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# Thapar University, Patiala

## Electric Drives (UEE 801)

Session: July-Dec 2016
Tutorial Sheet No. 01
Q1. An electric motor has a moment of inertia of 0.4 kg-m2 and develops a torque of 30 N-m. It is driving a directly coupled load
having moment of inertia of 1.2 kg-m2. The torque lost in friction and windage is 8%. Find the equivalent moment of inertia and
Q2. An electric motor is running at 1440 rpm and has a moment of inertia of 0.5 kg-m2. It is driving a gear driven load having
moment of inertia of 12 kg-m2. The gear speed reduction ratio is 0.1. Load torque is 40 N-m. Find the equivalent moment of
inertia at motor shaft, torque and power developed by the motor.
Q3. An electric motor is operating at 1000 rpm. It is driving a rotational load having moment of inertia of 0.6 kg-m2 directly
coupled to its shaft. The torque of this load is 30 N-m and moment of inertia of motor is 0.2 kg-m2. In addition the motor is
driving another rotational load through a gear having speed reduction ratio of 0.2. The moment of inertia and torque of the gear
driven load are 100 kg-m2 and 60 N-m. Find the equivalent moment of inertia and torque as referred to the motor shaft. Neglect
losses.
Q4. A motor drives two loads. One is gear driven and the second is belt driven. The data is given below as follows:
Moment of inertia of motor

0.4 kg-m2

10 kg-m2

0.1

20 N-m

10 cm

20 cm

2 kg-m2

## Torque of belt driven load

5 N-m

Find the equivalent moment of inertia and torque as referred to the motor shaft.
Q5. An electric motor drives four loads; two of them have rotational motion while the two have translational motion whose
particulars are given in Table below. The moment of inertia of the motor is 1.2 kg-m2 and the motor runs at a speed of 1000 rpm.
Calculate the equivalent moment of inertia of the entire drive system referred to the motor shaft and the power rating of the
motor.

Type of Motion

Speed

Inertia/Mass

Torque/Force

Rotational

200 rpm

7 kg-m2

10 N-m

Gear/Transmission
Efficiency
90%

II

Rotational

200 rpm

5 kg-m2

6 N-m

85%

III

Translational

10 m/s

10 kg

20 N

87%

IV

Translational

10 m/s

20 kg

30 N

88%

## Thapar University, Patiala

Electric Drives (UEE 801)
Session: July-Dec 2016
Tutorial Sheet No. 02
Q1. An electric motor has a rotational load directly connected to its shaft. The torque-speed
characteristics of motor and load are:

Find the operating speed and check if the system has steady state stability.
Q2. A motor and load has the following characteristics:

Find the stable operating speed. Check steady state stability of the drive.
Q3. An electric motor has a directly coupled load. Torque-speed characteristics of motor and load
are as follows:

## Find the operating speed and discuss steady state stability.

Q4. A motor operating with suitable control scheme develops a torque given by TM am b. The
motor drives a load which has a torque-speed characteristics given by TL cm2 . Find the
equilibrium speeds. What relation exists so that the drive has two positive real speeds? Under what
condition, will the operating point be stable?
Q5. A motor operating with suitable control scheme develops a torque given by TM am b. The
motor drives a load which has a torque-speed characteristics given by TL cm2 d . Find the
equilibrium speeds. What relation exists so that the drive has two positive real speeds? Under what
condition, will the operating point be stable?

