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TL-WR841N

TL-WR841ND
N
300
/

.:5.1.0
1910010903

TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.



.
-
-
,
TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Copyright 2013
TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. .
http://www.tp-link.com

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TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD


:
: N
300 /
: TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
: TP-LINK
,
,
:
1999/5/EC, 2004/108/EC,

2006/95/EC,

1999/519/EC, 2011/65/EU

:
ETSI EN 300 328 V1.7.1: 2006
ETSI EN 301 489-1 V1.8.1:2008& ETSI EN 301 489-17 V2.1.1:2009
EN 55022:2010
EN 55024:2010
EN 61000-3-2:2006+A1:2009+A2:2009
EN 61000-3-3:2008
EN60950-1:2006+A11:2009+A1:2010
EN62311:2008

E:

, :

(Yang Hongliang)

: 2013

TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Building 24 (floors 1, 3, 4, 5), and 28 (floors 1-4) Central Science and Technology Park,
Shennan Rd, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China


.................................................................................................... 1
1. .................................................................................................... 2
1.1

............................................................................................................................2

1.2

...................................................................................................................3

1.3

..........................................................................................3

1.4

......................................................................................................5
1.4.1

.............................................................................................5

1.4.2

.................................................................................................6

2. ............................................................. 8
2.1

..............................................................................................8

2.2

..............................................................................8

2.3

..................................................................................8

3. .................................................. 10
3.1

TCP/IP ......................................................................................................10

3.2

.........................................................................12

4. ................................................................. 19
4.1

..........................................................................................................19

4.2

..................................................................................................................19

4.3

...................................................................................................21

4.4

WPS ............................................................................................................................21

4.5

............................................................................................................................24

4.6

4.7

4.5.1

WAN ................................................................................................................24

4.5.2

MAC-..........................................................................36

4.5.3

..............................................................................................36

4.5.4

IPTV ................................................................................................................37

................................................................................................39
4.6.1

..............................................................39

4.6.2

...................................................................43

4.6.3

MAC-............................................................................46

4.6.4

..............................................................................48

4.6.5

.............................................................50

DHCP ..........................................................................................................................51

-I-

4.8

4.9

4.7.1

DHCP ...........................................................................................51

4.7.2

DHCP ................................................................................53

4.7.3

.............................................................................53

.........................................................................................................55
4.8.1

..................................................................................55

4.8.2

Port Triggering ................................................................................................57

4.8.3

DMZ ................................................................................................................59

4.8.4

UPnP ...............................................................................................................60

.............................................................................................................61
4.9.1

..........................................................................61

4.9.2

................................................................63

4.9.3

.................................................................................65

4.9.4

.................................................................................66

4.10 .............................................................................................67
4.11 ......................................................................................................70
4.11.1 .........................................................................................................71
4.11.2 .................................................................................................................77
4.11.3 ................................................................................................................79
4.11.4 ....................................................................................................81
4.12 ..............................................................83
4.12.1 ...................................................................84
4.12.2 ..............................................................................85
4.13 ..........................................................................86
4.13.1 ....................................................................................86
4.13.2 ...............................................................................................87
4.14 IP- MAC- ...................................................................................88
4.14.1 .....................................................................................88
4.14.2 ARP ..................................................................................................90
4.15 DNS ...................................................................................................91
4.15.1 Comexe.cn DDNS...........................................................................................91
4.15.2 Dyndns.org DDNS ..........................................................................................92
4.15.3 No-ip.com DDNS ............................................................................................93
4.16 ..........................................................................................95
4.16.1 .......................................................................................95
4.16.2 ...................................................................................................97
4.16.3 .......................................................................99
- II -

4.16.4 ..................................................................................101
4.16.5 ..........................................................101
4.16.6 ...............................................................................................102
4.16.7 ..........................................................................................................103
4.16.8 ......................................................................................103
4.16.9 ...................................................................................................106

: ................................................... 108
B: .............................................................114
C: ............................................................................117
D: ....................................................................................119

- III -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
N 300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N 300 /

- ::

:
, . -
, .

-1-

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

1.

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND N
300 /.

1.1
TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND 4- ,
, NAT .

2x2

MIMO,

300 /,
SOHO ( ),
, .

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND 300
/ 802.11n.
,
.
802.11n
802.11g, .
IEEE 802.11g IEEE 802.11b.

, SSID
Broadcast Control, 64/128/152- WEP ,
WiFi protected Access (WPA2- PSK, WPA- PSK),
, TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
.

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND ,

.

-2-

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

DMZ Host Port Triggering,


,
.

,
, .
Quick Setup Wizard,
.
, .

1.2
TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND N 300 /.

:
TL-WR841N
TL-WR841ND.
TL-WR841ND.
:

TL-WR841N 2 .

TL-WR841ND 2 .

1.3

IEEE 802.11n
300 /.

1 WAN 10/100 / RJ45 4 LAN


RJ45, -MDI/MDIX.

WPA/WPA2, WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK, TKIP/AES.

,
IP/ IP/PPPoE/PPTP/L2TP.

, Special Application DMZ Host.

