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ABSTRACT

Most of the pollution issues created in power systems are due to the non-linear characteristics
and fast switching of power electronic equipment. Power quality issues are becoming stronger
because sensitive equipment will be more sensitive for market competition reasons, equipment will
continue polluting the system more and more due to cost increase caused by the built-in compensation
and sometimes for the lack of enforced regulations. Efficiency and cost are considered today almost at
the same level. Active power filters have been developed over the years to solve these problems to
improve power quality. Among which shunt active power filter is used to eliminate and load current
harmonics and reactive power compensation.
In this work both PI controller based and fuzzy logic controlled, three-phase shunt active
power filter to compensate harmonics and reactive power by nonlinear load to improve power quality
is implemented for three-phase three wire systems. The advantage of fuzzy control is that it is based
on linguistic description and does not require a mathematical model of the system. The compensation
process is based on sensing line currents only, an approach different from conventional methods,
which require sensing of harmonics or reactive power components of the load.
A MATLAB program has been developed to simulate the system operation. Various
simulation results are presented under steady state conditions and performance of fuzzy and PI
controllers is compared. Simulation results obtained shows that the performance of fuzzy controller is
found to be better than PI controller. PWM pattern generation is based on carrier less hysteresis based
current control to obtain the switching signals to the voltage sourced PWM converter.
The problem of cost effective active compensator allocation and sizing in distribution
networks has been analysed. A few objective functions have been compared from the economical
point of view. Theoretical considerations have been illustrated by an example of active power filters
(APF) allocation and sizing by means of the genetic algorithm.

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Page No.

Typical CSNL
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Typical VSNL
Types of power filters
Shunt passive filters
Typical response of a band pass filter
parellel active filter with current source
shunt active power filters
series type APF
series APF as a voltage regulator
series - shunt APF type
series APF & shunt passive filters
Series APF & Shunt passive filters without transformer
Shunt active power filter topology.
Filter current IF generated to compensate load-current harmonics.
Shunt active power filter Basic compensation principle.
Active power filter and its phasor diagram
Schematic diagram of shunt active filter.
APF Control scheme with PI controller
Block diagram of voltage control loop
Structure of GA-PID controller
Simulation flowchart for auto-tuning GA-PID controller
Source voltage
source current when compensator is not connected
source current PI Controller
compensating current PI Controller
DC capacitor voltage during swith on response with PI controller
souce voltage
Load curre
Compensating current with PI controller
Source current with pi controller
Dc side capacitor voltage with PI controller
Voltage and current are in phase with PI controller after compensation
output of fitness value w.r.t. generation.

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BIO-DATA
Name
Father Name
Roll.No
Date Of Birth
Nationality
Communication Address

:
:
:
:
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CH.DAMODAR
CH.Venkateswarlu
12751D4902
10-06-1990
Indian
4/87,Beside kanaka durga temple v
Inamadugu post,
Kovur mandal,
SPSR Nellore District.

Pin Code:524137
Ph.No
:
8885930418
e-mail
:
damuins@gmail.com
Declaration: The above information provided by me is true to the best of my
knowledge.
CH.DAMODAR