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990

f^


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1

, 1999

990

f^


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1


..

, 1999




, , .
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(
) ()
1999


:


1


..
..
. . .. ()

190 .

298

,
117936 , -, 4
, . , 8/9

1500 .

1.
1.1.
1.2. 1
2.
2.1.
2.2. 2
3.
3.1.
3.2. 3
4.

4.1.
4.2. 4
5.

5.1.
5.2. 5
6. , ,

6.1.
6.2. 6
7.

7.1.
7.2. 7

4
5
5
17
29
29
38
63
66
72
96
96
101
125
125
132
136
136
146
170
170
178



11.01 11.06,
, .

. .
.
.
,
, ,
.

1.

y = g(x) y = f(x).

y = g(x)

f(x)

y = f(x) + c
y = f(x c)
y = f(x)
y = f(x)
y = af(x)
y = f(ax)

0Y c
0X c
0Y
0X
a

1.1.
.

1. y = x2 4x + 2.

y = x2 4x + 2 = (x2 4x + 4) 4 + 2 = (x 2) 2 2.
: ) y = x2; ) y = (x 2) 2 ; ) y = (x 2) 2 2 (. 1.1).

.., .., .., ..

. 1.1

2. y =

, xR,

x1.

1-x

(x - 1) + 1

y =

=
=
1.
1-x
x- 1
x- 1
: ) y =
; ) y =
; ) y =
x
x -1
x -1
6

1 (. 1.2).

. 1.2

3. = - 1 \/ 2- 4 ,\ ,
| - 1| V
/

1.

\a\ = i
\-a,a

<0;

.., .., .., ..

x-1

2
( x2-4
) = x2-4,

x-1>0(x>1)

=x - 1 ( 2 4 ) = x

Ix - 1

x - 1x2-4)
( 2= 2
-(x-1)

. 1.3

4. y = 2 - x + 2 + x, x R.

-x2+4,x-1<0(x<1)

0X 2 x = 0, x = 2 2 + x = 0, x = 2.
(. 1.4)
(. 1.5).

~z

til

. 1.4

I. X ( - ; - 2 ] , = (2 - ) - (2 + ), =

-2;

II. X (-2;2], _ = (2 - ) + (2 + ), _ = 4;
III. X (2,+), _ = - ( 2 - ) + (2 + ), _ = 2.

.., .., .., ..

. 1.5

5. y = 2 sin 2x
V

xeR.
3

10

2sin2 x

y = 2 sin 2x
V

) y = sinx;

) y = sin2x,

2%

= = ;

) y = sin2 xV

; ) y = 2sin2 x- (. 1.6).
/

6J

6J

. 1.6

6. y = log2 \x\, x G R, x 0.

y = log2x

[log2 x,

x>0,

l l o g 2 ( - x ) , x<0

(. 1.7).

11

.., .., .., ..

. 1.7

7.

|log2 x\, x e (0;+oo) .

flog2x, l o g 2 x > 0

y = |log2 x\

12

I - log2 x, log2 x<0

(x>1),
(0 < x < 1)

(. 1.8).

. 1.8

8. = 2 ^+1 .

=2-+

=2 2-^.

: ) y=2x

; ) y=2-x - x ; ) y

2 2

(. 1.9).

13

.., .., .., ..

. 1.9

9. = V10

xR,

x0 .

= 110lg

14

=^^2=

^^j^,

^ 0 (. 1.10).

. 1.10

10. y

=-

cosx

xR,

xVin,
2

t = - cosx y = =
t
-cosx

neZ

(. 1.11).

15

.., .., .., ..

. 1.11

11. y = 2 x +2 - x .

: ) y=2x

; ) y=2-x

(. 1.12): ) y = 2 x +2 -

16

, ) ),

. 1.12

12. = 2arcsin + 1^

1
<1,

1
3
1
-1< +-<1, - - < < 2
2
2

1^
< arcsin + <,-7 <2arcsin + - < 7 , - 7 < _ < 7
V 2 2
V 2
2


17

.., .., .., ..

y = 0, 2arcsin x -\ = 0, x =
2J

0Y x = 0, y = 7/3;
(. 1.13).

. 1.13

18

13. = log3(: - 1).

X > 1,

X ( - ;-1) (1;+) . ,

0Y.

= X - 1 = log3 X (. 1.14).
(1; +) ( 1) 0 + ,
log3(: - 1) + .
= \2

=-V 2 .

^^tc^ifx'-/)

. 1.14

19

.., .., .., ..

14. = arcsin(sinx).

(; +) 2%,

sin(x + 2) = sinx, arcsin(sin(x + 2)) = arcsin(sinx).


sin

V2 + = sin

V2

arcsin Vsin V2 +

Va i? , ,

= arcsinVsin V2

yj

7/2.
[7/2; +7/2],
= 7/2 [7/2; 37/2],
[7/2; 37/2] 2% (. 1.15).

arcsinx, [-1; 1] - sinx,


[7/2; 7/2], V [/2; 7/2] arcsin(sinx) = x.
[7/2; 7/2] = x.
= 7/2 ,
-;

j ^ = 7 - x, . . arcsin(sinx) = -

x.

2J

= arcsinx, x [-1; 1]
J^ = sinx.

. 1.15.

20

1.2. 1
1...10.
1

2
x-2
x+2

1. y = x + 2 x + 4

1. y =

2. y = log2 (2x - 3)

2. y = - l o g 1 / 2 | x - 1|

3. y = 2 sin(2x - 1)

4. y = arcsin(x + 1)
1-x
5. y =
2-x
6. y = 3 1-x
1
7. y =

i
3

3. y = 2 cos 3x + V
3
4. y = arccos(-x)
1
5. y =
V2y
6.

2x-3

- 3x + 2

7. y

=-3

8. y =

1
cosx

1+x
1

8. y =
x2-9
9. y = -2 ' '

9. y = x +
x

10. y = sinarcsinx

10. y = cos x

21

1. y= x2 - 4 x

1. y=

+1
x-2

2. y=

x
x +1

-2x+4

2. y=2

3. y = -2cos(2x + 1)

3. y = tg(3x - 1)

4. y = arctg(x - 1)

4. y = arcsin x

5. y= x

log x 2

5. y = x2 - 3 x + 2
6. y = l o g 2 ( 1 - 2x)

6. y = 1 + 2x

1 -x+1
7. y =
\3J

7. y=
x- x2
8. y = log 4 (2x + 1)
2x 2 - 6 x

9. y=2

x-3

10. y= x +

22

x-1

8. y = yjx 1

9. y=

1
sin x

10. y = sin 2 x

1. y =

x -2
x+3

6
1. y = \x -2\x

x+1

2. y = - log2 x + 1

2. y = -2

3. y = 2cos 3x +
V
4

3. y = 1-cos

4. y = arccos(-x)

4. y = 2arcsin(x + 1)

5. y = x - 3\x\ + 2

5. y = log 1 / 2(-x)

6. y = 2 2x+4

6. y = 21/ x

7. y =

7. y =

x-4

x-x2

8. y = 3 - x - 1

x+4
8. y = -\/(x + 2)

1
9. y =

V2

1
9. y =

x-x2

10. y = cos
2

tgx
10. y = lgx + lgx

23

1. y =

x-2
x+2

1. y = \x - 3 x

2. y = - l og1/2 x

2. y = - 3x-1

3. y = sin 2x +

3. y = 1 - cos 2x
V

4. y = arctg x
V

2
5. y = log 1 / 2(-x)
1

6. y = 3 x + 1

6. y = 2 x - 1

8. y =

og

x + 5x - 6

1
x2-1
10. y = x + x

24

7. y =

x-1
x -3

8. y = -\/(x + 4)2

x-1

9. y =

4. y = 2 arcsin(x + 2)

5. y = \x - 2\(x + 2)

7. y = 2

9. y =

1
sin2x

10. y = lnx + ln x

10

1. y = \x\(x - 1)

1. y =

2. y = log1 / 2x + 1

2. y = log2 x + 1

3. y = tg 2x
V

3. y = tg 2x +

\x-2\x

4. y = arccosx

4. y = 2arccosx
x +1

x +3
5. y =

5. y =

x-2

x-3
6. y = cos2x

6. y = sin 2 x

7. y = 2 - x

7. y = V1 - x

9. y = 2 x 2

8. y =

8. y = ^
x2
x

10. y = x + '\J(x - 1)

9. y =

9-x2
1
V2y K2J

10. y =

1
( x - 3)2

25

11

12

1. y= x2 + x - 3

1. y = x2 - 2 x

2. y = log 3 (3x - 4)

2. y = 1+ sin2x

3. y = 2sin(3x + 1)

3. y = log 2 (2x + 3)

4. y = arcsin(x - 2)

4. y = arccos(-x)

5.

x -1
y= x+3

5.

x-2
y= x-1

6. y=42 - x

6. = 3 1 - 2x

7. = 3 4 + x

7. y=

8. y=

1
x2 - 1 6

9. y = - 3 10. y= x+

26

1
x2 - 4x
^/(-sin )

8. y=2
9. y = log 3 x

-x-1

10.

y=2

13

1. y = 2\x\ + x2 + 8
2. y = 2

3. y

-\x\

ctg

14

1. y = 2 x - x 2 - 8
2. y = 3

x
\2

^
3

4. y = arcsin2x

-\x\

3. y = ctg

x ^
V3
2)

4. y = 2arcsin(3x)
x+2

1-x
5. y =

5. y =
2-x

x- 1

6. y = /2x + 1

6. y = 1 - 2x

7. y = log 1 / 3|x + 1|

7. Y = log2 x - 1

8. y =

1
8. y =

4-x2
9.

y = - 2

10. y = x

o g

x2-4
x

1
9. y = 2x

10. y = x

\x

27

15

1. y =

2x + x2 + 8

2. y = 2 x+

3. y

16

1. x + 2x - 3

2. y = - 3

(x 7^
cos V2 8

3. y =

x|-1

\x, x > 1
x - 1, x < 1

4. y = 2sin3x

4. y = arctg3x
7

5. y =

6. y =

1-x
3+ x

5. y = 2log 2 x

6. y = 11- arctgx

x+2

7. y = log 1 / 2(-x)

7. y = V1 + 2x

8. y =

8. y =
9-x2

2x + 1
x

9. y = tgx ctgx

10. y =

28

1lx

-4|

10. y = sinx + v/3


3cosx

17

1. y = 6x

18

1. y = x - 6\x\ + 9

+x

2. y = log 1/ 3|x - 3|

2. y = log2 (x + 1)

2+x

2-x

3. y =

3. y =
2+x

2-x
4. y = 2tg 3x +

3 ^
4. y = - 1 /2tg 2 x + 7

V
5. y = 2 arcsin(2x + 1)

1|x+1|+2

2 J

2^
5. y = 4arcsin x V 3
6. y = \j2x -

6. y =

K3J
7. y = /1 + 2x

7. y =

Ixl - 1
|x + 2|

8. y = arccos(cos3x)
8. y = arcsin sin x+
V V
4JJ
9. y = x - 1 - -y (x - 1)

9. y =

f-1

x+2+1

2)
2

10. y =
x

1
+4x

10. y =
x

1
-4x
29

19

20

1. y = x + 2\x\ - 3

1. y = x + 2x - 3

2. y = log3 2 - x\

2. y = 3log2 2 - x

3. y =

3. y =
x+1

x- 1

4. y = 2arcsin

4. y = - sin(2x + 1)

5. y = sinx + cosx

5. y = sinx - cosx

6. y = 1 + /x

6. y = -2arcsin

7. y = sin(3x + 1)

7. y = 2 + /x

8. y = 3 '

8. y = 2 '

'

1
9. y =

x
3

10. y = x - arcsin(sinx)

30

'

1
9. y =

x
4

10. y = cos(arccosx)

21

1. y=

2. y=

x2,

x>0

x4,

x0

3x + 1

22

1. y=

3x + 1
x -1

2. y

2x 2 - 3x + 1

x +1
3. y = arcsin(1- 3x)

3. y = arcsin(3x + 1)

4. y = lg( x +1)

4. y = lg(1- x )

5. y = 1 - 2x + 1

5. y = V2 x - 1 + 1

6. y=2 x - 3

6. y=2 x +3

1
7.

y=-

x3
1

8. y = -

sin(2x + 1)

7.

y=-

1
x2

8. y = ^(10 + x) --\/(10 - x )

3
9. y = ^J(10 - x) --\/(10 + x)
10. y

x + signx , x R

9. y = - 1| s i n ( 3 x + 1)1

10. y = ln(x2 )
31

1. y =

2. y =

23

24

x - 2\x\ - 3

1. y = x - 2\x\ - 3

x- 1

2. y =

2x-1

x- 1
2x + 1

3. y = - 3 c o s ( 2 - x )

3. y = - 2 c o s ( 1 - x )

4. y = -2arctg(-2x)

4. y = 2arctg(2x)

5. y = 1 + log2 1 - x

5. y = |1 + l o g 2 ( 1 - x ) |

6. y = - 4 x - 1

6. y = - 3 - x + 1

1
7. y =

x-3 x3

1
7. y
x - 2x

8. y = 2 + 3(1 - x)

8. y = 2 + 3 x - 1

9. y = sinx + v/3
3cosx

9. y = s i n x - V/3
3cosx

10. y = xsign(cosx)

32

10. y = sin arcsin


V

x + 2
5 J

2.
2.1.
1. p,q,f,

X = {15,-20,-1},p = {0,2,1}, q={0,1,-1}, ^ = {5,-3,2}.

p, q, f

X = p + q + , ,
15 = 5

- 2 0 = 2 + -3
1 = - + 2.
, , , :
= - 6 , = 1, = 3.
: = -6p + q +3 .
2. 1 2,

a ,

a = {- 1, 2, 8}, 6 = {3, 7, - 1},

1 = 4a - 3 ,

2 = 9 6 - 1 2 a ?

1 2 :
1 = { - 13, - 13, 35}, 2 = {39, 39, - 105}. 13

13
=

39

35
=

39

1
=

105

, C1 2 3

.
: 1 | | 2 .
33

.., .., .., ..

3. AB AC , :
) (2, 4, - 6 ) , B(0, 2, - 4 ) , C(-6, 8, - 1 0 ) ;
) A( 1 , 4, - 1 ) , B(2, 4, - 5 ) , C(8, 4, 0).

AB = {2, - 2, 2} AC = {-4, 4, - 4 } ,

_ _ ^
AB || AC ,

AB,

AC

= 0,
_ _
cos AB, AC = 1;
) AB = {-3, 0, - 4} AC = {7, 0,1}

cos AB,

iAB,AC]
AC

: cos AB,

21-4

/25-V50

\AB\-\AC\

\2

-25
5-5-V2

= -

/2

4. , a b ,
a =3p + 2q,b

=2p-q,\p\

= 4,\q\ = 3, p,

, a b , a b :

34

S = \[a,b]\ = \[(3p + 2q), (2p-q)]\ = \6[p,p] + 4[q,p]-3[p,q]-2[q,q]\ = \0-4[p,q]-3[p,q]-0\ = \-7[p,q]\


= 7\p\ \q\ sin p,

= 7 3 472/2 = 4272.

: S = 42/2 .
5.

a,b

a = {7, 4, 6 } ,

b = {2, 1, 1}, = {19,11,17} ?

a, b ,
7 4

(a , b , ) = 0 .

19

11

1 = 7 (17-11)-4 (34-19) + 6 (22-19) =


17

= 7 6 - 4 15 + 6 3 = 0.
: a, b , - .
6. A1, A2, A3 , A 4
, 4 123,
1(1, - 1 , 2 ) , 2(2, 1, 2 ) , 3 ( 1 , 1, 4 ) , 4(6, - 3 , 8).

A 1 A2 = { 1, 2, 0 } , A 1 A3 = { 0 , 2 , 2 } , A 1 A4 = { 5, - 2, 6 } ;
1 2

V-

= -0 2
5 - 2

0
2 =(16-2

(-10)) = 6 = 6 ;

35

.., .., .., ..

i
V
=
A1A2,A
^^-
A1A2 , A1A3

1A3

= 1 2

0 2

j k
0 = 4/ - 2 7 + 2 ^
2

= /16 + 4 + 4 = /24 = 2 6 ;
V - 1 2 3 4 = 36
hA

V - 1 2 34
= 3' = 3 6 .

26
- 1 2 , 13

: V = 6, h A = 3 / 6 .
7. 0 ,
1 , 2, 3, 1(1, 5, - 7 ) , 2(-3, 6, 3),
3(-2, 7, 3), 0(1, - 1 , 2).

123:
x-1

-5

z+7

-4

10 = 0 ^ ( x - 1 ) ( - 1 0 ) - ( > ^ - 5 ) ( - 1 0 ) + (z + 7)(-5) =

- 3

10

= 0^2(x-1)-2(>^-5) + z + 7 = 0^2x-2>^+z+15 = 0(a);


.
| 2 - 1 - 2 ( - 1 ) + 2 + 15| 21
1 M0 , ) =
,
= = 7.
4 + 4 + 1
3
: 2 x - 2j^ + z + 15 = 0, = 7.
8. , ,
,
(2, 5, - 3 ) , (7, 8, - 1 ) ,
(9, 7, 4).

36

, (2, 5, - 3 )
BC = {2, - 1, 5 } :
2(x - 2) - (y - 5) + 5(z + 3) = 0 ^2x

- y +5z + 16 = 0.

: 2x - y + 5z + 16 = 0.
9. x + 2y 2z 7 = 0,

x + y - 35 = 0.

N1 = {1,2,-2}, N2 ={1,1,0};
N N

cos

(N 1 , N2)

1+2+0

N1 N2

V9-V2

3-v2

v2

N1,
V

N2

=.
4

10. , ,
(x, 0, 0), B(2, 4 , - 6 ) , C(-1, - 2 , - 3 ) .

(A,B) = (A,C) - ^ ( x + 2 ) 2 + 4 2 + 6 2 = ^|(x + 1 ) 2 + 2 2 + 3 3 ,

(x + 2)2 + 52 = (x + 1)2 + 13 ^ x2 + 4x + 56 = x2 + 2x + 14 ^
^ 2x = -42 ^ x = -21 ^ A(-21, 0, 0).
: (-21, 0, 0).
11.

2x-3y-2z + 6 = 0
[x-3y +z +3=0

37

.., .., .., ..

p - :
i j

k
-3

-2

-9i -4j-3

(2x-3y-2z

- <

+6=0

[x-3y + z + 3 = 0.
z = 0, x = -3, y = 0 ^ M0 (-3, 0, 0).
:

x+3= y = z
x+3

x +3= y = z

= = .

12. ,

x-1
3

z + 1,2x+y + 7z + 3 = 0.
- 2

y-3
1

x-1
3

y-3
1

z+1
-2

x = 1 + 3t
t<r^ y = 3 + t
z = -1-2t

2-(1 + 3t ) + 3 + t + 7 ( - 1 - 2 t ) - 3 = 0 ^ - 7 t - 5 = 0 ^ t = - - ,
x = 1
:
38

15
=7 7
8 16
7 7

8
5 16
10 3
, y = 3 - = ,z = -1+= 7 7
7 7
3^
7)

13. ) M' , (0, 3 , 2) x-0,5


y+ 1,5
z-1,5

=
=
(l) .
0
-1
1

,
l = ( l) (. 2.1).

<^

. 2.1

0 - ( x - 0) - 1 - ( y + 3) + 1 - ( z + 2) = 0 ^ y + z - 1 = 0,

39

.., .., .., ..

y-z+1=0
x = 0,5

y = -1,5-t
z = 1,5 + t
-1,5 - t - 1,5 - t + 1 = 0
x0 = 0,5; y0 = -0,5; z0 = 0,5
0,5 = xM

(0,5; -0,5; 0,5);

0,5= yM

+0
2

xM = 1,

-2t - 2 = 0, t = - 1 ;

-3

0 5 = zM

2
yM = 2 ,

-2
2

zM =3

M = (1,2, 3).

