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# 1.

2.

3.

4.

A Schmitt trigger is
A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

## Refer to the given figure. This circuit is known as

A
.

a noninverting amplifier.

B
.

a differentiator.

C
.

an integrator.

D
.

a summing amplifier.

## The output of a Schmitt trigger is a

A
.

pulse waveform.

B
.

sawtooth waveform.

C
.

sinusoidal waveform.

D
.

triangle waveform.

## Refer to the given figure. This circuit is known as

5.

6.

A
.

a noninverting amplifier.

B
.

a differentiator.

C
.

an integrator.

D
.

a summing amplifier.

Refer to the given figure. A square-wave input is applied to this amplifier. The output voltage is most likely to be

A
.

a square wave.

B
.

a triangle wave.

C
.

a sine wave.

D
.

no output.

## Refer to the given figure. What is the output voltage?

7.

8.

9.

A
.

2V

B
.

2 V

C
.

+Vsat

D
.

Vsat

If an op-amp comparator has a gain of 100,000, an input difference of 0.2 mV above reference, and a supply
of 12 V, the output will be
A
.

20 V.

B
.

12 V.

C
.

10 V.

D
.

15 V.

A
.

B
.

a fast response.

C
.

a slow response.

D
.

## Refer to the given figure. Determine the upper trigger point.

A
.

V(out)max

B
.

V(out)max

C
.

1.41 V

D
.

+1.41 V

10. In a(n) ________, when the input voltage exceeds a specified reference voltage, the output changes state.
A
.

Integrator

B
.

Differentiator

C
.

summing amplifier

D
.

Comparator

11. Refer to the given figure. If Vin = 5 V, the rate of change of the output voltage in response to a single pulse input
is:

A
.

15.2 mV/

B
.

1.52 V/

C
.

1.52 mV/

D
.

15.2 V/

s
s
s

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

## select the last input.

13. What circuit produces an output that approximates the area under the curve of an input function?
A
.

Integrator

B
.

Differentiator

C
.

summing amplifier

D
.

Comparator

14. An op-amp has an open-loop gain of 90,000. Vsat = 13 V. A differential voltage of 0.1 V p-p is applied between the
inputs. What is the output voltage?
A
.

13 V

B
.

13 V

C
.

13 Vp-p

D
.

26 Vp-p

A
.

1V

B
.

1 V

C
.

+Vsat

D
.

Vsat

A
.

B
.

thermostat.

C
.

alarm clock.

D
.

## none of the above

17. To reduce the effects of noise resulting in erratic switching of output states of a comparator, you can use
A
.

B
.

## the lower trigger point.

C
.

nonzero-level detection.

D
.

hysteresis.

18. Refer to the given figure. With the inputs shown, determine the output voltage.

A
.

7V

B
.

7 V

C
.

+Vsat

D
.

Vsat

19. Refer to the given figure. Determine the output voltage, VOUT.

A
.

1.05 V

B
.

0.35 V

C
.

0.35 V

D
.

1.05 V

20. What is (are) the necessary component(s) for the design of a bounded comparator?
A
.

rectifier diodes

B
.

zener diodes

C
.

A
.

0.5 V

B
.

0.5 V

C
.

2V

D
.

2 V

## 22. What type(s) of circuit(s) use comparators?

A
.

summer

B
.

nonzero-level detector

C
.

averaging amplifier

D
.

A
.

B
.

C
.

D
.

## the rate of change of the input voltage.

24. Refer to the given figure. Determine the lower trigger point.

A
.

+V(out)max

B
.

V(out)max

C
.

2.47 V

D
.

+2.47 V

25. A(n) ________ amplifier is a summing amplifier with a closed-loop gain equal to the reciprocal of the number of
inputs.
A
.

averaging

B
.

scaling

C
.

## none of the above

26. ________ is a mathematical process for determining the rate of change of a function.
A
.

Integration

B
.

Differentiation

C
.

Summing

D
.

Comparatoring

A
.

B
.

C
.

## uses a capacitor in its feedback circuit.

D
.

uses a resistor in its feedback circuit or uses a capacitor in its feedback circuit

28. In a comparator with output bounding, what type of diode is used in the feedback loop?
A
.

Schottky

B
.

junction

C
.

zener

D
.

varactor

A
.

integrator.

B
.

differentiator.

C
.

Schmitt trigger.

D
.

## none of the above

30. Which of the following are variations of the basic summing amplifier?
A
.

averaging amplifier

B
.

scaling amplifier

C
.