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..

Zemax

2006

78
3 4 220202
.
4 200700
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4 . 210300

3
131200 ; , 2006 (
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( 1).
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1. Zemax
1. ...3
2. .9
3. , 13
4. ,

16
5. ...22
6. ..25
7. ..27
8.
..31
2. Zemax
9. .39
10. .46
11. ..53

1. Zemax..60
2. Layout 64
3. Wavefront ..71
4. RMS ...74
5. Analysis/MTF.77

1.
: ,
, ,
, .
F/4 100 7
.
ZEMAX.
ZEMAX, Lens Data Editor
(LDE). LD .
: Radius (), Thickness () Glass () Semi-diameter
().
LDE .

.
. System
Wavelengths Ctrl-W.
"Wavelength Data". "Use"
. 2- 3-
. , .
"Wavelength" .
- 0.486, 0.587 0.656 1-, 2- 3- .
ZEMAX !
"Primary" .
,
. 0.486 .
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.
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System General Ctrl-G.
"General System Data".
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4). "Aper Value" 25.
ZEMAX "Entrance Pupil Diameter" (
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.
ZEMAX ,
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,
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:
- (OBJ),
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(IMA) Insert.
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. 2. ,
0. 1 (STO,
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.
25 ,
4 ; Thickness () 1 (
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,
, .
(+100, -100) .
. 100
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.
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1-1. ( )
. "EY",
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X. X, ,
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-
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,
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,
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solves "Marginal Ray Height";
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,
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96 . (
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2 2.
2 ""
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,
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, 100 ,
.
Editors
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Tools Default Merit Function
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(
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,
, , 100
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,
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, .
.

Merit
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"" "EFFL" Enter.
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Enter. "Weight" "1" .

, .
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Tools ()
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. Exit
.
.
, ,
100 , , -
. ZEMAX
100 ,
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.
200 ,
1-3

-
Analysis
Spot Diagrams ( ).
.
400 . ,
6 .


OPD.
,
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, 20 ,
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" ",
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.
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ZEMAX
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.
. ,
Analysis. Miscellaneous (). Chromatic Focal
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, . 1-5.
.

1540
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. -
.
,
File (), Save As ( ...). ZEMAX ,
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ZEMAX File, Exit.
. : ;
,
; , (OPD)
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2. .
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, .

, ( ),
.

. ,

.
. , :
100
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, ,
( Smith, Modern Optical Engineering).

ZEMAX, ,
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,
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, .
, (LDE) ,
. .
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,
. "Make
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7 SF1 , . ZEMAX ;
, .
(MFE)
, . ,
EFFL,
.
Tools, Optimization
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"Exit". , ,
(
, Analysis, Miscellaneous, Chromatic Focal Shift).
, . 2-1.

,

. , 74 (
1540 ).
, .
, ZEMAX,
Tools, Glass Catalogs ( ).
, "Exit".
, Update
( , Analysis. Fans, Ray Aberration.
. 2-2.

20 .
, . 200 .
,
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.

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LDE "Semi-Diameter" ()
1. 12.5 14. ZEMAX 12.5
"14.000000 U". "U" ,
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"U", Ctrl-Z SemiDiameter "Automatic".
System, Update . 14
, 28 . 14
2 3.
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!
, ;
. ,
.
.
, 3 .

, 1 .
.
"Edge Thickness" ( ) "Radial Height" ( ).
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.
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System, Update All.
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. .
( Tools, Optimization "Automatic").
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.
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, "Use" () 2 3
Y- 7 ( ) 10.
.
X ;
. .
System, Update All. , .
2-4.
, solves.

, . ,
.
, - .
.
Analysis, Miscellaneous, Field Curv/Dist ( / ).
, . 2-5.


, .
.
. ,
. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering.
. : ,
, , .

3. ,
.
: , , "Coordinate
breaks", . .

