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Recit 09: Chapter 10

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Instruction: Encircle the letter of the best answer for the multiple-choice items. Show your neat and complete solution in the box provided. Use the back side of this paper as your scratch paper.

1. Ballet. A ballerina spins and completes one revolution in 1.50 [s]. If her moment of inertia is 30.0 [kg · m 2 ] about the axis of her spin, what is the corresponding angular momentum?

A.

126 [kg · m 2 /s]

C. 30.0 [kg · m 2 /s]

B.

20.0 [kg · m 2 /s]

D. 188 [kg · m 2 /s]

Solution: Solve for ω first then use L =

2. Down the incline. A solid cylinder of radius 0.35 [m] is released from rest from a height of 1.8 [m] and rolls without slipping down the in- cline as shown. What is the angular speed of the cylinder when it reaches the horizontal surface? The moment of inertia of the solid cylinder about

its center is I CM = 1 2 MR 2 .

A. 8.2 rad/s

B. 14 rad/s

I C M = 1 2 MR 2 . A. 8.2 rad/s B. 14 rad/s C.

C. 34 rad/s

D. 67 rad/s

Solution: Conservation of Mechanical energy with rotation. Set the lowest point to be the y = 0. Remember that we can use v CM = since the cylinder rolls without slipping.

E initial =

E f inal

0 + 2 Mv CM + 1 2 I CM ω 2

1

Isolate ω, then substitute the values.

Mgh + 0

=

2

Mgh =

1

2 M() 2 +

1

2

1

2 MR 2 ω 2

For items 3 and 4: The pulley-block system contains a pulley with radius R = 2.00 [cm]. Let m A = 1.00 [kg] and m B = 2.00 [kg]. Assume that the horizon- tal surface is frictionless. The blocks move with con- stant linear acceleration of magnitude 4.00 [m/s 2 ].

linear acceleration of magnitude 4 . 00 [ m/s 2 ] . 3. Forget Rotation. What

3. Forget Rotation. What are the magnitudes of tension force acting on m A and m B ?

A. T A = 9.81 N and T B = 8.00 N

C.

T A = 9.81 N and T B = 11.6 N

B. T A = 4.00 N and T B = 8.00 N

D.

T A = 4.00 N and T B = 11.6 N

Solution: Tension in A: Newton’ second law for the translational motion of block A

T A = m A a = (1.00)(4.00) = 4.00

Tension in B: Newton’ second law for the translational motion of block B (set upward as positive - if A accelerates to the right, then B should accelerate down- ward)

T B m B g = m B a T B = m B (g a) = (2)(9.81 4) = 11.62

4. The Moment. The pulley rolls with the string without slipping. What is the pulley’s moment of inertia about its axle?

A. 3.81 × 10 2 [kg · m 2 ]

C.

7.62 × 10 4 [kg · m 2 ]

B. 1.16 × 10 3 [kg · m 2 ]

D.

4.00 × 10 4 [kg · m 2 ]

Solution: Use the Newton’ second law for rotation (set counter clockwise as the positive rotation - note that the pulley must spin clockwise):

T A R T B R = (T A T B )R = I a

R

I

= (T A T B )R 2

a

= (4 11.62)(0.02) 2

4.00

= 7.62 × 10 4

5. This is how we roll. A 1.00-kg wheel in the form of a solid disk moves along a horizontal surface with a speed of 6.00 [m/s] as it rolls without slipping. What is the total kinetic energy of the wheel? (3 pts.)

Solution: You don’t need the radius, you just need to use v CM = which will make the radius irrelevant in your calculation.

K total = K linear + K rotational = 1

 

2 CM +

1

2 I CM ω 2 = 1 2 Mv

 

+ 1 2

2 Mv

2

CM

2 1 1 4 M() 2

1 2 1 4 Mv

= Mv

2

CM

+

= Mv

2

+

2

CM

CM

See that? Just do the substitution and you will get exactly 27.

1 2 MR 2 ω 2

6. Transformer. Iko-tron is a robot that can transform from a disk of radius R to a rod of length 4R. In an outer space battle, Iko-tron spins in his disk form with an angular speed of ω disk . He then transforms himself into a rod (see the extraordinary figure below), giving him a new angular speed of ω rod . What is the ratio of ω disk to that of ω rod ? (3 pts.)

of ω d i s k to that of ω r o d ? (3 pts.)
Solution: Outer space, so walang ibang forces. The angular momentum is con- served. L disk
Solution: Outer space, so walang ibang forces. The angular momentum is con-
served.
L disk = L rod
=
I disk ω disk
I rod ω rod
1
2 MR 2 ω disk =
1
M (4R) 2 ω rod
12
ω disk
= 8
3
ω rod

7. Use the back page for the scratch. A uniform solid cylinder rolls without slipping down an incline. What must be the angle of inclination if the linear acceleration of the center of mass of the sphere is to have a magnitude of g/3? (5 pts.)

Solution: Newton’s second law for translational motion along the incline (choose down along the incline as the positive direction):

F = ma CM Mg sin β f = M a CM

Two unknowns (β and f ), you need the help of the other second law for rotation:

fR = fR =

1

2 MR 2 a CM f =

R

1

2 Ma CM

Now eliminate f . From the translational part:

Mg sin β f = M a CM Mg sin β

1

2 Ma CM = Ma CM sin β = 3

2

a CM

g

and you will get the amazing result sin β = 1/2. Finally, the one and only angle

that we are looking for is

ten te nenen

30 !