UPnP, DNS .
-3-

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

NAT DHCP- IP-

PPPoE.

64/128/152- WEP
.

-.

-4-

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

1.4
1.4.1

. 1-1

( ).

()
(WLAN)
(WAN),
(LAN 1-4)

(WPS)

./.

.
.

, .
.


WPS.
.


WPS.


WPS.

Table 1-1

:
, WPS,
WPS 5 , .
-5-

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

1.4.2

. 1-2

( ).

ON/OFF: / .

POWER: . ,
TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND.

4,3,2,1 (LAN): (4,3,2,1)


.

WAN: WAN- DSL/


Ethernet.

WIFI ON/OFF: / .

WPS/RESET: WPS
. / WPS, ,
;
.

-6-

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

(RESET):
:
1) ->
- .
2) WPS/RESET:
WPS/RESET ( 5 ) ,
SYS
. ,
.
WPS

WPS,

.

: .

-7-

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

2.
2.1

(DSL/Cable/Ethernet)

DSL/ RJ45 ( ,
Ethernet)

Ethernet RJ45

TCP/IP

- - Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox or Apple Safari.

2.2


(, )

: 0~40

: 10%~90%,

2.3
,
.
-.
. ,
.
1.

, DSL/ .

2.

.
.

3.

.
.
-8-

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
4.

N
300 /

(-) /
LAN , . . 2-1 (
(NIC)
, )

5.

DSL/ WAN (. . 2-1).

6.

,
. .

7.

DSL/ .

. 2-1

TL-WR841ND

-9-

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

3.
,

TL-WR841ND

3.1 TCP/IP
TL-WR841ND http://tplinklogin.net, IP-
192.168.0.1, 255.255.255.0.
.
.

LAN .
IP- ,
.

IP-
1)

TCP/IP .
, , B:
.

2)

. IP- 192.168.0.xxx ( 2
254), 255.255.255.0, 192.168.0.1 (IP-
)

IP-
1)

TCP/IP IP-
.

B: .
2)

DHCP- IP-.


Ping.
Windows XP.
ping 192.168.0.1 Enter.

. 3-1, ,
.

- 10 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 3-1

N
300 /

Ping

. 3-2, ,
.

. 3-2

Ping

:
1.

:
1/2/3/4 LAN,
.
2.

TCP/IP ?

:
IP- 192.168.0.1, IP-
192.168.0.2 ~ 192.168.0.254.
- 11 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
3.

N
300 /

IP- LAN ?

:
LAN IP- , , 192.168.0.x, LAN
IP- 192.168.0.1
192.168.1.1, IP-. , ,
,
, ping 192.168.1.1 Enter.

3.2
- . -
Windows, Macintosh UNIX OS -
(Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox Apple Safari).
1.

http://tplinklogin.net .

. 3-3

, , . 3-4.
admin, .
OK Enter.

. 3-4

- 12 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

:
, , -
. > >
.
- OK.
1.

. 3-5

2.

, WAN,
3-6.

3-6

WAN


PPPoE/ , L2TP/
- 13 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

Pocc L2TP, PPTP/ Pocc PPTP, IP- IP-.


.
, -,
.
3.

,
,

-.

, ,
WAN.
-.
1) PPPoE, (.
3-7).

. 3-7

- PPPoE

/ ,
-. .
-.

,
-, , .
, ,
. OK .

2) IP-,

- 14 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

(. . 3-8).

,
-.

. 3-8

MAC-

,
MAC- MAC- WAN.

. 3-9

MAC-

3) IP-,
(. 3-10).

- 15 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 3-10

N
300 /

IP

IP- WAN IP-,


( -). IP- .

, WAN IP-.
255.255.255.0.

IP-.

DNS IP- DNS-.

DNS -
DNS-, .

4.

, .
(. 3-11).

- 16 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 3-11

N
300 /


, / .

32 .
SSID.
, SSID
TP-LINK_XXXXXX

(XXXXXX

MAC- ). .
, TEST test .

.
,
. ,
, .
, .

:
,
.

- 17 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

.
,
.

, .

.
,
.

(Tx)
.


.
.
.

WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK WPA PSK.

PSK

ASCII

ASCII, 0 9 A Z
8 63 .
, 0 9
A F, 8 64 .
, .
,
. -
.

.
, 4.6 .
5.

, (. . 3-12).
.

. 3-12

-
- 18 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

4.
- .

4.1
-
. .

-.

4.2
.
.

- 19 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-1

N
300 /

- 20 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

4.3
3.2: .

4.4

WPS

,
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup).
a).

WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup), (.


4-2 ).

. 4-2 WPS

WPS WPS.

PIN- PIN- .
PIN-
.

PIN- PIN- ,
.

PIN- -
PIN- .
PIN- .

PIN- PIN-
.
, PIN-
.

,
.

b).

- 21 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS),

Push Button Configuration (PBC)


PIN-.

:
WPS,
WPS.
I.

WPS

, WPS.
1: WPS/RESET ,
1 .
WPS
(. 4-2),
, . (.
)

. 4-3

2: WPS .
3: WPS ,
WPS.
4: WPS ,
.
5:
.
II. PIN-
, PIN- WPS.
1: WPS ,
(. 4-4), .