: M (1, 2, 3) .
) M , M(2, 0, 3)
2x - 2y + 10z +1 = 0 ().

l,
(. 2.2):
x+2 = y =
2
-2

40

z-3
10 ;

. 2.2

= (l ():

x = -2 + 2t
y = -2t

2 (-2 + 2t) - 2 (2t) + 10 (3+10t) + 1 = 0, t = 1/4;


x0 = -1,5; y0 = -0,5; z0 = 5,5 -^ (1,5; -0,5; 5,5);

41

.., .., .., ..

'=-1,
: '(-1,

42

>^'=-1, ^ ' = 8 ^ ' = ( - 1 , - 1 , 8 ) .


- 1, 8) .

2.2. 2
1. x p, q, r .
2. c1 c2 , a b ?
3. AB AC .
4. ,
a b .
5. a , b ?
6. A1,
A2, A3, A4 , 4 123.
7. 0 , 1, 2, 3.
8. ,
BC .
9. .
10. ,

.
11. .
12. .
13. M , ( 1...15) (
16...24).

43

1
1. x = {3,1, 8}, p = {0,1, 3}, q = {1, 2, - 1}, r = {2, 0, - 1}.
2. a = { - 1, 3, 4}, b = {2, - 1, 0}, c1 = 6a - 2b, c2 = b - 3 a
3. (-4, -2, 4), (-1, -2, 4), (3, -2, 1).
4. a=p + 3q,b=p

- 2q, \p\ = 2,\q\ = 3,

5. a = {4, - 1, - 6}, b ={1, - 3, - 7},c = {2, - 1, - 4 } .


6. 1(1, 1, 2), 2(1, 1, 3), 3 ( 2 , -2, 4), 4(-1, 0, -2).
7. 1 (0, - 1 , -1), 2(-2, 3, 5), 3(1, - 5 , 9), 0(-4, -13, 6).
8. (-8, 0, 7), (-3, 2, 4), (-1, 4, 5).
9. x - 3y + z - 1 = 0, x + z - 1= 0.
10. (0, 0, z),

(-5, - 5 , 6), (-7, 6, 2).

11. x - 3y + 2z + 2 = 0, x + 3y + z + 14 = 0.
12.

x-5
-2

y - 2 z +4
, 2 x - 5 y + 4z + 24 = 0/
0
-1

13. M(3, 3, 3),

44

x-1y-1,5z-3
-1
0

1. x = {23,-14,-30}, p = {2,1, 0}, q = {1,-1, 0}, r = { - 3,2,5}


2. a = {5, - 1,-2},b

= {6, 0, 7}, c1 = 3 a - 2b, c2 =4b - 6 .

3. (3, 3, -1), (5, 5, -2), (4, 1, 1).


p

4. a = 5p - q,b = p - q,\p\ = 5,\q\ = 3,

5
6

5. a = {3,10, 5}, b = { - 2, - 2, - 3}, c = {2, 4, 3}.


6. 1(0, - 1 , -1), 2(2, 3, 5), 3 ( 1 , - 5 , - 9 ) , 4(-1, -6, -3).
7. 1 (2, - 1 , 2), 2(1, 2, -1), 3(3, 2, 1), 0(-5, 3, 7).
8. (-3, 6, 4), (8, - 3 , 5), (10, - 3 , 7).
9. x - 3y + 5 = 0, 2x - y + 5z - 16 = 0.
10. (0, y, 0), (0, -2, 4), (-4, 0, 4).

11. x - 2y + z - 4 = 0, 2x + 3y - z - 8 = 0.
12.

x-1
7

y-2
1

13. M(-1, 0, 1),

z-6
, 4 x + y - 6 z - 5 = 0.
- 1
x+ 0 , 5 y - 1 z - 4
0
0
2

45

1. x = {8, 9, 4}, p = {1, 0, 1}, q = {0, - 2, 1}, r = {1, 3, 0}.


2. a = {2,-1, 4}, b = {3,-7,-6}, c1 =2a -3b,c2

=3a - 2b

3. (-1, -2, 1), (-4, -2, 5), (-8, -2, 2).


4. a = 4 p - q , b = p + 2q, Ip! = 5,1q1 = 4,

5. a = {1, - 1, 4}, b = {1, 0, 3}, c = {1, - 3, 8}.


6. 1(1, - 1 , 1), 2(2, 0, 3), 3 (2, 1, -1), 4(2, -2, -4).
7. 1 (3, 10, -1), 2(-2, 3, -5), 3(-6, 0, -3), 0(-6, 7, -10).
8. (2, 5, -3), (7, 8, -1), (9, 7, 4).
9. 6x + 3y - 2z + 4 = 0, x - 2y + 6z + 2 = 0.
10. (0, y, 0), (2, 2, 4), (0, 4, 2).

11. 5x + y - 3z + 4 = 0, x - y + 2z + 2 = 0.
12.

x - 1 y + 5 z - 1
, x - 3y + 7z - 24 = 0.
-1

13. M(0, 2, 1), x-1,5 = y =


2
-1

46

z-2
1

1. x = |6, 5, - 14}, p = |1, 1, 4}, q = |0, - 3, 2}, r = |2,1, - 1}


2. a = |1, - 2, 4}, b = |7, 3, 5}, c1 = 6a - 3b, c2 = b

-2.

3. (7, 0, 2), (7, 1, 3), (8, - 1 , 2).


7

4. a = 3 p - q , b = p + 2q, Ip! = 3,1q1 = 4,


V

5. a = |3, 0, 3}, b = |8,1, 6}, c = |1,1, - 1}.


6. 1(1, 2, 4), 2(-1, -2, - 4 ) , 3 ( 3 , 0, -1), 4(7, - 3 , 1).
7. 1 (-2, - 1 , -1), 2(0, 3, 2), 3(3, 1, -4), 0(-21, 20, -16).
8. (0, -2, 8), (4, 3, 2), (1, 4, 3).
9. 4x - 5y + 3z - 1 = 0, x - 4y - z + 9 = 0.
10. (0, 0, z), (-18, 1, 0), (15, -10, 2).
11. 6x - 5y - 4z + 8 = 0, 6x + 5y + 3z + 4 = 0.
12.

x-1

y - 8 z +5
, x-2y-3z
-5
12

13. M(0, - 3, - 2),

=
1

-1

+ 18 = 0.
=
1

47

1. x = {8,1,12}, p = {1, 2, -1},q = {3, 0, 2}, r = { - 1,1, 1}.


2. a = {5, 0, -2},b

= {6, 4, 2}, c1 = 5a -3 b,c2 = 6b - 10

3. (5, 3, -1), (5, 2, 0), (6, 4, -1).


4. a = 3p-4q,b = p + 3q,Ip! = 2,1q1 = 3,

5. a = {1, - 2, 6}, b = {1, 0,1}, c = {2, - 6,17}.


6. 1(1, 3, 0), 2(4, - 1 , 2), 3 ( 3 , 0, 1), 4(-4, 3, 5).

7. 1 (-4, 2, 6), 2(2, - 3 , 0), 3(-10, 5, 8), 0(-12, 1, 8).


8. (-10, 0, 9), (12, 4, 11), (8, 5, 15).
9. 2x - y + 5z + 16 = 0, x + 2y + 3z + 8 = 0.
10. (0, y, 0), (0, -4, 1), (1, - 3 , 5).

11. 3x + 3y - 2z - 1 = 0, 2x - 3y + z + 6 = 0.
12.

x - 2 y - 3 z +1
,x + 2y + 3z-14 = 0.
-1
-1
4

13. M(1, 0, - 1),

48

x - 3,5 = y - 1,5 = z
2
2 0

6
1. x = I13, 2, 7\, p = i5, 1, 0\, q = l2,2. a = | 7 , 9, -2\,b

1, 31, r = l1, 0, - 1l

= |5, 4, 3 | , c1 = 4a - b, c2 = 4 b - .

3. (2, - 4 , 6), (0, - 2 , 4), (6, - 8 , 10).


7

4. a = 10p + q,b = 3p-2q, Ip! = 4,1q1 = 1,


V

5. a = | 4 , 1 , 2 | , b = | 9 , 2, 5|, c = |1,1, - 1 .
6. 1(7,

2, 4), 2(7,

- 1 , - 2 ) , 3 ( 3 , 3, 1), 4(-4,

2,

1).

7. 1 (14, 4, 5), 2(-5, - 3 , -2), 3(-2, - 6 , -3), 0 (1, - 8 , 7).


8. (0, - 8 , 10), (-5, 5, 7), (-8, 0, 4).
9. x + 2y + 2z - 3 = 0, 2x - y + 2z + 5 = 0.
10. (0,

0, z), (6, 7, 5), (8, - 4 , 3).

11. 4x + y + z + 2 = 0, 2x - y - 3z - 8 = 0.
12.

x - 3 y + 2 z - 8
1

-1

13. M(1, 1, 1),

x -2
1

,5x + 9y + 4z-25

y+ 1,5
-2

= 0.

z-1
1

49

1. x = {11, - 1, 4}, p = {1,- 1, 2}, q = {3, 2, 0}, r = { - 1,1,1}


2. a = {8, 3, - 1},b = {4,1, 3}, c1 =2a -b ,c2 =2b

-4.

3. (0, 0, 4), (-3, -6, 1), (-5, -10, -1).


p,

q^

4. a = 5p + q,b = p - 3q,\p\ = 1,\q\ = 2,

3
5. a = {4, 1, 1}, b = { - 9, - 4, - 9}, c = {6, 2, 6}.
6. 1(1, 0, 2), 2(1, 2, - 1 ) , 3 (2, -2, 1), 4(2, 1, 0).
7. 1 (0, - 3 , 1), 2(-4, 1, 2), 3(2, - 1 , 5), 0(-3, 4, -5).
8. (7, -5, 0), (8, 3, -1), (8, 5, 1).
9. 6x + 2y - 4z + 17 = 0, 9x + 3y - 6z - 4 = 0.
10. A(0, 0, z), B(10, 0, -2), C(9, -2, 1).

11. 2x + y + z - 2 = 0, 2x - y - 3z + 6 =0.
12.

x+1
-2

y
0

13. M(1, 2, 3),

50

z+1
, x + 4y + 13z-23 = 0.
3
x - 0,5
0

y +1,5
-1

z -1,5
1

1. x = { - 1 , 7, 0}, p = {0, 3, 1}, q = {1,-1,2}, r = {2, - 1 , 0}


2. a = {4,2, 9}, b = {0, - 1 , 3}, c1 = 4 b - 3 a, c2 =4-2b

3. (-1, 2, -3), (3, 4, -6), (1, 1, -1).


4. a =6p - q,b =5q + p,\p\ = 1/2,1q1 = 4,

5. a = {3,1, -1}, b = { - 2 , - 1, 0}, c = {5, 2, - 1 } .


6. 1(1, 3, 6), 2(2, 2, 1), 3 ( - 1 , 0, 1), 4(-4, 6, -3).
7. 1 (1, 2, -3), 2(1, 0, 1), 3(-2, - 1 , 6), 0(3, -2, -9).
8. (5, 3, 1), (0, 0, -3), (5, - 1 , 0).
9. 3x - y + 2z + 15 = 0, 5x + 9y - 3z - 1 = 0.
10. (x, 0, 0), (4, 0, 5), (5, 4, 2).

11. x + 5y - z + 11 = 0, x - y + 2z - 1 = 0.
12.

x - 5 y + 3 z - 1
,3z + 7 y - 5 z - 1 1 = 0
-1
5
2

13. M(2, 1, 0),

x- 2
0

y +1,5
-1

z + 0,5
1

51

1. x = { - 13, 2,18}, p = {1, 1, 4}, q = { - 3, 0, 2}, r = {1, 2,-1}


2. a = {3,-1, 6}, b = {5, 7,10}, c1 = 4a - 2b, c2 = b -2 .
3. (3, 3, -1), (1, 5, -2), (4, 1, 1).
p

4. a = 7p + q,b = p - 3q,\p\ = 3,\q\ = 1,

5. a = {3,1, - 1}, b = {1, 0, - 1}, c = {8, 3, - 2}.


6. 1(4, 2, 6), 2(2, - 3 , 0), 3 ( - 1 0 , 5, 8), 4(-5, 2, -4).
7. 1 (-1, 2, 4), 2(-1, -2, -4), 3(3, 0, -1), 0(-2, 3, 5).
8. (3, 1, 0), (6, 3, 3), (9, 4, -2).
9. 2x + 2y + z + 9 = 0, x - y + 3z - 1 = 0.
10. (0, y, 0), (-2, 4, -6), (8, 5, 1).

11. 5x + y + 2z + 4 = 0, x - y - 3z + 2 = 0.
12.

x + 1 y - 3 z +1
, x + 2y - 5z + 20 = 0.
-4

13. M(0, - 3, - 2),

52

x - 0,5
0

y +1,5
-1

z - 1,5
1

10

1. x = { - 19, - 1, 7}, p = {0,1, 1}, q = {-2, 0, 1}, r = {3,1,0}


2. a = {4, 2, - 7}, b = {5, 0, - 3}, c1 =a - 3 b,c2 = 6b -2 .
3. (-1, 2, 3), (0, 1, -2), (-3, 4, 5).
4. a = 2p + 3q,b = p - 2q,\p\ = 2,\q\ = 1,

5. a = {-7,10, - 5}, b = {0, - 2, - 1}, c = { - 2, 4, - 1} .


6. 1(5, 2, 0), 2(2, 5, 0), 3 ( 1 , 2, 4), 4(-1,

1, 1).

7. 1 (2, - 1 , -2), 2(1, 2, 1), 3(5, 0, -6), 0(14, - 3 , 7).


8. (2, 1, 7), (9, 0, 2), (9, 2, 3).
9. x + 2y + 2z - 3 = 0, 16x + 2y - 15z - 1 = 0.
10. (x, 0, 0), (4, 6, 8), (2, 4, 6).

11. x + y + z - 2 = 0, x - y - 2z + 2 = 0.
12.

x + 1 y+ 2
2

13. M (-2, - 3, 0),

z-3

, x + 3 y - 5 z + 9 = 0.

-2
x + 0,5
1

y + 1,5
0

z - 1,5
1

53

11
1. x = {- 1, 7,-4}, p = {-1, 2,-1}, q = {2, 0, 3}, r = {1, 1, - 1}
2. a = {- 9, 5, 3}, b = {7, 1, -2},c

=2a -b ,c2 =3 +5b .

3. (2, -8, -1), (4, -6, 0), (-2, - 5 , -1).


4. a = 2 p + 3q, b = p - 2q, Ip = 2, q = 3,

5. a = { - 3, 3, 3}, b = { - 4, 7, 6}, c = {3, 0, - 1}.


6. 1(2, 1, 4), 2(-1,

5, 2), 3 ( - 7 , - 3 , 2), 4(-6, - 3 , 6).

7. 1 (-2, 0, -4), 2(-1, 7, 1), 3(4, -8, -4), 0(-6, 5, 5).


8. (1, 0, -6), (7, 2, 1), (-9, 6, 1).
9. 3x - 2y - 2z - 16 = 0, x + y - 3z - 7 = 0.
10. (x, 0, 0), (3, 5, 6), (1, 2, 3).
11. 6x - 7y - 4z - 2 = 0, x + 7y - z - 5 = 0.
12.

x-1

y
0

z+3

13. M (2, - 1,1),

54

,2x-y

x-4,5y
1

+ 4z = 0.
+ 3 z - 2
1
-0,5


12
1.

x = {- 15, 5, 6}, p = {0, 5, 1}, q = {3, 2, -1},r

2.

a = {3, 7, 0}, b = {4, 6, - 1}, c1 =3a +2b,c2

= { - 1,1,0}.

= 5 -7b

3. (0, 1, - 2 ) , (3, 1, 2), (4, 1, 1).

4.

a =6p - q,b

= p + q,\p\ = 3,\q\ = 4,

5. a = {4, 2, 2}, b = { - 3, - 3, - 3}, c = {2,1, 2 } .

6. 1(2, 0, 4 ) , 2(-1,

7, 1), 3 ( 4 , - 8 , -4), 4(1, - 4 , 6).

7. 1 ( - 3 , - 5 , 6), 2(2, 1, - 4 ) , 3(0, - 3 , - 1 ) , 0(3, 6, 68).


8. (0, 7, - 9 ) , (-1, 8, -11), (-4, 3, - 1 2 ) .
9. x - yV2 + z - 1 = 0, x + yv2

- z + 3 = 0.

10. (x, 0, 0), (2, 0, 6), (0, - 2 , - 1 ) .


11. 2x + 3y + z + 6 = 0, x - 3y - 2x + 3 = 0.
x-1
12.

y - 2

13. M (2, - 2, - 3),

z +1

x-1

, x - 2y + 5z + 17 = 0.

y + 0,5

z +1,5

55

13

1. x = {3, - 3, 4}, p = {1, 0, 2}, q = {0,1, 1}, r = {2, - 1, 4}.


2. a = {2, 0, - 5}, b = {1, - 3, 4}, c1 =2a -5b ,c2 = 5 - 2b
3. (2, 1, -1), (6, - 1 , -4), (4, 2, 1).

4. a = 2 p - 3 q , b = 3 p + q , Ip! = 4, q = 1,

6
5. a = {4, 3, 1}, b = {6, 7, 4}, c = {2, 0, - 1}.
6. 1(2, - 1 , 2), 2(1, 2, - 1 ) , 3 ( 3 , 2, 1), 4(-4, 2, 5).

7. 1 (2, 3, 1), 2(4, 1, -2), 3(6, 3, 7), 0(-5, -4, 8).


8. (7, 1, -4), (8, 11 -3), (9, 9, -1).
9. 2x + 2y + z - 1 = 0, x + z - 1 = 0.
10. ( x, 0, 0), (4, 5, -2), (2, 3, 4).
11. 2x + y - 3z - 2 = 0, 2x - y + z + 6 = 0.
12.

x - 5 y - 3 z - 2
,3x + y-5z-12
1
-1
0

13. M(-1, 0, - 1), x


-1

56

y-1,5 = z-2 .
1
0

= 0.

14

1. x = {1 1, 5, - 3}, p = {1, 0, 2}, q = { - 1, 0, 1}, r = {2, 5,-3}


2. a = {2, - 1, 6}, b = { - 1, 3, 8}, c1 = 5a -2b ,c2 =2 -5b .
3. (2, 2, 7), (0, 0, 6), (-2, 5, 7).
4. a = 3 p + q,b = p - 3q, \p\ = 7, [ql = 2,

5. a = {4, 3,1}, b = {1, - 2,1}, c = {2, 2, 2}.


6. 1(1, - 5 , 2), 2(-6, 0, - 3 ) , 3 ( 3 , 6, - 3 ) , 4(-10, 6, 7).
7. 1 (2, 1, 4), 2(3, 5, -2), 3(-7, - 3 , 2), 0(-3, 1, 8).
8. (3, - 3 , -6), (1, 9, -5), (6, 6, -4).
9. x + 2y - 2z - 7 = 0, x + y - 35 = 0.
10. (x, 0, 0), (8, 1, -7), (10, -2, 1).

11. 2x - 3y + z + 6 = 0, x - 3y - 2z + 3 = 0.
12.

x-3
1

y-1
- 1

13. M(3, - 3, - 1),

z+5
, x + 7y + 3z +11 = 0.
0
x- 6
5

y - 3,5
4

z + 0,5
0

57

15

1. x = {5,15, 0}, p = {1, 0, 5}, q = { - 1, 3, 2}, r = {0, - 1,1}.


2. a = { - 1, 2, 8}, b = {3, 7, - 1}, c1 = 4a - 3b, c2 = 9b - 12
3. (-3, -7, -5), (0, - 1 , -2), (2, 3, 0).
4. a = 3p + 2q,b = p - q , Ip! = 10,1q1 = 1,

5. a = {7, 4, 6}, b = {2,1, 1}, c = {19,11,17}.