;
ZEMAX. ,
, .
,

, .
ZEMAX , ,
( File / New).
, F/5 1000 .
2000 200
. 1,
STO, -2000,0; ,
.
-1000; ,
.
"Glass" "MIRROR". System / General (
Ctrl-G) General System Data
200 (Aper Value). .
ZEMAX 0,55
0 ,
.
.
, .

(Analysis / Spot Diagrams / Standard CtrlS),


77.6 . -
.
Settings Spot Diagram "Show Scale" Airy Disk (
). . , 3-1.

,
77,6 . , ,
, (-1)
. "Conic" LDE 1 -1
Enter. System / Update All.


. .
, :
.

, . 45
.
,
. 200 ,
100 .
200 , 800
.
1, 800. Insert
, .
-200,
-1000.
Tools / Add Fold Mirror ( ),
"fold surface" 2 ( 2) .
LDE ( ).

, .

( , ),
, ,
Analysis / Layout / 3D Layout.

<, ^, >, Page Up Page Down .
. -2.
. ,
, . ,
, ,
. , .

-,
, "Insert" 1.
900.
"Standard" 1. Surface 1
"Circular Obscuration" ( ) "Aperture Type" (
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("Max Radius") 40 .

3D . , -
. -3. ,
Setting (first)
(last) 1 6 ( Reset),
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,
. "Coordinate breaks"


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ZEMAX.
. : ,
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4. ,
.
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; ,
.

. ,
. 10 (inches)
() 10 (
).

, LDE
STO. System / General 10
.
("Millimeters") ("Inches").
System / Wavelength
Wavelength Data 0,486; 0.587 0,656
0.587. :
"Select ->"

0 . LDE ,
.

;
( ).
. 2D (Analysis / Layout / 2D Layout)
. , . 4-1.


. ZEMAX
. LDE,
, .

,
-18.
.
20,
10.
4;
.
,
.

. . 4-2.

Editors / Merit Function ( )


.
Tools / Default Merit Function. "Reset",
"Rings" 5. . Rings ,
, ,
( ) 3.
Tools / Optimization.
"Automatic" 1,3.
. "Exit" System / Update AIl
41,83.
(OPD),
Analysis / Fans / Optical Path. OPD
, - . 4-3.

, 4%.
"Standard"
1. Surface Type
"Even Asphere".
, ,
; .
"4th Order Term" 1
Ctrl-Z.
. 6-
("6th Order Term") 8-o (8th Order Term") .

Tools / Optimization "Automatic".



ZEMAX
. Exit.
OPD: . 4-4. ,
. ,
;
. ,
.

, .
.
;
.

1 - (
).
1.
(Tools, Optimization, Automatic).
. Exit OPD.
, . 4-5.

, ,
!
.
System / Fields

. Y- 0.0, 0.3 0.5 .


OPD, , 1/2
. , .
,
! ! , ZEMAX

; , !
Tools / Default Merit Function (
ZEMAX
) "Rings"
"4" . . Tools / Optimization
"Automatic".
, Exit
OPD. . 4-6;
.

, .
(Modulation Transfer Function,
MTF),
( ).
MTF, Analysis / MTF / Modulation Transfer Function.
MTF , . 4-7

MTF .
MTF

.
, , .
,
. ,
. ,
, . ,
,
. LDE
1.
"Circular Aperture" ( ).
"Min Radius" ( ) 1.7. ,
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. "Max Radius" 6.

.
. ZEMAX
, . ,
, ,
. 3 Insert.
. ,
( 3) 0 20.
2 60 40.
60,
.
3 "Circular Obscuration"
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2.5 "Max Radius" ( ) .
3 2.5.
. , , .
4-8.
; .
.

MTF , (
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; . 4-9.

. : ,
, .

5. .
: ;

1.053 . 100 ,
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; 2) (
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.
,
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, .
"Glass" "Focal Length" ( ).
LDE
"Paraxial" "Standard".
. .


