You are on page 1of 26

SEOUL CITY WALL

GUIDE BOOK

51-6110000-000872-01

Link to the
Home Page

Link to the
Mobile Application

Things to Remember when Visiting Seoul City Wall


Seoul City Wall is a precious cultural heritage that harmonizes nature and humanity, tradition and modernity.
Many cultural heritage sites are located around the Seoul City Wall.
Visitors are sure enjoy their outings even more if they visit these additional attractions
The natural environment of the four inner mountains is also a valuable heritage.
It is prohibited to take or use any inflammable materials in these mountains.
Please show consideration for the inhabitants of the nearby residential areas.
As there are no parking lots near the Seoul City Wall, please use public transport.

ISBN 979-11-5621-190-7

Seoul

City Wall

Contents

What is Seoul City Wall?

Seoul City Wall Hiking Trails

04 The Seoul City Wall

16 Baegak Mountain Trails

06 Embracing History

18 Baegak Trail 1 : Changuimun Gate Baegak Gokseong

08 Cradling the Life

20 Baegak Trail 2 : Baegak Gokseong Waryong Park

10 Looking forward to the future

22 Baegak Trail 3 : Waryong Park Hyehwamun Gate

12 Beautiful Seoul City Wall


14 Complete Map of Seoul City Wall

24 Naksan Mountain / Heunginjimun Gate Trails


26 Naksan Trail 1: Hyehwamun Naksan Park Cultural Plaza
28 Naksan Trail 2: Naksan Park Cultural Plaza Heunginjimun Gate
30 Heunginjimun Trail: Heunginjimun Jangchung Gymnasium

32 Namsan(Mongmyeoksan) Mountain / Sungnyemun(Namdaemun) Gate Trail


34 Namsan(Mongmyeoksan) Trail 1 : Jangchung Gymnasium Namsan Park Bus Stop
36 Namsan(Mongmyeoksan) Trail 2 : Namsan Park Bus Stop Baekbeom Square
38 Sungnyemun(Namdaemun) Trail : Baekbeom Square Site of Donuimun Gate

40 Inwangsan Mountain Trails


42 Inwangsan Trail 1 : Site of Donuimun Inwangsan Gokseong
44 Inwangsan Trail 2 : Inwangsan Gokseong Changuimun

Information on Seoul City Wall


46 Seoul City Wall in Old Paintings and Pictures
48 Tourist Attractions around Seoul City Wall accessible by Subway
This is a part of a 19th-century folding screen that depicts the former site of the Gyeonggi Provincial
Governors Office. It is part of the Leeum Samsung Museum of Art Collection. The painting clearly
depicts Seoul City Wall, which extends across the Inwangsan Ridge from Donuimun Gate. Today a
stone post at the entrance to the Seoul Red Cross Hospital marks the site of the Gyeonggi Provincial
Governors Office.

49 Organizations related to Seoul City Wall


50 Tourist Attractions around Seoul City Wall
02

03

What is
Seoul
City Wall?

Seoul
City Wall

[Historic Site No. 10]


N
Sukjeongmun
Gate

The wall, which follows the ridges of Baegak(Bugaksan), Naksan( Naktasan), Namsan(Mongmyeoksan) , and Inwangsan,
the four main mountains surrounding the center of Seoul, has been rebuilt several times since its initial construction in 1396. The
wall measures between 5 and 8m high and is 18.6km long, and it served as city wall for the longest time among the existing walls
in the world.
Seoul City Wall has four main gates and four auxiliary gates. The main gates are Heunginjimun, Donuimun, Sungnyemun
and Sukjeongmun, while the auxiliary gates are Hyehwamun, Souimun, Gwanghuimun and Changuimun. In addition, the five-arch
flood gate and two-arch floodgate to the south of Heunginjimun were built to transport water from Cheonggyecheon Stream to
outside the wall.

Changuimun
Gate
Hyehwamun
Gate

Heunginjimun
Gate

Site of W
Donuimun Gate

Gwanghuimun
Gate

Site of
Souimun Gate
Sungnyemun
(Namdaemun)
Gate

*Panoramic View of the Baegak Mountain Walking Trail by Seoul City Wall

04

05

What is
Seoul
City Wall?

Embracing
History

Korean history is engraved in Seoul City Wall. The wall preserves a succession of building
technics and structure developed by the Korean people from the Three Kingdoms period onwards. It also shows
the whole process of building-technic development during Joseon.
Seoul City Wall was originally built about 620 years ago. The actual construction work continued
for 98 days, half in the winter and half in the summer of 1394. Some 197,400 people were mobilized for the
construction of the wall, which was divided into 97 sections of around 600 feet. The sections were named in the
order of the characters in the Thousand Character Classic, a primer for teaching Sino-Korean. Workers from same
counties and prefectures were assigned to a specific section. Originally, wall sections on flat ground were built of
rammed earth, while those on mountainous terrain were built of stone. However, in 1422, the earthen sections of
the wall were replaced with stone as well. In 1704, another massive restoration and rebuilding project was carried
out, as parts of the wall had collapsed over the course of time. And since then several restorations have been carried
out, too. During the construction of the wall, records of the works were inscribed on the stone blocks of the wall.
Seoul City Wall lost a large part of its former appearance during the countrys modernization.
In 1899, the first tram lines were built to connect Seoul with outlying communities, and the wall gates lost their
original function. Thereafter, the wall connected to the gates were demolished for the expansion of the citys road
networks from 1907. In the Japanese colonial period, Japanese governors deliberately dismantled the wall gates
or neglected to be damaged. Donuimun and Souimun Gate were dismantled and Gwanghuimun and Hyehwamun
Gate were seriously damaged. Also the wall was damaged in that local residents built their houses too near to it.
After Korean liberation from Japan, the wall continued to be damaged in the rush of modernization.
Reconstruction of Seoul City Wall began at a site around Sukjeongmun Gate, behind the
presidential residence, shortly after a unit of the North Korean Special Forces infiltrated Seoul on 21
January 1968. That project was extended to the entire wall section from 1974. However, the integrity of Seoul
City Wall was damaged in places as conservation and restoration works were overly focused on rejoining severed
sections. Seoul Metropolitan Government fully recognized these problems, and established the department
exclusively responsible for the wall, Seoul City Wall Division in September 2012. And the city government drew up
master plan for the conservation and management of Seoul City Wall in accordance with the criteria for UNESCO
World Heritage Sites in October 2013.
As of 2014, some 70% (12.8km) of entire Seoul City Wall has been restored, and Sukjeongmun,
Gwanghuimun, and Hyehwamun were rebuilt, although Gwanghuimun and Hyehwamun had to be put on
locations near their original sites.

*<National Treasure No.853> Suseon Jeondo (Complete Map of Seoul)


[1840s | by Kim Jeong-ho (presumed) | 82.5cmx 67.5cm | Korea University Museum Collection]
The term Suseon means the prime goodness, coming from shiji(, history book of Sima Qian). Suseon Jeondo is complete map of Seoul in Joseon, herein
the term Suseon is used to emphasis building of the prime goodness starts in Seoul".

[A stone block of the wall, inscribed as Gangjayukbaekcheok]


A Stone of the wall, written as Gangjayukbaekcheok was discovered in an embankment near the Namsan J-Gran House. The
stone block is the record of the constructon section and length.
The original position of this stone is unknown, as the embankment
was built with the stones acquired from the demolished wall.

[Excavation site of Seoul City Wall at the foot of Hoehyeon,


Namsan] In 2013, a section of the wall(94.1m), which had been
demolished in 1925 (during the Japanese Colonial Period) to
build the Joseon Shinto Shrine was excavated. This section of the
wall, built with both original stone blocks from the wall and new
stone blocks used for its repair, shows the layers of 600-years
history of the wall.

06

07

What is
Seoul
City Wall?

Cradling
Life

Seoul City Wall, which protected Seoul for some 600 years, closely affected the daily life of
the people inside. Residents were informed of the opening and closing times of the city gates by the sound of
the bell hanging in Bosingak belfry on Jongno. The bell was struck thirty-three times to lift the curfew in the early
morning and twenty-eight times to announce the curfew in the evening. The gates of private houses were opened
and closed according to the tolling of the bell, so the opening and closing times of the city gates controlled the
rhythm of the citizens life.

Seoul City Wall was also a boundary between life and death. Everyone who died, whether king
or commoner, had to be buried outside the wall. Thus, living within the wall signified life itself to the people in
Seoul.

Seoul City Wall represented the capital itself. People headed towards the capital from countryside
would see the wall in the distance and realized they were nearing their destination. The wall meant something
different to the scholars who traveled to the capital to take the state examinations, success in which would land
them a government post. Some of those candidates, hoping to pass the exam, would walk around the entire wall.
This practice became popular among local residents and developed into a traditional amusement going around
the wall and enjoying the beautiful scenery.

Seoul City Wall helped unite the capital with its suburbs. Quarrying was prohibited inside the
wall, stones used for the wall had to be supplied from outside. Although the wall was built on the ridges of Mts.
Baegak, Nakta, Mongmyeok, and Inwang, the stone materials came from areas around Mts. Bukhansan and
Achasan outside the wall.

The capital defense system was anchored by Seoul City Wall. The wall alone was insufficient for
defending the capital. during times of external invasion or civil rebellion, the wall was never used for the purpose
of defense. Therefore, people commonly complained about all the work to build the wall in that is useless. On
September 11, 1971 in lunar calender, King Yeongjo proclaimed the decree on guarding the walls, declaring, In
an emergency, I will be the first to go up to the fortified wall to defend the city with the people. Moreover, the king
assigned each defense section to a community inside the wall so that they could protect their own section with
their own weapons in event of an emergency.

* Old Photo of Hyehwamun Gate | National Museum of Korea Collection

[Hyehwamun Gate] Hyehwamun from outside the wall.


Hyehwamun served as a passageway to city of Uijeongbu
and Pocheon from the capital.
*Ammun(Secret Path) on Naksan Mountain Hiking Trail of Seoul City Wall

[Naksan Mountain Trail] As the administrative district of


Seoul has expanded greatly, Seoul City Wall, which once
marked the boundary between Hanseongbu (Capital Prefecture in Joseon) and its outskirts 600 years ago, has now
become a cultural property in the center of Seoul.
08

09

What is
Seoul
City Wall?

Looking Forward
To The Future
Seoul City Wall is the outcome of a succession of developments regarding the structure
and the techniques used to construct fortress walls on both mountainous terrain and flat ground since
Goguryeo. Seoul City Wall pairs royal palaces and fortress walls of Bukhansanseong and Namhansanseong,
which protected the capital city. The shape of the stone blocks and inscriptions on them indicate the construction
date and time period.

The wall construction in the reign


of King Taejo(1396)

The wall construction in the reign


of King Sejong(1422)

The wall construction in the reign


of King Sukjong (1704~)

The wall construction in the reign


of King Sunjo (1800~)

The wall were completed by two separate projects in January and August of
1396(lunar calender). The stone sections of the wall were built on mountainous terrain, while rammed earth
sections were constructed on flat
ground. Natural stones were shaped
for use in the construction of the wall.

The wall reconstruction project in January of 1422(lunar calender) replaced


the rammed earth sections with natural stones chiseled into kernel shape.

The stone blocks used in the rebuilding of the wall were made in a standardized size of 40~45cm in length and
width, preserving the wall more solid
than before.

Square(60cm x 60cm)stone blocks were used to construct the wall. Stone


blocks with character engravings can
be seen along the parapet. Research
into the inscriptions is ongoing.

Seoul City Wall was built along the natural topography around Seoul. Respect for nature is a
long-held tradition of the Korean people. Thus, the wall, which was built in this natural way, became a part of the
natural environment over time and a subject of culture and art.
Seoul City Wall is one of the worlds longest and oldest city walls. It is rare to find city walls
the size of Seoul City Wall in any city with a population of ten million people or more. Although some sections are
damaged, 70% of the entire length of the wall has been preserved or rebuilt.
Seoul City Wall was registered on UNESCOs World Heritage Tentative List on 23 November
2012. Getting Seoul City Wall listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site is an expression of the Korean peoples
desire and resolution to preserve the natural and historical landscape of Seoul and to hand it down to future
generations. The most important factor in preserving any cultural heritage is the love by the residents who live with
that cultural heritage.

Baegak
Mountain

Site of Donuimun Gate

Inwangsan Mountain

* Panoramic view of Seoul from the Namsan Mountain Hiking Trail (Jamdubong Photo Island ) of the wall

Changuimun
Gate

Sukjeongmun
Gate

Hyehwamun
Gate

Naksan
Mountain

10

11

What is
Seoul
City Wall?

Beautiful
Seoul City Wall
Tourist Attractions of Seoul City Wall
Wall around Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park, where
inscribed stone blocks are clearly in evidence.

Backstreet of Naksan Mountain Catholic University of


Korea, A Magnificent Atmosphere of Seoul City Wall

Wooden stairway to the east of Namsan, where can find


an original appearance in the reign of King Taejo

Backstreet of Jangchung Gymnasium, where can find


an original appearance in the reign of King Sejong

28p

26p

34p

34p

Along the wall are various stones bearing inscriptions. At


the wall around the entrance to Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park, these
stone blocks were replaced together during the maintenance of the wall.
In the 14th and 15th centuries, the names of the counties and prefectures
in charge of constructing the section were written, while in the 15th
century the name and position of the supervisors and lead technicians
were engraved on the stone blocks.

From within the wall, only a roof of the wall, roughly the
shoulder height of a man, can be seen. The hiking circuit path of the
wall on the Naksan Trail is arranged outside the wall so that visitors can
appreciate magnificence and solidness of the wall at a glance.

Built in the reign of King Taejo, the section of the wall


beside the wooden stairway, which runs along the eastern ridge of
Namsan, still looks like it did 600 years ago.

In the reign of King Sejong, the natural stones used to


build the wall were chiseled into kernel shapes. A section of the wall
built in this way remains well preserved in the backstreet of Jangchung
Gymnasium. Many inscribed stone blocks can also be seen in this section.

Night View from Naksan


Seoul City Wall, a Grand Addition to the Citys Nightscape

Beautiful Views around Seoul City Wall


Harmony between Sungnyemun Gate and the Dense
Forest of Buildings. Seoul City Wall in downtown area,
which becomes more familiar to the citizens

Magnificent View with Mountains


Seoul City Wall Blends in with Nature along the Ridge
of Baegak Mountain

Harmony between City and Nature


Seoul City Wall - Embracing Seoul and Its population
of ten million

38p

18p

44p

28p

The section of the wall on flat ground around city stands


in harmony with the dense forest of buildings in downtown area. It is a
wonderful cultural heritage that is easily accessible anytime. This photo
shows the right- and left-hand sides of the wall and Sungnyemun, which
was destroyed by fire in 2008 and restored in 2013.

The section of the wall that follows the ridges of Mounts


Baegak and Inwangsan has become a part of the natural surroundings,
creating a sublime view. This photo of the wall was taken from Baegak
Gokseong.

Looking down at Inwangsan from Inwang Gokseong(roundprojected fortress wall), it is possible to imagine the picturesque view of
old Seoul City Wall stretching along the foothills of Inwangsan and gently
folding the downtown area, The photo shows the newly-restored section
of the wall along the western ridgeline of Inwangsan.

Lights have been installed along the Naksan Trail, making


it an excellent place to enjoy a stroll even in the evening. If you follow the
circuit path to the top, you can admire night view of Seoul, as seen in this
photo of the wall taken from the top of Naksan.

12

13

Cheongun-dong

g-ro

Gyeongbokgung Palace

Malbawi Information Center

Bukchon Hanok Village

Gahoe-dong

Samcheong Park

National Folk Museum of Korea

cheon

Guksadang Shrine of
Inwangsan

Paiwha Girls' High School

Hanok Village to the


West of
Gyeongbokgung
Palace

Hyoja-ro

Inwangsan
Seonbawi Rock

Sajik-dong

Park Nosu's House (Jongno Park


No-soo Art Museum)
( )

Inwangsan Gokseong

(339m)

Inwangsan Mt.

Cheong Wa Dae

o
Che ngwadae-ro

(342m)

()

Baegak Mt.

