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. . , . . , . .

1961

..................................................................................................11

....................................................................................................11
..................................................................................................14
.............................................................................................................14
......................................14
.................................................................14

...............................................................................................14
...................................................................................................15
.......................................................16
I..................................................................................................................17
[i:, , m, ; b, f, v, t, d, n, l]......................................17
b, d, f, l, m, n, p, t, v..................................20
. (I II
).................................................................................................20
II.................................................................................................................24
[, a] [s, z, w]..........................................................24
. s, z, i, ..........................................................26
...27
...................................................................................27
III................................................................................................................29
[, , , , ]...........................................................29
[pl]........................................................................................30
. ai, ay, ...................30
.............................................................................................31
............................................31
..............31
.......................................................................32
IV...............................................................................................................35
[k, , , , , ] kl.....................35
. , k, g, j, h, ck, ch, tch, th..36
..................................................................................38
1

V.................................................................................................................41
[:, h, j, r, ].............................................................41
. h, , r, x; +r,
r+, ng, nk.........................................................................................43
VI...............................................................................................................47
[u:, :, , u, u] [s] [z]
[] [].............................................................................................47
.......................................................................49
. .............................50
................................................................................51
. .............................................................52
VII..............................................................................................................55
[], [au], [u]...........................................................55
[t], [d], [n], [l] [], []....................................55
[r] ..............................56
. u, w, oi, , ow, ou...................56
I II .........................57
[r]........................................................................................58
....................................................................59
. -er, -or.........................................................59
VIII.............................................................................................................63
[:].............................................................................63
. , i, , u III ; wa, wh, ar..63
III ( + r).........64
IX...............................................................................................................68
[], [], [u], [a], [au] [w:]
.........................................................................................................................68
............................................................68
. IV , , i, , , u...............................69
IV ( + r + ).69
X.................................................................................................................74
[t] [k] [w]......................................................74
[] ..............................................................................74
. q, w al, ew, igh, ng.........74
..................................................................80
.............................................82

..............................................................................................82
........................82
, ......................................................83
................................................83
.....................................83

...............................................................................................84
LESSON ONE (THE FIRST LESSON).............................................................84
2

Text: WE STUDY FOREIGN LANGUAGES................................................84


. C: -ion, -ly.......................................................87
LESSON TWO (THE SECOND LESSON).......................................................92
Text: WE STUDY FOREIGN LANGUAGES (continued)............................92
. -ent................................................................94
. kn u l r
.........................................................................................................................95
LESSON THREE (THE THIRD LESSON).....................................................101
Text: THE WORKING DAY OF AN ENGINEER.......................................101
100 C : -teen, -ty,
-th...................................................................................................................105
, ..........................................................107
,
ear.....................................................................................107
LESSON FOUR (THE FOURTH LESSON)....................................................114
Text: THE WORKING DAY OF AN ENGINEER.......................................114
. st, sk............................................115
LESSON FIVE (THE FIFTH LESSON)..........................................................120
Text: MY FRIENDS LAST WEEK-END....................................................120
. -al.................................................................126
. d, t, th....................................126
LESSON SIX (THE SIXTH LESSON)............................................................135
Text: MY FRIENDS FAMILY.....................................................................135
. -ist................................................................137
. ld, nd th, , , v
.......................................................................................................................138
LESSON SEVEN (THE SEVENTH LESSON)...............................................149
Text: MY SISTERS FLAT...........................................................................149
. -ure, -able..................................................152
. cei, ower, ph.........................................152
LESSON EIGHT (THE EIGHTH LESSON)....................................................161
Text: AT THE LIBRARY.............................................................................161
. -hood, -....................................................165
. ....................165
..................................165
LESSON NINE (THE NINTH LESSON)........................................................172
Text: A TELEPHONE TALK.......................................................................172
.
r.....................................................................................................................176
LESSON TEN (THE TENTH LESSON)..........................................................184
Text: A LETTER TO A FRIEND..................................................................184
. -ing...............................................................191
LESSON ELEVEN (THE ELEVENTH LESSON)..........................................197
Text: MY GRANDFATHER IN MOSCOW.................................................197
. -ive, -ful, -age............................................201
3

LESSON TWELVE (THE TWELFTH LESSON)............................................209


Text: AT DINNER-TIME (Meals)................................................................209
..................................................................................215
LESSON THIRTEEN (THE THIRTEENTH LESSON)...................................223
Text: THEY ARE LEAVING MOSCOW.....................................................223
. oa..........................................................229
. -ent, -less...................................................229
LESSON FOURTEEN (THE FOURTEENTH LESSON)................................239
Text: A SEA STORY.....................................................................................239
LESSON FIFTEEN (THE FIFTEENTH LESSON).........................................252
Text: DREAMS AND REALITY.................................................................252
LESSON SIXTEEN (THE SIXTEENTH LESSON)........................................265
Text: FROM VERKHOYANSK TO SOCHI................................................265
. -ment, un-, in-, im-, il-, ir-.........270
LESSON SEVENTEEN (THE SEVENTEENTH LESSON)...........................280
Text: SUI MEI TRAVELS ABOUT THE SOVIET UNION........................280
.........................................................285
. -ese, -ic, -ous, -ship...................................286
LESSON EIGHTEEN (THE EIGHTEENTH LESSON)..................................294
Text: THE CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH OF DICKENS.............................294
. -ance.............................................................299
LESSON NINETEEN (THE NINETEENTH LESSON)..................................308
Text: TANYA, THE REVOLUTIONARY....................................................308
LESSON TWENTY (THE TWENTIETH LESSON).......................................321
Text: ALEXEY LAVROVS STORY...........................................................321
LESSON TWENTY-ONE (THE TWENTY-FIRST LESSON)........................334
Text: ALEXEY LAVROVS STORY (continued)........................................334
100...........................................................................................340
. -ness.............................................................341
. g u..................................................341
LESSON TWENTY-TWO (THE TWENTY-SECOND LESSON)..................351
Text: RED HAND LINE (A legend).............................................................351
. aw.........................................................353
LESSON TWENTY-THREE (THE TWENTY-THIRD LESSON)..................362
Text: THE WEDDING PRESENT................................................................362
. -dom, -nce...............................................366
.....................................................366
LESSON TWENTY-FOUR (THE TWENTY-FOURTH LESSON).................375
Text: THE WEDDING PRESENT (Continued)...........................................375
LESSON TWENTY-FIVE (THE TWENTY-FIFTH LESSON).......................392
Text: AN EPISODE FROM THE LIFE OF A RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONARY
.......................................................................................................................392
LESSON TWENTY-SIX (THE TWENTY-SIXTH LESSON).........................413
Text: A SOVIET PILOT................................................................................413
. alm...........................................418

. mis-...............................................................418
LESSON TWENTY-SEVEN (THE TWENTY-SEVENTH LESSON)............430
Text: A YELLOW STORK (A Chinese Tale)................................................430
. over-.............................................................436
LESSON TWENTY-EIGHT (THE TWENTY-EIGHTH LESSON)................448
Text: A NEW TALENT ON THE STAGE....................................................448
LESSON TWENTY-NINE (THE TWENTY-NINTH LESSON).....................464
Text: POST HASTE1 (after Colin Howard)..................................................464
. ,
..............................................................................................................472
LESSON THIRTY (THE THIRTIETH LESSON)............................................481
Text: Mr. WINKLE ON THE ICE (after Charles Dickens The Pickwick
Papers)..........................................................................................................481
. -ant, -ent, -en.............................................488
.....502
I..............................................................................................................502
1. ..............................................................502
2.
.........................................................................................502
II.............................................................................................................503
3. ...................................................503
4. . (
) ...................................................504
5. ......................................................................504
III...........................................................................................................505
6. ( ) .............505
7. to be = 3- .......................505
8. . ...........................................................505
9. it.....................................................................................507
10. . ...............................508
IV...........................................................................................................510
11. ......................................................................510
12. this, that................................................511
P V.............................................................................................................511
13. ..........................................................511
14. ...................................................512
15. ,
..................513
VI...........................................................................................................513
16. to be.
.......................................................................................................................513
17. ..................................................................513
18. ....................................................................514
VII..........................................................................................................514
19. ...............................514
20. to be ...............................515
21. .........................................................517
5

VIII.........................................................................................................519
22. ........................519
23. .......................................................................519
X.............................................................................................................520
24.
of....................................................................................................................520
25. ..........................................................521
. .522
1.............................................................................................................522
26. . 522
27. Indefinite (The Present Indefinite
Tense Form)...................................................................................................522
28. ..................................................524
2.............................................................................................................524
29. 3- .
Indefinite..........................................................................................524
30. ........................................................525
31. ......................................................................525
3.............................................................................................................525
32. ........................................................525
33. , .....526
34. Much , little .......................................................................527
35. ...................................................................................527
36. ,
.................................................529
4.............................................................................................................529
37. ...................................................................529
38. (Regular and Irregular Verbs).
.......................................................................................................................529
39. Indefinite (The Past Indefinite
Tense Form)...................................................................................................529
5.............................................................................................................531
40. Indefinite to be..........................531
41. . .............532
42. , ...............533
6.............................................................................................................534
43. Indefinite (The Future Indefinite
Tense Form)...................................................................................................534
44. to have () ,
Indefinite...........................................................................535
45. .........................................538
7.............................................................................................................538
46. there is, there are.....................................................................538
8.............................................................................................................541
47. some [sm] any [en]..................541
48. of one of some of......................542
6

49. ,
..........................................................543
9.............................................................................................................543
50. can [kn], may [me], must [mst].....................543
51. .................................546
52. - ..................................547
53. ..........548
10...........................................................................................................548
54. ...................................................548
11............................................................................................................549
55. ,
.......................................................................549
12...........................................................................................................550
56. , 1- 3-
, let......................................................................550
57.
...............................550
58. a little, a few......................................................................550
59.
............................................................................................551
60. to speak, to talk, to say, to tell...............................................552
13...........................................................................................................554
61. I (Participle I)..................................................554
62. Continuous (, )...........555
63. ()
................................................................................................557
14...........................................................................................................558
64. Continuous [kntnjus] (The Past
Continuous Tense Form)...............................................................................558
65. Continuous (The Future Continuous Tense
Form).............................................................................................................559
66. such , ............................559
67. ..............................................560
15...........................................................................................................561
68. .................................................561
69. ....................................................................563
70. .....................................564
16...........................................................................................................564
71. ..............................................................564
72. as ... as, not so ... as...........................565
73. It is difficult (for me) to understand..566
74. ................................................566
75. -.............................................................................567
17...........................................................................................................568
76. ...........................568
77. ........................................................569
78. one....................................................570
7

18...........................................................................................................570
79. , some, any, , every.
.......................................................................................................................570
19...........................................................................................................573
80. be able [ebl] to ..., to have to ...
must......................................................................................573
20...........................................................................................................574
81. II (Participle II)...............................................574
82. Perfect (The Present Perfect Tense Form).575
21...........................................................................................................579
83. ..............................................................579
23...........................................................................................................580
84. Perfect (the Past Perfect Tense Form).....580
85. Perfect (the Future Perfect Tense Form)......582
24...........................................................................................................583
86. .

.......................................................................583
87.
...............................................................................................585
88. (The Future in the Past Tense Form)............587
25...........................................................................................................588
89. , if
whether...................................................................................................588
90. ..................................................................589
91. to stop, to finish, to continue,
to begin, to go on, to mind.............................................................................591
92. : to want ,
to expect , should (would) like
..................................................................................................593
26...........................................................................................................594
93. Indefinite ...........................594
94. .....598
27...........................................................................................................599
95. I
.............................................................................599
96. ..................................................................600
97. to be
...................................602
98. to ..............604
28...........................................................................................................604
99. (Disjunctive Questions)...............................604
100. neither ... nor [na ... n].....................................................605
101. either ... or [a ... :]..............................................................606
102. both ... and [bou ... nd]........................................................606
103.
so shall I, neither did he................................................................................607

29...........................................................................................................607
104. neednt [ni:dnt]...................................................607
30...........................................................................................................608
105. Perfect ............................608
.........................................................................................................609

.........................................................................................................609
................................................................................609
...................................................................................609

, ......................................610
.................................................................................613
, .....................................613
, .....................................613
.....................................................................615
. (Studies. Library)................615
(Working day)........................................................................617
. (Family. Biography)......................................................618
. . . (Day off. Holiday. Excursion)
.......................................................................................................................619
(Flat)..............................................................................................620
(Canteen).......................................................................................621
(Our capital).........................................................................622
(Time and seasons)..................................................623
(Business trip)......................................................................624
(The map of the world).............................................................625
(Shopping).................................................................................626
. (Guests. Holidays).....................................................627
(Theatre)..............................................................................................628
(Post Office).......................................................................................629
(Sport)................................................................................................630
(The great patriotic war)............................631
- .............................................632
A........................................................................................................................632
........................................................................................................................634
........................................................................................................................636
D........................................................................................................................638
.........................................................................................................................639
F.........................................................................................................................640
G........................................................................................................................642
H........................................................................................................................643
I..........................................................................................................................645
J..........................................................................................................................645
K........................................................................................................................646
L.........................................................................................................................646

M........................................................................................................................647
N........................................................................................................................649
........................................................................................................................650
P.........................................................................................................................651
Q........................................................................................................................653
R........................................................................................................................653
S.........................................................................................................................654
T.........................................................................................................................658
U........................................................................................................................660
V........................................................................................................................661
W.......................................................................................................................661
Y........................................................................................................................662

10



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2.
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18

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.

t, d, n, l, i:
ni:
di:
li:
ti:

m, b, p, f, v
mi:
bi:
pi:
fi:
vi:

e
ten
ted
pen
bed

l
li:p pi:l
let tel

19

t d, f v
net ned
bet bed
fi:l vi:1
li:f li:v

p, t
pi:
ti:
pen
ten


b, d, f, l, m, n, p, t, v.
1. B, b

D, d

F, f

L, l

M, m

N, n

P, p

T, t

V, v

[bi:]2
[di:]
[ef]
[el]
[em]
[en]
[pi:]
[ti:]
[vi:]

[b]

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[l]

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tell [tel] , .
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(I II )

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me [mi:] ,

be [bi:]

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Pete [pi:t]3 ()
II .
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[], :
ten [ten]

pen [pen]

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meddle [medl]
2 .
3 - ,
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20

3. , .
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I
[i:]

Pete
, me

be

\
II
[]
ten
pen
bed

4. [i: i:].
[i:], .. , I
, :
meet [mi:t] .

[i:]
[e]
1. dee deed deep 2. ten pen
be been beef
den men
me meed meet
Ted bed
fee feed feet
net vent

[1]
3. let tell
led bell
leep peel

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1. Meet Ted.
2. Meet me.

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22

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,
[].
2.
[m]
, [m].
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,
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[d].
Meet Ted
Meet Pete

I
Tell Pete
Tell Ben

Meet me
Tell me


meet [mi:t]
pen [pen]
tell [tel] ,
bed [bed]
be[bi:]
me [mi:, mi, mi]4 ,
ten [ten]

Pete [pi:t]
Ben [ben]
Ted [ted]

I. , ,
, .
bee, dene, bet, dent, beet
end, men, bede, peep, dell
bent, den, mete.
II. .
[mi:t, tel, ben, mi:, ten, bed, bi:, pi:t].
III. I [i:].
IV. .
4 , ,
[i:] [i] [i].
23

meet, tell, bed, Ned, feet, pen, Pete.


V.

, .
Pete, Ben, meet, tell, be, ten, feet, tent, bed, bede.

24

II
: [], [a], [s], [z], [w]5
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25

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[w]

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[w]

dp
t p
bt
t

a
mat ma
tam ta
fav fa

sz
set zed
pens penz
si:s si:z
si:ts si:dz

26

w
wi:
wi:l
wt
wa

. s, z, i,
1. S, s [es].
1) s [s]:
) , :
sit [st]
send [send]
) , :
test [test] ,
) , :
lists [lists]
) ss, :
Bess [bes] ( )
2) s , [z]:
) , :
pens [penz]
bees [bi:z]
) , :
visit [vzt] ,
2. Z, z [zed] [z], :
size [saz]
3. I, i Y, :
I, i; Y,

(, )

/
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[a]
life
tie6
my
type

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4. tin in
pit it
in it

[i:] []
5. Pete pit
bede bid
teen tin
feet fit

6 i ,
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27

[a]
6. time tie
pine pie
life lie

[a]
7. my mine type
by five life

[s] [z]
8. nets pens
sets sends
Bess is
test it is



1.
.
2. , ,
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II, :
a) Send me my pen.
[send mi ma pen]

) Meet me.
[mi:t mi]

, ,
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( ), ,
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( ).
.
,

. ,
:
, .
my tie

five ties
my pen
my life

2
tell Ted
tell m
ten pens
meet Bess
nine beds send Ben

meet
spell it

Find my pen. Send me my pen. Meet me.


Send Ted five ties. Send Bess nine pens.
Let me see!
Spell it!

!
() !

28


tie
life
find [fand]
send ,
spell
five
nine
seven [sevn]
my , , ,
it , , . ,
, ; ,
, . , ,

Bess [bes]

I. ,
.
pens, sets, beds, tips, bees, pits, lips, lies, bibs, nets, seeds, tests, lids.
.
, .
type, tin, fine, pin, lip, pile, line, sit, fit; set, best, sin, fist, miss,
pens, less, lends, Bess, seems, size, zest, Zend.
III. .
[bed, pen, lt, test, nan, fav, ten, lan, ta].
IV. [].
V.
:
, , , ,
, .

1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5. .
6. .
VI. [i:, , , a].
mine, type, bid, did, fine, pit, five, vine, me, meet, lend, mete,
eve, seem, pep, beef, ebb, see, send.
VII. .
size, Bess, type, sees, vine, fine, tie, test, spell, life.

29

VIII. ,
: life, spell, tie, seven, nine, seen.

30

III
: [], [e], [], [], []
: [pl]
: , [e]
: ai, ,
.
.
: 1. (. 6).
2. to be 3- . (. 7).
3. . (. 8).
4. it (. 9).
5. .
(. 10).
[, , , , ]
[]. []
, , ,
.
(. 15 16).

. 15.
[]

. 16.
[]

[e] , [],
[]. [ e],
, ,
[], [].
[]. []
, .. .

. []
, , ..
, [], [].
, ,
.
31

[]. , ,
. [] . []
,
,
.
. ,
2 3 (
[]). , ,
( [])
(. 17).

. 17. [], []
[]. []
, []. []
[] (. 17).
[pl].
[pl] . []
, [l] .

m
n
lmp
mn

e
det de
lern le
mem me
pem pe

seldm
let
pen
bed
ta

,
a
a
i:
i:

pl
pli: z
pln
plen
ples

w
wet
wen
west

. ai, ay,
1. a [e] :
A, a
/
I
[e]
plane

\
II

[]
plan

32

name

man

2. ai [e a], ay [e wa].
ai, [e], :
main [men] ,
Spain [spen]

May [me]
day [de]

3. [i: e].
[i:], :
please [pli:z] .

[]
9. am
man
map
lamp

Ann
flat
bad
plan

[ e]
10. man men
tan ten
pan pen
bad bed

[e]
11. main may
pain pay
name nay
date day

[e e]
12. men mane
pen pane
let late
met mate

.
,
. , ,
:
a map, | a pen | and a plan ,
, ,
, ,
, [].

. , , ,
,
, .
.

. ,
, .
, :
It is a lamp [t z lmp]

.
(, ,
), ,
, .

33

, .
,
, ,
, , [].

, ,
, :
me [mi, mi] ,
, (
) ,
: and , [nd]
[nd] [n]. [d] , :
a map andten pens [ mp n ten penz]
:
a map anda pen [ mp nd pen]
.
, ,
,
, .
.
( )
, , :
Send Bess my map and my plan.
.
.
Bess.
Bess .
and.
, :
Send Bess | my map | and my plan
my name
my map
my plan
my flat
my lamp

3
a name
a bad day
a map
a fine day
a flat
a bad plan
a man
a bad pen
a plan
a bad lamp
SendPete
SendBess

andmy plan
lampplease

Tell Pete my name. My name is Ann.


34

It is a map.
It is a lamp.
It is a flat.
It is a fine day.
It is a bad plan.

Send Pete my map. Send Bess my map | and my plan.



My name is Ann. () . ( .)
is 3- . be .

a name
map ()
a plan
a flat
a lamp
a man (. . men) ,
a day
fine
bad
please
and [nd, nd, n] , ()

Ann [n]

I. [e]
[] .
II. ,

.
1. . 2. . 3.
4. . 5.
. 6.
. 7. . 8. ,
. 9. . 10. ?
III. ,
.
1. It is ___ pen. 2. My ___ pen is bad. 3. It is ___ fine day. 4. Send ____ Ben
seven pens. 5. It is ___ bad tie. 6. It is ___ bed. 7. Send Pete ____ tie. 8. Meet ___
Bess. 9. It is ____ flat. 10. It is ___ lamp. It is ___ bad lamp.

35

IV. .
1. , , , . 2.
. , . 3. ,
. 4. . 5. . 6. .
7. .
V. , ,
.
a) pale, date, ban, tape, fate, mad, say, same, fat, day, Sam, lane, land,
tame, Spain, faint, aim;
leave, bede, beat, deed, lean, mean, seat.
b) line, pin, pine, dene, fine, man, dent, Ann, nine, same, Sam, bet, bed,
dine, did, May, fit, style, vet, bay, sat, tilt, file, sale, faint, ease, pet, tin,
veal, slip.
VI.

.
[nem, pln, flt, lmp, de, fain, bd, test, pen, pi:t, mi:]

VII. .
sad, made, stale, fit, deep, film, fail.
VIII. ,

name, day, please, fine, deep, beat, Spain.

36

IV
: k, , , , t, d
: kl
: , [si:]; G,g [di:]; H,h [eit]; J,j [de]; K,k [ke]
: ch, sh, tch, th, ck
.
: 1. (. 11).
2. this, that, these (. 12).
3.

,
s, ss, sh,
ch (. 3, . 3).
[k, , , , , ] kl
[k]. [k] .
, []. [k]

,


.
[]. []
.
, [],

(. 18).
. 18.
[k], []
[]. [] [],
,
. [] ,
, [] (. 19 20).
[] [] .
[] [] (. l 9 20).

37

. 19.
[], []

. 20.
[], []

[t]. [t]
[], , . (. 21).
[d].
, [t],
, . [d]

, []
(. 21).
[kl].
[kl], [pl],

, [k]
, [l]
.
. 21.
[t], [d]

k
kn
kn
nk
nk

ev
v
ve
b

i:
em
mn
fn

i:z
s
t
s z
t z

i:
ple
me
vn

t
tes
et
tt
mt

d
di:
ed
ped
tend

pl, kl
ples
kli:n
klk

.
, k, g, j, h, ck, ch, tch, th
1. , [si:]. :
) , i, [s], :
cent [sent]
civil [svl]
face [fes]
icy [as]
) ,
[k], :
cap [kp]
clean [kli:n]
38

2. K, k [ke] [k], :
Kate [ket] ()
take [tek] ,
3. k [si:ke] [k], :
black [blk]
4. G, g [di:]. g :
) , i, [d], :
page [ped]
gin [dn]
gyp [dp] ( )
.
:
give [v] ,
) ,
g [], :
game [em]
glad [ld] ,
bag [b] ,
5. J, j [de] [d], :
Jane [den] ()

jam [dm]

6. , h [et]
.
) sh [eset] [], :
she [i:]

ship [p]

) ch [si: et] tch [ti: si: et]


[t], :
chess [tes]
teach [ti: t] ,
match [mt]
7. th [ti: et] [] [].
[] :
) , :
this [s] , , ( . )
that [t] , , ( . )
these [i: z] ( . )
the [i:, i, ]
) , :
bathe [be]

39

[] th
, :
thick [k] ; thin [n] ; faith [fe]

[k]
13.can cake
came make
keep peak

[]
14.gap bag
gave beg
give big

[]
16.she fish
shy dash
sheep dish

[t]
17.chess
chain
fetch

[k-]
15.back bag
lack lag
sick big

[d]
18.Jane
gin
age
page

[ ]
19.theme thee
thin then
faith bathe

.
. .
,
:
Jane, give me a match, please. , , .
Please, give me a match, Jane. , , , .

, .
[den, | gv mi mt, pli:z]
, ,
, .
[pli: z, gv mi mt, den]
4
a fine film
a bad bag
a black cap
a clean page
a thick match

the film
the bag
the cap
the page
the match

thatcap
thatmatch

ten films
five bags
nine caps
seven pages
ten matches
a bigbag
a blackcap

Jane, | give me a match, please. This match is bad. Give me that


match, please.
This is a bag. The bag is big. It is a big bag.

40

That is a cap. The cap is black. It is a black cap.


This is a thin pencil. Give me the pencil, please.

a film
a bag ,
a cap
a page
a match
a pencil [ pensl]
give [v]
take ,

thin
thick
clean
big
black
that
this [s]
these


Kate [ket]
Jane [den]

I.
.
a match, a page, a patch, a dish, a cage, a mass, a bench.
II. .
III. ,
.
1. . . 2. .
. 3. .
. 4. . , , .
, .
5. ? . 6. ,
. 7.
. 8. 10 8
IV. .
1. This is ___ cap. ___ cap is black. 2. This is match. It is thin match. That is
___ thick match. 3. ___ film is fine. 4. This is ___ pen. ___ pen is black. 5. Pete,
give me ___ pen, please (2 ). 6. Bess, take that pencil. Give me ___
pencil, please. It is ___ bad pencil.
41

V. ,
.
1. . 2. . .
, . 3. .
. 4. , . 5. .
6. . 7. .
, . 8. . .
. 9. . .
. 10. , . 11. . 12.
. 13. . 14.
, , , .
VI. ,
.
cap, can, ice, came, nice, cat, neck, mice, fact,
space, peck, pace, kin, keen, pact, face;
gate, gem, gas, age, gym, page, egg, gin, game, beg, gag,
jam, Jim, Jack, Jane;
shy, shame, dish, she, ship, shape, shave, shine, fish,
chest, chin, match, catch, fetch, chick, chill;
this, that, these, than, them, theme, faith, thick, thin.
VII. .
a) film, bag, match, cap, page, black, big, this, that, Jane, give, take.
b) sill, cape, cent, fill, gap, gem, chain, latch, lack, theme, need, best,
pack.
VIII. .
cent, jam, game, keep, chain, patch, thick.
IX. , .
thick, page, match, these, clean, black, thin.

42

V
: :, h, j, r,
: k
: R, r [: ] X, [eks]
: ar, ng, nk
.
:
1. (. 13).
2. (. 14, . 1).
3.

,
(.
3, . 4).
4. ,

(. 15).
[:, h, j, r, ]
[:]. [:]
[],
.
. . , ..
.
[:] , (. 22 23)

. 22.
[:]

. 23.
[:]

[h]. .

, . [X],
[h] ,
,
.
[j]. [].
[j]
, [].

43

[j] ,
[]. [j] (. 24).
[r]. [r]
, .
, ,
.
, [] (. 25).

. 24. . 25.
[j]
[r]
[]. []
,
. ,
. []
. ,
, (. 26
27).

. 26.
[]

. 27.
[n], []


r
rrr
rat
ren
red
ri:d

a:
: :m
k: k:m
f: f:m
b: b:k

h
j
a ha
es jes
e he
el jel
i: hi:
jes | t iz
z hz
:m h:m

44

h
k
b

w
wn
wg
w

.
h, , r, x; +r, r+, ng, nk
1. H, h [et] [ h],
:
he [hi:, hi, hi] ()
hat [ht]
2. Y, [wa] .
) [a] I
(. 2).
) II
[], :
myth [m]
baby [beb] ,
) [j], :
yes [jes]
3. R, r [:] , ,
[r], :
read [ri:d]
red [red]
4. III (
r r+). r ,
, ,
,
. r
r+ . ,
r ( r+) [:],
:
car [k:]

mark [m:k] ,

5. ng [endi:] [],
:
thing []
6. nk [enke] [k],
:
ink [k]
7. X, [eks] :
) [ks], :
text [tekst]

six [sks]

) [z], :
45

exam [zm]

[h]
20. he
hay
his hat
him hand

[r]
21. red read 22.
rain risk
rest red

[:]
start tart
arm cart
large lark
farm park

[]
[ n]
[ nk]
[j]
23. bang ring 24. bang ban 25. bang bank 26. yes
sang sing
fang fan
sang sank
yell
fang thing
sing sin
sing sink
yelp
thing thin
thing think
yarn
.
.

, :
baby [beb] , (I )
TEXT FIVE
his name
his baby
his exams

a big city
a red tie
a thick pen

andclean
andread
taketext_ten
readpage_six

Is it black?
Is it a text?
Is it a city?

My name is Nick. This is my flat. It is large and clean.


My flat is in Kiev. Kiev is a city. It is a big city.
Is Kiev a city? Yes, | it is. Is it a big city? Yes, | it is.

Jk, | take text six | and read page seven.

Give me an ink-stand | and a pen, please. My pen is bad.


Give me that red pen, please.
Read it a gain!


a text
an exam
a baby ,
a city [st]
his ( )

46

red
large
six
read
in ()

an ink-stand

Nick [nk]
Jack [dk]
Kiev [ki:ev]

I. ,
.
a text
a city

an exam
an ink-stand

the text
the city

the exam
the ink-stand

II. .
1. My tie is red. 2. His flat is large and clean. 3. His ink-stand is black. 4. My
pen is bad. 5. His hat is black. 6. Jane is in Kiev. 7. Kate is in Minsk.
III. .
1. Is this a pen?
2. Is this pen red?
3. Is that a pencil?
4. Is his name Nick?
5. Is that lamp bad?
6. Is this map large?

7. Is this an ink-stand?
8. Is this his bag?
9. Is that match thin?
10. Is this flat clean?
11. Is this bag big?
12. Is Minsk a city?

IV.
.
a baby, a lady, a bag, a tie, a test, a bed, a city, a day, a man,
a page, a match, an army, a cage, a party.
V. , .
1. This is __ black ink-stand. 2. __ pen is red and __ ink-stand is black.
3. Give Bess __ pen and __ pencil. 4. Read __ page ten. 5. Minsk is __ fine city. 6.
Send Jane __ text. 7. This is his __ flat. 8. Give me __ black pencil, please. 9. This
is __ text. Read __ text, please. 10. Ben, take __ text six and read __ page five.
VI. [:].
VII. , .
1. . 2. ? . 3.
6. 4. . 5. . 6.
. 7. . 8.
. 9. ? . 10. . 11.
. 12. . 13. ? .
14. , .

47

VIII. .
a) risk, red, ripe, read, rest, rhythm [], rally;
farm, lark, star, cart, far, darn, mark, arm, army;
hand, hay, hill, hip, hate, heap, help, hide;
yes, yell, easy, daddy, yet, yelp, my, by, myth [];
next, text, exam, sex, six, sixty;
ring, thing [], fang, bring, sing, gang, sling;
drink, link, clink, pink, prank.
b) shelf, shy, sheet, dash, fish, chain, chick, change, catch, patch;
mine, cage, fill, mile, Spain, miss, ice, page, back, space, click, game,
gem, let, lest, gay, set, lay, say, lack, icy,
IX. ,
.
[ht, , zm, st, l:d, ri:d].
X. , .
large, text, read, Nick, please.

48

VI
: u:, :, , u
ou
: z, z
: , [ou]
: oo, oor, or
.
.
:
1.
to be (. 15).
2. (. 14, . 2).
3. (. 17).
4. (. 18). :
.

[u:, :, , u, u] [s] [z] [] []
[u:]. [u:]
, ,
[].
[u:] ,
[]. [u:] [j].
[ju:]
(. 28 29).

. 28.
[u:]

. 29.
[u:]

[:]. [:] .
[:],
, [:],
, [:],
[], [] (. 30 31).

49

. 30.
[:]

. 31.
[:]

[]. [],
[:],
[] (. 32 33).

. 32. . 33.
[] []
[u]. [u] .
[] [u]
, .
, ,
, ,
[] (. 34 35).
[u]. [u] .
, []
[].
. [u].

50

. 34. . 35.
[u] [u]
[s], [z] [] [].
[s] [z] [] [] ,

. [s] [z] []
[], , ,
, : [zs]. [s]
[z] [] [],
, : [b:z].
.

, [m], [n], [l]. ,
table [tebl] . [bl]
[1] [b].
,
, ,
, :
This is a table [s z teb1]

, :
table [tebl].

u:
ku:
u:
tu:
su:n
mu:n
fu:d

u
kuk
uk
tuk
buk

ou
f:
n nt ou kout
f:m d t nou nout
sp:t ks tp sou soup
k:n

51

ju:

z, z

nju:
zzz s
fju:
izzz t
kju:
zn
stju:dnt zk

()
[1]
tebl
ltl
tatl
sakl

.
1. , [u]:
,
/
\
I
II
[u]
[]
no
on
()
note
not

(
)

2. [ouou] :
) [u:] , k r,
, :
spoon [spu:n] too [tu:] ,
) [u] k, :
book [buk] to look [luk]
:
good [gud]
3. [:], :
or [:] () fork [f:k]

[u:]
27 tool
.
pool
moon
food
[]
31 or
.
form
sport

[u]
28. book

[ou]
29. go tone

look
took
hook

no note
so smoke

[ou] []
32. go got

[]
30. odd
not
on

[:] [] [ou]
33. sport spot spoke

note not
hope hop

torn top tone


lord lot lone
52

North

coke cock

cord cot cope


North not note

.
,
:
Good morning! [ud m:n]
TEXT SIX
Isthis
Isthat
Isthe pen
Closethe book

good | or bad
short | or long
red | or black
thick | or thin

shorttoo
andgo
a blackboard

This is a room. That is a blackboard. Look at it! It is black. These


are maps1. Those are pencils2. Those pencils are not short. They are long.
Tom, | take the book, | open it | and read note five. Close the book | and
go to the blackboard. Jane, | go to the door. Close it, please.
Is this pencil short? Yes | it is.
Are those pencils short too? Yes, | they are.
Is that pen bad? No, | it is not.
Is it good? Yes, | it is.
Is it good | or bad? It is good.
Are those pencils long | or short? They are long.

1. These are maps. () . Are .
to be . [:] ,
[:r] ; [] [r].
2. Those are pencils To . Those me .
that .
Good morning! [gud m:n] !
Good evening! [gud i:vni] !

room[rum, ru:m]
a blackboard [ blkb:d]
a note
a book
a door [d:]
to look (at) ()
to go , ,
to open
53

short
long
good [ud]
too ,
they [e]
or [:] ()
no
not

to close
those
to [tu:, tu, t] , , ( )

Tom [tm]
. .
:
. ,
, ..
;
, .. .
.
, .
.
, , :
an ink-stand ,
(ink , a stand ).
a blackboard (black , a board ).
a text-book , .. .
, ,
.

I. [u].
II. to be.
1. This ___ a note. 2. These texts ___ long and those texts ___ short. 3. ___
this book good? Yes, it ___. 4. Those doors ___ black. 5. That pencil ___ not black.
It ___ red.
III.
.
.
1. This tie is good. 2. That text is long. 3. Those bags are big. 4. These rooms
are clean. 5. That pencil is short. 6. His ties are red and black.
IV. .
1. Is this a text?
2. Is that a note?
3. Is that note long?
4. Are these pens?
5. Are those pencils?
6. Are those pencils good?
7. Is this a cap?

9. Are these pencils long or short?


10. Is this a map or a plan?
11. Is this a note or a text?
12. Is it a tie or a cap?
13. Is it his or my tie?
14. Is his name Nick or Pete?
15. Are those books thick or thin?
54

8. Is that a tie?

16. Is this page ten or page nine?

V. .
: This pencil is bad.
Is this or that pencil bad? Is this pencil good or bad?
1. My pen is thin (3)*. 2. That note is short (2). 3. Those matches are
bad (2).
4. This film is good (2). 5. His pencil is red (3).
VI.,
.
1. , .
. .
2. ) .
.
3.

,
,
.
()

4.


;

.

.

5.


,
C
!
:
, ,

6.


.
,
,
-

7.

()

-
, ,
, ,

()

** .
55

VII. , .
1. , . 5. 2.
. . 3. . 4.
, . 6. . 5.
. . 6. ,
. . 7. , ,
. 8. . , ,
. 9. . . 10.
. . 11. , ,
. 12. ? . 13.
? . 14. ? 15.
? .
VIII. .
a) note, lot, lone, nod, code, cot, tone, cope, dot, sock, pope, doll, hot, hop,
bone; tool, moon, look, doom, took, fool, cool, shook, loop, cook, choose hook;
door; sport, torn, corn, gorge, cork, or, fort.
b) lead, steel, meat, bet, lest, Pete, tip, tiny, type, myth, mice, stay, plain,
star, farm, cart, cell, cod, sing, cling, bank, rank, spin.
IX. no .
,
.
pencil, blackboard, short, long, room.

56

VII
: , au,
: t, d, n, l
r, dr, br
fr, pr, str, r
: U, u [ju:]
W, w[ dblju:]
: oi, oy
ow, ou
: 1. (. 19).
2. to be (. 20).
3. (. 21).
. -er (-or)
[], [au], [u]
[]. []
,
, ,
. [] []
: , , (. 36 37).

. 36. . 37.
[] []
[au] , [],
[a], [u],
, .
[] , [],
[].
[t], [d], [n], [l] [], [].
[t], [d], [n], [l]
[] [] , ..
, .
, [t] []
.
57

[r] .
[r]
, :
brown [braun]
,
[r] , .. , :
a friend [ frend]
[t] [d] [tr, dr]
, (. 38).

. 38. [t]

p
s
bt
bs
sm
km

au
aut
nau
hau
haus

t, d, n, l
ns
n t
t s
t t
ri:d s
:l t

b
t
vs
pnt

fr, dr, tr, br, r, r


dra
bred
ri:n
tra
frend
ri:

.
u, w, oi, , ow, ou
1. U, u [ju:] :
U, u

/
I
[ju:]
tune

\
II
[]
cup,
but

()

2. W, w [dblju:] [w], :
we [wi:] ()
58

3. i [oua] [ouwa] [],


:
point [pnt] ,
boy [b]
4. ow [oudblju:] :
)
[u], :
now [nau]
)
[ou], :
yellow [jelou]
Moscow [mskou]
5. u [ouju:] [u], :
out [aut] ,
6. er [i: :] or [ou :]
[], :
teacher [ti:tj]
doctor [dkt]

,
,

I II

a [e]

o [ou]

e [i:]

i [a]

[wa]

u [ju:]

[a]
my
,
,
[ ]
myth

[ju:]
tune

II

[e]
name

[ou]
note

[]
[]
flat
not

[i:]
[a]
be
fine

[e]
[]
pen
sit

[]
cup


[]
34. up cup
us bus
un bun
ugly hurry

[] [:]
35. cut cart
duck dark
much March
buck bark

59

[] []
36. hum ham
fun - fan
bun ban
cup cap

[w]
37. we
week
wine
wane

[w] [v]
38. wet vet
wine vine
west vest
very well

[]
39. boy voice
coy coin
toy point

[r .]
40. green
price
dream
three
brave
tree
Fred
street

[]
41. teacher
doctor
seller
reader

[r].
r re ,
. , ,
r re, ,
, r re
[r], , :
a book ora copy-book? ?
a teacherora student ? ?
r , (..
), :
His sister is a teacher | and he is a student.
, .
TEXT SEVEN
a note | or text
a student | ora teacher
a Student | ora pupil

atthe table
onthe table
fromthe table

Fred is my friend. He is a doctor. I am not a doctor. I am a teacher.


Bess is not a teacher. She is a student. We are in my room now. We are at the
1
table. Bess, | give me three cups, please. Thank you . Fred, | put a
spoon into your cup.
Are you a teacher? Yes, | I am.
Is your friend a teacher too? No, | he is not.
Is that boy a student | or a pupil? He is a pupil.

1. Thank you. (). You
you , . ,
, you
. thank you
.
Come in!
Go out!
Come into the room!
Go out of the room!

(me!)
(me )!
!
!
60


a friend [ frend]
a doctor
a teacher ,
a student [ stju:dnt]
a pupil [ pju:pl]
a boy
a cup
a spoon
a table
to put [t put] ,

to thank
yellow
three
I
you [ju:, ju] ,
he [hi:, hi]
she [i:, i]
we [wi:, wi]
your [j:, j]
now ,


Fred [fred]

. -er, -or
-r ,
,
, [], :
to read
to teach ,

a reader
a teacher ,

-r [] ( -r), :
a doctor , .

I. ,
.
II. .
1. I am a teacher. 2. I am a student. 3. I am a doctor.

61

III. to be.
1. Ben ___ my friend. He ___ a teacher. 2. I ___ in my room now. 3. ___
Tommy [tm] and Billy [bl] babies? Yes, they ___. 4. We ___ students. 5. She
___ a teacher. 6. ___ you a student? Yes, I ___. 7. ___ they doctors? No, they ___
not. They students. 8. This ___ a cup. It ___ yellow. 9. The spoons ___ on the
table. 10. The table ___ in the room. 11. ___ those men friends?
IV.
. .
1. Those men are doctors. 2. Kate is a teacher. 3. The students are in that
room. 4.My friend is a student. 5. These books are good.
V. ,
, .
1. Kate is a doctor (a student). 2. Ann is my friend (Kate). 3. Tom is a pupil
(a student). 4. They are teachers (students). 5. Those cups are brown (yellow).
6. These pencils are short (long).
VI. :
) .
1. Are you a teacher?
2. Are you a student?
3. Are you a student or a teacher?
4. Is this boy a pupil?
5. Is this boy a pupil or a student?
6. Is he your friend?
7. Is Pete or Fred your friend?
8. Am I a doctor?
9. Am I a student?
10. Am I a teacher?
11. Am I a teacher or a doctor?
12. Is your friend in the room?
13. Is your friend or my friend in the room?
14. Are they friends?
15. Are we in the room?
16. Is your baby in the room?
17. Is Nick or Jane a doctor?
18. Is Nick (Jane) a good or a bad doctor?
19. Is Nick a doctor or a teacher?
) .
1. Is your book on the table or under it?
2. Is your pen in the bag or on the table?
3. Is the teacher at the table or at the blackboard?
4. Is Pete at the door or at the table?
5. Are we at the table or at the door?
62

6. Is his map on his book or under his book?


7. Is his pencil in the book or under the book?
VII.
.
1. Fred, take that long pencil ___ ___ your bag and put it ___ the table. 2.
The black pen is ___ the table. The brown pen is ___ my bag. The red pencil is ___
that book. 3. Take these books ___ the table, please. 4. Go ___ the blackboard,
please. 5. Close your book and put it ___ your bag. It is ___ the bag now. 6. Pete,
go ___ the door and close it. 7. Ben, put a spoon ___ your cup. 8. Go ___ ___ the
room, please! 9. Take a pen ___ that student, please. 10. Fred is ___ his room now.
11. Jane, take your pen ___ the table and put it ___ your bag. Now take it ___ ___
your bag and put it ___ the book. 12. Go ___ your table and take your book ___
___ your bag. 13. Look ___ the blackboard! Now go ___ the blackboard. 14. Take
the cup ___ Jane and put it ___ the table. 15. Take your pen ___ ___ the ink-stand
and put it ___ your bag.
VIII. , .
1. friend Ann is ___ good student. 2. Is Kate ___ teacher? No, she is
not. She is ___. doctor. 3. This is ___ room. It is ___ good room. 4. That is ___
cup. It ___ red cup. ___ red cup is on ___ table. 5. ___ black pencil is on ___ book.
___ red pencil is under ___ book. 6. Give me ___pen and ___ pencil, please. 7. Am
I ___ teacher? 8. This cup is not ___ red. It is ___ yellow. 9. This is ___ red cup
and that is ___ yellow cup. 10. Bess is my ___ friend. 11. Ben is ___ good pupil.
IX. ,
.
) 1. ? . . .
2. , , . 3.
? . 4. .
, , . . 5.
. 6. , , . 7.
. . . 8.
. . 9. ? .
? . 10. ?
.
) . . .
. . .
. .
, , , .
, .
, .
, , ,
.
?
.
63

, ?
. .
X. .
a) cup, cube, but, nut, mute, butter, rung, huge; wake, weak, wig, waver,
wine, wink, way, weed, wit; coin, boy, point, join, toy, noisy;
now, how, yellow, bow, Moscow, town, vow, window; gown, down, out,
ounce, foul, noun, scout, count.
b) cod, bun, milk, deck, pad, tune, rice, will, just, trade, pinch, shake, shook,
tip, flock, than;
same, chest, patch, jump, dock, joy.
XI. ,
.
student, friend, cup, under, teacher, yellow, spoon, reader.
XII. , I II
: , , i, , , u.

64

VIII
: :
: w, w:
: er, ir, yr, ur, wa, wh
:

1. (.
22).
2. (. 23, . 1).

[:]
[:]. [:] ,
,
, , .
, [:] , .
, [:] [] []
(. 40 41)

. 40. . 41.
[:] [:]

:
k:
f:
s:

:k
:
:l

t:m
b:d
:l

w
wt
wz
wnt

w:
w:l
w:k
w:m

.
, i, , u III ; wa, wh, ar
1. e, i, , u III [:], :
her [h:]
( , )
firm [f:m]
turn [t:n]
2. wa [dblju:e] [w],
, r, ,
:

65

to want [t wnt]
3. wh [dblju:et] h ,
, :
what [wt] ?
white [wat]
4. wh , w,
:
who [hu:] ?
whose [hu:z] ? ? ? ?
5. ar [e:] w wh
[dblju:et] [w:], :
war [w:]
wharf [w:f] ,

[:]
42. fur firm first
sir burn burst
her turn - thirst
[:] [e]
44
. burn Ben
turn ten
bird bed

[:] [:]
43. burn born
turn torn
fur four [f:]

[:] [ou]

[w] [w:]

45. burn bone


turn tone
fur foe [fou]

46. was[z] war


want warm
what ward

III ( + r)

III

[:]
large

[:]
fork
term

[:]
firm
Byrd
fur

(
)

TEXT EIGHT
Dontgive
Readtextone
a whitecopy-book
sitdown

What isthis?
What isthat?
What are you?
What is Kate?

66

Whatcolour_is it?
This girl is a pupil. She is my sister. Her name is Kate. Kate, | take
your book and your copy-book | out of your bag. Dont give me your book.
Open it at page two | and read text one. Thank you. Sit down, please1.
Your mark is good. Dont copy this text now. Do it at home2.
What is this? It is a copy-book.
What colour is it? It is white.
What is Kate? She is a pupil.
What are you?3 I am a teacher.

1. Sit down, please! , .
to sit , down .
, . to sit down
.
2. Do it at home. .
at home ,
home .
Repeat it, please! [rpi:t t pli:z] , .

a girl [ :l] ,
a sister
to
to sit down
a mark ,
to do [t du:] ,
her [h:, h] (
)
white

-b [kp-buk]
( )
a colour [ kl]
what , , , ,
( )
at home
two [tu:]
one [wn]
eight [et]

I. .
II. .
a)

1. Are you a pupil?


2. Is your sister a doctor?
3. Are those girls teachers or students?
4. Is Jane at home?
5. Is that page one or page two?
6. Is this a book or a copy-book?
7. Are those doors yellow?

67

8. Is that cup yellow?


9. Is this pupil your sister or her sister?
10 Are those girls your friends?
b)

1. What is this?
2. What is that?
3. What are these?
4. What are those ?
5. What colour is this copy-book?
6. What colour is that pencil?
7. What are you ?
8. What is your sister?
9. What are your friends?
10. What is Pete?
11. What is Bess?
12. What are Bess and Pete?

III. .
1.
Open your book! 2. Look at the blackboard! 3. Close the door! 4. Put
this cup on that table! 5. Read note one at home! 6. Copy this text!
IV. .
1. Jane is a doctor. 2. I am a teacher. 3. This is a copy-book. 4. Those are
notes. 5. We are pupils. 6. She is a student. 7. This cup is yellow. 8. Jane is a
teacher. 9. That pencil is red. 10. Kate is a pupil.
V.
.
1. Kate, take that thick book ___ the table. 2. Ann, put your copy-books ___
your bag. 3. The black pen is ___ the copy-book and the brown pen is ___ that
book. 4. Fred is ___ home now. 5. Jack, go ___ that table. Sit ___, please. 6. Dont
give me your copy-book. Put it ___ the table. 7. Nick and Pete, open your books
___ page eight. 8. Take that red cup ___ that boy. 9. Jane, put this book ___ the
table and open it ___ page five. 10. Dont copy text seven ___ home, do it now.
VI. , .
1. Tom is ___ good student. 2. This is ___ copy-book. It is ___ clean copybook. ___ copy-book is on ___ table. 3. I am ___ doctor. I am at ___ home now.
This is my ___ room. ___ room is large and clean. 4. Open that book at ___ page
two. Read ___ text five, please. 5. Give me ___ ink-stand, please. 6. That is ___
text. ___ text is long. 7. Minsk is ___ fine city. 8. Billy is ___ good baby. 9. This is
___ black tie and that is ___ white tie. Dont give me ___ white tie, give me ___
black tie, please.

68

VII. ,
.
)

1. , .
. 2. .
. 3. . ,
, . 4. , .
() . 5.
? . 6. ? . 7.
? . ?
.

, . .
, .
. . .
. (a
place). .
?
( ).
?
( ).
?
.

VIII. ,
.
a)

term, first, bird, third, stern, turn, Byrd, furs, curl, curt, serf, curb,
herb; want, wash, was, watch, watt;
whale, wharf, wheat, ward, when, whether, which, whiff, whip,
whirl, warn, whole, warp, whose, why;

b)

cat, bunch, pinch, rice, will, chest, sister, frost, lick, sly, pace, lunch,
rib, from, luck, cry, chat, shy, chill, sky, hale, rose, spine, till, spider,
vine, till, sniff, maze, pan, reader.

IX. .
a girl, a sister, a pupil, to copy, to sit down, her, what, a copy-book.
X. ,
.
girl, pupil, sister, her, white, home, two, one.

69

IX
: , , u
: a, au
: w:
: wor; eer; air; ire, our
:

,
who, whose, where (. 23, . 2).

[], [], [u], [a], [au] [w:]

[] . [],
,
[].
[] . ,
[] .
[].
[u] .
[u], ,
[].
[a] [au].
[a] [au] [].

. , [a]
[j], [au] [w].
[w:].
, [w] [:]
[] [].
.
, , :
.
.

, , :
engineer [endn]

d
n
h

b
w
prpd

u
u
mu
pu
70

a
ba
fa
fla

au
au
pau
flau

w:
w:
w:k
w:d

endn

kjud

fad

au

w:ld

.
IV , , i, , , u
1. IV . + r +
IV .
:
) [], :
Mary [mr] ()
parents [prnts]
) e [], :
here [h] ,
:
there [] ,
where [w] ,
) i [a], :
fire [fa]
tyre [ta]
) [:], :
more [m:]
) u [ju], :
during [djur] ,
IV
( + r + )

IV

[]

[:]

[]

[a]
[ju]
/ \
Mary more
here fire
tyre
during

2. eer [dbli::] [], :


engineer [endn]
3. air [ea:] [], :
chair [t]
71

4. our [ouju::] [au],


:
our [au]
5. w r [ou:]
[:], :
work [w:k]
word [w:d]

[]

[]

47
. deer
here
,engineer
[au]
51
.
our
sour
flour

[ju]
50.

48. air care


pair Mary
fair parents

49. cure
pure
during

[w:]
52.

[a]
fire
mire
tired

[w:] [w:] [wou]

work 53.
word
world
worker

were [w:]
word
work
worm

war
ward
warn
warm

woe
wove
woke
wont [wount]

TEXT NINE
Whereis he?
His wife isthere too.
Who isthis girl?
It istheir flat.
My name is Belov. I am an engineer. My wife is not an engineer.
She is a worker. Our son is a pupil. He is a pioneer.
Mary and Kate are friends. Their sons are friends too.
Who is your friend? My friend is Jack. What is he? He is an
engineer. Is he here now? No, | he is not.
Where is he? He is in Kiev. His wife is there too.
Whose flat is this? Its their flat.
Who is this girl? She is their sister.
What is her name?1 Her name is Mary. What is she?
She is a pupil. What kind of pupil2 is she?
She is a good pupil.

1. What is her name? ()? ?
2. What kind of pupil is she? She is a good pupil.
72

? .
, What kind of ,
, , ,
. , what +
,
.
What city is this? Its Minsk.
? .
What kind of city is Minsk? Its a big city.
? .
Thats right!
Whats your name?
Mary Smith.

!
?
.


an engineer [n endn]
who [hu:] (. .)
a wife (. wives)
whose [hu:z]
a worker
where [w]
a son [ sn]
here ,
a pioneer [ pan]
there [] ,
our (. .)
kind [kand] ,
their [] (. .)
What kind of [wt kand v] , ()?
:
Ed. .
wife [waf]
life [laf]

. .
wives [wavz]
lives [lavz]


r [mr]
Jack [dk]
Belov [belv]

I. [].
II. .
1. I am worker. ___ name is Ivanov. 2. Bob is a pupil. He is a pioneer. ___
marks are good. 3. Jane is a good student. ___ copy-books are clean. 4. Ann and
Jane are engineers.sons are pioneers. 5. Pete, give me ___ copy-book, please. 6.
We are engineers. ___ friends are engineers too. 7. What are ___ names, boys? ___
name is Nick, ___ name is Jack.
73

III. .
1. Is your name Belov?
2. Are you an engineer?
3. Is your wife an engineer too?
4. Is your son a pupil?
5. Is he a pioneer?
6. Are we students?
7. Am I a doctor?
8. Are you a student or an engineer?
9. Is your wife a teacher or a doctor?
10. Are these men workers or engineers?
11. Is your son a student or a pupil?
12. What are you?
13. What is your wife?
14. What is her name?
15. What is your name?
16. What kind of pupil is your son?
17. Who is your friend?
18. Who is your wife?
19. Who is this man?
20. Who is this girl?
21. Whose wife is Mary?
22. Where are our books?
23. Whose books are these?
24. Whose copy-books are those?
25. What kind of book is this?
26. What kind of pupil is Jane?
27. What kind of room is this?
28. What kind of pencil is this?
29. What kind of pen is that?
30. What kind of copy-books are those?
IV. , .
1. Go ___ the blackboard! 2. Dont go ___ there! 3. Put that cup ___ the
table. 4. Put that cup ___ here. 5. Whose copy-books are ___ the table? 6. Put the
spoons ___ those white cups. 7. Go ___ the room, please. 8. Where is the red
pencil? Is it ___ the copy-book? No, it is not. Its not ___ the copybook. Its ___
it. 9. Bob, go ___ the table and sit ___ , please. 10. Ben, open your book ___ page
six. 11. Where is Jack? He is ___ the table.
V. , .
1. Where is ___ yellow tie? Its on ___ bed. 2. What are you? I am ___
engineer. 3. Where is ___ white copy-book? Its in ___ bag. 4. Where is ___
table? Its in ___ room. 5. Jane is ___ worker and Ben is ___ engineer. Jack is
___ engineer too. Ben and Jack are ___ engineers. They are ___ good engineers. 6.
74

Pete is ___ pioneer. He is ___ good pupil. 7. Mary is ___ doctor. Her friend Kate Is
___ doctor too. 8. ___ Moscow is ___ city. 9. Bobby is ___ baby. Whose ___ son
is he? He is ___ their son. 10. Open ___ your books at ___ page ten and read
___ text nine.
VI. .
1. friend is teacher (3*). 2. This is a map (1). 3. It is a good map (1).
4. That is a bad cap (2). 5. It is his cap (1). 6. The match is on the table (1). 7. The
matches are on the table (1). 8. Her name is Mary (2). 9. Bess is a good pupil
(3). 10. Their plan is good (2).
VII. ,
.
1. . . . 2.
? . . 3.
? . 4. ? 5. ?
. ? ( ). . 6.
? . 7. .
. 8. ? , .
? , . 9. ? . 10.
? . 11. ? .
? . 12. ? . 13.
? . 14. ? ? 15.
? ? 16. ?
? 17. ? ? 18.
. . 19. ?
. 20. ? . 21.
? . 22. ? .
23. ? . 24. ?
.
VIII. ,
, .
a) leer, beer, peer, veer, teem, fee, wee, bee, feel;
air, fair, hair, stairs, pair, plain, Spain, faint;
care, fare, mare, stare, bare, rare;
pure, cure, during; fire, mire, tire, shire;
here, sere, mere; our, flour, sour;
world, worm, worship, word, worthy.
b) fate, fat, far, fare;
Pete, pet, pert, here;
style, gyps, Byrd, tyre;
file, fill, first, fired, tube, tub, turn, cure;
** .
75

bone, lot, form, store.


IX. ,
.
engineer, pioneer, wife, worker, son, our, their, who, whose, where, here,
there.

76

X
: tw, kw

: Q, q [kju:]
: all; alk, wr, ew; igh
:

1.
of (. 24).
2. (. 25).

[t] [k] [w].


, [tw] [kw]
, [t] [],
[w]. [w] , ..
.
[] .
[] ,
, [] [].

tw
twas
twelv
twent

kw

kwat
mi:t_z
kwk
s:l_z
kwestn si
kli

g
il
lwd
r
hr

.
q, w al, ew, igh, ng
1. Q, q [kju:] qu [kju:ju:],
[kw], :
quick [kwk]
2. al [eel] k [:],
:
chalk [t:k]

[:l], :
small [sm:l]
also [:lsou] ,
3. ew [i:dblju:]
[ju:], :
new [nju:]
77

4. w r , :
write [rat]
5. igh [adi:et] [a], :
light [lat]
6.
ng [ endi:] l, r, w
[], :
English* [l]
angry [r]

language [lwd]
TEXT TEN
We are_at our_office.
The walls of our class-room.
We are_at_the lesson.
What kind of newspaper
We are_at_the table.
a piece of chalk
The ceiling_is white.
An English newspaper
We are at our office1. We are at the lesson now. This is our classroom.
Its small, | but its light and clean. The walls of our class-room | are blue.
Its floor is brown. Its ceiling is white. The door and the windows | are
white too. We are at the table. Its brown. The chairs are brown too. Jack, |
come to the blackboard2, please. Dont take your book! Take a piece of
chalk | and write the new English words | on the blackboard. Thank you.
Write four questions at home.
What is this?
Its a newspaper.
What kind of newspaper is it?
Its an English newspaper.
Where are you?
We are at the lesson.

1. We are at our office. () .
at ,
? -
, :
We are at the lesson. ( ).
** , ,
() .
78

2. Come to the blackboard .


to come .
: , , .
to go ,
.
:


!
Come to the blackboard!
( ).
!
Go to the blackboard!
(
, ).
:

one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten

an office
a lesson [ lesn]
a class-room [ kl:srum] ,

a wall
a floor
a ceiling [ si:li]
a window
a chair
a piece [ pi:s]
chalk
a word
a question [ kwestn]

a newspaper [ nju: spep]


to come [t km]
to write
light
blue [blu:] ,
green
new
small
English
four [f:]
but [bt, bt] ()
its , (
)

I. ,
.
II. .
1. Where are you?
2. Are you at the lesson or at home?
3. Is this a class-room?
4. What is this?
5. Is your class-room at the office?
6. What kind of class-room is it?
7. Is it large or small?
8. What colour are the walls (windows) of this class-room?
9. What colour is its floor? (ceiling, door).
79

10. Where is the blackboard?


11. What colour is it?
12. Where is the piece of chalk?
13. Is the word blackboard long or short?
14. Is Ann at the blackboard or at her table?
15. Is your bag new?
16. Is this a table or a chair?
III. .
1. This is our class-room (2). 2. That is a light room (1). 3. The walls of my
room are green (3). 4. This cup is white (1). 5. These are new ties (1). 6.The table
is at the window (1). 7. The chairs are at the table (1). 8. Klimov is our teacher
(3). 9. Pete is a good pupil (2). 10. This girl is my sister (2). 11. We are at the
office now (1).
IV. , ,
.
(a chair, to write, a word, small, a piece, to come, a ceiling, a window,
colour, white, a class-room).
1. What ___ is the chalk ?.It is ___ . 2. The blackboard is in ___. 3. The floor
is brown and ___ is white. 4. Jane, close ___, please. 5. ___ here, Jack. 6. Give me
___ of chalk, please. 7. Dont ___ the new words now. ___ the new words at home.
8. New is a short ___. 9. Take ___ and sit down, please. 10. This room is large and
that room is ___ .
V. , .
1. The walls ___ the rooms ___ my flat are yellow and blue. 2. Go ___ the
blackboard, Pete. Pete is ___ the blackboard now. 3. Take a piece ___ chalk ___
the table. 4. Write these words ___ the blackboard. 5. Come ___ the room, please.
6. Go ___ the class-room. 7. Come ___ here! 8. Dont go ___ there! 9. The
blackboard is ___ the wall ___ our class-room. 10. Put these matches ___ your
bag. 11. Open that book ___ page eight. 12. Look ___ the blackboard!
VI. , .
1. What colour is ___ floor of your room? 2. Write ___ question on ___
blackboard. 3. Open ___ window, please. 4. Close ___ door, please. 5. Write ___
new words at home. 6. Give Tom ___ piece of ___ chalk, please. 7. Where is ___
chalk? 8. Where is ___ room six? 9. ___ text-book is on ___ table. 10. They are at
___ home now.
VII. .
1. We are students. This is ___ class-room. The door of ___ class-room is
white. 2. I am at home now. ___ room is small, but its light and clean. 3. This is a
room. ___ walls are green. 4. These are my sisters. ___ names are Mary and Ann.
5. Ben and Nick, open ___ hooks at page ten. 6. Sit down, Peter. ___ mark is good.

80

7. My sister is a teacher. These boys and girls are ___ pupils. 8. This man is an
engineer. ___ name is Petrov. 9. Jane and Kate are at ___ English lesson now.
VIII. ,
of.
1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5. . 6. .
7. (a group). 8. . 9.
. 10. .
IX. .
) .
1. . ?
. ? , . 2.
? - . - ? - .
3. ? - . 4. , ()
. , . . 5.
, . 6. ( )
. 7. ? - . 8.
, . 9. . 10.
? . 11.
.
)
(. 1 22).

1. . .
2. . 3. .
, , . 4. He .
. 5. , .
6. . 7.
() . 8. .
. 9. .
. 10. . . 11. ,
! 12. ! 13. ! 14.
. . 15. !
X. .
a) quite, quick, quest, quiz, quaver, quits; small, fall, tall, call, all;
chalk, walk, talk, stalk, calk;
new, few, stew, pew, hew, pewter, hewn, news;
write, wrest, wrong, wrist, wring, wreck, wrap;
wry, wrong, English, angry, angle;
high, nigh, right, night, bright, might, light, fight.
b) she, meek, reel, grim, happy, pony, sack, lad, darn, got, lard, pond, mule,
bloom, butter, ugly, rudder, sink, mill, fuss, hobby, fly, cube;
81

seep, pep, send, Steve, made, Sam, pane, sand, plate, mean, heat, pine, sty,
teach, close, clock, shelf, cock, tope, tone, bud, fun, fume, laid, bay, tube,
far, hard, term, bird, skirt, thirsty, icy, free, party; peg, gent, peck, skin,
single.
XI. ,
,
.
ceiling, window, chair, piece, chalk, word, question,
colour, light, blue, come, eight.

82

*

[i:]
( ).
[] ,
( ).
[]
.
[]
.
[:]
.
[]
( ).
[:]
( ).
[u:]
( ).
[u]
( ).
[]
.
[:]
.
[]
, .

[]:
[e, a, ]
[u]:
[u, u]
[]:
[, , u]

** .
83


I.
)
[p] -
[b] -
[t] ()
[d] ()
[k]
[]
)
[t] - (-)
[d] - (-)
)
[m] -
[n]
[]
II.
)
[f] -
[v] -
[]
[]

[s]
[z]
[] - (-)
[] - (-)

[h]
)
[w] -
[j]
[r]
[1]

84

[e]
b
[bi:]

[si:]
Dd
[di:]

[i:]
Ff
[ef]
Gg
[di:]
h
[et]
Ii
[a]
Jj
[de]
Kk
[ke]
Ll
[el]
m
[em]

Nn

Pp
Qq
Rr
Ss
Tt
Uu
Vv
Ww
Xx
Y
Zz

[n]
[ou]
[pi:]
[kju:]
[:]
[es]
[ti:]
[ju:]
[vi:]
[dblju:]
[eks]
[wa]
[zed]



a [e] o [ou]

[e]
name
[]
flat
[:]
large
[]
Mary

II
III
IV

[ou]
note
[]
not
[:]
fork
[:]
more

[i:]
[i:]
be
[e]
pen
term
[]
here

i [a]

[wa] u [ju:]

[a]
fine
my
[ ]
sit
myth
[:]
firm
Byrd
[a]
fire
tyre

[ju:]
tune
[]
cup
fur
[ju]
during

ai
ay
ea

ew
oi
oy l
oo + k


[e]
[e]
[i:]
[i:]
[ju:]
[]
[]
[u]

Spain
day
sea
meet
new
point
boy
book

oo
ou
ow
ai + r
+ r
ou + r
+ r

85


[u:]
[au]
[au]
[]
[]
[au]
[:]

too
out
brown
chair
engineer
our
door

c [si:]
1) e, i,
[s]
cent, pencil, icy
2) , , u, [k]
cap, come, cup, black

g [di:] 1) e, i,
[d]
page
2) , , u, []
good, green, big

s [es]
1)
[s]
sit, student, lists


2)
[z]
please, ties, pens

x [eks] 1)
[ks]
text, six
2)
[z]
exam

sh
ch
tell
ck
th

wh
qu
ng
nk
wr

[]
she

[t]
chess

[t]
match

[k]
black
1) []
thick, myth

2) , []
this, bathe

1) ,
[w]
what
,
2)
[h]
who

[kw]
question

[]
long

[k]
thank

[r]
write

86

al
wo
wa
igh

1) k
[:]
2)
[:l]

[w:]
1) ,
[w]
r
2) r
[w:]

[a]

chalk
wall, also
work
want
warm
light

LESSON ONE (THE FIRST LESSON)


Text: WE STUDY FOREIGN LANGUAGES
Grammar: 1. Indefinite. (. 26, 27).
2.
(. 28).
Whats the English for ?
Whats the Russian for trade?

- ?
trade?

My name is Petrov. I live in the centre of Moscow. I work at the Ministry


of Foreign Trade. I am an engineer and I am also a student. Many engineers of
our Ministry study foreign languages. I study English. In the morning I take my
English text-book and my exercise-books and go to the Ministry. The teacher and
the students come into the class-room and sit down at the tables. The students open
their text-books and their exercise-books. I also open my text-book and my
exercise-book. During the lesson we read our texts, write sentences on the
blackboard and do exercises. We do not write many exercises at the lesson. We
sometimes write dictations. We usually write exercises at home. We usually speak
English to our teacher. We sometimes speak Russian at the lesson. After the
lesson we go to the office.
***
What is your name? My name is Smirnov.
Do you live in Moscow? Yes, I do.
Where do you work? I work at an office.
Do you study French? No, I do not (No, I dont).
What language do you study? I study English.
When do you usually study English? I usually study English in the
evening.
What do you do during your lessons? We read, write and speak English
during our lessons.
Do you write many or few exercises at the lessons? We write few
exercises at the lessons.

87

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


, *
W. comb word combination
e.g. [frz:mpl] . . exempli
gratia
Phr phrase
Prp preposition
Art article
Gr grammar
Ant antonym
Syn synonym
W.O. word order
pl plural
etc. et cetera [et setr]
first
W. comb the first lesson (word)
grammar
to study [t std]
e. g. We study English.
We study in this room.
foreign [frn]
a language [lwd]
the English language
to live [t lv]
the centre [ sent]
e. g. I live in the centre of the city.
to work
Prp to work at
e.g. We work at this office.
the Ministry of Foreign Trade [
mnstr v frn tred]


( )
( )

(,
)
( )
(
)

.. ( )
( )
()

, ,
.
() .

...
.
.

** Phr, W. comb.
Gr. Phr ,
. W. comb
, ..
, .
.
Gr ,
.
88

, (

)

also [:lsou]
Syn too

:
They are also here ( - .
to be)
They also study here (
.
)
many [men]
Ant few
morning
evening [i: vn]
Prp in the morning
in the evening
W. comb every morning (evening)
usually [ju :ul]
sometimes [smtamz]
often [fn]
seldom [seldm]
always [: lwz]
a text-book
an exercise [n ekssaz]
an exercise-book
during [djur]
e.g. We read and write during the
lesson.
a sentence [ sentns]
a dictation [ dkten]
to speak
Prp to speak to (with) [w]

, ( )

()

,
.
()

,
-

:
-.
We speak English.
.
We speak this language.
- We speak to (with) our teacher.
.
Russian [rn]
French

:
to speak Russian -
to speak French -

89

after [:ft]
()
Ant before [bf:]
,
e.g. After the lesson we work.
.
Before the lesson I speak to my
friends.
.
when
( )
e.g. When do you study English?

?
. C: -ion, -ly
-ion ,
. ( -t-, -s-,
-ss-) [n]:
to dictate ;

dictation [dkten]

,
e .
-ly [l] ; :
usual ;

usuall [ju:ul]



I.
(. 26).
1. I often meet this engineer here. 2. You seldom go to the blackboard.
3. They read their text-books every day. 4. His sisters always give me books to
read. 5. They go there every day. 6. You usually read these notes at home. 7. They
often come here. 8. We often write questions at home.
II. .
1. Do you often meet your friends at the office?
2. Do they sometimes take your books?
3. Where do you usually read books and newspapers?
4. What do you usually do at the lesson?
5. What do you often copy?
6. What do you read every day?
7. Where do you go every day?
8. Do you read your English books at home or at the lesson?
III. .
1. Ann is in her room now (l). 2. This is a room (l). 3. The walls of this
room are blue (1). 4. We read good books (2). 5. You often go there (1). 6. I
sometimes give Pete my copy-books (2). 7. They read books and newspapers in
this room (2). 8. My sons read these text-books every day (2).
90

IV. ,
-.
1. , .
2. ? 3. ?
4. , ,
. 5. ? . 6.
, . 7.
. 8. . 9.
? .
10. ? . 11.
? 12. ? . 13.
. 14. ? 15.
?
-
V. .
writesentences
writedictations
whatlanguage

onthe blackboard
atthe lesson
studyEnglish

During the lessons | we read our texts, | write sentences on the


blackboard | and do exercises. We sometimes write dictations. We usually
speak English with our teacher.
Do you live in Moscow? Yes, | I do.
Do you study French? No, | I dont.
What language do you study? I study English.
Do you write many | or few exercises at the lessons?
VI. I II
.
a
/ \
[el] []

e
i
/ \
/ \
[i:] [e] [a] []

o
/ \
[ou] []

u
/ \
[ju:] []

VII. ,
,
.
exercise-book
teacher
usually

blackboard doer
writer
speaker
reader
worker

dictation
ink-stand
badly

VIII. , .
1.
2.

What is your name?


Do you live in Moscow or in Leningrad?

91

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

Do you live in the centre of Moscow?


Where do you work?
Are you a teacher?
What are you?
Do you study?
Where do you study?
Where do you go in the evening?
What do you do during the lessons?
Where do you write exercises?
Do you usually do many exercises at the lesson?
Do you often write dictations?
Do you do many or few exercises at home?
Do you often or seldom speak English to your teacher?
What language do you sometimes speak at the lessons?
Where do you go after the lessons?
What kind of books do you usually read?

IX. .
1. I work at an office (1). 2. In the evening we usually study foreign
languages (3). 3. They often speak English at their lessons (2). 4. We write many
sentences on the blackboard (2). 5. After my English lesson I go to the office
(2). 6. You read English books at home (2). 7. We read, write and speak English
during our lessons (1). 8. We always come to the office in the morning (2).
X. ,
.
1. My son is a pioneer. 2. Is his sister an engineer? 3. We write exercises at
our lesson and at home. 4. Do you work at an office? 5. These engineers do not
study foreign languages.
XI.

(a blackboard, to speak, to study, to write, to live, to go, to work, a lesson,


an engineer, an office, to do)
I am ___. I ___ in Moscow and ___ at a ministry. I also ___ English there.
At the lesson we ___ many exercises and ___ many sentences on ___. We usually
___ English to our teacher at ___. After the lessons I ___ to the ___.
XII. , .
I. We live ___ Moscow. 2. They work ___ the Ministry ___ Foreign Trade.
3. I usually go ___ the office ___ the morning. 4. My friends seldom speak English
___ me. 5. Do you speak English or Russian ___ your wife? 6. Where is your
pencil? Is it ___ the table? No, it isnt. It is ___ the floor ___ the table. 7. Take
your pen ___ ___ your bag and write this sentence. 8. I usually go ___ the office
___ the lessons. 9. ___ our lessons we usually write many exercises ___ the
blackboard. ___ home we usually write ___ our copy-books. 10. ___ the morning
92

the teacher and the students come ___ the class-room and sit down ___ their tables.
11. What do you usually do ___ your English lessons? We read, write and speak
English ___ our lessons. 12. Do you go ___ the office ___ or ___ your lessons? 13.
Dont go ___ that room. 14. Look ___ the blackboard.
XIII. , .
My sister is ___ student. Her friends are also ___ students. They live in ___
Moscow. They study ___ English. They usually study in ___ morning. Their classroom is large. ___ walls of ___ class-room are yellow. ___ students come into ___
class-room and sit down at ___ tables. They usually do ___ many exercises, write
___ dictations and study English grammar at ___ lessons. They also often write on
___ blackboard. They do ___ exercises at ___ home too.
XIV. ,
.
1) the class-room, we, sit down, come, into, and, the, at, tables.
2) write, do, many, we, not, sentences, our, at, lessons.
3) to, speak, usually, you, teacher, English, your, do?
4) he lessons, sometimes, Russian, they, at, speak.
5) study, foreign, in the evening, you, languages, do?
XV. ,
: , , ,
, , .
1. ! ( ). 2. !
( ). 3. . 4.
. . 5.
? . 6. !
! 7. ! 8. *. 9.
? 10. . 11.
. 12. .
XVI. , .
1. ?
. 2.
. 3. Bo ,
-. 4. * .
. 5. ?
-. . . 6. . - . 7.
. . 8.
** Leningrad.
** very [ver]
93

? , . 9.
? , .
. . 10. ?
. 11. ? .
? . 12.
? 13. ?
.
. 14. . .
. .
. .
. - .
- . 15.
? ?
, . ? .
? .
? . ?
, , .
?
. ? .
- - ?
-, -.
XVII. ,
. c .
XVIII. .

94

LESSON TWO (THE SECOND LESSON)


Text: WE STUDY FOREIGN LANGUAGES (continued)*
Grammar:1. Indefinite (3-e
. 29).

2. (. 30, 31)**.
Whats the home
task for to-day?

My wife is an economist. She works together with me. She goes to the
office every day. My wife does not study English. She already knows English
very well. She reads many English books, magazines and newspapers. She also
knows French. At her office she sometimes writes letters to foreign firms. She
often translates telegrams from Russian into English and from English into
Russian.
My wife is also a student. She studies German. She is a very good student.
She usually gets good marks. She always comes to her lessons in time1 ***.
My wife and I usually go home together.
In the evening we prepare our home task. We learn new words, read texts
and write exercises. We also repeat grammar rules2. We sometimes speak English
at home. We speak about our work and our lessons.
***
Does your wife study or does she work? She works.
Where does she work? She works together with me.
Is your wife an economist? Yes, she is.
Does she know English well? Yes, she does.
Does she study French? No, she does not. (No, she doesnt).
What language does she study? She studies German.
How does she know German? She knows German well.
What does she usually speak about3 at the lessons?
She speaks about her work.

