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Investing in Human Capital Development

Maria Cynthia Rose Banzon Bautista


20 September 2016

Maria Cynthia Rose Banzon Bautista


Professor, University of the Philippines
Investing in Human Capital
Development: Philippine Higher
Education Reform and Challenges
[Session 6]

Roles of PHILIPPINE HIGHER EDUCATION


Serves as INSTRUMENT for
Expands and
enhances career
and life choices
and chances of
individuals

Poverty alleviation and


inclusive and sustainable
development

Capacity building ,
research and technologydriven national
development & global
competitiveness

PHILIPPINE HIGHER EDUCATION LANDSCAPE


Distribution of Higher
Education Institutions (HEIs)
(HEIs)
Public = 227 (12%)*
Private = 1,708 (88%)
Total = 1,935
*excluding 453 SUC satellite campuses

Distribution of Students
Public = 1.7M (44%)
Private = 2.1M (56%)
Total = 3.8M

COMPARATIVE HIGHER EDUCATION IN ASIA (AS OF


2012 *2010; **2011)
Country

Spending for
Higher Education

Per Capita
Spending (in USD)

Participation (% of
College Age
Population in
Higher Education)
24.3

Brunei

3.3

15,714.8

Cambodia

2.6*

593.1

15.8**

Indonesia

3.6

1,181.4

31.5

Lao PDR

2.8

Malaysia

5.9

Myanmar

.8

nd

Philippines

2.7

548.25

Singapore

3.2

16,246.9

Thailand

7.6

1,882.7

51.4

Vietnam

6.3*

1,326.8*

24.6

nd
9.752.9

16.7
36.0
13.8**
28.0
nd

Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD)

Building intellectual capital is the single most important


investment to become globally competitive.
UNESCO recommends a GERD that is 1% of GDP.
Philippine GERD was less than 0.2%, Indonesia
.8%,Vietnam .5%, Malaysia, 2.10 of GDP in 2007.
UP 2015 Budget

Research Output: Comparison of ASEAN countries


PH, ID, VN, MY, TH

Source: Thomson Reuters, Academic Research in the Philippines


UP 2015 Budget

CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT
Re-engineer, upgrade and align curricula with the
Philippine Qualifications Framework to create
competent, job-ready and mobile Filipino graduate
Reclassify higher education institutions and sharpen
their mission through a typology of HEIs
Upgrade faculty qualifications and competencies
Closure/phase out of substandard programs
Strengthened Academe-Industry Linkage (e.g.
Business Analytics, Service Management program,
Technopreneurship GE elective for engineering)
Directed research and development to serve scioeconomic development goals

INVESTING IN THE FUTURE OF HIGHER EDUCATION


The CHED K to 12 Transition Program
To provide support to higher education institutions and personnel during the 5-year
transition period, CHED has designed a comprehensive range of developmental programs
that both mitigate impact on labor and upgrade quality of Philippine higher education,
to ensure the smooth and successful transition to K12,
as mandated under RA 10533.

Graduate Education
Scholarships

Immersion, Extension &


Short Courses

Institutional
Capacity-Building

It is an unprecedented and long-needed investment in


Philippine higher education.
Significantly increases faculty members with graduate studies to
become more comparable to ASEAN counterparts: from only
50% with Masters and PhD in 2015, to 70% by 2020.
Mitigates impact and provides support to higher education
institutions and personnel who will be affected by the full
implementation of K12 beginning 2016.
Allows our colleges and universities to innovate and grow during
the transition through increased support for research, extension,
internationalization, industry-academe linkage, and training.
Ensures a smooth and successful transition to K12, in close
coordination with DepEd, TESDA and DOLE, as mandated by
Republic Act 10533.
11

Policy reforms in research, development and extension (CMO


No. 3, series of 2015)
Dissemination/transfer of technologies to improve lives of poor
communities and households

EXCELLENCE
Harmonized key academic programs with
international standards (Seoul Accord,
Washington Accord, STWC);
Geared up Philippine universities for the
future
Continued suppport to COD and COEs (111 in
2010 to 443 in 2015)
Enhanced Academe-Industry R and D linkages
International collaboration agreements

EXCELLENCE

High-end R&D for technological innovation: The


Philippine-California Advanced Research Institutes (PCARI)
Collaboration with top US universities in California, namely
the University of California Berkeley and the University of
California San Francisco.
Selected Philippine universities are conducting high-end R&D
with California universities on pivotal niches such as
information infrastructure development, health innovations
and translational medicine.

Thank You
Maria Cynthia Rose Banzon Bautista
+639209759832
cbanzonbautista@gmail.com

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