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Organic Vegetable Business www.royalgreens.in Organic Farm Business (Royal Greens) (Saidabad) (Hyderabad, TG) (30-Aug-15)

Organic Vegetable Business

Organic Farm Business

(Royal Greens)

(Saidabad)

(Hyderabad, TG)

(30-Aug-15)

www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Understanding the concept of Organic Cultivation.

Need of organic farming

The key characteristics of organic farming include

Principles of Organic Farming

Principle of health

Principle of ecology

Principle of fairness

Principle of care

Need of organic farming

Basic Steps of Organic Farming

Organic Farming Vs Conventional Farming

Modern Farming

Crop Rotation

Composting of poultry wastes

Value addition of Poultry Waste through Composting technology

Technology for composting of poultry wastes

Preparation of poultry waste compost using coir pith

Organic Marketing (Organic Exporters)What is organic farming?

Organic farming system in India is not new and is being followed from ancient time. It is a method of farming system which primarily aimed at cultivating the land and raising crops in such a way, as to keep the soil alive and in good health by use of organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes (biofertilizers) to release nutrients to crops for increased sustainable production in an eco friendly pollution free environment.

As per the definition of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) study team on organic farming “organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection”.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

FAO suggested that “Organic agriculture is a unique production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity, and this is accomplished by using on-farm agronomic, biological and mechanical methods in exclusion of all synthetic off-farm inputs”.

methods in exclusion of all synthetic off- farm inputs”. Need of organic farming With the increase

Need of organic farming

With the increase in population our compulsion would be not only to stabilize agricultural production but to increase it further in sustainable manner. The scientists have realized that the ‘Green Revolution’ with high input use has reached a plateau and is now sustained with diminishing return of falling dividends. Thus, a natural balance needs to be maintained at all cost for existence of life and property. The obvious choice for that would be more relevant in the present era, when these agrochemicals which are produced from fossil fuel and are not renewable and are diminishing in availability. It may also cost heavily on our foreign exchange in future.

The key characteristics of organic farming include

Protecting the long term fertility of soils by maintaining organic matter levels, encouraging soil biological activity, and careful mechanical intervention

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Providing crop nutrients indirectly using relatively insoluble nutrient sources which are made available to the plant by the action of soil micro-organisms

Nitrogen self-sufficiency through the use of legumes and biological nitrogen fixation, as well as effective recycling of organic materials including crop residues and livestock manures

Weed, disease and pest control relying primarily on crop rotations, natural predators, diversity, organic manuring, resistant varieties and limited (preferably minimal) thermal, biological and chemical intervention

The extensive management of livestock, paying full regard to their evolutionary adaptations, behavioural needs and animal welfare issues with respect to nutrition, housing, health, breeding and rearing

Careful attention to the impact of the farming system on the wider environment and the conservation of wildlife and natural habitats

wildlife and natural habitats Principles of Organic Farming The four principles of organic agriculture are as

The four principles of organic agriculture are as follows:

Principle of health

Organic Agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

This principle points out that the health of individuals and communities cannot be separated from the health of ecosystems - healthy soils produce healthy crops that foster the health of animals and people.

Health is the wholeness and integrity of living systems. It is not simply the absence of illness, but the maintenance of physical, mental, social and ecological well-being. Immunity, resilience and regeneration are key characteristics of health.

The role of organic agriculture, whether in farming, processing, distribution, or consumption, is to sustain and enhance the health of ecosystems and organisms from the smallest in the soil to human beings. In particular, organic agriculture is intended to produce high quality, nutritious food that contributes to preventive health care and well-being. In view of this it should avoid the use of fertilizers, pesticides, animal drugs and food additives that may have adverse health effects.

Principle of ecology

Organic Agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.

This principle roots organic agriculture within living ecological systems. It states that production is to be based on ecological processes, and recycling. Nourishment and well-being are achieved through the ecology of the specific production environment. For example, in the case of crops this is the living soil; for animals it is the farm ecosystem; for fish and marine organisms, the aquatic environment.

Organic farming, pastoral and wild harvest systems should fit the cycles and ecological balances in nature. These cycles are universal but their operation is site-specific. Organic management must be adapted to local conditions, ecology, culture and scale. Inputs should be reduced by reuse, recycling and efficient management of materials and energy in order to maintain and improve environmental quality and conserve resources.

Organic agriculture should attain ecological balance through the design of farming systems, establishment of habitats and maintenance of genetic and agricultural diversity. Those who produce, process, trade, or consume organic products should protect and benefit the common environment including landscapes, climate, habitats, biodiversity, air and water.

Principle of fairness

Organic Agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.

Fairness is characterized by equity, respect, justice and stewardship of the shared world, both among people and in their relations to other living beings.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

This principle emphasizes that those involved in organic agriculture should conduct human relationships in a manner that ensures fairness at all levels and to all parties - farmers, workers, processors, distributors, traders and consumers. Organic agriculture should provide everyone involved with a good quality of life, and contribute to food sovereignty and reduction of poverty. It aims to produce a sufficient supply of good quality food and other products.

This principle insists that animals should be provided with the conditions and opportunities of life that accord with their physiology, natural behavior and well-being.

Natural and environmental resources that are used for production and consumption should be managed in a way that is socially and ecologically just and should be held in trust for future generations. Fairness requires systems of production, distribution and trade that are open and equitable and account for real environmental and social costs.

Principle of care

Organic Agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.

Organic agriculture is a living and dynamic system that responds to internal and external demands and conditions. Practitioners of organic agriculture can enhance efficiency and increase productivity, but this should not be at the risk of jeopardizing health and well-being. Consequently, new technologies need to be assessed and existing methods reviewed. Given the incomplete understanding of ecosystems and agriculture, care must be taken.

This principle states that precaution and responsibility are the key concerns in management, development and technology choices in organic agriculture. Science is necessary to ensure that organic agriculture is healthy, safe and ecologically sound. However, scientific knowledge alone is not sufficient. Practical experience, accumulated wisdom and traditional and indigenous knowledge offer valid solutions, tested by time. Organic agriculture should prevent significant risks by adopting appropriate technologies and rejecting unpredictable ones, such as genetic engineering. Decisions should reflect the values and needs of all who might be affected, through transparent and participatory processes.

Need of organic farming

With the increase in population our compulsion would be not only to stabilize agricultural production but to increase it further in sustainable manner. The scientists have realized that the ‘Green Revolution’ with high input use has reached a plateau and is now sustained with diminishing return of falling dividends. Thus, a natural balance needs to be maintained at all cost for existence of life and property. The obvious choice for that would be more relevant in the present era, when these agrochemicals which are produced from fossil fuel and are not renewable and are diminishing in availability. It may also cost heavily on our foreign exchange in future.

The key characteristics of organic farming include

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Protecting the long term fertility of soils by maintaining organic matter levels, encouraging soil biological activity, and careful mechanical intervention

Providing crop nutrients indirectly using relatively insoluble nutrient sources which are made available to the plant by the action of soil micro-organisms

Nitrogen self-sufficiency through the use of legumes and biological nitrogen fixation, as well as effective recycling of organic materials including crop residues and livestock manures

Weed, disease and pest control relying primarily on crop rotations, natural predators, diversity, organic manuring, resistant varieties and limited (preferably minimal) thermal, biological and chemical intervention

The extensive management of livestock, paying full regard to their evolutionary adaptations, behavioural needs and animal welfare issues with respect to nutrition, housing, health, breeding and rearing

Careful attention to the impact of the farming system on the wider environment and the conservation of wildlife and natural habitats

Basic Steps of Organic Farming

Organic farming approach involves following five principles:

Conversion of land from conventional management to organic management

Management of the entire surrounding system to ensure biodiversity and sustainability of the system.

