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Test guide MIG0600MS system

step by step test instruction


in accordance with DO160-CH3

Title:
Date:
Division Manager:
Product Manager:
Revised:

Test Guide to MIG0600MS System


30.08.2004
M. Lutz
J.S. Ligeard
8.09.2004

Aircraft Electronic - TEST GUIDE

MIG0600MS - Multiple Stroke Testers

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Content

1 EXPLANATION OF TEST MODES


1.1 Pin Injection Tests
1.2 Cable Bundle Tests

3
3
4

2 EMC PARTNER MULTIPLE STOKE TEST SYSTEM

3 PIN INJECTION TESTS, TABLE 22-2

3.1 PIN: W4 6.4/70s, W5A 40/120s, W5B 50/500s:


3.2 PIN: W4 6.4/70s, W5A 40/120s:

4 CABLE BUNDLE TESTS, SINGLE STROKE, TABLE 22-3


4.1 CB-SS: W1 6.4/70us Cable Induction
4.2 CB-SS: W4 6.4/70us Ground Injection
4.3 CB-SS: W5A 40/120s Cable Induction
4.4 CB-SS: W5A 40/120s Ground Injection
4.5 CB-SS: W5B 50/500s Cable Induction
4.6 CB-SS: W5B 50/500s Ground Injection

5 CABLE BUNDLE TESTS, MULTIPLE STROKE, TABLE 22-4


5.1 CB-MS: W1 6.4/70s Cable Induction
5.2 CB-MS: W4 6.4/70s Ground Injection
5.3 CB-MS: W5A 40/120s Cable Induction
5.4 CB-MS: W5A 40/120s Ground Injection
5.5 CB-MS: W5B 50/500s Cable Induction
5.6 CB-MS: W5B 50/500s Ground Injection

6 APPROXIMATION OF SELF INDUCTANCE


6.1 Wire above ground plane
6.2 Two round wires
6.3 Rectangular ground straps
6.4 SAE ARP5415 Approximation
6.5 Generator output voltage approximation for waveform W3

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10

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13
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21
22

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24
24
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27
28

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30
30
31

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1 EXPLANATION OF TEST MODES


1.1 Pin Injection Tests
Pin injection tests are primarily for damage assessment and involve the injection of transients directly
into EUT interface circuits. Levels are defined as open circuit voltage or short circuit current without
any load. In the test set-up the true values of voltage or current are given by the load.
Prior to testing or at regular intervals (2 years) the waveshapes have to be verified (calibrated) as
defined in the EMC-PARTNER verification report. During the test process no waveform
measurements have to be performed.
Test-Procedure for Pin Injection :
The waveform is applied directly to the designated pins of the EUT connector, usually between each
pin and case ground. The EUT is normally unpowered. Set the generator to the voltage or current
according to the test level. Monitor the voltage waveform at the U-CRO output of the generator for
signs of unexpected changes.

Pin Injection (PIN)

DATABASE on EMCP Web Site


easy use, no test programming, just carry out tests

Immunity

TEMA TEST MANAGER


customized solution

DSO Option
control TEK DSO

MIG 0600SS
NW-MS-LEVEL 1

EUT Power
DN-LISN160-32

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EUT

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1.2 Cable Bundle Tests


Cable bundle testing is a technique where transients are applied by cable induction or ground
injection.
The test must be performed on fully configured and functioning equipment complete with
interconnecting cables and interface loads. Levels are defined as measured values in the test setup. Either the test level or the limit value has to be reached.
Prior to testing or at regular intervals ( 2 years ) the waveshapes have to be verified (calibrated) in the
calibration loop as defined in the EMC-PARTNER verification protocol.
Cable Induction : Waveform 1 is injected using the cable induction method. The CN-GI-CI coupler
allows also to inject waveform 5A and 5B by cable induction method.
The waveform is induced through the coupling transformer CN-GI-CI into interconnecting cables and
power leads. Set the generator to the voltage or current according to the test level. In the test set-up
measure the voltage at the calibration loop of the CN-GI-CI and the current in the cable bundle.
Increase the generator output until the test level or the limit is reached.

Single Stroke (SS)

DATABASE on EMCP Web Site


easy use, no test programming, just carry out tests

Immunity
TEMA TEST MANAGER
customized solution

DSO Option
control TEK DSO

MIG 0600SS
NW-MS-LEVEL 1

MIG 0618SS

CN-GI-CI

I-PROBE-MS

V-measurement

I-measurement

EUT Power
DN-LISN160-32

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EUT

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Multiple Stroke (MS)

DATABASE on EMCP Web Site


easy use, no test programming, just carry out tests

Immunity
TEMA TEST MANAGER
customized solution

DSO Option
control TEK DSO

MIG 0600MS
NW-MS-LEVEL 1

CN-GI-CI

I-PROBE-MS

V-measurement

I-measurement

EUT Power
DN-LISN160-32

EUT

Ground Injection : Waveshape 4 and 5 are injected using the ground injection method.
The waveform is applied between the EUT case and the local ground plane after the EUT has been
isolated from the local ground plane. The injected waveform is forced onto cable shields and any other
return path to the local ground plane. Set the generator to the voltage or current according to the test
level. In the test set-up measure the voltage between EUT and local ground plane and the current in
the cables. Increase the generator level until the test level or the limit is reached.