1. in time , .
, time
.
2. grammar rule .
** .
**** ,
.
****** . .
95

,

,
3. What does she usually speak about at the lessons?
?

, ..
-, :
(
), :
What do you sometimes speak about at your lessons?

About what do you sometimes speak at your lessons?
?
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
second [seknd]
W. comb the second lesson (text)
an economist
together [t e]
e.g. I usually go to the office
together with my friends.
already [: lred]
W.O. My son already works at
an office.
( )
His son is already a student.
( to be)
to know
e.g. I know this engineer.
knows English well.
very [ver]
well
Ant badly
e.g. This student studies very well.
a magazine [ mzi:n]
a letter
e.g. Write me a letter.
e.g. This little boy already knows
many letters.
a firm
to translate [t tr:nslet]
Prp to translate from ... into
e.g. We translate many sentences

()


.
.

.
.

()

.
(, )
1.
.
2.

.

c ... ...

96

from Russian into English.


a telegram [ telrm]
German [d: mn]
to get [t et]
e.g. This student usually gets good
marks.

1.

.
2.
e.g. Where do you usually get

English books?
?
time

Gr in time
,
e.g. Peter always comes to

his lessons in time.
.
home

e.g. Do you go home after the lesson?


?
When do you usually come home?
?
a task
,
a home task

Syn home-work

to prepare [t prp]
,
e.g. When do you usually prepare your home task?
?
Prp to prepare for
...
e.g. I usually prepare for

my English lesson in the evening.
.
to learn [t l:n]
,
e.g. We learn many new words at

our lessons.
.
:
() .
I study English.
() .
I learn new words.
to repeat [t rpi:t]
e.g. Repeat it, please.
a rule [ru:l]
W. comb a grammar rule
about
e.g. Tell me about your studies.
how ()
e.g. How does she study? She
studies very well.

, .


, (-, -)
.
?
.

.
-ent
-ent [nt] :
97

a student
.
kn u l r
1. k n , ,
to know [t nou]
2. u l r I [u:], :
a rule [ ru:l]

blue [blu:]



I. ,
(. 29).
I look
You look
He looks
She looks
It looks
We look
You look
They look

I dont look
You dont look
He doesnt look
She doesnt look
It doesnt look
We dont look
You dont look
They dont look

Do I look?
Do you look?
Does he look?
Does she look?
Does it look?
Do we look?
Do you look?
Do they look?

to close, to go, to open, to read, to sit down, to live, to work, to study, to


come, to write, to do, to speak, to send, to meet, to give, to take, to copy, to put.
II. .
1. ___ lives in Moscow. 2. ___ come into their class-room and sit down at
the tables. 3. Does ___ sometimes meet his friends at the office? Yes, ___ does. 4.
___ study English at the office in the morning. 5. ___ does not speak English to her
teacher. 6. Do ___ sometimes speak Russian at their lessons? Yes, ___ do. 7.
Where do ___ study? ___ study at the office. 8. ___ do not study English. ___
study French. 9. ___ am also a student. 10. Does ___ work or study? ___ works at
an office. 11. Do ___ go to the office in the morning? Yes, ___ do. 12. ___ does not
often write sentences on the blackboard. 13. ___ do not read English books every
day. 14. What do ___ usually read at the lessons? ___ usually read our text-books.
15. Where does ___ go every day? ___ goes to the office every day.
III.
.
l. His name is Pavlov. 2. Her sister lives in Moscow. 3. My friend studies
English. 4. Our teacher speaks French. 5. This engineer works at our office. 6. His
wife goes to the office in the morning. 7. Her friend writes English sentences at
home. 8. They do many exercises at home.

98

IV. ,
-.
a) 1. Does your wife work?
2. Where does she work?
3. Does she study a foreign language?
4. What language does she study?
5. Does your son go to his English lessons every day?
6. Does he study French too?
7. What does he do during his English lessons?
8. Does your sister work or study?
9. When does she go to the office?
b)10. Are you a worker?
11. Do you study German?
12. Does your sister study German too?
13. Is she a good student?
14. Where do you work?
15. Where does your sister work?
16. What kind of books do you read?
17. What kind of books does your son read?
18. When do you study English?
19. When does your son study English?
V. ,
-.
1. ? 2. . 3.
. 4.
? . 5.
(Kiev)? . 6. ,
. 7. ? 8.
. 9. .
, . 10.
? . 11. . 12. ? 13.
? . ?
. 14. ? 15.
? 16. .
.
-
VI. .
writes
works
translates

lives
knows
studies

99

letters
firms
telegrams

My wife is an economist. At her office | she sometimes writes letters | to


foreign firms. She often translates telegrams | from Russian into English |
and from English into Russian.
***
Does your wife study | or does she work? She works. How does
she know German? She knows German well.
VII. .
a)
knife, know, knock, knave, knee, knit, knew, knot; rule, blue, flute,
rude, ruby, allude.
b)
speech, crack, drone, puff, traffic, gate, gust, bigger, log, egg, germ,
high, jig, just, kite, bring, quest, quick, race, cane, cinders, cut, care, mere, tire,
cure, stir, burn, arm, lore, port.
VIII. , ,
, .
reader
doctor
badly

question
foreigner
translator

student
writer
translation

IX. , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

Does your wife study or does she work?


Where does your wife work?
Is your wife an engineer or an economist?
Does she study German or does she already know the language?
How does she know German?
What foreign language does she know well?
What does she read?
Does your wife also know French?
What does she do at the office?
What does she translate?
Does your wife study French or English?
How does she study?
When does she prepare her home task?
What marks does she usually get?
What marks do you usually get?
Does your wife always come to her lessons in time?
Do you always come to your lessons in time?
Does your wife speak English (French) at home?
What does she always tell you after her lessons?
Do you prepare your lessons in the morning or in the evening?
Do you often repeat grammar rules at the lesson?
Do you prepare your lessons together with your wife?
When do you prepare your lessons?
What do you learn?

100

25.
26.

How do you speak English?


What do you often speak about with your friends?

X. .
1. My wife is an economist (l). 2. His sister lives in Moscow (1). 3. My
sister often sends me letters. (1). 4. They speak German well (1). 5. This student
goes to his lessons in the morning (1). 6. He usually gets good marks (1). 7. My
friend prepares her home task in the evening (3). 8. My son learns many new
words at his lessons (2).
XI. .
1. What is his wife? She is an economist.
2. This student knows English very well.
3. We do not prepare our home task in the evening.
4. What grammar rules do they repeat at home?
5. My son usually gets good marks.
6. Dont tell me about it now.
7. Speak to your friend about it to-day ().
XII. ,
.
) 1. ? ,
. 2. . 3.
. 4. o . 5.
. 6.
. 7. . 8.
.
) 1. ? 2.
. 3. ? 4.
.
XIII. , .
l. Dont translate these letters ___ English. Translate these letters ___
French. 2. Peter always comes ___ the office ___ time. 3. We sometimes read
Russian and English books ___ the evening. 4. ___ our English lessons we often
go ___ the blackboard. We write many sentences ___ the blackboard. 5. Where
does he usually go ___ his work? He usually goes ___ his English lesson. 6.
Does your wife speak ___ German? No, she doesnt. She speaks ___ English
and French. 7. ___ the morning our teacher comes ___ the class-room, puts his bag
___ the table and sits down ___ his table. 8. I sometimes speak ___ English ___
my son. 9. Tell her ___ your friends. 10. Comrade Petrov, translate this text ___
Russian ___ English, please. 11. Do you usually speak ___ books ___ your
friends? Yes, I do. 12. My friends usually go ___ ___ their class-room ___ their

101

lesson and then go ___ home. 13. What do you usually speak ___ ___ your friends
___ the lesson ___ the morning?
XIV. , .
My son is ___ engineer. He works at ___ factory*. He knows ___ French and
___ German. He studies ___ English. He is ___ good student. He often reads ___
English books at ___ home. He usually goes to his lessons in ___ morning. He
always comes there in ___ time. At factory he gets ___ English magazines and
newspapers. In ___ evening he prepares his home task. He often translates ___
sentences from ___ Russian into ___ English. He often gets ___ good marks.
XV. to come to go
.
1. I work at an office. I ___ to the office every day. 2. In the morning our
teacher ___ into the class-room and sits down at his table. 3. We do not ___ home
after our lessons, we ___ to our offices and work there. 4. When do you usually
___ home? I usually ___ home at seven oclock in the evening. 5. We always
___ to our lessons in time. 6. We often ___ to the blackboard at our lessons.
XVI. ,
, , , , .
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4. ?
. 5. . 6.
. 7.
. . 8.
. 9.
.
XVII. , .
1. He often (to meet) Peter at his office. 2. You (to speak) English? Yes, I
(to do). 3. usually (to come) home in the evening. 4. Ann (to be) an economist.
She (to live) far from* her office? No, she (not to do). She (not to live) far from
her office. 5. He sometimes (to translate) letters and telegrams from Russian into
English. 6. His sister (not to study) French. She (to study) German. 7. We often (to
send) telegrams to Kiev. 8. Your son (to be) a pioneer? 9. He always (to prepare)
his lessons well? What marks he usually (to get)? He always (to get) good
marks. 10. They (to take) English lessons every day? 11. You often (to repeat) the
words of these texts? 12. The words of the second lesson (not to be) new. We
already (to know) these words very well.
XVIII. , .
** A factory [fktr] .
** Far from
102

) 1. ? . (
)? . 2. ?
. 3.
? . 4. ?
. 5. ? 6.
. 7.
? .
. 8. . . 9. He
. . 10.
.
. 11. -
. 12. .
. 13. ? ,
. 14. ? ?
. 15. ? .
o ? . 16.
* . 17.
? . 18.
?
. . 19.
? 20. , . 21.
. 22. . . 23. .
.
) . , ! (
). .
. .
(). .
. Bo ,
.
.
, .
. . . .
. ,

.
XIX. 3-
. :
My friend Petrov lives in Moscow
XX. o , .

** an article [n :tkl].
103

to live, a name, to work, an engineer, to know, to go, to come, in time, to


translate, foreign, many, a magazine, in the evening, in the morning, an office, to
speak, very well, together, about, with, in the centre of.

104

LESSON THREE (THE THIRD LESSON)


Text:
THE WORKING DAY OF AN ENGINEER
Grammar: 1. (. 32).
2. (. 33).

3. Much, little (. 34).


4. (. 35).
5.

, (.
36).
Thank you very much!
Dont mention it!

!
He ! (!)

Comrade Petrov works at an office. He lives near his office. He usually


walks there. He works on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and
Saturday. He does not work on Sunday.
His working day lasts eight hours1, but on Saturday he works only six
hours. In the morning he receives very many letters and telegrams. He always
answers them.
He sometimes translates articles from foreign newspapers and magazines.
He often receives engineers from factories. They discuss many questions with
him. He usually finishes work at six oclock2 in the evening. On Saturday he
finishes work at four oclock in the afternoon.
Comrade Petrov studies English. He works hard at his English. He
sometimes stays at his office after work to take English lessons. After the lessons
he returns home.
***
Who works at this office? Comrade Petrov does.
Whom does he often receive at the office? He often receives engineers
from factories.
Does Comrade Petrov live far from his office? No, he doesnt. He
lives near it.
How long does his working day last? It lasts eight hours.
When does he usually finish work? He finishes work at six oclock in
the evening.
Which of his friends studies English? Comrade Pavlov does.
Does he study English in the morning or in the evening?
He studies English in the evening.

1. His working day lasts
eight hours.

2. He usually finishes


105

work at six oclock.


.
hour (= 60 ).
oclock (
? ?), :
at five oclock , at three oclock .
,
.
:

3 . 12 .
12 . 5 .
5 . 12 .
12 . 3 .
5 .

2 . .


morning from midnight (12 oclock)
till noon (12 oclock)
afternoon from 12 oclock (noon) till
6 oclock.
evening from 6 oclock till 12 oclock
(midnight)
He usually comes home at 5 oclock in the
afternoon.
She finishes work at 2 oclock in the
morning.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


third [:d]
a working day
to mention [t menn]
a comrade [ kmrd]
e.g. Do you know Comrade Smirnov?
near
Ant far from

?
, ,
()

:
lives near his office.

.
lives far from his office.
.
to walk
e.g. I usually walk to the office.
I often walk here with my son.
a walk
W. comb to go for a walk
a week-day [ wi:k de]
( pl. week-days)
e.g. We usually work on week-days.

,
.
.


,
.
106

a week-end
e.g. I usually spend week-ends with
my friends.
Monday [mnd]
Tuesday [tju: zd]
Wednesday [wenzd]
Thursday [:zd]
Friday [frad]
Saturday [std]
Sunday [snd]
a day off [ de f]
e.g. Sunday is my day off.
Prp on my day off
on Monday
on that day
on week-days
at the week-end
(over the week-end)
much

Ant little
how much
how many

,


(: ) .


.




.
( , euc )

( )
( )

:

much work

much time

little work

little time
()?
how much work (time)?

many exercises

few words
()? how many exercises (words)?
much
Ant little
e.g. Ann reads much, and Peter
reads little.
Syn hard

()

,
.
,

107

W. comb to work hard


to study hard
e.g. Nick works hard at his English.
to last [t l:st]
an hour [n au]
e.g. Our lesson usually lasts
two hours.
only [ounl]
e.g. I know only one foreign
language.
to receive [t rsi:v]
e.g. My sister often receives letters
from her friends.
e.g. Every day Comrade Ivanov receives engineers from our.
factories
to answer [t :ns]

()
()

.

( )

.


.
1.

.
2.
.
(-, -)

:
.
Answer these questions.
an article [n :tkl]
e.g. Dont read this article. It is
not very interesting.
a plant [ pl:nt]
a factory [ fktr]
to discuss [t dsks]
e.g. Dont discuss this question
now.
to finish
e.g. We usually finish our work
in the evening.
at
e.g. I come home at seven oclock.
e.g. I finish my work at six oclock
in the afternoon.

1.
He .
.
2.

,

He .
,

.
1. ( )
.
.

:

finishes his work at six
(
oclock.
).

works six hours on Saturday.
( ).

108

e.g. works hard at his German.


afternoon [:ftnu:n]
Prp in the afternoon
e.g. My son usually comes home at
four oclock in the afternoon.
to stay
e.g. We do not usually stay
at home on Sunday.
to return
e.g. Return my book, please.
e.g. returns home at eight
oclock in the evening.
how long
e.g. How long does your lesson
usually last?
which
e.g. Which book do you take?
Which of you knows French?

2.

.
(noon ,
12 )


.
1. ,
, , .
2.

.
,

?
, , (
...)
()
( )?
?

100
C : -teen, -ty, -th
I. -teen [ti:n] ( ten );
13 19
.
-teen ,
, :
nineteen [nanti:n]


. ,
, :
lesson nineteen
[lesn nanti:n]
,
, :

the nineteenth lesson

109

[ nanti:n lesn]
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen

seventeen
eighteen

nineteen

:
eleven [levn]
twelve [twelv]

II. -ty [t] .


, .
-ty .
twenty
thirty
forty
fifty

sixty

seventy

eighty

ninety
one hundred

III. . ,
, :
twenty-three

(), :
twenty-one
ninety-nine

IV. -th [] (
, four
);
fourth
-, ie
th:
twenties [twent]
ninetieth [nant]
fourth
sixth
seventh
eighth

tenth
eleventh
thirteenth

110


twelve
five
nine

twelfth
fifth
ninth

,
, ,
, ,
, ,
. year , ,
.
:
1900 [nanti:n hndrd] 1900 . ( ).
1905 [nanti:n ou fav] 1905 . ( ).
1917 [nanti:n sevnti:n] 1917 . ( ).
1957 [nanti:n fft sevn] 1957 . ( ).

, ear
1. ay, ey [],
:
Monday [mnd] money [mn]
2. ear [], :
near [n] ,


I. , .
1. These exercises are very good. Prepare (they) at home. 2. This engineer
lives in our house*. I know (he) well. 3. Write these words in your copy-books and
learn (they). 4. Read this letter and translate (it) from Russian into English. 5. Ann
usually prepares her home task together with (I). 6. I know this girl. She studies
English with (we). 7. With (who) do you usually speak about your work?
II.
(. 32).
l. Take this book and read ___ at home. 2. Does he often speak with ___
about the new films? 3. These books are very good. Where do you get ___? 4. My
sister knows English well. I often prepare my home task with ___. 5. Read these
words and learn ___ well. 6. I do not know ___. What is his name?
** A house [ haus] .
111

III. (. 33).
1. Which of you knows French?
2. Which of these engineers works hard at his English?
3. Who knows English well?
4. Which of your economists often takes English books to read?
5. Who translates German letters and telegrams at your office?
6. Who often sends you telegrams?
7. Who gives you books to read?
8. Which of your friends lives in Leningrad?
9. Who speaks Russian at our lessons?
10. Which of these engineers does not know English?
11. Which of you does not repeat these grammar rules every day?
12. Who reads these foreign magazines at your office?
13. Which of them does not study now?
14. Which of you knows Comrade Semenov?
IV. .
l. These hoys usually get good marks (2). 2. Our teacher always speaks
English at our lessons (3). 3. The students often translate sentences from
Russian into English (2). 4. At the office my wife usually writes letters and
telegrams (4). 5. We sometimes study English in the evening (3). 6. In the
morning these engineers go to their factories (3). 7. Those girls are economists
(2). 8. These workers read foreign magazines in the evening (4). 9. I am an
engineer (2). 10. His sisters already know French (3).
V. :
) ,
.
1. ()?
. 2. ? . 3.
? . 4.
, ?
. 5. ?
. 6.
? . 7. ? . 8.
? . 9. ? 10.
? .
11. ? .
) , .
1. . 2.
. 3. ? . .
4. (asks) . 5.
(group)? . 6.
. 7. ?
() . 8.
112

. 9. ? .
.
VI. .
9, 11, 8, 13, 12, 20, 32, 30, 34, 43, 41, 14, 45, 54, 50, 53, 56, 65, 67, 57, 78,
89, 91, 99, 100.
VII. a ,
.
, , , ,
, , , , ,
, , .
VIII. .
, , ,
, , ,
, , , 45,
23.
IX. -.
1956 ., 1945 ., 1917 ., 1905 ., 1900 ., 1812 ., 1799 ., 1242 ., 1066 .,
1848 ., 1871 ., 1725 ., 1147 ., 1612 ., 1499 .
-
X. .
walksthere
worksthere
answerthem

letters andtelegrams
Friday andSaturday

Comrade Petrov lives near his office. He usually walks there. He


works on Monday, | Tuesday, | Wednesday, | Thursday, | Friday | and
Saturday. In the morning | he receives very many letters and telegrams. He
always answers them.
Who works at this office? I do. Which of your friends works
there too? Comrade Petrov does.
XI. .
.
lasts, does, receives, answers, translates, discusses, finishes, studies, returns,
stays, letters, telegrams, questions, tells, texts, cities, books, articles.
XII. ,
ay, ey, ee, ea, eer, ear.
Tuesday, Monday, holiday, Sunday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Wednesday,
stay, play, gay, day; hockey, money, storey; steel, leap, feel, fear, deer, dear,
clear, deep, steer.
113

XIII. a ,
.
speaker
discussion
eleventh
sixty

fifteen
translation
walker
badly

preparation
writer
ninth
ninety

XIV. , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.

Who works at an office (a factory)?


Does your friend live far from his office (factory)?
Does he walk to his office (factory)?
On what days does he work?
Does he work hard on week-days?
What does he do on his day off?
Where does he usually spend () week-ends?
How long does his working day last?
How many hours a day does he work?
When does your friend receive foreign telegrams at the office?
How many foreign telegrams does he receive every morning?
Does he always answer them?
Who answers letters and telegrams at your office?
What does he sometimes translate?
Whom does he often receive?
What do they discuss?
When does he usually finish work?
When does he finish work on Saturday?
Where does he sometimes stay after work?
When does he return home?
When do you usually return home?
Do you live far from the office?
Which of your friends lives near your house?

XV. .
1. He lives near Moscow (l). 2. My wife works at a factory (2). 3. My
friend often receives many letters and telegrams (l). 4. Our English lesson lasts
two hours (1). 5. Comrade Petrov answers many letters and telegrams every day
(l). 6. This engineer always finishes work at six oclock in the evening (1). 7. My
friend reads many articles in foreign newspapers every day (l).
XVI. .
1. Comrade Petrov is an engineer (2). 2. He discusses many questions at
the office (2). 3. Our English lessons usually last two hours (3). 4. These
students usually return home at five oclock in the afternoon (3). 5. Our wives do
not work on Sunday (2). 6. His sisters work at a new factory (4). 7. We usually

114

receive letters and telegrams in the morning (3). 8. I sometimes stay at the
factory after work (3). 9. You live far from your office (2).
XVII. .
1. I receive
2. My sister comes
3. We usually finish

4. He goes
5. Our lesson lasts
6. My friend lives

XVIII. ,
a .
1. We often stay at the office to take our English lessons. 2. Does his son
speak English very well? 3. We do not finish work at six oclock in the evening on
Saturday. 4. That student reads very much. 5. We sometimes stay here to discuss
our work. 6. To know English well we read English books and magazines. 7. Nick
studies hard to know French well.
XIX. , .
on Saturday, to discuss (with), to stay, questions, to go home, after work,
before the lessons, together with, to live, working day, to answer, to translate (
from into), in time, to prepare (for), to walk, at home, very much, in the centre
of, to work (at), during the lesson, to speak (about), near my house, far from the
factory.
XX. , .
Ann is ___ worker. She works at ___ large factory. ___ factory is not far
from ___ Moscow. Ann usually goes there in ___ morning. She finishes work at
five oclock in ___ afternoon. Her sister is ___ student, she lives in ___ Kiev. She
studies ___ German. Ann often receives ___ letters from her sister. She sometimes
goes to ___ Kiev to stay with her sister.
XXI. , .
1. They (to finish) their lesson at ten oclock? 2. He usually (to walk) home
after work. 3. At what office (to work) Comrade Petrov? 4. He (not to work) hard
at his German. 5. Whose working day (to last) six hours? 6. Your working day (to
last) eight hours? 7. How long your working day (to last)? 8. This engineer usually
(to return) home at seven oclock in the evening. 9. You (to answer) many
questions at your lessons? 10. Your sister often (to stay) at the factory after work?
11. I often (not to receive) letters from my friends. I (to receive) many telegrams
from them. 12. Comrade Petrov often (to answer) many letters and telegrams. l3.
Who often (to discuss) many questions with these engineers? 14. How they (to
know) English? They (to know) English very well. l5. The students (to repeat)
the new words at home or at the lesson? They (to repeat) them at home.
XXII. , .
) l. ?
. 2. ( )

115

. . 3.
? , .
, . 4.
? . . 5.
? .
. 6. ?
. .
. ? . 7.
( ) ? .
8. .
. 9.
? . 10. ?
. ? . .
?
7 . 11.
? .
() 6 .
. 12. , . 13.
? .
() . 14. . 15.
? . 16.
. (park).
. .
. . 17.
, . 18. .
) ? .
? .
,
. ?
6 .
? . .
?
. ?
, ,
. ? .
, , .
.
? .
. ?
. ? .
XXIII. . ( 1, 2, 3).
.
(an institute [n nsttjut]).

116

,
.
.
.
. , ,
. .
. , ,

. , .
XXIV. .
XXV. ypoe,
.
Comrade, near, to walk, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday,
Saturday, to last, an hour, to answer, a question, to translate, to discuss, to finish, at
ten oclock, to work (at), hard, to stay, only.

117

LESSON FOUR (THE FOURTH LESSON)


Text:
THE WORKING DAY OF AN ENGINEER
Grammar: 1. Indefinite (
. 37, 38, 39).
Whos absent? Comrade Pegov is.
Whos on duty to-day? I am.
Did you stay with your family over the
week-end?

? To. .
? .

?

My friend Petrov lives in Leningrad now. Two years ago he lived in Moscow
and worked at an office. He lived near his office. He usually walked there. He
worked on week-days. He worked hard. He did not work on Sunday. Sometimes he
stayed with his friends over the week-end. His working day lasted eight hours, but
on Saturdays he worked only six hours. In the morning he received very many
letters and telegrams. He always answered them. He sometimes translated articles
from foreign newspapers and magazines. He often received engineers from
factories. They discussed many questions with him. He usually finished work at six
oclock in the evening. On Saturday he finished work at four oclock in the
afternoon.
Comrade Petrov studied English. He worked hard at his English. He
sometimes stayed at the office after work to take English lessons. After the lessons
he returned home.
***
Who worked at an office two years ago?
Comrade Petrov did.
Whom did Comrade Petrov receive at the office? He often received
engineers from factories.
Did he live far from his office?No, he didnt. He lived near it. When
did he usually finish work?He finished work at six oclock in the evening.
(At) what time did he usually return home on Saturday? He usually
returned home at five oclock on Saturday.
What language did he study? He studied English.
Did he study English in the morning or in the evening?
He studied English in the evening.
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
fourth [f:]
yesterday [jestd]
the day before yesterday


last night [l:st nat]

last week [l:st wi:k]

last month [l:st mn]
last year [l:st j]

118

last time [l:st tam]

ago [ou]

W. comb two (three, four ... ten ...)
(, ... ) (days (weeks, months, years) ago.
, , ) .

Moscow [mskou]; Leningrad [lennrd]
. st, sk
a st, sk [:], :
last [l:st] ,
to ask [tu :sk]
-
I. ;
Past Indefinite,
.
, , , , , , ,
, , (), ( ),
, , , , (),
, , , .
II. .
walked_there
answered_them
translated_them

I didnt
he didnt
they didnt

He lived near his office. He usually walked there. He received many


letters. He answered them. He translated them. Did he live far from the
office? No, | he didnt.
III.
.
a) last, past, ast, fast, task, mask, ask.
b) fate, mule, pump, fat, car, forth, went, lick, bite, spent, bit, tune, tiny,
fume, birth, same, Sam, stern, clock, bone, rob, cute, robe, fur, list, turn, Byrd,
terms, stir, curly, Charley, volley, Friday, rule, knock, flute, clear, fear.
IV.
(. 37).
1. He opened the window in our class-room before the lesson yesterday.
2. Ann translated many foreign letters at the office last week. 3. I finished work at
six oclock the day before yesterday. 4. You studied German five years ago. 5.
They returned home in the evening. 6. They discussed many articles from these
French magazines last week-end.

119

V. ,
no .
1. My working day lasts eight hours. 2. Do you often receive letters from
your friends ? 3. He returns home at eight oclock in the evening. 4. We discuss
many questions with engineers from factories. 5. Do they often stay at the factory
after six oclock?
VI. , a
-.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

Who is your friend?


What is your friend? (What does he do?)
Where does your friend live now?
Does he live in Moscow or in Leningrad?
What kind of city is Leningrad?
Where did you live two years ago?
Where did your friend live two years ago?
Where did your friend work then ()?
Did he live far from his office?
Did he walk to his office?
On what days did he work?
Which days are week-days?
Did your friend work much or little?
On what day did he not work?
What did he usually do on Sunday?
How long did his working day last?
Did he answer many letters and telegrams?
Did he translate letters and telegrams at the office or at home?
Did he translate letters into French or into German?
What did he usually discuss with engineers from factories?
What did they usually speak about?
When did he usually finish work?
When did he usually finish work on Saturdays?
When did he return home?
Did he return home at five oclock in the afternoon on Wednesday or
on Saturday?

VII. .
1. Comrade Petrov receives many engineers from factories (1). 2. I received
a good mark yesterday (2). 3. They worked at a large factory in 1935 (4). 4.
My sister stayed at the office after work yesterday (3). 5. You lived in that house
ten years ago (3). 6. Ann often speaks about her son (2). 7. Comrade Petrov
translated seven English texts last week (3). 8. He knows English very well (2).

120

VIII. ,
.
l. Who usually (to prepare) his lessons in this room? This student (to do).
2. Last year I (to live) near my office. I always (to walk) there. 3. How your friend
(to speak) English?He (to speak) English badly. 4. When you (to return) home
the day before yesterday? I (to return) home at seven oclock the day before
yesterday. 5. What language you (to study) five years ago? I (to study) French.
6. What language he (to study) now? He (to study) German. 7. What engineers
you often (to receive)? 8. What engineer they (to receive) last night? 9. You (to
stay) at the Ministry after work the day before yesterday? Yes, I (to do).
What you (to do) there? I (to study) English there. 10. How long your lesson
usually (to last)? It usually (to last) two hours. 11. How long your lesson (to
last) two days ago? It (to last) one hour. 12. Who (to finish) his work at seven
oclock the day before yesterday? I (to do). 13. With what engineers you (to
discuss) this question last week? I (to discuss) it with the engineers from your
office. 14. With whom you usually (to return) home? I (to return) home with my
wife. 15. With whom you (to discuss) this question last week-end? We (to
discuss) it with my friend. 16. How he usually (to answer) your questions at the
lesson? He (to answer) them well. 17. I (not to work) at this office five years
ago. 18. What your friend usually (to do) during the English lesson? During the
lesson he usually (to read, to write and to speak) English. 19. How long you (to
stay) in Kiev last year? I (to stay) there a month.
IX. ,
.
X. .
1, 11, 2, 12, 20, 3, 13, 30, 4, 14, 40, 5, 15, 50, 6, 16, 60, 7, 17, 70, 8, 18, 80,
9, 19, 90.
XI.
.

1, 5, 8, 11, 12, 30, 34, 42, 50, 53, 3, 9, 90, 98, 100.
XII. a
.
, , ,
, , ,
, , , .
XIII. -.
1870 ., 1868 ., 1825 ., 1773 ., 1837 ., 1919 ., 1708 ., 1800 .
XIV. , ,
, .

121

1. to walk, to return, to receive, to stay, to answer, to live.


Last year I ___ in Odessa a month. I ___ near the sea (). Every day I
___ there in the morning and usually ___ there two, or three hours. I often ___
letters from my friends. I usually ___ them in the evening. In October* I ___ to
Moscow.
2. to answer, to receive, to finish, to return, to work, to discuss.
Comrade Serov is a worker. He ___ at a large factory. He usually ___ eight
hours. Yesterday he ___ work at seven oclock. After work the workers ___ their
plans. At eight oclock Comrade Serov ___ home. In the evening he ___ a telegram
and two letters. He ___ these letters.
XV. , a
-.
1. ?
. 2. ? .
?
. . 3.
? . 4.
? . 5.
? . 6.
? .
. 7.
? .
. 8.
? .
? .
. 9.
? . ?
. , . 10.
-, .
11. ? .
? . 12.
. . .
. 13. ?
o . 14.
? .
XVI. .
1. ? . .
? .
? .
. ,
.
** October [ktoub] .
122

? . ,
-. .
? .
. .
2. ?
.
? ,
, , , .
? , .
.
? .
?
.
?
,
, .
,
.
-?
? .
.
? ,
.
? .

.
XVII. ,
.
to live, to work (at), factory, on week days, to study hard, to work hard (at),
to stay, last night, to repeat, to learn, at the lesson, to answer, many questions, to
translate (from into), to receive good marks, to last, to return home.
XVIII. :
a) My Last Year Studies, b) My Working Day Yesterday, c) In the Evening.

123

LESSON FIVE (THE FIFTH LESSON)


Text:
MY FRIENDS LAST WEEK-END
Grammar: 1. Indefinite (
. 39, . 4).
2. Indefinite to he (. 40).
3. (. 41).

4. (.
42).
I am sorry!
!
Thats all right.
, !
Ask him for a sheet of paper .
A week ago my friend Boris Klimov came to Moscow from Leningrad. On
Saturday he came to see me and my family. We decided to spend1 the week-end
together and Klimov stayed with us till Monday.
On Sunday we woke up late. We got up at nine oclock, washed and
dressed. Then we had breakfast.
What do you usually do on your days off? Boris asked 2 us at table3. We
often go to the country, my wife answered. Sometimes we go to the theatre or
to the cinema.
Do you often go to the Central Park? Boris asked.
We were there last month. It is a very good park. We like it very much4. Do
you want to go there, Boris?
Oh5, yes, I do. The weather is so fine to-day!
We went to the park with our children.
In the park we skated and skid and the children played with their little
friends.
We came home at two oclock. After dinner Boris and I played chess, and
in the evening we went to the cinema. The film was interesting and not very long.
It began at seven oclock and at eight it was over. We did not want to go home so
early and went to see Klimovs friends. They were very glad to see us and we had
supper together.
We returned home late, but we did not go to bed at once. Boris wrote two
letters to his friends in Leningrad and read them to us.
At twelve oclock we went to bed.

1. We decided to spend the week-end together.
( ) .
,
to. to decide,
to like, to want :
I decided to go to the country on
124

my day off.

He likes to read English books.

They want to stay with us till


Sunday.

to begin
, :
She began to study English two
years ago.

2. ,
.
) Do you work at your English very hard? he asked.
) Do you work at your English very hard? asked Boris.
) Do you work at your English very hard? Boris asked.
) Do you work at your English very hard? Boris asked me.
, ,
, , ,
(. ).
, ,
, ,
(. ), , , ,
, (.
).
, ,
,
.
We often go to the country, my wife answered.
Do you often go to the central Park? Boris asked.
3. Boris asked us at table. (
).
table ,
at table , :
to he at table , ,
.
:
( Dont read the newspaper at table.
).
. Sit down at the table and write a dictation.
125

4. We like it (the park) very much. () .


very ,
:
a very good book
he studies very well

,
very much, , ,
:
We want to go there very much. .
5.

Do you want to go there, Boris? Oh, yes, I do.


, ? , .

oh , , ,
.
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
to see (saw, seen) [t si:, s:, si:n]
W. comb to see a film

:
!
Look at the blackboard!
?
What do you see there?
!
See this film!
Phr to come to see
, -
to go to see
, -
e.g. I often go to see my friends, and
,
they also come to see me.
.
a family [ fml]

e.g. My family is large.


.
to decide

e.g. We decided to discuss that book. .


to spend (spent, spent)
1. ( ,
..)
e.g. We spent our last day-off in
Moscow.
.
Prp to spend time (money [mn]) 2. (, ) ...
on ...
e.g. He spends much time on his
(
English.
)
.
Till
( )
e.g. Till what time did you work

yesterday? I worked till two
? .
oclock.
126

to wake up (woke, woken)


e.g. I woke up early yesterday.
e.g. Wake him up!
Wake up your son!
to get up (got up, got up)

1.
.
2.
!
!
, ( ,
..)
.

e.g. I get up at seven oclock in the


morning.
got up from his chair and

went out of the room.
.
late
()
Ant early

e.g. I sometimes go to my office



early in the morning and return

home late in the evening.
.
to wash
1.
e.g. He got up, washed and dressed.
, .
2. ,
e.g. Wash these cups, please.
, , .
to dress

then
1. ,
e.g. We wrote a dictation, then we
, read a new text.
.
2. ,
e.g. Five years ago I lived in Kiev.
.
I was a student then.
.
breakfast [brekfst]

dinner [dn]

supper [sp]

to have breakfast*
to have dinner

to have supper
the country
W. comb to be in the country
Ant to be in town
W. comb to go to the country
Ant to go to town
a country
e.g. Our country is large.

** . . 572.
127

a theatre [ t]
W. comb to go to the theatre
a cinema [ snm]
W. comb to go to the cinema
Syn to go to the pictures [pktz]
the Central Park [ sentrlp:k]
to ask [tu :sk]
W. comb to ask questions
e.g. At the lesson the teacher asks us
many questions.


,



1.


.
2.
e.g. asked me to give him a book

to read = asked me for a book


=
to read.
.
to like
,
:
.
I like to read.
. I like this book.
to want [t wnt]

e.g. I dont want to go to the cinema



this evening.
.
weather [we]

:
.
I dont like bad weather.
. The weather was fine yesterday.
so

1. (-, -oe, -)
2. ( )
e.g. This park is so fine!
!
knows English so well!
!
to-day

to-night

Syn this evening

a child [ tald] (pl children [tldrn]) ,
for [f:, f]
1. ()
e.g. Get this book for me, please.
, ,
.
2.
e.g. Ann got a good mark for her

last dictation.
.
to skate

skates

to ski (skid, skid) [t ski:, ski: d]


128

skis
to play
W. comb to play chess (football,
volley-ball, tennis, hockey, dominoes etc.)
e.g. Do you play chess well?
W. comb to play a game of chess
e.g. Yesterday Nick and I played
game of chess after supper.
interesting [ntrst]
to begin (began, begun) [t bn,
bn, bn]
e.g. I began to study English three
months ago.
e.g. Our lesson begins at nine
oclock.
over

(, ,
, , ..)
?

.

1.

.
2.
.
,
,
.

Gr to be over
e.g. The lesson is over.
glad
Gr to beglad

e.g. Glad to see you! (= I am glad to


!
see you).
a bed
,
Phr to go to bed
()
Syn. to go to sleep

e.g. Did you go to bed late yesterday? ?


once [wns]

e.g. Once we decided to go to the



country ...
...
at once
, ,
e.g. Do it at once!
!
whose
(. )

to see, saw, seen
to have, had, had
to spend, spent, spent
to wake up, woke up, woken up
to get up, got up, got up
to begin, began, begun
to ski, skid, skid

129

. -al
-al [l]

;
:
centre

central

. d, t, th
d, t, th [],
:
weather [we] bread [bred]


I. .
to be, was/were, been
to meet, met, met
to tell, told, told
to send, sent, sent
to come, came, come
to read, read [red], read [red]
to go, went, gone [n]
to do, did, done [dn]
to find, found, found

to give, gave, given


to take, took, taken
to write, wrote, written
to speak, spoke, spoken
to know, knew, known
to get, got, got
to sit, sat, sat
to put, put, put
to teach, taught, taught

II.
, I (. 39 . 4).
Did he (I, you, we, they) go ?
He (I, you, we, they) did not go
He didnt go
III. .
1. He was in Kiev last week (3). 2. My friend wrote many letters to me
last year (5). 3. They were at their office yesterday (3). 4. Last year our
students read many English hooks (5). 5. He took his son to the park after
work (5). 6. These students knew this teacher very well (3). 7. Comrade Petrov
spoke to the engineers of this factory about our plan yesterday (5). 8. After
their lessons the students usually return home (3). 9. We were not at the office
on Sunday (3).
IV. . (. 40).
) to be
.
1. ? . ? -
12 . ?
. . ?
130

. ?
. ?
.
) -.
1. . 2.
? . 3.
, ? . 4.
. 5.
! 6. ,
, . 7.
? . 8.
. . 9.
? . 10.
- ? 11.
? .
. 12. ? ,
-,
. 13. ? . 14.
? . 15.
? 16.
?
V. , (. 42).
1. Send this hook to Tom. 2. Write a letter to Mary in the evening. 3. Take
that letter and give it to me. 4. Do not read us this telegram. We know it. 5.
Comrade Petrov, take your exercises and read them to us. 6. Give these telegrams
to our engineer. 7. We wrote a letter to Ann two days ago.
VI. (. 41).
) 1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5. . 6.
. 7. (a daughter [d:t]) . 8.
. 9. . 10. ypoca. 11.
(children) . 12. . 13. .
) 14. . 15. . 16.
. 17. . 18.
. 19. . 20.
.
VII. ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Is this your sons exercise-book?


Whose exercise-book is this?
Is that this boys or that girls exercise-book?
Whose friends came to Moscow last Sunday?

131

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Does Comrade Petrovs wife work at a factory or at an office?


Does your friends son study French or English?
Whose wife works at this office?
Does your friends wife or your wife know English very well?
Does your sisters son live in Moscow?

VIII. , , ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Whose exercise-book is this? (my sister)


Whose son lives in Kiev? (my friend)
Whose pen is on the table? (our teacher)
Whose mark is good? (my son)
Whose name is Nick? (my sisters son)
Whose name is Peter? (Comrade Perov)

IX. ,
.
) 1. ? , . 2.
. 3.
. 4.
? . 5.
-? ,
-. 6. ?
. 7. ? . ?
. 8.
? . 9.
? . 10.
, a .
) 1. ) . )
.
2. ) . ) .
3. ) -. )
-.
4. ) . )
.
5. ) . )
.
X. ,
.
-
XI. a) ,
.
My sisters name

These engineers letters

132

His friends son


This students exercise-book

Our students marks


Those mens work

James book
Alex room
Bess teacher
) ,
.
Whatdo you do?
attable
we were there
I answered

Oh, yes, I said.


What are you?, he asked me.
I am a worker, I answered.
We often go there, she said.

Are you a doctor? she said.


Do you skate? he asked me.
Did you read it last night? he asked me yesterday.
Do you often go there? he asked us at table.
What do you usually do on your days off? Boris asked us at table.
We often go to the country, my wife answered. Sometimes, we go to the
theatre | or to the cinema.
Do you often go to the Central park, Boris asked.
We were there last month, I answered.
II. ,
.
a) bread, weather, breakfast, dread, thread, breath, threat, spread, steady.
b) ail, day, seat, new, soon, task, cow, stout, voice, took, soil, space, cast,
sail, rain, ounce, meak, last, steep, pen, stool, moist, stoop, want, wash,
wasp, past.
III. ,
,
.
central
afternoon
beginner
ninth
forty
exercise-book
reader

newspaper
week-end
twentieth
player
eighteen
skater
preparation

text-book
speaker
usually
blackboard
skier
week-day

XIV. , .
1.
2.
3.

Do you often see your friend from Leningrad?


What is his (her) name?
What is your friend? (What does he do?)
133

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.

Where does he (she) work?


Did he come to see you last month (year)?
Do you like to stay over the week-end with your family or with your
friends?
Do you like to stay at home on your days off?
Do you like to spend your week-ends in the country or in town?
When do you usually get up on Sunday?
When did you get up last Sunday?
Did you wake up late or early?
What did you do then?
Where do you usually stay over the week-ends?
Where do you go on your days off?
Where were you last Sunday?
What did you do after breakfast?
Do you often go to the park or to the country on your days off?
Is the park near your house large or small?
Did you go to the park or to the country on your last day off?
Do you like to skate (to ski)?
Do you skate (ski) well or badly?
Do you play chess?
Who(m) do you usually play chess with?
Does your friend play chess well?
When did you play chess with him last time?
Do you like to go to the cinema?
When did you go to the cinema last time?
When did the film begin?
Was it interesting?
When was the film over?
(At) what time did you come home?
When did your friends come to see you last time?
What did you do after supper?
What did you do then?
Did you go to the country together with your friends or did you stay
in town?
When were you in the country last time?
Did you meet your friends there?
Was the weather fine then?
Did you go to bed late on that day?

XV. .
1. Last Sunday I went to the cinema with my friends (5). 2. My son was
at the theatre the day before yesterday (4). 3. Little children always like to ask
questions (3). 4. I came home very late two days ago (4). 5. My friends little
son usually goes to bed early (2).

134

XVI. :
) , .
1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. : ,,
? 5. ?
. 6.
. 7. , . 8.
? .
. 9. .
10. .
) to like.
1. . 2. .
3. ? 4. . 5.
. 6. ? 7. ?
, . 8. .
9. ? 10. ()
? 13. . 14.
? . 15.
. 16. ? .
.
) , ,
.
1. ? . 2.
. ? 3. ?
. 4.
? , . 5. : ,,
?
XVII. to give to take
.
1. ___ that red pencil off the table and ___ it to me. 2. Dont ___ your
children to the country. The weather is bad. 3. Your sister ___ me a very interesting
book last week. I want to return it to her. ___ it, ___ it to her and thank her for it. 4.
Where do you ___ English newspapers and magazines to read?
XVIII. ,
whom , .
1. I know this comrades son very well. My sister knows ___ too. 2. Last
year my friend went to Kiev. He writes ___ many letters. 3. Comrade Klimovs
wife works at our office, but I dont know ___. 6. Yesterday I was in our park. My
son didnt go with ___. He stayed at home. 7. Did you prepare your lessons fast
night? No, I didnt. I prepared ___ in the morning. 8. To ___ did you write
letters last year? 9. Yesterday I returned the book to Peter and thanked ___ for ___.
10. Speak to ___ about his work. 11. Tell ___ about his work. 12. Jack and Fred are

135

my friends. I often meet ___. 13. Do you know his sister? Yes, I do. I know ___
very well. 14. Take these books and read ___ at home. 15. What did your friend
write in his last letter to ___? 16. When did he return this book to ___? He returned
this book to ___ the day before yesterday. 17. What did you give ___ to read? 18.
To ___ did you give my book to read?
XIX.
, .
1. Give me that magazine. 2. Take that exercise-book off the table and give it to
me. 3. Write a letter to our friends. 4. Dont open your exercise-book, read exercise
10 to us from your text-book. 5. Yesterday he received many magazines and gave
them to us. 6. Dont give me this book. I read it last month. 7. The day before
yesterday we wrote a letter to that firm. 8. Give us this article. We want to read it to
our teacher. 9. Give me your pen, please. 10. My parents live in Kiev. I often write
letters to them.
XX. .
a) Wake up my son at six oclock,
please.
) Why did you not wake me up
yesterday?
) What time do (did) you have
breakfast?
) They dont (didnt) usually have
supper at nine oclock.

, ,
6 .

?

()?
(
) .

XXI. , ,
.
1. Yesterday (to be) my day off. I usually (to wake up) early on my days off.
But sometimes I (not to get up) at once. Yesterday I (to get up) at eight oclock.
2. When you (to have) breakfast yesterday? I (to have) breakfast at nine oclock
in the morning. 3. We usually (to stay) over the week-end in the country, but we
(not to go) to the country yesterday as * the weather (to be) very bad. 4. My son (to
be) a pioneer. He (to study) very well. He always (to prepare) his lessons.
Yesterday he (to get) three good marks. 5. When you (to be) at the theatre last
time? I (to be) at the theatre two weeks ago last time. 6. I usually (to go to bed)
at eleven oclock in the evening. Yesterday my friends (to come to see) me and I
(to go to bed) at one oclock in the morning. 7. Where you (to be) yesterday? I
(to be) at the cinema. You (to like) the new film? Yes, I (to do). 8. Who (to
give) you this magazine yesterday? Comrade Glebov (to do). You (to read) it
last night? Yes, I (to do). The articles in this magazine (to be) interesting?
Yes, they (to be).

** As .
136

XXII. , .
Do you want to go to ___ country? my wife asked me on our last day off.
Yes, I do, I answered. I want to go to ___ Pushkino! We came to ___ Pushkino
at eleven oclock in ___ morning. ___ weather was fine. We walked in ___ park
for three hours. At two oclock in ___ afternoon we returned to Leningrad. We had
___ dinner and rested* ___ hour. In ___ evening we went to ___ theatre. (We often
go to ___ cinema or to ___ theatre on ___ Sunday and ___ Saturday). We saw ___
very interesting play (). We liked ___ play very much. Then we went ___
home. At ____ home we had ___ supper, played ___ game of ___ chess and went
to ___ bed at 12 oclock.
XXIII. , .
1. ? .
. () . 2.
? .
. 3. ?
. ? , .
? . 4.
.
, .
. 5. ? . 6.
? .
(this year). .
7. .
, , . 8.
.
. . .
. 9. ,
. 10.
, . 11.
? . .
. 12. ?
. 13. ? , .
. . 14. **
. o ,
. , , , .
. . .
, o
. , ,
. .
. , ,
** rest , .. , ..
**** to sleep (slept, slept).
137

. 15. ?
, . 16. .
. . (Institute) .
.
. .
XXIV. ( ).
,
.
. .
.
.
. ,
. . 9
. ,, .
?" . ,, ,
, .
, .
. . ,
y .
. . .
. .
,
.

XXV. 10 .
XXVI. .
XXVII. ,
.
1. day off, weather, fine, to wake up, to get up, to decide, to stay over the
week-end, to go to the country, to ski, to skate, to return, late, after supper,
not to want, to play chess, at once, to go to bed.
2. to like, to go to the theatre, after, a working day, often, to see, interesting,
a play (), very much, once, to return late, before supper, to be over,
then, to go to bed, at once.
3. In the afternoon, to decide, to the park, to walk, two hours, to return, to
have dinner, after dinner, to play chess, to go to the cinema.
4. to like, to play chess, often, in the evening, to come to see, to be glad, last
night, to have supper, together, to speak about, to go to bed late.
5. to want, to ask for, to give, interesting, a book, to begin, at once, to like, to
read, very much, to return, to thank.

138

XXVIII. : ) Last Day


Off. ) How I Usually Spend Week-Ends. ) Last Sunday Evening. ) In
the Country.

139

LESSON SIX (THE SIXTH LESSON)


Text:
MY FRIENDS FAMILY
Grammar: 1. Indefinite (. 43).
2. to have ,
Indefinite (. 44).
3. no (. 45).
Shall I read?
Shall I begin? Do, please.
Where does he come from?

?
? , .
?

My friends name is Petrov. He lives in Moscow. His family is not very


large. He has a wife and two children. His wifes name is Mary. His childrens
names are Ann and Nick.
Comrade Petrovs wife is a young woman. She is twenty-nine years old.
She works at the Institute of Foreign Languages. She is a teacher. She has many
students. The students marks are good. She has no bad students. My friends
daughter is a girl of ten. She goes to school. At school she studies many subjects.
She also studies English. She works hard and knows the language well. She
usually makes few mistakes in English. As a rule she has no bad marks. She is a
good pupil. She is a pioneer. She likes to read very much. She also helps her
mother at home.
His son is a little boy. He was horn six years ago. Every morning his father
takes him to the kindergarten. Soon the boy will be seven years old. He will not go
to the kindergarten. He will go to school.
My friend has a sister too. Next year she will graduate from the Institute.
She will be a doctor. She is a young Communist. She lives with their parents in
the country. His sisters husband is an engineer.
My friend has no brother.
In summer my friends wife usually takes her children to the country to
their grandmother and grandfather. They like their grandchildren very much.
Soon she will take them to the country again.
Their grandfather is a very old man. Many years ago he was a worker. He
always had very much work to do. But now he does not work. He is an old
Communist and likes to tell his grandchildren about his life and work.
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
young [j]
(-, -, -)
Ant old [ould]

e.g. father is not old. How old .


is he? is fifty years old.
? .
an institute [n nsttju:t]

a woman [wumn] (pl women [wmn])


W. comb a woman of forty

140

a daughter [ d: t]

e.g. His daughter is a girl of ten.



a school [ sku:l]
,
e.g. house is near a school.
.
The school is new and fine.
.
Art to work at school
()
e.g. sister is a teacher. She works
. at school.
.
Art to go to school
,
e.g. son goes to school.
(
).
a subject [ sbdkt]
1. ( )
W. comb to do (to take) subjects at

school
e.g. My daughter takes many

subjects at school.
.
2.
e.g. What is the subject of your report? ?
a mistake

to make (made, made)


, (, )
W. comb to make a mistake

to make a report

:

Yesterday he made a report at
.
our plant.
()
did that work yesterday.
.
a rule [ ru:l]*
as a rule
( )
e.g. As a rule, I finish my work at six ,

oclock.
.
to help

e.g. Help us with this work.


.
a mother [ m]

a father [ f:]

born [b:n]

Gr to be born

e.g. When were you born? I


?
was born in 1921.
1921.
soon
,
a kindergarten

** , .
141

next week (month, year)


to graduate [t grdjuet]
Prp to graduate from an institute

( .
)

:
I finished school ten years ago.
.
- graduated from the Institute
.
last year.
a Communist [ kmjumst]
The Communist Party
parents [prnts]
a husband [ hzbnd]
a brother [ br]
summer [sm]
winter [wnt]
spring [spr]
autumn [:tm]
Prp! in (the) summer (winter,
spring, autumn)
a grandmother [ rndm]
a grandfather [ rndf:]
a grandson [ rndsn]
a granddaughter [ rndd:t]
grandchildren [rndtldrn]
again [en]
enough [nf]
tomorrow
the day after tomorrow

(, , )


How old are [:] you?
I am thirty years old.
I was born in 1920.
I had much work to do
yesterday.

?
.
1920 .

( ).

. -ist
-ist [st] ,
:
Communist

142

.
ld, nd th, , , v
1. -ld, -nd
, .. , , :
old [ould]
child [tald]
find [fand]
2. th, a m, n, v
[], :
mother [m]
brother [br]
come [km]
nothing [n]
love [lv]


I. ,
(. 43).
1. I shall study German in three years.
2. I shall be at home after seven.
II.
.
1. I shall go to the cinema tomorrow. 2 You will work on Sunday. 3. My
friends will come to see me the day after tomorrow. 4. He will soon meet Comrade
Klimov. 5. These students will write a dictation in three days. 6. We shall do this
work at once. 7. My friend will be a teacher in two years. 8. I shall be at home.
III. ,
.
1. My daughter studies German. 2. We receive many letters from our friends.
3. The lesson is not over. 4. I am usually at home after six oclock. 5. Does your
friend live in Minsk? 6. She is not an economist. 7. Do they often discuss
interesting questions at the office? 8. I dont get up at five oclock in the morning.
9. This boy is a good pupil.
IV. .
l. I shall get up at seven oclock tomorrow (3). 2. Our lesson will be over
soon (l). 3. We shall be glad to see you here on Sunday (1). 4. My son will not
spend the week-end here (3). 5. We shall read interesting books in the evening
(2).

143

V. ,
.
1. Will you work tomorrow?
2. On what day wont you work?
3. Where will you spend the week-end?
4. Will you stay at home or go to the country over the week-end ?
5. Will your wife go to the park with the children on Sunday?
6. When shall we go to see our friends?
7. With whom will you play chess in the evening?
8. Who will translate this text?
9. How long will you work at this text?
10. How long will your lesson last tomorrow?
11. When will you discuss the new film?
12. Whose children will go to school next year?
13. When will your son begin to study foreign languages?
14. What languages will your sister know in two years?
VI. , .
1. I usually (to go) to the office at eight oclock. 2. Where you (to work) next
year? 3. Where you (to be) yesterday at five oclock? I (to be) at home. 4. You
(to be) at home on your day off? Yes, I shall. 5. What kind of books you (to
like) to read? 6. You (to read) this book last year? Yes, I (to do). 7. My friend
(not to like) to write letters. 8. From whom you (to receive) a letter yesterday? 9.
What marks your son (to get) last week? He (to get) three good marks. 10.
Where you (to be) this evening? 11. When he (to speak) to your brother about this?
12. When we (to speak) English well? You (to speak) English well in three
years. 13. Your friend (to tell) you about his mother then? No, he did not. 14.
When we (to tell) our mother about it? We (to tell) her about it to-night. 15.
They usually (not to speak) English at home.
VII. ,
.
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4.
. 55 . 5.
. . 6.
? . 7.
-. 8.
? ,
. 9. .
. 10. ? . 11.
?
. 12. ?
c . 13.
144

. 14. .
. 15.
. . 16.
? . 17.
, .
18. . 19.
? .
VIII. ,
to have (. 44).
a) 1. Have you a sister? No, I havent. 2. Has your friend many or few
children? He hasnt many children. He has two sons. 3. I have a wife and a son.
4. I havent enough paper to write four letters. 5. Have you a wife? No, I
havent. 6. Peter has no sister. 7. Comrade Glebov has no children. 7. Have you a
red pencil? No, I havent. I have no red pencil. I have a blue pencil.
b) l. Jack hasnt got that German magazine. 2. Ive got an interesting article
about Moscow. 3. I havent got much time to discuss this question with you. 4. Ive
got an interesting book to read.
c) How many English lessons did you have last week? We had three
English lessons last week. 2. Did you have much work to do at the office
yesterday?Yes, I did. 3. We didnt have dinner at home to-day. We had it at our
factory. 5. (At) what time do you usually have breakfast?I usually have breakfast
at nine oclock in the morning. 6. Will you have supper together with me? 7. Shall
we have a lesson tomorrow? No, we shall not. We shall have no lesson
tomorrow.
IX.
.
a) 1. Mary has a family. 2. Jane has many children. 3. I have a wife. 4. Peter
has many sons. 5. Jack has a sister. 6. We have many English books.
b) 1. Ive got an interesting magazine to read. 2. Weve got an hour to
discuss this question. 3. She has got these French books here.
c) 1. We had a lesson in the morning to-day. 2. I had dinner at three oclock.
3. Jane had much time to do this work yesterday. 4. They had breakfast early today. 5. We had much work to do yesterday.
X. .
1. We had an English lesson yesterday (2). 2. My friends sister has two
little children (2). 3. I have got an interesting book to read (2). 4. We shall have
supper at home (2). 5. I had much work to do at the office yesterday (2).
XI. , to
have.
a)

1. Have you a son?


2. How many children has your sister?
3. Which of you has three children?
145

4. Have you a large or a small family?


5. Have you many English books?
6. What books has your son?
7. Will you have new French magazines tomorrow?
b)

1. Have you got an interesting book to read?


2. Has she got much or little work to do to-day?
3. How many English magazines have you got now?

c)

1. Did you have an English lesson in the morning yesterday?


2. When did you have your English lesson the day before yesterday?
3. When will you have your English lesson?
4. When do you usually have dinner?
5. Does your friend have dinner at twelve or at two oclock in the
afternoon?
6. When did you have supper yesterday?
7. Does your friend have dinner at home?
8. When will you have dinner?
9. Will you have much or little work to do tomorrow?

d)

1. Has your friend children?


2. Has your friend a son or a daughter?
3. Which of you has no children?
4. Whose daughter had many good marks last week?
5. What marks will she have this month?
6. Whose son has many interesting books?
7. What marks did your friends daughter have last year?
8. How many English books have you got at home?
9. How much work did your friends wife have to do yesterday?
10. Will she have little or much time to do this work tomorrow?
11. Did you have an English lesson in the morning or in the evening
yesterday?
12. Do your children have breakfast at seven or at eight oclock?
13. Did you have supper at eight oclock?
14. Does your friend have dinner at home?
15. What marks has your sisters son?
16. Did he have many lessons yesterday?
17. How many lessons did he have at school the day before yesterday?
18. When did you have your last English lesson?
19. When shall we have a dictation?
20. Have you got a question?
21. What question have you got?
22. Have you got a piece of chalk?
23. What kind of books have you got?

XII. .
a) He has a son.

.
146

b) How many sisters has he?


c) Has she a family? Yes, she has.
(No, she hasnt.)
d) I have no family.
e) I havent (got) many German
books at home.
f) Ive got many interesting Russian
books.
g) Did you have a lesson yesterday?
h) I didnt have much work to do
yesterday.
i) Shall we have a lesson tomorrow?

?
? ().
.
()
.

.
?

.
?

XIII. ,
to have Indefinite.
1. . 2. ?
. 3.
? . 4.
. ,
. 5. ?
. 6. * .
. 7. .
, . 8. ?
. 9. ?
. 10.
? . 11.
?
. 12.
. . 13.
.
. 14. ?
. 15. .
-
XIV. .
andtwo children
a youngCommunist
his wifes name
his sisters husband

next year
next month
withtheir parents
inthe country

My friends name is Petrov. He has a wife | and two children. His


wifes name | is Mary. My friends daughter | is a girl of ten. My friend has
** to bring (brought, brought).
147

a sister too. Next year | she will graduate from the Institute. She is a young
Communist. She lives with their parents in the country. His sisters husband |
is an engineer.
XV.
, .
a) child, find, wild, mild, kind, old, cold, bold, told, other, mother, brother,
another, come, love.
b) knit, rude, storey, clear, blast, cask, bleak, fit, bite, hurt, bark, right,
knight, night, sink, skill, step, stern, tusk, tune.
XVI. ,
.
XVII. ; ,
, .
usually
blackboard
class-room
teacher
theatre-goer

newspaper
reader
new-comer
speaker
preparation

writer
marxist
translation
discussion
beginner

XVIII. ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

What is your name?


What are you?
Where do you live?
Have you a family?
Is your family large or small?
How many children have you?
What are their names?
How old are they?
How old will your son (daughter) be in three years?
How old are you?
How old is your wife (husband)?
When was your son born?
When will your son go to school?
When was your daughter born?
Do your children go to school?
When will they go to school?
Do children take (study) many or few subjects at school?
How do your children study?
Do they often make mistakes in their home-work?
What marks do they usually get?
What is your wife (husband)?
Where does she (he) work?
148

23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.

Have you sisters or brothers?


When will your sister (brother) graduate from the Institute?
Is your sister (brother) a Communist?
Are you (also) a Communist?
When did you graduate from the Institute?
Where do your parents live?
Do you go to the country in summer or in winter?
Do you like to go to the country in spring?
Does your wife study English or do you?
What language will you study next year?
How much time do you usually spend on your English?
With whom will you prepare your home task to-night?
Where do you usually take your family in summer?
Where will you go next Sunday?

XIX. .
1. We have many English books (3). 2. I shall have very much work to do
next week (l). 3. My sisters son has five lessons at school every Friday (3). 4.
We had three dictations last month (2). 6. My friends wife has a French lesson
in the evening (5). 7. Her sister has two children (3). 8. We shall have an
interesting lesson tomorrow (2). 9. My friend has four sons (l).
XX.
.
1. His daughter is a girl of ten (my friend). 2. Their sons go to school every
day (his sisters). 3. Their parents are doctors (these children). 4. Their marks are
always good (these students). 5. His friend graduated from the Institute last year
(my brother). 6. His family will live in Kiev (this man). 7. Her husband is a doctor
(their teacher). 8. I shall soon see his parents (Comrade Glebov). 9. I like his work
(Peter). 10. I know her brothers name (this woman).
XXI. ,
.
My brother Peter lives in ___ Kursk. He is ___ doctor. He has ___ family.
He has ___ wife and two children. His wife Helen has no ___ mother, but she has
___ father. ___ Helens father is ___ old engineer. He lives in ___ country. ___
Peters office is near his house. He goes ___ there in ___ morning. ___ Peters son
goes to ___ school. He is ___ pioneer. ___ Peters daughter is two years old. In ___
year her mother will take her to ___ kindergarten. On their days off they often go
to ___ country to see ___ Helens father.
XXII. , .
Mary Petrova is woman ___ 32. Eight years ago she graduated ___ the
Institute ___ Foreign Languages. She is a teacher. She teaches English ___ the
Institute. She usually goes ___ the Institute ___ eight oclock ___ the morning and
comes ___ home ___ three oclock ___ the afternoon. Her daughter Ann is a girl
149

___ nine. She goes ___ school. Every day she spends four hours ___ school. ___
home she prepares her hometask and helps ___ her mother. Marys son is a boy
___ four. Every morning Marys husband takes him ___ the kindergarten. Marys
parents do not live ___ her. They live ___ the country ___ ___ Moscow. ___
summer Mary takes her children ___ the country and they live ___ their
grandparents there. Their grandfather often tells ___ them ___ his life and work.
XXIII. 5 6
.
XXIV. .
(to help, a subject, old, the country, to be born, a mark, to graduate from, an
institute, a pupil, a school, again, summer, a girl, to tell)
1. My daughter in ___ ___ 1940. Now she is 18 years ___. She studies at
___. She takes many ___ there. She sometimes ___ her brother and sisters to
prepare their lessons. 2. I live in Moscow. But I like to spend the week-end in ___
3. My brother is a teacher now. He ___ ___ the Institute last year. He works at ___
and he ___ us about his work very often. 4. Nina is ___ of twelve. She is a ___.
She studies well. She always gets good ___. 5. Last year I spent two months in
___. In the ___ I shall go there ___.
XXV. ,
.
) to make, to do.
1. .
. 2.
. 3. ?
. 4. ? 5.
(on this subject)? .
) to tell, to speak.
l. -. 2.
. 3. .
4. . 5. . 6.
,
.
) to finish, to graduate.
1. ? 1940 . 2.
. 3. 1948 ?
. 4. . 5.
.
.
) many, much, few, little.
l. ? 2.
? 3.
. 4. ? 5.
150

? 6.
. 7. ? 8.
( ) ? .
9. ?
) to be born, to be . . . old.
1. ? 1923 . ?
35 . 2. ? 1951 .
? Moey 7 . 3.
? 1931 . ? 27 .
4. ? 1929 .
? 29 . 5. ?
1799 . 6. ? 1848 . 7.
? 1711 . 8.
(Swift)? 1667 . 9. *?
1340. 10. **?
1564 . 11. ***? 1898 .
XXVI. 5 .
a) My sister is 62 years old. 62 .
b) How old is your brothers son?
?
c) She is a woman of 29.
29- .
d) My son was horn in 1948.
1948 .
XXVII. , .
to be born, young, to go to school, in the summer, subject, to help, to
graduate (from), in the autumn, again, soon, to make mistakes, parents, to finish
school, to make a report on, as a rule, to have much work to do.
XXVIII. ,
.
1. . .
. . 2. ,
. 3.
. . . . 4.
. .
. .
. 5.
. . . 6.
? .
. .
** Chaucer [t:s].
**** Shakespeare [eksp].
****** Paul Robeson [p:l roubsn].
151

. 7. ? :
. 8. . ,
.
. 9. .
. . , ,
- . ,
c -.
. 10. , .
.
. . 11.
.
. 12. .
. , .
. . 13.
. 14.
. .
. 15.
, . 16. ?
. ? . 17.
? I921 . 18.
. 19. , ,
? 20. , ,
? . 21.
?
. 22. ,
, . 23.
.
XXIX. .
. . 50 ,
45. . .
. .
. . .
.
. . .
. (a garden).
.
XXX. ( ).
.
. .
. .
9 . :
. .
. . 1951

152

.
. . .
. . . .
. : .
. . .
. .
.
. .
. .
.
. , , ,
.

XXXI. 15 .
II. : a)
Wife, ) Daughters Studies, ) Son a First Year Pupil, ) My
Sister a Future Doctor, ) My Family in the Country (next summer, last
winter), e) My Grandfathers Life and Work.
III. 10 , 10 10
.
.
who, whom, what, whose, which of, where, when, how, how many, how
much, how long.
XXXIV. ,
.
1. Sons Friend.
to have a good friend, to be born in , to go to school , to want , to
help , parents, to begin to work, factory, to begin to study, again, to graduate
from the Institute, to be an engineer.
2. My Father.
to be years old, a Communist, to work, in the country, in the summer, to
like, in the winter, to come to see, to ski, again, to tell.
3. My Friends Studies.
at the Institute, subjects, interesting, to help, to want, much, to make a
report, to make mistakes, well.
XXXV. : ) Life, )
Family, ) My Parents, ) My Sisters Family, ) Friends Parents.

153

LESSON SEVEN (THE SEVENTH LESSON)


Text:
Grammar:

MY SISTERS FLAT
there is | are ,
Indefinite (. 46).

Write the date, please.


Correct your mistake!
Shall I continue?
No, | thatll do, | thank you.

, .
!
?
, , !

Two years ago my sister graduated from the Institute and went to
Komsomolsk to work there. She is an engineer and works at a factory. Last month
she received a very comfortable flat in a new house. Her flat is on the third floor.
On the fifth of March I received a letter from my sister with many pictures of the
city and of her flat.
This is a picture of my sisters flat (. .). Look at it! There are three
rooms in it: a study, a bed-room and a dining-room. There is also a kitchen and
a bathroom in her flat, but you do not see them in this picture. There is no sittingroom in my sisters flat.
This is her dining-room. The walls of this room are yellow. The ceiling is
white. The floor is brown. In the middle of the room you see a round table. On it
there is a white table-cloth and a vase with flowers. There is an armchair and
four chairs at the table. There is a piano in the corner of the dining-room. My
sister plays the piano very well. She likes music very much. To the right of the
piano you see a door. It is open.
Do you see a writing-table there? Yes, I do.
Is there a lamp on the writing-table? Yes, there is.
What else is there on the writing-table? There is a telephone and two
books on it. There is also a radio-set in the room.
Is there a television-set on the table? No, there is not.
Is there a sofa in this room? No, there is not. There is no sofa there,
but there is a book-case in the corner.
What room is this? It is a study.
To the left of the piano you also see a door. It is also open.
Are there many things in that room? No, there arent.
What things are there in that room?
What room is that?
Is my sisters flat comfortable?
How many rooms are there in her flat?
Were there many comfortable houses in Komsomolsk ten years ago?
Will there be many new fine houses in Komsomolsk soon?

154

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


comfortable [kmftbl]
W. comb a comfortable room (flat,
armchair, etc.)
a house [ haus]
January [dnjur]
February [februr]
March [m:t]
April [eprl]
May [me]
June [du:n]
July [du:la]
August [:st]
September [sptemb]
October [ktoub]
November [novemb]
December [dsemb]
Prp on the seventh of October
a floor [ fl:]

(,
..)


1.
2.
e.g. My flat is on the third floor.
.
a picture [ pkt]
,
Prp in the picture

e.g. What do you see in this picture? ?
W. comb to go to the pictures

a study [ std]
()
a bed-room [ bedrum]

a dining-room [ dan rum]

a kitchen [ ktn]

155

a bath-room [ b:rum]
a sitting-room [ strum]
the middle [ mdl]
Prp in the middle of...
e.g. There is a table in the middle
of my room.
round [raund]
a table-cloth [ teblkl:]
a vase [ v:z]
a flower [ flau]
an arm-chair [n :mt]
a piano
W. comb to play the piano
a corner [ k:n]
Prp in the corner
e.g. There is an arm-chair in the
corner of that room.
music [mju:zk]
Art I like music.
right [rat]
Ant left
Phr to the right (left) of ...
e.g. There is a piano to the left of
he table.
Go to the right.
open [oupn]
Ant closed
e.g. The window is open.
W. comb an open window (book)
a writing-table [ rat tebl]
else [els]

()

.
(
)

()
.

.
( )

(

)
e.g. What else do you want to discuss? ?
Whereelse did you see him?
?
a telephone [ telfoun]

Prp, Art to speak over the telephone



a radio-set [ redou set]

to listen in

e.g. We often listen in after supper. .
a television-set [ telvn set]

W. comb to see ... on television



Syn to look in

156

e.g. Last night we saw a new film


on television.
.
a sofa [ souf]

a book-case

a thing
,
:
- They saw many interesting
.
things there.

January [dnjur]
February [februr]
March [m:t]
April [eprl]
May [me]
June [du:n]

July [dula]
August [:st]
September [sptemb]
October [ktoub]
November [nouvemb]
December [dsemb]

. -ure, -able
-ure

;
t [t]:

a picture [ pkt]
-able [bl] ; ;
,
:
to read

readable [ri:dbl] , ..

. cei, ower, ph
1. cei [si:], :
a ceiling [si:l]
to receive [rsi:v]
2. ower [au], :
a flower [ flau]
3. ph [f], :
a telephone [ telfoun]

157



I. ,
there is | are (. 46).
1. . 2.
. 3. 20- . 4. 20-
. 5. . 6.
. 7.
epee. 8. Bo
. 9. . 10.
?
. 11. ?
. 12.
. 13.
. 14.
.
II.
.
1. There is a blackboard in our room. 2. There are English books in my bag.
3. There was a telegram on the table. 4. There will be a new cinema near our house
next year. 5. There were many mistakes in your dictation yesterday. 6. There are
many new grammar rules in Lesson four. 7. There is much paper on the table.
8. There was enough ink in my pen to write two letters.
III. .
1.
There (is, are) a large table in my room. 2. There (is, are) three
windows in my room. 3. There (is, are) a table and four chairs in my sisters room.
4. There (is, are) a blackboard, a table and many chairs in our class-room. 5. There
(is, are) many pencils and a pen in my bag. 6. There (is, are) a text-book and two
exercise-books on my table. 7. There (was, were) no school here in 1920. 8. There
(was, were) many children in the park yesterday.
IV. ,
there is | are.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Is there a blackboard in your class-room?


Are there many tables in your class-room?
What books are there in your bag?
Are there bad students in your group ()?
How many mistakes were there in your dictation?
Are there many chairs in this room?
In what room is there a large table?
In whose room are there two windows?
What is there in your room?
What will there be in your room soon?
158

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Were there many children in the park yesterday?


Will there be many people in the park on Sunday?
Was there an institute in your town five years ago?
When will there be a new cinema near your house?
How many pages will there be in your friends new book?

V. .
1. There are five good students in our group (1). 2. There will be a good park
in our city (1). 3. There is a large blackboard in our class- room (2). 4. There are
English books on my table (1). 5. There are no mistakes in my exercise-book (1).
6. There will be a theatre near my sisters house in three years (2). 7. There were
three mistakes in your dictation yesterday (2).
VI. ,
there is | are.
) 1. . 2. (a
group) , . 3.
? , . 4.
. . 5. .
6. ? .
7. ? .
? . 8.
?
. . 9.
? . 10. . 11.
. 12.
? 20 18 . 14.
.
.
)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
















159

.
.
.
.
.

) 1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5.
. 6. . 7. . 8.
. 9.
. 10. . 11.
. 12. .
VII. .
) There is a book and many exercisebooks in my bag.
b) There are no mistakes in your dictation.
) There arent many mistakes in your
dictation.
d) Will there be a new theatre near your
house next year?
) There was no school near my house
five years ago.


.
.

.

?

.

-
VIII. .
onthe table
arethere
inthat room
isthere
onthe writing-table therearent
inthe corner of the dining-room thereisnt
There is a piano in the corner of the dining-room. Is there a lamp on
the writing-table? Yes, | there is. What else is there on the writing-table?
There is a telephone | and many books on it. Is there a television-set on
the table? No, | there is not. Are there many things in that room? No,
| there arent.
IX. ,
.
a) picture, lecture, rapture, nature, culture, feature;
receive, ceiling, deceive, perceive, ceil;
flower, power, shower, powerful;
photo, phase, phrase, phosphor, phonic.
b) out, loud, bow, howl, fellow, willow, true, toil, spoil, frail, shere, steer,
tear, sear, sour, ware, dare, lull, maid, square.
X.
,
.

160

XI.
.
badly
readable
listener
reporter

usually
exercise-book
afternoon
walker

comfortable
decision
discussion
helper

XII. , .
1.
Did you study at the Institute?
2.
When did you graduate from the Institute?
3.
Did you stay to work in Moscow?
4.
Do you live in a new house?
5.
Where is your house?
6.
Have you a flat or a room?
7.
Is your flat large or small?
8.
On which floor is your flat?
9.
How many rooms are there in your flat?
10. What colour are the walls in your dining-room?
11. Is there a kitchen and a bathroom in your flat?
12. What is there in your bed-room?
13. What is there in your dining-room?
14. Is there a book-case in your study?
15. What else is there in your study?
16. Will there be a telephone in your flat next year?
17. Have you a radio-set or a television-set?
18. Do you like to listen in?
19. When do you usually listen in?
20. Do you often see films on television?
21. What interesting things did you see on the T.V. programme last
month?
22. Does your son (daughter) like to look in?
III. .
1. There is a picture of Moscow on that wall (l). 2. The picture of Moscow
is on that wall (1). 3. There is a bathroom in her flat (l). 4. There was a round
table in the middle of your dining-room last year (3). 5. The round table is in the
dining-room (l). 6. There are five chairs to the right of the piano (l). 7. There is a
large writing-table to the left of the door (l). 8. There will be sixty-four flats in
that house (l). 9. We shall have a comfortable flat in Moscow (3). 10. These
children play the piano very well (2). 11. These students parents like music (2).
XIV. .
1. Anns brother usually spends much time on his English (2). 2. Comrade
Petrovs sister will graduate from the Institute next year (2). 3. Her husband will
be an engineer (2). 4. Her daughter is three years old (l). 5. His father was born

161

in 1898 (2). 6. My friends daughter studies very well (1). 7. We shall live in the
country next summer (2).
XV. ,
.
This is ___ picture of my study. Look at it! There is ___ large window in my
study. ___ ceiling of my study is white, ___ floor is brown, ___ walls are yellow.
There is ___ writing-table near ___ window. There is __ armchair at ___ writingtable. There is ___ telephone and ___ lamp on it. I often speak over ___ telephone.
To ___ right of ___ writing-table there is ___ book-case. There arent many
English books in ___ book-case. There are many Russian books there. There is no
___ piano in my study. ___ piano is in ___ dining-room. My sister likes ___ music.
She often plays ___ piano in ___ evening. In ___ corner of my study there is ___
sofa. I usually spend ___ much time in my study. I usually work there in ___
evening. On my days off I often work there in ___ morning and in ___ afternoon.
XVI.
.

