You are on page 1of 35

Comprehensive Exam

1-Enalapril maleate (Vasotec) is prescribed for a hospitalized client. Which assessment does the
nurse perform as a priority before administering the medication?
A. Checking the client's blood pressure Correct
B. Checking the client's peripheral pulses
C. Checking the most recent potassium level
D. Checking the client's intake-and-output record for the last 24 hours
A client is scheduled to undergo an upper gastrointestinal (GI) series, and the nurse provides
instructions to the client about the test. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further
instruction?
A. "The test will take about 30 minutes."
B. "I need to fast for 8 hours before the test."
C. "I need to drink citrate of magnesia the night before the test and give myself a Fleet enema on
the morning of the test." Correct
D. "I need to take a laxative after the test is completed, because the liquid that Ill have to drink for
the test can be constipating."

2-A nurse on the evening shift checks a physician's prescriptions and notes that the dose of a
prescribed medication is higher than the normal dose. The nurse calls the physician's answering
service and is told that the physician is off for the night and will be available in the morning. The
nurse should:
A. Call the nursing supervisor
B. Ask the answering service to contact the on-call physician Correct
C. Withhold the medication until the physician can be reached in the morning
D. Administer the medication but consult the physician when he becomes available

4.
An emergency department (ED) nurse is monitoring a client with suspected acute myocardial
infarction (MI) who is awaiting transfer to the coronary intensive care unit. The nurse notes the
sudden onset of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) on the monitor, checks the client's carotid
pulse, and determines that the PVCs are not resulting in perfusion. The appropriate action by the
nurse is:
A. Documenting the findings
B. Asking the ED physician to check the client Correct
C. Continuing to monitor the client's cardiac status
D. Informing the client that PVCs are expected after an MI

5.
NPO status is imposed 8 hours before the procedure on a client scheduled to undergo
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) at 1 p.m. On the morning of the procedure, the nurse checks the
client's record and notes that the client routinely takes an oral antihypertensive medication each
morning. The nurse should:
A. Administer the antihypertensive with a small sip of water Correct
B. Withhold the antihypertensive and administer it at bedtime
C. Administer the medication by way of the intravenous (IV) route
D. Hold the antihypertensive and resume its administration on the day after the ECT
6 A client who recently underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery comes to the physician's
office for a follow-up visit. On assessment, the client tells the nurse that he is feeling depressed.
Which response by the nurse is therapeutic?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"Tell me more about what youre feeling." Correct


"Thats a normal response after this type of surgery."
"It will take time, but, I promise you, you will get over this depression."
"Every client who has this surgery feels the same way for about a month."

7 A client in labor experiences spontaneous rupture of the membranes. The nurse immediately
counts the fetal heart rate (FHR) for 1 full minute and then checks the amniotic fluid. The nurse notes
that the fluid is yellow and has a strong odor. Which of the following actions should be the nurses
priority?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Contacting the physician Correct


Documenting the findings
Checking the fluid for protein
Continuing to monitor the client and the FHR

8 A nurse has assisted a physician in inserting a central venous access device into a client with a
diagnosis of severe malnutrition who will be receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). After insertion of the
catheter, the nurse immediately plans to:

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Call the radiography department to obtain a chest x-ray Correct


Check the client's blood glucose level to serve as a baseline measurement
Hang the prescribed bag of PN and start the infusion at the prescribed rate
Infuse normal saline solution through the catheter at a rate of 100 mL/hr to maintain patency

9 A rape victim being treated in the emergency department says to the nurse, "Im really worried that
Ive got HIV now." What is the appropriate response by the nurse?

A. "HIV is rarely an issue in rape victims."


B. "Every rape victim is concerned about HIV."
C. "Youre more likely to get pregnant than to contract HIV."
D. "Let's talk about the information that you need to determine your risk of contracting HIV." Correct
10 A client is taking prescribed ibuprofen (Motrin), 300 mg orally four times daily, to relieve joint pain
resulting from rheumatoid arthritis. The client tells the nurse that the medication is causing nausea
and indigestion. The nurse should tell the client to:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Contact the physician


Stop taking the medication
Take the medication with food Correct
Take the medication twice a day instead of four times

11 A client's oral intake of liquids includes 120 mL on the night shift, 800 mL on the day shift, and
650 mL on the evening shift. The client is receiving an intravenous (IV) antibiotic every 12 hours,
diluted in 50 mL of normal saline solution. The nurse empties 700 mL of urine from the client's Foley
catheter at the end of the day shift. Thereafter, 500 mL of urine is emptied at the end of the evening
shift and 325 mL at the end of the night shift. Nasogastric tube drainage totals 155 mL for the 24hour period, and the total drainage from the Jackson-Pratt device is 175 mL. What is the client's total
intake during the 24-hour period? Type your answer in the space provided.
Answer: ________mL
Correct Responses: "1670"
12 Lorazepam (Ativan) 1 mg by way of intravenous (IV) injection (IV push) is prescribed for a client
for the management of anxiety. The nurse prepares the medication as prescribed and administers
the medication over a period of:

A.
B.
C.
D.

3 minutes Correct
10 seconds
15 seconds
30 minutes

13 A nurse, conducting an assessment of a client being seen in the clinic for symptoms of a sinus
infection, asks the client about medications that he is taking. The client tells the nurse that he is
taking nefazodone hydrochloride (Serzone). On the basis of this information, the nurse determines
that the client most likely has a history of:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Depression Correct
Diabetes mellitus
Hyperthyroidism
Coronary artery disease

14 Phenelzine sulfate (Nardil) is prescribed for a client with depression. The nurse provides
information to the client about the adverse effects of the medication and tells the client to contact the
physician immediately if she experiences:
A. Dry mouth
B. Restlessness
C. Feelings of depression
D. Neck stiffness or soreness Correct
15 Risperidone (Risperdal) is prescribed for a client hospitalized in the mental health unit for the

treatment of a psychotic disorder. Which finding in the clients medical record would prompt the nurse
to contact the prescribing physician before administering the medication?

