi na cama, molharse ( noite); urinar

win

won

won

vencer; ganhar; conseguir; obter; conseguir; alugar;


convencer; ganhar o corao de-

wind

wound

wound

girar, rodar; enrolar-se; enroscar-se; recobrir,


encobrir, encapar; recobrir-se, revestir-se; modificar a
direo

wring

wrung

wrung

arrancar; obrigar, forar; tirar a fora; entortar;


pressionar; segurar com fora; espremer

write

wrote

written

escrever; anotar; compor; inscrever

Aula 03

Past Perfect

They had cancelled the game.


The game had been cancelled.
Had + been + past participle

Infinitive
You must do something.
Something must be done.
be + past participle

Going to
They are going to build a new mall.
A new mall is going to be built.

Modal Verbs
Can, could, should, may, might..
+ to be + p.p.

John should fix his computer.


His computer should be fixed

ALWAYS PASSIVE!
I have my nails done.
I have my car repaired.
I have my hair cut.
I was born in Brazil.
Where were you born?

D) had enjoyed

Exerccios
1.

Assinale

E) was being enjoyed


alternativa

que

preenche

corretamente a lacuna do enunciado abaixo.

3. The Duke and Dutchess of Windsor, whose


possessions were sold over a nine-day period at
Sotheby's New York.

A orao sublinhada na frase do texto

A forma ativa de were sold :

It's important to make sure that your symptoms


are not caused by other health problems
poderia

ser

passada

para

voz

ativa

A) sell

correspondente. Nesse caso ela assumiria a

B) will sell

seguinte forma: that other health problems .

C) have sold

your symptoms.

D) sold
E) are sold

A) do not cause
B) would not cause

4. ... Tess Durbeyfield, who is led by her

C) did not cause

foolish parents into thinking she comes from an

D) would not have caused

ancient noble family...

E) will not cause

The active form of is led by her foolish parents


is Her foolish parents...

2. ...some critics wondered if it would give


Newcastle a taste of the stardom that was

A) are lead

enjoyed by Sheffield after The Full Monty.

B) have led

The active form of the passive was enjoyed is:

C) lead

A) has been enjoyed

D) leads

B) enjoyed

E) led

C) is enjoyed

5. Choose the correct passive form for: ... no


one has made any attempt to tackle the issue.

A) no attempt has been made to tackle the


issue.
B) no attempt is made by anybody to tackle the
issue.
C) it could not be made any attempt to tackle
the issue.
D) it is not made any attempt to tackle the
issue.

E) no attempt was made by anybody to


tackle the issue.

Gabarito
1. A

2. B

3. D

4. C

5. A

Aula 04

As conjunctions (conjunes) ou connectors so de


extrema importncia para a compreenso da lngua
inglesa.

Exerccios
1. Notwithstanding their personality, their dress
and their ideas, they were and they are the most
courteous, considerate and well-behaved group of
kids I have ever been in contact with..

The word notwithstanding can be replaced,


without any change in meaning, by:

(A) In spite of
(B) As a result
(C) Because of
(D) In any case
(E) In addition to

2. Complete the blanks in the following sentence


with the appropriate sequence:

.the late structural works, all the problems were


solved . time the games.

(A) Although with for


(B) In spite of in for
(C) Because of in for

(D) In spite of on to

3. Consider the sentences below and mark the


alternative that completes them correctly.

5. The second phenomenon is the advent of the


personal computer. It has been a great equalizer in
offices among other things, getting executives to
type! Moreover, Pcs and telecommunications
technologies have enabled more women and men to
work at home...

1-. the news irritated Gerald Middleton, the


newspaper presented it in an optimistic tone.

No trecho acima, a palavra moreover pode ser


substituda por:

2- The news irritated Gerald Middleton; .,


the news paper presented it in an optimistic tone.

(A) however

(E) Because of on to

(B) such as
(C) in addition to that

(A) However hence

(D) provided that

(B) Although however

(E) notwithstanding

(C) Hence although


(D) Despite however
(E) Although despite

Gabarito
1. A

4. But today despite the film's merits, Newcastle no


longer needs a movie to boost its reputation.

The word despite could be correctly replaced by :

(A) although
(B) in spite of
(C) nevertheless
(D) any how
(E) at any rate

2. B

3. B

4. B

5. C

Aula 05

Conditional Clauses

It's used to talk about a past possibility, something


that was possible in the past but it is no longer
possible.
If you had arrived on time, we wouldn't have
missed the train.

It's used to talk about events or situations that can


occur at any time. General conditions.
*p.p. = past participle
If you drink very much, you are not supposed to
drive.

> No podem ser conjugados (no tem tempo


verbal, apenas expressam tempo)
It's used to talk about something that is likely to
happen. A real possibility at an specific moment.
If it rains tomorrow, I will not go out.

> Seguidos de verbo no infinitivo

Can indica habilidade/possibilidade/pedido


informal
I can speak English.
I can't (cannot) find my keys.

It's used to talk about a hypothesis, something


which is unlikely to happen at this moment.

Can you help me?

Could passado de can

If I had more money, I would buy a new car.


When I was a child I could draw very well.

Tambm usado em pedidos formais.

Exerccios

Could you lend me your pen, please?

01 - But if you book something, don't you


necessarily do it pre?

May indica uma forte possibilidade/ pedido

A forma condicional da frase acima expressa uma


situao que

muito formal
It may rain tomorrow.
May I help you?

(A) possvel no futuro


(B) im possvel de ocorrer
(C) jamais ocorreu
(D) pode ocorrer a qualquer momento
(E) ocorreu no passado

Might indica uma pequena possibilidade


You have to behave in class, the director might
show up at any time.