I have a friend. Her name is Mary. Marys daughter is a girl ___ ten. She
goes ___ school. She usually comes ___ home school ___ three oclock ___ the
afternoon. She often helps ___ her mother ___ home. Marys son does not live ___
his parents. Last year he graduated___ the Institute and went ___ Kazan to work
___ there. He often writes letters ___ his parents. He sometimes speaks ___ them
___ the telephone. ___ summer he always comes ___ Moscow to see his parents.
He tells ___ them ___ his life and work ___ Kazan. Last month he received a flat.
His flat is ___ the second floor ___ a fine large house.
XVII. ,
.
a house, on the first of May, on the fourth () floor, in the middle of, to play
the piano, to the right (left) of, else, to listen in, to look in, to see on television,
to speak over the telephone, in the picture.
XVIII. many, much, few, little (
, ) (. 34).
1. Our teacher gave us ___ home-work the day before yesterday. 2. Our
teacher will give us ___ home-work tomorrow too. 3. We usually see ___ men and
women in the parks on Sundays. 4. Our office received ___ telegrams in the
morning. 5. Did your friend do ___ work yesterday? 6. Will you spend ___ time on
this translation? 7. Did you read ___ English books last year? 8. How ___
questions did your teacher ask you at the last lesson? 9. How ___ work did this
engineer give those workers? 10. When shall we have ___ new interesting films?
XIX. ,
many, much, little, few.
1. How many English lessons did you have last month?
162

2. Did you have much or little work to do last month?


3. Did your friend have few or many English lessons last week?
4. Did you spend much time on your English last year?
5. Did your friend spend much or little time on his French last year?
6. Who spends little time on his German?
7. Do you usually ask many questions at your lessons?
8. Does your teacher always give you little home-work?
9. Will your teacher give you much home-work on Saturday?
10. Did you receive many or few letters last month?
11. Do you spend much or little time with your family?
12. When will you have little work to do at the office?
XX. .
27/I-30 ., 4/II-36 ., 11/III-1908 ., 1/IV-51 ., 29/V-40 ., 13/VI-46 .,
14/VI1-50 ., 12/VIII-57 ., 4/IX-56 ., 28/-55 ., 5/XI-56 ., 3/II-27 .
XXI. , .
1. ? . 2.
? . 3.
. 4. . 5.
? .
6. ?
. - ?
. ? . 7.
. .
. . . 8.
. , ,
. ? .
? . 9.
, . .
. 10. ?
. 11.
. ? 12. .
. 13. ? .
? . 14.
, . 15.
. . 16.
. ? ,
. . 17.
? .
. 18. Ha .
. . .
, . 19. 100-
. ? ,
. 20. .

163

. , .
21. .
. 22. ? .
. ? ,
. 23. He . .
.
XXII. .
.
. . .
. .
.
. . ,
, , . .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. () .
. .
. . .
. ,
. . 11
.

XXIII. 10 (, , )
.
XXIV. , ,
a .
XXV. ().
XXVI. ,
.
1.

How I Once Went to See My Friends New Flat.


to receive
a dining-room
to the right (of)
a week ago
a bed-room
to the left (of)
new
a study
flowers
a flat
a kitchen
a picture
a house
light
a radio-set

164

to ask
to come to see
to like
comfortable
2.

clean
the colour (of)
in the middle (of)
in the corner

Chaikovskys House in Klin.


a study
a floor
a bed-room
a book-ease
a writing table
an armchair
a lamp
pictures
a clock
a garden
a sofa
a park

3. Leo Tolstoys Moscow House.


many rooms
a room for work
a dining-room
small
a bed-room
four windows
his childrens room a book-case
the writers study a writing table

a television-set
near
often

a piano
in the middle
a drawing-room
a round table
chairs

a sofa
an armchair
a round table
a small lamp
at the window

XXVII. : a) Our Classroom. )


My Friends Study, ) My Grandfathers Country House, ) What Will
There Be in My New Flat?

165

LESSON EIGHT (THE EIGHTH LESSON)


Text:
AT THE LIBRARY
Grammar: 1. some, any (. 47).
2. of one of, some of (.
48).
3.
(. 49).
Im sorry!
Sorry!
Thats right!
Thats wrong!
Here it is!

! (!)
!
!
, !

Many people study foreign languages in our country. They attend lessons
before or after work. At home they prepare their home tasks. They read their textbooks and write many exercises. They want to know foreign languages very well.
So they read many books in1 foreign languages.
There is a library of Foreign Literature at our office. Our students often go
there to get books in foreign languages.
Comrade Smirnova is one of our students. She also goes to the library when
she has no English books at home. Now she is at the library.
Smirnova. Good morning!
Librarian. Good morning!
Smirnova. Have you got any interesting English books?
Librarian. Yes, | we have some2. What English writers do you like?
Smirnova. I like Dickens. I read many books by Dickens | in my
childhood.
Librarian. Did you read them in English | or in Russian?
Smirnova. I read them in Russian. I did not know English then.
Librarian. When did you begin to study English?
Smirnova. I began to study English | two years ago.
Librarian. Dont take books by Dickens now. They are too difficult
for you. Take a book by Oscar Wilde | or Jack London.
Their books are easy. You will read them with interest.
Smirnova. All right3. Show me some books by Oscar Wilde, please,
but dont bring The Picture of Dorian Gray. I read it last
month.
(The librarian goes away and soon returns.)
Librarian. I am very sorry, but we have no books by Oscar Wilde on the
shelves now. I advise you to take some book by Jack London.
Shall I bring you Martin Eden or The White Fang?4
Smirnova. Give me The White Fang, please.
Librarian. Here it is!

166

Smirnova. Thank you very much.


(The student takes the book and leaves the library.)

1. They read many hooks in foreign languages.
.
in to read to write
, .
:
- . They read English well.
-. They read this hook in English.
2. Have you got any interesting English hooks? ?
Yes, we have some. , e ().
some
,
(
books).
3. All right. , . all right
. :
All right.
4. Shall I bring you Martin Eden or The White Fang?
: Mapm
?;
Shall
o
, , .
:
?
?

Shall I read?
Shall I go to the blackboard?

,
.
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
a library [ labrr]
a librarian [ labrrn]
people [pi:pl]

1. (); 2. ()

:

There were many people in the
().
room.
There are many peoples in our

167

( ).

.
(- ).

country.
Our people like to work and
to study.
(- )

to attend [tu tend]

(, ,
..)
Syn to go (to)
...
e.g. Did you attend our last lesson?
?
so
()
e.g. I decided to go to the country
on Sunday. So I got up very early.
. .
literature [ltrt]

History [hstr]

Geography [drf]

by
,
W. comb a book by Gogol
( )
childhood [taldhud]

e.g. In my childhood I lived in the


.
country.
too
( )
e.g. This text is too long.

.
difficult [dfklt]

Ant easy [i:z]

interest

Prp with interest



e.g. You will see this film with

interest.
.
right
, ,
Ant wrong [r]
, ,
W. comb Thats right!
! (!)
Ant Thats wrong!
! (!)
Gr to be right (wrong)
()
e.g. You are right (wrong).
().
All right [:l rat]
! ()
all
,
:
.
All was right.
.
All were glad to see him.
:
() All children like to ask questions.
.
168

( )
, .

All the children stood up when


the teacher came into the
class-room.

to show (showed, shown) [t ou,

oud, oun]
a show
, -
W. comb a television show (a T.V.

show)
Ho: a radio broadcast [br:dk:st]

to bring (brought, brought) [t br, , ,


br:t, br:t]
Ant to take (took, taken)
, ,
e.g. Bring me some interesting
, , book to read, please.
.
Come to see us and bring your

daughter with you.
.
Do you often take your children

to the theatre?
?
away [we]

W. comb to go away
, ,
e.g. Soon our friends went away.
.
sorry [sr]
,
e.g. I am very sorry, but I had no
( ),

time to discuss this question yester- day.


.
Prp to be sorry for...
, ...
a shelf (pl shelves)

to advise [tu dvaz]

e.g. I advise you to read this book.


.
to leave (left, left) [t li:v, left, left]
1. ( -, ).
e.g. Yesterday I left my exercise ()
book at home.
.
2. - -,

Syn to go away
,
:
- left Moscow for Leningrad
.
a week ago.
left for Leningrad a week
.
ago.
any [en]

-, - (

169

)
,

some [sm]


Oscar Wilde [sk wald]
Jack London [dk lndn]
The Picture of Dorian Gray [ pktr v d:rn re]
Martin Eden [m:tin i:dn]
The White Fang [ wat f]
. -hood, -
-hood [hud] ;
:
child [tald]
-y

[]

childhood [taldhud]

;
:
ease [i:z]
easy [i:z]

.
.
, , , . . (.
.).

a
e

i
y
o
u

1. +
2.
1.
,
l, n, r
2. r,
n+c

r
1. n, l
2.
1. +
2.

[]
[]
[]

comrade [kmrd]
library [labrr]
begin [bgn]
telephone [telfoun]

paper7 [pep]
sentence [sentns]
[]
mistake [mstek]
Ministry [mnstr]
lesson [lesn]
[ou]
also [:lsou]
[ju:]
Institute [nsttju:t]
[]
difficult [dfklt]
[]

7 r [],
: grammar [rm], teacher [ti:t], doctor [dkt].
170



I. (. 47).
1. There are (some, any) pictures in our text-book. 2. Are there (some, any)
flowers in your room? 3. Do you study (some, any) foreign languages? 4. Does
your friend have (some, any) English magazines? 5. Were there (some, any) boys
in your class at school? 6. I did not receive (some, any) letters yesterday. 7. There
will be (some, any) pictures on the walls in my room. 8. Did you write (some, any)
exercises on the blackboard yesterday?
II. .
1. I read some English magazines yesterday. 2. There were some new words
in that text. 3. I wrote some letters last night. 4. My friend will know some foreign
languages soon. 5. There are some German books in my book-case.
III. ,
some any.
1.Do you study any foreign languages?
2. Did you know any foreign languages last year?
3. Do you read any English books?
4. Have you got any interesting English books at home?
5. Will there be any interesting English magazines at the office tomorrow?
6. Have you got any friends in Leningrad?
7. Did you receive any letters from your friends yesterday?
8. Have you any children?
9. Have you got any pictures of your daughter?
10. Does your daughter (son) ask you any questions about your work?
11. Did you go to any park on Sunday?
12. Were there any children there?
13. Will there be any children in this park next Sunday?
14. Have you got any questions?
15. Did you have any lessons yesterday?
16. Is there any garden near your house?
17. Were there any flowers in your garden last year?
18. Are there any flowers in your room to-day?
IV. a :
)
some, any.
1.
. 2. - ? . 3.
. 4. -
? . . 5.
. 6.
. 7. ? ,
171

. 8.
. 9.
- ? . 10.
() . 11. ?
, . 12.
. 13.
.
) one of,
some of (. 48).
1. .
. 2.
. 3. . 4.
o . .
. 5. . 6.
(). 7. .
. 8. .
. 9.
. 10.
. 11. . ,
( ) . 12. .
.
)
(. 49).
1. . .
2. ( lecture on) ? . 3.
, , . 4.
. 5. ?
. 6.
? . 7.
.
-
V. .
before their work
one of our students
in my childhood

atthe library
onthe shelves
readthem

leavesthe library
takesthe book
here isthe book
VI. , : Have you got any interesting
English hooks?" last month.

172

VII. ,
.
again, aside, sofa, comrade, village, moderate, receive, begin, repeat,
rebuke, ticket, teacher, interval, picnic, army, pilot, pardon, institute,
multitude, difficult, doctor, motor, grammar, martyr.
VIII. , ,
.
literature
student
easy
badly
ninety
translation
adviser

central
childhood
economist
doctor
fourteen
engineer
Communist

advisable
text-book
fifth
picture
graduation
question
usually

IX. , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

Is there a library at your office?


Do many or few people usually go to the library?
Do you like Russian Literature?
Are there any books on Russian Literature at your library?
Did you read any books by Jack London in your childhood?
Do we read books by Jack London with interest?
Which of your friends advised you to study English last year?
Is English difficult or easy for you?
Do you study it with interest?
When do you usually attend your English lessons?
Do you know English History and Geography?
Were there any wrong sentences in your last translation?
Do the students show their exercise-books to their teacher before or
after the lesson?
What time do all the students usually leave the class-room?
Have you got a television-set at home?
Were there any interesting television shows last week?
Did all your family like the last TV show?

X. , .
1. Yesterday I was ___ the Central Library ___ Foreign Literature. There
were very many people ___ there. 2. Where did you get this book ___ Dickens?
I took it ___ the library. 3. Have you got any English books ___ home? Yes,
Ive got some, but they are too difficult ___ you. You will read them ___ interest
___ a year or two. 4. ___ her childhood she read many books ___ Russian and ___
English writers. 5. There is an English magazine ___ that table. Show it ___ me,
please. 6. Repeat this sentence ___ English, please. 7. What books ___ Jack
London have you got ___ the shelves now? 8. When do you usually leave ___

173

home? I usually leave __ home ___ eight oclock ___ the morning. 9. My
brother left ___ Moscow ___ Kiev yesterday. ___ two weeks he will return ___
Moscow, stay ___ here some days and then leave___ Kiev again. 10. My sister
reads many books ___ English and French.
XI. , .
There is ___ Library of ___ Foreign Literature at our Ministry. Yesterday I
went to ___ library to take ___ book for my report. Have you got any books by
Jack London on ___ shelves? I asked ___ librarian. Yes, weve got some,
she answered. Take Martin Eden. It is ___ very good book. You will read it with
___ interest. I took ___ book, thanked ___ librarian and left ___ library.
XII. ,
.
III. .
to begin
to leave
to give
to bring
wrong

good
well
difficult
long
to answer

after
to go
old
here
large

XIV.
.
(a library, a writer, to attend, a television show, childhood, so, to bring, away,
difficult, to advise, easy, interest)
1. I ___ English lessons on Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday. 2. My
daughter often ___ many interesting books home. 3. Sometimes I take books from
our ___ and sometimes from my ___ friends. 4. Last year I read many books by
English ___ 5. I was born ___ in Kiev and I spent my___ in that city. 6. I ___ you
to begin to study English next year. 7. Please, help me to translate this sentence. It
is very ___. 8. This book is not difficult, it is___. I ___ you to read it. You will read
it with ___. 9. Yesterday I went to see Boris. We saw a ___ together and then I
went ___.
XV. , .
at the library, to attend, a book by , in his childhood, too (), with
interest, all right, to be sorry, on the shelves, to leave, to go away.
XVI. .
23/I-46 ., 7/III-52 ., 5/II-49 ., 9/IV-39 ., 4/V-47 ., 8/VII-50 . 14/VI-52 .,
20/VIII-5I ., 24/IX-55 ., 12/-53 ., 19/XI-51 ., 28/XII-54 .
XVII. ,
.
1. () .
2. ? 3.
174

,
. 4. ,
. 5. .

. . 6.
? 7. .
. 8.
? . 9.
- ? .
. . 10.
? .
? . 11. , y .
()
. . 12. -
? , .
. 13. .
. 14. - ? . 15.
() .
. 16. .
. 17. -
? . 18.
. 19. - ?
, , - . ,
. 20. - ?
. . 21.
.
XVIII. a .
. ,
. . ,
, , ( ) ,
, , .
.
.
. ,
. ,
. .
.

XIX. : ) ; ) .
XX. 15 .

175

XXI. At the Library,


.
literature, people, in my childhood, a book by, difficult, librarian, to show,
on the shelves, to be sorry, to advise, to bring, to leave.
XXII. At the Library ( ).
XXIII. : a) At the Library of Foreign
Literature, b) The Library at Our Factory. c) My Son Goes to the Library
for the First Time (). d) In the Reading Room.

176

LESSON NINE (THE NINTH LESSON)


Text:
A TELEPHONE TALK
Grammar: 1. can, may, must (. 50)

2.

(
that,
if,
as, because (. 51).
3. - (. 52).
4. (.
53).
How are you?
So-so.
Fine, | thank you.
Whats the matter?
Whats the matter with you?
Hurry up!
Dont hurry!

? (
?)
().
, .
?
?
! (!)
! ( !)

Ann. Hallo, | is that you, Mary? Flow are you? Why didnt you go to
the lectures yesterday?
Mary. Hallo, Ann. | Im all right to-day, | but I felt very bad yesterday.
I couldnt even get up.
A. What was the matter with you?
M. I dont know, | but I had a very high temperature.
A. Can you go to the Institute to-day?
M. No, | I cant. I feel | that I must stay at home to-day. I am very
sorry | that I cannot go to the Institute | and attend the lecture on
Literature.
A. Its all right! You may have my notes. If you are ill, you must certainly
stay at home. May I come to see you?
M. Certainly, you may. Can you come after the lectures?
A. I am sorry, I cannot, as after the lectures I must go to the library. I want to
take some books for my report.
M. Dont go to the library. Come to my place after the lectures. Ive got
many interesting books at home. You can take any of them1.
A. All right! Can I get to your place by tram 41?
M. Dont go by tram. There is a new underground station near my house
now. You can come here by the underground. I always go to the
Institute by the underground now. It takes me fifteen minutes to get
there2.
A. All right and now I must hurry to the Institute. So long.

177

M. So long. Dont forget to bring me your notes. Ring me up, if you cant
come.

1. Yon can take any of them. ().
any
.
2. It takes me fifteen minutes to get there. 15
( 15 , ,
15 ). ,
, .
:
y
?
.

How long did it take you to


translate this article? It took
me two hours to do it.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a talk [ t:k]

hello!
!
why
()
e.g. Why didnt you attend your
?
lesson yesterday ?
because [bk:z]
,
Syn as

e.g. Why do you always get up
?
early? I get up early because
,
my working day begins at eight
.
oclock. ( because !)
a lecture [ lekt]

Prp a lecture on Literature



to feel (felt, felt) [t fi:l, felt, felt]
1.
e.g. I feel, that I must stay at home.
,
.
2. (-)
:
(- I feel well.
)
( )
(- feels bad.
).
( )
(). is well. ()
even [i:vn]
( )
e.g. doesnt even see his mistakes. .
high [ha]
( , )
178

Ant low
Syn tall
Ant short

, (
, )
,

:

a high house
( )
a tall man

a tall tree

a low bed
( ) a short man
a temperature [ temprt]
a note
W. comb to take notes

, , ,
, ,
..,
e.g. Jane always takes notes at the
(lectures.
)
that
()
e.g. I know that you are right.
, .
if
()
e.g. Come to see me if you have time. ,
.
ill
(
)
Syn sick
( )
Ant well

:
.
was ill yesterday (

).
.
is a sick man ().
can [kn, kn, kn] (could [kud])
must [mst, mst]
may [me]
e.g. May I smoke here?
certainly [s:tnl]

( ..)
( ..)
, (
, )
?
, ( )

:
, , .
is certainly ill ( to be).
, , They certainly read this book
.
last year ( ).
a place
e.g. Come to my place = Come

, . ,
.
179

to see me.
W. comb at my (his, her, etc.) place
e.g. We shall meet at my place.
any

(, ..)
().
( )
e.g. There are many magazines on
.
that shelf. You can take any of them. .
to get (got, got)
1. ,
2. , ,
e.g. How can I get to your place?
?
a tram

W. comb to go by tram

e.g. I usually go to the Institute
.
by tram.
the Underground

e.g. We like our Underground very


.
much.
Art to go by the Underground

e.g. I often go home by the Under .
ground.
a station
,
W. comb a tram station
()
an Underground station

a tram stop

a bus stop

Prp at the station

at the tram stop

at the next stop

to hurry
,
Prp to hurry to...
-
e.g. In the morning he always
.
hurries to the Institute.
good-bye!
, , !
Syn so long!
, !
to forget (forgot, forgotten) [t fet,
ft, ftn]
Ant to remember
,
e.g. I forgot about it.
.
forgot to tell me about it.
.
:
. I forgot to ask you about it.
() I left your book at home yester .
day.

180

to ring up (rang up, rung up)

:
Why didnt you ring me up

yesterday? (
?
)
Ring up Comrade Perov, please.
( )

,
.

. r
r , ,
, :
hurry [hr]
sorry [sr]
carry [kr]

berry [ber]
mirror [mr]



I. a
(. 50).
a) 1. I can show you an interesting picture of this city. 2. He can give you his
report on the life of Jack London. 3. His brother could play the piano very well.
4. She could translate these English texts.
b) 1. We must attend a lecture on German History on Tuesday. 2. You must
return my magazines on Wednesday. 3. You must take your children to the country
for the week-end. 4. I must go to see my grandmother on my day off.
c) 1. You may discuss these questions after work. 2. They may take four
magazines from that shelf. 3. She may sit on the sofa in my study. 4. He may leave
Moscow on Saturday.
II. a , a
.
a)

1. Can you speak English?


2. Can you write English?
3. How can you speak and write English?
4. Can you read English well or badly?
5. Can your daughter play the piano?
6. How can she play the piano?
7. Where can we get some English magazines?
8. What can you see on the walls of this room?

b)

l. Must your son attend any lectures at the University?


2. What must you do to know English well?
3. When must you come to the office?
4. With whom must you work at this report?
181

5. When must children go to bed?


c)

1. May I take your pen?


2. When may your son go to the country?
3. Till what time may we stay at our library?
4. May we sometimes finish work at three oclock on Saturday?
5. When may children go to the cinema?

d)

l. Can you speak French well or badly?


2. What foreign language can you speak well?
3. When must you come to your lessons?
4. May I ask you a question?
5. Can you go to the park now?
6. What time may you leave the office on Saturday?
7. Who can speak German well at your office?
8. May you study at the library?
9. Where can you prepare your lessons?
10. What lesson must you read now?
11. When must you leave the office?
12. How long may your little son walk in the garden to-day?

III. must, can may.


1. When ___ you come to your lessons? I ___ come to my lessons at
eight oclock. 2. You ___ not go away now, you ___ stay here till six oclock. 3.
___ I take your pen? Yes, you ___. Here it is. 4. Comrade N. knows English
well. He ___ translate these texts. 5. I ___ not translate this letter. It is too difficult.
6. ___ I come into the room? No, you ___ not. 7. You ___ come to your lessons
in time. 8 ___ you read this text? Yes, I ___ It is easy. 9. Who ___ bring me
The White Fang? I ___ prepare a report on this book. 10. I ___ not go to the
library to-day. I have no time. 11. You ___ read this book. It is very easy.
IV. ,
.
a) 1. -.
1954 . 2. .
. 3. ? ,
. 4. , .
5. . . 6.
( ) ? 7. ?
. 8. ?
9. , . .
10. ? . 11.
( ) -.
.
. 12. ?
. .

182

) 1. ? ( .) 2.
? 3. * ( )? 4.
, ( ) . 5.
() ? ( ). 6.
. , . 7.
? 8. .
V. may
.
VI. :
) -
(. 52).
1. ? ,
. . 2.
? . 3. (
) ? , . 4.
? , . 5.
? . 6.
? , .
7. ? . . 8.
? 9. ?
)
(. 51, . 2).
1. , . 2.
, . 3.
, . 4.
, ,
. 5. ,
. 6. *, ,
. 7. ,
. . 8.
, .
)
(. 51, . 2).
1. , .
2. ,
? 3. , . 4. ,
. 5. (to think),
. 6. ,
? 7. ,
** to smoke
** to think (thought, thought)
183

. 8. , . 9.
, ? 10. ,
.
-
VIII. ,
.
I can write.
He can read.
She can come.

We must stay.
You must study.
They must go.

He may stay.
You may go.
They may come.

IX. , Hallo, is that you


attend the lecture on Literature.
.
I must stay.
I cannot go
feelthat attendthe lecture

Is_that so?
What wasthe matter?

X. ,
.
) carry, flurry, merry, hurry, marry, berries, ferry, lorry, scurry, barrel,
squirrel;
b) cigarette, afar, interval, mischief, tobacco, remark, remember,
delicate, aside, arrive.
XI. , ,
.
underground
dictation
lecture
certainly
economist
picture

temperature
lecture
worker
childhood
easy
easily

readable
pianist
discussion
speaker
beginner
highly

XII. , .
a)

1. Do you attend lectures at the University?


2. What must you do if you have a high temperature?
3. Is Comrade P. ill to-day?
4. Do your friends often come to your place?
5. How often do you go to see your friends?
6. Can you get to the Ministry by the Underground?
7. Is there an Underground station near your house?
8. How long does it take you to get to the office?
9. Who reads many books by English writers in your group?
10. How are you?
184

11. How is your son?


12. What is the matter with your son?
13. Does your son often feel had?
14. Do you like to go to the station to meet your friends?
15. What do you do if you have little time to get to the office in time?
16. Why do we usually stay in bed if we have a high temperature?
17. Why does Comrade N. often attend lectures on History?
18. Why do people like the Moscow underground?
19. Why dont you like to go to the office by tram?
20. Why can Comrade N. often walk to the office?
XIII. .
1. I cannot go to the lecture to-day because I feel bad (2). 2. It takes me
one hour to get to the Institute (1). 3. My friend made a very interesting report
yesterday (3). 4. My friend will come to see me on Sunday (2). I usually get to
the library by the underground (3). 6. My sisters house is high (1). 7. I always
forget these words. (2).
XIV. ,
.
(to forget, a lecture, to fed, a place, to ring up, a note, to remember, high, to
make notes, a talk, ill, to stay)
1. Do you attend ___ at the Institute every day? 2. As I ___ bad, I must ___
at home. 3. Why is Comrade Petrov not at the lecture? Is he ___? Go to his ___
after the ___, please. 4. Tell me Anns telephone number (), please. I always
___ it. She is ill and I want to ___ her ___. 5. Why cant you ___ this grammar
rule? It is not difficult! 6. I know that Peter always ___ of the lectures which he
attends. So you may ask him for his ___ if you didnt attend the last lecture. 7.
Please, help me to get that thick book from the shelf. Its too ___ for me. 8.
Yesterday Peter and Mary came to my ___ and we had an interesting ___ about our
studies.
XV. .
to have a talk, to ring up, to remember, to be ill, to go to see, a lecture on,
even, to make notes, high, to stay, temperature, to feel well, to get to, to hurry, by
the Underground, by tram, because (as).
XVI. (10)
.
XVII. ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.

usually, it, me, to get, takes, my, one hour, to, office.
it, him, this, took, days, book, to read, ten.
her, takes, it, breakfast, 20 minutes, to have, always.
take, did, how long, it, to prepare, you, your, home task?
185

5.

to translate, how long, it, take, will, them, letters, these?

XVIII. .
1. It usually takes me thirty minutes to get up, wash and dress (2). 2. It will
take them two hours to get to Petrovs house (2). 3. It took us fifteen minutes to
discuss this question yesterday (2). 4. It will take you two days to read these notes
(2). 5. It took them an hour to get to the library (2).
XIX. ,
it takes.
1. . ,
. 2. ,
? . 3.
, ?
. 4. ,
? . 5. ,
? .
XX. .
) It takes me five minutes to get
there.
b) It took him half an hour to do
that work.
) It will take them an hour and
a half to get to the Institute.
d) Does it take you much time to
get there?
) How long did it take him to
read this story?
f) Will it take them an hour to
do this exercise?
g) It doesnt take me long to get
to my office.
h) It didnt take her long to
prepare her report.
i) It wont take you long to copy
this text.

,
.

.
,
.
,
?
y
?
,
?
,
.
,
.

.

XXI. , ,
.
1. Our students study (well, good). 2. My son is an engineer (well, good).
3. Yesterday you read this lesson (bad, badly). 4. You must study (good, well).
5. Who can translate this text (good, well)? 6. I play the piano (bad, badly).
186

7. Comrade Pestov made a report (good, well). 8. Are there any books in your
library (good, well)? 9. I know these words (bad, badly). 10. My son feels to-day
(bad, badly). 11. Do you feel to-day (well, good)?
XXII. ,
.
) good, well, had, badly. 1.
? 2. . 3.
. ,
. 4.
, . 5. .
6. . 7. . 8.
, . 9.
, .
) very, very much. 1. . 2.
. . 3.
. 4. . 5.
. .
) to leave, to forget. 1.
. 2. . . 3.
. 4. He . 5. He
. 6. . 7.
. 8.
? 9. ? 10.
? 14. ?
.
) can, may. 1. no ? 2.
. .
3.
? , . 4.
? 5.
? , . 6.
? 7. ? 8.
. 9. ? . 10.
-, .
XXIII. , .
1. ! ? . , .
? (),
. . 2. ?
? . .
3. ? ,
.
? 20 . 4.

187

? . .
, . 5. He . 6.
. 7.
. . 8.
. . 9. ? .
. . 10. .
. 11.
, ?
, . 12.
. ? c
.
XXIV. .
(group) . ()
, .
.
, . .
20 . y ,
, -,
.
. ,, ! . ,,
. .
.
. . ( )
. ,
.


XXV. 15 (, , ) .
XXVI. .
1. What did Ann do that day?
2. What did Mary do at home?
XXVII. : a) Meeting () a Friend
at the Theatre. ) A Telephone Talk.
XXVIII. ,
,
1. A Visit to a Sick Friend.
to ring up, to go to see, how are you, what is the matter, temperature, to feel
bad, to be very ill, to be sorry, to attend.
2. How I Get to the Office.

188

near (far), to get to, an Underground station, by the Underground, to hurry,


to forget, it takes me.
XXIX. ,
8 9.

189

LESSON TEN (THE TENTH LESSON)


Text:
A LETTER TO A FRIEND
Grammar: 1. (
c when,
(. 54).
Will you stay at your friends | or at
a hotel?
Petrov put up at the hotel | for a
fortnight.
Many thanks! Not at all.
My best regards to your family!


?

.
! .
() !

Dear Victor,
At last I can write you a letter. I could not answer your letter last week
because I was very busy. Yesterday I passed my examination in Literature and in
two days I shall be quite free. In three days my wife will take her last examination1
and in a week we shall leave Moscow for Sochi. We shall go to a rest-home for
our holiday.2
When we were in Sochi last year, we had a very good time there.
You know that I like the sea. I shall swim and lie in the sun3 two or three
hours a day.4 I am sorry you wont be with us. You write that you cannot forget the
holiday which we spent in Alupka two years ago. I cant forget it either.5 I am
sorry you will not go to any resort this year. When will you have your holiday?
Is your wifes health still poor? I hope that soon | she will be all right.
How long do you intend to live in the country? Is there a river and a forest
there? I shall return to Moscow | at6 the beginning of August | as I must
prepare for the new school-year. I think I shall visit you then. May I come
to your place | on the tenth or eleventh of August?7
We shall be very glad to hear from you before our departure.
My best regards to your family. Yours, Boris.

1. In three days my wife will take her last examination.
. last :
) ( ), : the last lesson
) ( ). last
, ,
, , ,
,
:
last year

last week
last month .

190

2. We shall go to a rest-home for our holiday.


. . , for
:
) :
He worked at his translation for (
two hours but could not finish it. ),
.
) :
I brought this book for you.

) :
What mark did you get for your ?
dictation?
, for :
Our teacher gives us many
exercises for home-work.
Last year I visited Minsk for the
first time.


.

( ).

3. I shall swim and lie in the sun. (


). in :
) :
1) :
in the morning
in the evening
in the afternoon

2) :
in (the) summer
in (the) autumn
in (the) winter
in (the)spring

3) , ,
:
in a week
in three days

) ,
, , . . - :
in the room
in that place
in Kiev
in the street





191

in the picture

) , in :
to listen in (to)
to look in
to lie in the sun
to be in the country
to take (to pass) an examination
in Literature



()

() paype.

4. I shall lie in the sun two or three hours a day.


. ,
,
.
:
three times a week
four lessons a month
six books a year
How many hours a day do
you work?

5. I cant forget it either. ().


, ,
too, also, either.
Too also
, either -
:
I remember it very well too.
I also remember it very well.
I cannot remember it either.
Cant you remember it either?


xopoo.
.
?

6. I shall return to Moscow at the beginning of August.


. at .
) at :
1) , :
at the blackboard
at the window

2) ,
:
I work at the Ministry of
Foreign Trade.

192

) at ,
:
at three oclock
at that time
at the beginning of May
at the end of the book


( )

) at :
to work:
He works hard at his English.

a to look:
Look at the blackboard!

) at :
at last
at all
at once

( )
, .

7. May I come to your place on the tenth or eleventh of August?


? on
.
) on
:
on the table
on the wall

) on ,
:
on sunny day
on Wednesday
on my day off
on the third of November




3-o

) , on ,
: a lecture on , to spend time on :
Yesterday I attended a lecture
on English Literature.
He spent much time on the
preparation of his report.

o
.

.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


dear [d]

last [l:st]
1. (no )
e.g. Read the last sentence, please.
, ,
.
193

2. (no )
e.g. I did not study English last year.
.
Phr at last

e.g. At last he remembered that word! , !


busy [bz]

Ant free

Gr to be busy

to be free

an examination [n zmnen]

W. comb to take an examination


()
to pass an examination
()
:
()
I must take my examination
.
on Monday
()
passed his examination well
.
yesterday.
Prp an examination in Literature,
English etc.
to examine [tu izmn]
e.g. This teacher usually examines
the students in Room Three.

,
..
1.
3.
2.
e.g. Did the doctor examine the sick

child yesterday?
?
:
to go sightseeing

quite [kwat]
at all

, ( ,
)
( )

:
. was quite a child then.
.
I dont know him at all.
a rest-home [ rest houm]
rest
W. comb to have a rest
Syn to rest
e.g. children usually rest (for)
an hour after dinner.

, ( , )

194

:
pa- rested (for) an hour after
...
work.

We had a good time in the
.
country.
. We had a good holiday in Sochi.
. We shall go to Sochi for holiday.
a holiday [ hld]
.
holidays

Syn vacation
, (.)
Prp on (for) holiday
, .
e.g. Where will you go on (for)
?
holiday?
e.g. is (away) on holiday now.
.
a holiday-maker

time

Phr to have a good time


,
e.g. On Sunday we went to the

country and had a good time
( there.
).
a sea

a seaside
(side )
Prp at the seaside
( )
W. comb to go to the
seaside
to swim (swam, swum)

the sun

to lie (lay, lain) [t la, le, len]

Phr to lie in the sun


( )
a resort [rz:t]
,
W. comb a health resort
(
)
a seaside resort

a summer resort

either [a]
( )
:
.
I also like that book = I like
hat book too.
. I dont like that book either.
health [hel]
still
poor [pu]
Ant rich
W. comb poor work

,
1.

2. , ( , )

195

poor health
e.g. His health is poor.

()
.

:
() ?
Are they still here?
?
Where else do you want to go?
to hope
e.g. I hope that they will return very
soon.
to intend
e.g. Where do you intend to spend
your summer holiday?
a river [ rv]
W. comb a long river
e.g. There are many long rivers in
our country.
a forest [ frst]
the beginning
Ant the end
Prp at the beginning (end) of ...
e.g. came to Moscow at the
beginning of March.
a school year [ sku:l j]
to think (thought, thought) [t k,
:t, :t]
e.g. What do you think about it?
e.g. I think he is right.
a visit [ vzt]
to visit
Syn to attend

, .
,

?

() -
.

1. ()
?
2. ()
(), .
,
(,
..)
(, ,
..)

:
Why didnt you attend that
?
lecture?
, Didnt you visit the Kremlin
?
when you were in Moscow?
to hear (heard, heard) [t h, h:d,
h:d]
Phr to hear from...
e.g. I hope we shall soon hear from
you.
a departure [ dp:t]

(
)
-
,
.
(to depart , )

196

. -ing
-ing [] , .. ,
:
to begin

beginning

-
I. :
inthree days
inthat place
inthe sun

notgo
intendto live
gladto hear

atthe beginning
forgetthe holiday
forestthere

II. , : When will you


have your holiday? May I come to your place on the tenth
or eleventh of August?
III. ,
.

culture, rapture, lecture, nature, feature, furniture;


can, letter, day, wife, will, three, week, Moscow, rest-home, spent, that,
place, too, good, time, like, swim, lie, sun, vacation, beginning, departure.
IV. -r -tion.
V.
, : reading room,
rest-home, blackboard.
VI. , ,
.
gladly
beginning
sunny
poorly
holiday-maker

departure
healthy
examination
meeting
preparation

swimmer
freely
feeling
visitor
easy

VII. , .
1. When do you usually have your examinations?
2. When will you take your examination in English?
3. How did you pass your last examination in English?
4. Will you be free tomorrow afternoon?
5. Why will you be busy?
6. Were you at the theatre last Sunday? Did you have a good time there?
7. Where did you have a good time last Sunday?
8. Did you go to a rest-home for your holiday last year?
9. Do you like the sea? Why do you like the sea?
10. How much time a day can you lie in the sun?
197

11. Can your children swim?


12. Do they swim well or badly?
13. Do your children like to swim in the river?
14. How many hours a day do you rest?
15. Will you go to the country or stay in Moscow next Sunday?
16. Why will you stay in Moscow? (What will you do in the country?)
17. Will you have your holiday at the beginning of July or at the end of it?
18. What places will you visit in the summer?
19. Why do people like Sochi?
20. Are you glad to hear from your friends, when you are away from
Moscow?
21. Do you visit your friends before departure or do your friends come to
your place?
VIII. .
1. It will take you two hours to get there (2). 2. I shant go to the cinema
either because I am busy to-night (l). 3. At the end of the school-year we usually
have five English lessons a week (l). 4. We shall have our examination at the end
of June (2). 5. His wifes health is still poor (l). 6. He cant write you a letter as he
has no time (l). 7. Our students passed their examination in English very well last
year (3). 8. I intend to spend three hours a day on my English before the
examination (4).
IX. , .
Yesterday I received ___ letter from my friend. He is ___ student. He lives
in ___ Leningrad and studies at ___ Leningrad University (). He
studies ___ English Literature. Last year we spent our holiday together. We were in
___ Sochi and had ___ very good time there. We swam in ___ sea and lay in ___
sun two hours ___ day. This summer my friend lives in ___ country. There is ___
river and ___ forest here, he writes. I often go there. I shall stay in this place till
___ September. I shall return to ___ Leningrad at ___ end of August. I shall be
very glad to hear from you soon. To-day I shall write ___ letter to him. I shall
write about ___ work of our Institute and about my life.
X. , .
___ next week I shall take my examination ___ English. I shall begin to
repeat the texts ___ two days. I shall work ___ my English two or three hours ___
a day. ___ the examination we can usually attend lessons five times ___ a week.
___ the examination I shall leave ___ Moscow ___ Sochi. I usually live near ___
the sea there. I shall swim ___ the sea and lie ___ the sun. I shall return___
Moscow ___ the end ___ August. I hope I shall have a good holiday ___ this year.

198

XI. ,
, .
) To take an examination, to pass an examination.
1. ?
. ? .
. 2. ?
, .
. 3. ?
. .
. . 4.
? .
. .
. 5. ? 40- . 6.
, o
.
) Else, still
1. ? 2.
? 3. ? 4. ?
. 5. ? 6.
? 7. ? 8.
? . 9. ?
10. . 11.
? 12. ? 13.
? 14. ? ,
. 15. ? .
) To visit, to attend.
1. ?
. 2. ,
. 3. .
. 4. o
, , *, . 5.
. 6.
.
.
) Quite, at all.
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4.
, . 5.
( ). 6. . 7.
. 8. . ,

** a museum [ mju:zm].
199

? 9. . . 10. ,
.
) Too, also, either.
1. . 2.
? 3. ? 4.
? 5. ? 6.
. 7. .
8. , . 9.
. 10. .
) In, for, on, at, to.
1.
. 2. . 3.
. , . 4. B
. () .
, . 5. . 6.
? 7.
. 8. , ee
. 9. 1959 . 10.
?
. 11.
! ? 12.
. ,
. 13. -
? 14. . 15.
? 16. .
17. ? 18.
?
XII. , .
else, still; at last; to be busy, to be free; quite, at all; to have a good time; to
lie in the sun; two or three times a day (a week, a month); too, also, either; at the
beginning, at the end; to hear from; before his (her, our) departure; to have a
good holiday.
XIII.
.
, , , , , ,
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , .
XIV. (17)
.
XV. , .

200

) ?
, . 2.
. , .
. 3. ?
, (yet) *. . 4.
?
. 5. ?
. 6. .
. 7. ?
pycc . ,
. . 8.
. 9. ? .
. . . 10.
? 11.
? , .
, .
. 12. .
. 13.
?
. 14. y
?
) ** .
( ) . ,
, ,
. ()
. . ,
, ( ) :
, , .
) .
, ,
. , ,
.
. ,
.
(country-house), .
, .
. . .
() .
() co . ,
. .
** this week.
**** Soviet [souvet].
201

? ,
.
.
,
.


XVI. ,
( ).
XVII. .
1. How Boris and his Wife Spent their Last Week in Moscow before their
Departure for Sochi.
2. How Boris and his Wife Spent their Time in Sochi Last Year.
3. How the Two Friends Had a Holiday in Alupka Two Years Ago.
4. Why Victor Wont Go to the Sea This Year.
XVIII. ,
.
XIX. .
1. o ,
.
2. o , .
3. () .
4. .
5. o .
XX. ,
.
at last, to be on holiday, in the summer, to take (pass) an examination in,
free, a rest-home, a departure, to have a good time, the sea, to swim, to lie in the
sun, a poor health, to intend, a river, a forest, at the beginning (end) of, to visit,
to be glad, to hear from, to have a good holiday.
XXI. , ,
.
to like, in the winter, fine weather, to go for holiday, at a rest-home, in the
country, near Moscow, to wake up early, to wash, to dress, to have breakfast
(dinner, supper), to walk, a forest, a river, to skate, to ski, in the evening, to have a
good time, to play chess, to play the piano, to see interesting films, to see a
television show, to go to bed.

202

LESSON ELEVEN (THE ELEVENTH LESSON)


Text:
Grammar:

MY GRANDFATHER IN MOSCOW
,
(. 55).

Do you want to go sight-


seeing today?
?
I must be off.
.
Ill be back in a minute.
.
My grandfather is a very old man, but he does not want to retire on a
pension. How can I retire now?, he says, Now, when there is so much work to
do1. Look at our village! Three years ago we built a new school for our children.
We have a cinema. Next year there will be a new hospital in our village and my
grandson will work there as a doctor. No, I cannot retire now!
My grandfather works very well.
Last month our collective farm sent him as our delegate to the Exhibition
in Moscow.
Two days ago he returned home. In the evening many people came to his
house. They wanted to listen to his story about the capital of the Soviet Union.
Tell us about Moscow, they asked him, What kind of city is Moscow?
Did you like it? What did you see there?
Well, well, I shall try to answer all your questions, my grandfather said.
It wasnt my first visit to Moscow, he began. I visited Moscow for the
first time when I was seventeen years old. It was before the Revolution, but I
remember it very well.
The streets of old Moscow were narrow and dirty. There were high
beautiful houses only in the centre where the rich people lived. The workers and
their families lived in small houses in the suburbs of Moscow. Very few of the
workers children could go to school. They worked at factories together with their
parents and helped their families. Their childhood was very hard.

203

When I came to Moscow this time | I did not recognize it. I could
see straight and wide streets, | beautiful squares, | green parks and
gardens. I saw very many new schools, | hospitals, | institutes | and hotels.
I saw the beautiful Moscow Underground | and the new building of Moscow
University. Now | there are many fine buildings | in the suburbs of the city |
too.
Moscow | is an important industrial centre. There are many big
factories in it. I visited some of them and met many interesting people there.
Thank you for your story, one of us said. I think, Comrades, that next
year our grandfather will visit Moscow for the third time. I think that next year he
will again be one of our delegates to the Exhibition in Moscow.

1. Now, when there is so much work to do. ,
. to do
work .
to do :
We had much work to do yesterday. .
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
to retire [t rta]
W. comb to retire on a pension
[penn]
e.g. My father retired on a pension
at 65.
a pensioner [ penn]
W. comb an old-age pensioner
to say (said, said) [t se, sed, sed]

Syn to tell (told, told)

to speak (spoke, spoken)

,

65 .


, ,
(
, )
, , -,
( , ).
, (
, - -,
, - ).

:
, .
says [sez] that he will come.
. often tells us about it.

204

.
often speaks about it.
( )
.
often speaks with us.
- speaks three foreign langua .
ges.
so

, (-, -, - )
a village [ vld]

to build (built, built) [t bld, blt, blt]


a building [ bld]

a hospital [ hsptl]

as [z; z]
,
e.g. He works there as a teacher.
.
a collective farm [ klektv f:m]
Prp to work on a collective farm

industry [ndstr]

industrial [ndstrl]
,
agriculture [rklt]

agricultural [rkltrl]

the Exhibition [ eksbn]


. .
()
a delegate [ delt]

to listen [t lsn]

Prp to listen to...


-, -
:
! Listen tome!
! I cannot hear you well.
a story [ st:r]

The Soviet Union [ souvet ju:njn]


The USSR [ ju:eses:]

a capital [ kptl]

e.g. Moscow is the capital of


the Soviet Union.
.
to try
,
e.g. Try to answer all the questions

well.
.
I tried to open the door but
, .
couldnt do it.
time
1.*
2.
W. comb. for the first (second, third)
(, )
time
last time

how many times?
?
205

a revolution [ revlu:n]
the Revolution
revolutionary [revlu:nr]
a revolutionary
a street
Prp in the street
e.g. I live in Gorki street.
narrow [nrou]
Ant. wide
dirty
Ant clean
beautiful [bju:tful]
a suburb [ sb:b]
Prp in the suburbs
e.g. He lives in the suburbs of
Moscow.
hard

(dirt )

(beauty )


.
1. ()
2.* , ()

:
Before the Revolution the life

of the working people was
.
very hard.
()
He works hard at his English.
.
to recognize [t reknaz]
()
e.g. I did not recognize him yesterday. .
straight [stret]

W. comb a straight street



a square [ skw]

:
on Mayakovsky (Sovetskaya

etc.) Square
( ..)
in (on) the Red Square

a garden [ :dn]
a hotel [ houtel]
a University [ ju:nv:st]
W. comb Moscow University
Kazan University
Oxford University
important [mp:tnt]

206

. -ive, -ful, -age


-ive [v] ; :
to collect

collective

-ful [ful] ;
:
beauty
to forget

beautiful
forgetful

-age [d] (
):
village
-
I. , When I came to
Moscow this time : There are many big factories in it.
.
inthe suburbs
peoplethere

metmany

straight andwide
parks andgardens

II.
.
fate, fact, comrade, cabbage, alike, agam, farm, grammar, fare, pet, Pete,
pert, reader, release, remain, ticket, cricket, here, pin, pine, flirt, fire, mis took,
valid, bun, fume, burn, cure, difficult, multitude, box, procure, phone, potato,
born, more.
III. -er -or.
IV. a ,
.
) building
exhibition
beginning
farmer
meeting
industrial
dirty

sunny
cultural
collective
villager
delegation
capitalist

builder
recognition
listener
agricultural
departure
healthy
certainly

b) beautiful
hopeful
thankful
forgetful
helpful

V. a :
) .
1. What is the capital of the Soviet Union?
2. Are there many towns and villages in our country?
3. Are there many or few high buildings in Moscow?
4. When did the Soviet people build their first Underground?
207

5. Are there many hospitals in our villages now?


6. Where do our collective farms send their best* people as delegates
every year?
7. When did you Visit the Exhibition in Moscow?
8. Did you visit it as a delegate?
9. What did you see there?
10. Was Russia** an industrial or an agricultural country before the
Revolution?
11. Were there many beautiful houses in the suburbs of Moscow before
the Revolution?
12. Were the streets of Moscow wide or narrow then?
13. Was the life of your grandfather before the Revolution hard?
14. When did you visit Leningrad for the first time?
15. Are the streets of Leningrad narrow?
16. Do you live in the suburbs or in the centre of Moscow?
17. When did you see the new building of Moscow University?
18. Are there many important industrial centres in our country?
19. What industrial centres of our country do you know?
20. What Russian revolutionaries do you know?
)
(. 55).
1. Where did you live when you studied at the Institute?
2. What books did you read when you were a child?
3. With whom did you prepare your home-work when you studied
German?
4. Do you remember well the time when you studied at school?
5. Will you always remember the day when you came to Moscow for the
first time?
6. What is the name of the city where you were born?
7. Where did your family live at the time when you were born?
8. Does your son know the city where you were born?
9. Where were you (on) the day when your friend came to see you?
VI. .
1. The man whom you want to speak to will come again tomorrow. 2. They
will come here tomorrow because they want to discuss some questions. 3. The
city where I was born is a big industrial centre now. 4. I came to Moscow on the
day when Comrade Petrov left for Leningrad. 5. When my grandmother
visited Moscow for the second time, she couldnt recognize the city. 6. My friend
also wants to read the book which I gave you yesterday.
** Best .
**** Russia [r] .
208

VII. ,
.
Maria Popova works ___ a collective farm. ___ last year her comrades sent
her ___ Moscow ___ a delegate ___ Exhibition. They sent her ___ Moscow ___
her good work. Maria was ___ Moscow ___ the first time. She liked the capital
___ the Soviet Union very much. ___ the morning and ___ the afternoon she spent
much time ___ the Exhibition, but ___ the evening she went ___ the theatres and
cinemas ___ Moscow. She saw the factories ___ Moscow and met ___ many
people there. Maria was ___ the centre and ___ the suburbs ___ Moscow. Now
there are many fine houses ___ the suburbs ___ the capital. Maria saw the Moscow
Underground and the new building ___ the University. She stayed ___ Moscow
___ the first ___ September. ___ the first ___ September she left ___ Moscow ___
her village. When she came ___ home she told ___ her friends many interesting
things ___ Moscow.
VIII. , ,

Before ___ Revolution ___ centre of ___ Moscow was beautiful, but in ___
suburbs ___ streets were narrow and dirty and ___ houses were small and poor. I
was born in ___ Moscow and lived there till 1930 when I graduated from ___
Institute and left ___ Moscow for Sverdlovsk.
When I visited ___ capital in 1955, I did not recognize ___ city. Now ___
streets of ___ capital are straight and wide. There are many fine buildings in ___
centre and in ___ suburbs of ___ city.
I visited ___ new building of ___ University and ___ Moscow Underground.
I liked ____ new stations of ___ Underground very much. I also went to ___
Exhibition and spent five hours there. When I returned to Sverdlovsk, I told my
wife and my children about ___ capital of our country. We want to visit Moscow
too, my children said.
We decided to spend our holiday near Moscow. We shall live in ___ country,
but we shall sometimes go to Moscow and I shall show my family ___ streets and
___ squares, ___ theatres and ___ museums of ___ capital of ___ Soviet Union.
IX. to say, to speak, to tell
.
1. Yesterday I came to see my friend. He ___, Peter and I shall go to the
country on our day off together with our wives and children. Do you want to go
with us? 2. What did your teacher ___ you? 3. Our teacher always ___, Comrade
Klimov ___ English well. 4. What did you ___ about after work yesterday?
5. Whom did you ___ to about our plan to go to Leningrad? I saw Comrade
Petrov yesterday and ___ to him about it. He ___ to me, I like your plan very
much. 6. Did I ___ that? 7. We got up early on Sunday, my sister ___ 8. He ___
very well. (He is a good speaker). 9. We shall ___ English after our lesson too,
Comrade Smirnov ___. 10. My grandfather likes to ___ us about his life. 11. Ann
knows three foreign languages. She often ___ French at the office and at home.
209

12. Dont ___ him about it. 13. My friend ___ to me, They want to ___ about this
matter* at the meeting tomorrow. 14. Our father always ___ that we must work
hard to study well. 15. I shall ___ them about this matter to-day.
X. ,
to go to come.
1. . , , .
. 2. ,
(corridor). ,
. 3. **
. 4. . .
. 5. . . 6. .
, (corridor). 7.
. . 8.
. .
. 9. 49
. 10. . .
XI. 10 either, also, at all, quite.
XII. .
narrow,old, rich,
clean,
tall,
large,
after,

low,
short,
wrong,

to remember,
busy.

XIII. .
to go away, to come to see, high, fine, much.
XIV. .
to say, to build, to send, to spend, to listen, to hear, to tell, to see, to try, to
hurry, to meet, to think, to bring, to lie, to show, to know, to speak, to forget, to
leave.
XV. ,
.
1. ,
(a club). 2.
? 3. .
( ). 4.
? . 5.
.
. .
.
** matter .: , .
**** . to fetch.
210

. 6. . 7.
o
. 8. .
. . 9.
. . 10.
. 11. , .
. 12. ?
. 13. ,
. . 14.
? . 15.
. 16.
. 17. .
. 18. . 19.
() . 20.
? . 21.
. . 22.
(London) (England).
XVI. .

. . , ,
, , , .
. 1955 . ( )
. .
.
,
(different) ,
, , .
, .
. , .


XVII. 15 .
XVIII. .
1. Why didnt the grandfather want to retire on a pension?
2. What does the village where the old man lives look like ()?
3. Why did he go to Moscow?
4. What did Moscow look like before the Revolution?
5. Why couldnt the old man recognize Moscow when he visited it for the
second time?
XIX. : a) , ) , )
.

211

XX. .
1. o ,
.
2.
.
XXI. : a) The Town in Which I Was
Born. ) Moscow Old and New. ) The Moscow Underground. ) The New
Building of Moscow University. ) On a Collective Farm Where I Was Last
Year.
XXII. MY GRANDFATHER IN MOSCOW

I. .
.
. .
, . 20 .
1948 . 1949 .,
, ,
.
. , .
. ,
, .
. ,
.
II. -,
.
, . ,
.
(America). (a lady).
. : ,,
. . .
, . Ha .
, .
. , . .
, (to become) .
.
. .
.
,, .
(Negro) . (to
have on). :

212

.
(a camp). .
.
c ! .
. Ho
() . ,, ? ?
? . ,, . ,
. .
, ,
, : ,, ,
. . . :
!
To, . . .
, .
. ,
.
. Ha (with
on) .
:
? ? ?
, . o
. c . ,
, ()
. ,
.

.
III.
.

1. We Study Foreign Languages.


to attend, a lesson, a lecture, to come in time, to say, to speak, a grammar
rule, to write, to make notes, to make mistakes, to prepare, to work hard at, to
repeat, together, to translate, to read, a library, from the library, it takes me, to
take an examination in, to pass an examination, well, badly, to get a good (bad)
mark, to know.
2. My Working Day.
to wake up, early, to get up, to wash, to dress, to go by tram (the
Underground), a building, high, it takes me, to hurry, to work hard, to be busy, to
translate, to receive, to discuss, important, to last, to return.
3. My Day Off.
to be free, to go to the country (a park), to have a good time, to have a rest,
to walk, the sun, a river, a forest, to go to the cinema (to the theatre), a new play

213

(film), with interest, to play the piano, to listen to, to see a television show, music,
to play chess (volley-ball, football etc.), to be glad.
4. My Family (My Friends Family).
to be born, at my (my friends) place, to live near (far from), to have a large
family, parents, grandfather (grandmother), children, a woman (man) of, a girl
(boy) of, to go to school, to take to the kinder-garten, to spend much time on,
an institute, a university, an engineer, an economist, a student, a teacher, a doctor, a
worker, a collective farmer, to come (go) to see, to graduate from
5. Our Holiday.
to leave Moscow for, to go for a holiday, poor health, to intend, to have a
good time, the weather, fine, a river, a sea, to go to the sea, to swim, to lie in the
sun, to play chess (volley-ball, tennis etc.), a forest, a library, to go to the cinema,
with interest, at the beginning of, at the end of, to have a good holiday.
6. The Capital of England.
a street, a square, a club, a museum, the centre, the City [ st ]
( , ), Whitehall [wath:l]
( ), an office, the Houses of Parliament
[p:lmnt], the Westminster Abbey [ westmnstr b]
( ), the suburbs,
poor people, crooked [krukd] (), narrow, dirty.
7. My Flat.
on the floor, a dining-room, a bedroom, a bath-room, a kitchen, a study, in
the middle of , to the right, to the left, in the corner, a piano, an armchair, a
book-case, a television set, a sofa, a cupboard [kbd] (), a vase, a flower,
comfortable, cosy ().

214

LESSON TWELVE (THE TWELFTH LESSON)


Text:
AT DINNER-TIME (Meals)
Grammar: 1. , I-
3- , let (. 56).
2.
(.
57).

3. a little, a few (. 58).


4. c
(. 59).
5. to speak, to talk, to say, to tell (c. 60).
I shall let you know about it.
Lets have a smoke.
May we smoke here?
Do, please.
I think not.
Will you join me for lunch*?

.
? ( ).
?
.
, .
?

I usually have dinner at half past one, but yesterday I went to the office
without breakfast (I had only a cup of tea) and at twelve oclock I was already
hungry. I dont like to have dinner alone. So I said to Nick: Let us have dinner
together. All right, he answered. I shall join you as soon as I translate this
letter.
When we came into the restaurant there were few people there. We got
cash-checks for dinner and sat down at a table near the window. Soon the waitress
came up to our table. She brought spoons, forks, knives and plates and took our
cash-checks.
Will you have soup today? I asked Nick.
No, | I shant. I am not very hungry, he said. But I shall have some
1
salad, | meat and potatoes , | and ice-cream. Why, | do you like icecream so much?2 I never take ice-cream in winter.3 I like tea with lemon |
or coffee for sweet.
Oh! | Here is the waitress! (The waitress brings some salad). The
salad is very good, | but there is not enough salt in it. Pass me the salt,
please.
Here is the salt!
Thank you.
Shall I pass you some brown bread?
No, | thank you. I usually take it with the soup, | and with the meat
course | I like white bread.
** A lunch ( 12 ).
215

Are there any sweets at the buffet? I want to buy some for my tea. I shall
be back soon. Shall I get some sweets or a cake for you too
Dont go there now, we shall go to the buffet together when dinner is over.
So, when dinner was over, we went to the buffet, bought some sweets,
talked a little and at five minutes to two we left the restaurant.
As it took us only 25 minutes to have our dinner, we had some time before
work to read a newspaper and have a smoke4.
Half an hour later5 we began to work again.

1. Meat and potatoes. .
potato [ptetou] (, )
, . o, .
-es, e :
a potato potatoes
a tomato
tomatoes
, , . o,
. , , ..
-s:
a piano
pianos
a photo
photos
2. Why, do you like ice-cream so much?
?
Why . , ;
? ? ? .. ,
, .
3. I never take ice-cream in winter. .
.

never , :
She never works on Sundays.

4. We bad some time before work to read a newspaper and have a smoke.

. to have c c
.
c
no:
to have a smoke
to have a talk
to have a swim

, :
216

to have a rest
to have a look

5. Half an hour later ( ).


.
:
.

I shall be back in an hour and a half


( ).

9 ,
,
.

I returned home at 9 oclock, had


supper, read a book, and an hour
and a half later I went to bed
( ).

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


dinner-time
Prp at dinner time
a meal
e.g. I usually have three meals a day.
past
e.g. I usually get up at half past
seven.
without [waut]
e.g. We shall not discuss this
question without you.
tea
W. comb a cup of tea
hungry [hr]
Gr to be hungry
e.g. Will you have supper with us?
I am not hungry, thank you.
thirsty [:st]
Gr to be thirsty
alone [loun]
e.g. can do it alone.

,


.
( )

.

,
? .
( ).


,
(,
).
was alone in the house.
.
to join

:
Will you join me for dinner?
Ill join you for lunch.
a restaurant [ restr]
a canteen [ knti:n]

? (
?)
.
,

.
217

:
- Is there a canteen or a restaurant
?
at your Ministry?
There is a good canteen at our
.
factory.
- The walls in my dining-room
-.
are light green.
a cash-check [ ktek]
a waitress [ wetrs]
a waiter [ wet]
to come up (came up, come up)
Syn to go up
e.g. The girl came up to me and
asked me for a magazine.
I went up to him and gave him
his book back.
a fork
a knife (pl knives)
a plate
soup [su:p]
e.g. Will you have soup to-day?
salad [sld]
meat [mi:t]
a potato [ptetou]
potatoes [ptetouz]
ice-cream [askri:m]
never [nev]
a lemon [ lemn]
coffee [kf]
sweet
Prp for (the) sweet
e.g. What will you have for (the)
sweet?
enough [nf]
e.g. Thats enough!

()

.

.

,
() ?
,

(ice , cream )

()
()?
,
! !

enough :

.


.

This book is difficult


enough for you.
Your son reads well
enough for a child of
six.

You had enough time ,


,
to finish this work =
,
218

You had time enough


to finish this work.
.

I have enough free


time to-day. |

salt [s:lt]
sugar [u]
to pass
e.g. Pass me the salad, please.
bread [bred]
W. comb white bread
brown bread
course [k:s]
W. comb a dinner of four courses =
= a four-course dinner
the meat (fish) course
Prp for the meat (fish) course
with the meat (fish) course
Prp in the first (second, third...)
course
sweets
a buffet [ bufe]
a cupboard [ kbd]
to buy (bought, bought) [t ba, b:t,
b:t]
Ant to sell (sold, sold) [t sel,
sould, sould]
back
Gr to be back
Syn to come back, to return
e.g. Ill be back in an hour.
a cake
to talk
Syn to speak
e.g. Lets talk about it tomorrow.
a little
Syn some
e.g. Pass me a little white bread,
please.

, , .



1. , , ,

, ()


2.
(, ...)

( )
( )
,
,
, ()

,
.
,
( - -)

.
( )
,
, ,
.

219

a few

, (
)
Syn. some
,
e.g. Let me tell you a few words

about it.
.
to smoke

to have a smoke

a second [ seknd]

a minute [ mnt]

a half [ h:f]

W. comb half an hour

an hour and a half



a quarter [ kw:t]

W. comb a quarter of an hour



when
1. ()
e.g. I shall tell my friends many

interesting things when I see them.
, .
2. ()
e.g. When will you come to see us?
?
as soon as
()
till
1. , ()
Syn until
,
,
:
,
.

Wait here till (until)


I come back.
2. ( )
e.g. To-day I shall work till five

oclock.
.
before
1. , ()
e.g. I shall have a smoke before I go
,
to the dining-room.
.
2. , ()
:

(
).

I shall stay here till six oclock.

I shall leave this place before


( ,
six oclock.
, ).
after
()
e.g. Lets have a smoke after we
,
finish work, and then go home.
( ),

220

while
e.g. Speak to him while he is here.

.
,
, .


:
, (
I shall be at home till (until)
) .
you ring me up.
, (
I shall not go to bed before
) .
I finish my work.
,
Lets go to see him while he is
( ) . still in Moscow.
later

W. comb two days later


2 ( ,
)

Here is the book! ( - )
r it is! ( - )

!
!


second [ seknd]
a minute [ mnt]
an hour [n au]
half an hour [h:f n au]
a quarter of an hour [ kw: tr v n au]
an hour and a half
at a quarter to nine
at a quarter past [p:st] nine
at half past nine
at 10 minutes to seven
at 10 minutes past seven
at 10 a.m.* 10 .
at 10.30 .m.** 10.30
at 12 oclock at night 12 .
at 12 oclock at noon 12 .

half an hour

** a.m. ante meridiem ( ),


12 12 .

**** .m. post meridiem ( ),


12 12 .
221

an hour and a half



I. a (. 56).
1. Let (we) discuss these questions. 2. Let (he) translate these letters from
German into Russian. 3. Let (I) go to see him. He is ill. 4. Let (they) return those
books to the library to-day. 5. Let (she) learn the new words from Lesson two. 6.
Let (we) read that book about our city.
II. ,
, 1- 3- .
1. . 2.
o . 3.
. 4. . 5.
. 6. . 7.
. .
-. 8.
. , . 9.
. 10. , .
III. ,
(. 57).
1. If I am not busy on Sunday, I shall go to see my friend. 2. My son will go
to Leningrad on holiday if he passes his examinations well. 3. The children will
swim in the river and lie in the sun when they come here to stay over the weekend. 4. As soon as my brother returns to our village, he will begin to work on our
collective farm. 5. I shall listen in after the lesson is over. 6. We shall work with
this delegation till they leave for their home country. 7. Dont go to the cinema
before you finish this work. 8. You may stay here until I return from the country.
IV. .
1. I shall go to the country when

I
my friend
my son

2. We shall visit Comrade N. if

we
he
you

3. Stay here till

I
Comrade N.
these engineers

our teacher
4. We shall finish this work before we
this man
222

he
5. My son will go to Kiev as soon as we
his friend
6.

I shall give you this book after

I
my friend
one of our students

V. ,
.
1. , ? 2.
, . 3.
, . 4. ,
. 5. (a reading-room) ,
. 6. , ( ).
7. , .
VI. , , oe
.
1. (At) What time do you usually get up? (7 . 10 . ). 2. What time
does your son have breakfast? (8 . 30 . ). 3. What time do you usually go
to the office? (8 . 15 . ). 4. What time does your teacher come into the
class-room if the lesson begins at 10 oclock? (9 . 50 . 9 . 55 .
). 5. What time did you return home yesterday? (6 . 45 . ). 6. What
time were you at the library two days ago? (1 . 40 . ). 7. What time did
you prepare your home task yesterday? (c 7 . 15 . 9 . 10 . ). 8.
What time did you go to see your friends the day before yesterday? (5 . 20 .)
9. What time does your son go to bed? (9 . 30 .). 10. What time did you go to
bed yesterday? (11 . 50 .).
VII. ,
, .
1. (tram-stop)
, , . 2.
. . 3.
, . 4.
? . . 5.
.
VIII. (. 58).
1. There are too (much, many) people at the library now. I shall come here
tomorrow. 2. Did you read (little, few) in your childhood? 3. My friend brought me
(much, many) interesting books to read yesterday. 4. The doctor advised my father
not to walk (much, many). 5. There is (much, many) fresh air ( ) in
this room. 6. Did you have (much, many) work to do last night? 7. Does your son
223

read (little, few)? No, he does not. He reads (much, many). 8. Let him think (a
little, a few). 9. I attended (a little, a few) lectures here last year. 10. Please, give
me (a little, a few) money (). 11. We spent (a little, a few) days in the
country and then came back to Moscow. 12. There are (a little, a few) mistakes in
your dictation. 13. You know German (a little, a few), try to translate this sentence.
Its not difficult at all. 14. My little son knows (a little, a few) English words.
IX. ,
, , ().
1. . 2.
, , . 3.
, . 4.
. 5.
? . 6.
. 7. ,
-. 8. ,
. -, . 9.
. 10. ,
. .
-
X. , : Will you have soup
to-day? and with the meat course I like white bread.
.
I liketea
white bread

here isthe waitress


here isthe salt

XI. ,
.
pass, class, glass, grass, last, past, fast, ask, task, far, smart, dark, cart;
bread, ready, breath, potato, Negro, firm, bird, berth, birth, stern, furs, clear, here,
care, cure, tired.
II. ,
,
.
eatable
salty
revolutionary
industrial

ice-cream
buyer
builder
beautifully

hungrily
seller
listener
visitor

villager
building
collective
sunny

XIII. , .
1. How many meals a day do you have?
2. Do you like to have dinner alone or with your friends?
3. With which course do you like brown bread?
224

4. In what season do people eat much ice-cream?


5. What do you say if there is not enough salt in the soup?
6. Do you usually buy bread in the morning or in the evening?
7. Does your little daughter (son) talk much or little at table?
8. Do you smoke before or after dinner?
9. Do you take sugar with your tea or do you like tea without it?
10. What do you usually do if you are thirsty?
11. Did you have enough time to read a newspaper after breakfast
yesterday?
12. Why did you go to the office without breakfast?
13. Which of you never has dinner at the Ministry?
14. Why do you never go to the restaurant alone?
XIV. .
1. I am hungry because I had breakfast at half past seven (1). 2. My sons
do not like to stay at home alone (l). 3. We gave our cash-checks to the waitress
(2). 4. I shall have meat and potatoes for the meat course (2). 5. My daughter
cannot eat much ice-cream (1). 6. The salt is near your plate (1). 7. There are
some forks, spoons and knives on the table (1). 8. I like white bread with the
meat course (1). 9. I shant take any soup to-day because I am not hungry at all
(1).
XV.
.
, , , ,
( ), , , ,
, , , .
XVI. ,
.
1.
( ). .
( ). 2. 1939

. 3. .
, .
(in his hand). 4.
? , . 5.
(in the original). 6.
1950 . .
XVII. ,
.

!
!

225

!
!

!
!
!

!
!

!
!
!

!
!

XVIII. , .
(enough, a fork, a waitress, to eat, to buy, to have a smoke, hungry, alone,
to pass, for sweet).
1. If you are ___, go to the restaurant and have dinner. 2. Please, help me to
translate this letter, I cannot do it ___ 3. Take my cash-checks and give them to the
___. Ill be back in a minute. 4. I cannot eat the salad. I have no ___ Bring one,
please. 5. Will you have ice-cream or a cup of coffee ___? 6. We have a little free
time before the lesson. Let us ___. 7. Why dont you ___ brown bread? I never
___ it with the meat course. 8. When did you ___ this nice () pen? I
___ it last month. 9. There is not ___ salt in the soup. Shall I ___ you some?
XIX. , .
1. , .
, . 2.
? , . . ,
. 3. ? . .
, , , . 4.
. . , ,
. 5. , ,
. , . 6.
? 7. ? ,
, . . 8.
. . . 9. * .
. 10. ,
, . ,
. 11. ,
, . 12.
. 13. , . 14.
, , , (
). 15. ,
. 16. , . 17.
? . 18. ,
, . 19.
. . 20.
? , ,
. 21. -? , .
** yet ( ).
226

XX. to speak, to talk, to say, to tell


(. 60).
1. Listen to me, comrades, do not ___! 2. My friend can ___ three foreign
languages. 3. Yesterday we discussed our plans. Some of our workers ___ about
the work of our factory. They ___ many interesting things about it. 4. Did you ___
to Comrade Petrov about it? What did he ___ you? 5. On my day off I visited my
friend Rogov. I ___ with his children. I asked them to ___ me about their studies.
We study well, they ___. Our marks are always good. 6. We had some time
___ after dinner. My friend ___ me about his new work. 7. Did you show your
report to the teacher? What did he ___ about it? 8. Let us ___ about the new film.
Comrade Nikitin, did you like the film? ___ us about it, please. 9. You ___ well,
but there was a mistake in your last sentence ___ it again. 10. When my
grandfather returned from Moscow, he often ___ us about his visit to the capital of
the Soviet Union. He ___ us about the beautiful streets, green parks, fine theatres
and buildings of Moscow. Next year I shall go there again, he ___.
XXI. , .
at school, to stay at home, over the week-end, on Sunday, in two days, with
the meat course, for sweet, with brown bread, to be over, by tram, to be back, from
Russian into English, at page six, an hour and a half, to come up, a few, a little,
half an hour later (. 5 ), never (. 3), to have a
smoke (. 4).
XXII. , later ,
, in never
.


XXIII. .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

What time do you usually have dinner?


What time did you have dinner yesterday?
With whom did you go to the restaurant yesterday?
Were there many people in the restaurant at dinner time?
What did you do first?
Where did you sit down?
Who came up to your table?
What did the waitress bring?
What did she take?
Why did Nick not take any soup?
What did he take for the meat course?
What did he take for (the) sweet?
What do you like for (the) sweet in winter?
Why did Nick ask you to pass him the salt?
What bread do you usually take with the meat course?
227

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.

What did you want to buy at the buffet?


What did you do when dinner was over?
How long (how much time) did it take you to have dinner?
Did you have a smoke after dinner or did you go to the office at once?
Why did you have enough time to have a smoke after dinner?
When did you begin to work again?

XXIV. , .
1. hungry, to spend, to swim, to lie in the sun, sea, to eat.
2. restaurant, hungry, waitress, it took me, cake, coffee, without.
3. alone, never, to be busy, buffet, coffee, a cup, for sweet, to buy, sweets, to
be back.
XXV. , (, ),
.
XXVI. : a) At
the Buffet. ) At the Restaurant. ) At Table at Home.

228

LESSON THIRTEEN (THE THIRTEENTH LESSON)


Text:
THEY ARE LEAVING MOSCOW
Grammar: 1. I (. 61).
2. Continuous (. 62).

3. (. 63).
How much is it?

?
( ?)

What does it come to?

?
()?

I should like to buy a pair .


of shoes.
Would you like to try
these shoes on?

( )
?

My size is thirty-seven.

().

If you look at this picture (see page), you will see a man, a woman and a
child in it. The man is a friend of mine. His name is Smirnov. A week ago he
graduated from the Institute and tomorrow he is leaving for his native town, where
he will work as a doctor. Now he and his wife are preparing for departure. Their
little son is also busy. He is packing his things. He is putting his toys into a box
now. Look at his smiling face. He is happy because he likes to travel. Comrade
Smirnovs wife, a young woman of twenty-four, is also very busy. There are very
many different things which she must pack. You can see shirts, trousers, dresses,
hats, suits, coats, shoes and other1 things on the sofa and on the chairs.

229

What is she doing now? She is closing a suit-case. Besides, she must
go to the shop to buy some food. But she will not go shopping until she packs all
the things.
What else can you see in the picture? I can see some boxes near the
door.
Is Comrade Smirnov closing them? No, he is not. He is writing his
new address on them.
He is in a hurry2. He must finish this work because his brother is already
waiting for him in a car. As soon as he finishes writing, his brother and he will
take the boxes to the railway station.
You cannot see Comrade Smirnovs mother in the picture. She is not helping
them here now. She is in the kitchen. She is preparing supper while they are
packing their things.
In an hour and a half many friends will come to say good-bye to Comrade
Smirnov and his family and wish them a happy life 3 and fruitful work in a new
place.
DIALOGUES
(to be learned by heart)*
At the shop
Buyer. I want a coat for a boy of fourteen.
Saleswoman. Here are some fine brown coats.
Buyer. I dont like this colour. Will you show me another coat? Id
like to have a look at that gray coat over there4. How much is it?
Saleswoman. Its two hundred and fifty roubles.
(The Buyers son tries on the coat).
** be learned by heart .
230

Buyer. Well, | I think Ill have it.


At home
A.Where were you | at two oclock in the afternoon? I came to see
you, | but you were out.
B.
I went shopping.
A.
What did you buy?
B.
A coat for my son.
A.
Id like to have a look at it.
B.
Here it is!
A.
Its very fine. How much does it cost?
B.
I paid two hundred and fifty roubles for it.
A.
I think its not dear at all.

1. You can see shirts, dresses, hats, suits, coats, shoes and other things on the
sofa and on the chairs. , , , ,
.
other , , ,

:
There are two books on the table: one book :
is Russian, the other book is English.
, () .
, other +
,
( ). (),
,
other,
another:
I dont like this coat. Show me another .
coat, please. (There are many coats in , , ().
the shop).
another (, ):
Have another cup of tea. () .
other
,
.
others ,
:
, Comrades Ivanov, Petrov and many other
- students speak English well
.
(other ).
231

, Comrades Ivanov, Petrov and others


-.
speak English well
(others ).

, .

Last night I was at the theatre and saw


Stepanov, Bobrov and others there
(others ).


.
, ()
.

Five of our engineers will soon take a


holiday. Two of them will go to the
country, the others will be away on
holiday in the South (the others
).

others , ,
.
:
, Titov, Glebov and others left for
.
Leningrad yesterday.
,
, .