- 22 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-4
2:

PIN- , .
.

3:

III. PIN-

PIN-

.
1:

PIN-,

WPS

.
2: WPS ,
WPS .
3: WPS ,
.
4:
.

:
1)

WPS ,
.

2)

WPS , .
, WPS.

- 23 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

4.5

. 4-5

(. . 4-5): WAN, MAC-,


IPTV. .

4.5.1 WAN
- WAN WAN, .
1.

DHCP-,

IP, IP-
-. (. 4-6):

. 4-6 WAN IP

- 24 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

WAN, IP-, ,
, -.
-,
. , .

MTU MTU ( )
Ethernet 1500 .
, -.

- IP-
DNS-, DNS-c
DNS DNS .
DNS- -

:
, DNS-,
, , DNS- .
-
DNS-.

- .

IP-

Unicast

DHCP DHCP-

-
. IP- ,
( ).
.
2.

-
IP-, , DNS,
: IP-. ,
. 4-7.

- 25 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-7 WAN - IP-

IP- IP-, -,
.

,
- .
255.255.255.0.

( ) IP- ,
- .

MTU MTU ( )
Ethernet 1500 . ,
-.

/ DNS ( )
DNS-, -
.

- 26 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
3.

N
300 /

- PPPoE,
: PPPoE/ PPPoE.
(. 4-8):

. 4-8 WAN - PPPoE/ PPPoE

/ ,
-. .

PPPoE.
- ,
/ IP, ,
/ IP, .

,
PPPoE. .

IP IP-,
-,
, .

IP IP-,
-,
, .
- 27 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /


(
) -. ,
,
0, ,
.


( :)

:
,
.

/
/.
.
,
-.

.
.

, ..
-
,
. , . 4-9:

- 28 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-9 PPPoE

MTU 1480 , .
MTU,
-.

/ .
,
-. ,
.

IP-, - -
IP- ,
IP-, - IP-,
-,
.

- 0.
0 120.
. 0 .

DNS- - -
DNS- ,
DNS-
- IP-
DNS-. DNS-,
.

- 29 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
4.

N
300 /

- BigPond ( Heart Beat),


BigPond. (. .
4-10):

. 4-10

/ - ,
-. .

- IP- .

-
.
:
NSW / ACT - nsw.bigpond.net.au
VIC / TAS / WA / SA / NT - vic.bigpond.net.au
QLD - qld.bigpond.net.au

MTU - MTU (
) Ethernet 1500 .
, -.

- 30 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

) -. ,
,
0, ,
.

-
.

/.

.

, -.
.
.
:

, ..

.
.
5.

- L2TP,
L2TP/ L2TP. (. 4-11):

- 31 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-11 WAN

/ - ,
-. .

IP/ IP - IP-
.
. .

( ). -
,
, -.
, .
, , 0
. ,
.
- 32 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

-
.

/ .
( ), ,
-,
.

. , , 0
. ,
,
.
:

..

-.
.
6.

- PPTP-,
PPTP/ PPTP. (. 4-12):

- 33 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-12

PPTP/ PPTP

/ ,
-. .

IP/ IP
-, IP-
- .
IP- , DNS,
-. .

/,

/.

( ). -
,
- 34 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

, -.
, .
, , 0
. ,
.

-
.

/ .
( ), ,
-,
.

. , , 0
. ,
,
.
:

..

-.
.

:
, ,

. -
. . ,
, , -.
:

PPPoE/ PPPoE - , PPPoE,


.

IP- - ,
IP-.

IP- - ,
IP-.
- 35 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

PPTP/L2TP/BigPond.
- ,
.

4.5.2 MAC-
- MAC-, MAC- WAN-
(. 4-13):

. 4-13

MAC-

- MAC- .
- .

MAC- WAN - MAC- WAN-.


- , MAC-,

MAC-

MAC-

XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX ( X ).

MAC- - MAC- ,
. MAC- ,
MAC-, MAC- WAN.

MAC-,
MAC- WAN-.
.

:
MAC-
.

4.5.3

- , IP- ,
.

- 36 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-14

MAC- LAN- .
.

IP- IP- ,
( : 192.168.1.1).

Macka oce .
255.255.255.0.

:
1)

IP- ,
.

2)

IP- , IP-
DHCP- , DMZ Host
,
.

4.5.4

IPTV

- IPTV , . 4-15.

. 4-15 IPTV

- 37 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

IGMP Proxy IGMP ( ).


IGMP, .

- LAN, IGMP Proxy,


, IPTV ,
.

- LAN IPTV -,
IP- -.
, ,
,
LAN NAT LAN.

802.1Q Tag VLAN - -


802.1Q Tag VLAN.
LAN (VLAN Tag ID):
, IPTV - IP-.
-
.

LAN, "" WAN.


, WAN,
- WAN,
LAN, WAN. ,
IPTV- LAN
IP- - -
, , /
.

:
IPTV STB .
.

- 38 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

4.6

. 4-16

(. . 4-16):
, , MAC-,
.
.

