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I.E.S- (OBJ) 2008 1 of 13

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
PAPER-I
1. Consider the following statements: b. product of lengths of vectors from mm
When all the elements in one row of the the zeroes to that point
Routh’s tabulation are zero then this c. ratio of product of lengths of vectors
condition indicates from poles to that point to the product
1. one pair of real roots with opposite of length of vectors from zeros to that
2. one pair of conjugate roots on the d. product of lengths of vectors from all
imaginary axis in s-plane poles to zeros
3. conjugate roots forming a quadrate in 5. Which one of the following is correct ?
s-plane The slope of the asymptotic Bode
Which of the statements given above is/are magnitude plot is integer multiple of
a. 1 only b. ± 12 db/decade
b. 2 only c. ± 6 db/decade
c. 3 only d. ± 3 db/decade
d. l, 2 and 3 6. What is the range of K for Which the open
2. The low frequency and high frequency K
loop transfer function G ( s )  2
asymptotes of Bode magnitude plot are s ( s  a)
represents an unstable closed loop system?
db/dccade. What is the type of the system?
a. K > 0 only
a. Type 0
b. K = 0 only
b. Type I
c. K < 0 only
c. Type II
d. -  < K < 
d. Type III
7. The characteristic polynomial of a discrete
3. Which one of the following is correct?
time system is given by z2 + z + a. For
If the open-loop transfer function has one what value of ‘a’ is the system stable ?
pole in the right half of s-plane, the closed
a. 2
loop system will be stable if the Nyquist
plot of GH b. 0.5
a. does not encircle the (-1 + j0) point c. 1.5
b. encircles the (-1 + j0) point once iii the d. -0.5
counter-clockwise direction 8. Isocline method is used for which one of
c. encircles the (-1 + j0) point once in the the following?
clockwise direction a. Design of nonlinear system
d. encircles the origin once- in the b. Construction of root loci of nonlinear
counter-clockwise direction system
4. Which one of the following is correct? c. Construction of phase trajectories of
The value of the system gain at any point nonlinear systems
on a root locus can be obtained as a d. Stability analysis of non-linear system
a. product of lengths of vectors from the
poles to that point
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9. To detect the position error in a position C. h22
control system, which of the following D. h21
may be used?
List-II
1. Potentiometers
(Dimension)
2. Syncbros
1. Impedance
3. LVDT
Select the correct answer using the code
3. Current ratio
given below:
4. Voltage ratio
a. 1 and 2 only
Code:
b. 1 and 3 only
A B C D
c. 2 and 3 only
a. 2 4 1 3
d. 1, 2and 3
b. 2 3 1 4
10. Single step response of a typical stepper
motor is quite oscillatory. Brakes are used c. 1 3 2 4
to reduce or eliminate oscillations. Which d. 1 4 2 3
one of the following statements is not 14. Which one of the following is correct? The
correct regarding use of brakes? impedance function
a. It provides memory or position
information when motor is switched z (s) 
s 2
 1  s 2  3
is an
off. s  s2  2
b. reduces deceleration time. a. LC driving point function
c. It reduces length of motor load. b. RL driving point function
d. It reduces pullout torque. c. RC driving point function
11. Synchro machines are used for which one d. PLC driving point function
of the following?
15. Which one of the following passive
a. Converting 1-phase supply to 3-phase components has the most precise and
supply accurate standard ?
b. Stepping up low frequency signal to a. Resistance
high frequency
b. Inductance
c. Detection of positional error in a.c.
servo system c. Capacitance
d. Detection of positional error in d.c. d. Conductance.
servo system 16. Which of the following is/are primary
standard(s) for voltage maintained by
12. A, B, C and D represent the transmission
parameters of a two-port network. When is National Standards Laboratories?
the network reciprocal? 1. Zener diode with 1.5 V output at 20°C
a. AB - CD = 1 2. Nickel cadmium rechargeable cell of
1.25 V output at 20 °C
b. AD - BC = 1
c. AB - CD = 0 Select the correct answer using the code
given below:
d. AD – BC = 0
a. 1 only
13. Match List I with List II and select the
correct answer using the code given below b. 2 only
the lists; c. Both 1 and 2
List-I d. Neither 1 nor 2
(Network parameter) 17. What is the prefix tera equivalent to?
A. h11 a. 103
B. h12 b. 106
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c. 109 b. Eureka
d. 1012 c. Manganin
18. The errors introduced by an instrument fall d. Nichrome
in which category? 24. How can a milli-ammeter be used as a
a. Systematic errors voltmeter ?
b. Random errors a. By connecting a low resistance in
c. Gross errors parallel with the instrument
d. Environmental errors b. By connecting a high resistance in
parallel with the instrument
19.
c. By connecting a low resistance in
series with the instrument
d. By connecting a high resistance in
series with the instrument
25. The principle of Hall effect is made use of
A waveform shown in the figure above, in the construction of which one of the
following?
is fed to a d.c. ammeter. What is the
reading shown by the meter ? a. Ammeter
a. Zero b. Voltmeter
b. 50 rn-A c. Gaussmeter
c. 75mA d. Galvanometer
d. 100 mA 26. What is the radiation resistance of a dipole
antenna /20 long approximately equal to?
20. Which one of the following instruments is
commonly used to measure primary a. 2 
current of a transformer connected to b. 40 
mains? c. 0.6 
a. Electrostatic meter d. 20
b. Current transformer 27. According to maximum power transfer
c. Moving coil type meter theorem, when is the maximum power
d. Moving iron meter absorbed by one network from another
21. What is clamp-on ammeter used for ? network?
a. Low a.c. current a. The impedance of one of the networks
is half that of the other
b. High a.c. current
b. The impedance of one is the complex
c. Low d.c. current conjugate of the other
d. High d.c. current c. The impedance of one is equal to that
22. Which one of the following is used for the of the other
measurement of 3-phase power factor? d. Only the resistive parts of both are
a. Power factor meter equal
b. Crosse coil power factor meter 28. Consider the following statements for
c. Phase-angle waft hour meter transmission lines:
d. Polarised-vane power factor meter 1. When a transmission line is terminated
23. What is the ‘swamping’ resistance which by its characteristic impedance the line
is connected in series with the working will not have any reflected wave.
coil of a voltmeter to drastically reduce the 2. For a finite line terminated by its
error in measurement caused due to characteristic impedance the velocity
variation in temperature, made of? and current at all points on the line are
a. Constantan exactly same.
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3. For a lossless half wave transmission 33. Which one of the following modes
line the input impedance is not equal to has the highest cut off wavelength in a
Which of the statements given above are a. TE10
correct? b. TE01
a. 1 and 2 only c. TM01
b. 2 and 3 only d. TM11
c. 1 and 3 only 34. A long straight wire carries a current I =
d. 1, 2 and 3 10 A. At what distance is the magnetic
29. Which of the following is a vector field H = 1 AM-1?
quantity? a. 1.19 m
a. Standing wave ratio only b. 1.39 m
b. Reflection coefficient only c. 1.59 m
c. Gain d. 1.79 m