.
25.00. 100 1.053

( ).
,
. 250 #3. Editors.
Merit Function. Merit Function ,
"BLNK", ,
. "BLNK" "REAY".
Y-
, 5:1.
"5" "Srf #" ( ,
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"10" "Target";
20 . "Weight" 1.0.
Tools. Update; . "Value" () 50.
,
.
Tools Default Merit Function.
"Reset" "Start At" ( ...)
2. . Merit Function ,
2, REAY.
Tools, Optimization Automatic.
, Exit.
Analysis, Fans, Optical Path. OPD, . 5-1. ,
7 .

,
(ZEMAX

);

.
"Conic" 1

, Ctrl-Z.

Automatic.

. Exit
OPD.
,

, Ctrl-Z .
,
File, Save As ( ....).
MC1.ZMX . ,
- . ,
.
"Wavelength Data" (System. Wavelengths).
1.053 0.6328 . OPD.
- . -
.
.

2 (250 ) Tools,
Optimization
. Automatic. .
Exit OPD .
.
2. Ctrt-Z .
ZEMAX
. Editors. Multiconfiguration.
Edit. Insert Config
"WAVE".
"1" "Wavelength #" .
. 1.053 "Config 1" .6328 "Config 2".
Insert "Multi Configuration
Editor".
"THIC" (). "THIC"
() . 2 "Surface" (
) . 250 "Config 1" 250 "Config
2". , 2 ,
. 2 2
, Ctrl-Z.
"Merit Function Editor".
Tools, "Default Merit Function".
1 "Start At". , ()
. .
.
REAY , . ,
CONF () 1 Intl.
,
1. OPDX.
CONF OPDX.
REAY. "5" Int1 ( ,
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20 .
, CONF 1 .
CONF 2 ,
5'1 .

1, 2 4 .
.
1. (Tools. Optimization).
, (
, ).
Automatic .
, Exit.
"Config 1"
OPD. , 1.053 .
"Config 2" OPD ( .6328). . ,

. Ctrl-A.
.

, , ,
ZEMAX , .
. : ,
, .

6. .
: "coordinate breaks",
,
, .

"Add Fold Mirror",
"coordinate breaks" .
: 1) () .
.
"coordinate
breaks". 2) "coordinate breaks"
"".
File, New (
- ).
,
. Lens Data Editor (LDE) : OBJ (), STO
( ) IMA (), 0.1 2.
STO ,
"paraxial". ,
STO, 100, -
, .
System, General , 20 (
F/5). .
(Analysis, Layout. 3D Layout).
, .

; .

. 45
. , , 30
. :
coordinate break 45 ,

.
:
!
-
( )
Insert. 1 ( STO) 30.
Glass 3 "MIRROR" ().
4 ( ) -70. ,
,
.
. , ,
, ,
, 40 ;


, 45 , ""
2 4 "coordinate breaks"

"Coordinate Break".
( ) "Par 1", "Par
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. 3 4 ,
"Tilt About X" ( X).
(,
4) "iu" ( ....).
"From Surface" 2 "Scale Factor" 1.0.
, "coordinate break"
"coordinate break" ( 2). .
, "",
(Pickup).
2 45 "Tilt
About X". System Update All ( ),
, 6-1.
,
-

coordinate
break.
coordinate break ; ,
.
coordinate break
45
. ,

, .
,
45
,
. coordinate break, -,
45 , -, -70
. ,
.

, , Insert.
4 -70 -30, Glass
6 MIRROR 7, +40 (
). 5 7 "coordinate
break" "Tilt About X" 5 -45.
7 - "Pickup".
pickup 5 1. .
, . 6-2.


break-mirror-break
90 ,
. ,

pickup coordinate
break,
.
30 -60

5
, System.
Update All,
D-.
. :
, , .

7. .
(LMT),
.
: 6.00 ; 10;
20. 20.
NEW. , Lens data
editor ( LDE) ( ),

.

