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- -2015. , .

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-
19F
.. , .. , .. , .. , .. .............................. 4


. , .. , .. , .. ............................................................ 6

Ni3B2O6
.. , .. , .. ....................................................................... 8

Bi3+ RFe3(BO3)4:

.. , .. , .. , , .. ........................... 11


.. ................................................................................................................................. 14

-

.. , .. ...................................................................................................... 18

-
.. ............................................................................................................................... 21


.. , .. , .. , .. ................................................. 22

.. , .. .............................................................................................. 27



.. , .. , .. , .. .......................................... 31



.. , .. , .. , .. , .. .............. 34


RCr3(BO3)4, R = Gd, Dy, Ho
.. , .. , .. ................................................................. 36

- -2015. , .


634
.. , .. ............................................................................................... 38



.. , .. , .. , .. , .. .... 40



.. , .. , .. , .. , .. ...................... 44


p+-n-n+
.. , .. ..................................................................................................... 48



.. , .. , .. ......................................................................... 51

CdSe

.. , .. , .. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. .................................................................................................. 55



.. , .. ............................................................................................... 58

,

.. , .. ............................................................................................. 62

.. , .. , .. ............................................................... 66

.. , .. , .. .............................................................................. 68

CuB2O4

.. , .. , .. ..................................................................... 71
2

- -2015. , .



.. , .. .................................................................................................... 74



.. , .. , .. ................................................................ 77


.. , .. , .. , .. , .. ......................... 80

-
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Verasonics
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.. , .. ......................................................................................................... 101


.. , .. , .. . ............................................................................ 105



.. , .. , .. , .. ........................................................ 106

- -2015. , .

-
19F
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1

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2
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anisimovnv@mail.ru

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1. E.M. Haake et al. Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Physical Principles and Sequence
Design John Wiley &Sons, 1999.
2. .. . // (). 2015. ( ).

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. 1, .. 2, .. 2, .. 1
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vartemov@bk.ru


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w0 'w0 [10], Kw [8].
25 , Kw=14 =7.

1. . , . .: ,
1975.
2. P.L. Geissler et al. // Science. 2001. V. 291. P. 2121.
3. J.OM. Bockris, A.K.N. Reddy Modern Electrochemistry N.Y.: Kluwer, 1998.
4. . . 2- . .: , 1972.
5. A.V. Bandura, S.N. Lvov // J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data. 2006. Vol. 35. No. 1. P. 15.
6. T. Yagasaki et al. // J. Chemical Physics. 2005. V. 122, P. 144504.
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9. . , . , . .

Palmarium Acad. Publishing, Saarbrucken, 2012.
10. CRC Handbook of Chemistry, and Physics, 70th Edition, Weast, R. C., Ed. (CRC
Press, Boca Raton, FL) 1989.

- -2015. , .

Ni3B2O6
.. 1, .. 1, .. 2
1


- ..
kn.boldyrev@gmail.com

Ni3B2O6 ( Pnnm (#58),


mmm (D2h))
. Ni2+
[NiO6] (2a 4f).
TN = 46K.
[1]

. ,

,
.

.1. Ni3B2O6 ()
40 50K ().


Ni3B2O6.

( )
30-2000 -1. ,
13 300 -1
8

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. [2, 3],
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-
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.
, TN = 46K
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, .
, (1530 -1),
,
.

.2. Ni3B2O6 ()
().

3 (150 )
Ni3B2O6 6 ()
, , 50
9

- -2015. , .
().
10 -1, , .
d-d Ni2+.
d-, ( ) d-
, d-d .

. 3. Ni 3B2O6 T = 6 ()
T = 50K ().

15-02-04222a
(MK-3521-2015.2).

1. L.N. Bezmaternykh, S.N. Sofronova, N.V. Volkov, et al. // Phys. Stat. Solidi B. 2012.
V. 249. P. 1628.
2. R. E. Newnham M. J. Redman, P. Santoro // Z. Kristallogr. 1965. V. 121. P. 418.
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V. 16. P. K17.
4. .. , .. , .. , . , . //
. 1997, V. 65(9). P. 711.

