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# NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF TRUJILLO

## FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

## A CLOSER LOOK OF GASES

SUBJECT:
ENGLISH
TEACHER:
NELVER VERA MOSTACERO

MEMBERS:
DAZ SNCHEZ PERCY JAZHEEL
MEDINA ZUMARAN MARY
PONCE ZAVALETA MARINA ELIA
PORTILLA VERA MAGNA ESTEFANY
TLLEZ GARCA JAIME DIEGO

TRUJILLO-PERU

## 1. What are the gases?

The gas is one of states of the matter in
which their molecules interact weakly
between if, without forming molecular
bonds.
From a molecular point of view is a set
of particles with a chaotic and random
movement.
2. What are the characteristics of the gases?

## Its molecules are practically free, so they are able to be

distributed throughout the space in which are contained.

## The gravitational attraction and forces between molecules are

insignificant compared to the rate at which the molecules are
moving.
Gases have no definite shape, adopting the containers
containing them.
The gases fully occupy the volume of their container.
Can be compressed easily, because there are enormous gaps
between molecules and others.

## 3. What is a gas pressure?

It is the outside per unit area exerted by the gas on the earth's
surface can also be defined as the amount of force acting on
something. For example when you blow up a balloon, you fill it
with air particles. They hit against the sides of the ballons and
exert pressure on it. This pressure is what keeps the balloon
inflated.

BAROMETER:
This object measures the atmospheric pressure, which is
raised or lowered according to the time that makes.

4. What
heat a

gas?

## When you heat a gas in a closed container, its pressure

increases.
The particles in a closer container moves faster and hit the
walls of this and exert pressure between them. If the gas is
heated, the particles absorb thermal energy and move faster,
hit the walls more often and harder. So the pressure of the gas
increases.

## 5. What happen when you squeeze a gas into a smaller space?

When a gas is squeezed into a smaller space, its
pressure increases.

## In the first figure we can see that there is a lot of space

between the gas particles.
In the second figure shows that by pushing the plunger, the
particles are in a smaller space so that they can hit the walls
more often. So the gas pressure increases.
All the gases can be squeezed into a smaller space. If enough
force in applied to the plunger above, the gas particles will get
so close that the gas turns into a liquid.

## 6. The diffusion of gases:

Gases do not all diffuse at the same way, it depends of different
factors:

## The mass of the particles:

The lower the mas of its particles, the faster a gas will
diffuse.
For example, the particles in hydrogen chloride gas are twice as
heavy as those in ammonia gas. This can check it at the
following way:

## First, cotton wool soaked in ammonia solution is put into

one end of a long tube. It give off ammonia gas
At the same time, cotton wool soaked in hydrochloric acid
is put into the other end of the tube. It give off hydrogen
chloride gas
Then the gases diffuse along the tube and the smoke
form where they meet.

## The smoke forms close to the hydrogen chloride

acid. So the ammonia particles have move
more than hydrogen chloride particles. This
means that they have travelled faster.

The temperature:
When a gas is heated, its particles take in heat
energy, and move faster. So the collide with
more energy, and bounce further away. And so
the gas diffuses faster.
The higher the temperature, the faster a
gas will diffuse

## 7. Uses of some gases:

Natural gas:
Natural gas has many applications in the home and in industry.
This is because it is an efficient and clean fuel.
Its used in cooking, water heating, air conditioning and other
artifacts that require heat.

## Also worth mentioning the use of natural gas in industry

because it is an excellent generator of electricity.

Butane:
The principal application of butane gas is the fuel in homes for
cooking and also in the gas burner.

Chlorine gas
Disinfectant used to kill bacteria and other microbes in drinking
water supplies and public swimming pools. Also is used in the
manufacture of insecticides.

Carbon dioxide
Used for the carbonation of drinks: soda or
water. It also allows the formation of foam in
beers. Also it is used to extinguish the fire with
extinguishers famous.

mineral
the

Helium:
It is used as filling gas in balloons and zeppelins.
A fun use of helium comes from its effect on the human voice
when inhaled, causes the buzzer becomes more acute and
shrill.