## Thapar University, Patiala

Electric Drives (UEE 801)
Session: July-Dec 2016
Tutorial Sheet No. 03
Q1. A 6 pole 50 Hz 3-phase induction motor has a moment of inertia of 9.5 kg-m2 and rated torque
equal to 550 N-m. Slip at rated torque is 5%. The maximum torque which the motor can supply is
720 N-m. This motor is used to supply a load having torque requirement of 1020 N-m for 12
seconds followed by light torque requirement of 220 N-m for a long period. Assume linear speedtorque characteristics of motor. Find the moment of inertia of flywheel for load equalization. Noload slip of motor is 3%.
Q2. The temperature rise of an electric motor after operating for 30 minutes on full load is 20C.
After another 30 minutes on the same load, the temperature rise becomes 30C. Find the final
temperature rise and the time constant.
Q3. The temperature of an electric motor is 54C after one hour of full load operation and 67C after
two hours of full load operation. When disconnected after a long period of running the temperature
falls to 40C in 2.7 hours. Find the final steady state temperature, heating and cooling time
constants. Assume ambient temperature equal to 30C.
Q4. An electric motor has a heating time constant of 110 minutes when operated on full load. After
switching off the mains the cooling time constant is 150 minutes. The motor is loaded fully and run
for 30 minutes. Then it is switched off for 45 minutes. This cycle of operation is repeated for a very
long time. Find the maximum temperature rise of the motor. Assume that final temperature rise on
full load operation for a long time is 50C.
Q5. The temperature rise curve of an electric motor was plotted during full load operation of motor.
When temperature was 20C the rate of temperature rise was 0.08C per minute. When
temperature rise was 28C, the rate of temperature rise was found to be 0.06C per minute. Find
the final temperature rise and the heating time constant.

## Thapar University, Patiala

Electric Drives (UEE 801)
Session: July-Dec 2016
Tutorial Sheet No. 04
Q1. A dc motor has a heating time constant of 100 min. Its full load continuous rating is 100
kW. Find its short time rating for running time of 20 min. Ratio of constant to copper loss
for 100 kW rating is 0.9.
Q2. A motor has short time rating of 50 kW. Heating time constant is 90 min. Maximum
efficiency of the motor occurs at 80 % of the full load. The motor has a running time of 25
min. Find the continuous rating of the motor.
Q3. Find the half hour rating of 25 kW motor having a heating time constant of 1.5 hour.
Assume that the motor cools down completely between each load period.
Q4. The 20 minute rating of motor used in a domestic mixer is 300 W. The maximum
efficiency of the motor occurs at 80 % of full load and the heating time constant is 60 min.
Obtain the continuous rating of the motor.
Q5. A dc motor has a heating time constant of 80 minutes and a cooling time constant of
110 minutes. Its continuous full load rating is 50 kW and maximum temperature rise for
continuous full load operation is 50C. FindI.

Short time rating of motor if it is run for 15 min followed by a long duration
of shutdown.

II.

## Intermittent periodic duty rating of 15 min operation followed by 20 min of

shutdown.

Q6. Find the overloading factor for short periods of a motor having a heating time constant
of 60 minutes and the temperature on continuous operation is 45C. Take a short period as
10 minutes.

## Thapar University, Patiala

Electric Drives (UEE 801)
Session: July-Dec 2016
Tutorial Sheet No. 05
Q1. The motor operates continuously based on the following duty cycle.

## 50hp for 20 seconds

100hp for 20 seconds
150hp for 10 seconds
120hp for 20 seconds
Idle for 15 seconds.

## Find the proper size of the motor.

Q2. A drive consisting of semiconductor fed dc motor runs according to the following periodic duty
cycle:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

## Acceleration from standstill to 1000 rpm in 10 sec at uniform acceleration

Running at 1000 rpm and 800 N-m torque for 8 sec
Braking from 1000 rpm to standstill in 10 sec at uniform deceleration
Remains idle for 20 sec.

Determine the torque and power ratings of the machine. Assume forced cooling and constant field
current. J=100 kg-m2.
Q3. A constant speed motor has the following duty cycle:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

## Load rising linearly from 0 to 500 kW in 4 min

Uniform load of 400 kW for 2 min
Regenerative power returned to supply reducing linearly from 400 kW to 0 in 3 min
Remains idle for 4 min

Determine the power rating of the motor assuming loss to be proportional to square of power.
Q4. A rolling mill driven by thyristor converter-fed dc motor operates on a speed reversing duty cycle.
Motor field current is maintained constant at the rated value. Moment of inertia referred to the motor
shaft is 10,000 kg-m2. Duty cycle consists of the following intervals:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.
viii.