10

- -2015. , .

Bi3+ RFe3(BO3)4:

.. 1, .. 1, .. 2, 2, .. 2
1


. ..
kn.boldyrev@gmail.com

RFe3(BO3)4 (R = Y, LaLu) (
R32 P3121 [1]),
Fe Fe .
,
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40 . ,
,
[2,3],
,
, ,
..

.1. Eu3+ 7F0 5D1 R32 P3121 (),


R32 P3121 () ()
EuFe3(BO3)4, () Bi2Mo3O12; () LiWO4.

.
RFe3(BO3)4
- ,
Bi2Mo3O12 [4].
, [5], ,
- [1,6]
11

- -2015. , .
R32 P3121. ,
88 [5], - 58 [6,7],
180 [1] 156 [5].
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Bi2Mo3O12
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.
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,
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, Bi2Mo3O12,
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(. . 2).

. 2. , Bi2Mo3O12.

12

- -2015. , .
( 14-1201033).

1. D. Fausti, A.A. Nugroho, P.H.M. van Loosdrecht, S.A. Klimin, M.N. Popova, L.N.
Bezmaternykh // Phys. Rev. B. 2006. V. 74. P. 024403.
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. 2010. V. 36. P. 640.
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P. 532.
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7. K.N. Boldyrev, T.N. Stanislavchuk, S.A. Klimin, M.N. Popova, L.N. Bezmaternykh
// Physics Letters A. 2012.V. 376. P. 2562.
8. .. , .. , .. , M. Betinelli //
. 2011. V. 41. N. 2. P. 120.
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L.N. Bezmaternykh, P. Loiseau, G. Aka, N.I. Leonyuk // Optical Materials. 2012. V. 34. P.
1885.

13

- -2015. , .


..

bugay_aleksandr@mail.ru



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1. A.S. Davydov // Physica Scripta. 1979. V. 20. P. 387.


2. S.W. Englander et al. // Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 1980. V. 77. No 12. P. 7222.
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2015.V. 75. P. 62.
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12. V.L. Titova et al. // Sci. Rep. 2013. V.3. P.2363.
13. B.S. Alexandrov et al. // Phys. Lett. A. 2010. V. 374. No.10. P.1214.
14. .. // . . . . 2011. . 75. 12. . 1681.

17

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popov@volgatech.net


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1. .. , .. .: , 2008..
2. D.Li, Y. H. Leung, A. B. Djurisic et al. // Appl. Phys. Lett., 2004. N 85. P 160
3. E.V. Chelnokov, N. Bityurin, I. Ozerov, W. Marine. // Applied physics letters 2006,
No 89, P. 171119
4. Hyeong Seop Shim, Noh Soo Han, Joo Hee Seo, Seung Min Park, and Jae Kyu Song
// Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2010, Vol. 31, No. 9, P. 2675-2678
19

- -2015. , .
5. B.K. Meyer et al. // Phys. stat. sol. (b) 241. 2004. . 231 260
6. R.M. Martin, C.M. Varma // Phys. Rev. Lett. 1971. V. 26. is. 20. P. 1241 1244.
7. .. , .. , ..
.: , 2009.

20

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-
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aavolkov@ran.gpil.ru

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2. A.A. Volkov, V.G. Artemov, A.V. Pronin // Eur. Phys. Letters. 2014. V. 106. 46004.

21

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allarepossible@gmail.ru

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-,
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(14-02-31235)
- ( ".....", 0002038).

1. G. Kostopoulos // Clin. Neurophysiol. 2000. V. 111. P. 2738.


2. L. De Gennaro and M. Ferrara // Sleep Med. Rev. 2003. V. 7. P. 423-440.
3. A.E. Hramov "Wavelets in neurodynamics and neurophysiology (In Russian)"
Moscow, Fizmatlit, 2013.
4. J.L. Perez // European Journal of Neuroscience. 1999. V. 11. P. 2571-2576.
5. A.E. Hramov // Chaos. 2013. V. 23. P. 033129.
33

- -2015. , .



.. 1, .. 1, .. 2, .. 3, .. 1,2
1


. .. , ,

3

elena-dobrecova@yandex.ru


RGa3(BO3)4, R = Nd Er.