Crop production with the use of alternative sources of nutrients such as crop rotation, residue management, organic manures and biological inputs.

Management of weeds and pests by better management practices, physical and cultural means and by biological control system

Maintenance of live stock in tandem with organic concept and make them an integral part of the entire system

concept and make them an integral part of the entire system www.royalgreens.in Understanding the Organic Cultivation

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Organic Farming Vs Conventional Farming

Organic and conventional agriculture belonged to two different paradigms. The fundamental difference between the two competing agricultural paradigms as follows

Conventional Farming

Organic Farming

Conventional Farming Organic Farming Centralization Decentralization Dependence Independence Competition
Conventional Farming Organic Farming Centralization Decentralization Dependence Independence Competition

Centralization

Decentralization

Dependence

Independence

Competition

Community

Domination of nature

Harmony with nature

Specialisation

Diversity

Exploitation

Restraint

In contrast, several agro-ecologically based researchers stress more the fluid transition between conventional, integrated and organic farming, as an outcome of different assessments of economic, ecological and social goals. Consequently, technique strategies such as integrated pest management of balanced nutrient supply might improve conventional agriculture to such as an extent that it may appear unnecessary to strictly ban pesticides and mineral fertilizers as required by organic standards.

However, there is scientific that organic agriculture differs from conventional agriculture not only gradually but fundamentally. Implementing organic methods consequently seems to provide a new quality in how the agro-ecosystem works. This functioning cannot be explained by summing up single ecological measures. Organic farming seems to improve soil fertility in a way and to an extent which cannot be achieved by conventional farming even if the later consistently respects some ecologically principles.

Organic agriculture is one of several to sustainable agriculture and many of the techniques used (e.g. inter-cropping, rotation of crops, double digging,, mulching, integration of crops and livestock) are practiced under various agricultural systems. What makes organic agriculture unique, as regulated under various laws and certification programmes, is that:

1) almost all synthetic inputs are prohibited and 2) Soil building crop rotations are mandated.

The basic rules of organic production are that natural inputs are approved and synthetic inputs are prohibited, but there are exceptions in both cases.

Certain natural inputs determined by the various certification programmes to be harmful to human health or the environment are prohibited (e.g. arsenic). As well, certain synthetic inputs determined to be essential and consistent with organic farming philosophy, are allowed (e.g. insect pheromones). Lists of specific approved synthetic inputs and prohibited natural inputs are maintained by all the certification programmes and such a list is under negotiation in codex. Many certification programmes require additional environmental protection measures in

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

adoption to these two requirements. While many farmers in the developing world do not use synthetic inputs, this alone is not sufficient to classify their operations as organic.

Modern Farming

Today's chemical farms have little use for the skilled husbandry which was once the guiding principle of working the land. The emphasis today is solely on productivity - high input in exchange for high returns and productivity (mostly diminishing now however for farmers worldwide). Four important considerations - what happens to the land, the food it produces, the people who eat it and the communities which lose out - are overlooked.

Soil erosion Soil compaction Agricultural fuel Biocide sprays Cruelty to animals Animal slurry About half
Soil erosion Soil compaction Agricultural fuel Biocide sprays Cruelty to animals Animal slurry About half

Soil erosion

Soil compaction

Agricultural fuel

Biocide sprays

Cruelty to animals

Animal slurry

About half of the nitrate in the artificial fertilizer used on crops is dissolved by rain. The dissolved nitrate runs off the fields to contaminate water courses.

Where repeated deep ploughing is used to turn over the ground, heavy rains can carry away the topsoil and leave the ground useless for cultivation.

Damage to the structure of soil by compression is a serious problem in areas that are intensively farmed. Conventional tillage may involve a tractor passing over the land six or seven times, and the wheelings can cover up to 90 per cent of a field. Even a single tractor pass can compress the surface enough to reduce the porosity of the soil by 70 per cent, increasing surface run-off and, therefore, water erosion. In the worst cases, the surface run-off may approach 100 percent - none of the water penetrates the surface

As crop yields grow, so does the amount of fuel needed to produce them. European farmers now use an average of 12 tons of fuel to farm a square kilometre of land; American farmers use about 5 tons (1987 figures).

The only controls used against weeds and pests are chemical ones. Most crops receive many doses of different chemicals before they are harvested.

On most "modern" farms, all animals are crowded together indoors. Complex systems of machinery are needed to feed them, while constant medication is needed to prevent disease. The cruelty involved in managing, breeding, growing and slaughtering farm animals today is unimaginably repulsive and horrifying.

With so many animals packed together in indoor pens, their manure accumulates at great speed. It is often poured into lagoons which leak into local watercourses, contaminating them with disease-causing organisms and contributing to algae-blooms.

Land exhaustion

Fertilizers

Nitrate run-off

The constant use of artificial fertilizer, together with a lack of crop rotation, reduces the soil's fertility year by year.

High yield levels are produced by applying large quantities of artificial fertilizers, instead of by maintaining the natural fertility of the soil.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Imported animal feed

Many farms are not self-sufficient in animal feed; instead they rely on feed brought into the farm. This often comes from countries which can ill afford to part with it.

Stubble burning

In countries where stubble is burned, large amounts of potentially useful organic matter disappear into the sky in clouds of polluting smoke

Loss of cultivated biodiversity

Large and other chemical farms tend to be monocultures growing the same crop and crop variety

Threat to indigenous seeds and animal breeds and species

Native cultivars and animal breeds lose out to exotic species and hybrids. Many native animal breeds are today threatened with extinction. The same holds true for many indigenous plant varieties which have disappeared within the space of one generation.

Habitat destruction

Agribusiness farming demands that anything which stands in the way of crop production is uprooted and destroyed. The wild animals and plants which were once a common sight around farms are deprived of their natural habitat and die out.

Contaminated food

Food, both plant and animal products, leaves the farm contaminated with the chemicals that were used to produce it.

Destruction of traditional knowledge systems and traditions

Rural indigenous knowledge and traditions, both agricultural and non- agricultural, is invariably connected to agriculture and agricultural systems.

Control of agriculture inputs and food distribution channel

The supply and trading in agricultural inputs and produce is in the hands of a few large corporations. This threatens food security, reducing the leverage and importance of the first and the last part of the supply chain - the farmer and the consumer.

Threat to individual farmers

Chemical agriculture is a threat to their livelihoods and changes their lifestyles, unfortunately not for the better.

Crop Rotation

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

 Non – leguminous crops should be followed by leguminous crops and vice-versa, eg. green

Non leguminous crops should be followed by leguminous crops and vice-versa, eg. green gram wheat / maize. If preceding crops are legume or non-legume grown as intercrops or mixed crops, the succeeding crop may be legume or non legume or both.

Restorative crops should be followed by exhaustive or non-restorative crops.eg. seasame cowpea / green gram / blackgram / groundnut.

Leaf shedding crop should be followed by non-leaf shedding or less exhaustive crops.eg. pulses / cotton wheat / rice.

Green manuring crop should be followed by grain crops.eg. dhaincha - rice, green gram/ cowpea wheat / maize.