LDE, ( ) GEN.
.
UNITS (1), Lens Units (2)
Meters (3), .
Aperture (1). Aperture value 6 (
). OK.
LMT STO OBJ,
IMA STO. STO.
INSERT.
.
LDE .
3*, RADIUS (
) -20 (
).
:
Glass
SemiSurf:
Radius
Thickness
diameter
type
Obj
infinity
infinity
infinity
1*
infinity
0
6
sto
infinity
20
6
3
-20
-9
mirror
6
ima
infinity
0.1

Infinity (
). Glass ,
LMT , Mirror .
LAY(1),
(2). (3), ,
- 3* IMA, -
.
Zemax-EE ,
. ( ).
F6 (
), merit function editor (1).
TOOLS (2), Default merit function(3).

, ,
OK, . (
).
.
. ,
(1) (..) Curvature solve on surface
3 (2), select TYPE (3) VARIABLE (4),
FIXED.
, . .
TOOLS (1) (..)

OPTMIZATION (2).
(1):


AUTOMATIC (2).
( -).
EXIT.
LAYOUT (1)
(2), ~18.13 (3)

,
, .
, LMT
18,13 .

8.
.
: Zemax
. .
:
1)
() d = 4,2
2)
d = 1,21
3)
f = 10,5
4)
() d2 = 1
5)
46,2
. ZEMAX.
ZEMAX,
Lens Data Editor (LDE).
. LDE .
Radius (), Thickness () Glass ()
Semi-diameter () , -
.
LDE " ",
, .
,
.

. .
LDE.
.
. ,
, System (),
Wavelengths ( ).
"Wavelength Data".
ZEMAX :
,
. ,
"Wavelength",
0.6328; He-Ne , (
ZEMAX !)
"Weight" ,
, ,
, (RMS)
. 1.0.

.
,
. ,
LDE : ,
OBJ, ,
STO, , IMA.

: ,
, (
),
.
STO Insert .
, , STO
. 1.
. ,
0. 1, 2
( STO, ), 3 4
( IMA):

Radius,
. . Infinity
() , . 2
-21000, ,
( ,
). , .
3 -6000,
Solve Type Variable ():
,
, -6000 .
Thickness (),
.
. ,
,
. 8100
.
-8025, ( ,
).
,
, .
11000 (
). .
Glass ()
MIRROR (), :

,

Surf: Type. Surface Properties,
. (
Standard , ,
; ),
, .

Surface Color Row Color:

Semi-Diameter ().
605, 2100, 500,
, .. .

,
Conic ( ) -1 ( ),
-1,5 ( -1 ) Variable, ..
.

,
. , Surface
Properties STO, Aperture Aperture Type
Circular Aperture ( ).
605,
.
System\General\Aperture
Float By Stop Size ( ,
).
, .
Analysis\Layout\Shaded Model ( \ \ ) :

( ),
( Page Up Page Down) . ,
, , ..
.

.

.
: 1)
, ; 2)
; 3) .

, ,
, .
,
. ,
.
Zemax ,
.
, , ,
.
-
Editors\ Merit Function ( F6)
(Merit Function Editor) Default Merit
Function ( )
.
RMS (CK) -
"Root-Mean-Square" ( ).
RMS . RMS -
.

Default Merit Function Reset, OK.


Merit Function Editor , .
Insert .
, .
,
,
Type Operand EFFL:

Wave () Weight () 1, Target ()


46200 K.
Tools Update

Merit Function Editor ( )


Tools\Optimization\ Optimization .

Automatic Exit
.
.
Analysis.


3 : ,
:

9.
: ..
: 1) FAR ( ); 2) ZEMAX:
3D ;
;
(SPOT DIAGRAM);
(Diffraction);
(Interferogram);
3) FAR ( ).
: , , ,
.
:
1. FAR ( ).