Bi2O3 - B2O3 [1].
EuGa3(BO3)4 HoGa3(BO3)4

Xcalibur Oxford Diffraction, CCD-.
.. R32
a = 9.4642(2) , c = 7.4653(2) a = 9.4409(5) , c = 7.4334(1) Eu- Ho .

. 1. - RGa3(BO3)4
BO33-. .

-
- Bruker IFS 125HR .
- [2]
BO33-, Ga3+ R3+
R32 .
, . . 1
34

- -2015. , .
- . 975
-1
.
.

- Bruker IFS 125HR
.

.

.
EuGa3(BO3)4 (.
2) HoGa3(BO3)4 .
( = 337 ).
Oriel MS257,
Marconi CCD, -
Tektronix TDS 2022.
Eu3+ Ho3+.
EuGa3(BO3)4 614 940
, Eu3+ (. 2). HoGa3(BO3)4
, , 140 .
Eu Ho-
.

. 2. EuGa3(BO3)4 337 .


( 14-12-01033) (-754.2015.1)

1. L.I. Alshinskaya, N.I. Leonyuk, T.I.Timchenko // Kristal und Technik. 1979. V.14.
P. 897.
2. E.Yu. Borovikova et al. // Vibr. Spectr. 2013. V. 68. P. 82.
35

- -2015. , .


RCr3(BO3)4, R = Gd, Dy, Ho
.. 1, .. 1, .. 2
1


. ..
elena-dobrecova@yandex.ru


RCr3(BO3)4, R = Gd, Dy, Ho.


/
=
1:1.

, .
-
Bruker IFS 125HR
.
PPMS-9 (Quantum Design).

Dy3+ Ho3+ .
GdCr3(BO3)4 1% Nd3+, .

, ,
( ). 1
Nd3+ GdCr3(BO3)4:Nd(1%),
7.0 0.5 .

. 1. Nd3+ 4I9/2 4F3/2


GdCr3(BO3)4:Nd(1%).

36

- -2015. , .
T > 30 K (T) B = 1
- ,
(1):

eff 3eff (Cr 3 ) 2 eff ( R3 ) 2

(1)

0K,
.
- RCr3(BO3)4 ( > 40 ) ,
NdCr3(BO3)4 [1] SmCr3(BO3)4 [2], -,


. ,
. , ,
,
, , .
. 2
HoCr3(BO3)4.

. 2. HoCr3(BO3)4.


( 14-12-01033) (-754.2015.1) ,
. .

1. E.A. Popova et al. // Phys. Rev. B 2007. V. 75. No 5. P. 054446-054441.


2. .. . // . 2014. . 3. 4. . 484

37

- -2015. , .


634
.. , ..
1

..
ainlolcat@gmail.com

- O2,
g (O2(a)) 1g (O2(b)) - .
, , ,
. O2(a) -
[1]. O2(a)
[2]. ,

[3].
O2(a)
.
O2(a)
()
634 :
1

O2(a)+ O2(a)=> O2(X)+ O2(X)+h(=634 )

(1)

(1) (O2(a))2.
[4], [5]
(1). ,
200 120 (. 1).

(1).
(O2(a))2 V na,
(R,R+dR)
(1, 1+d 1), (2+d2) :
dN ( R , 1 , 2 )

1 2
( R , 1 , 2 ) 2
n a exp
R dRd1d 2 ,
Q
T

(2)

(O2(a))2, Q .

1
( R , 1 , 2 ) 2
exp
R dR1d 2 1
2

(4) V R ,
T

:
k

1
( R , 1 , 2 ) 2
A( R , 1 , 2 ) exp
R dRd1d 2

Q
T

(3)

A ,
R 1, 2. [6] ,
(O2(a))2 D2h ( ) A
. H -:

38

- -2015. , .
6
R0 12
R
2 0
R
R

( R) e

(4)

e = 175K, R0 =0.339nm [7].


A( R ) A0 exp R / a [9], a- . a

k.
k
a 1. ,
a = 0.04019R0.
A(R) T200K
120.