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2 EMC PARTNER MULTIPLE STOKE TEST SYSTEM

CN-GI-CI
Cable induction

MIG0600MS

EUT connection
cable induction

W1, W4, W5A, W5B


- PIN injection up to level 5

EUT connection
ground injection

- Single Stroke (SS) up to


level 3 or 4
- Multiple Stroke (MS) up to
level 5

Fig: MIG0600MS with accessories


Standard accessories:
CN-GI-CI for Cable Induction and Ground Injection Tests
Cable injection
Aperture hole
4 x 5 cm
(1.5 x 2)
Accessory to:
MIG0600SS
MIG0600MS

NW-MS-LEVEL1
The NW-MS-LEVEL1 box
can be used for all
waveforms: W1, W4, W5A,
W5B
Accessory to:
MIG0600SS
MIG0600MS

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MIG0618SS Single Stroke Tester

MIG0618SS
W1, W4 and W5A
extends the
MIG0600MS for level
5 testing

MIG0618SS

Fig: MIG0618SS

CN-GI-CI for Cable Induction


Cable injection
Aperture hole
4 x 5 cm
(1.5 x 2)
Accessory to:
MIG0618SS

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3 PIN INJECTION TESTS, TABLE 22-2


Pin injection tests are primarily for damage assessment and involve the injection of transients directly
into EUT interface circuits. Levels are defined as open circuit voltage or short circuit current without
any load. In the test set-up the true values are given by the load.
Prior to testing or at regular intervals (2 years) the waveshapes have to be verified (calibrated) as
defined in the EMC-PARTNER verification report. During the test no waveform measurements have to
be performed.
Test-Procedure for Pin Injection :
The waveform is applied directly to the designated pins of the EUT connector, usually between each
pin and case ground. The EUT is normally unpowered. Set the generator to the voltage or current
according to the test level. Monitor the voltage waveform at the U-CRO output of the generator for
signs of unexpected changes.
Apply a minimum of 10 pulses in each polarity.
Amplitude Tolerances :

-0/+10%

3.1 PIN: W4 6.4/70s, W5A 40/120s, W5B 50/500s:


Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
-----

Pin-Injection22-2
EMC-PARTNER AG

Test-Set-up:
Apply the pulses with the 2 meter twisted MC cable directly between the pins and the case ground.
Set the generator to the nominal voltage (+10%).

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Waveform 4 : 6.4/70us ( 5ohm ) Pin Injection


Generator set-up MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
Level
V(oc) / I(sc)
Nominal Voltage
400V (*1)
Waveshape :
4: Pin 6.4/70s
1
50V/10A
125V
Repetition :
10s
2
125V/25A
300V
Number of Pulses:
10
3
300V/60A
750V
Trigger Mode :
auto
4
750V150A
1600V
Set bars :
6.4/70s
5
1600V/320A
Note: (*1) For Level 1 (50V) use Attenuator 1/8 NW-MS-LEVEL1 and set Nominal to 8*50V=400V.

Waveform 5A : 40/120us ( 1ohm ) Pin Injection


Generator set-up MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
Level
V(oc) / I(sc)
Nominal Voltage
200V (*1)
5A: Pin 40/120 s
1
50V/50A
Waveshape :
125V
2
125V/125A
Repetition :
20s
300V
3
300V/300A
Number of Pulses:
10
750V
4
750V750A
Trigger Mode :
auto
1600V
5
1600V/1600A
Set bars :
40/120s
Note: (*1) For Level 1 (50V) use Attenuator 1/4 NW-MS-LEVEL1 and set Nominal to 4*50V=200V.

Waveform 5B : 50/500us ( 1ohm ) Pin Injection


Generator set-up MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
Level
V(oc) / I(sc)
Nominal Voltage
200V (*1)
5B: Pin 50/500s
1
50V/50A
Waveshape :
125V
60s
2
125V/125A
Repetition :
300V
10
3
300V/300A
Number of Pulses:
750V
auto
4
750V750A
Trigger Mode :
1600V
50/500s
5
1600V/1600A
Set bars :
Note: (*1) For Level 1 (50V) use Attenuator 1/4 NW-MS-LEVEL1 and set Nominal to 4*50V=200V.

3.2 PIN: W4 6.4/70s, W5A 40/120s:


Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0618SS
-----

Pin-Injection22-2
EMC-PARTNER AG

Test-Set-up:
Apply the pulses with the 2 meter twisted MC cable directly between the pins and the case ground.
Set the generator to the nominal voltage (+10%).

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Cable for PIN injection.