Rolling at full speed (200 rpm) and at a constant torque of 25,000 N-m for 10 sec.
Speed reversal from 200 to -200 rpm in 5 sec.
No load operation for 1 sec at full speed.
Rolling at full speed and at a torque of 20,000 N-m for 15 sec.
No load operation at full speed for 1 sec.
Speed reversal from -200 to 200 rpm in 5 sec.
No load operation at full speed for 1 sec.

## Thapar University, Patiala

Electric Drives (UEE 801)
Session: July-Dec 2016
Tutorial Sheet No. 06

Q1. A 600V dc shunt motor has armature and field resistances of 1.5 and 600 respectively. When
the motor runs unloaded, the line current is 3A and the speed is 1000 rpm. Calculate the developed
torque at a full load armature current of 50A.
Q2. A separately excited dc motor has the following parameters and ratings:
K=3 V-s,

Ra=2,

Vt=600V,

## a. Calculate the armature current at full load torque.

b. Calculate the starting current. Show how you can reduce the starting current by 80%.

Q3. A dc series motor has an armature current of 10A at full load. The motor terminal voltage is
300V. The armature and field resistances are 2 and 3 respectively. The motor speed at full load
is 250 rpm. Calculate the starting torque of the motor.
Q4. For a 20% increase in armature voltage, calculate the percentage change in no load speed of a
separately excited dc motor. Repeat the calculations for 20% reduction in field flux.
Q5. A 220V dc series motor driving a constant load torque runs at 200 rad/sec and draws a current
of 20A from the supply. The total resistance of the armature and the field is 1. The moment of
inertia of the motor together with the load is 5 kg-m2. Calculate the total energy dissipated in the
armature circuit if the motor starts from rest and attains a steady speed of 200 rad/sec within a
time period of 2.5 sec.

## Thapar University, Patiala

Electric Drives (UEE 801)
Session: July-Dec 2016
Tutorial Sheet No. 07
Q1. A 200V, 875 rpm, 150A separately excited dc motor has an armature resistance of 0.06. It is
fed from a single phase fully-controlled rectifier with an ac source voltage of 220V, 50Hz. Assume
continuous conduction, calculate
(i)
(ii)

## Firing angle for rated motor torque and 750 rpm

Firing angle for rated motor torque and (-500) rpm

(iii)

## Motor speed for 60 and rated torque.

Q2. A 220V, 1500 rpm, 10A separately-excited dc motor has an armature resistance of 1 ohm. It is
fed from a single phase fully controlled bridge rectifier with an ac source voltage of 230V, 50 Hz.
Assuming continuous load current. Compute (i) Motor speed at the firing angle of 300 and torque
of 5 Nm. (ii) developed torque at the firing angle of 450 and speed of 1000 rpm
Q3. A 220V, 1500 rpm, 50A separately excited dc motor with an armature resistance of 0.5, is fed
from a 3-phase fully-controlled rectifier. Available ac source has a line voltage of 440V, 50 Hz. A
star-delta connected transformer is used to feed the armature so that motor terminal voltage equals
rated voltage when converter firing angle is zero. Calculate
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

## Transformer turns ratio

Firing angle when the motor is running at 1200 rpm and rated torque.
Firing angle when the motor is running at -800 rpm and twice the rated torque.

Q4. Motor of Q3 is fed from a circulating current dual converter with ac source voltage (line) =
165V. Determine the converter firing angles for the following operating points:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

## Motoring operation at rated torque and 1000 rpm

Braking operation at rated torque and 1000 rpm
Motoring operation at rated torque and -1000 rpm
Braking operation at rated torque and -1000 rpm.

Q5. A 230V, 1050 rpm, 200A separately excited dc motor drive has an armature resistance of 0.025
is fed from a chopper, which provides both motoring and braking operations. The source has a
voltage of 230 V. Find the duty ratio of the chopper for motoring and braking operation at rated
torque of 350 rpm assuming continuous conduction. If the maximum duty ratio is limited to 0.95
and the maximum permissible motor current is limited to twice the rated current, find the
maximum permissible motor speed and the power fed to the source.