Should indica conselho ou obrigao


If you want to graduate, you should study.
It's ten o'clock, he should be home already.

Must Indica uma forte obrigao ou uma


deduo
You must pay all your bills every month.
She was crying, something must be wrong.

Ought to indica uma obrigao ou conselho


You ought to study everyday.

02 - Select the best alternative to complete the


sentences correctly:
I If they _______ money, they will buy a new
house.
II - If you _________ more, you can lose weight
faster.
III If he _________ that much money, he would
have been able to travel with us.
IV I _____________ to New York, if I could
travel now.
V If she ________ a car, she wouldn't be late
everyday.
(A) have exercise hadn't spent would go had
(B) had exercise didn't spend would go has
(C) have exercised didn't spend went had
(D) have - exercise didnt spend would go had
(E) has exercised - spent go has

3 - A alternativa que completa corretamente a frase


If I ______ you, I _________accept his offer
(A) was would
(B) am could
(C) were will
(D) was could
(E) were would

Gabarito

4 - Qual alternativa que melhor completa a frase?


If my ex-boyfriend calls me, _______________.
(A) I would not answer.
(B) I will not answer.
(C) I didn't answer.
(D) I would have answered.
(E) I should have answered

05 - The sentence I have to be at work at 8 o'clock


everyday can be substituted without a change in
meaning by I _________ be at work at 8 o'clock
everyday.
I - may
II- might
III must
IV ought to
V shall
(A) apenas I
(B) apenas II e III
(C) apenas III e V
(D) apenas III e IV
(E) apenas V

1D

2A

3E

4B

5D

Aula 06

Mary said: I am a make up artist.


Mary said that she was a make up artist.
Reported Speech (ou Indirect Speech), usado
para reproduzir algo que foi falado em uma situao
anterior, quando fazemos fofoca ou passamos
alguma informao que ouvimos antes,a diante. J o
Direct Speech usado quando falamos diretamente
com algum, em um dilogo por exemplo.
Para transformar uma frase do discurso direto para
o indireto corretamente preciso entender a
diferena entre os verbos to say and to to tell.

Obs.: Quando a frase proferida no simple present


ainda for considerada como uma verdade ou seja,
se sabemos que a situao no mudou, no h
necessidade de alterar o tempo verbal.
Dessa forma poderamos ter: Mary said that she is a
make up artist.

To say the listener is NOT mandatory


She said that the party was good.
or
She said to me that the party was good.

I traveled to Acapulco last summer Paul told me


Paul told me that he had traveled to Acapulco the
summer before.

To tell the listener is MANDATORY


She told me that she had been to London.

NEVER: She told she had been to London.

I am watching TV now Jane said


Jane said that she was wathing TV then.

Or She said me the party was good.

As frases usadas no Reported Speech sempre


voltam um tempo verbal (por isso importante
saber identific-los):

I have already seen this movie John said


John said he had already seen that movie

(A) My mother told me don't climb the tree


because I can hurt myself.
I will study English next year Mark told his
brother
Mark told his brother he would study English the
following year.

(B) My mother said that if I don't climb the tree I


could hurt myself.
(C) My mother told me not to climb the tree
because I can hurt myself.
(D) My mother said to us that we can't climb the
tree because I can hurt yourself.
(E) My mother said do not climb the tree to not
hurt myself.

I can speak five languages He said.


He said he could speak five languages.

Come here! Mom said

2. When I was a teenager I studied at Columbia


High School in California, but after I graduated I
moved to Ohio and never saw my friends anymore.
As luck would have it, these days I was in New
York on business and met my best friend from
school, Joe. We talked a lot and he told me: I am
working as a math teacher. I just couldn't believe
that because when we were at school he was really
bad at math! When I got back home I told my wife:
Can you believe Joe said that.....

Mom said to go there.


Don't speak Portuguese in class! The teacher
told us.
The teacher told us not to speak Portuguese in
class.

Exerccios
1. Complete the paragraph with the correct
alternative:
John was playing in the yard with his friends. Then
they decided to climb the tree. His mother looked
through the window, saw what they were doing and
yelled: Don't climb the tree, John! You can hurt
yourself! John was a good boy, he decided to obey
and told his friends
_____________________________.

I - he is working as a math teacher.


II he worked as a math teacher.
III he was working as a math teacher.
IV he's been working as a math teacher.

A opo que melhor completa o pargrafo ;


(A) I e II
(B) I e III
(C) II e III

(D) apenas I

(E) The company director asked me how long I had


been working on that project.

(E) apenas III

3. Qual a opo representa a seguinte frase no


discurso indireto:
The teacher asked me: Can you speak English?

5. A forma de linguagem indireta da frase: They


said to me Do you know which is the party she
went yesterday? correponde a They ________ me
if I __________ which _________ the party she
__________ to the day before.
A alternativa que completa corretamente os espaos
:

(A) The teacher asked me to speak English.


(B) The teacher told me whether I knew English or
not.

(A) told knew were gone

(C) The teacher asked me if I could speak English.

(B) told had known was have been

(D) The teacher asked me if I knew I coud speak


English.

(C) asked knew was had been


(D) asked knew was had gone

(E) The teacher told me I could speak English.


(E) asked have know was had gone

4. Change the following sentence into Reported


Speech:
The company director asked me: How long have
you been working on this project?

Gabarito
(A) The company director asked me if I had been
working on that project for log.
(B) The company director asked me how long had I
been working on that project.
(C) The company director asked me how long I
worked on this project.
(D) The company director asked me how long I was
working on that project.

1C

2B

3C

4E

5C