Connection to EUT

Waveform 4 : 6.4/70us ( 5ohm ) Pin Injection


Generator set-up MIG0618SS
Level
V(oc) / I(sc)
Nominal Voltage
Wave shape :
4: Pin 6.4/70s
1
Repetition :
10s
2
300V
Number of Pulses:
10
3
300V/60A
750V
Trigger Mode :
auto
4
750V150A
1600V
Set bars :
6.4/70s
5
1600V/320A
3200V
x
3200V/640A

Waveform 5A : 40/120us ( 1ohm ) Pin Injection


Generator set-up MIG0618SS
Level
V(oc) / I(sc)
Nominal Voltage
1
Wave shape :
2
Repetition :
300V
3
300V/300A
Number of Pulses:
750V
4
750V750A
Trigger Mode :
1600V
5
1600V/1600A
Set bars :
3200V
x
3200V/3200A

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5A: Pin 40/120 s


20s
10
auto
40/120s

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4 CABLE BUNDLE TESTS, SINGLE STROKE, TABLE 22-3


Test-Procedure for cable bundle tests :
Cable Induction : Waveform 1 is injected through the cable induction method. The CN-GI-CI coupler
allows also to inject waveform 5A and 5B by cable induction method.
The waveform is induced using the coupling transformer CN-GI-CI into interconnecting cables and
power leads. Set the generator to the voltage or current according the test level. In the test set-up
measure the voltage at the calibration loop of the CN-GI-CI and the current in the cable bundle.
Increase the generator output until the test level or the limit is reached.
Ground Injection : Waveshape 4 and 5 are injected through the ground injection method. The
waveform is applied between the EUT case and the local ground plane after the EUT has been
isolated from the local ground plane. The injected waveform is forced to cable shields and any other
return path to the local ground plane. Set the generator to the voltage or current according to the test
level. In the test set-up measure the voltage between EUT and local ground plane and the current in
the cables. Increase the generator output until the test level or the limit is reached.
Apply a minimum of 10 pulses in each polarity.
Amplitude Tolerances :: -0/+20%

4.1 CB-SS: W1 6.4/70us Cable Induction


22-3 Cable Bundles, Single Stroke ( current pulse , cable induction )
Waveform 1 is used only for shielded cables.
Equipment:

Generator :
MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
Injection :
Coupling transformer: CN-GI-CI
Measurement : HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : I-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Test-Set-up MIG0600MS or MIG0600SS:


Connect the generator with the 1 meter twisted MC cable to the coupling transformer CN-GI-CI. Insert
the cable bundle into the coupling clamp. Set the current to the nominal value and apply one pulse.
Increase the current setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle. Measure the
test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 2 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage at the coupling clamp monitor loop (one turn output) to ensure not to
exceed the limit voltage.

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Waveform 1 : CB 6.4/70us
Cable induction
Limit Generator set-up MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
CN-GI-CI
Level
Test
Voltage
Current
Nominal
Turns
Current
50V
100A
Waveshape :
1: CB 6.4/70s
1T: 1T
1
100A
125V
250A
Repetition :
10s
1T:1T
2
250A
300V
600A
Test-Time :
10
1T:1T
3
600A
750V
1500A
Trigger Mode :
auto
1T:1T
4
1500A
1600V
1600A
Set bars :
6.4/70s
2T:1T
[5]
3200A
( x2 = 3200A )
Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to excess the
limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to be
shorter than about 2 meters.
Remarks:
For level 5 the rise-time in the calibration loop is 12 s
For a 2 meter cable bundle the voltage waveshape is about 4/20us.

Test-Set-up with MIG0618SS:


Connect the generator high with 4 x 1 meter green MC cable and the low with the 4 x 1 meter black
cable to the coupling transformer CN-GI-CI. Insert the cable bundle into the coupling clamp. Set the
current to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the current setting until you measure the
desired current in the cable bundle. Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a currentprobe.
The output voltage of the generator can reach 3200 V, so you have to monitor the voltage at the
coupling clamp monitor loop (one turn output on the rear side of the CN-GI-CI transformer) to ensure
not to exceed the limit voltage.

Cable bundle of
the EUT

MIG0618SS

CN-GI-CI

cable connections
generator to CN

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Waveform 1 : CB 6.4/70us
Limit Generator set-up MIG0618SS
Level
Test
Voltage
Current
Nominal
Current
Wave shape :
1
Repetition :
2
300V
600A
Test-Time :
3
600
750V
1500A
Trigger Mode :
4
1500A
1600V
3200A
Set bars :
5
3200A

Cable induction
CN-GI-CI
Turns
1: CI 6.4/70s
10s
10
auto
6.4/70s

1T:1T
1T:1T
1T:1T

Level 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to excess the limitvoltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to be
shorter than about 2 meters.

4.2 CB-SS: W4 6.4/70us Ground Injection


22-3 Cable Bundles, Single Stroke ( voltage pulse , ground injection )
Waveform 4 is not used when the structural resistance is a significant source of induced transients.
( e.g. for carbon fibre structures ). In this case use Waveform 5A or 5B.
Equipment:

Generator :
MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
Injection :
--Measurement : HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : I-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 2 meter twisted MC cable to the EUT (High to isolated chassis, Low to
local ground). Set the voltage to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the voltage setting
until you measure the desired voltage between EUT chassis and local ground.
Measure the test-voltage between EUT chassis and local ground with a HV-Probe.
For the lower levels you have to monitor the current in each cable bundle to ensure not to exceed the
limit current.

Warning: Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-up, a current can flow through
the generator. To avoid damaging the generator this current must be below 8A a.c. or d.c.