Yesterday I already packed my coat, suit,


shoes and other things.

2. He is in a hurry. He must finish this work because his brother is waiting


for him. . ,
. to be in a hurry
, (
).
to hurry
, , ,
to be in a hurry, ,
, , to hurry
, , ,
?.
He said good-bye to us and hurried
home.

to be in a hurry,
, .
Hurry up! ,
Dont hurry! !
3. In an hour and a half many friends will come to say good-bye to Comrade
Smirnov and his family and wish them a happy life and fruitful work in a new
place.

. life
, , ,
232

. , ,
, ,
,
, :
a happy life
a quiet [kwat] life

.
, work
.
fruitful work
new work
interesting work

4. Id like to have a look at that gray coat over there.


. over over there
, , ,
.
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
a friend of mine
( )
native [netv]

W. comb His (her, their) native town


(, ...) (,
(village, country, language)
, )
e.g. What is your native language?
?
(mother tongue [t])
to pack
,
a toy

a box

to smile

smiling

a face

happy

Gr to be happy

to travel (travelled, travelled) [t trvl]
different
,
e.g. My grandfather knows different

interesting stories.
.
a shirt

trousers

a dress

a hat

a suit [ sju:t]
(, )
a coat

an overcoat, a greatcoat

233

clothes [klouz]
a shoe [ u:]
a boot [ bu:t]
a high boot
other []
another [n]
a suit-case [ sju:t kes]
besides [bsadz]
e.g. I cannot go to the cinema tonight: I have much work to do.
Besides, my sister asked me to
come to see her.

(
).

(-, -oe, -) ()
, ()

1. (, )
.
. ,
.

2. , , ()
e.g. There are two engineers in our
family besides me.
, () .
a shop

Phr to go shopping

to do some (my, his...) shopping

e.g. Will you go shopping after
breakfast?
?
food

an address [n dres]

a hurry

Gr to be in a hurry
, (
)
to wait

Prp to wait for...


- (-)
e.g. Whom are you waiting for?
?
I am waiting for a friend of mine
.
a car
()
a railway

a railway station
,
to say good-bye
( )
e.g. said good-bye to us and
.
went away.
to wish

fruitful [fru:tful]

Ant fruitless [fru:tls]

a dialogue [ dal]

a buyer [ ba]

a salesman [ selzmn]
( )
a saleswoman [ selzwumn]

a rouble [ ru:bl]

234

out
Ant in
Gr to be out
to be in
e.g. I was out at six oclock
yesterday.
Is he in?
to cost (cost, cost)
e.g. How much does that suit cost?
= How much is that suit?
to try on
e.g. I want to try on this overcoat.
to pay (paid, paid)
e.g. I paid five roubles for my
dinner.
dear [d]
Syn expensive [kspensv]
Ant cheap

, ()
()

,

.
?

. oa
oa [ou], :
coat [kout]
. -ent, -less
-ent [nt] :
different
-less [ls] ;
. -
:
fruit ()
child

fruitless ,
childless



I. I
(. 61).
to go, to smoke, to sit, to study, to lie, to eat, to come, to buy, to sell, to talk,
to give, to put, to stop, to pay.
II. .
) , , , ,
, , , (),

235

, , , , ,
, , .
) , , .
III. ,
(. 62).
1. . .
2. ! , .
? 3. ,

, . 4.
. 5.
. 6. .
. .
.
IV.
.
1. The waitress is taking our cash-checks. 2. Nikulin and Petrov are talking.
3. I am reading a very interesting book now. 4. My friend is smoking now. 5. The
little boy is eating his cake. 6. The woman is selling ice-cream.
V. ,
-.
a)

1. Are you having an English lesson now?


2. What is your friend doing?
3. What is Comrade N. writing in his exercise book?
4. Where is Comrade N. writing a sentence?
5. What language are you speaking now?
6. What am I showing* to you?
7. Is Comrade P. looking at that picture?
8. What is he reading?
9. Are we sitting or standing?
10.Are you writing or speaking?

b)1. What time do you usually have dinner?


2. Are you having dinner now? What are you doing now?
3. What kind of books do you like to read?
4. What book is Comrade N. reading now?
5. What do we usually write on the blackboard?
6. What am I writing on the blackboard now?
7. Where do you usually prepare your home-work?
8. Are you preparing your home-work or writing an exercise now?
9. Who is answering my question now?
** To show .
236

10. Who usually answers the teachers questions without mistakes?


c)

1. What are you looking at?


2. What are we speaking about?
3. Who(m) are you listening to now?
4. Who(m) is Comrade N. looking at?
5. Who(m) can you speak English with at home?
6. Who(m) do you usually play chess with?
7. What is he waiting for?

VI. .
1. Nick is passing me the salt (2). 2. I am buying some sweets here (1).
3. These children are eating their soup without bread (1). 4. They are playing
chess with their friends in that room (3). 5. They are looking at this new
building (2). 6. I am talking to my old friend (2). 7. They are building a new
school (1).
VII. ,
-.
) 1. ? .
. 2. , , .
.
. 3. ? .
. 75 . 4. , ?
. . . 5.
? .
.
) ( ) ,
.
. , (warm)
. ( ).
, (a hall) .
. .
, . .
. .
.
VIII.
Continuous.
to make a report, to look at, to speak about, to listen in, to smoke, to listen to.
IX.
(. 63).
1. Yesterday I met a friend of mine. 2. I shall go to the country with a friend
of mine. 3. That book is mine. 4. Mine is an interesting book, yours is not.

237

X. ,
.
1. . (warm). 2.
,
? , . 3.
, . 4.
, . 5. ,
. 6. , .
. 7. . . . 8.
300 . ? 9.
. 10.
, .
XI. .
a) He is playing chess with a friend
of his in the sitting- room.
.
b) That pen is not mine, its yours.

, .

c) My child goes to school, his goes ,


to the kindergarten.
.
-
XII. .
readingand writing
askingand answering
closinga suit-case

closingthem
writinghis address
waiting for him

III. ,
.
hereare some fine browncoats
I dont likethis colour
thatgray coat
Hereit is
you wereout
Whatdid you buy?
Where were you?

XIV. ,
.
a) boat, coat, moan, loan, groan, soap, roam, foam, throat;
b) window, now, Moscow, town, fellow, mellow, swallow, bowl, borrow;
c) happy, you, busy, young, type, myth, yet, hurry, funny.
XV. ,
;
.
different

swimmer

beginning
238

endless
fruitful
fruitless
fruitlessly
traveller
parentless

happily
packer
suit-case
fruitfully
motherless
hungrily

easily
runner
sunny
usually
healthy
meeting

XVI. , .
1. Do people smile or cry* when they are happy?
2. When do people usually smile?
3. What is your native town?
4. Will you go to your native town when you have your holiday?
5. When do people usually pack their things?
6. Do you take a large suit-case or a small suit-case when you go to a resthome?
7. Do you like to travel?
8. Why do you like to travel?
9. Do you change (, ) your dress when you come home
from the office?
10. What colour is your new suit (coat)?
11. When do you usually go shopping?
12. Why cant you go shopping in the afternoon?
13. Would you like to do some shopping to-day?
14. Where does your little son stay until you return from the office?
15. Do you know Comrade Ns address?
16. When are you usually in a hurry?
17. Can you work well if you are in a hurry?
18. Do any of your friends always wait for you to leave the office together?
19. Is your friend waiting for you now?
20. Is your new pen dear?
21. How much does your new pen cost?
22. Would you like to buy a new pen?
23. How much do you think you will pay for it?
XVII. .
1. Comrade Smirnovs wife is packing her things now (1). 2. I shall come to
see you before my departure (3). 3. My parents were very busy yesterday (2). 4.
They are waiting for their teacher in the club (4). 5. My sister bought fine shoes
yesterday (1). 6. We were already hungry at eleven oclock in the morning (1).

** To cry .
239

XVIII. .
,
( 54, 55).
1. ,
. 2. , ( )
. 3. ,
. 4. , . 5.
, ? 6. , ,
. . 7.
, . 8. ,
? 9. , , . 10. ) ,
, . ) ,
, . 11. ,
. 12. ,
. 13. , ,
. 14. , (
) , . 15. ,
,
. , , ()
.
XIX.
, , .
Yesterday after ___ work I went together with ___ son Peter to one of ___
shops in ___ Arbat Street to buy ___ new coat for him. At ___ shop ___
saleswoman showed us many different coats. We liked ___ two coats. One of them
was too small for ___ son and we bought ___ other coat. It was ___ fine brown
coat for ___ boy of fifteen. Then half ___ hour later we went to ___ another shop
and I bought ___ toy for ___ second son and ___ toy for ___ little daughter.
Besides, I bought some good things for ___ wife. We spent ___ hour and ___ half
at ___ shop. At ___ quarter past eight we came home. ___ children took ___ boxes
from us and opened them. They liked ___ new toys very much. ___ daughter who
likes to go shopping said, On ___ Sunday we shall go shopping with ___ Ma * too.
We shall buy ___ new hat for ___ Pa** and ___ new shirt for Peter. Shall we buy
___ new dress for me, Ma?
XX. ,
.
Do you like to prepare ___ departure? I like it very much. The day ___
tomorrow I am leaving ___ Sochi. I am not going ___ a holiday there. A month ago
I graduated ___ the Institute and I shall work as a doctor ___ a sanatorium
() in Sochi. Tomorrow I shall pack ___ my things. I shall put my suits,
** [m:] .
**** [p:] .
240

shirts, shoes, books and other things ___ my suit-case. ___ the evening some
friends ___ mine will come ___ my place to say good-bye ___ me. At half ___
nine we shall go ___ the railway station together. My friend Nick Petrov will not
come ___ my place because he will be busy. He will go ___ the station and wait
___ us there. ___ three days I shall be ___ Sochi. As soon as I know my address, I
shall send it ___ my friends.
XXI. .
to smile, to travel, to pack, to go shopping, to wait, to cost, to pay, to pass, to
put, to stay, to hurry, to begin, to play.
XXII. .
(a railway station, happy, different, to travel, an address, a toy, to do some
shopping, in a hurry, to hurry, a suit-case, to hurry up)
1. Why are you smiling? I am smiling, because I am ___ to see you. 2. I
cannot go to the cinema with you, I must be ___ My son is leaving to-day, and Id
like to buy some things and some food for him. 3. Children like to play with new
___. 4. If you want to know your country well, you must ___ much. 5. My friends
daughter likes literature very much, she reads many ___ books. 6. We cannot write
a letter to Comrade Klimov either, because we do not know his ___. 7. Dont ___,
we shall have enough time to get to the station before the train starts. 8. If you are
not ___, wait for me for a few minutes, we shall go to the library together. 9. Why
are you not packing? Where is your ___? We must go to the ___ in half an hour.
10. ___, or we shall be late for the lecture.
XXIII. .
a) 1. I am sorry; I cannot speak to you now because 2. I dont want to
come up to the child because 3. I am leaving for Sochi tomorrow, so I must
4. We have much time, we shall not be late, so 5. The child is smiling because
6. In the evening some friends will come to see us, so
b) 7. We shall go to the restaurant as soon as 8. Will you go shopping
when 9. Will they wait for us until 10. My son will go to his native town
after 11. Will you pack your things before
XXIV. ,
.
1. .
, . 2.
. ,
, .
3. , ,
. 4. , ,
. . 5.
. ,
. 6. , , . ,

241

, . 7. -
, . . 8.
. . 9.
. , .
XXV. ,
, , , .
1. . 40
, () 50 . 2.
. ( ) (pair). 3. ,
, , ,
. 4. , ,
,
. 5. ?
, (The State Department
Store). 6. ?
(director) , . 7.
, (size).
(). 8. ,
. 9. ,
, , . 10.
, , . 11.
, () . 12.
. ,
.
XXVI.
.
)I shall wait for you here until you ,
return.
.
b)Ann is packing her things while her ,
mother is preparing supper in the

kitchen.
.
) My husband wont go to the country
on Saturday and I shant go there
, .
either. We shall be very busy.
.
XXVII. ,
, 1, 2, 3, 4 .
XXVIII. , .
1. , .
. . 2.
! . .
? 3. .
, . .

242

. ( )
, . 4. ,
. 5. .
? 6. ! , .
, ,
, . 7.
, .
? ,
. , - .
, . 8.
. . 9. ,
, , . 10.
. ,
. , , !
(director) . 11. ,
. . 12. , , .
? . 56 .
, . 13.
. . ,
, . 14.
? . .
. 15. .
. , .
XXIX. ,
:
Continuous; let ;

.
to come (go) up, to hurry, an hour and a half, happy, to travel, besides, either,
to be in a hurry, dear, fruitless, to cost, cheap, another, other, to go shopping, to do
some shopping, to wait for, to pay, to say good-bye, to try on.
XXX. , .
HOW WE PACKED
So we decided to travel On Friday evening we met to pack the necessary
things. We got a big suit-case for the clothes and two large boxes for the food. We
put all the things which we wanted to take with us in the middle of the floor, sat
round them and began to think how to pack it all.
I shall pack the things, I said, I like to pack, and I can do it very well.
Harris and George [d:d] were very glad. They smiled and began to smoke.
There were many things to pack and it took me a long time to put them all into the
suit-case. But when I finished the work and sat down on the suit-case, Harris said
smiling, Will you take your shoes with you? I looked around () and saw
my shoes under the bed. So I opened the suit-case and put them into it. When I
243

wanted to close the suit-case, I thought, Where is my tooth-brush (


)? Once I forgot to pack it and carried () it to the station in my pocket
(), I remembered. So I decided to unpack the suit-case. What are you
doing? smiled George. But I did not answer him. I took all the things out of the
suit-case and at last found my tooth-brush in one of the shoes
(After Three Men in a Boat by Jerome K. Jerome)


XXXI. .
1. Whom can you see in this picture?
2. What is the mans name?
3. What is he?
4. When did he graduate from the Institute?
5. Why is he smiling now?
6. What town is he leaving for tomorrow?
7. What will he do in his native town?
8. Who is this woman?
9. What are Comrade Smirnov and his wife doing?
10. What are they preparing for?
11. What is their son doing?
12. What is the boy packing?
13. Why is the boy happy?
14. What can you see on the chairs and on the sofa?
15. What else must Comrade Smirnovs wife do?
16. What is Comrade Smirnov writing on the boxes which are near the
door?
17. Why is he in a hurry?
18. Why is his brother waiting for him?
19. Why cant you see Comrade Smirnovs mother in the picture?
20. What is she doing in the kitchen?
21. Who will come to their place in the evening?
22. Why will their friends come in the evening?
XXXII. .
XXXIII. .
XXXIV. ,
, .
XXXV. , .
to travel, different, to pack, to buy, a suit-case, happy, wait, until, while,
which, to hurry, to forget, an address, a railway-station, to leave.
XXXVI. , ,
.
244

1. First Journey*.
2.Preparation for Departure.
3. A New Shop in Our Street.
XXXVII. , ,
, .
1. ,
.
2. , .

** A journey [ d:n] .
245

LESSON FOURTEEN (THE FOURTEENTH LESSON)


Text:
A SEA STORY
Grammar: 1. Continuous (. 64,
65).

2. such (. 66).
3. (. 67).
May I be present at the lesson?

()
?
*
May I use this dictionary?
?
.
You are welcome.
Are you through with your work? ?
, ( ).
Not yet.
One evening we asked our friend Captain Brown1 to tell us some interesting
story about his voyages. And he told us the following:
It was fifteen years ago. I was a young man then. Our ship was going to
New York. We were having a very fine voyage. One morning the captain 2 came up
to me and said: Mr. Brown, last night I heard such a strange thing that I dont
know what to do about it. I could not sleep at night and I heard a voice in my ear:
Sail north3-north-west! Sail north- north-west! I think we must sail in that
direction.
Excuse me, but I think that you ate too much last night, sir, and that is why
you could not sleep I answered.
The captain got angry.
T did not eat much yesterday, he said, and I heard the strange voice three
times, sir.
The captain ordered his men | to sail north-'north-west. The next
4
day | one of our men | saw a black thing in the sea. The captain looked
through his glasses | and said to me: There is a small boat there | with a
man in it. Wasnt I right last night? We must save the man.
Soon we reached the small boat | and saw a man in it. He was fast
asleep. We took him into our boat | and sailed in the direction of the ship. The
captain was waiting for us.
When we reached the ship, | the man suddenly opened his eyes | and
cried out loudly, Where am I? Where is my boat?
Happy to see you, said the captain, | I am very glad | that we could
save you.
Did you order your men to take me out of my boat while I was asleep?
asked the man.
Certainly, answered the captain. Did you want to perish in your little
boat?
** To use [ju:z] , .
246

Look here5, said the man, My name is Captain Wilson and I am making a
record voyage from New York to Liverpool in a small boat
(After W. W. Jacobs)

1. Captain Brown, Mr. Brown , .
, ,
(, ), ..,
:
Professor Nikolayev
Comrade Serov

, ,
, :
the engineer Petrov
the student Svetlov
the worker Nikulin

:
madam [mdm] sir [s:] ; Mr. [mst] ,
, Mrs. [msz] , (
) Miss [ms] (
), :
Mr. Wilson
Mrs. Brown
Miss Smith

.
2. One morning the captain came up to me and said

captain, ,
, ,

():
The captain is ill ().

Did you see the captain yesterday?


().

My friend will be captain in a year


().


director , president , .
3. Sail north-north-west. --.
north, south, west, east .
247

, .
, , , .
4. The next day we saw
the next year
,
- ,
next year , ,
.
On the twenty-fifth of June my
25-
friend passed his last examination. .
The next day he left for the South. .
In 1963 my son will graduate from 1963 .
the Institute and go to one of our
-
towns or villages to work there.
.
The next year I shall visit him
there.

(
) .

5. Look here! ! -!
,
.
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
a captain
a voyage
W. comb to make a voyage
following
the following
e.g. told us the following story.


()
(-, -, -)


.
told us the following.
.
a ship
,
Syn a steam-ship (a steamer)
(steam )
to hear (heard, heard) [t h, h:d, h:d]
:
! Come here! I cannot hear you! !
.
I am listening to you.
such

(-, -oe, -
)
strange
1.
e.g. told me a very strange story.
.
2.
e.g. Yesterday a young girl came up

248

to us in the street and asked us



a question in a strange language.
.
a stranger
, ,
Syn a foreigner

a newcomer
,
to sleep (slept, slept)

Syn to be asleep [sli:p]


( )
W. comb to be fast asleep

Gr to fall asleep

e.g. I slept very badly last night.


.
I fell asleep only at four oclock
.
in the morning.
to fall (fell, fallen)
-
.
:

to be asleep

to fall asleep

to be ill

to fall ill
night

Prp at night

Ant in the daytime

e.g. Dr. Nefedov worked at night,


, so he will be free in the daytime.
.
a voice [ vs]

Prp in a loud (low) voice


()
e.g. He said the last words in a very
()

low voice.
.
an ear [n ]

an eye [n a]

to sail

the North

the South

the West

the East

Prp in the North (South, West, East)


(, , )
e.g. There are many new cities in the
North of our country.
.
Prp to the South (North, West, East)
(, , ) ...
of...
e.g. Kiev is to the South of Moscow. ()
249

W. comb to go (sail) north, south,


west, east

.
, () , ,
,

:

The travellers went north-east
- (cy().
).
direction [drekn]
(to direct )
Prp! in this (that) direction,
()
in the direction of...
...
e.g. We went in the direction of the
station.
.
a director

to excuse [tu kskju:z]

Prp! Excuse me for this.


.
why*

W. comb that is why (thats why)


,
e.g. I was very busy yesterday. Thats ,
why I couldnt answer my sisters
( )
letter.
.
sir

W. comb Dear sir



angry

Gr to be angry

to get angry

Syn to be cross
,
Prp to be (to get) angry with...
, -
to be (to get) angry at...
, -
:
.
He
( ).
()
to order

Dont be angry with them.


Dont be angry at his words.
()

:

ordered them to come here.
( ,
( ,
, , )
)
through [ru:]

e.g. We saw them through the window. .


W. comb to look through

250

e.g. When I came into the room,


,
the director was looking through
.
the telegrams.
a boat
1. ; 2. ,
Syn a ship, a steamship, a steamer
,
to save

to reach
, ...,
...

to reach:
- We reached the town late at
.
night.
suddenly
to cry out

,
, (to cry , )

()

to perish
record [rek:d]
so that

PROPER NAMES ( )
New York [nju: j:k]
Mr. Brown [braun]

Liverpool [lvpu:l]
Mr. Wilson [wlsn]



I. ,
. (. 64, 65)
1. , .
, ,
. (. ). 2. .
, , .
, -
. (. ). 3. ;
,
(. ). 4.
, ,
,
. .
,,. :
! ,
!!! , .
. ,
. . ,
, , : 251

? : ,
, ,
-.
, .
(. ).
II.
Continuous,
.
l. What is Comrade Smirnovs wife doing?She is preparing for
departure. 2. Comrade Smirnov is not packing his things. 3. Are you waiting for
your friend? No, I am not, I am waiting for my father. 4. Where are you
hurrying to? I am hurrying to the railway station. 5. He is talking to a friend
of his. 6. My daughter is washing her dress. 7. They are not smoking now.
III.
.
a) 1. The engineer Petrov was having dinner at half past three yesterday. 2.
My sister was paying for her new coat when I came into the shop. 3. Our mother
was preparing dinner in the kitchen at five oclock. 4. I was hurrying to the buffet
when I met you. 5. Your friends were smoking in the corridor when we saw them.
b) 1. I shall be waiting for you at seven oclock in the evening. 2.
They
will be having dinner when you come to see them. 3. We shall be discussing this
question at this time the day after tomorrow. 4. We shall be preparing for departure
at three oclock tomorrow. 5. They will be receiving their friends at this time
tomorrow.
IV. ,
Continuous.
1. Were you preparing your home-work at six oclock yesterday?
2. What will you be doing at three oclock tomorrow?
3. What was your son doing when you came home the day before yesterday?
4. Where were you hurrying to when a friend of yours met you yesterday?
5. What time were your friends playing chess on their last day off?
6. Will you be waiting for us at this time tomorrow?
7. Who(m) were you speaking to when I came into the room?
8. Were you writing your exercises or translating a letter when they came to
see you?
9. What were you talking about when they came in?
V. .
a) 1. We were waiting for Dr. Nikitin at five oclock yesterday (2). 2. We
were looking at the pictures of my sisters flat when you came to our place (2).
3. The boy was eating ice-cream when we came in (2). 4. Captain Perov was
smoking when we opened the door (2).

252

b) 1. They will be discussing our plan at three oclock tomorrow (4).


2. We shall still be packing our things when you come to our place (2). 3. My
son will be having breakfast at this time tomorrow (2).
VI. ,
-.
) 1. , (to put)
, . 2. ,
? 3. , ? 4.
? . 5. .
?
) 1. .
. . 2.
?
. 3. , .
.4. .
.
-
VII. .
[, ]
the North
the South
the East
the West

[ou]
dont
know
boat
told

[r]
friend
(Brown, Gray)
strange
through
three

VIII. , : The captain


ordered his men I am very glad that we could save
you.
.
heardthe voice
inthe sea
lookthrough
boatthere

reachedthe boat
whatto do
the nextday
a blackthing

IX. ,
.
boat, coat, loan, roam, foam, goat,
barrel, fracture, mild, carry, receiver, Larry, knack,
ruler, lull, fast, donkey, feather, clearer, mask,
central, cutting, cycle, carriage.

253

X. ,
, , ,
.
angrily
sleepless
strangely
childless
sleepy
toothless
direction
voiceless
a seller
a buyer
XI. , .
1. Are there any women-captains in our country?
2. Why do children often want to be sea captains?
3. Did you like to read books about voyages in your childhood?
4. When did you make your first voyage?
5. Can we go from Moscow to Gorki by ship?
6. Which of the students of your group usually speaks in a very loud voice?
7. What colour are your daughters eyes?
8. Till what time do your children usually sleep in the daytime?
9. Why must you sometimes work at night?
10. Why do many people like to go to the South on holiday?
11. What big cities in the North of our country do you know?
12. Are you angry with any of your friends now?
13. Why do you sometimes get angry with your friends?
14. How much time does it take you to reach Sochi if you go there by
plane?
XII. .
a) 1. son wants to he a sailor (2). 2. In my childhood I liked to read
books about voyages (1). 3. Our students went to the South in the summer (3).
4. In 15 minutes we shall reach the station (1). 5. The children are fast asleep in
the garden (l). 6. I heard my sons voice in the garden five minutes ago (2). 7.
The boats were sailing in our direction (1).
b) 1. He did not attend the lecture yesterday because he was ill (1). 2. I am
already hungry because I did not have breakfast in the morning (1). 3. Our
village will change* next year because we shall build many new houses there (1).
4. I dont like the salad either because there is not enough salt in it (1). 5. I asked
him to come up to me because I could not see him well (1).
XIII. , .
1. ___ Comrade Petrov! Go to ___ blackboard and write ___ following
sentence: ___ capital of ___ Soviet Union is ___ Moscow. 2. Yesterday there
was ___ meeting at our plant ___ worker Smirnov spoke at ___ meeting and said
many interesting things about ___ work of their shop (). 3. ___ student
Stepanov usually speaks in such ___ low voice that sometimes I cannot hear him at
** To change [t tend] .
254

all. 4. ___ last year ___ Dr. Nikitin was spending his holiday in ___ South of ___
Soviet Union. Once he and his friends decided to make ___ voyage from Gagri to
Sochi in ___ small boat. They left Gagri early in ___ morning. ___ weather was
fine. When they were near Sochi, they saw ___ black thing in ___ sea and heard
____ voice: Help, help! They sailed in ___ direction of ___ black thing and soon
saw that it was ___ man. They sailed up to ___ man and took him into ___ boat.
___ Dr. Nikitin tried to help him. When they reached Sochi, ___ doctor took him to
___ hospital. ___ next day when ___ doctor and his friends were walking along
___ street, they met ___ man again. He recognized ___ doctor and thanked him for
his help.
XIV. , .
1. Kiev is ___ the South ___ Moscow. 2. The captain looked ___ his glasses
and saw a man ___ the sea, not very far ___ the ship. He ordered ___ his men to
sail ___ that direction. 3. I am angry ___ you because you are not listening ___ me.
4. Shall we reach ___ the village early ___ the morning? asked one ___ the
travellers. No, we shall reach ___ it ___ night,
answered the other. 5.
Dont be angry ___ his words. 6. Yesterday when I was speaking ___ our teacher,
Comrade Ivanov came ___ me and asked me ___ an English magazine. I took the
magazine ___ my bag and gave it ___ him. He thanked me ___ the magazine, put
it ___ his bag and went away. 7. Tell ___ him that I must return the magazine ___
the library tomorrow. I shall be waiting ___ him ___ the library ___ ten oclock.
XV.
.

XVI.
.

to

hear

to

listen

(to)

1. wife often plays the piano in the evening and we ___ her. 2. Repeat
the last words of the sentence, please. I did not ___ them well. 3. Comrade N., you
are sitting very far from me. Can you ___ me? 4. Why are you not ___ us? We are
discussing a very important question. 5. My grandfather often tells me about his
life and I like ___ him. 6. The lecturer spoke in a low voice and I couldnt ___ him.
7. I ___ this story from him last week.
XVII. :
)
(. 66).
1. ! 2.
! 3. ,
255

. 4. ,
. 5. ! 6. !
7. (salty), . 8.
! 9. ,
. 10. ! , .
11. ?
) ().
1. ? ,
. 2. , . 3.
, . 4. ,
, . 5. ,
. 6.
? . . 7.
, .
XVIII. .
a) Yesterday I saw such an
interesting film that I cant
forget it.


, .

b) The book is so interesting that I ,


advise you all to read it.
.
c) Comrade Nilov works hard at
his English, thats why he
knows it well.


,
.

XIX. : )
, 1, 2, 3, 4 ; )
.
to make a voyage, the following story, in such a loud (low, strange) voice, to
be fast asleep, to fall asleep, to fall ill, at night, in the direction of, to be (get) angry
(at, with), to look through, to order.
XX. .
1. I shall not be angry with you if 2. My friends son will be captain after
3. I shall not take soup either if 4. My son will not fall asleep until 5. The
waitress will come up to our table as soon as 6. Your examination will be over
before 7. The boy will be asleep until 8. I shall be looking through these
magazines while
XXI. .
to speak loudly, in the daytime, to wake up, the South, always, to buy, to
begin with, happy, to pack, fruitful, low, wide.
XXII. ,
.

256

1. ,
, . 2. ,
:
. 3. ? ,
. 4.
, , (almost) . 5.
? 6. ? . 7.
. 8.
. , -
. 9.
? 10. . .
11. , , . ?
12. ? .
, . ,
, . 13.
, . 14.
, . 15. .
1944 . . 16.
() . 17.
, , , ,
. 18. ,
, . 19. ,
? .
. 20.
() . * , . 21.
,
. 22. .
. 23. ,
. .
XXIII. .
. .
: ,
. ,
.
, .
.
. :
! ! , .
()
(the bank) .
. ,
.
** several [sevrl].
257

: , , .
. , .
,
. (to
become, became) . .
-
.


XXIV. :
1.Who wrote this story?
2.
Where was the ship going to?
3.
What did the captain of the ship hear one night?
4.
What did he order his men to do?
5.
What did the captain and his men see the next day?
6.
What was that thing?
7.
What did they see in the boat?
8.
What did the men do?
9.
Where did they take the man?
10. Why did they do that?
11. What was the captain doing at that time?
12. When did the man open his eyes?
13. What did the man cry out when he opened his eyes?
14. Who was the man?
15. Why was he in a small boat?
16. Did the captain of the ship help Captain Wilson?
17. Why was Captain Wilson angry with the captain of the ship?
XXV. : ) , ) . )
.
XXVI. .
XXVII. , .
1. A Voyage.
to make a voyage, the sea, to sail north (south etc.), in the direction of, to
hear, strange, the weather, to perish, to reach, it took us to , to save, to think.
2. A War Episode*.
the following, Captain N., to hear, strange, to listen to, in that direction, to
order, wounded**, boy, eyes, to cry out, to save, to take to hospital.
XXVIII. )
( : ), )
, (

258

: , , ). )
.
XXIX. : ) ,
) .

259

LESSON FIFTEEN (THE FIFTEENTH LESSON)


Text:
DREAMS AND REALITY
Grammar: l. (. 68).
2. (. 69).

3. (. 70).
Come along!
How are you getting on?
Its getting late. I must be
going.
Why were you late for the
lesson yesterday?
Is that really so?

, .
?
. ()
.
?
? ( ?
?)

It was already ten oclock in the evening, but James Smith was not at home.
His wife, a woman of thirty, was sitting at the window and looking into the dark
street. Her husband was a Communist. That day he had an important meeting
Suddenly she heard a knock at the door. It was he! He always knocked three
times The woman hurried to the door.
James, a tall man, a little older than his wife, came into the room. He was
smiling. It seemed to her that he looked1 younger and stronger.
I am sorry, dear, I am later than usual to-night. We had an important
meeting. Some workers of our plant are going on an excursion to the Soviet
Union. I am one of them.
That night James could not sleep: the night seemed longer, the bed seemed
less comfortable He fell asleep only at four oclock in the morning. He dreamed
about the greatest and the most beautiful city in the world Moscow. He, a
simple American worker, is walking along the Moscow streets, hundreds of
Russian friends are heartily greeting him
A month later James was hurrying to the port with a small suit-case in his
hand. Soon he joined a group of workers who were waiting for the departure of
the ship.
At last a man in uniform appeared with a list in his hand.
John White!
Here! said one of the men and hurried to the ship.
Mark West! Alan Parker!
James Smith
James looked at his wife, who was standing near him, and smiled: Well 2,
dear, good-bye!
But the man in uniform continued:
James Smith, you will stay here. I am sorry, you cannot go. We have some
reason for

260

Some reason I am proud you have this reason, James Smith said
slowly and looked at his friends who were standing in silence. Though he was
very sorry, he smiled and said A happy voyage, comrades, some day my dream
will also come true
DIALOGUE
(to be learned by heart)
A. Hallo, Peter! Howare you? Where were you a few days ago? I rang
you up | but there was no answer.
B. Why, | I was in Leningrad on an excursion. Didnt you know about
it? I came back only last night.
A. I see How did you like the city?
B. Its wonderful! I think its one of the most beautiful cities in the
world.
A. Did you have enough time to go sightseeing?
B. I am sorry to say not. There are so many places of interest in
Leningrad, you know, | so many palaces, | museums and
monuments. I couldnt see all of them.

1. It seemed to her that he looked younger and stronger. ,
.
to look -
.
- :
to seem :
The book seemed interesting to us. .
to become :
Soon he will become a doctor. .

-. -,

, .. . ,
, to fall ,
:
fell ill last week.

to grow ,
:
It grows dark late in summer. ( ) .

261

to get
, :
When we went out, it was getting
,
dark.
( ).
2. Well, dear, good-bye! , , !
well
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a dream
1. ; 2.
to dream

Prp to dream about
-, -
to dream of
-
reality [rlt]

dark

Ant light

important

a knock

to knock

Prp to knock at...


...
e.g. Who is knocking at the door so
?
loudly?
to seem

to look
.
to become (became, become)

to grow (grew, grown)


.
strong

Ant weak

late

Gr to be late

Prp to be late for...


-, -
e.g. Why were you late for the lecture
yesterday?
?
than [n, n]
()
e.g. Minsk is smaller than Leningrad. ( ).
usual

W. comb as usual

e.g. Peter passed his examination in
,
History well, as usual.
, .
W. comb than usual

e.g. Yesterday I got up earlier than
, .
usual.

262

an excursion [n ksk:n]
W. comb to go on an excursion

(, )
e.g. Lets go on an excursion to Klin on our day off.
.
great [ret]

the world
(, )
e.g. The Moscow Underground is the
best Underground in the world.
.
simple

America [merk]

American [merkn]

along [l]
()
W. comb to go along the street
()
heartily

a heart [ h:t]

Phr to learn by heart



to know by heart

e.g. Learn this text by heart.
.
to greet
1. ; 2.

to greet:
Why didnt you greet him
?
yesterday?
a port
a hand
an arm

()
( )

:
. She had a baby in her arms.
.
She had a bag in her hand.
a leg
( )
a foot (pl feet)
Phr to go on foot
Syn to walk
to join*

()

,
1. ...; 2. (
, , ..)


to join:
Will you join our excursion?
?
brother joined the Party
1942 .
in 1942.
a group [ ru:p]

263

a uniform [ ju:nf:m]
W. comb a man in uniform
to appear [tu p]
Ant to disappear
to continue [t kntnju:]
a reason [ ri:zn]
proud [praud]
Gr to be proud
Prp to be proud of...
e.g. This old woman can be proud
of her children.
slow
Gr to be slow
Ant to be fast
e.g. My watch is five minutes slow
(fast).
slowly
Ant fast, quickly
silence [salns]
Prp in silence
though [ou] (= although)
a day*
Phr some day

-, -

.

( )
( )
()
.


()

- ( )
e.g. I hope that some day I shall
, -
visit your town again.
.
true [tru:]
,
Phr to come true
, ( ,
)
e.g. In 1948 my dream came true.
1948 . .
I became an engineer.
.
wonderful
,
to go sightseeing

a place

W. comb places of interest

a palace [ pls]

a museum [ mjuzm]

a monument [ mnjumnt]
,
Prp a monument to...
-
e.g. There is a monument to Pushkin
on Pushkinskaya Square in Moscow. .
James Smith
Mark West

PROPER NAMES

John White

Alan Parker

264


a watch
a clock
an alarm clock (alarm )
What time is it? ?
by my (your) watch () , ()
What time is it by your watch? ?
It is a quarter to ten. .
watch is slow. .
His watch is fast. .
watch keeps good (bad) time. ().
His watch doesnt keep good time. ().
:
How many minutes is your
watch slow (fast)?
Your watch is five minutes
slow.
Her watch is three minutes
fast.


() ?

.

.



I. (. 68):
a) long, short, large, big, fine, straight, new, old, few, young, easy, busy,
light, clean, early, small, thin, thick, high, dear, poor;
b) good, much, bad, little, many;
c) interesting, difficult, comfortable, important.
II.
.
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , .
III. .
a)

Moscow is larger than our


city.


( ).

1. Moscow, Kiev (large). 2. English grammar, German grammar (easy).


3. Comrade N., Comrade P. (young). 4. My suit-case, your suit-case (small).
5. These sweets, those sweets (good). 6. Sugar in my tea, in your tea (much, little).

265

b)

Our flat is more (less) comfortable than yours.

()
, .

1. The English language, the Russian language (difficult). 2. Your countryhouse, your flat in Moscow (comfortable). 3. The Central Park, the Sokolniki Park
(beautiful). 4. This work, that work (important). 5. Lesson 11, lesson 14
(interesting).
IV. ,
.
1.
Is Moscow larger or smaller than Leningrad?
2.
What is the largest city in the Soviet Union?
3.
What is the most beautiful place that you know in our country?
4.
Is the Volga* longer or shorter than the Don?
5.What is the longest river in the Soviet Union?
6.
What building is the highest in Moscow?
7.
What was the most difficult subject that you studied at the Institute?
8.
Is English grammar more or less difficult than Russian grammar?
9.
Who is the best student in your group?
10. Is the weather worse to-day than it was yesterday?
V.
(. 69).
1. It is summer now. 2. It was five oclock when I came home. 3. It is dark
() in this room.
VI. ,
.
dark
hot

cold
late

warm

a) It is light here now. .


b) It was early morning. .
c) Is it already ten oclock? ?
VII. Indefinite
,
.
1. It is cold to-day. 2. It is dark here. 3. It is eight oclock. 4. It is warm here.
VIII. ,
.
1. Is it light or dark in your class-room?
2. Is it usually cold or warm in April?
3. Was it already late when you returned home yesterday?
** .
266

4. Was it a quarter to three or three sharp when I saw you in the restaurant
yesterday?
5. Is it usually dark or light in the streets at five oclock in the morning in
summer? (in winter?)
6. Was it warm or cold yesterday?
7. Will it be warm or cold tomorrow?
8. Is it usually hot in spring or in summer?
9. Isnt it light in this room?
10. Wont it be late if I ring you up at eleven oclock to-night?
11. Is it colder or warmer to-day than it was yesterday?
12. Is it always hotter in summer than in spring in Moscow?
13. Which month of the year is the shortest?
14. Is it usually warmer or colder in May than in April?
15. Is it the shortest (longest) day of the year to-day?
16. Is it darker in our room than in theirs?
17. Why is it darker in their room?
IX. ,

.
1. . 3.
. 2. (seat) . 3. ,
? 4. ? 5. .
, . 6.
(train). 7. .
, . 8. ,
. . 9. ,
, . 10.
, . 11.
. 12.
, . .
. 13. ,
. 14. ? . . 15.
?
. 20 . 16.
, , . 17. ()
? - () ,
.
-
X. .
[] [:]
longer
younger

[]
heard near
firm dear

267

stronger
hungry

worker
excursion

hear
clear

XI. .
XII. ,
.
near, dear, ready, dead, reason, mean, bread, deal, fear, weather, hear,
moon, cook, cow, mellow, pail, air, foam, lean, steel, toil, roast, tune, rude, stew,
find, bold, thigh.
XIII. ,
.
greeting
heartless
bookshelf

wonderful
hearty
bookshop

simply
heartily
darkness

skier
skater
forgetful

XIV. , .
) 1. In what month is it already dark at five oclock in the afternoon?
2. What must people do to be strong and healthy?
3. What time must you leave your house not to be late for the lesson?
4. On what days do you get up later than usual?
5. Does Lesson 15 seem to you less difficult than Lesson 14?
6. Do you like to learn poems () by heart?
7. When did you join the Communist Party?
8. Why are we proud of our country?
9. What big ports in the North do you know?
10. Where do you intend to go on an excursion as soon as you pass your
examination?
11. Are there many places of interest in your native town?
12. What great American writers do you know?
13. What country is the smallest in the world?
14. How many museums are there in your native town?
15. What monument is there in front of the building of the Moscow
Soviet?
16. Will you go on an excursion to Leningrad some day?
b) 1. Have you a watch?
2. Is it dear or cheap?
3. Where did you buy it?
4. How much did you pay for it?
5. Does it keep good or bad time?
6. What is the time by your watch now?
7. Is it fast or slow?
8. How many minutes is it fast (slow)?
9. Have you got an alarm clock?
10. Where do you usually put it before you go to bed?
268

11. What time is it by the clock in our class-room?


12. What time did our lesson begin?
13. How long does our lesson usually last?
14. Did we begin our lesson earlier or later than usual to-day?
15. What time will our lesson be over?
XV. .
1. It was very dark in the street at half past eight (1). 2. This woman is
proud of her son (1). 3. I shall join your group next year (2). 4. We were lying in
the sun at three oclock yesterday (2). 5. My watch keeps good time (1). 6. It is
twenty minutes to six by this alarm clock (1). 7. My friends watch is seven
minutes slow. (1). 8. My son is three years older than my daughter (1). 9. I am
two years younger than my husband (1).
XVI. ,
.
,
. .
,
,

. , ,
.
; -
.
, , , ,
.
(. . )
VII. ,
.
___ Saturday I came ___ home earlier than usual. I was sitting ___ the
window and looking ___ the street when I heard a knock ___ the door ___ my
room. It was my friend Nick. He greeted ___ me and said: Let us go ___ an
excursion to Zagorsk tomorrow. All right, I said. The next day ___ eight
oclock ___ the morning I was hurrying ___ the station where Nick was already
waiting ___ me. We went ___ Zagorsk ___ train. There are two interesting
museums ___ Zagorsk. We decided to visit the Museum of Toys. We spent four
hours there. ___ that we decided to go __ the forest. When we were going ___ one
___ the streets ___ Zagorsk we met ___ our friend Pegov. He joined ___ us and we
went ___ the forest together. We returned ___ home late ___ night.
VIII. ,
-
1. . ,
. 2. .
269

. 3. ,
. 4. 11 . 5. ,
, () . 6.
( ). 7. . . ? 8.
. . 9.
? ? 10.
? 11. , . 12.
( ) ? ,
, .
XIX. .
(dark, eyes, strong, excursion, simple, than usual, by heart, to join, to greet)
1. I want to see Leningrad very much, I intend to go on an ___ there some
day. 2. The night was so ___ that I couldnt see the road (). 3. Close your
___ and try to fall asleep, said the mother to her son. 4. If you want to become
___, you must do your morning exercises () every day. 5. It was Sunday
yesterday. I got up later ___ ___, had breakfast and went to the park. 6. Why dont
you understand this sentence? It is very ___. 7. Why did you not ___ me
yesterday? Were you angry with me? 8. When did you ___ the Communist Party? I
___ the Party ten years ago. 9. Shall I learn this text ___?
XX.
.
to be proud (of), in the world, to go on an excursion, to join, places of
interest, to appear, to learn by heart, to continue, to seem ( . 1 ), to be late for, some day, than (as) usual, to
come true, though, simple, along, weak, strong.
XXI. .
light, weak, unusual, easy, to stop, to wake up, in the daytime, to forget,
slow, hot, to give, clean.
XXII.

, , , , ,
(), , , , , ,
(2 ), , .
XXIII. , .
1. , ,
. 2. .
, ,
. 3. . 4.
, . 5. ,
. 6. , ,

270

. . 7.
, , ,
. 8. ? 9.
. , , .
, , . 10.
. 11. , 19 . 12.
?
? .
13. , . 14. , .
15. -, . l6.
, . 17.
. ,
. 18. ,
. (a result) ,
. 19. . ,
. 20.
! 21.
, . 22.
. ,
.

XXIV. .
1. In what country did James Smith live?
2. What was he?
3. Why did he come home later than usual one night?
4. Why was the workers meeting important?
5. Why did it seem to his wife that he looked younger and stronger?
6. Why was James happy that night?
7. Why couldnt he sleep that night?
8. What did he dream about?
9. Where was he hurrying a month later?
10.Whom did he join in the port?
11. Did he go to the Soviet Union?
12. Why didnt he go there?
13. What was the reason the man in uniform and James were speaking
about?
14. Why was James proud of that reason?
15. Why did he say, One day my dream will also come true?
XXV. : ) , ) , )
, ) ,
.
271

XXVI. .
1.
( : , , ).
2. ( : , , ,
).
3. ( :
, , , ., a guide,
).
4. ( : ,
, , ).
XXVII. .
XXVIII. ,
.
XXIX. ,

XXX. ,
.
1. Friends from the North Come to Moscow.
to receive, a telegram, to intend, to go for holiday to , to join, to meet, at
the station, by the underground, to seem, wonderful, the next day, to go
sightseeing, places of interest, museums, monuments, palaces, along the streets,
wide, straight, fine, to be proud of, great, in the world, to have a good time.
2. Our Excursion to a Collective Farm.
to go on an excursion, to join, it took us to reach, best, a group of
collective farmers, to greet, heartily, to visit, tractors, combines, other, machines
[mi:nz], along the streets, straight, gardens, in front of (), to show, a
school, a hospital, a kindergarten, a river, a forest, in the evening, to have a talk, to
smoke, to have a good time, some day.
3. My Friends First Report in English.
to work, to go to the library, to make a report on , to learn by heart,
though, slowly, to make mistakes, simple, better than usual, to listen (to), in
silence, a teacher, to be proud (of).

272

LESSON SIXTEEN (THE SIXTEENTH LESSON)


Text:
FROM VERKHOYANSK TO SOCHI
Grammar: 1. (. 71).
2. as as, not so as (. 72).

3. (. 73, 74).
4. - (. 75).
Did you have a good journey? ?
I wish you a happy journey!
A pleasant* journey to you!

How do you like it here?

Are you taking a trip** to Klin


?
tomorrow?
Yesterday I got up earlier than usual as I wanted to go to the airport to meet
my old friend Boris Petrov. In 1946 we studied at school together, then, in 1948,
we studied at the same institute in Moscow, but now we live in different parts of
the Soviet Union. Boris lives and works in the North of our country, in
Verkhoyansk, and I live on the sea shore, in Sochi.
Some months ago I wrote a letter to him and invited him to come to my
place for holiday.
Soon I received his answer. He heartily thanked me for the invitation and
asked me to meet him at the airport on the 20th of April. I hope you will not be
angry if I take my wife and my son with me, he wrote
When I left my house for the airport, it was very warm, though it was early
morning1. The air was fresh, the sky was blue, and the sun was shining. In April
the weather is usually fine in Sochi. It seldom rains and it is not very hot. I like
Sochi at this time of the year best of all.
I took a taxi and started for the airport. I am afraid Ill be late, I thought
and asked the driver to go faster. We reached the airport in time. The plane was
just landing. It was only half past seven in the morning, but it was as warm as in
the afternoon.
The passengers were getting out of the plane When I went up to the
plane, I saw a group of people who looked very funny in such warm weather: all
of them had warm coats, warm boots and fur caps on. I came up to them and
recognized Boris and his family. Hallo, glad to see you, I said and continued,
well, its not so cold here as in Verkhoyansk. Dont you think so, Boris?

** Pleasant [pleznt]
**** Trip , ,
273

It seems its just a little warmer here, agreed Boris and laughed, but
when we left our place, it was snowing hard2 and we were not at all hot3. The
weather was as cold as in January, you know.
Now, take off your gloves and other warm things and lets hurry home, I
said, the taxi is waiting for us. It wont take us long to get to my place. Im sure
you will like it here.4
DIALOGUE
(to be learned by heart)
A. What season do you like best of all?
B. I like summer. I am a good swimmer | and like to go boating!5
A. I think winter is as good as summer. Why, | dont you like to go
skiing or skating | on a fine winter day?
B. Well, | yes | But I dont have enough time to go skiing | and I
cant skate at all.
A. Will you go for holiday in the summer this year?
B. I am sorry to say not. This year | I shall have a holiday in the
autumn. Im afraid itll rain all the time.
A. I advise you to go to the South. They say | autumn is the best season
there. Besides, | there is much fruit at this time of the year. Im sure
you will have as good a holiday in autumn | as in summer.

1. It was early morning. .
:
a) It is afternoon.
.
It was early morning.
.
It was late evening.
.
( )
b) On a fine September morning we
started for the country.
.
It was a starry night.

( )
c) The plane landed in the morning
(in the evening, in the afternoon). (, ).
( )
2. It was snowing hard
hard (
). to rain hard:
Is it still raining hard?

3. we were not at all hot.


274

warm, hot, cold,


,
:
I am cold.
They were warm.
Take off your coat. You will be hot.

.
.
. .

4. You will like it here. .


5. I am a good swimmer and like to go boating.
.
:
to go skiing ()
to go skating
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
air
W. comb in the open air
e.g. You look pale. You must spend
more time in the open air.
an airport
same
Art! the same book, story, city, etc.
e.g. Fred and I left Moscow on the

same day.
Phr all the same
e.g. Do you want to go to the theatre
or to the cinema? Its all the
same to me.
a part
e.g. Did you like the second part of
this book?

( )
.
.

,
, , ..

.

?
.

1.

?
2.
W. comb to take part in...
...,
e.g. Will you take part in our ex cursion?
?
a shore

Prp on the seashore, to the seashore ,
Syn at the seaside, to the seaside
,
a bank

Prp on the bank of the river

to invite
,
e.g. I invited many friends to dinner
on Sunday.
.

275

an invitation
warm
hot
Ant cold
early
e.g. I like early spring.

1. ()
.
2. ()
e.g. Please, wake me up early to , ,
morrow!
.
fresh

W. comb fresh air



a fresh newspaper

fresh bread

to shine (shone, shone) [n]
,
the sky

Prp in the sky


,
e.g. The sun was shining in the blue sky. .
rain

to rain
( )
a taxi

to start

Prp to start for...


-
e.g. We shall start for the river in
.
an hour.
Prp to start off

e.g. The travellers said good-bye to

us and started off.
.
to be afraid [t b fred]

Prp to be afraid of
-, -
e.g. Dont be afraid of me! said
, the stranger.
.
Why are you afraid of bad
?
weather?
Nick is never afraid to take his

examinations.
.
I am afraid (that) they will not
, .
come to-night.
a driver

to drive (drove, driven) [t drav,


(),
drouv, drvn]
()
W. comb to drive a car (a taxi)
()
a plane

Prp by plane

e.g. I shall go to Leningrad by plane. .


just

276

e.g. We were just speaking about you ,


when you came in.
.
to land
( ), ( )
land
,
a passenger [ psnd]

to get off
, ( , )
Syn to get out of a plane

Ant to get on (into)
, ( , , )
e.g. At what station are you getting
?
off?
I couldnt get on the tram be () ,
cause there were too many
o
people in it.
.
fun
,
funny
,
W. comb to look funny
,

a funny story (film, play, etc.)


() , (,
..)
to have... on
...
e.g. She had a beautiful dress on.
.
to put... on

Ant to take off

e.g. It is cold outside. Put on your


.
warm overcoat.
.
Take off your coat. It is warm
. .
here.
fur
1. ; 2.
W.comb a fur coat
()
a fur cap

to agree [tu ri:]
,
Prp to agree with smb.
-
to agree to smth.
-, -
:
( I dont agree with you ().
).
an agreement
to laugh [t l:f]
Prp to laugh at
e.g. What are you laughing at?
snow

-, -
?

277

to snow
( )
a glove [ lv]

sure [u]

Gr to be sure

to be sure that...
...
to be sure that of...
-
e.g. Are you sure that Petrov is in
, ?
Moscow?
Are you sure of it?
?
a season

e.g. There are four seasons in the year. .
boating

Gr to go boating

e.g. Will you go boating tomorrow?
?
necessary [ness()r]

possible [psbl]

impossible [mpsbl]

:
I like this city very much.
I like this city best of all.

.
.

. -ment, un-, in-, im-, il-, ir-ment [mnt] ,


, :
to agree

agreement

un- [n], in- [n] ,



, .

. :
usual
attentive
definite

unusual
inattentive
indefinite

im- [m], il- [l], ir- [r] in:


possible
impossible
legal () illegal ()
regular (irregular ()
)

278



I.
(. 71).
) , , , , , (), ,
, , , , , ;
) , , , , ;
) , , , .
II. ,
.
1. Do you speak English better or worse now than you spoke it three
months ago?
2. Where do you usually speak slower: at the lesson or at the examination?
3. Do you work at your English harder now than last month?
4. Did the students come to the lesson yesterday earlier or later than the
teacher did?
5. Which of you makes spelling mistakes more often?
6. Which of you can play chess best of all?
7. Which of the new films did you like best of all?
8. Which of you can skate fastest of all?
9. Does it usually rain more often in September or in October?
10. Did it snow harder in Moscow this winter than it did last winter?
11. Why does Comrade N. attend lectures at our club this year more seldom
than he did before?
12. Do you read more or less now than you did in your childhood?
13. When do we usually ask people to speak louder?
14. Do you come home earlier on Saturday or on other week days?
III. .
a) I speak English worse than
my sister does.

- ,
.

b) Comrade Nikitin knows


English best of all in our
group.

IV. ,
.
1. , 10 ,
(or) . . 2.
, , . 3.
? 4.
, . 5.
,

279

-. 6.
. . 7.
? 8. , ,
. 9.
?
V. as as, not so as
(. 72).
1. husband is ___ old ___ yours. 2. His daughter is ___ young ___ mine.
3. Are there ___ many places of interest in Moscow ___ in Leningrad? 4. This
building is (not) ___ high ___ the building of our Institute. 5. Is Lesson Sixteen
___ simple __ Lesson Fifteen? No, it is not. Lesson Sixteen is (not) ___ simple
___ Lesson Fifteen. 6. Have you got ___ many friends in Leningrad ___ in
Moscow? Yes, I have. 7. This year you do not work at your English ___ much
___ you did last year. 8. Literature is ___ interesting to me___ History. 9. Does
your son study ___ well now ___ he did last year?
VI. ,
.
1. Is Leningrad as big as Moscow?
2. Do you know English as well as French?
3. Was the weather not so fine yesterday as it is to-day?
4. Does it usually snow in January as often as in December?
5. How many days are there in April?
6. What other months are as long as April?
7. What months are longer than April?
8. Was last winter as cold as this winter?
9. Does it usually get warmer or colder when it begins to snow?
10. When is the weather as fine as in May?
11. Why is it not so difficult to get up early in summer as it is in winter ?
12. Why do you not get up as early on Sunday as on week-days?
13. Why are you not so busy on Saturday as on the other weekdays?
14. Is it easier for you to learn a text by heart or to retell it in your own
words?
15. Why dont you work at your English in summer as hard as you did in
winter?
16. Can you learn new foreign words now as easily as you did in your
childhood?
VII. ,
.
1. , . 2. ,
. 3. , ?
. 4. , ? .
, . . 5.
, . 6.
280

, ? 7.
, , . 8.
, . 9. ,
, .
VIII. .
a) This street is as wide as
Gorky Street.

,
.

b) Our house is not so high


as theirs.

, .

IX.
(. 73, 74).
a) 1. It is usually dark at 6 oclock in winter. 2. It is always cold in January.
3. It was simple to translate that letter. 4. It was warm yesterday. 5. It will be
interesting for you to read this English book. 6. It was easy to find the railwaystation. 7. It is difficult for him to learn this text by heart.
b) 1. It often rains in autumn. 2. It is raining now. 3. It was raining at five
oclock yesterday. 4. It seldom snows in October. 5. It will rain soon.
X. ,
.
1. It is easy to understand this simple text. 2. It is interesting to listen to your
stories. 3. It is difficult for me to learn some grammar rules. 4. It is dark in this
room. 5. It snows in winter. 6. It rains in autumn. 7. It is important for me to invite *
them now. 8. It is strange for us to hear such words. 9. It is strange for him to see
you here.
XI. ,
.
1. (the results)
. 2.
. 3. . . . 4. ,
. 5. .
, . 6. ,
. . 7. ?
. 8.
, .
. . 9.
. ? 10. ? .
, . 11. , . 12.
? . 13.
.

** To invite , .
281

. -
, (. 75).
1. This English book is too simple for me. Give me a more difficult book,
please. 2. My sister knows German much better than I know it. 3. I do not like
these pictures. They are too dark. I saw better pictures in a shop in our street. Let
us go there and have a good look at them. 4. I think this excursion will be more
interesting than the last excursion. 5. His work is more important than your work.
6. The examiner spoke faster than our teacher usually speaks. 7. We reached the
bank of the river earlier than our friends reached it. 8. I dont like this suit. Please,
show me another suit. 9. My friend brought two books for me to read. I like this
book by Jack London better than the other book. 10. If you dont want to read this
story, I shall bring you another story. 11. Our excursion was not so interesting as
their excursion. 12. This book is less interesting than the book you gave me
yesterday.
-
XIII. .
earlier than usual
later than usual
best of all
worst of all

as warm as in summer
not so cold as in winter

XIV. ,
.
you likebest; skiingor skating; atthis time; allthe time;
isthe best; to the South.
XV. ,
.
gale, gem, log, bigger, better, hotter, traffic, stopped, stagger, album,
mummy, penny, gym, month, velvet, mixture, yard, exact, knave, whoop, wright,
veal, flask, plaster, goal, drew, whip, pond, whim, daddy.
XVI. ,
, .
airport
driver
gloveless
rainy

landing
earless
invitation
warmly

funny
endless
snowy
examiner

agreement
unnecessary
indefinite
impossible

XVII. , .
1. When do you spend more time in the open air: on week-days or on
Sundays?

282

2. What language do you study? Do all the engineers of your office study the
same language ?
3. In which part of the Soviet Union are there longer rivers: in the East or in
the West?
4. Do you like to take part in excursions?
5. Why are there usually many resorts at the sea-side?
6. Whom do you usually invite to your birthday parties ( )?
7. In which month does it rain here as often as in November?
8. Does it rain more often here in autumn or in summer?
9. Is there as much snow in towns as in the country in winter?
10. Was it raining (snowing) when you left home for the office in the
morning?
11. Which is the warmest month of the year?
12. Is it usually hotter in town or in the country in summer?
13. In which month is it very cold here?
14. Is the sun shining now?
15. Do you usually take a taxi when you go to the office? When do you
usually take a taxi?
16. When do we usually put on warm coats?
17. When do men usually take off their hats?
18. When do people put on (fur) gloves?
XVIII. .
1. We reached the airport early in the morning (1). 2. The second part of
this book is more interesting (1). 3. My friend invited me to dinner on Sunday
(3). 4. It often rains here in autumn (1). 5. I like to stay in the open air (1). 6.
When we went out of the house it was snowing hard (2). 7. You can see some
planes high in the sky (1). 8. It is very beautiful on this bank of the river (1).
XIX.
.
1. ) . )
. 2. ) . )
. 3. ) . )
. 4. ) ? )
, . 5. ) . )
. 6. ) . )
. 7. ) ,
. ) . 8. )
, . ) . 9. )
. ) .
XX. , .
1. Will our meeting begin ___ a quarter ___ twelve? Yes, it will. We
always begin our meetings ___ time. 2. Its very difficult ___ me to read this book.
There are very many new words ___ it. 3. I dont like to go ___ a walk ___ hot
283

weather. 4. Will you go ___ Odessa ___ plane? No, I shant, because the airport
is very far ___ the city there. Ill go there ___ train (). ___what day are you
leaving Moscow? I am leaving Moscow ___ Friday. 5. If you like flowers, come
___ my place. There are very many beautiful flowers ___ my garden. 6. Will you
translate this letter together ___ Comrade Bokov? 7. Last year I spent much time
___ the sea-side ___ Alupka. 8. What were you laughing ___ when I came ___ the
room ? 9. Comrade Bobrov can read books ___ several foreign languages, but he
can speak only ___ English. 10. Do you intend to invite any ___ your friends ___
your place ___ Saturday? 11. Why dont you agree ___ me? 12. When do you
intend to start ___? I think, well start ___ half an hour. 13. Excuse me, will you
get ___ the next stop? 14. Our friends will start ___ the station ___ a quarter ___
an hour. l5. Take ___ your coat! It is very hot here. 16. What dress will you put ___
to-night?
XXI.
I .

XXII. .
to take dinner
to return

to speak
box

quickly
expensive

XXIII. .
to buy
to get off
late

fruitful
strong
better

cold
quickly
buyer

XXIV.
.
(early, funny, plane, coat, airport, afraid, warm, taxi, to invite, sky)
1. Tomorrow well go to the ___ to meet our friends who will come from
Leningrad by ___ Thats why tomorrow well get up ___ than usual.
2. You wont be ___ of your examination if you repeat the material well.
3. Its very cold to-day, put on your warm ___.
4. Why are you smiling? The story is not ___ at all.
5. The weather is ___ to-day. The sun is shining in the blue ___.
6. It is a quarter to nine. Well be late for the lecture if we go to the Institute
by tram. Let us take a ___.
7. My friends ___ me to dinner last Sunday.

284

XXV. , : )
, 1, 3, 5 ; )
.
same, to agree (with), to start (for), to start off, a bank, to be sure (of), to rain
hard, to snow hard, to invite, to take part (in), to laugh (at), to be afraid (of), to get
on, to get into, to get off, by plane, by train, to have on, to put on, to take off.
XXVI. , .
1. ? , .
, .
? . 1951 . . 2.
, . 3.
? . ,
.
. 4. ?
. 5. ,
. ,
. , . 6. .
. ,
. . 7.
? . , .
. 8.
, . . 9. ,
, . 10. ,
, , .
. 11. , .
. . . 12.
, . . 13.
.
. 14. (concert).
? ! 15.
- .
. 16. ?
, . ? , . 15
. 17. ? .
. 18. , ,
. . 19.
, ? .
. 20.
? , ,
. 21. ? . ,
, . 22. , , ,
. . 23. , .
24. , ? . ,
.
285



XXVII. .
1.
2.
3.
4.

Where did the two friends study?


Where do they live now?
What kind of town is Sochi?
What do you know about Verkhoyansk? (In which part of the Soviet
Union is it? Is it very cold there in winter?)
5. How long does it take one to get from Verkhoyansk to Sochi by plane?
6. Why did Boris and his family look funny in Sochi?
7. Why did Boris laugh when he said: It seems its just a little warmer
here?
8. Are you sure Boris and his family will like it in Sochi? Why do you
think so?
9. What do you think they all did after they came to their friends place?
10. What do you think they did the next day?
11. Describe their departure from Sochi.
XXVIII. : )
; ) ; )
( ).
XXIX. .
XXX.
.
XXXI. , : ,
, , ( ),
.
XXXII. ,
.
1. An Incident () in the Country.
in the open air, to go by train (), it took us, the weather, fine, the
sun, to shine, the sky, beautiful, to decide, to go boating, to take a boat, suddenly,
to get dark, to rain, to be afraid, impossible, difficult, to reach the bank, to get wet
(), to start for, to take off, to put on, to be cold, to get warmer.
2. Why I Was Late Once.
to intend, to go on an excursion, at eight sharp, to go out, warm, weather,
cold, to have on, suddenly, to get warmer, hot, to be afraid, to look funny, to go
back, to change (), it took me to, to be ready, to be sure, on the
way to, to begin to rain, it was necessary, to wait for, to have a good time.
XXXIII. The Season Which I Like Best of All
( ).
XXXIV. .
286

287

LESSON SEVENTEEN (THE SEVENTEENTH LESSON)


Text:
SUI MEI TRAVELS ABOUT THE SOVIET UNION
Grammar: 1.
, , , (. 76).
2. (. 77).
3. one (. 78).
Is it clear to you?
Quite.
Not quite.
It seems to me that he is right.
Look this word up in the dictionary.

?
.
.
.
.

The sun was rising | from behind the Urals. The mountains were
unusually beautiful that fine summer morning.
All the passengers of an express train | were fast asleep. Only Sui
1
Mei, | a young Chinese tourist, | was still sitting at the window | and
looking at the rising sun. In front of her, | on the table | there was a thick
note-book | with golden letters: Moscow, | the USSR. The girl looked at
the letters, then slowly opened the note-book and read:
June 15, 1957.
Yalta. What a beautiful town! Its one of the most famous places in the
Crimea. Hundreds of Soviet people come to the Black Sea for holiday. One can
meet here a peasant from the Ukraine and a worker from Siberia, a sailor from the
Far East and a student from the Don
She turned over some pages:
July 17.
Our tourist ship is sailing down the Volga, the famous Russian river2. Here
and there one can see towns, villages, peasants in the fields Here and there one
can hear fine Russian songs, the songs which you will never forget
July 21.
The heroic city of Stalingrad
The people of Stalingrad are proud of their city.
They showed us many interesting things: their new comfortable houses,
theatres and their large tractor plant
Then Sui Mei took her pen, turned over some more pages and wrote down:
August 20, 1957.
In a few days we shall leave the Soviet land. I hope next year I shall come
back here not as a tourist, but as a student of Moscow University.
She stopped and closed her eyes. She was thinking of her free country, of its
happy future. She was thinking of the friendship between the Chinese and the
Russian peoples
The train was running further and further to the East, past high mountains,
rivers, lakes and beautiful forests of the Soviet land

288


1. Only Sui Mei was still sitting at the window

still , ,

:
is still here.
is still asleep.
is still reading this book.

() .
() .
() .

,
;
,
, .
more.
Give me three more copy-books.
Oliver Twist wanted some more soup.

.

.


.
:
.
.

Give me two more books.


Give me some more soup.


.
another, :
Give me another cup of tea. .
what ?
(, -) other,
:
What other books by Jack London did you read last year?

what ?,
else
(. 7).
:
What else do you want to say?
Who else knows this story?
Where else did you see him?

?
?
?

-
yet, to
be :
289

is not yet here.


Dinner is not ready yet.
Arent you free yet?
son doesnt yet study, he is too
young.

.
.
?
, .

2. Our tourist ship is sailing down the Volga, the famous Russian river.
, .
down
: (.. ).
up, down.
up down ,
, , , ,
..
up down : down , up .
, , , to
go, to come, to walk, to sail ..:
I was going down the stairs when
I saw my friend Nikitin.

() ,
.

down the street down .


:
Go down the street, then turn left
and you will see the shop.

,

.
( )
along (, ):
I was going along the street when
,
I saw my friend Nikitin.
.
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
to travel*
Prp to travel about a country
to travel in the mountains
to rise (rose, risen)
Syn to get up, to stand up
e.g. When the professor entered the
hall, the students rose from their
seats to greet him.
Ant to set (set, set)
e.g. The sun rises in the East and
sets in the West.



1. ,

, ,
.
2. , , (
)
, ( )
()
() .

290

behind [bhand]
,
Ant in front of [n frnt v]
,
e.g. There is no garden in front of
,
my house, but there is one behind it. .
from behind
-
e.g. Suddenly a man appeared from
- behind the tree.
.
a note-book

a mountain [ mauntn]

a train

W. comb a ten oclock train


, 10
Prp by train

e.g. He will leave by the nine oclock .


train.
a passenger train

an express train
,
a slow train
.
Chinese [tani:z]

e.g. There was a Chinese vase on


.
the table.
My friend knows Chinese very

well.
.
a tour [tu]
,
a tourist [ turst]
,
golden [ouldn]
, (
, !)
W. comb golden hair

golden letters

gold [ould]
( )
W. comb a gold watch

a town

W. comb to go to town
,
famous [fems]
(fame )
e.g. Tolstoy is a famous Russian
- writer.
.
Prp to be famous for...
( ) -
e.g. What is the Crimea famous for? () ?
a peasant [ peznt]

a sailor

to sail

to turn oyer

e.g. Turn over the page!


!
up

down

along
,
291

a field
Prp in the fields
e.g. We saw many tractors in the
fields of that collective farm.
a song
to sing (sang, sung)
a hero [ hrou] (pl heroes)
W. comb Hero of the Soviet Union
Hero of Socialist Labour
[soulst leb]
heroic [hrouk]
a tractor
W. comb a tractor plant
to stop
ones future
friendship [frendp]
between [bitwi:n]
e.g. There is a high mountain
between those two rivers.
There is a great friendship between the Russian and the
Chinese peoples.

,

.


,
-

( , )

.

. (

).
to run (ran, run, running)
,
further [f:] (

far )
past
()
W. comb to go past
, ,
e.g. I usually go past the Revolution
Museum on my way home.
.
a lake

yet
( )
e.g. is not yet here.
.
(PROPER NAMES)
Sui Mei [su me]
the Urals [ jurlz]
the Crimea [ kram]
the Caucasus [ k:kss]
the Pamirs [ p:mz]
the Ukraine [ ju:kren]
the Far East
Siberia [sabr]
the Black Sea
the Caspian Sea [ kspn si:]
292

the Baltic Sea [ b:ltk si:]


the Volga [ vl]
the Lena [ len]
the Neva [ nev]
the Dnieper [ dni:p]
the Thames [ temz]
the Mississippi [ mssp]
the Atlantic (Ocean) [ tlntk oun]
the Pacific (Ocean) [ psfk oun]



Europe [jurp]

Asia [e]
Czechoslovakia
[tekouslouvk]

Hungary [hr]

Germany [d:mn]

Poland [poulnd]

Albania [lben]

Bulgaria [blr]

Rumania [ru:men]

Viet-Nam [vjtn:m]

Korea [kor]

China [tanl

Japan [dpn]

India [nd]

Italy [tl]

France [fr:ns]

Europian [jurpi:n]

Asian [en]
Czechoslovakian
[tekouslouvkn]

Hungarian [hrn]

German [d:mn]

Polish [poul]

Albanian [lbenn]

Bulgarian [blrn]

Rumanian [ru:menn]

Vietnamese [vjetn:mi:z]

Korean [korn]

Chinese [tani:z]

Japanese [dpni: z]

Indian [ndn]

Italian [tljn]

French [frent]
293

Prague [pr:]

Budapest [bju:dpest]

Berlin [b:ln]

Warsaw [w:s:]

Tirana [ti:r:n:]

Sofia [soufl

Bucharest [bju: krest]

Hanoi [h:no]

Pyongyang [pjij]

Peking [pi: k]

Tokyo [toukjoul

Delhi [del]

Rome [roum]

Paris [prs]


England [lnd]

The United States of


America (the USA)
[ junatd stets v
merk; ju:ese]

()

English [l]

American [merkn]

London [lndn]

Washington [wtn]

. -ese, -ic, -ous, -ship


-ese [i:z] , ;
:
Japan

Japanese

,
.
. , ,
.
-ic [k] ;
:
a hero

heroic

-ous [s] ; ,
, :
fame

famous ,

-ship [p] ;
:
a friend
hard

friendship
hardship ,
,



I. :
)
(. 76).
1. In what part of the Soviet Union do you live?
2. Were you on holiday in the North or in the South of our country last
year?
3. Did you spend your last holiday in the Caucasus or in the Crimea?
4. Do you often go for holiday to the Caucasus?
5. What is the Caucasus famous for?
294

6. What is the Crimea famous for?


7. Why do many people like to go for holiday to the Black Sea shore?
8. Are there any resorts on the Baltic Sea shore?
9. On what other seas are there good resorts?
10. Is the Baltic Sea in the West or in the East of our country?
11. Do you like to go for holiday to the sea shore or to the river bank?
12. What is the Volga famous for?
13. What cities on the Volga do you know?
14. Which of them is the biggest?
15. Are there any resorts on the Volga?
16. Were you on holiday on the Volga or on the Dnieper last year?
17. Which river is more beautiful: the Volga or the Dnieper?
18. Which river of the Soviet Union is the longest?
19. Is the Lena as long as the Volga?
20. Are the Urals between the Volga and the Lena?
21. Where are the Urals?
22. Are the Urals very high?
23. Are the Pamirs higher than the Urals?
24. What important industrial centres in the Urals do you know?
)

one (. . 598).
1. Where can one get if one crosses* the Atlantic (Ocean)?
2.What cities will one pass if one sails down the Volga?
3. What rivers will one cross if one travels from the Far East to the
Ukraine?
4. What rivers will one cross if one goes from Leningrad to the Urals?
5. What countries will one pass if one travels from the Soviet Union to
England?
II. .
)
.
1. : , , , ,
. 2. , .
. 3. (
) , ,
. 4. .
. . 5.
, .
6. . ,
.
. 7. ? :
, , . 8. :
** * cross .
295

? 9. :
? . 10. :
, .
)
one.
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4. ,
. 5. .
6. . 7.
, . 8.
: .
-
III. , : The sun was
rising Moscow, the USSR.
.
sittingatthe window
lookingatthe rising sun
looked atthe letters
openedthe note-book

from behind the Urals


in front of her

IV. ,
.
gold, golden, knave, brutal, bluebird, storey, fear, fast, cast, task, feather,
bold, mind, monthly, perceive, folding, cherry, lorry, married, ferry, horror, terror,
merry, conceive, leather, famous, nervous, continuous, glorious, jealous, callous,
perilous, economic, historic, romantic, comic, electric, hardship, leadership,
membership.
V., ,
.
tourist
indifferent
heroic
landless
Chinese
sailor

hardship
weakly
uncomfortable
agreement
unhappy
healthy

democratic
proudly
famous
rainy
irregular
unimportant

VI. , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What time does the sun usually rise in summer?


Does the sun set in summer as early as in winter?
What is there in front of your house and behind it?
Are there more mountains in the North or in the South of our country?
Which Russian song do you like best of all?
296

6. What women-heroes of the Soviet Union do you know?


7. How many people at your office know the Chinese language well?
8. Was your grandfather a peasant or a worker?
9. Did you travel much about our country when you were a student? Why?
10. Where is it easier to swim: in the sea, in the lake or in the river?
11. Where is the Black Sea?
12. Will you go to the Crimea or to the Caucasus for holiday in the
summer?
13. Are the mountains in the Crimea as beautiful as in the Caucasus?
14. What is the Crimea (the Caucasus) famous for?
VII. ,
.
a) Last summer my sisters son, who lives ___ a village ___ the North, came
___ Moscow. He was a boy ___ ten. I went ___ the station to meet him. I waited
___ the train only ___ some minutes. I met Vova, and we started ___ the nearest
Underground station. When we were going ___ the street, he looked ___ all the
houses and buildings. Suddenly a car appeared ___ the corner. Vova did not know
what to do and ran ___ me, but another car appeared. The driver saw the boy. He
almost turned ___ his car, but stopped it. I ran ___ the boy, took him and thanked
the driver. ___ the evening I told the boy that he must be very careful
() ___ the street.
b) 1. Turn ___ page ten! ___ page eleven you will see a new rule. Read it
and write it ___ your exercise-books. 2. I was going ___ Neglinnya street when I
saw my friend Nikitin, who was standing ___ the corner. 3. We are proud ___
Moscow. Many tourists ___ all parts ___ the world come to Moscow to have a
look ___ our beautiful Underground and other places of interest. 4. There is a
beautiful river ___ our village and the nearest town. 5. Last summer we travelled
___ Poland for two weeks. 6. We saw many interesting things when we were
travelling ___ the mountains last year. 7. The Soviet people are proud___ their
heroic cities.
VIII. ,
.
Praskovya Kovrova was born in ___ family of ___ poor peasant long before
___ Revolution. She remembers her childhood very well: ___ small village on ___
bank of ___ Oka, ___ narrow dirty streets and ___ poor small houses where ___
peasants lived. Their family also lived in such ___ house. There were eleven
younger children in ___ family besides little Pasha, and as soon as she was eight,
she went to ___ house of ___ rich peasant in another village to work there. She did
all ___ hard work in ___ house for ___ piece of ___ bread Now ___ name of
Praskovya Kovrova is famous in Ryazan. She is ___ chairman () of
___ collective farm in ___ village of Youshta. ___ place where Kovrova lives and
works is now ___ large village with ___ beautiful houses and gardens, with ___
club, ___ hospital and ___ school in ___ centre of it. ___ collective farm is one of
297

___ richest in ___ district (). Comrade Kovrova is ___ deputy to ___
Supreme Soviet ( ) of ___ USSR. Though she is sixty seven
years old, she still looks strong and feels very well. Last year ___ correspondent of
___ Moscow newspaper came to ___ village of Youshta and spoke to Praskovya
Kovrova. I dont want to retire on a pension, she said to him, I want to work
still better for ___ happiness of our country.
IX.
.