6. 1(2, 3, 1), 2(4, 1, - 2 ) , 3 (6, 3, 7), 4(7, 5, -3).
7. 1 (1, 2, 0), 2(1, - 1 , 2), 3(0, 1, -1), 0(2, - 1 , 4).
8. (7, 0, 3), (1, - 5 , -4), (2, - 3 , 0).
9. 3x + 2y - 3z - 1 = 0, x + y + z - 7 = 0.
10. ( x, 0, 0), (-2, -4, -6), (-1, -2, -3).
11. x + y - 2z - 2 = 0, x - y + z + 2 = 0.
12.

x +2 y - 1 z +3
, x + 2 y - z - 2 = 0.
-1
1
2

13. M(-1, 2, 0),

58

x + 0,5

y + 0,7
0,2

z- 2
2

16
1. x = { - 5, 9,-13}, p = {0,1, -2},q

= {3, - 1, 1}, r = {4,1, 0}

2. a = {1, - 2 , 3}, b = {3, 0, - 1}, c1 =2a +4b,c2 =3 b - .


3. (6, 2, -3), (6, 3, -2), (7, 3, -3).
4. a = 4p + q,b = p - q , Ip! = 7, q = 2,

5. a = {5, 3, 4}, b = { - 1, 0, - 1}, c = {4, 2, 4}.


6. 1(1, 1, - 2 ) , 2(2, 3,

1), 3 ( 3 ,

2, 1), 4(5, 9, -8).

7. 1 (1, 5, -7), 2(-3, 6, 3), 3(-2, 7, -3), 0(1, - 1 , 2).


8. (-4, -2, 5), (3, - 3 , -7), (9, 3, -7).
9. 3x + y + z - 4 = 0, y + z + 5 = 0.
10. (x, 0, 0), (1, 5, 9), (3, 7, 11).
11. 3x + 4y - 2z + 1 = 0, 2x - 4y + 3z + 4 = 0.
12.

x +3 y - 2
1
-5

z +2
, 5 x - y + 4z + 3 = 0.
3

13. M(1, 2, 3), 2x + 10 y + 10z - 1 = 0

59

17

1. x = {0, - 8, 9}, p = {0, - 2, 1}, q = {3,1, - 1}, r = {4, 0,1}


2. a = {3, 5, 4}, b = {5, 9, 7}, c1 = -2a +b,c2 = 3 - 2b .
3. (3, -6, 9), (0, - 3 , 6), (9, -12, 15).
4. a = -4q, b = 3 p + q, |p = 1, q = 2,

5. a = {2, 3, 2}, b = {4, 7, 5}, c = {2, 0, - 1}.


6. 1(1, 2, 0), 2(1, - 1 , 2), 3 (0, 1, -1), 4(-3, 0, 1).
7. 1 (1, 1, -1), 2(2, 3, 1), 3(3, 2, 1), 0(-3, -7, 6).
8. (5, - 1 , 2), (2, -4, 3), (4, - 1 , 3).
9. x + y + zv2 - 3 = 0, x - y + zV2 - 1 = 0.
10. (x, 0, 0), (0, 1, 3), (2, 0, 4).

11. x + 5y - z - 5 = 0, 2x - 5y + 2z + 5 = 0.
x +3
12.

y-1
=

z-1
=

, 2x + 3 y + 7 z - 52 = 0.

2
3
5
13. M(-1, 0, - 1), 2x + 6y - 2z + 11 = 0.

60

18

1. x = {8, 0, 5}, p = {2, 0, 1}, q = {1, 1, 0}, r = {4,1, 2}.


2. a = {5, 0, 8}, b = { - 3,1, 7}, c1 = 3 a - 4b, c2 = 12b - 9
3. (2, 3, 2), (-1, - 3 , -1), (-3, -7, -3).
4. a = 3p + 4q, b = q - p,1p! = 2,5,1q I = 2,

5. a = { - 2, 4, - 3}, b = {4, 3, 1}, c = {6, 7, 4}.


6. 1(-3, 4, 7), 2(1, 5, - 4 ) , 3 ( - 5 , -2, 0), 4(2, 5, 4).
7. 1 (1, 0, 2), 2(1, 2, -1), 3(2, -2, 1), 0(-5, -9, 1).
8. (-1, 2, -2), (13, 14, 1), (14, 15, 2).
9. x + y + 3z - 7 = 0, y + z - 1 = 0.
10. (x, 0, 0), (1, 2, 3), (2, 6, 10).

11. 3x + y - z - 6 = 0, 3x - y + 2z = 0.
12.

x - 1 y - 2
2
0

z-4
,x-2y
1

+ 4z-19 = 0

13. M(0, - 3, - 2), 2x + 10 y + 10z - 1 = 0.

61

19

1. x = {6, - 1, 7}, p = {1, - 2 , 0}, q = { - 1,1, 3}, r = {1, 0, 4}.


2. a = {1, - 2, 5}, b = {3, - 1, 0}, c1 =4a-2b,c2

= b -2

3. (3, 3, -1), (5, 1, -2), (4, 1, 1).


4. a = 2p + 3q,b = p - 2q,\p\ = 6,\q\ = 7,

5. a = {6, 3, 4}, b = { - 1, - 2, - 1}, c = {2,1, 2}.


6. 1(4, - 1 , 3), 2(-2, 1, 0), 3 (0, - 5 , 1), 4(3, 2, -6).

7. 1 (2, -4, -3), 2(5, -6, 0), 3(-1, 3, -3), 0(2, -10, 8).
8. (0, - 3 , 5), (-7, 2, 6), (-3, 2, 4).
9. x - 2y + 2z + 17 = 0, x - 2y - 1 = 0.
10. (0, 0, z), (7, 0, -15), (2, 10, -12).

11. x + 5y + 2z + 11 = 0, x - y - z - 1 = 0.
12.

x - 3 y + 1 z +3
,3x + 4y + 7z-16 = 0.
2
3
2

13. M(2, - 1,1),x - y + 2z - 2 = 0

62

20

1. x = { - 9,-8,-3}, p = {1, 4, 1}, q = { - 3, 2, 0}, r = {1, - 1, 2}


2. a = {1, 2, - 3}, b = {2, - 1, - 1}, c1 = 4a + 3b, c2 = 8 - b .
3. (1, - 1 , 0), (2, - 1 , 4), (8, - 1 , -1).
p

4. a = p + 3q,b = 3 p - q,\p\ = 3,\q\ = 5,

2
3

5. a = {5, 3, 4}, b = {4, 3, 3}, c = {9, 5, 8}.


6. 1(1, 2, 0), 2(3, 0, - 3 ) , 3 ( 5 , 2, 6), 4(8, 4, -9).
7. 1 (-1, - 5 , 2), 2(-6, 0, -3), 3(3, 6, -3), 0(10, - 8 , -7).
8. (3, - 1 , 7), (0, 2, -6), (2, 3, -5).
9. 3y - z = 0, 2y + z = 0.
10. (0, y, 0), (1, 6, 4), (5, 7, 1).

11. x - y - z - 2 = 0, x - 2y + z + 4 = 0.
12.

x-1
1

y +1
0

z-1
, 3x - 2y - 4z - 8 = 0.
-1

13. M(1, 0, - 1), 2y + 4z - 1 = 0

63

21

1. x = {8,-7,-13}, p = {0,1,-5}, ^ = {3, - 1, 2}, = { - 1, 0,1}


2. a = {- 1, 4, 2}, b = {3, - 2 , 6}, C1 =2a -b,C2 =3 b -6 .
3. (0, 3, -6), (9, 3, 6), (12, 3, 3).
4. a = 6 p - ^ , b = p + 2^, Ip! = 8,1^1 = 1/2,

5. a = {3, 2,1}, b = {1, - 3, - 7}, = {1, 2, 3}.


6. 1(-3, - 5 , 6), 2(2, 1, - 4 ) , 3 (0, - 3 , 1), 4(5, 2, -8).
7. 1 (1, 3, 6), 2(2, 2, 1), 3(-1, 0, 1), 0(5, -4, 5).
8. (-3, 7, 2), (3, 5, 1), (4, 5, 3).
9. x - 3j^ - 2z - 8 = 0, x + j^ - z + 3 = 0.
10. (0, 0, z), (6, -7, 1), (-1, 2, 5).

11. 8x - j ^ - 3z - 1 = 0, x +j^ + z +10 = 0.


12.

x +2
-1

_-1
1

z +4
, 2x - _ + 3z + 23 = 0.
-1

13. (0, 2,1), 2x + 4_ - 3 = 0

64

22

1. x = {3, 3, - 1},p = {3,1, 0}, q = { - 1, 2,1}, r = { - 1, 0, 2}


2. a = {1, 0, 1}, b = {-2,3,5},c

=a+2b,c2

=3 -b .

3. (-2, 1, 1), (2, 3, -2), (0, 0, 3).

4. a = p + 4q,b = 2 p - q , Ip! = 7, q = 2,

5. a = {3, 3,1}, b = {1, - 2,1}, c = {1,1,1}.


6. 1(1, 2, - 3 ) , 2(1, 0, 1), 3 ( - 2 , - 1 , 6), 4(0, - 5 , -4).
7. 1 (1, 2, 0), 2(3, 0, -3), 3(5, 2, 6), 0(-13, - 8 , 16).
8. (2, 0, -5), (2, 7, -3), (1, 10, -1).
9. 3x - 2y + 3z + 23 = 0, y + z + 5 = 0.
10. (0, y, 0), (0, 5, -9), (-1, 0, 5).

11. x - y + z - 2 = 0, x - 2y - z + 4 = 0.
12.

x-1
2

y - 1 z +2
,4x + 2y-z-11
- 1 3

= 0.

13. M(1,1,1), x + 4y + 3z + 5 = 0

65

23

1. x = |2, -1,11},p

= |1, 1, 0}, q = |0,1, - 2 } , r = |1, 0, 3}

2. a = I5, 0, - 1}, b = |7, 2, 3}, c1 =2a -b,c2

=3b - 6 .

3. (3, 3, -1), (5, 1, -2), (4, 1, -3).


3

4. a = 3p + 2q,b = 2 p - q , Ip! = 4, q = 3,
V

5. a = |3, 7, 2}, b = | - 2, 0, - 1}, c = |2, 2,1}.


6. 1(2, - 1 , - 1 ) , 2(0, 3, 2), 3 ( 3 , 1, - 4 ) , 4(-4, 7, 3).
7. 1 (5, 2, 0), 2(2, 5, 0), 3(1, 2, 4), 0(-3, -6, -8).
8. (1, -5, -2), (6, -2, 1), (2, -2, -2).
9. 2x - z + 5 = 0, 2x +3y - 7 = 0.
10. (0, y, 0), (2, -4, 6), (7, 2, 5).

11. 4x + y - 3z +2 = 0, 2x - y + z - 8 = 0.
12.

x - 2 y - 2 z - 4
2

, x + 3y + 5z - 42 = 0.

13. M(1, 0, 1), 4x + 6y + 4z - 25 = 0

66

24

1. x = |2, 7, 5}, p = |1, 0, 1}, q = \1,- 2, 0}, r = |0, 3, 1}.


2. a = |1, 4, -2},b

= |1, 1, - 1}, c1 = a+b, c2 = 4 + 2 b

3. (-4, 3, 0), (0, 1, 3), (-2, 4, -2).


4. a = 2p - q,b = p+ 3q,\p\ = 3,\q\ = 2,

, q

5. a = 7, 3, 4}, b = | - 1, - 2, - 1}, c = |4, 2, 4}.


6. 1(0, - 3 , 1), 2(-4, 1, 2), 3 ( 2 , - 1 , 5), 4(3, 1, -4).

7. 1 (1, - 1 , 2), 2(2, 1, 2), 3(1, 1, 4), 0(-3, 2, 7).


8. (3, 5, -2), (-4, 0, 3), (-3, 2, 5).
9. x + 2y - 1 = 0, x + y + 6 = 0.
10. (0, y, 0), (7, 3, -4), (1, 5, 7).
11. 6x - 7y - z - 2 = 0, x + 7y - 4z - 5 = 0.
12.

x-3
-1

y-4
5

z-4
, 7x + y + 4z - 47 = 0.
2

13. M(2,1, 0), y + z + 2 = 0

67

3.
:
1.
limu(x) lim v(x),
x>a
x>a
:

1) lim (u(x) v(x)) = lim u(x) lim v(x);


x>a

x>a

x>a

2) lim (u(x) v(x)) = lim u(x) lim v(x);


x>a

x>a

x>a

lim u(x)
3) lim u(x)
x^a v(x)

x^a
lim v(x)
x>a

lim v(x) ^ 0
Vx^a

2.
:

limf(x) = f
x>a
3. lim f(x)
x>a
u = A , :

limx

=f(a).

Vx>a ^
= A, (u)

lim ( f(x) ) = [ lim f(x)] = ((A)


x>a
4. ( ):
1) 00 = 00, = const, c 0;
2) = ,c 0;

3)

= 0;

4) +00 + 00 = +00;

63

.., .., .., ..


5) 00 - 00 = 00;
6) ( + )k = +00, (+) + '^ = +00;

7 ) ' ? / + ^ = +;

2
8) x -^

00 x = / x

2k 2k
, x = / x

, :
1) ; 2) (0-); 3)
; 4) ( - ); 5) (1*^); 6) (0 0 ); 7) (0).
v0y
5. x
(, , x = a) (x) (x)
x ^ a, .
6. :
1
sina(x)
o^(x)

= 1;

lim
(x)^0
x>

(x)

lim (1 + (x))

=.

(x)^0
x>

7. )

, .
)
.

a 1 ( x ) = ((x)), 2 ( x ) = ((x)),..., ( x ) = ((x)),


x>a

( x ) + 1(x) + . . . + ^ ( x ) ~ ( x )

x>a

a ( x ) + a 1 ( x ) + ... + a ( x )

64

lim
x^a

|3(x)

(x)
= lim
x a |3(x)

8. (x)-..

sina(x) ~ a(x),
tga(x) ~ a(x)
1-cosa(x)

a(x) -^ 0
a (x)

arcsina(x) ~ a(x)
arctga(x) ~ a(x)
ln(1 + a(x)) ~ a ( x )
loga (1 + a(x)

) ~ ln a
(1 + a(x))^ - 1 ~ Y - a ( x ) .
9.

0^
x^a

g(x)

00^

= lim
li
x^a

f'( x)
g'(x)

65

3.1.

+ ln

1. lim
cos
2. lim
x^2
3. lim
x^2

x
3
V3

= 3 - 9 + lne = -17
cosTT

x3 + 3x2 - 9x - 1 = ^ 1

v0J

x3-x-6
x3+3
x

-x-6

-2x

= 00.

(x - 2)(x2+5x+1)

x2-9x-2

_ x3 + 3 x 2 - 9 x - 2
x

v0J
x 2
x +5x+1

= lim
x^-2 (x-2)( x +2x+3

11

_x

- x - 6 x-2
x 3 - 22 x x2+2x+3

5x2 - 9x - 2

2x - x - 6

5x2 - 10x

2x

-4x

_x - 2

3 x-6

x-2

3 x-6
0

15

( 5 x- 1 - x +7)(- 5x-1+.7x+7)
^5x-1-x +7 (0\
4. lim
= lim
x^2x2 + 5 x - 1 4 \0J x^2 (x2+5x-14)(75x-1 + 7 x+7)
4(x - 2)
5x - 1 - x - 7
lim
lim
x^2 (x-2)(x+7) (^/5x-1+^/x +7 ) x^2 (x-2)(x+7) (/5x-1+/x+7 )
=

44
9-6

66

= 22

27

5.

10-x-2

lim
x^2

x-2

( 33/10-x-2)[3(10-x)2+2 3/10-x +41

(0 1 = l i m : ^ =
x^2

(x-2)[ 3(10-x)2 +2 3/10-x+4

10-x -8

= lim
li

x^2 (x - 2) 3/(10 - x)2 + 2 3 1 0 - x + 4


(x-2)

= lim

12

x^2 (x - 2) 3/(10 - x)2 + 2 3 1 0 - x + 4

0,n<m
Pn(x)

anxn+an-1 xn

+...+a0

= lim

6. lim

an/bm, n = m
,n>m

(
x , n m,
).

^/9x2+1-3xJ[^y9x2+1+3xJ
7.

lim 1 \/9x +1-3x1=( 00-00 )= lim


x^+

x^+00

= lim
li

9x2 + 1 - 9x2

x^*/9x2+1
8. lim
x>

V9x2+1+3x

x3
3x2 - 4

+ 3x
2

2x3+4x
= (-) = lim
3x+2
x^*9x3+6x2-12x-8

9. lim [ /2x - 4 - 8 x 1 = lim [ /2x - 4 + ( - 8 x ) 1 = + =


x>-

x>-

67

x + /x 2 + 5 r + o o ^
10. lim
+ooy
x^+co
J 2
V2x
+2

x = Mx
1+ 1 +
=

lim
x>+co

x2

2+

2
V2

= V2

lim

11.

x+sjx +5
x+\
V +00

x>-co . ; 2

V2x+2

x = - / x
x < 0

1-11 +
=

= j = = 0.

lim
x>-

-/2

2+
^

x
x+/x2+5

10 11 ,

lim
x>./2

V2x +2

12. lim I /3x +7x + 5+xV3 J =+00 + 00 =+00.


x

+00

13. lim I /3x + 7x + 5 + xv3 J = (+oo - oo)


x

-00

7x + 5

7x+5
lim
= lim
x^-* 3x2+7x+5 - x3
x^-*

75
^

68

V x

x3
x2y

7+
=-Mx

= :x

lim

x>-

3+ 7 + 5 - 3

x < 0

5
7

= -

23

9x+2x-5

14. lim
x^8

0^

x-2

J25+2y
= lim
3,
38+y-2
x-^8, x=8+y y^0

(V25+2 y - 5 )(V25+2 y + 5)[3(8+y)2 + 2 3/8+ y + 4


=

lim
y^0 (3/8+ y-2

) ( 3 ( 8 + y ) 2 + 2 3/8+ y+ 4^(725+2 y+ 5)

2 y\^+y)2
+2+y
3
= lim ^^ (8 /
^
y^0
y( J 2 5 + 2 y + 5 )

+ 4]
J = 2(4 + 4 + 4) = 12
10
5


15. lim

cos3x-cosx

x>7t

0^

tg 2x

x-'=y
x^1,x

= lim

cos(37r + 3y) - cos(7r + y) =


tg2(27r+2y)

lim

2sin2ysiny

= lim

^0
= 1+y

- c o s 3 y + cosy
y^0

tg22y

2 - 2 y2- y
y ) = 1.