Highly fertilized crops should be followed by non-fertilised crop.eg. maize - black gram/gourds.

Perennial or long duration crops should be followed by seasonal /restorative crops. eg. napier / sugarcane - groundnut /cowpea /green gram.

Fodder crops should be followed by field or vegetable crops. eg. maize + cowpea- wheat/potato/cabbage/onion.

Multicut crops should be succeeded by the seed crops. eg. green gram/maize.

Ratoon crops should be followed by deep rooted restorative crops. eg. sugarcane/jowar- pigeonpea/Lucerne/cowpea.

Fouling crops should be followed by cleaning crops.eg. jowar /maize potato/ groundnut.

Cleaning crops should be followed by nursery crops. eg. potato/ colocasia/ turmeric / beet/ carrot-rice nursery/ onion nursery/ tobacco nursery/ vegetable nursery.

Deep rooted crops should be succeeded by shallow rooted crops. eg. cotton/ castor/ pigeonpea potato / lentil /green gram etc.

Deep tillage crops should be followed by zero or minimal tillage crops. eg. potato / radish / sweet potato/sugarcane - black gram/green gram/green manuring crops.

Dicot crops should be followed by monocot crops. eg, potato / mustard / groundnut / pulses rice / wheat / sugarcane / jowar or dicot + Monocot crops should be followed by dicot + monocot or either dicot or monocot crops.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Stiff stubble leaving crops should be followed by minimum intercultivation requiring crops. eg. sugarcane / sorghum/cotton /pigeonpea- fodder crops.

The crops of wet (anaerobic) soil should be followed by the crops of dry (aerobic). eg. rice-Bengal gram/Lathyrus/pulses/oilseeds. The tendency to buildup difficult-to-control weeds becomes less in such rotation than in continuous wet land rice culture.

The crops that are susceptible to soil-borne pests and pathogens should be followed by tolerant / break / trap crops. eg. sugarcane-marigold for pathogenic nematodes, tomato / brinjal / tobacco / potato-rice / pulses for Orobanche, jowar-castor for Striga and berseem-oats for Cuscuta.

The crops with problematic weeds (weeds that are difficult to distinguish at any one stage of crop, may be seedling or seed stage) should be followed by cleaning crops / multicut crops / other dissimilar crops or varieties. eg. wheat-wet rice for Phalaris minor, berseem-potato / boro rice for Cichorium intybus, mustard early potato for Cleome

 

viscose, rice-jute /sugarcane / vegetable/ maize + cowpea for Echinochloa crusgalli, jute- multicut fooder / vegetable or Corchorus acutangulus.

Pasture crops should be followed by fodder or seed crop. eg. para grass maize + cowpea / cowpea / rice bean / tetrakalai for seed.

Silage / hay / cleaning crops should be followed by seed crops. eg. maize / groundnut - onion, cowpea / jowar for seed crops.

Crops with the same symbiotic / associated microbes should be followed by common host crops, such as,

 

Rhizobium melilote

- lucerna, sweet clover, fenugreek

R.

trifolli

- berseem, Persian clover

R.

leguminosorum

- peas, lentil, Lathyrus

R.

phaseoli

- beans, green gram, pillipesara, black gram

R.

lupine

- Lupines

R.

japonicum

- cowpea, pigeonpea, guar, sunhemp, Bengal gram, soybean,

kudzu

The rotational use of crop varieties, and cultural practices in addition to rotational cropping provides more and assured benefits than that of adopting only crops or land rotation.

 

Composting of poultry wastes

Value addition of Poultry Waste through Composting technology

Poultry industry is one of the largest and fastest growing livestock production systems in the world. In India, there are about 3430 million populations of poultry with a waste generation of 3.30 million tonnes per year. The localized nature of poultry production also means that it can represent a large percentage of the agricultural economy in many states or regions. Although economical and successful, the poultry industry is currently facing with a number of highly complex and challenging environmental problems, many of which are related to its size and geographically concentrated nature. From an agricultural perspective, poultry wastes playa major role in the contamination of ground water through nitrate nitrogen. Also, the eutrophication of surface water due to phosphorus, pesticides, heavy metals and pathogens present in the poultry wastes applied to soils are the central environmental issues at the present time.

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Among the animal manures, poultry droppings have higher nutrient contents. It has nitrogen (4.55 to 5.46 %), phosphorus (2.46 to 2.82 %), potassium (2.02 to 2.32 %), calcium (4.52 to 8.15

%), magnesium (0.52 to 0.73 %) and appreciable quantities of micronutrients like Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn etc. In addition to this cellulose (2.26 to 3.62%), hermicellulose (1.89 to 2.77 %) and lignin (1.07 to 2.16 %) are also present in poultry waste. These components upon microbial action can be converted to value added compost with high nutrient status. In poultry droppings, nearly 60%of nitrogen which is present as uric acid and urea is lost through ammonia volatilization by hydrolysis. This loss of nitrogen reduces the agronomic value of the product, besides causing atmospheric pollution. Composting with amendment seems promising in conservation of nitrogen in poultry droppings. Nitrogen in poultry waste can be effectively conserved by composting with suitable organic amendment. The technologies developed will be highly useful

to

the poultry farmers.

Technology for composting of poultry wastes

1. Preparation of poultry waste compost using paddy straw

Inputs required

 
 

Poultry droppings

Paddy straw

Pleurotus sajor-caju

A

known quantity of fresh poultry droppings is to be collected and mixed thoroughly with

chopped paddy straw (< 2 cm size) @ 1:1.25 ratio so as to attain a C/Nratio of 25 to 30 which is

considered to be optimum for composting. Pleurotus sajor-caju is inoculated @ 5 packets (250 g each) per tonne of substrate. The poultry waste and paddy straw mix should be heaped under shade. The moisture content of the heap should be maintained at 50 to 60%. Periodical watering should be done once in 15 days and turning should be given on 21st, 35th and 42ndday of composting (avoid turning during first 3 weeks of composting). Within a period of 50 days, materials are converted to matured compost with the following nutrient contents;

N

: 1.89%

P

: 1.83%

K

: 1.34%

C/N : 12.20%

 

II. Preparation of poultry waste compost using coir pith

Inputs required

 
 

Poultry droppings

Coirpith

Pleurotus sajor-caju

a. Collection of poultry waste from caged system

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A layer of 5 cm sea sand and 10cm coir pith should be spread in the manure collection pit of

caged system where the poultry droppings are allowed to settle. Dry coir pith should be applied periodically as per the table given below. After a period of three months, the partially degraded coir pith and poultry droppings mix can be transferred to compost yard and heaped under shade.