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Waveform 4: CB 6.4/70us
Ground injection
Limit Current Generator set-up MIG0600SS
Level Test Voltage
Nominal Voltage
100A
200V (*1)
Waveshape :
4: CB 6.4/70s
1
50V
(200/4 = 50V )
250A
125V
Repetition :
10s
2
125V
600A
300V
Number of pulses: 10
3
300V
1500A
750V
Trigger Mode :
auto
4
750V
3200A
1600V
Set bars :
6.4/70s
[5]
1600V
Note: (*1) For Level 1 (50V) use Attenuator NW-MS-LEVEL1 and set Nominal to 4*50V=200V
Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 can be reached for every load. Monitor the current to ensure not to excess the
limit- current. To reach the test-voltage without exceeding the limit current, the cable bundle has to
be longer than about 3 meters.
Level 5 can only be reached for cable bundles with an impedance greater than about 20ohm.
For level 5 use MIG0618SS
Remarks:
For a 3 meter cable bundle the current waveshape is about 3/8us.

Test-Set-up with MIG0618SS:


Connect the generator with the 2 meter twisted MC cable to the EUT (High to isolated chassis, Low to
local ground). Set the voltage to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the voltage setting
until you measure the desired voltage between EUT chassis and local ground.
Measure the test-voltage between EUT chassis and local ground with a HV-Probe.
For the lower levels you have to monitor the current in each cable bundle to ensure not to exceed the
limit current.

Warning: Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-up, a current can flow through
the generator. To avoid damaging the generator this current must be below 20A a.c. or d.c.

Cable bundle of
the EUT

MIG0618SS

CN-GI-CI

EUT connection
for ground
injection

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Waveform 4: GI 6.4/70us
Limit Current Generator set-up
Level Test Voltage
Nominal Voltage
1
2
600A
300V
3
300V
1500A
750V
4
750V
3200A
1600V
5
1600V
6400A
3200V
x
3200V

Ground injection
MIG0618SS
Waveshape :
Repetition :
Number of pulses:
Trigger Mode :
Set bars :

4: GI 6.4/70s
10s
10
auto
6.4/70s

Level 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the current to ensure not to excess the
limit- current. To reach the test-voltage without exceeding the limit current, the cable bundle has to
be longer than about 2 meters.

4.3 CB-SS: W5A 40/120s Cable Induction


22-3 Cable Bundles, Single Stroke 40/120us
Waveform 5A is used when the structural resistance is a significant source of induced transients.
( e.g. for carbon fibre structures )
Equipment:

Generator :
MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
Injection :
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
Measurement :
HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : I-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 1meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Insert the EUT cable bundle
into the coupling clamp. Set the current to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the current
setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage at the coupling clamp (monitor loop one turn) to be sure not to exceed
the limit-voltage.
Warning : Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-up a current can flow through the ground
injection coupler CN-MIG-GI. For this test set-up the current has to be below 32A ac or dc.

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Waveform 5A: CB 40/120us


Level Test Current Limit Voltage Generator set-up
Nominal Current
50V
75A
1
150A
( x2 = 150A )
125V
200A
2
400A
( x2 = 400A )
300V
500A
3
1000A
( x2 = 1000A )
750V
1000A
4
2000A
( x2 = 2000A )
1600V
2500A
[5]
5000A
( x2 = 5000A )
3200V
2500A
[5]
10000A
( x4 = 10000A )

MIG0600SS
Waveshape : 5A: CB
40/120s
Repetition :
10s
Nbr. pulses :

10

Cable Induction
CN-GI-CI
Turns
2T: 1T
2T:1T
2T:1T

Trigger Mode : auto

2T:1T

Set bars :

40/120s

2T:1T

Set bars :

40/120s

4T:1T

Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to excess the
limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to
be shorter than about 3 meters
Level 5 can only be reached for cable bundles shorter than about 1meter and 10mm2
For level 5 use MIG0618SS
For a 3 meter cable bundle the voltage waveshape is about 1/16us.
Test-Set-up with MIG0618SS:
Connect the generator high with 4 x 1 meter green MC cable and the low with the 4 x 1 meter black
cable to the coupling transformer CN-GI-CI. Insert the cable bundle into the coupling clamp. Set the
current to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the current setting until you measure the
desired current in the cable bundle. Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a currentprobe.
The output voltage of the generator can reach 3200 V, so you have to monitor the voltage at the
coupling clamp monitor loop (one turn output on the rear side of the CN-GI-CI transformer) to ensure
not to exceed the limit voltage.

Cable bundle of
the EUT

MIG0618SS

CN-GI-CI

cable connections
generator to CN

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Waveform 5A: CB 40/120us


Cable Induction
CN-GI-CI
Level Test Current Limit Voltage Generator set-up MIG0618SS
Nominal Current
Turns
Waveshape : 5A: CB
1T: 1T
1
40/120s
Repetition :
10s
1T:1T
2
300V
1000A
Nbr. pulses : 10
1T:1T
3
1000A
750V
2000A
Trigger Mode : auto
1T:1T
4
2000A
1600V
5000A
Set bars :
40/120s
1T:1T
5
5000A
1600V
5000A
Set bars :
40/120s
2T:1T
x
10000A
(x2 = 10000A )

4.4 CB-SS: W5A 40/120s Ground Injection


22-3 Cable Bundles, Single Stroke 40/120us
Waveform 5A is used when the structural resistance is a significant source of induced transients.
( e.g. for carbon fibre structures )
Generator :
EMC-PARTNER AG
MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
Injection :
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
EMC-PARTNER AG
Measurement : HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
Current probe : I-Probe-MS
EMC-PARTNER AG
Test-Set-up MIG0600Ms or MIG0600SS:
Connect the generator with the 1meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Connect the CN-GI-CI with
a low impedance connection ( 4 times 1meter twisted MC cable in parallel ) to the EUT. Connect High
to the isolated chassis and Low to the local ground. Set the current to the nominal value and apply
one pulse. Increase the current setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage between the EUT chassis and the local ground with a HV-Probe to
insure not to exceed the limit-voltage.

