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# Matematicas Basicas

Prof: Efr
en Baquero
Nombre:

1. The population of the popular town of Smithville in 2003 was estimated to be 35,000
people with an annual rate of increase (growth) of about 2.4%. What is the growth factor
for Smithville? Write an equation to model future growth. Use your equation to estimate
the population in 2007 to the nearest hundred people
2. A certain strain of bacteria that is growing on your kitchen counter doubles every 5 minutes.
Assuming that you start with only one bacterium, how many bacteria could be present at
the end of 96 minutes?
3. Diego decided to invest his \$500 tax refund rather than spending it. He found a bank that
would pay him 4% interest, compounded quarterly. If he deposits the entire \$500 and does
not deposit or withdraw any other amount, how long will it take him to double his money
in the account?
4. The number of wolves in the wild in the northern section of the Cataragas county is
decreasing at the rate of 3.5% per year. Your environmental studies class as counted 80
wolves in the area. After how many years will this population of 80 wolves drop below 15
wolves, if this rate of decrease continues?
5. A rain gutter is constructed by folding the edges of a sheet of metal 12 inches wide so that
the cross section of the gutter is a rectangle (see figure). The capacity of the gutter is the
product of the length of the gutter times the area of the cross section. How much edge
should be folded up on each side to maximize the capacity?
6. What is the greatest area of a pasture in the shape of a rectangle that can be fenced with
6000 feet of fencing?
7. The length of a rectangle is three more than twice the width. Determine the dimensions
that will give a total area of 27 m2 . What is the minimum area that this rectangle can
have?
8. Two rectangular corrals are to be made from 100 yds of fencing as seen below. If the
rancher wants the total area to be maximum, what dimensions should be used to make
the corrals?
9. The length of a rectangular flower garden is 5 feet more than its width. If the area of the
garden is 104 square feet, find the dimensions of the flower garden.
10. The height of a triangular flower garden is 6 feet more than the length of the base. If the
area of the garden is 8 square feet, find the dimensions of the flower garden.

11. The length of a rectangular plot of land is 10 yards more than its width. If the area of the
land is 600 square yards, find the dimensions of the plot of land.
12. The height of a triangular window is 3 feet less than its base. If the area of the window is
20 square feet, find the dimensions of the window.
13. The length of a Ping-Pong table is 3 ft more than twice the width. The area of a Ping-Pong
table is 90 square feet. What are the dimensions of a Ping-Pong table?
14. The base of a triangle is one more than four times the height. Determine the dimensions
that will give a total area of 9 cm2 . What is the minimum area of such a triangle?
15. The height of a triangle is two more than three times the base. Determine the dimensions
that will give a total area of 28 yds2 . What is the minimum area of such a triangle? 39.
The perimeter of a rectangle is 50 yds. What are the dimensions that will produce the
maximum area of such a rectangle?
16. The perimeter of a rectangle is 70 m. What are the dimensions that will produce the
maximum area of such a rectangle?
17. Three rectangular corrals are to be made from 100 yards of fencing as seen below. Determine the dimensions that will produce the maximum area. What is area of one of the
corrals?

C
alculo diferencial e integral
Prof: Efr
en Baquero
Nombre:

1. You need to construct a tank consisting of a right circular cylinder with height h and
radius r, topped with a hemispherical top, and with a flat base, as shown in the figure. If
the material for the hemispherical top costs \$20/m2 and the material for the cylindrical
side costs \$8/m2 , and material for the circular bottom costs \$5/m2 find the value of r and
h that minimize the cost of the materials for this tank, assuming that the volume must be
200p m3 Then what does the ratio h diameter equal?
2. A cardboard box without a lid is to have a surface area of 12 m2. Find the dimensions
that maximize the volume of the cardboard box.
3. Consider an open box with no top, as shown. The box has volume 32 and dimensions
x, y, z. Using Lagrange multipliers, find the dimensions of the box with minimal surface
area.
4. A right cylindrical can is to have a volume of 0.25 cubic feet (approximately 2 gallons):
Find the height h and radius r that will minimize surface area of the can. What is the
relationship between the resulting r and h?
5. Maximize the product of two positive numbers whose sum is 36.
6. Minimize the sum of two positive numbers whose product is 36.
7. A farmer has 400 feet of fence with which to enclose a rectangular field bordering a river.
What dimensions of the field maximize the area if the field is to be fenced on only three
sides (see picture below)?
8. A rectangular box with a square bottom is to have a volume of 1000 ft3 What dimensions
for the box yield the smallest surface area?
9. A house with width w and length l is be 18 feet tall at its tallest and 10feet tall at each
corner. What dimensions for a 2000 square foot house (i.e., wl = 2000) minimize the area
of the roof and sides of the house?