Days

Quantity of Poultry Droppings (PD) excreted (kg)

Quantity of Coir Pith (CP) to be applied (for 1000 birds) (kg)

Application rate PD : CP ratio

1

70

105.0

1 : 1.50

1-7

490

735.0

1

: 1.50

7-14

490

735.0

1

: 1.50

14-21

490

612.5

1

: 1.25

21-28

490

612.5

1

: 1.25

28-35

490

490.0

1

: 1.00

35-42

490

490.0

1

: 1.00

42-49

490

367.5

1

: 1.75

49-56

490

367.5

1

: 1.75

56-63

490

245.0

1

: 1.50

63-70

490

245.0

1

: 1.50

70-77

490

122.5

1

: 1.25

77-84

490

122.5

1

: 1.25

84-91

490

-

-

b. Collection of poultry waste from deep litter system

Dry fiber free coir pith is spread as a layer to a height of 5 to 10cm on the floor of the poultry production unit. The birds are grown on this coir pith bed and the droppings are collected in the coir pith. After a period of three months, partially degraded coir pith containing poultry droppings and feathers are shifted to the compost yard and heaped under shade.

c. Method of composting poultry waste with coir pith

A known quantity of the poultry waste as collected above along with coir pith is inoculated with

Pleurotus sajor-caju @ 2 packets per tonne of waste in order to speed up the composting process. This mixer should be placed under shade as heap. The moisture content of the heap should be maintained at 50 to 60%. Periodical turning must be given on 21 th, 28 th and 35 th days of composting. Another two packets of Pleurotus sajor-caju is to be added during turning given on the 28thday of composting. Good quality compost will be attained after 45thday of composting. The nutrient contents of the composts of poultry litter collected from caged system and deep litter systems are as below;

Deep litter system manure

Nutrient

Caged system manure

Deep litter system manure Nutrient Caged system manure
Deep litter system manure Nutrient Caged system manure

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Nitrogen (%)

2.08

2.13

Phosphorous

2.61

2.40

(%) Potassium (%) 2.94 2.03
(%) Potassium (%) 2.94 2.03

(%)

Potassium (%)

2.94

2.03

C:N ratio 13:1 14:1
C:N ratio 13:1 14:1

C:N ratio

13:1

14:1

(%) 2.94 2.03 C:N ratio 13:1 14:1 Caged pit system Points to be remembered Composting of

Caged pit system

Points to be remembered

Composting of waste under field condition

Elevated shady place is highly suitable.

Within a period of 10 to 15 days, the temperature of the heap will raise to maximum. If the temperature drops below 50 ºC, the heaps should be spread and moistened with water to bring the moisture content to 60%.

Colour of the compost will turn from brown to black.

The matured compost will be odourless.

The volume of the compost heap will be reduced to 1/3.

Temperature of the heap will be same as the ambient air temperature and stable.

Matured compost will be light and fine textured.

Moisture content of the heap can be measured using moisture meter or by taking handful of compost from the heap and squeezing it with the fingers. If excess water drips out from the compost, then it is considered to have >60 % moisture. If small quantity of water oozes out as drops, then moisture content is considered to be optimum i.e., at 60%.

Each compost heap should have a minimum of one tonne to retain the heat for post decomposition.

Value

Animal manures especially poultry manure are rich in N and the nutrient value of the manure is reduced by loss of N through ammonia volatilization and denitrification. Good quality poultry manure can be obtained by mixing the poultry waste with selective carbonaceous material such

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as coirpith and inoculation with suitable microorganism. It can be used as an eco-friendly technique for the conversion of poultry waste into valuable compost.

Benefits

Poultry wastes contain higher concentrations of nitrogen, calcium and phosphorus than wastes of other animal species and the presence of nutrients provides more incentive for the utilization of this resource. The loss of nitrogen from poultry droppings can be effectively conserved by composting with coir pith and serves as a good source of organic nutrients to agricultural fields. To make the organic nutrients present in poultry waste available to plants, the waste has to be composted suitably to minimize the volatilization of ammonia.

Applications

This technology is widely suitable and applied to the poultry farmers to utilize the solid waste in an effective manner. The poultry waste compost will be a very good organic manure@6 ton / ha for all the crops.

Limitations

The uninterrupted availability of the raw materials has to be ensured for continuous production on a commercial scale.

Organic Exporters

Name and Address of Exporter

Name and Address of Exporter

Name and Address of Exporter

Name and Address of Exporter

   

Chamong Tea Exports (P) Ltd, 2, N.C. Dutta Sarani,

Estate, 5th Floor, Unit-

L.T.Overseas Ltd.

Balmer Lawrie & Co. Ltd P-43, hide Road Extension,

BBTC Export Operations Post Box No. 573 Subramanian Road Willingdon Island Cochin 682 003 Kerala

0484-

667539/666251/2

A-21, Green Park, Aurobindo Marg New Delhi 110

1

Kolkata 700 001

016

Kolkata - 700 088 West Bengal

033-24505550/ 54

033-24392704

West Bengal

33-22203742/2243

4979

033 2243 7923

Tel: 91-11-2685 9244, 26513450

91-11-26859344/

26513450

Email:

0484- 668321 ecotea@vsnl.com

ltoltd@del2.vsnl.net

m

.in

Doon Heights Agro 260, Phase I, Vasant Vihar,

Godfrey Phillips

Tata Tea Limited, Tata Tetley Division,

Parry Nutraceuticals Limited

India Limited

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Dehradun 248 006 Uttranchal

Tel: 91 135 2763620 Fax:91 011 29216352 Email:

3 Cooper Street, 1st Floor,Kalighat P.O. Kolkata-700 026 West Bengal

Mr. K. M. Angelos 73/ 74, K.P.K.Menon Road, Willingdon Island, Kochi-682003 Kerala

43, moore St. Parry House, 5th Floor Chennai 600 001

Tel:033-2486

044-25036816

ranjitlall@doonheightsagro.co m, ranjit_lall@yahoo.com

0178/179

Tel: 0484-2667427,

033-2486 0177 Fax: 033-2486 0177 Email: akstea@vsnl. net

2668758,

 

Mob: 09895712001

484-2666808

Parry Agro Industries Limited Iyerpadi Estate, Iyerpadi P.O. 642 108, Via Pollachi Coimbatore Dist. Tamil Nadu

The United Nilgiri Tea Estates Co. Ltd., (UNTE) Chamraj Estate P.O.643 204,

Weikfield Products Co. (India) Pvt. Ltd., Weikfield Estate, Nagar Road, Pune- 411 014 Maharashtra

Tea Group Exports 20, Coal Berth, Hoboken Road, Kolkata 700042, West Bengal

Nilgiris,

Tel: 91-4253-222489 / 564

Tamil Nadu.

91-4253-222250

Email:

muralipadikkal@pai.murugap

pa.com

Tel: 0423 225 8737 0423 225 8837 Email: chamraj@vs nl.com

Tel: 020 26633111/2

020 2663 3380

Tel: 033 24391966 Email: ambootia@v snl.com

  Mr. Ravinder Col. Deepak Badhwar Mr. Jose Dominic Natural Harvest Kumar Clestia Impex Pvt.
  Mr. Ravinder Col. Deepak Badhwar Mr. Jose Dominic Natural Harvest Kumar Clestia Impex Pvt.
 

Mr. Ravinder

Col. Deepak Badhwar

Mr. Jose Dominic Natural Harvest

Kumar

Clestia Impex Pvt. Ltd

(India) Pvt. Ltd.

Mr. Vimal Anand Apis (India) Natural Products 18/32, East Patel Nagar, New Delhi 110 008

Bhandora Organics 29, Sant Nagar, II nd floor East of Kailash,

Flat 557, Tower III, Kailash Apartments, East of Kailash, New Delhi 110065

XXIV/1350, Casino Hotel, Willindon Island P.O. Cochin 682

New Delhi 65

003

Tel: 011 25737038 Email: vimal@apisindia.com,

Tel: 011 26433934

Tel: 011 26483059, 0135 2742433/3958955

Kerala

mail@apisindia.com

011 26433934

011

262225293

Tel: 0484 2668221

Email:

info@bhandora.com

0484 2668001

Email: naturalharves

Mr. Jagajit Singh

Mr. Ajay Kapoor

Elk Hill Organic

Achal Industries

Little Bee Impex

S

& D Aroma

Project

190, Industrial Area,

G.T. Road, Doraha, Punjab

(India) Pvt. Ltd.

