Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 101

PROFESSIONAL

/

PORTFOLIO

COLLABORATIVE

/

ACADEMIC

/

BHUJON KANG

RESEARCH

PROJECTS

PROFESSIONAL

PROJECT

2007-2016

BHUJON

KANG

HETEROJUNCTIONAL BARRIER

PAVILION IN PARK

PROJECT YEAR/STATUS 2008~2012 / COMPLETED

CLIENT SH CORPORATION

TOTAL FLOOR AREA 400 m 2

LOCATION PAJU, GYEONGI PROV., KOREA

PROGRAM EXHIBITION AND OFFICE

PHOTOGRAPHY BY SHIN, KYUNGSUB

Elaborating the Contextual Contrast

The site is situated amonst a rapidly growing housing development outside of Seoul, where a conficting dichotomy exists between a pedestrian bridge and a large expanse of green area. The bulding’s social role, apart from serving as the park’s exhibition space, administrative offce and general facility, links the raised walkway to natural habitat below. The general form in plan follows topographical cues, curving towards the overpass as if being pulled against its will. This facade is wrapped in a solid skin of twisting metal panels as a symbolic barrier.

A series of semi-circular ribs connected to an orthogonal concrete core are spaced apart according to their specifc task, creating large public areas or framing smaller individual functions. Large round openings puncture through the hard Northern elevation offering wide panoramic views of the reserve and cityscape, while a Southern-facing clerestory allows ample sunlight to illuminate the inside all day long. Natural wood planks cover the interior of the curved surface to create a warm ambiance contrasting the rectilinear hardness of material.

cover the interior of the curved surface to create a warm ambiance contrasting the rectilinear hardness

X9

X1

X2

2.50°

Y3

10.00°

3,446

4,009

Y2

2,300

14,370

12,633

8,624

900 350

8,624

320 900

900 520

1800

1145

259

259

2446

2446

2,446

2,446

1126

8000

9,421

296794

4012

AE15

1

AE16

1

Ø100 SST' PIPE 데크하부(Ø100 F.D)

ZINK패널(흑연색)

DECK2

FL.±0

3A

AD

6

AW

CH:

1

WD

OFFICE1

5D

AW

±0

FL

SL -220

OFFICE2

CH: 3000

1

WD

±0

FL

SL -220

7

AW

2

WD

SEE THE DIAGRAM BELOW FOR THE LOCATION OF CENTER LINES

1 AE19 4 R=51400 X3 10.00° X4 10.00° STAIR X5 CH: FL ±0` Ø100 스텐
1
AE19
4
R=51400
X3
10.00°
X4
10.00°
STAIR
X5
CH:
FL
±0`
Ø100 스텐 선홈통
데크하부(Ø100 F.D)
토목배관에 연결
SL
-40
TOILET(M)
4
TOILET(W)
CH: 2700
FL
±0
4.50°
AE22
SL -100
CH: 2700
FL
±0
SL -100
점검구
10.00°
900
(사다리설치)
OPEN
배기구
5.50°
3
FL.?
X6
AD
철재난간
SUNKEN DECK
장애인용
SEMINAR ROOM
EXHIBIT
8
2
목재데크
AW
AD
화단
CH: 3000
FL
±0
CH:
FL
±0
SL -220
SL -220
4
AD
LOUNGE
점자블럭
3
FL.±0
WD
CH:
FL
±0
SL -220
장애인용
10.00°
적삼목루버
9,011
4207
내화페인트(1시간)
2446
5C
1
AW
GL.±0
AD
5B
5000
5A
AW
8,810
AW
UP
X7
1365
958
DN
6000
8,810
연결다리
(토목도면 참조)
1853
1294
10.00°
6848
9,011
870
X8
9421
9,421
2.50°
1800
380
445
2700
1
R=40200
2
R=37700
1
AE17
3
R=100000
1
AE18

DECK1

FL.±0

ZINK패널(흑연색)

1ST FLOOR PLAN

PEDESTRIAN PASSAGE PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE CUTTING EDGE 10 YEAR FLOOD LEVEL
PEDESTRIAN PASSAGE
PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE
CUTTING EDGE
10 YEAR FLOOD LEVEL

1. edge cut of topography by the pedestrian bridge

LOWERED DATUM MATCHING TO PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE
LOWERED DATUM
MATCHING TO
PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE

2. creating curved facade as a “barrier”

STAIR RESTROOM LOBBY SEMINAR EXHIBITION SUNKEN OFFICE
STAIR
RESTROOM
LOBBY
SEMINAR
EXHIBITION
SUNKEN
OFFICE

3. layering the program, burying into the ground

(IN)DIRECT SUNLIGHT CLERESTORY MAIN ENTRANCE 4 VIEWING OPENINGS
(IN)DIRECT SUNLIGHT
CLERESTORY
MAIN ENTRANCE
4 VIEWING OPENINGS

4. connecting and viewing the context

HAEUNDAE PUBLIC LIBRARY

PROJECT YEAR/STATUS 2016 / COMPETITION 2ND PRIZE

CLIENT HAEUNDAE DISTRICT OFFICE

TOTAL FLOOR AREA 3000 m 2

LOCATION HAEUNDAE, BUSAN METROPOLITAN CITY, KOREA

PARTNER ZITTA ARCHITECTS, BUSAN

Placing Between Nature and Urban

This project sits on a very unique site in-between the southward preserved mountain area and the northward urban fabric. Passing through the three schools in front of the site, the library welcomes visitors with the widely opened beautiful green panorama toward the Jangsan Mountain on the south.

The building simply has two sides; a curved south and a fat north. Celebrating the panorama and the gentle daylight all day long, the curved facade penetrates the given nature into the building, whereas the fat facade functions the vertical circulation and counteracts on the unbanity.