A.
B.
C.
D.

The client has a history of cataracts.


The client has a history of hypothyroidism.
The client takes a prescribed antihypertensive. Correct
The client is allergic to acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).

16 A client who has been undergoing long-term therapy with an antipsychotic medication is admitted
to the inpatient mental health unit. Which of the following findings does the nurse, knowing that longterm use of an antipsychotic medication can cause tardive dyskinesia, monitor in the client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Fever
Diarrhea
Hypertension
Tongue protrusion Correct

17 A nurse is reviewing the record of a client scheduled for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Which

of the following diagnoses, if noted on the client's record, would indicate a need to contact the
physician who is scheduled to perform the ECT?

A. Recent stroke Correct


B. Hypothyroidism

C. History of glaucoma
D. Peripheral vascular disease

18 A client scheduled for suprapubic prostatectomy has listened to the surgeon's explanation of the
surgery. The client later asks the nurse to explain again how the prostate is going to be removed.
The nurse tells the client that the prostate will be removed through:

A.
B.
C.
D.

A lower abdominal incision Correct


An upper abdominal incision
An incision made in the perineal area
The urethra, with the use of a cutting wire

19 A nurse is preparing a poster for a health fair booth promoting primary prevention of skin cancer.
Which of the following recommendations does the nurse include on the poster? Select all that
apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Seek medical advice if you find a skin lesion. Correct


Use sunscreen with a low sun protection factor (SPF).
Avoid sun exposure before 10 a.m. and after 4 p.m.
Wear a hat, opaque clothing, and sunglasses when out in the sun. Correct
Examine the body every 6 months for possibly cancerous or precancerous lesions.

20 A nurse reviewing the medical record of a client with a diagnosis of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of
the breast notes documentation of the presence of peau d'orange skin. On the basis of this notation,
which finding would the nurse expect to note on assessment of the clients breast?

A.

B.

Correct

C.

D.

21 The mother of an adolescent with type 1 diabetes mellitus tells the nurse that her child is a
member of the school soccer team and expresses concern about her child's participation in sports.
The nurse, after providing information to the mother about diet, exercise, insulin, and blood glucose
control, tells the mother:

A. To always administer less insulin on the days of soccer games


B. That it is best not to encourage the child to participate in sports activities
C. That the child should eat a carbohydrate snack about a half-hour before each soccer
game Correct
D. To administer additional insulin before a soccer game if the blood glucose level is 240 mg/dL or
higher and ketones are present

22 A client with chronic renal failure who will require dialysis three times a week for the rest of his life
says to the nurse, "Why should I even bother to watch what I eat and drink? It doesn't really matter
what I do if Im never going to get better!" On the basis of the client's statement, the nurse
determines that the client is experiencing which problem?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Anxiety
Powerlessness Correct
Ineffective coping
Disturbed body image

23 A nurse is providing morning care to a client in end-stage renal failure. The client is reluctant to
talk and shows little interest in participating in hygiene care. Which statement by the nurse would be
therapeutic?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"What are your feelings right now?" Correct


"Why don't you feel like washing up?"
"You arent talking today. Cat got your tongue?"
"You need to get yourself cleaned up. You have company coming today."

24 Empyema develops in a client with an infected pleural effusion, and the nurse prepares the client
for thoracentesis. What characteristics of the fluid removed during thoracentesis should the nurse,
assisting the physician with the procedure, expect to note?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Clear and yellow


Thick and opaque Correct
White and odorless
Clear, with a foul odor

25 An emergency department nurse is told that a client with carbon monoxide poisoning resulting
from a suicide attempt is being brought to the hospital by emergency medical services. Which
intervention will the nurse carry out as a priority upon arrival of the client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Administering 100% oxygen Correct


Having a crisis counselor available
Instituting suicide precautions for the client
Obtaining blood for determination of the clients carboxyhemoglobin level

26 A nurse is caring for a client with sarcoidosis. The client is upset because he has missed work
and worried about how he will care financially for his wife and three small children. On the basis of
the client's concern, which problem does the nurse identify?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Anxiety Correct
Powerlessness
Disruption of thought processes
Inability to maintain health

27 A nurse, performing an assessment of a client who has been admitted to the hospital with
suspected silicosis, is gathering both subjective and objective data. Which question by the nurse
would elicit data specific to the cause of this disorder?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"Do you chew tobacco?"


"Do you smoke cigarettes?"
"Have you ever worked in a mine?" Correct
"Are you frequently exposed to paint products?"

28 A physician prescribes a dose of morphine sulfate 2.5 mg stat to be administered intravenously to


a client in pain. The nurse preparing the medication notes that the label on the vial of morphine
sulfate solution for injection reads 4 mg/mL. How many milliliters (mL) must the nurse draw into a
syringe for administration to the client? Type the answer in the space provided.
Answer: _____mL
Incorrect

Correct Responses: "1, .625, 0.625"


29 A client undergoing therapy with carbidopa/levodopa (Sinemet) calls the nurse at the clinic and
reports that his urine has become darker since he started taking the medication. The nurse should
tell the client:

A.
B.
C.
D.

To call his physician


That he needs to drink more fluids
That this is an occasional side effect of the medication Correct
That this may be a sign of developing toxicity of the medication

30 A client with myasthenia gravis is taking neostigmine bromide (Prostigmin). The nurse determines
that the client is gaining a therapeutic effect from the medication after noting:

A. Bradycardia
B. Increased heart rate
C. Decreased blood pressure

D. Improved swallowing function Correct


31 A nurse is assessing a client who has been taking amantadine hydrochloride (Symmetrel) for the
treatment of Parkinson's disease. Which finding from the history and physical examination would
cause the nurse to determine that the client may be experiencing an adverse effect of the
medication?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Insomnia
Rigidity and akinesia
Bilateral lung wheezes Correct
Orthostatic hypotension