Y


NAME LENS HAS NO TITLE.
UNIT CM
ENPD 40
XFLD 0
YFLD 0
WAVL 0.55
PWAV 1
:
SURF 0
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ INFINITY
SURF 1
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ 60
DIAM 0.00100000005
SURF 2
STOP
TYPE STANDARD
RADI -10
DISZ -5
GLAS MIRROR
DIAM 20
CONI -1
SURF 3
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ 0
PARABOLA.ZMX.
4 .
:
TYPE STANDARD
Standard ,
, ( ,
). , ,
(RADI), (DISZ) (GLAS).
DIAM .
DISZ (INFINITY
, ).
STOP - .

RADI (INFINITY ).
GLAS , .
GLAS MIRROR .
CONI .
2. ZEMAX.
File-Open- .

PARABOLA.ZMX, :

Analysis .
Layout

3D Layout
3D .
. 3D Layout Diagram Settings
.

First Surface Last Surface


.
Number of Rays , .
Wavelength .
Field
Rotation about X, Y, Z X, Y, Z.
,
:

, X, Y 3D Layout :

Spot Diagram

SPOT DIAGRAM. Spot Diagram


.
, ,
(square, hexapolar, dithered), (centroid), (middle)
(chief) , (spot density). Spot Diagram Settings
Spot Diagram.

Spot Diagram .
3 . Spot Diagram Settings, Surface 3
2.

Diffraction

Modulation Transfer Function (MTF)



. Diffraction Modulation Transfer Function (DMTF),
Diffraction Real Transfer Function (DRTF), Diffraction Imaginary Transfer Function (DITF),
Diffraction Phase Transfer Function (DPTF), and Square-Wave MTF (DSWM).

Miscellaneous
Interferogram
.

3. :
1. CONI SURF 2. , .
SPOT DIAGRAM.
2. DISZ SURF 2. .
3. , .
4. SURF 2 DIAM.
5. SURF 2 .
: FAR
.

10.
: .
: 1) FAR ( ); 2) ZEMAX:
3D ;
;
(SPOT DIAGRAM);
(Diffraction);
(Interferogram);
3) FAR ( ).
: , , , .
:
1. FAR ( ).

UNIT MM

ENPD 5

XFLD 0

YFLD 0

WAVL 0.45 0.475 0.5 0.525 0.55
Y
PWAV 3

NAME PRISM EXAMPLE

:
SURF 0
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ INFINITY
SURF 1
STOP
TYPE PARAXIAL
PARM 1 100
PARM 2 1
DISZ 5
SURF 2
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ 5
GLAS 800200
DIAM 12
SURF 3
TYPE COORDBRK
PARM 3 3
DISZ 0
GLAS 800200
SURF 4
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ 0
DIAM 12
SURF 5
TYPE COORDBRK
PARM 3 -5.36368942
VPAR 3
DISZ 91.8403453
SURF 6
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ 0
PRIZM.ZMX.
7 .
:
TYPE STANDARD
Standard ,
, ( ,
). , ,
(RADI), (DISZ) (GLAS).
TYPE PARAXIAL

PARAXIAL .
,
. .
.
TYPE COORDBRK
Type coordbrk . oordbrk ,
.
PARM 1 X. PARM 2
Y. PARM 3 . PARM 4
Y. PARM 5 Z.
, .
VPAR 3 .
DIAM .
DISZ (INFINITY
, ).
STOP - .
RADI (INFINITY ).
GLAS , .
DISZ, RADI, PARM 1-3, ,
.
2. ZEMAX.
File-Open- .

PRIZM.ZMX, :

Analysis .Layout

3D Layout. 3D .
. 3D Layout Diagram Settings
.

First Surface Last Surface


.
Number of Rays , .
Wavelength .
Field
Rotation about X, Y, Z X, Y, Z.
,
:

, X, Y 3D Layout
:

Spot Diagram

SPOT DIAGRAM. Spot Diagram


.
, ,
(square, hexapolar, dithered), (centroid),
(middle) (chief) , (spot density). Spot
Diagram Settings Spot Diagram.