At the rooftop, the library expects a small and various events, and even an observing deck with the amphitheater. This is a connecting idea with which the entire building also tries to communicate with the green context.

amphitheater. This is a connecting idea with which the entire building also tries to communicate with
층별 기능에 따른 파사드 적용 방식 5층 사무실 | 펀칭메탈 4층 문화교실 | 시스템 창호
층별 기능에 따른 파사드 적용 방식 5층 사무실 | 펀칭메탈 4층 문화교실 | 시스템 창호

층별 기능에 따른 파사드 적용 방식

층별 기능에 따른 파사드 적용 방식 5층 사무실 | 펀칭메탈 4층 문화교실 | 시스템 창호 3층

5층 사무실 | 펀칭메탈

따른 파사드 적용 방식 5층 사무실 | 펀칭메탈 4층 문화교실 | 시스템 창호 3층 일반열람실 |

4층 문화교실 | 시스템 창호

| 펀칭메탈 4층 문화교실 | 시스템 창호 3층 일반열람실 | 수직 루버 1,2층 열람실 |

3층 일반열람실 | 수직 루버

4층 문화교실 | 시스템 창호 3층 일반열람실 | 수직 루버 1,2층 열람실 | 로이복층유리 커튼월

1,2층 열람실 | 로이복층유리 커튼월

CHOONHAE COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES

PROJECT YEAR/STATUS 2015~ (UNDER CONSTRUCTION)

CLIENT CHOONHAE COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES

TOTAL FLOOR AREA 10,000 m 2

LOCATION ULJU, ULSAN METROPOLITAN CITY, KOREA

ARCHITECTS OF CREDIT ILSHIN ARCHITECTS

Our proposal puts a spatial value as compressing the given complex programs into two volumes and distancing them with the inbetween corridor. The courtyard functions for rests, devotion for studies, and communication with the local neighborhood.

The art hall and the college building sit on an artifcial plinth side by side and symbolize the central and hierarchical axis of the campus which starting from the southward headquarter building. The plinth contains the college library for students on one side and the lifetime study facility for public on the other and opens to everyone. The two volumes on the public plinth will express the willingness and symbolism of the college in their motto, ‘Make World with Truth.’

the public plinth will express the willingness and symbolism of the college in their motto, ‘Make
the public plinth will express the willingness and symbolism of the college in their motto, ‘Make

GOSAN PUBLIC LIBRARY COMPETITION

PROJECT YEAR/STATUS 2013 / COMPETITION ENTRY CLIENT SUSEONG DISTRICT OFFICE LOCATION DAEGU METROPOLITAN CITY, KOREA TOTAL FLOOR AREA 4,000 m 2 PROGRAM LIBRARY AND PUBLIC FACILITY

Communicating with the Urban Contexts and Social Phenomena

In the proposal, we consider how the library can maintain the previsou emptiness in the interior space which is positively operated for public activies and events that the site currently accommodates.

Also, we tested how vertical expandability can absorb the planar discordance in the structural system. Differing from Gothic architecture and some contemporary precedents, it is a worthy experimentation of “stacked verticality” ruled by different structural coordination at each level.

(1) Lower part of the building - The public corridor at the ground foor extends the inner connectivity to the exterior, penetrating the entire building. This 6~8m wide ravine is expected to generate various public activities for the community. This plaza widens the accessing street to the main entrance and adapts for outdoor public activities.

(2) Upper part of the building - We want the library space to be read as one integrated space with sublime verticality and repetition. As the books on the walls defne the spatial boundary, the concrete shells frame the functional variety with one spatial language. Visitors experience the layered verticality through the punched openings on the 4th foor.

with one spatial language. Visitors experience the layered verticality through the punched openings on the 4th

4050

81004050

81004050

8100

8100

8100

8100

8100

8100

4050 81004050 81004050 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 1 2 3 4050 8100 8100 4050
4050 81004050 81004050 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 1 2 3 4050 8100 8100 4050
4050 81004050 81004050 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 1 2 3 4050 8100 8100 4050
4050 81004050 81004050 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 1 2 3 4050 8100 8100 4050
4050 81004050 81004050 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 1 2 3 4050 8100 8100 4050
4050 81004050 81004050 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 8100 1 2 3 4050 8100 8100 4050
1 2 3 4050 8100 8100 4050 -1,800 F.F.L UP multifunctional amphitheater ±0 UP F.F.L
1
2
3
4050 8100
8100 4050
-1,800
F.F.L
UP
multifunctional amphitheater
±0
UP
F.F.L
lobby / exhibition
space
N
lounge
info. desk
stockroom
UP
DN
staffs’
volunteers'
room
room
DN
/24hr
UP
reserv.
classroom1
±0
media room
F.F.L
director’s
staff
office
lounge
group
study room
office
public
corridor
classroom2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

E
E
D
D
C
C
B
B
A
A
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 GROUND FLOOR PLAN E D C
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 GROUND FLOOR PLAN E D C
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 GROUND FLOOR PLAN E D C
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 GROUND FLOOR PLAN E D C
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 GROUND FLOOR PLAN E D C
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 GROUND FLOOR PLAN E D C
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 GROUND FLOOR PLAN E D C
1 2 3 4050 8100 8100 4050 DN lounge open +13,800 F.F.L DN UP UP
1
2
3
4050
8100
8100
4050
DN
lounge
open
+13,800
F.F.L
DN
UP
UP
open
open
UP
DN
UP
upper library
open
open
open
open
DN
open
preserved books
+13,800
F.F.L
open

4TH FLOOR PLAN

LIGHTHOUSE FOR THE DUTCHMAN

CHAPEL IN DESERT

LOCATION LOST DUTCHMAN STATE PARK, ARIZONA PROJECT YEAR/STATUS 2012 / PROPOSAL TOTAL FLOOR AREA 400 m 2 PROGRAM CHRISTIAN CHAPEL

Questoning the Assimiliated Repertoire in Regional Practice

The double-layered chapel space is surrounded by a continuous hallway at the perimeter which ex- pands inward at each corner. A concavity in the middle area of each side, accommodates separate programmatic functions. Based on the distance from the entrance, this constant passage offers varying degrees of privacy. We believe this is a way to create a cognitive programmatic separation without the use of physical barriers. Different from the universal spatial density of the hallway, the chapel space has a defned hierarchy over the altar. Looking toward the mountain peak, the altar clerestory contains a transparent window differing from the translucent channel glass used in the other volumes. Visitors then communicate with natural changes in the landscape through this window.