d. Standing wave ratio and reflection 35. The magnetic vector potential A obeys
coefficient which equations?
30. What causes electromagnetic wave  
1. B    A
polarization?  
a. Refraction 2.  2 A    0 J

b. Reflection   0 IDI
3. A  
c. Longitudinal nature of electromagnetic 4R
wave Select the correct answer using the code
d. Transverse nature of electromagnetic given below:
wave a. 1 and 2 only
31. A plane wave traveling in air is incident on b. 2 and 3 only
a conducting medium. Which one of the
following is correct? c. 1 and 3 only
The magnetic field intensity d. 1, 2 and 3
a. becomes approximately half 36. The force on a charge moving with
velocity v under the influence of electric
b. gets approximately doubled and magnetic fields is given by which one
c. remains unchanged of the following?
  
d. cannot be determined 
a. q E  B  v
Consider the following three equations:   
 
32.
 b. q E  v  H
 B   
1.   E  
t 
c. q H  v  E
  
  D
2.   H  J 

d. q E  v  B
t 37. Which one of the following is the correct
 statement?
3.  . B  0
Equi-potential lines and field lines
Which of the above appear in Maxwell’s
equations? a. are parallel
a. 1, 2 and 3 b. are anti-parallel
b. 1 and 3 only c. are orthogonal
c. 2 and 3 only d. bear no definite relationship
d. 1 and 3 only 38. Consider the following statements for an
electrostatic field:
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1. Its curl is zero 42. The impulse response of a second-
2. It is negative of gradient of scalar order under-damped system starting from
potential  rest is given by
3. It is conservative c(t) = 125. e-6t sin 8t, t  0.
Which of the statements given below are The natural frequency and the damping
correct? factor of the system are respectively
a. 1 and 2 only a. 10 and 0.6
b. 2 and 3 only b. 10 and 0.8
c. 1 and 3 only c. 8 and 0.6
d. 1, 2 and 3 d. 8 and 0.8
39. The input-output relationship of a system 43. Given a unity feedback system with
is given by K
G(s)  the value of K for damping
d 2 c(t ) dc(t ) s( s  4)
r (t )  2
3  2c(t ) ratio of 0.5 is:
dt dt
where r(t) and c(t) are input and output a. 1
respectively. The transfer function of the b. 4
system is equal to c. 16
1 d. 64
a.