4.6.1

- ,

. 4-17

32 .
SSID.

- 39 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

, SSID
TP-LINK_XXXXXX (XXXXXX MAC-
). . , TEST
test .

.
,
. , ,
. ,
.
, , .
OK.

:
-
.

. 11bgn mixed
11b ,
802.11b.
11g ,
802.11g.
11n - ,
802.11n.
11bg

802.11b and 802.11g.


11bgn

802.11b, 11g, 11n.


. 802.11g,

802.11g

. 802.11n
802.11n .
- 40 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

802.11bgn, 802.11b, 802.11g


802.11n .

.
.
.

:
11b, 11g 11bg ,
, 20,
.

- ,
. , ,
.
,
, ,
.

() -
(Tx).

-

. /
WIFI ON/OFF .

SSID -
, , SSID,
.
SSID,
(SSID).

WDS , WDS.

. ,
, .
.

- 41 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-18

SSID ( ) SSID ,

SSID,
.

BSSID ( ) BSSID ,
.
BSSID,
.

,
.


. ,
.

WDS WDS.
WDS, .
,
WDS.

WEP - ,
WEP (ASCII) WEP (HEX).
WEP.

- 42 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

- ,
WEP (ASCII) WEP (HEX).
.

- ,
.

4.6.2
- ,
.

- WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy), WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access), WPA2 (Wi-Fi
Protected Access 2), WPA-PSK (Pre-Shared Key), WPA2-PSK (Pre-Shared Key).

. 4-19

,
.
.

WEP IEEE 802.11.


- 43 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

, . 4-20.

. 4-20
WEP- .

WEP

ASCII

. ASCII
.
(0-9, a-f, A-F)
.
WEP WEP-.

, .
WEP- (64-, 128- 152-).

""

WEP-

.
64- 10 (
0-9, a-f, A-F, ) 5
ASCII.
128- 26 (
0-9, a-f, A-F, ) 13
ASCII.
152- 32 (
0-9, a-f, A-F, ) 16 ASCII.

:
, ,
.

- 44 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

WPA WPA2 Enterprise Radius.


WPA. . ,
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) WPA2 (WPA
version 2) .
, TKIP AES.

:
WPA/WPA2 Enterprise
TKIP, ,
. 4-21.

. 4-21
IP- Radius- - IP- Radius-.
Radius- - , Radius-.
Radius- - Radius-.
-

. 0 30 . 0
.

WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK () WPA/WPA2
.
WPA-PSK

. . ,
WPA-PSK ( WPA)
WPA2-PSK ( WPA2)
.
- WPA-PSK WPA

- , TKIP AES
.
- 45 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

:
WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK ()
TKIP , . 4-22.

. 4-22
PSK 8 63

ASCII 8 64 .
-

. 0 30 . 0
.
.

4.6.3 MAC-
- MAC-,
, MAC- (. 4-23).

. 4-23

MAC-

, . ,
.

MAC- - MAC- , .

- , , .
- 46 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

- .

,

MAC- (. . 4-24):

. 4-24


MAC-

MAC-,
:
1.

MAC- MAC-. MAC-


: XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX ( X
). , 00-0A-EB-B0-00-0B.

2.

. ,
A.

3.

4.

:
1.

.
.

2.

3.

, .
, .
, .
, .
, .

- 47 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

:
MAC- 00-0A-EB-B0-00-0B MAC-
00-0A-EB-00-07-5F
. - :
1. , .
2. , ,
.
3. ( ).
4.
1)

- - 00-0A-EB-B0-00-0B/00-0A-EB-00-07-5F.

2)

A/B.

3)

4)

5)

4.6.4
- ,
.

- 48 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-25

Pe pao
. ,
.
; .

.
.
40-1000 .
100.

RTS RTS ( ).
, RTS ,
RTS
. 2346.

- ,
.

- .
2346; .

DTIM -

(DTIM).

DTIM

.

, DTIM DTIM.
- 49 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

1-255 .
1, , DTIM
.

WMM WMM
.
.

Short GI ,

AP Isolation
.
.
,
. .

:
,
, ,

.

4.6.5
- ,

MAC-,

. 4-26

MAC- MAC-

- 50 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

,
: STA-AUTH/STA-ASSOC/STA-JOINED/WPA/WPA-PSK/WPA2/WPA2-PSK/
AP-UP/AP-DOWN/


, .
, .

, , ,
, .

5 .

4.7 DHCP

. 4-27

DHCP

DHCP (. . 4-27) DHCP,


DHCP .
.

4.7.1 DHCP
DHCP - DHCP, DHCP-
(. . 4-28). DHCP- (DHCP -
) TCP/IP
.

- 51 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-28 DHCP

DHCP- . ,
DHCP-,
IP- .

IP- IP-, DHCP-


IP-. 192.168.0.100

IP- IP- ,
DHCP- IP-.
192.168.0.199

IP-. .

IP-. 1~2880 . 120
.

- ( ) IP- LAN-
. 192.168.0.1.

- ( )
.

DNS

IP-

DNS-, -.
- .

DNS ( ) IP-
DNS-, - .
- 52 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

:
DHCP-
" IP- ".