AT

ARCHITECTURAL

SCALE

MORPHING

PROCESS

through this window. AT ARCHITECTURAL SCALE MORPHING PROCESS BASIC DIVERSION SCHERK’S MINIMAL SURFAC SURFICIAL INCISION

BASIC DIVERSION

AT ARCHITECTURAL SCALE MORPHING PROCESS BASIC DIVERSION SCHERK’S MINIMAL SURFAC SURFICIAL INCISION ITERATIVE

SCHERK’S MINIMAL SURFAC

SURFICIAL INCISION

ITERATIVE EXPANSION

HIERARCHICAL SUBJUGATION

REGULATING BOUNDARY

b bending en ding cut cut stitch s ti tch
b
bending
en ding
cut cut
stitch s
ti tch

REDEFINED TOPOLOGY

SECONDARY MANIPULATION
SECONDARY MANIPULATION
st re tching
st re tching

BINDING RECONSTRUCTED PARTS

en ding cut cut stitch s ti tch REDEFINED TOPOLOGY SECONDARY MANIPULATION st re tching BINDING

D’

D

C C’ B B’ F F’ SECTION KEYMAP 0 10m 0 30’ A A’ ’EE
C
C’
B
B’
F
F’
SECTION KEYMAP
0
10m
0
30’
A
A’
’EE
F F’ SECTION KEYMAP 0 10m 0 30’ A A’ ’EE A-A’ SECTION D-D’’SECTION MEETING HALL

A-A’ SECTION

KEYMAP 0 10m 0 30’ A A’ ’EE A-A’ SECTION D-D’’SECTION MEETING HALL CHAPEL PASTOR’S STUDY

D-D’’SECTION

MEETING HALL CHAPEL PASTOR’S STUDY LOBBY PRIVATE PRAYER +5,000mm PLAN GROUND PLAN
MEETING HALL
CHAPEL
PASTOR’S
STUDY
LOBBY
PRIVATE
PRAYER
+5,000mm PLAN
GROUND PLAN
STUDY LOBBY PRIVATE PRAYER +5,000mm PLAN GROUND PLAN B-B’SECTION E-E’SECTION C-C’SECTION F-F’SECTION

B-B’SECTION

STUDY LOBBY PRIVATE PRAYER +5,000mm PLAN GROUND PLAN B-B’SECTION E-E’SECTION C-C’SECTION F-F’SECTION

E-E’SECTION

STUDY LOBBY PRIVATE PRAYER +5,000mm PLAN GROUND PLAN B-B’SECTION E-E’SECTION C-C’SECTION F-F’SECTION

C-C’SECTION

STUDY LOBBY PRIVATE PRAYER +5,000mm PLAN GROUND PLAN B-B’SECTION E-E’SECTION C-C’SECTION F-F’SECTION

F-F’SECTION

MAIN GATE OF DONGSEO UNIVERSITY

LOCATION SASANGGU, BUSAN PROJECT YEAR/STATUS 2013~2015 / COMPLETED

The geometry of gate is composed of a set of different radial orientations. Since this gate represents the campus complex of three colleges, it is expected to allude harmony and integrity of the three colleges. Firmly supported from the ground and highly stretching to- wards the sky, the dynamic shape of the gate symbolizes their willingness to lead the newly coming era.

When appoaching to the front, one may look up the campus inside the arch which overlaps the peak of Mountain Umkwang with the University Church at the same time with welcom- ing everyone. Through this sequential event, the gate becomes a symbolized place for the territorial transition and the public entry of the campus.

sequential event, the gate becomes a symbolized place for the territorial transition and the public entry
sequential event, the gate becomes a symbolized place for the territorial transition and the public entry

BENTHAUS

WORKSHOP FOR SCULPTURAL ART

LOCATION YONGIN, GYEONGI PROV. PROJECT YEAR/STATUS 2007~2011 / COMPLETED TOTAL FLOOR AREA 300 m 2 PROGRAM EXHIBITION AND OFFICE

This project was commissioned by a retiring sculptor who taught in a National college in Korea. The site is sitting behind a couple of buildings and the front street which is surrounding a beautiful lake, and is surrounded by small hills at the other three sides as protected (or visually disturbed.)

Although this situation asks to take the eastward opened view to the lake, we also suggested a strong formal gesture as accepting the north-south axial linearity of the site. At the same time with inserting a bar-shaped basement mass into the ground as actively using the different levels between the sides, we wanted to create another type of tensional relationship. It is the contrasting bent bar on ground. We anticipated that the relationship of two bars is read as a contrasting and tensioning balance. Despite the same materiality, two different formal characteristics organize the identical separation.

tensioning balance. Despite the same materiality, two different formal characteristics organize the identical separation.