Equipment:

Warning : Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-up a current can flow through the ground
injection coupler CN-MIG-GI. For this test set-up the current has to be below 32A ac or dc.

Waveform 5A: CB 40/120us


Ground injection
Limit Voltage Generator set-up MIG0600SS
CN-GI-CI
Level Test Current
Nominal Current
Turns
50V
150A
Waveshape : 5A: CB
2T:2T
1
150A
40/120s
125V
400A
Repetition :
10s
2T:2T
2
400A
300V
1000A
Nbr. pulses : 10
2T:2T
3
1000A
750V
2000A
Trigger Mode : auto
2T:2T
4
2000A
1600V
2500A
Set bars :
40/120s
2T:1T
[5]
5000A
( x2 = 5000A )
3200V
2500A
Set bars :
40/120s
4T:1T
[5]
10000A
( x4 = 10000A )

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Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to excess the
limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to
be shorter than about 3 meters
Level 5 can only be reached for cable bundles shorter than about 1meter and 10mm2
For level 5 use MIG0618SS
For a 3 meter cable bundle the voltage waveshape is about 1/16us.
Test-Set-up MIG0618SS:
Connect the generator high with 4 x 1 meter green MC cables and the low with the 4 x 1 meter
black cables to equipment under tests. For customised connection use the 8 connectors delivered.
For cable bundles longer than about 1.5 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage between the EUT chassis and the local ground with a HV-Probe to
insure not to exceed the limit-voltage.

Warning: Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-up, a current can flow through
the generator. To avoid damaging the generator this current must be below 20A a.c. or d.c.

Connection for GI
ground injection
40/120 s

Waveform 5A: GI 40/120us


Level Test Current Limit Voltage Generator set-up
Nominal Current
1
2
300V
1000A
3
1000A
750V
2000A
4
2000A
5
x

5000A
6000A

1600V
3200V

5000A
6000A

Ground injection
MIG0618SS
Wave shape :
Repetition :
Nbr. pulses :
Trigger Mode
:
Set bars :
Set bars :

5A: GI 40/120s
10s
10
auto
40/120s
40/120s

Level 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to excess the
limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to
be shorter than about 3 meters
For a 2 meter cable bundle the current wave shape will change.
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4.5 CB-SS: W5B 50/500s Cable Induction


22-3 50/500us Cable Bundles, Single Stroke
Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS or MIG0600MS
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : i-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 1meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Insert the EUT cable bundle
into the coupling clamp. Set the current to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the current
setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage at the coupling clamp (monitor loop one turn) to be sure not to exceed
the limit-voltage.
Warning : Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-ups a current can flow through the ground
injection coupler CN-MIG-GI. For these test set-ups the current has to be below 32A a.c. or d.c.

Waveform 5B: CB 50/500us


Level Test Current Limit Voltage Generator set-up MIG0600SS
Nominal Current
1

150A

50V

2
3
4
[5]

400A
1000A
2000A
5000A

125V
300V
750V
1600V

300A
( /2 = 150A )
400A
1000A
2000A
5000A

Ground injection
CN-GI-CI
Turns

Waveshape : 5B: CB
50/500s
Repetition :
10s
Nbr. pulses : 10
Trigger Mode : auto
Set bars :
50/500s

1T:2T
1T:1T
1T:1T
1T:1T
1T:1T

Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to excess the
limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to
be shorter than about 3 meters
Level 5 can only be reached for cable bundles shorter than about 1meter and 10mm2
For a 3 meter cable bundle the voltage waveshape is about 1/16us.

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4.6 CB-SS: W5B 50/500s Ground Injection


22-3 50/500us Cable Bundles, Single Stroke
Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : MAK 1:200

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 1 meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Connect the CN-GI-CI with
a low impedance connection ( 4 times 1 meter twisted MC cable in parallel ) to the EUT. Connect High
to the isolated chassis and Low to the local ground. Set the current to the nominal value and apply
one pulse. Increase the current setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage between the EUT chassis and the local ground with a HV-Probe to
insure not to exceed the limit-voltage.
Warning : Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-ups a current can flow through the ground
injection coupler CN-MIG-GI. For these test set-ups the current has to be below 32A a.c. or d.c.

Waveform 5B: CB 50/500us


Level Test Current Limit Voltage Generator set-up MIG0600SS
Nominal Current
1

150A

50V

2
3
4
[5]

400A
1000A
2000A
5000A

125V
300V
750V
1600V

300A
( /2 = 150A )
400A
1000A
2000A
5000A

Ground injection
CN-MIG-GI
Turns

Waveshape : 5B: CB
50/500s
Repetition :
10s
Nbr. pulses : 10
Trigger Mode : auto
Set bars :
50/500s

1T:2T
1T:1T
1T:1T
1T:1T
1T:1T

Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to excess the
limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to
be shorter than about 3 meters
Level 5 can only be reached for cable bundles shorter than about 1meter and 10mm2
For a 3 meter cable bundle the voltage waveshape is about 1/16us.