4.7.2 DHCP
DHCP -

DHCP,

(. 4-29).

. 4-29 DHCP

DHCP-

MAC- MAC- DHCP-

IP- - IP- DHCP-

- DHCP-.

IP-.

.

.

4.7.3
DHCP - ,
(. . 4-30).
IP- ,
IP- DHCP-.
IP- ,
IP-.

- 53 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-30 Address Reservation

MAC- MAC- ,
IP-.

IP- IP-, .

- - .

IP- :
1.

. , .
4-31.

2.

MAC- ( XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX) IP- (


) ,

IP-.
3.

. 4-31

:
1.

. ,
.

2.

3.

/
/ .

, .
- 54 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

, ,
, .

4.8

. 4-32

(. . 4-32)
, Port Triggering, DNZ UPnP.
.

4.8.1
- ,
, . 4-33.
, DNS,
Email FTP. ,
, IP-
. , ,
IP-, . IP-
DHCP.

. 4-33

- .
( XXX - YYY, XXX , YYY
).

- ,
. ,
, , .

IP- - IP- , .

- 55 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

- , ; TCP, UDP
( , ).

- , .

- .

:
. ,

1.

. 4-34.
,

2.

. ,
.
3.

IP- IP- .

4.

, . : TCP, UDP .

5.

6.

. 4-34

:
,
. IP-
.
:
1.

2.

3.

/ , /
.
- 56 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

.
, ;
.

:
80,
- 80,
8080.
.

4.8.2 Port Triggering


- Port Triggering,
Port Triggering (. 4-35). , -,
,

..,

. NAT.
,
NAT.

. 4-35

Port Triggering

:
1. ,
, .
2. ,
, ,
.
3.
, .

- .
.

- , . :
TCP, UDP ( , ).

- ,
.
- 57 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

, .
5 ( ). ",".
, 2000-2038, 2046, 2050-2051, 2085, 3010-3030.

- , . : TCP,
UDP ( , ).

- . "" , .

- .

" ".
, .
1.

. ,
. 4-36.

2.

,
.
,
.

3.

,
: TCP, UDP, .

4.

,
: TCP, UDP, .

5.

6.

, .

. 4-36

- 58 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
1.

N
300 /


. ,
.

2.

3.

,
, .
, .

:
1.

2.

.
.

3.

, , .

4.8.3 DMZ
- DMZ,
DMZ (. . 4-37). DMZ
, - -
.
DMZ. , DMZ, DHCP
, IP-,
IP- DHCP.

. 4-37

DMZ

DMZ:
1.

- 59 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
2.

IP- ,
DMZ, IP- DMZ.

3.

DMZ,
.

4.8.4 UPnP
UPnP
UPnP (Universal Plug and Play), . 4-38.

. UPnP
UPnP- .

. 4-38 UPnP

UPnP /
.

UPnP :

UPnP-.

, .

, .

IP- IP- UPnP,


.

- 60 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

.
. , .
.

, UPnP.

4.9

. 4-39

(. . 4-39)
, ,
. .

4.9.1
,
(. 4-40).

- 61 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-40

.
/ .

SPI - (Stateful Packet


Inspection) ,
.
.
. ,
,
.

VPN - VPN ,
VPN- IPSec, PPTP L2TP
.

PPTP - PPTP (
-) IP-.
, .

- 62 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

L2TP - L2TP - -
.
L2TP- , .

IPSec - IPSec -
, IP,

IPSec- , .

ALG - (ALG), ..
NAT-

"/", FTP, TFTP, H323 ..

FTP ALG - FTP-


NAT, .

TFTP ALG - TFTP-


NAT, .
H323 ALG - Microsoft NetMeeting
NAT, .
RTSP ALG - -
- NAT, .

, .

4.9.2
,
, TCP-SYN Flood, UDP Flood ICMP-Flood,
. 4-41.

- 63 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-41

N
300 /

(5~60) - 10.
5 60 .
.
SYN Flood, UDP Flood ICMP-Flood.

DoS- - / DoS-.
Flood Filters , .

:
DoS- ,
( - ).

ICMP-FLOOD - /
ICMP-FLOOD .

ICMP-FLOOD (5~3600) 50.


5 ~ 3600. ,
.

- 64 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

UDP-FLOOD

UDP-FLOOD.

UDP-FLOOD UDP-FLOOD (5~3600) - 500.


5 ~ 3600. ,
.

TCP-SYN-FLOOD

TCP-SYN-FLOOD .

TCP-SYN-FLOOD (5~3600) - 50.


5 ~ 3600. ,
.

Ping- WAN - /
Ping- WAN. .

Ping-

Ping- LAN - / Ping-


LAN. . Ping-
.
.

, .

DoS-,

- DoS- .

4.9.3
- ,
, . 4-42.
.

- 65 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-42


- . -
MAC-,

MAC-. MAC- XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX ( X -
).
-, .
, MAC- .
, .

:
, ,
5 (Reset) (
), .
-.

4.9.4
- ,
, . 4-43.
.

- 66 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-43

HTTP.
80.
, .
1 65534, .