ACADEMIC

PROJECT

2008-2010

BHUJON

KANG

EMBRYOLOGICAL ISOMORPHISM

SPRING 2009, William O’Brien Jr. Studio LOCATION: FREDERICKSBURG, TX PROGRAM: LAND | ART MUSEUM

ISOMORPHISM SPRING 2009, William O’Brien Jr. Studio LOCATION: FREDERICKSBURG, TX PROGRAM: LAND | ART MUSEUM

COMPOSITE MODELS This project investigates the geometric, formal, and physical attributes of composite systems. Two expansive surfaces, each representing sides of distinct volumes, become referential set for the building design. Several methods of surface integration are used; design, appropriate, steal, vary, inherit and extrapolate, which are modeled three-dimensionally as composite systems. According to a set of these models, a link of design principles will operates as architectural elements with functional adaptation. In spite of originally non-gravitational based status, they have potential characteristics endowed such as transparency, heaviness, giver-taker, or naturalness. As the characteristics get integrated into extracted contexts from site analysis and given programs, the characteristics in the system will transform into architectural and structural entities which are flexible for external conditions.

entities which are flexible for external conditions. INTERNAL AMALGAMATION HOMOGENEITY PLAN SECTION FACADE
entities which are flexible for external conditions. INTERNAL AMALGAMATION HOMOGENEITY PLAN SECTION FACADE
entities which are flexible for external conditions. INTERNAL AMALGAMATION HOMOGENEITY PLAN SECTION FACADE

INTERNAL AMALGAMATION

HOMOGENEITY

PLAN
PLAN
external conditions. INTERNAL AMALGAMATION HOMOGENEITY PLAN SECTION FACADE EXTRACTION METHODS FOR CREATING SURFACES BAND

SECTION

conditions. INTERNAL AMALGAMATION HOMOGENEITY PLAN SECTION FACADE EXTRACTION METHODS FOR CREATING SURFACES BAND OBJECTS

FACADE

EXTRACTION

AMALGAMATION HOMOGENEITY PLAN SECTION FACADE EXTRACTION METHODS FOR CREATING SURFACES BAND OBJECTS PLOTTING ON THE
AMALGAMATION HOMOGENEITY PLAN SECTION FACADE EXTRACTION METHODS FOR CREATING SURFACES BAND OBJECTS PLOTTING ON THE
AMALGAMATION HOMOGENEITY PLAN SECTION FACADE EXTRACTION METHODS FOR CREATING SURFACES BAND OBJECTS PLOTTING ON THE

METHODS FOR CREATING SURFACES

BAND

OBJECTS PLOTTING ON THE LINES SET MID-LINES FOR VALLEYS
OBJECTS PLOTTING ON THE LINES
SET MID-LINES FOR VALLEYS

PATCH

CIRCLES OCCUPATION RING
CIRCLES OCCUPATION
RING
SET MID-LINES FOR VALLEYS PATCH CIRCLES OCCUPATION RING CONNECTED CYLINDER WEB CONNECTION COMPOSITION REFLECTION

CONNECTED CYLINDER

VALLEYS PATCH CIRCLES OCCUPATION RING CONNECTED CYLINDER WEB CONNECTION COMPOSITION REFLECTION SURFACING PATCHING

WEB CONNECTION

COMPOSITION

RING CONNECTED CYLINDER WEB CONNECTION COMPOSITION REFLECTION SURFACING PATCHING SPLITING PHENOMENAL
RING CONNECTED CYLINDER WEB CONNECTION COMPOSITION REFLECTION SURFACING PATCHING SPLITING PHENOMENAL

REFLECTION

CONNECTED CYLINDER WEB CONNECTION COMPOSITION REFLECTION SURFACING PATCHING SPLITING PHENOMENAL COMPOSITION :
CONNECTED CYLINDER WEB CONNECTION COMPOSITION REFLECTION SURFACING PATCHING SPLITING PHENOMENAL COMPOSITION :
SURFACING PATCHING SPLITING
SURFACING
PATCHING
SPLITING

PHENOMENAL COMPOSITION : TOPOGRAPHICAL GEOLOGY

ARCHITECTURE

EXTRUSION

PENETRATION

CONNECTION

EROSION

TUNNEL RECEIVER APPROACH EXTRUSION CONNECTION SUB-CONNECTION DIVERGENCE
TUNNEL
RECEIVER
APPROACH
EXTRUSION
CONNECTION
SUB-CONNECTION
DIVERGENCE

LANDSCAPE

ISOMORPHISM [,i-sə-’mor-,fiz-əm]

1: similarity in organisms of different ancestry resulting from evolutionary convergence

2: similarity of crystalline form between chemical compounds

3: a correspondence that is held to exist between a mental process (as perception) and physiological processes

DESCRIPTION This project focuses on the development of alternative reciprocities linking site and building. Temporarily eschewing common, practice-oriented, site-defining elements—lot lines, set back requirements—this methodology will instead test interpretations of site which highlight systemic attributes, life-cycles, time-based ecological processes, topological characteristics, etc.

PROGRAM & SITE The program is a small Contemporary Land | Art Museum located outside of the town of Fredericksburg, TX. The museum consisting of approximately 40,000 square feet includes interior permanent and temporary exhibition galleries, public spaces, education amenities, and administrative spaces. Strategically located on the western perimeter of central Texas, the Contemporary Land | Art Museum will act simultaneously as a gateway to the country’s seminal works of contemporary land art.

Y6 Y4 Y7 Y5 Y3 Y2 Y1 X1X 1 X2X 2 X3X 3 X4X 4
Y6
Y4
Y7
Y5
Y3
Y2
Y1
X1X 1
X2X 2
X3X 3
X4X 4
X5X 5
X6X 6
X7X 7
EXHIBITION
EXHIBITION
EXHIBITION
EXHIBITION
LOBBY
UPUP
EXHIBITION
UPPER FLOOR PLAN
(1”=1/128’)
ROOF PLAN
(1”=1/128’)
UPUP
UPUP
TRANSITION PROCESS Formal, material, and dimensional varieties from the experiments are linked with topographical issues,

TRANSITION PROCESS Formal, material, and dimensional varieties from the experiments are linked with topographical issues, especially related to landscape/architecture unification. Potentiality which the flexible surfaces had in separated models becomes scaled-reality and is integrated into a phenomenal collage model. It contains a unified boundary for the future architecture as a set of discovered ideas and principles from the previous models.

