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LeMenizInfotech

36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

A Novel Transformer-less Interleaved Four


Phase Step-Down DC Converter with Low
Switch Voltage Stress and Automatic
Uniform Current-Sharing Characteristics
Introduction:
In recent years, the step-down direct current (dc) converters have
received increasing interests in high output-current applications, such as
voltage regulator modules for computer central processing unit boards,
battery chargers, and distributed power systems. For nonisolated
applications where low output current ripples are required, the
interleaved buck converter (IBC) is considered attractive due to its
simple structure and low control complexity.

Existing system:
The conventional multiphase IBC, active switches are required to
use high-voltage devices that are rated above the input voltage. Highvoltage-rated devices generally render a number of undesirable
characteristics, such as high cost, large on-resistance, large voltage drop,
and severe reverse recovery. For high-input low-output voltage
regulation applications, operations at higher switching frequencies are
required to achieve a higher power density and better dynamics.

Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved

LeMenizInfotech
36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

Drawbacks:

High cost.
Large on-resistance.
Large voltage drop and severe reverse recovery.

Proposed system:
A novel transformer-less dc converter that features low switch
voltage stress and automatic uniform current sharing is proposed. An
interleaved four-phase voltage divider is used to achieve a high stepdown conversion ratio. In the proposed converter, series charging of the
two capacitors from the input voltage and parallel discharging to the
load facilitated by a new four phase IBC. This architecture provides a
high step-down conversion ratio and a low output current ripple without
requiring an extremely low duty cycle. Based on the capacitive voltage
division, the new voltage-divider circuit in the converter achieves two
major objectives, i.e., increased voltage conversion ratio, due to energy
storage in the blocking capacitors, and reduced voltage stress of active
Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved

LeMenizInfotech
36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

switches. The low switch voltage stress offered by the proposed


converter topology allows the use of lower voltage rating MOSFETs to
reduce both switching and conduction losses, thereby improving the
overall efficiency. Moreover, due to the charge balance of the capacitors,
the converter features automatic uniform current sharing of the
interleaved phases without adding extra circuitry or complex control
methods.

Advantages:

Low switch voltage stress.


Low voltage rating MOSFETs to reduce both switching and
conduction losses.
Improved overall efficiency and features automatic uniform
current sharing.

Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved

LeMenizInfotech
36, 100 Feet Road, Natesan Nagar, Near Indira Gandhi Statue,
Pondicherry-605 005.
Call: 0413-4205444, +91 9566355386, 99625 88976.
Web :www.lemenizinfotech.com/ www.ieeemaster.com

The Master of IEEE Projects

Mail : projects@lemenizinfotech.com

Applications:

Voltage regulator modules for computer central processing unit


boards.
Battery chargers.
Distributed power systems.

Block diagram:
Input DC
Supply

Split source
capacitor

Interleaved
Four Phase
Converter

Filter

Load
12V DC

Driver Circuit

Buffer Circuit
5V DC
Micro Controller
Circuit

Copyright 2016LeMenizInfotech. All rights reserved