IP- - ,
. , IP-
0.0.0.0. 0.0.0.0
IP-. 255.255.255.255,
.

:
1)

WAN IP-
Internet Explorer Navigator,
, . , WAN-
202.96.12.8, 8080, http://202.96.12.8:8080.
, -
.

2)

4.10
,
, . 4-44.
-
, .

- 67 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-44 Parental Control Settings

,
. , .

MAC- -
MAC- ,
.

MAC- - MAC-
, .
MAC- ,
MAC-
MAC- , .

- ,
.

- ,
. ,
.

- .

:
1.

, . 4-45.

2.

MAC- MAC-
(, 00-11-22-33-44-AA).
.
- 68 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

3.

(, Google)
.

4.

(,
google) .
(www.google.com, www.google.com.hk) .

5.

(,
_1). ,
,
.

6.

/ .
7.

.
.
.
,
.

. 4-45

: , MAC- 00-11-22-33-44-AA
www.google.com , MAC-

- 69 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

00-11-22-33-44-BB ,
:
1.

, ,
.
MAC- 00-11-22-33-44-BB MAC- .

2.


. ...
Schedule_1,
: - 24 .

3.

00-11-22-33-44-AA MAC- .

Google .

www.google.com .

Schedule_1
.

.
4.

.

.(. 4-46).

. 4-46

4.11

. 4-47
- 70 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

(. . 4-47) , ,
. .

4.11.1

- ,

, . 4-48.

. 4-48

- ,
, .

- ,
.

- ,
.

- , .

- , .

. ( )
, ; ( )
.
- 71 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

- .

:
:
1.

. , .
4-49.

. 4-49

, IP- MAC-,
.

- (, Host_1)
IP- :
IP- LAN IP- . ,
192.168.0.23.
MAC- :

MAC- - MAC- XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX. ,


00-11-22-33-44-AA.

2.

, ,
, . 4-50.

- 72 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-50

"IP-" " ".

- .
, ( ,
Target_1).
IP- :

IP- - IP- ( ) ()
, , 192.168.0.23.

- .
" ", .

, TCP, UDP ICMP.


.


. ,
. , "FTP", "21"
.
:

- 73 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

,
(, google).
(www.google.com, www.google.cn) .

3.

, , ,
, . 4-51.

. 4-51

,
( , Schedule_1).

(),
.

- 24 / .

- (4 ). , 0800
8:00.

- (4 ). ,
2000 20:00.

4.

, ,
, (. 4-52).

- 74 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-52

,
(, Rule_1).

.
, .

- .
, .

.
,

,
.

5.

, .

:
1.

. ,
. 4-53.

2.

(, _1).

3.


, .

4.


, .

5.


, .

6.

,
.
- 75 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
7.

. 4-53 Add Internet Access Control Entry

: MAC- 00-11-22-33-44-AA
www.google.com 18:00 20:00
,
:
1.

,
.
" , ,
".

2.

, ,
.

3.

,
.
00-11-22-33-44-AA.

4.

Host_1

MAC-

,
. Target_1
www.google.com.

5.

,
. Schedule_1,
. ., 1800 2000.

6.

,
, :
" " . , .
: Rule_1.
"" Host_1.

- 76 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

"" Target_1.
"" Schedule_1.
"" "".
""
" "
:

4.11.2
- ,
, . 4-54.
.

. 4-54

- , .

- . IP MAC-.

- .

, :
1.

2.

IP- MAC-.

IP- , . 4-55.
1) (, _1).
2) IP- IP-.

MAC- , . 4-56.

- 77 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

1) (, _1).
2) MAC- MAC-.
3.

, .

, .
, .
, .

. 4-55

. 4-56

, - MAC-
00-11-22-33-44-AA. :
1.

(. . 4-54),
.

2.

MAC-.

3.

(, _2).

4.

MAC- 00-11-22-33-44-AA.

5.

, .

, , .
- 78 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

4.11.3
- , ,
. 4-57. .

. 4-57

IP-, .

, :
1.

2.

IP- .

IP- , . 4-58.
1) (,
_1).
2) IP- IP- .
3)
, , .
,
.
4) TCP, UDP, ICMP .

,
. 4-59.
1) (,
_1).
- 79 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

2) ,
(, google).
(www.google.com, www.google.hk)
.
3.

, .
, .
, .

. 4-58

- 80 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-59

N
300 /

: MAC-
00-11-22-33-44-AA www.google.com,
:
1.

,
, . 4-57.

2.

3.

(, _1).

4.

www.google.com.

5.

, .

, , .

4.11.4
,
, . 4-60.
.

- 81 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-60

N
300 /

, .

() .

- .

, :
1. . (. . 4-60).
(. . 4-61).
2. - . ,
. , Schedule_1.
3. (),
.
4. - 24
/.
5. , .
, .
, , ,
.

- 82 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-61

N
300 /

: MAC- 00-11-22-33-44-AA
www.google.com 18:00 20:00 .
:
1.

, "
" (. 4-60).

2.

" " . ,
Schedule_1.

3.

"" " " .

4.

"" "" "" 1800 2000.

5.

, .