Post Box No. 12,

Baikampady,

141421

C

5/6 LGF Grand

Sidapur 571 253,

Mangalore 575 011

Punjab

Vasat,

Coorg

Karnataka

Tel: 01628 258240/258640

Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110070

Karnataka

Tel:0824 240 8187

01628 259570/258140

Tel: 08274 267756/50

0824

240 8487

www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Tel: 09818010101

08274 258368 Email: fairland@sanch arnet.in

Bush Tea Co., Pvt. Ltd 18, A, Park Street, Stephen Court (6th floor), Kolkata West Bengal

Tel: 033 22296705/06 033 22496707

Golden Mist Plantations/Birhat Consultants (I) Pvt. Ltd. Golden Mist Plantations & Resorts Pvt. Ltd., Galibeedu Village, Mercara, Kodagu, 571 201 Karnataka

Tel: 08272 265 629 ludwigorganic@hot mail.com

Harrisons Malayalam Limited Touramulla Organic Division, Chundale Estate, Touramulla P.O., Wayanad 673 592 Kerala

Tel: 04936 202688 chundale@eth.net

Mr. Paras Desai Gujarat Tea Processors &

Packers Ltd. Waghbakri House, Opp. Parimal Garden Ambawadi, Ahmedabad 380

006

Gujarat

Kurinji Organic Foods (India) Pvt. Ltd. Periyakulam Road,

Muscatel Valley Muscatel Valley Division of Goomtee Tea Estate,

Rani Tea Estate/ MKB Asia (P) Ltd P.O. Rani, Guwahati

Genguvarapatti,

P.O. Mahanadi 734

781

017,

Theni Dist, 625 203

223,

Kamrup Dist

Tamil Nadu

Darjeeling

Assam

West Bengal

Tel: 04543 262469/263 575

04543 265 496

Tel: 0354 233 8022

0354 233 8011

Tel: 0361 284 2059,

284 0074

0361 241 7085

Satnam Overseas Ltd; 50-51, K.M. Stone, G. T. Road, Murthal 131027, Sonepat Haryana

Tel: 0130 2482043,

2482456

E-

Tata Coffee Limited

Pollibetta, South Kodagu, 571

215

Karnataka

Tel: 08274

251411/12/13/82/83

08274 251425

Tata Tea Limited Milne Road, Willingon Island, Kochi 682 003 Kerala

Tel: 0484 2668356

0484 2668076

Email: raveendran.

Thiashola Estate Thiashola Post, The Nilgiris, 643 230 Tamil Nadu

Tel: 0423 250

9897/2509244

Sutlej Power Private Limited 610 611, Prakash Deep Building, Tolstoy Marg, Connought Place, New Delhi 110 001

Tel: 011

51520078/80,

www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

3322560/63

011 23322542 Email: sutlej_organi cs@yahoo.co.in

Welbeck Tea Estate Lovedale SO, Udhagamandalam, 643 003 Tamil Nadu

Tel: 0422 2212659 0422 2218628 Email: welbecktea@sancharn et.in

Mr. K.B. Singh Amar Singh and Sons, 51 - Industrial Estate, Phase - 1, Gangyal, Jammu Tawi -

Mr. Karan Singh Jamwal Kittu Exports Kotla Mubarkpur

Sonarie Tea Estae & MRB Enterprises Jonak Division, P.O. Sonarie, Shivasagar 785

180010

110003,

690

Jammu & Kashmir

No-1 1st Floor

Assam

Tel: 0191-2480606, 2480350, 2480975 Fax: 0191-2480568,

Sewa Nagar Mkt. New Delhi

Tel: 03772 256578 0361 220 2746

2480473

Mr. Dilip Singh Rathore Rathore Organic Farming Village Post - Bhilgaon Tehsil Kasrawad, Dist. Khargone, M. P.

Mr Mahesh H. Thakker Mahesh Agri Exim Pvt. Ltd. 312, Sharda Chamber No. 1, 3rd Floor, 31, Keshavi Naik Road, Bhat Bazar, Mumbai 400 009

Mr Rohit Doshi Sankalp Bio Cotton project, 202, kuber house, 162, Anchan bag, Indore: 452001 Contact person :

Mr Rohit Doshi

Mr Rohit Doshi Swayam Bio Cotton Project 202, Kuber House,

162,

Kancahan Bag, Indore 452 001

Mr. Mayank S. Patel Urvesh Psyllium Industries Ltd., State High Way, Nr. Khali Char Rasta, Khali, Sidhpur-384151

Mr. B.D. Agarwal Vikas Wsp Ltd. (Adm. Office), B-86-87 Udyog Vihar, RIICO Industial Area, Sri Ganganagar- 334002 (Rajasthan)

Tel: 91 154

2494512/52

fax: 91 154 2494361

Mr. Cherian Xavier Accelerated Freeze Drying Co. Ltd Amalgam House, Bristow Road Willingdon Island Cochin 682003, Kerala

Mr. Ajay Katayal Sunstar - Organic Food Division, 40 km. Stone, G.T. Karnal Road, Bahalgarh-Sonepat, Haryana

Tel: 0130-2381155, 2381925, 2381926 Fax: 0130-2381055

Ajanta Industries

Mr.Siddharth

Mr. Atul Kumar

Mr. Sanjay Udashi

Plot D, Sur. No. 166/1,

.S.P.Zantye

Artousi Enterprises

Shree Sanjay

Apewal Ponda,

Amruta Cashew

B-26, FreedomFighters

Trading Company

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Goa-403401

Industries

Nathpai Road,

Vengurla,

Sindhudrg Dist

Maharashtra

Enclave,

Neb Sarai, New Delhi-

110 068

Tel 011-26566611

Fax: 011-26530789

E-mail

:artousi@rediffmail.co

m

A/7, Majithia Appartments, S.V. Road, IRLA, Vile Parle (West) Mumbai

Mr. Saurab Garg Aryan International D 184, Freedom Fighters Enclave

110068

Mr. Amir Ahasan Assam Company Ltd. Post Salonah,

Neb Sarai, New Delhi

Mr. Samir Changoiwala Gopaldhara International 17, Ganesh Chandra Avenue,

Nagaon District, Assam

Mr. Kishore Bheda H.Bheda &Co. 202 kapadia Apartments

Kolkata-700013,

39,S.V. Road, Vile

West Bengal

Parle (W) Mumbai 400056

Mr. Udaya Kumar Hope Spice Project No 51 Murugan lodge, Ettines Road, Ooty 643002, Tamil Nadu

IITC Organic India Pvt. Ltd. Village Kamta, Post Chinhat, Faizabad Road

Mr. Srinivasa M. Rao ITC Ltd International Business Division 31, Sarojini Devi Road Secunderabad 500003 Andhra Pradesh

Mr. Jyotindra Jyotindra International 4 Km, Palanpur Ahmedabad Highway Palanpur 385 001

Mr. Laxman Prabhu Damodar Cashew

Mr. Dharmesh Patel Geo Fresh Organic

Company

Gulab Park,

Kotachery,

S.T.Road,

Kanhangad 671 315

Sidhpur-384151,

Kerala

Gujarat

Mr. Umesh N. P.