X. , : ) 1, 2 ;
) .
a passenger, to sing, a tourist, to be famous for, to turn over, between, a lake,
a mountain, to travel about a country, in the fields.
XI.

.
to get up, large, fine, a town, to go away, high, to come back.

XII. .
behind
often
winter

young
thick
slowly

most
to set
never

uncomfortable
further
lowest

XIII. .
a) How beautiful the sunset is!
b) What a dark night!
c) What a nice song they are
singing!

!
!

!

XIV. ,
, , .
1. . 2. ? 3.
? 4. . 5.
. 6. () ? 7.
? 8.
? 9. . 10. ,
. 11. ,
. 12.
? 13. . 14.
, . 15. ? 16.
. . 17. .
.

298

XV.
.

(famous, between, further, a tourist, past, heroic, a lake, friendship, Chinese)


1. Long live ( ) the ___ ___ the peoples of China and the
USSR. 2. Leningrad is ___ for its beautiful palaces and museums. 3. Though it was
raining hard, the travellers went ___ and ___ to the North. 4. Read this book. Its a
book about the ___ people of Korea. 5. The ___ language is more difficult than the
English language. 6. The ___ of Baikal is the largest in Siberia. 7. Shall we go
___ any villages on our way to the mountains? one of the ___ asked.
XVI. ,
.
XVII. ,
.
1. ( )
. .
, . 2.
. , . 3.
, , . 4.
, , ,
. , (right)
() . , .
5. , ,
, .
( ), , .
6. , ? .
. 7.
, *
(Socialist State). 8. *
. 9. .
.
. . 10.
? ,
. . 11.
! 12.
. ,
. 13. .
, . .
14. .
. 16 , .
. 15. .
** A citizen .
** With every passing day .
299

,
. 16. -
? . 17.
, . 18. **, ,
. , . 19. , .

. 20.
(Russia) . 21. , ,
.
XVIII. .
! !
, . (to
wash) : , ,
, . , , ,
. , , ,
. .
(), .
. (Russia)
.
. .
().
.
.
, , , ,
, , .
.
.


XIX. .
1.From what country did Sui Mei come to the Soviet Union?
2. Did she come to the USSR as a student?
3. Why did she come to the Soviet Union?
4. Which places of the Soviet Union did Sui Mei visit?
5. When did she visit the Crimea?
6. Whom did she meet in the Crimea?
7. Why do our people like to spend their holiday in the Crimea?
8. When did Sui Mei visit the heroic city of Stalingrad?
9. What did she see in Stalingrad?
10. Why are the people of Stalingrad proud of their city?
11. In what month was Sui Mei returning to China?
12. Was she returning to China by plane or by train?
**** to turn on.
300

13. How long does it take one to get to Peking from Moscow by train?
XX. ;
, . 265, 266.
1. What countries do you know in Europe?
2. What is the capital of France?
3. What do we call the people who live in Viet-Nam?
4. What language do the people who live in the United States of America
speak?
XXI. ,
.
1. A Friendship Visit of Soviet Ships to Some Country.
to make a voyage, to land, to greet, women and children, Soviet sailors, to
sing Russian songs, friendship, between.
2. My Stay in the Crimea.
on the sea shore, in front of, behind, mountains, have a holiday, to swim, to
lie in the sun, to go on an excursion, what a beautiful, the heroic city of
Sebastopol, to be famous for, many tourists.
XXII. , .
:
1. Once when we were travelling in the mountains a friend of mine suddenly
felt bad
2. The following incident took place ( ) in Moscow during the
Sixth World Festival. Once when I was going along the street, I saw a
group of Chinese young men. I know Chinese a little, so
3. Last year I was on holiday in the summer. I decided to travel about our
country. It was early morning when my friend and I
XXIII. : ) , ) , ) , ) ,
) , ) , ) .
XXIV. - .

301

LESSON EIGHTEEN (THE EIGHTEENTH LESSON)


Text:
THE CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH OF DICKENS
Grammar: some, any, no, every (. 19).
What is on | at our club
to-night?

There is a new performance


on there. Shall we go?
. ?
Willingly.

().

Is there anything else I


can do for you?

-
?

Charles Dickens, | one of the greatest and most popular English


novelists, | was born on the 7th of February, | 1812 | in one of the small
towns of England. He was a weak child | and did not like to take part | in
noisy and active games1.
The little boy | was very capable. He learned to | read at an early
age | and read many books in his childhood.
When he was about six, | someone took him to the theatre | for the first
time. He saw a play by Shakespeare | and liked it so much | that he decided
to write a play of his own. When it was ready, he performed it together with
some of his friends. Everybody enjoyed the performance, and the little writer felt
very happy.
When Dickens was nine years old, the family moved to London. They lived
in the suburbs of the capital of England2. Their life was very hard. There were
several younger children in the family, besides Charles. The future writer could
not even go to school because at that time his father was in the Debtors Prison of
the Marshalsea. There was nobody in London whom Mr. Dickens could turn to
for money, and his wife with all the children except Charles went to the prison too
to join him. The family lived in the prison until Mr. Dickens could pay his debts.
Those were the most unhappy days of all Charles life. The boy worked from
early morning till late at night to help his family.
Only at the age of twelve, when his father was out of prison, could Charles
go to school3. He wanted to study very much, but he did not finish school. Two
years later he began to work again.
He worked hard to earn his living, and tried many trades, but he did not like
any of them. His dream was to study.
At the age of fifteen he often visited the famous library of the British
Museum. He spent many hours in the reading-room of that library. He read and
studied there and in this way he received his education.
Later Dickens described his childhood and youth in some of his famous
novels, such as Little Dorrit, Nicholas Nickleby, Oliver Twist, David Copperfield.

302

The great writer died more than a hundred years ago, but everybody still
reads his books with great interest.

1. He did not like to take part in noisy and active games.
.
part to take part , ..
.
. ,
,
:
took part in this work too.

took an active part in this


work too.

2. They lived in the suburbs of the capital of England.


.
, in the suburbs
suburb
. .
3. Only at the age of twelve, when his father was out of prison, could
Charles go to school. ,
, .
,
only ,
, ..
.
:
Only last week did I see him in
Moscow.

()
.

Dont stay in town in summer.

He .

Only in the country can one rest


well after work.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


youth [ju:]
,
e.g. My friend spent his youth in the

South.
.
Prp in ones youth
,
e.g. In his youth Jack London tra velled in the North of America.
.
303

popular [ppjul]
Gr to be popular with smb*.

() -
e.g. Professor N. is popular with the H.
students.
.
a novel [ nvl]

a novelist [ nvlst]
-
noisy
,
noise

W. comb to make a noise

e.g. The children are making so


,
much noise that I cannot work
.
here.
a game

active [ktv]
1.
e.g. Many students took an active

part in the discussion of
Comrade Petrovs report.
.
2. ,
e.g. School-children usually like
active games.
.
capable [kepbl]

e.g. Ann is a capable girl. She


.
studies very well.
.
an age

Prp at the age of...


...
e.g. Many children begin to read
at the age of five or six.
- .
W. comb at an early age

e.g. Mozart began to play the piano
at an early age.
.
about
, , (
)
e.g. There are about one hundred
.
pages in this book.
own [oun]

e.g. Its your own mistake.


.
W. comb a play of his own
(
)
ready [red]

Gr to be ready

Prp to be ready for
-
** smb. = somebody
304

e.g. Are you ready for your examination?


Gr to get ready
e.g. As soon as you get ready for
the departure, we shall start off.
to enjoy [tu nd]

?
, ,
, .
,
...


to enjoy:
- Did you enjoy the film yester ?
day?
W. comb to enjoy smth*. greatly
-
e.g. I enjoyed this book greatly =

I greatly enjoyed this book.
(
).
a performance [pf:mns]
,
to perform
, ()
to move [t mu:v]
1. ; 2.
e.g. In 1932 our family moved to
1938 .
Leningrad.
.
several [sevrl]

W. comb several times



several hours

besides [bsadz]
,
e.g. To know English well one must
, read many books besides the text ,
book.
, .
except [ksept]
,
e.g. I enjoyed all the stories in this

book except the last one.
.
to turn (to)...
()
Prp to turn to smb. for smth.
- -
e.g. I often turn to Comrade Zotov

for help when I cannot translate
,
this or that English sentence.

.
money [mn]

:
?
Where is the money? It is
()
on the writing-table (e.
** smth = something
305

(. )
.

).
Last week I spent much money
on books.

a debt [ det]
()
to earn [tu :n]

Phr to earn ones living



e.g. In his youth Gorky did all kinds
of hard work to earn his living.
,
.
trade

a trade
,
British
,
The British Museum

a way
,
W. comb on ones way
,
e.g. Yesterday I met a friend of mine
on my way home.
.
Phr in this way
(, )
e.g. brother often takes part in

different excursions. In this way
. he learns many interesting things.
.
Phr by the way
,
e.g. By the way, wont your brother
, join us?
?
an education [n edjuken]
(to educate ,
)
W. comb to receive (to get) an education
a higher education

to describe [t dskrab]
,
,
to describe
to:
Describe this man to me.
Describe to me this man.
such as
e.g. There are many long rivers in
the Soviet Union, such as the Lena,
the Ob, the Volga.
to die (died, died, dying)
e.g. A. S. Pushkin died in 1837.

,

, , , .
,
. . 1837 .

306

:
A play of ones own

(
)

A house of ones own

PROPER NAMES
Charles Dickens [t:lz dknz]
Shakespeare [eksp]
the Debtors Prison of the Marshalsea [ detz przn v m:lsi:]
( )
Little Dorrit [ltl drt]
Nicholas Nickleby [nkls nklb]
Oliver Twist [lv twst]
David Copperfield [devd kpfi:ld]
. -ance
-ance [ns] ;
, :
to perform ,

performance
()



I. ,
(. 79).
somebody
nobody
something
nothing

1. There is

2. I could find this book

3. I see

in front of them.

nowhere.
everywhere.

nothing else
somebody else
nobody else
something else

4. Did he buy

there.

anything
nothing
for you yesterday?
everything

307

5. Did you speak

any
none
each

the students there?

II.
.
1. Someone is waiting for you in that room. 2. He invited everybody to his
country-house for the week-end. 3. There is something interesting on in our club
to-day. 4. Everybody is proud of this work. 5. They are laughing at something
funny. 6. Somebody is knocking at the door. 7. He sees someone on the other bank
of the river. 8. You will find this book somewhere.
III. ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Is there anything on the table?


Can you see anything on the walls of our class-room?
Did you read anything interesting last week?
Did you read any interesting books last month?
Did you invite anybody to dinner on your last day off?
Will you invite any of your friends to dinner on your next day off?
Why did you invite none of our students to your place for your last
birthday party? (Why didnt you invite any of our students to your place
?)
8. Why doesnt anybody come to the office on Sunday?
9. I think that some books by Oscar Wilde are not difficult for you. Does
everybody agree with me?
10. Did any of you read English books last year?
11. Why did none of you read English books last year?
12. Does everybody like it in the South?
13. Why doesnt everybody like the South in summer?
14. Will you go anywhere for holiday or will you stay in town?
15. Why will you go nowhere for holiday?
16. Will any of our students leave for Leningrad for their winter holiday?
Why?
17. Shall all of us go somewhere to-night?
18. Why shant we go anywhere to-night?
19. Did each student in our group take part in the last English language
party?
20. Can any of you speak three languages?
21. Can any of these students sing?
22. Could none of you play the piano in his childhood?
23. Are you always in a hurry if anyone is waiting for you? Why?
IV.
.

308

(something, anything, nothing, everything, somebody (someone), anybody


(anyone), nobody (no one), everybody (everyone), somewhere, anywhere,
nowhere, everywhere)
1. I saw this man ___ in Leningrad last year. 2. Can ___ help me with this
work? 3. I shall be very glad if we invite ___ else to join our excursion. 4. ___ can
answer this difficult question. 5. I dont like this book, give me ___ else. 6. If you
dont find ___ at home when you return, wait a little until I come back. 7. I dont
like this dress, Mary. Put ___ else on. 8. If it rains, we shant go ___. 9. We
returned home late and soon ___ went to bed and fell asleep. 10. Can you buy such
a book for me ___? 11. I dont like to go shopping on Sunday, because there are
usually very many people ___. 12. Is there ___ in the room? No, there is ___
there. 13. Is ___ clear to you or shall I repeat the rule? 14. ___ wants to go on an
excursion, but as it is raining hard, we shall go ___ to-day. 15. Ask ___ else about
it. I know ___ about this matter () and cant tell you ___. 16. As ___ is clear to
___, I shall tell you ___ else.
V. ,
.
1. , . 2. -
, . . 3. ,
. . 4. ,
. 5. -
. 6. . - . 7.
- . 8. .
. 9. ? -
? 10. ,
. 11. - ? 12.
- . 13.
- ? 14. .
15. - ? 16.
? ? 17.
, . 18.
- ? 19.
(deed) .
-
VI. .
[tr, r, br, dr]
try
great
British
describe
dream
February

[]
flat
happy
family
capital
everywhere
everyone
309

[]
noisy
boy
enjoy
toy

[wv]
was weak
was very weak
twelve
someone

library
VII. , : Charles Dickens,
one of the greatest and most popular English novelists
a play of his own.
.
popular
noisy
early
novelist
boy
earn
a weak_child
on_the seventh
to take_part
at_the age of three
learned_to read
for the first time
VIII.
.

famous, nervous, industrious, economic, romantic, comic, capable,


readable, Burmese, Chinese, Japanese, performance, appearance, utterance.
IX. ,
, ,
.
noisy
childhood
appearance
movement
moneyless
incapable
description
education
unhappily
performance
novelist
hardship
enjoyment
lifeless
noiselessly
X. , .
1. What kind of books did you like to read in your youth best of all?
2. What famous English novelists do you know?
3. What new performances at the Moscow theatres are popular with the
people? ( with the children?)
4. Which of our students takes an active part in all our parties?
5. What kind of people do we call capable?
6. At what age did you begin to travel about our country?
7. What must one do to get ready for ones examinations?
8. What kind of novels do you enjoy best of all?
9. In what year did you move to this city?
10. What do people usually have with them when they move to another
place?
11. Does anyone else know English at your office besides you?
12. Does everyone know English at your office except your friend Ivanov?
13. Why couldnt the working people receive a good education before the
Revolution?
14. Which of the famous Russian novelists described the life of Russian
peasants very well?

310

15. Which of the famous Russian writers began to earn his living, at a very
early age?
16. When was Gorky born and when did he die?
17. In what year did Dickens die?
18. Who(m) do you usually turn to for help?
XI. .
1. son took part in the performance at his Institute yesterday (3).
2. Some children do not like noisy games (1). 3. We moved to Moscow in 1936
(2). 4. My sisters daugther began to play the piano at an early age (2). 5. Many
famous writers worked hard in their youth to earn their living (1). 6. My
grandfather could not receive a good education because his parents were very
poor (1). 7. We enjoyed the new film yesterday (2). 8. Their friends are waiting
for them in the garden (4). 9. Dickens decided to write a play of his own when
he was about six (3).
XII.
, .
Jack London, ___ great American novelist, was born in ___ San Francisco in
___ family of ___ farmer. ___ life of ___ family was very hard. John London, ___
father of ___ family, left ___ farm and moved to one of ___ towns of ___ United
States. He tried many trades, but could not get enough money to send ___ children
to ___ school. Jack London began to earn ___ living at ___ early age. He sold ___
morning and evening newspapers in ___ streets of ___ town. At ___ age of
fourteen he began to work at ___ factory as ___ worker. He worked eighteen to
twenty hours ___ day. In 1893 he became ___ sailor and went to ___ shores of ___
Japan. Soon he became ___ good sailor. Jack London travelled very much. He did
___ very hard work, but he also read much and tried to receive ___ education. He
studied at ___ school and at ___ University. He also read many books on ___
History and ___ Philosophy (). ___ Jack Londons dream was to
become ___ writer.
In 1897 London went to ___ Far North of ___ America. He did not bring
___ gold () from there, but he brought something better than ___ yellow
metal. It was ___ book of ___ stories about ___ life in ___ North. ___ dream came
true. He became ___ writer.
XIII. , .
1. When Dickens was a boy ___ four, his father showed him a beautiful
house not far ___ the place where they lived ___ that time. Why cannot we live
___ such a fine house? the boy asked his father. We are very poor and cannot
pay ___ it, his father answered.
Little Charles often visited that place. He liked to look ___ the house and to
play near ___ it. Many years later he really moved ___ that house and lived there
___ a long time. 2. Theodore Dreiser, the great American writer, was born ___ the
27th ___ August, 1871 ___ one ___ the small towns ___ America. 3. ___ 1894
Jack London took part ___ a strike () ___ San Francisco. 4. When Jack
311

London was a boy ___ about ten, he sold newspapers ___ the streets ___ the town
and ___ this way helped ___ his parents. 5. What novels ___ Jack London are
popular ___ the Soviet reader? 6. V. I. Lenin learned to read ___ the age ___ four.
He often read interesting stories together ___ his sister Olga.
XIV. .
to be, to do, to take, to lie, to think, to bring, to see, to enjoy, to leave, to
begin, to try, to spend, to buy, to rise, to set, to travel, to die.
XV. .
(else, more, still, other, another, yet)
1. What ___ books by Dickens, besides David Copperfields did you read in
your youth? 2. Who ___ wants to take part in this performance? 3. How many ___
days shall we travel about this country? 4. Will anybody ___ take part in our
performance? 5. Arent you ready ___? 6. I dont think he is ___ at the office. He
usually leaves the office at six. 7. What ___ do you want to say besides this? 8. I
shall take ___ cup of tea, I am ___ thirsty. 9. I cannot go to the museum to-day.
Ask someone ___ to join you. 10. What ___ foreign languages does Comrade
Petrov speak? 11. I think that well ___ be working at this subject at twelve oclock
tomorrow. 12. Ask Comrade Lipov to sing at our party. No one ___ can do it better
than he. 13. My son cannot ___ read. 14. We hope that some ___ people will take
part in the discussion. 15. It seems to me that somebody ___ wanted to join our
excursion to Klin. 16. I am not ___ sure that you are right.
XVI. , to speak, to talk, to
tell, to say.
1. , ,
. 2. ,
. 3. ,
. 4.
. . 5. ?
. 6.
, . 7. ? ,
. . 8. ,
, . 9. -
. 10. , , . 11.
. 12. -
-? 13. -
? 14. . 15.
. , -. 16.
, , , . 17.
? 18. - - ? 19.
,
. 20.
, ? 21.

312

(match)? 22. ,
,
(to keep) .
XVII. .
(ready, to move, a novelist, capable, great, besides, except, to enjoy, ah
education, to take part in, a novel, to describe)
1. Yesterday some students of our group went to the Art ()
Theatre. They saw the play Three Sisters by the ___ Russian writer Chekhov.
Everybody ___ it very much. 2. L. Tolstoy is a great Russian ___. 3. I received ___
in Leningrad, where I studied at school, and then at the University. 4. Peter is a
very ___ boy. He studies well and knows some foreign languages. 5. In what novel
did Gorky ___ his childhood? 6. All the students ___ me study the second foreign
language. 7. My parents have five children ___ me. 8. You may take any book you
like ___ this one. It isnt mine. 9. At the age of seventeen I ___ to Moscow to study
at the University. 10. I am sorry, dinner is not yet ___. Wait a little. 11. How many
___ did L. Tolstoy write? He wrote many fine ___. 12. Will Comrade Vasilkov
___ our concert? He sings very well. I think he will. 13. In my childhood and
youth I read all the ___ by Dickens ___ his American Notes. 14. Do you know any
other foreign languages ___ English?
XVIII.
.
a)
b)

I shall take all the books


except this one.
Besides this book I should
like to take two more.

, , (
) .
() ,
.

XIX. , : )
, 1, 2 ; )
.
to be popular with smb., in ones youth, to be capable, at an early age, at the
age of, to get ready for smth., to turn to smb. for smth., to make noise, on ones
way home, to die, in this way, by the way, to enjoy smth. greatly, own, such as,
money.
XX. , .
1. -
? .
, , .
. 2. ,
. - . 3.
, .
, . 4. ,
. ,

313


. 5. .
, . 6.
,
. 7. - ?
. 25 30 . 8. ,
? 9. , .
. 10. ?
. 11. ,
. , . 12.
? .
. 13. ,
. .
. 14. . ,
, -. 15.
, . .
, . 16.
. . 17.
? ?
18. , .
, . 19. ,
, ? .
, , . 20.
, , . ,
. 21 ,
.
XXI. , .
I began to earn my living at an early age. When I was about ten, my
stepfather () sent me to London where I began to work with one of the firms.
I did not enjoy my work, certainly, as it was hard and uninteresting and I had to
work from early morning till late at night. Nobody taught me anything there,
nobody ever thought about me, nobody even spoke to me except a few boys who
worked together with me. My life was hard, but I tried to think of it as little as
possible. Once, however, when I was lying awake at night, an idea [ad] came to
me to run away somewhere. But where could I go? I could not return to my
stepfather And then I remembered that I could go to my mothers sister Miss
Trotwood. I did not know her address, I only knew that she lived somewhere in
Dover.
The next Saturday I packed my box and when everything was ready, I asked
a fellow () to help me take the box to the station. On the way to the station,
however, the fellow suddenly disappeared with my box and I was quite alone in the
street
(After David Copperfield by Dickens)

314



XXII. .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

What was Charles Dickens?


When was Charles Dickens born?
Where was he born?
What kind of child was Charles Dickens?
Did he like to take part in noisy and active games?
When did he learn to read?
How old was he when he went to the theatre for the first time?
What play did he see?
What did he write after that?
When did his family move to London?
In what place did he live?
Why couldnt Charles go to school at that time?
Why was Mr. Dickens in prison?
Could Charles father send him to school?
What was Charles dream?
What did he often visit at the age of fifteen?
In what way did he receive his education?
In what novels did Dickens describe his childhood?
What novels by Dickens do you like?
Can you read novels by Dickens in English?

III. .
XXIV. , .
to be born, at the age of, at an early age, to die, to earn ones living, to do
hard work, in this way, to turn to smb. for smth., to receive an education, to travel
about the country, in his youth, to take part in, to become famous, to describe, such
as, Childhood, My Universities, to be popular with.
XXV. , :
) Biography; b) Childhood and Youth.
XXVI. ,
.
XXVII. - ,
.
XXVIII. Friends Biography.

315

LESSON NINETEEN (THE NINETEENTH LESSON)


Text:
TANYA, THE REVOLUTIONARY
Grammar: 1. to be able to have to
can must (. 80).


!
I dont quite understand you.
.
Where is my book? Ive no
?
.
idea about it.
A brilliant idea came to my mind.
.
Pay attention to this preposition!

It happened in December, 1905. I was ten years old then, but so thin and
small that I looked like a girl of eight. My father was a worker. We lived in the
suburbs of a big city near the factory where Father 1 worked. Once I fell ill with the
flu2 and Mother sent me to bed earlier than usual. I felt very bad and couldnt fall
asleep at once. I heard voices in the kitchen, but couldnt make out what it was all
about3. Then the kitchen door opened and I recognized Fathers voice. Here is the
print, he was saying to Mother. We shall have to hide it somewhere in our flat.
Its very important I did not hear the end of the conversation, for4 my eyes
closed and I fell asleep. When I woke up, it was rather dark in the room and I
could hardly5 see Mothers face over me. She was putting something under my
pillow. At that moment the sound of heavy steps reached my ears and I heard
strange angry voices. Whos there, Mother? I asked in a whisper. Its the
police, she explained. Be quiet. Close your eyes and try to sleep. With these
words Mother left the room.
When I was alone, I suddenly remembered Fathers words: Here is the
print. We shall have to hide itThe print! Its under my pillow, I am sure. They
will look for it everywhere and may find it
I looked around, | saw a jug of milk on the table | and a brilliant idea
came to my mind. I took the print from under the pillow, | ran up to the table
| and tried to put4 some of the print | into the jug. But there was too much
milk in the jug.
Ill have to drink some milk! I must hurry | or I shant be able to do
it. My hands were trembling. I was trying to make as little noise as
possible | and to drink the milk | as quickly as I could. Several times | I
stopped to take breath. Shall I have enough time to hide all the print
before they come? At last the print was in the jug, | and I was back in my
bed. Suddenly the door opened and two policemen came in.
My child is very ill, Mother began. She turned pale and could hardly
continue: The doctor doesnt allow her to get up.

316

Take her out of here, one of the policemen ordered angrily. Father had to
obey him and took me in his arms. The policemen turned over everything on my
bed, but could not find anything and had to leave our place.
The first few minutes we were silent. Mothers face was still as white as
snow. Then Father asked: But where is the print? I dont know, Mother
answered, I put it under Tanyas pillow with my own hands as soon as I saw the
police. Daddy, I said then. Look into the jug! Dont you find that theres more
milk in it now than there was before?
It didnt take Father long to understand everything.
Well, Tanya, he said gaily, I am proud of you. You will make a real
revolutionary!6
(After Tanya, the Revolutionary by Vereyskaya)

1. We lived in the suburbs of a big city near the factory where Father
worked. ,
.
, father,
mother, sister, brother, son, daughter .. .
.
2. Once I fell ill with the flu. .
to be ill, to fall ill with,
.
3. I heard voices in the kitchen, but couldnt make out what it was all about.
, , .
4. I did not hear the end of the conversation, for my eyes closed and I fell
asleep. ,
.
for
.
5. When I woke up, it was rather dark in the room and I could hardly see
Mothers face over me. ,
, .
hardly ,
, can
to be able. -l
hard , , . hard ,
, hard,
. hard
, .
:
.

could hardly walk.


317

works hard at his


English.

6. You will make a real revolutionary!


!
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
to happen [t hpn]
e.g. It happened ten years ago.

,
()
.

:
- Did anything happen to him
?
yesterday? Why didnt he
?
come?
?
What is the matter with you? You

are very pale.
- Whats wrong with your watch?
?
Prp to happen to smb.
-
e.g. What happened to him yesterday? ?
Syn to take place

e.g. It took place many years ago.


.
to look like
..., ...
:
Whom does he look like?
?
He looks like his father.
.
What does he look like?
? (
?)
is a tall young man with brown eyes.
.
the flu

to make out
,
e.g. I could not make out anything
,
because it was too dark in the room. .
print
()
to hide (hid, hidden)
1. ; 2.
e.g. Dont give the toy to the
He .
children now. Hide it somewhere.
-.
Lets hide behind that tree, the
,
little boy said.
.
a conversation [ knvsen]
,
Syn a talk

W. comb a telephone conversation


(talk)
rather [r:]
( )
318

rather
:
- This book is rather interesting.
.
- Its rather an interesting book.
a.
:
.
It's rather a difficult lesson.
.
Its quite an easy translation.
! Its such an interesting film!
hardly
over
e.g. There is a beautiful lamp over
the table in my dining-room.
a pillow
a moment
Prp at that moment
a sound [ saund]
heavy [hev]
Ant light
e.g. The suit-case was so heavy that
I could hardly carry it.
a step
W. comb to make a step
e.g. The sick man could hardly
make a few steps alone.
a whisper [ wsp]
W. comb to speak (to say smth.) in
whisper
e.g. We tried to speak in a whisper
because all other people were
already asleep.
the police [ pli:s]

(no )
(no )
,
.

( - )
,

.

-:
,
.
a policeman
to explain [tu ksplen]

The police are in the kitchen,


the mother said to Tanya.


to:
Explain to me this rule.
Explain this rule to me.

319

quiet [kwat]
W. comb a quiet life(man, voice)
Gr to be quiet

,
(, )
, ,

! !

, ,
, -
-, .

e.g. Be quiet!
to look for
e.g. What are you looking for?
Ant to find (found, found)
to look around
a jug [ d]
milk
mind
Phr to my mind
e.g. To my mind you must stay at
home.
an idea [n ad]
,
e.g. Its a good idea.
.
brilliant [brljnt]

W. comb a brilliant answer (student,


(, )
idea)
e.g. A brilliant idea came to my mind.
.
to drink (drank, drunk)

to tremble [t trembl]
( , )
W. comb to speak in a trembling voice
breath [bre]
,
Phr to take breath
,
to turn
, (. ,
-)
Gr to turn pale
( )
to turn red

to allow [tu lau]


,
e.g. Dont allow your children
He
to go out so late.
.
to order
1.
Gr to order smb, to do smth.
- -
,
:
The captain ordered everybody
.
(all the passengers) to leave the ship.
W. comb To order smth. for dinner
(breakfast, supper)
an order

2.
- (,
)
1. ; 2.
320

to obey [tu be]


, ,
silent

Gr to be silent

Syn to keep silent

e.g. Dont talk! Be silent! I cant


He ! !
hear the answer.
.
to understand (understood, understood) ,
[tu ndstnd, ndstud]
e.g. Dont you understand it?
?
gay

Ant sad
,
gaily

real [rl]
,
e.g. Peter has a very beautiful voice.
.
will make a real singer.
.
really
,
e.g. Is that really so?
?
Peter has come to Moscow.
.
Really!
!
to have to
(
must)
to be able
(
can)


I. ,
(. 80).
) 1. daughter can sing very well. 2. Everybody can do this work. 3. One
of our students can write plays of his own. 4. Can you play this game? 5. This girl
cannot take part in active games.
b) 1. You must move to another town. 2. They must wait for us here. 3. The
airplane must land at once. 4. The boys must run to get to the station in time.
II.
, .
1.
Our sportsmen could run as fast as Comrade M. 2. We shall be able to
see this performance to-night. 3. Charles Goodman had to earn his living at an
early age. 4. I shall have to get off at the next stop to do some shopping. 5. Pete
had to agree with his friend because his friend was right. 6. They had to come
again because the director of the office was out at that time. 7. I shall have to buy
new gloves. Mine are quite old. 8. They will have to hurry not to be late for the
concert. 9. My friend had to return home to take his watch.

321

III. .
1. Your son will have to stay in bed because he is still weak (4). 2. We
shall be able to go on an excursion the day after tomorrow (3). They had to put
on their coats because it was very cold (3). 4. We shall have to stay at home as
it will soon begin to rain (4). 5. They had to knock another time because no one
opened the door (3). 6. This old man could tell very funny stories (3).
IV. ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Did you have to earn your living when you were young? Why?
What kind of English novels will you be able to read in a year?
What did you have to do when it began to rain yesterday?
Will you be able to go to the South in the summer?
When will you be able to go somewhere for holiday?
In what year did you move to Moscow? Why did you have to leave your
native town?
7. Did you have to go shopping last Sunday?
8. Which of your students will be able to take part in the May Day concert?
9. When will you be able to speak English well?
10. Why did Gorky have to earn his living at an early age?
11. Why did Dickens mother have to live in the Marshalsea Prison with her
children?
12. Why did little Dickens have to help his family?
V. .
a) Did you have to work at
the office till six oclock
last Saturday?
b) We did not have to take
taxi. We got to the station
in time by bus.
) wont be able to buy
this book, he hasnt got
enough money about him.


?
.

.
.

.

VI. ,
.
1. ? ,
. . 2. ,
,
. 3. ,
, . 4.
, . 5.
, . 6. ,
. ,

322

. 7. , ,
. 8. ,
. 9. ,
, . 10.
,
, . 11.
, ,
(brightly) . 12.
? , ,
. 13. .
(). 14.
. . 15.
. .
-
VII. , : I looked around,
saw a jug of milk on the table At last the print was in
the jug, and I was back in my bed.
, .
a jug of milk
from under the pillow
some of the print
ran up to the table
Ill have to drink some milk
I must hurry
I shant be able to do it.
VIII. .
race, coat, cure, mumps, thus, future, fracture, willow, bow, vast, flask,
parry, village, stretch, method, penny, slang, swoon, lain, fade, wheel, peer, code,
moor.
IX. ,
,
.
everywhere
fatherless
direction
funny

homeless
hopeful
nameless
indifferent

unnecessary
someone
snowy
sailor

X. , .
1. Can you tell us something interesting that happened to you when you
were a child?
2. Have you any children? Do they look like you or like your husband
(your wife)?
3. Who(m) do you look like?
4. Do you look more like your father?
323

5. What does your mother look like?


6. What does your son look like?
7. Does your son like quiet or noisy games?
8. What do you do if your children do not obey you?
9. Is it easy to understand a person when he is speaking in a whisper?
10. Can you understand your teacher easily when she speaks English?
11. Do you like gay or sad songs?
12. When do you usually ask the teacher to explain to you this or that rule
again?
13. When does one have to look around?
XI. .
1. We had to come back home because Mary felt bad and could hardly
walk (1). 2. The child will not be able to drink such hot milk (1). 3. You will have
to look through all these articles before you begin to work at your report (2).
4. We had to speak in a whisper because Father was asleep (1). 5. Peter looks like
his brother (1). 6. The teacher had to explain the difficult rule to his pupils once
more (2).
XII. ,
.
It happened on ___ cold autumn day. ___ Bishop () of ___ city was
sitting at ___ table. He was ready to have ___ supper when somebody knocked at
___ door. ___ moment later ___ door opened and ___ stranger came in. ___
Bishop looked at ___ man, but before he could say ___ word, ___ man began in
___ low voice, Look here, my name is ___ Jean Valjean *. I am back from ___
prison. I was there nineteen years. They let me out four days ago. I walked thirty
miles () ___ last night. I want to go back ___ home. When I came to this
town, I began to look for ___ place where I could stay for the night. I went to ___
hotel, but they did not allow me to stay there. They said to me, Be off, or we shall
call ___ police, and I had to obey. I decided to sleep in ___ park, but ___ good
woman showed me your house and said: Knock at that door. Is this your hotel? I
can pay for ___ room. See! Here is my money. I worked hard in ___ prison for
nineteen long years and I earned very much money. I am hungry. May I have
something to eat? Ill pay anything that you ask.
___ Bishop turned to ___ servant () and said, Put another chair at ___
table, please.
Stop, said Jean. Did you understand everything? I am just ( )
back from ___ prison. Here is my passport, yellow, as you see. Nobody wanted to
help me. Will you give me something to eat and ___ bed?

** [:n vl:n].
324

Put some white sheets () on ___ bed, please, said ___ Bishop as
he looked at ___ servant. He then turned ton ___ man and asked him to sit down.
We shall have ___ supper in ___ few minutes, he explained
( . )
XIII.
.

1. What happened ___ you yesterday? Why did you not come to the lecture?
2. It isnt yet clear whom this baby looks ___. 3. When I went out, it was very dark
___ the street. I looked ___, but could not make ___ anything. 4. He said
something ___ me ___ a whisper, but I couldnt make ___ his words. 5. Will you
describe ___ me your brother? I shall willingly meet ___ him ___ the station if you
are busy, but I dont know what he looks ___. 6. Everybody was ready ___
departure ___ Peter. 7. This teacher is very popular ___ his pupils because he
usually explains ___ them all the rules very well. 8. I am very glad I could do
something ___ you. You may turn ___ me ___ help ___ any time you like. 9. I
enjoyed ___ all the stories ___ that magazine ___ the last one. 10. Can you speak
___ any other foreign languages ___ English? 11. I am very busy now and cant
answer your questions. Ill explain ___ you everything ___ our way home. 12.
You must obey ___ your sister, the mother said ___ her little son before she left
home.
XIV. ,
.
(to obey, in a whisper, to make out, a step, to look around, to hide, trembling, to
look for, to explain, sad, to turn to, an idea, to turn pale, pale, to tremble, to take
breath).
1. Will you make a few ___ in my direction and give me your hand? The
night is so dark that I cannot ___ ___ anything, said one of the travellers to his
friend. 2. One of the partisans () saw an old woman, came up to her
and said___ ___ ___, Will you be able ___ one of our men in your house ? He is
ill and cannot go further. The woman ___ ___, but her voice was quiet when she
said, Be sure, the Germans will not be able to find him even if they ___ ___ him
everywhere in the village. 3. Lets ___ ___ Comrade Smirnov for help. He
knows this subject best of all. Oh! What a brilliant ___! 4. Why do you look so
___ and ___? What is the matter with you? I asked a friend of mine. I am
sorry, it is difficult for me to speak about it now, she answered in a___ voice. I
shall ___ to you everything later. 5. I cannot run as fast as you do. Lets stop and
___ ___. 6. Never read such ___ stories to your children. Dont you see they are all
___? 7. Children must ___ their parents.
XV. .

325

to tremble, to stop, to run, to allow, to obey, to understand, to make out, to


hide, to enjoy, to die, to sing, to rise, to set, to laugh, to continue, to write, to read,
to see, to buy, to bring, to drink, to hear, to study, to lie.
XVI. .
to take place*a thought
to make smth. clear
some minutes
a talk
when he was 12 years old
to let
vacation
to approach
XVII. .
to be unable
sad
to turn red

to look for
in a loud voice
light

to be quiet
incapable
to rise

XVIII. ,
, 2, 5, 6 .
XIX.
it is interesting, it is difficult, it is necessary.
to hide, to make out, in a whisper, to make a step, to be quiet, to look for,
to be silent, to take breath, to explain, to understand, several, hardly.
XX.
.
a) Who(m) does this girl look
like? She looks like her
mother.

?
.

b) What does that girl look


like? That girl is tall,
with blue eyes.

?
, .

c) This is rather a difficult book.


This book is rather difficult.

.
.

XXI. ,
.
1. What you (to look for)? I (to look for) my magazine. It (to be) here half
an hour ago. Oh! Here it is! You (to hide) it from me? 2. When I (to come) into the
room, the children (to play) some game. Ann (to stand) in the corner and Peter (to
explain) something to Jane in a whisper. 3. If you (to be quiet), I (to show) you
something interesting, the old man said to the children who (to stand) around him.
4. Some people (to tremble) if they are afraid of something. 5. Why you (to
tremble)? Are you afraid? 6. Who (to play) the piano in that room? Its my
daughter. She (to have) her lesson now. She (to take) lessons three times a week. 7.
Why you (to lie) here? You (to be) ill?No, I (not to be), I (to have a rest). 8.
** To take place , .
326

When you (to move) from your native town to Moscow? We (to do) it ten years
ago. 9. I (to go) to see you as soon as the doctor (to allow) me to go out. Now I still
(to feel) rather bad. 10. It is very important for me to read an article in that
magazine. So I (to intend) to look for it in all the book-shops and libraries of
Moscow until I (to find) it.
XXII. , .
1. - (was wrong with) .
, . 2.
, .
. . 3.
? . 4. :
? . , .
. 5. . .
? 6. , ,
. ? , ,
. 7.
. ,
. 8. 23? ,
. ? ! . 9.
, ( ). ,
, . 10.
, . 11.
? . .
. 12. ,
. , . 13.
,
. . ,
().
1905 .
XXIII. -,
.
24- 1870 .
. ,
. ,
, .
. .
.
, ,
() .
,

,, ,
. .

327

, - , .
, () , ,
():
.
, ,
,
. .
.
.
( . . )


XXIV. .
XXV. : ) ; ) ; ) .
XXVI. :
1. Why did Tanyas mother decide to hide the print under the pillow on
Tanyas bed?
2. Why did the mother ask Tanya to try to fall asleep again?
3. Why was it very important to save the print?
4. Do you think that Tanya really () made a revolutionary?
Why do you think so?
XXVII. .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

When are people silent?


When does one feel sad?
Why did you once turn pale?
When do ones hands begin to tremble?
When can one hardly walk?
When can one hardly continue ones work?
When do people usually speak in a whisper?

XXVIII. , , ,
.
XXIX. , : What Happened to Me
in My Childhood when I Was at Home Alone.
to obey, to allow, a performance, alone, dark, to close, a brilliant idea came
to my mind, to look for, to find, suddenly, heavy, steps, to hide, to look like, quiet,
moment, to understand.
XXX. .

328

LESSON TWENTY (THE TWENTIETH LESSON)


Text:
ALEXEY LAVROVS STORY
Grammar: 1. II (. 81).
2. Perfect (The Present Perfect Tense
Form (. 82). )

3. (. 76, .
4).
Where have you been all this
time? I havent seen you for
ages.

()
?
.

Where is Ivanov now?


I dont know. Havent heard
from him for a long time.

?
.
.

What do you call this?

Have I ever told you the story of the Lavrovs? They are my neighbours. We
live in the same flat. Why do I want to tell you their story? You will understand it
when you hear it. Let me begin:
Alexey Lavrov, the father of the family, is thirty-two. His wife Anna
Petrovna is thirty. They have two children. One of them is three and the other one
is twenty. Yes, twenty, you have heard me correctly. He is their son and calls them
Father and Mother.
I believe you understand now why I want to tell you this story.
It happened during the Great Patriotic War, when the Soviet people were
bravely fighting against the German fascists.
In 1943 | Alexey went to the front | to defend our Motherland.
Once after a fierce battle | their unit defeated the enemy | and liberated a
small village. When Alexey came into one of the houses, | he did not see
anybody there. Suddenly he heard a weak voice. He turned round | and
saw a boy of about eight. The boy looked thin and pale. What are you
doing here? Is there anyone else in the house? Where are your parents?
Alexey asked him. There is nobody else here. The fascists have killed my
parents, the boy said. Please, dont leave me here. I am afraid to stay in this
house. Alexey thought a little and then decided to take the boy with him.
All the soldiers and officers liked the boy. But Alexey could not keep him at
the front. He did not know what to do.1
Once a delegation of workers came to the front from Moscow. Among the
members of the delegation there was a girl of about eighteen. Alexey asked her to
take the boy to Moscow. She agreed to do so. Soon the delegation left for
Moscow

329

Excuse me! Somebody is knocking at the door. If it is Lavrov, we shall ask


him to continue the story. Itll be more interesting. Oh, here he is! Alexey
Petrovich! Ive just told these young people how you found a little boy in some
small village when you were at the front. They want to hear your story from you. I
am sure youll do it for them!
(To be continued)

1. He did not know what to do. , . what
to do
.
how to do it, where to go :
Do you know how to do it?
I dont know where to go.

, ?
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a neighbour [ neb]
correct [krekt]
Syn right
Ant wrong
e.g. Petrovs translation is correct,
and yours is wrong.
to correct [t krekt]
a correction [ krekn]
to call
Prp to call one by ones first name
e.g. When I was going along the
street last night rather late,
somebody called me by my first
name.
e.g. What do we call the people
who live in England? We
call them the English.
to believe [t bli:v]
e.g. I dont believe this story.
e.g. I believe he is right.
war [w:]
Ant peace
Prp at war
at peace
e.g. We want to live at peace with
other peoples.

,
,
,
.

,
1.
, -
,
, -
.
2.
,
? (
) .
1.
.
2. ,
(), .
,




.
330

W. comb a civil [svl] war



the Great Patriotic War

[ ret ptrtk w:]
the Second World War (World War II)

brave

to fight (fought, fought) [t fat, f:t] ,


Prp to fight against smb. (smth.)
- (-)
for smth.
-
e.g. The peoples of the world fight
for peace against war.
.
a fascist [ fst]

a front [ frnt]

Prp at the front



to the front

to defend
,
Prp to defend smth. (smb.) from
- (-)
smth. (smb.)
- (-)
ones Motherland

Syn ones Fatherland

e.g. In 1812 the Russian people


1812 .
defended their Motherland
.
from the French army.
fierce [fs]
, ( )
a battle
, ,
W. comb a fierce battle

a unit [ ju:nt]
()
to defeat [t dfi:t]
, ...
e.g. In 1945 the Soviet people
1945 .
defeated the German fascists.
.
an enemy [n enm]

Ant a friend

to liberate [t lbret]

liberation [lbren]

to turn round

e.g. When somebody called me by


- ,
my first name, I turned round and

saw an old friend of mine.
.
to turn back
,
to turn on (the light, the water, the
(, , , ,
gas, the television set, the radio etc.)
..)
Ant to turn off

to kill
,
a soldier [ sould]

an officer

331

to keep (kept, kept)

, , ,
()
e.g. How long may I keep your

book?
?
W. comb to keep ones word

to keep ones bed
()
e.g. The doctor told me to keep my bed. .
W. comb to keep silent
,
to keep ones family
()
to keep time
( )
e.g. Does your new watch keep
?
good time?
a delegation [ delen]

among [m]
( )
between
( )
e.g. How many big stations are there

between Moscow and Leningrad?
?
e.g. The old Communists were

sitting among the pioneers and

telling them about their
.
revolutionary work.
a member

W. comb a party member



a non-party man

ever [ev]
-, -
just [dst]

lately
,


I.
II (. 81).
a) to study, to prepare, to repeat, to translate, to answer, to discuss, to
receive, to ask, to wash, to play, to pass, to pack, to recognize, to save, to reach, to
invite, to stop, to describe, to perform, to allow.
b) to read, to take, to do, to begin, to give, to see, to spend, to make, to tell,
to show, to bring, to leave, to forget, to meet, to understand, to build, to send, to
pay, to sell, to buy, to hear, to sing, to find, to know, to put, to drink, to hide.
II. ,
II.
to go, to sit, to come, to become, to get, to be, to feel, to think, to swim, to
lie, to die, to fall, to grow, to drive, to rise, to set, to ring up, to run.

332

III. .
) .
a closed door, a saved man, written work, one of the discussed questions, a
well-known writer, a well-dressed woman, a well-prepared report.
) .
, (tune), ,
, , , ,
.
IV. ,
Indefinite
Perfect (. 82).
1. ,
: , , . 2. ?
. 3. ?
. 4. .
. , ,
. 5. , ?
, , .
(), 6. . (). 7.
;
. (). 8.
, . ().
V.
, .
1. They have looked for the book everywhere. 2. Her father has travelled
much. 3. The boy has hidden your book. 4. His wife has just returned from the
Crimea. 5. They have invited many people to take part in the performance. 6.
Something has happened to Comrade Belov.
VI. .
1. We have heard this gay song somewhere lately (1). 2. They have never
been to any foreign country (2). 3. We have already seen this new film (3). 4.
His friend has translated two English novels into Russian (3). 5. It happened to
Comrade Kovrov several years ago (2). 6. Something strange has happened to
Comrade Rebrov (1).
VII. ,
-.
a) 1. Have you travelled much?
2. Where have you travelled?
3. Have you ever travelled in the Urals?
4. Have you ever discussed any books by English novelists with your
friends?
333

5. What books have you discussed?


6. How many English books have you read this year?
7. Have you not had breakfast yet?
8. Where have you had breakfast?
9. Where is Comrade N? Has he left Moscow?
10. Why has Comrade N. left Moscow?
11. Have you prepared everything I asked you last time?
12. What have you (done) prepared for to-day?
b) 1. Have you ever been to the Crimea?
2. When were you in the Crimea?
3. How many English films have you seen this year?
4. When did you go to the cinema last (time)?
5. What new films have you seen this month?
6. Has your sister graduated from the Institute?
7. When did she graduate from the Institute?
8. Has your son (your daughter) finished school?
9. How many examinations has he already passed?
10. Have you read to-days newspaper already?
11. What article have you already read?
12. What kind of articles do you like best of all?
VIII. , .
1. We (to come across ) a very interesting article in this magazine.
Let us discuss it together. 2. Is everybody here? No, Comrade Petrov (not to
come) yet. I think he (not to return) from Leningrad yet. 3. You already (to ring up)
your friend? No, I (not to ring him up) yet. I am very busy and cannot do it now.
4. It is already late. The sun (to set). Let us go home. 5. Why you (not to turn over)
page ten yet? Everybody is already reading page eleven. 6. When your sister (to
return) from the Urals? She (to return) from the Urals yesterday. Why you
(not to go) to the railway station to meet her? I couldnt do it, I (to be) busy. 7. I
(not to hear) anything from him for many years. 8. What time you (to have
breakfast) to-day? I (not to have) anything this morning. Lets go to the restaurant
together now. I am hungry. 9. What you (to do) now? Sedov (to ask) me over the
telephone. I just (to have) dinner and (to read) a newspaper, I (to answer).
IX.
.
) I have never been to the Caucasus.

b)I havent yet looked through this book.


.
I havent looked through this book yet.
) Have you ever travelled?

- ?

334

X. .
1. Our friend has

2. I have

3. Have you

4. We have

5. They havent

6. I have
XI. ,
-.
) 1. , .
. 2.
?
. 3. . ,
. 4. ?
? 5. .
, ( ). 6.
? ? 7. ,
. . 8.
, . 9. ?
. - ?
) 1. .
, . 2. ,
:
. ? 3.

335

. 4. ? 5.
, () , ,
. 6. , . 7. .
. 8. -
! . . 9.
, ,
. 10. .
. 11. ?
. , .
. 12.
. ?
-
XII. , : Alexey Lavrov, the
father of the family, is thirty two : I believe you
understand now why I want to tell you this story.
.
is_thirty two
Father_and Mother
is_thirty
Calls_them Father_and Mother
is_three
is_their son
the father_of the family
the other_one is twenty
You have heard me correctly
XIII. ,
.
little, battle, cattle, meddle, saddle, table, stable, fable, cycle, peddle,
please, leave, leaf, boat, seat, steep, deep, neat, clear, fear, member, letter, better,
reader, fighter, blotter, behind, find, kind, old, fold, told, fast, cast, task, mask.
XIV. ,
, ,
:
neighbourhood
understandable
liberation

agreement
correction
(an) understanding

correctly
delegation
continuation

XV. , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Is your neighbour an engineer or a doctor? (What is he?)


Who usually corrects your mistakes?
In what way do you correct you* mistakes?
What must you do to write new English words correctly?
When do people call one another by their first names?
What do we call people who serve () in the army?
336

7. Why do we call the war against the German fascists the Great Patriotic
War?
8. When did the Soviet people defend their Motherland from the German
fascists?
9. In what year did the Soviet army defeat the enemy at Stalingrad?
10. When did the Soviet army liberate Kiev from the German fascists ?
11. Against whom did the Russian people fight in 1812?
12. When did the Civil War in Russia begin? When did it end?
13. Did any member of your family take part in the Civil War?
14. Why do all the peoples of the world want peace?
15. What kind of people do we call brave?
16. Have you ever been to the front?
17. Were you at the front in 1944?
18. When were you at the front?
19. Were you a soldier or an officer?
20. What other members of your family were at the front?
21. In what fierce battles did you or other members of your family take
part?
22. What towns and villages did your unit liberate?
23. How many members of the Communist Party were there among the
soldiers and officers of your unit?
24. Did any delegations from our factories come to the front during the
war?
25. Do many delegations from foreign countries come to the Soviet Union
26. Have you ever worked with foreign delegations?
XVI. .
1. Comrade Orlov has not answered my questions correctly either (2) . 2. I
began to work on a collective farm when my father went to the front (2). 3. I
turned on the light because it was dark in the room (1). 4. In 1945 the Soviet
soldiers and officers saved many countries from fascism (2). 5. To-day I am paler
than usual because I feel rather bad (2). 6. Now many foreign delegations are
travelling about the Soviet Union (3). 7. We call the people who live in England
the English (1).
XVII. ,
.
___ following incident took place in ___ South of ___ Soviet Union. Peter
Smirnov, ___ fireman () from ___ Moscow, was spending his holiday at
___ rest-home on ___ shore of ___ Black Sea. That warm June night he was fast
asleep in one of ___ most comfortable rooms of ___ rest-home. Suddenly he heard
___ loud cries: Help, help! He thought hat it was ___ dream. He opened his eyes
and heard ___ cries again. It was clear now that somebody was crying for ___
help. When ___ young fireman ran out into ___ street, he saw that one of ___

337

houses was on fire ( ). ___ cries were coming from ___ fifth floor. ___
Zotovs are still in ___ house! ___ womans voice cried
___ way to ___ window on ___ fifth floor seemed very long to Smirnov. At
last he reached ___ window. He did not see anybody in ___ first room, but in ___
second one there was ___ old woman and ___ boy who were sitting in ___ corner
and crying. Smirnov did not wait ___ second. He took ___ boy by the hand and
they got out of ___ room together.
When ___ boy was on the ground, Smirnov returned to ___ house to save
___ old woman. Soon ___ woman was out of ___ house too. ___ grandmother and
___ grandson wanted to thank ___ brave fireman, but they could not see him
anywhere.
___ next day Peter Smirnov left for Moscow ___ month later he got ___
letter from ___ South. It was from ___ Zotovs. All ___ family thanked Smirnov.
___ boy wrote: I am very glad that we have found your address. We shall always
remember you. Dear Petr Ivanovich, come to see us ___ next summer. Now I am
only ten. When I am ___ grown-up () man, I want to become ___
fireman. I want to save ___ people too.
XVIII. , .
1. Have you ever been ___ India? 2. My friend Nikitin has never been ___
the Bolshoy Theatre. 3. When I was ___ Kiev last time, I met ___ a friend of mine
there whom I didnt recognize until he came ___ me and called me ___ my first
name. 4. There are some very capable young singers ___ my friends. Lets invite
them ___ our party. I am sure they will sing ___ us ___ great pleasure. 5. There is
rather a high mountain ___ these two rivers. 6. Will you turn ___ the radio? Ill try
to fall asleep. 7. Turn ___ the light. I cannot make ___ anything here, its too dark.
8. ___ my last holiday I travelled ___ the South ___ our country. 9. When the old
woman heard the sad news () she did not cry but kept silent ___ several
hours. 10. The Soviet people want to live ___ peace ___ all other peoples, but if
anyone starts war ___ us, we shall bravely fight ___ the enemy ___ our
Motherland. 11. Why were you late ___ the theatre? I was waiting ___ you there
___ seven ___ eight oclock. 12. Turn ___ and look ___ this picture. I think it is
one ___ the most beautiful pictures here. 13. Now I am leaving ___ the station. I
want to see my friend off (to see off ). He will be angry ___ me if I
dont keep my word. 14. Can you ring me ___ three oclock? I cannot speak ___
you now. I am very busy. 15. Our way lay ___ a forest. It was rather dark and cold,
but none ___ us wanted to turn ___. 16. Have you passed your examination ___
English? 17. What are you looking ___ here? I am looking ___ my hat. 18. My
father joined ___ the Communist Party ___ 1918. 19. I want to take ice-cream ___
the sweet. 20. You havent turned ___ the page, thats why you dont see Exercise
Six. 21. When I came ___ the room, my children were playing ___ the piano. 22.
Yesterday we went ___ an excursion to the Lenin Museum. We examined all the
exhibits* ___ great interest.
** An exhibit [zbt] .
338

XIX. 15 ,
.
correct, gay, weak, happy, loud, dark, strong, cold, funny, simple, pale, light,
heavy, noisy, capable, popular, famous.
a) Comrade Petrov has read
louder to-day than usual.

b) This story is as long as


that one.

,
.

c) Your magazine is not so


interesting as mine.

,
.

d) Whose dictation is the best


in your group?

e) This time you have given


me an easier book to read.

XX. ,
.
1. Dont (to hurry, to be in a hurry) we (still, else) have some time before the
train starts. 2. (Between, among) our engineers there are many who took part in the
Great Patriotic War. 3. It was rather dark and we couldnt make out anything on the
opposite** (bank, shore) of the river. 4. I believe next year we shall go to the (bank,
shore) of the Baltic Sea for our holiday. (None, nobody) of us has ever been there.
5. (To say, to tell) us something about the famous battle of Kursk. We believe you
took part in it too. 6. When did the Great Patriotic War (to finish, to end)? 7. I shall
answer all your questions as soon as I (to end, to finish) this work. 8. I shall never
(to forget, to leave) my friends with whom I fought against the German fascists. 9.
Can you give me the magazine I asked you for? I am sorry I (to forget, to leave)
it at home. I shall (to take, to bring) it tomorrow. 10. We all know very well the
things you are speaking about. Cant you (to tell, to speak) us anything (else,
more)? 11. He was so tired () that he could (hard, hardly) (to speak, to
say). 12. If you work at your English (hardly, hard), you will be able to speak this
language well in a year or two. 13. You have made (little, few) mistakes in your
home-work. Almost all the sentences are (right, correct). 14. I believe Comrade
Nikitin is quite (right, correct). 15. I havent watched T.V. since Sunday because
Ive felt very (bad, badly) all this time. 16. There are (many, much) members of the
Communist Party (among, between) our workers. 17. There is a beautiful lake
(among, between) these two villages. 18. When the lecture (to finish, to be over)
the students asked the professor many questions. 19. I have never been to Siberia.
My wife hasnt been there (also, either). 20. Did you take part in the battle of
Stalingrad (too, either)?
**** .
339

XXI.
Perfect.
to correct, a neighbour, pale, a soldier, an officer, to keep, a delegation, at the
front, among, ever, never, lately, to believe.
XXII.
,

1 .

XXIII. .
a healthy man, strong, thick, wrong, war, to be born, always, behind, light
(), a strange town, to be free, to be well.
XXIV.
.
to turn over, to turn off, to turn on, to turn round, to turn back, to turn to
smb. for smth.
XXV. .
to tell, to fight, to correct, to spend, to begin, to feel, to lie, to do, to leave, to
think, to bring, to know, to keep, to build, to sing, to die, to fall ill.
XXVI. , .
1. ?
. 2. ? . 3.
? . .
. 4. ,
, , . 5. ,
. 6.

. 7.
? 8. ?
. ? 9. ,
, . 10.
( ) . ,
. 11.
. , .
- ? 12.
? . .
13. ? ?
. , . . 14.
, . .
. 15. :
- , . 16. ,
, . 17.
? ? ! 18. ? ? 19.
340

? . . 20.
, , , .
. 21. , ( ).
(
, ), . 22.
. .

XXVII. .
XXVIII. , , .
XXIX. , ,
.
XXX. : )
; ) ; ) .
XXXI. : ) ; )
.
XXXII. ,
.
1.
A War Episode.
the Great Patriotic War, the fascists, to kill, to join, the army, to go to the
front, to defend, to meet, once, to go through a forest, among, it was difficult,
hardly, dark, either, to make out, at all, to call, to look around, to turn to smb. for
help, to find, to show the way, the next day, a village, a fierce battle, to liberate, to
thank.
2.
A Student at the Front.
to graduate, a doctor, to join, to take part, a battle, for the first time, to kill, to
be afraid, to turn pale, a soldier, to turn for help, to save, hardly, to liberate, to
make a good soldier.
3.
How a Soldier Returned to His Native Village after the War.
at the front, to defend, to kill, to save, to liberate, to return, to recognize, to
look around, among, to call one by ones first name, a friend of his, to be glad,
happy.
4.
My First Excursion about Our Country.
a friend of mine, to travel, never, either, the Urals, the Caucasus, among the
members, a delegation, sea, different, to turn round, to be afraid, part, to meet, to
tell smb. not to do smth., to enjoy, mountains, beautiful, to swim, to stay.

341

LESSON TWENTY-ONE (THE TWENTY-FIRST LESSON)


Text:
ALEXEY LAVROVS STORY (continued)
Grammar: 1. Perfect
since
since (. 82, . 5).

2. (. 83).
100*.
Help yourself to some more cake. (
No, thank you, | Ive had
). ,
enough (of it).
. .
Have some more (salad)
Please, | Id like to have some
more.

( )
,
.

What about another cup of tea?

Lavrov looked at us, smiled and said, All right, Ill tell you my story. He
sat down in an armchair and began: I like all our holidays, but I always feel
especially happy on the 1st of May, when the spring sun is shining brightly in the
sky, the trees are in blossom, the birds are singing, and the streets are full of
laughing and singing people. All of us usually enjoy May Day. Now Id like 1 to tell
you about one of them, the May Day of 1952, which I shall remember all my life.
Early in the morning on that day I went out to take part in the demonstration.
After the demonstration I was going home when suddenly somebody called me by
my first name. I turned round and saw an old friend of mine, Pavlov by name2.
Hello, he said. Glad to see you. I think we havent met since 1945. I was
also glad to see Pavlov. We spoke about our life and work and about our friends.
By the way, said Pavlov. Do you intend to spend this evening with your
family?
I am sorry to say I have no family yet, I answered. And I havent yet
made up my mind where to go.
Then come to my place to-night, said Pavlov. I agreed with great pleasure
and at eight oclock sharp I was knocking at his door. When I entered the room, it
was already full of people. Pavlov introduced me to his family and the guests.
Everybody was enjoying the party. Some of the guests were dancing, others
were discussing something, joking and laughing.
Suddenly there came the sounds of the piano, and we all heard a beautiful
Ukrainian song.
Everybody grew silent at once. At that moment two more guests appeared.
They were a young woman and a boy of about sixteen. As soon as they entered the
room, they stopped near the piano too to listen to the young singer. When I looked
** . - 100
342

at the woman, I thought, Ive already seen her somewhere, but I cannot remember
where it was I was no longer listening to the song. I was looking at the young
woman and thinking: Ive seen her somewhere. Where was it? Who is she? The
boy calls her Mother, but she does not look more than twenty-five. I came up to
Pavlov and asked him, Dont you find that this mother is too young for such a
son?
You see3, he is not really her son, he answered. In 1944 some officer asked
her to take a little boy from the front to Moscow and He wanted to continue, but
I cried out, T recognize them! And here comes the happy end of my story. The
womans name is Anna Petrovna Lavrova. She is my wife. The boy has now
become a young man. He is a student at the Bauman Institute and will soon
become an engineer. He is my elder son and I am proud of him.
I shall never forget the celebration of May Day in 19524 because on that day
I found my family and my happiness.

343

DIALOGUES
(to be learnt by heart)
A Happy New Year!
The same to you!
Many happy returns of
the day!
Id like to see some
new film to-night.

!
!
(
).

- .

On New Years Eve


Mary. Hallo, Ann! | Glad to meet you. I havent seen you for ages.
Where have you been all this time?
Ann. Ive just come back from Leningrad.
Mary. Oh, | I see. Where are you going to see the New Year in?
Ann. I havent thought of it yet. And what about you?
Mary. Ive invited a few friends to my place. You will join us, | wont
you?*
Ann. With great pleasure, | thank you.
At Table
Mary. Help yourself to some more cake.
Ann. No, thank you, | Ive had quite e nough. Id like another cup of
tea.
Mary. Shall I bring you a cup of tea too, Peter?
Peter. No, thank you. I dont want any more tea. Lets have a dance!

1. Now Id like to tell you about one of them

Id like, theyd like** ..
, ..
to:
Id like to read this book. .
Hed like to join us. .
2. I turned round and saw an old friend of mine, Pavlov by name.
.

** . 99.
**** Id like = I should like; theyd like = they would like.
344

by name , ,
,
.
3. You see, he is not really her son ,
.
you see ,
.
4. I shall never forget the celebration of May Day in 1952
1952 .
, ,
:
May Day
Victory Day (V. Day)
International Womens Day
Soviet Army Day

The Anniversary of the Great


October Socialist Revolution

,
of ,
:
The May Day which we celebrated
at the front
The International Womens Day of
1955

,


1955

International Womens Day in 1955.


1955 . ( 1955 .).

5. Where are you going to see the New Year in?


?
to go Continuous
to , ,
;
. :
I am going to write a letter.
It is going to rain.

.
.
( .)

to be going to come to go.


to intend
:
I intend to go to the country.
.

345

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a holiday [ hld]*

, , ,

,
,

.
.

,
-
.

W. comb a months holiday*


especially [spel]
bright
brightly
e.g. The day was fine. The sun was
shining brightly.
a tree
blossom
Prp in blossom
a bird
full
Gr to be full of..,
e.g. The park was full of children.
demonstration
W. comb to take part in the demonstration
mind
,
W. comb to make up ones mind
,
Syn to decide

e.g. My brother hasnt yet made up


,
his mind what language to study.
.
pleasure [ple]
(to please
)
Prp with pleasure

e.g. Ill meet them with great

pleasure.
.
pleasant [pleznt]

sharp
1.
e.g. This knife is not sharp enough.
.
2. , ( )
e.g. We shall come at three oclock
.
sharp.
to enter
1. ,
Syn to come in

2. ( )
,
to enter :
.
entered the room.

entered the Institute last year.
.

346

to introduce [tu ntrdju:s]


e.g. I shall introduce some new
words to-day.

1.
()
.
2.


to:
Let me introduce to you my

best friend Sokolov.

Let me introduce my best friend
.
Sokolov to you.
an introduction [n ntrdkn]
a party (an evening party)
W. comb a dinner party
a birthday party
to give a party
a guest
to dance [t d:ns]
a dance
e.g. Let us have a dance.
to joke
Prp to joke at smb.
no longer
Syn no more

,
, ,


.
,
-
( )
( )

:
We shall no longer discuss this
.
question = We shall not dis
cuss this question any longer.
I want no more ice-cream = I do
.
not want any more ice-cream.
elder
W. comb ones elder sister
ones elder brother
a celebration [ selbren]
W. comb a celebration meeting
to celebrate [t selbret]
an anniversary [n nv:sr]
W. comb The Anniversary of the
Great October Socialist Revolution
a hundred
a thousand [ auznd]
a million [ mljn]
since [sns]


Co

, ,

347

an age
Phr for ages
Syn for years
the New Year
W. comb New Years Eve
to see the New Year in
to have a New Year Party
latter
former

,






( )
( )
100


, , and:
265 two hundred and sixty-five
406 four hundred and six
2,123 two thousand one hundred and twenty-three
1,367,235 one million three hundred and sixty-seven thousand two
hundred and thirty-five.
: ,

( ) .
hundred , thousand million
, .
,
one, two, three .., - s,
of:
There are one thousand two hundred 1231 .
and thirty-one students at this Institute.
,
. -s, of:
Hundreds of people want to know
foreign languages.

Thousands of people came out into


the streets on May Day.

. :
a hundred

a thousand

a million

, tens of thousands of letters


, hundreds of thousands of people .

348

. -ness
-ness [ns] ;
:
happy

happiness

!
. g u
g , i, u ,
, g [], [d],
:
guest [est]


I.
(. 82, . 5).
a) I havent seen you since
1948.

1948 .

b) I havent seen you since


you left Moscow.

,
.

c) friend left Moscow in


1950. We havent met since.


1950 .
.

d) We havent heard from


Petrov for many years.

II. ,
.
1. My friend has not
visited me
2. Our neighbour has
learned three foreign
languages
3. I have not been to the
Crimea

349

4. I have known
Comrade Semenov
5. Have you been to the
Caucasus
III. ,
-.
1. Have you ever met your old friends since you graduated from the
Institute?
2. How many times have you visited your native town since you left it?
3. How many new films have you seen since the first of September?
4. How many new English words have you learned since you began to study
the language?
5. How many months have passed since your holiday?
6. Which of our students has been to Leningrad since the war was over?
7. Has Stalingrad greatly changed () since our Army liberated it
from the fascists?
IV. ,
-.
1. ,
. 2. . 3.
, ( ) . 4.
,
? 5. (actor)
. 6.
, . 7.
15- . 8.
, . 9.
1950 . 10. . !
11. . . 12.
, ! 13.
. 14.
1954 . 15 ,
?
V. ,
. (. 83).
1. (older, elder) brother took part in many fierce battles when he was at
the front. 2. My sisters husband is five years (elder, older) than mine. 3. We have
not read the (last, latest) novel by this writer yet. 4. Have you already heard the
350

(last, latest) news ()? 5. I didnt hear the (last, latest) word. Repeat it,
please. 6. I have two brothers: Paul and Peter. The (first, former) is an officer and
the (last, latter) is an engineer. 7. I like the (first, former) novel by this writer best
of all. 8. My parents live in the (next, nearest) village. 9. We shall discuss your
mistakes at the (nearest, next) lesson. 10. Peter told his friend to bring him his
notes, but the (last, latter) forgot all about it
-
VI. .
laughingandsinging
jokingandlaughing
lookingat me.
knockingathis door.

and here comesthe end


high inthe sky
to his family andthe guests
Ill never forget the celebration.

VII. .
VIII. ,
.
guest, guard, guess, guide, guilt, guise, gull, gun, guy, gypsy, greet,
grass, grade, glove, glory, gem, gap, gay;
cent, cast, icy, civil, curb, tact, lack.
IX. ,
.
darkness
demonstration
brightly
happiness
introduction

entrance
sailor
weakness
beginning

readiness
especially
celebration
examiner

X. ,
.
1. Which of our holidays do you like best of all?
2. How many times a year do we usually go on the demonstration?
3. Which anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution shall we
celebrate this year?
4. When do we celebrate International Womens Day?
5. When does the sun usually shine brightly?
6. In what season are the trees usually in blossom?
7. What time is the canteen at the office usually full of people?
8. What synonym to the word to decide do you know? Use () it
in a sentence of your own.
9. What kind of books do you usually read with pleasure?
10. In what year did you enter the Institute?
11. What do we usually say when we introduce someone?
351

12. Do you usually invite many guests to your birthday party?


13. What do we usually wish people at their birthday party? (on New
Years Eve?)
14. When do people usually laugh, joke, dance, and sing?
15. Which of you can dance well?
16. What can you say if you do not want any more ice-cream?
17. Have you any elder brother or sister?
18. Are your brothers and sisters older or younger than you?
XI. .
1. My son entered the Institute two years ago (2). 2. There were many
guests in Moscow on the First of May (1). 3. When we entered the room, all the
guests were already sitting at table (3). 4. I shall introduce you to my old
friends (3). 5. My brother was at the front during the Great Patriotic War (4).
6. It is pleasant to walk in this forest (1). 7. I have never seen the New Year in
with the Petrovs (2). 8. The teacher has already introduced all the new words of
Lesson 21 (2).
XII. ,
.
,
, ,
,
. , , ,
, ,
. . ,
, , ,
,
. .
. , ,
,
- .
, . ,
, .

( . )
XIII. ,
.
___ New Years Eve ___ ___ eleven oclock ___ the evening, when I was
sitting ___ my dining-room and waiting ___ my wife who was busy ___ the
kitchen, there came a knock ___ the door. I hurried ___ the door, opened it and saw
a man ___ ___ forty. The man was smiling and saying nothing. I am sorry, I said.
It seems ___ me weve never met before. The stranger pleasantly smiled and
called me ___ my first name. Ive come to wish you a Happy New Year, he
continued. ___ the way, where is your wife? Will you introduce me ___ her? I felt
352

I was getting angry ___ him. Was he joking ___ me? ___ that moment my wife
appeared ___ the kitchen. Oh, Nick! she cried ___ as soon as she saw our guest.
How nice of you We are so very glad. Then she turned ___ me and said,
Whats the matter ___ you? Why dont you ask Nick to take ___ his coat and hat?
Why dont you invite him ___ table? I am sure you will see the New Year ___ us,
she said ___ him. Only then did I recognize our guest. He was an old friend ___
ours, Nick Komarov ___ name. ___ the Great Patriotic War he lived in Moscow
too, then moved ___ some other town ___ the war we were ___ the same front ___
Leningrad, but I never met him later.
Nick, dear, I said, You have changed so greatly ___ the time we fought
___ the fascists that I can hardly believe its you! I am very glad you have come!
Soon we were all sitting ___ table. It was one ___ the most pleasant New Year
parties ___ my life, though there were only three of us.
XIV. .
to say, to tell, to begin, to sit, to feel, to fall, to think, to know, to become, to
forget, to lie, to get, to have, to fight, to die, to stop, to teach, to buy, to sell, to
keep, to make, to rise.
XV. .
126; 253; 677; 1,273; 7,621; 3,675,232; 135; 365; 738; 812.
XVI. , .
235 , 753 , 2,674 , 1,250,762 , 365 , 371
.
XVII. , ,
.
(by the way, to dance, especially, to enter, to introduce, pleasant, angry, full,
sharp, to joke, pleasure, any longer)
1. It is very ___ to be near the river ___ when it is hot. 2. Lets invite Pete to
our party too. I am sure he will join us with great ___ 3. Dont ___ the room. One
of our students is taking his examination there. 4. Oh, I am sorry, I forgot ___ ___
you to my old friend. ___ ___ ___, he will also work at our plant this year. 5.
When did you ___ the Institute? 6. I cant understand you at all. Are you ___? You
are speaking about serious matters ( ) and laughing. 7. What is
the matter? The street is ___ of people. 8. If you dont come here at eleven oclock
___, you will be late. We shall not be able to wait for you ___ ___. 9. I am sorry I
have left your book at home. Please, dont be ___ with me. I shall bring it
tomorrow. 10. I am afraid I shall not be able ___ ___, I havent ___ since our last
party at the Institute.
XVIII. , : )
, 1, 2, 4 ; )
.

353

to joke at smb., in blossom, to be full of smth., to make up ones mind,


sharp, elder, the former and the latter, a tree, a thousand, for ages, to see the New
Year in, with pleasure, to dance, to enter.
XIX.
.
a) We cannot dance any
longer.
b) The Smirnovs no longer
live in Moscow.
c) I cannot eat any more icecream. (I cannot eat icecream any more).
d) There will be no more new
films this

.

.
.

year .

XX. :
) .
1. . . . 2. .
? . . 3.
? , . 4. . . 5.
, . 6.
, . 7. , ? 8.
? 9. ,
. 10. .
. ? 11. ? 12.
. . ! 13.
? , . . 14.
? . 15.
, , .
) .
1. ? 2.
? 3. , .
4. ? 5.
. 6.
? 7. . 8.
,, , . 9.
. . 10. .
. 11. , . 12.
, . 13.
?
XXI. ,
.

354

1. Who (to tell, to speak) you this story? 2. Whom you (to say, to talk) to
when I entered the room and went up to you? 3. Why are you silent? Cant you (to
say, to tell) anything? 4. My friends daughter (to speak, to say) that she has read
some interesting English novels lately. 5. You wont be able (to tell, to speak)
English at all if you do not learn grammar rules. 6. I did not understand the last
word, (to say, to tell) it again, please. 7. Our grandfather likes (to tell, to say) us
funny stories. 8. Who else (to speak, to tell) at the celebration meeting yesterday?
9. My mother (to say, to speak) that her childhood was very hard. 10. Who (to say,
to tell) you about our excursion? 11. I havent seen Comrade N. to-day, I (to tell, to
speak) to him tomorrow. 12. We havent seen this film yet. When we see it, we (to
say, to tell) you what kind of film it is. 13. Who (to say, to talk) over there? Keep
silent. I shall not repeat this sentence any more. 14. (to speak, to say) it in English!
(Not to speak, to say) Russian at your English lesson. 15. Dont you want (to tell,
to speak) to me? Dont you want (to tell, to speak) me what has happened to you?
Are we no longer friends?
XXII. , .
1. ? .
,
. 2. ?
. 3.
. . .
. .
? . . 4.
. . 5.
7- ? , .
. 6.
? . . 7. , ,
. 8. ? 1939 .
? 1943 . -
? 9. - ?
. 10. ,
, . 11.
, , .
12. ? . 13.
? !
, . ,
. 14. ,
, . 15.
? 16.
. ,
. 17. ,
- ().
III. -,
.
355

, ,
.
. ,
. .
, (hall) ,
.
, , .
,
:
, , . ,
. , .
.
, .
, (to
teach) . ,
(servants) . ,
: ,
. .
, , .
? . ?
. .
? . .
? .
. , .