69

tg 3x - 3
V
J

tg 3x - 3
V

16. lim
3
x^"^ cos x
3 ^2 - 1

3x - 3 ,

3
3

v0y

cos

ln 3
-1~cos
V2 )

x^n

7t

(.8)

f-1

3x - 3
lim
3 ^
ln3x^7t
cos
2 x
V2

v0J

x ^ T l , x =

Tl+y

37r+y-3

lim
ln3 y^0

cos 3 71+y3
v2
2
y

1
lim
ln3y^0
J

3 \
sin 2

lim
ln3 y^0
2

3 ''^+ y - 1

- 3

17. lim
x^0sin7x-2x

70

sin

-yln3

lim

V2
2y
f 0
v0y = lim
x^0

2 3x-1

+ 1-35 x
=

sin7x-2x

lim
x^0
=

3 x ln2+o(x)-5xln3+o(x)
7x + o(x)-2x

+ o(x)

3ln2-5ln3

18. l i m

x^1sin

5
ex-e
/

(0)

v0J

x2-1

x^1x + 1

lim
x^

x(3ln2-5ln3+o(1)

(5 +

= lim e( ex -1 -1) =lim


x^1

x2

o(1))

e(x-1)

1 (x-1)(x+1)

71

3.2. 3
1...14. .
1
1. lim

(n + 1) 4 -(n-

1) 4

4n3-4 n3

2. lim

n^*3n6+n3+1-5n

3. lim

2n 2 +5n + 7

I2n

x +3 x + 2

4. lim
x^-1x3

5. lim

+5n + 3 )

+2x2 - x - 2

V 1 - 2 x + 3x2 -(1 + x)
3

arcsin3x
6. l i m

1=

x^0v2-x

-/2

Q5x-3
5x 3

7. lim
x^1

tgTUx

3 1 l

8. lim
x^1

_1

1 + cosTTx

lgx-1
9. lim ,
x^10vx-9
-1
3x
2x
10. lim
x^0sin3x-tg2x

1 + x2
11. lim
x^0 1 + xS"

1/x

2+
12. lim
x^0V3-xy
/
\ 1./cos x
(
x
13. lim c t g - I
x>7t/2V 2
\ x +1

n2x

14. lim
x^1

sinTtx _ 1 \

x-1

72

2
(n + 1) 3 -(n- 1) 3

1. lim

n^co(n + 1)2

2.

lim
n^00

-(n-1)2

T ^
4
n + 7 -n

5. lim
x^8

9. lim
x^0

x33

x3 +5x2 + 8 x + 4
+7x

7. lim
7t

+16x + 12

x-2

sin x - tg x
x4

11. lim I 2-5arcsin

12. lim
x^0

cos (7t/4+x)

e 3x
x

( 2
)
cosec x,

3x-11(3 x-1)

13. lim
x^1V x + 1

cos5x-cos3x
sin x

-e

1 + tgx - 1 + sinx

/9 + 2 x - 5

6. lim
x^0

x3-4x 2 +6

e x - -2x
e
10. lim
x^0 x + sinx 2

2n +2
3. lim
n^(x\2n
+1J

4. lim
x^-2x

tg(x + 1)

8. lim
x^-1

14.

lntgx

1 ( x + 7t/4 )

lim
x^7t/4V1-ctgxy'

73

(n + 7)3 -(n + 2)3


1. lim
2
n^o(3n + 2) + ( 4 n + 1)

n +3

2. lim
n^*5n5+3+Vn-3

-n-3

2 cos x - 1
8. lim
x^-%/2 lnsinx

9. lim

1-Vcosx

^=

x^01-cosVx
4x

5n 2 + 3n - 1
3. lim
2
V5n + 3 n + 3y

4. lim

x - 3x - 2
2

- - ( x

ln(1 + sinx)
6. lim

7. lim
x^1

74

sin4x
Vx

2
11. lim(1
l i m ( 1 - xsin x

1/ ln 11 ++ x )

-x-2

3/
4x-2
5. lim
^ 2 -N/2 + x - v 2 x

x^0

2x

10. lim
x^0 2 t g x - s i n x

-x+1-1
tgTTx

12. lim

tg4x 2+x

x^0V

13. lim (cosx)

ctg2x/sin3x

x>2'

14. lim v x +1
x^1

7t/arctgx

(1-n)4
1. lim
n^0(1 +

-(1 + n)4

3
+n

2. lim

sin(x + h ) - sin(x - h )
9. lim
h

e5
10. lim
x^0arcsinx

x 2 - 3x - 2

5. lim
x^1/2^1/2

_ . 0

n -

n +1

+2 x +1

x>-1 x

6. lim

ln sin 3x

h^0
5

n>00

4. lim

lim

x^%/6(6x-Ti)

n)3-(1-n)3

F
3/
/3 n-1-/125n

3. lim

8.

11. lim
imf2-e

-ex
+x

ln( 1 + tg (7lx/3 )

x^0V

3/ x/4 - 1/2

+ x -/2x

12. lim cos


x^0V

1-cos10x
x

l n(( 9 -- 2x )
7. lim
x
x^2
sin27u

s i n x 1 ( x-3 )
13. lim
x^3Vsin3y

14. lim
x^aV

2 / 2
sinx-sina x ' a

x-a

75

(n + 1) 3 -(n + 1) 2

1. lim

n^co(n-1)3

+ 1)3

-(n

Vn + 3 - V n

2. lim

-3

n^^3w^A-'n +1
n +n + 1

3. lim

-n

+n-1)

8. lim

9. lim

V2x+7-V2x+1+5
x3-1
a x -ab

x^b x-b
x

10. lim e -e
x^0tg2x-sinx

-x

1/lncosx
3

4. lim

x^-3x

+8x +21x + 18

316x - 4
5. lim
x^4 /4 + x - /2x

6. lim

x^0
7. lim
x^1

76

11. lim 1+sin23x

1-Vcosx
xsinx
1 + cosTTx
tg TIx

12. lim (cosx)


x^0

13. lim (3 - 2x)tg(7tx/2)


x^1

14. limtx + x-l)


x^(

sin(7tx/4)

(n + 10 2 +(3n + 1)
1. l i m

2. lim

Vn + 3 - 3 8n3 + 3

4n+4-5n5+5

3. lim 10 n-3
ooV10

5n

n-1y

6. l i m

x^0

2 1

Vx+2-v2
9. l i m

x^0

sin3x
1 0 22xx

-x

7
10. lim
x^0 2tgx - arctgx

x -2x + 1

327 +

x-327-x

x + 23 x 4

cos(x + 57r/2)tgx
arcsin2x

1 + cos3x
7. lim
x^7t sin 7x

ctg x

11. lim 1 + sinxcosox ^


V1 + sinxcos|3xy

x^12x2-x-1

5. lim
x^0

tgln(3x-5)
3

n>co

4. l i m

8 li

12. l i m
x^0

6(1

-1
x2 ^

2x-1
13. lim
x^1V
xx /

/( 5

x-1)

x2-712/16

14. lim (sin2x) x-^^/4


x^7t/4

77

tg e

1. lim
n^co(1-n)4-(1

+ n)4

8.

x+2

-e

x2-4

lim
tgx + tg2

n4 1 1 n + ^25n4

2. lim

(n-74n)^n

-81

1-x
9. lim
1log x

-n + 1

7 3x

3. lim
n^ooV n + 1 J

4. lim
x^12x4-x2-1

- 1

/9 + 2 x - 5

5. l i m 1 2

x^8

3x

-4

arcsin2x
6. lim
ln2
x^0 2 -1

7. lim
x^1

78

11. l i m ( 3 - 2 c o s x )

/^sin2x^
12. lim
x^0Vsin3xy

2x-7

2
-cosec x

x2

/( 3 x-2)

13. lim
x^8 V xx +
+ 11 /

x-1
x - 1

^2x

10. lim
x
^0 tgx + x

14. lim
x^3v

/^arcsin(x-3)
sin3TUx

x -8

8
(n + 6 ) 3 -(n + 1) 3
1. lim
n^o(2n + 3)2 + ( n + 4)2

-i

6n - / n + 1

2. lim
n^*V4n6+3-n

8. lim

9.

lim

ln(2x-5)
sin

1-2cosx
/3 sin(7r - 3x)

/'2x

n -3n + 6

3. lim

+ 5n + 1 )

n^n

4. lim
x^-1

x3 +4x2 + 5 x + 2
3

2x

10. lim
x^0 sin3x - 2x

3x2

11. l i m l 1 - l n ( 1 + x )j

arcsin

x -3x-2
3

5. lim
x^1

x-1

1+ x

-yj2x

1 - cosx
6. lim
2
x^0 e3 x - 1 )

\ x 2 +3

4
12. lim
x^0 x + 2

sinx^

1(x-a)

13. lim
x^aVsina/

1/ 2

7. lim
x^1

Vx - 3 x + 3 - 1
sinTTx

x3 - 1
14. lim
x^1 x - 1 y

79

1. lim
n^co

(3-n)4-(2-n)4
(1-n)3

-(1

+ n)3

/n + 4 + / n - 4

9. lim

n^-6n6 + 6 - n - 6

x^0

2. lim

n
3. lim
n + 1/
n>coVn

4. lim
x^2

x3 -5x2

5. lim
x^0

n2

10. lim
x^0x

+8x-4

8 + 3x + x
2
x + x2

1+ x-1
6. lim
x^0sin[7r(x + 2)]

7t

Vcosx - 1
sin 2x
2 3x

x3-3x2+4
3;

-2

'^ 2x

arcsinx

11. limi2-earcsin
x^0V

13. lim
x^1V

2 x] /x

sin4x^
12. lim
x^0 V xx /

2/(x+2)

ln(3+2x)
2 x - 1 ln(2-x)

xx

/
\sin(x-7t)

7. lim
e -e
x^7t s i n 5 x - s i n 3 x

80

8. lim lncos2x
x^7tlncos4x

14. lim
x^A

10

1. lim
n^^(n

(n + 3)3 +(n + 4)3

ln(2 + cosx)
2
7t ( s isni nxx
e
- 1)

8. lim

+ 3)4 -(n + 4)4

2sin 2 x + s i n x 2.

lim

n^-

9.

+ n2

(n + n)7-n

2n-1^n+1

3. lim
n^(x,\2n + 1

5. lim
x^1/4

+4x2

11. lim tg
+3x

3/x/16 - 1 / 4
,
1

' + x -/2 x
V4

arctg2x
6. lim
li
x^0sin(27r(x + 10))

lntgx
7.

lim
x^7t/4 cos2x

ex-e3 x
10. lim
x^0sin3x
-tg2x
ctgx

x2+2x-3
4. lim
x^-3x3

iiiii

x^''m 2 sin2 2x - 3 sinx + 1

x^0V

V4

JJ

ln(1 + x)
12. lim
6x
x^0V

13. lim
x^1V

2x-1
xx /

14. lim (sinx)


x^2

x/(x+2)

/(3x-1)

3/(1+x)

81

11

(3-n)

1. lim
n^o(n + 1)2 -(n + 1) 3

/n + 5

2. lim
n^*7n7+5+n^

3. lim

-]n-5

3n 2 -6n + 7

4. lim
x^12x2-x-1

cos2x-cosx
1-cosx

2x-16
7. lim
x^4 sinTTx

82

sinx-cosx
9.

lim
x^%/4

lntgx
^2x

10. lim
x^0sinx

2 3x
+ sinx

41sinx3

-1

3,39x 3
5. lim
x^3/3 + x -y2x

6. lim
x^0

cos(x/2)
8. lim
x^7re s i n x _ e sin4x

11. lim

1 + sinxc os2x ^ '


v1 + sinxcos3xy
.x3

12. lim
x^0
13.

4 1/(x+2)

3 ,9

lim 1 + cos3xj sec


x>7t/2

/^1 + xM

14. lim
x^1V2 + xJ

//

12
e tg2x - e -sin2x
1. lim
n^-co (n + 4)3 + (n + 5)3
6 +2n

2. lim

n^* (n + 4 n]/9 + n2

2n2+21n-7

3. lim
n^co[^2n

4. lim

5. lim
x^-2

+18n + 9y

(1 + x)3-(1

x + x5

2n+1

x-6 +2

8.

lim
x^Ti/2

sinx-1

tgx-tga
9. lim
x^alnx-lna

12x - 3x
10. lim
x^0 2 a r c s i n x - x

'sin x

+ 3x)
11. lim

12. lim (ex+x

cos x

x+2

1-cos2x
6. lim
li
x^0cos7x-cos3x
sin7nx
7. lim
x^2 sin8TTx

13. lim cosx


x^2Vcos2

1(x-2)

sin(7tx/2)
14. l i m ( 2 - x ) l n ( 2 - x )
x^1

83

13
(2n-3)3-(n
+ 5)3
1. lim
^^(3n-1)3
+(2n + 3)
2

3n

2. lim
n^oo4/12
yln

(7n 22

3. lim
n^coy7n

^/2(2x-nf
9. lim
x^0lnf1

+n + 1-n

+11n + 15j

lim
m

3x+1-3

+ 7n3

+18n-15

n+2

4x

+ x 1 + xex

2 7x

10. lim
x^0 tg3x - x

4 1sin 3x
11. lim 5 ^0v
cosx/

5. l i m

x^4

1+ 2x-3
7=

/x - 2

9ln(1-2x)
6. lim
x^0 4arctg3x

7.

84

ln2x-ln7
lim
x^-/2 sin(5x/2)cosx

1 + 8x 1/(x +1)
12. lim
x^0V2 + 11xy

13. liml2e
x^1

3x-1
1j x 1

sin (x-2)
sin37ux^
14. lim
x^2 V sinTTx )

14
sini /2x - 3 x-5-/1+x

1. lim
n^^(n

+ 5)

2. lim

+(n-5)

8. lim
x^3

9. lim

3n 22 + 4 n - 1

3. lim

2n+5

x2+3x+2
4. l i m (
x^-1x
+2x -x - 2
y1 + x - 1 - x
5. lim
xV03 1 + x - 3 1 - x

ln(x-1)-ln(x+1)+ln2

(x +1)

e2x-ex
10. lim
x^0sin2xsinx

1+ tgxcos2x I
11. lim
x^0v1 + tgxcos5xy

12. lim tg
x^0V v4

( ex -1)

yy
x

V4 + x - 2
6. lim
x^0

1-2

7. lim
x^2

13. lim (2 - x/a)


x>a

3arctgx

2x -

tg
2a

sinTtx

4-x2

14. lim

J3x2-5x+2

85

15
(6 - n) 2 -(6 + n) 2

li

1. lim
+ n)2

n^(6

2. lim (

81 8
),

5. lim
x^3

sin2x -

3n + 12n+3
3. lim
n^ooV3n - 1

4. lim
x^2

^(1-%/x)

-(1-n)2

37n

lncos2x

x3-6x2+12x-8
x3-3x2+4

e2x-ex

10. lim
x^0 sin3x - sin5x

11. lim(1 + tg x)1

li

sin3x
1 - sin(x/2)

12. lim
x^0 yx + 10y
3x+2
x-2

13. lim (2e


x^2 2 ( 2

-1
x -

14. lim (sinx + cosx)1/tgx


x^7t/4

86

x 4 + 5 4/(x+2)

3x - 5x
6. lim
x^0

x^0

/x + 1 3 - 2 / x + 1
x2-9
2

sinx

9. lim

16
(3 - 4n)
1. lim
n ( n - 3 ) 3 -(n + 3)3

n4 3n+1+l

2. lim
2
n (n + 3 n )15 -n + n

13n + 3

x3 -4x2 - 3 x + 18
4. lim
x
3 x 3 - 25x + 3x + 9

5. lim j=
x 16vx - 4

7.

1-x
9. lim
x 1 sinx

n-3

3. lim
n 13n-10

6. lim
x 0

ln( x - 3 2 x - 3 )
8. lim
x 2 sin(x/2) - sin((x - 1 ) )

7 2x

10. lim
x 0 2x - arctg3x
( 2 - e s)i n x ctgx
x 0
12. lim sin(x + 2) 3/(3+x)

2sin[(x + 1)]
ln(1 + 2x)

1-2cosx
lim
/3 - 3 x

53 x

5
tg5x sin2x

13. lim (cosx)


x 4
2
14. lim (ln ex) ' ( x +1)

87

17
(2n + 1 ) 3 - ( 2 n + 3)3
1. lim
n^^(2n + 1) 2 +(2n + 3)2

sinTtx

8. lim
x^3ln(x

-6x-8
32x

2. lim

n>co

n-3n5+n

n -6n + 5

3. lim

5. lim
x^-8

6. lim
x^0

7.

88

7x

9. lim
x^0arcsin3x
2

3n+2

-5x

10. lim V2 - cosx

5n + 5)

n^n

4. lim
x^-1x3

-1

x3 +5x2 + 7 x + 3
+4x2 + 5 x + 2

11. lim
x^3

log3x-1
tgTTx
x+2

1-x -3
2+

sin[5(x + 7r)l
3

tg3x
lim
x^7t/2 tgx

-1

12. lim
x^0 ^3x2 +10j
13. lim (cosxj1sin 2x
x>27t

7t

\ sinx

lnx-1\
14. lim
x^eV x-e

2e

18

1. lim

3,

n2 +2-

2. lim
'^n-^n4

x^1x

5. lim
x^0

5n2

-n + 1

n3. lim
n>co\nn + 3J

4. lim

)3

(4-n

n>co

2x

x^27

lim
x^27t

9. lim
x^0

tg(cosx-1)

sin2x - 2 s i n x
xlncos5x
e 2x -e -5x

n+2

10. lim
x^0 2sinx-tgx

-x - 2

+2x

-x-1

=
x

cosxy
x+1

12. lim
x^0
13.

2/(x+1)
+ 8

lim (sinx) 6tgx-tg3x


x>7t/2

sin7x-sin3x
e x2 - e 472

ctg x

11. lim
x^0V

1 +x - 1 - x

4x
6. lim
x^0tg(7r(2 + x))

7. lim

8.

14. lim arctg

^K

x - 3/4

x+1

(x-1)2)

89

19
8n3 - 2n
1. lim
n^o(n + 1)4 - ( n - 1 ) 4

(2x - 1 )
8. lim
x^1/2 e sin'^x - -sin3Ttx

3 n - 9n2

( x

2. lim
n^*3n->/9n48+1
9

9. lim
x^0

6 n - 7 3 n+2
3. lim
co\6n + 4J

e 5x - e3x
10. lim
x^0sin2x - sinx

(x - 2 x - 1 ) ( x + 1)
4. lim
x^-1

1-V3x + 1
6. lim
x^0cos[7r(x + 1)/2]

90

-e

11. lim(cos7i;x) 1(xsinTtx)

x4+4x2-5

]x - 1
5. lim ,
x^13 x - 1

7.

e x+1

1-sin2x
lim
x^%/4 (^ - 4 x )

/
\2+x
12. lim ' sin6x 1
2x J
x^0V 2x
18sin x
ctgx

13.

lim (sinx)
x^u/2
tg97i;x

14. lim
x^1vsin47rxy

x/(x+1)

20

1. lim
n^00

2. lim

8.
n2+2n-3
\ln3 + 1 - / n - 1

n^co3n3

+1-^n

n+
3. lim
n + 1/
n>coVn

4. lim
x^2

lim
x^%/2

9. lim

ln(2x/7i;)
1 + xsinx
-1

ex

- 1

e 3x - e -2x
10. lim
x^0 2arcsinx - sinx

-n

(1+sin x)
11. lim(cosx)1ln

x - 3x - 2
x- 2

ln(1-7x)
5. lim
x^0 sin(7r(x + 7))

x+
12. lim
x + 4y
0Vx

ln(5 - 2x)
6. lim ,
x^2 v 1 0 - 3 x - 2

613. lim
x^3 V 33

38 + 3

7. lim
x^0

-1

2 -

,
3 x2 +x 3

14. lim
x^2

cos x

tg(7tx/6)

/x + 2 - 2

x2-4

91

21
2

1.
n
^o(n+1)

2. lim

+(n-1)

n+2-5

n5 +2

n + 3^ n+4
3. lim
n>coVn + 5/

4. lim

(1 + x)3-(1 + 3x)
x +x

5. lim
x^8

/93 + 2 x - 5
x

^-2

2x-1
6. lim
x^0ln(1 + 2x)
x -1
x^1

92

x^%/3

9.

log3 c o s 6 x

sinbx-sinax
xZln(tg(n/4+ax))
3 5x

lnx

2x

10. lim
x^0x-sin9x

11. lim

2 / 2/sin x
2 - 3 arctg Vx
V

2x
12. lim sin
x^0V x

1+x

x 1cos(x/2)

13. lim ctg


x^A
4
14. lim (sinx) x 7
x>7t/6

7. lim

sin 3x

8. lim

Vn + 2 - 3 n 3 +2

n>co 7

sin 6x -

22

(1 + 2n)3 -8 n3
1. lim
n^(x,(1 + 2n)2 +4n2
3/ 2 2. l i m n 7

I 2 +5

n+ n
3. lim
n>co\nn + 2J

4. lim

5. lim

x^a

9. lim
x^0

tgln(x/a)

1 - cos2x + tg x
xsin3x
'^5 x

2 7x

10. lim
x^0xarcsin3x

-2x-1

x^-1x4+2x

8. lim

2
2
a x -a

1/ln(1+x2)

11. lim(2 - cos3x)

+1

vx - 1

x^1x2-1

arcsin x
12. lim
x
x^0

e4x - 1

2/(x+5)

1(x-7t./2)

6. lim
x^0sin(7r(x/2 + 1))

13. lim

7. lim Vx - x + 1 - 1
x^1
lnx

14. lim(x + sinx) sinx+x

7r./2V

tg

2J

x>7t

93

23

1. lim

(2n + 1) 2 -(n + 1) 2

(x3-n3)sin5x
8. lim
x>7t

sin x
e

35+
9. lim
x^3

2. l i m ,

3. lim

4. lim
x^0

5. lim
x^0

6. lim

94

x-2

sinTTx

e 2x - e 3x
10. lim
x
^0 arctgx - x

x4-1

327 + x - 327 - x
32 +

21/(1-cos7rx)
11. l i m f 2 - e x
^0V
(8x+3)/(1+x)

tg(7r(1 + x/2))
ln(x + 1)

n + 5^

arctg(x
7. lim
x^2

-1

12. lim
x^0

13. lim
x^3 \
-2x)

sin3TTx

-1

33 J
(

14. lim
x^7t/8

tg(7tx/6))

9-2x^

sin(7t/8+x)
tg2x)

24

1. lim
- ( 3 + n)2

n^(3-n)2

2. lim
n^*3

3. lim

y/n-1-

/n2 + 1

n3+3+4n5+1

n4

8. lim
x^0sinox-sinpx
Q2x

c3 x

9. lim
x
^0arctgx

+x

10. lim 2 - 3 sin x


x^0L

2x2-x-1
4. lim
x
^1x

ln1 + x
11. lim

+2x

x2

-x-2
V

12. lim(2e

5. lim

6. lim
x^0tg[27r(x

7. lim
x^-2

2x
+ 1/2)]

arcsin(x + 2)/2
V 2+x+x2

1/ln cos x

-9

- 1)

13. lim (arcsinx)


x^1

tg x

'

n + 3\
x^ooVn + 5

95

.., .., .., ..