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5 CABLE BUNDLE TESTS, MULTIPLE STROKE, TABLE 22-4


22-4 Multiple Stroke. The multiple stroke event includes a first full level transient followed by 13
transients on half level. The transients are randomly distributed over a period of up to 1.5s with a
spacing between 10ms and 200ms.This pattern is stored as Pattern 12 in the pattern generator. For
other patterns see manual.
Test Procedure, Test-Setup and Calibration are the same as for Single Stroke. Apply a minimum of
10 multiple stroke events in each polarity.
Amplitude Tolerances : First Stroke : -0/+20% , Subsequent : -0/+50%

5.1 CB-MS: W1 6.4/70s Cable Induction


22-4 Cable Bundles, Multiple Stroke( current pulse , cable induction )
Waveform 1 is used only for shielded cables.
Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS + MIG0600MS
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : I-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Generator set-up:
MIG0600SS: set nominal current for first stroke, choose Trigger-mode=man and press RUN
MIG0600MS: set nominal current for subsequent stroke, choose Trigger-mode=auto and press RUN

Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 1meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Insert the EUT cable bundle
into the coupling clamp. Set the current to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the current
setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage at the coupling clamp (monitor loop one turn) to be sure not to exceed
the limit-voltage.

Waveform 1: CB 6.4/70us
First Stroke is 100%, Subsequent Strokes are 50%
Limit Generator set-up MIG0600SS
Level Test
Generator set-up MIG0600MS CN-GICI
Current Voltage
SS: Nominal
MS: Nominal
Current
Charge
50V
100A
Waveshape :
50A
Waveshape :
1T:2T
1
50A
( /2 = 50A ) 1: CB 6.4/70s
( /2 = 25A ) 1: CB 6.4/70s
125V
125A
Trigger Mode: man
65A
Pattern Nbr.: 12
1T:1T
2
125A
300V
300A
Nbr of pulses: 10
150A
Repetition : 20s 1T:1T
3
300A
750V
750A
set bars : 6.4/70s
375A
Test-Time : 600s 1T:1T
4
750A
1600A
800A
Trigger Mode: auto 1T:1T
5
1600A 1600V
Level 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to exceed
the limit- current. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle
has to be shorter than about 2 meters.

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5.2 CB-MS: W4 6.4/70s Ground Injection


22-4 6.4/70us Cable Bundles, Multiple Stroke ( voltage pulse , ground injection )
Waveform 4 is not used when the structural resistance is a significant source of induced transients.
( e.g. for carbon fibre structures ). In this case use Waveform 5Aor 5B.
Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS + MIG0600MS
--HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : I-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Generator set-up:
MIG0600SS: set nominal voltage for first stroke, choose Trigger-mode=man and press RUN
MIG0600MS: set nominal voltage for subsequent stroke, choose Trigger-mode=auto and press RUN

Warning: Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-ups a current can flow through
the generator. To avoid damaging the generator this current has to be below 8A a.c. or d.c.

Waveform 4: CB 6.4/70us
First Stroke is 100%, Subsequent Strokes are 50%
Limit
Level
Test
Generator set-up MIG0600SS
Generator set-up MIG0600MS
Voltage Current
SS: Nominal
MS: Nominal
Voltage
Charge
50A
100V (*1) Waveshape :
50V
Waveshape :
1
25V
( /4 = 25V ) 4: CB 6.4/70s
( /4 = 13V ) 4: CB 6.4/70s
125A
63V
Trigger Mode: man
35V
Pattern Nbr.: 12
2
62.5V
300A
150V
Nbr of pulses: 10
75V
Repetition : 20.0s
3
150V
750A
375V
set bars: 6.4/70s
190V
Test-Time : 600s
4
375V
1600A
800V
400V
Trigger Mode: auto
5
800V
Note: (*1) For Level 1 (25V) use Attenuator NW-MS-LEVEL1.
Level 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the current to ensure not to exceed
the limit- current. To reach the test-voltage without exceeding the limit current, the cable bundle
has to be longer than about 3 meters.

5.3 CB-MS: W5A 40/120s Cable Induction


22-4 Cable Bundles, Multiple Stroke
Waveform 5A is used when the structural resistance is a significant source of induced transients.
( e.g. for carbon fibre structures )
Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS + MIG0600MS
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : MAK 1:200

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Generator set-up:
MIG0600SS : set nominal current for first stroke, choose Trigger-mode man and press RUN
MIG0600MS: set nominal current for subsequent stroke, choose Trigger-mode=auto and press RUN

20.01.05

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Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 1meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Insert the EUT cable bundle
into the coupling clamp. Set the current to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the current
setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage at the coupling clamp (monitor loop one turn) to be sure not to exceed
the limit-voltage.

Warning : Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-ups a current can flow through
the ground coupling transformer CN-GI-CI. For these wave-shape set-ups the current has to be below
32A a.c. or d.c.