Baegangmaru

January 21, Pine Tree


1.21

Choi Sayoungs House in Mapo


300m

Changgyeonggung
Palace

Daehan Medical Center


(Seoul National Univ.
Hospital Institute)

(
)

Myeongnyun
-dong

da
mil

(124m)

Naksan Mt.

Changsin-dong

Samseon-dong

Hyehwamun Gate

Samseon Middle School

Seoul Science
High School
Seoul Global High School

Waryong Park
24p

The Official Residence


of the Seoul mayors
Sungkyunkwan Univ.
4

Hansung Univ. Station


Former Prime Minister
Johan. M. Chang's House

Hahn Moo Sook House


in Myeongnyun-dong


Catholic Univ. of Korea
Seoul Munmyo Confucian Poem Korea Museum
(Songsin Campus)

Shrine and Sungkyunkwan

Museum of Korea Straw and

Plant Handicraft
Sangmyung Art Hall
Samseon Sangsang
Children's Park

Daemyeong Street

Ilseok Memorial Hall

Chundangji Ministry of Culture, Seoul Theater Center


Jangsu Village
Sports & Tourism
Changdeokgung

Pond

Hansung Univ

Palace
4

Naksan Park

Hyehwa Station Cultural Plaza

DIY Workshop
Marronnier Park

in Jangsu Village
Seoul National Univ. Hospital

Sangheo Lee Taejuns House


Seongnagwon Garden

Seongbuk-gu Museum of Art

Manhae Han Yongun


Lee Jongseoks Villa Seonjamdan Altar Site in Seoul
Simujang House

in Seongbuk-dong


Choi Sunu House in Seongbuk-dong
Kansong Art Museum

Bukjeong Village

Yulgok-ro

Sukjeongmun
Information Center

Samcheonggak

Gilsangsa Temple

Seongbuk-dong

16 p Baegak Mountain Trail: Changuimun Gate ~ Hyehwamun Gate [4.7km, 3 hours]

Bugak Palgakjeong Pavilion

Sukjeongmun Gate

Cheongundae

Baegak Gokseong

Gyeonggi Commercial High School

Seosijeong Pavilion

Yun Dong-ju Hill


Inwangsan Peak

Suseongdong Valley of Inwangsan

Inwangsan
Gichabawi Rock

Bangye Yun Eungryeol's Villa


Site of Prince Anpyeong Lee


Yongs House

Jaha
o
mun-r

Sam
Sa

Jang

Daehak-ro

Changgye

ero

Ujeongguk-ro

Sejong-daero

Sungnyemun (Namdaemun) Trail: Baekbeom Square ~ Site of Donuimun Gate [1.8km, 1 hour]

Hangan

g-daero

Cheong

pa-ro

[ Namdaemun ]
* National Treasure No. 1
(Old photo of Donuimun| National Museum of
Korea Collection)

Sungnyemun

Donuimun

[ Seodaemun ]
* The gate was demolished & buried in
1915 during the Japanese Colonial Period.

Sukjeongmun
[ Bukdaemun, Sukcheongmun ]

[ Honghwamun ]

Hyehwamun

(Old photo of Souimun | National Museum of


Korea Collection)

[ Sodeokmun ]
* The gate was demolished & buried in
1914 during the Japanese Colonial Period.

Souimun

Four Auxiliary Gates of Seoul City Wall

[ Sigumun / Sugumun ]

Gwanghuimun

Namsan (Mongmyeoksan) Mountain


:Jangchung Gymnasium
Trail /
~ Baekbeom
Square [4.2km, 3 hours]

Site of Namsomun Gate


[ Jahamun ]

Changuimun

Maebongsan Park

-ro

[ Dongdaemun ]
* National Treasure No. 1

Heunginjimun

32p

(270m)

()

Other
Areas

Namsan
(Mongmyeoksan) Mt.

Do

Huam-dong

Dasan-dong

Green
Belt

-ro

o
gh

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

ong

Mt.

Sog

n-r

sa

Jangchung-dong

Gwanghuimun
Gate

Heunginjimun
Gate

Da

Hoehyeon
-dong

Pil-dong

Sungnyemun Gate
(Namdaemun)

gdan

Namdaemun-ro

Myeong-dong

Dongho-ro

chun

Jungnim-dong

Site of Souimun Gate


Site of Donuimun
Gate

Ihwa-dong

Heunginjimun Gate Trail: Heunginjimun Gate ~ Jangchung Gymnasium (1.8km, 1 hour)

Four Main Gates of Seoul City Wall

Inwangsan Mountain Trail: Site of Donuimun Gate ~ Changuimun Gate [4km, 2 hours 30 minutes]
ro

Insa-dong

onggung-

Gyonam-dong

Muak-dong

Gwanghwamun Station
Korea National Ihwajang
Unhyeongung Palace

Sewing Village in
Open Univ.
House
Sajik Neighborhood Park
Sajik-ro

Changsin-dong

(Site of Quarry)
Gyeongbokgung Station
Anguk Station
Ihwa Village
( )
Seodaemun Prison

National Museum of Korean


Jongmyo
Shrine
History Hall
Dilkusha
Jogyesa
Contemporary

(Tailor's House)
Seoul Cith Wall Museum
Temple
History
Sungkok Art Museum
Nakwon Music
(Seoul Design Support Center)
( )

Instrument Mall
()
Dongnimmun Hong Nanpa's House

Sejong Center for

Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park


in Hongpa-dong
Station
the Performing Arts

Tapgol Park

Gyeonghuigung
1
Dongdaemun Station 1 4
Seoul
History

30p
Woram Neighborhood Park
Palace
Museum S a e m u n a n - r o Gwanghwamun 1
Jongno 5(0)ga Station
Jong-ro

Site of Ogansumun
Sewoon

Dongdaemun Market
5
Jongno 3(sam)ga
Station
Jonggak Station
Shopping
Mall
Floodgate
Bosingak Belfry
Station

Doosan Tower

Pyounghwa Market
3
Gyeonggyojang House

Dongdaemun History
Cheonggye Plaza
Bangsan Market National Medical

&Culture Park

Hullyeonwon Park
Center
(Site of Old Dongdaemun
Kangbuk Samsung
Chungdong First

Stadium)
Seoul City Hall

Medical Center
Methodist Church
(New City Hall)

Dongdaemun Design Plaza (DDP)

()
Eulji-ro

Euljiro 1(il)ga Station


Euljiro 4(sa)ga Station
Ewha Girls'
Deoksugung
( )
Seoul Plaza
3 Euljiro 3(sam)ga Station
2 4 5

4
Hwangudan
Palace
High School
3
Seodaemun
Dongdaemun
Dongdaemun History & Culture

Altar
Station
Park Station
History Museum

City Hall Station

1398

1398
Myeongdong
Cathedral



Myeong-dong
Main building of
Jungang-ro
Bank of Korea
1
Hoam Art Hall


Chungmuro Station
T o e g y e - r o 4
Jangchung-dong Jokbal Alley
Shinsegae Department Store(HQ)

Myeongdong
Seosomun History Park


Station

Namdaemun
Bus Stop
Subway
Subway Exit
Sindang-dong
Jangchungdan
Park
Market
Line 2 City Hall
Namsangol Hanok Village
Dongguk Univ.
Catholic Church

Line 4 City Hall



Station
Dongguk Univ.

Hoehyeon

Station
Wall Gate
Mountain
Scenic Views
Jangchung Gymnasium

Soongeui Women's College

SK Namsan Bldg.
Son Keechung SportsDemolished
Park
&
SK

City Wall
Secret Path Buried Section
Baekbeom Square
38p
Seokhojeong(Archery Range)

Namsan Cable Car Station


Gye Air
Namsan J-Gran House
Baegak
Naksan
Heunginjimun
Patriot Ahn Jung-geun
Yaksu Station
Wedding & Party
Seoul Station
Section
Section
Section
Site of Mongmyeoksan
Memorial Hall

Jangchung
National
Theater

Beacon Mound

Middle&
of Korea
S o w o l - r o Namsan Palgakjeong

High School
Namsan
Sungnyemun
Inwangsan

Pavillion

Section
Section
Section

N Seoul Tower
Banyan Tree Club
N
& Spa Seoul
Entryway
Park Path
Road

&

40p

Changuimun Gate

Changuimun Information Center


GENERAL
MAP Buam-dong
OF
SEOUL

CITY WALL

Bekseokdongcheon
in Buam-dong

Pyeongchang-dong

Naksan Mountain Trail: Hyehwamun Gate ~ Heunginjimun Gate [2.1km, 1 hour]

1
What is
Seoul
City Wall?

-ro

Baegak
Mounatain
Trail

Baegak Mounatain Trail

Changuimun Gate Hyehwamun Gate

Trail

Distance

<Baegaksan and its vicinity, Seoul; Scenic Site No. 67>

4.7km

about 3 hours

Duration

The Baegak Trail runs from Changuimun to Hyehwamun, and crosses Baegak (Bugaksan, 342m), which was the main
mountain of Seoul four inner mountains in old Seoul according to geomantic theory and the highest one among them. After a unit
of North Korean Special Forces infiltrated Seoul in 1968, public access to this area was limited for about forty years. It was finally
reopened to the public in 2007.

Link to the Home Page

Opening hours : Closed every Monday. If a national holiday falls on a Monday, it will be closed on Tuesday.
Summer (Mar. ~ Oct.) 09:00~16:00, Winter (Nov. ~ Feb.) 10:00~15:00
Notice : Visitors should present their identification card at the information centers of Changuimun, Sukjeongmun, and Malbawi.

Bus Stop

Baegak
Chotdaebawi Rock

YooGeum Museum

January 21, Pine Tree


1.21

Baegangmaru

Malbawi Information Center


mu

ha

Samcheong Park

Myeongnyun-dong
n-

ro

The Official Residence


of the Seoul mayors

Gyeonggi Commercial
High School

Sungkyunkwan Univ.

Hahn Moo Sook House


18p

Cheongun-dong

Samseon Middle
School

Waryong Park

Seoul Science
High School

-r

(342m)

Seoul Global
High School

uk

Ja

Choi Sunu House in


Seongbuk-dong

gb

Seosijeong
Pavilion

Seonjamdan Altar
Site in Seoul

Sungbuk
Elementary School

Hongik High School Attached to


Hongik Univ.

()

Other
Areas

Bukjeong Village

Baegak Mt.

Yun Dong-ju Hill



Bangye Yun
Eungryeol's Villa

Kansong
Art Museum

Green
Belt

on

Yun Dong-ju Literary Police Commissioner


Museum
Choi Gyusik Statue

Manhae Han Yongun


Simujang House

Lee Jongseoks Villa in


Seongbuk-dong

Road

Se

Site of Prince Anpyeong


Lee Yongs House

Sangheo Lee Taejuns House



Seongbuk-gu Museum of Art

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Mt.

Scenic Views

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Entryway

Seongnagwon Garden

Samcheonggak

Cheongundae

Changuimun
Information Center

Choi Sayoungs House


in Mapo

Sukjeongmun Gate

Sukjeongmun
Information Center

Sanmotungi Caf

Changuimun Gate

Mountain

City Wall

Gilsangsa Temple

Buam-dong
Ammun(Secret Path)

Wall Gate

Baegak Gokseong

Whanki Museum

Subway Exit

Line 2 City Hall

Seongbuk-dong

150m

Seokpajeong Pavillion
(Seoul Museum)
()

Subway
Line 1 City Hall

Bekseokdongcheon in Buam-dong

20p

22p

Sungbosa Shrine

Seoul Munmyo Confucian Shrine and


Sungkyunkwan

Hyehwamun Gate

4
Hansung Univ. Station

Former Prime Minister Johan. M. Chang's


House in Myeongnyun-dong

Poem Korea
Museum

Hyehwa-dong Community
Service Center
(Former Han Soje's House)

( )

Catholic Univ. of Korea16


(Songsin Campus)

17

Baegak
Mounatain
Trail

Bus Stop

Subway

Subway Exit

Line 1 City Hall

Baegak Mounatain Trail

Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

City Wall

Link to the
Mobile Application

Bekseokdongcheon
in Buam-dong

Mountain

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Entryway

Bugak Skyway

Mt.

Scenic Views

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Green
Belt

Changuimun Gate Baegak Gokseong

Distance

1.7km

Duration

about 1 hour 20 minutes

Notice : Photography might be restricted in some areas, and visitors must bring their ID with them. (Sections where ID must be
presented:Information centers of Changuimun, Sukjeongmun, and Malbawi
Transportation : [Changuimun] Gyeongbokgung Station Exit 3 Green bus No. 7212, 1020 or 7022 Get off the bus off
Jahamungogae Ridge 2 minutes on foot

Road

Other
Areas

Changuimun Gate~Baegak Gokseong[1.7km, about 1 hour 20 minutes]


Bugak Palgakjeong
Pavilion

[ Changuimun ]

<Historic Site No. 149> Changuimun, situated on the


northwest section of the wall, between mounts Inwangsan and Baegak, is
the only auxiliary gate whose gate tower has survived to the present day.
This gate tower was destroyed in 1592 during the war against Japan,
and was reconstructed in 1741. Changuimun is now also known as
Jahamun, since the scenery around the gate seems similar to that of
scenic site Jahadong in Gaegyeong, the capital of Goryeo.

Baegak Gokseong

Sangmyung Univ.

Trail

[ Baegakmaru ] Baegakmaru is the highest


point of the wall; a stone post inscribed with
Baegak, Altitude of 342m stands there. During
the first construction project, the whole length
of the wall was divided into 97 sections, which
were named in the order of the characters in the
Thousand Character Classic. The first section
was called Cheon (; sky) and the last one Jo
(; condolences). Baegakgmaru is the first Cheon
(; sky) section of the wall.

Ja

ha
mu

Ammun(Secret Path)

n-

Buam-dong

ro

[ January 21, Pine tree ] There is a pine tree on the circuit path
running down towards Cheongundae from Baegakmaru(top of mountain).
This approximately 200-year-old pine tree bears the traces of about fifteen
bullets made during the gun battle between the South Korean military and
police and the North Korean Special Forces unit, who infiltrated Korea on
January 21, 1968. From this spot, a wide panorama between Bukhansan
Mountain and Baegak spreads out beyond the wall.

Sanmotungi Caf

Seokpajeong Pavillion
(Seoul Museum)
()

Whanki Museum

YooGeum Museum

Another Story about Changuimun

Cheongundae

Drawing on the arch ceiling A phoenix is engraved on the front of


Hongye(half-arched door similar to rainbow) on Changuimun, and another one
is painted on the ceiling. However, there is popular saying that they are not
phoenixes but chickens. As the topography outside Changuimun resembles a
centipede, the chickens are put on there as the natural enemy of centipede to
keep the balance of surrounding topography.

Changuimun Gate

Buam-dong Community
Service Center

Buam-dong Community
Service Center

Changuimun
Information Center

Jahamun Tunnel

Dolphin Rest Area


[ Seokpajeong Pavillion (Seoul Museum) ]

Police Commissioner
Choi Gyusik Statue

Yun Dong-ju
Literary Museum

northwest to the Changuimun. Seokpajeong, a beautifully-constructed


traditional Korean house dating from the mid-19th century, was the
residence of Emperor Gojongs farther. There were seven buildings,
but now only the Anchae (main house), Sarangchae (guesthouse),
and Byeolchae (separate building) remain. The remaining buildings
became part of the Seoul Museum of Art, where visitors can see some
100 paintings by Korean modern and contemporary artists including
Lee Jungseob, Park Sookeun, Cheon Gyeongja, Kim Gichang, and Oh
Chigyun.

()

(342m)

Ch
an

Seosijeong Pavilion

gu
im
un
-r

Jahamun Tunnel

Cheongun Park

Jaha
mun
-ro

Gyeonggi Commercial
High School

Cheong-un
Middle School

Negara Brunei Darussalam


Embassy

Cheongun-dong

N
Kyungbock High School

Gyeongbokgung Palace
Chungwoon Elementary School

* Seongbuk-gu viewed from Gokseong

<Tangible Cultural

Property No. 26>Seokpajeong and Seoul Museum are situated in the

Baegak Mt.