GEOLOGICAL ADAPTATION The notion of unification for landscape and architecture is presented by topological connectivity of the collage model. One surface conceptually plays a role in eliminating tacit boundaries which are otherwise generated on edges of materiality. As a whole, this system demonstrates a positive alternative to phenomenal segregation.

A-A’ SITE SECTION

(1”=1/64’, 1:768)

EXHIBITION EXHIBITION FUNCTIONAL INTERIOR EXTERIOR SPACE Enlarged Partial Section View of Exhibition Hall
EXHIBITION
EXHIBITION
FUNCTIONAL
INTERIOR
EXTERIOR
SPACE
Enlarged Partial Section
View of Exhibition Hall

VISUOSPATIAL MITOSIS

FALL 2010, Kevin Alter Studio LOCATION: AUSTIN, TX PROGRAM: Public Library

Team Project with J.S Lee

The mushroom structure is realized from thinking of both cultural aspects and advanced digital technologies. We expected this bundle of mushrooms works as a systemized spatial homogeneity. Through the simplified geometry we tried to show an assumption that the composition of the structure can accomodate a various type of functional requirements.

A region which is created by the boundary of the plane

on a mushroom defines its functional identity although

it seems boundless in section.

Programmable Donut Offices Gallery Seminar Room Book Stacks Foyer Book Stacks IT Room Lounge Third
Programmable Donut
Offices
Gallery
Seminar Room
Book Stacks
Foyer
Book Stacks
IT Room
Lounge
Third Floor
Offices
Cafeteria
Seminar Room
Main Hall
Reading Room
Conference Room
Lounge
Second Floor

Sectional Study Model

Third Floor Plan
Third Floor Plan
1’=1/64” Second Floor Plan
1’=1/64”
Second Floor Plan

1’=1/64”

Longitudinal Section 1’=1/64”
Longitudinal Section
1’=1/64”
View from 7th Street

View from 7th Street

View of Reading Room on the 3rd Floor

View of Reading Room on the 3rd Floor

ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION

FALL 2009, Wilfried Wang and Werner Lang Studio LOCATION: AUSTIN CENTRAL AREA, TX PROGRAM: STATION FOR HIGH SPEED RAILWAY Design Excellence in School of Architecture, University of Texas At Austin

TX PROGRAM: STATION FOR HIGH SPEED RAILWAY Design Excellence in School of Architecture, University of Texas

Analysis with Austin Downtown Area

Building Use

Hotel Residence Office Religion Religion Public Service CBD Cultural Station Related Sightseeing + Entertaining
Hotel
Residence
Office
Religion
Religion
Public Service
CBD
Cultural
Station Related
Sightseeing + Entertaining
Residence
Proposed
Visitor Accomodation

Commercial+Retail

Convention Center

Expected Connection

Green Space + Possible Parking

R2,000 ft R1,000 ft
R2,000 ft
R1,000 ft

Green Space Possible Parking Spots

Proposed Green Space

1,500 Parking Lots

Zoning minus View Corrdor

CBD (no limit) DMU (120 ft) Commercial+Office (60 ft) Multi-Family (50 ft) Single-Family (35 ft)
CBD (no limit)
DMU (120 ft)
Commercial+Office (60 ft)
Multi-Family (50 ft)
Single-Family (35 ft)
TOD (varied height)
Station Related
Expected Connection

Public Transportation

Existing Bus Lines Proposed Bus Line Proposed Train Lines High Speed Railway Passing through TOD
Existing Bus Lines
Proposed Bus Line
Proposed Train Lines
High Speed Railway
Passing through TOD
Disconnection
Auditorium Shore
Music Hall
Downtown
Congress
Austin Station

Butler Park

Texan culture and Lifestyle created by abundant resources and the wide territory have become the biggest obstacle in the pace of economic crisis and environmental pollution. Beyond the campaign which requires changing our lifestyles and legal penalty, do we not need a fundamental change?

Explicit expansion in Austin has created a pattern of inefficient energy uses. With the dormant public transportation system, two highways penetrating through the city shorten the commute time to the downtown area, but are now over-saturated. Through the restoration of the train line which now seems somewhat inefficient, people anticipate a more developed public transportation system.

From when IH-35 built, it worked as class segregation between East/West Austin. This practical and political urban wall has made different phases of two regions in terms of lifestyle and density. With gentrification as the goal, East Austin becomes a target for urban development. Although regional solidarity and cultural rejection prevent the natural direction, the potential for East Austin to make a connection with the downtown area becomes inevitable.

Austin central station will be an unchallenged gateway which connects cities in the Texas mega-region—including Dallas and Houston areas in the basis of dense development and public transportation system.

