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abril 2012

Arkenglish.net
taciana@laredotorres.com

miesvan

LESSON 1
House
Flat or Apartment (American english)
Room
Furniture
(Electrical) Appliances
Living room
Sofa
Coffee table
Cupboard
Shelf
Lamp
Fireplace
Bed room
Bed
Bedside table
Wardrobe
Dinning room
Table
Chair
Kitchen
Worktop
Sink
Hob
Oven
(Kitchen) Extractor
Fridge
Cupboard
Bathroom
Toilet
Wash basin
Bidet
Bath
Shower
Urinal
(Bathroom) cabinet
Tap
Mirror
Utility room
Washing machine
Corridor

inside your house


casa
piso o apartamento
habitacin/estancia
mobiliario
electrodomsticos
sala de estar
sof
mesa de centro
armario
estantera
lmpara
chimenea
dormitorio
cama
mesilla de noche
armario para ropa
comedor
mesa
silla
cocina
encimera
fregadero
fuegos/vitro
horno
extractor
frigorfico/nevera
armario/alacena
bao
retrete/inodoro
lavabo
bid
baera
ducha
urinario
armario de bao
grifo
espejo
sala de planchar/lavadero
lavadora
pasillo

abril 2012

LESSON 2

the building exterior

Block
manzana
Plot
parcela
Detached House
unifamiliar aislada/chalet
Garden
jardn
Swimming pool
piscina
Garage
garaje
Fence
vallado
Streets
calles
Pavement
acera
Road
calzada
Streetlights
farolas
Block of flats
bloque de apartamentos
Floors
pisos
Floor
suelo
Ceiling
techo
Ground floor
planta baja
Basement
stano
Top floor
ltimo piso
(Roof) Terrace
terraza/azotea
Roof
tejado
First floor
planta primera (britnico)
Second floor
planta primera (Americano)
Storey
nmero de pisos/altura
Facade
fachada
Door
puerta
Front door
puerta principal
(door) handle
maneta/pomo de la puerta
Window
ventana
(window) handle
maneta/pomo de la ventana
To control the amount of light or privacy
Blind
persiana
Shutter
contraventana
Curtain
cortina
Parts of the window
Sill
alfeizar/albardilla
Lintel
dintel
Frame
marco
Balcony
balcn
Roof
Pitched roof
Ridge
Eaves
Flat roof
Skylight
Chimney

tejado
Tejado inclinado
cumbrera
aleros
Cubierta plana
Claraboya/lucernario
Chimenea

abril 2012

LESSON 3
construction
Building structure
Structure
Load
Force
Self-weight
Walls
Partition
5 types of stress
Compression
Tension
Bending (compression + tension)
Torsion
Shear
Elements that forms the structure
Columns
Load-bearing walls
Beams
Joists
Slab
Foundation
Ground
Retaining wall
Arch
(Barrel) Vault
Dome
Corbel
Truss
Construction elements
Structure
Steel section
Steel
Bolt
Weld
Reinforced concrete
Concrete
Water
Sand
Cement
Gravel
Rebar (reinforcing bar)
Formwork
Timber
Walls & partitions
Bricks
Clay
(Concrete) Blocks
Mortar
Water + sand + cement
Drywall

structure an
estructura del edificio
estructura
carga, elemento estructural...
fuerza
peso propio
paredes
tabique
compresin
tensin
flecha
torsin
cortante
pilar
muro de carga
vigas
viguetas
forjado
cimentacin
terreno
muro de contencin
arco
vbeda
cpula
mnsula
cercha
elementos de contruccin
perfil metlico
acero
tornillo/perno
soldadura
hormign armado
hormign
agua
arena
cemento
grava
redondos corrugados/barras
encofrado
madera estructural
ladrillos
arcilla
bloques de hormign
mortero
tabique seco/pladur

abril 2012

LESSON 4

finishes - the site

Finishes
Roof tile
Ceramic tile
Ceramic
Slate (tile)
Flooring
Floor tile
Ceramic
Cement
Stone
Marble
Granit
Sandstone
Slate
Parquet
Carpet
Plaster
Render
(Coats of) Paint
Wall tiles
Wallpaper
Skirting
Varnish

acabados
teja
teja ceramic
made of clay/hecho de arcilla
pizarra
pavimento
pieza de suelo

The building site/Health and Safety


Site
(safety) Helmet
(safety) boots
Safety vest
First aid kit
Site Office
Machines
Dumper
Digger
To excavate
Concrete mixer
Crane
Rubble
Skip
Scaffold
Ladder
Tools
Props
Tape measure
Spirit Level