Yun Dong-ju Hill


the wall which exist in Inwangsan and Baegak. Only Baegak Gokseong
is open to the public, and it is one of the best places to admire the
mountainous topography of Seoul.

Baegangmaru

Jahamungogae Ridge

Site of Prince Anpyeong


Lee Yongs House

Bangye
Yun Eungryeol's Villa

January 21, Pine Tree


1.21

Baegak Rest Area


[ Baegak Gokseong ] Gokseongs are rounded, projecting sections of

100m

What you
need to
know about
the wall

[ Circuit path of the Wall outside Ammun ] There used to be a circuit where soldiers would
patrol around the inside and outside of the wall during the Joseon. Ammun is a small doorway
used for patrol and maintenance of the wall.

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walk along the Wall ] Changuimun Gate Changuimun Information Center Dolphin Rest Area Baegak Rest Area Baegangmaru January 21,

Pine Tree Cheongundae Ammun(Secret Path) Baegak Gokseong (1 hour 20 minutes on foot)
[ Recommended Walks ] Police Commissioner Choi Gyusik Statue Yun Dong-ju Literary Museum YooGeum Museum Seokpajeong Pavillion (Seoul
Museum) Whanki Museum Changuimun (1 hour on foot)

18

19

Pyeongchang-dong

Baegak
Mounatain
Trail

Bus Stop

Subway

Baegak Mounatain Trail

Subway Exit

Line 1 City Hall


Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

Mountain

Scenic Views

Entryway

Mt.

Buam-dong

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Green
Belt

Distance

1.8km

Duration

about 1 hour

City Wall

Link to the
Mobile Application

Baegak Gokseong Malbawi Information Center

Notice : Photography might be restricted in some areas, and visitor must bring IDs with them. (Sections where IDs must be presented:
Information centers of Changuimun, Sukjeongmun, and Malbawi)
Transportation : [Sukjeongmun Information Center]  Hansung Univ. Station Exit 6 Green bus No. 1111 or 2112 Get off at Seoul
Myungsu School 20 minutes on foot

[Malbawi Information Center] 1)  Anguk Station Exit 2 Jongno Town Bus No. 02 Get off at the Sungkyunkwan
Univ. Back Gate 20 minutes on foot

2) Gwanghwamun Station Exit 2 Jongno Town Bus No. 11 Get off at Samcheong

Park 20 minutes on foot

Demolished &
Seongbuk-dong
Secret Path Buried Section

Bugak Palgakjeong Pavilion

Trail

Road

Other
Areas

Malbawi Information Center~Waryong Park [1km , about 30 minutes]

Baegak Gokseong

[ Sukjeongmun Gate ] Sukjeongmun, situated on the north side

[ Malbawi Information Center and Scenic Views ] Malbawi is

of the wall, is the only remaining gate whose sides are still connected
with the wall. Built in 1976, the gate tower was an entirely new addition
to the wall.

a large rock in Samcheong Park. There are two opinions about the origin
of the rocks name because of its different meanings in the same sound.
Some said that the word "Mal" means "the last one" because the rock is
positioned at the foot of Baegak, while others said that it means "horse"
as people tethered their horses to the rock.
There are two exellent view points around Malbawi; one directs to
Seongbuk-gu, another directs to Jongno-gu. To get to the points , it
needs to carefully check the signs since the main trail splits into several
different places such as the Sukjeongmun Information Center, Malbawi
Information Center, Samcheong Park, and Waryong Park.

Headspring,
Seongbukcheon Stream

Sukjeongmun Gate

Baegak
Chotdaebawi Rock

Samcheonggak

Seongbuk Friendship Place

Sukjeongmun
Information Center

Myungsu
School

Samcheong Tunnel

Malbawi Information Center


Scenic Views
(To Seongbuk-gu)

( )

Samseongyo

Baegak Gokseong ~ Malbawi Information Center [800m , about 30 minutes]

[ Bukchon Hanok Village ] Bukchon, an old community located

Scenic Views
(To Jongno-gu)

( )

Bukjeong Village

Bukchon Hanok Village


Samcheong Park
Samcheong Park

Another Story about Sukjeongmun

The Board of Audit


and Inspection of Korea

Waryong Park

Sungkyunkwan Univ.
Back Gate

Bukchon Museum

The Han Sang Soo


Embroidery Museum

Gyeongbokgung
Palace
Jeongdok Public Library

Jaedong Elementary
School Tourist
Information Center

National Museum of Modern


Anguk Station
and Contemporary
Bukchon Traditional
Art, Korea, Seoul Yun Posun's House
Culture Center
in Anguk-dong

Beomnyeonsa
Temple Constitutional Court

of Korea

Samcheong Park

Changdeokgung
Palace

e3
L in

ion
Stat
uk
An g

Samcheong Park

Malbawi Walking Trail


Samcheong-dong

Owl Museum

Why is Sukjeongmun always closed? In Asia, the north traditionally


represents shadows, darkness, and femininity, while the south represents light,
masculinity, and brightness. Regarding the topography of Seoul, the north side
of the city is characterized by hillside and the south side is low-lying ground, so
it is said that yin, or feminine, energy is stronger. Thus, Sukjeongmun, the north
gate usually remains closed except in times of severe drought.
There was also a popular saying that if Sukjeongmun was opened, the local
women would become lustful. In the Chines Classic mulberry was often
reffered to the dating place. Coincidentally, there were some facilities related
to mulberry outside Sukjeongmun such as Seonjamdan , being used to pray
for a rich silkworm harvest. It might be one of the reason that people referred
Sukjeongmun to those sayings.

Sungkyunkwan Univ.

The Board of Audit


and Inspection of Korea

100m

Bukchon Hanok Village

between Palace of Gyeongbokgung and Changdeokgung, was residential


area to royal family members as well as the families of high government
officials in Joseon. In this area, different types of several hundred Korean
traditional houses(hanok) clustered together, including Yun Posun's
House in Anguk-dong, which was built towards the end of the Joseon.
Most of the houses were built in the 1910s and 1920s or, in the case of
the urban-style hanok, from the 1930s.

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walk along the Wall ] Baegak Gokseong Baegak Chotdaebawi Rock Sukjeongmun Gate Malbawi Information Center Scenic Views

Waryong Park (1hour on foot)
[ Recommended Walks 1 ]  Anguk Station Exit 2
Bukchon Traditional Culture Center
The Han Sang Soo Embroidery Museum
Bukchon
Museum Jeongdok Public Library Yun Posun's House in Anguk-dong National Museum of Modern and Contemporary
Art, Korea, Seoul Samcheong Park (1h 30 minutes on foot)
[ Recommended Walks 2 ] Hangsung Univ. Station Exit 6 Seoul Myungsu School Seongbuk Friendship Place Samcheonggak Sukjeongmun

Information Center Sukjeongmun Gate (40 minutes on foot)

20

Choong Ang High School

21

Baegak
Mounatain
Trail

Bus Stop

Gilsangsa Temple

Subway

Baegak Mounatain Trail

Subway Exit

Line 1 City Hall


Line 2 City Hall

Choi Sayoungs House in Mapo


Wall Gate

Seongnagwon Garden

Entryway

Seongbuk-dong

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Mt.

Scenic Views

Road

Green
Belt

Other
Areas

Official Residence of the Irish Ambassador


Sangheo Lee Taejuns House

Seoul Science High School~Hyehwamun Gate[600m, about 20 minutes]

Manhae Han Yongun


Simujang House

Bukjeong Village

Yangssi Store

private art museum, dedicated to displaying old documents, paintings


and calligraphic works collected by the famous Korean art collector Chun
Hyungpil. The museum houses many first-class works of art and leading
Korean cultural properties, including an original copy of Hunminjeongeum,
The Proper Sounds for the Instruction of the People (Haerye Edition), and
Celadon Prunus Vase with Inlaid Cloud and Crane Design.

[ Choi Sunu House in Seongbuk-dong ]

Choi Sunu (19161984). When the house was in danger of being


demolished, the National Trust of Korea came to the rescue, and the
house earned the title Citizens Cultural Heritage No. 1. Built in the
1930s, it is a typical example of a middle-class family residence in Seoul.

[ Hyehwamun ] It is Dongbukmun(Northeast Gate), one of the four

Se
on
gb
uk
-ro
8-

Seoul Science High School

gil

Kyungshin Middle
School

Seongbuk-dong
Urban Farm

Dusan Villa
Hyehwa Elementary School

Former Prime Minister


Johan. M. Chang's House
in Myeongnyun-dong

Hahn Moo Sook


House

Samseongyo,
Seongbuk Cultural Center

Hyehwa-dong Hyehwa-dong Rotary

Sungbosa Shrine

Simujang, located under Bukjeong Village, was once the home of Han
Yongun, a famous Korean Buddhist reformer and independence activist.
It is said that he had the house built facing north because he didnt want
to see the Government-General of Korea Building, seat of the Japanese
colonial administration.
<Folklore Cultural Property No.
11> Lee Taejun (1904?), a Korean famous writer, lived in this house

atio

ng
nsu

. St
Univ

a
4H
Line
Stairs

Myeongnyun Police Box

for about ten years from 1933. He named the house Suyeonsanbang
(Writers House in the Mountains). One of the auxiliary buildings is now
used as a traditional teahouse.

Hyehwa-dong Community Service Center


(Former Han Soje's House)

Catholic Univ. of Korea


( )
(Songsin Campus)
Hyehwa-dong Rotary

Waryong Park ~ Seoul Science High School [600m , about 20 minutes]


Seoul Munmyo Confucian Shrine
and Sungkyunkwan

Old photo of Hyehwamun


* National Museum of Korea Collection

Poem Korea Museum


<Monument No. 7>

auxiliary gates on the wall. It was originally called Honghwamun at the


time of its construction in 1396, but was renamed as Hyehwamun in
1511. The gate tower was demolished in 1928, followed by Hongye(halfarched door) in 1938. However, Hyehwamun was reconstructed in its
current location, a little further north from its original site, in 1994.

[ Sangheo Lee Taejuns House ]

Hyehwamun
Gate

The Offucual Residence


of the Seoul Mayors

Sungkyunkwan Univ.

Seongbuk-dong
Community Service Center

Hyeseong Presbyterian
Church

Myeongnyun-dong

[ Manhae Han Yongun Simujang House ]

Seoul Global High School

Waryong Park

<Registered Cultural

Property No. 268>This house was inhabited by the Korean art historian

Ammun
(Secret Path)

Get off at Palgakjeong

[ Kansong Art Museum ] Kansong Art Museum is Koreas first

Hongik High School Attached


to Hongik Univ.

Kyungshin High School

about 40 minutes

Duration

beyond the Ammun (Secret Path), which is located on the wall towards
Seongbuk-dong, near Waryong Park. The village consists of a cluster of
some 500 tiled-roofed houses built in the 1960-70s, and is a well-known
shooting location for TV dramas and films set in 1960-70s Seoul.

Sungbuk Elementary School

1.2km

[ Bukjeong Village ] Picturesque Bukjeong Village spreads out

Seongbuk-gu Museum of Art

Seonjamdan Altar
Lee Jongseoks Villa in
Sungbuk
Site in Seoul
Kansong Art Museum Elementary School
Seongbuk-dong

Choi Sunu House


in Seongbuk-dong

Distance

Notice : Visitors are recommended to be silent for the residents of Bukjeong Village.
Transportation : [Bukjeong Village / Waryong Park] Hangsung Univ. Station Exit 6 Seongbuk Town Bus No. 03
Pavilion 5 minutes on foot

[Hyehwamun] Hangsung Univ. Station Exit 5 5 minutes on foot

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

City Wall

Link to the
Mobile Application

Mountain

Section Waryong Park Hyehwamun Gate

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

[ Traces of Seoul City Wall ] Traces of the wall can be seen from the
backstreet of Kyungshin High School to Hyehwamun. Some parts of the
wall were used as the school fence (wall), or stone bolcks were taken from
the wall to build the foundations for houses. Traces of the wall can be seen
again in front of the Dusan Villa Building, and they extend for about 150m
towards the Official Residence of the Seoul Mayors.

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walk along the Wall ] Waryong



Park Ammun(Secret Path) Seoul Science High School Kyungshin High School Hyeseong Presbyterian Church
Dusan Villa - The Official Residence of the Seoul Mayors Hyehwamun Gate (40 minutes on foot)
[ Recommended Walks1 ] Waryong

Park Ammun (Secret Path) Bukjeong Village Manhae Han Yongun Simujang House Seongbuk-gu Museum
of Art Sangheo Lee Taejuns House Lee Jongseoks Villa in Seongbuk -dong Kansong Art Museum Seonjamdan
Altar Site in Seoul Choi Sunu House in Seongbuk-dong (1 hour on foot)
[ Recommended Walks2 ] S eoul Science High School Former Prime Minister Johan. M. Chang's House in Myeongnyun-dong Hahn Moo Sook
House Poem Korea Museum Museum of Korea Straw and Plant Handicraft Hyehwa-dong Rotary Hyehwamun
(30 minutes on foot)

Museum of Korea
Straw and Plant Handicraft

Changdeokgung Palace

Su

Chundangji Pond

an

ng

ky
un

100m

Seoul Theater Center

kw

Ministry of Culture,
Sports & Tourism

Un
iv.
J

un

cti

on

Daemyeong Street

wa Station
Line 4 Hyeh

Changgyeonggung Palace

Hangnim Coffee Shop

Sangmyung Art Hall

Dongsung
Art Center

Daehangno Musical Center


Ilseok Memorial Hall

Daehangno Arts Theater


Ihwa-dong

Dongsung-dong

22

23

Seoul Science High School

Naksan
Heunginjimun
Trail

Waryong Park

Myeongnyun-dong

Hyehwamun
Gate

26p

Link to the Home Page

Bus Stop

Subway

Subway Exit

Line 1 City Hall

The Official Residence


of the Seoul Mayors

Sungkyunkwan Univ.
Former Prime Minister
Hansung Univ.
Hahn Moo Sook House

Johan. M. Chang's House

Stairs Station
in Myeongnyun-dong


Sungbosa Shrine

Hyehwa-dong Community
Poem Korea Museum Service Center
(Former Han Soje's House) Catholic Univ. of Korea
Seoul Munmyo Confucian
(Songsin Campus)

Shrine and Sungkyunkwan



( )

Museum of Korea Straw and
Sangmyung Art Hall
Plant Handicraft

Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

Mountain

Scenic Views

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

City Wall

Entryway
1Park Path

Road

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Mt.

Green
Belt

Other
Areas

Chang

Samseon Sangsang
Daehangno Musical
Daemyeong Street
Ilseok Memorial Hall
Children's Park
Center

Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism


Naksan Observation Plaza 3
Jangsu Village Hansung Univ.

Jajidongcheon Well
Changdeokgung Palace Chundangji Pond
Naksan
Observation
Plaza
2
Hyehwa Station

Biudang House

2

Naksan Park Cultural Plaza


Naksan Observation Plaza 1

Naksan
Park
1

Seoul National Univ. Hospital


28p
Marronnier Park Lock Museum
DIY
Workshop
Hongdeogibat

in Jangsu Village
Field
Daehan Medical Center

Main building of the


(Seoul National Univ.
Former National
Hospital Institute)
Industrial Institute
Changgyeonggung Palace
(
Naksanjeong

)
(124m) Pavilion

Site of Gyeongmogung Shrine Korea National Open Univ.


Yulg
Ihwajang
ok

ro
House

Sewing Village in

Ihwa Village
Changsin-dong

(Site of Quarry)
( )

gyeong

Naksan Mt.

Jongmyo Shrine

Tapgol Park

Samil-daero

Myeong-dong

Sewoon Shopping Mall


Jongno 3(sam)ga Station

Dongdaemun Station

Pyounghwa Market

Bangsan Market

2 3

2 5

Myeongdong
Station

3 4
Chungmuro Station

e-ro
Toegy

course is relatively easy due to its gentle slope. Alert visitors will notice the different shapes of the stones depending on the time of
construction of the wall, as they walk along the path behind the Catholic Univ. of Korea.
Opening hours : 24 hours
Notice : Visitors are recommended to be silent for the residents of Bukjeong Village.