32 A nurse who will be staffing a booth at a health fair is preparing pamphlets containing information
regarding the risk factors for osteoporosis. Which of the following risk factors does the nurse include
in the pamphlet?Select all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Smoking Correct
A high-calcium diet
High alcohol intake Correct
White or Asian ethnicity Correct
Participation in physical activities that promote flexibility and muscle strength

33 A nurse is providing instruction to a client with osteoporosis regarding appropriate foods to


include in the diet. The nurse tells the client that one food item high in calcium is:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Corn
Cocoa
Peaches
Sardines Correct

34 A nurse is providing information to a client with acute gout about home care. Which of the
following measures does the nurse tell the client to take? Select all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Drinking 2 to 3 L of fluid each day Correct


Applying heat packs to the affected joint
Resting and immobilizing the affected area Correct
Consuming foods high in purines
Performing range-of-motion exercise to the affected joint three times a day

35 A nurse is gathering subjective and objective data from a client with suspected rheumatoid
arthritis (RA). Which early manifestations of RA would the nurse expect to note? Select all that
apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Fatigue Correct
Anemia
Weight loss
Low-grade fever Correct
Joint deformities

36 A nurse is reviewing the medical record of a client with a suspected systemic lupus
erythematosus (SLE). Which manifestations of SLE would the nurse expect to find noted in the
clients medical record? Select all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Fever Correct
Vasculitis Correct
Weight gain
Increased energy
Abdominal pain Correct

37 A nurse is providing dietary instructions to a client who is taking tranylcypromine sulfate (Parnate).
Which of the following foods does the nurse tell the client to avoid while she is taking this
medication? Select all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.

Beer Correct
Apples
Yogurt Correct
Baked haddock
Pickled herring Correct
Roasted fresh potatoes

38 The blood serum level of imipramine is determined in a client who is being treated for depression
with Tofranil-PM. The laboratory test indicates a concentration of 250 ng/mL. On the basis of this
result, the nurse should:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Contact the physician


Hold the next dose of imipramine
Document the laboratory result in the client's record Correct
Have another blood sample drawn and ask the laboratory to recheck the imipramine level

39 A nurse provides instructions to a client who has been prescribed lithium carbonate (Lithobid) for
the treatment of bipolar disorder. Which of these statements by the client indicate a need for further
instruction? Select all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

"I need to avoid salt in my diet." Correct


"Its fine to take any over-the-counter medication with the lithium." Correct
"I need to come back the clinic to have my lithium blood level checked."
" I should drink 2 to 3 quarts of liquid every day."
Diarrhea and muscle weakness are to be expected, and if these occur I dont need to be
concerned. Correct

40 A client who is taking lithium carbonate (Lithobid) complains of mild nausea, voiding in large

volumes, and thirst. On assessment, the nurse notes that the client is complaining of mild thirst. On
the basis of these findings, the nurse should:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Contact the physician


Document the findings Correct
Institute seizure precautions
Have a blood specimen drawn immediately for serum lithium testing

41 A client with agoraphobia will undergo systematic desensitization through graduated exposure. In
explaining the treatment to the client, the nurse tells the client that this technique involves:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Having the client perform a healthy coping behavior


Having the client perform a ritualistic or compulsive behavior
Providing a high degree of exposure of the client to the stimulus that the client finds undesirable
Gradually introducing the client to a phobic object or situation in a predetermined sequence of
least to most frightening Correct

42 A nurse is caring for a client who has just undergone esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). The

client says to the nurse, "Im really thirsty may I have something to drink?" Before giving the client
a drink, the nurse should:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Check the client's vital signs


Check for the presence of a gag reflex Correct
Assess the client for the presence of bowel sounds
Ask the client to gargle with a warm saline solution

43 A nurse is developing a plan of care for a pregnant client with sickle-cell disease. Which concern
does the nurse recognize as the priority?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Inability to cope
Decreased nutrition
Decreased fluid volume Correct
Inability to tolerate activity

44 A nurse is preparing a pregnant client in the third trimester for an amniocentesis. The nurse
explains to the client that amniocentesis is often performed during the third trimester to determine:

A.
B.
C.
D.

The sex of the fetus


Genetic characteristics
An accurate age for the fetus
The degree of fetal lung maturity Correct

45 A nurse provides instruction to a pregnant woman about foods containing folic acid. Which of
these foods does the nurse tell the client to consume as sources of folic acid? Select all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.

Bananas
Potatoes
Spinach Correct
Legumes Correct
Whole grains Correct
Milk products

46 A nurse caring for a client with preeclampsia prepares for the administration of an intravenous
infusion of magnesium sulfate. Which of the following substances does the nurse ensure is available
at the client's bedside?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Vitamin K
Protamine sulfate
Potassium chloride
Calcium gluconate Correct

47 A nurse is monitoring a client receiving terbutaline (Brethine) by intravenous infusion to stop


preterm labor. The nurse notes that the client's heart rate is 120 beats/min and that the fetal heart
rate is 170 beats/min. The appropriate action by the nurse is:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Contacting the physician Correct


Documenting the findings
Continuing to monitor the client
Increasing the rate of the infusion

48 A nurse provides home care instructions to a client with mild preeclampsia. The nurse tells the
client that:

A. Sodium intake is restricted


B. Fluid intake must be limited to 1 quart each day
C. Urine output must be measured and that the physician should be notified if output is less than
500 mL in a 24-hour period Correct

D. Urinary protein must be measured and that the physician should be notified if the results
indicate a trace amount of protein

49 A nurse is monitoring a hospitalized client who is being treated for preeclampsia. Which items of
the following information elicited during the assessment indicate that the condition has not yet
resolved? Type the option number that is the correct answer.
Answer: __ Correct Responses: "1"____
Nursing Progress Notes
1. Hyperreflexia is present.
2. Urinary protein is not detectable.
3. Urine output is 45 mL/hr.
4. Blood pressure is 128/78 mm Hg.