s s2
2
 44. For type 2 system, the steady-state error
1 due to ramp input is equal to:
b.
s  3s  2
2
 a. zero
b. finite constant
2
c.
s  3s  2
2
 c. infinite
d. indeterminate
1
d. The type number of the control system
s  5s  3
2
 45.
with
40. Consider the function: K ( s  2)
G(s) H (s)  is
 s ( s 2  2 s  3)
F (s) 
s 2
2
a. one
where F(s) = Laplace transform of f(t). b. two
The final value of f(t) is equal to c. three
a. infinite d. four
b. zero 46. A discrete-time system is stable if all the
c. finite constant poles of the Z-transfer function of the
d. a value in between —1 and +1 system lie
41. Given the Laplace transform of f(t) = F(s) a. outside the circle of unit radius on the
the Laplace transform of [f(t)e-at] is equal Z-plane
to: b. within a circle of unit radius on the Z-
a. F(s + a) plane
F ( s) c. to the left of imaginary axis on the Z-
b. plane
(s  a
d. to the right of imaginary axis on the Z-
c. easF(s)
plane
d. e-asF(s)
47. The Nyquist plot of a system passes
through (-1, j0) point in the G(j) H(j)
plane, the phase-margin of the system is:
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a. infinite (Where  s is the sampling
b. greater than zero but not infinite frequency and  s is the maximum
c. zero frequency contained in the signal.)
d. less than zero 53. For a tachometer if  (t ) is the rotor
48. If the poles of a system lie on the displacement, e(t ) is the output voltage
imaginary axis, the system will be: and Kt it the tachometer constant, then the
a. Stable transfer function is defined as
b. Conditionally stable a. Kt.s2
c. Marginally stable b. Kt.s
d. Unstable c. Kt/s
49. The transfer function of a P-I controller is d. Kt
a. Kp+Ki.s 54. A tachometer is added to a servo-
b. Kp + (K/s) mechanism because
c. (Kp/s) + K.s a. It is easily adjustable
d. Kp.s + (Ki/s) b. It can adjust damping
50. Given the matrix c. It converts velocity of the shaft to a
proportional d.c. voltage
0 1 0
A   0 0 1 
55. Assertion (A): Ferrites are useful at very
 6  11  6 high frequencies.
the eigenvalues of A are Reason (R): Ferrites have high
a. -1, -2, -3 permeability and high resistivity.
b. -1, 2, -3 a. Both A and R are individually true and
R is the correct explanation of A
c. 0, 0, -6
b. Both A and R are individually true but
d. -6, -11, -6 R is not the correct explanation of A
51. The state-variable description of a linear c. A is true but R is false
autonomous System is X  AX where X
d. A is false but R is true
is a two-dimensional state vector and A is
56. Assertion (A): A percisison instrument is
0 2 always accurate.
a matrix given by A   
2 0 Reason (R): A precision instrument is one
The poles of the system are located at: where the degree of reproducibility of the
a. -2 and +2 measurements is very good.
b. -2j and +2j a. Both A and R are individually true and
R is the correct explanation of A
c. -2 and -2
b. Both A and R are individually true but
d. +2 and +2
R is not the correct explanation of A
52. The information contained in a signal is
c. A is true but R is false
preserved in the sampled version if
d. A is false but R is true
a.  s   m
57. Assertion (A): A PMMC instrument is
b.  s  0.5 m used for reading both d.c. and a.c. signals.
c.  s  0.1 m Reason (R): The deflecting torque in a
PMMC instrument is directly proportional
d.  s  2 m to the current in the moving coil.
a. Both A and R are individually true and
R is the correct explanation of A
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b. Both A and R are individually true but a. Balun transformer
R is not the correct explanation of A b. Single stub of adjustable position
c. A is true but R is false c. Double stub
d. A is false but R is true d. Broad band directional coupler