Dongdaemun History & Culture Park


(Site of Old Dongdaemun Stadium)

( )

Dongdaemun
History
Museum 1398
1398
Hanyang Technical
High School

Dongdaemun History &


Culture Park Station

Gwanghuimun Gate

Gwanghuimun Church

Baekgu Computer Cleaning


Jangchung-dong


Seoul 600 Years Time Capsule
600

Doosan Tower

Namsangol Hanok Village

Soongeui Women's College

This hiking trail runs from Hyehwamun to Heunginjimun, passing via Naksan (124m), the lowest mountain of Seouls four
inner mountains. Naksan is also known as Naktasan (Camel Mountain) or Tarak, due to its resemblance to a camels humps. This

1 4

2 4 5

Gwanghui-dong

about 1 hour

Dongdaemun Design Plaza(DDP)


Euljiro 4(sa)ga Station


4

Myeongdong Cathedral

Pil-dong

Duration

Heunginjimun Gate

National Medical Center


Hullyeonwon Park

Myeong-dong Jungang-ro

1.8km

about 1 hour

Dongdaemun Market

Cheonggyecheon Stream

Euljiro 3(sam)ga Station


3

Distance

Duration

Jong-ro Jongno 5(0)ga Station

Eulji-ro

Section Heunginjimun Jangchung Gymnasium

2.1km

Changsin-dong

Seoul City Wall Museum


(Seoul Design Support Center)

()
Hyoje Elementary
Dongdaemun
School
Seonggwak Park

30p

1 3 5

Heunginjimun Gate Trail

Distance

Ihwa-dong

D a e h a k - r o

Unhyeongung Palace

Section Hyehwamun Gate Heunginjimun

gung-r

Anguk Station

Naksan Mounatain Trail

Dongguk Univ.

Jangchung-dong Jokbal Alley


Jangchung Gymnasium

Dongguk Univ. Station

Jangchungdan Park

Jangchungdanbi Monument

Seokhojeong(Archery Range)

Supyogyo Bridge

Sindang-dong
Catholic Church

N
200m

24

25

Gilsangsa Temple

Naksan
Trail

on

Naksan Mountain Trail

Subway Exit

uk

City Wall

-ro

Mountain

8gi
l

Samseongyo,
Seongbuk Cultural Center

Dusan Villa

n-ro

4
Line

sun

Han

am

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Mt.

a
. St
Univ

Green
Belt

Other
Areas

Hyehwa Station Exit 1

about 30 minutes

5 minutes on foot

Donam-dong

[Jajidongcheon Well and Biudang House] Jajidongcheon (Purple


Mushroom Village Well) is associated with Queen Song, the consort of King
Danjong. After Danjong abdicated the throne, Song also became a commoner.
She had to dye fabrics and sell them for a living. Whenever white fabric was
washed using water from this well, its color automatically turned from white to
purple. The phrase Jajidongcheon() is engraved on the rock behind
the well. To the rear of the Cheongryongsa Temple stands Jeongeopwongubi,
a stele erected in 1771 during the reign of King Yeongjo. Jeongeopwon was
the house where Song lived.
Biudang, the house of Yi Su-gwang, a famous Joseon scholar, was restored
in front of what is assumed to have been the site of Jajidongcheon. The site
was originally inhabited by Yu Gwan, one of Yis fifth-generation ancestors on
his mothers side. Biudang means A house is enough to take shelter from
the rain. Although Yu Gwan was an important minister, he had to put up an
umbrella in the room whenever it rained, i.e. he lived in a very humble way.

Stairs

Samseon-dong

Duration

Park, Jangsu Village originally formed as a shantytown after the Korean War,
and was named Jangsu(longevity) Village as the majority of the population
was over 60 years old. When the village was designated as a redevelopment
area due to its narrow alleys and old buildings, the inhabitants managed to
halt the redevelopment project, and a village regeneration project was carried
out instead. Jangsu Village is considered a successful case of a village
regeneration project being conducted with residents participation.

Hyehwamun Gate~Naksan Park Cultural Plaza[1.0km , about 30 minutes]

Hyehwa-dong Rotary

1.0km

[ Jangsu Village ] Situated next to the wall in the southeast of Naksan

Hyehwa-dong

Distance

Notice : Please do not climb or lean on the wall for the protection.
Transportation : [Entrance to Naksan] Hansung Univ. Station Exit 4 3 minutes on foot /
[Top of Naksan Park] Hyehwa Station Exit 2
15 minutes on foot

o
he

uk

gb

on

Se

tr
nS

Section Hyehwamun Gate Naksan Park Cultural Plaza

Road

tion

Hyehwamun Gate

mu

gso

Don

Scenic Views

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Entryway

Samseongyo,
Hansung Univ.

The Official Residence


of the Seoul Mayors

Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

Seongbuk-dong

gb
Seongbuk-dong
Community
Service Center

Link to the
Mobile Application

Hyeseong
Presbyterian
Church

Subway
Line 1 City Hall

Samseon Middle School

Se

Kyungshin
Middle
School

Bus Stop

Hyehwa-dong Community Service


Center (Former Han Soje's House)

( )

Catholic Univ. of Korea (Songsin Campus)


Seongbuk-gu Community
Information Center

Hyehwa-dong Catholic Church



Hyehwa-dong Rotary

[ Naksan Park ] Naksan Park(Playground) is situated inside the wall, and

Daehak

can be reached from Jangsu Village via the Ammun (Secret Path). Naksan
Park, which is also known as the Montmartre of Seoul, offers visitors great
views of the city, including splendid views of the sunset and Seoul at night.

- r o

Chang
deokgung
Palace

Dongsung-dong

Dongsung Art Center

Hangnim Coffee
Shop

Station

Seoul Theater
Center

Hyehwa
Line 4

Daemyeong
Street

Naksan
Observation Plaza 3
3

Sangmyung Art Hall

Daehangno Musical Ilseok Memorial Hall

Center

Hansung Univ.

Jangsu Village

Naksan
Observation Plaza 1

Ammun
(Secret Path)

1
Arko Arts Theater

Gwangmyeong Garden Residence


Arko Art Center


Seoul National Univ. Hospital

Marronnier Park

Daehan Medical Center


(Seoul National Univ. Hospital Institute)
Former Administration Building
(
of Seoul National Univ.
)

Lock Museum
Site of Gyeongmogung

Shrine

Korea National Open Univ.

Main building of the Former National


Industrial Institute

Village Regeneration Project The Jangsu Village regeneration project


was conducted to improve the residential environment by enhancing the
characteristics and historical value of the village, unlike typical redevelopment
projects in which entire communities are demolished to make way for high-rise
apartments. Village regeneration projects are now under way at a number of
communities, including Bukjeong, Jangsu, and Ihwa.

Samseon Sangsang Children's Park


Naksan
Observation Plaza 2
2

Daehangno Arts Theater


Another Story about Jansu Village

Samgunbu Chongmudang

Naksan
Junction

Naksan Mt.

(124m)

Naksan Park
Cultural Plaza

Central Plaza

Hongdeogibat
Field

Naksanjeong
Pavilion

Jajidongcheon Well
Biudang House

DIY Workshop
in Jangsu Village

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

[Belvedere of Seoul City Wall] The roof of the wall, roughly about the shoulder height of a man,
is only visible from inside the wall. The hiking circuit path of the wall on the Naksan Trail is arranged
outside the wall so that visitors can see the main structure of the wall (people can also go inside
the wall through Ammun). In addition, visitors can observe the magnificent, solid structure of the
wall at a glance, and compare the different techniques used to build the wall during the reigns of
Sejong, Sukjong, and Sunjo.

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walk along the Wall ] Hyehwamun Gate


Hansung Univ. Station Exit 4 Stairs Backstreet of Catholic University of Korea Jangsu Village

Ammun (Secret Path) Naksan Park Cultural Plaza (30 minutes on foot)
[ Recommended Walks ]  Hyehwa Station Exit 1 Sangmyung Art Hall Daehangno Musical Center Ilseok Memorial Hall Naksan

Observation Plaza 3 Naksan Observation Plaza 2 Naksan Observation Plaza 1 Naksan Park Cultural Plaza (30 minutes on foot)

75m

26

27

Samseon Sangsang Children's Park


Naksan Observation Plaza 2


2

Naksan
Trail

Gwangmyeong Garden Residence


Ammun(Secret Path)
Hansung Univ.

Naksan
Junction

Cultural Plaza

Link to the
Mobile Application

(124m)

Entryway

Daehak-ro

DIY Workshop
in Jangsu Village

Lock Museum

Former
Administration Building
of Seoul National Univ.

City Wall

Mountain

Scenic Views

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Mt.

Hongdeogibat Field

Green
Belt

Road

Other
Areas

Naksanjeong
Pavilion

Main building of
the Former National
Industrial Institute

Jajidongcheon Well
Biudang House

Ihwa Village

Ihwajang House

Ihwa-dong

Duration

about 30 minutes

[ Ihwa Village ] Ihwa Village, just inside the wall on the Naksan Trail, was

[ Main building of the Former National Industrial Institute ]

established many years ago. It used to be regarded as an area that had fallen
behind in Seoul, but since 2006, with the governments support, artists have
colorful murals on the walls of the buildings and installed sculptures here and
there, giving the community a bright and cheerful atmosphere. From the end
of the stairway at the top of Naksan, walkers can see the wall, which encloses
Ihwa Village.

<Historic Site No. 279> This was called the Main building of the Former

National Industrial Institute, although it was actually the main building


of the Experiment Center, which was constructed in 1912. It is currently
being used as the History Archive Office of the Korea National Open
University.

[ Ehwajang House ]

< Historic Site No. 497> Ehwajang was the private


residence of Syngman Rhee, the first President of the Republic of Korea.
He occupied the house upon his return to Korea from America until his
presidential inauguration (1947~1948). The annex, called Jogakdang
House, is where the President planed the composition of Koreas first
Cabinet. The building is now used as the Syngman Rhee Memorial Hall.
However, it is undergoing maintenance works and reopen in 2015.

Ammun(Secret Path)

Jongno Social Welfare Center

Cheongam Community Child Center

Dongsunggyo Bridge

1.1km

Transportation : [Top of Naksan Park]


Dongdaemun Station Exit 5 Jongno Town Bus No. 03 Get off at Naksan Junction
[Naksan Park / Ihwa Village] Hyehwa Station Exit 2 20 minutes on foot
[Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park]
Dongdaemun Station Exit 10 2 minutes on foot

Tongil Park

Korea National Open Univ.

Distance

Guide Tip: The Seoul City Wall Exhibition Hall is located on Floors 1-3 of the Seoul Design Support Center, inside Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park.

Section Naksan Park Cultural Plaza Heunginjimun Gate

Notice : Visitors are recommended to be silent for the residents of Ihwa Village.

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Central Plaza

Marronnier Park

Naksan Mountain Trail

Subway Exit

Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

Naksan Mt. Naksan Park

Subway
Line 1 City Hall

Naksan Observation Plaza 1


1

Dongsung-dong

Bus Stop

Jangsu Village

Changsin-dong

Changgyeonggung Palace

Sewing Village in Changsin-dong


(Site of Quarry)

The Korea Museum of Modern Costume

( )

Chungsin-dong

Ammun(Secret Path)

Yu
lg
ok

Hyoje Police Box

[ Marronier Park ] Marronier Park was established in the former location

-r

Changsin 2-dong Community Service Center


2

of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and the College of Law of Seoul
National University, which were moved to the Gwanak Campus in 1975. The
park is named after the Marronier trees that line the streets of Daehak-ro. The
red-brick building on the right-hand side of the park, built at the beginning
of the 1930s, was used as the main building of Seoul National University.
However, after the relocation of the University to the Gwanak Campus,
the building became the government office of the Korean Culture & Arts
Foundation.

Jongno 6-ga Post Office


6

Hyoje Elementary School

Changsin Market

Seoul Cith Wall Museum


(Seoul Design Support Center)

()

Dongdaemun
Seonggwak Park

Naksan Park Cultural Plaza ~ Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park


[1.1km, about 30 minutes

Jonggak

Jong-ro

ne

Do
ngd
aem

un

75m

Cheonggyecheon Stream


Jangchung-dong

gda

emu

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walk along the Wall] Naksan Park Cultural Plaza Ihwa Village Seoul City Wall Museum(Seoul Design Support Center)

Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park Heunginjimun Gate (30 minutes on foot)
[ Recommended Walks ] Hyehwa Station Exit 2 Marronier Park Former Administration Building of Seoul National Univ Main building of the

Former National Industrial Institute Lock Museum Ehwajang House IIhwa Village Hongdeogibat Field Naksanjeong
Pavilion Naksan Park Cultural Plaza (40 minutes on foot)

Dongdaemun Market

on
1 D
ine

[ Real-name construction system and inscribed stone blocks ] Some of the stone blocks used
to build the wall have characters inscribed in them. Such stones are most commonly found around
the section of the wall next to Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park, where they were collected and put
together during the wall maintenance project. In the reigns of Kings Taejo and Sejong, the stones
were inscribed with the names of the county and prefecture responsible for constructing a given
wall section, as well as the name of that section, while in the mid-Joseon, they were marked with
the names of the supervisors and lead technicians, and the construction date. The inscribed stone
blocks in the photo on the right can be seen outside the wall, at the end section of the Naksan Trail.

Heunginjimun Gate

Li

the Joseon, retired court ladies lived in Changsin-dong outside the


Naksan section of the wall. After 1960, the area became a center of the
apparel industry as subcontractors who made clothing gathered from
Dongdaemun Market. There is the steep rocky cliff (40m in height, 201m
in width) in the town that was used as a quarry from the Daehan Empire
to the Japanese Colonial Period. Now, the area is packed with houses,
even on the cliff.

Sinseol-dong

Jongno

[ Sewing Village in Changsin-dong(Site of Quarry) ] During

Pyounghwa
Market

Standard Chartered Bank


Dongmun Market

Daeseong Pharmacy
Dongdaemun Shoes Market


Site of Ogansumun Floodgate

Shin Phyeong Hwa Fashion Town

28

29

Line 1

un

daem

Dong

Heunginjimun Gate

Heunginjimun
Trail
Jong-ro

Bus Stop

Subway

Subway Exit

Line 1 City Hall

Heunginjimun Gate Trail

Section Heunginjimun Jangchung Gymnasium


Distance

Line 2 City Hall

1.8km

Duration

about 1 hour

Li
ne

Wall Gate

Mountain

Scenic Views

4
Do

ng

mun

Link to the
Mobile Application

dae

Dongdaemun Market

Cheonggyecheon Stream

Standard Chartered Bank


Dongmun Market

Daeseong Pharmacy
Dongdaemun

Shoes Market

Site of

Ja

Doosan Tower

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Park Path

Road

[ Heunginjimun ]

ch
un
g

Igansumun
Floodgate

Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Information Center


n
-ro

National Medical Center

apm Shopping Mall


apm

Dongdaemun History & Culture Park


(Site of Old Dongdaemun Stadium)
( )

Hullyeonwon Park

da

Migliore

Notice : The path to Jangchung Gymnasium via Gwanghuimun Gate passes through a residential area, so please show consideration
for the local residents.
Transportation : [Heunginjimun]
Dongdaemun Station Exit 6 or 7 1 minute on foot

[Dongdaemun History & Culture Park] 
Dongdaemun Station Exit 7 10 minutes on foot /
Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Station Exit 2 2 minutes on foot

[Jangchung Gymnasium] Dongguk Univ. Station Exit 5 2 minutes on foot

Royal
Dongpyeonghwa
GreenMarket
Other
Palace/

Areas
Jongmyo Belt

Maxtyle

ng

75m

Entryway

Ogansumun Floodgate

Shin Phyeong Hwa Fashion Town
Mt.

Nam Pyung Hwa Market

Pyounghwa Market

City Wall

< National Treasure No. 1> Heunginjimun is East


Gate (Dongdaemun) of the wall. The current Heunginjimun was rebuilt
in the sixth year of the reign of Emperor Gojong (1869). Regarding the
topography of Seoul, the western part of the city is built on higher ground,
while the eastern part is on low ground, so from a military perspective,
Dongdaemun was the most vulnerable to attack. That is why the
subsidiary wall were built outside Dongdaemun. In 1907, the walls on
the right and left sides of the gate were demolished.