Mr. Jai Chaitanya Dasa Eco Agri Research

Mr. Danesh Madon

Zantye

Foundation

Hira Cashew Industres

142, 4th Main Road,

Vithalapur,Sanquelim

4th Cross, Bannimantap ‘C’

Goa State

Mr. Jayaprakash

Layout Mysore, Karnataka State

Narakkat

Eaternal Health &

Indway International Asia Fruits, 14

Organic Foods Pvt. Ltd.

Skandha,

B/2, Rustom Baug,

Pestom Sagar Road 2,

Mumbai

S. S. Marg,

Mr. Sandhir Agarwal Kamala Tea Company

Byculla, Mumbai- 400 027

Mr. Mohan Lal Agarwal Kanchanjunga Herbal Medi Aids

Ltd

Pvt. Ltd.

240/B, 3rd Floor, A. J. C. Bose Road, Kolkata 700 020

669, Marshal House, 33/1, Netaji Subhas Road Kolkata-700 001, West Bengal

www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Mr. P. K. Panigrahy Kasam Kandhamal Apex Spices Contractorpada, Gurumurthy road Phulbani, Orissa 762 001

Tel: 06842- 253022, 253531,

253380

Mr. Raja Singh Kapoor Kashmir Apiaries Village: Mallipur, G.T.Road

Doraha-1410421,

Dist: Ludhiana,

Punjab

Mr. Sameer Azad Kashmir Kessar Mart P.O. Box No. 216, Munwarabad, Srinagar Jammu & kashmir

Tel 0194-2470846,

2470932

Fax 0194-2473169

m

Mr. Vikas Bhat Khandige Herbs & Plantations Pvt. Ltd No. 46/1, Jaraganahalli, Kanakapura Main Road Bangalore - 560

045

Mr. Anil Kr. Mittal KRBL Limited A1, Pamposh Enclave New Delhi-110 048

Mr. G. Krishnan Nair Krishnan Food Processors P. B. No. 344, Iyshwaria Beach Road, Kollam-691 001, Kerala

Mr. Swaraj Kumar Banerjee Makaibari Tea Estates Kurseong, Darjeeling District West Bengal-734 203

Mr. Sudheer Mudar Mudar India Exports 6 426 C2, Kovoor Nagar, Anantapur. Andhra Pradesh

Suresh N. P. Zantye N.G.P.Zantye & Co Bicholim . Goa - 403 504

Mr Uday Singh Namdhari Fresh Bidadi 562 109, Bangalore, Karnataka

Fr. Augustine Kariapuram Peermade Development society P. O. Box 11, Peermade Idukki 685 531 Kerala

Ms. Shobha N. Shastry Phalada Agro Research Foundations Pvt Ltd No. 266, 7th Cross, 9th Main, Ideal Homes Township, Bangalore - 560 098

Mr. Thomas Jacob Poabs Exports Poabs Organic Products Pvt. Ltd. Seethargundu PO Nelliyampathy Palghat, Kerala India 678511

Tel: 0492 346554, 346333,

346223

Telfax: - (0492) 346555 E

m

Mr. Mohan Chirimar Raghunath Exporters 5F, Park Plaza, 71, Park Street, Calcutta 700 016

Mr. Sayeed A. Patel Rajena Agro Products Pvt. Ltd Sedrana, Sidhpur, Patan-384 151

Mr. A. Somasundaram SNV Horticultural Farms Savadippatti Village, Alagapuri 625

North Gujarat

523,

Tel: 033

Theni District,

22290092 /

Tamil Nadu

22294495

www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Mr. Rajashekar Reddy Seelam Managing Director Sresta Natural Bio Products Pvt. Ltd Sresta House Plot # 7, LIC Colony, Sikh Village, Secunderabad 500 009

Tel: +91 40 27893028, Fax: + 91 40 27893029 Mobile: +91 0 9392493631 E-mail: rajseelam@sresta.com www.sresta.com

Mr. Murali B. N

Sri Mata Bio Source No. 9/5, 16th Cross, Indian Bank Colony, Raja Rajeshwari Nagar, Bangalore 560

098

Tel: 0091-80-

26606259,

Fax: 26697992

Mr. Sameer Mehra, Suminter India Organics 308, Oberoy

chambers,-1,

New Ring Andheri Mumbai

Mr. Binod Mohan Tea Promoters (India) Pvt. Ltd 17, Chowringhee Mansions 30, Jawaharlal Nehru Road Kolkotta 700016

Mr. Nirmal Mehta Veetee Fine Foods Ltd. Veetee House, 56-57 KM, G.T. Karnal Road, Larsauli District Sonepat - 131 001

Mr. N. Viswanathan Vishwas Organic Technologies “Lahari”, No. 83, 14th Main, 4th Sector, HSR Layout Bangalore-560 034

Fr. Kuriakose Kunnath Wayanad Social Service Society Post Box No. 16, Mananthavady, Wayanad-670 645, Kerala

Mr. Mukesh Malhotra Weikfield Products Company Pvt. Ltd. Weikfield Estate, Nagar Road, Pune-411 014, Maharashtra

Tel: 020

26633111/12

Fax: 020

26633380

E-

Mr. Joji Farmer Industries (Renamed as Golden Vintage Farmers Industry) Khanna Nagar P.O, Muringoor, Chalakudy Trissur, Kerala 680309

Ph:0480-2709618,2709718

mm@farmerindia.com,

Mr. Suresh N. P. Zantye Zantye Cashew Industries Dhuriwada, Malvan, Sindhudurg District, Maharashtra

Mr. Tomy Mathew Elements Homestead Products Private Limited 4/1418-B Customs Road, Calicut, Kerala 673032

Ph: 95 495-2765783 (O), 2368153 (R) Email:

elements@dataone.in,

et

Mr. Bijumon Kurian Manarcadu Social service Society Mini Industrial Estate Manarcade P.O Kottayam, Kerala

Ph:0481-6532878,

9447066757/2

masss@sify.com,

com

Organic Farms,

Phaladaayi

Sardar Patel Farm

Ind Frag

Near Jain Temple,

Foundation

Dr. Dinesh Patel

Mr. K. K. Sreeram

www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

Sawkarpura, At Post. Anjangaon SurjiDist. Amravati 444 705, Maharashtra State Contact person : Mr. Deepak Shinde TEL: +91 7224 242707

Shobha N. Shastry No. 266, 7th Cross, 9th Main, Ideal Homes Township, Bangalore - 560 098 Contact person :

Mr . Ramesh L.Harve

Naroda Kathwada Road, Kathwada, T. Daskoi, Ahmedabad.

S. No.102/3,12th K. M. Hosur- Kelamangalam Road, Kundumaranapalli, Tamilnadu 635113

Made by India F-38,

Sector-8,

Noida 201301

(U.P.)

Organic Importers

Name and Address of Importers

Alterbio France Sarl 5 Rue Levasseur,Zi Saint Charles,

66000 Perpignan,

France Tel: +33(0) 4 6868

3838

Fax: +33(0)4 6868

3829

Email:

Info@Alterbio.Com

Internet:

www.Alterbio.Com

Name and Address of Importers

Heuschrecke

Naturkost Gmbh

Redcastr, 50a

53842,Troisdorf-

Spich Germany Tel: +49(0) 2241-

39726-0

Fax: +49(0)2241-

39726-99

E-Mail:

Bio@Heuschrecke.