XXIV. (15 - 20 ).
XXV. .
1. Why was the boy afraid to stay in his own house when Lavrov found
him there?
2. Why couldnt Alexey keep the boy at the front any longer?
3. Why do you think Alexey didnt find the girl right after the war? Did he
try to find her? Did he remember her and the boy?
4. Why couldnt Lavrov recognize the young woman and the boy at once?
5. Why couldnt Lavrov listen to the song any longer when he saw the
young woman and the boy?
XXVI. : ) ; ) ! )
; ) ; )
.
XXVII. , .
XXVIII.
.
356

XXIX. .
XXX. ,
1952 .
XXXI. ,
.
1. Foreign Delegations in Moscow
guests, demonstration, holiday, spring, to shine, the sky, a tree, in blossom, a
bird, to take part, to be full of, happy, to start, sharp, pleasure, celebration, than
usual, gay, to sing songs, pleasant, to appear, to greet, to laugh, to dance.
2. A Conversation Between Two Friends after the Demonstration.
a demonstration, to join, to enjoy, to take part, to greet, to invite, to
celebrate, holiday, to return, to be hungry, to buy, sweets, ice-cream, gay, songs, to
dance, to make up ones mind.
3. At My Friends.
to invite, holiday, a party, to spend, a birthday party, to have a good time, to
enjoy, dinner, sweets, to buy, flowers, guests, to introduce, to play the piano, to
sing, loudly, to dance, to knock, to appear, to enter, forks, knives, spoons, a tablecloth, ice-cream, pleasant, especially.
XXXII. - .
XXXIII. , 7- 1- ,
, (. 648)
: , .
XXXIV.,
.
XXXV. .
XXXVI. . . 311.
XXXVII.
( ).
, , (Fudjo)
, (Un Su). .
. ,
.
,
. , ,
.
.
: . , .
, :
? . ,

357

, .
. .
.
.
, ,
, .
.
.
, , .
: .
.
, .
, .
: . , .
- .
, , .
.
. .
* ,
() .
( )

** . to pass.
358

LESSON TWENTY-TWO (THE TWENTY-SECOND LESSON)


Text:RED HAND LINE* (A legend)
What has happened to him?
Nothing special.

?
.
***

Hallo!Simpson speaking!

! .

May I speak to Mr. Petrov?


Certainly.
One moment. Hold the line, please.
(Just a minute. Hold on, please).

, ,
.
.
!

We came to Antwerp early in the morning.


Do you want to see the port? Kovalenko asked me. Of course, I do, I
answered. Then lets begin with the ships. Look at their emblems!
I examined the emblems with great interest. I saw different stars and letters,
flags, and golden keys
Suddenly I noticed a very strange emblem. We stopped in front of it to
examine it better. It was a picture of a cut-off hand. Its the emblem of the British
Company Red Hand Line, Kovalenko said. There is a legend that explains the
origin of this terrible emblem1. I can tell you this legend if you like2.
Certainly, I answered. It must be very interesting! It happened very
long ago, Kovalenko began. There lived an old shipowner in England.
Once he fell ill. He called his two sons | and said, | I feel that I shall soon
3
die. I am not rich. I can leave you only one ship, | but she must belong to
only one of you. If you own her together, | you wont be able to live in
peace. Listen to me! You will have to go to the seashore, | jump into the
water | and swim towards the ship. As soon as one of you touches her side
with his hand, | he will become her owner!
The two brothers went to the shore and jumped into the water. When the ship
was already near, the elder brother got tired and could no longer swim quickly.
The younger brother was already reaching the ship. His brother saw this and a wild
idea came to his mind. With a quick movement of his right hand he drew out his
knife, cut off his left hand and threw it in the direction of the ship! His hand fell on
the deck and a few moments later the sailors lifted him on board and greeted him.
While the sailors were dressing his wound, he looked terribly pale, his lips
hardly moved, but one could see triumph in his eyes and make out the words: Ive
done it! Ive done it! I am her owner!
For a while all those4 on board the ship forgot about the younger brother
who was still down in the sea. He was so tired that he could not swim any longer.
Let me have a rest on board the ship! he cried out.
No, answered his brother. You cannot have a rest on board my ship! I am
her owner and I shall own her alone!
** ( ).
359

I dont want anything! the younger brother continued. I am tired, help me,
I shant be able to get back if I dont have a rest!
No, repeated his brother. I dont want you on board my ship.
The younger brother had nothing to do but turn back. It became more and
more difficult for him to swim and soon his head disappeared under the water
The elder brother became rich. He bought many ships and made a picture of
a cut-off hand the emblem of his company.
Kovalenko thought a little and added, This story isnt true of course, but it
shows what greediness does to people.
(After The Right Course by Klimtchenko)

1. There is a legend that explains the origin of this terrible emblem.
,
( ).
that , , ,

.
that
. .
that :
Bring me the book that I gave you yesterday. , - Bring me
the book I gave you yesterday.
.
2. I can tell you this legend if you like.
, .
3. I can leave you only one ship, but she must belong to only one of you.
,
.
,
,
it, . ,
ship she.
4. For a while all those on board the ship forgot about the younger
brother me, (
) ,
all those
:
all those present
all those absent

360

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a line
tired
of course
to be tired
a flag
to get tired
a key (to)
wild
to notice
to draw out (drew, drawn)
to cut off (cut, cut)
to throw (threw, thrown) (at)
to see off (saw, seen)
to lift
a company
to give smb. a lift
a legend
on board a ship
legendary
on board a train
origin
on board a plane
original
a wound
in the original
to dress ones wound
terrible
a lip
to belong (to)
for a while
to jump
to add
towards
true
to touch
to be true
to touch upon
the truth
side
to tell the truth
side by side
to tell you the truth
(see Vocabulary to Lesson 22, p. 504).
PROPER NAMES
Antwerp [ntw:p]
. aw
aw [:], :
draw [dr:]
saw [s:]
. disdis- [ds] , ,
:
to appear
to continue
appearance

to disappear
to discon tinue
disappearance

361

-
I. ,
.
theowner
the'shipowner

theyounger brother
the'elder 'brother

II. , : It happened very


long ago he will become her owner.
.
longago

towardsthe ship

herowner

III. ,
.
a) draw, saw, law, paw, pawn, lawn, dawn
b) find, kind, old, fold, cold, bay, explain, faint, stall, late, fix, lest,
suburbs, fuse, tube, cat, cub, bulk, wrong, sight, bloom, cape, slack,
seat, rice, cot, noun, whale, fare, stern, wring, knock, mile, switch.
IV. ,
, .
unusually
armchair
strangeness
owner
jumper
tiredness

shipowner
quickly
disappearance
uninteresting
freshness
belongings

unimportant
disappear
peaceful
examination
certainly
fruitfulness

V. , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

When can one see many red flags on the houses of Moscow?
When cant one get into ones own flat?
What do you like better: to see off or to meet your friends?
What kind of story do we call a legend ?
What legendary heroes of our country do you know?
Why cant you read any English books in the original yet?
Whom do factories in our country belong to?
What synonym to the word combination in the direction of smth. do you
know?
9. What does one usually do if one is tired?
10. What kind of animals () do we call wild?
11. What kind of things are difficult to lift?
12. Why is it sometimes difficult to cut bread or other things with a knife?
13. Have you ever travelled on board a ship (a plane)? When was it?
14. Do you know how to dress a wound?
15. What kind of friends do we call true?
16. Why does one like people who always tell the truth?
362

17. What peoples fought bravely against the German fascists side by side
with the Russian people?
VI. ,
.
(a line, to get tired, to lift, to throw, legendary, in triumph, to belong, to
dress, a key, true, to be tired, a legend, in the original, to tell the truth.)
1. Chapayev is a ___ hero of the Civil War. 2. If one owns a thing (is the
owner of a thing), we say this things ___ to him. 3. After an army defeats its
enemy, it returns home ___ ___. 4. I have lost () the ___ to my flat and
cannot get into it now. 5. Is it a ___ story or ___? 6. I am sure this man ___ ___
___ ___, I believe every word of his. 7. We shall be able to read books by English
and American writers ___ ___ ___ when we know enough English words to
understand these books well. 8. Your wound in the leg is rather bad. You must ___
it as soon as possible. 9. Dont ___ these boxes alone. They are too heavy. You will
soon ___ ___. 10. Why are you ___ stones () at the birds? Dont you know
that they are our friends?, a young man said to the boys. 11. I hope youll write
me a few ___. Ill be very glad to have a word from you. 12. I am sorry, I cannot
go for a walk now. I ___ very ___ and must have a rest.
VII. ,
.
1. I am terribly sorry I quite (to forget, to leave) this legend. I only remember
that it is very beautiful. 2. Dont (to forget, to leave) your key behind. There wont
be anybody at home to open the door for you when you return. 3. The old
shipowner (to speak, to say) to his two sons and (to speak, to say) that the ship
must belong to only one of them. 4. (To say, to tell) us this: Do you intend (to
touch, to touch upon) many questions in your report? 5. We heard a shot ()
and went (towards in the direction of) the sound. 6. I am afraid you wont be able
to find the book you are looking for (among, between) these books. 7. These books
belong to my (older, elder) sister. 8. Your report was rather poor. You didnt speak
about our work (quite, at all). You didnt touch upon other important questions
(also, either). 9. Kovalenko (to say, to tell) his young friend a legend that explained
the (origin, original) of the Red Hand Line emblem. 10. Is it (true, truth) that Mary
has fallen ill? 11. There are very (few, little) stars in the sky now! 12. Did Professor
Nilov (to say, to tell) anything new in his report yesterday? Oh, yes, he touched
upon (few, a few) very interesting questions. 13. I think well have to ask someone
to give us a lift. We have very (few, little) time left before the train starts off. 14. To
tell you the truth, I am (little, a little) tired. 15. Everybody has already gone on
board (besides, except) Smith and Brown. 16. Is there another doctor on board the
ship (besides, except) you?

363

VIII. ) .
to cut, to throw, to draw out, to do, to cry, to swim, to become, to touch, to
teach, to buy, to begin, to see off, to stop, to know, to fall, to add, to get tired, to
die, to lie.
) .




IX. .
144 ; 1,573 ; 3,054,171 (a rouble); 2,675 ;
7,571,235 ; 175 ; 3,351 ; 949 ; 41 ; 5,015 ;
101 .
X. , .
1. Will you give me the key ___ this book-case? I want to read David
Copperfield ___ Dickens ___ the original. 2. My life belongs ___ the people, the
young revolutionary said ___ the police. 3. I shant touch ___ this subject.
Everybody already knows all ___ it. 4. Dont touch ___ this knife. It is very sharp.
5. The brave partisan threw a grenade * ___ the fascists while his comrades ran ___
the forest. 6. Mary introduced me ___ her family when we were ___ board ___ the
Pobeda last summer. 7. The Soviet Army finished the Great Patriotic War ___
German fascism ___ triumph. 8. Is there anything I can do ___ you? Thank you,
I feel better now. Leave me alone ___ a while. Ill try to sleep. 9. The children
jumped ___ joy when they saw their mother. 10. I have nothing to add ___ what
you have already said. 11. When you go ___ the Institute, put ___ your coat. The
weather is rather bad to-day. 12. I am sorry, I cannot take ___ my coat. I feel rather
bad to-day and I am not at all hot. 13. When will you start ___ the station? I want
to see you ___ 14. I have never read this book, but I think I shall read it ___ great
interest, because I like books ___ this subject. 15. ___ ___ ___ our house there is a
small beautiful garden, where we often have a rest. 16. Whom did this building
belong ___ before 1917? 17. What is the matter? Why hasnt our mother come
back yet? Has anything happened ___ her? 18. Comrade Petrov, will you be able to
explain this rule ___ Comrade Smirnov? 19. Please, dont be angry ___ me; I am
sorry, but I have left your book ___ home. 20. Wait ___ me here, please. Ill be
back ___ a minute. 21. Where will you see the New Year ___?
** A grenade [rned] .
364

XI. , ,
.
Long, long ago there lived ___ rich king (). His name was ___ Midas.
He was ___ greedy () man and liked ___ gold very much. One day he
asked the gods () of ___ Greece to give him ___ more gold. ___ gods
decided to punish () him and said: Very well; in ___ morning anything
that you touch with your hand will become ___ gold. ___ Midas was very happy
when he heard this. I shall be ___ richest man in ___ world, he thought.
When he got up early ___ next morning and touched his bed, it became ___
gold. He began to dress, and his clothes * became ___ gold too. Midas loved
() ___ flowers very much, and he had ___ beautiful garden. Before ___
breakfast he went out into ___ garden to have ___ look at his flowers. ___ day was
fine, ___ sun was shining brightly in ___ blue sky, ___ trees were in ___ blossom
and ___ flowers looked beautiful. ___ king took one of ___ flowers, but it became
___ gold in ___ his hand. He was sorry that ___ flowers changed () as
soon as he touched them. ___ king went to have ___ breakfast. He took ___ cup of
___ sweet milk, but ___ milk became ___ gold at once. Then he took ___ piece of
___ bread, and ___ bread also became ___ gold. ___ Midas now felt unhappy. It
was good to be ___ richest man in ___ world, but he was hungry, and he could not
eat ___ gold.
Midas went out into ___ garden again. His little daughter was playing there.
When she saw her father, she ran up to him. Midas kissed () his
daughter and ___ little girl became ___ gold statue.
Midas was very unhappy now. His eyes were full of ___ tears (), but
___ tears also became ___ gold. He asked ___ gods to take away this Golden
Touch. It was very foolish () to love ___ gold so much, he said. Take all
my gold and give me back my daughter. Go, said ___ gods, and wash your
hands in ___ river which is near your garden, and ___ water will take away ___
Golden Touch.
Midas went to ___ river and washed his hands in it. Then he quickly ran up
to ___ gold statue of his little daughter and kissed her again. She at once changed
back into ___ beautiful little girl. Midas cried () with ___ joy. He never
forgot this lesson. He knew that ___ gold did not give ___ happiness.
(The Golden Touch a legend).
XII. ,
.
1. . 2.
. 3. .
. 4. . 5.
. . 6.
, . 7.
. , . 8.
** Clothes [klouz] .
365

,
.
III. , : )
, 1, 2, 4 ; )
.
to add, a legendary hero, in triumph, side by side, to throw, a flag, a key, to
explain, to notice, to belong, to be (to get) tired, to jump, to see off, true, to have a
rest, to cut off, in the original, on board the ship, in the company of , for a while.
XIV. ,
.
1. , ,
. 2. . .
. , () . 3.
? ? ()
()
(a Pole). 4. (a festival)
(many-coloured)
. . 5. ,
! . 6. ?
, - (to lose, lost, lost).
, . 7.
. . 8.
, ,
. 9.
() , . 10.
?
. 11. -
? 12.
( ). . 13.
? , *
. 14. ! 15. , ,
. 16. ,
. 17.
** ? 18.
. 19. , .
. . 20.
() , . , .
. , .
21. ?
. . 22. ,
** To break (broke, broken).
**** capitalist.
366

, ? 23.
, , ,
. ,
. 24. , ,
. 25. ,
. 26.
. , . 27.
, . 28. ,
.
XV. , .
George, Harris and I were spending our holiday in a boat on the river. Once I
woke up at six oclock in the morning and decided to have a swim. But it was very
cold, therefore I decided to wash only my hands and face. I touched the water with
my hand, but it was very cold, and I decided not to wash at all. When I turned
round to get into the boat, I suddenly fell into the river. Look, George, Jerome is
swimming, Harris cried. I did not know that he was so brave, George answered.
Is the water warm? Harris asked me Rather! I answered, Why dont you take
a swim with me? Jump into the water!
But George and Harris did not want to jump into the water at all. I was very
cold when I got into the boat and began to dress. I took a shirt and hurried to put it
on. But as I was in a hurry, the shirt fell into the water. George began to laugh, but
I got angry. Whats so funny here? I asked angrily. But he laughed still louder. I
took a long stick () and got the shirt out of the water. When I had the shirt
back, I looked at it and saw that it did not belong to me. It was Georges. Now I
started to laugh too. I looked at Georges shirt again, then at George who was still
laughing and laughed so loudly that the shirt fell out of my hands into the water
again. Why are you throwing it into the water? asked George who was still
laughing. I couldnt explain it to him at once as I was also laughing, but a few
minutes later I said at last, It isnt my shirt. It is yours. George turned pale.
What? he cried, Is that really so? Why couldnt you dress on the bank? and he
added, Give me the stick quickly. Ill get it out. It was all very funny, but this
time George said in an angry voice, There is nothing funny about it.
(After Three Men in a Boat by Jerome K. Jerome.)


XVI. (10 - 15 ).
XVII. : ) ) )
.
VIII. :
1) .
2) .
3) .
367

4) .
5) (
).
XIX. , ,
, .
XX.
.
1. How You Saw Your Friend Off
to see off, to get tired, to have a rest, to be late, to hurry, to notice, to give
smb. a lift, to come in time, to explain, in the company of , on board the ship, to
go on board, to tell you the truth, to say good-bye.
2. My Trip () to England
after the Great Patriotic War, with interest, to explain, to belong, an owner, at
3 (4,5) oclock sharp, to get on board a ship (a plane), to visit, to attend, to
continue, to add, on board the ship, to make out, to go sightseeing, to be (to get)
tired.
3. How I Met My Friend
to happen, to examine, with interest, to touch, to recognize, to laugh with
joy, to explain, havent seen you for ages, for a while, to continue, to have a talk, to
have a rest, to have a good time, to go sightseeing.

XXI. .
. .
,
-. , ,
- (a shoulder).
() . :
. , , . ?
. ! . .
.
. .
( [ ]
)
. ,
. ?
. .
. ?
. . . ,
.
. ?
1954 .

368

. .
. ? ?
. . .
. ?
. . , .
.
,
.
. .
. , .
. . .
. . ( ,
)
II. .
a) When did the teacher explain
these rules to you?

b) The teacher explained these rules


to us last week (yesterday, two
ago, etc.).


days
(, ..).

c) The teacher has explained these


rules to us this week (this month,
year, etc.).


( this
, ..).

d) The teacher has already explained


these rules to us (just, never, not
( , yet, etc.).
, ..).
e) How many new rules has the
teacher explained to you since
the first of September (since you
began to study, for the last two
months, etc.)?


( ,
, ..)?

f) The teacher was explaining a new


rule when Comrade Petrov asked
him a question (at nine oclock
yesterday).


,
(
).

369

LESSON TWENTY-THREE (THE TWENTY-THIRD LESSON)


Text:
Grammar:

THE WEDDING PRESENT


Perfect (. 84-85).

Is it time to begin our lesson? ?


Its high time for us to do it! !
Shall we have to change?
Where do we change?
We change (trains) at Chop.

***
?
?
.

They were born in the same town. They played together | when they
were little children, | they went to school together | and finished it on the
same day. They were very happy, | those two | and Vera, | their best
friend, | a girl of their age | who lived in a house across the street.
They decided to go to Moscow and enter a medical institute. All the three
were eager to become doctors.
On hot summer days early in June, 1941, they often walked in the forest,
bathed in the river and spoke of their future.
The 22nd of June, 1941 changed their plans. On that day the Great Patriotic
War broke out.
A week later Peter came to see Vera. Where is Sasha? the girl asked. But
Peter did not answer her question immediately: Listen, Vera, he said.
Tomorrow Alexander and I are leaving for the front. Ive come to say good-bye. I
love you, Vera. Will you wait for me?
The girl tried to smile, but there were tears in her eyes when she was giving
her promise.
The two friends were in different sectors of the front. Vera often received
letters from them in which they wrote about fierce battles and about their new
friends with whom they fought against the fascists for the freedom and
independence of their Motherland. When Vera read their letters, she remembered
how they had spent their free time together, how they had planned to enter a
medical institute and how the war had changed all their plans
Peters letters always ended with the same words, Ill come back. Wait for
me. They always reminded Vera of the day when he had come to her place to say
good-bye. She did not forget that she had promised to wait for him
One cold winter morning the postman knocked at Veras door, Here is a
letter for you, he said. Vera took the letter, but she did not recognize the
handwriting. She opened the envelope hurriedly and read: On the 25th of
December, 1944, Peter Sokolov died the death of a Hero Vera could hear and
see nothing around. She sat motionless for hours
(to be continued)

370

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a present [ preznt]

W. comb a birthday present



a wedding present

to make smb. a present
-
e.g. I made my sister a good

present last week.
.
W. comb to receive smth. as a present -
to give smb. smth. as a present
- -
e.g. I did not buy this book. I
.
received it from a friend of mine
. (
as a present (A friend of mine
).
gave it to me as a present).
to present [t przent]
()
Prp to present smb. with smth.
- -
to present smth. to smb.
- -
across [krs]
, () ,
e.g. It is difficult to swim across .
wide river.
His house is across the street.
.
:
The way lay across a field.
( ).
.
The way lay through a forest.
Phr to come across

-, ,
Syn to find

e.g. When I was reading this book, ,


I came across many new words.
.
to cross
, ()
e.g. Shall I cross the street to get to , the nearest Underground station? ?
medical [medkl]

W. comb a medical institute



medicine

e.g. These young men have come to



Moscow to study medicine.
, .
a medicine

e.g. Take this medicine three times


day.
.

371

eager
Gr to be eager to do smth.
e.g. is eager to study music.
to bathe [t be]
But: to take a bath [ b:]
to change
e.g. The Great October Socialist
Revolution has changed the life
of our people.
e.g. Moscow has greatly changed
since the Revolution.
Phr to change ones mind

,
- ,
.
(, ..)

1. ,

.
2. ,
.

:
,
decided to go to the cinema
but then changed his mind
.
and stayed at home.
, They decided to go to the cinema
but then changed their
.
minds and stayed at home.
W. comb to change (trains, trams,
buses)
e.g. Youll have to change trains
twice to get to that village.
to break (broke, broken) [t brek,
brouk, broukn]


, .
1. ,

2. , ( )
e.g. Who has broken this cup?
?
The child threw his toy on the

floor, and it broke.
, .
to break out
, ( , ).
e.g. In 1941 the Great Patriotic War
1941 . broke out.
.
immediately [mi:djtl]
, ,
Syn at once

W. . immediately answered
.
their letter = answered their
letter immediately.
to love
(, )
love

a tear

372

to promise [t prms]

e.g. He promised to come and see us


on Sunday.
.
promised not to forget us.
.
a promise

W. comb to keep ones promise



Syn to keep ones word

e.g. Will you keep your promise to

write us letters when you are in
, the Far East?
?
Ant to break ones promise

e.g. Nobody likes people who break
,
their promises.
.
a sector
, ()
Prp in different sectors of the front

freedom

independence [ndpendns]

to depend on smb. or smth.


-, -
to end
,
Ant to begin
,
Syn to be over
,
:
Our lesson usually ends at ten
.
oclock.
!
The lesson is over!
We usually finish our lesson at
.
ten oclock in the morning.
Prp to end with
-
e.g. The letter ended with the words: :
My best regards to your family.
.
to remind [t rmand]
,

to remind:
,
Will you remind him that he has

promised to bring me that
?
book?
Will you remind him to bring
?
me this book?
- Will you remind him of his
?
promise?

This song reminds me of my
.
childhood.
a postman
a post-office

373

a handwriting
an envelope [n envloup]
death [de]
e.g. He died the death of a Hero.
motionless [mounls]
W. comb to stand motionless
to sit motionless
to lie motionless

. -dom, -nce
-dom [dm] ;
:
free
-ence

freedom

[ns] ( -ance)
; :
to depend

dependence


. ,
, export [eksp:t]
, to export [tu eksp:t]
. |


I. ,
: ) Perfect; )
Perfect (. 84; 85).
to build, to recognize, to discuss, to have, to move, to find, to correct, to
describe, to learn, to invite, to rise.
II.
.
) 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

When my friend came to see me, I was preparing my lessons.


When my friend came to see me, I had already prepared my lessons.
Havent you prepared your lessons yet?
Why didnt you prepare your lessons yesterday?
I was reading an English novel at five oclock yesterday.
I came home, had a short rest and then prepared my lessons.
Weve already read three English novels in the original.
When did you begin to read English books in the original?
He had read two English books in the original by the first of
September.
374

10. Though I came home at 11 p.m. yesterday, my son had not gone to
sleep yet.
11. Dont make so much noise! Father has just fallen asleep.
12. When I came home, my son was already asleep.
13. Yesterday we sent him a telegram as we had not received any letters
from him for a long time.
14. Havent you received my letter? No, I havent. When did you post
() it?
15. By the end of January we had passed our examinations.
16. At last weve passed all our examinations!
17. We took our last examination at the end of January.
18. We came to Leningrad in the autumn. The day was fine. It was not
raining. As soon as we got off the train, we went for a walk. My
friend had never been to Leningrad before and stopped before every
building and every monument. Ive never seen a more beautiful
city! he said to me.
b) 1. We shall discuss his report tomorrow. 2. We shall have discussed his
report by four oclock in the afternoon. 3. Will you be still discussing this question
when I return? 4. Will you be packing your things at three oclock in the
afternoon? Will you have packed all your things by four oclock in the afternoon?
5. Ill correct my mistakes tomorrow. 6. I shall have looked through your
exercise-books by the time you return.
III. ,
Perfect.
a) 1. Where had you lived before you came to Moscow?
2. What language had you studied before you began to study English?
3. What grammar rule had we studied before we began to study the Past
Perfect Tense form?
4. Where had you studied before you entered the Institute?
5. Where had you worked before you joined the army?
6. What English books had you read by the beginning of the third term?
7. How many English words had you learned by the end of December
(June)?
8. Had you passed your last examination by the 15th of January (July)?
9. Where had you studied English before you began to work at this
Ministry?
b) 1. When will you have read your English book?
2. By what time will you have done your work to-day?
3. When will your son (daughter) have passed all his (her) examinations?
4. By what time will you have prepared your home-work tomorrow?

375

IV.
.

a) 1. The Petrovs had moved to Leningrad before we came to live in that


city (2). 2. After Mary had introduced us to her guests everybody sat down to
table (2). 3. The teacher had looked through all the exercise- books by the time
the lesson began (1). 4. We had discussed all the questions by the end of the
week (3).
b) 1. I shall have read your book by the time you come back (3.) 2. They
will have left Moscow by the time we come there (3). 3. We shall have passed our
examination by the end of January (1). 4. The child will have fallen asleep by
the time we return home (2).
V. ,
.
1. , . 2.
, .
. 3. ,
. .
, - . 4.
, . 5. ,
. , - . 6.
, . 7.
, ? 8.
, (to lose, lost,
lost) . 9. - ,
? 10.
, . 11. ,
, , . 12.
, . , . 13.
() . .
. , (the
moon). , ,
. , (to pass)
. 14.
. .
. , ,
(excellent marks).
. , .
.
(to put aside) . 15. .
, .

376

VI.

.
a) We had finished our work
by six oclock yesterday.

()
.

b) We had lived in Leningrad


before we moved to Moscow.

,
.

c) I couldnt recognize him


as I had not seen him since
we studied at the Institute
together.

,
,
.

d) I shall have translated all


the three articles by five
oclock.

()
.

e) will receive you as


nosoon as he has had dinner.

,
.

-
VII. .
in the same town
on the same day
all the three
played together
changed their plans

against the fascists


across the street
recognize the handwriting
received letters
a week later

VIII. .
IX. ,
.
town, stout, ham, stamp, post, steel, number, foam, boat, queen, habit, stalk,
walk, tub, tube, fate, fat, open, lot, curt, burn, nor, rope, storm.
X. ,
, ,
.
Motherland
freedom
independence
postman
to present
handwriting

hurriedly
motionless
truthful
tiredness
entrance
introduction

pleasure
endless
movement
moneyless
truthfulness
difference

XI. ,
.
to present, a present, to import, import, an increase, to increase, to export,
export, a contrast, to contrast.
377

XII. , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What present do you intend to make your mother on her birthday?


On what days do we usually make our friends presents?
What synonym to the word at once do you know?
When do we ask someone to remind us of something?
What synonym to the word combination not to keep ones promise do
you know?
6. What institute does one usually enter if one is eager to become a doctor?
7. Where can people study medicine?
8. When do we usually bathe in rivers and lakes?
9. Has Moscow greatly changed since the Great October Socialist
Revolution?
10. What antonym to the word combination to make up ones mind do you
know?
11. Do you have to change anywhere when you go to the office?
12. Why do the Soviet people love their Motherland?
13. In what countries have the working people got their freedom and
independence?
14. When did the Great Patriotic War break out?
15. When did it end?
16. What time does the postman usually bring you newspapers?
17. Where do you usually buy envelopes?
18. Is your handwriting good or bad?
19. Has your handwriting changed since your school-days?
XIII. ,
.
1. Our son joined ___ the Party ___ the front ___ 1944. 2. To tell you the
truth, I forgot to remind my friend ___ the meeting. 3. Joe Hill is famous not only
___ his poems, but ___ his revolutionary work as well (). 4. I have looked
___ the key ___ my room everywhere, but I cannot find it. 5. Why didnt you keep
your promise to remind me ___ our meeting? 6. Comrade Bobrov will be angry
___ you if you do not ring him ___ tomorrow. 7. What questions are you going to
touch ___ ___ your report? 8. If you are late ___ the lesson next time, I shall not
let you ___, the teacher said to a pupil. 9. What do your mothers letters usually
end ___? 10. When I was reading this book, I came ___ an interesting description
of old London. 11. ___ a while everybody kept silent. Then Peter added a few
words to Victors story. 12. How many English books ___ the original will you
have read ___ the end ___ the school-year? 13. Can you see that fine house ___ the
field? It belongs ___ one of our oldest collective-farmers. 14. Let me cut___ a
piece of bread ___ you. 15. Comrade Nosov says that he could not take part ___

378

the discussion ___ this book yesterday because he was very busy. 16. Lets swim
___ that boat over there! 17. Will you be able to see me ___ tomorrow? I am afraid
I shant be able to take my suit-cases ___ the station alone. They are not large, but
heavy. 18. Let me help ___ you (to) take ___ your coat. 19. Dont touch ___ this
cup! Its very hot! 20. Last Sunday all the children ___ our house went ___ an
excursion to the Pushkin Museum. 21. Ive never travelled ___ board such a large
ship! 22. Dont learn the story ___ heart, get ready to retell it. 23. This child is pale
because he spends very little time ___ the open air. 26. There are always many
birds ___ the sky before it rains.
XIV. , ,
.
One spring evening ___ hundreds of ___ people came to ___ Moscow
Conservatoire* to hear ___ music of ___ Korean composer**, Sin Li by name. ___
concert was really fine and everybody greeted ___ composer warmly. Sin Li was
happy. After ___ concert he said to his friends: I thank all ___ Soviet people for
their help and friendship.___ great love for ___ Soviet country will always live in
___ hearts of ___ Korean people.
Sin Li said these words with ___ eyes full of ___ tears because he
remembered his past, his long and hard way to this happy moment. These words
reminded him of his poor little house in ___ mountains of ___ North Korea where
he had lived with his parents, ___ poor peasants. ___boy could not even dream of
___ education though he was eager to study. He liked ___ music very much too.
At ___ age of fourteen Sin Li left his native village and went to ___ town to
earn his living. He worked hard and did not have ___ time to think of ___
education at all.
When ___ war in Korea broke out and ___ Korean people began their heroic
fight for ___ freedom and ___ independence of their country, Sin Li joined ___
Peoples Army and fought bravely against ___ enemy. In ___ hard days of ___ war
he composed () ___ songs about ___ peace and ___ friendship.
At last ___ fierce battles were over, and ___ former soldiers returned to ___
peaceful work.
___ Korean Government () sent Sin Li to Moscow to receive
___ musical education. So he became ___ composer, ___ first Korean composer
who had received ___ education in ___ Soviet Union.
XV. ,
.
1. , . 2.
? 3. ? 4. ?
(), . 5. . 6.
. 7. ,
** A conservatoire [kns:vtw:] .
**** A composer [kmpouz] .
379

. 8. . 9.
.
XVI. .
to cut, to add, to throw, to get, to forget, to leave, to draw out, to break, to
study, to play, to pay, to keep, to come across, to lie, to teach, to stop, to run.
XVII. .
to give smb. smth. as a present, at once, to find, to keep ones word, to want
very much, certainly, in the direction of smth., for years.
XVIII. .
to keep ones promise, to make up ones mind, dependence, displeasure,
unhappiness, incorrect, to turn red.
XIX. , .
1. , . 2.
. ,
, . 3. ,
. 4. . . 5.
- ! 6. -
. 7. ? 8.
, 8.30,
, . 9. ?
1812 . 10.
?
1945 . 11. .
. 12. ,
. 13. ,
(). 14.
, . 15. ,
, ( ). . 16.
! 17. ,
. 18. ,
. 19. ( )
, . 20.
. ? 21.
, , . 22.
(colonial)
. 23. ,
. 24. , ,
, . 25. ,
. 26. ,
.

380

XX. -,
.

. ,
. ,
, .
1941 , , ,
. ,
. .
, , .
, : ,,
? ! .
(tank). (a mine).
. . .
. , ?
, . ,
: . .
, , .
, .
. ,
. ,
. .
. , (to get)
. . (to get out),
!* .
, .
, . ,
, . , .
, ! .
?
, . (an explosion).
(to kiss) :
.


XXI. .
XXII. ( ) .
1. ,
. ( : , , , ).
2. . ( : , , ).
** Hurray [hure] ypa!
381

3. . ( : ,
, ).
XXIII. , .
XXIV. , ,
.
1. How Friend Became a Doctor
to finish school, to be eager, to decide, to change ones mind, to enter a
medical institute, during the Great Patriotic War, to take part in battles, to be
popular with , to continue.
2. A Soldiers Story
to work on a collective farm, to break out, to join the army, to promise, to
fight in different sectors of the front, to be eager, freedom, independence, to return
in triumph, a hero, to keep ones promise.
3. A Letter from the Front
an envelope, to bring, handwriting, to remind smb. of smth., a postman, to
be afraid, to kill, fierce battles, an officer, to be proud of, to be eager.
V. : )
Childhood, b) Friends at School (at the Institute, at the Front).

382

LESSON TWENTY-FOUR (THE TWENTY-FOURTH LESSON)


Text:
THE WEDDING PRESENT (Continued)
Grammar: 1.
(. 86).
2.
(. 87).
3. Indefinite (Future
Indefinite in the Past . 88).
Will you sing at our party?

No, | its out of the


.
.
question. I am quite ill. Be
, ,
sides, | I am sick and tired
.
of the songs I know.
Then wholl take part in the
?
concert?
Let me see. Oh, | Ive got
a good dea. Lets invite
Comrade Donin.


.
.

In 1945, when the war was over, Alexander returned home from the army.
He often came to Veras place. The girl was always glad to see him, and they spent
a lot of time together. Soon it became clear to Alexander that he was in love with
the girl, but he did not tell her anything about it. He knew that she could not forget
Peter. When autumn came, Alexander left for Moscow. His dream at last came true.
He entered a medical institute.
Four years later Alexander was spending his summer holidays in his native
town. This time he told Vera that he loved her, and she promised to marry him
when he graduated from the Institute.
Happy and joyful he returned to Moscow to continue his studies. He had to
work hard, but every day he thought of Vera and of their future.
It was his last year at the Institute, | and he spent a lot of time at the
hospital | where he could work with famous professors.
Once | he came to the hospital early in the morning | and began his
usual work. Suddenly | he stopped in front of one of the beds. The sick
mans eyes | were closed, | but it seemed to Ale xander | that he had seen the
man somewhere before.
Who was he? At that moment | the man opened his eyes | and,
Alexander recognized him. It was Peter! But he looked much1 older than
before, | and his hair was quite gray.
Peter! said Alexander, and as the man did not answer, he repeated, Peter,
dont you recognize me? I am Alexander Smirnov! The man smiled weakly and
said at last, I am afraid, you are mistaken! My name is not Peter and I dont know

383

you, weve never met before. But now that Alexander had heard his voice, he
was sure that the man was really Peter. Alexander did not say anything. He went to
Professor Filin and asked the old scientist to tell him all he could2 about the sick
man.
The man does not remember his past, was the answer, He was badly
wounded in the head during the war and lost his memory. Hes been very weak all
this time.
Is it possible to help him? Alexander asked again.
I think it is, the professor answered, But the operation will be very
serious and painful. He must have a good rest after it. After he recovers and
leaves the hospital, somebody must take good care of him. That is the main
reason why we havent yet operated on him. We tried to find out something about
his family, but it was almost impossible. As I have already told you, he remembers
nothing of his past.
Ive known him since childhood, Alexander said thoughtfully. As soon as
he is able to leave the hospital, Ill take him to my place. Ill do my best to help
him.
The operation returned Peter his memory. Two months later he was able to
move to Alexanders place. He was getting stronger and stronger with every
passing day, and soon he was quite well. Peter often asked Alexander about his
studies, his new friends at the Institute, but they never spoke about Vera.
One evening when Alexander was reading some medical book, Peter
suddenly asked him how Vera was and where she lived. Alexander did not answer
at once, but his voice was firm when he said that she still lived in their native town
and that they would go to see her as soon as he passed his state examinations.
That was in April 1950, and three months later Alexander and Peter were
knocking at Veras door. When the girl saw them, she stood motionless, her face
grew deathly white, she was trying to say something, but could not. Peter came up
to her, and for a moment the two forgot about Alexander.
What is it? said Vera at last. Her voice was trembling, but she looked
happy when she turned to Alexander and repeated, What is it, Sasha? Its my
wedding present, Alexander answered softly. Dont you like it?

1. he looked much older than before
() , .
much
, :
Now you can speak English much
better than you did last year.

384

-
,
.


still : ,
brother is still worse to-day.

2. Alexander asked the old scientist to tell him all he could about the sick
man. = Alexander asked the old scientist to tell him all that he could about the sick
man. ,
.

that , .
,
.
,
, :
, .
, .

, , :
I did all I could.
said all he knew.

, .
, .

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


an army
W. comb to join the army
much, many*
Syn a lot of smth.

a lot of...
, :

has a lot of free time.
.
.
has a lot of books.
love*
Phr to be in love with smb.
to fall in love with smb.
to marry
Gr to get married

-
-
,

:
.
Peter married Ann.
. Ann married Peter.
.
Peter and Ann got married.
joyful
Ant joyless

(joy )

385

e.g. Dickens childhood was joyless. .


sick

:
.
is a sick man.
.
is ill.
hair
W. comb thick hair
thin hair
dark hair
gray hair

hair:
1. 1. Her hair was thick and beauti.
ful (. hair . ).
2. , - 2. Just a minute, there is
.
hair on your bread (hair
. ).
gray

Gr to become gray
,
e.g. My fathers hair has become
.
quite gray.
father is getting old. You
.
may find many gray hairs on
(his head.
).
mistaken
,
()
Gr to be mistaken
,
e.g. I think he is right, and you are , , .
mistaken.
now that
()
e.g. Now that you have learned his
, ,
address, you may write him
.
letter.
a scientist [ santst]

science [sans]

W. comb Soviet
Science
ones past
-
wounded*
()
Gr to be wounded

e.g. During the war my brother was

badly wounded in his head.
.
to lose (lost, lost) [t lu:z, lst,
,
lst]
e.g. Ive lost the key to my room
- somewhere.
.
386

Phr to lose ones way


e.g. This forest is so thick that one
can easily lose his way here!
memory [memr]
W. comb a poor memory
a good memory
e.g. My father is very old now. He
has a poor memory.
an operation [n pren]
to operate on smb. [tu pret]

,
,
!



.
.

-, .
e.g. I am sure the sick man will be
, ,
better if Professor Negov operates

on him immediately.
.
serious [srs]

W. comb a serious wound



a serious operation

a serious question

seriously

e.g. My friend is seriously ill


.
now.
pain
e.g. I have a terrible pain in my left
.
arm.
painful

W. comb a painful operation



Ant painless

e.g. The operation will be quite


painless.
.
to recover [t rkv]
( )
e.g. If you want to recover soon,
,
you must keep your bed.
.
care
,
Phr to take care of smb.
-,
- ( , )
e.g. Who will take care of your
,
children when you leave for ?
Leningrad?
Syn to look after
,
e.g. Who looks after your children

when you are at work?
, ?
careful
, ,
Ant careless
, ,
387

e.g. Be careful! This knife is very


sharp, you may cut your finger.
makes a lot of mistakes because
he is very careless.
carefully
Ant carelessly

!
, .
,
.
, ,
, ,
e.g. The doctor examined his patient (very carefully.
) .
main
,
W. comb the main street

the main subject

the main question

the main thing
,
the main character [krkt]
,
()
e.g. What are the main characters

of this play (story, novel)?
(, )?
t find out (found out, found out)
,
:
(), Yesterday I learned that Petrov
.
had left Moscow.

I went to his office and found
(),
out when he would come
.
back.
almost [:lmoust]
Syn about
e.g. I almost forgot to take your
book with me.
a thought [ :t]
Syn an idea
thoughtfully
to do*
Phr to do ones best
Syn to try ones best
e.g. Ill do my best to help you.

, -

-
.

,
,


, ,
.
firm

W. comb a firm voice



a firm answer

a firm decision

a state
1.
e.g. There are several socialist
[soulst] states in the world now.
.
388

W. comb a state examination


state power



2.
?

e.g. How many states are there in


the USA?
a government

soft
1. ; 2. ( , )
Ant loud

e.g. She always speaks in a soft voice. ( ).




I.
. ,
(. 86).
1. Tell him that Ill be back at five oclock. 2. Tell me what cities of the
Soviet Union you visited last summer. 3. Tomorrow I shall tell you who else will
join our group. 4. Do you know with whom he usually prepares for his
examinations? 5. I dont know whom they are speaking about. 6. Do you know
whose children are playing in the garden over there? 7. I dont know whose
children they are looking for. 8. Tell me where you will go on your summer
holiday. 9. I dont know either when well be able to go to the canteen. 10. Do you
know why he has changed his mind to enter a medical institute? 11. We know how
these students can speak English. 12. I dont want to know what they are laughing
at. 13. Tell us what you will read next week. 14. Tell them that I shall read a book
by Jack London. 15. Do you know what they were discussing when I entered the
room? 16. Do you know that at that time they were discussing a very important
article which they had come across in this magazine? 17. Tell him what you
decided to do. 18. Tell him that I am eager to join their excursion.
II.
,
.
1. , . 2. ,
. 3. ,
. 4. , .
5. -, ? 6.
, . 7. ,
? 8. , ? 9.
, ? 10. ,
. 11. , ( ). 12.
, ? 13.
, . 14. , ?

389

15. , . 16.
, .
17. , ? 18. ,
. 19. , ? 20. ,
.
III. .
1. Show us what
2. Tell them when
3. Do you know what language?
4. We dont know whom
5. None of them knows whose.
6. Can anybody tell me where?
7. We dont know when
8. I shall tell you why
9. Who can tell me how?
10. Tell us what
11. Tell them that.
12. Do you want to know how many?
13. Do you see who?
14. Will you remind me that?
15. Will you remind me when?
16. Dont show them what.
17. Promise us that
IV. ,
-
(. 87).
1. says that he lived in Leningrad. 2. He said that he lived in Leningrad.
3. He said that he had lived in Leningrad. 4. He said that he would live in
Leningrad. 5. He knew that Peter was in Kiev. 6. He knows that Peter was in Kiev
in 1943. 7. He knew why Peter had been in Kiev several times. 8. Our teacher said
that he always reminded Comrade Popov of his mistakes. 9. Did you know why
the teacher had reminded him of his mistakes several times? 10. I was sure that
he always kept his promise. 11. Were you sure that he had kept his promise? 12. I
was not sure that he would keep his promise. 13. We knew that those people lived
across the street. 14. We did not know that those people had lived across the street
two years before. 15. Do you know that those people lived across the street two
years ago? 16. He said that he had not recognized my handwriting. 17. He said
that he liked the city. 18. We didnt know that this man always broke his promise.
19. We couldnt understand why he had broken his promise. 20. Did you
understand what they were speaking about?

390

V.
; .
1. , . 2. , . 3. ,
. 4. , .
5. , . 6. ,
. 7. ,
. 8. ,
. 9. , . 10.
, - . 11.
, , . 12.
,
. 13. , . 14.
,
. 15. , .
16. , ,
. 17. ,
H. 1943 . 18. ,
12 (24) 1812 . 19.
. , .
VI.


(. 87, 88).

a) I knew that

b) He asked what

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

he worked at a
factory.
he had worked at ,
a factory.
he would work at
a factory.
they usually read
at home.
we had repeated
yesterday.
they would
discuss at their
meeting.

says that
I shall tell you whom
He said that
We did not know either where
He asked us when
He knows why
391


.

.


.


.

.


.

7. He knew why
8. She heard what
9. The captain said that
10. The waitress asked us what
11. The teacher asked us how
12. We were sure that
13. We dont know who
14. They asked us how many
15. You didnt tell us whose
VII.
.
1. When Jack came home, his sister told him that someone had rung him up
half an hour (ago, before). 2. Did you work or study three years (ago, before),
the teacher asked one of the students. 3. Last week I asked him to translate this
article, but he said that he could not do it (now, then) and promised to do it (in two
days, two days later). 4. My friend spent his last day off in the country. He says
that the weather was fine (to-day, that day). 5. I want to remind Peter that he must
return my book. I gave it to him last week, and he promised to return it (tomorrow,
the next day), but he has not done it yet. I shall ring him up and ask him to bring it
to me (tomorrow, the next day). 6. He wanted to know when we should come
(here, there) again. 7. He wanted to know when we should go (here, there) again. 8.
My friend asked me what birthday present I should make my mother (tomorrow,
the next day). 9. Peter said that Jack had promised to come to see us (tomorrow, the
next day). I am sure he will keep his promise. 10. Peter said that Jack had promised
to come to see us (tomorrow, the next day). He has kept his promise.
VIII. .
: Where do you live?
(): I live in Gorky Street.
: What did I ask Comrade Smirnov?
(): You asked him | where he lived.
: What did he answer?
3- : He answered | that he lived in Gorky Street.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

When does the postman bring you the newspapers and magazines?
What time do your lessons usually end?
What birthday present will you make your father?
When did the first Patriotic War break out?
What Institute did you graduate from?
What subjects did you take there?
Where do you usually buy envelopes for your letters?
What will you do if you come across an interesting expression in the
book you are reading?

392

IX. ,

.
an army
an Institute
an eye
an operation

the army
the Institute
the eyes
the operation

X. ,
[h, w, v, f].
his hair
he helped him
he had heard his voice

a white face
her voice was weak
where he could work with pro fessors

XI. , : It was his last year


at the Institute his hair was quite gray.
II. ,
, ,
.
careful
business
careless
joyful
heartily
carefully
eagerness

dependent
carelessness
carefulness
independent
understanding
freedom
immediately

softness
neighbourhood
carelessly
difference
enjoyment
readiness
thoughtfully

III. , .
1. When will your son join the army?
2. In what year did the Soviet Army liberate the Ukraine from the German
fascists ?
3. Was your childhood joyful or joyless?
4. Are you married?
5. When did you get married?
6. Why was Gorkys childhood joyless?
7. Where do we usually take sick people to?
8. What colour is your sons (daughters) hair?
9. Is your daughters hair thin or thick?
10. When does ones hair become gray?
11. What famous Russian scientists do you know?
12. Were you wounded at the front?
13. How many times were you wounded?
14. Who operated on you when you were wounded?
15. Was the operation painless or painful?
16. Where did you go after you recovered?
393

17. What do you do when you lose something?


18. Have you ever lost your way in a forest or in a big city?
19. Why does your son (daughter) have a better memory than you?
20. Who usually takes care of you when you are ill?
21. Will you do your best to pass the examination well?
22. When do we speak in a soft voice?
23. What is the main street in Moscow?
24. What are the main characters of the novel War and Peace by Tolstoy?
25. In what way can the teacher find out how his students have prepared
their lessons?
26. What must one do if one wants to recover as soon as possible?
27. When do we say, The lesson is almost over?
28. What synonym to the word about do you know?
29. What synonym to the word idea do you know?
XIV. , .
1. Though Dubrovsky was ___ love ___ Masha Troyekurova, he could not
marry ___ her as her father was his bitter () enemy. 2. During one ___ the
battles my friend was wounded ___ the left arm. The wound was rather serious,
and the doctor had to operate ___ him immediately. 3. We liked the new film very
much. It reminded us ___ the time we fought ___ the freedom and independence
___ our country. 4. Though the young Soviet soldier was badly wounded ___ the
head, he wasnt afraid ___ the fascists. He wasnt afraid to die ___ the freedom
___ his Motherland. 5. Can you find ___ Pavlovs address to-day? 6. I did not find
___ anything interesting in this magazine. 7. When I was seriously ill and kept the
bed ___ two months, my friends often came ___ my place to take care ___ me. 8.
The First World War broke out ___ the 14th ___ July, 1914. 9. Ive never come ___
such articles before. Thats why its difficult ___ me to translate this one. 10. When
did you enter ___ the Medical Institute? I entered ___ the Institute ___ the war.
11. When the Great Patriotic War broke ___ , I lived ___ the East ___ our country.
12. Comrade Borisov said that he would leave ___ Gorky ___ the next week.
13. Why are there tears ___ your eyes? What is the matter ___ you? 14. Do you
often receive letters ___ your friends ___ whom you were ___ the front? 15. If you
cannot wait ___ me now, ring me ___ tomorrow and I shall explain ___ you
everything I can. 16. Yesterday she was three minutes late ___ the lesson because
she had waited 20 minutes ___ the tram. 17. My friend told me that he had looked
___ my magazine everywhere, but could not find it. 18. When my son joined ___
the Party, he was only 18 years old. 19. Have you ever been ___ board ___ a large
ship?
XV. ,
.
THE WEDDING PARTY
___ morning sun rose clear and beautiful, ___ sky became golden and ___
waves () of ___ sea looked like __ bright snow. That fine morning ___

394

wedding party of Dantes and Mercedes was ( ) to take ___ place.


Everything was ready for ___ party and ___ room was full of ___ people. All ___
guests were gay because they loved Dantes and wished him ___ happiness.
Only one of them looked at Dantes and Mercedes in ___ strange way. There
was something cold in his dark eyes. It was Fernand, ___ tall young man with ___
thick wavy hair and ___ cold brown eyes. He was one of ___ officers of ___ ship
of which Dantes had just become ___ captain.
Dantes invited all ___ guests to ___ table and Mercedes said in ___ soft
voice: I have no ___ father, so I want to ask Mr. Morrel to sit on my right. On my
left, Ill place him who has been ___ brother to me, and she turned to Fernand.
When Fernand heard those words, he became pale, almost deathly white.
Everybody sat down at ___ table and began to eat. They were talking and laughing
loudly and gaily. Only Fernands look was still cold and strange. One could easily
see that he was ___ Dantes enemy and that he was waiting for something
Suddenly somebody knocked at ___ door three times and immediately ___
officer entered room. Four soldiers were following him.
Who answers to ___ name of Edmund Dantes? said_ __ officer.
That is my name, Dantes answered. Whats ___ matter?
I cannot tell you anything now. You will know ___ reason later, was ___
answer.
Dantes had ___ strange feeling of danger* but tried his best to look joyful.
Dont be afraid, he said to his friends. It is ___ mistake I am sure.
Wait for me, my dear Mercedes, we shall soon meet again, he cried out
before ___ officer closed ___ door behind him.
(After A. Dumas Monte Cristo)
XVI. ,
, .
1. , ( ).
, . 2. , .
, . . 3. ,
. 4. , .
5. ,
. 6. , ? 7.
, , . 8.
,
. 9. , ,
. . 10.
, . 11. ,
, . 12. ,
? 13. , ,
, .
** danger [dend] .
395

XVII. .
to become, as, to look after, an idea, to do ones best, much, several.
XVIII. .
joyless, to be well, to be right, painful, to fall ill, careless, to find.
XIX. .
to lose, to keep, to try, to marry, to break, to cut off, to see off, to throw, to
fall ill, to draw out, to feel, to die.
XX. .
, , , , ,
, , , , ,
, , , , ,
, , , , , ,
, , , , .
XXI. : to turn, to turn to, to turn round, to turn
back, to turn on, to turn off, to turn over, to turn to smb. for smth.
.
1. It is very dark in the room. Please ___ the light (). 2. Weve done all
the exercises here. Now ___ the page, we shall do some exercises on the next page.
3. Once when I was going along the street, I saw a man and thought that it was a
friend of mine. I called him by his first name, but when he ___, I saw that I was
mistaken. 4. I felt that somebody was following me, but I was afraid to ___. 5. Its
already light in the room. ___ the light, please. 6. ___ and see who is sitting behind
you. 7. If you want to find the library easily, go along this street, then ___ the left
and you will see the library across the street. 8. We left the village early in the
morning, but as it began to rain, we decided to ___ 9. Why didnt you want to ___
somebody ___ help, if it was difficult for you to do this work alone? 10. We had to
___ as we had left a very important thing at home. 11. ___ the radio. I want to
listen to this concert. 12. He ___ some pages of the book, and it seemed to him that
the novel wouldnt be interesting at all. 13. We ___ several times first to the left,
then to the right before we reached the house we were looking for. 14. You will
have to ___ the television-set. I have very much work to do to-day. 15. I ___ him
to speak about this matter, but he was so busy that I couldnt begin. 16. The man
who was walking in front of me suddenly ___ into a side street () and
disappeared in one of the houses.
XXII. , : )
, 1, 2 ; )
.
a lot of, to get married, to become gray, science, a state, a government, to be
wounded, to lose ones way, to look after, to be mistaken, now that, with
every passing day, almost.

396

XXIII. , .
1.
, () ,
. 2. ,
? . .
, , . 3.
, . 4. ,
,
? ,
. 5. , ,
, . 6. ,
, . 7. , ,
. , ( ) ?
8. ,
. 9. ,
, . 10.
, (a task). 11.
, ? 12.
(the hostess) ,
. 13. ,
, ?
. .
() . * . (
). 14. 1943 .
. 15. , ,
. 16.
. 17. , . 18. ,,
. , . 19.
, ,
, . 20. -
, - ,
, (a hotel). 21.
,
. , ,
, . 22.
, (the number)
. 23. ,
. , .
XXIV. -,
.
(familiar)
. ,
** decision [dsn].
397

. ,
,
-
.
- : - ?
: .
, !
, ,
.


. , ,
.
, ,
:
? ?
, ,
! ,
,
. ,,, ? .
. ,
. .
, . ,
, . ,
, !
. ,
, .


XXV. (15 - 20 ).
XXVI. .
1. Why didnt Alexander tell Vera that he loved her when he returned home
from the front?
2. Why do you think Vera agreed to marry Alexander when he came to their
native town on holiday?
3. Why didnt Alexander recognize Peter at once?
4. Why didnt Alexander tell Peter that Vera had promised to marry him?
5. Do you think that Alexander was right?
XXVII. .
XXVIII. :
1. . :
, , .
398

2. . : ,
, .
3. .
: , , .
XXIX. : ) ; ) ; )
; ) .
XXX. , .
An Unexpected () Meeting.
1.
At the Front.
to be wounded, a forest, to lose ones way, to seem, a peasant girl, in a soft
voice, to be mistaken, now that, to find, to take care of, to try ones best, to
recover, careful(ly), to make up ones mind, to join, firm, the Soviet Army.
2.
At a Hospital.
sick, an operation, to operate on, painful, serious, a hospital, a scientist, gray
hair, to recognize, to seem, to find out, to do ones best, almost, the past, joyful.
XXXI. .
1.
2.

Where I Was and What I Did during the Great Patriotic War.
A Letter from the Front.

399

LESSON TWENTY-FIVE (THE TWENTY-FIFTH LESSON)


Text:
AN EPISODE FROM THE LIFE OF A RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONARY
Grammar: 1.
whether, if (. 89).
2. ( I II
. 90).
3. to want, to
expect should (would) like (. 92).

4. to stop, to continue, to
begin, to go on, to finish, to mind, to start (. 91).
Excuse my interrupting you.
Would you mind closing the
window? Its too cold here.

, .

? .
***
Shall we invite the Sedovs | to
watch television tonight?
?
That goes without saying.

Every worker must understand | that the only way to a happy future
| is struggle A knock at the door | interrupted Bauman. He stopped
speaking | and looked first at the people sitting a round him, | then at the
dentist, | in whose waiting-room | they were having their secret meeting.
Do you expect any patients? Bauman asked the dentist. Everybody
understood | what Baumans question meant. They didnt even speak to
each other.1 They knew what to do. One of them | accompanied by the
doctor, | quickly went into the doctors office | while the others sat down on
the chairs standing along the wall | and pretended to be patients | waiting for
their turn. It did not take them long | to do all that. When everything was
ready, | the dentists maid | went to the door to answer the knock | and soon
returned with an unexpected visitor, | who tried to get straight to the
dentists office. Why, | it isnt your turn, | one of the patients, | sitting
by the door | said to him.
I cant wait. I have a terrible toothache the man answered while he
hurriedly examined everybodys face.
Bauman, who pretended that he was reading a newspaper, didnt even turn
his head to look at the strange visitor. However, he could clearly see the mans
face. He recognized him at once. It was a spy, that same man whom he had often
seen before.
Has he brought the police with him ? One thing was clear. It was
necessary to keep the spy in the flat as long as possible, so that he could believe
that they were real patients.2 Bauman looked up at the newcomer and for a moment

400

it seemed to him that there was joy in the mans eyes. Then Bauman said as
politely and indifferently as he could.
I say,3 we dont mind if the doctor receives you first, we can wait since you
have a bad toothache.
The spy was at a loss. At that moment the door to the doctors office opened
and the doctor asked the next patient in. Bauman who continued watching the spy
suddenly said, If one has any bad teeth, he must certainly have them pulled out.4
In a second the spy was already sitting in the dentists armchair. The doctor
told him to open his mouth wide and examined his teeth with great care, then he
ordered him to open his mouth still wider and not to close it 5 and began working
quickly.
A quarter of an hour later the doctor showed the patient two large yellow
teeth and said: It was rather a serious operation. Take better care of your teeth.
Ten roubles, please.
For a while the spy stood at a loss.
Do you want me to do anything else for you? the doctor asked politely.
The spy answered nothing, paid the money and with a groan ran out into the
waiting room. He expected to find no one there, but to his great surprise everybody
was in his place. The spy had nothing to do but leave the doctors flat.
When he had left, someone said: Its good luck the spy had bad teeth
But he didnt have any He just has two good teeth less now than he had
before , the dentist explained and added: and it didnt cost him much. Only ten
roubles!
Everybody laughed and Bauman said, Thats a good lesson to him. Didnt I
say that they would break their teeth if they fought against us! I wonder whether
after this he will be able to go and report to the police. Well, I think now we may
go on with our meeting.
(After The Rook, a Spring Bird by Mstislavsky)

1. They didnt even speak to each other.
.
each other
one another , , . Each other
,
, :
They know each other very well. .
One another , ,
, :
The people asked one another what
had happened, but nobody could
say anything.

401

,
,
.

each other one another


, :
They often ask me about each
others health.

They bought presents for each


other.

2. It was necessary to keep the spy in the flat as long as possible, so that he
could believe that they were real patients.
, ( )
, .

, so that
.
3. I say, we dont mind if the doctor receives you first, we can wait since
you have a bad toothache. , ,
, , ()
.
I say ,
-. .
since , ,
.
4. If one has any bad teeth, he must certainly have them pulled out.
, .
to have
II ,
, , -
.
:
You must have your hair cut.

( ).
:
.
5. The doctor ordered the spy to open his mouth still wider and not to close
it. .
, ,

: (to go ) (not to go
).
to tell to order ,
to ask :

402

I told him to do this work at once.

asked me to remind him of it


tomorrow.

The doctor told her not to bathe


because she was still ill.

,
.

The captain ordered his men to get


into the boats.

,
, to tell ,

not . .
, ,
, ,
. ,
,
, :
?

Who told you to open the window?

I didnt ask the secretary to send


the telegrams.

The director ordered you to post


the letters to-day.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


an episode [n epsoud]
only
e.g. I know only one foreign
language.

1. ( )

.
2. (
)
e.g. I think he is the only doctor
,
in our town who can help your
, mother.
.
Are you an only son or have you
,
brothers and sisters?
?
struggle

W. comb class struggle



to struggle for smth.
-
Syn to fight

to interrupt [tu ntrpt]

e.g. Excuse my interrupting you, but , ,


403

Id like to say a few words to you.


first
at first
Phr first of all


.
( )
( )

:
( )
At first we did not like him, but
,
when we came to know him

better, we became great
, friends (npomuonocma .
).
( - You must first read the article
)
to the end, then begin
,
translating it (
.
).
a dentist

a waiting-room

to expect [tu kspekt]


, ,
Gr to expect smb. to do smth.
, -
to expect that ...
, ...
to expect smb.
-
:
() - We expected you yesterday =
pa = M (W expected that you would
, )
come.
.
?
Why were you late yesterday?
2 (We waited for you two
).
hours.
unexpected [nkspektd]
W. comb an unexpected
an unexpected question
unexpectedly
a patient [ pent]
Syn a sick person
to mean (meant, meant) [t mi:n,
ment, ment]
e.g. What does this word mean?
e.g. What do you mean by it?
I didnt mean to say it.

meeting

1. ,
?
2. ,
? ?
.

404

a meaning

e.g. Whats the meaning of this ex- ?


pression?
?
each other
( ..)
Syn one another
( ..)
:
- The students of our group

always speak English to
-.
each other (
, ).
, .
,

.

When we entered the hall, the


concert had not begun yet.
It was noisy, because all the
people were speaking to
one another (
, ).

to accompany [tu kmpn]


,
Syn to see to ...

e.g. Let me accompany you = Let (


me see you home (to the station, etc.) , ..)
Gr accompanied by smb.
-
accompaniment [kmpnmnt]

Prp to the accompaniment



e.g. The young singer sang to her
brothers accompaniment on the
.
piano.
a doctors office

Syn a surgery [ s:dr]
,
to pretend [t prtend]
, , ...
to pretend:
, .
pretended to be asleep.
,
pretended to know nothing
.
about it = pretended that
he knew nothing about it.
a turn
Syn a line
e.g. Whose turn is it to read?
Prp in turn
e.g. Dont interrupt each other.
Speak in turn!
Ant out of turn
ahead of line

,
,
?

He .
!

405

a maid
by
Syn at, near
e.g. Do you know the man sitting
by the window?
a tooth (pl teeth)
W. comb a good tooth
a bad tooth
a toothache [ tu:ek]
a head [ hed]
a headache [ hedek]

, ,
, . . . ( )
, ,
,
?

:
.
I have a toothache.
.
I have a headache.
.
I have a bad headache.
a spy
to spy on smb.
Syn to watch for smb.
polite [plat]
Ant impolite
politely
indifferent
indifferently
to mind

, ,
, -
-

,
,
, -
(
)

to mind:
, ? Do you mind my smoking? ()
, - I dont mind if we stay here till evening.
c .
( )
Phr. Never mind!

:
, ,
Give me that magazine, please.
().
! ( !)
Here it is!
***
!
Thank you!
(
Dont mention it = Not at all!
)
***
, Sorry! Ive kept your book so long!
.
406

, ( Never mind!
).
Thats all right.
***
- May I use your dictionary?
?
! ( You are welcome.
, ..).
since
, ( )
e.g. Since we were very tired, we
,
went to bed at once.
.
a loss

Phr to be at a loss

to watch
...,
to watch:
, I watched the children
.
playing in the garden.
to pull out
Syn to take out
a mouth [ mau]
a groan [ roun]
Prp with a groan
surprise [spraz]
Prp in surprise (with surprise)
to ones surprise
luck , ,
e.g. Its good luck weve found
you at home.
Phr Good luck!
lucky
Ant unlucky
Syn happy

, ()
,

,
-
,
.
, !
,
,

:
. is happy.
. is lucky.
to wonder [t wnd]
Prp to wonder at smb. or smth.
e.g. I wonder at him. He is never
tired
Phr No wonder that ...

1. ,
- (-)
.
.
2. ,
,
...

407

e.g. No wonder (that) she speaks


English so well, she has spent
two years in England.

,
-, .

:
I wonder whether he is in Mos- ,
cow now.
.
I wonder why he is always late. ().
.
to report [t rp:t]
,
e.g. The soldier reported to the cap ,
tain that he had brought a spy.
.
a reporter
,
to go on

Syn to continue

to go on:
.
Go on with your work ().
!
Go on working ()'.


I.
(. 89).
a) 1. mother always asks me if . 2. The professor asked Alexander
whether . 3. The teacher asked the student if . 4. I have just asked him if .
5. He doesnt remember whether . 6. They didnt even know if . 7. You did
not tell me whether .
b) 1. We shall come to see you if . 2. We shall ask them if . 3. My
daughter will go to the country if . 4. My daughter always asks me if . 5. We
shall discuss this question to-night if . 6. I dont know if . 7. We dont
remember whether . 8. Do you know if or whether . 9. They asked me if I
or whether .
II. .
The teacher: Do you expect your friends this evening?
A student: Yes, I do.
The teacher: What did I ask him?
Another student: You asked him | whether he expected his friends this
evening.
The teacher: What did he answer?
A third student: He answered that he did.

408

:
a) 1. Can you read English books in the original?
2. Do you usually come across many new words when you read English
books?
3. Have you ever been to the Caucasus?
4. Did you like it there?
5. Is the weather usually fine or bad in the Caucasus in autumn?
6. Have you travelled a lot?
7. Did you go to the front when the Great Patriotic War broke out?
8. Did you get married long ago?
b) 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Are you an only child or are there other children in your family?
Have you a son or a daughter?
Did you study at an institute or did you work during the war?
Do you usually speak English or Russian at home?
Will you go on your holiday to the South or will you stay in Moscow?

III. ,
.
)

1. ,

- .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

2. ,

.
.
.
.

3. , ,

4.
,

.
- .
.
.

.
.
.
.
409

, .
.
.
.
5.
.
,
- .
.
) 1. , . 2. ,
- . 3. ,
. 4. ,
. 5. ,
, . 6. ,
-. 7.
, .
8. , ,
. 9. , .
) ,
( ) if.
1. ,
. 2. ,
. 3. , ,
. 4. ,
. 5. ,
. 6. , ,
. 7. ,
, .
IV. (. 90).
a) All the engineers working
at our Ministry must know
foreign languages.

,
,
.

b) You must learn all the


words given on page 125.

,
125.

c) You must correct all the


mistakes made by you in
the last control work.

,

.

V. ,
.
) 1. , ,
, , . 2.
, . 3.

410

, (the lives) .
4. , ,
, (
). 5. ,
3? 6. , . 7.
1- , () ,
. 8.
. 9.
. 10.
?
) 1. , , .
? 2. ,
. 3. ,
, . 4.
,
. 5. , ,
. 6. , ,
. 7. ,
() ,
. 8. , , .
VI. (. 92).
1. We wanted them to . 2. I did not expect him to . 3. We should like
them to . 4. I dont want my sister to . 5. I didnt expect you to . 6. I
should like my son to . 7. We dont want our friends to . 8. My sister would
like you to . 9. They wanted their children to .
VII. .
a) We didnt want the children
to go out as it was raining.

,
, .

b) I should like you to read


this novel by Dickens.

, .

c) They expect us to answer


their letter immediately.

,
.

VIII. ,
to want, to expect
should (would) like.
a)
1.
.
,
.
.
.
, .
.
411

2. ,

3. ,

?
?
?
?
, ?
?

.
.
.
.
, .
. .

4. ,

.
.
.
, , .
.
.
.

) 1. , . 2. ,
, . 3. ,
, . 4. ,
. 5. ,
, . 6. ,
. 7. ,
. 8. , . 9.
(), . 10. ,
. . ?
-
IX. ,
, .
Do you expect any patients? Bauman asked the dentist.
Has he brought the police with him? Bauman thought.
It isnt your turn, one of the patients said.
I cant wait, the spy answered.
X. .

412

XI. ,
.
fame, fact, far, fare,
tube, blunt, burn, cure,
mete, fence, term, here

fill, spill, stir, fire,


throne, fox, storm, ore,
type, rythm, Byrd, tyre.

XII. ,

.
interruption
impatient
impatiently
unexpectedly

meaning
revolutionary
quietly
lucky

luckily
indifferent
disagree
meaningless

III. , ,
- ,
.
invitation
fifty
serious
agreement
carefully

Japanese
lecture
dentist
moneyless
meaning

rainy
carelessness
central
active
buyer

XIV. , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

What episodes illustrating the heroism of our people do you know?


Is English the only foreign language you know?
Are you an only child in the family?
Why dont you like it when people interrupt you?
What do you usually say if you want to interrupt somebody?
In which of his books did Gorky describe the struggle of the working
people of Russia?
7. What do you usually do first when you come home after work?
8. Why was it difficult for you to read English books in the original at
first?
9. What do you say when somebody is talking or laughing loudly and you
cant hear your friend over the telephone?
10. When do you say, Stop smoking here?
11. What do you do if you expect some guests?
12. What preposition do we use () after the verb to wait?
13. What is the difference between the words to expect and to wait? (Give
examples).
14. Whom do we call patients?
15. What do you do if you dont know the meaning of a new word?
16. Is it better to stay in or to go out if one has a headache?
17. When do you say, Never mind!?

413

18. Why do you mind if people are smoking in your room?


19. Do you mind going to the theatre to-night?
20. Do you mind my asking you a question?
21. What things can we usually see in a waiting-room?
22. What do you say when it is your turn to read?
23. Do you like to have dinner at a table by the window? When do (or dont)
you like it? Why?
24. Have you ever had a terrible toothache?
25. What do you do if you have a bad toothache?
26. Have you ever been at a loss what to do? When was it?
27. Why do we have to watch little children when they are playing?
28. How many meanings of the verb to order do you know?
29. When do you usually say Good luck to your friends?
30. Do your children usually go on with their lessons after they come back
from school or do they have a rest first?
XV. .
1. We started for the place where our friends were waiting for us. 2. I
could not remember where I had met that man before. 3. Comrade Karev will
introduce me to his new neighbours when I come to his place. 4. I forgot when
we made up our minds to go to the country. 5. I shall try to explain to you
where we shall meet tomorrow. 6. You will have to go to the doctors again when
you return from the South. 7. The patient forgot when he was to* see the doctor
again. 8. My son reminded me that I had promised to allow him to go to the
cinema that day.
XVI.
, , .
I was born at ___ number Nineteen, ___ Turnmill Street, ___ London. ___
Mother died when I was five years old. As ___ Father worked from ___ morning
till ___ night, he had no ___ time to take ___ care of ___ sister and me.
So, soon he brought home ___ woman, whose ___ name was Mrs. Burke,
and said that she would be ___ stepmother (). When ___ Father was at
home, she pretended to be kind (). But when he was out, she beat () me
very often. From ___ morning till ___ night she found ___ work for me to do. We
did not like each other. ___ stepmother was ___ very bad woman. She bought ___
gin () with ___ money which ___ Father gave her for my dinner and she did
not let me tell him about it. She beat me if I did not tell ___ Father what ___
wonderful dinner I had had.
One day ___ woman came to see ___ stepmother and they had very much
gin. They spent all ___ money that ___ Father had left for our dinner.
When ___ woman went home, ___ stepmother asked me in ___ tears to help
her: ___ father will beat me if he learns that I have spent ___ money on ___ gin.
** Was to .
414

Please, tell him that I sent you to buy some food and you lost ___ money. Tell him
that when you were going along ___ street, suddenly ___ big boy ran against you
( ) and ___ money fell out of ___ hand and you could not find it.
But he will beat me! I said.
Oh, no, he wont! I shall not let him beat you, you may be sure. Here is ___
penny () for you, go and buy ___ sweets. So, I went off and spent ___ penny
on ___ sweets. When I came back and opened ___ door, ___ Father was at home.
He was angry. When I saw him, I wanted to run out of ___ room, but he took me
by ___ ear.
Stop ___ minute, ___ young man! he said. What have you done with ___
money?
Ive lost it, ___ Father! I said and looked at ___ stepmother.
Yes, he told me ___ same, she said. But he is not telling ___ truth! He has
spent ___ money on ___ sweets. I looked at her in ___ surprise, but did not say
anything. ___ Father began beating me. Then I tried to tell him ___ truth but could
not as he went on beating me, and he beat me till ___ arm was tired.
(After Greenwood, The True History of a Little Ragamuffin*).
XVII. , .
1. Why did you get angry ___ me yesterday when I reminded you ___ your
promise to tell ___ us some interesting story? I asked a friend of mine. It only
seemed ___ you that I was angry, he said ___ surprise, I was terribly tired, and it
was difficult ___ me to speak. Thats all. 2. If any grammar rule is not clear ___
you, you must ask your teacher to explain it ___ you again, because you will not be
able to do your exercises ___ home. 3. Will you look ___ my children while I am
away? Sure, Ann and I can do it ___ turn. 4. I was not ___ the front ___ the
Great Patriotic War because I was only ten ___ that time. But I have read many
books ___ our soldiers and officers and seen many films ___ the struggle ___ our
people ___ the German fascists. My elder brother was ___ the front and died the
death ___ a hero. I am very proud ___ him and other people who fought and died
___ the freedom and independence ___ our Motherland. 5. ___ first he did not
agree ___ me, but then he understood that he was mistaken. 6. The doctor asked
me if I could take care ___ my sick neighbour. He could not go ___, and he had
nobody else to help ___ him. 7. We dont remember ___ what words this story
ends. But we remember that all ___ us were crying when our grandmother read it
___ us. 8. Watch ___ this boy, please. It seems ___ me that he wants to get ___
our garden, the lady said to her maid. 9. Stay ___ us a little longer. If it gets dark,
well accompany you ___ the station. 10. ___ first the article seemed so difficult
___ me that I was ___ a loss, but after I had read it several times, I understood it
better and could go ___ ___ my work. 11. As Comrade N. was sitting ___ the door
___ the meeting, he had to get up ___ his chair and open it each time somebody
knocked.
** Ragamuffin [rmfn] .
415

XVIII. :
) .
1. . 2.
. 3. ,
. . 4.
. 5.
. 6.
1- . 7.
. 8. . 9.
7- ,
. 10.
. , . 11.
. 12.
. 13. ,
. 14.
. 15. ,
, . 16.
.
)
: to stop, to begin, to go on, to finish, to continue, to
mind. , , (. 91).
1. . , .
2. , ,
. 3.
. , , ,
. 4. , ,
() . 5. ,
, . . 6.
, . . 7.
, *? , .
. 8.
, . 9.
, . 10. ,
? 11. (a reproduction) ,
. 12.
, . 13. ,
, . 14.
.

** see smb. to the station.


416

XIX. .

()

XX.
.
1. My son joined the army after he (to finish, to graduate) school. 2. (first, at
first) it was difficult for Ann to take care of the wounded soldiers, but then she
became a very good nurse (. ). 3. Alexander spoke to the sick man (first,
at first) and then he went to professor N. (to find, to find out) who the man really
was. 4. When I saw an English film last week, I couldnt understand anything
(first, at first). 5. I (not to expect, to wait) that you had such a wonderful memory!
6. He had changed so much that I did not recognize him (first, at first). 7. He
wondered if he had lost that book or whether he (to leave, to forget) it at home. 8.
All the patients feel quite well (except, besides) Popov, said the doctor. 9. During
the lesson we often ask (each other, one another) questions in English. 10. I (to
find, to find out) many mistakes in your work. Your spelling is very poor, (except,
besides) that, you have made some bad grammar mistakes. 11. Dont (to except, to
wait for) Comrade Petrov. He has just rung us up and told us that he would not be
able to come to-night. So we may begin our meeting without him. 12. You must
take good care of this (ill, sick) woman, the doctor said. 13. You must take good
care of this woman. She is very (sick, ill).
XXI. , : )
, 1, 5 ; )
.
the only way out, first of all, to mean, to accompany, to pretend, to have a
headache, to mind, to be at a loss, in surprise, to wonder, to go on with smth.,
since.
XXII. .
a fight, to finish, to continue, suddenly, a sick person, each other, because, to
take care of , to see to the station, not at all, thats all right.
XXIII. .
joyless
to find
to fall ill
loud

foreign
impolite
different
lucky

happy
gay
a lie

417

XIV. , .
1. ,
? . , ,
. , ,
, . 2.
, .
, . 3. ,
. . 4.
, . 5.
, . 6. ,
. ,
. 7. , .
8. , .
9. , , . 10.
, . 11. ,
luckily. ,
. 12. . ,
. ?
? . . 13.
, .
. 14. , .
, . 15. -
? . . ,
. ? ,
, ( )
. . . 16.
, -
. 17. ,
. 18. ( ) , !
. 19. ,
,
. 20. ,
, , . 21.
-,
. , -
. 22. , . 23. , ,
. 24. ,
. , . 25.
, .
. ,
, . ,
: , .