[ Dongdaemun Market ] Dongdaemun Market was originally opened


in 1905 under the name of Gwangjang Market, as the first privately-run
urban market in Korea. After the Korean War, the commercial zone of the
market continued expanding eastward along Cheonggyecheon Stream.
Nowadays, this large market zone has become a hub of the international
apparel and fashion industry. Central Asia Town, located opposite the
National Medical Center, is an immigrant community inhabited by people
from Russia, Uzbekistan, and elsewhere. Many of the local store signs are
written in Cyrillic letters.

Goodmorning City

Site of Hullyeonwon

Eulji

-ro

Don

gda
e

Central Asia Town


-ro
dan

Kyungdong
Presbyterian Church

ung

Ssangnim-dong

Jan

gch

J
a
n
g
8-g chungd
il
an-r

Myeong-dong

Seongdong Global
Business High School

[ Gwanghuimun Gate ] Gwanghuimun is

Daeseung Bldg.

[Dongdaemun History & Culture Park] The Dongdaemun History

Park

Seoul Metro
Dongdaemun Annex
Dong
daem

un H
istor
Ramodo
y&C
Hanyang Technical
ultur

e Pa
High School
rk

Former Seo Gynecology Clinic


ure

Ssangnim Children's Park

ark

Gwanghuimun Church


Seongbang Bldg.

Jangchung-dong
Residential Area

ong

gu

Heungin
Elementary School

Line

Che

Sindang-dong

5C

heo

SK Telecom Lab
SK

ngg

Jangchung Elementary School

Sindang-dong Catholic Church


Line 3 Dongguk Univ.

Dongguk Univ.

Hannam-dong

Samsung
Life Insurance Bldg.

Jangchung Gymnasium

Another Story about Gwanghuimun


Origin of Sindang-dong, a village outside Gwanghuimun Gwanghuimun
was also known as Sigumun(Gate of coffins) because the bodies of the
deceased were transported beyond the wall via this gate. Thus, people were
reluctant to use the gate, although history tells of a king who did use it once.
In 1636, during the invasion by the Manchus, King Injo escaped through here
to Namhansanseong Fortress. The houses of shamans who gave comfort to
the souls of the deceased were situated outside this gate, so the area was
named Sindang(Shaman House)-ri. However, it was renamed Sindang(New
House)-ri in 1894.

Heunginjimun Gate ~ Jangchung Gymnasium [1.8km , about 1 hour]

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

[ Jangchung-dong Residential Area ] The wall disappears altogether in the residential area
around Janchung-dong next to Gwanghuimun. In 1930, when the Oriental Development Company
(established by Imperial Japan) developed this area for housing, some parts of this section of the
wall were damaged. Years later, during the 1960s and 70s, the construction of houses damaged
the wall further.

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walks along the Wall] Heunginjimun Gate Site of Ogansumun Floodgate Igansumun Floodgate Dongdaemun History & Culture Park (Site

of old Dongdaemun Stadium) Dongdaemun History Museum 1398 Gwanghuimun Gate Baekgu Computer Cleaning

Sindang-dong Catholic Church Jangchung Gymnasium (1 hour on foot)

Line

Jangchung-dong Jokbal Alley

& Culture Park was built on a site previously occupied by a military


camp and a gunpowder factory around the end of Joseon. In 1925, the
Japanese built the modern Gyeongseong Stadium, which, after Koreas
liberation from Japan, was renamed Seoul Stadium. Then, after the
1988 Seoul Olympics (the 24th Olympic Games), it was modernized
and renamed Dongdaemun Stadium. During the dismantling of the
stadium in 2007, some parts of a section of the wall, a two-arched
flood gate (to drain runoff from Namsan Mountain to outside the wall),
battlements(projected part of the wall similar to fortress), and remains of
old buildings were discovered at this site. The artifacts excavated from
this site are on display at the Dongdaemun History Museum 1398 inside
the Dongdaemun History & Culture Park.

located southeast of Seoul City Wall. Part of


the gate was destroyed during the Japanese
Colonial Period, and in the 1960s, during a
street expansion project, the remaining part
was dismantled. Then, in 1975, the gate was
rebuilt at the current location, some 15m south
of its original position.

Sindang-dong Tteokbokki Town


Stairway
Baekgu Computer Cleaning

Dongho-r
20-gil

Jangchung-dong

Museum of Korean Literature

Floodgates (2 or 5-arch floodgate) were located between Heunginjimun


and Gwanghuimun. As the ground level of this area was the lowest in
Seoul, runoff from the four inner mountains flowed down outside the wall
through these floodgates. Igansumun, which was unearthed around the
spectators seating in Dongdaemun Stadium, has been almost entirely
preserved in its original form, but there are no remaining traces of
Ogansumun.

Chungmu Art Hall

Gwanghuimun Gate

& Cu
lt

Cult
ure
P

ory

Chungmuro

mun
Hist

Line 5 Dongdae
mun H
istory
&

e-r
oegy

Korea Industrial
Complex Corp.

Line
2

Lotte FITIN

<Historic Site
No. 461(Site of Ogansumun Floodgate)> Igansumun and site of Ogansumun

Plaza(DDP)

[ Site of Ogansumun and Igansumun Floodgate ]

1398

Dongdaemun Tourist
Information Center Dongdaemun Design

Gwanghui-dong

Dongdaemun History Museum 1398

Seoul Plaza

Cheonggu Elementary School

30

31

Namsan
Sungnyemun
Trail

Namsan(Mongmyeoksan) Mountain Trail

Section Jangchung Gymnasium Baekbeom Square

Sungnyemun Gate Trail

Section Baekbeom Square Site of Donuimun Gate

Link to the Home Page

Distance

Distance

4.2km

about 3 hours

Duration

1.8km

about 1 hours

Duration

This walking trail runs from the backstreets of Janchung Gymnasium to Namsan Park. In early Joseon, a national
shrine and beacon platform were built near and at the top of Namsan (Mongmyeoksan, 270m). As Namsan was the center of the
administrative district in Seoul, there is a stone marker inscribed with the Central Point of Seoul on the summit. In the 1920s, most
the wall in the area were demolished to build the Joseon Shinto Shrine by the Japanese; but due to the preservation and restoration
Seoul History Museum

projects conducted since the 1970s and the Namsan recovering project
carried
out in the mid-1990s, most of the wall sections around

Site of Donuimun Gate

To

Deoksoo Elementary School

Former Russian Legation


ng

il-

ro

Na

Seosomun History Park

The Korea Chamber of


Commerce & Industry

Hoam Art Hall

Chungmuro Station

s
o

Yaksu Station

Bus Stop

Subway

Subway Exit

Line 1 City Hall

Jangchung Middle & High School

Dasan-dong

Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

City Wall

Entryway

Mt.

Site of Namsomun Gate


an
-r

Namsan Ecological Conservation Area

ro

34p

-r

n-

Wooden Stairway

()

ho

da

Banyan Tree Club &


Spa Seoul

&

ng

ng

National Theater of Korea

Namsan J-Gran House


Wedding & Party

Namsan Park Bus Stop


Namsan
(Mongmyeoksan) Mt.
(270m)

3 6

Ammun
(Secret Path)

Namsan Palgakjeong
Pavillion

Da

Sindang-dong
Catholic Church

Supyogyo Bridge

The Shilla Seoul

Seokhojeong (Archery Range)

N Seoul Tower
N

200M

Jangchung Elementary School

Do

Jan

Dongguk Univ.

Dongguk Univ. Station

Jangchungdan Park

Jangchung
Jangchungdanbi Monument Gymnasium

gch
u

Seoul 600 Years Time Capsule


600

Site of Mongmyeoksan
Beacon Mound

Jangchung-dong
Residential Area

Jangchung-dong Jokbal Alley

ro

Huam-dong

Jangchung-dong

Waryong Tomb

ol-

36p

Namsangol Hanok Village

Soongeui Women's College

Sow

ero

38p

ro

Patriot Ahn Jung-geun


Memorial Hall

ng-da

150m

ye-

Excavation Site of Hoehyeon, Jamdubong Photo Island


Namsan

Hanga

-r o

g
To e

Baekbeom Square

Millennium Seoul Hilton

Gwanghuimun Gate

Namsan Drama Center

Air

Seoul Station

Pil-dong

Gye

Cheongpa

ll
Ma

jae

-ro

3 4

Hoehyeon-dong
SK Namsan Bldg.
SK

Son Keechung
Sports Park

Gwanghui-dong

Myeongdong Station

-ro

Hoehyeon Station

2 3

ong

2 5

Myeong-dong Jungang-ro

Sog

Sungnyemun Gate
(Namdaemun)

Myeongdong Theater
Myeongdong Cathedral

Shinsegae Department Store (HQ)


Namdaemun Market

Opening hours : Namsan open 24/7



Sungnyemun - Open all year round (except Mondays), Opening hours: 09:00~18:00


Summer (June ~ Aug.) 09:00~18: 30 / Winter (Nov. ~ Feb.) 09:00~17:30

Joongang Ilbo

Main building
of Bank of Korea

Eulji-ro

Myeong-dong

-ro

Site of
Souimun Gate

os

-da
er

Se

om

un

-ro

ong

Midong Elementary
School
Sunhwa Bldg
Anti-corruption &

Civil Rights Commission

2
Euljiro 1(il)ga Station

Sej

Seoul Cathedral Anglican


Changdeok Girls' Simpson Memorial Hall
Church of Korea
Middle School at Ewha Girls' High School

Seoul City Hall(New City Hall)


Jeongdong Theater
()
Ewha Girls' High School

Seoul Plaza
Deoksugung Palace


Chungdong First

Methodist Church
Hwangudan Altar

Seoul Museum of Art

City Hall Station


Yu Gwansun

Memorial Hall
East Building of Paichai School

Baejae Park

mdaem
un

5
Seodaemun Station

Cheonggye Plaza

have been restored to their original appearance.

3
Namsan

Gyeonggyojang House

Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center

4.19 Revolution Memorial


Hall and Library
4.19 .
Main Building
of NH Bank

Samil-daero

Bosingak Belfry

Mountain

Scenic Views

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Green
Belt

Road

Other
Areas

32

33

Line 3 Chungm

ng
Line 4 Chu

Namsan
Trail

muro

ye
oeg

-ro


Daehak-ro

Dongdaemun Gate

Namsan(Mongmyeoksan) Mountain Trail

Jangchung-dong

Myeong-dong

Jongienara Paper Art Museum

Line 3 Dongguk Univ.


Link to the
Mobile Application

Distance

2.6km

Duration

about 1h 30 minutes

Tip : Visitors are advised to check the event schedule of Namsangol Hanok Village, many interesting events are held there.
Transportation : [Namsangol Hanok Village]
Chungmuro Station Exit 4
1 minute on foot

[Jangchungdan Park] Dongguk Univ. Station Exit 6
1 minute on foot

[Jangchung Gymnasium] Dongguk Univ. Station Exit 5
2 minutes on foot

Jangchungdan Park

Namsangol Hanok Village

Jangchungdanbi Monument

Seoul 600 Years Time Capsule

The Shilla Duty Free

gd

l-dae

un

Supyogyo Bridge

600

Jangchung
Gymnasium

gch

Sami

Dongguk Univ.

Jan

Seoul Youth Hostel

Section Jangchung Gymnasium Namsan Park Bus Stop

a
n-r
o

ro

Seoul City Hall Namsan Building


[ Jangchungdanbi Monument ]

<Tangible Cultural Property No.1>

[ Namsangol Hanok Village ] Namsangol Hanok Village was opened

Jangchungdanbi was built in 1990 to hold a memorial service for the


soldiers who were killed during the Incident of the Year Eulmi(1895).
The following year, it became a national memorial to all the people who
sacrificed their lives for the country. However, in 1907, the Japanese
abolished the memorial service at Jangchungdan, and after the March First
Independence Movement(1919), the area was transformed into a park.

as a park in 1998 after many of the hanok (traditional Korean houses)


scattered around Seoul were dismantled and rebuilt in Namsangol. The
park was established in 1989 by Seoul City Government after buying
the site on which the headquarters of the military police was located in
the Japanese Colonial Period, and where the Capital Defense Command
building was situated after Koreas liberation from Japan. The park, which
was developed in a nature-friendly style, features a cluster of hanok built
towards the end of Joseon, at the time of the enlightenment of Korea.
In 1994, a time capsule was buried just south of the hanok to celebrate
Seouls 600th anniversary as the capital of Korea; it will not be opened
until 2394, the 1000th anniversary of Seouls designation as the capital.

The Shilla Seoul

Seokhojeong
(Archery Range)

Namsan Tunnel 1
1

Namsan Tunnel 2
2

National Theater of Korea~Namsan Park Bus Stop[1.0km, about 45minutes]


National Theater
of Korea

Studio Byeol

Ammun
(Secret Path)

Namsan
Park

Jangchung Middle&High School

National Theater
of Korea

Main Hall Hae

[ Supyogyo Bridge ]

<Tangible Cultural Property No. 18> Supyogyo was


originally built in 1420 under the name of Majeongyo. In 1441, when a
water marker (supyo) was installed next to the bridge to measure the water
level, it was renamed Supyogyo. In 1760, during the construction of the
stream, four characters () were inscribed on the bridge to mark its
position as the basic level for maintenance of a river bed. In 1959, during
the work to cover Cheonggyecheon Stream, the bridge was reconstructed
inside Jangchungdan Park.

Banyan Tree Club & Spa Seoul

&

Tennis Court

Site of Namsomun
Gate

Scenic Views

()

Wooden Stairway

Dasan-r

Namsan Ecological Conservation Area

Jangchung Gymnasium~National Theater of Korea[1.6km, about 45minutes]


Yongsan

[ National Theater of Korea ] The National Theater of Korea, a venue

[ Seokhojeong Archery Range ] Seokhojeong, was established at the

for live performances and the arts, was built in Jangchung-dong, Seoul
in 1973. It is also the place where Yuk Young-soo (the first lady of the
former Korean president Park Chung-hee, was assassinated on South
Korean Independence Day in 1974. The theater comprises of the Main Hall
Hae, Dal (small hall), Studio Byeol, and Haneul Youth Theater (amphitheater)
facilities.

foot of Namsan beyond Janchungdan Park during the reign of King Injo
of Joseon. However, it was destroyed during the Korean War and was not
rebuilt until 1970. The name Seokhojeong was retained, marking the site
of Koreas oldest archery range.

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

Maebongsan Park

Bus Stop

Subway

[ Central Point of Seoul ] Where is the central point of Seoul? The result of a GPS measurement confirmed
that the geographical central point of Seoul is on the top of Namsan, where a stone marker bearing the
inscription Central Point of Seoul was erected.
[ Vestiges of the wall Built in King Taejos Reign ] Although the wall was first built over 600 years ago
during the reign of King Taejo, most of the original sections have been preserved in their original form. In
particular, the long section of wall built during the reign of king Taejo runs parallel to the wooden stairway,
which itself runs along the eastern ridge of Namsan.

Subway Exit

Line 1 City Hall


Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

Namsan Namsan Outdoor


Gymnasium Botanical Garden

Namsan Tunnel 1

Grand Hyatt Seoul

Entryway

o
l-r Yongsan International

wo

So
Philippine Embassy in Seoul

Scenic Views

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Namsan Exhibition Hall

125m

City Wall

Namsan Wild Flowers Park

School of Seoul

Itaewon

Line 6 Hangangjin

Embassy of Denmark, Korea

Mountain

Mt.