Bioprim Address:530 Av De Milan,Zi Du

Grand Saint Charles

66000

Perpignan

France

Tel: +33(0) 4 6854

7979

Fax: +33(0) 4 6758

5970

E-Mail:

Contact@Bioprim.C

om

Exodom P O Box 7025 69348,Lyon Cedex

Germany

Agasaat Gmbh

Gewerbegebiet Sued,

Pascalstr.11.

D-

47506,Neukirchen-

Vluyn,Germany

Tele: +49 (0)

28459146-0

Fax: +49(0)

28457573

Internet:

www.Agasaat.De

Ernst Weber

Naturkost

Postfach 750954

Name and Address of Importers

Arcadie 5 Rue Levasseur, Zi Saint Charles 66000 Perpignan, France Tel: + 33(0)4 6656 9933 Fax: +33(0) 4 6630 6261 Email: Info@Arcadie- Sa.Fr Internet: www.Arcadie- Sa.Fr

Name and Address of Importers

Uni-Vert Route De Bellegarde 30129, Manduel, France Tel: +33(0) 4 6620 7525 Fax: +33(0) 4 6620 7526 E.Mail: Uni-Vert@Uni- Vert.Com Internet: www.Uni- Vert.Com

Dynamis France 54 Avenue De La Vilette,94637 Rungis Cedex France Tel: +33 (0) 1 4560 4344 Fax: +33(0) 1 4687 4405 E-Mail:

Dynamis@Wabdii,Fr

Image Tutti Verde Marche Saint Charles P O Box 5129,66031

Denree Versirgungs Gmbh Hofer Str 11 D-95183 Topen,Germany Tel: +49(0) 9295 180 Fax: +49(0)9295 1850 E-Mail: Webernk@T- Online.De

Gepa Fair Handelshaus Gewerbepark Wagner Bruch 4

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

07

France Tel: +33(0) 4 3728

7350

Fax: +33(0) 4 3728

D-81339 Munchen Germany Tel: +49(0) 89 746

3420

Fax: +49(0) 89 746

Perpignan France Tel: + 33(0) 4 6868 4040 Fax: +33(0) 4 4868 4048

E-Mail:

Imago1@Wanadoo.Fr

42279 Wuppertal

Germany Tel: +49 (0) 202 266 830 Fax: +49(0) 202 266 8310 E-Mail:

7354

342222

Marketing@Gepa.Org

E-Mail: Exo-

E-Mail:

Internet: www.Gepa3.De

Dom@Wanadoo.Fr

Webernk@T-

Internet:

Online.De

www.Exodom.Com

Naturkost Schramm

Ludwig-Winter-

Strasse 6

El-Ouente Gmbh

D-77767

Hildesheimestr,59

Appenweier

D-31177, Harsum

Germany

Germany

Tel: + 49 (0) 7805

Tele: +49(0) 5127-

98880

98860-0

Fax: + 49(0) 7805

Fax: +49(0) 5127-

966880

9886028

E-Mail:

E-Mail: Info@El-

Team@Naturkost-

Puente.De

Schramm.De

Internet: www.El-

Internet:

Puente.De

www.Naturkost-

Schramm.De

Voelkel Gmbh

Fahrstr.1

29478,Hohbeck/Ot

Pevestorf Germany Tel: +49 (0) 5846 9 50-0 Fax : +49(0) 5846 9 50 50 E-Mail: Marketing @Voelkeljuice.De Internet:www.Voelkeljuic e.De

Ctm Altromercato Via Macello,18

39100 Bolzano

Italy Tel: +39 (0) 471 975 333 Fax: +39(0)471 977 599 E-Mail:

Info@Altromercato.It

Internet:www.Altromerca

to.It

The Nertherlands Platinastraat 50

8211 Ar Lelystad,

The Netherlands Tele: +31(0) 320 282 928

Loders Croklaan P.O. Box 4, 1520 Aa Wormerveer The Netherlands Telephone: +31 (0)

75 629 2911 Fax: +31 (0) 75 628

Fax: +31(0) 320 282

9455

028

E-Mail:

E-Mail: Info@

Fats.Lc@Croklaan.C

Detraay.Com

om

Internet:

www.Croklaan.Com

Neuteboom B.V. Aadijk 41, 7202pp Almelo The Netherlands Telephone : +31 (0) 546 864 062 Fax: +31 (0) 546 866 369 E-Mail:

Info@Neuteboom.Nl

Internet

www.Neuteboom.Nl

Rhumveld Winter & Konijn Bv P.O. Box 29216,

30001 Ge Rotterdam

The Netherlands Telephone: +31 (0) 10 233 0900 Fax: +31 (0) 10 233 0574 E-Mail:

Rwk@Rhumveld.Com

Internet:

www.Rhumveld.Com

Simon Levelt B.V. A.Hofmanweg 3,

Spack Bv Telephone: +31 (0)

Tradin Bv Latexweg 12,

Programme Manager CBI, Organic Food

2031

Bh Haarlem

181 48 6486

1047 Bj Amsterdam

Ingredients

Telephone: +31 (0)

Fax: +31 (0) 181 48

Telephone: +31 (0) 20 407

3011 AA Rotterdam

23 512 2522

6857

4499

Beursplain 37

Fax: +31 (0) 23 512

E-Mail: Spack

Fax: +31 (0) 20 497 2100

The Netherlands

www.royalgreens.in

Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

2505

@Xs4all.Nl

E-Mail:

E-Mail

Info@Tradinorganic.Com

Info@Simonlevelt.C

Internet:

om

www.Tradinorganic.Com

Internet:

www.Simonlevelt.Nl

Mr. Anil Puri A.M Stubacher

Berg-10

Jurg Tumbrunnmen

3253

D-91468

Surgo Ag, Basel, CH

Gutenstetten Germany

2475394

Tel : + 4161 317

Fax No.: 0421-

Mr. Anil Puri A.M Stubacher Berg-10 D-91468 Gutenstetten Germany Fax No.: 0421-2475394

Ian Taylor Fuerst Day Lawson Ltd St Clare House 30-33 Minories London EC3N 1 LN Tel: +44171 4880777 Fax:+44171 702 1500

Dr Metz KG Siemenstr. 7 65779 Kelkheim Tel: 06195

3071/3072

WalterDanzer

Galke Hartmut Am Bahnhof 1-5 D- 37534 Gittelde Tel: 05327 868 10 Fax: 05327 5420

Rapunzel Naturkost AG Haldergasse 9 D-87764 LEGAU Tel: 083 30910 150 Fax: 083 30910 175

Turmstr.6

8952 Schlieren Tel: 01 731 1200 Fax: 01 731 1275

Fax: 06195 8729

Integgerij G.a. van der Kroon b.v. Van Heemskerckstraat 31 Postbus 17 4670 AA dinteloord (Holland) Tel: 01671 52 22 50 Fax: 01671 52 30 05

Danner, Mr Weinzier Labertalstr. 4

D-93161

Alling/Regensburg Tel: 49 9404 95 55 Fax: 49 9404 2096

1. General Requirement for Certification

1. A registered operator shall Comply with National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) norms and shall adhere to the National Standards for Organic Production (NSOP) and TNOCD general standards for organic agricultural production, animal husbandry production, honey, wild collection, processing, packaging, storage, labelling and transport standards.