, , .

4.12

. 4-62
- 83 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

(. 4-62)
,
.

4.12.1

, ,
. 4-63. ,
.

. 4-63

:
1.

. . 4-63, ,
. 4-64.

. 4-64

2.

.
IP- - IP- ,
.
- 84 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

- IP-
, - .

- IP- ,
,
/.
3.

4.

, .

, .
, .
, .
, .
, .
, .

4.12.2
,
.
IP- , , .

IP- - IP- - IP- ,


.

- , IP-
, - .

- IP- ,
/.

- 85 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

- IP- - LAN
WLAN WAN.

4.13

. 4-65

(.

4-65).

.
.

4.13.1
,
.
100000 /. ,
-
.

. 4-66

,
.

. ,
, -.

- 86 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

-
WAN.

-
WAN.

4.13.2
- ,
, .

. 4-67

- ,
.

-
WAN, 0.

-
WAN, 0.

- ; , .

-
.

:
1: (. . 4-67). ,
. 4-68.
2: .

- 87 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-68

3: .

4.14 IP- MAC-

. 4-69 IP- MAC-

IP- MAC- (. . 4-69)


ARP.
, .
.

4.14.1
,
(. . 4-70).

- 88 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-70

MAC- - MAC- .

IP- - IP- .

- ARP
.

- .

IP- MAC-,
. ,
. 4-71, IP-
MAC-.

. 4-71 IP- MAC-


IP- MAC-, :

1.

(. . 4-70).

2.

MAC- IP-.

3.

.
- 89 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
4.

, .

,
:
1.

2.

, , .

:
1.

, . 4-70.

2.

MAC IP-.

3.

, . 4-72.

. 4-72 IP- MAC-

, .
, .

4.14.2 ARP

, MAC- IP- ARP.
ARP. ARP.
IP- MAC- (. . 4-73).

. 4-73

ARP
- 90 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

MAC- MAC- .

IP- - IP- .

- MAC- IP-.

-
.

- .

- .

- , ,
ARP .
- .
, .

:
, IP- .
. " "
,
.

4.15 DNS
DNS .
(DDNS),
, FTP-
( ) .

,
IP-.

www.comexe.cn,

www.dyndns.org

www.no-ip.com.

DDNS,

- .

4.15.1 Comexe.cn DDNS


DDNS www.comexe.cn,
, . 4-74.

- 91 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-74 Comexe.cn DDNS

DDNS :
1.

,
-.

2.

3.

4.

- DDNS.
, .

4.15.2 Dyndns.org DDNS


DDNS www.dyndns.org,
. 4-75.

- 92 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-75

N
300 /

Dyndns.org DDNS

DDNS :
1.

2.

3.

, DDNS.

4.

- DDNS.
, .

4.15.3 No-ip.com DDNS


DDNS www.no-ip.com,
. 4-76.

- 93 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-76 No-ip.com DDNS

DDNS :
1.

2.

3.

, DDNS.

4.

, .

- DDNS.
, .

- 94 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

4.16

. 4-77

,
, , ,
, , , .
.
.

4.16.1
,
, .

- 95 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-78

N
300 /

//.

//.

NTP- 1/NTP- 2 NTP- 1


NTP- 2, NTP-.
, NTP-
.

, . ,
, .

, . ,
, .

,
.

:
1.

2.

//.
- 96 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

3.

//.

4.

:
1.

2.

NTP- 1 NTP- 2.

3.

,
.

:
1.

2.

3.

4.

, .

:
1.

,
, . ,
. ,
.

2.

3.

4.

4.16.2
, Ping
(. ).

- 97 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-79

Ping - ,
.

:
Ping/ IP-
. Ping/
IP- , ,
. ,
, , ,
DNS- (Domain Name System ).
- 98 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

IP-/ - IP- ,
( http://www.tp-link.com).

Ping -.

Ping- .

Ping -.
, .

Max TTL (
TTL) .

, .
.
, ,
.

. 4-80

:

. " Ping", " Ping-" " Ping"
Ping, ". TTL"
.

4.16.3
,
(. ).

- 99 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-81

- . ,
, .

,
:
1.


(http://www.tp-link.com).

2. , , ,
.
3. .

:
1) http://www.tp-link.com, .
,
.
, ,
.
2) .
, ,
.
3) Reset.
.
4) .

- 100 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

4.16.4

(. ):

. 4-82

: admin

: admin

IP- : 192.168.0.1

: 255.255.255.0

4.16.5
,
, .
4-83.

. 4-83

,
.

- 101 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

:
.
20 , .
.

4.16.6

(. ).

. 4-84

,
:

IP- LAN ( ).

DHCP.

-.

(
).


( ).

(
).

- 102 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

4.16.7

, . 4-85.

. 4-85

. -
.

:
14 .
.
.
, .
, .

4.16.8
,
.

- 103 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. 4-86

N
300 /

-
.

-
, , ,
(. 4-87).

- 104 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. 4-87

- , .

, .

SMTP- SMTP-. ,
. ,
.

- SMTP- ,
.

:

.

, . ,
@, .


.
,
.
, . 4-86.
- 105 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

, .
, .