418

26. , . 27.
. . ,
(to compose) . 28. , ,
.
XXV. -,
.
,
.
(front door), ,
- ( - ). ,,,
, .
, ,
. ,
( ). , ,
, ,
.
. : ?* , .
,
, () :
( ), .
, , ?
.
, (). (You are
welcome), .
. ,
.
( )


XXVI. .
1.Why did the meeting take place in the dentists flat?
2. Why did Bauman ask the doctor whether the latter expected any
patients?
3. Why did all those present know what to do when somebody knocked at
the door?
4. Why was it necessary to keep the spy in the flat as long as possible?
5. Why did Bauman say that if one had any bad teeth, he must certainly
have them pulled out?
** To watch for .
419

6. Was the doctor serious when he told the patient to take better care of his
teeth?
VII. .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

When one is at a loss what to do.


When one is pale.
When one is angry.
When one is tired.
When one is ill.
When one is afraid.
When one is sorry.
When one is glad.

XXVIII. : ) ; )
; ) .
XXIX.
.

1. At the Dentists.
teeth, except, a toothache, terrible, a mouth, first, to stop, a dentist, a
waiting-room, the only, to examine, to pull out, to take good care.
2. A Front-Line Episode.
The Great Patriotic War, to join, an army, a front, to take part, a battle, first, a
spy, to pretend, to watch (for), lucky, to wonder, to be at a loss, to expect, to be
proud of, to report.
XXX. :
) ; ) , ; )
; ) - ,
, .
XXXI. : )
; ) -
.

420

LESSON TWENTY-SIX (THE TWENTY-SIXTH LESSON)


Text:
A SOVIET PILOT
Grammar: 1. (The Passive Voice)
Indefinite (. 93).
2. (. 94).
Well, | weve had a good rest.
Lets get down to work.
Im sorry my paper is written in
pencil. But theres nothing to be
done. Our time is up.
Excuse my inter rupting you, | but
youre wanted on the phone.
My son was suddenly taken ill |
and I had to stay at home.

.
.
,
.
. .
, ,
.
,
.

A big English ship was approaching a Soviet port in the White Sea. The
ship was a few miles off1 the port when a terrible storm broke. It became quite
dark. A strong wind was blowing, big waves were rolling over the deck. The crew
fought the storm bravely, but all they did was not enough. The ship was still in
great danger. Though the shore could already be seen in the distance, it was
impossible to land.
The English sailors were terribly tired and the ship could hardly move on
when she was noticed from the shore by Soviet sailors. Soon the crew of the ship
saw a small boat approaching them and a few minutes later a Soviet pilot was on
board the ship. The pilot started working at once. The captain, who was watching
the pilots work with great pleasure, thought: Its good luck they have noticed us.
Now the ship will be safely directed to the shore, I am sure.
The storm did not stop. The sky was covered with dark clouds and it was
raining hard. But the ship directed by the brave Soviet pilot sailed straight to the
shore. Soon she was in the port and out of danger.
What a wonderful pilot he is! thought the captain and went up to the pilot
to thank him before he left the ship.
The captain wanted to say something pleasant.
I say! He began. The pilot turned round and and to the captains
great surprise he saw the pleasant face of a young woman with blue smiling eyes
and a small turned-up nose.
I say, he repeated, but this time with quite a different expression. Who
has sent you here? Dont you know that a woman at sea 2 brings misfortune? He
was so excited and angry that he could hardly go on.
Nobody has sent me here, Vera Pavlova answered calmly. Ive just done
my duty, Im a Soviet pilot and Im proud of it.
She was about to leave the ship when something unexpected happened. She
heard one of the sailors crying out loudly: Thank you, pilot! and his words
repeated by the whole crew were carried far away by the wind.

421


1. The ship was a few miles off the port.
( ) .
off - .
off ,
, .. ,
(: , , ,
), :
to take ,
to put ,

to take off
to put off

2. Dont you know that a woman at sea brings misfortune?


, (.. ) ?
at sea ,
, ,
, .
.
:
at school , to school , at table .
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
a pilot [ palt]
to approach [tu prout]*

,
,


to approach:
. We were approaching the town.
approaches
Prp at the approaches to ...
e.g. My elder brother took part in
some fierce battles at the
approaches to Kursk.
a mile
a storm
e.g. On the fourth day of our
voyage a storm broke.
a wind [ wnd]
W. comb a strong wind
a fresh wind

...

.
( : 1 = 1,609 )
,
.

:
A few miles off the shore the

wind began blowing, and
,
soon a storm broke.
.
A few miles off the shore

422

strong wind began blowing


( ).
windy
W. comb a windy day
to blow (blew, blown) [t blou,
blu:, bloun]
e.g. If the wind is still blowing,
dont take the child for a walk.
Phr to blow ones nose

, .
,

a wave

wavy

W. comb wavy hair



to roll [t roul]
, , ,
over
1. ()
e.g. There was a lamp over the table. .
2. , ()
e.g. There is a village over the river.
.
Phr all over the world

e.g. The name of the great Russian writer Tolstoy is known all over
.
the world.
Phr over there
( )
e.g. The book is over there on
.
that shelf.
3.
()
*4.
()
e.g. The lesson is over.
.
to roll over

to turn over
()
a deck

W. comb to go (come) out on deck



e.g. The captain went out on deck.
.
a crew
, (,
..)
a team

W. comb a football team

a volley-ball team

the Spartak team

danger [dend]

W. comb to be in danger

423

to be out of danger
Syn to be safe
e.g. Now the life of this patient is
out of danger, said the doctor.
dangerous
e.g. Its dangerous to swim during
storm.
a distance [ dstns]




, .

:

Our village is at a distance of
(
ten kilometres from the
10 ) town.
.
Phr in the distance

e.g. We could see the shore in the


.
distance.
safely

to direct

Phr to direct ones steps

a direction*

a director*

to cover [t kv]
1. , ,
e. g. The table was covered with
.
white table-cloth.
2. () -
e.g. The travellers covered a distance of ten miles.
.
a cloud

e.g. Its warm to-day. The sky is


. .
covered with clouds. It will
.
snow soon.
to surprise [t spraz]
,
Gr to be surprised at smth. or smb. (-, -)
to get surprised

to be (get) surprised:
He
Dont get surprised at all these
!
changes.
- You mustnt be surprised that
,
weve introduced all these
.
changes.
, I was greatly surprised that he
.
knew me.

424

a nose
W. comb a straight nose
a turned up nose
an expression [n kspren]



1. (, ) (to express
)

:
There was an expression of joy
.
on his face.
There was an expression of joy
.
in his eyes.
e.g. We learn many English words
and expressions every day.
a misfortune [ msf:tn]

2. ( )

.
(a fortune , )

:
.
A misfortune fell upon him.
to excite [tu ksat]
Gr to be excited
to get excited
e.g. Dont get excited!
calm [k:m]
Syn quiet
W. comb calm weather
a calm sea
a calm voice
calmly
to calm down
Ant to get excited
e.g. At first the sick boys mother
got excited, but when the doctor
had explained to her that her
childs life was out of danger, she
calmed down.
a duty
W. comb to do ones duty
W. comb to be on duty
e.g. Whos on duty to-day?
about
e.g. We often speak about you.
e.g. is about fifty.
Gr to be about to do smth.

He !

, ,
, , .
1. ,

2. ,

?
1. , ()
.
*2. , ()
.
-

425

e.g. I was about to go out when


you rang me up.
whole

,
.
, , (, , )

:
the whole day
the whole crew

the whole world

the whole book
the whole apple
Ho!
all the students

all the books
to carry
e.g. Will you help me to carry
my suit-case to the station?
to carry out
Syn to fulfil
W. comb to carry out a plan
to carry out an order

,
He
?
,


()

. alm
alm [:m], :
calm [k:m]
. mismis- [ms] ,
, :
fortune ,
to understand
to hear

misfortune ,
to misunderstand
to mishear



I. ,
,
.
to go, to take, to lose, to find out, to lie, to stop, to expect, to swim, to
interrupt, to come, to introduce, to speak, to reach, to remind, to operate, to
belong, to touch, to throw, to break, to break out.

426

II.
, (.
93).
1. Our conversation was interrupted by a knock at the door. 2. Such
questions are not usually discussed at our meetings. 3. A new library will be
opened in this village next month. 4. Are many or few new houses usually built in
our city every year? 5. Do you know that this book was translated into English
only two years ago? 6. Our town is often visited by foreign tourists. 7. When was
Odessa liberated from the German fascists? 8. The doctor was asked to help the
sick woman. 9. When the teacher begins explaining to us a new rule, he is never
interrupted. 10. I wasnt given this book though I wanted to read it. 11. He was
shown the way to the post-office at once. 12. I shall be introduced to his family
this evening. 13. He can be given these magazines on Monday. 14. His address
must be found as soon as possible. 15. This picture is often looked at. 16. This
performance is much spoken about. 17. His yesterdays lecture was listened to
with great interest. 18. Those children must be taken good care of. 19. Comrade
Serov must be sent for at once. 20. This sick man must be immediately operated
on.
III. ,
.
1. These books are sold everywhere. 2. The students are given much
homework every day. 3. What kind of books are usually discussed at your lessons?
4. Comrade Ivanov is often asked to translate articles from English into Russian.
5. My mothers birthday is celebrated on the 29th of May.
IV.
.
1. Your answer is expected to-day. 2. Their exercise-books were looked
through yesterday. 3. Our work will be finished tomorrow. 4. His report was
discussed at the University. 5. Those engineers will be given some interesting work
to do next month. 6. His brothers work is much spoken about at this factory. 7.
The village can be reached before evening. 8. This report will be made by a wellknown professor. 9. I shall be taught how to drive a car.
V.
, .
1. must (to remind, to be reminded) that well have a meeting tomorrow.
2. Their lesson must (not to interrupt, not to be interrupted). 3. He (to tell, to be
told) to take care of the wounded man. 4. It was difficult for them (to find out, to
be found out) his address. 5. Many guests (to invite, to be invited) to my brothers
birthday party yesterday. 6. My brother (to invite, to be invited) many guests to his
birthday party yesterday. 7. My brother (to invite, to be invited) to his friends
birthday party yesterday. 8. These problems often (to speak of, to be spoken of).
9. I think that this patient must (to take good care of, to be taken good care of).

427

10. We (not to expect, not to be expected) them yesterday. 11. They (not to expect,
not to be expected) yesterday. 12. They (not to expect, not to be expected) us
yesterday. 13. We (to finish, to be finished) our work tomorrow.
VI. .
1. All the patients are usually examined in room 17. 2. This engineer was
introduced to us by the Klimovs. 3. That part of our country is described in many
books. 4. The students will be asked many different questions at the examinations.
5. Last month my brother was operated on by professor Glebov. 6. The doctor was
sent for two hours ago. 7. The boy was told to be back home at six oclock.
VII. ,

.
a) I was shown the way to the station. .
b) will never be forgotten. .
to ask, to teach, to promise, to allow, to show, to give, to tell, to meet, to
answer, to leave, to save, to invite.
VIII. ,
,
,
.
was listened to with great
pleasure.
to laugh at
to look for
to speak of
to speak to

to think of
to look after
to send for
to remind of

to ask for
to operate on
to listen to
to turn to smb. for smth.

IX. ,
.
)
1.

2.


3.

428

4.
.

5.

6.


.
.
.
.
.
.

, .
7.
, .
.
.
.
.

.
) 1. . . 2.
(home-reading). 3.
, . 4. ,
. 5. ,
, , 20 . 6. ,
. 7.
? . 8.
, . 9.
? 10. ,
. 11. , , , . 12.
, . 13.
,
. 14. . . 15.
. 16.
. 17. , . ?
429

) 1. , ()
. 2. , . 3.
. 4. .
5. . . 6.
. 7. .
.
X.
(. 94).

1. I have never heard her sing. 2. When we entered the room, we saw
Comrade Ivanov writing something. 3. We didnt notice him enter the room. 4. The
pioneer saw a stranger coming up to the house at the corner of the street. 5. I did
not notice him going out of the room. 6. I watched the young girl playing the
piano. 7. Have you ever seen them play chess together?
XI. ,
.
:
I saw him
I saw him speaking to Comrade Pavlov.
I have never seen him
I have never seen him play chess.
1. We saw them 2. The young mother watched her child 3. We have
never heard him 4. Have you ever seen them ? 5. We did not notice him
6. Has your teacher ever heard Comrade Klimov ? 7. When did you see your
little son ? 8. This girl has a fine voice. Have you ever heard her ? 9. They did
not see us . 10. Have you ever watched ?
XII. ,
.
)
1. ,

2. ,

.
-.
.

?
?
?
?
?
?
?

430

3. ,

4. ,

5. ,

6. ,

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
?
?
?
- ?
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

) 1. , ? 2. ,
. 3. ,
. 4. , . 5.
, , - .
-
XIII. , it was impossible to
land.
.
approaching a port
fought the storm
smiling eyes
in the distance
quite dark
great danger
XIV. ,
.
calm, palm, balm, balmy, talk, chalk, walk, class, grass, glasses, ask, task,
cast, fast, ferry, carry, mole, mire, parley, share, screw, seal, blast, fume,

431

drum, rude, faded, rattle, marvel, lest, beetle, gleam, rally, berry, shave,
rocket, role, stork.
XV. , ,
,
.
newcomer
present
misfortune
darkness
bravely
misunderstand
excitement

windy
dangerous
Motherland
impossible
terribly
expression
calmness

cloudy
misunderstanding
unexpectedly
wavy
fulfilment
calmly
cloudless

XVI. ,
,
- ,
.
dangerous
readable
central

meaningless
active

stormy
beautiful
Viet-Namese

XVII. , .
1. What synonyms of the word to approach do you know?
2. Is it easy to approach a port during a storm?
3. Do you like stormy or calm weather?
4. When were the Germans defeated at the approaches to Moscow?
5. When were they defeated at the approaches to Stalingrad?
6. How many miles a day can you cover on foot ()?
7. Does it become warmer or colder when the wind begins blowing?
8. When can one see high waves on the sea?
9. Do you like to go out on deck when you are making a voyage?
10. Have you ever travelled on board a large ship? How many men were
there in the crew?
11. Which football team do you like best of all?
12. How many sportsmen are there usually in a football team?
13. What kind of people do we call brave?
14. Why was our country in danger in 1942?
15. What synonym to the expression to be out of danger do you know?
16. When are nights warmer in winter: when the sky is clear or when it is
covered with clouds?
17. When does one usually get surprised?
18. When are people usually excited?
19. Why does one get excited at the examination?
20. Is it easy to speak calmly when you are excited?
21. What must a pupil do when he s on duty?
432

22. Did anything unexpected happen when you were about to leave the
office yesterday?
23. Was the whole group present at the lesson yesterday?
XVIII. .
1. The storm broke after we had reached the port (1). 2. The trees are
covered with snow in winter (2). 3. We were asked if the wind was still blowing
(2). 4. We were introduced to the captain by a friend of ours (3). 5. I can hardly
recognize you because you have greatly changed (1). 6. Many ships were seen in
the distance (1). 7. My daughters son always gets very excited when I bring
him new toys (3). 8. At three oclock we were already approaching the village
(2). 9. We havent noticed any mistakes here (2). 10. This suit-case will be carried
by my brother (1).
XIX. ,
.
1. A group of pupils came ___ ___ the old teacher and one of them said:
We thank you ___ all you have done ___ us. We wish you many years ___ happy
life and fruitful work. Please, take this book ___ a present ___ us. 2. When the
Great Patriotic War broke ___,Vera Popova, a student ___ one ___ the medical
institutes, joined ___ the army and went ___ the front. ___ the war she worked ___
a nurse (. ) ___ a field hospital. She helped ___ the doctors save the
lives ___ the wounded soldiers and officers. She took good care ___ the wounded.
Very often her own life was ___ danger, but the brave girl always thought first ___
the wounded. When the war was over, Vera entered ___ the First Moscow Medical
Institute. In 1950 she graduated ___ the Institute and went ___ her native village to
work there ___ a doctor. 3. Before the Revolution the school where we studied was
___ a distance ___ twelve kilometres ___ our village. It was very difficult ___ the
children to cover that distance ___ autumn and ___ winter. 4. Can you show ___
us the way ___ the rest-home? we asked a young girl. It is ___ there, she
answered, pointing () to something white that could be seen ___ the
distance. It seemed ___ us that the rest-home was ___ a distance ___ some five or
six kilometres ___ the place where we stood. 5. There was an expression of joy
___ my little daughters face when ___ the surprise of all the children the doll
() opened and closed its eyes and said Ma! ___ a loud voice. 6. Yesterday
when I was choosing () a book ___ my daughter ___ the library I came
___ a very interesting book describing the life of a little Soviet boy ___ school and
___ home. I took the book, but did not give it ___ my daughter ___ once. I decided
to read it first. When I began reading the book, it reminded me ___ my own
childhood. 7. ___ 1943 my brother fought ___ the fascists ___ the approaches ___
Moscow. There were many former () students of the Moscow institutes
___ the soldiers ___ his unit. 8. When I looked ___ the window, I saw that winter
had come. Everything around was covered ___ snow. 9. Your fathers life is ___
___ danger, but he must be taken good care ___, said the doctor. l0. We stood ___
the shore ___ the sea and watched ___ a boat sailing some half a mile ___ the

433

shore. It moved ___ and ___, farther and farther ___ the shore and soon it could
hardly be seen ___ the distance.
XX.
, , .
___ Monday came. On ___ Monday morning ___ Tom always felt unhappy,
because he did not like to go to ___ school. He lay in ___ bed thinking (). He
wanted to be ill. Then he could stay at home. He tried to find some symptoms of
___ illness in him, but couldnt. Suddenly he discovered () that one of
___ upper () teeth was loose (). This was lucky. He wanted to
begin crying, but remembered in ___ time that ___ aunt () would pull out ___
tooth, and he was afraid of it. Then he remembered that ___ doctor had once
spoken about ___ patient who had ___ mortified finger ( ) and
thats why had to stay in ___ bed for two weeks. Tom looked at one of ___ fingers
and decided to try. He began crying loudly. But ___ brother Sid continued sleeping
and heard nothing. Tom cried louder and louder and it really seemed to him that he
had ___ mortified finger.
Then Sid opened ___ eyes and said: Tom, I say, Tom! Stop crying! What is
___ matter?
Oh, Sid, I am dying! Tom cried out. Sid got excited and did not know what
to do. He put ___ clothes on and ran to ___ aunt Polly as quickly as he could.
Some minutes later, ___ aunt ran up to Tom with Mary and Sid behind her.
You, Tom! Tom, what is ___ matter with you, ___ child?
Oh, ___ dear aunt, ___ finger!
Aunt Polly looked at ___ finger but did not see anything wrong with it.
Whats wrong with ___ finger? she asked calmly. mortified! Tom cried out.
___ old lady () looked at ___ finger again, then sat down into ___ armchair and began laughing. Sid and Mary looked at each other and could not
understand anything.
Tom felt ___ little foolish (, ), but he was not at ___ loss.
Yes, ___ aunt Polly, ___ finger, and besides ___ I forgot to tell you about
___ tooth.
What is ___ matter with ___ tooth?
It is loose, and I have ___ terrible toothache. Open ___ mouth. Well, you
are right. ___ tooth is really loose. Mary, bring me ___ silk thread (
).
When Tom heard ___ last words, ___ expression of ___ face changed and he
cried out: Oh, ___ aunt, please, dont pull it out. I dont feel any toothache now. I
dont want to stay at home, I want to go to ___ school.
Oh, Tom, so all this was because you thought you would stay home from
___ school and go fishing ( ). Tom, Tom, I love you so much, and you
it seems to me that you try everything to break ___ old heart
(After Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain)

434

XXI.
.
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , ,
, , , , (2), , ,
(), , , , , , ,
, , .
XXII. .
to be safe
quiet
to fulfil

in the direction of
to continue
to be over

to fall ill
near the city of N.
to be against

XXIII. .
polite
to be safe
to go away

to be calm
to be taken ill
cloudless

to break out
to get excited
to disagree

XXIV. , : )
, 1, 2 ; )
.
to approach, all over the world, to go out on deck, dangerous, in the distance,
at a distance of, an expression, to get excited, to calm down, to be about to
do smth., whole.
XXV. ,
.
1. . , , ,
. ,
.
, .
.
. 2. ? .
. (threestoreyed) . 3. , . ,
, ( ) .
4. ,
(in) . 5. (
anger),
, (to question) . 6.
, ( ).
, . 7.

. 8. ,

435

. 9. , .
, .
. ,
. .
, . ,
. .
. 10. ... . ,
. 11. ,
, .
12. -, . 13.
, . , ,
, . 14. ,
. 15. . ,
. . 16. .
. , , . 17.
, ( stadium),
( ) ( ). 18.
, (a goal | keeper)? ,
. 19.
, , ! 20.
, . 21.
. 22. . . 8
, . 23. , ,
, . 24.
, ,
. 25. ,
. , ,
. 26.
, . 27. ,
, .
XXVI. , .
My name is Robinson Crusoe [kru: sou]. I was born in the City of York.
When I was quite a boy, I wanted to become a sailor. I dreamed of voyages to
distant () countries as I felt rather unhappy at home.
Once when I was eighteen years old, I started for Hull [hl], where I met a
boy whom I had seen in my native town before. His father was captain of a ship
which was starting for London that very day. The boy said to me: Will you come
with us, Rob? I was very glad to join them onboard the ship.
When we were some miles off the shore, the sky began to cover with clouds,
and it was not long before a terrible storm broke. The weather became worse with
every minute. Suddenly one of the sailors cried out that something terrible had
happened to the ship, and it seemed she was in great danger.

436

I was so excited that I could hardly understand anything. Its the end, I
thought, We shall all die. At that moment we noticed a ship in the distance.
When the ship came nearer, a small boat was sent out to help us.
The waves were rolling over the boat, but the brave sailors did their best to
break through the wind and the waves. At last the boat reached us, and we all
safely got into it. The moment we got off the ship, a big wave covered her and
soon she disappeared under the water.
It took us several hours to reach the shore. When at last we had landed, my
friend told his father who I was and how I had got on board the ship. I was about to
tell him of our bad luck when the captain interrupted me angrily, Young man, you
have brought us misfortune. Never go to sea again.
I could hardly say a word when I heard him, but I decided that I should go
on trying to make a sailor.
Indeed ( ), soon I was lucky to make friends with a captain
who took me on another voyage.
(After Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe)


XXVII. .
XXVIII. : ) ; ) ; )
.
XXIX. , ,
.
XXX.
.

1. A Sailors Story
hardly, wind, in the distance, to notice, to cover, brave, a storm, a cloud, to
reach, to blow, danger, safely.
2. My Visit to an Exhibition
the sky, excited, surprise, clear, hair, to be about to do smth., to be full of, a
turned-up nose, calmly, gay, an expression.
XXXI. ,
.
1. When one is very much surprised.
2. When one gets excited.
3. When one can hardly walk (continue ones work, read a book).
4. When one is in danger.
XXXII. .
1. A woman Hero of Socialist Labour ().
2. A woman a well-known teacher.

437

3. A woman a famous pilot.


4. A woman Hero of the Soviet Union.
XXXIII.
: ) , )
.

438

LESSON TWENTY-SEVEN (THE TWENTY-SEVENTH LESSON)


Text:
A YELLOW STORK (A Chinese Tale)
Grammar: 1. I (. 95).
2. (. 96).
3. to be
(. 97).
4.
to make (. 98).
Is this book on sale now?
I am sorry to say not.
No wonder |, its so
interesting!
Go to some library. No
doubt, | youll find it there.
I am sorry Ive kept you
waiting so long!
Never mind. (Thats all
right).


?
, .
.
!
.
() .
***
,
!
( ).

People say that once there lived in China a poor student, whose name was
Me. The student Me was so poor that he couldnt pay even for a cup of tea.
Once, being very hungry, Me entered one of the small tea-rooms of the town
and asked its owner to give him something to eat as he was dying of hunger. The
owner felt sorry for the poor young man and gave him some food, though he knew
that he wouldnt be paid for it.
Some months had passed. Once Me appeared in the tea-room again and said
to its owner:
I am leaving this place for ever. Ive got no money to pay for all Ive eaten
here. However, I dont want to be ungrateful. Saying these words the student Me
took a piece of yellow chalk out of his pocket and to the owners great surprise
drew a stork on the wall of the tearoom. The stork looked quite like a real one
except for his yellow colour1.
This stork, said Me, will bring you ten times as much money as I owe
2
you . Each time people gather in the tea-room and clap their hands three times,
the stork will get off the wall and dance3. Remember one thing, however,you are
not to make the stork dance for one man only. And now, good-bye! With these
words the student Me turned round and left the tea-room.
The owner was greatly surprised and decided to see whether the student had
told him the truth. On the following day, when his tearoom was crowded with
people, he asked them to clap their hands three times. And the moment they did so,
the yellow stork got off the wall and began dancing. How gaily and amusingly he
danced!
439

When the stork finished his performance, he bowed and went back to its
place on the wall. The guests could hardly believe their eyes. They had enjoyed
themselves greatly. One could hear them talk about the wonderful bird when
leaving the tea-room.
The news about the dancing stork reached every corner of the town 4.
Everybody wanted to see this miracle with his own eyes. So day by day the owner
of the tea-room was getting richer and richer, though his tearoom was usually
visited by poor people.
Once, however, a rich man arrived at the tea-room. He had also heard about
that miracle and wanted to amuse himself that night.
Entering the tea-room he saw only poor people sitting around. He put a lot of
money on the table in front of the owner and said that he wanted his wonderful
stork to dance for him alone. Seeing so much money the owner forgot what the
student had warned him of. He clapped his hands three times. The stork got off
the wall as usual, but how slowly and unwillingly he danced! How sad and ill he
looked! He didnt finish his dance this time and without a bow went back to its
place and never moved again. The rich man clapped his hands many times, he
shouted at the bird angrily trying to make the stork get off the wall and finish his
performance, but the bird wouldnt move. 5 The owner of the tea-room got very
much upset because he realized that they could no longer make the stork dance.
At night a loud knock at the door was heard. When the owner went to
answer it, he saw the student Me standing there in silence. Without a single word
Me took a small pipe out of his pocket, played a tune and slowly went away.
Suddenly the stork moved, quickly got off the wall and hurried after the student.
Since then nobody has ever seen the student Me with his wonderful stork again.
Old people say that if any such miracle appears in any place, it must belong
to all people. But if any man tries to keep it for his own pleasure, it will disappear
just as the yellow stork did.

1. The stork looked quite like a real one except for his yellow colour. Aucm
, (
).
except for , :
looked quite a young man except ,
for his gray hair.
.
2. This stork will bring you ten times as much money as I owe you.
( ),
.
,
, as ... as
(
much) , ,

440

. ,
, , ,
,
, :
mother is twice as old as I am.

knows twice as many words as


I do.

, .

spent twice as much time on the translation as she did.


, .
:
sister is five years older than
my brother.

3. Each time people gather in the tea-room ... the stork will get off the wall
and dance. , ,
.
each every ,
. , each
, , a
every , .
,
every day, every hour. every student
, , , ( , ..),
each student ,
, :
Every student must work hard to
become a good specialist.
Each student of our group has read
five English books this year.


,
.


.

each every , of
each :
Each of us must know two or three
foreign languages. .
4. The news about the dancing stork reached every corner of the town.
(
).
news , , information ,
, progress , , advice ,
.
. ,
many few. ,
441

() .. a piece of
news, a piece of advice.
:
.

This news was very interesting.


().

In his report the young scientist


gave much fresh information.

Their students have made much


(great) progress lately.

gave me a piece of good advice.

5. He shouted at the bird angrily, but the bird wouldnt move.


... . (
).
Wouldnt - ,
, , :
I tried my best to open the door, but
it wouldnt open.


,
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a stork
hunger
to die (died, died, dying)
Prp to die of hunger
to die of some illness
for ever
Syn for good
however [hauev]
grateful
Ant ungrateful
Gr to be grateful to smb. for smth.

,

-

-
e.g. I am grateful to you for all
,
you have done for me.
.
a pocket

to draw (drew, drawn) [t dr:, dru:, dr:n] ,


a drawing [ dr:]
,
to paint

e.g. Have you ever seen any pictures
- ,
painted by Repin?
?
a painter

442

Syn an artist
to owe
e.g. How much do I owe you?
to gather [t ]
to clap
W. comb to clap ones hands
to make (made, made)
e.g. Nothing could make him
change his plans.
a crowd
to crowd
Gr to be crowded
e.g. The square was crowded with
people.
Gr to be overcrowded
e.g. The tram was so overcrowded
that we couldnt get on it.
to bow [t bau]
a bow
to enjoy oneself


? (=
?)
,
,

.

.

, ,

.


,
.

,
,
e.g. I heard you were in the country , .
yesterday. How did you enjoy
?
yourself?
news
,
e.g. Every day the radio brings us

much interesting news.
.
information
,
e.g. This information is very important. .
advice
,
W. comb a piece of advice
()
e.g. gave me a piece of good
.
advice.
progress

W. comb to make progress



e.g. Youll make great progress in your English if you read much.
, .
day

Phr day by day


; ,

e.g. At first the sick man was very ,
weak, but after the operation he

got better day by day.
.
443

to arrive [tu rav]


Syn to come
Prp to arrive at some small place
to arrive in some big city, port, etc.

() - ( ..)
() -
, ..

:

We arrived at the station at six
.
oclock a.m.
The tourists arrived in Moscow
.
late at night.
a miracle [ mrkl]
to amuse [tu mju:z]
e.g. The story was very funny and
amused me greatly.
to amuse oneself
amusing
e.g. The performance was amusing,
and we enjoyed it greatly.

,
,

.
,

,

.
to find oneself

e.g. At last the soldiers with their



wounded captain found themselves
in the forest and could have a rest.
.
to warn [t w:n]
( , ..)
Prp to warn smb. of smth.
- -
e.g. The soldier warned his comrades of the coming danger.
.
The doctor warned his patient
,
that he must not go out till
Monday or he would get worse
, .
again.
willingly

Ant. unwillingly

e.g. willingly agreed to help us. .


Will you join our excursion?
?
Most willingly, thank you.
, .
to shout

Prp! to shout at smb.


-
e.g. Never shout at little children!
.

444

to upset (upset, upset) [tu pset]


W. comb to upset people
to upset ones plans
Gr to be upset
to get upset
e.g. Dont get upset. In a few days
youll be quite well.
to realize [t rlaz]
Syn to understand


-
, .
,
He !
.
, ,

:
.
I dont understand this rule.
(), They realized that they were in
.
danger.
single
1. ,
e.g. He did not say a single word.
.
2. , ,
e.g. Is he still single?
?
a pipe
1. , ,
2. ( )
. overover- [ouv] , ,
. , , ,
-, :
crowded
to fulfil
board

overcrowded
to overfulfil
overboard



I.
(. 95).
1. When I entered the room, I saw so many people sitting at table, that I
couldnt find my friend among the guests at once. 2. Since I didnt know my
friends new address, I could hardly hope to find him. 3. When I was reading
the book you gave me yesterday, I came across many new words. 4. As Petrov
was very much excited, he didnt hear the teachers question and had to ask her to
repeat it. 5. When I was once walking in the forest alone, I lost my way and at
first was at a loss what to do, but then safely reached the village. 6. You must be
very careful when you carry out this work. 7. When Ann took care of the
wounded during the war, she sometimes had to work day and night. 8. As I had
no dictionary (), I couldnt find out what these expressions meant. 9. As

445

my brother was wounded at the approaches to Stalingrad in 1943, he could not


continue fighting against the German fascists. 10. Since Tom was at a loss what
to do, he decided to ask his friend for advice. 11. As we stood on deck, we could
clearly see the shores of our Motherland in the distance. 12. As I was not
surprised at what had happened, I could not understand why everybody was so
excited. 13. When you read this book, write out interesting expressions if you
come across any. 14. While we discussed this book, we touched upon many
interesting problems. 15. When I was a boy of about ten, I often came to this
river to bathe and enjoyed it greatly. 16. As I was very much surprised at my
friends appearance in my house at such a late hour, I could hardly say a word.
17. When my mother watches gay and happy children at play or at work, she
always remembers her own hard and joyless childhood. 18. When he was asked
the same question, he was at a loss at first too.
II. .
a) Walking along the street |
,
I met a friend of mine.
.
( )
b) Being very busy | I
,
couldnt help them.
.
( )
c) When in Moscow, | I
,
often went to see the
.
Petrovs.
( )
d) While reading this book, |
,
I came across many new
.
words.
( )
e) Be careful when crossing
, the street.
.
( )
III. ,
.
.
1. ,
. 2. ,
. 3. ,
( ) , . 4.
() ,
. 5. ,
(an example),
. 6. ,
446

. 7. ,
. 8. ( ),
. 9. ( )
(), . 10.
, . 11.
, . 12.
, . 13. ,
, , . 14.
,
, . 15. ,
, . 16. ,
, , . 17.
, , .
18.
- . 19. ,
, ,
.
IV. - ,
,
(. 96).
1. I enjoyed myself greatly yesterday. 2. I want to amuse myself to-night.
3. Where did I find myself? 4. I shall not do this work myself. 5. Shall I go there
myself?
V. ,
.
1. Do you usually prepare your meals yourself or does anybody else do it for you?
2. Did you teach your son to read (write, draw) or did he learn to read (write, draw)
by himself ()?
3. Does your son (daughter) always prepare his (her) lessons himself (herself) or
does he (she) sometimes turn to you for help?
4. Do your children go to school by themselves or does anybody accompany
them?
5. Do you do your English exercises by yourselves or do your friends help you to
do them?
VI. ,
.
1. , . 2.
, . 3.
. 4. ? 5. ,
. 6.
(to enjoy oneself). 7.
. 8. .
(a looking glass). . 9. ,
447

* ,
. 10. . 11.
.
. 12. . ,
.
VII. ,

(. 97).
1. The ship was to arrive at the port at eleven oclock in the morning. 2. I
was very busy in the daytime yesterday, so I had to do my work in the evening.
3. We had to go back home as we had forgotten to close the window of our room.
4. Who is to take the examination at two oclock? 5. He said that the letter was to
be sent to Comrade Petrov. 6. We shall have to join some other group as our
teacher was suddenly taken ill. 7. Who was to ring you up yesterday? 8. As I could
not attend the lesson yesterday I had to ring up the monitor () of the
group and tell her about it. 9. Where were you to meet your friend? We were to
meet at the corner of this street. 10. When is the train to start? 11. You are not to
go out until I return, said the mother.
VIII. ,
.
1. , .
. ( ) ?
( ) . . 2.
, . 3.
? .
. 4. ?
. . 5.
, ,
. ,
, . 6. ,
, .
7. . , ,
. (maybe)
. 8. ,
. 9. ,
. 10. ,
, .
IX. ,
(. 98).
.
.
** a road.
448

1. .
.
.
.
2. .

, .
, .

3.

?
?
?
?
?

.
4. .
.
- ?
?
5. , ?
?
?

6. ,

.
.
.
.
.

*.
() .
7. , .
.
.
?
?
8. ,
?
?
** to gather
449

.
9.
- (a shoulder).
,
.
, . .
, .
10. , , .
, .
, .
, .
X. .
a) Ill make my son rewrite
this exercise.
b) Will you make them stop
talking?


.
He
?

-
XI. .
saying these words
dying of hunger
entering the tea-room sitting around
began dancing
when leaving
XII. ,
.
felt sorry, was so poor, for a cup of tea.
XIII. ,
.
pinch, fold, punch, chest, front, lick, say, drill, inch, rice, wit, pick, wig,
pace, lunch, rime, rib, win, chose, witty, clay, tick, rat, while, trench, prick,
cheque, flock, stern, stuff, yarn, pork, plump.
XIV. ,
, .
disbelieve
enjoyment
gratefulness
overcrowded
goal-keeper

disagreement
amusement
warning
unwillingly
drawings

excitedly
book-keeper
silently
overfulfil
actor

XV. ,
,
- ,
.
450

dependence
entrance
interruption
owner

neighbourhood
warning
enjoyment
readiness

XVI. , .
1. What does one usually say if one is grateful to somebody for
something?
2. Do you always carry your pen in your pocket?
3. Which of you can draw well?
4. When did you learn to draw?
5. What famous Russian painters do you know?
6. On what days do Muscovites gather on the Red Square?
7. Is it necessary to make your daughter prepare her lessons or does she
prepare them herself?
8. At what time are buses and trams usually overcrowded?
9. Where and when do people usually clap their hands?
10. In what way do you amuse yourself on holidays?
11. Where do you enjoy yourself more: at the theatre or at the cinema?
12. What news have you heard on (over) the radio to-day?
13. When do we say that a student has made much progress in English?
14. Which of your friends usually gives you good advice?
15. What prepositions can we use after the verb to arrive?
16. What is the synonym to the word to understand?
17. What synonym to the word to cry do you know?
18. Do you willingly speak English with your friends?
19. What can make one upset?
20. Do you easily get upset?
XVII. ,
.
1. The children danced around the New-Year tree clapping their hands
(3). 2. Drawing something in her note-book, the girl sang softly to herself (4). 3.
Professor Strelkov willingly agreed to operate on the sick woman (4). 4. I got
upset because I had broken the cup received by me as a present (1). 5. Your
words made him angry (2).
XVIII.
, , .
AN INDIAN TALE
Long, long ago when ___ world was young ___ Sun, ___ Wind and ___
Moon () were once invited to ___ dinner by ___ friends. ___ mother, ___ Sky
waited alone for ___ return.
___ Sun and ___ Wind were ___ bad little boys. They ate ___ lot of food
with ___ great pleasure and did not think of ___ mother who stayed at home dying
of ___ hunger.
451

But ___ good little Moon did not forget ___ mother. Of each dish that was
put before her she kept ___ little to take away to ___ mother.
Well, ___ children, whats ___ news? What have you brought for me?
asked ___ mother of ___ Sun, ___ Moon and ___ Wind when they returned home
at ___ night.
What do you mean, ___ woman? shouted ___ Sun, who was ___ eldest
son in ___ family. What did you expect of us? I went to ___ dinner to eat and
enjoy myself, and not to get ___ food for you.
You are right, ___ brother, said ___ Wind, ___ Mother does not know
how to eat, because she has no teeth in ___ mouth. Besides, we had such beautiful
clothes on that we could not put anything into ___ pockets.
Be silent, you, ___ bad boys, said ___ little Moon interrupting ___
brothers. Stop talking to ___ Mother like that. With these words she went up to
___ old woman and added, ___ Mother, here is ___ little of everything we were
given at ___ dinner.
Thank you, ___ dear Moon Child, said ___ Sky. Then she turned to ___
sons in ___ anger:
You are ___ ungrateful children. Listen to me, ___ eldest son. I know that
___ people like you very much. Now if you are too gay, you will shine too hot and
will burn () ___ fields. So ___ people will not love you any longer.
And you, ___ little Wind, you will always blow in ___ dry () weather
and ___ men will hate () you too.
But you, ___ sweet daughter, you who thought of ___ mother, you will
always be calm, soft and beautiful and ___ young men and ___ women will be
always full of love when they see you.
That is why ___ Sun is hated when it shines too hot, ___ Wind is hated when
it blows too hard and ___ Moon is always loved by everybody.
(After M. R. Anand)
XIX. ,
, .
1. Isnt it wonderful to spend such fine winter days ___ the country or ___
the forest when everything is covered ___ white snow and the air is so fresh! 2. I
was to meet my friend ___ the corner ___ our street. I hurried ___ the place and
reached ___ it ___ time. But ___ my great surprise I didnt find him there. I
couldnt believe ___ my eyes as I knew that he always kept his promise. The street
was crowded ___ people, and I thought that he was standing somewhere ___ a
quiet place waiting ___ me. I started looking ___ him everywhere, but couldnt see
him. So I went ___ home thinking that something unexpected had happened ___
him. 3. I was seriously ill, but now I am getting better and better day ___ day. I am
so grateful ___ Doctor Rebrov ___ all he has done ___ me! 4. Somebody is
knocking ___ the door. Please, go and ask him to enter ___ the room. I am so weak
that I cant do it myself. 5. I am ___ five years younger ___ my husband. 6. If you
dont stay ___ us, we shall be very sorry. You know that we always enjoy ___ your
songs very much. 7. I wonder why the Klimovs havent arrived ___ the station yet.
452

They may miss ___ the train. 8. If you go ___ plane, youll arrive ___ Leningrad
___ three oclock ___ the afternoon. 9. We entered ___ the room and went ___ ___
the picture painted ___ a friend ___ ours. There were some people ___ the room
and all ___ them stood ___ silence. The picture was really wonderful. 10. Never
shout ___ little children or they will answer ___ you ___ the same way. 11. I am so
grateful ___ you ___ this book! I read it a while ago, but Ill read it again now ___
great pleasure. 12. No wonder Petrov has made great progress ___ English. He
works ___ the language ___ ten times ___ much ___ all ___ us do. 13. When our
country was ___ great danger, all the people rose to defend their Motherland. We
shall never forget the heroes who died ___ the freedom and independence ___ our
country. 14. Hundreds of Korean people were killed and died ___ hunger during
the war, but they did not stop fighting ___ the enemy.
XX.
, .
1. The sailors thanked the brave girl for everything she had done to save
their commander. 2. I think after the operation your son will be better soon, said
the doctor. 3. On a warm spring morning we went to the country. We came home
late at night. We had had a very good time in the country. 4. We cannot find the
key which was lost by your son yesterday though we have already looked for it
everywhere. 5. Very many new books were received by our library last week.
6. He continued reading and didnt look up at me when I went up to him. 7. They
understood that their lives were in danger. 8. A large group of foreign tourists has
come to Moscow to-day. 9. Did you see anybody coming into the room? 10. Do
you know the man who is coming up to us? 11. Why havent you kept your
promise? 12. Do you think that somebody will come to see you to-night?
13. When the Great Patriotic War began, all the people of our country did their
best to help our army fight the fascists.
XXI. .
to fulfil, to thank smb., to think (), to have a good time, to cry, to
understand, much, funny, to decide, to fall ill.
XXII. .
to keep ones promise, to leave, war, dependence, to lose, to fall ill, joyful,
loud, to be empty, to be single, expected, polite, to go away, to be in danger,
to be calm, grateful, willingly.
XXIII. .
to warn, to find, to enjoy, to wake, to clap, to carry, to cover, to stop, to
gather, to owe, to draw, to die, to fulfil, to blow, to lose, to mean.
XXIV. ,
, ,
.

453

1. Do you (to wait for, to expect) anybody to-day? 2. We didnt (to wait for,
to expect) anything to happen to us. 3. I cant (to wait for, to expect) him any
longer. He was to come at five, but now it is already six oclock. 4. Why arent you
(to hear, to listen to) me? 5. Have you ever (to hear, to listen to) Paul Robeson sing
this song? 6. I shall (to make, to do) less mistakes now, because Ive learned all the
grammar rules. 7. I shall (to make, to do) all the exercises (first, at first), then Ill
begin reading this book. 8. By whom will this report (to make, to do)? It will (to
make, to do) by a famous professor. 9. Have you (to make, to do) this dress
yourself? 10. What (to make, to do) you usually at the week-ends? 11. (First, at
first) we didnt (to realize, to understand) that we were in such a great danger. 12.
How could I (to realize, to understand) this sentence if we havent yet learned this
grammar rule? 13. I cant (to realize, to understand) why you havent warned them
of it. 14. Why havent you (to learn, to find out, to know, to recognize) me at once?
Have I changed much? 15. He tried his best (to learn, to find out, to know, to
recognize) whose handwriting it was. 16. Looking through this magazine I (to find,
to meet, to come across) many interesting articles. 17. I (to find, to meet, to come
across) never this scientist before. 18. I (to find, to meet, to come across) never the
name of this scientist before. 19. I began looking for that book half an hour ago,
but I cant (to find, to meet, to come across) it yet.
XXV. , : )
, 2, 3, 4 ; )
.
for ever (for good), however, to be overcrowded, to enjoy oneself,
information, much advice, to make much progress, day by day, to find oneself, to
arrive (in, at), to warn, to get upset, to realize.
XXVI. , .
1. ( )
. ,
.
. 2. , .
. 3. ,
. ,
. 4. .
, . 5.
, , . 6.
, , ,
? . , .
. 7. , , ,
. 8. , ,
, , . 9.
.
- . 10. ?
? 11. ( ), ,

454

. 12. ,
. , -
. , . 13. ,
. 14.
, . 15.
(), . 16. ,
.
. 17. . ,
. 18.
? , . 19.
, , (a
nurse) . 20. ,
. . 21. ,
, , ,
. 22. ,
. ( ) . 23. ,
. 24. ,
. , . 25.
( ), (Michael)
. 26. ,
? 27. ,
, , . 28.
? 12 .
XXVII. -,
.
.
, .
, .
.
,
,
.
.
, (, )
.
, , ,
, , (to
save) , (entrance) .
() ,
, ,
(passers-by). , .
,
.
, .
455

(),
, ,
, ,
.
(a composition)
- (a noble deed).
, ,
. .
, ,
. .
? , .
! . ,
(a topic). ,
.
, .
, ,
, , : ,
, ()
(entrance) .


XXVIII. .
XXIX. : ) ; ) ; )
; ) .
XXX. :
1) . ( : , ,
, .)
2) .
( : , , .)
3) .
( : , , .)
XXXI. ,
.
1. The Childhood of a Dancer.
to dance, to take part in, willingly, to bow, to believe, to enjoy, to amuse
(amusingly), a lot of people, to fall, to break ones leg, to be in danger, to warn, to
be out of danger, to realize, no longer, to be upset, to take care of, to recover, to
make smb. work, to become famous.
2. An Episode from The White Poodle () by Kuprin or Kashtanka by
Chekhov.

456

to be crowded, to make the dog dance, to bow, to amuse, to enjoy, a rich


woman and a boy, to shout, to warn, to realize, to steal (stole, stolen ),
to be upset, no longer, to be in danger, to arrive just in time, to save.

457

LESSON TWENTY-EIGHT (THE TWENTY-EIGHTH LESSON)


Text:
A NEW TALENT ON THE STAGE
Grammar: 1. (. 99).
2. neither ... nor; either ... or; both ... and (. 100, 101,
102).
3. So do I, Neither
can he (. 103).
Are you going my way?
You had better stay at
home to-night.
No, | I would rather go to
the theatre.
How did the concert go?

no ?

.
, .
?

There are people who are neither actors, nor producers, yet1 they are so
fond of the theatre that they cannot live without it.
Nick Petrov, a friend of mine, is one of such people. He is not a Muscovite,
but he rather often comes to Moscow on business trips and never misses the
opportunity of going to the best theatres in the capital.
Once he came to Moscow on business and on Saturday he invited me to the
theatre. He said that Pygmalion* was on, with a new actress in the leading part.
The other day I saw her name on the posters, he added. I wonder how
she will manage that most difficult part!...
We came to the theatre just before the beginning. The house was packed.
Our seats were in the third row of the stalls and we could see and hear everything
very well. Soon after we took our seats, the lights went slowly out and the curtain
rose.
The performance of the talented actress made a deep impression on
everybody. The audience greeted her with a storm of applause after each act.
The rest of the cast were wonderful as usual. The best actors of the company
performed that night.
During the interval the new actress was much spoken of. We learned that
she had come to Moscow from one of the small towns of our country where she
worked at the local theatre. The part of Eliza Doolittle ** was her favourite. The
young actresss dream was to perform that part in the capital of our country. So she
decided to go to Moscow.
One winter day she came to the theatre and asked the leading actors to give
her the opportunity of performing before them a few scenes from Pygmalion. Her
performance was so fine that she was immediately given the part of Eliza. During
the rehearsals the famous actors of the theatre did their best to help her.
** [pmeln]
**** [laz du:ltl]
458

At last the great day had come when she appeared on the stage of one of the
best Moscow theatres. All the audience from gallery to pit were applauding her.
There was no doubt that she was a great success. The Moscow theatre-goers
warmly greeted the appearance of a new talent.
DIALOGUE
(to be learned by heart)
A.Lets go and see Pygmalion. They say | its very well staged. I
havent seen it yet.
B. Neither have I. Its difficult to get tickets | to the Maly Theatre,
isnt it?
A. Rather. But I think its possible to get tickets for this play. It has
already run for many nights.
B. It doesnt matter. Im sure the house will be packed. Its a pity we
didnt buy tickets in advance.
A. Well! If they havent got any tickets to the Maly Theatre, | we may
go either to the Art Theatre | or to the Pushkin Theatre. I am fond of
the Art Theatre.
B. So am I. Both the company and the staging | are perfect there.
A. Well, | heres the box-office. Im sure well be lucky.

1. There are people who are neither actors, nor producers, yet they are so
fond of the theatre that they cannot live without it. ,
, ,
.
yet
.
still .
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
a stage
Prp on the stage
to stage
e.g. The play Dombey and Son is
staged after the novel Dombey
and Son by Dickens.
staging
an actor
an actress

,
()
()

.
,

:
an actor .
an actress .
a waiter .
a waitress .

459

to act
e.g. He acted like a hero.

1. ,
.
2. ( )
Syn to perform, to play
,
W. comb to play the part of ...

e.g. Who is to play the part of

Professor Higgins to-night?
?
an act
( )
e.g. How many acts are there in this ?
play?
fond [fnd]
(
)
Gr to be fond of smth. (smb.);
,
of doing smth
- (-), -
e.g. son is fond of music.
.
son is fond of playing the
.
piano.
Syn to like
,
to enjoy

:
In my childhood I liked

to skate.
.
Did you like the film?
?
( , ).
is fond of the theatre.
enjoyed the play.

(
, )
( ).

a Muscovite [ mskvat]
,
business [bzns]
,
W. comb to go somewhere on a
-
business trip
Syn to go on business
,
e.g. Last week Comrade Petrov

went to Kiev on a business trip.
.
to miss

W. comb to miss lessons



e.g. Why did you miss the last

lesson?
?
W. comb to miss the train

Ant to catch the train (caught, caught) (to catch ,
[t kt, k:t, k:t]
, )

460

:
.
I missed the train
(
I was late for the lesson (the
..)
concert, etc.).
an opportunity [n ptju:nt]
,

W. comb to take the opportunity



of doing smth. ()
to do smth. ()
Ant to miss the opportunity of

doing smth., to do smth.
W. comb to give the opportunity
,
of doing smth., to do smth.
e.g. You must take every
opportunity to speak English.
, .
I am so sorry you missed the
, opportunity of going to the
()
country on Sunday.
.
Werent you given the opportunity of seeing your sick mother at

the hospital?
?
to be on
( , ..)
e.g. What is on at the cinema to-night? ?
Syn to run (ran, run)
( , , ..)

e.g. New films usually run some
-
two or three weeks.
.
This play has run for many nights. .
a part

Syn a role

W. comb to play the part (the role) of () ...


e.g. Who played the part of
?
Astrov last night?
leading
, (to lead, led, led) [t
li:d, led, led]
a leading part, a leading role

the leading article
,
e.g. Who is to perform (to play)
( )
the leading parts in this play?
?
the other day
, ( )
one of these days
( )

461

:
(
I saw him the other day.
).
( I shall see him one of these days.
).
a poster [ poust]

to manage [t mnd]
1.
e.g. I wonder how she will manage
,
that work.
?
2. ,
e.g. Where did you manage to get
?
this book?
a house (a play-house)
.
Syn a theatre

W. comb The Art Theatre



packed
,
Gr to be packed

e.g. Though the play has run for many ,
nights, the house is always packed.
.
a seat

e.g. Take your seats, Comrades!


, !
W. comb a vacant seat
()
Ant a taken (occupied) seat

e.g. Is this seat vacant? No, Im ? , ,
sorry, its taken.
.
a row [ rou]

e.g. I dont like to sit in the first row. .


the stalls

the pit

a box

the dress circle

the balcony [ blkn]


1-
the gallery [ lr]
()
Prp in the stalls

in the pit

in a box

in the dress circle

in (on) the balcony
1-
in (on) the gallery

light
1.
e.g. There is much light in this room. .
2. , ,
Phr Give me a light, please.
.

462

the lights
W. comb the lights go out
the lights go up
e.g. When we entered the hall, the
lights were already going out.
a curtain [ k:tn]
W. comb the curtain rises (falls)
a performance
e.g. The performance was over at
twelve oclock.

3. ( ), ..


,
( ).
,
()
*1.

2.
Syn acting
,
e.g. The young actors performance
()
was wonderful.
.
talented [tlntd]
, (a talent )
W. comb. a talented poet (writer,
, (, ,
actor, composer, painter)
, )
an impression [n mpren]
(to impress )
W. comb a great impression

a deep impression

Phr to make an impression on
-
(upon) smb.
e.g. The new novel made a great

impression on everybody.
.
an audience [n :dns]
, , (
. .)
applause [pl:z]

W. comb a storm of applause



to applaud [tu pl:d]

the rest

W. comb the rest of smb., smth.

:

the rest of the books
(
the rest of the students (
the rest )
e)
a cast
( )
e.g. The cast of the play I saw was () , very good.
, .
a company [ kmpn]

an interval [n ntvl]
,

463

local [loukl]
W. comb a local theatre, a local
market, a local newspaper,
local goods
favourite [fevrt]
e.g. Tolstoy is my favourite writer.
a scene [ si:n]
e.g. How many scenes are there
usually in each act?
a rehearsal [ rh:sl]
doubt [daut]
e.g. There is no doubt about it.
Phr no doubt
success [skses]
Phr to be a success

, ,
,
()

.
( )
?

.
( )

:
The new play is a great success.
.

son has made much (great)
.
progress in his studies.
a theatre-goer
a ticket [ tkt]
Prp a ticket to the theatre
a ticket for a play (a film, etc.)
a pity [ pt]
Phr its a pity
Syn I am sorry...
e.g. Its a pity you were busy
yesterday. I had two tickets
for Uncle Vanya.
in advance
e.g. We shall buy tickets to the Art
Theatre in advance.
perfect
a box-office
Syn a booking-office
neither ... nor [na ... n:]
either ... or [a ... :]
both ... and [bou ... nd]


( ..)


, ...
, .

.


.
,

( ..)

...
...
... , ...

464



I. neither ... nor, either... or,
both ... and . (. 100, 101,
102,).
1. My sister and I were excited when we heard that news. 2. You can change
trains at this station or at the next one. 3. The captain and his crew were surprised
when they saw our boat. 4. We shall go to the theatre or to the cinema on our day
off. 5. My son and I can cover many miles on foot. 6. My friend and I have read
this Chinese tale. 7. The children and their parents enjoyed the performance.
8. Books and magazines are sold at this shop. 9. The crew and the ship were in
danger. 10. My friend and I are mistaken. 11. The boat and the ship were seen in
the distance.
II. ,
neither ... nor, either ... or, both ... and.
1. ()
. ,
. 2. ,
, ,
. 3. ,
, . 4. , ,
. 5. ,
. 6. , ,
. 7. ,
()
(an expedition). 8. ,
. 9. , ,
. 10. , . 11.
, , , .
, . 12. ,
. 13.
, . 14.
, . 15.
.
III. .
a) Neither my sister, nor I
was surprised at that news.

, .

b) Either you, or your friend


is to stay here to-night.

,
.

c) Both my sister and my


brother have made great
progress in their studies.

465

IV. ,
(. 99).
1. You are not surprised at my words, ... 2. Now the ship is out of danger, ...
3. You are tired. You cant move on, ... 4. The sea was very calm yesterday, ...
5. You are not hungry yet, ... 6. I dont owe you any money, ... 7. Your pupil is to
learn these expressions, ... 8. You are not upset, ... 9. She will willingly help you, ...
10. These books are not yet sold out, ... 11. We are approaching our native town, ...
12. Your son was ill yesterday, ... 13. You have enjoyed yourselves greatly, ... 14.
The story did not amuse them at all, ... 15. Your brother has two children, ... 16.
The square was crowded with people yesterday, ...
V. ,
.
1. , ? 2.
, , ? 3.
? 4. , , ? 5.
, , ? 6.
? ? 7.
- . ? 8.
,
? ,
. 9. , ,
? 10. , ?
11. ?
?
VI.

( )
(. 103).
I like to skate. So do I.

.
.

I cant go to the theatre tonight. Neither can he.

.
.

1. We saw a ship in the distance ( ). 2. Ive received an important


letter to-day. ( ). 3. Comrade Perov was not late for the performance. (
). 4. You will catch the train, Im sure. ( ). 5. I was much
excited when I heard this story. ( ). 6. Ive never seen her dance. (
). 7. We shall miss the train if we dont hurry. ( ). 8. My wife
watched the play with pleasure. ( ).
VII. ,
(, , ..) .
1. I am dying of hunger ... . 2. We are very grateful to you ... . 3. My brother
cannot draw ... . 4. We shall gather in the hall at half past six ... . 5. My father

466

always gives me much good advice ... . 6. You didnt warn me of it ... . 7. My
sisters son has made much progress in English .... 8. We shall willingly join you ...
. 9. I am not at all upset ... . 10. They amused themselves greatly ... . 11. We didnt
enjoy ourselves at all ... . 12. Comrade Norov has just finished painting a new
picture ... .
VIII. .
a) I enjoyed the play greatly.
So did my friends.

.
.

b) I have never heard you sing


be fore. Neither has my
brother.


. .

-
IX. .
1. was sent on a business trip, wasnt he? 2. To-day Uncle Vanya is on,
isnt it? 3. This play didnt make a great impression on you, did it? 4. Your seats
are in the third row, arent they? 5. This actress was not a great success, was she?
X. ,
.
Lets go
Its difficult
Its a pity

Neither have I
Both the company and the staging
Heres the box-office

XI. ,
.
cheap, count, packed, chalky, palm, rabbit, penny, total, mission, awake,
combine, egg, snuff, trace, mice, sale, wed, cave, shave, stamp, thing, shift, gyps,
prize, wrong, wreck, cent, float, vain, squeeze, feeling, tact.
XII. ,
, ,
.
overcrowded
undoubtedly
progressive
leader

overwork
successful
leadership
impression

oversea
immediately
doubtful
unsuccessful

difference
tiredness
careless
understanding

XIII. , ,
-
.
realize
ungrateful
unexpectedly

impression
snowy
weakness

greeting
active
amusement
467

leadership
disappear
performance

serious

helpless

capable

producer

XIV. , .
1. Which theatre in Moscow is your favourite one?
2. What plays staged at this theatre have you seen this month?
3. Who is the most talented actor (actress) at this theatre?
4. What parts does this actor (actress) usually play?
5. Why are you fond of his (her) acting?
6. What play with this actor (actress) did you see last?
7. What was on at the Maly Theatre when you were there last?
8. That play was a great success, wasnt it?
9. Who played the leading parts then?
10. Did you enjoy yourself? Your seats were good, werent they?
11. Were your seats in the pit or on the gallery?
12. Where did you buy the tickets?
13. Did you buy them on the day of the performance or in advance?
14. Which of your friends did you see during the interval?
15. Is one allowed to enter the pit or the stalls after the lights have gone
out?
16. How often do you go to the Bolshoy Theatre?
17. You always manage to get good tickets to the Bolshoy Theatre, dont
you?
18. How do you manage to get good tickets to the Bolshoy Theatre ?
19. Have you ever seen Ulanova dance? When was it?
20. Which of you has heard Pirogov sing?
21. Where does one have to sit if one is late for the first act?
22. You have had many opportunities to see some foreign actors and
actresses on the Soviet stage, havent you? When was it?
23. Which of them made a great impression on you?
24. When did you go on your last business trip? Where were you then ?
25. Did you go to any local theatres?
26. You did not miss the opportunity of seeing as many performances at the
theatres as possible when you were in Leningrad on a business trip, did
you?
XV. , ,
.
Many years ago ___ London theatre was preparing for ___ first night ___
() of ___ play. ___ producer ___ wanted ___ play to be ___ success and
tried ___ his best ___ to stage ___ play as ___ wonderfully as possible.
In that play ___ storm on ___ sea was to be shown. But at that time there
was no stage machinery [mi:nr] at ___ theatre. So some boys were invited to

468

make ___ waves on ___ sea. ___ sea was just ___ piece of green cloth *, and ___
boys were to jump up and down under it.
In ___ evening, when ___ curtain rose and ___ storm on ___ stage broke,
___ audience met it with ___ applause. ___ boys managed their work well, ___
scene always made ___ great impression on ___ audience, and each of ___ boys
was paid ___ shilling () ___ night. But when ___ performance had run
for some weeks, it seemed to ___ owner of ___ theatre that it was too much and
that ___ sixpence ( ) ___ night would be quite enough ___
boys decided to play ___ trick ( ) on him. So in ___ evening when
___ storm was to break and ___ wind began blowing, ___ sea was as calm as
before; there were no waves on it. ___ owner got very angry and shouted from
behind ___ curtains: Make ___ waves, ___ boys, make ___ waves! But ___ boys
would not jump. Then at last one of them asked: Do you want ___ waves for ___
shilling ___ night or for ___ sixpence? Oh, for ___ shilling! said ___ owner
of ___ theatre. Then ___ boys smiled at each other and began jumping again. ___
play was again ___ great success.
XVI. , .
1. I cannot play ___ the piano, but I am fond ___ going to different concerts,
and I always enjoy ___ them greatly. 2. Comrade Repin explained ___ me that he
was late ___ the lesson because he had missed ___ the seven oclock train which
he usually took. 3. I am afraid you will not be able to catch ___ the five oclock
train. And if you take the next one, you will not be able to reach ___ the place ___
time. 4. Weve been neither ___ the theatre, nor ___ the cinema ___ a long time!
Lets go ___ some theatre to-night. ___ the way, dont you know what is ___ at the
Maly Theatre? No, I dont. But its all the same ___ me. I always enjoy ___
everything there. It is one ___ the best theatres ___ Moscow. 5. I always get angry
when people enter ___ the hall after the lights have gone ___. 6. When Ulanova
appears ___ the stage, the audience always greet her ___ a storm ___ applause. 7. I
dont want to see this play. I like neither the play itself, nor the novel it is staged
___. 8. Why is Gleb late? He has either missed ___ the nine oclock train or
something really serious has happened ___ him! 9. Yesterday my son returned ___
Leningrad. He had visited this wonderful city ___ the first time. He said that the
city had made an unforgettable impression ___ him. 10. If I manage to fulfil my
task ___ time, I shall gladly join ___ your excursion. 11. If you go ___ a business
trip ___ Kiev, take every opportunity ___ visiting all the museums there. You will
enjoy yourself, there is no doubt ___ it. 12. When this actress plays the part ___
Eliza, the theatre is always packed. 13. Why, youve paid ___ your suit four times
___ much ___ Ive paid for mine, havent you? 14. Excuse me, you are getting ___
at the next stop, arent you? 15. Its a little bit strange to see trees covered ___
snow ___ this part ___ our country in April, isnt it?
XVII. .
** A cloth , .
469

to catch
to teach
to try
to run
to swim

to manage
to lie
to die
to make
to owe

to draw
to enjoy
to carry out
to fulfil
to blow

to mean
to lose
to stop
to study
to fall ill

XVIII. .
funny, to continue, to like, to play the part of, at once, quite, to
understand, performed, to run, to fulfil, to fall ill.
XIX. .
to catch a train, taken (occupied), undoubted, successful, to appear,
beginning, to miss the opportunity.
XX. ,
.
1. . . 2.
? 3. ,
. 4. !
? 5. ? ? 6.
, ? . 7. ,
? 8. . 9.
, , ( ) . 10.
! ,
, . 11. .
, (to get down to) . 12.
, .
. 13. , .
XXI. ,
, ,
.
1. (one of these days, the other day) I met a friend of mine, whom I hadnt
seen since we were at the front. 2. (one of these days, the other day) we shall go to
our native town to see whether it has greatly changed since the time we left it.
3. (one of these days, the other day), my friend will come to Moscow himself. Ive
received a telegram informing me of it. 4. The students were promised to be shown
an interesting new film (one of these days, the other day). 5. Comrade Larin (not to
miss, not to be late for) any lessons this month. 6. I never (to miss, to be late for)
any new performances at this theatre. 7. I was sorry we (to miss, to be late for) the
ten oclock train, as we had to wait for the next one for about an hour and a half. 8.
Hurry up if you dont want (to miss, to be late for) the performance. Dont forget
that you wont be let in after the lights have gone out. 9. Take either book. They are
both very interesting. I am sure you will (to enjoy, to be fond of) them both. 10. It
is impossible to get tickets for this play though it to run, to be on) for the tenth
time. 11. It is impossible to get tickets for this opera though it already (to run, to be
470

on) for a month and a half. 12. My friend asked me if I knew what would (to run,
to be on) at our theatre on Sunday. 13. I was told that (one of these days, the other
day) I was to go on a business trip to Gorky. 14. We cant say we (to enjoy, to be
fond of) this play, though it is staged after a very interesting novel.
XXII. , .
yet, (. ), still, to be fond of doing smth., to go on a
business trip, to miss the... oclock train, to be on, to play the part of, to manage, to
make an impression on smb., the other day, one of these days, in advance, to give
(to take, to miss) the opportunity of doing smth., on the stage, the rest of, to make
much progress, to be a success.
XXIII. , .
1. , ,
(Katherine). 2. ( ),
? 3. , , ,
, . . 4.
, -
. ,
. 5. (time-table). , ,
, ,
. 6.
. , . ,
. 7. , ,
. , , 10.30 (the
10.30 train). 8. , ()
. 9.
? ,
. 10. ,
,
(), -,
. 11. ,
,
. 12. , ?
13. ? 14.
? ,
.
. ?
(!). ,
. 15. , , ?
16. , ! 17. ,
(in class),
. 18.
.
,

471

. ,
, . 19. ,
? 20. ,
. 21. ,
, . 22. ,
.
(Othello [ouelou]),
. 23.
. ,
,
. ,
.
, .
()
, ,
. , ,
. 24.
, (Helen).
, .
( ). ,
,
() , . ,
.
, , ,
. , ,
, , .
XXIV. .
.
. .
() , , ,

(). ,
( , ) .
*, ,
, ,
, , , .
, (there came a day),
. , ,
, . ,
... , . ,
. , ,
. , ,
** an amateur [mt:] concert.
472

. : ,, ?
? , () .
! ,
, ,
, , .
, .
. ,
,
.


XXV. .
XXVI. .
XXVII. .
XXVIII. ,
.
1. Buying a Ticket to the Theatre
the other day, to take the opportunity, a box-office, to be on, to manage, in
advance, a seat, in the stalls, in a box, in the dress circle.
2. A New Play at the Theatre
a poster, to play the part of, the leading part, to act, to enjoy, the staging, the
lights, to go out, the curtain, to be staged, talented, to be a success, the audience, to
make a deep impression, to applaud.
3. A Young Actress
her dream was, to be upset, to go on the stage, talented, to be a success, the
leading part, from gallery to pit, to greet with a storm of applause, to be excited, to
be happy.
XXIX. - .
XXX. ,
: ) Last Visit to the Theatre, Cinema
or Club; b) The Most Interesting Television Show I Have Seen Lately; c) A
Radio Broadcast*; d) The Lecture or Concert I Have Heard Lately.
XXXI. : ) First Visit to the
Theatre; b) My Favourite Actress (Actor); c) My Favourite Play (Film).

** broadcast [br:dk:st] .
473

LESSON TWENTY-NINE (THE TWENTY-NINTH LESSON)


Text:
POST HASTE1 (after Colin Howard)
Grammar: neednt (. 104).
Will this bus take us to the postoffice?
Sure.
Whats the fare?
Forty kopecks, please. Dont
trouble to pay your fares. Ive
already paid for both of you.


?
.
?
.
.
.

I say, I am pleased to see you, said the little man standing by the letterbox. Oh, hallo! I said, stopping Simpson, isnt it?
The Simpsons were newcomers to the town, and my wife and I had only met
them once or twice.
Yes, thats right! returned Simpson.
I wonder if you could give me some money. I put my hand into my pocket.
You see,he continued, my wife gave me a letter to post, and Ive just noticed
it isnt stamped. It must go to-nightit really must! And I dont think the postoffice will be open at this time of night, do you? It was about eleven oclock and I
agreed that it seemed so.
I thought, you see, Id get stamps out of the machine, explained Simpson,
only I find I have no small change about me.2 Im sorry, but Im afraid I
havent either, I said.
Oh, dear, dear! he said.
Maybe somebody else has, I said.
There isnt anyone else.
We both looked up and down the street, but nobody could be seen around.
Yes, well! I said intending to move off. But he looked so upset standing there
with a blue unstamped envelope, that I couldnt really leave him alone.
Ill tell you what, I said. Youd better walk along with me to my place
its only a few streets off and Ill try to find some change for you there.
Its really very good of you! said Simpson.
At home, we managed to find the money he needed. He thanked me and left.
I watched him take several steps up the street and then return to me.
I say, I am sorry to trouble you again, he said. The fact is were still
quite strangers round here andwell, Im rather lost, to tell you the truth3. Will you
tell me the way to the post-office?
I did my best. It took me some minutes to explain to him where the postoffice was. At the end of that time I felt as lost as Simpson4 and decided to come
along5 with him. I led the way to the post-office. Simpson put a penny into the
automatic stamp-machine. The coin passed through the machine, but with no
result.

474

It is empty, I explained. Simpson was so excited that he dropped the


letter on the ground and when he picked it up there was a large black spot on its
face.
Dear me6, said he. My wife told me to post the letter to-night. After all 7 it
is not so important, but you dont know my wife. I had better8 post it now.
Suddenly I remembered that I had a book of stamps at home. It will be
posted, I said. But wed better hurry, or we shall miss the post. It took rather a
long time to find the book of stamps. But when we found it, we saw after all that it
was empty. The last thing I could advise him to do was to post the letter
unstamped.
Let the other man pay double postage on it in the morning.
I took him firmly by the arm and accompanied him to the post-office in time
for the midnight collection. He dropped in his letter and then, to finish off my job,
I took him home.
I am so grateful to you, really, he said when we reached his home. That
letter its only an invitation to dinner, to Mr. ... Dear me!
Why, whats the matter?
Nothing. Just something Ive remembered.
What?
But he didnt tell me. He just opened his eyes and his mouth at me like a
wounded goldfish, hurriedly said Good-night, and quickly went inside9.
All the way home I was wondering what it was he had remembered.
But I stopped wondering the next morning, when I had to pay the postman
double postage for a blue envelope with a large black spot on its face.
DIALOGUES
(to be translated into Russian and learned by heart)
IN THE STREET
A. Can you show me the way to the nearest post-office? I am not a
Muscovite | and I dont know how to get there.
B. Most willingly. Walk straight ahead, | then turn the first corner |
and youll see the post-office. You cant miss it.
A. Thank you ever so much.

475

AT THE POST-OFFICE
A.

I should like to have a letter to Omsk registered. How much


does it cost?
Clerk. One rouble. Shall I give you a one-rouble stamp10?
A.
Do, please. I want this letter to go by airmail.
Clerk. Then you must buy another one-rouble stamp. What else can I
do for you?
A.
I should like to make out a money-order | and to send a
telegram.
Clerk. Here is a money-order form | and a telegram form. You may
fill them in | at the desk over there.
A.
(handing in the filled-in forms) Where do they accept parcels?
Clerk. In the room next door11, please. Here are your receipts.
A.
Thank you, | good-bye.
Clerk. Good-bye.

1. Post Haste haste, , .
, ,
, post-haste
.
2. ... I find I have no small change about me... ,
( ).
to have something about one, about
, .
3. The fact is we are still quite strangers round here andwell, Im rather
lost, to tell you the truth. ,
, , .

476

: the fact is that , ; to


tell you the truth no
, .
4. I felt as lost as Simpson. (
), .
be (to feel) lost
to be at a loss, .. , ,
. to lose (lost, lost)
, , :
They could not find that man because his address had been lost
many years before.


,
.

5. ... and decided to come along with him... .


along to come (to come along)
-.
along , : Come along, said he (
), .
6. Dear me, said he ,, , .
dear me .
, ,
.
7. After all it is not so important. , .
after all .
8. I had better post it now. .
had better+ to
. . , ( ,
..) , :
You had better do this work now.

. . I (we) would
rather+ to () (, ),
, :
I dont want to go anywhere tonight. I would rather stay at home.

.
.

You had better,


Youd better, I would rather Id rather.
9. He ... quickly went inside. ... .
inside . (: outside
, ). to go inside (outside) to be inside (outside)

477

to go
in (out) to be in (out):
May I see Comrade Garin? I am
sorry, he isnt in.

?
, (
).

10. Shall I give you a one-rouble stamp? ?


one-rouble
stamp, .. ,
,
. . .
:
1. .
.

1. Her son is four years old.


She has a four-year-old son.

2. 40

2. forty kopecks
a forty-kopeck stamp

3. ,
10.45.

3. the 10.45 train =


the ten-forty-five train

11. In the room next door , .


next door ,
, ; :
The Ivanovs live next door to us. .
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
post [poust]
mail

( )
(: , ..)
e.g. Has there been any mail to-day? -
?
W. comb the morning mail

the evening mail

air mail

Prp by the morning mail

by air mail

e.g. Send this letter by air mail,
, ,
please.
.
a post-office*
,
:
.
There is a post-office in our
street.

Much mail is usually brought
.
to our office.

478

postage
W. comb to pay double [dbl]
postage
to post
e.g. Have you already posted your
letter?
haste [hest]
Phr to make haste
post-haste

,
( )

?

,
()
to please

Gr to be pleased

Syn to be glad
,
Ant to be displeased

e.g. I am pleased (glad) to see you.
.
Prp to be pleased with smb. (smth.)
- (-)
e.g. The teacher was pleased with
your answer, wasnt he?
?
a letter-box (a mail-box, a pillar-box)
once [wns]*

:

once

twice

thrice (three times)


:

four times
.. five times, etc.
twice

thrice

e.g. Sometimes it is not enough to



read the text once. One has to
.
read it twice or even three or
-
four times to understand it well.
,
.
a stamp (a postage stamp)

to stamp

W. comb to stamp a letter

an unstamped letter

e.g. I had no time to buy a stamp
,
and my letter went unstamped.
.
an automatic [:tmtk] stamp-machine

a machine [ mi:n]

change

479

W. comb small change

both
,
e.g. Shall I give you an English or

Russian book? Give me both.
? .
both ... and*
1. ... ()
e.g. She took both her son and her
.
daughter to the South.
2. ... ()
e.g. She knows both English and
,
French.
.
,
:
-. They both can speak English.
(Both of them can speak
English).
.
They both left Moscow. ( Both of
them left Moscow).
.
They are both here. (Both of
them are here).
to need

1. - ( -

)
e.g. Do you still need this book? ? ,
No, I dont need it any longer.
.
2. , (
,
)
e.g. You neednt come here again. ()
.

neednt:

Must I come here again? No,
? , .
you neednt.
to trouble [t trbl]
1. (), (), (), ()
e.g. I am troubled by the news of my
friends illness.
.
2. , , ,
e.g. Does your tooth still trouble you? ?
Syn to bother [t b]
, ,
, ,
e.g. You may study in this room.
.