Waveform 5A : CB 40/120us
First Stroke is 100%, Subsequent Strokes are 50%
CN-GILimit Generator set-up MIG0600SS
Level Test
Generator set-up MIG0600MS
CI
Curren Voltage
t
SS Nominal
MS Nominal
Turns
Current
Current
50V
100V (*1) Waveshape :
50V (*2) Waveshape :
1T:2T
1
60A
( = 60A ) 5A: CB 40/120s
(=30A)
5A: CB 40/120
125V
80A
Trigger Mode: man
40A
Pattern Nbr.: 12
2T:1T
2
160A
x2 = 160A
x2 = 80A
300V
200A
Trigger Mode: man
100A
Repetition : 60.0s
2T:1T
3
400A
x2 = 400A
x2 = 200A
750V
400A
Nbr. of pulses: 10
200A
Test-Time : 600s
2T:1T
4
800A
x2 = 800A
x2 = 400A
1000A
set bars: 40/120us
500A
Trigger :
auto
2T:1T
5 2000A 1600V
x2 = 2000A
x2 = 1000A
Note: (*1) For Level 1 use Waveshape 5A: Pin 40/120us and set to 100V for 60A.
(*2) For Level 1 use Waveshape 5A: Pin 40/120us and set to 50V for 30A.
Level 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to exceed the
limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to be
shorter than about 3 meters.

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5.4 CB-MS: W5A 40/120s Ground Injection


22-4 Cable Bundles, Multiple Stroke
Waveform 5A is used when the structural resistance is a significant source of induced transients.
( e.g. for carbon fibre structures )
Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS + MIG0600MS
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : I-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Generator set-up:
MIG0600SS : set nominal current for first stroke, choose Trigger-mode man and press RUN
MIG0600MS: set nominal current for subsequent stroke, choose Trigger-mode=auto and press RUN
Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 1meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Connect the CN-GI-CI with
a low impedance connection ( 4 times 1meter twisted MC cable in parallel ) to the EUT. Connect High
to the isolated chassis and Low to the local ground. Set the current to the nominal value and apply
one pulse. Increase the current setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage between the EUT chassis and the local ground with a HV-Probe to
insure not to exceed the limit-voltage.

Warning : Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-ups a current can flow through
the ground coupling transformer CN-GI-CI. For these wave-shape set-ups the current has to be below
32A a.c. or d.c.

Waveform 5A : CB 40/120us
First Stroke is 100%, Subsequent Strokes are 50%
Limit Generator set-up MIG0600SS
CN-GILevel Test
Generator set-up MIG0600MS
CI
Curren Voltage
t
Turns
SS
MS
Nominal
Nominal
Current
Current
50V
Waveshape
:
Waveshape :
1T:2T
1
60A
100V (*1)
50V
5A: CB 40/120
( = 60A ) 5A: CB 40/120s
(=30A)
125V
Trigger Mode: man
Pattern Nbr.: 12
2T:2T
2
160A
160A
80A
300V
Trigger Mode: man
Repetition : 60.0s
2T:2T
3
400A
400A
200A
750V
Nbr. of pulses: 10
Test-Time : 600s
2T:2T
4
800A
800A
400A
set bars: 40/120us
Trigger :
auto
2T:2T
5 2000A 1600V
2000A
1000A
Note: (*1) For Level 1 use Waveshape 5A: Pin 40/120us and set to 100V for 60A.
Level 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to exceed the
limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle has to be
shorter than about 3 meters.

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5.5 CB-MS: W5B 50/500s Cable Induction


22-4 Cable Bundles, Multiple Stroke
Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS + MIG0600MS
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : I-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Generator set-up:
MIG0600SS : set nominal current for first stroke, choose Trigger-mode-man and press RUN
MIG0600MS: set nominal current for subsequent stroke, choose Trigger-mode=auto and press
RUN
Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 1meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Insert the EUT cable bundle
into the coupling clamp. Set the current to the nominal value and apply one pulse. Increase the current
setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage at the coupling clamp (monitor loop one turn) to be sure not to exceed
the limit-voltage.

Warning : Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-ups a current can flow through
the ground injection coupler CN-MIG-GI. For these test set-ups the current has to be below 32A a.c or
d.c.

Waveform 5B : CB 50/500us
First Stroke is 100%, Subsequent Strokes are 50%
CN-MIGLimit Generator set-up MIG0600SS
Level Test
Generator set-up MIG0600MS
GI
Curren Voltage
t
SS Nominal
MS Nominal
Turns
Current
Current
50V
100V (*1) Waveshape :
50V (*2) Waveshape :
1T:2T
1
60A
(=60A)
5A: CB 50/500s
(=30A)
5A: CB 50/500s
125V
160A
Trigger Mode: man
80A
Pattern Nbr.: 12
1T:2T
2
160A
300V
400A
Nbr. of pulses: 10
200A
Repetition : 60.0s
1T:1T
3
400A
750V
800A
set bars: 50/500us
400A
Test-Time : 600s
1T:1T
4
800A
2000A
1000A
Trigger :
auto
1T:1T
5 2000A 1600V
Note: (*1) For Level 1 use Waveshape 5A: Pin 40/120us and set to 100V for 60A.
(*2) For Level 1 use Waveshape 5A: Pin 40/120us and set to 50V for 30A.
Level 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to exceed
the limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle
has to be shorter than about 3 meters.