58. Assertion (A): Piezoelectric transducers 63. The capacitance of an insulated conducting
can be used for measurement of both static sphere of radius R in vacuum is:
and dynamic phenomena.
a. 2 0 R
Reason (R): Piezoelectric transducers have
very good high frequency response. b. 4 0 R
a. Both A and R are individually true and c. 4 0 R 2
R is the correct explanation of A
d. 4 0 / R
b. Both A and R are individually true but
R is not the correct explanation of A 64. Two materials having temperature
c. A is true but R is false coefficient of 0.004 and 0.004 respectively
are joined in series. The overall
d. A is false but R is true
temperature coefficient is approximately:
59. Assertion (A): Sampled-data system
a. 0.08
requires hold circuit.
b. 0.04
Reason (R): Hold circuit converts the
signal to analog form. c. 0.001
a. Both A and R are individually true and d. 0.0001
R is the correct explanation of A 65. A 10 F capacitor is fed from an a.c.
b. Both A and R are individually true but voltage source containing a fundamental
R is not the correct explanation of A and a third harmonic of strength one-third
c. A is true but R is false of fundamental. The third harmonic
current flowing through the capacitor
d. A is false but R is true
expressed as percentage of the
60. Assertion (A): Capacitive transducers can fundamental under steady-state condition
be used for measurement of both static and will be:
dynamic phenomena.
a. 150%
Reason (R): capacitive transducers are
b. 100%
extremely sensitive.
c. 50%
a. Both A and R are individually true and
R is the correct explanation of A d. 33%
b. Both A and R are individually true but 66. In a two element series network, the
R is not the correct explanation of A voltage and current respectively are given
as, v(t) = 50 sin (314 t) + 50 sin (942 t) V
c. A is true but R is false
i(t) = 10 sin (314 t+ 60°) + 8 sin (942t +
d. A is false but R is true 45°) A, then the power factor of the
61. Two coils are coupled in such a way that network is approximately:
the mutual inductance between them is 16 a. 0.9
mH. If the inductances of the coils are 20
b. 0.6
mH and 80 mH respectively, the
coefficient of coupling is: c. 0.3
a. 0.01 d. 0.1
b. 0.4 67. The network function, F ( s) 
s  2 
c. 0.1 s  1s  3
d. 0.0025 represents an:
62. For a transmission line load matching over a. RL impedance only
a range of frequencies, it is best to use a b. RC impedance only
c. RL admittance and RC impedance
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d. RC admittance and RL impedance
68. In a CRO astigmatism is:
a. A source of generating fast electrons
b. A medium for absorbing secondary
emission electrons For circuit shown above, the black box
c. An additional focus control contains resistors and independent sources
only. The current I is 3 A and 1.5 A for R
d. A time-delay control in the vertical
= 0 and 2, respectively. For R = 1,
deflection system
what is the current I?
69. In an electrometer, the movable plate is 11
a. 1A
cm in diameter. When 12 kV is applied
between the movable plate and the fixed b. 2A
plate, the force is 0.006 N. The change in c. 3A
capacitance for 1.5 mm movement of the d. 4A
movable plate is:
74. What is the Laplace transform of a
a. 0.44 × 10-12F function  (t-2) ?
b. 0.37 × 10-6F a. 2
c. 0.125 × 10-12F b. 0
d. 12.5 × 10-12F c. e-2s
70. Continuous recording of a signal is not d. 2s
possible in a
75.
a. Magnetic tape recorder
b. Strip chart recorder
c. X Y recorder
d. Galvanometric recorder
71. The successive approximation A/D output
for a 4-bit converter to a 8.217 Volt input What is the time constant of the circuit
(if the reference is 5 V) will be: above?
a. 1101 a. 0.5 s
b. 0110 b. 1s
c. 1010 c. 2s
d. 1001 d. 4s
72.
76.