-
.

- .

- .

.
,
" ".

, ,
, .

4.16.9
,
,
.

. 4-88

.
"". "".
, DoS- ""
.

10.
5 60 .
- 106 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

.
, .
, .
, .
:
IP-/MAC-

IP- MAC- .

, .

, .

,
.

.
ICMP- WAN,

ICMP Tx

.
" /

".

UDP- WAN-,
UDP Tx

.
" /
".
TCP SYN - WAN-,

TCP SYN

Tx

" /
".

5 . ,
. ,
.

- 107 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

:
1.

, ADSL
?
1)

, ADSL- RFC1483.

2)

Ethernet ADSL- WAN .


ADSL-.

3)

,
WAN. WAN WAN
PPPoE.
. .

. A-1 PPPoE
4)

ADSL- ,
.
.
.

. A-2 PPPoE

- 108 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

:
1)

,
, ..
.

2)

,
.

2.

, Ethernet
?
1)

,
WAN. WAN WAN
IP-. .

2)

- MAC-
, DSL/ .
- MAC-,
.
MAC-. MAC-
,
MAC-, MAC- WAN.

MAC-
WAN.

MAC-
XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX. .
.

. A-3 MAC-
3.

NetMeeting. ?
1)

NetMeeting ,
- .

2)

,
DMZ, , H323 ALG .

3)

: ,

. ...

11130, IP-, , 192.168.0.198.
.
- 109 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. A-4

N
300 /

. A-5

:
,
WAN IP- , .
4)

DMZ, ,
DMZ.
DMZ IP- IP- DMZ
, , 192.168.0.168. .

. A-6 DMZ
5)

, H323 ALG: ,
- 110 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

, ,
.
H323 ALG. .

. A-7
4.

, -?
1)

80 - 80 -
,
-.

2)

-: ,
, ,
" ".
- 80, 88.
.

- 111 -

N
300 /

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

. A-8

:
, 192.168.0.1:88 (LAN
IP- : -) .
3)

,

80. IP- IP-, , 192.168.0.188.
, .

. A-9

. A-10

- 112 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND
5.

N
300 /

.
1)

,
.

2)

, SSID SSID
.

3)

,
, .

4)

,
, IP- .

- 113 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

B:
TCP/IP
Windows XP. , , Ethernet ,
.
1.

TCP/IP
1)

Windows ,
.

2)

,
.

3)

. B-1

4)


(TCP/IP).

- 114 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. B-2

5)

TCP/IP, IP-.

TCP/IP:
IP-
IP- DNS- ,
:

- 115 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

. B-3

:
Windows 98 Windows,
.

- 116 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

C:

IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u, IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g and IEEE
802.11n

TCP/IP, PPPoE, DHCP, ICMP, NAT, SNTP

1 WAN 10/100/1000 /
RJ45, 4 LAN 10/100 /
RJ45 MDI/MDIX
10BASE-T: . 3, 4, 5 (.
100 )
EIA/TIA-568 100 STP (. 100 )

100BASE-TX: . 5, 5e (.
100 )
EIA/TIA-568 100 STP (.
100 )

Power, System, WLAN, WAN, LAN (1-4), WPS

FCC, CE

2,4~2,4835

11n 300 / ( )
11g54/48/36/24/18/12/9/6 / (
)
11b
11/5,5/2/1 / ( )

DSSS (
)

DBPSK, DQPSK, CCK, OFDM, 16-QAM, 64-QAM

WEP/WPA/WPA2/WPA2-PSK/WPA-PSK

270 /: -68 @10% PER;


130 /: -68 @10% PER;
108 /: -68 @10% PER;
54 /: -68 @10% PER;
11 /: -85 @8% PER;
6 /: -88 @10% PER;
1 /: -90 @8% PER;
- 117 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

: 0~40 (32~104)
: -40~70(-40~158)

10%~90%,

: 5%~90%,

- 118 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

D:

802.11n 802.11n 802.11


MIMO ( /),
,

,
, Alamouti. EWC
IEEE 802.11n

.

802.11b 802.11b
11 /, DSSS,
2,4 WEP.
802.11b Wi-Fi.

802.11g
54 /, DSSS, OFDM
2,4 .
IEEE 802.11b. WEP.

DDNS (Dynamic Domain Name System )

Internet IP-.

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol


) , TCP/IP
, DHCP-.

DMZ (Demilitarized Zone )



, - .

DNS (Domain Name System ) ,


IP-..

DSL (Digital Subscriber Line ) ,


,
.

ISP (Internet Service Provider -) ,

- 119 -

TL-WR841N/TL-WR841ND

N
300 /

MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit )


, .

NAT (Network Address Translation )


NAT IP- IP- .

PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet Ethernet


-) - PPPoE
,
dial-up.

SSID SSID , 32 ()
,
. ,
SSID.
. ESSID
.

WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy )


64-, 128- 152- ,
IEEE 802.11.

Wi-Fi 802.11b
, Ethernet Compatibility Alliance (WECA,
. http://www.wi-fi.net), ,
802.11b.

WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) -


,
.

- 120 -