4.

4.1.
1. y = 3t g

,x^

1" 7k, k E.Z .

y = 3tg

- . t = f(x)

x0 , y = g(t) - t0 = f(x0 ),
y = (x) = g(f(x))
x0 , '(x0 ) = g'(t0) ' f'(x0),

dy

. .

dy dt

dx

dt dx


, :
y' = 3tg4x l n 3 ( t g 4 x ) = 3tg4x l n 3 4 t g 3 x (tgx)' =
t 4

= 3 g x ln3 4tg3 x

cos x
2. y = log2 sinarcctgch4, x

y' =

(sinarcctgch4x)' =
sin(arctgch4x) ln 2

96

sin(arcctgch4x)ln2

cosarcctgch4x-(arcctgch4x)' =

= 1 ctgarcctgch4x
= - 12

(ch4x) =
(4 )r =

ch4x

n- sh4x-4.
ln2 1 + ch 4x

3.

ch4x

l 2 1 + ch 4x

xe cos x
y = ln4
,
1+sinx

2n, n eN .
2

y = lnx + cosx-lne
4
4
y

1 11
4x

sinx
4

ln(1 + sinx);
4
11

11

cosx .

4 1 + sinx

4. y = ^=
3 / 4 3

/x -tg
tg x

, k eZ
, xx ^
2

4
3

ln|y| = ln( 1 +2x ) - lnlxl -3lnltgxl


, , y(x)
:
97

.., .., .., ..

,
1
1
4
1
y' = 2 1 + x2 2x 3 x
y
y = \ 1 + x
3/

x4-tg3x

1 + x2

3x

1
1
3 tgx cos x
3

sinx-cosxy

5. y = (4 + sinx) , x R .

xln(4+sinx)

, :
'=
y

xln(4+sinx)
e

6.

ln(4 + sinx) + x

cosx .
4 + sinx
J

x = a(t-sin t ),y = a(1-cost ) , - o o < t < + o o .

x = x(t), y = y(t) t,

t = 2%k, k eZ :
y'x= yt = a-sint
x't a(1-cost)
7.

y = sin x + cos x .

98

=ctg t .
2

(x) = ( f

(x)\ .

3
3
( 2
2 \
y'=4sin x-cosx+4cos x(-sinx)=4sinx-cosxsin
x-cos x\ =
= -2 sin2xcos2x = - s i n 4 x ,
y" = ( - s i n 4 x ) ' = -4cos4x; y'" = ( - 4 c o s 4 x ) ' = 16sin4x.
8. y = e

+ lnx .

dy = y' dx,
dy = d ( e x+lnx|

= ( e x+lnx|dx

xJ

dx

9. y = 1 x

x = 15,98.

y(x) = y(x0+Ax) y(x0)+dy(x0);


y =

x0=16; x=-0,02 .

x = -^x0 + x /x0 +

15,98 = /16 + (-0,02) 16 +

1^- x;
2/x0

1 (-0,02) 3,9975.
2/16

10.
y = 15 - x

x = 1.
99

.., .., .., ..

y (x) =

1(-2x)

215 - x

/5-x

x = 1.
y (1) = - 1 ; y (1) = 2 .
:

y-y0=f

(x0)(x-x 0 ),

y-2 = - ( x - 1), y = - x + .
2
2
2
:

1
y-2

100

f (x0)
= 2(x -1),y = 2x.

4.2. 4
1.
x0.
2. .
3. .
4...17. .

1. y = 14\x-153x+2,

x0 = 1.

2. y = x arctg-^x -1 - ^x -1

10. y = (cos2x) lncos2x/4


11.

y=-J1-4x2+ln
x

3. y = x , x = 8,24.

4. y=( 3x6+4x4

12. y = x arccos
15 1+x2

x +2 / 2
/1-x .

2sinx

13. y = arctg

V9cos
5.

y = x-ln[( 1+ ex/6 )

x/3

14.

6. y = lnln 3 ln2 x
1 cos 3x
3 sin6x
3x-1

8. y = ^ a r c t g 1 = ^
V 3
6x

4 + 8th x
1
2
9. y = / = l n
/8 4 - 8th x
101

x-4

x = esec2 t ,
y = tgtlncost + tgt - t

- 3arctge

7. y = cosln2

2x

15. y = sin2x + cos(x + 1).


16. y = xcosx

17.

x = arctgt,
y = t2/2.

,y"' = ?

2
1. y = 1/ (3x + 2), x0 =

10. y = (arcsinx) ex

2. y=lnl e +y e2x-1 l+arcsine x

11. y=(3x +1) arcsin

3x + 1 +

+ (3 x2 + 2 + 1)
12. y = 1(3 - x)(2 + x)

3. y = x , x = 3,998 .

+ 5 arcsinyl(x + 2) / 5 .
2x2+3Wx2-3
4. y =

13. y = x - ln( 1 + e ) -

9x 3

- 2 e - 2arctge2
x = arccos(1/ t),

5. y = ~ /( arctge )
14. '

y = 1t 2 - 1 + arcsin(1/t ).
x2
6. y = ln

15. y = x/(x +1).

1-ax 4

7. y = c t g c o s 5 -

.
1 cos 2 20x

40 sin40x

2+x
x
8. y=arccos
3
9
9. y = ln th x
102

16. y = e

\1-x

1 3 + chx
4

shx

y
17.

(cos2x - 3sin2x),

=?

(x = tgt,
[y = 1/ sin2t.

3
1. y =

x29+6

10. y = (cos5x) ex
, x0 = 1.

x4 + 1
2. y=arccos (x - 1 ) / ( x V2)).

11. y=lne

3. y = x

+ arcsine-x
12. y = (2 + 3x)1 x - 1

, x = 0,998.

4. y =

(2x +1) x

-1 +

+Je

+ a r c t g /x .
2
13. y = ln(tgx - ctga)
sina

-x

x2

x = ln^/(1-sint)/(1+sin),

5. y = ln( e + 1) +

14.

y = (1/2)tg t + lncost.

6. y = ln

6(e x + 1) 3
ln x
sin(1/x)

15. y =

cosV2

1 cos 26x
52 sin52x

16. y = (x +3)ln(x - 3 ) ,
y

2
x
x
chx
9. y = arctg(shx) 2sh 2 x

8.

y=4

arctg

4ch x
2

7. y =

1 - 8ch2x

17.

=?

| x = cost + tsint,
[y = s i n t - tcost.

103

4
16

x
+9
1. y =
, x0 = 1.
1-5x

10. y = (sinVx)

2. y=2x + ln(sinx + 2cosx).

11

y =(

2
3x2-4x+22)/9x
/9x2-12x+3+

+ (3x-2)4

3. y = 1 x , x = 0,98.

ln x

12. y = arctg-y x - 1 -

/x -1
4. y =

x6+x3-2

1 + cosx

1-cosx

13. y = ln

1-x

cosx
5. y = x +

8
x/4

1+e

14.

1
6. y = ln arccos^x .
5ctg2 cos 18x
36sin36x

8. y= ^1-x

3chx
+

4chx
8chx
+ 3 arctg(shx)
8
104

= ln

15. y = (4x + 7)/(2x + 3).


ln(x - 1)
16. y = , Vx - 1 , y

Vx - 1

- xarcsin-J1- x

shx
9. y =

3cos 3 x

2
x = tVt + 1,

7. y =

x = t -sint,
17.

y = 2-cost.

5
1. y

4
ctgx
(x - 3x + 3 ) 3, x0 = 3. 10. y = (x + 5)

2. y=^ctgx - /tg x/3.

11. y=

3. y = 3 x3 + 7x, x = 1,012

12. y=

2
3x-2

3+12x-9x 2

x
4. y =

13. y=
2

ex+1-1

5. y=2Je +1+ln

14.

2
/2+/ x x

Jx +2

3 x (4sin4x+ln3cos4x)
16 + ln 2 3

x = arcsinVt

yjex+1+1
6. y = lncos

7. y = lnsin

2x + 3
2x + 1
1

1 cos 2 12x

15. y = (7x + 1)(17(4x + 3)).

24 sin24x

(1 + x)arctgvx
8. y=
x
9. y=

-chx
2sh 4 x

1
2

lnth

1
3xVx

ln(3 + x)
16. y =
17.

?
,y

3+ x
x = sh 2 t,
y = 1/ch 2 t.

x
2

105

1. y = 63x - 16 4 x/3, x0 = 1.
2. y= lnl x + V1 + x

e tgx
10. y = x
2x + 1
1
11. y=2
arctg
2 +

- 1 + x arctgx.

2x+1
4x2 + 4x + 3

3. y

= Vx2 + x + 3, x = 1,97.

12. y = ln3
V x +1
x2

v2
2x2-1

1 + x2

4. y =

13. y =

6x (sin4x ln6-4 c o s 4 )
16 +ln 6

3x3
x

5. y

cosx +

+ (x-1)
6. y = ln

14.

5 + tg(x/2)

= ln(1-t2j,

y = arcsin 1 -

sinxi.

t2.

15. y = xe ax

/5 - tg(x/2)

3
7. y = sin cos2

cos 30x

60sin60x
2x - 5
8. y=
V5x-4-x +
4
9
x- 1
+ arcsin^
4
V 3
shx
1
9. y
2
+
arctg(sh
x)
2ch x 2
106

arctgx .
1

16. y=e

sin(2+3x), y

x = cos2t,
17.

y = 2sec t.

=?

7
(

1. y =-2x

) / ( (

))

+2/3x

+1,

10. y = x sin x

x0 = 1.
2. y= -y1+2x -ln ( x+-,1+2x ).

11. y=ln 2x-3+/4x-12x+10 .

3. y = 3 x 2 + 2 x + 5 , x = 0,97.

12. y = 1 l n x 4 - x
12
2

+1

( x2+1 )2

1
2/3
4. y =

(3

13. y

4x2
1
ex - 3
.
5. y = arctg
2
2

7. y = sinv3 +

1 sin22 3x

3 cos6x
x
8. y= arcsin
+arctgvx
x+1
9. y =

1 + V2cthx

182

1-yj2cthx

^=ln

2x

-1

cosx

-2cosx-3lntg x
sin x
2

x = lnft + V1 + t2 I,
14.

y = ^|1 + t
6. y = ln e +V11 + e 2x

v3

-ln

15. y = 32x+5

16. y= (2x
(2x3 +1)cosx,
+ 1)
y V =?

17.

| x = sint -

tcost,

[y = cost + tsint.

1=

107

8
1. y =

x5 + 1

10. y = (sinx)

, x0 = 1.

2. y= xln x + ^|x

11. y = 149x + 1arctg7x

+3

- ln 7x + /49x2 + 1 .

- Vx2 + 3 .
3. y = x 5 , x = 2,997

12. y = (x - 2)/x + 1 +
+ ln( x + 1 + 1).

4. y =

4 + 3x

II

13. y=

-ln 1 +

arcsin x -

/2

7. y = s i n 3tg2

x - 2

x+v2

+a

x = ( 1 + cos

) ,

y = cost/sin

t.

15. y = sin(3x
si
+ 1) + cos5x.

cos 28x

.
16. y= ( 4 x

+5)e

56sin56x

8. y= (x+2/x+2)arctg

108

14.

1 - 2x

6. y = x+1= ln

9. y

^ tgx - V2tgx + 1

( 2 + x 3 )2

5. y = x - e

tgx + -yj2tgx +1

Vx
/x+2

1
3 + chx
=^=arcsin
8
1 + 3chx

17.

x = 4t,
y = 3 t - 1.

, y =?

9
1

+3

10. y = (x - 5) chx

1. y =

, x0 = 1.
3+ x

2.y = arccosi 1/- 1+2x

1,x>0.

2x-1

11. y

4x2 - 4 x + 3

1
2x-1
+^arctg
^
V2
v2
3. y = 3 x, x = 1,21.

12. y = arcsin

1
2x + 3 +

+ 2/x2 + 3x + 2
4. y =

13. y=arctg

5. y = 2(x - 2)11 + e

14.

x = 1-t

,x>0

y = tg1+t.

-2ln(1+x).
6. y= 2/x - 4ln(2 + !x ).
7. y =

^\^x4+1-x2

sintg(1/7) cos 16x

15. y = lg(2x + 7).


16. y = e

sin2x, y IV

32sin32x

8. y=6arcsin

Jx(4-x)

17.

| x = cost + sint,

[y = sin2t.

9. y = cth2x
3
3ch sh 3 x
109

10
x

1. y=

, x0 = - 2 .
+1

10. y = (ctg3x)2ex

2. y= /x - (1 + x)arctgA/x
11. y = ln

x-2

2
x+2
3. y = 33L2
x , x = 1,03.

x-1

4. y=

5. y

13.
1
2

( )

14.

2x + 4
x +1

15.

7. y= cosctg2 -

1 cos 8x
16 sin16x

x -3
8. y=
16 x-x
2

1 + 1-4x2
V1-4x 2
.
2
x
x
3 ((ln3)sin2x-2cos2x)
ln 2 3 + 4

y=a 2x+3

16. y = ( 2 x 2 - 7)ln(x - 1),


yV

-8 +

x
+ arcsin.- 1
V2
1
1
1+2thx
9. y = thx+ 1 = l n
,
2
4V2 1-V2thx
110

x = (arcsint) ,

2x

ln e +1 - 2arctge
6. y = lnsin

12. y = 4ln

=?

17. x = lnt,
y = arctgt.

11
1. y =

(4x-x2)

,x

2. y= 3

x+2
x- 2

10. y = x arcsin x

= 2.

11. y = ln e

+
arcsin(

12. y=2arcsin

1
2a

11 -- tt
,
x = lnJ
14.
V1 + t

a cos2bx + 2b sin2bx
2(a2+4b2)

6. y = ln

I 2
+-\j9x +6x-3 .

5x(2sin2x + cos2xln5)
13. y=
4 + ln2 5

x6+8x3-128
8-x 3

5. y = ax

-5x)
e .
2

3. y = 1//x, x = 4,16.

4. y =

+ Ve1 0 x - 1 1 +

^|x2 + 1 + x / 2

15. y = 2 3x+5

Vx2 + 1 - x V 2
7. y = ctgsin

1 cos2 24x

13

8. y= arctgx +

ln

6
9. y=

1
2a/ 1+a

16. y =

ln

x 22 + 1
x

+4

, y'"

48 sin48x
17.

x = Vt-1,

y = 1t.

a-^1+a thx
a+ 1+a2thx
111

12
1. y = x +
2. y=ln|

3, x0 = 2

cos

x+A1+cos

10. y =

i ) 8ln(xsinx)
xsmx

11. y = _( 4x 2 -4x+3 ) x -x+


+ (2x - 1) arcsin

1
2x-1

3. y = x , x = 2,002 .
1

4. y =

1-x

12. y=

arcsinx.
2xsin(a/2)
1
arctg
2sin(a/2)
1-x2

13.y =

(x + 2)1x2 + 4 x + 5
5. y = 3e xI3x

-23x+2

arcsint+ln/1-t

14.
[y = t/1 - t 2
6. y= 2 ln\^J2tgx+^J1+2tg x
7. y=

cosctg3 cos 14x

16. y =

28sin28x

(x - 4)/8x-x2
2
- 9 arccos yl(x-1).

8. y =

1 1+Vthx
9. y = l n .
2 1-vthx

112

15. y = 3 e 2x+1

-7

/
arctgVthx

17.

ln(2x + 5)
2x+5

x = ^t 3 -1,
y = lnt.

,y'

13
1. y = 2x

3. y=1

+ 3,

10. y = ( lnxj3x

= -1 .

/ 2 1 l f

I 2

x- 1

x- 1

V2

V2

x2-2x+3

2x2+x+1,x=1,016

12. y = /1 - 3x - 2x2 +

+
4. y = 3
5. y=-e

3
2/2

sinx
13. y= 3 c o s 2 x

+x+1
x +1

3x ^(3sh3xj.

x =

4x-3

arcsin

/17
sinx
2 cos4x

t2lnt

+ lnV-r,

14.
t
y=

arcsint+ln^1-t.

6. y = ln( /x + -yjx +11.

15. y = log3 (x + 5).

1 1 s i n 2 4x
7. y = tglg+
3 4 cos8x

16. y = (4x + 3)2

8. y

9. y=

1 1

arccosx

2 Vx

2x

,y

=?

x = -yjt -3,
17

[y = ln(t - 2).

1 + 8ch2xlnchx
2ch 2 x
113

14

1. y = 31 3 x 2^x 1, x0 = 1.
2. y = arctgugx/2 + 1j.

10. y = (sinx)
11. y = lnl 5x + ^l25x +1
V 25x +1 arctg5x.

3. y

ix + ^5-x2\x=0,98.

12. y = 3arcsin

3
4x + 1

+ 2/4x2 + 2 x - 2 .
4. y = 2.

5. y = ln

ln(ctgx + ctga)

1-x

13. y =

1 +/x

sin
14.

/1^x^2x-e
6. y=1x ln\]x+-^x+a\-^x+a.
7. y = 8sinctg3 +

1 sin 2 5x
5 cos10x

/
2
x"v2
8. y = -W1+2xx arcsin
1+x
-/2ln(1 + x)
x chx chx
9. y^ lnthh
2sh x
114

x = arctget/ ,

^ex-e2x-ex-1

[y =

et+1.

15. y = 5 e 7 x~1 .
16. y =

ln(xx
- 2)
ln(
2)
x -2

[ x - t + sint,
17. i
[_y = 2-cost.