As a part of an urban landscape, the train station plays the role of an urban connector. Elongation of 6th street and its events also become good motives. Bringing IH-35 underground and actively overlapping the pedestrian passages with train station programs, it is expected that the train station itself becomes a part of urban scaled landscapes. Vertical separation is one of the clearest ways to share spatial occupation of each entity. Each path is intersected and indicates the connections which are programmed and controlled relative to the function of the station. Geometrical manipulation on the 2nd floor helps to control the pedestrian flow such as an artificial valley.

the station. Geometrical manipulation on the 2nd floor helps to control the pedestrian flow such as
the station. Geometrical manipulation on the 2nd floor helps to control the pedestrian flow such as
Time-based Activity 24:00 24:00 Hotel Residence Hotel Entertaining Resting HSR 18:00 18:00 Passenger
Time-based Activity 24:00 24:00 Hotel Residence Hotel Entertaining Resting HSR 18:00 18:00 Passenger
Time-based Activity
24:00
24:00
Hotel
Residence
Hotel
Entertaining
Resting
HSR
18:00
18:00
Passenger
Convention
Center
Retail
Resting
Commuter Rail
6th St.
12:00
12:00
Passenger
4th St.
Retail
Commuter Rail
Hotel
Retail
06:00
Office
06:00
Cesar Chavez
00:00
00:00
Hotel
Trinity
Residence
Interstate 35
(Underground)
Red River
San Marcos
Waller
Navasota
Time-based Flow 6th St. 24:00 24:00 4th St. Cesar Chavez Commuter Rail Consuming Rush-hour Congestion
Time-based Flow
6th St.
24:00
24:00
4th St.
Cesar Chavez
Commuter Rail
Consuming
Rush-hour Congestion
18:00
18:00
Sightseeing
TOD - Station
Resting
12:00
12:00
Rush-hour Congestion
06:00
06:00
00:00
00:00
Interstate 35
(Underground)
Trinity
Red River
San Marcos
Waller
Navasota

Using cross ventilation systems on the platform level, this building requires minimally controlled areas which include offices and retail spaces. The geothermal exchange system penetrates inside steel structures, and the merged system guarantees functional compatibility and systematic simplicity.

This new T.O.D will bring a huge amount of physical and psychological transition to the East Austin areas. The constructions are foundation stones which propose a new way of urban development. One of the short-term objectives of this station is to make a successful connection between downtown area and the East Austin area. The city of Austin still has a lot of potential for increased density in this area.

still has a lot of potential for increased density in this area. 0 30’ 60’ 120’
0 30’ 60’ 120’ A-A’ SECTION B-B’ SECTION
0
30’
60’
120’
A-A’ SECTION
B-B’ SECTION

RESEARCH

FOR

DIGITAL

PROJECT

FABRICATION

TOKYO

|

PHOENIX

|

BUSAN

PROJECTS AT TOYO ITO ARCHITECTS

COMPETITION - MUSEO DE LA VEGA BAJA EXHIBITION - “WHERE IS ARCHITECTURE?”

DE LA VEGA BAJA EXHIBITION - “WHERE IS ARCHITECTURE?” Sometimes the conventional design process requires extra

Sometimes the conventional design process requires extra endeavours in order to bring unprecedented achievements in the building design. They mainly focus on resolving the geometrical complexity and realizing drastic forms. The advanced computer technology has mostly answered these requirements.

Likewise, I would like to introduce some of my projects which actively use the advanced technology and the digital fabrication methods. These projects will show how those techniques are applicable in different conditions and how they can be merged into the conventional design process in the different phases. This inconsistency rather demonstrates the universality and expandability of the technology.

After the Sendai Mediatheque, Toyo Ito’s design agenda for public architecture aimed to create an systemized feld composed of repetitive structural units. Like the Taichung Opera House in Taiwan,

Final Rendering Image of the proposal (courtesy of Toyo Ito Architects) an structural unit contains

Final Rendering Image of the proposal (courtesy of Toyo Ito Architects)

an structural unit contains a series of parameters to be morphed by different programs. Some of the units (called Catenoid) become the auditorium while others are foyers, toilets, and so on. The facade, as the cutting edge of the structural system has no ornamentation but clads the sectional elevation. There are other projects sharing this system like the Library at Tama Arts University. Not only is it an endeavour to be freed from the structural grid, but it made possible to create the most progressive archi- tectural design.

The competition, “Museo de la Vega Baja” in To- ledo, Spain had the similar aspiration that the archi- tecture is literally a series of structural units. In this competition proposal, the design focus was on the roof geometry and the tripod supports which are ex- pected to be systematically identical. This structural system was allowed to create the spatial variation under the roof build-up. Some triangular cut became

skylights, while others for the interstitial space. Affected by Ito’s precedent project, “Za-Koenji theatre” in Tokyo, the goal for the roof geometry is to be made of developable surfaces, which means to be unrolled on a plane with no loss. In so doing, the roof geometry could be extracted from either cones or cylinders. Unfortunately, the hexagonal roof geometry (x-y direction) followed by the given plan couldn’t possibly be developable surfaces which are supposed to be intersected exactly on the linear edges of their own hexagonal boundary due to the beams beneath the edges. Beams can only be two- dimensional curvatures. So, the idea for the devel- opable surfaces was changed into creating three- dimensional catenary surfaces for the roof geometry. Each unit could not be identical anymore.

Also, there was another issue to have too many customized tripods. The 3D model must be prepared for the 3D printed model and the rendering images.

Study Model (1:100) Study Model (1:200)
Study Model (1:100) Study Model (1:200)

Study Model (1:100)

Study Model (1:100) Study Model (1:200)

Study Model (1:200)

Mass Production Process of Structural Tripods using Grasshopper Final Rendering Image (Courtesy of Toyo Ito

Mass Production Process of Structural Tripods using Grasshopper

Mass Production Process of Structural Tripods using Grasshopper Final Rendering Image (Courtesy of Toyo Ito Architect)

Final Rendering Image (Courtesy of Toyo Ito Architect)

Screen capture image of the grasshopper script used for the tripod creation : It was

Screen capture image of the grasshopper script used for the tripod creation :

It was my f rst scripting model for me to be ever practically used. I wished it much simpler for the faster operation. Nonetheless, it dramatically shortened the entire design process. We almost earned four man-days just before the deadline.