1 (1).

1. Manish Gupta et al. // Chemical Physics Letters. 2004. P. 4246.


2. Guo et al. // Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine. 2010. V.6. P.
486-495
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5. et al. // . 2014. V. 116. No 4. P. 581-587.
6. Goodman // The Journal of Chemical Physics. 1977 V.67. P. 4398-4407.
7. Bussery // Chemical Physics. 1994. V. 184. P. 2938.
8. E. A. Ogryzlo et al. // J. Chem. Phys. 1970. V. 52. P. 3718.

39

- -2015. , .



.. 1, .. 1,2, .. 1,2,
.. 2, .. 1,2
1

. ..
. ..
ishbulatov95@mail.ru


.

.
.
,
[1-4].

[5-9].

, ,
, .

[10].
,
, .

,
. ,
,
.

,
,
[11-13].



[2].
:

x(t ) x(t ) f ( x(t )),

(1)

, , f
:
r*
r*

f ( x) k

.
x
1 e x
1 e

(2)

= 2, = 3.6, = 1, = 2, r* = 1, k = -1.65
10 .

40

- -2015. , .

, ,
,
[14]. :
(),
[10], [15], -
[16],
[17].

. , ,
.
[14].
, , ,
[17]. ,

, .

. x(t)
,
, .
z(t) = x(t) - v(t), v(t)
.
, D z(t)
. ,
D(; ; f) z(t).

, .

,
.

. ,

. ,
, ,
,
.
.
,
[3] :

x(t ) x(t ) f ( x(t )) y(t ),

(3)

y(t) ,
1,

3 5.
,

3 5 .

41

- -2015. , .
,
.


.

(3).
.
, ,


.
,
.

75%, ,
,
360 (
, ,
in vivo).
,
,
= 3.6 = 2.
10
. ,
. , 360
,
1%.
.
,
.
,
< 0.007. , = 0.0035.
,
.
y(t)
5%
15 .
1%

360
y(t) 75%
,
, .
360
0 7%.
20% .

42

- -2015. , .

.


(1)
, .

[2].


.


. , ,
, ,


.
,
,
, . ,
- ,
,
.

,
.
14-12-00291.

1. H. Seidel et al. // Physica D. 1998. V. 115. P. 145.


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8. .. . // . 1994. . 20. . 19. . 75.
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17. M.J. Bnner et al. // Phys. Rev. E. 1996. V. 54. P. 3082.
43

- -2015. , .



.. , .. , .. , .. , ..
..
av.kosenkov@physics.msu.ru

()


, , [1]. , ,
,
,
- () [2].
[3].
(2D) (19F)
.
, 2H2O (D2O)
,
, :

D2O [4].
- [5]. ,
, ,
,
[6]. , ()
,
(, ) [7],
, , ,
[8]. ,
D2O
.
,
.
( ) -
. - ,
- .
BioSpec 70/30 USR Bruker
7 ,
. ,
,
. , 7
46,17 , 283,01 , ()
300,80 .

. 1. - (A) (B).

44

- -2015. , .

- , -
(.1A), - ,
(.1B).
-
, 6 2 .
,
46,17
(50 ). 2D--
,
900- .
64 . 2D--
1 .
2D-- 1,5
. ,
,
, .
Wistar 200-250 .
, 12-
/, .
,

: , , , ,
(.2C). , ,
2 . 2D-
(.2A)
1%- D2O (.2B). ,
2D-- 1%-
D2O 7 2D- : .2A .2B
2D-- .

. 2. A: 2D-- ; B:
2D-- 2- 1%- D2O ;
C: , .

2D--
, , ,
,
45

- -2015. , .
,
, ,
2D- ( , ).
1H- , (1%
D2O) , .
2D--
-,
() . ,
1H-- ,
.
2D-- 2D- ,
1%- D2O. .3A 2D--
.
FLASH,
. 2D-- 10 .
.3B - .
, 2D-- 1H-
. , .

.

. 3. A: 2D-- 2- 1%-
D2O; B: 1H-- ; C: 19F--
; D: 1H--
.