, y

15

1.y = (x - 3 x + 6 ) / x , x0 = 3.
2. y = ln( x - 1 )

(x 8 +1)

10. y

thx

11. y = arcsine

2x

2x
+ ln e2x
+Ve4e 4x x-1

3. y = 55 x2 , x = 1,03.

12. y = y1 + x arctgx - ln x + 1 + x

4.

=(1-

5/x+ 1

13. y =

x )

1 + (ln2)2

x = arctgt,

2(V2 x -1-arctgV2x -1]


5. y=

14.

ln
y == ln

ln 2
6. y = lglnctgx.
7. y =
8. y =

2x( sinx + cosx ln )

cosln7-sin 7x
7cos14x
2x-1

i 2 + x - x2 +

9
2x-1
+ arcsin
8
13
shx
9. y
3
shx 3sh x + 2ch 2 +
x
5
+ a r c t g s hx
2

1+t

t+1
15. y = ! e
16. y = (x +2)e

17.

,y

=?

x = cost,
y = sin4(t/2).

115

16
1. y = (x +2)/(x - 2 ) , x0=2.

10. y = x3

2. y = ln| 2x

11. y = arcsine

-2x
4x

4x ./8e 8xx-1
+ ln e4x+Ve
3. y = /4x - 1, x = 2,56

12. y = x(2 x +5)Vx

-1 +

+ ln| x + Vx2 + 11.

13. y=

7x(3 sin3x+cos3xln7)
9 + ln2 7

120x 5

x = 1lnt,

5. y= arcsine x-1-e2x
14.

= ln
15. y = lg(5x + 2)

'1 + 2x
6. y = ln4
.
V1-2x
7. y =
8. y =

9. y =

cossin5-sin 2 2x
(1 + x)arctgVx - yfx
x

8/2

ln

/2 + thx
/2 - thx

th x

4 ( 2 - th2x
116

16. y = (5x - 1)ln x, y'" = ?

2cos4x

17.

| x = cost,
[y = ln sint.

17
1. y =-2(3x+31

x), x0=1.

x
2. y = cosx lntgx - lntg.
2

1 0 . y = (x2 - 1)shx
11. y = (2x+3) arcsin

1
2x+3

+ - 4 x 2 + 12x + 2

).

3. y = 1 x

+ 5, x = 1,97.

12. y = x arcsinx +
+

1-x

x2-2W4+x2
3

4. y =

13.y=(a +b )

24x
5. y = e

arcsin

/a

+ b sinx
b

x = ln((1 - t)/(1 + t )),

/(1 + x ).

14.
y = 1- t2.

6. y = ln bx + Va2 +b2x2

15. y = a

7.

16. y = (3x - 7)3 x , y IV

y = tg^cos(1/3) +

sin 31x

31cos62x
1 x- 1 1
8. y = ln
arctgx
4 x +1 2

17.

x = /t-1,

5 + 3chx
9. y = - a r c s i n
4
3 + 5chx
117

18
1. y = 2x

+ 3 x - 1,

2. y = arctg

-1

1/x

10. y = I sin /x I
11. y=lnl 4x-1+y'16x2-8x+2 -

- V 16x2 - 8 x + 2
3. y = 3 3x + cosx, x = 0,01

-^1+x

12. y=ln\x+y1+x

4. y =

l1 + x 1
3
x 3/2

5. y=x - ln 2+e +2-\je +e + 1

cosx
13. y = 3(2 + sinx)

14.

2tg(x/2) + 1

4
3 3 arctg

v3

/2t - t 2 ,

y = 13(t - 1)2
6. y = lnarccosV 1-e 4x

15. y = lg(3x +1).

1
1 sin2 10x
16. y = (x+7) ln(x+4), y V
7. y = costg+
3
2 10cos20x
x = cht,
I 1
/~ 8
y/x
8. y=-yj x + arctg V x - a r c t g 17.
y = 3 sh 2 t.
9. y =- 1 nth x - ch x
2
2 2sh x
118

19
1. y = 2x

sx

- 3 x +1, x 0 = 1

10. y = x

f-

2. y = xarctgx - l n V 1 + x2

11. y = ln 1 + /-3 + 4 x - x
2-x
2
+

2-x

3. y = arcsinx, x = 0,08 .

2
12. y = 2arcsin

3x + 4
+ V9x + 24x + 12.
2

23
4. y =

x3+4x2-x-2
15/1 + x

5. y = arctgl e - e
14.

3sin3x sinx
1 + sinx

1 - sinx

x = ctg|2etj,
y = lntget.

6. y = loga

15. y = 7

1-x
1 -sin 23x
7. y = lncos +
3 23cos46x
2

Jx(2-x)+3arccos

16. y = x sin(5x - 3), y'" = ?


x 17. x = 2(t - sint),
[y = 4(2 +cost).
V2

1 2 + v5 thx
9. y = ;=ln
1=
4/5 2 - 5thx
119

20
1. y =

1 + /x

10. y = (tgxj

1= x0 = 4 .

1-/x

11. y=w9x -12x+5arctg(3x-2)-1.

2. y =

3. y = /4x - 3, x = 1,78

12. y = x(2x

+1jVx

+1 -

ln| x + Vx2 + 1
1 + x2

4. y =

13. y =

5x(sin3xln5-3cos3)
9 + ln2 5

2V1 + 2x

5. y =

1
ln4

ln

14.

y = ln\1 +

^7

x^

sincos3-cos

2x

16. y = (x - 8)

X arctg

-x +
x2

17.

2J
3

1
x
x3 2/3
arctg shx

2ch2x
120

shx

1-t2/t.

15. y = lg(1 + x) .

4sin4x
2x

8.

2
x =t / 1 -t ,

1-2

6. y = lntg

7. y =

1+ 2

x =

1-t2,

, y IV

21

1. y = x + ^jx ,x 0 = 1 .

2. y = ln x + 1x +1
2x
3. y = 1+x+sinx, x = 0,01.

10. y = (x2+1) cos x


1
3x-1 1 3x - 1
11. y= /arctg/=+
/2
V2 3 3x -2x+1
12

= xarcsinx

1- x2

ln

J1-x
4. y=

5. y=

2x 2 - x - 1
3/2 + 4x
ex
3

1+ x

14.

y = arcsin1 -t

7. y = ctgcos2 +
1
1= +

8. y=

2/x
2

cthx

cosx
cosx
+3
4
sin x
sin 2 x

x = arctg((t+1)/(t-1)),

6. y = lnarcsinV1 - 2x

9. y =

13. y=2

sin 2 6x

15. y = lg(x + 4) .
16.

(3-x2)ln2x,y

=?

6cos12x

1+x
arctgvx
2x

x = et cost
17.

y = e sint.

chx
3ch x
121

22

1. y = 3x

- 20, x0 = - 8 .

2. y = e (cos2x + 2 sin2x).

10. y = x

ctgx

11. y = ( x

+ 8 )/ x2-4

x4

3. y = x , x = 1,996 .

arcsin, x > 0.
16
x
4
12. y = 4arcsin
2x + 3 +
+ /4x2+12x-7,2x+3 > 0.

x2-8Wx2-8
4. y =

13. y = ;=(sinlnx
2/2

6x
5. y = x +

1
1 +e

(V2-1)coslnx)x"2+1
-ln(1 + ex).
14.

x = arcsin
y = (arccost) .

6. y = log16 log5 tgx .


7. y =

tgln2 sin 19x

16. y = ( 1 + x )actgx, y

19cos38x

( 2
-^+1
8. y = 2 x +6 x+5)arctg x
-x
- shx

3
9. y =
+ arcsin(thx)
2ch x 2
122

15. y = (2x + 5)/(13(3x + 1)).

17.

x = ^Jt,
y =1

1-t.

=?

23
arctgx

1. y = /x - 3 3 x, x0 = 6 4 .

10. y = x

2. y = ln( cosVx ) + yjxtgsjx .

11 y = 5x - lnl 1+/1- 10x -e-5xarcsin(e5).


arcsinx
1-x 2

3. y=42x-sin('ivx/2), x =1,02

1+x
4. y = (

5.y =

13. y = ln

V1 + x

12x 12

e"x(|3sin|3x + acos|3x)
14.

x=

1
2

1-x
1 +x

sin x
cosx + vcos2x

1-t2,

y = t/^1-

t2.

6. y = lnln ln x.

15. y = sin(x + 1) + cos2x

1
sin 2 25x
7. y = sinln +
2 25cos50x

16. y = ( l n x ) / x , y'" =

8.y =

xarcsin2x
A1-

4x

1 (
2
+ - l n 1-4x
8

17.

[x = cost/(1 + 2cost),
[y = sint/(1 + 2cost).

1 + thx
9. y = 4
V1-thx

123

24

1. y = 2x + 1/ x, x0 = 1.
lnx

2. y =

10. y = x

x
ln

1+x

11. y =

-5
2

12x - x2 +

x- 1

1+x
+ ln

3. y = 1//2x + 1, x = 1,58.

1 + V2x - x2
x- 1

12. y = /(4 + x)(1 + x) +


+ 3ln(V4 +

13. y = I 1/( aj 1 + a ))J X

1 + x2
4. y =

5. y =

3x 3

1
m-Jab

x+1).

arctg

X (arctg(a cosx) + a)
mx

ln1

1- t

14.
y = arcsin( 1 - t 2 ) ( 1 + t 2 ) .

6. y = ln (1 + cosx).
7. y = 7tgcos2 +
8. y = arctg

9. y =

124

sin 27x

15. y = sin(2x +1) + cos5x.


16. y = xln(1 - 3x), y

27cos54x
tgx - ctgx
/2

12sh 2 x + 1
3ch3 x

x = 1/t2,
17.

5.

5.1.
3
1. y =

.
2

(1-x)

1.
D(f): x (-00, 1) '^ (1, + ); x = 1 - II .
2. :
lim f(x)=

x3

lim

x3

=+00; lim

=+00;

x = 1 -
3. y = kx + b.

k = lim
x^+
x>-

= lim
x

b= lim (f(x)-kx) = lim


x>+
x>-

x>+
x>-

= 1,

x^+x(1-x)
x>-

(1-x)2

x = lim x (2 x-1) =2
x^+(1-x)
x>-

y = x + 2 - .
4. 0X x = 0.
5. x > 0, x 1

x < 0.
125

.., .., .., ..

6.
:
=

r ) , j ^ = 0;

X = 0, X = 3

( ).
() X = 0 = 3.
(. 5.1).

. 5.1

-
X = 3, J^min(3) = 27/4 .

( ; 1) (3; +) .
( 1 ; 3) .
X = 3 0,
7.

:
(1-)4

() = 0; X = 0 - .
() X = 0; :

(; 0) ; x

y = x + 2 .
126

(0; 1) LJ ( 1 ; +) . X -^ +
= X + 2 , ^^(0) = 0 -
.
8. ,
, (. 5.2).

. 5.2

:
,
127

.., .., .., ..

.
2. y = x3(x

+ 1)

1. D(f): x ^ R.
2. 0X x = 0, x = 1 .
3. x > 0 x < 0,
x -1.
4.
:

y' =
y'(x)

5(x + 3/5)
,
3
3
3 ,x + 1 ; y ' = 0,x = - -

= 00, x = - 1. , x =

.
y' (. 5.3):

.5.3

128

, x = - 1 -

ymax(-1)

= 0,y min
V 5

(-, - 1) LJ

33/ 20 -0,3
25

+ 00

5. .

y" =

10(x + 6/5) ;y'( x ) = 0,x = - 6


9(x +1)

y"(x) = 00, x = - 1 ( ).
y" (. 5.4):

-3/5"

-i

. 5.4

5
LJ ( - 1, + ) ;
V

129

.., .., .., ..

y.

- 3 5 ~ 0 4
25
^
, .

6. lim y(x) = +00, lim y(x) = 00 .


x>+oo

x>-oo

7. (. 5.5):

. 5.5

1
3. y = (x 2)e

x.

1. D(f):
130

x (, 0) LJ (0, + );

x = 0 - .
2. 0: x = 2.
3. x = 0:
lim f(x)

= -00, x = 0 - ;

lim f(x) = 0.
4.
:
1 /

f(x) =

' x +x + 2
x2

x
2, x = 1 - .
' :

>^m a x (-2) = -4/^; >^min(1) = - 1 / ^


5. :
1
" = x

5x - 2
x

;x =

" (. 5.6):
131

.., .., .., ..

-,

r^

\J
2.

. 5.6

y..

-1

6. y = kx + b,
:
1

(-2) ^ =(-2)

1
2 1
1
= - 2 - 1 + + - ^ 2 +

+0
-3 +0

J^ = X 3 - X -^ +
X -^ 00. J^ = X 3 X -^ +
X ^ 00.
7. . 5.7:

132

133

5.2. 5
1...3. .
1

1. y=
2. y=

x2 +

x-1

x2 - 2x + 1
x+ /x
x

3. y= e

-x

2x 2 + x + 4

1. y =

(x-2)2
2. y = x - 1 x - 2x
2x
xe
3. y =

1. y=

20x 2

1. y=

(x - 1)

(x + 1)

2. y = 3 (x + 1) + 3 (x - 1) 2

2. y =

3. y = x e

3.

1. y=

x -1

(x+2)2-3(x-2)2

y=x3e-x

x3

(x - 1) 2

1. y=

x3 - 2x 2 + 2
x
(2x + 1) 3

2. y = 1 x + 1 - 2/x +1

2. y=

3. y = (x - 2 )e 2x

3. y = ( 1 - x)e 3x+1

134

1. y=

1+ x2
(x-2)2

1. y=
+1

2. = /2x + 9x
3. y = e 1-x

5x 2 + 42x + 77
x2 + 7x + 14

2. _ = /x

-x

3. y = e 4x-x

1. y=

x3
x2 - 1

2. = /x - 3x
3. y= xe

x2/2

10

1. y=

(x - 1) 3
(x - 2)

2. = x /x + 1
3.

(x2 +2)e

11

1. y=

(x - 5)
(x - 7)

12

1. y=

x3 + 2x 2
(x - 1) 2

2. y = x(x + 1)3/2

2. = 4 x - 4 x

e- x
3. y=
1- x

3. =

135

13

1. = x + 7 3
2
x x
2. =

x+2
/x2+2

3. = x

14

2
1. = (x + 1)
\x-2

x+8

2. =

+ 4 x + 16
3. = (x - 2) 1/x
ix

15

16

x4
1. =

1. =

(x + 1)

x3+2
8x

2. =

Vx2-4
2
1
3. = x + 2x - 3
x

2. =

V4x
x
1

3. = xe

17
1. = 3x + 6 1 3
x x
2. =

/x

-4x

18
1. =

2. =

2-x
3. = lnx - x + 1

x+1]
vx - 1

x 2 /x12 - 1
2x-1
lnx

3. =
x

136

-1

19

x5
1. y=

20

1. y=

(x - 2)

(x -1)
2. y=

3x - 2
^l/ x2

-1

lnx
3. y = x

(x - 1) 5

2. y=

(x + 6) 2
x2 - 4

3. y = x2 ln x
21

x5-8

22

1. y=

1. y =
4

(x - 1) 2
2. y=4
x3
3. y = xln2 x

3. y=

23

1. y = (x + 2) 2 (x - 1) 2
2. y

x2

3x

3. y=

2. y=

x5
x4 - 1
3x 2 - 4
x3
ln22 x
x
24

1. y = x(x - 1) 3
3

1 x
2. y=
3^ x - 2
3. y = x2 - 2lnx

ln x
137

6. ,
,

6.1.

1. 1

d(1 + 2sinx)

cosx
+ 2sinx

11
+C =
2(1 + 2sinx) =
2
u = ln\u\
2

dx =

11 du
du

1
= ln1 + 2sinx +C.
2
2. ^tg dx = -\Jtgx 2 dx = -Jtgxdtgx = y/udu
cos x
cos x
3/2

3/2

3 v ( g x)

xx dx
dx

x8 + 1

11 dx 4
2

4 ( x4
4) +1

1
4
= arctgx +C

/x + 1 = t
4.

xdx
Vx + 1

x + 1=t2

2tdt
dt

x = t2 -1
dx = 2tdt

= - t 3 - 2t + C = -/(x + 1) 3 - 2/x + 1 + C.
3
3^
138

, ,

2x
5. I

ex +1

r tdt = j- (t + 1) - 1
dt
't + 1 - '
t+1

ex=t

dx

exdx = dt

= 1- 1

dt = t- lnt + 1 + C = e - ln ex + + C.

t+1

x - 6x + 13 =
= (x - 3)2 + 4
3x + 2
6. I
dx = x-3 = t
=
x - 6x + 13
x = t+3

3t + 11

dt =

t2+4

dx = dt
3 j- 2tdt
22

dt

2 t +4

ln x2 -6x + 13 +

t C
3 t2+4 + 11 arctg+
=
2

+ 111t2+4

11

arctg

x-3

+ C.

x = u;du = dx
x
sin
x
7. I
dx = sinx
= luv-vdu]
1
3
dx
=
dv;v
=
cos x
cos 3
2cos 2 x
x
1
x
1
dx
tgx + C.
= x'
2
2
2cos2x
cos2x
2cos2x
2
x2dx
2
2
f
dx
f
I
/
f
dx
8. I
= I
dx = I

j1 + x I
= arctgx -

j1 + x I
x xdx
2
l1 + x 1

j1 + x I

= arctgx - J;

139

.., .., .., ..

x = u;

du = dx

xdx

J=

dv;v = -

2(1+ x2)

(1 + x2)

(l1 ++x2 ) 2

1
+ arctgx + C;

dx
(1 + 2 )

1
2

dx
9. J =
( x - 2 ) 2 ( x + 3)
1
A
(x-2)2(x
=

+ 3)

x
+ C.
1 + x2

arctgx +

x-2

B
(x-2)2

C
x+3

A(x - 2)(x + 3) + B(x + 3) + C(x - 2)


(x-2)2(x

+ 3)

1 A(x- 2)(x + 3) + B(x + 3) + C(x - 2)2;


x =2
1 = 5B
x = -3
1 = 25C
x =0
1 = -6A + 3B + 4C
A =-;B = -;C = ;
25
5
25
1 dx
1
dx
1

dx

-
+
25 x-2
5 (x - 2)
25 x + 3
1
=
ln|x-2|
+lnx + 3 +C
25
5(x - 2) 25
140

, ,

1 l x +3
= m
25 x-2

dx

10. J =

1
+ C.
5(x - 2)

x(x2 +2)
1

Bx + C

A(x2 +2) + (Bx + C)


=

x( x 2 + 2 )

1 = A(x2 + 2 ) + (Bx + C)x


x =0
x=1
x = -1

1 = 2A
1 = 3A + B + C
1 = 3 A + B-C

A = -,B = --,C = 0;
2
2
1 dx 1 xdx
J =2

2
1

x
2

+ C.

= ln
ln

1
1
= -ln\x\ - l n x2+2 + C =
2x2+2
2
4

x2+2
tg = t
2
sinx =

11.

2t

dx

1 +t

8-4sinx + 7cosx

1- t

cosx =
dx =

1+t
2dt

1 + t2
141

.., .., .., ..

dt

= 2

2t

=2

1-t
8-4
+ 7 1 + t2
1+ t
dt
= (t-3) - (t-5)dt
= 2
(t - 3)(t - 5)
4t(t - 3)(t - 5)

dt
t 2 - 8 t + 15

dt

dt

t-5
t-3
tg(x/2) - 5
t-5
= lnt-5 - lnt-3 + C = ln
+ C = ln
+ C.
t-3
tg(x/2) - 3
sin3

12.

xdx

cosx-

sin 3 x

f (x)

cosx-3

sinx, cosx = t, - sinxdx = dt

=- sin2 x(-sin xdx ) =- (1-t )dt (t -9)+ 8dt


t-3
cosx - 3
t-3
t+ 3+

8
t-3

t
dt = ^ + 3t + 8 l n t - 3 +C
2

cos x + 3cosx + 8ln|cosx - 3| + C.