In the circuit shown above, when is the In the network shown above, it is given
power absorbed by the 1  resistor dv
that v = 1 V and = -10 V/s at a time t,
maximum? dt
a. R = 0 where t is the time after the switch S is
closed. What is the value of C?
b. R = 2 
a. 0.05 F
c. R = 4 
b. 0.1 F
d. R = 
c. 0.15 F
73.
d. 0.2 F
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77. A series R-L circuit is to be connected to
an a.c. source v(t )  Vm sin(t   ) volt.
Which one of the following is correct?
The transient current will be absent if the b.
source is connected at a time t0 such that
a.  t0  0
 c.
b.  t 0 
2
L
c.  t 0  tan 1
R
d.  t 0 has any arbiter value d.

## 78. A series R-L-C circuit is switched on to a 82.

step voltage V at t = 0. What are the initial
and final values of the current in the
circuit, respectively?
a. V/R, V/R
b. Zero, Infinity
c. Zero, Zero
d. Zero, V/R For the network shown above, if the
current i (t )  2 sin(t  30), then what is
79.
the value of R?
a. 1
b. 3
c. 3
d. 3 3 
What does the function f(t) plotted in the
above figure represent? 83. A control system has a transfer function
a. Unit step function K (1  0.5s )(1  2s  5s 2 )
.
b. Unit impulse function s 2 (1  s )(1  5s  10 s 2 )(1  100 s  500 s 2 )
What is the type of the system?
c. Unit ramp function
a. 0
d. Unit Parabolic function
b. I
80. A lossy capacitor is represented by an
ideal capacitor C with a high resistance R c. II
in parallel. What is the Q of the circuit at d. III
frequency ? 84. Which one of the following is correct?
a. CR Final value theorem is not applicable for
the system when the input is:
b. 1/(CR)
a. Step
c. C/R
b. Ramp
d. R/(C)
c. Parabolic
81. A voltage of V = 10030° is applied to an
impedance Z = 3 + j4. Which one of the d. Exponential
following is the power triangle? 85. Which one of the following statements
regarding steady state errors in control
system is not correct?
a. Steady state error analysis relies on the
a.
use of initial value theorem.
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b. Steady state error is a measure of
system accuracy when a specific type
of input is applied to a control system.
c. The error constants do not give
error when inputs are other than step,
ramp and parabolic. The transfer function for the diagram
d. Steady state error docs not provide shown above is given by which one of the
information on how the error varies following?
with time. a. 1/(1+sRC)
86. Which one of the following is the most b. sRC/(1+sRC)
likely reason for large overshoot in a c. sRC/(1-sRC)
control system?
d. 1+sRC
a. High gain in a system
90. The instrumentation amplifiers are used
b. Presence of dead time delay in a principally to amplify signals from which
system of the following?
c. High positive correcting torque a. Transducers
d. High retarding torque b. Active fillers
87. In the time domain analysis of feedback c. Choppers
control systems which one pair of the
d. D/A converters
following is not correctly matched?
91. Which of the following primary detector
a. Under damped:- Minimizes the effect type transducers are employed for
of nonlinearities displacement measurement?
b. Dominant Poles:- Transients die out
1. Thermistor
more rapidly
2. diaphragm
c. Far away poles to the left half of s-
plane:- Transients die out more rapidly 3. Thermocouple
d. A pole near to the left of dominant 4. Pivot Torque
complex poles and near a zero:- Select the correct answer using the code
Magnitude of transient is small given below:
88. Which of the following transfer functions a. 1 and 2
is/are minimum phase transfer function(s)? b. 2 and 4
1 c. 3 and 4
1.
( s  1) d. 1 and 4
( s  1) 92. Match List-I with List-II and select the
2.
( s  3)( s  4) correct answer using the code given below
the lists:
( s  2)
3. List-I
( s  3)( s  4)
A. Variable capacitance device
Select the correct answer using the code
B. Orifice meter
given below:
C. Thermistors
a. 1 and 3
List-II
b. 1 only
1. Flow Measurement
c. 2 and 3
2. Temperature measurement
d. None
3. Pressure transducer
89. 4. Force and torque measurement
Code:
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a. A3, B1, C2 c. Very small resistance
b. A2, B4, C3 d. Capacitance and its power factor
c. A2, B1, C3 100. What is a differential transformer?
d. A3, B4, C2 a. Constant pressure transducer
93. Which displacement transducer is used for b. Variable pressure transducer
accurate and linear measurement? c. Constant displacement transducer
a. LVDT d. Variable inductance transducer
b. Strain gauge 101. The imperfect capacitance which is
c. Potentiometer shunted by a resistance can be measured
d. Capacitive displacement transducer by which one of the following?
94. Which amplifier is used in an electronic a. Carey Foster bridge
multimeter? b. Owen bridge
a. Power amplifier c. Schering bridge
b. Buffer amplifier d. Wien bridge
c. Differential amplifier 102. Due to which one of the following reasons
d. Wideband amplifier bearings of PMMC Instrument are made of
Jewel?
95. For low resistance (from few micro ohms
to one ohm) measurement, which bridge is a. To avoid wear and tear of the moving
used? system
a. Wheatstone bridge b. To provide a small support
b. Kelvin bridge c. It can be easily replaced
c. Guarded Wheatstone bridge d. To make the system robust
d. Maxwell bridge 103.
96. Which bridge is used to determine
frequency?
a. Anderson bridge
b. De Sauty bridge
c. Wien bridge
d. Campbell bridge
97. The dielectric loss of a capacitor can be For the circuit shown, what is the voltage
measured by which one of the following? V if the source voltage is reduced by 50%?
a. Wien bridge a. IR + E
b. Owen bridge b. E – IR
c. Schering bridge c. 2IR – (E/2)
d. Maxwell bridge d. (E/2) – IR
98. Inductance is measured by which one of 104.
the following?
a. Wien bridge
b. Schering bridge
c. Maxwell bridge
d. Owen bridge
99. Schering bridge can be used to measure Voltage source is represented as shown in
which one of the following? the figure given above.
a. Q of a coil What is the equivalent current source?
b. Inductance and its Q-value
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If the voltage V across 10 Ω
resistance is 10 V, what is the voltage E of
the voltage source in the circuit shown
a. above?
a. -50 V
b. -10 V
c. +10 V
b.
d. +50 V
108.