.
[9]. 19F-- , - ,
,
.
19F-- ,

, ,
(
). 19F-- ( 3C).
46

- -2015. , .
19F-- 19F--
MSME,
(900- 1800-
) [10]. 19F-- 15 . .3D
- .
, 19F-- 1H--

.
.
( , , , , ).
2D--, 2D- , 1%- D2O.
,

.
2- 1%- D2O, ,
. ,
, .
19F-- ,
.
, ,
.
, .
14.604.21.0060
(RFMEFI60414X0060).

1. G.P. Yan, L. Robinson, P. Hogg // Radiography. 2007. V. 13. No 1. P. e5-e19.


2. W. Xu et al. // Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2012. V. 14. No 37. P. 12687-12700.
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5. M.W. Biggs, J.E. Eiselein, G. Wilcox // Cancer Res. 1963. V. 23. No 7. P. 10591062.
6. .. , .. // D2O
. .: , 1978.
7. R.P. Mason et al. // Magn. Reson. Imag. 1989. V. 7. No 5. P. 475-485.
8. U. Gross, S. Rdiger, H. Reichelt // J. Fluor. Chem. 1991. V. 53. No 2. P.155-161.
9. .. , .. // . 1997. V. 67. No 11. P. 998-1013.
10. .. . // : . 2013. No
8. URL: http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/aug8/text.pdf.

47

- -2015. , .


p+-n-n+
1

.. , ..


-
scon282@phys.msu.ru

,
() p-n ,
0 () .
0 ,
[1].
0
. 0
,
[2]. ,
p-n (
).
. [3],
p-p+ 10 90
10 100 .
0 , ,
.
p+ n+
.

, p-n . ,
0.
,

.
(p+nn+)Si,
n- 6 ,
0.4 .
[4].
, 0.98 ,
f . W t
W = Wo[1 + msin(t)], = 2f, m .
.
3 .
, .

.
.1 V (
) , .
2
0 = 6.1 , Voc = 0.5 . ,
3 p-n 3
Voc .
48

- -2015. , .

av p
1.0

V / Voc

0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0.001

0.01

0.1

/ 0

.1. V ( ).

( ) p-n .


D

d 2 p ( x) p ( x)

G0 exp( x)
dx 2

(1)

D - , G0 - p-n
x =0,

1 1 0 i

(2)

- .
p (0) Ddp / dx Sb p x = d, Sb . V, p-n
, [5]

L( j jsc )
ln
1
BDp0

(3)

k , T -, e - , L -
, j jsc () V
V = 0 ( ) , p0 -
,
B

sh(d / L) ( Sb L / D)ch (d / L)
( Sb L / D) sh(d / L) ch (d / L)

(4)

av

d

av p( x ) ( x )dx
0

p( x)dx
0

p ( x ) p ( x ) , ( x) 1 Im[ p( x)] Re[ p( x)] .


0 , Sb .
49

(5)

- -2015. , .
.2 av p-n ,
1.0
1
2

av / 0

= 20 s

0.5

100
500
0

0.6

0.8

1.0

V / Voc

. 2. av, ,
V ( ) 0 =20, 100, 500 , = 100 (1), 780 (2) -1.

= 100 -1 ( ) 780 -1 ( ), 0 =
20, 100 500 d = 0.4 Sb=0.
V = Voc (6.1 2). ,
0
. p-n
Voc 0.9Voc. av V V / Voc < 0.8.
.1, 8% p-n
.
. .2 , 0 av
.
, .
, av V Sb.
, Sb = 1000 /c 0 =500 av/0
4 ( 0.16 0.04) V/Voc 1 0.8.

150 . [4], C

1.1 ,
0 1000 . ,
.2.

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2. J.H. Reynolds and A. Meulenberg Jr. // Jour. Appl. Phys. 1974. V.45. 6. P.2582.
3. J. Mandelkorn, J.H. Lamneck. // 11th IEEE Photovoltaics. Specialists Conf., Arizona,
May 6-8, 1975. NASA-TM-X-71723. ( 1976, 944).
4. G.G. Untila, T.N. Kost, A.B. Chebotareva, et al. Sol.Energy. 2014. V. 106. P. 88.
5. .. , .. .
.: , 1971.