Spot Diagram .
4 . Spot Diagram Settings, Surface 6
4.

Diffraction

Modulation Transfer Function (MTF)



. Diffraction Modulation Transfer Function
(DMTF), Diffraction Real Transfer Function (DRTF), Diffraction Imaginary Transfer Function
(DITF), Diffraction Phase Transfer Function (DPTF), and Square-Wave MTF (DSWM).

Miscellaneous
Interferogram
.

3. :
1. DISZ SURF 2. , .
SPOT DIAGRAM.
2. PARM 3 SURF 3.
. .
3. , .
4. COORDBRK SURF 1.
5. SURF 4 (RADI).
: FAR
.

11.

: .
: , , 2 ,
, .
: 1) FAR ( ); 2) ZEMAX:
3D ;
;
(SPOT DIAGRAM);
(Diffraction);
(Interferogram);
3) FAR ( ).
:
1. FAR ( ).
:




Y



NAME CASSEGRAIN RITCHEY-CHRETIEN
UNIT MM
ENPD 150
XFLD 0
YFLD 0
WAVL 0.6328
PWAV 1
:
SURF 0
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ 1e+10
SURF 1
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ 265
DIAM 26
OBSC 0 26
SURF 2
STOP
TYPE STANDARD
RADI -742.8572
DISZ -260
GLAS MIRROR
DIAM 78
CONI -1.046192
CLAP 30 1e+10
SURF 3
TYPE STANDARD
RADI -290.232796
DISZ 471.717084
GLAS MIRROR
CONI -2.915001
SURF 4
TYPE STANDARD
RADI -55.2296698
DISZ 7.5
GLAS SF11
DIAM 18
SURF 5
TYPE STANDARD
RADI -118.498104
DISZ 5
DIAM 18

SURF 6
TYPE STANDARD
RADI INFINITY
DISZ 0
CASSRC.ZMX.
7 .
:
TYPE STANDARD
Standard ,
, ( ,
). , ,
(RADI), (DISZ) (GLAS).
DIAM .
DISZ (INFINITY
, , 1+10 1010).
STOP - .
RADI (INFINITY ).
GLAS , .
GLAS MIRROR .
CONI .
CLAP min max . .
OBSC min max .
DISZ, RADI, CONI ,
.
2. ZEMAX.
ZEMAX.
File-Open- .

CASSRC.ZMX, :

Analysis . Layout

3D Layout. 3D .
.

First Surface Last Surface


. Number of Rays , . Wavelength
. Field . Rotation about X, Y, Z
X, Y, Z. ,
:

, X, Y 3D Layout :

Spot Diagram

SPOT DIAGRAM. Spot Diagram


.
, ,
(square, hexapolar, dithered), (centroid),
(middle) (chief) , (spot density).
Spot Diagram .
4 . Spot Diagram Settings, Surface 6 4.

Diffraction

Modulation Transfer Function (MTF)



. Diffraction Modulation Transfer Function
(DMTF), Diffraction Real Transfer Function (DRTF), Diffraction Imaginary Transfer Function
(DITF), Diffraction Phase Transfer Function (DPTF), and Square-Wave MTF (DSWM).
Miscellaneous

Interferogram
.
3. :
6. DISZ SURF 4. .
7. , .
8. CONI SURF 2,3. SPOT DIAGRAM.
9. SURF 2.
10. SURF 4,5 (RADI). ,
.
: FAR
.

1. Zemax.
Zemax. ZEMAX ,
. :
: ,
. ,
.
: :
(Lens Data Editor), (Merit Function Editor),
(Multi-Configuration Editor), (Tolerance Data
Editor), ZEMAX-EE , (Extra Data Editor)
(Non-Sequential Components Editor).
: ,
, MTF.
:
, .
. - .
, , ,
.
, , ,
.