c.

## In the circuit shown above, what is the

d.
value of the current I?
a. 1A
105. b. 2A
c. 3A
d. 4A
109. Why is the core of the transformer built up
of lamination?
For the network shown in the figure, what a. To reduce eddy current loss
is the voltage across the current source I? b. For convenience of fabrication
a. V – RI c. No specific advantage
b. V + RI d. For increasing the permeability
c. Zero 110. Materials which lack permanent magnetic
d. RI – V dipoles are known as:
106. a. Paramagnetic
b. Diamagnetic
c. Ferromagnetic
d. Ferrimagnetic
111. Match List-I with List-II and select the
What is the value of the current I in the correct answer using the code given below
circuit shown above? the lists:
a. 20 A List-I (Material)
b. 25 A A. Silicon steel
c. 30 A B. Ferrites
d. 36 A C. Alnico
107. List-II (Application)
1. High frequency transformers
2. Permanent magnets
3. Current transformers
4. Power transformers
Code:
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A B C a. 1, 2 and 3
a. 1 2 4 b. 1 and 2 only
b. 4 3 2 c. 2 and 3 only
c. 3 4 1 d. 1 and 3 only
d. 4 1 2 117. Which one of the following is the correct
112. Which one of the following is the correct statement?
statement? When a p-n junction is reverse-biased,
The orientational polarizability in a then
polyatomic gas is proportional to a. Holes and electrons move away from
a. temperature T the junction
b. 1/T b. Depletion region decreases
c. T2 c. Barrier breaks down
d. independent of T d. Minority carriers are not affected
113. In the case of a dielectric subjected to an 118. Consider the following statements about p-
alternating electric field of frequency f, the n junctions:
dielectric loss is proportional to which one 1. p-n junction behaves as a capacitor
of the following? when forward biased.
a. f 2. p-n junction has p and n type
b. f2 semiconductors with depletion layer in
between.
c. 1/f
3. p-n junction has a wider depletion
d. 1/f2
layer as compared to a Zener diode.
114. The electronic Polaris ability of an inert
Which of the statements given above are
gas atom is proportional to which one of
correct?
the following?
a. 1, 2 and 3
a. R
b. 1 and 2 only
b. R2
c. 2 and 3 only
c. R3
d. 1 and 3 only
d. R4
119. Which one of the following is the correct
(Where R is the radius of the atom)
statement?
115. Fermi level in a p-type semiconductor lies
The type of majority charge carriers in a
close to which one of the following?
semiconductor can be found by
a. The top of the valence band
a. Hall effect
b. The bottom of the valence band
b. Piezoelectric effect
c. The top of the conduction band
c. Photoelectric effect
d. The bottom of the conduction bond
d. Meissner effect
116. Consider the following statements about
120. Which one of the following is the correct
semiconductors?
statement?
1. The forbidden energy gap in
During the process of magnetization of
semiconductors lies between the
ferromagnetic material, the magnetic
valence band and conduction band.
domains
2. The forbidden energy gap in
a. Only expand
germanium at 0 K is about 0.72 eV.
b. Rotate first and then expand
3. Semiconductors have negative
temperature coefficient of resistivity. c. Expand first and then rotate
Which of the statements given above are d. Neither rotate nor expand
correct?