13.

cos 3 x
sin 4 x

dx = f ( x ) =

cos3 x

sin x

cosx, sinx = t, cosxdx = dt


x cosxdx
= cos sin
x
4

142

1-t

d t = t dt- t dt

, ,

-3

-1

3sin x

sinx

14. I

dx

sin 2 x-4sinxcosx+5cos

sin x cos x,
dx

tgx = t, dx/cos x = dt

c o s 2 x ( t g 2 x - 4 t g x + 5J
=

dt

rd(t-2)

arctg(t-2)+C = arctg(tgx-)+C.

(t-2)2+1

t2-4t+5

1
15. I sin x cos xdx = 4 I2 sin x 4sin xcos

xdx =

1 ( 2
2
1f
= sin x-sin 2xdx = (1-cos2x)(1-cos4x)dx =
4-'
16-'
sin 2x sin 4x
= f (1-cos2x-cos4x+cos2xcos4x)
x
16
16 V
4 J+
2
sin2x sin4x
+
f (cos6x + cos2x)dx = x4 J +
32-'
16
sin6x

+ 32 V

sin2x^

2 J

+ C.

m = -7/2, n = -1/2,
16. I

dx

m+n=- 4 -

cos xsin x

dx

tgx = t,

= dt,
cos x

= 1+ t
cos

143

.., .., .., ..

= cos

17.

1+ t

dx
x cos x
5/2
5/2

3 2

A/ gx

3/2 dt

5 ( g x)
t36t5dt

x =t

dx

dt

t6-t

dx=6t dt

t2-1

dt

t3
1 t-1
= 6t2+1
+C=
t 2 - 1 dt = 6 + 6 t - 6 - l n t +1
3
2
1
= 2/x+6 6 x-3ln
+ C.
1

18.

x10x2 - 6 x + 1
tdt

=-

10 ^1 - 61 - + 1

t2

1
dt
t;x = -;dx = - t
t dt

= - t-\lt2 - 6 t + 10

= - lln t-3 + ylt2 -6t + 10 + C = (

t > 0, t < 0) =

= ln

+ C.

1 - 3x + 10 x2 - 6x + 1
dx
19.
(x2+16)/9-x

144

x = 3 sin t
dx = 3 cos tdt

3costdt
(9sin2t+16)3cost

, ,

dt

dt

9 sin2 t + 16( sin2 t + cos2 t)


dtgt
25tg2t + 16
sint

tgt

1 du
25 u 2 + 16
25

= cos2 t(25tg2t + 16)


5
1 5
arctg-tgt + C
25 4
4

x/3

1
arctg
20

cost V1-x2/9 /9-x


x2/x2+4

20. x -yx +4 dx =

/x2+4

+ C.

4 9-

dx = x4+4x2 dx

Mx +4

/x +4
dx

Ax3 +Bx2 +Cx + D) x 2 + 4 +

=(

x +4
4

, :

x +4x2

Vx2+4

Ax3+Bx2+Cx+Dx
(

3Ax2+2Bx+CWx2+4+
Vx2+4

. /x2+4

Vx2+4
. :

2
x + /x2 +4 +

21. sh 2xdx = (ch 2 x - 1 )

dch2x

1 3 3
1
=ch
c 2x- ch2x + C
6
145

.., .., .., ..

x =t;
x = t2
dx = 2tdt

dx

22. I
0

x
2
0 =
0
4

= 22 (

1)-^dt =

= 2t\02 - 2ln\t + 1|02 = 4 - 2ln3 + 2ln1 = 4 - 2ln3.


e

23. [sin(lnx)dx =

u = sin(lnx); du = cos(lnx) dx
x

dx = dv; x = v

ee

= xsin(lnx)

I xcos(lnx) dx=esin1

11

1 1

1
cos(lnx) = u;du = -sin(lnx) x dx

- jcos(lnx)dx

dx = dv; v = x

esin1-xcos(lnx)

[sin(lnx)dx.
1

e
1
I sin(lnx)dx = (sin1 - cos1) + .

1
+ 00

2
dx

24. I
01+x

2
b

dx

= lim I

= lim (arctgb - arctg0j

01+x
+ 00

25.
x -^ +00 :

146

dx
,

1 /x +1

, ,

3 1+
1+
+ 00

dx

1
3/2

+ 00

dx

x 3/2

1 X +1

147

6.2. 6
1...12. .
.
13. .
14. .
1
Ti/2

1. I (x + 5)sin3xdx

sin xdx

8. I

0 (1 + sinx + cosx)
arccos / v 7 I
2. I / xln

3. I

xdx

xdx

tg(x + 1)

11.

4. I
x
-1cos (x + 1)

(x + 2)(x - 2 )
7.

dx
2 sin x+3 cos x-1

x3 +4x2 +4x + 2
(x + 1)2(x +x + 1

xdx

15Vx + 3

^dx
2
8(x
+
3)
4x
1/

0
x3 - 6x2 + 13x - 6

3 + 2tgx

45/2
r
12. I

5 fx 3 + 1 dx

6. I

'

2%
10. [sin xcos

Vx4-x2-1
0

(1

9.

dx

1( 5 - x I

+ 00

dx

13. I e 2x sin2xdx
0
+ 00

dx

14.

f sinx
sinx
dx

0 x

148

, ,

1. arctg- 5x - 1dx
8.

/4

dx
cosx(1 + cosx)

0
0 2
2. (x + 6 x + 9)sin2xdx
-3

3.

1 - cosx

arctg(13)
9

8 + tgx

10. 2 cos (x/2)dx


0
64

1 x3
4. x3 dx
0x 2 +1

11.

x +4x

/3

4/3

1 Vx
2x - 6x + 7x

dx

7.

x3-3x2-12

( x - 4 ) ( x - 3 ) ( x - 2 ) dx
x3 + 4 x 2 + 3 x + 2
(x + 1) 2 (x2+1)

dx

-7x-6lx
dx

12.

(x + 2 ) ( x - 1 ) 3

6.

dx

(x - sinx)2

5.

dx

18 sin x+2cos

(9 + x2 )3/2

+
dx
13. 1 (1 + x)Vxdx
+l

dx

14.

dx

149

3
1. jarctg /4x - 1dx

27t/3
2

cos xdx
8. I
0 (1 + sinx + cosx)

2. I x 2 e -x /2 dx

9.

3.

arccosV2/3

5. I

V3
3
V

- 7 x-12

x(x - 3)(x +1)

xdx

15
11. I J
dx
9 V x-18

4. f
dx
J
2
2
0 ( x + 1)
3 - x2

sin x+2 cos

2%
10. [sin xcos
0

xcosx + sinx dx
(xsinx) 2

2x

tgx + 2

dx

dx

12
0

( 4 - x 2 )3
^

6. I

x3 + 6 x 2 +10x + 12 dx
( x - 2 ) ( x + 2)3

7. I

-3x3+13x2-13x+1
( x - 2 ) 2 ( x 2 - x + 1)

150

dx

+ 00

13. I e 2x
2 cos3xdx
0
+00

14. j
2

sin
x-cos

Vxy
TT^

\xJj

dx

dx
x-3

, ,

4
1.

xdx

sin 2 x

cos 2 xdx

8.

2/3 (1 + cosx - sinx)

2
2. ( 2x - 1 5 ) cos3xdx

arctg3

4tgx-5

9.

dx

/4 1 - s i n 2 x + 4cos x

3.

1 + ln(x - 1)
dx
x -1

10. 2 sin
0
1 3

(x2 +1)

(x/2)dx

3x +5+2

11. 1 + 3 3 x + 5 dx
5/ 3

5.

2x 4 +2x2-41x2+20
x(x - 4)(x + 5)

6. x

+6x

+13x + 8

dx

dx

x(x + 2)3

7.

x +6x

+8x + 8

(x + 2 ) 2 ( x 2 + 4 )

12.

13.

I4-x

dx
V x -12
+

dx

-J2 (x - 1)Vx - 2
+
dx

x + 3 dx
14. 2
-3/2x /2x + 3

151

1. x cosx dx

8.

sin 3 x

0 (1 + c o s x + s i n x )

/2
2. (1 - 5 x 2 sinxdx
0

9.
/4

2ctgx +1

dx

arccos(4//17 ) 2 sin x + cosx)2


(

(arccosx) - 1
dx
1-x2

3.

ex2+lnx2

4.

5.

6.

7.

10/3

dx

11.

16

4x3 +x2 +2
dx
x(x - 1)(x - 2)

12. 'v256-x2dx
0

x3 - 6x2 + 14x - 6

+ dx

13.

(x + 1)(x-2) 3

x + 5x + 12x + 4

jdx

14.
2

(x + 2)2(x2+4)

152

10. 2 sin (x/2) cos (x/2)dx


0

sin2xdx

dx
xln2 x

2
2

dx

, ,

1. (2 -

4x)sin2xdx

sin xdx

8.

/2(1 + c o s x - s i n x )
/4
2. x ln xdx
1

3.

x + 1/x

1 x

dx

10.

+1

/4
4.
dx
0 (2 s i n x - 3 c o s x )

6.

x3 - 5 x 2 + 5 x + 23
(x - 1)(x + 1)(x - 5)
x +6x

+14x + 4

dx

12. V 1 6 - x dx
0

dx

x3 +2x2 +10x
(x + 1 ) 2 ( x 2 - x + 1)

2 sin xdx
-/2

11.
1
( 4 1 - x - / 2 x + 1)
^ ^
T ^
dx
0 (V2x + 1 + 4 1 - x ) (2x + 1) 2

13.

2-x

dx

(x-2)(x+2)3

7.

dx

arcsin(1v37)

5.

6tgxdx

9.

1 x3Vx - 1
dx

14.

sin x
2

/2

dx

153

1. x sin 2 xdx
8.

2.

/2

cosxdx
0 5 + 4cosx

arccos(/V26)
1
9.

x/2

-2

( 6 - t g x ) sin2x

/4

3.

1 - y/x

2
10. sin xdx
0

dx

Vx (x +1)
/4

sin x-cosx
dx
0 (cosx + sinx)5

4.

5.

6.

x5+9x3+4
x2 + 3x

2x 3- 42x -16x-12
(x-1)2( x +4x+5

154

dx
0(x+25)2/x + 1

dx

12.

x3 + 6 x 2 + 1 3 x + 9

/x + 25

11.

dx

(x + 1)(x + 2)3

7.

36dx

dx

x dx

0 /25-x2

+
13. x e
0
14.

1 x

dx

xdx
+sinx

, ,

8
(4x - 3)x

j.
sin x x
8. I
0 (1 + cosx + sinxj

0
2. J x
2

arccoss(1V26|
,

(x2-4
-4cos3x<5x

12x
arccos ( 1/v 101 (

3.

/
5x

5. I

6.

x(x - 3)(x + 2)

J
7t/2

12

6-x ,
11. I J
ax
V x - 14
2

dx

2x3 + 6x2 + 7x + 1

4x3+24x2+20x-28
(x+3)2( x2+2x+2

x2dx

12. I

0-v 1 6 - x
+ 00

dx

(x - 1)(x + 1)3

7. I

2
6
2 sin xcos xdx

10.

f 1 + lnx ,
4. I
ax
1 x
x5-x4-6x3+13x+6

'

2
dx

13. I

1 (2x - 1 ) V x
+00

dx

- 1

f ln x ,
14.
ox
2

155

9
1. e

(2 - 9x)dx

cosxdx

8.

+ cosx + sinx
arccos((11 vv 66)
2. 8x2+16x+17
(8x +16x+17)
0

4.

x + 2 sinx

2
10. sin (x/4)cos (x/4)d
x
0

11.

xdx

v2 vx

5.

6.

x3-3x2-12
(x - 4)(x - 2)x

2x + x + 1

dx

x2+x

156

+ 1x2+1

1(x + 24) 2 Vx

dx

dx

0(2-x2)3/2

+
13. e
0

dx

x +x + 3

5/x + 24

12.

(x + 1)x3

7.

3tg2x - 1
dx
tg x + 5

dx

14.

cosxdx

sin 3x
,
dx
0 3x4+2

, ,

10
1. (3 x - 2)cos5xdx

e ln xdx
1 x

2.

9.

2cosx + 3sinx
3.
dx
(2sinx-3cosx)3
xdx

dx
2tgx + 7
-arccos(110)

10. 42 2sin (x/2) cos (x/2)dx


0
11.

4.
23

2arctg(1/2)
1 + sin x dx
8.

0
(1-sinx)

x-1

2x 4 - 5 x 2 - 8 x - 8
5.
dx
x(x - 2)(x + 2)

dx
(V3x+ 1 + 4 1 - x)(3x+1)2

I2/2
12.

x4

dx

/(1-x )

6.

x3+6x2-10x+52

dx

(x - 2)(x + 2)
7.

3x3 + x + 46
2

(x-1) ( x + 9 )

+ xdx

13.

2 x -1
+00

dx

14.

dx
2

x ln x

157

11
1. (5x-2)e

dx

1 + sinx

8.

/ 2 ( )
2. x - 5 x + 6sin3xdx

dx
1 + cosx + sinx
arcsin(2/v5)

/4

3.

dx

4 xdx
10. 424 4sin4 xcos4
0

-1

1 ( 4 1 - x-Vx +1)

./4
4. tgxlncosxdx
0

11.
0(/x+1+41- x)(x+1)

5 2 x 3 - 1 dx

1/x2-4 dx

^ x 2 + x - 6
x 3 + 62x +13x + 6

dx

(x - 2)(x + 2)

156

x+4

12.

6.

7. ^ 2

4tgx-5
2
4 cos x-sin2x+1

+ -2x

13.
e

2
sin 2xdx

dx

14 +

Vx +1

dx

dx

, ,

12

1. I (4x + 3) sin5xdx

8.

cosx

I
27/3

2. I (x + 1) ln (x + 1)dx
0
f t g ( x + 1)
3. I 2
dx
cos (x +1)
1

5.

11 - 3tgx
dx
I
tgx + 3
arccos(1v5)

10. 12 sin xcos

64
11.

+ 1dx

x3

V3
12. I

( x - 1 ) ( x + 1)(x+2)

1
+ 00

dx

13. I

(x+2)(x-2)3

7.

3x3+7x2 +12x + 6
x +x+3x

63
;

+2x+3

dx

+3 x

1 x + 2Vx

6.1

xdx

7t/2

x +x

4. I 4
0x

9.

dx

+ cosx-sinx

dx
1 + x 2 )3
dx

(x 2 +9Wx 2 +9
1

dx

+00 1 + arcsin

14. I
1

vxy dx

1+xvx

157

13
1. (8

3x)cos5xdx

sinxdx

8.

5 + 3sinx
0

arcsinJ7/8
6 sin xdx
9
4 + 3cos2x
0

2. (x + 1)ln (x + 1)dx

xdx

3.

6 x cos 2 xdx
10. 24 sin

Vx4 +x2 + 1

V3

4/3

4.

dx

5.

6.

11.

x3 + 2 x 2 + 3
(x - 1)(x - 2)(x - 3)

dx

2x3 + 4 x 2 + 2 x + 2
(x2+x+1)(x2+x+2

158

12. x 1 - x

dx

dx

+
2 2 xdx
1 3 . e xx sin

dx

(x-1)(x + 2)3

7.

Vx-1

16/15

1 + x

x3+6x2+10x+10

4vx

0
+ 00

dx
14.

dx
x ln 2 x
2 2
2

, ,

14

ln(

1. ln 4x + 1)dx

/2

8.

cosxdx

2arctg(1/2) ( 1 - c o s x )
arctg3
2. (x + 2)
-2

x3

4.

(arccosx)

6.

10. cos xdx


0

-1

11.

dx

1-x2

5.

d
x

3.

1//2

9. /4
(3tgx+5dx) sin2x

cos3xdx

3x4 +3x3 - 5 x 2 + 2
x(x - 1)(x + 2)
x -6x

+13x-7

dx

dx

12.

13.

- x -

\j2x+2)dx

0(V2x+2 + 4V2- x)(2x+2)2

2
x /9 - x dx

x4dx

(x + 1)(x-2)3

2x3+11x2+16x+10
2x +11x +16x+10
7.
dx
(x+2)2(x +2x+3

14.

sinx

x3 d x

159

15

7t/2

(3x + 4) e dx

sinx

8.

dx

0 (1 + s i n x )

2.

2x +4x + 7cos2x<56c
(
)

9. f
dx
Q 2 + 3tgx

10. 2 sin xcos xdx

xdx

3 . 3/x - 1

/2

1-cosx
4.
(x-sinx)2
4

dx

11.

x3-6x2+10x- 10

7.

160

dx
-14/15(x + 2) 2 Vx+ 1

dx

12.

13.

(x + 1)(x-2)

6/x +2

4 x + 2 x 1)( x + 1) 3 dx

6.

d x

jdx^.+x2

sinxdx

3x3
+ 5x-1
x-1
3 x +6x2
+ 6 x +5
2

+ lnx
14.

dx

, ,

16
1. (2 -

3x)sin2xdx
8.

2.

3.

9.

3/2

41/(2x) + 1

5.

dx
+ cosx + sinx

10. 2 sin (x/2) cos

11. 1

dx

(x/2)dx

dx

V2x-21

3x3 + 2 x 2 + 1

(x + 2)(x - 2)(x - 1)

dx

12.

4V3
j-

dx

(64-x2)

M
6.

6 + tgx
dx
2
2
9sin x + 4cos x

dx

4.

( x + x)

1 + cosx

arctg(2/3)

ln 2 xdx

x2 + l n x 2

/2

x -6x +13x- 6

dx

13.

j2

(x + 2)(x - 2)3

dx
x/x

-1

7.

x3+9x2+21x

+ 21

(x+3)2(x2+3)

dx

14.

x
1

x3

3
dx

arctg
1 + x2

161

17
1. (x/2 - 3)cos2xdx

/2

8.
0

cos x
2 + cosx

/4

2 . xe2 3xdx

9.

dx

7 + 3tgx

dx

0 (sinx + 2cosx)
2

3.

10. sin xcos


0

dx

xdx

/2

4 . xcosx + sinx dx
/4

5.

11. -.1
\2x-7

(xsinx)

x3-3x2-12
(x - 4)(x - 3)x

dx

4x2-1

dx

12.

dx
4

6.

2x3+6x2+5x+ 4
(x - 2)(x + 1)3

7.

2x + 4x + 2x - 1
(x+1)2( x+2x

162

dx

+2

13.

dx

14.

+
xe-xdx
0

xdx
2
2
1 + x sin x

, ,

18
1. (5x + 6) sin2xdx
8.

/2

dx

0 (1 + cosx + sinx)
3
2. (x - 1) ln (x - 1)dx
2

3.

(arcsinx) + 1
,
dx
^1-x 2

4.

1-Vx

0
3tgx + 1
9.

dx
2sin2x-5cos2x + 1
-arctg(1/3)

10.

dx

1 Vx (x +1)

6.

x(x - 1)(x + 3)
3x3+9x2+1 0x+2

dx

dx

xdx
,
-1/2 2 + V2x + 1

12.

Vx2-9 dx

7.

dx

1 (4x2-1)Vx2+1
+

x + x +1

13.

(x - 1)(x +1)3

11.

5.
2x 4 +2x3-3x2+2x-9

8 8
2 sin xdx
./2

dx

x2-x + 1x2 + 1

14.

dx

xlnx
163

19
1. arctgV3x - 1dx

2arctg3

dx

cosx(1-cosx)

8.