Since they had never been familiar with this kind of tool, it was very skeptical

Since they had never been familiar with this kind of tool, it was very skeptical at the frst time. After a quick demonstration, the tripods were churned out with the parametric design tool much faster than expected. The grasshopper script produced 3D tripod objects by a series of parameters; the height of bot- tom neck, and the angle and length of three branch-

of bot- tom neck, and the angle and length of three branch- Installation “Inside in” at

Installation “Inside in” at the Opening Ceremony

es. It was my f rst scripting model to be ever practi- cally used. I wished it much simpler for the faster operation. Nonetheless, it dramatically shortened the entire design process. We almost earned four man- days just before the deadline.

Before the competition, I participated in the ex-

four man- days just before the deadline. Before the competition, I participated in the ex- Za-Koenji

Za-Koenji Teater, Tokyo

hibition, “Where is Architecture?” at Museum of Modern Arts of Tokyo. Five architects were invited where Toyo Ito was the frst one. For the exhibition, a fabric covered steel pipe frame was planned. It was exactly the same shape with the Toyo Ito museum in Ibaraki which is conceived from his proposal of structural polyhedrons for the Oslo public library competition. Six representative projects were select- ed and redesigned by their own morphology to be exhibited as a part of plane of the polyhedrons.

For the exhibition, I was in charge of redesigning the installation for “Za-Koenji” theatre. The instal- lation mainly focused on the roof composition of the building made of 5 pieces of cones and cylinders. As mentioned above, the installation is simply a expan- sion of those geometry in terms of making a con- sistent feld. At the center of the hexagonal surface composed of 123 pieces of cones and cylinders, the representative gray colored 5 pieces of the scaled

roof shape of the theater. The surfaces were made of the translucent plastic sheet called “polyjam” in Japanese, that illuminates with lighting fxtures above. The pieces of developable surface were cut as unrolled to be attached together. As sub-structuring elements, the white cardboard frames aided to shape the three dimensional form of the piece following the trimmed edge. After sandwiched all together by glue, tape, and stapler, they could be hung in the air.

This project displays how digital modeling tools can be merged with the traditional way of fabrication. Although I still doubt, in the contemporary market, how architects can keep their craftsmanship in their design without the advanced fabrication tools such as laser cutter and 3D printers, all of the exhibition materials were prepared by labor-intensive manufac- ture at that moment likewise the most of the con- struction process still do.

manufac- ture at that moment likewise the most of the con- struction process still do. Installation

Installation Image (© Daici Ano)

Assembly Diagram Modeling Process for the installation

Assembly Diagram

Assembly Diagram Modeling Process for the installation

Modeling Process for the installation

1 2 3 4
1
2
3
4
9 10 11 12
9
10
11
12
17
17
5 6 7 8
5
6
7
8
13 14 15 16
13
14
15
16
18
18

Making Process

1:1 Facade Mockup

(manufactured in ZAHNER, Kansas City)

PROJECTS AT WILL BRUDER + PARTNERS, LTD

KAFD SPA BUILDING, AL RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA FOR FACADE DESIGN & 1:1 FACADE MOCKUP

With about 4,000 pieces of anodized titanium panel which cover the entire facade of the two buildings, this spa building project had never hidden the auda- cious ambition to be the splendid monument in the King Abdhulla Financial District in Al Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Te cultural/religious order required two separate buildings for women and men. Te space program was equally divided at each building includ- ing the f rst class luxury interior, greenery fssure gardens, a monorail station and large swimming pools. Te buildings were located above the gigantic plenum of the parking structure supporting the two spa buildings.

When participating in the project, one of my roles was to design the facade pattern. Afer several stud- ies, the pattern was conceived from a triangular grid pattern and the basic shape of the pattern resembled

a water drop. Te water drop pattern is varied as four

di ferent sizes from 250 to 10mm. As a fractal con-

cept, smaller units gradually def ne the edge condi- tion of transparency. At distance, it simply looks a punching metal, however, there is a variation at a close look, which gives some arbitrariness for the pattern, the grid was slightly tilted as well as hav- ing some sub-layers with iterating smaller patterns. Te density of pattern was literally meant the level of transparency on the facade and was intended to blur the edge between the opening and solid parts of the facade. For instance, the fssure gardens and the swimming pools needed more transparency simulta- neously with a certain privacy in the of ce district.

So, the facade system was considered under the severe climate in the Mid-Eastern desert area and for the integrative method of visual distraction/transpar-

and for the integrative method of visual distraction/transpar- Operation of Tessellate Panel (Courtesy of WORKSBUREAU)

Operation of Tessellate Panel (Courtesy of WORKSBUREAU)

ency by program. As well as a double skin facade, the panel hid three sub-layers
ency by program. As well as a double skin facade, the panel hid three sub-layers

ency by program. As well as a double skin facade, the panel hid three sub-layers that open/close the pat- terned apertures by of -centered rotation, where the full-height curtain-wall glass is laid behind.

Te grasshopper scripting was used for a transla- tor of natural expression into pixelated apertures. Based on the intended density of the openness of apertures, Te gray coloured gradation was created surrounding the entire building facade. Te pattern could demonstrate the lighting efect in the series of rendering images. As each room required di fer- ent brightness and visual penetrability, the images showed how the space works with proper daylight and arti f cial lighting setting.

with proper daylight and arti f cial lighting setting. Alternative Pattern Study For the mock-up model,
with proper daylight and arti f cial lighting setting. Alternative Pattern Study For the mock-up model,

Alternative Pattern Study

For the mock-up model, we hired Zahner in Kansas City who was also in charge of the copper panel of De Young Museum in San Francisco design by Her- zog and de Meuron. As the aperture units varied in four di ferent sizes from 250mm to 10mm, Each has a diferent fabricating method. In e f ciency manner, the biggest one was cut by a water jet while the small- est one was penetrated by a custom made punch.