480

Im sure nobody will bother


you here.

,
( ).

:
You must not trouble about
() -
such unimportant things.
.
( ) This noise bothers you, doesnt
, ?
it?

I didnt want to trouble (to
( ),
bother) you, but I cannot

make out anything here
.
without your help.
to lead (led, led)
a penny
a coin
a result [ rzlt]
empty
vacant*

(
)

,
,

:
(
This room is quite empty.
, ).
( This room is vacant.
).
to drop
,
e.g. The little boy was crying
,
because he had dropped his

toy on the floor and broken it.
.
to drop in
1. ( )
e.g. Have you already dropped in
?
your letter?
2. , ,
e.g. I shall drop in at your place on
.
my way home.
the ground [ raund]
,
Prp on the ground
,
to pick up
, (
)
e.g. The boy saw an old woman
,
drop an envelope on the ground
, and hurried to pick it up and
.
return it to her.
a spot

a face
. , (,
481

collection
W. comb the midnight collection
a job

..)
, ,

,

,
:
. Its an interesting job.
. Its interesting work.
a goldfish
inside
Syn in
Ant outside
Syn out
e.g. Is Comrade Petrov in? Im
sorry, he is out.
ahead [hed]
to register [t redst]
W. comb a registered letter
a money-order
W. comb to make out a moneyorder
a form
W. comb a money-order form
a telegram form
to fill in a form
a desk
to hand in
Ant to hand out
e.g. After each lesson the students
hand in their exercise-books. The
teacher looks them through and
hands them out at the next lesson.
Hand him this letter, please.
(Hand this letter to him.)
a parcel
W. comb to hand in a parcel
to receive a parcel
to accept a parcel
a receipt [ rsi:t]


,
(, )
,
,
? , .

,



,



.
,


. ()
.
, , .



. ,

482


,
, :
possibility [psblt]
telegram [telrm]
family [fml]


I.
,
neednt (. 104).
a) 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Must we put on warm coats when it is hot?


Must we turn on the light when it is light in the room?
Must your son go to school on Sunday?
Must one always buy tickets to the theatre in advance?
Must you stay at the office after six oclock every day?

b) 6. Why neednt your son go to school on Sunday?


7. When neednt you put on warm clothes?
8. On which day neednt we go to the office?
9. Who neednt study English at your office?
II. ,
need.
1. . () . 2.
, . . 3.
. . 4.
, .

. 5. , . ? 6.
, .
. 7. .
.
( ). 8. .
. 9. . (),
. 10. ,
. , . 11.
? . , , . ,
. 12. ? ,
. .
III.
.
a) You neednt go to this , meeting.
b) I dont need this book. .
483


IV. :
)
.
1. , ,
. 2. ,
, . 3. , ,
,
. 4. ,
, , .
5. , . 6. ,
, . 7.
,
, . 8. , .
9. , .
, ,
. 10.
, .
. 11.
, ( ) ,
. 12. ,
. 13. , . 14.
, . 15.
, .
) .
1. , .
? 2. ,
. 3. (a lookingglass) . 4. . 5. ,

. 6. , . 7.
. . 8. ,
,
, . 9. ,
. .
10. , , .
11. - (something is wrong with) .
, . ?
) -.
1.
. 2. ,
. 3. , ,
, . 4.

484

. ,
. 5. , ? 6.
, . 7.
. 8.
. 9. ,
. 10. ,
. 11. ? 12.
? 13.
. 14. .
-
V. ,
.
to get there
turn the first corner

fill them in
next door

VI. ,
.
editorial, family, satirical, stupidity, validity, faculty, capacity, impoverish,
possibility, philosophy, economy, impossibility, stability, political, president,
capital, simplicity.
VII. ,
.
army, burner, chapter, dollars, hour, jar, lady, pair, pie, robber, ray, razor,
banner, died, bow, sky, cave, victory, furnish, fury, nest, parrot, huge.
VIII. , ,
.
.
displeased
unstamped
underground
spotless

pleasure
post-office
postman
postage

jobless
overturn
noiselessly
unwashed

IX. , ,
, .
- .
unpleasant
impolite

independence
displeased

overcrowded
misunderstand

X. , .
1. Were you pleased when your teacher said that your paper was the best in
the group?
2. When are you displeased with your children?

485

3. Where can one usually find a letter-box?


4. Where do you usually go to drop in a letter if you cant find a letter-box
near your house?
5. Do you have your English lessons twice or three times a week?
6. How far is the post-office from your house?
7. What do people usually go to the post-office for?
8. Who usually posts your letters?
9. What are we to do before posting a letter?
10. Have you ever received unstamped letters?
11. Are there more letters in the morning or in the evening mail?
12. Do you receive much mail at the office?
13. To what countries is mail usually sent by air?
14. What synonym to the word to trouble do you know?
15. What are you to say if you have to trouble someone for something?
16. When do we usually ask people not to bother us?
17. Why are we troubled if we dont receive letters from our parents for a
long time?
18. Have you ever been inside the new building of Moscow University?
19. When are your exercise-books handed out by the teacher?
20. When do you hand in your exercise-books with your homework?
21. Do you always hand in your homework in time?
22. What are you to do before sending a telegram (before making out a
money-order)? (What are you to fill in first?)
23. What are you to do if you want to have a letter registered?
24. Where do they usually accept parcels?
25. Where do we fill in telegram forms?
26. What do people say when they accept an invitation or a present?
XI. , ,
.
A FORGETFUL TOURIST
Once ___ foreign tourist travelling in ___ France came to ___ Paris for ___
few days. On ___ very () first day of his stay in ___ French capital he sent
___ telegram to his wife with ___ name and ___ address of ___ hotel where he was
staying, and then he decided to go out and see ___ places of ___ interest in ___
capital.
He took ___ long walk along ___ streets of ___ city, visited ___ few
museums and picture galleries and by ___ end of ___ day felt terribly tired.
He wanted to return to ___ hotel to take ___ rest there, but suddenly he
realized that he remembered neither ___ name, nor ___ address of ___ hotel. He
felt quite lost and slowly walked along ___ street not knowing what to do.
Suddenly he found himself in front of ___ post-office. He quickly ran inside and
said to ___ clerk [kla:k] ( ) in ___ excited voice, Give me ___
telegram form, please. Here you are, ___ clerk answered, giving him ___
form. It didnt take ___ tourist long to fill it in. ___ minute later he handed in ___
486

telegram and paid ___ money. ___ tourists wife was greatly surprised when ___
hour later she received ___ second telegram from her husband, Send me my
address at once.
XII. , .
1. I wonder why you are not pleased ___ your sons marks. They are much
better than they were last year. 2. Are you a newcomer ___ our city? Where have
you come ___? 3. We did not expect you ___ this time ___ night. 4. I am sorry, I
cant agree ___ you. I think you are wrong. 5. Oh, what have I done? It seems ___
me that Ive dropped ___ an unstamped letter ___ my professor and he will have to
pay double postage ___ it. 6. When I came ___ ___ the desk to fill ___ a telegram
form, I realized that there was no money ___ me. So I had to return home. 7. Dont
trouble to show me the way ___ he nearest Underground station, just try to explain
it ___ me. I shall be able to find it myself. 8. The tickets ___ this play will be sold
only ___ the end ___ the week. 9. Mother asked me to pick ___ the pen which she
had dropped ___ the ground. 10. Please, hold Granny ___ the arm and help her to
get ___ the tram. 11. My friend said that her children were grateful ___ me ___ the
books I had sent them ___ a present. 12. If we dont start ___ the theatre ___ once,
well be late ___ the performance. 13. Some ___ our students were invited ___
dinner ___ our professor, he celebrated his 60th birthday. 14. I am sorry, I cant let
you ___. The lights have already gone ___ and the curtain has already risen, the
usher () said ___ us. 15. Have you seen Othello? It was ___ at the Maly
Theatre yesterday. We enjoyed ourselves greatly. The play was a great success.
Both the performance and the actors playing the leading parts made a great
impression ___ everybody. 16. Please, fill ___ this form, first, then go over there to
receive the parcel. 17. The director told us to send the letter ___ air mail or it
would not be received ___ time. 18 ___ which row were your seats ___ the
theatre? 19. When you finish your compositions, hand ___ your exercise-books,
said the teacher ___ her pupils.
XIII. .
a) I would rather have this
letter registered.

()
.

b) We would rather not post


this letter to-day.

c) You had better walk


straight ahead. You will
reach the post-office sooner.

.
()
.

d) You had better not go out


to-day. You may catch
cold.
) speaks both English and
French.
f) We both passed the


. .
-,
-.
.

487

g)

examination yesterday.
Both of us passed the
examination yesterday.
They are both in Moscow.

.
.

XIV. .
to begin
to break
to fight
to catch

to teach
to lose
to die
to lie

to find
to drop
to throw
to understand

to enjoy
to laugh
to grow (dark)
to try

XV. .
a mail-box, two times, to send, work, three times, to call at ones place, at
once, very, to bother.
XVI. .
to drop, to be in, to be pleased, to miss the train, to be happy, to be polite,
outside, happiness, behind.
XVII. ,
; , .
immediate
successful
terrible
happy

polite
wonderful
clear
free

angry
doubtful
willing
easy

dangerous
comfortable
hungry
fruitless

XVIII. ,
.
1. ,
. 2. ,
1- . 3.
, ? ,
? 4. ,
.
? 5. ,
- . 6.
? , . ,
. 7. . , -
. 8. ,
. 9. ,
(), ? 10. ,
(amateur) .
. 11. , ?
, , 20 , ,
. 12. , ,
? , , . 13.
488

. . ,
. ,
. 14. . ,
, .
, , . 15.
. 16.
? , .
. 17. ? ?
. 18. ( ). ,
. 19. ,
. 20. ,
, . ,
. , - (details). 21.
* .
. ,
. 22. , , ? 23.
. ,
. ? 24. ,
.
25. . 26.
, , .
XIX. -.
**
( ). (to count)
(a post-card) (a bag).
(), .
! ,
() , , .
, , ?, .
, () ? ,
, , .
(a newcomer) ***,
. , (to perish).
, .
, , , . ?
, ?
, , ...
(), .
** A ballet [ble]
**** Betsy Bainer [bets ben]
****** Jack Brown [dk braun]
489

, ,
, .
, - . () ,
( ).
, , , .
(Why)! !
, ?, .
,
. , , ,
.
. .
, ,
, . .
, .
, ! , ,
! .
. , ,
(trouble). , ,
.
, , (familiar)
, , .
, .
, , , , (seemed to
say): .
( -)


XX. : ) , ) , )
.
XXI.
.
1. Why did the author* decide to help Mr. Simpson? What did he think
seeing how upset Mr. Simpson was?
2.What can you say about Mr. Simpson and his wife? Describe them.
3. What did Mr. Simpson mean by saying This letter ... its only an
invitation to dinner to ...?
4. What was there in the blue envelope with a large black spot on it?
5. What did the author do after he received the letter and read it?
XXII. .

** An author [:] .
490

1. The Simpsons at Home Preparing for a Dinner-Party and Writing an


Invitation Letter.
2. Mr. Simpson in the Street Looking for a Letter-Box and Finding that the
Letter, is Unstamped.
XXIII. , .
: - , , , .
XXIV. ,
.
XXV. , .
1. Sending a Registered Letter (paper and envelopes, a letter-box, walk
straight ahead, a post- office, to have a letter to ... registered, a one-rouble stamp).
2. Sending a Telegram or Making out a Money-Order (to fill in a form, to
hand in, how much is it?, a receipt).
3. Sending a Parcel (to pack, a box, to write an address, to accept a parcel, a
receipt).

491

LESSON THIRTY (THE THIRTIETH LESSON)


Text: Mr. WINKLE ON THE ICE (after Charles Dickens The Pickwick Papers*)
Grammar: Perfect (. 105).
You know, | Peter is to play
for our team in the next match.
You dont say so! He looked
quite ill the other day.
So far as I know | he is quite
well | and in good form.
Then Ill go without fail | and
shout for him.

,
.
!
.
,
.

,, .

One fine winter day Mr. Wardle in whose house Mr. Pickwick and his
friends were staying said:
What do you say to an hour on the ice?1 Everybody liked the idea.
You skate, Winkle, dont you? (Mr. Wardle had often heard Mr. Winkle
say that he went in for many kinds of sport).
Yeyes; oh, yes, replied Mr. Winkle. IIam rather out of practice.
Oh, do skate2, Mr. Winkle, said one of the ladies. I like to see it so
much.
Oh, it is so graceful, said another young lady. A third young lady 3 said it
was so elegant.
I should be very happy4, I am sure, said Mr. Winkle, reddening, but I
have no skates.
Hearing this, one of Mr. Winkles friends immediately agreed to lend him
his own pair.
You neednt worry about skates, somebody added. There are a lot of
them downstairs.
Mr. Winkle said he was greatly pleased, but looked rather uncomfortable,
Old Wardle led the way to a very nice skating-rink on a small lake near his
house. The snow had already been swept away. The younger guests immediately
put on their skates. Old Wardle soon joined them and they successfully performed
a dance on the ice. All this time, Mr. Winkle, blue with cold, was trying to put on
his skates. After the skates had been put on at last, Mr. Winkle was raised to his
feet with the help of Sam Weller.
Now, Sir, said Sam, Show them how to do it.
Stop, Sam, stop, said Mr. Winkle, trembling and catching hold of Sams
arm.
** The Pickwick Papers is the first novel by Charles Dickens. It was published in 1836 and was a
great success. It has been translated into many languages since then and is read with great
interest all over the world. Everybody enjoys the amusing adventures of Mr. Pickwick, his
servant Sam Weller and his friends the members of the famous Pickwick Club. Here is an
extract from this novel.

492

How slippery it is, Sam!


Not an uncommon thing with ice, Sir, answered Mr. Weller. Hold up 5,
Sir.
Thesethese are very bad skates, arent they, Sam? asked Mr. Winkle.
Now, Winkle, cried Mr. Pickwick, who did not know what was the matter.
Come, the ladies are waiting for you.
Yes, yes, replied Mr. Winkle. I am coming.
Well, Sir, start off! said Sam, trying to free himself from Mr. Winkle.
Wait a minute, Sam, asked Mr. Winkle. I remember Ive got two coats at
home, that I dont want, Sam. You may have them, Sam.
Thank you, Sir, replied Mr. Weller, touching his hat.
Never mind touching your hat, Sam,6 said Mr. Winkle hurriedly. You
neednt take your hand away to do that. I intended to give you five shillings this
morning, Sam. Ill give it to you this afternoon, Sam.
You are very good, Sir, replied Mr. Weller.
Please, hold me at first, Sam, will you? said Mr. Winkle. I shall soon
learn how to do it. Not too fast, Sam, not too fast.
But at that moment Mr. Pickwick suddenly shouted from the opposite bank,
Sam!
Sir? said Mr. Weller.
Here. I want you.
Let me go, Sir, said Sam. Dont you hear Mr. Pickwick is calling me?
and taking no notice of the unhappy Mr. Winkle7, Mr. Weller pushed him, and the
latter fell on the ice and sat there, trying to smile. Mr. Pickwick ran up to Mr.
Winkle. He was angry and excited.
Take Mr. Winkles skates off, he said to Sam Weller.
But I have only begun ... said Mr. Winkle weakly.
Take his skates off, repeated Mr. Pickwick. When the skates had been
taken off, Mr. Pickwick said to Sam: Lift him up.
Sam helped Mr. Winkle to rise. Then Mr. Pickwick walked a short distance
away from the rest of the company, asking Mr. Winkle to follow him and said in a
low voice:
You are a great liar, Sir! With these words Mr. Pickwick turned slowly
away from Mr. Winkle and joined his friends who continued skating.
DIALOGUE
(to be learned by heart)
A. You were at the Lenin Stadium the other day, | werent you?
B. Of course, I was. Dont you know Im a hockey fan?
A. So am I. But Ive just come back to Moscow | and couldnt even
see the last match | on the T.V. programme.
B. It was a thrilling match. Both the Soviet and the Swedish teams |
were wonderful.
A. What was the score? Did we win?

493

B. No, | the match ended in a draw: four to four | and the Swedish
team | won the World Championship. I didnt expect our team to
lose.
A. Neither did I. I hope next year | they will win the championship.

1. What do you say to an hour on the ice?
, ?
to , ...,
, ...
What do you say to that?
?
(+ ).
What do you say to playing a game
of chess? (+).


,
? (=
?)

2. Oh, do skate, Mr. Winkle, said one of the ladies. , ,


( ), - , .
do
( )
, , .

, , , .., :
did say that.
Do be quiet!

() .
, , !

3. A third young lady said it was so elegant.


, .
,
, .
:
the first lesson ( )
the third word ( )
the fifth floor .
,
,
.

:
Suddenly a shot was heard ...
,
then a second ..., a third and
() ,
a fourth.
.

494

4. I should be very happy, I am sure, said Mr. Winkle. , ,


, - .
should ,
. (: I should like to go there.
.)
5. Hold up, Sir , .
up .
6. Never mind touching your hat, Sam. ,,
, . (
- ).
7. ... and taking no notice of the unhappy Mr. Winkle, Mr. Weller pushed him
and... -
, - ...

,
: ,
.. , -
the sporting Mr. Winkle.
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
ice
Prp on the ice
to publish
e.g. When was this book published?
an adventure [n dvent]
a servant [ s:vnt]
an extract [n ekstrkt]
sport
W. comb to go in for sport
e.g. Peter goes in for many kinds
of sport.
to reply
Syn to answer
e.g. Will you stay with us? we
asked Jane. I certainly shall,
she replied.
a reply
Prp in reply
practice [prkts]
W. comb to be out of practice
e.g. A few years ago Helen played
the piano very well, but now she


,
?

( , )

?
. , .

,

, .

495

is out of practice.
a lady
graceful
elegant [elnt]
to redden
Ant to turn pale
to lend (lent, lent)
Ant to borrow

, (grace ,
)
,

,
,

:
Can you lend me your dictio? nary? I am always careful
with the books I borrow.
, (epy ).
a pair

W. comb a pair of shoes



a pair of gloves

a pair of skates

to worry [t wr]
(), (),
)
Prp to worry about smb. or smth.
-
e.g. Dont worry about your
He .
brother. is much better now.
.
Syn to trouble*
), (), ), (),
,
to bother*
, , , ,
:
( - Dont worry. I am sure nothing
). ,
has happened to your

friends.
.
( - Dont bother him with such
) questions now.
.
- She is troubled with headache
.
almost every evening.
downstairs [daunstz]
e.g. Somebody is waiting for you
downstairs.
Ant upstairs [pstz]
e.g. The Petrovs live upstairs.

( )
- .
( )
.
496

W. comb to go downstairs
Ant to go upstairs
to lead (led, led)*
W. comb to lead the way (to)
e.g. Let those who know this place
lead the way to the mountains,
one of us said.
a skating-rink
to sweep (swept, swept)
to raise
W. comb to raise ones hand
to raise a question
to raise ones voice
Syn to lift
to pick up

()

, ,
, ,
() , .

,
,


( -)
( )
, ( )

:
, I raised the curtain, and it be .
came light in the room.
, I could not lift the suit-case
as it was very heavy.
.
.
Youve dropped your telegram.
.
Pick it up.
:
.
They raised the curtain.
.
The curtain rose.
help

W. comb with the help of


, -,
-
to hold (held, held)

Prp to hold smth. in ones hands


-
to hold smth. (smb.) in ones arms - (-)
e.g. She entered the room holding ,
a baby in her arms.
.
Prp, Art to hold smb. by the hand, - ,
by the arm, by the shoulder
..
[ ould], etc.
e.g. Hold the child by the hand,
, when crossing the street!
!
to catch (caught, caught)*
,
Phr to catch hold of smth.
-
e.g. The boy caught hold of his

elder brothers hand and got out
.
of the water.
497

Phr to catch cold

e.g. Dont sit so close to the window. He . You may catch cold.
.
slippery [slpr]
(to slip , )
a slip
,
e.g. is very careless and often
makes slips when speaking English.
, -.
common
1. , ,
e.g. Common people in all the

countries of the world unite in

their struggle against war.
.
Ant uncommon
,
2.
e.g. Children of the same age have

common interests.
.
a shilling
( )
opposite [pzt]

W. comb in the opposite direction



on the opposite bank

notice
.
W. comb to take notice of
, ,

e.g. took no notice of my words. .


Syn to pay attention [tenn] to ...
...
e.g. You must pay more attention
to your spelling.
.
attentive [tentv]

Syn careful
, ,
Ant inattentive, careless
,
to push [t pu]
,
to follow
1. ,
:
, I turned the corner, the stranger
.
followed me.
- The report was followed by a concert
.
A concert followed the report.
2. ( - ),

e.g. You are reading too fast. I cant .


follow you.
(
, ).
a liar [ la]

498

to lie (lied, lied, lying)

a lie

W. comb to tell a lie


,
Ant to tell the truth

a stadium [ stedm]

W. comb The Dynamo Stadium



[danmou]
The Lenin Stadium
.
a fan

W. comb a hockey fan



a football fan

thrilling
,
a score
(, )
e.g. What is the score (of the match)? ()?
Prp with a score of

e.g. The match ended with a score of
one to three.
.
a draw

W. comb to end in a draw



W. comb to end in ones favour [fv] -
e.g. Did the last match end in a draw? ?
Oh, no, it ended in favour of the ,
Spartak team. The score was four .
to one.
to win (won, won) [t wn, wn, wn] ,
W. comb to win (to lose) a battle,
() , ,
a match, a game of chess, etc.
..
a champion [ tmpjn]
,
a championship [ tmpjnp]

W. comb World championship



Syn a contest

a record

W. comb to set (to break) a record



. -ant, -ent, -en
-ant [nt] -ent [nt] .
-ant, -ent
, -n, -n:
elegant ,
distant ,
different
present
499

elegance ,

distance ,
difference
presence

-en [n] ;
. -n ,
, , :
red
black
weak
strength

to redden
to blacken
to weaken ,
to strengthen ()



I. ,
Indefinite ,
.
to build, to remind, to tell, to lose, to look through, to interrupt, to operate
on, to accompany, to expect, to order, to carry out, to warn, to find.
II.
(. 105).
1. The telegram has just been sent. 2. A new cinema has been built in our
street this year. 3. The letter has not been posted yet. 4. All our parcels had been
accepted by the time Jane joined us at the post- office. 5. Such high buildings have
never been constructed before. 6.
Five new schools have been built in our
native town since 1950. 7. All the tickets had already been sold out by the time we
came to the box-office. 8. All these questions will have been discussed by the time
you come.
III. ,
Perfect .
a) 1. What new stadiums () have been built in Moscow lately?
2. Have many or few new schools been built in your native town since
the Great October Socialist Revolution?
3. What interesting new plays have been staged at the Moscow theatres
lately?
4. What interesting new books have been written by our writers this
year?
5. What Soviet cities had been liberated from the German fascists by the
end of 1944?
6. In what cities of the Soviet Union had the Underground already been
built by 1956?
7. What interesting new films had been produced by the Fortieth
Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution?
8. By what time had the New Arbat Bridge [brd] (
) been built?
b) 1. Where are books and magazines usually sold?

500

2. When was the first line of the Moscow Underground built?


3. What new books by Soviet writers have been read and discussed by
your friends lately?
4. What new books had been written by Soviet writers by the Fortieth
Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution?
5. When will the construction () of the new line of the
Moscow Underground be finished?
IV. .
a) The letter has just been
posted.
b) We realized that the telegram had not been received yet.
c) By the time we return
from the South, this house
will have been built already.

.
,
.
, ,
.

V. ,
.
) 1. . 2. ?
3. ? 4. ,
. 5. , . 6.
, . 7. ,
. 8. ,
. 9. , . 10.
(aloud), .
) 1.
. . 2.
, , . 3.
, . 4.
, . 5.
! 6. , ,
. 7. , ,
, .
. 8. ? 9.
? , .
. 10. ,
,
. 11.
, . 12.
, (yesterdays) . 13.
, ? .

501

-
VI. ,
.
were atthe Lenin Stadium
Swedish returnedto Moscow
lastmatch
onthe T.V.programme

Both the Soviet and the


teams | were wonderful
What was the score?
win the world championship

VII. ,
.
comedy, origin, regular, federal, mineral, energy, tactful, reflect, engineer,
reconstruct, pioneer, demonstration, literature, temperature, furniture, signature;
find, old, mold, behind, kind, fold, mind, blind; narrow, carry, merry, mirror,
current; to extract, an extract, an increase, to increase.
VIII. , ,
, .
nameless
beginner
adventurous
leader
friendless

graceful
practical
builder
weaken
action

painless
publisher
redden
leadership
attentively

strengthen
inattentive
soundless
winner
different

IX. , ,
-
.
adventure
disappear
serious
elegant

builder
progressive
easily
shorten

misunderstanding
present
friend
successful

information
snowy
inattentive
carelessness

X. ;
.
basket-ball
football
pain-killer
letter-box

toothache
waiting-room
match-box
shipowner

note-book
snowball
raincoat
fur-coat

suit-case
ice-cream
exercise-book
post-office

XI. , .
1. Are you fond of sport? What about you, Comrade P.?
2. What kind of sport are you fond of?
3. Does your son go in for any kind of sport? (What about your
daughter?)
4. Is it difficult to go skating if one is out of practice?
5. What happens to people when they begin skating without any practice?
502

6. You havent got the text-book to-day, have you? What about your
friend ? Whom can you ask to lend you one?
7. Youve bought a new pair of shoes for your daughter (son), havent you?
8. How much did that pair of shoes cost?
9. When are the Moscow skating-rinks usually visited by many people?
10. Is it possible to learn English only with the help of books?
11. Are you a football fan? What about your wife (husband)?
12. Do you always get excited when you watch your favourite team
playing? What about your son? When do you get excited?
13. Have you ever been to the Lenin Stadium? What about your wife?
14. Which stadium is larger: the Dynamo Stadium or the Lenin Stadium?
15. Which hockey team has won the world championship this year?
16. Did you see this match? What about your friend?
. ,
.
It was ___ fine morning in ___ early September. ___ sun was bright, ___ sky
was cloudless, ___ air was warm. It was hard to believe that ___ autumn had
already begun.
That morning three Pickwickians and two friends of theirs started on ___
shooting* party.
When they reached ___ place, ___ gentlemen with their guns got off ___
carriage** as quickly as they could. They wanted to begin ___ sport at once. Only
poor Mr. Pickwick was rather slow. He had hurt *** his leg and could hardly walk
that day.
After ___ short consultation, ___ plan was agreed upon: Mr. Pickwick was
to be placed in ___ barrow**** and Sam Weller was to wheel***** him. And so they
started off.
Suddenly Mr. Pickwick cried out, Stop, Sam, stop! Look, Mr. Winkle
doesnt hold his gun in ___ safe way. Neither does Mr. Tupman.
And how must we hold them? asked Mr. Winkle.
Hold them with ___ muzzles* to ___ ground, said Mr. Pickwick.
I think ___ sportsmen dont hold them in that way, protested Mr. Winkle.
But I dont want to be shot** in ___ barrow, said Mr. Pickwick.
** To shoot
**** A carriage [krd]
****** To hurt (hurt, hurt) ,
******** A barrow [brou] .
********** To wheel [t wi:l] ( a wheel ).
** A muzzle [mzl] .
**** To shoot (shot, shot) .
503

Well, well, said Mr. Winkle, then I dont mind.


___ two friends placed their guns with ___ muzzles to ___ ground and ___
party moved on again.
(After Charles Dickens Pickwick Papers)
XIII. ,
.
1. Comrade Nelina said that her son was a good sportsman and that he went
___ ___ many kinds of sport. 2. It is very difficult ___ me to speak English now, I
am ___ ___ practice. I havent spoken English ___ ten years. 3. Why dont you put
___ your skates? Are you afraid? Join ___ us and we shall skate together. 4. Oh,
Ill take my skates ___ I cant even stand ___ the ice. Its because I am ___ ___
practice. Let me catch hold ___ your arm, and you will help me to get ___ ___
here. 5. Why didnt you remind me ___ the letter. I forgot to drop it ___ again
when we were passing ___ a letter-box. 6. My son will be so thankful ___ you ___
these stamps. 7. The way ___ the river lay ___ a forest. So we often stopped to
have a rest and to pick ___ flowers there. 8. Explaining ___ us the meaning ___ the
new word, the teacher asked us to pay attention ___ the preposition ___ which the
word is usually used. 9. We are sorry ___ Comrade Vlasov. He is seriously ill, and
we are afraid that his life is ___ danger though the best doctor ___ our city is
taking care ___ him. 10. The teacher asked the student why he had not handed ___
his home-work ___ time. 11. Comrade Mirov was sent ___ a business trip a month
ago, so he is expected to be back ___ some days. 12. When my brother returned
___ Leningrad, he said that Leningrad had made a greater impression ___ him than
Kiev. 13. I want you to see this performance ___ Ivanov ___ the leading part. He is
one ___ the best actors ___ this theatre. 14. You took no notice ___ my words last
time, did you? Thats why you are still angry ___ me. 15. I saw you looking ___
this book yesterday. Did you come ___ any good expressions? 16. Either you or
Comrade Zotov will be ___ duty tomorrow. The rest ___ the students have already
been ___ duty. 17. Wait a little. My son will soon come. The lecture is to be over
___ seven oclock, and he told me that he would be ___ home at half ___ seven.
18. I dont advise you to read this play, you had better see it ___ the stage. 19. The
man explained ___ us that the place had not been visited ___ many years. 20. I am
sorry I took no notice ___ what you have just said. Would you mind repeating your
last words? 21. My grandfather sat ___ an armchair reading a book, when suddenly
the book fell ___ the floor. It seemed ___ me that he was about to fall asleep. But
he wanted to continue reading. He couldnt reach for the book himself and asked
me to pick it ___ ___ him. 22. Why are you so worried ___ your son? I am sure
nothing has happened ___ him. He is playing somewhere ___ the garden. 23.
When the German fascists attacked ___ our country, all the people ___ the Soviet
land rose to defend their country ___ the enemy. 24. I felt such a sharp pain ___
my left arm that I could hardly lift it. 25. As soon as we have had breakfast, we
shall start ___ the forest. We shall already have returned ___ dinner-time. 26. Itll
be hardly possible ___ me to go ___ the theatre ___ you tomorrow. I shall be very
busy ___ the evening. 27. There is a great difference ___ his work and yours. 28.
504

Its not dark. Do you mind turning ___ the light? 29. If you miss ___ the train,
please come back ___ my place and stay ___ the night. 30. When we came ___ this
city, ___ first neither my friend, nor I could remember the way ___ the Institute.
Each time we had to ask someone to show it ___ us. 31. My friend asked me
whether I could wait ___ him ___ some minutes. 32. My mother will not worry
___ me. She knows where I am. But what about yours? You havent told her
anything, have you? 33. If you dont want me to be worried ___ you, come home
as early as possible. 34. Whenever this actor appears ___ the stage, he is met ___
stormy applause.
XIV.
.
1. Where did you buy such an expensive pen? 2. Why dont you go to the
doctors, if you have such a bad toothache? 3. Many books by foreign writers are
translated into Russian every year. 4. It is very difficult for an old man to find
work in a capitalist country. 5. As I was afraid to be late, I ran to the railway
station.
XV. .
peace, life, finish, dark, to remember, to sit down, to appear, to find, in front
of, far, to drop, in a low voice, to turn on, dear, low, wide, to the right, rich,
old, before, to come in, at the beginning, stamped, slowly, attentive,
downstairs, in the same direction, to tell the truth, to win.
XVI. .
to reply
to sit
to lend
to send
to hold
to add
to catch
to find

to stop
to teach
to lie ()
to try
to win
to travel
to lead
to put

to sweep
to worry
to sell
to hear
to buy
to run
to pay
to cost

to lose
to drop
to feel
to rise
to raise
to lie ()
to fall
to die

XVII. ,
: neither ... nor, neednt, Perfect
Passive (Present, Past, Future), go on (stop) + Gerund.
to go in for sports, to be out of practice, with the help of, to look through, to
worry, to end in a draw, to say to smth. (. 1 ), to lend, to
win, to reply, to lose, a skating-rink, a stadium, a match, a pair, a liar, a fan.
XVIII. ,
.
1. ,
. 2. , ?, - .
, , - , . 3. ,
505

. ( )
, . 4. ,
. .
- 5. , ( ) .
6. ? .
30 . 7. , , , - .
8. .
(skating) . 9. .
. ,
, . 10.
? , . - ,
. 11. !
, . 12. ,
, . 13.
,
. 14. .
. 15. , , ,
. ,
. 16. , .
, , ( )
. 17.
. 18.
? . , . 19.
. . , .
. ,
, . 20.
. , .
XIX. , .
ON THE SKATING-RINK
Katherine [krn] was late and MacGregor [mre] sat on the bench of
the skating-rink waiting for her. He was blue with cold even though he was trying
to warm himself. At last Katherine arrived carrying two pairs of skating boots.
MacGregor stood up quickly and nearly slipped on the ice. He looked at her and
smiled a little, not knowing what to expect of her.
You look so serious. Here are your skates, she said sitting down on the
bench.
Thank you. He sat down near her.
She was already taking off her shoes and pulling on her skating boots.
MacGregor expected her to say something more important to him, but she kept
silent for a while and then said, Get your skates on.
Do you really want to skate? He glanced at the boots in his hand.
She didnt look up, What else? she said.
I wanted to talk with you, he said.
Oh! What about? she repeated.
506

He was surprised, Isnt there anything to talk about?


Katherine seemed to take no notice of his words. You are certainly very
serious this morning, she said.
MacGregor tried again, It is difficult to explain all this, Katherine.
What do you want to explain? She stood up on her skates.
Myself to begin with, he said. He took off one of his boots. He did not
hurry. It took him rather a long time to pull on one of the skating boots.
Its very important for both of us, he said, You see...
Come on, she interrupted, Get your skates on.
I dont feel like skating*, he said with as much control as possible.
Arent you going to try?
MacGregor could not skate at all, but he had already made up his mind not
to show it to Katherine.
A single look at MacGregor was enough to show Katherine that he would
not be able to make a single step on the skates. Yet she did not stop him, even
though she wanted to.
He was standing up, but he was not smiling.
Come on, she said.
He moved forward and immediately fell on the ice.
Katherine laughed.
MacGregor was red, and he tried to smile.
Youre rather out of practice, she said.
MacGregor tried to calm the anger which was rising in him.
I dont think Im much good at skating, he said, I just wanted to talk with
you, Katherine.
Katherine did not laugh. She stood near him while he lay there a moment.
She could see his hands shaking as he sat up and started to take off his boots.
I didnt come out to be laughed at, he said slowly with terrible calm. He
pulled off one of the skating boots and unlaced () the other one
wildly. He stood up with only socks on his feet, and without looking at her walked
across the ice to the opposite side of the skating-rink...
(After The Diplomat by James Aldridge [:ldrd])


XX. .
1. What did Mr. Winkle mean when he said that he was rather out of
practice?
2. Why did Mr. Winkle look rather uncomfortable when he was lent a pair
of skates?
3. Why was Mr. Winkle blue with cold?
4. Why did Mr. Winkle promise to give Sam Weller two coats?
** I dont want to skate.
507

5. Why did Mr. Winkle say Never mind touching your hat when Sam
wanted to take his hand away to do that?
6. Why was Mr. Pickwick angry with Mr. Winkle when he saw him sitting
on the ice?
XXI. , - .
XXII. : a) The company on their way to the skatingrink; b) Mr. Winkle appears on the ice; c) Mr. Winkle falls down.
XXIII. : ) .
) , ) - , ) -
.
XXIV. .
XXV. .
XXVI. :
1. By the Box-Office at the Stadium
a team, a fan, a match, to be fond of, in advance, a stadium, a score, a
champion, to be full of, to enjoy, to wonder, in favour of.
2. After the Match
to expect, to play, wonderfully, a match, thrilling, a score, to end in a draw, a
team, hockey, ice, to win.
3. How We Went Skiing Once
sunny, the sky, cloudless, snow, air, an idea, fresh, to ski, skis, a forest, a
river, to be covered with, to enjoy oneself, to cover, a lot of.
4. On the Skating-Rink
to skate, ice, to sweep, a skating-rink, to dance, a lot of, a pair, to enjoy, to
join, wonderful, to be out of practice, to fall, to laugh, to catch hold of.
XXVII. - .

I. .
1. , . - ? 2.
, , ? 3. ,
, . 4.
, . 5. ,
. 6. ,
, - . 7.
, . 8. ,
? 9. ,
, . 10.
? , . ,
. 11. .
508

. 12. - ?
!
II. .
1. You neednt (to worry, to bother). The operation will not be serious. It
wont be very painful (also, either, too). 2. I didnt enjoy the story. It was not
amusing (quite, at all). 3. The wounded soldier could walk (hard, hardly). 4. If you
dont start working (hard, hardly) at your grammar at once, youll be able to pass
your examination (hard, hardly). 5. Well see you (some day, ever) in our town
again, shant we? 6. Dont you know that Pete and Helen got married (the other
day, one of these days). Lets go and see them (the other day, one of these days). 7.
He didnt (to say, to tell, to speak) a word about his work. He didnt (to say, to tell,
to speak) us anything about his family (also, too, either). 8. You neednt (to tell, to
say, to speak) Nick. We have already (to say, to tell, to speak) him everything. 9.
Will you give me two (else, still, other, another, more, yet) envelopes? 10. You
neednt add anything (else, still, other, another, more, yet). Everything is clear
(quite, at all). 11. You know many (else, still, other, another, more, yet) beautiful
songs, dont you? 12. Hasnt the child calmed down (yet, still)? Is he (yet, still)
crying? 13. Let me tell you (other, another) amusing story.
III. .
a) There are as many days in
August as in July.

,
.

b) The Volga is not so long


as the Lena.

, .

c) 1. It was very cold yesterday.


2. It was difficult for me
to answer your question.

1. .

d) 1. You were luckier than


we.
2. did this work more
carefully than usual.
.
3. It is less dangerous to
cross the river here
than over there.
e) It is the funniest (the
most amusing) story Ive
ever read.

, .

2.
.

( ),

, .
,
- .

509

IV. , ,
.
1. You will make ___ good actress if you work hard, ___ famous producer
said to ___ young girl who had just performed ___ few scenes from one of ___
plays by ___ Shakespeare. 2. There was ___ expression of ___ surprise on
everybodys face when we heard such ___ young boy play ___ piano so
wonderfully. He is quite ___ child! And it is rather ___ difficult piece () he
is playing! somebody cried out. 3. Let me tell you ___ few words about ___ last
excursion we went on in ___ summer. 4. Did you bathe in ___ river ___ last
Sunday? No, we didnt, ___ water was too cold. 5. You had better add ___ little
salt to ___ soup. 6. ___ last year I spent my summer holidays (vacation) in ___
Urals. ___ weather was very fine all ___ time, and I enjoyed myself greatly. ___
next year Ill go there again. 7. When I saw Jane last, she told me that ___ next
year she would try to enter ___ Moscow or ___ Leningrad University. She was
fond of ___ Literature and was eager to study it. 8. ___ young actress Petrova was
___ great success when we were at ___ theatre last. 9. ___ student Smirnov has
made ___ much progress in his German lately. 10. ___ Captain Sidorov is ___
well-educated man. He has travelled ___ lot and has several times crossed ___
Pacific (Ocean). 11. ___ Mississippi is ___ longest river in ___ world.
V. -,
.
( ) .
, .
, .
. , .
( ).
.
, .
.
, ,
(sand) . ,
. ,
.
, , ,
.
! . ( ).
, - , .
, .
(was nowhere to be seen) ! (to be drowned)
(a life-boat).
(a drowned man).
(to dive), .
, , ,
. , .
510

, ,
!
? , .
. . ,
.
, ( ), ,
.
, , , , ,
: ,
. , . , - . .
VI. ,
.
ELIZA SAVES HER CHILD
It happened many years ago in the United States of America. Eliza, a young
mulatto-woman [mju:ltou], learned that her master had sold her little son. She
had heard her master speak about it to his wife. Eliza decided to save her son.
Early in the morning, when everybody in the house was still asleep, she
woke up the boy, took him in her arms and went out of the house trying to make as
little noise as possible. She hurried on, stopping only for a few minutes to give the
child something to eat. An hour before sunset she entered the village of T., by the
Ohio River [ouhaou] which lay between her and liberty, for across that river there
was Canada [knd] and free life.
It was now early spring and big pieces of ice were moving slowly in the
water. Eliza went into a small house on the bank and asked the hostess [houst s],
Isnt there a boat that takes people across the river? No, said the woman, the
boats have stopped running. Eliza almost decided to stay in the house for the
night when looking out of the window she saw the man who had bought her son.
Eliza looked wildly about her. One door of her room opened to the river. She
caught her child in her arms and ran out of the house. When the trader noticed her,
she was already on the bank. With one wild cry she leaped () on to a
large piece of ice, which almost turned over, but she did not stay there a moment.
She leaped to another and still another piece of ice. She saw nothing, felt nothing,
till, as if in a dream, she saw the other bank of the river and a man who was
helping her up the bank.
You are a brave girl, said the man.
Oh, save me... do save me... do hide me! said Eliza, My child... this boy...
they have sold him.
Well, youve earned your liberty, and you shall have it! Go there! They will
help you, and he pointed to ( ) a white house which stood a short
distance away.
(After Uncle Toms Cabin by Beecher Stowe)

511

VII. ,
.
1. Studies.
2. Brothers Working Day.
3. Best Friends Biography.
4. Going on an Excursion While in the South.
5. My Friends New Flat.
6. At the Restaurant.
7. My Favourite City.
8. New Streets of Moscow.
9. An Episode during a Business Trip.
10. Buying a Present for my Wife (Husband).
11. The Best Season for a Holiday.
12. Travelling about Our Country.
13. My Son Goes to the Library for the First Time.
14. My Friends Birthday Party.
15. At the Post-Office.
16. A Telephone Conversation.
17. My Favourite Kind of Sport.
18. Our Last Visit to the Theatre.
19. A War Episode.
20. My Friends at the Front.
21. A Woman-Hero of the Soviet Union.
22. A Book (a Play, a Film) Describing the Great Patriotic War.

512


I
1. .
,
, .
,
.
, ,
.

, :
Meet , ()
Tell , ()
,
, , , :
Meet Ben! ! !
Tell Peter! !
:
Meet Ben
2.
.
:
,
, ,
, ,
:
Pete (, )
pen

(
), , (
), ( , ).
: .

.
( );
( ):
Meet me. ( .
).
Tell me. ( .
).
513

II
3. .
1. ,
, ..
, ,
, .. , , it,
, , ,
, , ..
she he .
:
:
it

:
bed
pen
tie

Pete
( )
he; Bess
( ) she.

:

,
.. .

, ..
.

, ..
.
,
, ..
.

2. , ,
, :
.

-s, :
1) [z] :
bed beds [bedz] ;
pen pens [penz] ;
tie ties [taz]
2) [s] :
list ; lists [lsts]
3. , -s, -ss, -, -ch
. -es, [z]:
match ; matches [mtz] .
4. ,
, -es -
-i:
a city ; cities [stz] .
514

a baby ; babies [bebz] .


5. ,
:
a man [mn] , ; men [men] , .
4. . (
) .
1. ,
. ,

, : ? ? ? ? ..
:
) :
Meet Pete. .
) :
Send me. .
2.
. .
, ,

.
, ,

.
,
.
, :
Send Bess (?).
.
Send me (?).
.

:
Send Bess (?) five pens (?). .
Send me (?) my tie (?).
.
() ()
:
.
5. .
, , .
, ,
, ,
, :
my life ( )
nine pens ( )

515

III
6. ( ) .
.

to [tu], [t], :
to eat [tu i:t]
to speak [t spi:k]

()

7. to be = 3- .
. to be is,
3- .
. .
:
name is Ann. .
map is bad. .
8. . .
1. .

.
,
:
) :
name is Bess. .
) :
Is his name Pete? ?
) :
Tell Pete my name!

) :
!
!

. 17 .

,
.

.
. ,
.
2. ( ).
.

:
516

It

is map.

,
, ,
.
:

pen is bad.

Send

me
my

map.
.

3. . .
,
, . ?
?.
:
1) :
His name is Pete. .
2) :
It is a flat. .
. ,
, . :
, ? ?
, ?
:
) ,
,
:
Send me pen. .
Tell Ann my name.
.
) , , ,
.
: - ( to be)
, , ,
..;
pen is

bad.
,

name is

Ann.

517

, -
.
. . ,

(), , , ,
,
:
It is pen.
It is a bad pen.

.
.

4. .
,

. , ,
,
.
,

:
1

see

3

Ann.
.

,

, , :
.
.
.

.
.


, .
1
2
3


:
name is Ann
9. it.

518

it .
. it,
, , , :
Send me my pen. It is fine.

( ).
( ).

Send me my plan. It is fine. . .


, it
:
It is a map.
It is a bad map.

.
.

it ,
:
It
(
)
Send it ...
(
).
Spell it!
(
).

is a tie.

... (, ,
).
( ) !

10. . .
1. , ,
.
a [e]
[] the [i:, , ].
.
,
?, ,
.
, , ,

( ,
, ,
, ..),
, ..
, ,
, ..

,
.
:
519


,

:

.
.

- .



-.


, , ,
:
This is pen.

( , ..).


, , ,
:
The pen is black. ( ,
- ).
2. . ( )
, .
,
,
:
the black pen
the first plan

3. .
. ,
, :
Send me pen.

( ), .. ,
.

520


: (, ; , ).
[e],
, , .

[] ( ):
It is a pen [ pen].


, . .
, ,
, :
Send me ___ pens.
Send me ___ seven pens.

.
.

4.
an, ,
. An , [n]
[n]:
an apple [n pl]
IV
11. .
1.
., . , ,
, ,

:
The pen is bad. .

, ,
.
,
, , , ,
, .
( ), ,
:
) :
Klin
Peter
) ,
,
:
521

map is bad.
That plan is fine.
Page seven is clean.

.
.
.

2. [i:],
, , .

: [i, i],
, [] :
the apple [i pl]

the pen [ pen]

12. this, that.


1. this [s] , ,
, .
that [t] , ,
, .
this, that :
) :
This is a map. .
That is a plan. .
) :
This pen is bad. .
That plan is fine. () .
) :
Send me this!
Send Pete that!

!
mo!

2. this . these [i:z]


:
these plans [i:z plnz]
these pens [i:z penz]

3. that . those [ouz]


me:
those maps [ouz mps]

those pencils [ouz penslz]
4. ,

these those me,
-
. :
These are maps. .
Those are pens. To .

522

P V
13. .

,
, :
1


Is
Is

my name
Ann

3
,


Ann?
in Kiev?

, ,
. :
Is the pen black? ?
,
, , :
Is Minsk a big city?

Is this a pen?

14. .

, .
1. .
Yes , ,
, to be (
) .
yes ,
. yes .
Is this pen?

Yes, | it is.

Is this pen bad?

Yes, | it is.

2. .
No , ,
, to be
not. no
, .
:

523

Is this pen?

No, | it is not.

Is this pen black?

No, | it is not.


isnt [znt], , :
Is this ink-stand clean?

No, | it isnt.


, .
().
15. ,
.
,
, :
Open the book, find text six and ,
read page ten.
( )
.
,
.
VI
16. to be.
,
to be, not
, to be:
Those pens are not black. .
That page is not clean.
.
Kate is not in Kiev.
.
17. .
,
, ,
(,
, , ),
or . , , : Is
this pen red or black? ? :
This pen is red This pen is black.

524

or : [:] (
) [:r] ( )
[ ( ) [or] ( ).
,
.
:
) Is Ben in Kiev? ( )

b) Is Ben or Pete in Kiev?


(Is Ben in Kiev or in Minsk? )

?
?

.

, :
Is this pencil red | or black?
?
18. .
:
This is a blackboard. Look at it! . !

, :
Look at the blackboard! !
Look at me!
!
VII
19.

1-
2-
3-

I [a]
you [ju:, ju, ju] ()
he [hi:, hi, hi]
she [i:, i, i]
it [it] , , ( )

we [wi:, wi, wi]


you [ju:, ju, ju]
they [e]

,
, .
. you .
. I
. I ,
-:
sister and I are students.

525

,
, ..
sister and I, Peter and I:
Peter and I are friends.
.
Jack and he are students. .
3- .
:
he , ,
, ;
she , ,
, ;
it ,
, ,
, baby
( , ):
Nick is my friend. He is a doctor. . .
Kate is a teacher. She is a good
. teacher.
.
This is my dog. It is good.
. .
This is my pencil. It is black. . .
This is his map. It is large.
. .
This is a note. It is long.
. .
they ,
. :
Peter and Jack are friends. They . are good friends.
.
These are pencils. They are black. . .

:
) :
is my friend. .
) :
It is I.
It is he.

.
.

20. to be

1-
2-


I am
we are
you are
you are
he
526

3-

she is
t

they are

, to be : am
. , is 3- . are .
.
to be
be
am
are


[bi:]
[m]
[:]
[:r]


[bi, bi]
[m, m]
[:, ]
[r, r]

1-e
2-e
3-e


Am I?
Are we?
Are you?
Are you?
Is he?
Is she?
Are they?
Is it?

1-
2-
3-


I am not
we are not
you are not
you are not
he is not
she is not
they are not
it is not

, ,
to be, : isnt [znt], arent
[:nt]. , am not ,
:
No, | I am not.
. -
:
) :
Is this a pen?

) .
Yes, | it is.

527

Yes, | they are.

) .
No, | it isnt.

No, | they arent.

21. .

on [n]
:
book is on the table.

under [nd]
:
book is under the table.

in [n] ,

:
book is in my bag.

at [t, t]
, :
I am at the table.
The teacher is at the
blackboard.

.
()
.

to [tu, t] ,

, , :
Go to the blackboard!

!
528

into [ntu, nt] (in+to),



:
Go into that room, please.
, .
Put your book into the bag.
.
from [frm, frm] ,

, , , :
Take your book from Peter.

off [f]
():
Take your book off the table.


( ).

out of [aut v]

:
Go out of the room!
!
Take your book out of the bag. .
, ,
, :
Go into that room.
Go out of the room.

.
.

.
,
:
Look at the blackboard !
[luk t blkb:d]!
. on [n] off [f] .
,
,
, :
This is a book. Look at it [luk t t]. . .
,
, :
Is your pen on the table or under
the table
?
[z j pen n tebl | r nd
tebl]?

529

at [t]
to (into) [tu:]
from [frm]
out of [aut v]

[t]
[tu, t]
[frm, frm]
[aut v]
VIII

22. .

to do do not
to:
Do not take this book! He ( ) !
Do not read that text! He ( ) !
.
, ,
to do dont [dount], , ,
:
Dont do this!

.
to be to
do:
Dont be a bad boy!

He !

23. .
1. ,

. , , ,
what? ?:
What is this?
It is pen.

?
.

what? ?,
, ,
, :
What are you?
I am a teacher.

(no )?
.

what (, , ),
:
What book is this? ?
It is Anna Karenina.
.
,
, ,
. ,
530

, What kind of ... ? ()


... ?
:
What city is it? It is Kiev.
? .
What kind of city is Kiev ? It is ? (
a big city
?). .
-,
,
.
2. who? ? ,
,
, ()
:
Who is that girl? She is my sister.

? .

whose? ?
, - .
, ,
whose.
:
?
.
?

Whose book is this?


It is my book.
Whose sister is this?

where? ?, ? ,
:
Where is the book?
It is on the table.

:
What is this?

?
.
.

Where is Kate?
Who are you?

?
?
X

24.
of.

. ,
,
, of (
[v], [v]).
531

of ,
:
the work of that engineer
the walls of this large room
the centre of the city

, of
,
.
25. .
whose? ?
. ,
.


I
my [ma]

you
your [j:, j]

he
his [hz]

she
her [h:, h, h:r, hr]
it
its [ts]
,
we
our [au]

you
your [j:, j, j:r, jr]
they
their []

,

. ,
, ,
:
This is my bag.
.
That is his pen.
.
Give me your copy-book.
.
,
:

Where is your new red pencil? ?

532



1
26. .

, ,
,
(, ..).

, ,
( ,
), .. ,
..,
,
(2 , 5 ), .
,
- .
16 .
,
, .

Indefinite. (, )
Indefinite

.
27. Indefinite
(The Present Indefinite Tense Form).
1. Indefinite
, 3- . ,
to:
I read

we read
you read
you read
they read
2.
to do [du:, d, d]
to,
:
do I read?
?
do you read? ?

do we read? ?
do you read? ?
do they
read?
?

533

3.
to do , not,
,
to:.
I do not read
you do not read

we do not read

you do not read
they do not read

4. yes no,
, ,
to do
:
Do you read... ? Yes, I do. ... ? .
No, I do not. (No, I dont)
.
. you
[d]:
Dyou read English [dju ri:d l]? -?
5. Indefinite.
Indefinite ,
, ,
, .
:
)
. .
( )

I go to the office every day.


We read newspapers every day.

) ( ) These students read English.


-.

Do you read English books?
?
(, ,
, )
6. Indefinite
, every day
, every morning , every evening ,

. every day, every morning, every
evening ,
,
, :
Every day we read newspapers.
We read newspapers every day.

.
.

534

Do they go to the office every



morning?
?
I do not read books every evening. .
28. .
usually [ju:ul]
, sometimes [smtamz] , often [fn] , seldom [seldm]
, always [:lwz] , , :
They often read English books.
.
Do they often read English books?
?
They do not often read English

books.
.

to be:
His marks are always good.
In the morning he is usually at
his office.

.

.
2

29. 3- .
Indefinite.
1. 3- . Indefinite
-s,
s (. *):
works [w:ks]
She lives [lvz]

It sits [sts]
()
2. , -, 3- . .
-es:
goes [ouz]
She does [dz]

3. , -s, -se, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x,


-es, [z]:
closes [klouzz]
She teaches [ti:tz]

4. , - ,
-es, i:
We study.
studies [stdz].

.
.

** .
535

30. .
well . ,
, ,
:
My son

studies

well.

knows

English
.

well.
.

31. .
very .
, :
She speaks English very well. -.
She is a very good student.
.
3
32. .
,
who, , ,
.

who?
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they


whom [hu:m]?
?
me [mi:, mi, mi]
you [ju:, ju, ju]
him [hm]

her [h:, h]

it [t]
()
us [s, s]

you [ju:, ju, ju]


them [em, m]

()

, who,
( ,
):
Do you know him well?
( )

Write him a letter.


( )

She often speaks English to him.


.
536

( )
Whom do you know well here?
( )

Who(m) does he always speak about?


( )

33. , .
, ,
who? ?; what? ?, ?;
whose? ?, which? ? . , ..
,
.
who? ? what? ? which? ?
- 3- . :
Who reads English well?
What lasts two hours?
Which of you speaks German well?

-?
?
( )
-?

?
?
?

What lessons last two hours?


Whose son knows English?
Whose sisters live here?

. which ,
.
which
of :
Which of your sisters lives
in Moscow? ?
Which of them speaks French?


-?


,
, :
Whose sister knows French? His
sister does.
? .
Who knows English well at your

office? These engineers do.
?
.
Which of you works at this Ministry? I do.
? .

, ,

537

- ,
:
Who works at this office? We do [du:]
34. Much , little .
much little
. ,
.

very :
son reads English very much. -.

very:
Do you usually read much? ?
doesnt read much.
.
much little
. Much little
, , ,
, ,
how much? ?:
How much time a day do you work at your English?
?
Does he usually do much or little

work?
?
(
?)
.
,
many few . many
few ,
how many? ?:
How many questions does your

teacher usually ask you at the
?
lesson?
They receive many telegrams every
day.
.
:
much chalk
little paper
much time
little work

many pieces of chalk


few newspapers
many hours
few workers

538

35. .
,
, .
.
, , ,
, , ..:
lives in Moscow.
( )

She goes there every day.


( )

They know English well.


.
( )
Do they work much?
( )

I read very good books.


( )

,
,
.
.
:
Go to the window!

.
( to)
; :
sometimes stays at the office
to take his English lessons.

,

.


.
not,
to:
to go
not to go
Learn these rules not to make
,

mistakes.
.

:
know English well we study
hard.


, .
539

36. ,
.
,
, ,

, :
Read the third exercise!
Learn the tenth word! You dont
know it.
Repeat the fifth sentence!

!
.
.
.
4

37. .
:
,
Indefinite, II,
I.
, ,
.
38.
(Regular and Irregular Verbs).
Indefinite
II (Participle II)
.
work worked worked
write wrote written

.
. .
.
39. Indefinite
(The Past Indefinite Tense Form).
1. Indefinite
-ed
.
2. -ed :
) ( [d])
[d]:
to open opened [oupnd]
to answer answered [:nsd]

) ( [t]) [t]:
to work worked [w:kt]

540

to finish finished [fint]

) [d] [t] [d]:


to last lasted [l:std]

to intend intended [ntendd] .
3. Indefinite
:
) -,
-ed, :
to live lived

) , -
, i:
to study studi-ed

, , :
to stay stayed
) ,
, :
to stop stop-p-ed

4.
Indefinite II -ed
, , :
to write wrote written [rout rtn]
to sit sat sat [st]
to go went gone [went n]
5. ,
to do
(did) (
to), :
Did they work?
Did he speak?

?
?

6. ,
to do
(did), not (
to), not :
did not speak. .
I did not work. .

didnt [ddnt].

541

7. yes ,
,

to do (did)
:
Did you read this article? Yes, I did.
Did you study there? No, I didnt.

? .
? .

8. . Indefinite
, .
(
),
. ,
, ,
.

: yesterday , the day before yesterday , last


week , last month , last year
, last night , last time , two days (three
years) ago ( ) , in 1917 1917 . ..
5
40. Indefinite to be.
to be Indefinite was
[wz, wz] . were [w:, w, w:r, wr] . ,
2- . :

I was

you were
he was

she was

it was


we were
you were
they were

,
to be :
Was he?
Were you?

?
?

not,
:
I was not.
was not.
They were not.

.
.
.

542


: wasnt [wznt] werent [w:nt]:
He wasnt there.
They werent there.

.
.

41. . .
1. :
.
,
.
2. (a man, a child, etc.)
: ,
, ( )
, .

:
Do you see children in the park?
?
( , ,
).
The workers of this factory

( of ,
).
3.
,
whose? ()?,
.
-s,
s (. , II).
,
, :
this mans newspaper

.
()
. :
my friends sister [frendz]
my friends sisters [frendz]

men, women, children


, . , .. s:
these mens newspapers
his childrens names

543

,
, , ,
, :
Peters room
Marys children

4. ,
,
:
We liked Comrade Petrovs
report.

5.
, , ,
,
of, :
the name of my sisters son
the father of my brothers wife

6. at my friends house (place),


Petrovs office, at the bakers shop house (place)
, , shop ,
at my friends ,
Petrovs , at the bakers :
Yesterday I was at my sisters.
In the morning he went to his
friends.

at Comrade
, office

at Comrade

.

( ).

42. , .
,
, , to
whom? ? , .

.

:
I often write them letters.

, ,
to, :
I often write letters to them.

544

to, , :
) , .
Write a letter to Comrade

Klimov (not to Comrade
(
Petrov).
).
) :
I wrote a telegram to Mr.
Smith in the morning. Send
.
it to him now.
.
I received letter yesterday. .
Read it to our friend.
.
6
43. Indefinite
(The Future Indefinite Tense Form).
1. Indefinite
shall [l, l, l] will
[wl] to. Shall
1- . . , a will .
I shall work
you will work
he will work
she will work

we shall work
you will work
they will work

shall will
that,
: Ill [al], well [wil], youll
[jul], hell [hil], shell [i1], itll [tl], theyll [el], thatll [tl]:
Ill do that.
Hell come tomorrow.

.
.

2.
:
Shall I work?
Shall we work?
Will you work?
Will they work?

?
?
?
?

3.
not,
:
I shall not work.
You will not work.

.
.

545


: shant [:nt] ( 1- ), wont
[wount] ( ):
I shant go there to-day.
wont wake up till nine.

.
.

4. Indefinite
, ,
.
, :
I shall go to the theatre. .
They will study French. .
5. ,
: to-night ,
tomorrow , the day after tomorrow , in two (three, four)
days , (, ) , in a week, , in a month
, in a year , next week , next month
, next year , soon , .
. (, ..)
:
)
;
) -.
( )
(, ..) shall will:
.

I shall work.

( -)
(, ) ..
to be
shall be, will be:
. will be there at eight.
.
We shall be doctors.
44. to have () ,
Indefinite.
1. to have ,
( ..) , ( ) ().
2. to have Indefinite
has [hz, hz, z, z] 3- . have [hv, hv, v, v]
:
has an interesting book.
I have two sons.

546

.
.

3. to have Indefinite
had . . :
Last year I lived in Kiev. I

had many friends there.

4. to have shall have


. . , will have :
will have many friends
in Leningrad.
We shall have a new student
soon.


.
.

5. to have
to have :
Have you a large family?
Had he already a son ten
years ago?

?

?

.
to have
Indefinite ( )
to do:
Did he already have a son ten
years ago?

to have
Indefinite shall will,
:
Shall we have many new stu-
dents in our group next year? ?
Will your son have bad marks
this month?
?
6. to have
not,
Indefinite to have:
I have not
has not


: havent [hvnt], hasnt [hznt], hadnt [hdnt]:
We havent ...
She hasnt ...
hadnt ...

...
...
...

547

to have :
) :
Have you a large family?
No, I havent.

?
.

) ,
many , much , enough [nf]

:
I havent many English
books now.
hasnt enough time to
do it to-day.


.

.

not Indefinite
to have shall will:
I shall not have this book
tomorrow.
will not have these
magazines next week.

.

.

. to have ,
, , , , to have
dinner (breakfast, supper), , (, ), to have a lesson
, to have much work to do
, ,
Indefinite
to do :
Did you have an English lesson

yesterday? No, we didnt. ( )? .


7.
? have got
:
Have you got an interesting

book to read? No, I havent. (), .
I havent got your book here. .
has got two new English

magazines.
.
have
, : Ive got
[av t], youve got [ju:v t], weve got [wi:v t], theyve got [ev t]:
Ive got new skates.

.
548

Theyve got many English newspapers. .


45. .


:
no book
no pencil


to have
.
,
to have :
I have no book.
had no pen at the lesson.
will have no mistakes in
.
his dictation.

(..
; ,
).
.

7
46. there is, there are.
1. there is ,
-
, .. ,
( ) . there is
:
there is
There is

a newspaper


on the table.

(, , , ).
:
. :
,
, , ,
( : ?),

, (
: ?)
, , ..
there is, () .
, . :

549

There is a newspaper on the table.


.
There are newspapers on the table. .
( : ?)
,
, :
The newspaper is on the table.
( : ?).

2. there is
, to be ,
:
There is a table and five chairs in the room.
There are five chairs and a table in the room.

.
.

3. there is there ,
,
,
there:
. There were many students there.
4.
there is Indefinite to be
there:
Is there a map in your room?
Were there many mistakes in his homework?

?

?

there will. to
be, , , ..
there:
Will there be a new school in your street
soon?

there
is who? what?,
:
What is there on the wall?
Who is there in the room?

?
?


how many, how much
what? whose?, :
How many mistakes are there in his sentence ?

How much money [mn] was there

550

on the table?
What books were there in your bag?

?
Whose copy-book was there on that table? ?
,
there is .
5. there is
not,
to be :
) :
Is there a map in your room? No, ?
Hem.
there is not.

, : there isnt [znt], there arent
[:nt]; : there wasnt [wznt], there werent [w:nt].
) ,
many, much, enough:
There isnt enough money here.
.
There arent many things in his room. .
yes, there to
be :
Is there a lamp on this table? Yes, ? .
there is.
Was there a mistake in that sentence? ?
Yes, there was.
.

no,
. no
. there is
:
There is no book on the table.
() .
There were no students in the class-room. () .
6. . there is (are)
, , ,
.
there is
[z] [z], :

551

There is a book there [z buk ]


[r] ,
to be
, :
Is there a book there? [z r buk ]
8
47. some [sm] any [en]
()
some any.

.
1. Some , , .
.
, some , :
I have some interesting English books.
Some children do not like to wash.
.


. , some -:
Give me some interesting book.

- .

,
some , :
took some money and went to the
cinema.

2. Any , ,
.

. any -, -,
not :
Were there any interesting books at the
library?
There arent any mistakes in this
sentence.
Dont take any books here!

-
?

.
He () !

,
any -:
Is there any chalk here?

(- )?

552

3. , any
.
:
She didnt make any mistakes
in her dictation yesterday.
.
Are there any new magazines here? ?
Some , ,
, (
, , ..).
:
.
.

Give me some paper.


Give me the paper.

4. there is/are to have


any,
some, any:
Are there any pictures in this
book?
Yes, there are some.
No, there arent any.

(-)
?
.
.

Have you any interesting


books at home?
Yes, I have some.
No, I havent any.

?
.
.

5. Some [sm], [sm],


, , , -
.
Give me some [s()m]
paper.

some , ,
.
Have you any English books?
Yes, I have some [sm].

?
, ().

some of them, some of us some


:
Same [sm] of them know
French.

48. of one of some of.


of one, two, five
.., which
553

many, much, few, little, some, any, all


, , ,
. ,
.
. .
us, you, them:
one of them
five of us
which of you
many of our students
some of these mistakes

,
:
much of his time
any of the books by Gogol
all of us

49. ,
.
,
, :
At the Institute we study Literature, History, Marxism-Leninism
, , -and Geography.
.

,
:
We study English Literature.

.
knows Russian History very well.
.
Do you know Soviet Literature

well?

?
9

50. can [kn], may [me], must [mst].


1. ,
, , ..
, ,
..
.

554

,
:

1) .

.
2) , .. (
. . ).
3) to.
4) ,
,
, .. . -
() .
2.
:
can* [kn, kn, kn] ,
:
may [me] , ( ..) ;
must [mst, mst, mst] , ,
, :
son can already read. .
can go to the cinema, he
,
has time.
() .
You may go home.
( )
.
I must do this work now.
( )
.
3.
:
Can you do it now?
?
Must he stay here too? ?
May I take this book? () ?
4.
not:
You must not take this book. .
You may not take this book. .
little son cannot write.
.
.
1. may
not, must not must not.
** can, may, must
.
555

2. not can cannot.



can must: cant [k:nt], couldnt [kudnt], mustnt [msnt].
5. , to have
to be:
Can you do it for me?
Yes, I can.
No, I cant.

?
, .
Hem, .

. must

,
( , , ) need
(neednt):
Must I repeat this sentence? No,
you neednt.


? , .


May I read the letter?
?
Yes, you may.
, .
No, you mustnt.
, .
Must I translate sentence five?

?
Yes, you must.
, .
No, you neednt.
, .
6. must . may
,
,
.
can could:
Yesterday he could go to the theatre. .
I could not do it last week.

.
Could you come to see me the day

before yesterday?
?
Yes, I could.
, .
No, I couldnt.
, .
7. , ,

, :
I can do it [a kn du: t].

556

:
) :
Must we go there? [mst wi ou ].
) ,
cant, mustnt:
couldnt come [hkudnt km].
) , ,
:
Yes, | you must [jes | ju mst]
51. .
1.
.
:
,

, ,
.
:
, . writes that he will come soon.
, ,
, ,
, :
I know that they are at home now.
, .
When I was in Kiev, I met Comrade ,
Petrov there.
.
2. .
.
.
. .
.


? that
[t, t] :

557

We know that they study well.


.

, that :
I know they are here.

, .


.
.


.
, ,
, if :
If the book is interesting, give
it to me to read.

,
.

I think he translated this text


yesterday if he had time.

,
,
.

. .

, why [wa] ?
because [bkz] as [z, z]
:
I could not go to the Institute
yesterday because I was ill.

,
.

As my lessons begin at half past


eight, I must get up at seven
oclock in the morning.


,
.

My friend works hard at his


English as he wants to know
the language well.

,
.

.
, ,
because , ,
.
3. . ,
, :
If you are ill, | you must
certainly stay in bed.
52. - .

558


not, :
Why do you not know about it?

, not
.
dont, doesnt, didnt, shant, wont, hasnt, havent, cant mustnt
:
Why didnt he come to see us yesterday?
?
Why wont he come to see us? ?

. ,
, :
Dont you know about it?
?
Werent you there yesterday? ?
.
1. ,
.
:
, ?

Do you know where Petrov is?

2. ,
, , .
?
Do you know Petrov?
? Does he live in Moscow now?
53. .

.
, , ,
:
the morning paper


, :
an Underground station
the Moscow Underground


, ..
,
, -, , ;
.

559

10
54. .
1.
.
, when? [wen] ?
when :
When I was a student, I lived in Kiev.

, .

2.
till (until) (. .
13).
Stay here until I return. , .
Wait for him here till he comes back. ,
.
,
,
, .
3. .
what? [wt] ?, which?
[wt] ? (
).

, .

who [hu:] , , whom [hu:m] ,
, , whose [hu:z] , , which [wt] ,
who, whom ,
, ,
which
:
At our office there are many people
who know English well.
I dont know the engineer whom
you asked to help us.
The student whose exercise-book I
showed you studies very well.
The book which you gave me to
read is very interesting.


,
.
,
.
, , .
,
, .

. -
,
:

560

Do you want to speak to the students who are here?


Do you want to speak to the student who is here?

, ?
, ?
11

55. ,
.

when where . ,
when
, , ,
where
, , ;
,
.
I shall always remember the time
when I studied at the Institute.
will not forget the city where
he lived in his childhood.

() ,
.
,
.

. ,
. ,
,
when.
:

time

, , Each time I see him I forget to tell


.
him about it.
remembers his childhood each
, .
time he hears this song.
12
56. , 1- 3-
, let.
, 1- 3 , let ,
, ,
,
to:
Let us go there.
( ).
Let my son do it.
.
Let them answer this letter. .

561

57.
.
,
: if , when , as soon as ,
.
:
When I come to see you, I
shall bring you this book.
I shall do it tomorrow, if I
have time.
As soon as you finish your
work, we shall go to the
cinema.

,
.
,
.
,
.

58. a little, a few.


a little
,
:
I have a little free time to-day.
.
reads English a little.
-.
a few ,
:
My friend has a few pictures
of this beautiful city.

:
had little free time last
week, he couldnt come to
,
see us.
.
has a little free time to-day
and will come to see us.
,
.
reads little, thats why he
,
knows few English words.
.
knows French a little and
can translate this letter.

.
Last month we learned few

English words:only ten.
:
.
learned a few English

words,and now he can read
-

562

telegrams from foreign firms.

59.
.
1. ,
,
- , .
: :
I like milk.
).

I like coffee after dinner, but I


dont like tea.

(,

,
.

2.
,
, , ,
, , :
Pass me the salt, please.

, .

:
Snow is white.
. ( ,
).

The snow is dirty.


. (

).

Milk is good for babies.



.
( ).

The milk is hot.


. ( ).

I must buy (some) salt.


.
( ,
).

Pass me the salt please.


, , .
( , ).

60. to speak, to talk, to say, to tell.


1. to speak :
1) , .. , ;
, ..
:
son began to speak very early.

friend always speaks so quickly that ,


sometimes I dont understand him.
.
563

2) , , -. (to, with), -.
(about).
Did you speak to him about it yesterday? ?
3) ( - ); to speak
:
Can your son speak English?

-?

4) , ( m.n.):
Who spoke at the meeting last night?

2. to talk , .
! ( !)
to talk ( to speak
): Stop talking!
3. to say , , ( ) :
1) , ,
.
said to me, If you want, I shall buy
: ,
some sweets for tea. (What did he say?)
.
If you want, he said to me, I shall buy
some sweets for tea.

, ,
.

The lesson is over, the teacher said.

, .

2) ,
:
says that he wants to go to the South
this summer. (What does he say?)

,
.

3) , :
Say it again!
Did he say this? (What did he say?)

!
?

4. to tell , ,
, ,
:
father told me about it yesterday.

to tell, ,
, ,
:
Did he tell you this?

?
564

( )
Did he tell you any interesting things? -
( )
?
The engineer told me what to do.
( )

, .

tells me that I must go there now.


(
)

,
.

. to tell
:
to tell a story
to tell the truth
to tell a lie

5. (
) to tell
, :
My wife told me to buy some meat.
The secretary told me not to wait for the

director.
Tell your son not to go out, said the
doctor.

.
,
.

. (
-).

13
61. I (Participle I).
1. (. 37),
. I (Participle
I). ,
, , .
I
-ing:
to read
reading
to speak
speaking
2. -ing
:
1) - :
to take
to see

taking
seeing

( )
( ,

565

to be

)
( ,
).

being

2)
-ing :
swim

swimming

3) -ie -:
to lie

lying

. - -ing
, :
to study

studying [std]

to say
,

saying [se]

3. I
- (-) , - (-)
.
4. I

:
a running boy
a smiling girl

62. Continuous (, ).
Continuous to continue .
1. Indefinite,

,
Continuous (, ) ,
, , ..
,
(.. ),
.

, ..
, , ..

,
.. , , ,
, ,
.
2. Continuous (The Present
Continuous Tense Form). Indefinite,

566

Continuous ,
, : to be,
, ,
I ( -ing ).
:
to be
( )

-ing (Participle I)
( )

I am reading a book now.


.
Who is standing at the door? ?
3.

to be ,
:
Am I reading a book now?
?
What are you doing here?
?
Whom is he waiting for?
?
4.
not, :
I am not reading now.
I was not reading at six
oclock yesterday, I was
having a rest.
I shall not be reading at six
oclock to morrow.

.
6 ,
.
6 .

5. Continuous
, :
What are you doing? I am
writing letter.

?
.

. , , now
, at this moment ,
, .
,
, , ..
6. , ,

Continuous . : to want ,
to like , to love , to wish , to see , to hear
, to feel , to notice , to know , to
understand , to remember , to recognize , to
forget , to seem , to be .
, .
about.

I understand what he is speaking

567

Now I dont see you.

7. Continuous
, (
).
, ,
, :
They are going to the cinema at five
oclock.
friends are coming to Moscow tomorrow.
She is leaving for Leningrad to-night.
.

(=)
.
(=)
.

(=)

,
Continuous , .
63. ()
.
, (
conjoint) , ,
, ,
,
(), , ,
( ,
, ..):

I
my
mine [mam]
you
your
yours [j:z]
he
his
his [hz]
she
her
hers [h:z]
it
its
its [ts]
we
our
ours [auz]
you
your
yours [j:z]
they
their
theirs [z]
Here is my copy-book. Where is yours?
. ?
Yesterday a friend of mine told me about

it.
.
.
1.
,
.

568

:
.
.

.

pen is bad. Give me yours.


Yesterday we met an old friend of ours
at the theatre.

2. a friend of mine.
.
:
A friend of mine came to see me

yesterday.
.
friend and I like Tchaikovskis ()
music.
.
14
64. Continuous [kntnjus]
(The Past Continuous Tense Form).
1. Continuous
to be I was (were) + ing:
At seven oclock I was writing a letter.
What were you doing yesterday at five?
Yesterday they were not having dinner
at two oclock.

.
?
.

2. Continuous :
1) ,
. :
) ()
I was waiting for you at ten oclock
yesterday. Why didnt you come?

10 . ?

) ,
Indefinite
I was preparing my lessons when

my friend came in.


What were you doing when Pavlov
came to see you?

.
, ?

. Continuous
.
2) ,
, ,
, :

569

I went out. There were many people in

the street. Many of them were hurrying


home from work. A boy was running
across the street with an evening newspaper in his hand. Some other children
were playing near their house. An old
woman was walking to the park with
little girl. I also went to the park and
sat down on a bench. Suddenly a man
came up to me and...