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Funding and support for deployment

of hydrogen and fuel cells


- Japans perspective Miyuki MASUDA
Energy System & Hydrogen Unit
Technology Strategy Center
New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO)

Todays topics

1. Japans Policy on Hydrogen Energy


2. Current Status of Fuel Cell in Japan

3. Outline of NEDOs H2 R&D Program


4. Conclusion

Todays topics

1. Japans Policy on Hydrogen Energy


2. Current Status of Fuel Cell in Japan

3. Outline of NEDOs H2 R&D Program


4. Conclusion

Japans Current Policy on Hydrogen Energy

Japan Revitalization Strategy (June, 2013)


ENE-FARM: 5.3 mil. units by 2030
FCV: World fastest dissemination

Strategy Energy Plan


(April, 2014)
Hydrogen is expected to be
a future secondary energy
Acceleration of realization
of a hydrogen society

Strategic Road Map for H2 & FC (June, 2014)


Measures to be taken by people involved in realizing a
hydrogen society

Strategic Roadmap for H2 & FC


Step by step approach to realize Hydrogen Society
Phase 1

Phase 2

Phase 3

Installation Fuel Cell

H2 Power Plant/
Mass Supply Chain

CO2-free Hydrogen

2009: Residential FC
2014: FCV
2020
Tokyo Olympic/
Paralympics

2030
2040

2017: Stationary FC
around 2020:
FCV fuel cost
HEV fuel cost
around 2025:
FCV cost competitive
HEV

- Accelerate RD&D
- Realize reasonable
H2 price
Mid 2020s
-H2 Cost (CIF) : JPY30/Nm3
-Enhance Supply Chain
in Japan
Around 2030
-Import H2 from overseas
- Full-scale H2 Power Plant

- Systematic RD&D

Around 2040
CO2-free H2 by combining CCS
and renewable energy

Strategic Roadmap for H2 & FC

Micro-CHP (FC for Household: Ene-farm)


1.4 million units (2020), 5.3 million units (2030)
PEFC type: JPY 800,000 (US$ 7,800) by 2019
SOFC type: JPY 1,000,000 (US$ 9,800) by 2021
(payback period: 7-8 years (2020), 5 years (2030))

FCV
40,000 units (by 2020), 200,000 units (by 2025),
800,000 units (by 2030) (in stock)

Hydrogen Refueling Station


160 stations (by 2020), 320 stations (by 2025)
* full scale HRS (refueling 6 FCVs / hour)
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Todays topics

1. Japans Policy on Hydrogen Energy


2. Current Status of Fuel Cell in Japan

3. Outline of NEDOs H2 R&D Program


4. Conclusion

Current Status: micro-CHP for household


Total units installed: 154,045 (as of Jan 2016)
Target: 1.4 million units by 2020, 5.3million units by 2030
Price: Currently dropped to below half of 2009
180,000
160,000

350
303

154,045

300

11,208

253

120,000

244

60,000

Price (PEFC)

40,000

Price (SOFC)

5,588

9,998
2,550

2009

175

324
18,958

2,897

200
150

153
136

100

37,525
19,282

20,000

8,643

182
71,805

Installed Unit (SOFC)

197
172

Installed Unit (PEFC)

250

115,299

217

100,000
80,000

225

66,217

106,656

Price (JPY 10,000)

Installed Number

140,000

300

142,837

50

34,628

0
2010

2011

2012

2013

Japanese fiscal year (Apr Mar)

2014

2015
(Jan. 2016)

Source: Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)

Current Status: FCV & HRS


Toyota Motor

Honda Motor

<December 2014>
Released MIRAI at a price of
7.23 million yen
<October 2015>
Announced its FCV sales plan
of 30,000 in global market
around 2020 or later.

<November 2014>
Announced a FCV concept

< March 2016>


Released CLARITY FUEL CELL
at a price of 7.66 million yen

FCV production prospecting (Toyota)


35,000
30,000

30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000

700

2,000

3,000

2016

2017

0
2015

Around 2020

Tokyo Motor Show 2015


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Current Status: FCV & HRS

Status of HRSs (as of April 2016)


- Budget secured: 90 stations
- Open: 77 stations
[Osaka area]
12 stations

[Fukuoka area]
10 stations

[Tokyo area]
35 stations

[Nagoya area]
20 stations

Source: Fuel Cell Commercialization Conference of Japan

H2 Price: JPY 1,000 1,100 / kg-H2 (US$ 9.8-10.8)

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Todays topics

1. Japans Policy on Hydrogen Energy


2. Current Status of Fuel Cell in Japan

3. Outline of NEDOs H2 R&D Program


4. Conclusion

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Current Direction of NEDOs Program

Fuel Cell:
PEFC (for Transportation use)
- Full-fledged dissemination around 2025
SOFC (for Industry / Commercial use)
- Market introduction in 2017
Hydrogen Refueling Station:
- Cost reduction (1/2 by 2020)
Further Activities:
- Develop hydrogen demand & supply chain
(H2 Gas Turbine, Power to Gas, etc.)

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Highlight of NEDOs Program

Develop XAFS Beamline System dedicated


for PEFC

(Univ. of Electro-Communication)

Develop New Catalyst


Prospect:
0.1 g-Pt / kW
Pt2ML-PtCo(2nm)/GCB
(Yamanashi Univ.)

Core Shell
(Doshisha Univ.)

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Highlight of NEDOs Program

SOFC for commercial use: Demonstration Phase

(5kW: Miura)

(5kW: Denso)

(50kW: Fuji Electric)

(20kW: Hitachi Zosen)

(250kW: MHPS)

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Highlight of NEDOs Program

Just started Large Scale Hydrogen Energy Utilization Project:


Enhancing Hydrogen Utilization

Brown coal

Associated
gas

H2 Utilization
in Japan
Large Scale
Power
Generation

Liquid H2

Organic Chemical Hydride

Convert to
Hydrogen

By-product

Convert to Hydrogen Carrier

H2 Resources
in Overseas

Small Scale
GT / Heat
and Power

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Highlight of NEDOs Program

NEDOs first PtG Demonstration (Construction started in 2015)

Hydrogen to MCH

Transport

Co-Generation (boiler)

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Todays topics

1. Japans Policy on Hydrogen Energy


2. Current Status of Fuel Cell in Japan

3. Outline of NEDOs H2 R&D Program


4. Conclusion

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Conclusion

Japanese government strongly supporting


-Climate Change, Energy Security, etc.

Just started market introduction


- Japan succeeds in introducing FC to the market
- Developing new H2 energy demand

Public / private cooperation


- H2 and FC Roadmap / Share the target
- Task sharing between public and private
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