50 A nurse is caring for a client who sustained a missed abortion during the second trimester of
pregnancy. For which finding indicating the need for further evaluation does the nurse monitor the
client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Spontaneous bruising Correct


Decrease in uterine size
Urine output of 30 mL/hr
Brownish vaginal discharge

51 A client is receiving an intravenous infusion of oxytocin (Pitocin) to stimulate labor. The nurse
monitoring the client notes uterine hypertonicity and immediately:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Stops the oxytocin infusion Correct


Checks the vagina for crowning
Encourages the client to take short, deep breaths
Increases the rate of the oxytocin infusion and calls the physician

52 A nurse is monitoring a pregnant woman in labor and notes this finding on the fetal-monitor
tracing (see figure). Which of the following actions should the nurse take as a result of this
observation?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Repositioning the mother


Documenting the finding Correct
Notifying the nurse-midwife
Taking the mother's vital signs

53 A client with cervical cancer who is undergoing chemotherapy with cisplatin (Platinol). For which
adverse effect of cisplatin will the nurse assess the client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Nausea
Bloody urine
Hearing loss Correct
Electrocardiographic changes

54 A nurse is monitoring a pregnant client with suspected partial placenta previa who is experiencing
vaginal bleeding. Which of the following findings would the nurse expect to note on assessment of
the client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Painful vaginal bleeding


Sustained tetanic contractions
Complaints of abdominal pain
Soft, relaxed, nontender uterus Correct

55 A nurse assisting with a delivery is monitoring the client for placental separation after the delivery
of a viable newborn. Which of the following observations indicates to the nurse that placental
separation has occurred?

A.
B.
C.
D.

A discoid uterus
Sudden sharp vaginal pain
Shortening of the umbilical cord
A sudden gush of dark blood from the introitus Correct

56 A nurse is conducting a preoperative psychosocial assessment of a client who is scheduled for a


mastectomy. Which of the following findings would cause the nurse to conclude that the client is at
risk for poor sexual adjustment after the mastectomy?

A.
B.
C.
D.

The client reports a history of sexual abuse by her father. Correct


The client reports that her relationship with her spouse is stable.
The client reports a satisfying intimate relationship with her spouse.
The client reports that her and her spouse have never been able to conceive children

57 A nurse provides instructions to a client who is preparing for discharge after a radical vulvectomy
for the treatment of cancer. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further instruction?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"I can resume sexual activity in 4 to 6 weeks."


"I need to avoid straining when I have a bowel movement."
"I should wear support hose for 6 months and elevate my legs frequently."
"I need to contact my surgeon immediately if I feel any numbness in my genital area." Correct

58 An adult client with an ileostomy is admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of isotonic
dehydration. What findings does the nurse expect to note during the admission assessment? Select
all that apply.

A. Skin tenting Correct

B.
C.
D.
E.
F.

Flat neck veins Correct


Weak peripheral pulses Correct
Moist oral mucous membranes
A heart rate of 88 beats/min
A respiratory rate of 18 breaths/min

59 An adult client with renal failure who is oliguric and undergoing hemodialysis is under a fluid
restriction of 700 mL/day. How many milliliters of fluid does the nurse allow the client to have
between 7 a.m. and 3 p.m.?Type your answer in the space provided.
Answer ____mL
Correct Responses: "350"
60 A client with advanced chronic renal failure (CRF) and oliguria has been taught about sodium and
potassium restriction between dialysis treatments. The nurse determines that the client understands
this restriction if the client states that it is acceptable to use:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Salt substitutes
Herbs and spices Correct
Salt with cooking only
Processed foods as desired

61 A nurse provides dietary instruction to a hospitalized client with chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease (COPD). Which of the following menu selections by the client tells the nurse that the client
understands the instructions?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Coffee
Broccoli
Cheeseburger Correct
Chocolate milk

62 Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) has been prescribed to a client with Huntington's disease for the
relief of choreiform movements. Of which common side effect does the nurse warn the client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Headache
Drowsiness Correct
Photophobia
Urinary frequency

63 A client who has sustained an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is receiving intravenous reteplase
(Retavase). For which adverse effect of the medication does the nurse monitor the client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Diarrhea
Vomiting
Epistaxis Correct
Epigastric pain

64 A home care nurse visits a mother who delivered a healthy newborn 4 days ago and assesses
how the mother is doing breastfeeding her infant. What does the nurse ask the mother to do to
permit assessment of whether the infant is receiving an adequate amount of milk?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Count the number of times that the infant swallows during a feeding
Weigh the infant every day and check for a daily weight gain of 2 oz
Count wet diapers to be sure that the infant is having at least six to 10 each day Correct
Pump the breasts, place the milk in a bottle, measure the amount, and then bottle-feed the
infant

65 A child who has just been found to have scoliosis will need to wear a thoracolumbosacral orthotic
(TLSO) brace, and the nurse provides information to the mother about the brace. Which statement
by the mother indicates a need for further information?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"My child will need to do exercises."


"My child needs to wear the brace 18 to 23 hours per day."
"Wearing the brace is really important in curing the scoliosis." Correct
"I need to check my child's skin under the brace to be sure it doesn't break down."