La obra/Seguridad y Salud
solar/obra
casco de seguridad
botas de seguridad
chaleco de seguridad
botiqun/kit de primeros auxilios
caseta de obra
mquinas
dumper
excavadora
excavar
hormigonera
gra
escombros
contenedor (para escombros)
andamio
escalera de mano
herramientas
puntales
cinta mtrica
nivel

mrmol
granito
terrazo
pizarra
parquet
moqueta
yeso
enfoscado
manos de pintura
azulejos
papel pintado
rodapi
barnizado/barniz

abril 2012

LESSON 5
sustainability
Building services
Electrics
Switch
Socket
Wire
(Light) Bulb
Spot light
Plumbing
Pipe
Gas installation
Boiler
Heating system
Boiler
Radiator
Drainage (system)
Gutter
Rainwater pipe
Foul water pipe
Septic tank
Sewer (network)
Ventilation (system)
Air conditioning (system)
(Air) Duct
(Air) Grill
False ceiling
Fire protection system
Smoke detector
(Fire) Extinguisher
Fire Hose
(Fire) Sprinkler
Emergency lights
Fire door
Lightning conductor
Television antenna
Satellite dish
Energy efficiency
Sustainable architecture
Solar panel
Geothermal energy
Thermal insulation

services and
instalaciones del edificio
electricidad
interruptor
enchufe
cable
bombilla
punto de luz
fontanera
tubera
instalacin de gas
caldera
calefaccin
caldera
radiador
saneamiento
canaln
bajante exterior
bajante interior
fosa sptica
red de saneamiento
sistema de ventilacin
sistema de acondicionamiento de aire
conducto de aire
rejilla de aire
falso techo
Sistema de proteccin contra incendios
Detector de humo
Extintor
Manguera de incendios
aspersor
luces de emergencia
puerta cortafuegos
pararrayos
antena de televisin
parablica
eficiencia energtica
arquitectura sostenible
placa solar
energa geotrmica
aislamiento trmico

abril 2012

LESSON 6
construction flaws

movement

Movement & accessibility


Vertical transport
Staircase
Step
Handrail
Railing (or balustrade)
Escalator
Lift
Elevator

movimiento y accesibilidad en el edificio


circulaciones verticals
escaleras/caja de escaleras
escaln
(or banister)
pasamanos
barrotes/barandilla
escalera mecnica
ascensor (britnico)
ascensor (americano)

Wheelchair
Ramp
Slope
Accessible
Disabled person

silla de ruedas
rampa
pendiente
accesible
persona con discapacidad

Construction flaws
construccin
Flaw

patologas/defectos de
patologa

Structure relationed
(To) Deform (the structure)
Crack
Expansion joint
Buckling
Settlement
(to) Collapse

deformar (estructura)
grieta
junta de dilatacin
pandeo/deformacin en un pilar
asiento estructural
colapso (estructural)

Caused by water
Leak
Damp
Waterproofing
Blocked pipe
Corrosion
Rust
Rust proof (paint)
Rot
Woodworm
Termites
Flaking
Spalling

gotera
humedad
impermeabilizacin
tubera atascada
corrosion
herrumbre
minio/pintura antioxidante
pudrirse (madera)
carcoma
termitas
desconchones escamas
desprendimiento de los revestimientos

Things we can do
(to) Repair
(to) Restore
(to) Reinforce
(to) Demolish

reparar
restaurar
reforzar
demoler

abril 2012

LESSON 7
Design of a building
Client
Architect
Fee
Draughtsman
Draftsman
Structural engineer
Building services engineer
Surveyor
Geotechnical (enginner)
Quantity surveyor
Consultants
Interior designer
Landscape architect
Town planner
Construction
Contractor
Quote (or tender)
Budget
Workmen
Builder
Painter
Electrician
Plumber
Carpenter
Carpentry
Site architect
Project manager
Programme (or schedule)
Deadline
Health and Safety manager

who is who

cliente
arquitecto
honorarios
delineante (Britnico)
delineante (Americano)
Ingeniero de estructuras/calculista
Ingeniero de instalaciones/Ingeniero industrial
topgrafo
geotcnico
el que hace las mediciones
expertos en otras materias
diseador de interiors
arquitecto paisajista
urbanista
contratista
presupuesto del contratista
presupuesto diponible del cliente
obreros
albail
pintor
electricista
fontanero
carpintero
carpintera
jefe de obra
project manager
planning/ calendario
fecha lmite
Coordinador de Seguridad y Salud

abril 2012

LESSON 8

your work place

Inside the office


Office (or studio)
Reception
Reception desk
Waiting room
Meeting room
Archive
Bookcase

oficina (o estudio)
recepcin
mostrador de recepcin
sala de espera
sala de reunions
archive
estantera para libros

Work place
Desk
Laptop (or computer)
Filing cabinet
Propelling pencil
Scale (rule)
Set square
Printer
Plotter

puesto de trabajo/mesa/pupitre
ordenador
archivador/cajonera
portaminas
escalmetro
escuadras
impresora
plotter (gran formato)

Project documents and drawings


Drawings
Sketch
Plan (or blueprint)
Floor plan
Elevation
Section
Detail
Perspective
Location (plan)
Scale
Dimension
Area
Level
Contour lines
Model
Written documents
Specifications
(Building) regulations (or codes)
Bill of quantities
Chapters
Item
Quantity

croquis/boceto
plano
planta
alzado
seccin
detalle
perspectiva
plano de situacin/plano de emplazamiento
escala
cotas
areas o superficies
nivel (cotas de nivel)
lneas de nivel
maqueta
memoria
normativas
mediciones
captulos
partida/elemento
medicin

(Building) License (or permit)

licencia de obras

Extension
Refurbishment

Ampliacin
Redistribucin