2. Prepare, implement, and update annually an organic production plan and submit to Tamil Nadu Organic Certification Department (TNOCD) every year.

3. Permit on-site inspections with complete access to the production and handling operation, including non certified production and handling operation, areas, structures, offices by

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

the Organic Certification Inspectors and other higher officials of TNOCD and also officials of APEDA whenever required.

4. Maintain all records applicable to the organic operation for not less than 5 years after creation of such records and allow authorized representatives of TNOCD, State or Central Government officials of accrediting agency access to such records during normal working hours for review and copying to determine compliance with NPOP norms and TNOCD Standards.

5. Pay the prescribed fees charged by TNOCD within stipulated time.

6. Operator shall inform the TNOCD in case of any

a. Application, including drift, of a prohibited substances to any, production unit, site, facility, livestock, or product that is part of an operation and

b. Changes in certified operations or any portion of a certified operation that may affect the organic integrity in compliance with standards of NPOP and TNOCD.

2. Application for Certification

A person seeking organic certification of production or handling operation shall submit application for registration in the prescribed format in triplicate. The application shall include the following information

1. An organic production or handling system plan,

2. All information requested in the application shall be completed in full i.e. name, addresses, details of contact person, telephone number of the authorized person etc.,

3. The names of organic certification body to which application is previously made and out come, non-compliance noted if any, copy of such records and reason for applying shall be given.

4. Any other information necessary to determine the compliance with the standards specified.

5. The prescribed registration fee, one time inspection fee, one time travel cost shall be paid by the operator along with the application form. The other prescribed fees shall be paid by the operator as notified by TNOCD during the course of certification process.

Form - I G Form - 11 Organic Fee Structure 3. Review of Application 1. Application

3. Review of Application

1. Application shall be scrutinized.

2. Any information required shall be communicated to the operator and operator shall submit the requested information immediately.

3. Application without prescribed fee shall not be reviewed.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

4. After review of application decision shall be made by TNOCD on acceptance/ rejection of the application.

5. The rejected application shall be returned to the applicant citing reasons for rejection along with the fees enclosed.

6. Fee paid for the applications accepted by TNOCD shall not be refunded at any circumstances.

7. An initial onsite inspection shall be fixed and communicated to the operator after registration or shall be noted in the registered copy of application itself.

8. An applicant can withdraw the application at any time but the fees paid shall not be refunded.

4. Scheduling of Inspection

1. Initial field inspection shall be fixed at a reasonable time so that the operator can demonstrate compliance or capacity to comply with the standards while conducting inspection of land, facilities and activities. Such initial onsite inspection shall be delayed up to six months from the date of registration so as to give time for the operator to comply with required standards including record keeping.

2. All onsite inspection shall be conducted only in the presence of operator or an authorized representative of the operator who is knowledgeable about the operation. However this requirement does not arise in the case of unannounced / surprise inspections.

3. There shall be one annual inspection and additional inspection shall be fixed based on the risk assessment carried out during initial inspection.

5. Verification during Inspection

1. During the field inspection, the OCI shall verify the compliance or the capacity to comply with the NPOP standards and TNOCD standards.

2. Verification of information on organic production plan submitted by the operator and practical implementation of the standards.

3. OCI shall ensure that the prohibited substances/ materials are not used and in case of suspicion the OCI, shall draw samples of soil, water, wastes, seeds, plant tissues, plant, animal and processed products.

4. The samples shall be tested in NABL accredited ISO 17025 laboratories. The operator shall bear the cost of samples sent for analysis.

5. During onsite inspection the OCI shall conduct interview with the person responsible for the organic production system to confirm accuracy of information gathered during inspection and completeness of inspection, observation gathered during the onsite inspection. The inspector shall also collect other required information as well as issues of concern.

6. After inspection the OCI shall prepare checklist and inspection report and obtain signature of the operator or his representative.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

7. A copy of the check list and inspection report shall be sent to the concerned operator and Evaluator.

8. Inspection reports shall be evaluated by the evaluator within reasonable time and any additional information required shall be addressed to the operator.

9. In case of any non compliance to the prescribed standards an explanation shall be called from the operator and sanctions shall be imposed if required.

6. Group Certification Standards

General Requirement

This system applies to farmer groups, co-operatives, producer groups, contract production and small scale processing unit.

1. The producer group shall have similar production system and within the same geographical proximity.

2. Farmers holding four hectares and above can be part of group but has to be inspected individually. The total area of such farm shall be less than 50% of total area of group.

3. Processor and exporters may be a part of the same group but they shall be inspected annually by TNOCD.

Constitution of Group

1. Group shall have a legal status or structured organization

2. The group shall maintain a documented Internal Control System (ICS)

3. The responsibilities of the group shall be delegated to individual members/committee for carrying out specific activities.

4. The group shall develop an internal quality system manual comprising of implementation of internal control system and assessment of risk.

Internal standards for group certification

1. Internal standards shall be prepared in local language under the framework of NPOP standards

2. The internal standards shall include definition of production unit, method of dealing with part conversion, parallel production, period of conversion, production norms for entire production unit, harvest and post harvest procedures.

3. The IQS shall include buying procedure, trading procedure and processing procedure for the group.

Granting Of Certification

1. TNOCD shall issue Scope Certificate or Certificate of Registration, Transaction Certificate and Product Certificate to the eligible operators.

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

2. The issue of certificate shall be based on the decision taken by the certification committee.

3. Scope Certificate

Denial of Certification

1. If the Organic System of operation does not comply with the Standards, the operator shall be intimated about denial of certification stating the reasons for such action with non conformities noticed and time limit for submission of correction.

2. Upon receipt of such reports the operator shall correct the non compliance and submit the action taken report to the TNOCD.

3. TNOCD shall ensure the correction carried out by the operator before issuing certificate.

4. Operator with another certification body willing to come under TNOCD certification shall submit a new application form to TNOCD along with the notification of issue of non-conformities issued by the previous certifier.

5. TNOCD upon receipt of such application shall verify the correction carried out onsite and supporting documents .Any records required shall be received from the, CB previously registered or from APEDA.

6. TNOCD shall issue written notice to the operator for denial of certificates in case of operator failing to respond to the notification of non-compliance.

7. A notice of denial of certification shall inform the operator about the reasons and applicants right to reapply for certification or file an Appeal to the Appeal Committee.

7. Continuation of Certification

1. To continue certification the operator shall renew registration by paying fees for renewal.

2. An updated annual report for production or handling operation shall be submitted by the operator.

3. An updated corrective action for minor non conformities previously identified shall be submitted by the operator.

4. TNOCD after receipt of renewal application for continuation of certification shall scrutinize the application and verify the facts.

Fair trade

All the operators shall perform their operation with social justice, they shall not employ child labour, and shall protect rights of women, smallholder, traditional agriculture and indigenous people’s rights.

Appeal

1. Registered operator may appeal against the notice of denial of certification, proposed suspension or revocation to the appellate authority (Director, TNOCD ).

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]

2. An appeal shall be made within the time period mentioned in the notification or within 30 days from the date of receipt of the notification, whichever occurs later. The appeal shall be considered filed on the date of receipt in the office of Director, TNOCD. The decision of the appellate authority shall be final.

8. Tamil Nadu Organic Certification Department (TNOCD) Standards for Organic Certification

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Understanding the Organic Cultivation [Type text]