50

- -2015. , .



.. , .. , ..
.. , ,

burov@phys.msu.ru


,

2 (
),
3 (
). ,
, ,
, ,
[1].
p III p 3 p ( 22)
:
( p 3 ) (
p ( 22) ). ,
. ,

[2] ( )
[3] (
). , [2] ,
(
p 3 p ( 22) ), (
p ( 22) ). [2] , ,
, , , p 3 ,
3
2 . ,
, 3
, [2], . [4] ,
, ,
p ( 22)

() p 3 , 3 . , [4]
,
,
.
[3] ,

2 3
.
51

- -2015. , .
,


.
.
p t , , [3]
p1 (t ) p 2 (t ) .
r
1 2 , . ,
r
R , :
p t ~ p1 (t 1 R ) p2 (t 2 R ) p1 t del p2 t del 12 .

(1)

12 1 2 p1 p 2 ;
del 1 R
p1 (t ) . 12
, ,
r
p1 (t ) p 2 (t ) . ,
del ,
. ,
, r ,
: , 12 , ,
del .
,
, p 3 .

, p ( 22) ,
.
, ..
.
p ( 22) (
12 ) ( del ),

p 3 . ,
.


.
,
,
.
f10 f 20 1.6 ,
f 30 2.2 ; (180 33 ) , (180 104 ) ,
(180 19 )

X.

52

- -2015. , .

I 0 0.1/ 2 1000 / 2 .

p ( III )

f 0 f10 f 20 f 30 1 ,
0 X . ,

, . 1; 0 1000 / 3 ,

c0 1500 / , 3 2 1 . . 1 ,
2

p( 22)
p (3) . , ,

,
, .

,
.
, ,
. : p t ~
~ p1 (t 1 R ) p2 (t 2 R ) p3 (t 3 R ) p1 t del p2 t del 12 p3 t del 13 .
(1),
12 13 1 3 (
p1 p 3 ) .
r ,
p t . p t , r ,
.
r . del ,
r ,
. ,
,
.
,
, .. , , .
, ,
, r ,
.
p III p 3 p ( 22) .

(. 1), p (3)

p( 22) ,

(. 1).
,
,

2 (r ) 3 (r ) . ,
III (r) ,
53

- -2015. , .

p III p ,
2 (r) 3 (r ) M 1 (r) , M 2 (r) , M 3 (r)
M (r) , :
III (r) 3 (r) M 1 (r)( 2 (r) 1) M 2 (r)( 2 (r) 1) 2 M (r)( 2 (r) 1) M 3 (r) , (2)

3 (r) 2 2 (r) 1 3 (r) .


( 2 (r) 1) , (2) r
3 (r ) , ( 2 (r) 1) ( 2 (r) 1) 2 (2),
.
( 2 (r) 1) .
(
14-22-00042).
2

-3

x 10

-3

x 10

1.2

1.2

0.8

0.8

0.6

0.6

0.4

0.4

0.2

0.2

0
0

0.4

0.8

1.2

1.6

0
0

2.0

R0 0

0.4

0.8

1.2

1.6

2.0

R0 0

. 1. ,
( 2 6, 3 25)

R0 , 0 :
(

p (3) ,

p ( 22) ,

p( III) p(3) p( 22) ,

);

);

() ().

1. F.A. Duck Physical Properties of Tissue London: Academic Press, 1990.


2. X. Gong, X. Liu, D. Zhang // Proceedings of 18th ISNA, New York: American
Institute of Physics, 2008. P. 444.
3. .. , .. , .. // . . 2013. . 59. 1. . 31.
4. .. . // . . 2012. . 58. 1. . 57.

54

- -2015. , .

CdSe

.. 1, .. 1, .. 1,2,3, .. 2, .. 2,
.. 1,2, .. 1
1


2
3
3
- . ..
xmagaros@gmail.com

(CdSe),
(CdC 8)
1,8 2,3 .
.
,
[1].

.
( 100)
.
, ,
.

CdSe: 1,8 2,3 .
4 . %. 0,2 . [2].