Hannamdaegyo Bridge

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Green
Belt

Road

Other
Areas

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[Walks along the Wall ] Jangchung Gymnasium Backstreet of Jangchung Gymnasium(Streets inside and outside the wall) Scenic Viewpoint(toward
Yongsan-gu) Banyan Tree Club & Spa Seoul National Theater of Korea Wooden Stairway Namsan Park Bus Stop

(1 hour and 30 minutes on foot)
[ Recommended Walks 1 ]
Chungmuro Station Exit 4 Namsangol Hanok Village Seoul 600 Years Time Capsule
Namsan Park (1 hour on foot)
[ Recommended Walks 2 ]  Dongguk Univ. Station Exit 6 Jangchungdan Park Supyogyo Bridge Seokhojeong Archery Range National

Theater of Korea Namsan Park (1 hour on foot)
[ Recommended Walks 3 ] Hangangjin Station Exit 1 Namsan Wild Flowers Park Namsan Exhibition Hall Namsan Outdoor Botanical Garden

Namsan Ecological Conservation Area Namsan Park (1 hour on foot)

34

35

Namsan
Trail

Eulji-ro

Line 2 Euljiro 1(il)ga Station

Hwangudan Altar

emun

Sam

Sejo

-ro

il-d

ero

[ N Seoul Tower ] The N Seoul Tower is an observation tower located

Myeongdong
Cathedral

aer

Myeong-dong
Myeong-dong Jungang-ro


Shinsegae Department Store(HQ)

Namdaemun
Market

To

Ho

ongdon
Line 4 Mye

Namsangol Hanok Village


1.6km

Duration

about 1h 30 minutes

on the summit of Namsan. Rising 480m above sea level, the tower is
inarguably Seouls most popular attraction, offering a 360 view of the
city. The tower was originally built in 1969 for telecommunications and
broadcasting, including television and radio, and has been open to the
public since 1980. After extensive renovations in 2005, the Tower was
reopened as a complex cultural space. Various stories about Seoul City
Wall are displayed on the second floor of the Tower Observatory.

[ Site of Mongmyeoksan Beacon Mound ]

<Monument No. 13> Site


of Mongmyeoksan Beacon Mound was the final destination for beacon
signals sent from the border areas during Joseon. In the daytime, smoke
was used to transmit messages, while at night a signal fire was lit. This
beacon platform was built in 1423 and survived intact for over 450 years
until 1895. The current mound was restored in 1993.

Seoul City Hall Namsan Building II


2

on

Namsan Drama Center


in

Danam Bldg.

e
hy

y
eg

o
-r

Distance

Opening Hours : N Seoul Tower Observatory - Monday~Friday / Sunday 10:00~23:00 | Saturday 10:00~24:00
The second floor(T2) of the N Seoul Tower Observatory displays various stories about the Seoul City Wall.
Opening Hours of Namsan Cable Car : 10a.m.~11p.m.(The cable car service may be opened one hour longer than

the normal opening hours on Fridays, Saturdays, and days before National Holidays depending on the circumstances.)
Transportation : [Namsan Park Bus Stop] Namsan Shuttle Bus No. 02, 03 or 05, Get off at Namsan Park

[Namsan Public Library] Namsan Shuttle Bus No. 02, 03 or 05, Get off at Namsan Public Library

[Baekbeom Square] Hoehyeon Station Exit 4 5 minutes on foot / Myeongdong Station Exit 3 10minutes on foot

Myeong-dong Tourist Information Center


Myeongdong Theater

Main building of
Bank of Korea

Sungnyemun Gate(Namdaemun)

Section Namsan Park Bus Stop Baekbeom Square

Chungjeongno

125m

Seoul Plaza

ngda

C
e 2

H
ity

all

Namsan(Mongmyeoksan) Mountain Trail

Former U.S Cultural Center


Namd
a

Line 1 City Hall

Link to the
Mobile Application
Seoul Museum of Art

Lin

Seoul City Hall


(New City Hall)
()

Line1

Hoehyeon-dong

Seoul St
ation Station

Soongeui Women's College

Namsan Cable Car Station


SK Namsan Bldg.
SK

[ Jamdubong Photo Island ] The western summit of Namsan called

Baekbeom Square

Waryong Tomb

Millennium Seoul Hilton


[ Namsan Palgakjeong Pavillion and Site of Guksadang Shrine ]

Jamdubong Photo Island


Line4
Seoul

Patriot Ahn Jung-geun


Memorial Hall

Namsan Cable Car Station


Station

Site of Mongmyeoksan
Beacon Mound
Namsan Park

Namsan Public Library


Namsan
Public Library

St


Excavation Site of Hoehyeon,

Namsan

Namsan Palgakjeong
Pavillion

N Seoul Tower
Huam Elementary School
N

Saekkum Children's Park

Huam Market

Bus Stop

Subway

German Cultural Center

City Wall

Entryway

Mt.

Mountain

Subway Exit

(270m)
Scenic Views

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Park Path

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Green
Belt

Namyeong-dong Community
Service Center

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

()

Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

Namsan
(Mongmyeoksan) Mt.

Line 1 City Hall

Road

Namsan Palgakjeong was built at Site of Guksadang of Joseon. In 1925,


when the Japanese built the Shinto Shrine, Guksadang was moved to the
foot of Inwangsan Mountain. During the First Republic of South Korea, the
pavilion, which was modeled on Palgakjeong in Tapgol Park at this site, was
named Unamjeong after the pen-name of the then President Syngman
Rhee, but it was renamed Palgakjeong after the April 19 Revolution.

Namsan Park Bus Stop~Baekbeom Square[1.6km, about 1h 30 minutes]

Huam-dong Community
Service Center

Huam-dong

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

Other
Areas

So
Yongsan High School

wo

l-

ro

Yongsan

Jamdubong (Silkworm Head Peak) because of its shape. The observatory


platform on Jamdubong commands a panoramic view of the city, which
looks like a dense forest of buildings surrounded by the four inner
mountains.

[ Remains of the wall at the foot of Hoehyeon, Namsan ] The area around the Patriot Ahn Jung-geun Memorial Hall on Namsan
was damaged during the construction of the Shinto in 1925. In 2013, when the Seoul Metropolitan Government implemented a
project for the preservation and maintenance of Seoul City Wall, parts of the base of the wall were unearthed in good condition
in this area.
[ Why are there many statues of independence activists on Namsan? ] Many monuments to independence activists are
positioned around Baekbeom Square on Namsan, where the Shinto was located during the Japanese Colonial Period. Thus, the
dominant image of the area has been switched from a symbol of the Japanese occupation to one of the Korean Independence
Movement.

[ Walks along the Wall ] Namsan



Park Bus Stop
N Seoul Tower
Namsan Palgakjeong Pavillion
Site of Mongmyeoksan Beacon Mound
Namsan Cable Car Station Jamdubong Photo Island Excavation Site of Hoehyeon, Namsan Patriot Ahn Jung-geun
Memorial Hall

Baekbeom Square (1 hour 30 minutes on foot)

[ Recommended Walks ]
Myeongdong Station Exit 8 Myeong-dong Jungang-ro Myeongdong Theater Myeongdong Cathedral

building of the Bank of Korea Namdaemun Market Baekbeom Square (1 hour on foot)

Main

36

37

Sejong Center for the Performing Arts

Line 5 Gwanghwamun

Sungnyemun
Trail

Gyeonghuigung Palace

125m

Seoul History Museum

Link to the
Mobile Application

Sa

em

un

an

ro

Gwanghwamun Tourist Information Center


Cheonggyecheon

Stream
Cheonggye Plaza

Deoksoo Elementary School

Former Russian Legation



Kyunghyang Daily News

Jeong-dong Park

Central Hall of the


Salvation Army

Former National Assembly


East Building of Paichai School


Baejae Park

Dongyang Bldg.

Jeongan Bldg.

Lin

Cit
e 2

al
y H

ro

<Registered
Cultural Property No. 3> The Simpson Memorial Hall, which was built in 1915,

Main building of
Bank of Korea

Se
oda
em
un

Lin
e5

Jungnim-dong

Line 2 City Hall

Wall Gate

Mountain

Scenic Views

Line

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Green
Belt

Other
Areas

Baekbeom Square~Site of Donui

-ro

SK Namsan Bldg.
Namdaemun Presbyterian Church SK

on

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Road

ye
To e g

oul S
tati

Son Keechung
Sports Park
Entryway
Park Path

Former Seoul Railway


Station(Culture Station
Seoul 284)
Seoul Station
( 284)

1Se

City Wall

mun Gate[1.8km, about 1 hour]

Line4

Seoul

E x p r e s s Tr

Airport Railro

Millennium Seoul Hilton


Huam-dong

hy

eo

Li

was opened in January 1897 as the first permanent urban market in Korea.
The Sangpyeongchang (responsible for regulating prices) was originally
located here during the early Joseon, and with the enforcement of the Law
of Uniform Land Tax in the 17th century, the Tribute Bureau was established
here. Then, in 1894, when the decision was made to collect tax payments
in money, and there was no longer any need to store rice tributes, this area
of the Seonhyecheong Warehouse was given over to merchants for use
as a market place.

<Historic Site No. 256>

Chungdong Church was established by an American missionary named


Henry Appenzeller. Built between 1895 and 1897, this gothic-style redbrick structure was Koreas first Methodist church, and served as a channel
for the introduction of American culture and civilization to Korea during the
period of enlightenment.

is currently used as the Ewha Museum. The Ewha Hakdang (original name
of Ewha Girls' High School) was founded by American missionary Marry
Scranton as Koreas first educational establishment for girls or women.
The school grounds house numerous monuments including the site of the
well where Yu Gwansun (patriot killed in the March First Independence
Movement in 1919) used to wash her clothes, a memorial stone for the
cradle of new education for Korean women, the Yu Gwansun Statue, and
a stone sign marking the site of the Sontak Hotel.

[ Former Russian Legation ]

<Historic Site No. 253> Former Russian


Legation is a Renaissance-style building constructed in the 27th year
of the reign of Emperor Gojong (1890). Gojong took refuge there for
one year from February 1896 following the assassination of Queen
Myeongseong by Japanese soldiers (Incident of the Year Eulmi, 1895).
During the Korean War, all of the building was destroyed, except for the
tower. It was rebuilt in 1973, and two more restoration projects were
conducted in 2007 and 2010.

ne

Ov er pa ss

New Seoul Accessary


Shopping Center

Subway Exit

Line 1 City Hall

de st ria n
Na m sa n Pe

YTN Tower
YTN

Yakhyun Catholic Church

Subway


Danam Bldg.

[ Namdaemun Market and Chilpae Market ] Namdaemun Market

[ Chungdong First Methodist Church ]

Namdaemun Market
Tourist Information Center

Unam Bldg.

Bus Stop

Namdaemun Market

Sungnyemun Gate(Namdaemun)

Ho

Ahyeon-dong

SK Sunhwa Bldg.
SK
ING Center
ING
S1 Bldg

HSBC Bldg.
Site of Chilpae Market
HSBC

Site of Namji Pond

Another Story about Souimun


Souimun, the gate of fear! During Joseon, public executions were carried out
in the large yard located outside Souimun. The gate was also called the gate
of martyrs by foreigners, as many Catholics were martyred outside this gate.
The Martyr Memorial Tower in Seosomun History Park is a monument to them.

Seosomun
History Park

Wall. It was originally built in 1396 as Sodeokmun, but was renamed


Souimun in 1744. Funeral biers passed beyond the wall via this gate and
Gwanghuimun. However, the gate was demolished in 1914, and only the
stone marker with the name Souimun remains.

[ Simpson Memorial Hall at Ewha Girls' High School ]

Olive Tower

The Korea Chamber


of Commerce & Industry

Hoam Art Hall

[ Site of Souimun Gate ] Souimun is located southwest of Seoul City

Hwangudan Altar

gil-

Seos

- ro
omun

about 1 hour

Namdaemun (South Gate), is the main gate of Seoul City Wall. Construction
of the gate started in 1395 and ended in 1398, although it was rebuilt
on two occasions in 1448 and 1479. Although the right and left sides of
the wall were demolished in 1907, the gate itself remained as a cultural
heritage. Sadly, in February 2008, the wooden structure on the second
floor of the gate tower was burned down by fire, and was not fully restored
until May 2013. In addition, an 83m-long section of wall connecting to both
sides of Sungnyemun was restored at this time.

Site of Souimun Gate


To n

E Joo Bldg.

Sunhwa Bldg.
Fraser Place

Anti-corruption & Civil


Rights Commission

Joongang Ilbo

Seoul Plaza

Duration

[ Sungnyemun ] <National Treasure No. 1> Sungnyemun, also known as

Se

Former U.S Cultural


Center

1.8km

Transportation : [Jeongdong-gil]]
City Hall Station Exit 10 5 min on foot
[Deoksugung]
City Hall Station Exit 2 1 minute on foot
[Sungnyemun]
Seoul Station Exit 4 5 minutes on foot

[Namdaemun Market] Hoehyeon Station Exit 5 1 minute on foot
The circuit path of the wall inside Ewha Girls' High School, which is marked with a dotted line, is only accessible on a program accompanied by an interpreter.

Midong Elementary School

Seoul City Hall


(New City Hall)
()

Distance

jo n g - d
a e ro

Jeong-dong

National Police Agency

Line 1 City Hall

US Embassy

Changdeok
Yewon School
Seoul Cathedral Anglican
Girls' Middle School

Church of Korea


Ewha Girls'
National Museum
High School Simpson Memorial Hall at
Ewha Girls' High School Jeongdong of Modern and Deoksugung
Theater Contemporary Art, Palace

Korea,

Ewha Girls' Foreign


Deoksugung
Chungdong First
Language High School

Methodist
Church

Vabien Officetel
Sina Bldg.
The Embassy of the

Yu Gwansun Memorial Hall Russian Federation in S.Korea

Seoul Museum of Art Former Supreme


Court Building

Section Baekbeom Square Site of Donuimun Gate

Opening Hours : Sungnyemun - Open all year round (but closed every Monday), Opening hours: 09:00~18:00
Summer (June ~ Aug.) 09:00~18: 30 / Winter (Nov. ~ Feb.) 09:00~17:30

Site of Donuimun Gate


Gyeonggyojang House

Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center

419 Revolution Memorial Hall


and Library
4 19
Munhwa Ilbo
.

Agricultural
Museum of Korea

Main Building
of NH Bank

Mt.

Sungnyemun Gate Trail

Gwanghwamun
Square

Baekbeom Square

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

[ Traces of the Wall ] The vestiges of Seoul City Wall on the Sungnyemun Trail can only be seen in the street between The Korea Chamber of Commerce
& Industry and the Olive Tower, and near the bottom part of the wall of Changdeok Girls' Middle School.

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walks along the Wall ] Baekbeom Square Namdaemun Market Sungnyemun Gate Site of Namji Pond The Korea Chamber of Commerce

& Industry Site of Souimun Gate East Building of Paichai School Baejae Park Chungdong First Methodist Church

Ewha Girls' High School Site of Donuimun Gate (1 hour on foot)
[ Recommended Walks ]
City Hall Station Exit 5 Seoul Plaza Cheonggye Plaza Gwanghwamun Square Deoksugung Palace

Seoul Museum of Art East Building of Paichai School Baejae Park Jeongdong Theater Simpson Memorial Hall at Ewha

Girls' High School Former Russian Legation Site of Donuimun Gate (40 minutes on foot)

38

39

Inwangsan
Trail

Changuimun Gate

Inwangsan Mountain Trail

44p
Changuimun
Information Center

Baegangmaru


Site of Prince Anpyeong Lee Yongs House

Baegak Mt.

one of the countrys principal mountains, Buddhism would flourish here. Access to the mountain was prohibited after a unit of the North
Korean Special Forces infiltrated Seoul on 21 January 1968, and it was not reopened to the public until 1993.

150m

Gyeonggi Commercial High School

amu

Kyungbock High
School

n-ro

Cheongun-dong

Inwangsan Peak

Opening hours : 24 hours (Closed every Monday; and on Tuesdays when a national holiday falls on the preceding Monday.)
Notice : As Inwangsan has many rocky sections, visitors take extra care, especially in winter.

Jah

Inwangsan Gichabawi Rock


Inwangsan Mt.

Haemaji Park

Suseongdong
Valley of Inwangsan

Inwangsan Park
Inwangsan Beombawi
Rock

Yuksanggung Shrine

Birthplace of King
Sejong

(339m)

Cheongwadae Sarangchae

Okin Apt.