66 Ferrous sulfate (Feosol) is prescribed for a client. The nurse tells the client that it is best to take
the medication with:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Milk
Water
Any meal
Tomato juice Correct

67 A client with type 1 diabetes mellitus has just been told that she is 6 weeks pregnant. The nurse
provides information to the client about dietary and insulin needs and tells the client that during the
first trimester, insulin needs generally:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Increase
Decrease Correct
Remain unchanged
Double from what they normally are

68 A nurse is assessing a pregnant woman for the presence of edema. The nurse places a thumb on
the top of the client's foot, then exerts pressure and releases it and notes that the thumb has left a
persistent depression. On the basis of this finding, the nurse concludes that:

A.
B.
C.
D.

No edema is present
The client is dehydrated
Pitting edema is present Correct
Blood is not pooling in the extremities

69 A nurse assessing the deep tendon reflexes of a pregnant client notes that the reflexes are 1+
(i.e., reflex present, hypoactive). On the basis of this finding, the nurse would:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Contact the physician


Document the findings Correct
Ask the client to walk for 5 minutes, then recheck the reflexes
Perform active and passive range-of-motion exercises of the client's lower extremities, then
recheck the reflexes

70 After delivering a normal, healthy newborn, a client complains of severe pelvic pain and a feeling
of extreme fullness in the vagina, and uterine inversion is suspected. For which immediate
intervention does the nurse prepare the client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Hysterectomy
Insertion of an indwelling catheter
Administration of oxytocin (Pitocin)
Replacement of the uterus through the vagina into a normal position Correct

71 A nurse in the postpartum unit is caring for a client who delivered a healthy newborn 12 hours
ago. The nurse checks the client's temperature and notes that it is 100.4 F (38 C). On the basis of
this finding, the nurse would:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Notify the physician


Recheck the temperature in 4 hours Correct
Encourage the client to breastfeed the newborn
Institute strict bedrest for the client and notify the physician

72 -A nurse checking the fundus of a postpartum woman notes that it is above the expected level, at
the umbilicus, and that it has shifted from the midline position to the right. The nurses initial action
should be:

A. Documenting the findings


B. Encouraging the woman to walk
C. Helping the woman empty her bladder Correct

D. Massaging the fundus gently until it becomes firm


73-A nurse is preparing to care for a client who was admitted to the antepartum unit at 34 weeks'
gestation after an episode of vaginal bleeding resulting from total placenta previa. In report, the
nurse is told that the client's vital signs are stable, that the fetal heart rate is 140 beats/min with a
reassuring pattern, and that both the client and her husband are anxious about the condition of the
fetus. On reviewing the client's plan of care, which client concern does the nurse identify as the
priority at this time?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Anxiety Correct
Premature grief
Fluid volume loss
Fluid volume overload

74 -A nurse reviews the laboratory results of a hospitalized pregnant client with a diagnosis of sepsis
who is at risk for disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC). Which laboratory finding would
indicate to the nurse that DIC has developed in the client?

A. Increased platelet count


B. Shortened prothrombin time
C. Positive result on d-dimer study Correct
D. Decreased fibrin-degradation products
75 -A nurse is caring for a client with a diagnosis of abruptio placentae. For which early signs of
hypovolemic shock does the nurse closely monitor the client? Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Tachycardia Correct
Cool, clammy skin
Decreased respiratory rate
Diminished peripheral pulses Correct
Urine output of less than 30 mL/hr

76- A nurse developing a nursing care plan for a client with abruptio placentae includes initial nursing
measures to be implemented in the event of the development of shock. After contacting the
physician, which of the following does the nurse specify as the first action in the event of shock?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Checking the clients urine output


Inserting an intravenous (IV) line
Obtaining informed consent for a cesarean delivery
Placing the client in a lateral position with the bed flat Correct

77 -A postpartum nurse provides information to a client who has delivered a healthy newborn about
normal and abnormal characteristics of lochia. Which of the following findings does the nurse tells
the client to report to the physician?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Pink lochia on postpartum day 4


White lochia on postpartum day 11
Bloody lochia on postpartum day 2
Reddish lochia on postpartum day 8 Correct

78 A nurse in a physician's office is conducting a 2-week postpartum assessment of a client. During


abdominal assessment, the nurse is unable to palpate the uterine fundus. This finding would prompt
the nurse to:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Document the findings Correct


Ask the physician to see the client immediately
Ask another nurse to check for the uterine fundus
Place the client in the supine position for 5 minutes, then recheck the abdomen

79- A maternity nurse providing an education session to a group of expectant mothers describes the
purpose of the placenta. Which statement by one of the women attending the session indicates a
need for further discussion of the purpose of the placenta?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"Many of my antibodies are passed through the placenta."


"The placenta maintains the body temperature of my baby." Correct
"Glucose, vitamins, and electrolytes pass through the placenta."
"It provides an exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between me and my baby."

80 -A client arrives at the clinic for her first prenatal assessment. The client tells the nurse that the
first day of her last menstrual period (LMP) was September 25, 2012. Using Nageles rule, the nurse
determines that the estimated date of delivery (EDD) is:

A.
B.
C.
D.

June 2, 2013
July 2, 2013 Correct
October 2, 2013
September 18, 2013

81 A client has been given a prescription for lovastatin (Mevacor). Which of the following foods does
the nurse instruct the client to limit consumption of while taking this medication?

A. Steak Correct
B. Spinach

C. Chicken
D. Oranges
82 -A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client with ovarian cancer who is undergoing
chemotherapy. Which finding indicates to the nurse that the client is experiencing an adverse effect
of the chemotherapy?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Sodium 140 mEq/L


Hemoglobin 12.5 g/dL
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 20 mg/dL
White blood cell count of 2500 cells/mm3 Correct

83 -Which finding in a clients history indicates the greatest risk of cervical cancer to the nurse?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Nulliparity
Early menarche
Multiple sexual partners Correct
Hormone-replacement therapy

84 -A nurse caring for a woman in labor is reading the fetal monitor tracing (see figure). How does
the nurse interpret this finding?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Umbilical cord compression


Pressure on the fetal head during a contraction
Uteroplacental insufficiency during a contraction Correct
Inadequate pacemaker activity of the fetal heart