[3].

. ,
,
, .

,

[4].
,
.

.
,
.
,
.
, .
,
, .

.
55

- -2015. , .
-
,
[5].
,
1 .

150150 .
,
.
.

. 1. - 2,3 ()
1,8 () CdSe .
(. ).

-
1.


[6]. ,
1.8
, .
, ,
. 2,3
()
,

.

, ,
, , ,
.

-

.
,

56

- -2015. , .
, , ,
.
15-32-21100__ (-

) -2328.2014.2
(
). ..
14.B25.31.0007.

1. T.A. Mirnaya et al. // Physics and Chemistry of Solid State. 2012. V. 13. 1. P. 131.
2. A. Lyashchova et al. // Liq. Cryst. 2013. V. 40. No. 10. P. 1377.
3. .. . // . 2014. . 4.
. 144318.
4. .. . // . . . 2014. . 78. 12. . 1629.
5. A.V. Naumov et al. // Eur. Phys. J. D 2014. V. 68. P. 348.
6. K.A. Magarian et al. // J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 2013. V. 478. P. 012007.

57

- -2015. , .



.. 1, .. 2
1

, ,
2
. ..
mazurov37@mail.ru, tverdislov@mail.ru


,
[1,4].
,
,
.
,
[1,4].
.

. ,
.

, .

.

[1]. - (812 )
. ,
36,6 - 40, ,
. 1.

. 1. [4].


, 29,
. ,
,
[1]. . 2 ,
, , . 1,
17 .
58

- -2015. , .
,
- . 2.
- ,
.
,
.

2. [1].


.
, ,
( ),
.. ,
[1-4].
,


4 8 , . 3. [4].

. 3. pH- [4].

,
,
.

.
, .

,
,

.

.
, ,
. ,
59

- -2015. , .

.
, (~1 )

.

,

,

(u )c(u )

u
div(k (u )grad u) F (u, x, y, z, t )
t



.
[2]
Ei
Fi ( E1 ,..., En ) Di Ei
t

T
T
vi
T ,
t
xi

(i 1,..., n)

Ei
0,
x j

(1)

Ei - , Fi - , Di - ,
2 Ei 2 Ei 2 Ei
2 2 .
x 2
y
z
(1), v , - , w , - .
, ,
. ,
.
.

.
Ei

u
t

(u

v) u ,

v
t

(u v),

0.03, 0.7, 0.8 . , ,


.
,
:
E1
E2 ,
t

E2
E2 (1 2 E1 3 E12 ) bE1 ,
t

2 , 3 , b - .
0 +37 , + 37 +100
. ,
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. 4.
60

- -2015. , .

4.

-
35-40 . ,
, , . .
.

.
.
. 5.

. 5.

,

[1,4].
, [1,4].
, .


.
.

1. .. , .. , .. // . 2005. 175 . .12071216


2. .. // , 1991, . 161, 9, . 1-80
3. .. . // : .-. . : .
2001. 6. . 36-43
4. .. , .. , .. //
. . 3. . . 2000. 6. . 56-59
13-05-01174.

61

- -2015. , .

,

.. , ..
,
mazurov37@mail.ru

2001
[1-3].
,
. , -
, [1,2].
. , .
,
, .
, ,
, , , .
.
, ,
..
() [1-3].

.. , .. , ..
, .. [4,5]. .. .
, ,

, ,

.


.

1 V V
V
( 2 2)C
I F (V ) I ;
R x
y
t
2

I
t

I S (V ) I

(V )

V , I - . ,
,
.
. 1 , .

. 1. (1 , 2 ,
); ;
.
.

62

- -2015. , .

,
,
;
[4,5].



u A sin(( x kt )) ; u A sin(( x kt )) .

W S
2 /

A2 S sin 2 ( (t kx))dt

2
AS

,
.
, .
,
, ,

.

u
t

C (u

v) u ,

v
t

(u v),

: u - ; 0.03, 0.7, 0.8 . ,


,

.
. 2 .

.2. .
.


,
.
. 3.

63

- -2015. , .
. 3. -.
. , .


,
.
.

.
.
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