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- conomic dispatch is the short-term determination of the optimal output of a number of electricity generation facilities, to meet the system load, at the lowest possible cost, subject to transmission and operational constraints. The Economic Dispatch Problem is solved by specialized computer software which should honour the operational and system constraints of the available resources and corresponding transmission capabilities. In the US Energy Policy Act of 2005 the term is defined as "the operation of generation facilities to produce energy at the lowest cost to reliably serve consumers, recognising any operational limits of generation and transmission facilities".[1] The main idea is that in order to serve load at minimum total cost, the set of generators with the lowest marginal costs must be used first, with the marginal cost of the final generator needed to meet load setting the system marginal cost. This is the cost of delivering one additional MWh of energy onto the system. Th
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EE482: Power System Analysis (2)

Tutorial #6

Economic Dispatch

Question # 1:

The fuel-cost functions in $/h for two 800 MW thermal plants are given by

a. The incremental cost of power is $8/MWh when the total power demand is 550 MW.

Neglecting losses, determine the optimal generation of each plant.

b. The incremental cost of power is $10/MWh when the total power demand is 1300 MW.

Neglecting losses, determine the optimal generation of each plant.

c. From the results of (a) and (b) find the fuel-cost coefficients and of the second plant.

Solution:

Question # 2:

The fuel-cost functions in $/h for three thermal plants are given by

where P1, P2, and P3 are in MW. The governors are set such that generators share the load equally.

Neglecting line losses and generator limits, find the total cost in $/h when the total load is

(i) PD = 450 MW

(ii) PD = 745 MW

(iii) PD = 1335 MW

Solution:

Question # 3:

Neglecting line losses and generator limits, determine the optimal scheduling of generation for each

loading condition in Question # 2

a. by analytical technique.

b. find the savings in $/h for each case compared to the costs in Question # 2 when the

generators shared load equally.

Solution:

the saving is 4,849.75 - 4,828.70 = 21.05 $/h.

the saving is 7,310.46 - 7,277.20 = 33.25 $/h.

the saving is 12,783.04 - 12,705.20 = 77.84 $/h.

Question # 4:

Repeat Question # 3 (a), but this time consider the following generator limits (in MW)

Solution:

In Question # 3, in part (a) (i), the optimal dispatch are P1 = 100 MW, P2 = 140 MW, and P3 = 210

MW. Since P1 and P2 are less that their lower limit, these plants are pegged at their lower limits.

That is, P1 = 122, and P2 = 260 MW. Therefore, P3 = 450 - (122 + 260) = 68 MW.

In Question # 3, in part (a) (ii), the optimal dispatch are P1 = 175 MW, P2 = 260 MW, and P3 = 310

MW, which are within the plants generation limits.

In Question # 3, in part (a) (iii), the optimal dispatch are P1 = 325 MW, P2 = 500 MW, and P3 = 510

MW. Since P3 exceed its upper limit, this plant is pegged at P2 = 445. Therefore, a load of 1335 445 = 890 MW must be shared between plants 1 and 2, with equal incremental fuel cost give by

Since P1 and P2 are within their limits the above result is the optimal dispatch.

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