Tongin Market

Inwangsan Mojabawi Rock


Paiwha Girls' High School

Inwangsan
Seonbawi Rock

Hwanghakjeong Pavilion)

Subway

Woram
Neighborhood Park

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

Hong Nanpa's House


in Hongpa-dong

ro

Scenic Views

il-

City Wall

Mountain

ng

Wall Gate

To

Line 2 City Hall

Entryway

Park Path

Seoul
Meteorological
Observatory

Gyeonghuigung
Palace

Road

Mt.

Green
Belt

Other
Areas

Gwanghwamun Gate

Gyeongbokgung Station

Methodist Theological Univ.

Sejong Center for the


Performing Arts

Seoul History Museum

Saemunan-ro

Site of Donuimun Gate


Gyonam-dong
Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Sajing-ro

Historic Site of Hanseong


Government

Convenience Store
(Old Okgyeongi Supermarket)
Daeshin High School
Sungkok Art Museum
( )

Dilkusha(Tailor's House)
( )

Subway Exit

Dongnimmun

Line 1 City Hall

Daelim Museum

Sajik-dong

Ammun
(Secret Path)

Bus Stop

Sajik Neighborhood Park

Muak-dong

42p

Gyeongbokgung Palace

Hanok Village to the West


of Gyeongbokgung Palace

Site of Baeksa Hangbok Lees House


(Pirundae Pavillion)
()

Guksadang Shrine of
Inwangsan

Hyoja-ro

Shin Ik His House


in Hyoja-dong

Park Nosu's House


(Jongno Park No-soo Art Museum)

( )

Inwangsan Gokseong

Seodaemun Prison History Hall


Dongnimmun Station

2 hours 30 minutes

a Buddhist term, and it is said that a Korean Buddhist monk named Muhak (1327~1405) once declared that if Inwangsan ever became

Seosijeong
Pavilion

Bangye Yun Eungryeol's Villa


Duration

including Chimabawi(Rock of womens skirt), Seonbawi(Rock of meditating monk), and Gichabawi(Rock of train). The name Inwang is

Yun Dong-ju Hill


Buam Mineral Spring

4km

the right of Seouls four inner mountains. Inwangsan is also known as a rocky mountain characterized by unusual rock formations

(342m)

Distance

This walking course runs from Site of Donuimun to the Yun Dong-ju Hill, via Inwangsan (339m), which is situated to

()
Link to the Home Page

Section Site of Donuimun Gate Changuimun Gate

Gyeonggyojang House

Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center

Deoksoo Elementary School

40

41

Inwangsan
Trail

Inwangsan Mountain Trail

Suseongdong
Valley of Inwangsan

Haemaji Park

Singyo-dong

Okin Apt.

Inwangsan Inwangsan Park

Beombawi Rock

100m

Transportation : [Site of Donuimun]

2km

Duration

about 1 hour

Seodaemun Station Exit 4 2 minutes on foot / Jongno Town Bus No. 05


Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center 1 minute on foot
[Gyeonghuigung] Gwanghwamun Station Exit 1
5 minutes on foot
[Sajikdan] Gyeongbokgung Station Exit 1
5 minutes on foot

[Guksadang of Inwangsan] Dongnimmun Station Exit 2 20 minutes on foot


( )

Inwangsan Gokseong

Distance

Guide Tip : T he Sajik Daeje (National Rite to Gods of the Earth and Grains; Important Intangible Cultural Heritage No. 111) is held at
Sajikdan Altar by the Corporate Mutual Association of the Jeonju Lee Clan on the third Sunday of every September.

Park Nosu's House


(Jongno Park No-soo Art Museum)


Link to the
Mobile Application

Section Site of Donuimun Gate Inwangsan Gokseong

Hanok Village to the West of


Gyeongbokgung Palace

Get off at the

Tongin-dong

Inwangsan
Mojabawi Rock

Inwangsan Seonbawi Rock

Paiwha Girls' High School

Guksadang Shrine of
Inwangsan

Site of Baeksa Hangbok Lees House


(Pirundae Pavillion)

Hong Geon-ik's House


in Pirun-dong

()

Hwanghakjeong Pavilion

Sajik Neighborhood Park

Muak-dong Community
Service Center

Ammun(Secret Path)

e3

Lin

No. 90> This house was inhabited by Nan Pa Hong Yeong-hu (1898~1941),

Folklore Cultural Heritage No. 28> Guksadang was initially built at the summit of

Sajik-dong

nim

ng

Do
n

mu

Sungkok Art Museum

Dilkusha
(Tailor's House)

[ Gyeonggyojang House ] <Historic Site No. 465> Gyeonggyojang served as


the office of the Korean provisional government from 1945 to 1946, and was
also the home of Kim Gu, the head of the provisional government from 1945
to 1949, the year he was assassinated there. It later served as the residence
of the ambassador of the Republic of China, the residence of the Vietnamese
ambassador, and then as a hospital, among other functions. In March 2013,
Gyeonggyojang was restored as the home of Kim Gu and opened to the public.

( )

Sajing-ro

Dongnimmun

Cheonyeon-dong

Hong Nanpa's House


in Hongpa-dong

Scenic Views

Seoul History Museum

Seoul Metropolitan Office


of Education

Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center

Methodist Theological Univ.


ae
mu

Other
Areas

Site of Donuimun Gate~Inwangsan Gokseong[2km, about 1 hour]

eo
d

Green
Belt

Gyeonggyojang House

5S

Royal
Palace/
Jongmyo

Road

Lin
e

Mt.

Park Path

Dongmyung Girls' Middle School

Many urban-style hanok built during the Japanese Colonial Period have been
preserved in this community between Inwangsan and Gyeongbokgung. The
village, known as Sangchon or Udae in late Joseon, was home to many lowlevel officials because it was close to the palace and government offices.
Towards the end of Joseon, the village found itself at the center of the
Yeohang (i.e. classes below the elite) literature, as non-yangban(non-ruling
caste) intellectuals organized their poetry club here. Since the modern period,
prominent figures like poets Yi Sang and Yun Dong-ju, and the artists No
Cheon-myeong, Yi Jung-seop, Cheon Gyeong-ja, and Lee Sang-beom, have
lived and worked here.

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

[ Traces of Seoul City Wall ] During the construction of Woram Neighborhood Park, some parts of the wall were unearthed from below the embankment
of the wall of Seoul Welfare Foundation building (former offices of the Korea Meteorological Services). Further traces of the wall can be seen behind the
parking lot of the town houses around Hong Nan-pa's House in Hongpa-dong.

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walks along the Wall ] Site of Donuimun Gate Gyeonggyojang House Woram Neighborhood Park Hong Nan-pa's House in Hongpa-dong

Convenience Store(Former Okgyeonyi Supermarket) Ammun(Secret Path) Inwangsan Gokseong (1 hour on foot)
[ Recommended Walks in Section 1 ]
Seodaemun Station Exit 4 Site of Donuimun Seoul Museum of History Gyeonghuigung Palace

Sajik Neighborhood Park Site of Baeksa Hangbok Lees House(Pirundae Pavillion) Hwanghakjeong pavilion

Guksadang Shrine of Inwangsan (1 hour on foot)
[ Recommended Walks in Section 2 ]  Gyeongbokgung Station Exit 2 Hanok Village to the West of Gyeongbokgung Park Nosu's House

(Jongno Park No-soo Art Museum) Suseongdong Valley of Inwangsan Inwangsan Park

Inwangsan Beombawi Rock (1 hour on foot)

Site of Donuimun Gate


Entryway

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

[Hanok village (Sangchon or Udae), west of Gyeongbokgung Palace]

City Wall

Namsan Mountain during the reign of King Taejo of Joseon, but was dismantled
and restored at its present location on the western ridge of Inwangsan at the
order of the Japanese Imperial government, which built the Shinto Shrine on
the site. Seonbawi, above Guksadang, is said to resemble a monk absorbed in
Zen meditation. There is a saying that Jeong DoJeon, an influential aristocrat
and politician in early Joseon who was opposed to Buddhism, modified the
boundary of Seoul City Wall in order to place this rock beyond the wall.

Gyeonghuigung Palace

Mountain

Wall Gate

-r

Line 2 City Hall

Seoul Meteorological
Observatory

Gyonam-dong
il

Subway Exit

Woram
Neighborhood Park

Gyonam Police Box

ng

Subway
Line 1 City Hall

western-style building built and inhabited from 1923-42 by Albert Taylor, a gold
mine engineer and United Press International correspondent in Seoul. Located
next to the house is a 450-year-old gingko tree, which is said to have been
brought from the home of General Gwon Yul(1537-1599), the Joseon general
who led the Korean forces to victory against Japan at the battle of Haengju
Fortress(1592). The name of Haengchon-dong originated from this story.

To

Bus Stop

Yeongcheon
Market

[Dilkusha (Tailors House)] Dilkusha (Palace of Hope in Hindi) is a

Site of General Gwon Yul's House


Gyonam-dong Community Service Center


the composer of such well-known songs as Bongseonhwa (a Balsam), and


Hometowns Spring. He composed most of his best-known pieces here. This
Western-style building from the 1930s has been preserved well.

[ Guksadang Shrine of Inwangsan and Seonbawi Rock ] <Important

Gyeongbokgung Palace

Convenience Store
(Old Okgyeongi Supermarket)
( )

Daeshin High School

[ Hong Nanpa's House in Hongpa-dong ]<Registered as Cultural Property

(West Gate), used to be located at this site. It was originally built during
the reign of King Taejo of Joseon(1396), but it was closed in the 13th
year of the reign of King Taejong(1413), and Seojeonmun was built
for public access to the west of the wall. However, the exact original
location of Seojeonmun is unknown. In the 4th year of the reign of
King Sejong(1422), during construction work to reduce the size of
certain sections of the wall, Seojeonmun was closed and Donuimun
was newly built at the current location. Since then, Donuimun has also
been called Saemun or Sinmun (New Gate), while the nearby street was
named Sinmunno after the gate. However, in 1915, during the Japanese
occupation, when the streetcar service passed via the gate, the gate
was dismantled and its building materials sold off. Currently, a public
art work titled Invisible Gate stands on the former Site of
Donuimun.

Sajik-dong Community
Service Center

Gwanghwamun Art Hall


Dongnimmun Elementary School


Dongnim Park

Sajikdan Altar

Scenic Views

Muak-dong
Seodaemun Prison History Hall

Maedong Elementary School

[ Site of Donuimun Gate ] Donuimun, which is also called Seodaemun

42

43

Segeomjeong Junction

Sangmyung Univ.

Inwangsan
Trail

Bus Stop

Hongje-dong

Jah
am
un
-ro

Hongjimun Gate and


Tangchundaeseong Fortress

Link to the
Mobile Application

Wall Gate

b
ae

Mountain

Entryway

Park Path

Buam-dong

Seonbeopsa Temple

Haeamsa Temple

Mt.

Royal

Palace/
Jongmyo

Green
Belt

Road

Other
Areas

Seokpajeong Pavillion(Seoul Museum)


()

125m

Whanki Museum

Changuimun Gate

YooGeum Museum

Seongbulsa Temple

Yongcheonsaem Well Site

Inwang Middle School

Jahamun Tunnel
Buam-dong Community
Service Center

Site of Prince Anpyeong


Lee Yongs House

Yun Dong-ju Hill



Inwangsan Guard Post

Buam Mineral Spring

Inwangsan Mountain Trail

Scenic Views

Demolished &
Secret Path Buried Section

City Wall

Beomnyunsa Temple

way
Ring

Subway Exit

Line 2 City Hall


Okcheonam Temple

Subway
Line 1 City Hall

Bangye
Yun Eungryeol's Villa

Seosijeong
Pavilion

Section Inwangsan Gokseong Changuimun Gate


Distance

2km

Duration

about 1 hour and 30 minutes

Opening Hours : Inwangsan Mountain 24 hours open(Closed every Monday. If a national holiday falls on a Monday,
it will be closed on the Tuesday.)
Yun Dong-ju Literary Museum Summer(March ~ Oct.) 10:00~18:00 / Winter(Nov. ~ Feb.) 10:00~17:00
(Closed every Monday, and during the Chuseok(Harvest Moon) and Seollal(Lunar New Year) holidays

Transportation : [Inwangsan(toward Beombawi Rock)] Muakjae Station Exit 2 30 minutes on foot


[Inwangsan (toward the top)] Gyeongbokgung Station Exit 3 Jongno Town Bus No. 09
Get off at Ogin Apartment 30 minutes on foot
[Inwangsan (toward Gichabawi Rock)] Hongje Station Exit 2 Jongno Town Bus No. 07
Get off at Ant Village 15 minutes on foot

[Yun Dong-jus Hill] Gyeongbokgung Station Exit 3 Green Bus No. 7212 or 1020 or 7022

Get off at Jahamungogae 2 minutes on foot



[ Suseongdong Valley of Inwangsan ] <Monument No. 31> Suseongdong


Valley on Inwangsan is the source of a tributary of Cheonggyecheon Stream.
Because of the beautiful sound of water running between rocks, the valley
was named Suseongdong. Suseongdong Valley was a center of literary activity
in late Joseon: Jeong Seon (1676-1759), a famous painter of the period,
painted the landscape of the valley and various poetry clubs, including the
Songseogwon Poetry Society, organized by non-yangban writers, held regular
meetings there. However, in 1971, during the construction of the Okin Sibeom
Apartment, the local topography and landscape were seriously damaged, and
it was not until 2010 that the Seoul Metropolitan Government demolished the
apartment and restored the area virtually to its original appearance.

[ Park Nosu's House and Art Museum ]

[ Yun Dong-ju Hill and Literary Museum ] This area was established
as a park around Changuimun, near the western slopes of Inwangsan, to
commemorate the literary spirit of Yun Dong-ju, a famous poet known for his
lyric poetry and resistance poetry against Japan, as he lived near this hill during
his time at Yeonhui Vocational School. A large stone inscribed with his most
famous poem, Seosi, is located at the top of the hill, near the Yun Dong-ju
Literary Museum.

<Cultural Property Material No. 1>

This two-story brick house was built by Yoon Deok-yeong (1873-1940, an


uncle-in-law of Emperor Sunjong) for his daughter in 1938. It was inhabited by
the painter Park Nosu from 1972, and was transformed into the Jongno Park
No-soo Art Museum in 2011, after being donated to Jongno-gu Office along
with some 1,000 of Parks paintings.

Cheongun Park

[ Hongjimun Gate and Tangchundaeseong Fortress Wall ]

Inwangsan Gichabawi Rock

<Tangible Cultural Property No. 33> Tangchundaeseong was built in 1719 to

Seokguram Grotto of Inwangsan



Hongje 2-dong Community Service Center
2

Cheongun-dong

Inwangsan Peak

Hongin Mineral Spring

Interesting
Facts about
the Wall

Inwangsan Mt.

(339m)
3
Line

Suseongdong Valley of Inwangsan


Haemaji Park

Okin Apt.

kjae
Mua

Inwangsan Park

Inwangsan Beombawi Rock



Inwangsan Gokseong

To
ng


( )

ilro

Ansan Elementary School

Inwangsan Seonbawi Rock


[ Suseongdong Valley in Gyeomjae Jeong Seons Paintingl ] A landscape of Suseongdong Valley, is part of the Album
of the Eight Great Views of Baegak Mountain and Inwangsan by Jeong Seon (pen-name: Gyeomjae). Suseongdong was
restored more or less to its original surroundings based on this painting. The Girin Bridge depicted in the painting is the
only stone bridge to have been preserved in its initial form at its original location on the wall.
[ The Wall Section Showing Different Building Techniques ] On the Inwangsan trail is a place where it is possible
to see the different techniques used in different periods to build the wall. The long section at the crossroads by
Tangchundaeseong, passing via Chimabawi Rock from the top of Inwangsan, was built with various stone block types at
different times, along with the street next to outside the wall.

Park Nosu's House


(Jongno Park No-soo Art Museum)

Inwangsan Gokseong~Changuimun Gate[2km, about 1h 30 minutes]

Inwangsan Mojabawi Rock

connect Seoul City Wall with Bukhansanseong Fortress. As such, this section
of the wall runs from Inwangsan to below Bibong (peak) of Bukhansan
Mountain in a straight line. Hongjimun, built in 1715, was connected to
Tangchundaeseong. Ogansumun Floodgate was also installed next to the gate.

