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University of Jordan

Faculty of Engineering & Technology


Electrical Engineering Department
EE482: Power System Analysis (2)
Tutorial #1 Fault Calculation
2nd Semester 2014-2015

Question # 1:
Consider the radial system shown in Fig. Q1. This contains five buses that are supplied from a 50Hz, 11 kV supply. With respect to the figure, the system has the following parameters:
Z s1 Z s 2 0.242 j 2.42 , Z s 0 0.0017 j 0.1
Z 12 0.242 j 2.42 , = Z 34 Z s1 , Z 23 0.121 + j 1.21 , Z 45 0.29 + j 2.89
Z ij Z ij , Z ij Z ij0 3Z ij

Calculate the 3-phase fault, line-to-ground fault, and L-L fault at each bus.

Fig. Q1 ( Vs 11 kV (L - L) 6.35 kV (L - N), 50 Hz )

I f 3 ph

E1
Z1i

I f LL

Impedance (Real + Imaginary)


Zs1=
0.242
+ 2.42
Zs2=
0.242
+ 2.42
Zs0=
0.0017
+ 0.10
Z12=
0.242
+ 2.42
Z23=
0.121
+ 1.21
Z34=
0.242
+ 2.42
Z45=
0.290
+ 2.89
Z012=
3Z12
Z023=
3Z23
Z034=
3Z34
Z045=
3Z45

3
2

E1
3

I f 3 ph
Z1i 2
Source Voltage
VsLL= 11000
Vsph= 6350.9

V
V

I f LG 3 I ao 3
Bus #
1
2
3
4
5

IF-3ph
2611.3
1305.6
1044.5
746.1
556.3

E1
Z1i Z 2i Z 0i

IF-LL
2261.4
1130.7
904.6
646.1
481.7

IF-LG
3838.3
1112.6
821.1
538.7
381.9

Question # 2:
For the system shown in Fig. 2, and starting from the data that are given, calculate the three-phase
and single-line-ground fault in Amperes at the Buses 3, 2, and 1 using:
a. The Ohmic method referring the system to the 115 kV bus.
b. The per-unit method.
Solution:

a. The Ohmic method


950 MVAsc, 115 kV

Z sc

VLL2
1152 13.92 referred to 115 kV

MVAsc
950

Z transformer Z pu Z base

Y-Y

VLL2
1152 529 referred to 115 kV

MVA TX
25
4.8
Z transformer
529 25.39 referred to 115 kV
100

115/13.2 kV
25 MVA
Z% = 4.8

Z base

13.2 kV
2

a. Three-Phase Fault
115 10 3
I faultC
3 (13.92 25.39 83.35)
532.6 A referred to 115kV

1.125

115
Z TL 1.125
85.35 referred to 115 kV
13.2

115
532.6

13.2
4640.2 A referred to 13.2kV
I faultB

115 10 3

3 (13.92 25.39)
1689.0 A referred to 115kV
115
1689.0

13.2
14714.8 A referred to 13.2kV

I faultA

115 10 3

3 (13.92)
4769.8 A referred to 115kV

The L-G Fault = 0, because the TX is not grounded

13.2 kV

Fig. Q2

b. The per-unit method


Let MVAbase = 25 MVA
kVbase = 13.2 kV at the primary feeder.
2
V LL2

115
Z base HV

529 referred to 115 kV


MVAbase
25
2
V LL2

13 .2
Z base LV

6 .97 referred to 13 .2 kV
25
MVAbase
4 .8
Z TX pu
0 .048 pu
100
MVA sc
950
MVA sc pu

38 pu
25
MVA base

Z sc pu

1
1

0.0263 pu
MVA sc pu
38

Z Line pu

1 .125
0.1614 pu
6 .97

a. Three-Phase Fault
VC pu

Vc
VC base

I fault C

VC pu

I base 13.2 kV

13.2
1 pu
13.2

VC pu
Z Line Z TX Z sc

MVAbase
3 kVBase

25 1000
3 13.2

1.0
4.24 pu
0.1614 0.0263 0.048

1093.47 A

I fault C ( A) I fault C I base 13.2 kV 4.24 pu 1093.47 A 4638.6 A

V B pu

VB
VB base

I fault B

VB pu

I base 13.2 kV

13.2
1 pu
13.2

VB pu
Z TX Z sc

MVAbase
3 kVBase

1.0
13.46 pu
0.0263 0.048

25 1000
3 13.2

1093.47 A

I fault B ( A) I fault B I base 13.2 kV 13.46 pu 1093.47 A 14713.8 A


V A pu

VA
V Abase

I fault A

V A pu

I base 115 kV

115
1 pu
115

V A pu
Z sc

MVAbase
3 kVBase

1.0
38 pu
0.02638
25 1000
3 115

125.5 A

I fault A( A) I fault C I base 13.2 kV 38 pu 125.5 A 4769.4 A


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