Although the digital fabrication method was funda- mental to realize this project, the pattern design still had some challenges. All of the tilted facade on each side were not identical with di ferent angles. When- ever changing the grid patterns, it was a time-spend- ing work for the calculation of the script.

Initial Gradation Transformed Image (used for fabrication) Image of Mockup Panel Screencapture of Grasshopper Scripting

Initial Gradation

Initial Gradation Transformed Image (used for fabrication) Image of Mockup Panel Screencapture of Grasshopper Scripting

Transformed Image (used for fabrication)

Initial Gradation Transformed Image (used for fabrication) Image of Mockup Panel Screencapture of Grasshopper Scripting

Image of Mockup Panel

Gradation Transformed Image (used for fabrication) Image of Mockup Panel Screencapture of Grasshopper Scripting Model

Screencapture of Grasshopper Scripting Model

Main Perspective Rendering Image of Men’s Fissure Garden

Main Perspective

Main Perspective Rendering Image of Men’s Fissure Garden

Rendering Image of Men’s Fissure Garden

Rendering Image of Massage Room Diagram for Operation of Tessellate Facade Panel

Rendering Image of Massage Room

Rendering Image of Massage Room Diagram for Operation of Tessellate Facade Panel

Diagram for Operation of Tessellate Facade Panel

WINE DROP

PROPOSAL FOR TEMPORARY WINE CELLAR

T is proposal is for a wall-mounted wine cellar for

a luxury restaurant to exhibit their signature wine

right before serving. Te transparent surface may be literally imagined as a water surface which ripples spread out when the wine bottle is ‘dropped’ into the surface. Tat is why the project name is metaphori- cally “wine drop.”

On the other hand, this project aims to research the composition of plural ripple patterns mimicking the natural phenomena. Despite the simple centrifugal

di f usion, there is a potential complexity when the ef-

fects simultaneously occur nearby. Te ripples can be

manipulated by the trigonometric formula which controls the Z-value on the surface. Te more infer- ences create the more interesting patterns.

In order to manufacture this product, the liquid plastic is poured on the CNC cut wooden moulds to create the wavy surface. Since the cylinders for wine bottles are too deep to cast at once, Te surface piece and the cylinder are glued and sanded together at 2” below the surface. At the bottom of cylinder, a sensor for LED lighting responds to the bottles. It was also proposed as a tiled product with a continu- ous pattern that can be stacked on the wall.

to the bottles. It was also proposed as a tiled product with a continu- ous pattern

UNIVERSITY MAIN GATE

DONGSEO UNIVERSITY, BUSAN, KOREA

UNIVERSITY MAIN GATE DONGSEO UNIVERSITY, BUSAN, KOREA T is project was built in order to celebrate

Tis project was built in order to celebrate the 50 year’s anniversary of the university. Since this gate represents the campus complex of three colleges, it is expected to allude harmony and integrity of the three colleges. Te f rmly supported arch also means the deep-rooted foundation of the campus.

When approaching to the front, one may look up the campus inside the arch which overlaps the peak of Mountain Umkwang with the University Church at the same time with welcoming everyone. T rough this sequential event, the gate becomes a symbolic

place for the territorial transition and the public entry of the campus. T e 10m

place for the territorial transition and the public entry of the campus.

Te 10m high tilted arch was derived from the steep sloped main entrance of the campus on axis along with the headquarter building and the church. De- spite the symbolism as main gate, the object cannot be too tall to overwhelm the hierarchy of buildings. Facilitating the slope, the tilted arch alluded the visual continuity during the approach to the campus at the same time with a harmony with other build- ings. In so doing, the arch could create an interesting

appearance with the structural tension.

Te geometry is composed of a set of diferent radial orientations. Te notion of developable surface was also used in this project. I imagined a swirling curves which constitute the shape of arch for the sake of creating an embracing image of the three colleges together. As connecting two parallel lines, a series of developable surfaces are created.

In order to allow the geometric tolerances while in fabrication, the truss of welded steel pipes were cho-

sen for the skeleton while 6mm steel plates cover the surface. T e other and

sen for the skeleton while 6mm steel plates cover the surface. Te other and the most signi f cant issue was how to support the tilted steel structure on the steep slope. In order to counter-balance the weight of steel, a pair of two tons of concrete foundations support the arch underground.

Te welding process was not that easy. Despite the 3D shop drawing, the precision and quality of the welded joints could not be easily achieved, espe-

of the welded joints could not be easily achieved, espe- 1:100 Scale Model (3D Printing Model)

1:100 Scale Model (3D Printing Model)

cially at the joints of more than fve branches of pipe (We later knew there is a feasible technology to CNC welding machine for this kind of complicated object.) Afer fabricated at a factory, the arch trans- ported to the site as four separate pieces to be reas- sembled.

In spite of some trials and errors in fabrication, this project became a certain momentum to be conf dent of the application of digital technology.

became a certain momentum to be con f dent of the application of digital technology. 3D

3D Model for Structural Placement

Site Plan Drawing for Unfolded Steel Plate Finish

Site Plan

Site Plan Drawing for Unfolded Steel Plate Finish

Drawing for Unfolded Steel Plate Finish

1:50 Scale Model (Paper Model) Pre-assembly at the Manufacturing Site

1:50 Scale Model (Paper Model)

1:50 Scale Model (Paper Model) Pre-assembly at the Manufacturing Site

Pre-assembly at the Manufacturing Site

At the Manufacturing Site In-situ Assembly Section View Inside View a f er Completion

At the Manufacturing Site

At the Manufacturing Site In-situ Assembly Section View Inside View a f er Completion

In-situ Assembly

At the Manufacturing Site In-situ Assembly Section View Inside View a f er Completion

Section View Inside

At the Manufacturing Site In-situ Assembly Section View Inside View a f er Completion

View afer Completion