Nusang-dong

Guide to
Circuit
Path of the
Wall

[ Walks along the Wall ] Inwangsan Gokseong Inwangsan Beombawi Rock Top of Inwangsan Inwangsan Gichabawi Rock
Yun Dong-ju Hill Changuimun Gate (1 hour 30 minutes on foot)
[ Recommended Walks]  Muakjae Station Exit 2 Inwangsan Beombawi Rock Summit of Inwangsan Inwangsan Gichabawi Rock
Buam Mineral Spring Bangye Yun Eungryeol's Villa Site of Prince Anpyeong Lee Yongs House Changuimun Gate

(1 hour 30 minutes on foot)

44
Paiwha Girls' High School

45

Seoul City Wall in Old


Paintings and Photos

Seoul City Wall in Old Paintings

Seoul City Wall in Old Photos

*Clearing after the Rain on Inwangsan Mountain [1751 | painted by Jeong Seon | Leeum Samsung Museum of Art Collection]

*Restored plaque /
signboard of Sungnyemun
(May 2013)

*The Current Appearance of Inwangsan

Jeong Seon, a master of true-view landscape painting lived at the foot of Inwangsan, where Kyungbock High School is now located,
and he produced many landscapes of the mountain. In his 1751work titled Inwangjesaekdo (the picturesque view of Inwangsan after the rain) , he
depicted the section of Seoul City Wall running along the ridge of Inwangsan.

*Changuimun Gate, Album of the Eight Great Views of Baegaksan Mountain and Inwangsan
[Year : unknown | by Jeong Seon | National Museum of Korea Collection]

*The Current Appearance of Changuimun

Changuimun is part of the Album of the Eight Great Views of Baegaksan and Inwangsan by Jeong Seon. The painting depicts the
gate as seen from inside the wall. Inwangsan is situated to the left of Changuimun, while Baegak is on its right. The wall extends from both sides of
Changuimun along the ridge of the mountain.

* [ In 1760 | Painter : unknown | Leeum Samsung Museum of Art Collection]

*The Current appearance of Ogansugyo Bridge on Cheonggyecheon Stream

Juncheon sisa yeolmudo depicts a ceremony to celebrate the completion of Cheonggyecheon dredging project, and was inserted in the
Jungcheon gyecheop, a report on the dredging work carried out during the reign of King Yeongjo. In this painting, the battlements above the five-hole
flood gates are well depicted.

*Photo of Sungnyemun Gate and its vicinity in early 1904 [Photographer : George Rose | Collection of Cho Sang-sun, head of Stereoscope]

The sections of the wall on the right and left-hand sides of Sungnyemun were preserved intact until the early 1900s. However,
in the 1920s, these sections were all demolished.

46

47

Tourist Attractions around the Seoul City


Wall accessible by Subway

LINE 1

LINE 2

LINE 3

[Seoul Station Gye


[City Hall Station

] Sungnyemun (Namdaemun) Gate


] Deoksugung Palace / Seoul Museum of Art / Jeongdong Theater / Seoul Plaza / Cheonggye Plaza /
Seoul Metropolitan Council / Main building of Bank of Korea / Site of Souimun Gate / Hwangudan Altar /
Chungdong First Methodist Church
[Jonggak Station ] Bosingak Belfry
[Jongno 3(sam)ga Station
] Tapgol Park / Cheonggyecheon Stream / Jongmyo Shrine / Insa-dong
[Jongno 5(o)ga Station ] Gwangjang Market/ Dongdaemun Market
[Dongdaemun Station
] Heunginjimun Gate / Igansumun Floodgate / Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park / Pyounghwa Market
Air

[Chunjeongno Station
] Jeongdong Theater / Son Keechung Sports Park
[City Hall Station
]D
 eoksugung Palace / Seoul Museum of Art / Jeongdong Theater / Seoul Plaza / Cheonggye Plaza /
Seoul Metropolitan Council / Main building of Bank of Korea / Site of Souimun Gate / Hwangudan Altar /
Chungdong First Methodist Church
[Euljiro 1(il)ga Station ] Myeongdong Cathedral
[Euljiro 3(sam)ga Station
] Cheonggyecheon Stream
[Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Station
] Gwanghuimun Gate / Dongdaemun History & Culture Park

(Site of Old Dongdaemun Stadium) / Site of Ogansumun Floodgate
[Dongnimmun Station ] Seodaemun Prison History Hall / Independence Park / Dongnimmun Gate / Site of General

Gwon Yul's House / Hong Nan-pa's House in Hongpa-dong / Woram Neighborhood Park
[Gyeongbokgung Station ] G
 wanghwamun Gate / Gyeongbokgung Palace / Sejong Center for the Performing Arts /
National Folk Museum of Korea / Tongin Market
[Anguk Station ] C
 hangdeokgung Palace / Bukchon Hanok Village / Constitutional Court of Korea / Jeongdok Public Library /
Unhyeongung Palace / Bukchon Handicraft Experience Center
[Jongno 3(sam)ga Station
] Tapgol Park/ Cheonggyecheon Stream/ Jongmyo Shrine / Insa-dong
[Euljiro 3(sam)ga Station
] Cheonggyecheon Stream
[Chungmuro Station
] Namsangol Hanok Village
[Dongguk Univ. Station ] Jangchung Gymnasium / Jangchungdan Park / Jangchung-dong Jokbal Alley

Organizations related
to Seoul City Wall

[ Seoul City Wall ]


Home page of Seoul City Wall

seoulcitywall.seoul.go.kr

Seoul City Wall Institute of the Seoul Museum of History

www.museum.seoul.kr

Seoul City Wall Museum

[ Tourist Information Centers

Gwanghwamun Tourist Information Center

09:00~22:00

02)735-8688

Namdaemun Market Tourist Information Center

09:30~18:00

02)752-1913

Dongdaemun Tourist Information Center

09:00~22:00

02)2236-9135

Myeong-dong Tourist Information Center

10:30~20:00

02)774-3238

[ Relevant Organizations ]
Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea

www.cha.go.kr

Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism

www.mcst.go.kr

Korea Cultural Heritage Foundation

www.chf.or.kr

[ Autonomous Gu Offices ]
Jongno-gu Office

www.jongno.go.kr

Seongbuk-gu Office

www.seongbuk.go.kr

Yongsan-gu Office

www.yongsan.go.kr

Seodaemun-gu Office

www.sdm.go.kr

Jung-gu Office

www.junggu.seoul.kr

[ Committees ]

LINE 4

[Seoul Station Gye Air


] Sungnyemun Gate (Namdaemun)
[Hoehyeon Station ] Sungnyemun Gate (Namdaemun)/ Baekbeom Square / Patriot Ahn Jung-geun Memorial Hall / Namsan Public Library /

Namdaemun Market
[Myeongdong Station ] Myeongdong Cathedral / Myeong-dong Jungang-ro
[Chungmuro Station
] Namsangol Hanok Village
[Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Station
] Gwanghuimun Gate / Dongdaemun History & Culture Park (Site of Old Dongdaemun

Stadium)/ Site of Ogansumun Floodgate
[Dongdaemun Station
] Heunginjimun Gate / Igansumun Floodgate / Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park/ Pyounghwa Market
[Hyehwa Station ] Marronnier Park / Naksan Park/ Ihwa Village / Ihwajang House/ Museum of Korea Straw and Plant Handicraft
[Hansung Univ. Station ] Hyehwamun Gate / The Official Residence of the Seoul Mayors

] S ite of Donuimun Gate / Gyeonggyojang House / Gyeonghuigung Palace / Chungdong First Methodist Church /
Jeongdong Theater / Cheonggyecheon Stream / Seoul History Museum
[Gwanghwamun Station ] Sejong Center for the Performing Arts
[Jongno 3(sam)ga Station
] Tapgol Park/ Cheonggyecheon Stream / Jongmyo Shrine / Insa-dong
[Dongdaemun History & Culture Park Station
] Gwanghuimun/ Dongdaemun History & Culture Park (Site of Old Dongdaemun

Stadium) / Site of Ogansumun Floodgate
[Seodaemun Station

LINE 5

Korean National Commission for UNESCO

www.unesco.or.kr

ICOMOS-KOREA

www.icomos-korea.or.kr

[Seoul City Wall Guide Book]


Travel information about Seoul : Call 120 and
then press 9 when you hear a recorded message
in Korean. (You can choose from the following
languages: English, Japanese, Chinese, Vietnamese and Mongolian.)

Publishing Date
Published by


Publisher
PlanningProduction


Design

May 2014
Seoul Metropolitan Government, Culture Design &
Tourism Headquarters, Seoul City Wall Division
Jang Eun Sun Manager
Mayor of Seoul
Seoul Metropolitan Government, Culture Design & Tourism
Headquarters, Seoul City Wall Division
Jang Eun Sun Manager
aCreatvie

48

49

Tourist Attractions around


Seoul City Wall

0-9
A
B

419 Revolution Memorial Hall and Library


Arko Art Center
Baegak Chotdaebawi Rock
Baegak Gokseong
Baegak Rest Area
Baegangmaru
Baekbeom Square
Bangye Yun Eungryeol's Villa
Banyan Tree Club & Spa Seoul
Bekseokdongcheon in Buam-dong
Biudang House
Buam Mineral Spring
Bugak Palgakjeong Pavilion
Bukchon Hanok Village
Bukchon Traditional Culture Center
Bukjeong Village
Changdeok Girls' Middle School
Changdeokgung Palace
Changuimun Gate
Changuimun Information Center
Cheonggye Plaza
Cheongun Park
Cheongundae
Choi Sayoungs House in Mapo
Choi Sunu House in Seongbuk-dong
Chungdong First Methodist Church
Chungmu Art Hall
Daehan Medical Center (Seoul National Univ. Hospital Institute)

Daehangno Musical Center


Daemyeong Street
Deoksugung Palace
Dilkusha (Tailor's House)
Dolphin Rest Area
Dongdaemun Design Plaza (DDP)
Dongdaemun History & Culture Park (Site of Old Dongdaemun Stadium)

E
F

Dongdaemun History Museum 1398


Dongdaemun Market
Dongdaemun Seonggwak Park
Dongdaemun Tourist Information Center
Dongmun Market
Dongpyeonghwa Market
East Building of Paichai School Baejae Park
Ewha Girls' High School
Excavation Site of Hoehyeon, Namsan
Former Administration Building of Seoul National Univ.

38
26
20
18
18
18
36
44
34
18
26
44
20
20
20
22
38
22
18
18
38
44
18
22
22
38
30
26
26
22
38
42
18
30
30
30
30
28
30
30
30
38
38
36
28

Former Prime Minister Johan. M. Chang's House in Myeongnyun-dong

Former Russian Legation


Former Seo Gynecology Clinic
Former Seoul Railway Station (Culture Station Seoul 284)

Gilsangsa Temple
Guksadang Shrine of Inwangsan
Gwanghuimun Gate
Gwanghwamun Square
Gwanghwamun Tourist Information Center
Gyeonggyojang House
Gyeonghuigung Palace
Hanok Village to the West of Gyeongbokgung Palace

Headspring, Seongbukcheon Stream


Heunginjimun Gate
Hong Geon-ik's House in Pirun-dong
Hong Nanpa's House in Hongpa-dong
Hongdeogibat Field
Hongjimun Gate and Tangchundaeseong Fortress

Hullyeonwon Park
Hwanghakjeong Pavilion
Hyehwamun Gate
Igansumun Floodgate
Ihwa Village
Ihwajang House
Ilseok Memorial Hall
Inwangsan Beombawi Rock
Inwangsan Gichabawi Rock
Inwangsan Gokseong
Inwangsan Mojabawi Rock
Inwangsan Park
Inwangsan Seonbawi Rock

Jaedong Elementary School Tourist Information Center

K
L

Jajidongcheon Well
Jamdubong Photo Island
Jangchung Gymnasium
Jangchungdan Park
Jangchungdanbi Monument
Jangchung-dong Jokbal Alley
Jangsu Village
January 21, Pine Tree
Jeongdok Public Library
Jeong-dong Park
Jeongdong Theater
Kansong Art Museum
Lee Jongseoks Villa in Seongbuk-dong

38
30
38
22
42
30
38
38
42
42
42
20
30
42
42
28
44
30
42
22
30
28
28
26
44
44
44
42
42
42
20
26
36
34
34
34
30
26
18
20
38
38
22
22
34

Maebongsan Park
Main building of Bank of Korea

36
28
20
Main building of the Former National Industrial Institute
22
Malbawi Information Center
28
Manhae Han Yongun Simujang House
36
Marronnier Park
36
Myeongdong Cathedral
36
Myeong-dong Jungang-ro
36
Myeong-dong Tourist Information Center
26
N Seoul Tower
26
Naksan Observation Plaza 123
28
Naksan Park Cultural Plaza
30
Naksanjeong Pavilion
38
Nam Pyung Hwa Market
38
Namdaemun Market
Namdaemun Market Tourist Information Center 36
36
Namsan Cable Car Station
34
Namsan Drama Center
34
Namsan Exhibition Hall
34
Namsan J-Gran House
36
Namsan Outdoor Botanical Garden
36
Namsan Palgakjeong Pavillion
34
Namsan Public Library
34
Namsan Wild Flowers Park
38
Namsangol Hanok Village
National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Korea, Deoksugung 20
34
National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Korea, Seoul
42
National Theater of Korea
36
Park Nosu's House (Jongno Park No-soo Art Museum)
18
Patriot Ahn Jung-geun Memorial Hall
30
Police Commissioner Choi Gyusik Statue
36
Pyounghwa Market
42
Saekkum Children's Park
42
Sajik Neighborhood Park
20
Sajikdan Altar
20
Samcheong Park
26
Samcheonggak
26
Samgunbu Chongmudang
22
Samseon Sangsang Children's Park
34
Sangheo Lee Taejuns House
20
Scenic Views (To Yongsan-gu)
20
Scenic Views (To Jongno-gu)
34
Scenic Views (To Seongbuk-gu)
18
Seokhojeong (Archery Range)
20
Seokpajeong Pavillion (Seoul Museum)

Seongbuk Friendship Place


Seongbuk-gu Museum of Art
Seongnagwon Garden
Seonjamdan Altar Site in Seoul
Seosijeong Pavilion
Seosomun History Park
Seoul 600 Years Time Capsule
Seoul Cathedral Anglican Church of Korea
Seoul Cith Wall Museum (Seoul Design Support Center)

Seoul City Hall (New City Hall)


Seoul History Museum
Seoul Meteorological Observatory
Seoul Munmyo Confucian Shrine and Sungkyunkwan

Seoul Museum of Art


Seoul Plaza
Seoul Station
Seoul Theater Center
Sewing Village in Changsin-dong (Site of Quarry)
Simpson Memorial Hall at Ewha Girls' High School
Site of Baeksa Hangbok Lees House (Pirundae Pavillion)

T
W
Y

Site of Chilpae Market


Site of Donuimun Gate
Site of General Gwon Yul's House
Site of Gyeongmogung Shrine
Site of Mongmyeoksan Beacon Mound
Site of Namji Pond
Site of Namsomun Gate
Site of Ogansumun Floodgate
Site of Prince Anpyeong Lee Yongs House
Site of Souimun Gate
Sukjeongmun Gate
Sukjeongmun Information Center
Sungnyemun Gate (Namdaemun)
Supyogyo Bridge
Suseongdong Valley of Inwangsan
The Korea Chamber of Commerce & Industry
The Official Residence of the Seoul Mayors
The Shilla Seoul
Waryong Park
Woram Neighborhood Park
Yu Gwansun Memorial Hall
Yun Dong-ju Hill
Yun Dong-ju Literary Museum
Yun Posun's House in Anguk-dong

22
22
22
44
38
34
38
28
38
42
42
22
38
38
38
22
28
38
42
38
42
42
26
36
38
34
30
44
38
20
20
38
34
44
22
38
22
34
22
42
38
44
18
20

Related Interests