85- A client who has undergone abdominal hysterectomy asks the nurse when she will be able to
resume sexual intercourse. The nurse tells the client that sexual intercourse may be resumed:
A. At any time after the surgery
B. When menstruation resumes
C. When pelvic sensation and response to stimuli return
D. In about 6 weeks, when the vaginal vault is satisfactorily healed Correct

86 -A nurse is preparing to care for a client who has undergone abdominal hysterectomy for the
treatment of endometrial cancer. The nurse determines that the priority in the 24 hours after surgery
is:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Monitoring the client for signs of returning peristalsis


Instructing the client in dietary changes to prevent constipation
Encouraging the client to deep-breathe, cough, and use an incentive spirometer Correct
Encouraging the client to talk about the effects of the surgery on her femininity and sexual

87- A nurse is caring for a client with community-acquired pneumonia who is being treated with
levofloxacin (Levaquin). For which of the following findings, indicating an adverse reaction to the
medication, does the nurse monitor the client?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Fever Correct
Dizziness
Flatulence
Drowsiness

88 -A nurse is providing instructions to a client with glaucoma who will be using acetazolamide
(Diamox) daily. Which of the following findings, an adverse effect, does the nurse instruct the client to
report to the physician?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Nausea
Dark urine Correct
Urinary frequency
Decreased appetite

89 -A nurse is caring for a client with a cuffed endotracheal tube who is undergoing mechanical
ventilation. Which intervention to prevent a tracheoesophageal fistula, a complication of this type of
tube, does the nurse implement?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Frequent suctioning
Maintaining cuff pressure Correct
Maintaining mechanical ventilation settings
Alternating the use of a cuffed tube with a cuffless tube on a daily basis

90 - A nurse is preparing to insert a nasogastric tube into a client. In which position does the nurse
place the client before inserting the tube?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Correct

91 -Aneurysm precautions are prescribed for a client with a cerebral aneurysm. Which interventions
does the nurse implement? Select all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Keeping the room slightly darkened Correct


Placing the client in a room with a quiet roommate
Encouraging isometric exercises if bed rest is prescribed
Monitoring the client for changes in alertness or mental status Correct
Restricting visits to close family members and significant others and keeping visits short Correct

92 -A nurse, providing information to a client who has just been found to have diabetes mellitus,
gives the client a list of symptoms of hypoglycemia. Which of the following answers by the client, on
being asked to list the symptoms, tells the nurse that the client understands the information? Select
all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Hunger Correct
Weakness Correct
Blurred vision Correct
Increased thirst
Increased urine output

93- A nurse is planning to teach a crutch gait to a client who will be using wooden axillary crutches.
The nurse reviews the physician's instructions, understanding that the gait was selected after
assessment of the client's:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Physical and functional abilities Correct


Feelings about restricted mobility
Uneasiness about using the crutches
Understanding of the need for increased mobility

94- A client who has undergone extensive gastrointestinal surgery is receiving intermittent enteral
tube feedings that will be continued after he is discharged home. When the nurse tells the client that
he will be taught how to administer the feedings, the client states, "I don't think Ill be able to do these
feedings by myself." Which response by the nurse is appropriate?
A. "Have you told your doctor how you feel?"
B. "Tell me more about your concerns regarding the tube feedings." Correct
C. "Don't worry. Well keep you in the hospital until youre ready to do them by yourself."

D. "Well ask the doctor about having a visiting nurse come to your home to give you your
feedings."

95- A client is brought to the emergency department after sustaining smoke inhalation. Humidified
oxygen is administered to the client by way of face mask, and arterial blood gases (ABGs) are
measured. ABG analysis indicates arterial oxygenation (Pao2) of less than 60 mm Hg. On the basis
of the ABG result, the nurse prepares to:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Continue monitoring the client


Increase the amount of humidified oxygen
Continue administering humidified oxygen
Assist in intubating the client and beginning mechanical ventilation Correct

96- A nurse is caring for a client undergoing skeletal traction of the left leg. The client complains of
severe pain in the leg. The nurse checks the client's alignment in bed and notes that proper
alignment is being maintained. Which of the following actions should the nurse take next?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Providing pin care


Medicating the client
Notifying the physician Correct
Removing some weight from the traction

97 -A clinic nurse is assessing a client who has had a cast applied to the lower left arm 1 week ago.
The client tells the nurse that the skin is being irritated by the edges of the cast. What is the
appropriate action on the part of the nurse
A.
B.
C.
D.

Bivalve the cast


Ask the physician to reapply the cast
Use a nail file to smooth the rough edges
Place small pieces of tape over the rough edges of the cast Correct

98 -A client says to the nurse, "My doctor just left. He told me that my abdominal scan showed a
mass in my pancreas and that its probably cancer. Does this mean I'm going to die?" The nurse
interprets the client's initial reaction as:
A. Fear Correct
B. Denial
C. Acceptance

D. Preoccupation with self

99 -A nurse notes documentation in the clients medical record indicating that the client has a stage II
pressure ulcer. On the basis of this information, which of the following findings does the nurse expect
to note?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Correct

100- A nurse is providing instruction in how to perform Kegel exercises to a client with stress
incontinence. The nurse tells the client to:
A. Always perform the exercises while lying down
B. Expect an improvement in the control of urine in about 1 week
C. Tighten the pelvic muscles for as long as 5 minutes, three or four times a day
D. Tighten the pelvic muscles for a slow count of 10, then relax for a slow count of 10 Correct

101 -Ergotamine (Cafergot) is prescribed to a client with cluster headaches. Which of the following
occurrences does the nurse tell the client to report to the physician if she experiences them while
taking the medication?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Cough
Fatigue and lethargy
Dizziness and fatigue
Numbness and tingling of the fingers or toes Correct

102 -A client with posttraumatic stress disorder tells the nurse that he has stopped taking his
prescribed medication because he didn't like how the medication was making him feel. Which of the
following initial responses by the nurse is appropriate?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"That's all right. Id stop, too, if it made me feel funny."