( )
.
.
. . .
,
. :
(File): , (Open), (Close), (Save)
(Save as..) .
(Editors): .
(System):
.
(Analysis). "" ,
,
.

, , ,
..
(Tools). - ,
.
, ()
.
(Reports). , . ,
, ,
.
(Macros): , ZPL.
(Extensions):
ZEMAX ,
, ZEMAX.
(Window): , .
(l): .
,
. , Ctrl+Q Z.
(" ") .
Control+Tab. ,
ZEMAX.
.
. ,
.
(File), (Preferences), (Buttons).
.
1024x768
.
. , ,
(merit function).
, .
. - ( ),
.
" ". ( ) ,
- .
" " , , ,
. -
, .

, ,
ENTER , "" ,
ENTER , 12 17, "+5",
ENTER ('/"). ,
"", , .
, . ,
,
, "back space" F2. ,
"home" "end" ,
. , .
, ENTER
. "", ""
. "Tab" "Shift
.
, "escape".
"", "", "" ""
. CTRL
"", "", "" "",
. Tab Shift - .
"Page Up" "Page Down" . "Ctrl+Page
Up" "Ctrl+Page Down" . ""
"End"
, . CTRL+ home CTRL+end -
, .
.
, .
.
.
:
Update (, ) - ,
.
Settings ( ) - ,
.
Print () - .
Window () - :
Annotate: . " "".
Annotate:
Line () - . Text () -
. Box () - .
Edit () -
. Copy Clipboard ( ) -
Windows. . .
Export () - Windows Metafile, BMP
JPG - . Lock Window ( ). ,
"" , .
, , .
.
, (update), , ,
, ,
. ,
. , ,
.

Clone () - ,
. ,
.
, ,
,
.
Aspect Ratio ( -) - 3x4
()- , 3 5, 4 3, 5x3.
"Graphics", "File",
"Preferences".
Active Cursor ( ) - (
) , .
XY-, .
, 3- , - 3-
. ,
, , .
. "",
, .
, ,
.
Configuration () -
, . "", .. .
, 3D-layout, Report Graphics Spot Diagrams,
.
Overlay - ;
.
, .
Text () - .
.
Zoom ( ) -
. . . Zoom: In: 2 Out:
2 .
Last: . Unzoom:
. :

"Update".
"Settings".
"".
, .
- "Annotate" , "Line", "Text",
"Box". , , "Line",
, ,
, .
. , , "Annotate", "Text".
. , "",
, .
,
, ,
"Annotate", "Edit". ,
. (checkbox)
.

, , .
, , Ctrl +Enter.
, :
"" angle fontx fonty
"TEXT1 , ,
, "angle", ,
fontx fonty. ,
= 0.0, = 100.0, - =
0.0, - = 100.0. , fontx
fonty - . , fontx, forty
, , .
LINE xl yl 2 2
LINE 1, 1 2, 2. -
TEXT.
BOX xl yl x2 y2
BOX 1, 1 2, 2.
- TEXT.
ELLIPSE rx ry
ELLIPSE , , .
, r , , .
:
. Cancel ():
. Save (): " ",
. .
Load (): "". , ,
, .
Reset (): . Help ():
.

2. Layout .

.
Wireframe: .

Solid Model: .

DXF File: DXF ,


. , Export As DXF
File. , . Export As DXF File:
, DXF ,

, . () " DXF
". DXF 3-D ,
,
DXF .
Draw Section: "Full", . 3/4,
1/2, 1/4 , ,
:

1/4:

Radial Segs: ,
. , ,
. Radial Segs 4:

Angular Segs: , .
, .

Shaded
Model:
, OpenGL .

Solid
Model,

, :

Element Drawing: ,

.

Surface: ,
, 2:

Show as: "Surface", "Singlet" "Doublet".


