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International Trade and Investment

International trade and investment are important drivers of economic and corporate
growth. Shifting geopolitics, business models, and societal expectations are tipping the
global trade and investment system into a new phase. There is now a real opportunity to
set new priorities for global and local trade and investment objectives and secure
business-led reform of benefit to all.
High-impact transformations are occurring in global value chains, competition policy,
regulatory coherence, digital and services trade, innovation frameworks, sustainable
resource management and, especially, facilitation and implementation capacity.
The Global Agenda Council on Trade & FDI aims to impact intergovernmental and
governmental policy by advising stakeholders shaping the future of the global trading
system.

Food Security and Agriculture


By 2050, a global population of 9 billion will demand 70% more food than is
consumed today. Feeding this expanded population nutritiously and sustainably will
require substantial. Other challenges include volatility of commodity production and
prices, high levels of poverty and hunger among rural and farming communities,
and intensifying water scarcity and climate change.
The private sector is striving to develop new markets and sustainable supply
chains, respond to evolving consumer demands, manage risks and emerging
challenges, and adapt to a resource constrained world. This requires a strategic,
long-term focus coupled with new ways of working with other stakeholders along
the value chain
Long-Term Investing, Infrastructure and Development
The importance of infrastructure as a key driver of growth, competitiveness and social
well-being is well established. Yet, a significant number of economically viable
infrastructure investments are not moving forward.

Short political cycles, short-term investment horizons, a lack of viable financing structures,
inappropriate risk assessment frameworks and a lack of long-term vision mean that much
needed investment does not flow to infrastructure and development causing a $1 trillion
annual shortfall towards a $4 trillion demand in infrastructure alone.
Closing these gaps is paramount if the world is to stay on a path to inclusive economic
growth and recovery. Enhanced participation from the private sector could do much to
close this gap.

Spanish investors continue to bolster Turkey's foreign investment relations


In a meeting chaired by President Arda Ermut of the Investment Support and Promotion
Agency of Turkey and Spanish Ambassador to Ankara Rafael Mendivil Peydro, new
policies were revealed which will be applied to international investments in Turkey as well
as measures to increase international investment activity in the country, citing the Action
Plan of the 64th government. According to Ermut, 610 Spain-capitalized companies have
operations in Turkey to-date - with their total investments in Turkey reaching $10 billion
over the past 10 years. The president stated that investors generally focus on finance,
insurance, automotive supply and energy, adding that Spanish firms are expected to play
a significant part in Turkey's infrastructure projects; particularly in the fields of renewable
energy and high-speed trains, during the upcoming period.
Peydro also said that Spain is ready to overcome the economic crisis and take major
steps toward investments abroad, noting that "Currently, there are 610 Spanish companies
in Turkey which represent Spain's investments. But, this figure can be increased further."

Barometer of the business climate in Spain. Results 2015


The Barometer has been jointly conducted by ICEX-INVEST IN SPAIN, Multinacionales
por marca Espaa and the International Centre for Competitiveness (ICC) at the IESE
Business School. The assessment of and importance given to the business climate in
Spain by over 500 foreign companies allows the reader to identify the strengths and the
main areas for improvement of the business climate in Spain. The overall evaluation of the
2015 Barometer is better than that obtained in 2014. Investment, sales revenue and job
creation forecasts are very positive and show figures that exceed expectations of previous
editions.

Spain Trade, Exports and Imports


Spains trade plays a significant role in the nations economy, accounting for more than
half of its GDP. The nation has, however, had a trade deficit persistently over the past few
years, which stood at $77.5 billion in 2009, according to CIA reports. Spains weak trade
scenario is attributable to several factors, predominantly the nations increasing reliance
on imported petrol and decreased market competitiveness.

Spains trade plays a significant role in the nations economy, accounting for more than
half of its GDP. The nation has, however, had a trade deficit persistently over the past few
years, which stood at $77.5 billion in 2009, according to CIA reports. Spains weak trade
scenario is attributable to several factors, predominantly the nations increasing reliance
on imported petrol and decreased market competitiveness. Additionally, the steady decline
of Spain exports is also attributed to the strength of the euro, since it was adopted by
Spain for international trade, which has made Spanish exports more expensive.

Referencias:
DAILY SABAH. (2016). Spanish investors continue to bolster Turkey's foreign investment
relations.
De
DAILY
SABAH
BUSINESS
Sitio
web:
http://www.dailysabah.com/money/2016/02/09/spanish-investors-continue-tobolster-turkeys-foreign-investment-relations
ICEX-Invest in Spain, IESE International Center for Competitiveness. (2015). Barometer of
the business climate in Spain. Results 2015. 23, de Invest in Spain Sitio web:
http://www.investinspain.org/invest/en/resources/publications-reportspresentations/doing-business-in-spain/4634506.html
Economywatch content. (2010). Spain trade exports and imports. De Economy Watch
Sitio web: http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/spain/export-import.html