"Tell me more about how the medication was making you feel." Correct
"Did you let your doctor know that you stopped taking the medication?"
"It doesn't make sense to stop the medication. I don't know why you took it upon yourself to do
that."

103- A nurse provides information to a client with peripheral vascular disease about ways to limit the
diseases progression. Which of the following measures does the nurse tell the client to take? Select
all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Crossing the legs at the ankles only


Engaging in exercise such as walking on a daily basis Correct
Washing the feet daily with a mild soap and drying them well Correct
Inspecting the feet at least once a week for injuries, especially abrasions
Using a heating pad on the legs to help keep the blood vessels dilated

104 -A client with depression is anorexic. Which measure does the nurse take to assist the client in
meeting nutritional needs?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Providing food and fluid as the client requests


Offering high-calorie and high-protein foods and fluids frequently throughout the day Correct
Completing the dietary menu for the client to ensure that adequate nutrition is provided
Weighing the client daily so that the client may determine whether the nutritional plan is working

105 -Disulfiram (Antabuse) is prescribed to a client with an alcohol abuse problem. The nurse
provides information about the medication and tells the client:
A.
B.
C.
D.

That driving is prohibited while the client is taking the medication


To take the medication immediately if the desire to drink alcohol occurs
That the effect of the medication ends as soon as the client stops taking the medication
That the medication cannot be started until at least 12 hours has elapsed since the client's last
ingestion of alcohol Correct

106 A client with depression is being encouraged to attend art therapy as part of the treatment plan.

The client refuses, stating, "I can't draw or paint." Which of the following responses by the nurse is
therapeutic?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"Why don't you really want to attend?"


"This is what your physician has prescribed for you as part of the treatment plan."
"OK, let's have you attend music therapy. You can sing there. How does that sound?"
"Perhaps you could attend and talk to the other clients and see what theyre drawing and
painting." Correct

107 A hospitalized female client with mania enters the unit community room and says to a client who

is wearing a blue shirt, "Boys in blue are fun to do! Boys in blue are fun to do!" What is the
appropriate response by the nurse?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"Why are you saying that?"


"Stop saying that. It's not true!"
"You wouldn't like someone saying that to you. Would you?"
"Dont say that. If you cant control yourself, well help you." Correct

108- A nurse working the evening shift is helping clients get ready for sleep. A female client with
mania is hyperactive and pacing the hallway. The appropriate nursing action is to:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Stay with the client and observe her behavior


Take the client to the bathroom and provide her with a warm bath Correct
Tell the client that it is time for sleep and that she needs to go to her room
Tell the client that other clients are trying to sleep and that she is being disruptive

109 -Colchicine has been prescribed for a client with a diagnosis of gout, and the nurse provides
information to the client about the medication. Which statement by the client indicates to the nurse
that the client understands the information?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"I need to limit my intake of fluids while Im taking this medication."


"I need to stop the medication and call my doctor if I have severe diarrhea." Correct
"I can expect skin redness and a rash when I take this medication."
"I may get a burning feeling in my throat, but its normal and will go away."

110 -A client is admitted to the nursing unit with a diagnosis of avoidant personality disorder. Which
of the following behaviors is a characteristic of the disorder?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Neediness
Perfectionism
Preoccupation with details
Hypersensitivity to negative evaluation Correct

111 -A female client admitted to the mental health unit tells the nurse that she cannot leave the
house without checking to be sure that she has shut off the coffee maker and unplugged her curling
iron. The client states that she even leaves the house, gets into her car, and then has to go back into
the house to check these appliances again and that these behaviors are interfering with her work
and social commitments. With which of the following anxiety disorders does the nurse associate this
client's symptoms?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Agoraphobia
Avoidant personality disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder Correct
Dependent personality disorder

112 -A nurse is developing a plan of care for a client admitted to the nursing unit with a diagnosis of
paranoid personality disorder. On which characteristic of the disorder does the nurse base the plan
of care?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Inflexible and rigid


Self-sacrificing and submissive
Highly critical of self and others
Projecting blame, possibly becoming hostile Correct

113 -A client on the mental health unit says to the nurse, "Everything is contaminated." The client
scrubs her hands if she is forced to touch any object. While planning care, the nurse remembers that
compulsive behavior:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Temporarily eases anxiety in the client Correct


Is an attempt on the client's part to punish herself
Is an attempt on the client's part to seek the attention of others
Is a response by the client to voices telling her that everything is contaminated and that she
must engage in this behavior

114 -A male client arrives at the emergency department and reports to the nurse, "I woke up this
morning and couldn't move my arms." He also tells the nurse that he works in a factory and
witnessed an accident 3 weeks ago in which a fellow employee's hands were severed by a machine.
What is the priority response by the nurse?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Assessing the client for organic causes of loss of arm movement Correct
Calling the crisis intervention team and asking them to assess the client
Performing active and passive range-of-motion (ROM) exercises of the client's arms
Asking the client to move his arms and documenting the loss of movement he has experienced

115 -A nurse is assigned to conduct an admission assessment of a client with a diagnosis of bipolar
disorder. What does the nurse plan to do first?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Perform the physical assessment


Tell the client about the nursing unit rules
Establish a trusting nurse-client relationship Correct
Tell the client that he or she will have to participate in self-care

116 -A client arrives in the emergency department and tells the nurse that she is experiencing
tingling in both hands and is unable to move her fingers. The client states that she has been unable
to work because of the problem. During the psychosocial assessment, the client reports that 2 days
earlier her husband told her that he wanted a separation and that she would have to support herself
financially. The nurse concludes that this client is exhibiting signs compatible with:
A. Severe anxiety
B. Conversion disorder Correct
C. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

D. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
117 -A client experiencing delusions says to the nurse, "I am the only one who can save the world
from all of the terrorists." What is the appropriate response by the nurse?
A. "Tell me your plan for saving the world."
B. "Why do you think that you can accomplish this by yourself?"
C. "I don't think anyone can save the world from the terrorists by himself." Correct
D. "You must be powerful. Do you really believe that you can do this by yourself?"
118- A client with adenocarcinoma of the ovary is scheduled to undergo chemotherapy with
cyclophosphamide after total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. What
does the nurse instruct the client to do during chemotherapy? Select all that apply.