Doublet: Note File Name: ,
ASCII, ,
.
2, 1
.
Edit Note File: ,
.
Rad n Tol: (1,2, 3) , .
Pow/Irr n: / (1,2, 3) .
Clear Ap n: n.
.
Thick n Tol: n.
1 %.
Scale Factor: , "Fill
Frame " ,
, .
, ""
. , 0.5
:

Title ,
. - .
() () -
.

Drawing Name:
Approved: Revision: Drawn By: Project:
Note Font Size: Standard, Medium, Small, Fine .
, ,
.
.

3. Wavefront .


: () .

, .
32x32, 64x64, ..
.
,
; 0, 90, 180, 270 .

,
,
. ,
, , .

, .

, .

. ,

,
.
, ,

.

, ,
, .

, ,
.
: .

X-Tilt
Y-Tilt
1
2

, .
32x32, 64x64, .. ,
.
OPD.
(
).
, ,
.
, .
, .
, x-
.
, -
.
. . .
. . .

:
, , 1 2.
( OPD) ,
, x y ,
.
OPD ,
, OPD, .
,
,
.
:
- ;
, .
- ; OPD
, ,
, .

: .

, .

32x32, 64x64, ..
, .

.

, , ,
, .

, .

, .
/
, ,
, .

, ,
, .
;
x.
.
,
.


X/Y
X/Y

, X Y ,
X Y .
,
, ,
. .

. ZEMAX--
.
bitmap
X Y shadowgram
shadowgram. , X
0.25
25 % .
X Y shadowgram
shadowgram.

:
X-, Y-
; shadowgram
.
, PSF FFT ;
,
shadowgram
, shadowgram .
shadowgram .
shadowgram . ZEMAX

shadowgrams, ,
FOUC , Optimization . .
shadowgram,
, .
x/y x/y
.

4. RMS .
( )

RMS , x, y ,
, Strehl .
Settings:

Ray Density ( ): ,
, .
, , .
- , .
.
Field Density ( ): -
, , RMS
, . 100
.
Max Scale ( ):
. .
Method (): .
, ,
. ,
.
Wavelength ( ): ,
, , .
Data (): , , x , y- , Strehl .
Refer To ( ): .
,
. ,
. .
,
.
Orientation (): +y, -y, +x, -x .
,
.
Use Dashes ( Dashes):
, .
Show Diff Limit ( ): ,
, ,
. RMS , x, y; , 1.22
F , . -
; "
" .

Use
polarization
(
):

,
..
.

RMS , x, y , RMS ,
Strehl .

: RMS (), x, y , RMS


, Strehl .

5. Analysis/MTF
Analisys/MTF:
1. Modulation Transfer Function ( )
:
.
(DMTF), MTF (DRTF), MTF (DITF),

(DPTF)

MTF(DSWM).
Sampling (). , OPD .
32x32, 64x64, . ,
.
Show Diff Limit ( ). :
.
Max
Frequency
(
).

( ), .
Wavelength ( ). , .
Field (). , .
(). , , , ,
.
Use Polarization ( ). ,
,
. ZEMAX-EE
.
2. Through Focus MTF (MTF )
: ,
,
.
(DMTF), MTF (DRTF), MTF (DITF),
(DPTF)
MTF(DSWM) , .
Sampling (). , OPD .
32x32, 64x64, . ,
.
Delta Focus ( ). .
Frequency (). ( ),
.
# Steps (). ,
MTF. .
.
Wavelength ( ). , .
3. Surface MTF ( MTF)
:
, , .

.

Rotation (). ,
; 0, 90, 180 270 .
Scale (). -
, .
, .
, , ,
.
Show As (). , , ,
.
4. MTF vs. Field (MTF vs. )
:
.
5. Geometric Transfer Function ( )
: ,
,
.
Mult by Diff Limit ( ). ,

,
. .
6. Through Focus GMTF (GMTF . )
: ,
,
.
Delta Focus ( ). .
# Steps (). , MTF.
.
.