2arctg

/4
2.

sin2xdx

9.
arccos(1v3)

/4

11 ++ lnx
lnx

3.

dx

3Vx2+1

11.

dx

1/24(x + 1) Vx

- -x 5x +25x3
+ 25x ++1 1
5.
dx
x2+5x

x2
x
12.
,
dx
0/4- x 2

x+6x+14x+10
x3+6x2+14x+10 d
6.
zx
dx
(x + 1)(x + 2)

+ xx2+12
+12 d
13.
r-x
0 ( x2+1

x3+6x2+9x + 6
7.
r-i
-?
(x + 1) x2+2x + 2

164

dx
x+4

2
2
6
10. sin ( x/4)cos (x/4)dx
0

4.

2
2
sin x-5cos

2
+ ln2 xdx

14.
2

, ,

20
/2

xdx
1. cos 2 x
2
3
2. ( 3 x - x

2arctg(1/2)(1 + s i n x - c o s x ) 2
arctg3
arct
4 + tgx
9.
0 2sin x+18cos

)sin2xdx

/4

3.

4.

8x - arctg2x
dx
+ 4x

10. 2 cos xdx


/2

x3dx

12- x

11.

6.

3x -x

- 12x -2

x(x + 1)(x - 2)

2x3+6x2+7x+2
3
x (x + 1)

dx
x

\ x -6

x2+4

5.

dx

8.

dx

dx
0
+ 00

dx

7.

dx
(x2+x+1)(x2+x+2

dx

13.

16-x2 )3

dx

ex+/ex

+ln(1 + x5)
14.

dx
0 /x + /x

165

21
/2
8.

1. arctg-/ 6 x - 1dx

cos xdx
+ sinx-cosx

arctg2

2. ( 1 - 8 x

)cos4xdx

sinx - cosx
3.
(cosx + sinx)5

2
10. cos8 (x/4)dx
0

1/2 8x - arctg2x
dx
0
1 + 4x

6 V(6-x)/(6+x) dx

4.

2x3+5

5.

11.
0 (6 +
3/2

dx

12.

x2-x-2

2x - x + 1
x2-x

166

+1

x2+1

x)/36-x2

2
x dx

2
0 ^9 - x
+ 00

2x3-6x2+ 7 x - 4
dx
6.
(x - 2)(x - 1)3

7.

12 + tgx

13.

dx

/2 +x - 1
2 x/x

dx

14.

lnxdx
x Vx

-1

dx

, ,

22

1. (2x - 5) cos4xdx

2arctg(1/2)

dx

sinx(1-sinx)

8.
2arctg(/3)

2. (x + 2) ln (x + 2)dx
1

4arctgx-x

3.

1 + x22

/4

2-tgx
9.

dx
(
/
7
)
(
s
i
n
x
+
3cosx)
-arcsin2/v5
2

dx

10. I sin

4 44
3xcos
3xdx

(22 +
+ 3 x)d
64
3xdx
11. (
16x+23x+x
) x

dx
^^

2x^x - 1

3x5-12x3-7
5.
dx

12. V 4 - 2
0

x 3+62x +11x+ 7
6.

dx

(x + 1 ) ( x + 2 ) 3

x3+x + 1
7. -7

Ix + x + 1)( x +1)

13.

dx
4x2 + 1 x

+1

dx

14. ^4 x + ln x
1 V
167

23
1. ln( x

+4 )dx

cosxdx

8.

/2 (1 + cosx-sinx)2
7t

2.

arctg3

( 2
x - 3 x + 2)sinxdx
0
dx

3.

10. sin (x/4)cos (x/4)dx


0

+1

+11 + l

5.

dx

7.

x-1

3x 3 - 2

6.

x4dx

2/2

dx

12.

-x

x3+6x2+15x+2
(x - 2)(x + 2)3

0 ( 16-x

) 16-x

dx

2x3+7x2 + 7 x - 1
(x + 2)2(x +x + 1

168

3 V(3-x)/(3+x) dx
11.
,
0 (3 + x)V9 - x

1)

4.
1

+ tgx
dx

/4 (sinx + 2cosx)
2

1 x

9.

13.

dx

+ 00

dx

x
1 4 .^ a1r c t g
dx
Vx
2+x

, ,

24

1. ( 1 - 6x)e

/2
8.
0 (1 + sin x)

dx

dx

arcsinJ3/7
2

2. ( x -3x)sin2xdx
0

tg xdx
3sin x + 4cos x -7

3. tgxlncosxdx

10. sin (x/4)d


x
0

4.

4arctgx - x
dx
0 1+x

11.

x + /3

/3x - 2 + 7
2

3x3+25

5.
dx
x2+3 x + 2

12.
^

2x3+6x2+5x
6.
dx
(x+2)(x + 1)3

7.

/^l2+3 2 + 4 1

x-2-10

x4dx

8-x )

13. e

sin xdx

dx

14.

arctg2x
arctg2x dx
0

x2

169

7.

7.1.
1. ,
y = 2x x2 y = x, . 7.1.

. 7.1

170

y = -x
y = 2x-x ;2x-x
x = 0, x = 3;

=-x

S = ((2x-x 2 ) - (-x) ) dx= (3 x-x 2 )dx=3 x


0

. .

2. , , x = acos3 t ,

y = asin3 t , . 7.2

. 7.2

171

.., .., .., ..

t
0

x
a
0,5a
0,3a
0,1a
0

7/6
7/4
7/3

n/2
0

S = 4 \y-xtdt
/2

= 4 [asin t-3 a cos t(-sint)dt =


/2

7/2

= 12a
7/2

y
0
0,1a
0,3a
0,5a
a

7/2

1" sin t-cos tdt = 3a

{ sin 2t-sin tdt = a

07/2

j(1-cos4t )(1-cos2t ) dt = - a 2 j 1-cos4t-cos2t+-cos6t +


0
0
7^/2

3 21
dt = a t + a
4
4
0

2
=

3
2

t ^^/2

sin4t

sin2t

sin6t sin2P
+ 12 + 4 0

2
a 7 . .

3. , ,
2
2

p =a cos , . 7.3.

172

. 7.3

2'n<2(< + 2'n,

>0,cos2>0,

+n<(<
4

7/8

7/4

7/6

7/3

7/4

Ti/2

cos2

1
0,7
0,5
0

+n, n eZ.
2 = a 2 cos2
2

a
0,7a2
0,5a2
0

a
0,8a
0,7a
0


, :

173

.., .., .., ..


7/4
1

2 7

7/4

7/4
1

= d = a cos2d = sin2
0
4 2 i
2 i
4
0

S = a
4.

+y

= 2x, x +y

. .
,

=6x,13y + x = 0,y - ^3x = 0, . 7.4.

. 7.4

x 2 +2y2 =2x, (x2 -2x + 1\+y2 = 1,


2 2
(x - 1 j + y
174

= 1 - 1 (1; 0);

x2 +2 = 6 x , ( x 2 - 6 x + 9) + /

= 9 , ( x - 3 ) 2 + / =9 -

3 (3; 0).
= /3x = - 1//3x .
:
x = cos, = sin;
2 2

x +
2

x +
x

= ;
2
2

= 2 x ^ = 2cos;
= 6 x ^ = 6cos

y = /3x, tga1 = /3, 1 = 7/3;


1
1
= - 3 x, t g a 2 = - 1 = , CL2 =

V3

7t/3

1 f
.5' =

J (6cos)
-7t/6

-n/6.
7t/3

7t/3

1 f
d

J (2cos)
-7t/6
7t/3

7t/3

8sin2

= 8 [(1 + cos2)d = 8

2
d=16

J cos
-7t/6

7/3

= 47+4-\3.
-7t/6

-7t/6
-7t/6

5' = 4('; + /3) . .


5. =
(4; 8).

x3

V2

\2

1/2

4 I

dx = j j 1 + -9x d x =
4
0

175

.., .., .., ..

4 2

3/2

1 + -x
93 V 4

8
( 1 0 1 0 - 1 ) . .
27

6. x = acos3 t,y = asin

t (

).

l = \^l(xt ) 2 +(y\) 2 dt,a<t<^;


2
x^=3acos
(xi)

+(yi)

n/2

2
t(-sint),y't

=3asin

tcost,

=9a2 sin2tcos2 t,
n/2

l=4 J /9a sin tcos tdt=12a J |sintcost|dt=


0
0
. .

12a

Ti/2

J sin2 tdt 6a
0

7. = 1 cos, . 7.5.

. 7.5

176

l = 2|(1-cos) +sin d = 21 ^2(1 - c o s ) d


0

= 41 sin d = 41 sin 2 = 8cos 0


0
2
0
2

= 8 . .

8. , 0X ,
y = 4 x2, y = 0, y = 3x, . 7.6.

. 7.6

177

.., .., .., ..

y = 4 - x2 y = 3x:
4-x

= 3x, x1 = 1, x2 = - 4 .

x = 1.
V1 V2 ,
ABCD

OCD:
b
2

V = y dx;
a
1

V1 =7r ( 4 - x 2 ) dx =

V2 = (3x) dx = 3;
0
V = V1 -V2 =

178

. .

7.2. 7
1. ,
.
2. , ,
.
3. , ,
.
4. ,
.
5.

6. ,
.
7. ,
, . 1...16
0X, 17...24 0Y.

179

1. y = x/{1h\jx\, y=0, x = 1.

(x = 6 cost,
2. 1y ~ 2sint,

1. x = \4y

x =0 y=0 y= .

x = 32cos t,
2. y = sin3 t,
x = 4 (x > 4).

3. r=(3/2)cos, r=(5/2)cos

4.

y = ex + 26,
lnv8 < x < ln/24.

3. r= 6cos3, r= 3 (r > 3).

4. y
0 < x < 7/9.

x = 8cos t,

ix = 2(cost + tsint),

5. y = 8 sin t,

5. [y = 2(sin t t cos t),

0<t<

n/6.

0 < t < 7/2.

6. = 8 c o s , 0 < < 7 / 4

6. p = 5, 0 < < 12/5.

7. y = x -2x+1, x = 2, y = 0.

7.y = Jx-1,y

180

= 0,y = 1,x = 0,5.

1 y = x19-x

, y = 0.

1. x = (y-2)2,x

= 4y-8.

(0 < x < 3)

ix = 3(t-sint),

x = v2 cost,

2. [y = 3(1 - cost),
y = 3(0<x<61,y>3).

2.

3. r = sin3.

3. r = c o s - s i n .

4.

-x

0 < x < 3.

)2,

= (t2 -2 ) sint + 2tcost,


5.

y = (2-t

cost + 2tsint,

y = 4V2sint,

y = 4(y>4).

2+arcsinyjx+^Jx-x ,
1/4 < x < 1.
x = et (cost + sint),
y = et (cost - sint),
0<t<2n.

0<t<37.
6. p = /2e^, - 7/2 < < 7/2

6. = 6 c o s , 0 < < 7 / 3 .

7. y = x , y = x

7.y = cos x, y=0, x=0, x=7/2.


181

1.

y = x cosx, y = 0.

(0 < x < 7/2)

x =

y=

y = 4 (0 < x < 87, y > 4).

3. r = 1 + v 2 sin.

y = -arccos- / x + / x - x

lnv8 < x < lnV15.


x = 5 ( t - s i n t ) ,
5. I y = 5(1 - cost),
0 < t < .

7. x

182

+11

2. I y = 4(1 - c o s t ) ,

y = ex +6,

6. = 5e

,y = 0,x = 1.

rx = 4 ( t - s i n t ) ,

2(y>2).

3. r = 4sin3,r = 2 ( r > 2 ) .

4.

ix

yj2cost,

2. y = 2v2 sint,

1. y =

4.
0 < x < 1/4.
x = 3,5(2cost-cos2t),
5. Iy = 3,5(2sint- sin2t),
0 < t < 7/2.

, - 7/2<<7/2

+\y - 2

. "^^

7. y = x +1, y=x, x=0, x = 1.

1/x
,y = 0,x = 2, x=1.

1. y =

x = 4v2cos t,
2. y = 42sin

t,

y = 1 ( 1 + c o s x ) , y = 0.
x = K/2,x = -7/2.
ix =

2. \ y = 6(1 -cost),
y=

x = 2(x>2).
3. r = 1 + 2cos.

6(t-sint),
6(0<x<12Tz,y>6)

r = /2 cos(9 - %/4)
3. r = v 2 sin(9 -/4) .
(7/4 < < 37/4).

y = ^1-x

+arccosx,

lnV8 < x < lnV24

0 < x < 8/9.


x = ( t 2 -2 ) sint + 2tcost,
5.

y = ex +26,

cost+ 2tsint,

x = 2cos t,
5. y = 2sin t,
0<t< 7/4.

0 < t <TT.
6. p = 2sin9, 0 < < /6

6. p = 3(1+ sin), - 7/6<<0.

7. y = sin(7Ux/2), y = x .

7. y = sin x,x = %/2, y = 0.

183

10

1. x = Jey-1,

1.

x = 0, y = ln2.

(0 < x < 2V2).

x = 2v2cost,

x = 2/2 cost,
<

2. y = 3V2sint,
y=

2.

3(y>3).

y=

3. r = sin, r = 2sin.
y = (e2x +e
4.

2x+3

)4,

0 < x < 2.

5. y = e ( c o s t - s i n t ) ,

+1

4. y = -arccos x+/ 1-x +1,


0 < x < 9/16.
fx = 2 ( t - s i n t ) ,
5. \ y = 2(1

7. y=3 sinx, y=sinx, 0<x<7i;.

-cost),

0<t< Ti/2.

0 < t < 37/2.


6. pp=8(1-cos), - 27/3<<0

5(y>5).

3. r = 6sin, r = 4sin

x = et (cost + sin t),

184

y = 5v2sint,

6. p=2e ^ , - 7/2 < < 7/2.


7.

2 x - x 2 - y=0, 2x2-4x+y =0

11

y= ,
, y = 0,
1.
x/1 + lnx
x = 1, x = e
x = 24cos t,
2. y = 2sin t,

x = 93 (x > 9V3).

12

1. y = x14-x

,y = 0

(0<x<2).

x = 16cos3 t,
2. y = sin3 t,
x = 6/3 (x > 6/3).

3. r = 4cos4.

3. r = 2cos, r = 3cos.

5
y = ln,
4.
2x

4. y = 1 + arcsinx-^/1-x ,

3 < x <

8.

0 < x < 3/4.

fx = 3(cost + tsint),

fx = 3(2 cost - cos2t),

5. Iy = 3(sint-tcost),

5. [y = 3(2 sin t - sin 2t),

0 < t < 7/3.

0<t<2n.

6. p = 2(1-cos9), -7<<-7/2

6. p = 3, 0 < < 4/3.

7. y = x , y - x = 0.

7. y=5cosx, y=cosx, x=, x>0.

185

13

1. y = (x + 1) , y

= x + 1.

14

1. y = (x-2)

\x = t

x = 4/2cos t,
2. y = 2^12 sin t,
x=

3. r = 2 sin4..

4.

7/3 < x < 7/2.

y =arccos/x-/x - x +4,
0 < x < 1/2.

x = 8(cost + tsint),
tcost),

x = 4cos t,
5. y = 4sin3t,

0<t< 7/4.

6. p = 2, 0 < < 4/3

7. y =x-2, y = 0, y=x , y= 1

186

-sint,

y=1(0<x<21,y>1).

y = 1-lnsinx,

5. \y = 8(sint -

4x-8.

2. [y = 1 - cost,

2(x>2).

3. r = 4cos3, r = 2(r>2).

4.

,y =

n/6<t< Ti/4.
6. p = 4, 0 < < 3/4.
7.

y = lnx, x = 2,y = 0.

15

1.

y = x136- x , y = 0

16

1. y=x /4-x , y=0, (0<x<2).

(0 < x < 6).


x = 2cost,
2. [y = 6sint,
y=

rx = 10(t-sint ),
2. [y = 10(1 -cost),

3(y>3).

3. r=(5/2)sin, r=(3/2)sin.

4.

x2

ln x
4

3. r = 2cos6.

4. y = e

+e,

ln3 < x < l n 1 5

1<x<2.
x = ( t - 2 ) sint + 2tcost,
5. y = ( 2-t

y = 15(0<x<207,y>15

) cost + 2tsint,

x = 10cos t,
y = 10sin3t,
0 < t < 7/2.

0 < t < 7/2.


6. = 2, 0 < < 12/5

6. =6(1+ sin), -7/2 < < 0.

7. y = (x-1) , x=0, x=2, y=0.

7. y = xex, y = 0, x = 1.

187

17

1. y = arccosx, y = 0, x = 0.

ix = 9 cost,
2. \^y = 4sint,

18

1. x = 4 y ,x = y 2y.

x = 16cos t,
2.

y = 2(y>2).

3. r = 2sin9, r = 4sin9.

4.

x=

y = ln7 - lnx,
4.

0 < x < 7/6

3 < x < 8.

= it2 -2Jsint + 2tcost,


y = i2-t

2(x>2).

3. r = cos.

y = -lncosx,

5.

y = 2sin t,

|cost + 2tsint,

x = et (cost + sin t),


y = et (cost - sint),
0<t<%.

0 <t<n.
6. p^ 3 e ^ , %/2<)< %/2

7. y= x , y = 1, x =

188

6. p =3/4
3 e ^ , 0 < < /3

7. y = 2xx , y=x2, x = .

19

1. y = 4-x

, y = x - 2x.

20

1. y = xarctgx, y =0,x

x = 32cos t,
2. y = 3sin t,

x = 8v2cos t,
2. y = v 2 s i n

t,

x = 4 (x > 4).

x = 12V3 (x > 12/3).

3. r = 6sin3,r = 3 ( r > 3 ) .

3. r = cos3.

4.

y = ex +13,
lnV15 < x < lnv24.

4.

y = lncosx + 2,
0 < x < 7/6

ix = 2,5(t - sint),

(x = 6(cost +t sint),

5. \y = 2,5(1 - cos t),

5. | y = 6 ( s i n t - t c o s t ) ,

Tl/2<t< 7.

6. p= 6e

=3

, - 71:/2<< %/2

7. y = x , y = x .

0 < t < TT.

6. p = ]2e^, 0 < < /3.

7. y=1- x , x=0, x=Jy-2,

x=1.

189

21

22

1. x = arccosy, x = 0, y = 0.
1.

x = 8cos t,
2.

y = 4sin3t,

4.

ix = 3(t-sint),
5. I y = 3(1 - cost),
n<t<2n.

y = x2-4x

+ 3.

y=6(0<x<

87, y 6).

3. r = cos + s i n .

y = chx + 3,
0 < x < 1.

+3,

rx = 4(t-sint),
2. \ y = 4(1 -cost),

x = 3 3 (x > 3 3).
3. r = 1/2 + in.

y = 2x-x

4.

= ln(1-x2j,
0 < x < 1/4.
x = 6cos t,

5.

y = 6sin t,
0<t< n/3.

6. p = 2, 0 < < 3/4

6. p = 4e

7. x = 3y - 2, x = 1, y = 1.

7. y = 2x - x , y = -x

190

, 0 < < 7/3.


+.

23

1. y = /4-x , y=0, x=0, x=1.


ix =

6(t-sint),

2. \y = 6(1
y=

3.

4.

-cost),

9(0<x<121,y>9).

r = 2cos, r = 2v3 sin,


(0 < < 7/2).

y = ln - 1j,
2 < x < 3.

x = cost-cos2t,
2
4
5.
1
1
y = sint - sin2t,
2
4
%/2<t< 2%/3.
6. p = 4(1- sin),

7. y = -x

0<<71;/6

+ 5x - 6, y = 0.

24

1. y = 4-x

,y = x

-2x.

ix = 8 ( t - s i n t ) ,
2. [y = 8(1 - c o s t ) ,
y = 12 (0 < x <16, y >12
3. r = 3sin, r = 5sin.

x
4. y= e +2e
0<x<2.

+ 3,

x = 2 ( 2 c o s t - c o s 2 t ) ,
5. [y = 2 ( 2 s i n t - sin2t),
0 < t < 7/3.

6. p = 12e

^ , 0 < < /3.

7. y = e

, y=0, x=0, x=1.

191

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