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5.6 CB-MS: W5B 50/500s Ground Injection


22-4 Cable Bundles, Multiple Stroke
Equipment:

Generator :
Injection :
Measurement :

MIG0600SS + MIG0600MS
Coupling transformer : CN-GI-CI
HV-probe :
4kV, 100MHz
Current probe : I-Probe-MS

EMC-PARTNER AG
EMC-PARTNER AG
e.g. Fluke PM9100/101
EMC-PARTNER AG

Generator set-up:
MIG0600SS : set nominal current for first stroke, choose Trigger-mode-man and press RUN
MIG0600MS: set nominal current for subsequent stroke, choose Trigger-mode=auto and press
RUN
Test-Set-up:
Connect the generator with the 1meter twisted MC cable to the CN-GI-CI. Connect the CN-GI-CI with
a low impedance connection ( 4 times 1meter twisted MC cable in parallel ) to the EUT. Connect High
to the isolated chassis and Low to the local ground. Set the current to the nominal value and apply
one pulse. Increase the current setting until you measure the desired current in the cable bundle.
Measure the test-current in each cable bundle with a current-probe.
For cable bundles longer than about 3 meters the voltage limit is reached before the test-current, so
you have to monitor the voltage between the EUT chassis and the local ground with a HV-Probe to
insure not to exceed the limit-voltage.

Warning : Due to the isolated EUT ground in some test set-ups a current can flow through
the ground injection coupler CN-MIG-GI. For these test set-ups the current has to be below 32A a.c or
d.c.

Waveform 5B : CB 50/500us
First Stroke is 100%, Subsequent Strokes are 50%
Limit Generator set-up MIG0600SS
CN-MIGLevel Test
Generator set-up MIG0600MS
GI
Curren Voltage
t
SS Nominal
MS Nominal
Turns
Current
Current
50V
100V (*1) Waveshape :
50V (*2) Waveshape :
1T:2T
1
60A
(= 60A)
5A: CB 50/500s
(=30A)
5A: CB 50/500s
125V
160A
Trigger Mode: man
80A
Pattern Nbr.: 12
1T:2T
2
160A
300V
400A
Nbr. of pulses: 10
200A
Repetition : 60.0s
1T:1T
3
400A
750V
800A
set bars: 50/500us
400A
Test-Time : 600s
1T:1T
4
800A
2000A
1000A
Trigger :
auto
1T:1T
5 2000A 1600V
Note: (*1) For Level 1 use Waveshape 5A: Pin 40/120us and set to 100V for 60A.
(*2) For Level 1 use Waveshape 5A: Pin 40/120us and set to 50V for 30A.
Level 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 can be reached for every load. Monitor the voltage to ensure not to exceed
the limit- voltage. To reach the test-current without exceeding the limit-voltage, the cable bundle
has to be shorter than about 3 meters.

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6 APPROXIMATION OF SELF INDUCTANCE


The self inductance can be calculated for different cable layouts as showed below. With the calculated
self inductance the maximum level can be found where the MIG0600MS generator or the MIG0600MS
with EXT can be used.

6.1 Wire above ground plane

Example:
Height h =0.1m
diameter of the wire d = 2.5 mm
Lext. = 1.02 H

6.2 Two round wires

Example:
One wire
Height h =D/2 =0.05m
diameter of the wire d = 2.5 mm
Lext. = 0.87 H

20.01.05

Both wires
Height h = D/2 =0.05m; D = 0.1m
diameter of the wire d = 2.5 mm
Lext. = 1.75 H

C-MIG0600MS & SS TEST GUIDE.DOC

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6.3 Rectangular ground straps

Observe that the inductance does decrease with increasing width and increasing with increasing
length.

6.4 SAE ARP5415 Approximation


The short circuit current on the wire bundle or shield is:
i = l/L (v dt) V t / L
i = short circuit current, in Amperes
L = the self inductance of the wire bundle (typically 0.5 H per meter times the length of the bundle)
t = time, in seconds
V = in volts
The voltage on a shielded core wire where the shield has a 360 connection to the backshell is:
v iR
If the shield is terminated in pigtails then an additional voltage should be included as:
Vp = L di/dt
where:
L = the total inductance of all pigtails (typically 1 nH per millimetre times the total length of pigtails)
di/dt = the peak current rate of rise
Rate of rise Imax / t rise
W1 level SS = 3200 / 6.4 10-6 = 500 106 A/seconds
W1 level SS = 3200 / 0.1 10-6 = 32 109 A/seconds
Example: W2 0.1/6.4 s L= 0.5 H
V = 32 109 0.5 10-6 = 16 kV
Example: W1 6.4/70s L= 0.5 H
V = 500 106 0.5 10-6 = 250 V

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6.5 Generator output voltage approximation for waveform W3


The minimum cable length can be not shorter than the coupler e.g. CN-MIG-BT1 60 cm
Example W3 1MHz Level 5 single wire
V = 2f x L I = 6.28 x1 106 0.9 10-6 640A =3.6 kV

Example W3 1MHz Level 5 cable bundle


V = 2f x L I = 6.28 x1 106 0.9 10-6 640A =2 kV

Example W3 10 MHz Level 5 cable bundles


V = 2f x L I = 6.28 x10 106 0.5 10-6 640A =20 kV !!!
The test voltage of 3200 V will be reached before the current limit

20.01.05

C-MIG0600MS & SS TEST GUIDE.DOC

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20.01.05

C-MIG0600MS & SS TEST GUIDE.DOC

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