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Eat foods that are low in fat and protein


Obtain pneumococcal and influenza vaccines
Drink copious amounts of fluid and void frequently Correct
Avoid contact with any individual who has signs or symptoms of a cold Correct
Avoid contact with all individuals other than immediate family members

119- A client who is scheduled to undergo chemotherapy asks the nurse, "Is my hair going to fall
out?" The nurse responds by telling the client that:
Her hair will definitely fall out
She should not be worrying about her hair at this point
Her hair may fall out but will regrow after the chemotherapy is discontinued Correct
Vigorous hair-brushing is important while the client is undergoing chemotherapy to prevent hair
loss
120 -A nurse has given a client with viral hepatitis instructions about home care. Which of the
following statements by the client indicates to the nurse that the client needs further teaching?

A.
B.
C.
D.

A.
B.
C.
D.

I cant drink alcohol.


I have to avoid having sex until the test for antibodies comes back negative.
I need to rest a lot during the day and get enough sleep at night.
I need to eat three meals a day with foods high in protein, fat, and carbs. Correct

121- A nurse provides home care instructions to a client who has undergone fluorescein
angiography. The nurse determines that the client needs further instruction if the client states that he
must:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Drink fluids to eliminate the dye


Contact the physician if the skin appears yellow Correct
Expect that the urine will be bright green until the dye has been excreted
Wear sunglasses and avoid direct sunlight until pupil dilation returns to normal

122 -An emergency department nurse is assessing a client with acute closed-angle glaucoma.
Which of the following characteristics of the disorder does the nurse expect the client to exhibit?
Select all that apply.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.

Nausea Correct
Eye pain Correct
Vomiting Correct
Headache Correct
Diminished central vision
Increased light perception

123 - A nurse is measuring intraocular pressure by means of tonometry in a client who has just
been found to have open-angle glaucoma. Which tonometry reading would the nurse expect to note
in this client?
A.
B.
C.
D.

8 mm Hg
14 mm Hg
20 mm Hg
28 mm Hg Correct

124- An emergency department nurse assessing a client with Bell's palsy collects subjective and
objective data. Which of the following findings does the nurse expect to note?
A.
B.
C.
D.

A symmetrical smile
Tightening of all facial muscles
Ability to wrinkle the forehead on request
Complaints of inability to close the eye on the affected side Correct

125 A nurse is preparing to care for a preschool-age child with sickle cell anemia who is experiencing

vasoocclusive pain. Which method of assessing the degree of pain the child is experiencing is most
appropriate?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Asking the child to describe the intensity of the pain


Asking the child to use a numeric rating scale of 0 to 100
Asking the child whether the patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump is relieving the pain
Asking the child to point to the face, on a spectrum ranging from smiling to very sad, that best
describes the pain Correct

126 A school nurse observing a child with Down syndrome is participating in a physical education

class and notes that the child is experiencing a diminution in motor abilities. The nurse asks to see
the child and conducts an assessment, during which the child complains of neck pain and loss of
bladder control. What is the appropriate action by the nurse in this situation?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Contacting the child's physician to report the findings Correct


Administering acetaminophen (Tylenol) to the child to relieve the pain
Asking that the child not attend the physical education class until the neck pain has subsided
Teaching the child how to use peripads to prevent embarrassment resulting from loss of bladder
control

127 -A client is taking gentamicin sulfate (Genoptic) for the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease.
What does the nurse ask the client during assessment for adverse effects of the medication?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"When was your last menstrual period?"


"When was your last bowel movement?"
"Are you having any difficulty hearing?" Correct
"Are you having any difficulty breathing?"

128 -A nurse is providing instruction about insulin therapy and its administration to an adolescent
client who has just been found to have diabetes mellitus. Which statement by the client indicates a
need for further instruction?

A.
B.
C.
D.

"Its important to rotate injection sites."


"I need to store the insulin in a cool, dry place."
"I need to keep any unopened bottles of insulin in the freezer." Correct
"I need to check the expiration date on the insulin before I use it."

129 -A nurse is providing information on the glycosylated hemoglobin assay and its purpose to a
client with diabetes mellitus. The nurse tells the client that this blood test:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Is a measure of the client's hematocrit level


Is a measure of the client's hemoglobin level
Helps predict the risk for the development of chronic complications of diabetes mellitus Correct
Provides a determination of short-term glycemic control in the client with diabetes mellitus

130- A client living in a long-term care facility shouts at the nurse, "Get out of my room! I don't need
your help!" What is the appropriate way for the nurse to document this occurrence in the client's
record?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Writing that the client is very agitated


Writing that the client yelled at the nurse
Writing that the client is able to perform her own care
Writing down the client's words and placing them in quotation marks Correct

131 A nurse in the cardiac care unit is told that a client with a diagnosis of myocardial infarction will

be admitted from the emergency department. Which item does the nurse give priority to placing at
the client's bedside?

A. Bedside commode

B. Suctioning equipment
C. Electrocardiography machine
D. Oxygen cannula and flowmeter Correct
132 -Cascara sagrada has been prescribed for a client with diminished colonic motor response as a

means of promoting defecation. The nurse provides information to the client about the medication
and tells the client to:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Increase fluid intake Correct


Consume low-fiber foods
Consume foods that are low in potassium
Contact the physician if the urine turns yellow-brown